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Full text of "Greek verbs, irregular and defective; their forms, meaning and quantity: embracing all the tenses used by the Greek writers, with references to the passages in which they are found;"

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GREEK VERBS 



VEITCH 



HENRY FROWDE 




OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE 
AMEN CORNER, E.G. 



GREEK VERBS 

IRREGULAR AND DEFECTIVE 

THEIR 

l~ 

FORMS MEANING AND QUANTITY 

Embracing all the Tenses used by the Greek Writers, with References to the 
Passages in which they are found 

BY 

WILLIAM VEITCH, LL.D. EDIN. 



NEW EDITION 



Oxford 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 
M DCCC LXXXVII 

[ A II rights reserved] 



PREFACE. 



THIS book, on the Irregular and Defective Greek Verbs, is the 
result of much toilsome labour and anxious thought 

l the course of extensive and rather accurate reading of the 
Greek Authors, I had been accustomed to mark whatever occurred 
to me as rare or peculiar in form, quantity, and meaning. This 
often enabled me to supply authority in cases where none had been 
previously given, and often to supply even tenses which had been 
denied to exist. 

The chief peculiarities which distinguish this book from others on 
the same subject are the following : 

First, the history of the verb is more fully developed by being 
traced to a later period of the language, and the prose usage given 
commensurately with the poetic. I never could see the propriety 
of accepting parts and forms peculiar to the Anthology, but reject- 
ing those which occur first in Aristotle, Polybius, Arrian, Dionysius 
of Halicarnassus, Lucian, etc. This fuller development will be of 
no slight advantage to the advanced scholar ; and I have taken care 
to prevent its proving injurious to the less advanced whose at- 
tention should be confined chiefly to what is strictly classical by 
marking as late those parts and forms which are not found in the 
purer writers. 

Second, I have enlarged considerably the list of verbs, and given 
authority for every part for which authority could be found, for the 
present as well as for the derivative tenses. 

Third and what I hold of capital importance I have always 
given the parts in the simple form when I could find them, and in 
no instance have I given a compound without warning, or exhibiting 
its composition. The giving as simple forms those which the 
Greeks uniformly employed as compound, is a fault that deeply 
vitiates every book on the subject, and a fault of perhaps graver 
import than may on first thoughts be very obvious. It is easy to 
say that the compound infers the simple. But to what extent, and 



2037879 



vi PREFACE. 

in what sense is this true r Legitimate analogical formation is one 
thing, usage is another. The Romans of the classic period said linquo, 
liqui, linquere, but re-lictus ; tollo, tollere, but sustuli, sublatum ; 
elicio, not lacio ; inspicio, not specio, etc., etc. r and we say deceive, 
perceive, receive, but never ceive; preserve,, observe, reserve, never : 
in this sense, the simple serve. 

This might be followed out to great length, but it is enough for 
my purpose merely to indicate the line of investigation, and to 
suggest an analogous case in other languages, especially in our own 
in which we can feel more strongly and finely. From the frequent 
absence of simples in whole or in part, and from the analogy of 
other languages, is it not a natural and legitimate inference that 
the Greeks would have felt it as strange to hear certain of their 
compound verbs used in the simple form as we should do to hear 
some of ours? No doubt changes introduced by time, accident, 
use and wont, the absence of such combinations of circumstances 
as require the simple, the fact that compounds lose their more 
prominent distinctiveness and thus serve the purpose of simples, 
degradation from written or confinement to spoken speech, usurpa- 
tion by other verbs identical or akin in meaning, loss of records, 
and other causes may go far towards accounting for certain curious 
phenomena in language ; but let us have correct data from which 
to reason : let us have what the Greeks wrote. The investigation 
is an interesting one, and I should be glad if it were taken up by 
some person who has sufficient leisure, a mind of sufficient compass, 
and duly exercised by use to discern the things that differ. 

I have uniformly used the best editions of the Greek Authors, 
and have thus been enabled to exhibit the Irregular and Defective 
Verbs somewhat more in accordance with the now approved Texts 
than has hitherto been done. Some books of considerable merit 
have been greatly marred by the use of uncritical editions. In 
cases of disputed readings, instead of arbitrating myself, I have 
given what in a book like this ought always to be given the MSS. 
and Editors that support each reading ; and have thus furnished the 
scholar with the proper data, the external grounds at least, for 
guiding his decision. All my references are the result of my own 
reading ; I have not borrowed them from others, except in a few 
very late Authors, Philo for instance, Apollinaris, etc., and these 
I owe to Lobeck. To Buttmann and Matthiae I am much in- 
debted. Buttmann on Epic diction has no equal; and Matthiae's 
list of Irregular Verbs in the third German edition of his Greek 



PREFACE. vii 

Grammar (untranslated) is one of the best I have seen. I have also 
derived advantage from the Paris edition of Stephens' Thesaurus, 
and several useful hints from the works of Poppo, Kriiger, and 
AhrenSc 

Extreme care has been taken to secure accuracy in every respect, 
so essentially important in a. svork like this. But amid so many 
disturbing biases, so many risks of going wrong, it will be marvellous 
indeed if I have in all cases gone right. My eye may have slipped 
over errors, my judgment over graver faults. 

In this second edition, I have corrected error and supplied defect 
by reading again the newest recensions of the classical, and ex- 
tending my reading of the later writers. I have also tried so to 
arrange the vouchers as to shew the usage general or confined to 
a class of each part of the verb, as well as the defects and dialectic 
peculiarities. The book has thus been brought nearer to its aim 
of being a trustworthy guide to the pupil and the teacher, and of 
some use perhaps also to the textualist and the advanced amateur 
scholar. I feel grateful to the Delegates of the Clarendon Press for 
their scholarly generosity in bringing out this book, so little fitted 
however good and useful its aim to engage the favour of the Trade 
1865. 

The third edition is a severe revision of the second, with such 
additions and alterations as seemed to be necessary or useful. 
I gratefully acknowledge some important corrections and sugges- 
tions kindly communicated by the Dean of Christ Church. 
1871. 

In this fourth edition, besides a general revision, the references 
have been largely increased, Dialectic peculiarities more carefully 
noted, and a few verbs added noteworthy chiefly for considerable 
defect. I gladly accord due thanks to Dr. G. Curtius, Leipsic, and 
Dr. Pokel, Prenzlau, for kindly drawing my attention to some un- 
seemly errors. 

1879. W. V. 



PRINCIPAL EDITIONS 



TO WHICH REFERENCES ARE MADE. 



Homer: Bekker, Spitzner, Dindorf, 

La Roche. 
Hymns, Batr. : Francke, Bau- 

meister, Draheim. 
Hesiod : Goettling, Lennep, Schoem. 

Flach. 
Pindar : Boeckh, Schneidew. Bergk, 

Mommsen, Christ. 
Elegiac, Iamb. Lyr.* and Dithyramb. 

Poets : Bergk, Schneidew. Ahrens. 
Poetae Scenici (Aesch. Soph. Eur. 

Aristoph.): Pors. Elms. Herm. Blomf. 

Linw. Dind. Franz; references uni- 
formly to Dind. (5 ed.) 
Comic Fragments (Com. or C. Fr.) : 

Meineke. 

Orphica : Hermann. 
Anthology ( Anthol. or Anth.) : Jacobs, 

Tauchnitz, Meineke. 
Theocritus : Meineke, Ziegler, Paley, 

Fritzsche. 
Aratus : Bekker. 

Manetho : Axt and Rigler, Koechly. 
Lycophron : Bachm. 
Callimachus : Ernest. Blomf. Meineke. 
Ap. Rhodius : Wellauer, Merkel. 
Nicander : Gottl. and Otto Schneider. 
Babrius : Lachm. Lewis. 
Dionys. Perieg. : Passow. 
Oppian : Schneider. 
Quint. Sm. : Tauchnitz, Koechly. 
Nonnus: Graefe, Koechly. 
Herodotus : Bekker, Gaisf. Dind. &c. 



Hippocrates: Kiihn, Littre, Erm. 
Thucydides : Bekker, Poppo, Kru'g. 
Xenophon : L. Dind. Poppo, Bornem. 

Kriig. Sauppe, &c. 
Attic Oral. : Bekk. Baiter and Sauppe, 

Maetzn. Dind. Scheibe, Francke. 
Plato : Bekk. Bait. Orell. Winckel. 
\Aristotle: Bekker. 
Theophrastus : Schneider, Wimmer. 
Polybius : Bekker, L. Dind. Hultsch. 
Diodor. Siculus : Tauchnitz, Bekker, 

L. Dind. 
Dion. Halicarnas. : Reiske, Tauchnitz, 

Kiessling. 
Plutarch Vit. : Bekk. Sintenis. 

Moral.: Wyttenb. Diibner. 

Arrian : Ellendt, Kriiger. 

Lucian : Bekk, Jacobitz, Dindorf, 

Fritzsche. 

Pausanias : Siebel, Dind. Schubart. 
Appian : Bekker, Mendelssohn. 
Dio Cassius : Tauchnitz, Bekker,L. Dind. 
Strabo : Kramer. 
Alciphron : Wagner, Meineke. 
Athenaeus : Dind. Tauchnitz. 
Diog. Laertius: Tauchnitz. 
Aelian: Schneider, Hercher. 
Stobaeus : Tauchnitz, Gaisf. Meineke. 
Chariton : D'Orville, Hercher. 
Longus : Seiler, Hercher. 
Epistologr. Graeci : Hercher. 
Pseudo-Callisth. : Miiller, MeuseL 
&c. &c. 



* Anacr. the genuine, Anacreont. the spurious Fr, of Anacreon. 



GREEK VERBS 

IRREGULAR AND DEFECTIVE. 



('Adw) Epic, To injure mentally infatuate, 1 aor. (aaera), "aa 
II. 8, 237,"aao-e Matron, Athen. 4, 135, "dda-' Od. 21, 296, -o-e 

2 97> Q- Sm. 13, 429, COntr. acre Od. II, 6l, "ddaav, IO, 68; 

now Soph. Fr. 554; ao-at Aesch. Fr. 428: 1 aor pass, ada-d^v 
II. 19, 136; H. Hym. 4, 253; Ap. Rh. 4, 412, adtrdrjs Hym. 
Cer. 258, ado-0>7 II. 19, 113 ; subj. uao-% Hes. Op. 283 (Schaef. 
Goettl. Dind.) ; aao-Qtts Od. 21, 301; ado-dt) Hym. Cer. 246; 
Ap. Rh. 4, 1080. Mid. adrat (ddercu) as act. II. 19, 129 : aor. 
aao-d/xjji' intrans. I erred, II. 9, 119. 19, 137 (dao-d/xeo-tfa Q. Sm. 

5, 422. 9, 509), aao-aro II. 9, 537, aao-- II, 340, but trans, "dcraro 

misled, duped (?) II. 19, 95 (Vulg. Wolf, Heyne); and if correct 
aaa-avro tore, Fr. Incert. 39, 3 (Bergk), see below. Vb. *aaro? 
(-TOS Buttm.) hurtful, Ap. Rh. i, 459, with d priv. d-daros Od. 
22, 5, a-aa- II. 14, 271, inviolable, av-dros Aesch. Ag. 121 1 ; 
Soph. O. C. 786. 

At II. 19, 95 quoted, Bekker, Spitzner, and Dindorf, instead of 
Zijv ua-aro the common reading, adopt Zevs aa-aro with Aristarchus. 
By this change the aor. mid. would lose its only instance of 
active force in classic Greek, unless Bergk's suggestion dao-avro 
Fr. Inc. 39, 3, be correct for 8d<ravro (Bekk.), see Apollodor. 
3, 4, 4. We demur to this emendation of Bergk, both because 
we do not see the unsuitableness of the common reading, and 
because we never met with a decided case of dda> signifying 
physical harm. It certainly is not established by the quotation 
from Hesychius, dda-avTo, e/3Xa\^av, for, as far as documentary 
evidence goes, Hesych. may be merely defining his own notions 
of Epic usage; and even if he have a wider reference to authors 
not now extant it is still not decisive, for the equivalent 6/3Xa^av 
has notoriously a double aspect, tfrptvas /SXaTn-etv II. 15, 724, as 

well as yovvara 7, 271. 

; 



'A/3a/ce&> ' 

To & speechless, know not (/3dfa>), Epic, and only 
aor. dftdKrjvav Od. 4, 249. The collateral mid. form djSaKifo/xoi is 
used in participle only, -opevuv Anacr. 74 (Bergk.) (5/3a-). 

'AfJoXew To meet, Orph. Arg. 472 if sound: fut. a/JoX^o-o) Ap. 
Rh. 3, 1145; Hesych. : in use chiefly aor. d^dX^o-a Callim. Fr. 
455; Ap. Rh. 2, 770. ^ 

'A|3poTd(i> (d(fi)ppoTeii', dfiapTdvu) 70 miss, Epic, and only 

1 aor. subj. d/3pordo/iei/ for -w/iec, II. IO, 65. 

'A/Jpuvu (u) To make fine, adorn (d/3pdy), only pres. Aesch. 
Ag. 919; late prose, Philostr. V. Soph. 2, 3: and aor. opt. 
afipvvais Anth. (Leon. Tar.) 6, 281. Mid. d^pvvofiai to pride 
oneself, &c. Attic poet. Aesch. Ag. 1205; Soph. O. C. 1339; 
Eur. I. A. 858; Himer. Or. 5, 8. 13, n : imp. i]$pvv6p.r}v Attic 
prose, Xen. Ages. 9, 2 ; PI. Apol. 20. 

'Ayd^u To be greatly moved, feel displeasure, adore, &c. Poet, 
and in act. only 2 sing, dydfeis Soph. Fr. 797 ; and inf. dyd&iv 
Aesch. Supp. 1063. Mid. as act. dya&vrai (Hesych.); d 
Pind. N. 1 1, 6 : imp. Tjyd&ro late, Orph. Arg. 64 : fut. dyd 
and aor. rjyavd^v &c. are perhaps better referred to aya/tat. 

'Ayatojiai To be indignant, Epic, Ion. and only pres. - 
Archil. 25 (Bergk), -erat Hes. Op. 333; -d/ieros Od. 20, 16; 
Ap. Rh. i, 899; Her. 8, 69; late, to admire, Opp. Hal. 4, 
138. (d.) 

'AyaXXidu 70 rejoice, unclassic, and act. rare, N. T. Rev. 19, 7 
(Mss. A. C. Lach. Tisch.): imp. qyaXXt'ow Nicet. Eugen. 9, 285: 
aor. fjyaXXiaa-a only Luc. i, 47. Usu. mid. dyaXXido/u (classic 
oydXXo/xat) V. T. Jer. 49 (30), 4: fut. -tdtro^ai Esai. 35, 2 ; Herm. 
Past. 5, i : aor. ^yoXXiaerd^j/ Ps. 15, 9; N. T. Joh. 8, 56; Orig. 
Ref. Haer. p. 243 (Miller) : and in same sense aor. pass. ^yaX- 
\ida-6r)v Ps. 47, 12. 69, 5; -ao-^i/at N. T. Joh. 5, 35 (Vat. 
Griesb.), -adr/vat (Sinait. Lach. Tisch.) For dyaXXiw/ie> Rev. 
19, 7, some Mss. and edit, have mid. -loyietfa, and for ^yaXXiW* 
Luc. i, 47, Bretschneider would read mid. -do-aro on the ground 
that the TO of the verb had been lost owing to the article TO 
immediately following. The best Mss. however present, and 
the best editors retain, the aor. act. 

'AyaXXw To adorn, Pind. N. 5, 43 ; Eur. H. F. 379 ; PI. Leg. 
931 ; -XXj; ibid.; -XXcov Pind. Ol. i, 86 : imp. f}ya\\ov D. Cass. 
47 *8. 57, 10. Fr. 57, 40 (Bekk.): fut. dyaXw Ar. Pax 399; 
Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 810: 1 aor. ^Xa D. Cass. 44, 48. 59, 3; 
subj. dyiyXw Com. Fr. (Herm.) 2, 383; opt. dyr/Xai Aristid. 10, 68 
(D.), -tuv D. Cass. 66, 2; inf. dyf/Xat Eur. Med. 1027: (p. p. 
^yaX/^at?): aor. pass, late dyu\6^vai D. Cass. 51, 20. Mid. 
dydXXo/icu am proud, II. 18, 132; Archil. 6 (Bergk); Eur. Bac. 



1197; Ar. Pax 1298; Her. 4, 64; Thuc. 3, 82; PL Theaet. 
176 ; imper. -\eo Archil. 66, 4: imp. qyaXXo'/^i/ Eur. Tr. 452 ; 
Her. i, 143. 9, 109 (Bekk.); Thuc. 2, 44; Xen. Ages. 5, 3, 
dyaXX- Or. Sib. 8, 476. We have never met perf. pass, except 
as a suggestion of D'Orville's, (g-r)ya\pevos for the Mss. reading 
rjyai(ifvos Charit. p. 263, now read ^yXa'icr^eVos Anth. App. Epigr. 

204. (a.) 

At Her. i, 143, Mss. and editors agree in the augmented 
form ^yaXX-, at 9, 109 they differ, dyaXX- (Mss. Wessl. Schweigh. 
Gaisf. Stein), 7?yaXX- (Mss. Bekk. Dind. Krilg. Lhard. Bred.) 
The agreement of the Mss. in the first passage, and the general 
practice of Her. in by far the most of analogous verbs, favour 
the augmented form. 

"Ayajiai To admire (pres. and imp. like to-rajuai), Od. 6, 168. 
23, 175; Eur. I. A. 28; Ar. Ach. 488; Her. 4, 46. 9, 79; 
Isocr. 5, 148; PI. Menex. 249: imp. ^yd/^ Xen. Conv. 8, 8; 
PI. Rep. 367 : fat. Epic, and rare, dyao-o/xai (o-o-) Od. 4, 181 ; 
Opp. Hal. 2, 1 68: aor. mid. mostly Epic in classic Greek fj-yda-- 

a-aro II. 3, l8l, f)yd(ra- Callim. Apoll. 16; Anth. PI. 4, 38; Opp. 
Hal. 2, 629, dydcrcr- II. 3, 224; Q. Sm. I, 353, dyd<r- Od. l8, 71; 
Opp. C. 3, 96; Subj. -darjvde II. 14, III; opt. -atrairo Ap. Rh. 

i, 141; rare in classic prose Dem. 18, 204; freq. later, Plut. 
Mor. 30. 261. 595. Fab. Max. 18; (Eur.) Epist. 4; Themist. 
10, 138. u, 152 (Dind.); Galen 5, 289; Jos. Ant. 10, 10, 3 
(Bekk.): usu. aor. pass, as mid. tiydo-dqv (not in Horn.) Hes. 
Fr. 206; Solon 33, 3 (Bergk); Pind. P. 4, 238; Eur. H. F. 
845; Xen. Ages, i, 8. Cyr. 6, 3, 36; Isocr. 4, 84; PI. Parm. 
135. Tim. 37; (Lys.) 2, 40; (Dem.) 60, 20; Luc. Charid. 16 
(Jacob. Bekk. ripaad- Dind.); Plut. Tries. 30. C. Gracch. 4. 
Popl. 17. Cat. Maj. 20 &c. ; D. Hal. Ant. 2, 23; D. Cass. 
Fr. 43, 29 (Bekk.): (pip. jjfyaoro Hesych.): fut. p. rare and 
late dyao-()f](TOfj,ai as mid. Themist. 27, 337. Vb. dyaa-ros Xen. 

An. I, 9, 24. (aya/z-.) Hom. uses fut. dydo-a-ecr&u Od. 4, l8l, 

and sometimes aor. mid. dyda-avro in the sense regard with 
envy or anger, Od. 8, 565. 23, 211, dyaw- 23, 64 &c. ; so 
Tryphiod. 272. The fat. is rare, in Horn, only once, for 
dydo-arevdai the old reading H. Hym. 3, 343, is now aor. 
-da-a-acrdat, and dyao-<ru formerly Od. i, 389, was displaced by 
Wolf for vfnf<rr)(rfai (Eust. Schol.) which has been approved by 
perhaps every subsequent editor except Nitzsch. The classic 
usage of the Verb, then, seems to be : the pres. is employed 
by every class of writers, the fat. by Hom. only, the aor. mid. 
chiefly by the Epics, occurring in classic prose once only, Dem. 
quoted, never in Attic poetry, aor. pass, by Hes. Solon, Pind. 

B 2 



4 'Aydofiai 'A-yye'XAw. 

Eur. and Attic prose writers, but neither by Horn, nor the 
Comedians. We have traced the walk of this verb a little 
more particularly, because we have lately seen it marked as 
poetical only. 

To envy, Epic (and only pres. and imp.), Horn, has 
Od. 5, 129, but usu. the lengthened forms dydaa-dt Od. 

5, lip; dydatrOai 1 6, 203; part, dywpevos Hes. Th. 619: imp. 

T)yda(r6e for -d<rde (dtvdf) Od. 5, 122 : for fat. and aor. see 

tiyafj.ni. Vb. dyijros II. 5> 7^7- ayacurQc, but rjyiacrde even in 

thesis, when a long precedes. At Od. 16, 203, dydaadai seems 
rather to mean marvel at ; with seemingly a shade of suspicion 
or awe in dya>ntvos Hes. Th. 619. Stein and Abicht read with 
some Mss. the Ionic form dyto^voi Her. 8, 69, for dyaiop-. 

'Aycnrd^w To shew regard, welcome, Poet. Od. 1 6, 17; Opp. 
Hal. i, 385, 3 pi. Dor. -dfrvn Find. I. 5, 54 ; imper. -a(f 
Musae. 147 ; Epic inf. -agp. II. 24, 464; -dfav Eur. Ph. 1327 
(trimet.) : imp. ayanafrv Ap. Rh. 4, 1291, d^- Od. 14, 381 : 
1 aor. in Dor. prose dycnrdgat Callicr. Stob. 85, 18. Mid. 

dyairdon<u as act. imper. -afo Ap, Rh. 4, "416; -d/iei/ot Od. 

7, 33. 21, 224: imp. Dor. ayandfrvro Pind. P. 4, 241. Mostly 
Epic and Lyric, (ay"-.) The collat. form dycmda> is regular 
and pretty complete in act. and pass, but we think without 
mid. A Dor. inf. dyairrfv occurs in Stob. Flor. 85, 17; and 
an Aeol. imp. fjydnfw Theocr. Epigr. 19. 

'Ayye'XXu To announce, Soph. O. C. 1511; Ar. Lys. 1235; 
Her. 3, 140; Thuc. 7, 43, 3 pi. Dor. dyyeXXovn, fir- Pind. P. 
4, 31; imper. ayyeXXf Aesch.. Ch. 658; Ar. Vesp. 409; PI. Leg. 
913, 3 pi. dyyeXXo'i/Tcoj/ Attic so called, II. 8, 517, fit- PI. Leg. 784; 
dyyeXXw? Od. 14, 123; Aesch. Ag. 30; Thuc. 7, 8, Dor. 
fern. dyye'XXoto-a, 8t- Pind. N. 5, 3 : imp. fjyy(\\ov Thuc. 7, 17 ; 

Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 15, iter. dyye\\fo-Kf, OTT- II. 17, 409: fat. dyyfXw 

Aesch. Pr. 943 ; Soph. O. C. 1429 ; Eur. Ale. 209 ; Ar. Thesm. 
654; Thuc. 2, 85, dn- Pind. P. 6, 18, Ion. dyyt\fa> II. 9, 617; 
Her. i, 43. 4, 14, Dor. dyyfXtw, dv- Inscr. Heracl. i, 70 : 1 aor. 
^yyetXo Od. 23, 22; Soph. O. R. 604; Her. 8, 80; Antiph. 
2, y, 2; PI. Phaed. 58, Dor. ayyrjXa Inscr. Cret. 2556, 43 
(Ahrens, dyyeX- 2 aor. Boeckh): p. tfyytXica. Polyb. 35, 4, KOT- 

LyS. 25, 30, fla- Lycurg. I, -n-fpi- Dem. 21, 4: pip. fjyye\Kfi, dn- 

Dem. 19, 23: p.p. fjyyfXpai rare in Poet. Aesch. Ch. 774; 
Thuc. 8, 97; PI. Charm. 153, e- Eur. Med. 1007: pip. 
TjyyeXfjLTjv, 3 pi. -t\fitvoi rjaav Xen. Hell. 6, 4, 1 6, Ion. 3 sing. 
yyeXro if sound Her. 7, 37, see 2 aor. : 1 aor. fiyyf\6r)v Eur. 
Hec. 591; Her. 6, 69; Thuc. 8, i ; Andoc. 2, 20; Xen. Hell. 
i, 5, 16; Isae. 9, 3; Dem. 3, 5, cm- Eur. Hec. 672; Antiph. 



i, ii ; Dem. 18, 284, e|ayy- Her. i, 21 (Gaisf. Dind. Stein), 
see below : fut. p. dyyfX^o-o/iai, an- Dem. 19, 324 : 2 aor. 
T)yye\r)v if correct, Eur. I. T. 932, the only instance in classic 
Greek (Mss. Matth. Passow, -e'X<V Elms. Dind. Herm. Monk, 
&c.) ; often late, Plut. Ant. 68 ; Herodn. 3, i ; Polyaen. 2, i, 9 
(Mss. Woelf.), dir-r,yy{\Ti Plut. Galb. 25; D. Hal. 9, 16. 20. 
ii, 23 (Kiessl.). 10, 20 (Vulg. -eXdij Kiessl.); Herodn. 3, 7, i ; 
(v. r. Her. 2, 121), Si- Ael. V. H. 9, 2, av- V. T. Gen. 38, 24. 
Exod. 14, 5; N. T. i Pet. i, 12, KOT- Act. 17, 13 &c.: 2. fut. 
late dv-ayyeXfaeTu V. T. Ps. 21, 31, 8t- 58, 13 : 2 aor. act. 
fjyyeXov perhaps late, often doubtful, D. Hal. 10, 20 (Vulg. -XXoi> 
Kiessl.); Polyaen. 4, i, 21, nor- Plut. Sert. 24; Herodn. 5, 2 
(Bekk:), Trap- App. Civ. i, 121 (Bekk.), unaugm. dyyeXf'^ Anth. 
(Agath. Schol.) 7, 614, doubtful in classic Greek, air-r^yytkov 
Her. 4, 153 (Mss. S. V. Gaisf. Schweigh. -eXXoi/ Steph. Bekk. 
Dind. Kriig. Bred. Lhard. Stein), -e\ov 7, 142 (Mss. Schweigh. 
Bekk. Kriig. -eXXo* Ms. S. Aid. Gaisf. Dind. Bred. Stein), 
t-r)yye\f Lycurg. 85 (Vulg. Bekk. -qyyeXXe Mss. A. B., Bait. 
Saupp. Scheibe), eiV- Dem. 20, 79 (Wolf, Schaef. -XXoj/ Bekk. 
B. S. Dind. Voem.), see obs. Mid. dyye'XXo/xai Poet, in simple, 
and only pres. Soph. Aj. 1376, e- Her. 6, 10, lir- Thuc. 6, 
88; PI. Prot. 319: imp. rjyyf\\6^v, eV- Soph. El. 1018; Her. 

5, 98. 7, i; PI. Lach. 186: fut. (dyyeXou/wu) : aor. f)yyfi\dfj.r]v, 

en- Her. 6, 35 ; PI. Gorg. 458 : 2 aor. very doubtful (dyye'Xero), 
ayyeXro if sound Her. 7, 37, is pass, and perhaps meant for pip. 
(Mss. S. V. Schaef. Gaisf. ^yyeXXf Bekk. Dind. Kriig. Bred.), 

err-ayy/X- 3, 142 (Vulg. eV-ayyeXX- Ms. P. Gaisf. Stein, eV-qyye'XX- 

Mss. V. S. Bekk. Kriig. Dind. &c.); eir-ayyeXoivro Xen. An. 

5, 6, 26 (Mss. -eXXoiiro Mss. Kriig. -eiXavro Popp.), -e'Xoj/ro 

D. Sic. ii, 3 (Tauchn. -(\\ovro Bekk. Dind.); -eXo'/ievoi ii, 4. 
Fr- 30, 5 (Tauchn. -eX/xe'vot, -eXXo'/^ei/ot Bekk. Dind.) &c. &c. 
so doubtful are both 2 aorists rjyyeKov, ^yyeXoyujj/, see v. r. 
Soph. O. R. 955; Thuc. 8, 86 &c.; Xen. An. i, 4, 12. 3, 4, 14. 5, 

6, 26 (Popp. Kiihn.) Vb. xaK-ayyt-Xros Soph. Ant. 1286, O.TT- 

ayyt\Ttov Aristot. Rhet. Alex. 31, 3. This verb in the Mss. 
of Her. is usu. with, often without augment. Gaisf. and Stein 

follow the Mss. dyy(\- 7, 37, tg-ayy- I, 21. 5, 105. 1 1 8, err-ayy- 

3, 135. 142 &c. fay- 6 > 6 9- 8 8 > ar-nyy- 7 I - 39 & c - but 
Bekk. Kriig. Bred, always rjyy-, and perhaps Dind. except once 
fg-ayy- i, 21, seemingly by oversight. 

In the later critical recensions, editors in accordance with the 
best Mss. have discarded almost entirely the 2 aor. act. mid. 
and pass, for 1 aor. and often imp. which, if the Mss. represent 
the usage, seems to have been sometimes used with apparently 



the force of an aorist. In Xen., Plato, and the Attic Poets, 
we think there is not left a trace of 2 aor. except perhaps Eur. 
Hel. 448, ayytXt'tv, which, if correct, seems left to the sad 
choice of being either 2 aor., or future with &v. Gaisf. in his 
last ed. of Her. (1839) retains 2 aor. act. we think in one 
place only, drniyytXav 4, 153, Bekker and Kriig. at 7, 142, 
Dind. Bred. Lhardy imp. dTnjyyeAXoi' in both passages. In the 
orators, Bekker has left perhaps only one instance e^yyeXe 
Lycurg. 85, to which however, in the critical notes, he prefers 
e'^yyeiXf, Bait. Saupp. Scheibe ei?yyeXXe (Mss. A. B.) : 2 aor. 
mid. Gaisf. once and unaugm. ayyeXro (if not pip.) Her. 
7, 37, but imp. qyyeXXfro (Bekk. Dind.), and Poppo, though 
retaining eVayye'XojiTo Xen. An. 5, 6, 26, has nevertheless 
stigmatized it, and suggested eV^yyetXairo from v. r. inna-xfovvTo 
(Dind.) : on the same grounds Kriiger suggests imp. eTnjyyeX- 
XOITO, but gives in the text opt. -yeXXoivro. Some foreigners, 
probably from want of Gaisford's last ed. of Her., have mis- 
represented the readings of that cautious, sound, and candid 
scholar. 

'Ayeipw To collect, Aesch. Ch. 638 ; Dem. 8, 26, w Ar. PI. 584; 
subj. dyeipijs Alcm. 33 (Dind.); opt. dye/pot Od. 17, 362; Xen. Hier. 
9, 9 ; imper. 3 pi. dypoVnav Attic so called, II. 2, 438 ; dye/pwi/ 
II. ii, 770; Her. 4, 35; Thuc. 2, 17; inf. dyeipfiv Her. 4, 35, 
Dor. dyfipev Theocr. 14, 40 (Mein. Words, -peiv Ahr. &c.): 

imp. rjyeipov Her. I, 6l, ayp- Ap. Rh. 2, 1 86: flit, (dyepw?): 

aor. rjyapa II. 17, 222, ayp- Od. 14, 285; Hes. Op. 652; 

ayei'paxrt Thuc. 6, 71; dyei'pat? Ap. Rh. I, 893; inf.' dyeipat 

Thuc. i, 9 ; dyet'par II. 9, 338 ; Soph. El. 695 ; Eur. Hec. 615 ; 
Thuc. 4, 105 ; PI. Rep. 369, Dor. -eipats Find. P. 9, 54 : p. 
late ovv-ayfjyepKas Theodr. Prodr. 4, 467 (Herch.) ; -K&S Hesych.r 

p.p. dyrjyepnevos App. Civ. 2, 134, trvv- Phot. Hesych. : pip. 
dy^yepTO App. Mithr. 108, Epic 3 pi. dyj;y/paro II. 4, 211 ; and 

late prose App. Hisp. 40: aor. riyipOijv II. i, 57, dye'p^ 22, 475, 
Epic 3 pLjytpdfv II. i, 57. Od. 8, 24, Sy f p&i, Ap. Rh. 3, 356 : 
fut. dytpdrjo-trat (Hesych.). Mid. dydpopai gather for oneself y 
Od. 13, 14; TTfpt-ayetpd/iei/oi PI. Rep. 621: imp. etr-ayeipero 

II. 15, 240. 21, 417 (Bekk.): fut. dytpovvrai reflex or pass. 
Orac. Sib. i, 346 : 1 aor. ^yftpd/irjj/, dyeipa(j.{vos Ap. Rh. 4, 1335; 
Q. Sm. 2, 559, ^w-aydparo Od. 14, 323; late prose Ael. V. H. 
4, 14 : 2 aor. dy/poi/ro Epic, and reflex collected themselves, 
assembled, II. 18, 245. Od. 20, 277; dyipeadai Od. 2, 385 
(Buttm. Bekk. -fpevBai Dind. Ameis) ; part. sync, dypoptvos 
I. 20, 1 66. Od. 20, 123. Late pres. dyf'pop.at = dyfip- Ap. 
R a- 3> 895; Opp. Hal. 3, 378, d/x<p- 3, 231 ; Theocr. 17, 94. 



We have not observed the simple form of this verb in Comedy. 
The 1 aor. act. seems to have been occasionally confounded 
with 1 aor. of eye'pa>. At II. 5, 510, old editions have Qvpw 
dyelpai, which late editors have properly changed to (yelpai ; and 
ftdx r i v tfy fl p a s 13, 77^> TroXe/xoj/ fjyeipav PI. Leg. 685, should also 
be referred to eyelpco. The mid. and passive in the simple form 
seem to be exclusively Epic in the classic period. The 2 aor. 
mid. is always intrans., the 1 aor. always trans, simple and 
comp. ; fo-ayelpaTo Aads Od. 14, 248 (Vulg. Dind.) has been 
rightly altered to imp. ea-ayeipero by Bekker, and adopted by 
Faesi, Baeumlein, La Roche. Her. always augments this verb, 

tfyfip- I, 6l. 62, (rvv-Tjyeip- 4, 4. 163. 

'Ayj^Xarew, dy- To drive out as polluted (ayos-eXavva>), in the 
classic period, only pres. dyijAen-eet Her. 5, 72 : and fut. 

dyrj\aTT](Tfii> Soph. O. R. 402. (a.) 

c Ayiw To consecrate (ayios), Poet, and late prose, -tf Dio. H. 
r > 57> -ifrvvi 4, 2 ; -ifsw Soph. O. C. 1495: imp. rjytCov conveyed 
stealthily, filched, Ar. Plut. 68 1 : aor. pass, ayia-deis Pind. Ol. 

3>/9- () 

'AyZWu To bring, Epic and Ion. Od. 14, 105. 22, 198 ; Her. 
3, 97, 3 pi. Ion. -eva-i Callim. Apoll. 82; aylvelv Hes. Op. 676; 
Crates i, 8 (Bergk), Ion. dyivtew, air- Her. 3, 89, <ruv- Arr. Ind. 

8, 10, Epic dylvepfvai Od. 2O, 213 ; dyivecav Her. 7, 25 ; and late, 
Arr. Ind. 8, 9 : imp. fjyivfov II. 18, 493, but dyiveov 24, 784, KOT- 
Od. 10, 104; and always Her. dyiv- 3, 89. 93. 97. 7, 25, dTr-aytV- 
3, 92. 94, iter. dylveo-Kov Od. 17, 294, augm. ^-ytV- unus. and late 
Arat. in (Bekk.): fut. -170-0) H. Hym. i, 57. 2, 71. 82: pass. pres. 

late dyivrJTai Stob. (Hippod.) 43, 93; dyiveeo-dai Arr. Ind. 32, 7. 
Mid. dyivfOfjLat, cause to bring to oneself, -eopevos Her. 7, 33. 
3, i always, fjyiveov II. 18, 493, is trisyllabic, as ^Xaoreoi/ 15, 21. 

dyiVeo-Kov from dyivfia, is analogous to KaAe'ovcero, TrcoXfV/ceTo. 

'AyKato/xai To /?/? in the arms, Epic, and only imp. d 
II. 17, 722, vy/caf- Nonn. 4, 203 : (fut. ?) : and aor. late ^ 
Nonn. 7, 318. 41, 199. 

'AyicaAe'w Poet, for dva-Ka\ta>. 

'AyKaAio|iai To embrace, Simonid. 7, 77 (Bergk); Plut. Mor. 
638: (fut.): aor. ^yKaXto-i/M7;i/ Anth. (Meleagr.) 12, 122; Maneth. 
i, 45: with p. as mid. ^y/caXio-/ieVo? Lycophr. 142, vn- Eur. He- 
racl. 42 : pres. pass. dyKaXi6pfvos Aesop 366 (Halm.) The 
comp. v-ayKa\ionai is also pass. Diod. Sic. 3, 58, and Mid. 
Alciphr. 2, 4, 5 (Mein.) ; Plut. Camill. 5 : imp. f'v-rjy- Alciphr. 
3, 55, 8 : aor. eV-ayKoXio-ai Anth. 7, 476 ; -(rdpevos N. T. Marc. 

9, 36: with p. p. as mid. fv-rjyKaXia-nevos Callistr. Descr. 146: 
and pip. eV-jjyxaXioro 162 (Kayser), both missed by Lexicogr. 



8 v A-y/cet/ACU 'A-yi/oew. 



for ava- 
see 

atu To make splendid, adorn, Hippocr. 8, 368 (Lit.); Ael. 
N. A. 8, 28; Aristaen. i, i; Poet in Athen. 14, 16: imp. 
^yXdtfoi/? Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 148 (Mss.); Philostr. Apoll. 
6, 248 ; Theoph. Epist. 15 : fut. -ai, eV- Ar. Eccl. 575 : aor. 
f,y\ai<ra Anth. 7, 321. 418; late prose Niceph. Rhet. 7, 9, 
dyX- Theocr. Epigr. I, 4; subj. dyXata-rj, tV- Com. Fr. (Ar.) 2, 
1184 ; late prose dyXaiW Plut. Mor. 965 : (p.) : p. p. ^yXdi'aTai 
Ael. H. A. 17, 33; Philostr. Apoll. i, 25; Anth. App. Epigr. 
204; -urpevos Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 268, eV- (Cratin.) 2, 177 : 
aor. late dtr-riyKataQ^ Agath. 2, 15. Mid. d-yXaio/*ai adorn 
oneself, delight in, Simon. Am. 7, 70 (B.); Pind. Ol. i, 14: 
fut. dyXateur&u II. io, 331, eV- 1 8, 133, the only tense simple 
or compd. used by Horn. 

The pres. and fat. mid. are by some called passive. rjyXai^v 
imp. act. is used intrans. as mid. Antiph. Com. Fr. 3, 148, 
for which Meineke adopts Porson's suggestion tmry\a%m : but 
Hesychius's dyXaifei, tfdXXet, if correct, seems against the change. 
This verb occurs neither in Trag. nor classic prose. 

'Ayco&i To know not, Soph. Tr. 78. El. 1475; Isocr. i, 17; 
Isae. 3, 29; Xen. Hell. 2, 3, 53; Epic subj. dyvoifja-i Od. 24, 
218; -ofiv Antiph. 5, 44; Thuc. 2, 48; pt. -ovvres Thuc. i, 50, 
Ion. -tvvrfs Her. 4, 156 : imp. fjyvoow Isocr. 7, 21 ; Aeschin. 

2, 136, Ion. -6fov Hippocr. 2, 226 (Lit.) : fut. -f)<ra Bacchyl. 31 
(B.); Isocr. 12, 251; (Gorg.) Fr. 685; Dem. 32, io. 54, 31 ; 
PL Alcib. (i), 133: aor. rjyvorjo-a Thuc. 4, 96; Dem. 23, 155; 

subj. -T)<TJJS Aesch. Eum. 134; -rja-fiev Isocr. 15, 22O; -fjaras 

Xen. Mem. 4, 2, 29; Isae. 8, 4; Aeschin. i, 83; -}<rai Isae. 
n, 38, Epic f]yvoir](ra II. 2, 807; Hes. Th. 551; Anth. 9, 

548, iter. Ion. COntr. ayvaxrao-Kf Od. 23, 95: p. TiyvorjKa Com. 

Fr. (Alex.) 3, 393. (Dion.) 3, 548; Hippocr. 4, 78; Aeschin. 

3, 84 ; Dem. 23, 80 : pip. -frew Luc. Philops. 6 : p. p. 

r^yvorffjuu IsOCr. 15, 171? PI- Leg. 797'. aor. rjyvorjdrjv 

Isocr. 5> 88; Dem. 18, 303: fut. mid. dyvofja-o^ai. as pass. 
Dem. 18, 249 (Bekk. B. S. Dind.); Luc. Jup. Trag. 5 (Mss. 
V. F.) : but fut. pass, dyi/or^o-o/icu Luc. quoted (Mss. A. C. M. 
Dind. Jacobitz); Dem. quoted (Vulg.). Vb. dyvorireov 

Dioscor. Prooem. i. Of this verb, Poets seem to have used 
only pres. aor. and rarely perf. act. Why fut. mid. dyvor}<ro(iai 
should be said "to want classical authority" we know not, 
since it is vouched by the best Ms. and adopted by the best 
editors of Dem. 18, 249 (Ms. S. Bekk. Dind. Bait. Saupp.) Some 
lexicons err exceedingly in saying that the fut. mid. is more 



*A.yvv/ni ' 

freq. than the fut. act. There is no ground for comparison, for 
in the only instance where the mid. occurs it is passive. 

"AY^U/U To break, II. 12, 148; Achae. Fr. 24 (Wagn.), KOT- 
Thuc. 4, ii ; PL Men. 79, and in comp. dyvvu, KO.T- Com. Fr. 3, 
254; Xen. Oec. 6, 5; Aristot. H. A. 9, i, 21 ; Paus. 6, 20, 8, 
(ayou) : imp. (rfyov), Dor. ayt (if not from aya> bring) Bion i, 82 
(Vulg. ae Mein.) : fut. a<, /car- in tmesi II. 8, 403 ; Com. Fr. 2, 
559: aor. eaa II. 7, 270. Od. 5, 316; Theocr. 25, 256, *car- II. 
13, 257; Ar. Vesp. 1435; Thuc. 3, 89; PL Crat. 389, and rare 
i?a Ep. II. 23, 392, /car- Hippocr. 5, 224; a&s II. 23, 341, 
-v 5, 161 ; agais Hes. Op. 434, -ai> 440 ; imper. aoi/ II. 6, 306 ; 
part. aas II. 16, 371; Eur. Hel. 1598; inf. agcu II. 21, 178; 
Ap. Rh. 3, 96, /car- Eur. Sup. 508; Com. Fr. 2, 603: p. p. eaypai, 
KOT- P"aus. 8, 46, 5 ; Luc. Tim. 10 : 2 p. in comp. edya, r- in 
tmesi am broken, Hes. Op. 534, /car- Eur. Cycl. 684 ; Ar. Thesm. 
403; Com. Fr. 3, 577 ; PL Gorg. 469 ; Dem. 54, 35, Ion. f;ya, 
nor- Her. 7, 224; Hippocr. 3, 492 (Littre*): 2 aor. e'ayqi/ II. 13, 
162. 17, 607; Ap. Rh. 3, 954; Theocr. 22, 190, but Att. fdyr/v, 
KOT- Ar. Vesp. 1428. Ach. 944; Andoc. i, 61 ; Lys. 3, 14, un- 
augm. 'ayrjv rare II. 3, 367. 16, 801, ayev Ep. 3. pi. 4, 214. Att. 
perhaps always eayrjv, Ep. e'ay^i/, only once edy- II. u, 559 in arsi, 
but degraded as spurious by Bekk. in 2 ed., by others retained ; 
Batr. 238 (Mss. Draheim, exXao-^ Vulg. 241.) Vb. Kar-aicros 

Ar. Pax 1244. ayef 3 pi. for ayrj&av, II. 4, 214. See KardywfU. 

The simple form is always poetic in the act. and mostly in 
the pass, voice, ayvvrai Eur. Hel. 410, irtpi- II. 16, 78, KOT- 
Soph. Fr. 147; SyvvTo Hes. Sc. 279; -vpfvos II. 16, 769; 
Ap. Rh. 3, 1334; Her. i, 185, never in Attic prose. We 
have never seen pres. ayw, and imp. only once, in the Dor. 
form aye if correct, Bion i, 82 (Mss. Vulg., ZiegL), see above. 

'Ayi'tocro-a) To know not, seems to be a late form, Musae. 249; 
Coluth. 186; Tzetz. A. Horn. 364; Nonn. 42, 163; Luc. Ep. 
Sat. 2, 25 (Jacobitz); -a>v Coluth. 8; D. Per. 173. ayv<aaa<TKe 
Od. 23, 95, seems rather to be an iter. Ion. form of ^yi/oTjo-e. 

'Ayopd^u To frequent the dyopa, to market, buy, Her. 2, 35 ', 
Xen. Lac. 9, 4, Dor. -do-So) Theocr. 15, 16 : imp. tjyopafrv Her. 
3, 139; Thuc. 6, 51; Dem. 19, 229: fut. -ao-w Ar. Lys. 633; 
Com. Fr. 3, 439; Charit. i, u, 3, Megar. -ao-oj, -o-ovvrts Ar. Ach. 
750: aor. rjyopava Com. Fr. (Sotad.) 3, 585; Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 
18; Dem. 21, 149: p. rjyopaKa C. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 182; ^yopaxcbf 
Dem. 32, 14; Aristot. Oec. 2, 34, 5. 6; Polyb. 6, 17: p. p. 
T]yopao-p.eva Isae. 8, 23, -ptvos Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 281, as mid. 
see below : aor. fiyopdvdrjv always pass. (Dem.) 59, 46 : imp. 
Dem. 50, 25. Mid. -djfyiai buy for oneself, Xen. 



IO 'AyopdoftatAyopevw. 



An. I, 3, 14: imp. (^yopdfm)' fat. (-aa-o^at): aor. (^yo 

subj. -do-wirat Dem. 50, 55 : and as mid. p. p. rjyopda-Sai Dem. 
35> r 9- ay-, but dy- Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 620. 

'Ayop<ofiai To harangue, mostly Epic, -daa-Se II. 2, 337 : inf. 
dyopaaOai Theogn. 159: in Alt. Only imp. (qyopaowv), l)yopS> 

Soph. Tr. 60 1 (trimeter), Epic 2 pi. -davde II. 8, 230, -owi/ro 
4, i ; Ap. Rh. 3, 168; Q. Sm. 5, 432; Her. 6, n, see below: 
fat. (dyopTjo-o/xai) : aor. unaugm. dyop^o-aro II. 9, 95. 18, 253. 
Od. 7, 185: laor. p. dyopqdeis formerly Find. I. i, 51, has been 
altered by Pauw to (vdyoprjdeis Dor. for eu^y- which the sense 
and metre require. 

Horn, has always the lengthd. forms dyopdaade for -aeo-^f, 

-acrQe '. SO imp. fjyopdacrde, 3 pi. r]yopoa>vro = dovro, -OJI/TO, II. 4, I ; 

Her. 6, 1 1 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind.), if correct, the only instance in 
prose, though Passow says it is frequent in Herodotus. Liddell 
and Scott have now corrected this error, ay- except II. 2, 337, 
ay- in arsis. The Epic form tjyopoavTo in Her. is rather suspi- 
cious, unless it be granted that he borrowed it unchanged from 
Horn, see II. 4, i. It is not the usage of Her. to insert o before 
contracted from aw: 6p/ieWro 7, 88, cxpeavro i, 53. 4, 157 &c. 
fpTJxavftovro >j, 172 &c. &c. never -ocavro. Had ayopao/mi been an 
Ion. prose form and peculiar to the Ion. dialect, he would most 
probably have written dyop&vro, -eavro, or -eovro, without aug- 
ment ; if common to the Attic and Ion. rjyopwvro, -ewi/ro, or -eWo, 
with augm. The Herodotean form is dyopeua, rjyoptvov i, 60. 

3, 119 &C. &C. Mid. dyopfva-acrdm 9, 26. Dietsch, Abicht, 
Lhardy, accordingly read yyopevomo or -evov, but if dyopdoftai is 
kept, dyop<STo, Bredow rjyopeovro which occurs 2, 36. 4, 180. 
For the similar form *o/zoWt 4, 191, Dind. Dietsch, Abicht, read 
-eowi, Lhardy (co^wo-t with Mss. S. V. 

'Ayopeuw To harangue, proclaim, II. i, 365; Eur. Elec. 1356; 
Antiph. 3, y, 7; Xen. An. 5, 6, 27; Lys. 9, 10; Epic inf. 
-ffMtvai, Od. 13, 327, -fpev II. 9, 369 : imp. yyoptvov Soph. O. C. 
838 ; Ar. Ach. 41 ; Her. 7, 10, i. 9, 92 ; Xen. Hell. 6, 3, 7, 
dyo'p- II. i, 385, Trpo- Her. i, 22 (Dind. Stein, Trporjy- Bekk.): 
ftit. -fv<ra> II. 7, 361. Od. i, 179. 3, 254. 4, 836. 12, 56 ; Hes. 
Op. 402 ; Alciphr. 3, 52, Trpoo-- PI. Theaet. 147, v- Luc. 

pro Imag. 24 : aor. ^yopev<ra Luc. Pise. 15, dyopeuae II. 8, 29, 

Trpo-rjyoptva-e Her. i, 74. 125; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 247, dn- 
Dem. 40, 44. 55, 4, '- Longus 3, 30, Dor. dyopewev Pind. P. 

4, 156 (Bergk, dw-ayo'p- Vulg.) ; dyoptvo-rjs, an- PL Theaet. 200 
(Bekk. Ast), -vo-/, KOT- Ar.Pax 107 (Dind. Bergk, -evrj Cob. Mein.); 

dyopmroi/ Od. I, 174. 4, 645, -evvarf II. 18, 142 (Vulg.) J dyo- 

II. 12, 176. Od. 5, 183. 7, 241. ii, 381; Anth. 7, 377; 



w. 1 1 

Her. 3, 74, irpoo-- Xen. Mem. 3, 2, i ; dyoptvo-as, npoa-- Lycurg. 
9. 18 ; Dem. 39, 38, crw- 19, 178 : p. irpo-qyopevicc (Dem.) n, 
20 : p. p. Trpo-rjyopfVfjLfva Xen. Mem. i, 2, 35 aor. fjyopevdfjv, 
trpoa-- Aesch. Pr. 834, -fv6r) Com. Fr. (Anaxil.) 3, 350. (Philem.) 
4, 40; irpoa-ayoptvQr) Dem. 40, i, ava- Xen. Ven. i, 14: fat. 
raid, as pass. Trpo-ayopevo-erai Xen. M. Eq. 2, 7 (Vulg. -evtTai 
Dind. Sauppe) : aor. dyopeiKraadat Her. 9, 26. Vb. dyopev- 

Tf'os, irpoa- PI. Phaed. 104. 

We have drawn out this verb, not because of any irregularity, 
but because Cobet (Var. Lect. p. 36 &c.) maintains that it is 
used by classic writers in the pres. and imp. only, " praesentis 
tantum et imperfecti formam in usu esse," that its fut. and aor. 

&C. a*e fpa>, fiirov, and that " dyopeva-<o, rjyopfvo-a, f/yopfVKa et 

cognata omnia neque in simplici forma, neque in composita in 
antique sermone Graeco usitata fuisse, neque earum formarum 
exempla apud veteres extare, nisi forte in uno alteroque loco 
depravato." He bates a trifle in the case of -rrpovayoptva), but 
adds " ceterarum (formarum) nee vola nee vestigium est." We 
think he has been misled by a too exclusive attention to a 
particular class of writers. But is it sound policy to allow a 
pragmatical section to give law on a matter which affects the 
liberties of the community, and on which other bodies are as 
well qualified to judge ? The orator might from use and wont 
confine himself professionally to the pres. and imp., but is this 
to prevent poet, philosopher, and historian from freely using 
also the fut. aor. and perf. if it so pleased them ? But even the 
orators seem sometimes to have leapt their limits more freq., 
we think, than Cobet was aware when he was trying to define 
them. Nay, we think it probable that Aeschines himself, whom 
he rather confidently produces to vouch his views, wrote 
dvrjyopeva-e, not -ptve 3, 122, notwithstanding the proximity of 

dveliTf. See Pind. &>s ap etnrev. d<a 8" avrayoptwev KOI H(\ias P. 4 

156 (Bergk.) The " sequiores," Cobet grants, used dyoptvcra, 
-eva-a, -evica, but "errant omnes, Sophistae, Rhetores, Magistri !" 
We have noted the following: dyopevo-w Alciphr. 3, 52 ; Philostr. 
Ap. 186, dn- Plut. Lysand. 3. Nic. 21. Mor. 195, '- Luc. 
Navig. it. Demon, n; Orph. Arg. 1355, <rvv- Luc. Peregr. 13: 
aor. fiyopfva-a D. Hal. i, 65; Luc. Pise. 15, dir- Aristot. Oec. 
2, 24; Plut. Mor. 228, irpoo- Aristot. Polit. i, 12, 3; Plut. 
Mar. 41; Polyb. i, 8, i, irpo- D. Cass. 58, 12, di- Plut. Mor. 
240; Heliod. 4, 5, fit- Plut. C. Gracch. 16, '- Luc. Indoct. 
25; D. Laert. Prooem. 4, 5: rjyopevKa Liban. Or. 7 (p. 319), 
cm- Plut. Mor. 1096 ; Luc. D. Deor. 24, 2, n-pocr- Plut. Lycurg. 

6; D. Sic. I, 37: p.p. rjyopevTcu, an- App. Pun. 59; rjyo- 



1 2 'Aypeio 'Aypuxrcra). 

pfv/xeW, dir- Aristot. Polit. 7, 17, 9; Joseph. Ant. 15, 4, i: 
aor. rjyopevdijv Strab. 3, 3, 5; irpoaayopevdrj Aristot. Polit. 7, 1 6, 
1 8, VJT- Top. 6, 5, 2, av- Plut. C. Gracch. 3. Mor. 176. 202. 768, 
irpo- Heliod. 5, 23 ; App. Syr. 63 &c. &c. 

'Aypew To /a/k, ra^, Poet and only pres. indie, and imperat. 
dypels Anth. 6, 304, -el Sapph. Fr. 2, 14; Aesch. Ag. 126 
(chor.); imper. aypet Archil. Fr. 5, 3 ; so Horn, but only inter- 
jectionally, (grip), come, come on, II. 5, 765. Od. 21, 176; Ap. 

Rh. I, 487, dypeire Od. 2O, 149. Mid. dypeo Nic. Ther. 666, 

W0Z0 for aipeo (Vulg.) 

'Aypiaivu 70 be wild &c. is in classic authors rare, partial, and 
intrans. PI. Rep. 493 ; D. Hal. 8, 50 : imp. fjyp- PL Rep. 393 : 
tat. -avS> 501 : aor. late rjyplava trans. Dio Cass. 44, 47; subj. 

-IOVQS Ach. Tat. 2, 7 ; -dvas Ael. V. H. 2, 13. Pass, dypial.vofj.ai. 

rare and late D. Hal. 12, 6, 3, but e- PL Rep. 336 ; Aristot. H. 

An. 6, 1 8, 6: imp. fiypiaivovTO Plut. Ant. 58: fut. -av6f)<rop.ai 

V. T. Dan. n, n : aor. rjypidvdrjv D. Sic. Fr. Lib. 24, i, 2, 
V. T. Dan. 8, 7 (Vat.), see below : for which classic authors 
use dypioC^at Hippocr. 2, 64 (Lit.) : imp. rjypiovwv Eur. EL 1031 : 
p. p. riypiapcu Soph. Ph. 1321 ; Eur. Or. 387. I. T. 348 ; Ar. 
Ran. 897 ; -<up.eW Pax 620; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 24, drr- Soph. Ph. 
226, e- Isocr. 9, 67: aor. late, rjypiotdrjv Plut. Per. 34; Arr. 
Peripl. 4; App. Hisp. 46, but drr- PL Polit. 274, e'f- D. Hal. 8, 
57 ; V. T. Dan. 8, 7 (Alex, but -dvfyv Vat.) The act. dypi6a> 
again is rare, perhaps only dypioatvra Opp. Cyn. 2, 49, and aor. 
riypicaa-f Eur. Or. 616; Joann. Ped. 7 (West.) In comp. how- 
ever, as generally happens, the case differs somewhat : e'aypto> 
is used fn pres. act. PL Leg. 935: aor. -axra Eur. Ph. 876; 
Her. 6, 123; and eaypiaiVo> in pres. pass, -aivfa-dat PL Rep. 
336. We therefore doubt the correctness of Phrynichus's 

Statement dypi<0dels <a\ OVK dypiavdeis, Kairoi TO dypiaivofuii Kal 

dyputivfo-Bai d-micas, at least in the simple verb. 

'AypoiKio(Aai To be boorish, pres. only classic PL Theaet. 146; 
Plut. Sull. 6 : fut. (-UTO/WH) : aor. -urd/j.r]v Aristid. 39, 491. 

'Aypwo-CTw To catch, Epic, only pres., and only part, classic, 

dyp<bo-(T(is Nonn. l6, 232, dypa>o-<m Opp. H. 3, 339, -ovtrt 3, 75. 

543- 4 53 2 - 5 5 22 5 Nonn. 48, 286; dypwo-a-otfj/ Opp. Cyn. 
i, 129; dypaxrcrav Od. 5, 53; Nic. Ther. 416; Lycophr. 499, 
-ova-a Callim. Ap. 59, -ovrts Lycophr. 598 ; -uxra-ftv Nonn. 16, 
136. Pass, dypcoo-o-oi/rai Opp. Hal. 3, 337. 415. 4, 565. We 
have seen no certain case of mid. dypeooxroto Opp. Cyn. i. 129 
(Vulg.) has been altered to dypwo-crotei/ (Bodin. Schneider) ; and 
aor. dypoxro-aro (Hesych.) is held spurious by Schmidt. This 
verb is handled defectively and faultily in the lexicons. 



' A-jvprd^a} -'Ayw. 13 

'AyupTau To collect, beg, Epic and only inf -rd&iv Od. 19, 
284. 

To squeeze the throat, Ar. Eccl. 640, -ofifv Dem. 54, 20 ; 
Ar. Lys. 81 ; imper. ay^e Com. Fr. 2, 244; -a>v Ar. Ran. 
468, OTT- Od. 19, 230, ayxovres (Dem.) 47, 59; -x*iv Ar. Av. 
1575 : imp. %yx v Ar. Vesp. 1039, & yx - II. 3, 371 : fut . ayo> 
Ar. Eccl. 638 ; Luc. D. Mort. 22, i : aor. late rjyfr Christ. Pat. 
327; aye Liban. Or. 13 (p. 205); inf. aygai Apocr. 4 Mace. 
9, 17, but dir-dygai Ar. Pax 795. Mid. hang oneself, rare 
ayxto-dai Hippocr. 8, 468 (Littre'). Pass, ayxoptvos Pind. N. 

1, 46, -eVq (Dem.) 47, 59; Luc. Anach. u. This verb is 
scarcely inflected beyond the fut. act. and pres. pass, 
occurring only once in Horn., never in Trag., and confined 
in classic prose to Dem. The only instance of mid. in the 
simple verb is Hippocr. 8, 468 quoted. dv-dyxa> is more used, 
and rather better developed, Od. 19, 230; Ar. Vesp. 686; 
late prose Polyb. 16, 34, 9; Plut. Mar. 27 : imp. dir-ijyxov Jos. 
Ant. 12, 5, 4 : fut. -dyei Luc. Tox. 14 (Jacob. Bekk.): aor. 
-ijya Ar. Pax 796; late prose Luc. Lex. n. Mid, dir- 
dyxopai strangle oneself, Com. Fr. 3, 81 ; Hippocr. 4, 482 ; 
Andoc. i, 125; Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 25: imp. dir-rjyxovro Thuc. 
3, 81, 2 sing, unaugm. dn-dyxfo Archil. 67 (Bergk) : fut. 
-dyo/ieu Luc. Gall. 1 6 ; Charit. i, 4 : aor. -rjy^df^v Aesch. Supp. 
465; Ar. Nub. 780; Theocr. 3, 9; Her. 2, 131. 7, 232; Xen. 
Hier. 7, 13; Luc. D. Mer. 2, 4. Philops. 29. 

"Ayu To lead, bring, II. 9, 72; Pind. P. 9, 31; Aesch. Sept. 
645; Soph. O. C. 183; Ar. Ran. 190; Her. 8,65; Thuc. 

2, 34; PL Gorg. 478, 3 pi. Dor. ayovri Pind. P. 7, 13; Epic 
subj. ayyo-i Od. 6, 37 ; Epic inf. dyepfv II. 7, 420, Aeol. 

dyrjv Sapph. I, 19; Dor. f. pt. ayoura, Trap- Pind. N. 7, 23: 

imp. ?iynv II. 7, 310; Aesch. Pers. 342; Soph. O. C. 927; 
Eur. I. T. 1352; Her. i, 70; Thuc. 7, 29; Andoc. 3, 22; 
Lys. 3, 37; Xen. Hell. 4, 5, 3, Dor. lyw Pind. P. 9, 123; 
Theocr. 10, 2; Aesch. Pers. 863 (chor.); Eur. Ion 896 (chor.); 
Ar. Lys. 1255 (chor.), Poet, 'uyov II. 7, 312.; Pind. P. 5, 76, 
vv- Eur. Bacc. 563 (chor.), iter. ayewov Ap. Rh. i, 849; Her. 
i, 148: fut. a&> II. i, 139; Soph. O. C. 874; Ar. Pax 418; 
Her. 8, 60 ; Thuc. 4, 28 ; PL Rep. 466, Dor. 3 pi. 5|oto-t Pind. 
P. 6, 13: aor. rare va Hes. Op. 434. 440; Batr. 115. 119; 
Antiph. 5, 46, trpoa- Thuc. 2, 97, see below ; Epic imper. with 
vowel of 2 aor. orre II. 3, 105. 24, 778 (v. r. -are). Od. 14, 
414; inf. dt>trai II. 23, 50, deficit 23, III. 24, 663: p. faa 

Polyb. 3, in; Stob. 70, 13, <rw- Xen. Mem. 4, 2, 8, irpo- 
Dem. 19, 1 8. 25, 8, later and perhaps unatt. dy^o^a Alex. Rhet. 



14 "Ay <a. 

p. 442; Dio Cbrys. 32, n (Emper.); Jos. Jud. B. i, 30, i , 
(Bekk.), V- in Philip's spurious letter (Dem.) 18, 39, KQT- in 
a Pseph. ibid. 73, o-w- Aristot. Oec. 2, 2, 4- Polyb. 24, 3, 
Trap- Plut. Phoc. 17, irpoo-- Heliod. 9, 24: pip. dyrjdx" Polyb. 

30, 4: P. P. ?yfu Her. 2, 158; PI. Leg. 781; Dem. 13.^6, 
irap- Soph. Ant. 294, as mid. see below : pip. fjyp.evoi rja-av 
Thuc. 6, 100 : aor. fjx d l v Her. 3, I45--6, 30 (Bekk. a*- Dind. 
Stein); PL Leg. 782, a;r- Antiph. 5,85; axfals Hipponax 9: 

fat. d X 0ri<Tonai PI. Hipp. Maj. 292, Trpoo-- Thuc. 4, 87, Trpo- 

Dem. 18, 269: and fut. mid. agopcu. pass. Aesch. Ag. 1632; 
PI. Rep. 458, Trpoo-- Thuc. 4, 115: 2 aor. rjyayov II. 6, 291; 
Simon. C. 120; Her. 8, 26; especially Att. Aesch. Pr. 465; 
Soph. Ph. 638; Ar. Eq. 743; Thuc. 5, 84; PI. Tim. 30; 
Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 8, Dor. 'ay- Pind. Ol. 2, 51 ; Theocr. 15, 103; 
Soph. Tr. 858 (chor.), Poet, 'ay- II. n, 112. 24, 764; Eur. 
I. T. 138 (Lyr.); subj. dydyw II. 2, 231 ; Ar. Av. 1078 ; Antiph. 

6, 15; PI. Rep. 415, Ep. -w^ii II. 24, 717, 3 sing. - n o-i 24, 155. 
184: opt. aydyot/xi rare Od. 17, 243. 21, 201, oV- Eur. Hec. 
950, av- Xen. An. 2, 3, 21, eV- PI. Phaed. 106, <rvv- Her. i, 
196; dyaytiv Pind. P. io, 6; Eur. Bac. 1355: Ar. Ach. 250; 
Her. i, 5. 2, 162 ; Thuc. 2, 2 : Lycurg. 91 ; PI. Leg. 698, 
Dor. -ayev Pind. P. 4, 56, -ayeii/ (Boeckh) ; -aw II. 8, 490 ; Eur. 
Or. 65; Ar. Ach. 906; Her. 3, 85; Thuc. 4, 53. Mid. ayop-cu 
lead for oneself, marry, Od. io, 40. II. 9, 146; Soph. Ph. 613; 
Eur. Or. 248; Her. i, 34; PL Leg. 771; Xen. Lac. i, 6: 
imp. rjyofjLTjv Od. 4, io; Eur. Med. 1331 ; Ar. Eccl. 323 ; Her. 
3, 137; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 39, Poet, Syop- II. 7, 363: fut. 3y 
Od. 21, 214. 322; Soph. O. C. 1460; Eur. Hipp. 625; Her. 

7, 8, Trpoo-- Thuc. 3, 32, Trpo- Dem. 5, 14, as pass, see above : 
1 aor. (agdprjv) unattic and unaugm. agaa-df 11. 8, 505 (-e<r6e 
Schol. Bekk. Dind. La R.), aai/ro 8, 545 (-OVTO Bekk. Dind. 
La R.), (v-dt-avTo Her. 5, 34, Trpoeo-- i, 190 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. 
Krtlg.), Trporreo-- 8, 20 (Bekk. Dind.) : 2 aor. ^yayd/iiyj/ II. 22, 471. 
Od. 14, 2ii ; Hes. Th. 508; Her. 2, 175. 6, 63. 9, in ; rather 
rare in Att. Eur. Or. 182. Andr. 104 (Dor. ay- Dind.); Lys. 
i, 6; Isocr. 19, 8, r- Thuc. i, 104; PL Menex. 238; subj. 

dydytjTai. Od. 6, 159; Xen. Eq. 4, I, dydyr)(r6ov Ar. Plut. 529; 
Opt. -otro PL Rep. 574 ^poo"- Ar. Thesm. 849; ayayeV#at II. 

18, 87 ; Her. i, 65 ; Thuc. 8, 21 ; ayaydp.ei/or Her. i, 185. 2, 64, 
Trpoo-- Thuc. 8, 1 06 : and p. p. as mid. rjy^M late in simple, 
rjyptvos having married, Jos. Ant. 18, 9, 5, but Trpoo-JJimu Isocr. 
5, 20, Trpo- Dem. 54, 23 : pip. fa Jos. Ant. 14, 12, ^y/^ewt 
ria-av Arr. An. 7, 4, 8. Vb. OKTOS Plut. Gr. 7 ; dicreos Hippocr. 
5, 476; Andoc. 3, 40; PI. Rep. 537; Dem. 8, 5. Ep. inf. 



Ayu. 15 

agpev, d|//iei/a* seem used sometimes as aor. II. 23, 50. in &c. 
aoi(7t Dor. 3 pi. for -ovo-t Find. P. 6, 13, so dyayev Dor. inf. for 
-yeli/, P. 4, 56 (Vulg. Bergk), ayeo-Koi/ Ion. imp. for rjyov, Her. 

1, 148, ecr-ay- I, 196. The Dor. (rvvayayoxfia is not pip. but 

part.=-xuta Inscr. Ther. 2448. For dyfopevog called Ion. for 
dyofjL- Her. 3, 14 (Schweigh.), Wessl. reads rjyfdp-, Bekk. and 
Gaisf. fjyfop.-, Kriig. Dind. and Bredow, perhaps rightly, dyo^fvos, 
and for dyearai 2, 47 (Gaisf. Bekk. Kriig.), Syovrai (Vulg. Dind. 
Stein, Abicht.) In Her. Gaisf. Stein &c. with the Mss. add 
or drop the augmt. r\yov, ayov &c. axdrj, dir-Tixfy', Bekk. Kriig. 
&c. with the majority of Mss. we think uniformly augment, 
excepting of course 1 aor. mid. The 1 aor. act. and mid. 
?i^a, dapr)v are rare, the former scarcely the latter never occur- 
ring in Attic. ?i%av Batr. 115 (Vulg. el\gav Baumeist.): imper. 
aare Nonn. 44, 148. 48, 23; agas Batr. 119; Hes. quoted ; 
a|<u Antiph. 5, 46, irpofrrjgav Thuc. 2, 97, doubted ; but for 

7rpoe|a'ai/Teff 8, 25 (old edit.), now Stands npofgdgavres (Bekk. 

Popp. Kriig. L. Dind. jr/>o-ecu- Ms. B.), so Kardgavrfs Lycurg. 

129 (old edit.), now rdgavres (Mss. Bekk. B. Saupp.), d^as 

Ar. Ran. 468, now dnyf-as (Dind.), and Kardgavras Xen. Hell. 

2, 2, 20 (some Mss. and edit.) has been altered from other 
Mss. to Kadevras by Breitb. Sauppe &c. and branded by L. 
Dind. as barbarous in classic Attic. Even in late Attic some 
editors have removed it for the future: dtrdgaai Arr. An. 
5, 19 (Vulg. -ov<ri Ellendt, Kriig.), e'dawes Dio Cass. 38, 49 
(Bekk. e|d|- Dind.), still however Kardgcoo-i Dio. Hal. 6, 57, 
end^cDfitv Plut. M. 713, Trpocr- 793. In the Ion. of Her. the 
only instance of 1 aor. act. is <Tvv-davrfs 7, 60 (Mss. Gaisf.), 
a-uv-vd^avTfs (Reiske, Bekk. Kriig. Dind.) from o-vv-vda-o-u, 
approved by Schweigh.: aor. mid. (a|a/Hji/) agavde II. 8, 505, 
5avro 8, 545 (Wolf, Spitzn. but aeo-<9e, aovro Schol. Bekk. 
Dind. La Roche), eo-dgavro Her. 5, 34, irpofcr- i, 190, 
irpoa-ftr- 8, 20 (Bekk. Dind.), which three last, however, 
Bredow (Dial. Her. p. 351) would refer to o-do-o-w, not to y. 
This aor. mid. never occurs certainly in early Attic : thus 
aao-&u Eur. Hipp. 625 (best Mss.) is opposed by fut. -rd<u, 
and Trpoa^fifda Dem. 5, 14 (Vulg.) is now -a6ne6a (Mss. Bekk. 
Dind. Voem. &c.) ; sometimes in late, but scarcely in the new 
recensions, for irpodgaadai Dio Cass. 47, 34; Herodn. i, 12, 4; 
Plut. Eum. 4; Philostr. Im. 788 (Vulg.), V- Plut. Marc. 29 
(Vulg.), VTT- Paus. 9, 40, 4 (Siebel), have been displaced by 
fut. -dgfvdat, -dgovrai, in the recent edit, of Bekk. L. Dind. 
Kaiser, Schubart, and Sintenis. Besides rarity in Attic, the 
soundness of 1 aor. act. Tipoa-rj^av (Thuc. 2, 97) has been 



1 6 

challenged on the ground that " it should answer to imp. 
e0epro." We doubt this. The cases differ, and the difference 
determines the Tense. The main object of Thuc. is to state 
the amount of one year's />dpo? ; and as this was statutory and 
fixed, he naturally views it as a collective sum and one payment 
hence the aor. Whereas the 8S>pa are, from the nature of 
the case, viewed as paid from time to time, as convenience or 
inclination might prompt and hence imp. irpoaffpeptTo. So 

(Dem.) States the fact by eKtlvoi /ieV 'Adrjvmois (f>6povs rjvfynav II, 

1 6, but the wont by <p6povs fjfuv efapov 7, 12, see 29, 47. Trpoa-- 
rjpKfa-av Badham's conject. (Adhort. 1869) we are inclined to 
think needless, at the same time an addition to classic prose. 
The compd. dvayopai in the sense to set sail, put to sea, Her. 7, 
128; Antiph. 5, 25; Thuc. i, 52: imp. ov-faero Antiph. 5, 
24, -rjyovro Her. 6, 96 ; Thuc. i, 48 ; Xen. Hell. 6, 2, 29 : 
fat. -do^at Thuc. 6, 30. 32; Xen. An. 6, i, 33; Dem. 50, 
44: has 2 aor. mid. dv-rjyayofajv Thuc. 2, 92. 3, 79; Xen. 
Hell, i, i, 2 : and in same sense p. p. di/r?y/*ai Dem. 53, 5, 
-ijKTdi Thuc. 6, 65; -rjypevos Xen. An. 5, 7, 17; Plut. Tim. n: 
pip. av-f/KTo Dem. 56, 9 : aor. dv-f]x^n" Her. 4, 152 ; Andoc. 

2, 21 ; Xen. Hell, i, 4, 8: p. dv-ax^o-o/jai Aristot. Metaph. 
10, 3, 4; Charit. 2, 9; Polyaen. 5, 22, 3. 

'Ayowtonai To contend, Her. 8, 26 ; Antiph. 5, 3 ; Thuc. 4, 73; 
Lys. 9, 21 ; Isae. i, 6: imp. rjycav- Eur. Heracl. 795; Ar. 
Vesp. 1479; Her. 8, 87; Thuc. i, 6; Xen. An. 4, 8, 27; Lys. 

3, 44: fut. -lovfiai Eur. Heracl. 992; Ar. Ach. 481; Thuc. 6, 
78; Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 22; Lys. 13, 88 ; Dem. 22, 38; D. Sic. 
14, 25 (Bekk.); passive Dem. 21, 7, Ion. -teC/nat, eV- Her. 3, 
83, -UTO/UH D. Sic. 13, 21 (Vulg. Bekk., -iovpai L. Dind.): aor. 
fiya>vi(TdfjLT)v Eur. Ale. 648; Ar. Eq. 614; Her. i, 76; Andoc. 

1, 17; Lys. 13, 60, Dor. uyatvivdpav Anth. II, 8l ; -UTCHTO 

Thuc. 3, 38 : p. Tjyuviornai act. Eur. Ion 939 ; Ar. Vesp. 993 ; 
Isocr. 1 8, 31 ; Isae. 10, i, ow 7, 10 ; Dem. 19, 60, and pass. 
Eur. Supp. 465; PI. Tim. 81?; Dem. 24, 145; Plut. Cat. 

Maj. 14, 3 pi. Ion. dyww'Sarat Her. 9, 26 : pip. TjywKrufVoi rjo-av 

Isocr. 18, i : aor. fjya)vi(T0r)v rare, and pass. Lys. 2, 34: fut. p. 
late dyu>vio-8f)(TfT(u, Aristid. 39, 504 (Dind.) The pres. and fut. 
are sometimes pass. dya>vi(6n(i>os Dem. 24, 28: d-ycowftrat 21, 7* 
1 aor. act. occurs in part, dyow'o-as Boeckh's Inscr. i, 575. 
Vb. dywworroj, fivtr-Kar- D. Hal. Rhet. 8, 3, dyutvivrtov Xen. Cyr. 

2, 3, ii. The fut. form dyow'o-o/iai occurs actually in late 
writers only, and even in them less frequently than it was wont: 
dytavtaro/jLtvos Dio. Hal. 3, 1 8 (now dyow'f- Kiessl.); Argum. Dem. 
19; Jos. Jud. B. 3, 7, 15 (Bekk.); Porph. de Abst. i, 31, but 



17 

for -uro/uai Alciphr. i, 39 (Wagn.), -tovuai (Meinek.), -KTO^VOVS 
Luc. Anach. 36 (Vulg.), -tfrnevovs (Bekk. Dind. Jacob. 2 ed.) 
The Attics seem to have uniformly dropped o- in the fut. of 
verbs in -to, excepting dissyllab., as wt'a>, -taw, KTt'a>, -tW 
&c. 

The collat. form aywj/jaa, to contend, be anxious, seems con- 
fined in classic auth. to pres. and aor. and in these to part, and 
inf. -i&>> Isocr. 4, 91 ; PI. Charm. 162; rare in Poet. -iS>aa Com. 
Fr. 4, 438 ; inf. -iav PI. Prot. 333 : aor. dyuviaa-at Com. Fr. 3, 
607. it is rather better developed in later writers: dyaviSt Luc. 
D. Mer. 12, 4; Alciphr. 3, 59, -tare D. Sic. 13, 52, -iSxri Aristot. 
Rhet. i, 9, 21 : imp. qywtW Ael. V. H. 2, i; Polyb. i, 10. 2, 6; 
D. Sic. ,1.3, 81 : fut. -tdo-w Porph. de Abst. i, 54 : aor. rjyiavlaa-a 
D. Sic. 14, 60; Plut. Caes. 46; Aristid. 12, 89 (Dind.): p. 

TjycaviaKtas , vnep- (Dem.) 6l, 28. For pres. indie. dya>viS> LyS. 

26, i (Vulg.) now stands eywye (Bekk. B. Saupp. Scheib.) We 
have never seen either mid. or pass. 

'A8dojJiCH, see oa|a>. 

( 5 A8e'w) To be sated, Homeric, aor. opt. d8ij<raei> Od. i, 134 : 
p. part. d8r]Ku>s II. 10, 399 (a). Some aspirate dfya--, d8rjK-. 

'ASrjXew To be in the dark, in act. only pres. and only in Soph. 
-oC/Liei/ O. C. 35. Pass. Ion. and Att. prose aS^Xen-ai S. Emp. 
79, 9. 319, 4; -Xeto-^ai 591, 25. 605, 15 (Bekk.); late aS^Xov/xeVj; 
Theophr. Fr. 30, -v/xei>a Hippocr. 8, 18 (Lit.) 

'ASiKe'u To injure, Solon 4, 22; Eur. Ph. 958; Her. 2, 160; 
Antiph. 6, 7; Thuc. 3, 65; Isae. n, 15; ddiKflv Aesch. Eum. 
85: imp. T)8iKow Ar. Nub. 1509; Antiph. 6, 9; Lys. i, 38; 
PI. Prot. 322, Ion. f)8iKfov Her. i, 121 : fut. ->jo-a> Com. Fr. 
3, 429 ; Xen. An. 2, 5, 3 ; PI. Crit. 48 : aor. ^St'^o-a H. H. 
Cer. 367 ; Her. 7, 35 ; Thuc. 3, 56 : p. ^Si'^Ka Eur. Ale. 689 ; 
Antiph. i, 23; Thuc. 3, 63; Lys. 9, 12, act. reg. : p. p. 
TjftiKrjiJLai Dem. 29, 50, -T}rai Her. 3, 21 ; Antiph. i, 31; -r^fi/os 
Eur. Med. 26 ; Antiph. i, 21 : pip. ^St'^ro 6, 10; Dem. 29, 41 : 
aor. -T)6r)v Antiph. 5, 88 ; Thuc. 3, 65 ; PI. Rep. 344 : fut. p. 
late -T]dr]<Tona<. Aristid. 45, 63 ; Apollod. i, 9, 23 ; Geop. 12, 10; 
(v. r. Dem. 20, 164. 21, 220. 23, 115): for which classic auth. 
always use fut. m. aStK^o-o/xai as pass. Eur. I. A. 1437 ; Thuc. 
5, 56; Xen. Cyr. 3, 2, 18 ; Isocr. 2, 16; PI. Gorg. 509; 
Aristot. Polit. 3, 13, 13; Dem. 20, 164. 21, 30. 220. 23, 115. 
Vb. aStKT/r/o? PI. Crit. 49. ddiKft/jLevos Ar. Ach. 914, is said to 
be Dor. for ^SjK^eVos Elms, proposed aSix? iptvos Boeot. pres. 
which Meineke and now Dind. adopt, Fritzsche ddiKevpevos, 
and certainly the pres. of this verb is often used in the sense 
of the perf. Antiph. 4, S, 9; Xen. An. (5, 7, 29). 7, 7, 31; 

c 



1 8 

PI. Rep. 359, &c. The Aeol. form dSi^n occurs Sapph. T, 20. 
Twice in Dem. some of the Mss. present fut. p. -^r/o-o/iat, and 
twice Reiske has adopted it, once with, and once without 
Ms. support. This verb scarcely occurs in Epic : pres. dSiicd 
Theocr. n, 67; imperat. dfiucei 8, 64: 1 aor. dSnojo-as H. 
Cer. 367, but neither in II. Od. Hes. Theogn. Orph. nor Ap. 
Rh. 

A8a), tzSeo, see &v8dva>. 

"A8a> To sing, Att. for dfi'Sw, Anacr. 45 (B.) ; Aesch. Ch. 1025; 
Eur. Cycl. 425 ; Ar. Eccl. 932 ; PI. Phaed. 85 ; Dem. 19, 280: 
imp. ffiov Eur. Ale. 761 ; Com. Fr. 2, 638 ; Thuc. 2, 21 ; Dem. 
54, 9, Dor. aS- Theocr. 14, 30: fut. ao-w Babr. F. 12, 18; 
rare, if correct, in good Att. PL Leg. 666 ; late prose Himer. 
Or. i, 6; Menand. Rhet. 617; Nicol. Rhet. u, 14; Aeneae 
Epist. 18, n-poo-- Ael. H. A. 6, i, Dor. do-w Theocr. i, 145: 
generally mid. ao-opm H. Hym. 6, 2. 32, 19 ; Theogn. 243 ; 
Ar. Vesp. 1233; Com. Fr. (Theoph.) 3, 629; Thuc. 2, 54; 
PL Leg. 664. Gorg. 502, Dor. da-evfiai Theocr. 3, 38 : aor. 
j/o-a Ar. Nub. 1371 ; PL Tim. 21 : (p. 17*0?) : P- P- o"M at Com. 
Fr. 2, 638 ; late prose, Philostr. Ap. i, 39 ; Himer. Or. 16, 2 ; 
jjo-fuvos Aristid. 5, 36 (D.) : aor. ycr0T)v Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 55 ; 
PL Lys. 205, r- Xen. Mem. 2, 6, n : pres. mW&u Thuc. 2, 
54; -6fivos Plut. Mor. 1144. Mid. aSd/^ei/oi late Dio Chrys. 
23 (398): fut. aa-ofjMt see above : aor. 8i-aVao-0<n Phryn. (Bekk. 
An. 37. 3.) Vb. aoT-eoy PL Rep. 390. See dfi'Sw. Fut. act. 
ao-ouo-t PL Leg. 666, is the reading of the Mss. and retained by 
Orell. Bait. Winck. and C. F. Herm. in their late editions: 
Person suggested fjo-avvi which some edit, have adopted. a<ms 
Ar. Pax 1297 (R. Vulg.), but ao-* (Daw. Bekk. Dind.) ao-erai 
in some edit, of Eur. Med. 45, is a suggestion of Muretus for 
oio-frai of the Mss. and adopted by Person, Elms. Dind. &c., 
but Kirchhoff, Schone, Nauck, and Witzschel retain oio-erai. 

'A<-0Xeu'u To contend, Ep. and Ion. -euouo-t Opp. Hal. 3, 40; 

-tvaxri H. 23, 737; Hes. Th. 435; -fvotpev II. 23, 274; -fvtiv 

4, 389; Her. 5, 22; dfff\tvu>v II. 24, 734 (Vulg. Wolf), but 
see below; Xenophanes 2, 21 (B.); Ap. Rh. 3, 480. 624. 778 ; 
Theocr. 24, 115: fut. -etwa late, Q. Sm. 4, 113; Nonn. 37, 
557- 4 2 . 5 T 3 : a- 01 "- detfAfucme Musae. 197; -Wr Nonn. 7, 97. 
dfdXfa seems more Ion. : imp. unaugm. dedXfe Anth. App. 
Epigr. 5, -Xfoi> Her. i, 67. 7, 212: fut. -faovrts Q. Sm. 4, 590 
(Ms. A. Vulg. Lehrs, -evo-ovres Koechly). The contracted 
forms alone are used by the Attics : ddXeva rare, -fva>v PL Leg. 
873 ; (in Horn, once only, II. 24, 734 Mss. Bekk. Spitzn. 
Dind. ; Ap. Rh. 2, 783 ; Or. Sib. 2, 38, -evouo-t Opp. Hal. i, 37. 



ew. 1 9 

3, 596; -tvaxri 5, 198, see dtd\- above): fat. a0Xewro> Aesch. 
Pr. 95 ; d0\fixras Nonn. 9, 150. a6Kea> PI. Tim. 19 ; -tiv Simon. 
C. 149; Aeschin. 2, 147: imp. ij6\ovv (Luc.) Asin. u : fut. 
-TJO-W Or. Sib. 2, 43 ; Artemidor. Onir. p. 112, 22 : aor. fj6\T)<ra. 
Soph. O. C. 564; Artemidor. Onir. p. 269, 2 : pt. -fja-as II. 7, 
453- J 5> 3 th e only part of this form in Horn.; Eur. Supp. 
37 ; Q. Sm. 6, 494 : p. late fiffXqieoTts Plut. Demetr. 5 : (p. p. 
jjfajjitiiHov, KCIT- Suid.) Mid. rare, aor. ti0\r)<rdp.T]v, ev- Anth. 
7, 117. Koechly has altered the Mss. reading dfd\T]crovTfs Q. 
Sm. 4, 590, to dtdXevcr- on the ground of its being " the con- 
stant Epic form." But if the Epics used both the open and 
contracted forms of the pres. dcdXcu, adXtvco, may they not have 
used aljo dfffX^a--, since they certainly have 0^X770--, and that too 
when dOXevtr- would have suited the metre equally well ? Com- 
pare olvoxotvo) Od. 21, 142, the only form of the pres. : but the 
imp. olvoxoft II. i, 598: and aor. -octroi Od. I5> 3 2 3- TroXeuw 
pres. Od. 22, 223 : but Ti-oX- or TrwX-^o-eat II. 5, 350. 

'AeiSu To sing, Poet, and Ion. II. i, i ; Solon 20, 3 ; Pind. Ol. 
5, 10; Eur. Ion 92 (chor.). I. T. 1091 (chor.); rare in trimeters 
Eur. Fr. 188 (D.); Aesch. Ag. 16; Ion. prose Her. 2, 60; Hip- 
pocr. 7, 124 ; Epic subj. -8170-4 Od. 19, 519 ; opt. -Soi/u II. 2, 598; 
inf. -Sew Od. 8, 45; Hes. Th. 34; AT. Eq. 1266 (chor.), Ep. 
-Se/uei/at Od. 8, 73, -Sep. Theogn. 939, Lacon. -fyv Alcm. 57 (B.), 
but -8fv i, 3; Theocr. 7, 100: imp. rje&ov Od. 8, 514, 'a8- II. i, 
604 ; Pind. N. 5, 22 ; Theocr. 6, 4, 'dei- in arsi Od. 17, 519; H. 
Hym. 1 8, i; Pind. Fr. 30 &c. ; Theocr. 18, 7: fut. deurco Sapph. 
64 (Ahr.); Horn. Epigr. 14, i; Theogn. 4; Eur. H. F. 68 1 
chor. (Mss. Vulg. Kirchh. i edit. Nauck, see below); Theocr. 
22, 135 (Vulg. Mein. Ahr. Paley, -So Ziegl. Fritz.); Callim. 
Apol. 30. Dian. 186. Del. i; Anth. (Mnas.) 7, 192; Q. Sm. 
3, 646; Opp. Cyn. i, 80. 3, 83: and mid. deio-opai Od. 22, 
352; Theogn. 943; Pind. I. 7, 39 (Bergk, Momms.); Eur. 
Epigr. 3 (Bergk); Horn. H. 10, i (but ao-op- 6, 2. 32, 19), Si- 
Theocr. 5, 22 : aor. rjeio-a Callim. Epigr. 21, 4 ; Opp. Cyn. 3, i, 
"ati- Simon. C. 53 (Bergk); Theocr. 9, 29, u- Od. 21, 411; 
Theogn. 16 ; Anth. App. Epigr. 215 ; sub/. deiW Theocr. 1,23; 
dWie, irpoa-- Hippocr. 6, 482 ; aturov Od. 8, 492 ; Alcae. 63 ; 
Eur. Tr. 513 (chor.), -ftVare Hes. Th. 965; Ar. Thesm. 115 
(chor.) ; dela-ni Od. 14, 464 ; Pind. Ol. 1 1, 24 ; Her. i, 24 ; det'o-ar 
i, 24. Mid. deiSopai not found ; unless dft'Seo be sound H. Hym. 
20, i (Mss. deiVfo Franke, Baum.) : fut. deiVo/^at see above : aor. 
only imper. Ep. detWo H. Hym. 17, i (dti'Seo Vulg.) ; 8t-afuro/u 
Theocr. 5, 22, is called subj. by Ahrens for -ada-utpu we 
desiderate a more decisive example. Pass, only pres. di'So/u 

C 2 



2O 

Find P. 8, 25 ; dftWp.ei'os'Her. 4, 35 : and imp. aei'8-o Find. Ol. 
10 (n), 76, qe/8- formerly 10, 70, has been discarded. a is 
short except sometimes in arsi, deify Od. 17, 519; H. Hym. 
18, i. 27, i ; Opp. Hal. 5, 296. Ep. inf. pres. aetSe'/zmu Od. 

8, 73. For duW Eur. H. F. 68 1 quoted, Elms. Dind. and 
now Kirchh. 2 ed. Nauck 3 ed. read pres. dei'So). deiafo is 
perhaps an Epic 1 aor. with the termination of the 2 aor. 
Horn. H. 17, i. deiVaTo in some edit, of Find. N. 4, 90, is 
an emend, of Pauw and Heyne for dei'o-frat of the Mss. ; aeio-eV 
TroTf was suggested by Herm. and adopted by Boeckh and 
Schneidewin; Kayser and Momms. retain the fut., so Bergk 
with seemingly a shade of doubt. 

'AeiKi<>> To abuse (Epic for aicio>), II. 24, 54 : imp. &aoi> 
24, 22 : fut. dfiKiS> II. 22, 256, but -ia-aca Q. Sm. io, 401 : aor. 

TjeiKio-a, dfiKicr&dicri II. 1 6, 545- P* P* See attifa) : aor. pass. 
d(iKKT0i]fj.evai Od. 1 8, 222! mid. as act. aor. deiKtWcoi/rai Q. Sm. 
14, 43; -urtraifuda II. 16, 559; -tVo-aa-^ai 22, 404. (a.) See 

aiKi'fw, which Horn, has only in compos. 

'Aeipw To raise, Poet, and Ion. Aesch. -Sept. 759 (chor.) ; 
Her. 2, 125; Hippocr. 8, 236, Dor. 3 pi. dflpovn, eV- Find. Ol. 

9, 2O; udpe II. 6, 264; delpcov Od. II, 423: imp. rjeipov Her. 

2, 125, imp- II. 19, 386; Ap. Rh. i, 248 : fut. depS>, contr. 
apS> Aesch. Pers. 795; Eur. Heracl. 322. I. T. 117. Tr. 
1148, f^fTT-apfl Poet. Plut. M. 102 : aor. fjeipa Ap. Rh. 2, 1229; 
in tmesi II. io, 499. 24, 590, Trap- Archil. 94, e^- Her. 6, 126, 
aeip- II. 23, 730; (d(po-t) Panyas. Fr. 6) ; aeipov Theocr. 22, 65 ; 

ddpas II. 12, 383; Soph. Ant. 418; LuC. D. Syr. 52, fir-afipas 

Her. i, 87, Dor. dtipais Find. Fr. 88: p. p. rjeppai, -p.evos Ap. 
Rh. 2, 171 : pip. aupro, for rjepro, II. 3, 272; Theocr. 24, 43 : 
aor. r)fp6r)v Anth. 5, 299; Ap. Rh. 4, 1651, Trap- II. 16, 341, 
d/p^- Od. 19, 540; Ap. Rh. 4, 1757, Epic 3 pi. "xpdev for 
-Oqvav, II. 8, 74 ; subj. dtp^w Eur. An. 848 (chor.) ; dep&ls Od. 
8, 375- 12, 432; Find. N. 7, 75. 8, 41; Aesch. Ag. 1525 
(chor.); Her. i, 165. 9, 52; Hippocr. 8, 122. 124 (Littre"), see 
below. Mid. ddpofiuu raise oneself, or for oneself, Soph. Tr. 
216 (chor.); inf. -tadai Her. 4, 150; -o^tvos 8, 140 (Mss. Stein, 
dvr- Bekk. Dind.), an-- II. 21, 563, dvr- Her. 7, 101. 209 : imp. 
deipop.iji/, 3 dual -fadrjv II. 23, 501 : fut. (depeirai) COntr. apelrai 

Eur. Hel. 1597 : aor. dfi'pao Ap. Rh. 4, 746; Epic subj. deiperat, 
<rw- II. 15, 680; aipdp,/os II. 23, 856. Od. 15, 106 ; Ion 
Fr. 3, 4 (Bergk); Her. 8, 94; dfipavdai, dvr- 7, 212. Horn, 
never augments the simple verb except in tmesi, Her. varies: 
rjfipov 2, 125, but dfipovro 8, 56 (Bekk. Dind. Abicht, Stein), 
which Bredow and Dietsch alter to yeipovro, Lhardy to deip 



''AepofJt.eTpeoo. 2 1 

Tragic usage : ddpa> is used once only in trimeters, often in 
chor. and such parts only as are unsusceptible of augment : 
pres. dfipo) Aesch. Sept. 759; imper. aape Eur. El. 873, -ere 
Hec. 62 ; deipeiv Rhes. 25 ; dtipav Aesch. Pers. 660 : aor. imper. 
dtipare Eur. quoted (some Mss. and edit.) ; part, ddpas Soph. 
Ant. 418, the only instance in trimeters. Mid. ddpofim Soph. 
Tr. 216 (chor.) Pass, dfipopevos Eur. Ale. 450 (chor.): aor. 
subj. dfp6S> Eur. An. 848 (chor.); dfpdels Aesch. Ag. 1525 
(chor.) ; Eur. Fr. 903 (chor.) u, late d in arsi, Opp. Cyn. i, 
347- 537- 2 > J 7 2 - 216. 526. 4, 211. We have never seen the 
open fut. dtpm. Her. has usually the Ionic ddpco, and so, 
partly on theory, Dietsch, Abicht, Stein perhaps always, but 
eV-ai'peis^Y, 10 (7), np av 9> 59> 7r ~ 6, 99> -at'/" 00 " 1 8, 57- 60, 

fir-dpas I, 90. 2, 162, e'- 9, 79> e> ~?7P 6ro 6, 133, eTT-apdr/s I, 212, 

-apdels i, 90. 5, 81. 91. 7, 38. 9, 49 (Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Dind.) 
Hippocr. too, along with ddpa, has aipet, 8, 368, aipfiv 8, 144. 

2l6, tuprrat 8, 328, err- 8, 282, aLpr^rai 8, 328, riprm, eir- 8, 280 

(Littre"). 

('AeKd^op,ai) To be reluctant, Epic and only part. deica6nvos 
Od. 1 8, 135, -oftfvri II. 6, 458. H. Cer. 30; Q. Sm. 14, 29. 

'AeAirrew To have no hope (ofXriro?), only part. Ep. and Ion. 
df\TTTfovT(s quadrasyll. II. 7, 310; Her. 7, 168. Before Wolf, 

de\Treovres Stood in the II. 

'Ae'lu To increase, Ep. and Ion. pres. only and imp. in classic 
auth. II. 17, 226 ; Hes. Op. 6 ; Theogn. 1031 ; Simon. C. 84. 5 ; 
Find. N. 2, 15; Soph. Aj. 226 (chor.); Eur. Hipp. 537 (chor.); 
once in Her. 3, 80 : imp. never augm. in early Epic, Htfov Od. 
17, 489. Mid. di^fTOL grows II. 18, no; Hes. Op. 377 ; Find. 
Fr. 203; Emped. 330; Aesch. Ch. 825 (chor. eu>a Herm. and 
now Dind. 5 ed.) : imp. de'ero II. n, 84. Od. 22, 426 ; Hes. Th. 
195, but r)tfv Callim. Jup. 55, -ovro Ap. Rh. 4, 1426. Late 
forms, fut. degfjo-ca Nonn. 12, 24: aor. Tjegijo-a 8, 104; Anth. 
App. Epigr. 299 : pip. p. W^ITO, dv- Nonn. 4, 427 : aor. de<}6w 
Anth. 9, 631 ; Nonn. 9, 168; -6ds Ap. Rh. 2, 511; Anth. 6, 
171 ; Opp. Hal. 5, 464: fut. m. de^o-ea^at Ap. Rh. 3, 837. At 
Soph. Ant. 351, Dind. reads, from a suggestion ofi Doderl., 
degerai as act. for e- or a^-erai of the Mss., but calls it 'in- 
certa emendatio.' Franz suggested oxud&rai, which Nauck 
adopts. 

'Aepopare'co To tread the air &c. Attic, and in classic auth. con- 
fined to pres. Ar. Nub. 225. 1503; -jSareli/ PI. Apol. 19; -fiarovvrfs 
(Luc.) Philop. 24 : aor. dfpo^arrja-as (Luc.) Philop. 12. 

'A6pop.eTpe'<i> To measure the air, Attic prose, and only inf. 
Xen. Oec. n, 3. 



22 'Aeppw " 



l. =deipa) To raise, Alcae. Fr. 78; Sap ph. 91 (Bergk): 
aor. (fjfpara), depo-i? Panyas. Fr. 6, 13 (Diibn.) 

'Aeprd^w To raise, Poet.=detpo>, Anth. 9, 674; -dfwv Callirn. 
Fr. 19. 2 1 1 ; Orph. L. 222 ; -eiv 617 : imp. fjeprafrv Anth. 9, 12 ; 
Ap. Rh. i, 738; Nonn. 48, 140: aor. deprdo-cme Nonn. 43, 99; 
(from depTaa>) fffpTrja-fv Anth. 6, 223 : p. p. rjeprrj^ai Anth. 5, 230 ; 
Opp. Cyn. 2, 99. aprda> seems to be used only in pres. imp. 
and rarely in aor. (depTdw) in aor. act. and p. pass, and both 
rather late. 

('Ae'u) To breathe, rest, (sleep?) Epic, and only aor. aeo-a (d in 
arsi) Od. 19, 342, -<ra/xe/ 3, 151, -o-ai/ Ap. Rh. 4, 884, but (a in 
thesi) Od. 2, 490. 15, 188, contr. ao-a, acra^ev Od. 16, 367; inf. 

atcrai 15, 4- 

'Adpa> 70 <fry, only pres. pass, d^averai H. Hym. 4, 270. 
aaivo> is late, and occurs only in aor. act. dtfivg Nic. Ther. 205, 
-rjvrjari 368 (avr)v- Schn.) : and pres. pass. datWai 339 (Vulg. 
avaivfTcu Schneid.), but the comp. Kar-adiVa> occurs in iter. aor. 

Ka.T-a$]va<TKt Od. II, 587. 

"Aw Poet To dry, only pres. act. Hes. Op. 587 ; Alcm. 123 ; 
Alcae. 39, 8; afa Nic. Ther. 779 (Ott. Schneid.): and pass. 
a^rjrai Hes. Th. 99 ; -opfinj II. 4, 487. aor. dadelrj occurs only 
as a v. r. for doi^en; Her. 3, 41. 

"Aw To fear, Poet, only part. aovra Soph. O. C. 134 (chor.) 
Generally afrpai Dep. and only pres. II. 6, 267 ; Alcm. 54; 
Eur. Heracl. 600. Ale. 326 (trimet.), 5ecu Ap. Rh. 3, 975, -crai 
Theogn. 1140; Aesch. Eum. 389. 1002 (chor.), -ovrai Supp. 
651 (chor.); Opp. Hal. i, 187; doi f j.r 1 v Eur. Fr. 350, aoiro 
Theogn. 748; imper. afeo II. 5, 830; Theocr. 27, 14, afeu Od. 
17, 401 ; -opfvos II. i, 21 ; Hes. Th. 532 ; Theogn. 280; Soph. 
O. R. 155 (chor.); Theocr. 20 (25), 4: and imp. unaugm. 
aft II. 14, 261 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 77, -OVTO Q. Sm. 2, 66, but ^"M 1 ?" 
if correct, Eur. Heracl. 1038 (Cob. Dind. 5 ed.). The Traged. 
use this verb in chor. only, except Eur. quoted. 

'Air)9eo-(7u> To be unused, Epic -tavowa Ap. Rh. 4, 38, -ea-a-ovrfs 
Nic. Alex. 378 : imp. unaugm. drjdevo-ov II. 10, 493, but with a- 
dropped d^to-oi/ for the metre, Ap. Rh. i, 1171, not drjdea-a aor. 
Though this view seems to be strengthened by the v. r. drjdeaKov 
in both passages, there is a strong probability in Ziegler's emen- 
dation drjdtov (Merkel), from drjOelv (Hesych.) (a.) 

"Arjfu (d) To blow, Epic unaugm. and inflected with rj, a^i 
Hes. Op. 516; Opp. Hal. i, 154, arjrov II. 9, 5, 3 pi. Stun Hes. 
Th. 875 ; subj. dya-i Opp. Hal. 3, 57. 67 ; imper. d^rw Ap. Rh. 

4, 768; inf. dr)p.tvai II. 23, 214. Od. 3, 176, digital 3, 183; dfvros 
H. Hym. 6, 3, dewi Theocr. 13, 29, d<fWer II. 5, 526, -TOW Od. 



Atdfy. 2 3 

19, 440: imp. S n Od. 12, 325. 14, 458, h-drj 5, 478. 19, 440 
(Thiersch, Bekk.), -det (Vulg. Dind. La Roche) : fut. dijcm, 81- 
Hesych. Mid. KaT-ar)<rfTcu=KaTanv(v(Tfi Hesych. Pass, and 
intrans. arjrcu Find. I. 4 (3), 9; Ap. Rh. 2, 81 ; dfipevos Od. 6, 
131 : imp. 071-0 II. 21, 386 ; Hes. Sc. 8, aijvro Ap. Rh. 3. 288. 
atv Ap. Rh. i, 605. 1228, is 3 sing. imp. of aw, which see. For 
dfia-avra Emped. 31, Stein reads dto-a-ovra. arjfjLt is said to be 
unattic ; arjrai occurs in chor. however in the best Mss. and 
some of the best edit, of Aesch. Ch. 391 (Dind. now, 374 Franz, 
TJTOI Pors.) a. 

'AOawriJioj To believe or make immortal, perhaps only pres. 
act. Her. 4, 94; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 10, 7, 8 (Athen. 15, 52); 
-owe? Jer. 4, 93. 5, 4 : and pass. aBavmi^raa. Polyb. 6, 54. 
The simple verb is Ion. and late Att. but the compd. mc-adwmi&w 
is used by PI. Charm. 156. 

"AGe'Xyw To press out, drain (Hesych.), if correct, has pass. 
a&'Xyerai Hippocr. 5, 478 (Lit.): with fat. m. udcXcrai as pass. 
Aretae. 48 (ed. Oxon.) 

'A0epiu> To slight, Epic and unaugm. Od. 8, 212; Anth. 12, 98 : 
imp. ddepifrv II. i, 261 : fut. -i|o> Ap. Rh. 3, 548 (Vulg. but -tfw 
most Mss. Beck, Well. Merk.): aor. late dBepiaaa Ap. Rh. 2, 
488, and -iga 2, 477; Orph. L. 675; Maneth. 2, 282 : aor. m. 
ddfpia-a-aTo Dion. Per. 997. (S.) 

'A0\c'w, -ev<B, see d(6\-. 

'A0upu Poet. To play, -vpa> Anth. 9, 505, -vpeis Anth. PI. 288 ; 
Opp. C. 2, 411, -ouo-t Ap. Rh. 4, 950; Himer. Or. 3, i; 
-{paper Or. 17, 7 ; -vpoi Ap. Rh. 3, 949; rare in Att., Eur. Fr. 
325 (Dind.); -vpw II. 15, 364; H. Hym. 19, 15; Eur. Ion 53; 
-vpew Find. I. 4, 39 ; very rare in prose PL Leg. 796 ; and late 
Philostr. Imag. 5; Himer. Eel. 36, 13; Orat. i, 5 : imp. tfOvpt 
Opp. Hal. 5, 455 ; Dio Cass. 63, 26, unaugm. &6vpe Find. N. 
3, 44; Opp. C. 4, 279. Mid. ddvpofjifvr) Hym. Merc. 485. 



Aldw To lament, mostly Poet. Aesch. Pers. 922 ; Eur. Or. 80; 
Bion i, i. 6; Anth. App. Epigr. 200; -dfapev Eur. Tr. 146; 
-OH I. T. 227; Mosch. 4, 27; -eiv Soph. Aj. 432. 904; Eur. 
Med. 1347 ; rare in prose Aristot. Hist. An. 4, 9, 20. Gen. 
An. 5, 7, 24 ; D. Cass. 57, 5 ; Luc. Salt. 45 : fut. - Eur. 
H. F. 1054 (Herm. Dind. Kirchh. &c.); Orac. Sib. 7, 99: aor. 
rare, part. aldas Anth. App. Epigr. 127, atgas (Mss.) Mid. 

alaop.evr] (Hesych.) Vb. alaicTos Aesch. Pers. 931, alao-Tfjs NlC. 

Fr. 74, 32. The Mss. and vulg. reading Eur. H. F. 1054 
quoted, is pres. ald^T. In prose this verb seems to occur first 
in Aristot. but not in classic Attic. 



24 



To fear, respect, Dep. mid. and pass. II. 6, 442 ; 
Find. N. 5, 14; Aesch. Ag. 362; Soph. Aj. 1356; rare in 
comedy, Com. Fr. (Eubul.) 3, 236 ; Her. i, 5 ; Antiph. 2, 8, 
ii ; PI. Leg. 886, -evfiai Solon 32, irpo- Her. 3, 140, -fovrai 
Find. P. 9, 41 ; imper. al8do II. 24, 503. Od. 9, 269 ; -delvdai II. 
i, 23; PI. Euth. 12 ; -ovpevos Aesch. Eum. 710; PI. Phaedr. 
254, Poet. mSojLtai, imper. mSeo II. 21, 74; -6p.fvos i, 331; 
Aesch. Eum. 549 (chor.), see below : imp. mSeWo Find. P. 9, 
41, irpo- Her. i, 6 1 (Bredow, Stein) see below, rjbovvTo Aesch. 
Pers. 810; Eur. Ale. 823; Lys. 2, 12, jJSo^i/ Luc. D. Deor. 
6, 2, Poet. al86fj.t]v II. 21, 468: fut. aiSeVojuai II. 22, 124; Eur. 
Med. 326; Xen. Mem. 3, 5, 15, -tWo/uai Od. 14, 388 : aor. m. 
f)8fa-afjLT]v mostly Poet. Od. 21, 28; Aesch. Ch. 108; Eur. Fr. 
no(Dind.), TJdfcro-- Coluth. 154; very rare in prose aiSf'o-jjrat 
Dem. 23, 72. 37, 59. 38, 22, Epic -eVtreTai II. 22, 419, see 
below; imper. niSeo-ai Soph. Aj. 506, Epic -eo-crm II. 9, 640, 
-(rda-dcov (Dem.) 43, 57 : p. T/Seo-pu, -pevos pass, reconciled Dem. 
23, 77: aor. pass. 8e0-0iji/ as mid. Lycurg. 142; Xen. An. 

3, 2, 4, Ep. 3 pi. aibfodfv for -6r)<rav, II. 7, 93; al8T0fir) PI. 

Rep. 566; imper. aldeadrfn Eur. Hec. 806, -^re Od. 2, 65; 
-tade'ts II. 17, 95; Find. P. 4, 173; Aesch. Eum. 760; Soph. 

0. R. 647 ; Her. 7, 141. 9, 7 ; PI. Rep. 393 ; Xen. An. 3, 2, 5: 
rare fut. aiSeo-^o-o/zai and late in simple, Dio Cass. 45, 44 ; Galen 

1, 62; Porph. ad Marcell. 20; Hierocl. in Aur. Carm. p. 59 
(Mullach), but eV- Ear. I. A. 900. Vb. at'Seo-To's Plut. M. 67, 
-eov Eustath. alSelo imper. pres. contr. for al8tto II. 24, 503, 
but aldeo Theogn. 1331. atS^o-o/ini has, in good editions, given 
way to atSeWo/iai Od. 14, 388 (Wolf, Bekk. Dind. La Roche), 
yet Ermerins has ventured on editing aldfja-firdat for 177170-- 
Hippocr. i, 3, rashly we think; atfieWfrat II. 22, 419 (and some 
say -rrrat 9, 508) is subj. aor. for -eVoTjrat, -eV'jTat. The 
act. form is late, K-ar-^Seo-e Themist. 15, 191 ; -aiSeVat Heliod. 4, 
18, 24. 6, 9. The Ion. form npoai8evp,ai occurs Her. 3, 140: 
imp. irporjdeaTo i, 6 1 (Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Kriig. Dietsch, Dind. 
&c.), irpoai8- (Bredow, Abicht, Stein.) Some say this is for Att. 
irpofiSrjvTo, but then what is this ? Others say more definitely, it 
is pip. pass. If so, it is unique, for the constant analogy of the 
verb is e and a- in the perf. and aor. pass, -ec-pai, -ctrQijr, never 
-rifwi, -rjdr)v. We think it imperf. for Trpnr)8(ovTo, or in stricter 
Ion. TTpom8eovro \ for the general rule with Her. is not to augm. 
verbs beginning with at. Besides, the imp. seems to suit the 
sense better. "Those cities contributed which were previously 
wont to respect them, and were still feeling a touch of the old 
kindness." In good prose the aor. mid. occurs only in Dem. 



A lQv(7(r(a AtV/^ft). 2 5 

and only in its legal sense to pardon, alBf'cnjTm 37, 59. 38, 22 ; 
aldevavdai 43, 57 ; atSeo-do'&ai' ibid, and, if the text be sound, 
to fear so as to appease, appease by lowly submission 23, 72, 
where for TWO. some would read rir, but see 23, 77. Late prose 
authors occasionally use this aor. but in its usual sense of 
fearing, jjSeVaro Plut. Aem. Paul. 35 ; Apocr., Judith 9, 3 ; and 
now -vavTo Luc. Astrol. 7 (Bekk. for fiBeo-av Vulg. Bind.) The 
form a?8o/iai is poet, and only pres. and imp. at8o imperat. 
II. 21, 74; -ofjLfvos 5, 531. 10, 237; rare in Att. and only in 
chor. Aesch. Supp. 362 (chor.). Eum. 549 (chor.) ; Eur. Ph. 
1489 (chor.): imp. unaugm. atSero II. 21, 468. Od. 8, 86. 
Nor is it confined to "the early Poets:" -d/zei/os Ap. Rh. i, 792. 
3, 1023, 4, 796; Theocr. 26 (27), 68. 24, 68 ; Callim. Cer. 73; 
Orph. Arg. 1229; formerly in late prose, Plut. Symp. 3, 6, 4, 
but m'Sov/z- now. 

AtOuo-ffu To put in rapid motion, stir, Poet. Soph. Fr. 486 ; 
Orph. Arg. 904. 972; Opp. Cyn. 2, 162 (St- Find. Ol. 7, 95, 
KOT- P. 5, 12, Trap- i, 87); intrans. late Arat. Ph. 1034; Opp. 
C. 4, 159; Maneth. 2, 5: imp. alOwo-ov, KOT- Pind. P. 4, 83, 
fiOvvo-f Hesych. : (fat. -v<u) ; aor. aiQv%a, trap- Pind. Ol. n, 73 ; 
Ap. Rh. 2, 1253. Pass. aWvva-oiTo Nonn. I, 31 ; aldvaa-6fj.fvos 

Sapph. 4 (Ahr.) 

Ai0w To kindle, burn, mostly Poet, and Ion. Theocr. 2, 24, 
aldfi Eur. Rhes. 41 (Nauck); Anth. 12, 93, -ova-i Eur. Rhes. 95; 
subj. uWrj Aesch. Ag. 1435; aWotev Her. 4, 145; aidetv Soph. 
Ph. 1033 ; rare in Att. prose Xen. An. 4, 7, 20; aW<av Pind. P. 
3, 58, fern. Dor. aldotoras Ol. 7, 48 (as adj. II. 4, 485 &c. Aesch. 
Sept. 448; Soph. Aj. 147; Eur. Rhes. 122; PI. Rep. 559): 
imp. aides Anth. 5, 300, aide 15, 21, but \i6ov intrans. Soph. Aj. 
286. Pass. aWonai to blaze, -t-rai Eur. Tr. 298 (Vulg. Dind. 
2 ed. torarat Nauck, Kirchh. Dind. 5 ed.) ; Her. 4, 61 ; Hip- 
pocr. 8, 352 (Littre); imper. aWevQw Eur. I. A. 1471 (trimet.) 
Horn, only part. al66fj.fvos II. 13, 320. Od. 7, 101; Pind. Ol. i, i; 
Eur. Tr. 1080 (chor.); Luc. Peregr. 7; inf. -ea-dai Eur. Bac. 624; 
Xen. An. 6, 3, 19. Cyr. 5, i, 16 : imp. aWero Theocr. 7, 102; 
Ap. Rh. 3, 296 ; Nonn. Paraphr. u, 21. 

AlxdXXa) To fawn on, only pres. and imp. and only in Dram, 
and late prose writers, aZ/caXXet Ar. Eq. 211. Thesm. 869, -ova-t 
Soph. O. R. 597 (L. and W. Dind. Hart.); Ael. H. A. n, 3. 
20; -tiv Polvb. 5, 36; -<av Eur. Andr. 630; Polyb. 16, 24, -ova-a 
Babr. 50, 14 : imp. ^coXXf Ar. Eq. 48 ; Philostr. Ap. 225. 

AiKtu To plague, in act. only pres. Soph. Aj. 403. Tr. 838 ; 
-(ov Ant. 419. Mid. aiK/o/*ai to harass, outrage, Sim. Am. i, 24? 
Aesch. Pr. 256; Soph. Aj. 65; Isocr. 4, 123 : imp. jy*if- Soph. 



26 At/ictT/^ft) At v eft). 

Aj. 300; late prose, Apollod. 3, 5. 5 : fut. autiuopai Anth. 12, 
80, Attic aiKiovfiai, KOT- ur. Andr. 829 : aor. ^KIO-U^V Xen. An. 
3, 4, 5 ; Isae. 9, 17 ; Dem. 43, 72 ; 01*1077 Soph. Aj. in; -urom> 
Aristot. Rhet. i, 12, 26 : p. p. #/ao>uu as mid. Eur. Med. 1130, 
pass. Kctr- Od. 19, 9, see below: pip. as mid. JJKHTTO Plut. Caes. 
29 : but aor. rjKta-Orjv pass. Soph. Ant. 206 ; Andoc. i, 138 ; Lys. 
6, 27; Isocr. 4, 154. Pres. aiKi^ofuu is sometimes pass. Sim. 
Am. quoted? Aesch. Pr. 168; (PI.) Ax. 372: imp. rJKi(ovro 
(Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 408 : and perf. yKiarat, /car- Od. 16, 290. 19, 
9 ; Eur. Med. 1130 quoted, if j}Kia-fjifvr)v, not fiiua-pevri, be adopted ; 
and late jlKia-pevov Plut. M. 31 ; D. Sic. 18, 47 ; Polyaen. 8, 6. 

Al|iaTi<i> To draw, stain with, blood, pres. in late Att. prose, 
Aristot. H. A. 4, 7, 6 : aor. inf. aiparltrcu Att. poetry, Aesch. 

Supp. 662 (chor.) -The COllat. form at/*ao-o-o>, Att. -arrw, -a<o, 

fjpaga Eur. Ion 274, Dor. at/*- Pind. I. 8, 50, is much more 
complete in act. and pass, and has also mid. rjudgavro Anth. 7, 

10, missed or denied by Lexicogr. No part of the simple verb 
however occurs in early prose, often in late, Paus. 3, 1 6, 7 ; Luc. 
Syr. 8. Tyrann. 20, but \%ai\jArT<s>v Xen. Cyr. 7, i, 29, Kad-yp-a^e 
PI. Phaedr. 254. atjuarou is rare and poet, in act. Eur. Supp. 77. 
Andr. 260: aor. -aa-ai Soph. Fr. 814: pass. -oC/uu in prose 
and poetry, Aesch. Ag. 1656; Eur. Ph. 1149; Ar. Pax 1020; 
p. ypaTatpevos Eur. Bac. 1 1 35; Ar. Ran. 476; Thuc. 7, 84; 
Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 10; -S>a6ai Com. Fr. 3, 558. 

Aife'u To praise, II. 8, 9; Hes. Op. 824; Pind. Ol. 4, 15; 
Aesch. Eum. 737 ; Soph. Ph. 889 ; Her. i, 137, Dor. 3 pi. -<=Wi 
Alcm. 66 (B.), rare in Corned, and Att. prose, Monost. 506 ; PI. 
Rep. 404; Plut. M. 177, generally e7r-,7rap-mi>ew, see below: imp. 
gvow Eur. Hec. 1 154, dlvtov Her. 3, 73 : fut. aiWo-w Simon. Am. 7, 
112 (Bergk); Pind. N. 7, 63; Aesch. Eum. 469; Eur. H. F. 
1412, <rvv- Soph. El. 402, Epic and sometimes Pind. ai^o-w Od. 
16, 380; Theogn. 1080; Pind. N. i, 72; Callim. Del. 189; 
Theocr. 27, 40: aor. yvtaa Aesch. Fr. 322 (D. 5 ed.); Soph. 
Ph. 1398; Eur. Ale. 12, aw- Her. 5, 113, Ep. and Lyric fa^aa 

11. 24, 30. 23, 552; Callim. Dian. 215; Ap. Rh. 4, 503; 
Philox. 3, 24 (Bergk); Archestr. Athen. i, 52, aivrja-a Pind. Ol. 
10, 100. P. 3, 13; -rjo-axTi Od. 16, 403; -rja-eif Simon. C. 57 
(Bergk), -rja-aiTf Opp. Hal. i, 77; alvrjaas Theogn. 969, Dor. 

alvrja-cus Pind. Ol. 9, 14 : p. "ii>fKa, fir- IsOCr. 12, 207 : p. p. jjvqpai, 

fir- Isocr. 12, 233; Hippocr. 2, 334 (Lit.): aor. jjffdrjv, alvtdfls 
Her. 5, 102. Vb. mi/fros Anth. 7, 429, -MJTOS Pind. Nem. 8, 39, 
ulvtTfov late, but fn-awtTfov PI. Rep. 390. Unaugm. in Pind. 
and Her. No such form as cuvtlw occurs in Pind. now at least. 
The simple verb is confined chiefly to Epic and Dramatic 



AtVoXe'ft). 27 

poetry, and Tonic prose : atVw Her. i, 137; -/&>i> i, 122. 6, 120: 
imp. aivtov 3, 73. 76. 8, 69: aor. aivetre 5, 113; -ecray I, 90: 
aor. pass, alvedets 5, 102 : pres. p. alvfo^evos, i, 98 ; twice only 
in good Att. prose, alvcls PL Rep. 404 : alveio-6<o Leg. 952. 
The Att. poets seem never to have used the fut. or aor. with 
17 even in choral odes, and in the compd. never the fut. mid. 
except once endiveo-erai Eur. Bac. 1195. Madvig however has 
suggested and Dindorf rather doubtingly adopted awaiveaov- 

Tai Soph. Fr. 337- or-otww, Trapaiveut, avv-, crvv-eir-, virep-fTr- are 

freq. in good Attic prose, Kar-aiveat is rare, Thuc. 4, 122. Of 
these, however, firaivea> and irapaivtia alone have fut. mid. as 
well as fut. act., and in the same sense. See each in its place. 
alvea and compds. never drop s in the fut. 

Ainrjfxi To praise, Aeol. and Ep. for alvea>, only pres. Hes. 
Op. 683; and eV-cuVjj/u Simon. C. 5, 19 (Bergk), quoted by 
PI. Prot. 345- 

Aii/i^u Poet. To praise, only pres. and late in act. Anth. 1 1, 341. 
Mid. alviop.at Dep. only pres. II. 13, 374. Od. 8, 487. 

Alcuro-opu To speak darkly, Dep. mid. Eur. Ion 430; Her. 5, 
56, Attic -irrofiat Ar. Pax 47 (Vulg. Br. Bekk. -iWo/u Dobr. 
Mein. Dind. 5 ed., as uttered by dvfjp 'IWVIKOS); Aeschin. 2, 108 ; 
PI. Apol. 21 : imp. 77 wr- PI. Charm. 162 : fut. alvigopai Eur. 
Elec. 946: aor. fivigdp.^ Soph. Aj. 1158; Ar. Av. 970; PI. 
Theaet. 152, alvig- Pind. P. 8, 40 : p. fjviypai pass. Theog. 68 1 ; 
Ar. Eq. 196; Aristot. Rhet. 3, 2, 12; Luc. V. H. r, 2 : aor. 
pass. PL Gorg. 495. Vb. alvucros Soph. O. R. 439. 
in act. is late and rare Philostr. 6, n (245). 

AiWpu To take, Epic, Od. 14, 144; Simon. C. 5, 17 (Bergk); 
alvvcro Nic. Al. 55. 148: imp. unaugm. alvv^v II. u, 580. 
i3> 55- 15, 459- Od. 21, 53; Hes. Sc. 149 (Wolf, Goettl.). 
Fr. 174; Ap. Rh. 4, 162; Callim. Fr. 238; Theocr. 24, 137; 
-vpfvos Od. 9, 429, -/j-evr) Hym. Cer. 6; Ap. Rh. 4, 680, -vpevoi 
Od. 9, 232, -tvai 22, 500, -nwovs 9, 225. Like fci/ci/fyim, but 
without augm. an-o-aiVu/^at Poet, for drratV- lake from, have taken, 
II. 13, 262 : imp. dnoaivvTo Od. 12, 419; but drraivvfjifvos II. II, 
582. 17, 85, as dnaiwTO II. 15, 595 ; Anth. 14. 3. 

AioXe'w To variegate, only inf. -oAeu> PL Crat. 409. aioX^ro 
Ap. Rh. 3, 471 (some Mss. and edit.) is now eoX^ro (Mss. Br. 
Well. Merk.) aioXXw Ep. To move quickly, to variegate, is also 
very partially used, pres. atdXXi? Od. 20, 27 ; -o'XXet late Nic. 
Ther. 155 : and pass. al6X\ovrai Hes. Sc. 399. eu'oXXei Pind. P. 
4, 233 (old edit.) is now <foX (Boeckh, Bergk, &c.) 

AuroXe'co To be a goatherd, in act. only pres. -o\*lv Com. Fr. 2, 
430; -fav Theocr. 8, 85; late prose Aristid. 49, 384 : and imp. 



28 Aipew. 



Lys. Fr. 32, 2 (B. Saupp.) : pass. amoXovp-fvai grazing, 
Aesch. Eum. 196. 

Aipe'o) To lake, -pet II. 3, 446; Soph. Ant. 606, -pen Her. 

1, 132, -f'ouo-t 8, ii, -ovo-i Thuc. 2, 68; Dor. inf. aiprjv, di- 
(Pl.) Tim. Locr. 101 : imp. jjpow II. 17, 463; Aesch. Sept. 
1019; Soph. Tr. 240; Lys. 2, 4; Xen. Hell. 4, 5, 15, foeov 

II. 24, 579, -fvv HeS. Sc. 302, Ion. aipee Her. 5, 117, -eov 

6, 31, iter. dn-mpfea-Kov Her. i, 1 86 (Ms. R. Aid. Stein, but see 
afpw): fut. aipfao) II. 9, 28; Eur. Supp. 845; Her. 3, 151; 
Thuc. 6, 64; PI. Rep. 410; Epic inf. -^e^v II. 18, 260, 
perhaps late e\S>, 8t- Inscr. Ther. 2448, dv- D. Hal. A. R. n, 
18; Diod. Sic. 2, 25; e- D. Hal. 7, 56; Arr. Peripl. n, a<9- 
Anth. PI. 334; D. Hal. 9, 26: and late aor. efXa, dv-fiXarc 
N. T. Act. 2, 23 (Mss. Gb. Lachm. Tisch.) : 1 aor. ftp 7 ) 
late, dv- Q. Sm. 4, 40; Polyaen. 7, 39; Pseud. Callisth. i, 19. 

2, 20. 3, 23: p. jjpr)Ka Aesch. Ag. 267; Thuc. i, 61. 103; 
Xen. Hel. 4, 4, 19, Ion. dpaiprjKa, -JJKW? Her. 4, 66, dv- 5, 102. 
6, 36 (Bekk. Dind. Bred.), dv-aip^K- 4, 66. 6, 36 (Gaisf.) : pip. 
dpaiprjKfe Her. 3, 39 (Bekk. Dind. Bred.), alpfjKee (Gaisf. Baehr) : 
p. p. flp^ai Aesch. Ag. 1209 ; Soph. Ant. 493; Ar. Av. 1577 ; 
Thuc.8,82; Pl.Leg-77o; Dem. 20, i46,Dor.at/>r?,uai,Kn0-Sophr. 10 
(Ahr.), Ion. dpaiprjp.- Her. i, 185. 7, 118. 173 (Bekk. Gaisf. Stein): 
pip. rjpr)To Thuc. 8, 82; Xen. An. 3, 2, i, Ion. dpatptfro Her. i, 
191. 7, 83 (Bekk. Gaisf. Stein): aor. jjpedtjv Aesch. Sept. 505; 
Soph. O. C. 1148; Ar. Av. 799; Thuc. 7, 31; Xen. An. 5, 9, 32, 
Ion. alp- Her. 3, 55. 159: fut. mpetfijo-o/iai Her. 2, 13; PI. 
Menex. 234: fut. mid. as pass, alprjcro^ai, d(p- Eur. Tr. 1278, 
itf pi- Lys. 34, 4 : 3 fut. rare /pq<ro/u PI. Prot. 338, dtp- Eur. 
Tr. quoted (L. and W. Dind.) : 2 aor. d\ov II. 10, 561 ; Pind. 
N. 3, 34; Soph. Ant. 655; Her. 8, 17 ; Antiph. 6, 38; Thuc. 
i, 109; PI. Leg. 698, f\ov II. 17, 321; Pind. I. 7, 14, iter. 
e\fiTKf II. 24, 752; subj. eXa II. 7, 81 ; Soph. O. C. 814, -17 
II. 7, 77; Aesch. Euro. 356; PI. Leg. 941, Ep. -770-1 II. 23, 
345; eXot/w II. 22, 253; Soph. Ant. 747; PI. Criti. 119; 
imper. tXtrw Od. 20, 52; Tyrt. n, 30; e\fii> II. 8, 319; Soph. 
Ph. 347; Her. i, 73; PI. Conv. 182, eXeW II. 15, 558; i\&v 
II. 3, 72 ; Eur. Elec. 810; Xen. Mem. i, 2, 49. Mid. alpennai 
take for oneself, choose, Aesch. Ch. 551; Ar. Nub. 990; Her. 
8, 63; Thuc. 6, 80; Epic imper. dno-aipeo II. i, 275; part. Ion. 
alpfvp.(voi II. 16, 353, Aeol. alptvp.- Hes. Op. 476 (Et. M. Flach): 
imp. Tipovp.7)v Od. 21, 40; Thuc. 4, 26; Lys. 3, 9; PI. Phil. 
22, Ion. alpfvfirjv, e- Od. 14, 232, alpeen Her. I, 'JO. 5, 94 : 

fut. aipijo-o^ai II. ro, 235; Eur. Or. 307 ; Her. 5, 49 ; PI. Phil. 
22, as pass, see above, and late eXoOpu D. Hal. Ant. 4, 75; 



A" poo. 29 

Or. Sib. 8, 184, d<f>- Timostr. Com. Fr. 4, 595 ; Anth. 9, 108 ; 
Polyb. 3, 29 ; Sext. Emp. 577, Si- D. Hal. Ant. 4, 60, '- 
Alciphr. i, 9 (Meineke) : 1 aor. rare, alp^d^v (Hesych.), 
rjprjo-aTo, eg- Ar. Thesm. 761 (Vulg. e'a<pf/Xero Dind. 5 ed. 

Sifxptjv- Mein.); late Subj. a/p^o-wirca. Polyb. 38, 5 (Vulg. -tjcrovrai 

Bekk. Dind.), Trpo- Menand. Rhet. i (Spengel) ; alprja-dufvos 
(Hesych.); Procop. Epist. 113; -fjo-cHr&u Hesych.: 2 aor. elXoV^ 
II. 16, 139; Pind. N. 10, 59; Soph. Tr. 734; Ar. Pax 1091; 
Her. 8, 113; Thuc. 3, 64; Andoc. i, 57; Lys. 12, 54; PI. 
Apol. 28, Dor. fiX6p.av, av- Ar. Ach. 810, Ion. eiXeo, d</>- II. 22, 18, 
and et\fv Her. 3, 52, eXo'/x- II. 19, 412; Alcae. 68; fXw/zat 
II. 22, 119; Eur. I. A. 488; Her. i, 181 ; PI. Apol. 37; 
eXoi'/zijjjJl. 3, 66. Od. 24, 334 ; Eur. Ale. 464 ; Her. 3, 38 ; PI. 
Rep. 347, eXoiaro, i<p- Ar. Nub. 1199; Xe>C Soph. El. 345; 

PI. Ion 542, eXev II. 13, 294 (Dind. eX- Bekk.), eXta-da 9, 139, 

(\f&da>v Her. 8, 140; eXeV&u II. 10, 242; Soph. Ph. 365; 
Thuc. 3, 59 ; eXo/iei/oj Aesch. Supp. 396 ; Eur. Hel. 294 ; Xen. 
An. 2, 2, 5 : late tfXdp^i/ Anth. App. Epigr. 257; Polyb. 38, i b 
(Bekk. -6p.rjv Dind.), Si- Anth. 9, 56, d<p- Athen. 12, 65, enav- 
Polyb. 8, 14, -rrap- 37, i a (Bekk. -d/;i/ Dind.): p. as mid. jjprjfjuu 
Ar. Av. 1577 ; Xen. An. 5, 6, 12 ; PI. Rep. 620; Dem. 2, 16. 
23, 214, Trpo- Isocr. 12, 24; Dem. 15, 34, d(p- 15, 3: pip. 
jjprjvro Thuc. i, 62, d<f>- Dem. 59. 13 (D.), av- 6, 20, Ion. 3 pi. 
dpaiptaTo, dv- Her. 6, 108 (Bekk. Kriig. Dind. dv-aip- Ms. Gaisf.) 

Vb. atperos Her. 4, 2OI ; PI. Phil. 21, - II. 2, 227. aipertos PI. 

Tim. 75. eXero? II. 9, 409. eiXaTo Simon. C. 3 (5), 7 (Vulg.) 
is now ftXero (Herm. Bergk.) Put. mid. d^-aip^aei is trans. 
Soph. Ph. 376; Ar. Ach. 464, but pass. Eur. Tr. 1278, Ion. 

diraiprjo-fo-dat. Her. 5, 35 (Mss. Schweig. Gaisf.), but aVaipe&jcr- 

(Mss. Bekk. Dind. Kriig. Stein, Abicht), strengthened, we think, 
by the pass, form aipfdfjv- 2, 13, and by the mid. aTratp^o-eat in a 
middle sense, i, 71. 9, 82. dtaiprjo-fTcu PI. Politic. 261 seems 
pass., but dcpeXoOimu Polyb. 3, 29 not necessarily so. The perf. 
and pip. with middle sense seem rare in poetry. 

Aipcj To raise, Aesch. Ch. 496; Soph. O. R. 914; Com. Fr. 
3, 106; PI. Crat. 410; mpaxri Thuc. i, 90 (Vulg. ap- Bekk. 
&c.) ; atpfiv Andoc. 3, 41; Horn, only part, alpovras II. 17, 
724; PL Tim. 63: imp. ypov Eur. Elec. 800; PI. Crat. 423, 
iter. dwaipeo-Kov Her. i, 186 (Bekk. Dind. -fto-icoi* Stein, see 
alpfca): fiit. apw Soph. Aj. 75; Luc. Hist. Con. 14 (Dind. 
Fritzs.), r- Lys. i, 36; Xen. Mem. 3, 6, 2, an- PL Crito 
53 (but apS> Aesch. Pers. 795; Eur. I. T. 117. Supp. 
772. Heracl. 322. Tr. 1148; Ar. Ran. 377; Anth. 5, 39 
(Meineke), contr. from depw of deipa, which see) : aor. Tjpa Aesch. 



30 Aipia. 

Ag. 47 ; Her. 9, 59 ; Thuc. 6, 18 ; subj. ap< (a) -ys Soph. Aj. 
129, -py mid. (Dind. &c. 0z& - ); "apfias Aesch. Ch. 262, -tuv 
Simon. Am. 7, 60 (Bergk) ; apov Soph. Ph. 879; "Spas Tr. 795; 
Thuc. 2, 12, V- Her. i, 90; 3pat Callim. Cer. 35: p. %*a 
Aristot. Incess. Anim. n, 3; Dem. 25, 52, OTT- Thuc. 8, 100; 
Dem. 10, 23, en-- Eur. Fr. 1027 (D.); Aristid. 46, 128: pip. 
fjpKfa-av, dn- Dem. 19, 150: p. p. rjppai, -pJvos Eur. Fr. 1027; 
Thuc. 7, 41, (ir-TJprai 2, ii, as mid. see below: pip. rjpro Thuc. 

1, 130: aor. rjpdrjv Simon. C. in ; Aesch. Sept. 214; Thuc. 4, 
42; Dem. 2, 8; even in Ion. Hippocr. i, 737 (Erm.), r- 1, 479; 
7r-ap6;if Her. i, 212 (-aep6- Stein, Abicht); dp0V Eur. Hip. 
735; apSrfTf Ar. Nub. 266; apd^vai Hippocr. i, 249 (Erm.); 
dpBfis II. 13, 63. Od. 5, 393; Soph. Ant. in; Antiph. 2, 9, 
tir- Her. i, 90. 9, 49 (fir-aepd- Stein, Abicht) : fut. ap^o-op-at 
Ar. Ach. 565; -0rj<r6p.ei>os D. Sic. ii, 61; -Qfaevdai 12, 79; 
D. Cass. 37, 56: (2 aor. act. rjpov not found; subj. e'-op?j 
Ms. reading Athen. i, 34 (Com. Fr. 2, 846) is now fgd-yrj 
(Dind. Meinek.) ; but opt. dvr-dpoi late prose Agath. p. 209.) 
Vb. dprfov Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 498. Mid. atpopai lift for 
oneself, win, Eur. El. 360; Thuc. 4, 60: imp. iipofjnjv Soph. Ant. 
907 : fut. opov/iat Soph. O. C. 460; Andoc. i, n ; PL Leg. 

969 (apov see aeipw), apeo/uai Find. P. I, 75 : P- as ^id- kPf^"h 

see below: 1 aor. ripdp.rjv II. 14, 510 ; Theogn. 501 ; Pind. P. 
3, 20; Eur. Heracl. 986; Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 653; Lys. 2, 14; 
PI. Rep. 374, ap- Pind. I. 6, 60 ; *apa>p.at Soph. Aj. 193 ; apai^v 
Eur. Cycl. 474, -am> Or. 3; Ar. Ran. 1406; apdpevos Ar. Pax 
763. Ran. 32; Antiph. 5, 63. 6, 16; Lycurg. 95; Dem. 18, 
208. 21, 132; apaaOai Com. Fr. (Aristophont.) 3, 357; Thuc. 
6, 9 : 2 aor. Poet, unaugm. and referred by some to apvvpai, 

dpop.T)v (a) II. II, 625. 23, 592; *apa>/Ltat, -prjai HeS. Op. 632, 

-Tjrat II. 12, 435 ; Pind. N. 9, 46 ; apoL^v II. 18, 121; Xenophan. 

2, 7; Aesch. Sept. 316; Soph. El. 34; apeatiai II. 16, 88. Od. 
22, 253; Soph. Aj. 245; Theocr. 17, 117; dpopfvos Aesch. 
Eum. 1 68: and as mid. p. p. ^p/xeVot Soph. El. 55; Strab. 3, 150; 
Philostr. Ap. 3, 115. 6, 273. rjpa Ar. Ach. 913, is 2 sing. 
1 aor. m. Boeot. for ijpao Xenophan. 5, i, fjpa>. Horn, uses the 
indie, of both w<*w v and dpo^v, but the other moods of the latter 
only, "dp<aftai, dpo!(j.T)v, &c. The Attic poets seem to use vpn^"?" 
alone in indie., but other moods (opt. inf.) of both indiscri- 
minately. Eur. and the Comedians, we think, use 1 aor. only. 
In prose perhaps uniformly r)P<*M v and moods. Luc. however 
has dpfffdat Conv. 42 (Jacobitz, Fritzs.), alpeaBai (Dind.) ; and 
later Agath. has upoiro p. 323. There seems to be no certain 
instance of 2 aor. act. earlier than Agath. quoted, for 



AicrOdvo/JLai 'AiV<r&>. 31 



once Athen. (Nicoch.) i, 34, has been displaced by Qayy (Dind. 
Meinek.) The act. is exceedingly rare in Epic ; but if our best 
edit, of Her. be correct, he uses parts of this verb more fre- 
quently than Lexicogr. allow, see adpa>. The initial a of 1 aor. 
remains long in the moods 'apm, 'dpatp.i &c. because it is long by 
compensation before receiving the augm. apa (for apa-a), with 
augm. vpa ; but the lengthening of it in the future seems rather 
abnormal Sophocles has avoided it. See aeip<o. 

AiCT0dcojxai To perceive (rare <uo-%tat, see below), Soph. El. 
1477; Ar. Ran. 285; Thuc. i, 33; Lys. 13, 81; opt. -volaro 
Ar. Pax 209: imp. yo-dav- Thuc. 7, 69; Isocr. 15, 146: fat. 
aur^oyyiai Soph. Ph. 75 ; Ar. Ran. 634; Hippocr. 7, 284; Lys. 
13, 19^ Isocr. i, 34; Dem. 43, 23 : p. jf<r%ai Eur. Hip. 1403. 
Tr. 633; Thuc. 7, 66; Lys. 14, 43 (Scheib. Cob.); PL Phaed. 
61 : 2 aor. ^adofiijv Aesch. Pr. 957 ; Soph. Ph. 445 ; Thuc. 
5, 10 ; Lys. 1,41; PI. Tim. 66 ; Her. 7, 220 (Mss. Vulg. Bekk. 
Dind. Stein), but al<rd- Lhardy, Bred. Abicht &c. on the ground 
that Her. does not augm. verbs beginning with the diphthong 

at, See aireov, aiveov &C. ; aicrda>/iat Thuc. 6,41; Isocr. 12, 1 1 1 J 

-66fjivos Her. 3, 87; Thuc. 5, 3. Late writers use 1 aor. m. 
subj. ala-ffrja-rjTai, Schol. Arat. 418 (B.): aor. pass. ^cr6av6r^v Schol. 
Aesch. Pr. 253; Schol. Ar. Ran. 644 (D.), and i/<r0ij% V. T. 
Job 40, 1 8, <TVV- Origen vol. i, p. 222 : fut. alo-davdrja-ofjicu V. T. 
Esai. 49, 26, and ala-0Tf&f)irofuu 33, n. mo-dopm is rare, sometimes 
doubtful, in classic auth. ; aia-dfo-dai Thuc. 5, 26 (Mss. Bekk. 
Popp. Kriig. Classen). 7, 75 (2 Mss. Bekk. Boehme, Classen), 
trpo- 2, 93 (2 Mss. Bekk. Classen). 3, 83 (2 Mss. Classen, -eadai 
Vulg. Stahl) ; a'ivQovrai. Isocr. 3, 5 (Mss. Urb. Bekk. B. Saupp. 
-6dvovrat Vulg. Bens.), alvOopfOa PL Rep. 608 (Mss. Bekk. 
Schneid. Or. B. W. flo-opeda 2 Mss. Stallb.) ; often late, Himer. 
Or. i, 10 ; Origen c. Cels. p. 420, 27; Clem. Alex. 2, 457, 
<rw ~ 3 5 J 9; Schol. II. 17, i, &c. Vb. aiV^To's PL Meno 72. 
Ar. has availed himself in trimeters of what is called . the 

Ion. 3 pi. ala6avo{aTO for -OIVTO Pax 209 ; See also epyatraiaro 

Lys. 42 (D.). Av. 1147 &c. 

'Atcrflw (dtw) To breathe, Epic and only pr. p. atvScav II. 16, 468; 
Opp. H. 5, 311 : and imp. unaugm. aiaQe II. 20, 403. (a.) 

'Atao-o) To rush, mostly Poet. II. 17, 662; Hippocr. 5, 122. 
8, 88. 358. 590, npo(- Her. 9, 62 (trisyllabic always in Horn., 
sometimes in Trag. Soph. O. C. 1497. Tr. 843 (chor.) ; Eur. Tr. 
156. Supp. 962 (chor.) &c. once in trimeters Hec. 31) : imp. 

ffia-crov II. 1 8, 506, av- Hippocr. 3, 134, iter. ato-fffo-Kov, -rrap- Ap. 

Rh. 2, 276: fut. uiet Ap. Rh. 3, 1302 (Ms. G. Vulg. seemingly 
a false reading for subj. <uv Ms. L. Well. Merk.), but inr-at^i 



32 'Ar<7To'c> Af 

II. 21, 126: aor. #ia II. 21, 247. Od. 2, 154; Aesch. Pers. 470 
trimet. (Pors. Well. Herm. <V Dind.) ; rare in prose dtgeifv PI. 
Leg. 709, (ir-atgaaa Theaet. 190; Aristot. H. An. 9, 44, 5, 
&-jte Her. 4, 134 (Bekk. Dind. Stein), -fige Gaisf., iter. dia<TKf 

11. 23, 369 : aor. pass, ^x^" as ac *- ^- J 6, 44> <"*#- 24, 97. 
Mid. as act. dtWo/nai Poet. II. 6, 510, eV- 23, 628; Hippocr. 7, 
498 (Lit.): imp. dtffvovTo Hym. Cer. 178; Hes. Th. 150; Orph. 
Arg. 519: fat. dtt-eadai, fir- old reading which Bekker was 
inclined to recall II. 23, 773 : aor. rare, ^d^v, digao-dat II. 22, 
J 95> >7r - 2 3> 773> see fut. : and aor. pass, ^dijv quoted. 
Rarely trans. ?/{(>> Soph. Aj. 40 ; hence ao-o-erot pass. O. C. 
1261. In Horn, (a) except wrai II. 21, 126, Hes. and Ap. 
Rh. except atgg 3, 1302; in Trag. generally (a), Soph, has 
d once Tr. 843 (chor.); so Eur. Troad. 157. 1086 (chor.) See 
ao-o-o), ai-T6>. Pierson (Moeris, 301) is inclined to remove the 
trisyllable forms from the Tragedians by slight alterations, and 
Blomf. from trimeters at least. Person prefers granting a little 
licence to poets, and allows d(Wa> Eur. Hec. 31, d<Weu Iph. A. 

12, r)'ie Aesch. Pers. 470, to stand, rather than alter them with 
Pierson to dvaaa-a, Scrafis, firTTjg or OTT^'. Elms. (Eur. Bac. 
147) is still less stringent, and adds diW Supp. 962, and 
Herm., Ellendt, Seidler would add more. In trimeters however 
it occurs twice only, diWw Eur. Hec. 31, #i'f Aesch. Pers. 470 
(Vulg. Pors. Bl. Well. Herm.), V* (Rob. Dind.) and rather 
approved by Blomf., Pors. (Add. in notas, p. 200.) Rare in 
prose, Hippocr. quoted, oV-aiW- 2, 164, irpod-aio-ar- Her. 9, 62, 
8iT)'it-f 4, 134 (Bekk. Dind. Lhard. Kriig. Baehr) and approved 
by Bredow (Dial. Her. p. 174), but tififr (Vulg. Gaisf. &c.); PL 
Leg. Theaet. above ; dvatgas Xen. Ven. 6, 1 7 (Vulg.), but dvagas 

(Dind. Saupp.) See ao-acu, arrw. 

e Aurr<5u To destroy, Aesch. Pr. 151: fut. -<BO-O> Her. 3, 69; 
Lycophr. 281, '- Aesch. Pr. 668 (-axroi Blomf. Dind.): aor. 
ra Her. 3, 127; Orph. Arg. 667, Dor. dtar- Pind. P. 3, 37, 
Soph. Aj. 515 (trim.), but SI-^I'OT- Tr. 88 1 (chor.); 

Od. 2O, 79; at'oraxra? Aesch. Pr. 232: aor. pass. 

v Od. io, 259; rare in Att. ma-ruddrj PI. Prot. 321. 

u To rule, only pres. -vp.va Eur. Med. 19. 

i) To disfigure, disgrace, II. 24, 418; Tyrt. io, 9; Pind. 
P. 4, 264; Soph. O. C. 929; rare in prose Hippocr. 6, 2; Xen. 
Eq. i, 12; Lys. i, 32; Isocr. 15, 251; Epic inf. -vvtp.ev II. 
6, 209 : imp. tjorxvvf II. 18, 27, ata-xvve, Kar- Pind. Ol. io, 8, 
iter. alvxviKo-Kt, KOT- Q. Sm. 14, 531 : fut. -vva> Eur. Hipp. 
719; Luc. Muse. enc. 9, ala-^vvel, /car- Aesch. Th. 546 (Herm. 
Weil) Dind. holds spurious, Ion. atVxiWw Her. 9, 53 : aor. 



33 

H. 23, 571; Soph. El. 1083; Eur. Hel. 721; Thuc. 
4, 92; Lys. i, 4; PI. Rep. 495 : p. late ^xvyxevai Dio Cass. 
58, 16, -XVKO. Draco p. 12, 15 : pip. ^trxyyuei. Dio Cass. 77, 16: 
p. p. Epic and rare j)<rxvwfvos II. 1 8, 1 80 : aor. rjcrxvvdrjv felt 
ashamed, Andoc. i, 125; PL Leg. 819; Aeschin. 1,42; -vvfaifv 
Thuc. 4, 126; -vvBeis Eur. Hipp. 1291; Her. i, 10; Thuc. 
3, 14; -w6rivai Isae. 9, 13, -<%ti Pind. N. 9, 27, see below: 
flit, ala-xwdfjo-ofjuii Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 53. (Diphil.) 4, 421, 
r- Aesch. Ag. 1373; PL Phaed. 85. Mid. mV^wo/xat Dep. 
pass, feel ashamed, revere, respect, Od. 21, 323; Soph. O. R. 
1079; Ar. Fr. 487 (D.); Her. i, 82; Thuc. 3, 82; PL Theaet. 
183; Isocr. 16, 43; Isae. i, 5: imp. rfo-xw- Ar. Plut. 981. 988; 
Isocr. F7, 14; Aeschin. i, 26: fut. -vvovpai Aesch. Ag. 856; 
Ar. Fr. 21 (D.); PL Tim. 49. Rep. 396; Aeschin. i, 46: and 
rare in simple fut. p. afoxvrAftroptn Philem. Diphil. quoted: 
p. late in this sense faxwrai V. T. i Reg. 27, 12, (v-^xwrai 
Schol. Soph. Tr. 803 : with aor. ya-xvvdr)v Xen. Hell. 4, i, 30 ; 
Isocr. 12, 107; Eur. Hipp. 1291. Or. 802; Thuc. 3, 14; inf. 
al(Txvv6tip,ev for -dijvai, Pind. N. 9, 27 : there seems to be no 
aor. of the mid. form. Vb. aiV^wreo? Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 40. 
The act. is rather rare in prose, alayyvfi Xen. Eq. i, 12 ; -ouv 
Isocr. 15, 251; -vvfiv Hippocr. 6, 6 (Lit.); -vvwv Luc. Imag. 
1 1 : fut. -we'oo Her. 9, 53 : aor. -vva PL Rep. 495 ; -VVTJ Lys. 
i, 32; -vvai Thuc. 4, 92; PL Menex. 246; -avn ibid. In the 
simple verb the fut. m. -ovpai is much more frequent than fut. p. 
-vtdijtrofuu, which in simple is scarcely used by classic authors, 
Philem. and Diphil. quoted, and late Heliod. 10, 18; but in the 
Septuag. and N. Test, it is frequent, and the only form used, 
-vvdrja-ofj-ai Esai. i, 29. Jer. 2, 26; Apocr. Syr. 22, 25. 24, 22; 
N. T. 2 Cor. 10, 8. Phil, i, 20. arraia-xvvofjuu also is Dep. with 
fut. -OV/MI PL Gorg. 494 : and aor. -wSijvai ibid. 494. enaurxv- 
vonai however seems to have the fut. always of the pass, form, 
-w6r](To^ai. Aesch. Ag. 1373; PL Phaed. 85. Aor. always of 
the pass, form, Tja-xvvdrjv Thuc. 4, 126 &c. ; Xen. Hell. 4, i, 30, 
an- PL quoted, r- PL Soph. 247 ; Xen. Hell. 4, i, 34, virtp- 
Aeschin. i, 33. 3, 151, late Si- Luc. Elect. 3 (Jacobitz.) 

(Amciu) To accuse, only pass. -ao/uu Xen. Hell. I, 6, 5> 
-ofievoi, i, 6, 12: and imp. late rJTid&ro Dio Cass. 38, 10 (Bekk.) 

Amdofj-ai To blame, Dep. Od. i, 32; Soph. Ph. 385 ; Her. 4, 
94; Antiph. 2, 8, i. 6, 17; Isocr. 17, 48; PL Phaedr. 262, 
Ion. -wjrai Hippocr. 6, 606 (Lit.) : imp. P'TKU/HJV Antiph. 6, 24 ; 
Thuc. 5, 30; Lys. 7, 17; Isocr. 15, 243, Ep. TITIOWTO II. n, 78, 
see below: fut. -tuo-o/zat Ar. Nub. 1433; Thuc. 6, 77; PL 
Phaed. 85 ; Aescbin. 2, 24 : aor. grtao-a/x^i/ Eur. Fr. 256 (D) ; 

D 



34 

Antiph. 5, 25; Lys. 7, 40; PL Meno 93; Dem. 36, 16; - 
Thuc. i, 120; -itiadpfvos PL Theaet. 150, Ion. -i^o-d^ej/os Her. 
4, 94; Hippocr. 6, 6 (Lit.): p. ^ria/j.ai act. Dem. 19, 215, Ion. 
-Wat (Hippocr.) Epist. 3, 784 (K. 9, 336 Lit.), pass. Thuc. 

3, 6 1 : pip. griaro act. Xen. Mem. i, 2, 64 (Dind.): aor. j/Tidtfijv 
always pass. Thuc. 8, 68 ; Xen. Hell. 2, i, 32 : fut. late 
amatfijcrofuu Dio Cass. 37, 56. Vb. alrtaros Aristot. An. Post. 
i, 9, 4, -'os PL Tim. 57. Lengthened Epic forms: omdairai 
Od. I, 32; opt. alnocoo Od. 2O, 135, -OWTO II. II, 654: inf. 
-idaa-dm 13,77$: imp. jjridaadf II. 16, 2O2, -OWJ/TO II, 78. In 

Horn, occur only pres. and imp. and only in the Epic form, 
in Traged. pres. and aor., in Corned, only pres. and future. 
KaraiTiaofiai has, we think, the perf. always pass. 

Am(i> To ask, solicit, a strengthened form of mYo, Epic and 
only pres. Od. 20, 182; Callim. Dian. 32. Fr. 190; subj. -i&i 
Od. 4, 651, once in Att. -t'ftre Ar. Pax 120 (Hexam.); -i'j 
Od. 17, 346; -a>v 17, 222. 19, 273; Callim. Cer. 115; Anth. 
(Agath.) 10, 66: and aor. part, alritrcras Anth 10, 66, missed 
or denied by Lexicogr. 

Alx|iaX&m&> To take captive, is late, and very complete. We 
therefore should not have noticed it, had we not observed that 
all our Lexicogr. miss the mid. voice : -ifofiai Jos. Jud. B. 4, 
8, i: fut. -HTOfjifvos 4, 2,4: aor. gx/iaXururairo I, 22, I; -t&Aftsrot 
Diod. Sic. 13, 24 : with p. p. px/iX<Tio-/iH as mid. Jos. Jud. B. 

4, 9, 8. 

'Atw To hear, Poet. II. 15, 130; Pind. P. i, 14; Aesch. Pers. 
633 ; Ion. and late prose Hippocr. 7, 120 (Lit.); (Luc.) Philop. 
i ; digs Soph. Ph. 1410, dtaxTi Opp. Hal. 3, 272 ; dtoitv II. 10, 
189, dioire Opp. H. 5, 44 ; dttiv Plut. M. 738 ; dtuv II. n, 532 ; 
Xenophan. 6, 5; Luc. Dom. 18, eV- Her. 3, 29; PL Leg. 701, 
Aeol. diotora Sapph. i, 6 : imp. alov II. 10, 532 ; Pind. P. 3, 91 ; 
Eur. Med. 148, TT- d'iov Fr. Achae. 8 (Wagn.), late rjlov Maneth. 
6, 113: aor. unatt. fjr-t)l<re Her. 9, 93 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 195, -rj'ivav 
i, 1023. Vb. eV-dto-Tos Her. 2, 119. (3. t.) In pres. a in 
Horn. II. 15, 248. Od. 18, n; in Attic poets a in trimeters, 
Soph. O. C. 304, 7T-di<B Aj. 1263; Ar. Nub. 650, in other 
metres a, Aesch. Supp. 59; Soph. O. C. 181 ; Aesch. Pers. 
633; Eur. Rh. 546; Soph. Ph. 1410; Ar. Nub. 1166. Pax 
1064; Com. Fr. 2, 398: in imp. a in Horn, a II. n, 463. 18, 
222, a perhaps by ictus, II. 10, 532. 21, 388, and always in 
Trag. Aesch. Pers. 874; Eur. Tr. 155. Ion 507. We doubt 7; 
at Hes. Op. 213, it depends on Spohn's doubtful reading ale 
for a/cm* (Vulg.), and at Aesch. Eum. 844. 887, on arrange- 
ment. Augments by lengthening, never by changing initial 



'A'/iw 'A/ca^eyo?. 35 



vowel, except late and in comp. The comp. or-aio> Soph. Aj. 
1263 (contr. enaa) Eur. Here. F. 772) is freq. in prose, Her. 3, 
29; PI. Apol. 19. Charm. 170, &c. : fut. late -aia-ovras Dion, de 
Avibus 2, 19, elv- Orac. Sib. i, 354 (Alex.) : aor. eV-qiVe Her. 
quoted. 

'Aiu To breathe out, (017/11) Epic and only imp. aiov II. 15, 252. 
(5, in arsi.) Some however refer this to the previous verb, 
to note, know. 

Aiupeu To hold aloft, act. rare in classic auth. Find. P. 1,9; 
-topi; Luc. Hist. Conv. 8 ; -pair) Hippocr. 7, 522. 524; -5>v Dem. 
18, 260; later Plut. Brut. 37; Luc. Jup. Conf. 4: imp. rjapti 
App. Civ. 2, 81 : aor. y&pqo-e Opp. C. 4, 216; Nonn. i, 317. 
Pass, -ovfiai Thuc. 7, 77, -e/u Her. 7, 92; -ovfitvos Soph. El. 
1390, w- PL Phaed. 112 ; -o-ftu Hippocr. 3, 442, -elo-tfai Xen. 
Ven. 4, 4: imp. ycopevvro, dir- Hes. Sc. 234, HOT- 225: p. p. 

fi^rai Opp. Hal. 3, 532, -rivrai 2, 581, air- AristOt. Plant. I, 

4, I, Ion. tTT-auop- Aretae. Morb. Diut. i, 50 (Ed. Oxon.) : 
pip. T/wprji-o Coluth. 108 ; Nonn. 19, 263. 24, 78, -prjvTo Orph. 

Arg. 1225: aor. ala>pr)0eis Her. 8, lOO: with fut. m. alcaprja-ea-dai 

Aristid. 46, 289 (D.) : but pass. alvpridTjVfa-Oat, Dio Cass. 41, i, 
dn- Hippocr. 3, 468, \mfp- 4, 294. 382. 390 (Lit.), eV- Dioscor. 

5, 85. Mid. rare, aor. alatpTja-d/jLevos, irpoa-- D. Sic. 23, 9 (Bekk. 
33, 7 Dind.). Our lexicons mislead by saying "Pass, with 
fut. mid." 

'AKaxilu To grieve, afflict (a^w, aKax<o, -eo>), Epic Od. 16, 432 : 

imp. aKa^ffe Q. Sm. 3, 112: fut. dKaxrjvco H. Hym. 3, 286: 

1 aor. rare, d/cd^cm II. 23, 223 ; Opp. Hal. 4, 46 ; -17077 Q. Sm. 
i, 668 : usu. 2 aor. fJKa X ov II. 16, 822. Od. 16, 427 ; H. Hym. 
5, 56; Anth. 7, i. 220; duaxw Hes. Th. 868. Mid. dKa X i- 
&IMI to sorrow, imper. -xi&o II. 6, 486, -xtf"' Od. n, 486, 
later aKaxovrai Q. Sm. 3, 224' (Mss. Koechl.): imp. OKOXOVTO 
Q. Sm. 5, 652 : p. p. d*cd^?7^ai as pres. Od. 8, 314. 19, 95; 
imper. dttt^o-o Ap. Rh. 4, 1324 (Merk.); ditdxnvdai II. 19, 335. 
Od. 4, 806; part, accented as a pres. -rjp.fvos II. 19, 312. 24, 
550; Hes. Th. 99, and with a shifting of the quantity, d^xe- 
fuvos Ap. Rh. 4, 1260, -x^fvrj II- 5, 364, -xfpxvai 18, 29 : 2 aor. 

dAca^o'^jjv Od. 16, 342; aKaxoifj.r]v Od. I, 236, -OITO II. 13, 344; 
Ap. Rh. 2, 190; TheOCr. 8, 91, -olfjifda II. l6, l6. d/c^e'Sarat 
3 pi. perf. for dK^irat, II. 17, 637 : pip. duaxfio-ro, -17070 (B.) 
3 pi. for -XT)", II. 12, 179. See also axwp.ai, a^o/xat. The 

2 aor. act. is always and a/ow^ augmented. 

'AKaxfJieVos, rj, oc, (dfcay/ieVos redupl. p. p. part, of OKW ?) Epic 
sharpened, 11. 14, 12; Hes. Sc. 135; Opp. Hal. 2, 465, -/xeVa II. 

12, 444. 

D 2 



36 ' 

'AKC'OJJW" To heal, Dep. (act. d^ew only Hippocr. 6, 294 (Lit. 2, 
406 Erm.) : aor. dxeo-a?, '- Pythag. Aur. C. 68) ckcC/iai C. Fr. 
(Menandr.) 4, 287, if not fiit., -emu Soph. Ant. 1027 (Vulg. 
Nauck), -terat Democr. p. 178 (Mull.), -eWai, e|- II. 9, 507 ; 

but Subj. aK/jrai Soph, quoted (Wund. Dind.), -eco/ze^a II. 13, 

ug; dicov Soph. Tr. 1035 ; -o-0ai Eur. Med. 199; Xen. Mem. 

2, 7, i; -ovpfvos PI. Phil. 30, Epic dKeio'/ifvos II. 16, 29; Pind. 
P. 9, 104: imp. dicfovro II. 22, 2; Ap. Rh. 2, 156: fut. late 
do-o/u Dio Cass. 38, 19; Aristid. 25, 312 (Vulg.), diceo-cr- 
Musae. 199; Orac. ap. Aristid. 25, 312 quoted, unless dut'ipGai 
PI. Rep. 364, e- Com. Fr. (Menandr.) 4, 287, be fut. : aor. 
^ceo-dpji/ II. 5, 901; Aristot. Physiog. 6, 56; Plut. M. 523; 
Paus. 8, 1 8, aKfo-traro Anth. 5, 291 ; dneo-a-ato Eur. Hec. 1067 

(chor.) J imper. aKfara-ai II. 16, 523, dnea-andf Od. IO, 69; 

dKeo-d/ifvos Hippocr. 4, 368 ; Antiph. 4 (y), 7 ; Aristot. H. An. 
9, 39, 4 ; Luc. Conv. 47, diceo-o-- Plat. Epigr. 5 (B.) ; aKfo-aa-dai 
Her. 4, 90 ; Hippocr. 6, 588 (Lit.) : aor. p. late ^ivQ^v 
pass. Paus. 2, 27, 3. 3, 19, 7: also pass, and late, pres. dxetrat 
Aretae. C. M. i, p. 70. Vb. d^eo-rd? II. 13, 115; Antiph. 5, 91. 
(S.) aKto 2 sing, imper. for d/cfeo, Her. 3, 40, so Xvn-eo 8, 100, 
but iroifv ibid. 

'AKtjS&u To neglect, Poet. Mosch. 4, 8 r ; imper. <!*; Aesch. 
Pr. 508 : imp. d*ijSeoj>, -i^Sets II. 23, 70: fat. late -fan Q. Sm. 10, 

29: aor. aKTjSeo-a II. 14, 427, later -rja-a; Subj. -rjvaa-i Q. Sm. IO, 

1 6 ; -Sijo-oi Soph. Ant. 414 (Bonitz, Dind., Nauck, d$fi- Vulg.); 
-fjvas Q. Sm. 12, 376. Vb. dierjSfffTos II. 6, 60. (a.) 

'AKoXaaraiku 7b ^ licentious, only pres. Com. Fr. (Mnesim.) 

3, 569; PI. Rep. 590. Phil. 12; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 2, 6, 19; 
and late Plut. Alcib. 36 &c. ; Anth. 10, 56: imp. ^coXaor- 
Hesych. see eXao-^aiVo/xei/ : and fat. -avS> Ar. Av. 1227. (a.) 
This verb occurs twice only in Com. poetry, Ar. and Mnesim. 
quoted ; often in prose, but not earlier than Plato, and almost 
confined to inf. and part. pres. 

'Aiccxm^o-as Well fed with barley (d^oon?), a defect aor. part. 

n.6,506. (a.) 

'AKoudw To hear, pres. act. only Horn. H. Merc. 423 : and 

mid. dKovdfopu as act. -ata6ov II. 4, 343, -afcffde Od. 13, 9 ; 

-dfavrai Od. 9, 7; (Hes.) Certam. p. 316, 6 (Goettl.); Ionic 
prose Hippocr. 7, 94 (Lit.) 

'AKOUW To hear, II. 2, 486; Pind. P. i, 2 ; Aesch. Sept. 245 ; 
Soph. Aj. 16; Her. i, 47 (Orac.). 3, 62; Antiph. 6, 14; Thuc. 
6, 34, Dor. 3 pi. OKOVOVTI Pind. P. 5, 101 ; Epic inf. -e'/xi/at Od. 
12, 193, -tfitv H. 15, 129: imp. TJKOVOV II. ii, 768; Aesch. 
Pr. 448; Soph. Ph. 595; Ar. Lys. 390; Her. 2, 3; Antiph. 



' AKOVOO. 3 7 

2, a, 9 ; Thuc. 8. 6 ; Dinarch. 3, i ; Dem. 54, 8, "OKOVOV II. 
12, 442 ; Find. N. 4, 77 : fut. m. a/couo-o/iat II. 15, 199; Aesch. 
Sept. 196; Soph. O. C. 988; Eur. Heracl. 718; Ar. Ran. 206. 
Ach. 335; Theocr. 29, 21; Her. 9, 79; Thuc. 7, 73; Andoc. 

1, 47; Lys. 13, 2; PL Apol. 17; Dem. 14, 12: and late axovo-w 
Lycophr. 378. 1373; D. Hal. 5, 57; Dio Cass. 76, 4; Procop. 
Epist. 15 (Kerch.); Anth. (Pallad.) 9, 397 &c. : aor. rjKovcra 
II. 22, 447; Soph. O. R. 95; Ar. Ach. 571; Her. i, 48. 

2, 3. 7, 102; Antiph. 6, 36; Thuc. i, 22; Lys. 10, 2; PI. 
Phaed. 57, "OK- II. 24, 223; Pind. N. 2, 14, and Dor. "dKovaa 
P. 9, 112; Theocr. 4, 6: p. Att. d^Koa Aesch. Pr. 740; Ar. 
Nub. 738; Her. i, 37. 8, 109; Antiph. 4, a, 7. 5, 81; Thuc. 
6,91; Lys. i, 43; Isocr. 12, 187; Isae. 6, 64, Dor. GKOUKO 
Plut. Agesil. 21. Mor. 191. 212 : pip. axrjKOfiv Her. always, 2, 52. 
7, 208; Lycurg. 15; PI. Crat. 384 (-017 Bekk. fait- Schanz), 
Trap- Euthyd. 300, and ^Koeu/ Ar. Pax 616. Vesp. 800 (Vulg. 
Bergk), see below; Hippocr. 7, 490; Xen. Cyr. 3, 2, 2. Oec. 
*5> 7 (-<"? Saupp.). Hell. 5, i, 26; (Dem.) 47, 57. 60, 29; late, 
Luc. Philop. i. Hale. 2, d^Kodres ^O-OK Isocr. 21, 20: p. p. late 
rjKovo-pai D. Hal. Rhet. n, 10 ; (Luc.) Philop. 4, and if correct, 
aKf]Kov<r/jiai Luc. Hist. Con. 49 (Jacob. Bekk. aKrjKoeTm Dind. 
Fritzsche now, Cobet) : pip. ^KOUOTO quoted Demetr. Phal. 217, 
Trap- Joseph. Ant. 17, 10, 16: aor. f]Kova6r]v Babr. F. 72. 76; 
Luc. Jud. Voc. 6 ; anowdds Thuc. 3, 38 ; -overheat Babr. F. 52 ; 
f. -ouo-^Tjo-o/ioi PI. Rep. 507 : and late as pass. f. m. iv-aKova-frat 
Or. Sib. 2, 302. Mid. Poet. dKouojwu as act. rare, Archil. Fr. 69 
(Pors. Schneid. Bergk): imp. CLKOVO^V rare II. 4, 331: f. 
aKova-opai see above : aor. rare f)Kova-dfjir]v } subj. d(covo-o)/Ltat Procop. 
Epist. 66; opt. anovaaipav Mosch. 3, 127, etV- Rhet. V. i, p. 
615. Vb. OKOWTOS H. Merc. 512 if sound; PI. Tim. 33, -eos 
Rep. 386. 532. Desider. aKovo-et'o), -<ov Soph. Fr. 820. 

'YvraKovo-erai Thuc. 6, 69, is held pass, by some. If so, it is 
the only instance in classic Greek, see Poppo, Kriiger. TJKOVCTIJUU, 
seems to have better authority than aKTjKoutrfiat, which however, 
if correct, disproves Buttmann's assertion "that the perf. pass, is 
formed without reduplication." There is not a single undoubted 
instance of first fut. OKOVO-W in the whole range of classic Greek, 
unless aKova-6i>To>v Hyperid. Fun. Or. Col. 13, 3 (Bab.), 178 
(Cobet) be correct, which we doubt, both because Hyperid. uses 
the classic form aKoixrfffdai Eux. p. 15, and because the pres. 
aKovovTtov, a slight and easy change, suits the sense at least 
equally well. The copyist seems however to have meant the 
fut., for he has fyKapida-ovros in the compared clause. And if so, 
we cannot, with Cobet, condemn the fut. on the ground of its 



38 

being "plane absurdum." "Nulla unquam," adds he, "fuit 
oratio neque erit, quae prodesse possit animis eorum qui earn 
sint audituri, id est quae prosit etiam priusquam audita sit." We 
think this an undue, and therefore an unfair, limitation of the 
phrase. The hearing of the things that were to benefit was 
surely future to his present utterance. Several late writers, 
from Lycophron onwards, use it freely, Anth. 9, 397; D. Hal. 
5, 57; Menand. Rhet. 614; V. T. 2 Reg. 14, 16. Esai. 6, 9; 
N. T. Matt. 12, 19. 13, 14. Jo. 10, 16; Or. Sib. 4, 174. 8, 
104. 206, 345 ; but even in late writers, the mid. seems to 
be the prevailing form. dicova> is not the only verb which 
takes, even in Attic Greek, the temporal as well as the syllabic 
augment in its pip. ; in other words, augments occasion- 
ally at least, the reduplicated vowel, wpwpei Aesch. Ag. 653; 
Soph. O. C. 1622 (both trimeters), but opo>p Ar. Pax 1287 
(hexam.). In Attic prose, the correct theory would, perhaps, 
be always to augment it in accordance with occasional cases 
presented by the best Mss. e. g. dTr-wXwXa Dem. 20, 79 (Ms. 
S. Bind. now}. 19, 125 (most Mss. Bekk. Dind. Bait. Saupp. 
&c.) Herodian, an able grammarian, would write the pip. 
of aKova always with ?, ^mjKoeiv. But if the best Mss. and 
editors may be trusted, Herodotus seems never to have 
augmented the reduplication, the Attics to have augmented 
it, but certainly not " always." The form ^17x017 is called 
old Att. for -ew, Ar. Pax 616 (Bekk. Dind.). Vesp. 800 
(Dind. Meineke) ; PI. Crat. 384 (Ms. T. Schanz), d/^ (Bekk. 
Or. B. W.). 

In some edit, various forms of the fut. act. used to stand as 
follows: d/covo-a II. 7, 129, now d*coutrai, d/couo-ftf Alcae. Fr. 82 
(85), now dual/ecus, so Aesch. Ag. 1406 (Blomf.), -oven (Mss. 
Dind. Herm.), drovo-ere Ar. Thesm. 1167 (Br.), now-o^rf (Bekk. 
Dind.), so Dem. 18, 160 (Steph.). 25, 85 (some Mss.), now 
(Reisk. Bekk. &c.), aKova-o^v Ar. Ach. 295 (Mss. R. V.), 
(Elms. Bekk. Dind.), vn-aKowovTcs Thuc. i, 140 (Vulg.), 
(Mss. Haack, Bekk. Kriig. &c.), and dicovaere Luc. Ab- 
dic. 26, VTraKoiHTtis Navig. il (Vulg.) are now -owroire, -oixrei 
(Jacob. Dind.). 

'AxpaxoXeu To be passionate, Att. prose, and only part, -ovvra 
PL Leg. 731. 

'Aicpipow To make accurate, reg. but. mid. -ov/zai late in simple, 
fat. -wo-o/iat Joseph. Ant. 17, 2, 3 : aor. ^pij3o>o-aTo Porph. V. 
Pythag. ii (Nauck); Malal. p. 230, 14: and as mid. p. p. 
^pi/3<7<u p. 138, 3 : pip. ijKpi^ro, d K pips> s yfct (Hesych.), all 
missed by Lexicogr. In comp. the mid. is classical, 



39 

Isocr. 4, 1 8 ; PI. Theaet. 184 : aor. -^axr^Ba Isocr. Ep. 6, 8 ; 

Isae. 3, 39; PI. Polit. 292. 

Dep. Med. To hear, listen to, Ar. Vesp. 562 ; An- 
tiph. 5, 4 ; Thuc. 3, 37 ; Dem. 23, 78 ; -apevos Hippocr. 7, 252 ; 
Aristot. Rhet. i, i, 10; Aeschin. 3, 166 : imp. ^cpow/*- An doc. 
4, 8 ; PI. Menex. 236 : fat. -oao-opu Andoc. i, 105 ; Lys. 27, 7; 
PI. Apol. 37; Isocr. 15, 21: aor. rjKpoavap.^v Ar. Ran. 315; 
Thuc. 6, 89 ; Lys. 16, 9 ; PI. Ion 530; Dem. 43, 2 ; r)icpod<ro= 
-oa>, C. Fr. 3, 50: p. TjKpoanai Aristot. H. A. 4, 10, n ; Luc. D. 
Mer. 12, 2 : aor. late and pass, dupoddtis Aristid. 4, 30 (Vulg. 
if Reiske, Dind.); Joseph. Ant. 17, 5, 2 (Bekk). Vb. 
fos Ar. Av. 1228. In the classical period this verb seems 
nearly ponfined to comedy and Attic prose. A poetic col- 
lateral form aKpodfrnai is found in Epicharmus 7 5 ; also Hippocr. 
7, 70 : imp. T]KpodfTo Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 113, where Meineke 
however prefers with Steph. aor. ^poao-aro. For ^poao-o C. Fr. 

3, 50, Cob. suggests fjKpodao pip. 

'Aicpo{3oXia> To throw from a distance, skirmish, in act. only 
imp. TjKpo&6\i( Ant. Pal. 7, 546; Eustath. 5, 14. Usu. mcpo- 
oXt'bp,ai Dep. mid. and confined to prose, Xen. Cyr. 8, 8, 22 ; 
Luc. Tim. 45 : fut. (-lovfjuu): aor. ^Kpo/3oXrap.7i/ Thuc. 3, 73. 

4, 34 ; -urdfjifvos Her. 8, 64. No pass. (?). 

'AKpam)piaoj To cut off the extremities, Longin. 39, 4 ; 
Plut. Mor. 479; Polyb. 5, 54: imp. Tjicparr- Polyb. i, 80; (Luc.) 
Amor. 24; Athen. (Clearch.) 12, 27: aor. ^pwrr/piWa Her. 3, 
59; Strab. 17, i, 46; Polyb. 8, 23; Diodor. 4, 10, 3 : p. p. 
r)KpcaTT]pi.aa-fievos Aristid. 13, 128 (Dind.) ; but. act. Dem. 18, 296 : 
aor. -dadijv Plut. Alcib. 18. Nic. 13; Philostr. 7, 4 (Kayser): 
mid. -aardftfvos Xen. Hell. 6, 2, 36 : and p. p. as mid. -avptvos 
Dem. quoted. 

'AXaiKu (a) To wander, Tragic, and only pres. act. Aesch. 
Ag. 82 ; Eur. Tr. 1084; -aivw I. T. 284. El. 204. Or. 532 ; 
(3 pi. Dor. rj\aivovri Theocr. 7, 23, where once stood mid. 

rjXaivovTai, see TjXaiva.) 

'AXaXdw To raise the war-cry, Aesch. Fr. 55 (Dind.); late 
prose Plut. Luc. 32. Cat. Maj. 9 ; Arr. An. i, 14, aw- Polyb. 

1 8, 8 : imp. ^XaX- Eur. Bac. 1133 ; Xen. An. 6, 5, 27, dv- 4, 3, 

19, aXaX- Nonn. i, 242 : fat. mid. -aop,ai Eur. Bac. 593 : act. 
oXaXao> late Arr. C. Alan. 25 (-dfa Kerch.); V. T. Jer. 29, 3: 
aor. ^XdXaa Eur. Here. F. 981 ; Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 676 ; 
Xen. An. 5, 2, 14 (Popp. Kriig.), dvr- Aesch. Pers. 399, or- Xen. 
Cyr. 7, i, 26, unaugm. <&d\afv Pind. Ol. 7, 37 ; inf. -oXa^at Soph. 
Ant. 133; part. d\a\dgavres Xen. Cyr. 3, 2, 9 ; Luc. Nav. 36. 
Mid. d\d\aopevi) as act. Soph. Fr. 479 (Dind.) : imp. ^ 



40 'AXaX/cw 'AXao/Acu. 

Arr. An. ,5, 10, 3 : fat. -d<yiat see above. For r)\a\agav Xen. 
An. 5, 2, 14, L. Dind. and Cobet read ^XeXi|ai/. Xen. seems 
alone of classic prose writers to use this verb. 

'AXdXicu To ward off, Epic, pres. late, Q. Sm. 7, 267 (Mss. 
Lehrs, Koechl.) : fat. dXaX/ojorta Ap. Rh. 2, 235 : 2 aor. unaugm. 
S\a\Kov II. 23, 185; Hes. Th. 527; Find. Ol. 10 (n), 105. 
N. 4, 60, but fj\d\K (Hesych.) ; subj. Ep. dXdXKTjo-i Od. 10, 288 
(Wolf, Bekk. Dind.); opt. dXdX*ois Od. 13, 319, dXdXxoi II. 21, 
138 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 872, dXdXKoiei/ II. 22, 196 ; aXaX/ce Theogn. 13 ; 

aXaXKWf II. 9, 6O5J inf. Ep. d\a\Kfp.fvat II. 17, 153, aXaXKe/ici/ II. 

19, 30 (Aristoph. Bekk.). Od. 3, 237, cm- Theocr. 28, 20, 
aXaXKw II. 19, 30 (Dind. La. R.); Anth. (Antip. Sid.) 7, 8. 
For fat. aXaX^cm Od. 10, 288 (Vulg.) Wolf, Bekk. Dind. and 
Ameis read subj. aor. d\d\Krjcriv. Bekk. now reads with Aristoph. 
d\a\Kffjifi> II. 19, 30, for -a\Kflv (Vulg. Dind. La Roche). dXdX/covo-i 
Q. Sm. quoted, Lobeck (Tech. Verb. p. 60) would alter to 
oAe'lowt, but Koechly retains it. 

'A\aXuKrr)p.ai Ep. To be troubled, a reduplicated perf. pass, 
from dXvKTfu, with meaning of pres. II. 10, 94. See dXvKTtw. 

'AXdofiai To wander, mostly poet. dXw/xat Aesch. Eum. 98, 
-arai Solon 13, 43 ; Find. Ol. i, 58 ; Ar. Av. 942, -&>/*e0a Soph. 

Aj. 23, -aa-df II. IO, 141, -Stvrai Dem. 19, 310, Ep. -ocoi/rat Od. 

3, 73; imper. Ep. dXo'oj (dXdeo, aXao, dXa>) Od. 5, 377; part. 
dXupfvos Od. 6, 206 ; Soph. O. C. 1363 ; Theocr. 13, 66 ; Her. 

4, 97; Lys. 6, 30, -wo/iews Q. Sm. 14, 63; dXdadai Aesch. Pr. 
666; Eur. Med. 515; Thuc. 2, 102; Isocr. 4, 168: imp. 
T)\>MV Od. 4, 91 ; Soph. O. C. 444 ; Eur. Ion 53 ; Ael. V. H. 
4, 20 ; D. Sic. 5, 59 ; App. Civ. i, 62. 4, 115, poet. dXaro II. 6, 
201, Dor. aX^ro, if correct, Bion n (8), 5 (Ahrens) : fut. rather 
doubtful, dXj7<r<rai, dn- Hes. Sc. 409 (Vulg. so Goettl. in Text) : 
but prefers aor. GTr-oXijo-aTo (3 Mss. Ranke) : p. dXaXjj/zat as 
pres. II. 23, 74. Od. n, 167, -Tjvai 15, 10, -jjrat 20, 340; Hes. 
Op. 100; Bion i, 20, -T)<r6t Od. 3, 72. 9, 253; imper. dXaX^o-o 
Od. 3, 313; aXdXqo-tfai 2, 370. 12, 284; Emped. 374 (Stein); 
dXaX^/xei/os with accent of pres. Od. 14, 122, -jj^eV^ Anacreont. 
56, 12 (Bergk) : pip. as imp. dXaXr/ro Orph. Arg. 1264, -rpno 
Eur. Andr. 307 (chor.) ; Ap. Rh. i, 812 : aor. ^X^i/, poet. 0X1^ 
Od. 14, 1 20, -rjdrjs 14, 362 ; sub. dXr]6f], fir- 15, 401 ; part. 0X17- 
6fis Od. 14, 380, fir- 4, 8i,Dor. dXd&i'y Aesch. Supp. 870 (chor.); 
Theocr. 16, 51 ; in prose, rare and late dX?7&Vn (Heliod.) 10, 34 
(Bekk.) In Att. poetry, the indie, pres. and imp. alone occur 
in trimeters, the perf. pip. and aor. pass, are almost exclusively 
Epic. In classic prose, occur only pres. indie, inf. and part, 
and these rather rarely. 



'AXao'w 'AXe-y/^w. 41 

(*AXa<5w) To blind, rare, Epic and only aor. dXawo-e Od. i, 69. 
9, 516; Anth. 7, 601, e- Od. 9, 453 ; inf. -nwo-at 504; -awo-a? 
Opp. Cyn. 3, 228. In Horn, with gen. of the thing d^aX/ioO, 
but later with ace. of the person ytve-ryv Anth. quoted. 

'AXaTrd^w To plunder, Epic II. 12, 67 ; Panyas. Fr. 5 (Diibn.): 

Unaugm. imp. aXdrrafoi/ II. II, 503: fut. dXa7ra'|<o II. 2, 367; 

Aesch. Ag. 130 chor. (Vulg.), e- Hes. Op. 189; Xen. An. 7, 

1, 29; Ep. inf. -agfueir Callim. Dian. 251: aor. aXdnaga II. n, 760; 
Theogn. 951; Anth. 7, 614. Pass. d\ana^ofjLfvr]v II. 24, 245: 
aor. late f{--a\aTrax6fj Or. Sib. 12, 305. For /xolp' aXcmdt-fi Aesch. 
Ag. quoted, Elms, reads (with Farn.) poipa \airdgfi, which was 
adopted by Blomf. and now also by Herm. and Dindorf: 
compare Xcnrdgfiv Sept. 47. 531. d\airdfa is thus not Attic, 
except that Xen. 1. c. uses the compd. aX-. 

'AXaore'cj To be wrathful, Epic, and confined to imp. fut. and 
aor. part.: imp. ^Xao-reov trissyll. II. 15, 21: fut. -?o-a>: aor. part. 
oXaoTTjo-as II. 12, 163; Callim. Del. 239; Musae. 202; Maneth. 

2, 183, en- Od. i, 252 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 369. 557. 

'AXyuvu (t>) To vex, poet, mostly Trag. Aesch. Sept. 358 ; 
Soph. O. R. 1067 ; Eur. Ale. 521 ; late Plut. Mor. 82 ; Maneth. 
5, 101 : imp. ij\yvvov Aesch. Ch. 746, iter. dXyweo-Ke Q. Sm. 4, 
416: fut. -vvS> Soph. O. R. 332; Eur. Hipp. 1297; Com. Fr. 
(Eup.) 2, 457; and late Lycophr. 985 : aor. ifKyvva Plut. Marcell. 
25; opt. d\yvvais Soph. O. R. 446 (-vois Elms.), -vveiev Tr. 458; 
inf. -wot Eur. I. A. 326 : aor. pass. rjKyvvdrjv Aesch. Pr. 245 ; 
d\yvv6S> Eur. Tr. 172 ; late prose Plotin. 26, 51 : with fut. mid. 
dXywovfiat as pass. Soph. Ant. 230; Eur. Med. 622: but late 
fut. p. dXyw^o-opzt, <TVV- Theodor. Stud. p. 210. Rare in prose, 
act. late dXyvva Plut. Mor. 82 : aor. rj\yvva Marcell. 25 : pass. 
dXyvvopfvos Xen. Apol. 8 ; Plut. Lysand. 2. 

'AXSaii/w Poet. To nourish, Nic. Alex. 404 ; -Saiveiv Aesch. 
Sept. 557 ; -8aiv<av Sept. 12. Pr. 539 (also dX8f]crKa> intrans. II. 
23, 599; Opp. Cyn. i, 318, trans. Theocr. 17, 78): 2 aor. 
Epic, rj\8avov Od. i8, 70. 24, 368 : 1 aor. late (fjXfyvd), V- 
oXS^ao-a Nic. Alex. 409 (G. Schneid.), eV-aX^o-ao-a (Vulg.), iter. 

aXSijaaovce Orph. Lith. 364. Pass. d\8atvr)Tai Q. Sm. 9, 473. 
Vb. ac-aXror insatiable, Od. 18, 114. For eVaXS^ay, -faus Nic. 
Alex. 409, Otto Schneid. reads evavdrja-as with Ms. P. 

'AXSrjo-Kw, see preced. 

("AX8w), pass. -ofjMi To be healed, seems late Q. Sm. 9, 475 
(Spitzn. KoechL), eV- Nic. Alex. 532. aXSopfvav in some edit, of 
Ar. N. 282, is a mere suggestion of Brunck for the Ms. and 
correct reading dp8- (Dind. Bergk, Mein.). See a\6a>. 

iJiw To care for, Epic, Epigramm. and only pres. II. i, 



42 'AXeetVw 'AXe/^)w. 

1 60 ; Hes. Th. 171 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 193 ; late prose Ep. Phal. 29 ; 
d\ryifdv Orph. Lith. 61; -iftov Orph. Arg. 352. Lith. 38; 
Aretse. C. Ac. Morb. i (83): and imp. unaugm. dX/yife II. n, 
80; Ap. Rh. i, 14; Nonn. 41, 332. Pass. dXtyi^o^vov Anth. 

5, 1 8. The collateral dXyw is also mostly Epic, and used only 
in pres. II. 9, 504. n, 389; Alcae. 58; Simon. C. 37, 10; 
Theocr. 15, 95; Opp. Hal. 2, 183; aXeyoi Nic. Ther. 5; 
dXeyuv Od. 19, 154; Hes. Op. 251 ; Find. Ol. n, 15 ; once in 
Att. Aesch. Supp. 751 (chor.); -ytiv Find. I. 8, 47. Pass. 

aXeyovrai Find. Ol. 2, 78; SUbj. a\tyrja6ov Anth. App. 50, 6. 

dXcyuyo also is Epic, but scarcely so confined in its inflection, 
imper. dXeywe Hym. Merc. 476, dXryiWe Od. i, 374; inf. -vveiv 
n, 186; part -vvwv H. H. Merc. 361: imp. unaugm. a\tyvvov 
Od. 13, 23; Ap. Rh. 2, 495: aor. d\eyvva Ap. Rh. i, 394. 
Mid. aor. dAeyiWro Emped. 433 (Stein) missed by Lexicogr. 

'AXeeifu Epic, To avoid, Od. 13, 148. II. n, 794; -va>v II. 16, 
213 ; Hes. Op. 828 ; -Wiv Opp. H. 5, 78 ; late prose Luc. Dem. 
enc. 23; Agath. 2, 32: imp. unaugm. dXeWop II. 13, 356; 
intrans. withdrew, Ap. Rh. 3, 650 : aor. late, inf. dXeflwu Maneth. 

6,736. 

'AXeujKd To anoint, Ar. Ach. 1066 ; Com. Fr. (Crates) 2, 237; 
Her. 3, 8: imp. ^Xet^ov Hipponax 41 (B); Plut. Themist. 3, 

f|- IsOCr. 21, 2, 7rpo<7- oXet<e Od. IO, 392 : ftlt. dXet'^o) (V. T. 

Exod. 40, 13), ef- Eur. I. A. 1486 ; PI. Rep. 386 : aor. rj\ft^a 
II. 18, 350. Od. 19, 505; Ar. Pax 502, e'- Andoc. i, 103; 

Dem. 57, 63, oX\^a Od. 12, 177; -efyeie Pl.'LyS. 217; -en//w 

ibid.; Hippocr. 6, 452 (Lit.), e- Thuc. 3, 57: p. dX^Xi^a, dn- 
Dem. 52, 29 (Bekk. Dind. B. Saupp. drr-oXijXet^a Ms. S, d7r-7jXea 
Ms. F.), e- Aristid. 33, 425 (Dind.) : p. p. dX^Xt^ai (v. r. -Xet/z/u) 
Thuc. 4, 68; Alciphr. 3, 28; Luc. Alex. 30, \m- Xen. Oec. 10, 

6, aw- Aristot. Meteor. 2, 7, 2, f- (Dem.) 25, 70, ^Aet/^/iat late, 
see below : aor. r^fl^Qrjv Hippocr. 7, 606 (Lit.); PI. Lys. 217, 
t'g-JSsch. Sept. 15; Eur. I. T. 698. Hel. 262 : fut. dXei^orrat, 
f- (Dem.) 25, 73, KOT- (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 320 (Lit.) : 2 aor. 
r,\i(j>T)v Joseph, jud. B. 2, 8, 3 (Bekk.), '- PI. Phaedr. 258 (Mss. 
Bekk. Stallb. Or. B. W.); Jos. Ant. 17, 12, 2, an- Dio Cass. 55, 
13 (Bekk. L. Dind.). Mid. d\d<pofjuu anoint myself, Ar. Ach. 999 ; 
Com. Fr. (Cephis.) 2, 883. (Antiph.) 3, 81; Hippocr. 7, 276. 316; 
Xen. Oec. 10, 5 : imp. rj\fi<p6p.r)v Simon. Am. 16 ; Archil. 31 
(B.) ; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 117 ; PI. Theaet. 144, e'- Her. 7, 69 : 
fut. -ftyo/u Thuc. 4, 68 : aor. fjXei^dfirjv Ar. Nub. 836 ; Thuc. 

I, 6, dXei\/r- II. 14, 171 ; -^T]rai Hippocr. 8, 424; -i^atTO 5, 284 

(Lit.); -dfifvos II. 10, 577; PI. Theaet. 144. Vb. d\enrr6s late, 
but dv- f- Isocr. 5, 70 ; e'-oX7rre'o$ Lys. 6, 8. The perf. forms 



'AXe/ 



e/cto 



43 



dX^Xi^a, a\fj\innat are now almost universally approved and 
adopted by late editors, though dXTjXei^a, -ei/i/xai are found in 
good Mss. and the latter edited hy Bekker, Aristot. H. A. 5, 19, 
8, and by Sintenis, Plut. Marcel. 17, but -t^/xat (Reisk. Bekk.), 
so d\f]\inp,at, -i/n/ufVo? Mor. 148. 193 (Diibner), -enrrat has been 
discarded from Luc. also, for -wmu Catapl. 24. Pise. 36 (Mss. 
Jacob. Dind. Bekk.). The unreduplicated forms f}\i<$a, ^'Xet^/iat 
seem scarcely to occur except in comp. and in inferior Mss. 
aTT-r)\fi(j)fvai Dem. 52, 29 (Ms. F.), ef- Aristid. 33, 425 (Vulg.), 
-oXjjXi^fVai (Ms. 6. Dind.), ^Xft/ijueW Geop. 7, 8, 9 ; V. T. Num. 

3, 3, TJ\IHH- (Alex.), f^-rjXfnrrai Dem. 25, 70 (Vulg. Dobs.,-aX^Xi7rrat 
Bekk. Dind.), l-qXiarai v. r. Luc. Pise. 36 (Ms. F.) In 
Tragod. this verb does not occur in the simple form : in Att. 
prose, the act. occurs only in aor. and only in Plato quoted, and 
part. d\ftyavTes Demad. 17 (Bekk.) Horn, has only 1 aor. act. 
and mid. The 1 aor. pass, is by far the prevailing form, early 
and late. The only instance of 2 aor. in the classical period is 
fg-a\t(j)f) PI. Phaedr. 258 (best Mss.), e-a\fi$6f, (Vulg.) Else- 
where he uses 1 aor. dXeufrdev twice Lys. 217, eV- ibid., even 
fg-a\exj)dfi without v. r. Theaet. 191, so that we have some 
misgiving about e-aXi$; though presented by Mss. Bodl. D G P. 
The perf. fjXoxjxi is not found, though we have d\oi<pr) the noun. 
We doubt however if the noun proves the actual existence of the 
perf. Information we think analogy a sufficient guide without 
current usage. 

'AXeicu To ward off, Poet, late and doubtful in pres. Anth. 6, 
245 (Mss. dXeyots): fut. aXtgovres, drr- Bekk. Anecd. 415 : 1 aor. 
fXe^a, opt. aTT-aXe^at Aesch. Supp. 1052 (chor.) ; in tmesi Q. Sm. 
6, 307 : 2 aor. aKxadelv only Trag. Aesch. Fr. 425; Soph. Fr. 827. 
Mid. defend oneself, fut. dXe'o//cu Soph. O. R. 171; and now 
Xen. An. 7, 7, 3 (best Mss. Kriig. Dind. Kiihn. Saupp.); -oi^v 
Soph. O. R. 539 : aor. ^Xf^a/^i/, inf. aXe'ao-#ai Her. 7, 207 ; 
Hippocr. 6, 74 (Lit.); Xen. An. i, 3, 6. 3, 4, 33. 5, 5, 21. Cyr. 
J > 5> J 3> < " r ~ Soph. Aj. 1 66. These forms are generally referred 
to dXe'a>. 

'A\&j To ward off, rare, inf. aXe^fitv II. 3, 9, -i^vai II. i, 
590. n, 469 ; and, if sound, in a Spartan decree Thuc. 5, 77, 
-e'few Find. Ol. 13, 9 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 3, 2, <JTT- Poet. (PI.) Ale. (2), 

143. 148: fut. aXe|?7(reo II. 9, 251; -fafiv 2O, 315. 21, 374, drr- 
Od. 17, 364; -o-av II. 6, 109; Q. Sm. 10, 292: aor. (^Xe^o-a), 
dXe^o-ete Od. 3, 346, dn-aXf^jo-m/u II. 24, 371; dXf^trat Opp. 

Hal. 5, 626 ; late prose dXt^o-a? Apollod. 3, 12, 5; Euseb. adv. 
Hierocl. 69. Mid. dXe^at defend oneself, ward off, Xen. Mem. 

4, 3, n; -upevda II. ii, 348, -rjo-de Xen. An. 7, 3, 44 ; -gtv Archil. 



44 'A\eo/J.ai ' 



66; -ofjLfvos Od. 9, 57; Her. i, 211. 7, 225; Xen. An. r, 9, n: 
fat. aXe^o-o/xai Her. 8, 81. 108 (Xen. An. 7, 7, 3?): aor. 
dXfgavdat II. 15, 565, see dXeK6>. The form dXe^o-ao-^ai though 
supported by all the Mss. Xen. An. i, 3, 6, is rejected by the 
best editors for d\cga<r6ai the reading of Castalio. Bornemann 
however has recalled the former, and Kiihner follows him, but 
drops the analogy An. 7, 7, 3, and edits fat. dXeo>0a for dXe- 
Tja-opfda. The forms in -jo-a> seem to be Ion. and too little in 
accordance with the usage of Xen. to be readily adopted even 
with Mss. For fat. dXaXK^a-w, and 2 aor. &\a\Kov, see dXdX/ca>. A 
pure form aXtgea seems doubtful in pres. dXeeii/ Find. Ol. 13, 9 
(several Mss. Vulg. Bergk) has been rejected by Boeckh, Hart. 
Momms. for dXegtiv. 

Kiihner and Jelf have said " fut. dXe|o/*ai is poet, only." 
Kiihner however now defends it as a real fut. and the best sup- 
ported reading Xen. An. 7, 7, 3, quoted. 

'AXe'oficu To avoid, Epic, contr. d\fv/j.ai Theogn. 575, dXeomu 
Opp. Hal. 5, 432 ; (subj. -eV<u Od. 4, 396, may be aor.) ; but 

Opt. d\foivro Orph. Arg. 607, dXe'oio, e'- Ap. Rh. I, 490; dXev- 

fifvrj Simon. (Amorg.) 7, 61 (Bergk) : imp. dXeWo in tmesi II. 

1 8, 586: aor. (rjXtdpijv), subj. dXfrjrai Od. 4, 396, -fapfda II. 5, 

34. 6, 226; opt. dXtWo II. 20, 147. Od. 20, 368 ; imper. d\eao-6( 
Od. 4, 774; inf. dXeW&u II. 13, 513. 23, 340. Od. 9, 411; 
Hes. Op. 446 (late prose Agath. i, 15), e- Hes. Op. 105; Ar. 
Eq. 1080 (hexam.); Ap. Rh. 2, 319. 

Opt. pres. dXeoiro II. 20, 147 (Vulg.) is now aor. -eairo (Bekk. 
Spitzn. La R. and now Dind.) dXeC read by Fritzsche, and ap- 
proved by Rost, Aesch. Pr. 567, is an Ion. contraction for dX<?ov 
imper. of dX/opu, but see dXev. 

'A\eu'u> To avert, Poet. Aesch. Pr. 567 ; Paroem. Greg. Cypr. 
Cent, i, 31. Diog. 2, 56; late prose Agath. i, 15 : fut. dXeuo-w 
Soph. Fr. 825 (D.) : aor. (^Xeuo-a), aXeuow Aesch. Sept. 141. 
Supp. 528, -fva-are Sept. 86. Mid. Epic dXcvo/ioi to avoid, Od. 
24, 29; Hes. Op. 535; Ap. Rh. 4, 474; Mosch. 2, 77; 
imper. vn-aXeveo Hes. Op. 760: aor. ^Xfudymji/ II. 13, 503. 
17, 305; Ap. Rh. 4, 797, dXev- II. n, 360. Od. 22, 260, 

2 sing. dXfuao Nonn. 33, 326; Subj. -fverai for -TJTCU, Od. 14, 
400; and (fi\ev<rdpriv), subj. e'-aXei;<rciyuu Soph. Aj. 656 

(Mss. Vulg. Lob.), but -aXu^w/MM (Hesych. Br. Nauck, Dind. 

now), See dXtwcw; imper. aXeveu II. 22, 285; inf. d\eva<r6ai 

Od. 12, 159; Hes. Op. 798; late prose Plut. Mor. 297; 
dXfvdf4.fvos II. 20, 281 ; Theogn. 400. At Aesch. Pr. 567 
quoted, Dind. has oXeu Sa by apocope singularis apocope he 

grants for oXevc, Weil aXei/ & 85, Herm. aXeve 8a. e'aXevcra>/xtu 



'AXe'eo 'AXi70/. 45 



Soph, quoted, has good Mss. support, but is opposed by 
ega\vcap.ai (Hesych.), approved by Wessel. Heath, Br. Herm. 
and now Dind. We do not however think it a valid objection 
against e'aXevor<o/*ai "that the aoristic mid. forms of dXeuo/Mu 
occur elsewhere invariably without a-," fj\fvdp.Tiv, dXeuco/iiai &c. 
These forms do, certainly, always occur elsewhere without <T, 
but then they are Epic, and never appear in Attic. We are 
therefore not sure that an Attic poet, neither quoting nor 
imitating nor accommodating an Epic poet, would have felt 
constrained (by Attic usage) to take the Epic mid. form instead 
of the form with a-, especially as Attic usage uniformly follows 
the a- formation in the act. dXevo-w, tfXevo-a. Besides, none of 
the v. Cr-point to the Epic form. 

'A\&> To grind, Ar. Nub. 1358; Hippocr. 8, 112 (Lit); 
Aristot. Probl. 35, 3; Plut M. 284, /car- Her. 4, 172: imp. 
tf\ow Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 254: fut. (dXeW, Att. dXa> Moeris, Suid.): 

aor. ijfXecra, Kar- Strab. 260, Epic SXta-a-a Od. 2O, 109; dXfffat 

Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 345 ; Hippocr. 7, 266 (Lit.) ; dXeVa? 6, 454. 
7, 170 (Lit.); Arr. An. 6, 23; Strab. 3, 3, 7; Herodn. 4, 7 
(Bekk.): p. dX^XeKa Anth. (Nicarch.) u, 251 : 'p. p. dX^XeoyMit 
Her. 7, 23; Thuc. 4, 26 (Mss. Haack, Poppo, Kriig. &c.); 
D. Sic. 3, 14, aX^Xe/xot Thuc. quoted (Mss. Bekk. Goell. Stahl) ; 
Com. Fr. (Amph.) 3, 303, and late ^Xeo-^at Dioscor. i, 28 : 
aor. late f)\fa-d^v Dioscor. i, 173; Geop. 7, 12, and if correct, 
rj\r)(r6r]v Geop. 9, 19. Vb. d\f(TT(ov late, Dioscor. 5, 95. 
eViaXw Ar. Nub. 1299, given by some as fut. of this verb, is 
fut. of eViaXXo). Passow says that dX^Xea/ieVor, though altered 
by Bekker to dXTjXffieW Thuc. 4, 26, is still quite sure in 
Amphis (Athen. 14, 642). If the first line is made complete, 
ending with the participle, then dX^eo-pfvov is undoubted, because 
the form with o- is required by the metre ; but if the first line is 
constituted defective, and the second complete, beginning with 
the participle, then is -eo-^eW not only liable to doubt, but 
inadmissible, and the form without a-, a\rj\e^vov, absolutely 
demanded by the metre. Besides, it is the reading of all the 
Mss. In the classical period, the case, on the whole, seems 
to stand so : dX^XfoyieVo? Her. 7, 23 (no v. r.) ; Thuc. 4, 26 
(Mss. Haack, Popp. Kriig. &c.), -tfifvos (Mss. Bekk. Goell. 
Cob. Stahl, &c.); Amphis, Athen. 14, 642 (all Mss. Meineke), 
-fo-pivos (Casaub. Schweigh. Dind.); and later D. Sic. 3, 14; 
Arr. An. 6, 23, -cptW Anon. Oec. 22. The strengthened form 
okfTptvo) is Epic and rare, Od. 7, 104; Hes. Fr. 26; -eiWro Ap. 
Rh. 4, 1095 : fut- ' ate -fvo-ovra Lycophr. 159. 

'AXr]0{u> To speak truth, rare and late in act. Plut. M. 230. 



46 'AXtfflw 'AX/f. 

Mid. rare in classic Greek, and only pres. oX^ifo/wu Her. 

3, 72 ; -ie<rdcu I, 136 ; -i6pevos Dio Cass. 56, 41 : aor. -io-acrdai 

Alciphr. 3, 59 (Ms. Ven. Meineke). dXydtva to speak truih, 
Hippocr. 2, i"5o; Xen. PL: fut. -fv<ra> Xen. An. 7, 7, 25; 
Aristot. Eth. N. 4, 13, 8: aor. rj\rj0 (vcra Xen. An. 5, 6, 18; 
-fva-aifu Aesch. Sept. 562: p. -ev*ca Aristot Interp. 10, 14, 
has pass. dXq&vo/wu to be truly spoken, to accord with truth, 
Aristot. Top. 5, 4, 2. 3 &c. : with fut. mid. -evcrerat as pass. 
N. Eth. i, ii, 37. Top. 5, 5, 3. 5. Metaph. 10, 5, 10. 6, 17 
(Bekk.) 

'A\TJ9ea To grind, usu. only pres. and rare, Hippocr. 6, 494 
(Lit.); Theophr. C. P. 4, 12, 13 : Anth. (Lucil.) u, 154 : imp. 
rj\T]6ov Babr. 131, 5 (Lach. Knoch); V. T. Num. n, 8 : aor. 
dXfja-as Herodn. 4, 7, 5 (Vulg.) is now dXeo-a? (Bekk.) : aor. p. 
T)\Tj<rdr)v Geop. 9, 19 (?). See dXeo>. The collat. form oArj/w 
occurs only in pres. Soph. Fr. 826 (D.) 

'AX-fji'ai, see iX<. 

A\T]<T0ua), see dXvo-daivo). 

'AXrjTcuw To wander about, Ep. and Trag. and confined to 
pres. Od. 17, <$oi; inf. -fveiv 18, 114; part, -eiW 12, 330; 
Eur. El. 1113. Hipp. 1048: and fut. dXqreuo-w Eur. Heracl. 



("A\0o>) and 'AXOiaKw To heal, Hippocr. i, 472 (Foes, 7, 52 
Lit.), perhaps better -iqaicw (Galen, Rost, 2, 210 Ermerins): 
fut. late d\6r)<ra> Nic. Ther. 587 : aor. late fjXdrjaa 496. Pass. 
"iXdopai, -(vrj Q. Sm. 9, 475 (Mss. A. Vulg. dXSo^i- Spitzn. 
KoechL) : imp. aXdero II. 5, 417: fut. dX^o-o^at, an- pass. 
II. 8, 405 : aor. a\6r6f)vai, w- Hippocr. 4, 126 (Lit.): aor. m. 
late T)\6r)o-dnT)v Poet, de Herb. 44. Epic except, pres. and 
aor. pass. dXdfvdfjvai from \6onai, has analogy in dxOeo-drjvat 
from axQopai. A fut. m. dX&'^oi/rat, as if from dX&Vo-a>, occurs 
in Aretae. 61, 30. Passow says " there is no example of pres. 
act. or pass." though aXdo^vrj is, we think, in every edit, of Q. 
Sm. quoted, except Koechly's (1850). 

'AXipSifa) To sink in the sea, Poet, and late, Callim. Fr. 269 : 
aor. dXtjSSvo-ao-a Lycophr. 351. 

A\iw To collect, assemble (aAijs), Her. 7, 12; PL Crat. 409: 
fut. (dXtb-w, -iw): aor. ^Xio-a, dX/o-as Eur. H. F. 412 ; Her. i, 77; 
Nic. Damasc. Fr. n (L. Bind.); <n>j/-jjXraj> Her. i, 176, but 
o-vv-dX- i, 125 (Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Kriig. Stein), <rvv-TJ\- (Dind. 
Bred.); o-w-oXiVas Her. i, 126; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 14; Arr. An. 5, 
17: (perf.?): p. p. (vXio-/nai), rj\icrp.evr)v Anon. Stob. Flor. 28, 
1 8 (Mein.), always unaugm. in Her. <iXio>teW 4, 118. 7, 172; 

5, 15: aor. rjXlortirjv, mjv- Xen. An. 7, 3, 48; 



eo) ' A\i<TKOfJiai. 47 

Luc. Philops. 12; &\ur6a Hippocr. 6, 168. 7, 280; Xen. An. 
2, 4, 3; akiadeifv Her. i, 63; -urdfls Emped. 150; Her. 5, 15; 
Hippocr. 7, 10. 282; -tcrdrjvai Her. i, 79; Aristot. Probl. 24, 9, 
2 : fat. cSAio-^cro/uu Aristot. Probl. 2, 28. (a) Eur. Heracl. 403. 
This verb is rare in Attic. aX/feo-ftu may be mid. Xen. An. 
6 3 (i)> 3 im P- o-w-qXifoiTo Her. i, 62. 5, 102. The perf. 
pass, is peculiarly Ion. and therefore not augmented by Her. 
TjXiarfj.- however (Dind.) and 7, 172 (Abicht), but aor. ovv-aXiae 
i, 125, though supported by the Mss. should perhaps be 
altered to o-w-qX- in accordance with o-v^Xio-ai/ i, 176, and 
avv-rfki^ovTo i, 62. 5, io2. So, we observe, Dindorf and Abicht 
edit, and Bredow recommends : Lhardy suggests (rvv-a\i<ras, an 
easy ernendation. The collat. dXidw seems to occur only 
in the comp. o-w-aX-, and only in the Dor. aor. <rw-dXiae Ar. 
Lystr. 93. 

('AXik'Seo), -ic8u, dXiu) To roll, aor. ^XtV8?jo-6 (Hesych.), (JXto-o, 
in comp. e'|-aXio-as Ar. Nub. 32; Xen. Oec. n, 18: p. ^Xa, 
e- Ar. Nub. 33. Pass. dXwSoC/xat Plut. M. 396; Luc. Dem. 
enc. 24, and poet. dXt'i<8o/iai Anth. 7, 736 ; Nic. Then 156: aor. 
a\iv8r)0fts Nic. Ther. 204 : p. tytoApicm Dinarch. Fr. 10, 2 (B. 
Saupp.) Pass, forms mostly late. 

'AXicw, see a\T)6(o. 

'AXiou To make fruitless, (a) poet, and only fut. aXtwo-o) Soph. 
O. C. 704 (chor.) : and aor. ^XtWa Tr. 258 (trimeter), dX- II. 
16, 737. Od. 5, 104; Ap. Rh. 3, 1176. 4, 21. Mid. fut. as 
act. dXtwcreTai will destroy, late Maxim, de Auspic. 582, but pass, 
or intrans. will perish, 512. 

'AXiaKOfxai To be taken, Find. Ol. 8, 42 ; Aesch. Fr. 129 (D.); 
Soph. Aj. 648 ; Com. Fr. (Anax.) 3, 175 ; Her. 3, 154 ; Thuc. 
8, 34; Lys. 13, 67 : imp. ^XioxdpjK, never eaX-, Antiph. 5, u; 
Thuc. i, 102; Her. 7, 181. so 2, 174 (Bekk. Dind.), dXto-K- 
(Schweigh. Gaisf.) : fut. dXwo-o/^at Theogn. 236 ; Soph. O. C. 
1065 ; Ar. Vesp. 893 ; Her. 7, 102 ; Antiph. 2, a, 8 ; Lys. 
10, 22, -axr PI. Gorg. 489, Ion. -wo-eat Her. i, 112 : aor. 
dXoiaai Hippocr. 6, 470 (Ms. H.), but corrected dvaXwa-at (same 
Ms. Littre") : p. 0X00*0 Aesch. Ag. 30; Her. i, 191. 209; 
Thuc. 8, 23; Lys. 10, 25; Isae. 3, 5; Aeschin. 3, 251; Xen. 
Cyr. 7, 5, 33. An. 7, i, 19 ; PI. Apol. 38. Leg. 937, and fjX^a 
Com. Fr. (Antiph,) 3, 116. (Xenarch.) 3, 621 ; Her. i, 70. 78. 
83 ; Xen. An. 4, 2, 13. Cyr. 5, 5, 23 ; Dem. 21, 105. 227, 
Dor. oXwKo (a) Pind. P. 3, 57, 3 pi. -uxavri Plut. Lys. 14, 4 : 
pip. ijXwKetv Her. i, 84. 8, 61 ; Xen. An. 5, 2, 15, eaX- Plut. 
Lys. 14, 4: p. p. see oK-aXtWa) : aor. late in simple oXw^^ot 
D. Sic. Fr. ex Lib. 21, 6 (Bekk.) : 2 aor. e'aXwi; Ar. Vesp. 355 ; 



48 ' AXlV/CO/XCU 

Hippocr. 7, 284; Thuc. i, 128; Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 4 ; Lys. 
19, 4; Isae. 5, 12 ; Aeschin. 2, 12; PL Apol. 39, and fj\<av Od. 
22, 230; Her. i, 78. 3, 15, and always; Xen. An. 4, 5, 24. 
Hell. 5, i, 27; (PL) Hip. Maj. 286; oX Eur. Hipp. 420; Ar. 
Ach. 662, -<BS PL Apol. 29, -<5 Aesch. Sept. 257; Her. i, 84. 
4, 127 (Dind. &c. see below); PL Leg. 937, dXw/wi> Ar. Eccl. 
287, oXwo-i Her. 2, 93; PL Leg. 937 &c. ; oXotV II. 22, 253 
(Bekk. Dind.); Antiph. 2, a, 8. 5, 59; PL Theaet. 179; aXous 
IL 2, 374. 5, 487; Soph. O. C. 764; Ar. Nub. 1079; Her. 5, 
105; Xen. An. 5, 2, 8; aX&ii/at II. 21, 281 ; Soph. Ph. 1440; 
Ar. Thesm. 790; Antiph. 2. y, 6; Thuc. 4, 100. Vb. dXamfc 
Thuc. 6, 77. Active supplied by af/>o. dXeaw, -<arj Epic 2 aor. 
subj. for dX<S, -<5, II. n, 405. 14, 81. 17, 506. Od. 18, 265; 
Her. 4, 127 (Bekk. oXw Dind. &c.) dXwjjy opt. for oXoiV, Ap. 
Rh. i, 491, dXwj; Od. 14, 183. 15, 300 (-air) Dind. -w;? La R.), 
but at IL 9, 592. 14, 81. 17, 506; Her. 4, 127 (Gaisf. Dietsch), 
it has been altered by Bekker to subj. aX^rj, by Bredow, Dind. 
Stein and Abicht to dX<5. dXw^fi/ai Epic inf. 2 aor. for dXwi/ai, 
II. 21, 495. a in pres. Eur. Ale. 786, a in indie. 2 aor. tuXiav 
Ar. Vesp. 355, but e'uXw? Anth. 7, 114, a in the other moods, 

aXa>, aXoirjv, afXov?, aXcovai, IL 4, 29! &C. except aXcowu Hipponax 

74 (B.), aXovrf, which has a even in thesis, II. 5, 487. 'aXa> 
dissyllab. Anth. n, 155. In Epic, this verb seems confined to 
2 aor. The act. forms dXiWw, dXo, are not found uncomp. 
except 3 sing. dXt'o-xet if sound, Prov. Diogen. Cent. 2, 66. 
4, 45 ; and Hesych. In Her. and Xen. Mss. and edit, present 
both jjXttKa and e'dXwKa, the former prevailing in Her. the latter 
in Xen. In Thuc. Plato and, we think, the orators, except 
Dem. edXoMca is the only form. Dem. as edited by Bekker, and 
B. Saupp. has both forms, fj\o>Ka seven or eight times, 19, 179. 
21, 105. 151. 227. 24, 77. 84 (105). 54, 33, iX- twice as often, 
19, 169. 312. 341. 21, ii. 23, 28. 29. 30. 34- 35- 3 6 - 38. 79- 
95. 216. 219. 24, 112. 137. 25, 17. Dind. again, in his last 
edition (1855), gives uniformly ijiXoxca, and aor. rj\o>v, except 
perhaps thrice taXcw 7, 37. 20, 79, seemingly by oversight. 
"jyXw/ca," Buttm. says, "belongs to the stricter Atticism." If 
this be correct in theory, we think it is not borne out by the 
usage of the stricter Attic prose writers at least In fact, we 
find it most frequently in those authors that are least shy of an 
Ionic or a common form, Her. and Xen. quoted ; ^ u(ct " s Plut. 
Pyr. 18. Sol. 19. Cat. Min. 68. Ant. 39; D. Sic. Fr. 21. p. 4 
(Bekk.) The compd. ava\i<TKu>, -aXo'w would favour the opinion 
more. In Trag. the perf. occurs only once edXo>Ke Aesch. Ag. 
30, the aor. never in indie. In Corned, the perf occurs twice, 



'AXAa<r<rft>. 49 

and in the form qXwra Com. Fr. quoted, indie, aor. e'dXwv rare 
Ar. quoted. 

("AXo-ai^w only mid.) and 'AXirpaii'w To sin, Epic Hes. Op. 
241 (quoted Aeschin. 2, 158. 3, 135); Anth. (Jul.) 9, 763; 
Tryph. 269 : 1 aor. rare aXtnjo-a Orph. Arg. 647 : p. fjXirrjKa 
(Hesych.) : 2 aor. fj\lrov II. 9, 375; Theogn. 1170; Callim. 
Dian. 255; Aesch. Eum. 269 (chor.); subj. dXiYi/ Pseud.-Phocyl. 
208; opt. aXiroifu Aesch. Pr. 533 (chor.); -trav Eum. 316 
(chor.) ; Opp. H. 5, 563. Mid. dXtTmVroi as act. (v. r. 
dXirpaiv-) only Hes. Op. 330, seems Epic subj. : 2 aor. dXiTowv 
Od. 5, 108 ; subj. dXiYw/uat II. 24, 570, -qrai 19, 265 ; Ap. Rh. 

2, 1028 ; inf. dXirea-ffai Od. 4, 378 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 390 : p. part. 
d\iTT)fj,epos sinning, Od. 4, 807 ; Hes. Sc. 91. This verb is Epic 
and Epigramm. Of Attic poets, Aesch. alone uses it, but only 
2 aor. and only in chor. 

'AXiw, see d\iv8('a>. 

('AXicdQu) To ward off, only 2 aor. inf. -u6elv Aesch. Fr. 425 ; 
Soph. Fr. 827 (D.) See dXeW 

'AXXdo-CTu To change, Emped. 72 (Stein); Eur. Phoen. 74; 
Hippocr. 2, 58, Att. -TTW PI. Farm. 139 : fut. -dw Theogn. 21 ; 
Eur. Bacc. 1331, fit- Thuc. 8, 89 : aor. qXXa^a Eur. Ale. 66 1 ; Plut. 
Mor. 212. 761, OTT- Her. r, 16; Thuc. i, 90, aXXaa, ?- Find. I. 

3, 18; dXXdm/*i Aesch. Pr. 967; dXXdas Luc. D. Deor. 4, i; 
Apollod. 3, 4, 3, eVaXXd^ay II. 13, 359; dXXdat Soph. Ant. 945 ; 
Dion. Hal. Ant. 16, i; Luc. Jup. Conf. n; Apollod. 3, 4, 4 : p. 
^XXa^a, cm- Xen. Mem. 3, 13, 6 ; Dem. 18, 65, per- Hyperid. 4, 23, 
n,8t-Com. Fr.(Dionys.) 3, 547: p.p. ^XXay/MtiCom.Fr. (Antiph.) 
3, 96; Anth. 9, 67; late prose Apollod. 3, 12, 6, but CTT- Her. 
r, 60, 81- Aesch. Sept. 885; PI. Menex. 244, and ajr-oXX- Her. 
2, 167 (Bekk. Dind. Stein) : pip. fj\\aKTo Her. 2, 26; Luc. Tox. 
30, dn- Antiph. i, 7 : 1 aor. ^XXdx^v Anth. 7, 336, aw- Soph. Aj. 
493, dTr- Her. 8, 18, dXXdx- Eur. I. A. 797 (chor.) ; subj. 81- 
oXXax$?Te Ar. Lys. 900; PI. Crat. 430; imper. dXXd^^Te Soph. 
Fr. 829; dXXax&i'f, 81- An doc. 2, 26, KO.T- Hyperid. Fr. 193: 
f. d\\ax6fjcrofwi, dir- Eur. Med. 878 ; Ar. Av. 940 : 2 aor. ^XXdy^v 
Isae. 4, 13; Luc. Gall. 16, cm- Aesch. Pr. 750; Her. 8, 84; 
Thuc. 2, 42, fit- Ar. Lys. 1161 ; Antiph. 6, 39 : fut. dXXay^o-o/iat 
Luc. Imag. 2, cm- Her. 2, 120; Thuc. 4, 28; PL Rep. 445. 
Mid. dXXdo-eropji, -drro/xm change one's own, barter, PI. Soph. 223: 
imp. r)\\acrcr- Eur. I. T. 292, ^XXarr- Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 23 : 
fut. -do/iat Dion. Hal. Ant. 19, 1 6 (Kiessl.) ; Luc. Tyr. 19, 7, dvr- 
Eur. Hel. 1088. Phoen. 1633: aor. ^XXa^d^i* Antiph. 5, 79; 
Thuc. 8,82; PI. Menex. 237; -a>/*at Eur. El. 103; changed 
ones place, departed, Dem. 55, 32; Aristid. 13. 95 (D.); changed 

I 



50 'A\Ad<7<ra>. 

(itself) Or. Sib. 5, 517; Dion, irepirry- 392 (Passow) : and as 
mid. p. p. eVjjXXcucTai Soph. Aj. 208. Vb. aXXattrtov Plut. 

Mor. 53, air- Lys. 6, 8. See dir-d\.\darara>. In Att. poetry the 

1 aor. pass, simple and compd. is used more frequently than 

2 aor. by Soph, and Eur. The 2 aor. is always used by 
Aesch. ; SwjXXdx&jrf Sept. 885, is merely a suggestion of 
Burney's for 8tijXXax#e of the Mss. and editions ; generally by 
Aristophanes; only once by Soph. aTraXXaye/j Ant. 423; thrice 
by Eur. a7r-77XXdy7J Andr. 592. Ph. 592. 1409. But though 
Tragic and Comic poets use both aorists, they never use 
2 fut. -yr)<ronai, but always -x^o-o/iat ; whereas Her. and Attic 
prose writers use 2 fut. -yjjo-o/iai only : -x0f)<rop.m however is in 
late prose drr- D. Hal. 7, 13, &- Aristip. in Diog. L. 2, 82; 
Galen 10, 538. In prose, Her. has both aor. pass, in comp. 
but the first more frequently, dTr-^XXax^ 2, 152. i, 170. 5, 65. 
2, 2 (v. r. -yjf), ?- 5, 4 &c. : 2 aor. a7ra\\ayr)vai 8, 84, without 
v. r. (Schweigh. Bekk. Gaisf. &c.) : fut. -oXXayijo-opu 2, 120. 
Thuc. has always the 2 aor., Xen. almost always, but eV-aXXax^ 
Mem. 3, 8, i ; so Plato, but Si-aXXaxflav^" Crat. 430 (Epist. 335. 
346); and the Orators, but Si-aXXax&k Andoc. 2, 26, KOT- 
Hyperid. Fr. 51 (B. Saupp.) It is therefore a mistake to say 
that " the Attic Historians, Plato, and the Orators use only the 
2 aor.," as well as that " Her. always uses the first." 

Person (Eur. Ph. 986) accounts for the frequent use of 1 aor. 
in the Tragedians by their loving " rough and old forms." We 
think this, even with his own limitations, too strong a statement 
of the case. It appears, however, to be correct in regard to the 
following verbs and compds. whose 1 aor. pass, is alone or pre- 
ferably used by the T raged. : ayyeXXw, (Spe^a), Sepxoftai, K\enr<o, 
K\lvu>, KpvTTTO), p-dcrata, pinrco, arepew, Ta<7CTG>, repjrta, but in Others 

with some of their compds. it is difficult occasionally to see a 
preference; nay, sometimes a preference leans the other way: 

o7r-oXXacr(ra>, /3Xd^r, ffi/yi/v/w, 6drrTa> t fiiyvvfu, Trrjyvvfu, TrXeKW, 
TrXi^crtro), pfjyvvfu, orptc^cu, o-<pdca, TTJKO), rpeVa), rpe'cpco. The three 

Traged. have 2 aor. aTr-ijXXdyijv seemingly by choice, Aesch. 
Ag. 336; Soph. Ant. 422; Eur. Andr. 592, for here the metre 

admits aTT-ijXXdx^i'. /3Xa7rrco, 1 aor. diro-^Ka^Beis Soph. Aj. 941, 

not req. : 2 aor. @\aptis Aesch. Ag. 120, req. fcvyvvpi, Aesch. 
has faxfois Ag. 842, not required by the metre, fvyV Ch. 795, 
req. Soph, t&vx&i Ant. 955, of choice, but \m-fvyriv Aj. 24, 
also of choice, and fvyei'c Ph. 1025, fvy^j/at O. R. 826, req. 
Eur. tfevxdrjv Ion 949, fcvxdfis Supp. 877. Elec. 99, not req. 
((vyrj Supp. 822. I. A. 987, fuyftV Med. 735. Supp. 220. Ph. 
337, req., but fvyela-a Fr. Aeg. 10, 2, by preference. 



'AXXacrcrw. 51 

always 2 aor. rafais Aesch. Sept. 1021; Eur. Tcxpfir) Tr. 731, 

Tcxpeis Supp. 175- 545> Taffivat Ph. 776, never edd^drfv. fiiyvvfu, 

fuxdijvai Aesch. Supp. 295; Soph. O. R. 791, req. <rvv- Eur. Fr. 
890 (D.), not req. : juyjjwu Aesch. Pr. 738; Soph. O. R. 995; 
Eur. Ion 338, req. irfiyvvp.i, -rrrjx^fis Eur. Cycl. 302, req. : irayeis 
Aesch. Eum. 190, of choice; Eur. Fr. Erecth. 4, 12, req. I. A. 

395. 7rXe/ca>, irXexOfls Aesch. Eum. 259: e/wrXaKets Eur. Hip. 1236, 

req. avp.-ir\an- Soph. Fr. 548 (D.), of choice. TrXjjo-o-w, Aesch. 
never 1 aor. TrX^tfeiy, but 2 aor. irfyytis Sept. 608. Fr. 129; so 
Soph. irXrjyds Ant. 172. 819. Ph. 267 ; TrXiryijwu O. C. 605; and 
Eur. nXijyfis Supp. 934. Or. 497. Here. F. 1393, never -X&K, 
except tK-ir\T)x6fura Tr. 183. pr^ywfjn, always 2 aor. fppdyrjv Aesch. 
Soph. Eur. a-rpefpco, forTpf<p0r)i> never in the Traged. though often 
in Horn. : 2 aor. forpdtfay, <rTpa<pfir)v Soph. Aj. 1117. Tr. 1134. 
Ant. 315, req., but O. C. 1648, not req. aTr-corpacpij Eur. Supp. 
159. I. T. 1165. Hel. 77, req., but I. T. 1179, and dno-o-Tpafais 
Or. 720, not req. vfpdfa, 1 aor. iafy&x&ff occurs only once in 

Trag. <T(pax0fi<r Eur. I. T. 177 : often 2 aor. (<T(J>dyriv, <r(payeis 

Eur. Tr. 619. Hec. 24. Ph. 933. I. T. 770, nar-etT^ayrj Rh. 810; 

-els Tr. 483, of choice; o-fpayrjvat Hec. 433. I. T. 598; o-^ayft? 

552. Cycl. 243, req., so KaT-ea-tydyr) Hel. 936. Cycl. 128; -o-<jWy'ij 
Aesch. Eum. 102; Soph. O. R. 730; -o-Qayeis Eur. Bac. 858, 
req. TJ?K<U, 1 aor. frfix^ only once, otimjx&i'j Eur. Supp. 1029, 
req.: 2 aor. eraKijv, TUKJJ Eur. Fr. 230, 4, of choice; rands 
Eur. Hel. 3, fv-raKdrj Soph. Tr. 463, req. - Aesch. Pr. 535. 
rpfira), 1 aor. (Tpecpdrjv only once, Eur. Elec. 1046, req. : 2 aor. 
ifxanpr, Tpcnrfi Soph. O. C. 1537 ; rpairfis Aesch. Pers. 1027 ; 
Soph. Aj. 743 ; Eur. Med. 246; dva-rpa^vai Aesch. Sept. 1076, 
req. rp^w, 1 aor. e6pf<p8rjv twice, Eur. Hec. 351. 600, req. : 
2 aor. erpd(pr]v Aesch. Sept. 754 ; Soph. Aj. 557. Ant. 984 ; 
Eur. I. A. 575 ; rpeu^i/at Soph. Fr. 911 ; Eur. Supp. 911. Bac. 
295; rpacpeis Soph. Aj. 1229. O. R. 1123. 1380. Ph. 3 ; Eur. 
Ion 693. Elec. 558. Or. 1340. I. A. 926. 1085. 1292, most, 
if not all, req., but Ion 263, of choice; (paivco, 1 aor. e<f>dt>dr)v 
Aesch. Pers. 264; Soph. O. R. 525. 1485. Ant. 104, (pdvdrj 
Eur. H. F. 804, req.; fyavQev Soph. Tr. 743, not req.: 2 aor. 
tydvijv Aesch. Eum. 320; Soph. Aj. 739. O. C. 77. 974. El. 
154. 846. Ant. 457. Tr. 862; Eur. Hec. 112 ; subj. <pav>; opt. 
-firjv, imper. -divjdi; (paveis ; (pavfjvai. above fifty times in the three 
Tragedians, and always seemingly for the metre. 

From this induction it would appear that, in some verbs, the 
Traged. used only the 1 aor. or preferred it, or used it freely if 
the metre required that in others they were guided by other 
reasons, use and wont, conventional meaning, peculiar liking, 

2 



52 

emphasis, harmony, or other causes too hidden for our search, 
or too fine for our perception. 

'AXX^yu, see ova-A-. 

'AAXoyvoeu To mistake for another (voeiw), only aor. part. dAAo- 

yvaxras Ion. for -oqera?, Her. I, 8g. 

'AXXoi6w To make different, reg. : with fat. mid. -uxrofuu as 
pass. Galen 3, 761 : and fut. pass, -to^ao/wit 3, 641. 9, 412. 
Vb. aXXoieoro'j Aristot. Nat. Ausc. 3, 5. The fut. mid. has been 
missed by Lexicogr. 

"AAXofKu To leap, Hym. Cer. 175; Ar. Lys. 82; Theocr. 
3, 36; Thuc. 7, 45, e- II. 5, 142, eV- Her. 2, 66 : imp. ^XXo^i/ 
Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 11 ; Plut. Brut. 31, V- Aesch. Pens. 516, e- Ar. 
Vesp. 130, dAA- Simon. (C.) 40, Aeol. d\\6fMv Sapph. 55 (B.): 
fut. dXoC/iat (V. T. Esai. 35, 6), virfp- Xen. Eq. 8, 4, eV- Plut. 
Mor. 1087, Dor. aXevpai Theocr. 3, 25. 5, 144: 1 aor. ijAd/x^ 
Batr. 225. 249 (Baumeist.) ; Eur. Ion 1402; Ar. Ran. 244; 
rare in prose Luc. Indoct. 14. Fug. 2, eV- II. 12, 438. 16, 558 ; 
Xen. Cyr. 7, 4, 4 ; Ael. Fr. 50, a$- Aesch. Pers. 305, V- Soph. 

0. R. 1261, '- Xen. An. 7, 3, 33, Dor. S\dp.av Theocr. 23, 60 ; 
Anth. (Phan.) 6, 307 ; subj. oA^rai see 2 aor. ; dXd/^ej/os rare, Ar. 
Av. 1395; Xen. An. 4, 2, 17 (Dind. Cob. v. r. Plut. Crass. 31); 
Synes. Epist. 57, naQ- Xen. Hell. 4, 5, 7 (Cob. Saupp. -opwos 
Breitb. Dind.) ; 5\a<r6ai rare if correct, Ael. Epist. 1 6 (Herch.), 
Ka6- Luc. D. Mort. 14, 5 (Reitz, Jacob. -f'a-Oai Bekk. Dind.) : 
2 aor. fi\6pr)v indie, rare, often doubtful, Xen. Hell. 4, 4, n 
(Mss. Breitb. ^AA- Mss. Dind. Cob. Saupp.), eV- Aesch. Pers. 516 
(Mss. Vulg. Schneid. &c. eVijXA- Herm. Dind.), e'- Soph. O. R. 
1311 (Mss. Vulg. Schneidew. &c. e'^XX- Herm. Dind.), SXo-o II. 

16, 754, 0X7-0 5, in, fir- 21, 140; Pind. N. 6, 50, see below; 

Subj. "aXjjTOi II. 21, 536, Epic oXfTai II. II, 192. 207 ; opt. 'a\OLfj.T}v 

Anth. 7, 36 ; Xen. Mem. i, 3, 9, eto- Soph. Fr. 695 (D.), npo- 
Q. Sm. 4, 510, Dor. d\oifiav Theocr. 5, 16; dA=V&u Opp. Cyn. 

1, 83, d$- Ael. V. H. 6, 14 (-aer&u Kerch.), eV Plut. Them. 10. 
Brut. 46, '- Mor. 341, *a6- Luc. D. Mort. 14, 5 (-ao-0m Reitz, 
Jacob.); dXoV*i>os Aesch. Eum. 368 chor. (Ven. i. Herm. Dind. 
&c. dXX- Med. &c.) ; Xen. An. 4, 2, 17 (Vulg. Kriig. Saupp. &c. 
<iXd/i- Dind. Cob.); Luc. Peregr. 9. Apol. 4; Aesop 45 (Halm), 
dv- D. Hal. 8, 54, f- Plut. Mor. 984 ; Themist. 18, 221 (Cobet 
N. L. p. 454, calls this 2 aor. pt. barbarous. We are anxious to 
know how he will civilly dispose of dXo^eW Aesch. Eum. 368 
quoted), Epic SXfifvos Opp. Hal. 5, 666, and oA/wfoy, n- II. 7, 
15, cV- Hes. Th. 855, Kartir- II. n, 94; Opp. Cyn. 3, 120, e'|- II. 

17, 342 ; Opp. Hal. 2, 239, per- Bion 4, 6. 

0X0-0, oAro (oAo-o, oAro Bekk. 2 edit.), aX^io/of are, say the old 



'AX\o(ppove<a 'AXooy. 53 

grammarians, Epic syncopated 1 aor. forms, 2 aor. say the 
later, with spiritus lenis for oX(e)cro, oX(e)ro, ah(o)p.evos=TJ\ov, 
rjXfTo. "a of the 1 aor. is said to be long, 'oXao-tfat, as apat, 
apaaOm." The in apat, apavdai is certainly long, and should, 
on the same principle, be long also in SXaaQai, but we desiderate 
actttal proof: dXo/tei/oy Ar. Av. 1395, the only instance in poetry, 
is unfortunately not decisive. Theod. Kock scans it long 'dXa/i- 
(Ar. Av. 1864). For evrjKov Aesch. Pers. 516, Blomf. and now 
Dind. (Lex. Aesch.) read 1 aor. eVijXa) ; and for egrjXov Soph. O. R. 
1311 (chor.), Elms, reads e|aXco, " inaudite 8a>pifav" says Ellendt. 
It may be true that we have in our texts of the Tragedians no 
instance of this verb in the Doric form, yet in a Chorus, and 
amid DSrisms, Elmsley's edXo> seems not so bold. Theocr. has 
3 pers. (d\aTo 17, 100, how would he have written the 2d? 
Grammarians account for oXo-o &c. with lenis, from " a consonant 
following the X." How then did a\pa escape ? It is more likely 
that it arose from a liking for easy utterance. See ddpoifa, d0p-, 



eu To think of other matters &c. Ion. and only pres. 
Hippocr. 7, 30 (Lit.); -BI Od. 10, 374; Theocr. 22, 129; 
Her. 7, 205 : and aor. d\\o<ppovT)<rai 5, 85. Bekker 2 ed. reads 
aXXo <}>pove<ov II. 23, 698, and Odd. quoted; so Ameis; but Dind. 
Spitzn. La Roche dXXo^p-. 

'AX-Xuw, see Xvo>. 

'AXodu To thrash, Ar. Fr. 544; PL Theag. 124, rarely 6X- 
Xen. Oec. 18, 3, Poet. aXoi- Theocr. 10, 48 ; imp. ^Xoa (Hesych.), 
Poet. aXo/a II. 9, 568, f)\oia Babr. 98, 15 : fut. -^r<a late Geop. 3, 
1 1 ; V. T. Jer. 5, 17, dX- Esai. 41, 15 : aor. ^Xtfyora Ar. Ran. 149 ; 
aXoJjo-at Plut. T. Gracch. 2 ; dXoijo-as Synes. Epist. 108, but 
dXoda-as Com. Fr. (Pherecr.) 2, 278, KaT-rjXoqa- Aeschin. 2, 140, 
<rvv- Long. Past. 4, 29, Poet, and late prose ^Xot'^o-a Aesop 367 
(Fur.), COT- II. 4, 522, <rw- Theocr. 22, 128; Opp. Cyn. i, 
268; Athen. 524: p. p. rjXorjfiai Synes. Ep. 79 (Kerch.), /car- 
Corn. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 211 ; ^Xoij/ieW Theophr. C. PL 4, 12, 9 
(Mss. Urb. Wimm.), an- Dem. 42, 6; Luc. Icar. 15: aor. 
;/Xo77<V Polyb. 10, 12; Plut. M. 327; but aXoadds Theophr. C. 
PL 4, 6, 5 (Schneid.), -Tjdtis (Wimm.), dXotj;- Nonn. 31, 7 : fut. 
aXoTj^o-owai Geop. 2, 26, dX- V. T. Jer. 28, 33. 

'AXoiw To thrash, aor. part. d\o!.a-as Epigr. (Diog. L.) 7, 31 : 
p. p. as a v. r. ^Xotorat, KOT- Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 211. 

'A\oiaGj (aXo) To furrow, Poet, defective, and rare, -t'i Ar. 
Vesp. 850: p. p. late rjXoiaaufvos Lycophr. 119. 381. 810 &c. ; 
but Kara .... ^XoKt'oyie&i in tmesi Eur. Supp. 826. 

( c A\6u), see uXiuKup.ai., dva\6a>. 



54 'AXv/CTCt^Ce) - 'A\0aj/0>. 



CAXUKT<{CI> Hesych.) To be excited, distressed, only imp. 
Her. 9, 70. The form dXvKTaivttv is in Hesych. 

'AXuKTeu To be restless, anxious, rare -rt Hippocr. 8, 30 (Lit. 
Lind. d\vfi Vulg. Erm.) ; aor. aXvurrjo-as Hesych. : hence the 
Epic perf. dXoXvKT^ai II. 10, 94. 

5 A\ucr6aiVw and 'AXuaOjiaii/w To be distressed, only pres. and 
perhaps late, -tr&uWt (Hippocr. ?) ; Nic. Ther. 427, -o-fyiaiVovo-a 
Callim. Del. 212. Heringa suggested and Rost approves dXv- 
(rOaivd Hippocr. 465, io (Foes) for d\ri<r6vti (Mss. Vulg. Foes, 
Lind. 8, 268 Lit. 2, 713 Ermerins). 

*AXu(7Kciw To avoid, Poet., II. 6, 443; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 99; 
-dfrv II. 5, 253. Od. 17, 581; Anth. 9, 371; Orph. Arg. 439: 

1 OOP. dXtwcao-fffie Nonn. 42, 135. 48, 481. 630. dXi/o-Kao-e Od. 

22, 330 (Vulg.) is now aXvaicavf from Cod. Harl. and Ap. Lex. 
(Wolf, Bekk. Bind. La R.) 

'AXuo-Kayu To avoid, Poet, only imp. dXvo-Kavf Odd. 22, 330. 

'AXuaKu To avoid, Poet. Ap. Rh. 4, 57, -O-K 2, 72; -O-KUV Od. 
22, 363. 382: fiit. dXva> Od. 19, 558; Aesch. Pers. 94; 
Soph. El. 627. Ant. 488; -ot Od. 17, 547 (Bekk. Dind. - 
La R. Ameis) ; -civ Aesch. Ag. 1615, Ep. -e/xev II. io, 371 (Bekk. 

2 ed.) : and fat. m. -v|o/xat Hes. Op. 363 : aor. rjXvt-a Od. 3, 
297; Phryn. Fr. 5 (Wagn.), e- Eur. Bacc. 734, 3X- Od. 23, 
328; Hes. Fr. 45, 4; Find. P. 8, 16; -v&> Od. n, 113; Aesch. 
Pr. 587; dXvas Aesch. Pers. too (chor.); Anth. P. 6, 217; 
-vai II. 8, 243 ; Theocr. 24, 69; Bion to, 7 : 1 aor. m. subj. 
e|-aXv&>/mt Soph. Aj. 656 (Hesych. Br. Herm. Dind. Wolf), 
perhaps the only instance, see dXeuw. In Prose, we have met 
with this verb only in Philostr. Her. 735 &c. 

'AXiWu To be excited, distressed, Ion. -a-a-av II. 22, 70: fut. 
dXuw Hippocr. 8, 16 (Lit.): pip. dXaXwero Q. Sm. 13, 499. 14, 24. 

'AXuu To be greatly moved by grief or joy, mostly Poet, and 
only pres. Od. 18, 333; Eur. Hipp. 1182; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 
3, 434; Soph. Phil. 174, dX- (Ellendt); dXvouo-- II. 5, 352, -vW 
24, 12, but -vtav Od. 9, 398 ; Aesch. Sept. 391 : and imp. ffi.vov 
Ap. Rh. 4, 1289. Occasionally in Ion. and late prose, Hippocr. 
2, 708. 3, 122. 7, 384 ; Ael. V. H. 9, 25. 14, 12 ; Plut. Pyr. 16 ; 
Luc. D. Mar. 13, i, dX- Long. Past, i, 28 (Sell.) In Horn, v, 
except Od. 9, 398 d\va>v, at the end of a line ; so Ap. Rh. 3, 
866; Nic. Al. 317; and dXcei Opp. Hal. 4, 195; Emped. 445, 
in the fourth foot ; in late Epic v, in Attic . 

'AX^a^w To find, acquire, Poet, only pres. Eur. Med. 298 ; 
Ar. Fr. 308 ; -dvjj Com. Fr. (Eupol.) 2, 531 : and 2 aor. Epic 

rfrfav II. 21, 79; oX$ot Od. 15, 453. 17, 250, pi. -oiv for -oiev 2O, 

383 (Bekk. Dind. La R.) This verb is rare : four times in Epic, 



55 

once in Trag., twice in Comedy. A pres. dX<aiV&>, and fut. 
dX<pijcr, given by Passow, we have never seen, except -mVt 
Hesych. ; -aivtiv Et. Mag. 72, 39 ; e-aX$>j<ms (Hesych.); also a 
pres. (oX$ea), e'-dX<pets, evp'urnfis (Hesych.) 

'A\<}>iTOCTiTeu> To eat barley bread, only pres. -o-tm Xen. Cyr. 

6, 2, 28. 

'A\wTTKia> To play the fox, rarely and partially used, -iff w 
Ar. Vesp. 1241; Zenob. Cent, i, 70; imper. dXa>7reicife Aesop 
243 (Halm.) 

'AfiaOaicu To be untaught, ignorant, only pres. and almost 
peculiar to PI. -divy Leg. 863 ; -alveiv 698 ; -alvw Rep. 535 ; and 
late Aristid. 50, 411 (Dind.) 

'Afictfcfu To lay in the dust, destroy, only pres. II. 9, 593 ; 
Aesch. Eum. 937 (chor.); Opp. Hal. 2, 611; -wot Theocr. 2, 
26 : and imp. or aor. fj^dduve Lycophr. 79, apad- H. H. Merc. 
140; Anth. (Paul. Sil.) 5, 281; Q- Sm. n, 250. Pass, -vvtrai 
Q. Sm. 2, 334: imp. duaSvvfTo Apollinar. Ps. 87, 20. 

'AfiaXdirro) To crush, destroy, Poet, only aor. q/zdXcn^a Soph. 
Fr. 413 (D.); and late Lycophr. 34. 

'Aftaprdi/oj To err, Simon. Am. 7, in ; Hipponax 83; Pind. 
Ol. i, 64; Soph. O. R. 1149; Ar. Vesp. 515; Her. i, 43; 
Antip. 2, /3, i ; Thuc. 4, 61 : imp. rmdpravov II. 10, 372. 24, 68. 
Od. ii, 511 ; Soph. O. C. 968; Her. 4, 140; Thuc. i, 38; PI. 
Phaedr. 242 : fut. m. d/iapT^o-o^at Od. 9, 512 ; Soph. El. 1207 ; 
Eur. Ale. 1099; Thuc. 4, 55; Xen. Mem. 3, 9, 12: and rare 
d/xaprqo-o) perhaps Dor. in simple, Chilon, Stob. Fl. 3, 79 (Mein.) ; 
and late Dio Cass. 59, 20; Galen 7, 653. 13, 755 ; Apocr. Syr. 
24, 22 ; N. T. Matth. 18, 21, but fit- Hippocr. 9, 264, e'- 2, 420 
(Lit. i, 335 Erm.) : 1 aor. fipAp-nja-a usu. late, but fyiapr^o-as (if 
correct) Emped. 372 (Stein); late V. T. i Reg. 19, 4; Anth. 
(Incert.) 7, 339; D. Sic. 2, 14 (Bekk.); Aristid. 45, 56; Ps. 
Calisth. i, 9, d<- Orph. Arg. 646: p. ^/xdprij/ca Soph. Ant. 926 ; 
Eur. Ale. 616; Ar. Plut. 961; Her. 9, 79; Thuc. i, 38; Lys. 

7, i ; Isocr. 15, 34, e'- Antiph. 5, 91 : p. p. ^dpr^at Antiph. 
5, 77; Thuc. 3, 56; -J5<r&u Antiph. 5, 5; -v/ieW Soph. O. C. 
439; Eur. Tr. 1028; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 274; Lys. 3, 10; 
Isocr. 12, 54. 14, 4: pip. fjudprrjTo Thuc. 7, i8; Lys. 31, 20: 
aor. fifiapTf)dr)v Thuc. 2, 65 ; Xen. An. 5, 8, 20 ; Vect. 4, 37 : 
2 aor. act. jy/xaproi/ Theogn. 407 ; Aesch. Ag. 1194 ; Soph. Tr. 
1136 ; Eur. Or. 596 ; Ar. Pax 668 ; Her. 5, 91 ; Antiph. 3, ft 7 ; 
Thuc. 2, 87 ; PL Rep. 340, d/i- Horn, always II. 4, 491. n, 233 
&c. ; Pind. N. 7, 37 ; -dpra> Her. i, 207. 3, 35 ; PI. Theaet. 146, 
-777 II. 9, 501 ; PI. Gorg. 489 ; -dproipi Soph. Aj. 155, rare -dproiv 
C. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 47, -TOW Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 27 &c. ; -aprv Od. 



56 'A/xajOreco 'A/uaa>. 



21, 155 ; Soph. Ph. 231 ; Thuc. 5, 7 ; -aprwi/ II. 23, 857 ; Aesch. 
Supp. 915; Antiph. 3, /3, 3 ; PI. Leg. 690, Epic fJuPporov only 
nwftr. Od. 21, 425. 22, 154; Ap. Rh. 2, 623, -fiports II. 5, 287. 

22, 279, -re Od. 7, 292. 21, 421, 3 pi. -TOV II. 16, 336. Vt>. av- 
afidpTrjTOS Antiph. 3, 8, 8 ; eW^-a/xaprTp-eov Dem. 22, 6. Epic 

rjuPpoTov for Tjnaprov seems to be formed by transposition, rjupa-, 
by change of vowel, rjp-po-, then by the generation of in 
pronouncing ftp, fjpflpo-Tov. The inf. dpfipoTelv, we have never 
been able to find simple or compd. except in Hesychius, Aeol. -f/v 
Inscr. Milyl. (Newton.) 

'Afiaprew, see 6p,apr-. 

To sparkle, dart, Epic and only pres. and imp. 
Opp. C. 2, 596; -vffvwv H. H. Merc. 278. 415: imp. 
Hes. Th. 827; and late Nonn. 5, 485. 15, 165. Pass. 
t Anth. (Mar. Schol.) 9, 668; Nonn. 33, 31: imp. 
Ap. Rh. 4, 178. 1146; Non. 38, 307. 47, 422. 

b run along with, Epic and only part, -ocovra 
Od. 15, 451 (Vulg. Wolf &c.), but a/xa rpoxoonra (Dind. Ameis), 
Tpu>\a>vra (Schol. Bekk. 2 ed. La Roche). 

'A/jtaup<5w 7b deprive of light, rare in act. and late except pres. 
and perhaps aor. Solon Fr. 4, 35; Pind. Fr. 103; Eur. Hipp. 816; 
Com. Fr. (Monost.)545 ; Hippocr. 2, 84. 4, 482. 8, 428 (Lit.); 
Xen. Cyn. 5, 4 ; inf. -ovv Eur. Fr. 420 (Dind.); Xen. Ages, n, 12 ; 
part, -ovaa Luc. Cal. i : fut. -ox Simon. C. 4, 5 ; Plut. Alcib. 6 : 
aor. apavptao-e Find. P. 12, 13. 1st. 4, 48 (Bergk, Momms.), 
T)pavpu>o-a Anth. (Leon. Tar.) 9, 24 ; Polyb. 20, 4 ; -wo-ai 6, 15 ; 
-wo-as Luc. D. Mer. 4, 5 : p. -awca Strab. 8, i ; Plut. M. 866. 
Pass, dfjuivpovp-ai Hippocr. 5, 644. 6, 154 (Lit.); Aesch. Pers. 
223 (/xavp- Blomf. Dind.); Aristot. Eth. N. 10, 4, 9, and often late : 
p. fjfjMvpmrai Aristot. Probl. 4, 25 ; -a>p.evos Plut. Pericl. n. Mor. 
362 : aor. d/iat-pw^ unaugm. in Her. 9, 10; -fair) Hes. Op. 693; 
-dfis Anth. (Antip. Sid.) 7, 241. Mid. late, aor. dfiavp^a-airo 
Aristaen. i, 16, missed by Lexicogr., but dpavpaxre (Ms. V.), -p&>^ 
(Kerch.) The pres. act. seems alone to have been used in classic 
Attic. For dfiavpaxrf Pind. quoted, Boeckh and Herm. read iMvpaae. 

'Ajidu To mow, gather, in simple mostly Epic, dp.5. Soph. Ant. 
602; opt. dp.a>s Theogn. 107, -<a/ Od. 9, 135; dpaw Anth. 
9, 362 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 1382, -vovras Theocr. 10, 51, Dor. 
dpdvTfo-vi Theocr. 10, 16, d/iwyr- (Vulg.); rare in prose, 
dftdv Luc. Diss. con. Hes. 7, d/*<W Hes. Op. 392 (Vulg. Goettl.), 
-aftv (Koechly, Flach): imp. rffjuov II. 18, 551, -/xa Soph. Fr. 479 
(D.): fut. dnf)(ra> Hes. Op. 480; Her. 6, 28, e- Ar. Lys. 367 : 
aor. ^o-a Hes. Th. 181 ; Aesch. Ag. 1044 > Anth. 9, 198 ; Opp. 
Hal. 4, 485; Si-iJ/*- Eur. Elec. 1023, Si-d/wjo-e II. 3, 359 ; Q. Sm. i, 



57 

620; subj. Dor. dfidoy Callim. Cer. 137, -jjo-wo-t Her. 3, 98 
(Gaisf. Stein), see mid. ; a/xj/o-oj/, air- Soph. Ph. 749 ; d/xijo-as II. 
24, 451. Od. 21, 301 ; Anth. 7, 241, d/x^a-as, e'<- Heliod. 2, 20 
(Bekk.), Dor. a'/ifiow Theocr. n, 73 ; d/xijom Ap. Rh. 4, 374, e'- 
Aesch. Ag. 1655 : (p. ^<a ?) : p. p. vwfw", <=- Soph. Aj. 1179 : 
aor. r\pr\Qr\v late, d^deis Nic. Alex. 216. Mid. d/xdo/xoi Hes. Th. 
599. Op. 778 ; Eur. Fr. 423 (D.); Opp. Cyn. 2, 56 ; Q. Sm. 14, 
199 ; Plut. Mor. 210, 8t- Thuc. 4, 26 : fat. d/x^o-o/xai Ap. Rh. i, 
688, e'f- Eur. Cycl. 236, Dor. d/xda- Soph. Fr. 550 (D.) : aor. 
dwa-cLTo Ap. Rh. I, 1305. 3, 859, r- Od. 5, 482, KQT- II. 24, 165, 
Dor. d/xa<r- Anth. 7> 446; d^cnjTai Q. Sm. 13, 242, -jja-wirai Her. 

3, 98 (Bekk. Dind.); d^ffd^vos Od. 9, 247 ; Callim. Dian. 164 ; 
Anth. (Meleag.) 4, i, 26 ; late prose Jos. Ant. 8, 13, 4 (B.), but 

eV- Her. 8, 24; Xen. Oec. 19, II, dvrinpoo-- 17, 13; dprja-avdai 

Ap. Rh. 4, 989. 

Horn, and Hes. have in the act. form of the simple verb the 
initial 5, and in arsi (except Od. 9, 135): ap- II. 24, 451. Od. 
21, 301 ; Hes. Cert. p. 321, 19 (Goettl.). Op. 480, once in thesi 
between two longs Od. 9, 135, and a in comp. St-a/x. II. 3, 359, but 
dn-ajj.- II. 1 8, 34 ; in mid. a and in thesi, a/x- Od. 9, 247 ; Hes. 
Th. 599. Op. 775, KOT- II. 24, 165, en- 5, 482. The later Epics 
make in act. and mid. d in arsi, a in thesi (except Ap. Rh. 3, 859, 
a/x- between two longs): ap.- Theocr. 10, 16. 50; Ap. Rh. i, 
1183. 3, 1187. 1382; Anth. 9, 362, a>- Theocr. n, 73; Ap. 
Rh. 4, 374; Callim. Cer. 137; Anth. 7, 241; Nic. Ther. 684. 
843. Mid. a/x- in arsi Ap. Rh. i, 688. 4, 989; Q. Sm. 13, 242; 
Opp. Hal. 4, 420. Cyn. 2, 56; Or. Sib. 12, 87 (in thesi, between 
two longs, Ap. Rh. 3, 859); a/x- in thesi Ap. Rh. i, 1305; 
Callim. Dian. 164; Anth. 7, 446. 4, i, 26; Q. Sm. 14, 199, 
<rvvap- Ap. Rh. 3, 154. fi in Attic, Soph. Ant. 602. Ph. 749; 
Eur. Cycl. 236 ; Ar. Lys. 367. 

In the simple form, the Epics augmented the act. ^o>v, fjw<ra, 
but St-a/xTjo-a (a/xTjo-ei/ H. Merc. 3, 357 Vulg. is now disallowed), 
never, we think, the mid. but a/x^aaro, ow-ap-, and a/xijo-- by 
ictus, not TIP-. It would thus appear that Buttm. and Passow's 
doctrine regarding the "Homeric quantity and regularity of 
augm." holds good only in the simple and active form, 
e, see /ScuVtt. 
Kiaxu, see dfj.n\aK-. 

To miscarry, PI. Theaet. 149, and in comp. dfipXou, 
<f- Eur. Andr. 356; late prose, Athen. i, 57: fut. late d/x^Awo-w 
Geop. 14, 14, f- Ael. N. A. 13, 27: aor. rj^Xuxra Hippocr. 8, 
68 (Lit.); Ael. V. H. 13, 6; Geop. 14, 14, ef- PL Theaet. 150: 
p. f/xjSXwKo, e'- Ar. Nub. 137: p.p. ^/x/3XcD/*at, e'- 139: aor. 



58 'A/i/3Xweo ' 



j)i> Aristot. Gen. An. 4, 4, 43 (Bekk.), e'- Apollodor. 3, 
3, 3 : 2 aor. act. late, c'^/u/SXo Ael. Fr. 52 ; -a/^SXwvcu Themist. 

2, 33. Pres. pass. d/x/SXoiWat Theophr. H. PI. 4, 14, 6; Longin. 

M, 3- 

The simple form seems to occur only in pres. act. and pres. 
and aor. pass. The form d/ij3Xuo-K<a is in Soph. Fr. 134; and 
a///3Xvo'c0 late, aor. -vaxrrj Geop. 18, 18 : with /car- only in p. p. 

rjfj^Xvca/jLevov, Kar- Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 383. 

'Afi{3Xdi>w To blunt, Emped. 3 (Stein) ; Find, in tmesi P. i, 82; 
Hippocr. 6, 4 (Lit.); Aristot. de Sensu 5, n; Theophr. H. P. 
5, 3, 3; Plut. M. 31; Strab. 4, 6, 5: imp. j^X-Plut. Caes. 19: 
fut. -tfi/wPolyb. 15, 25, 8 (Dind.); Plut. M. 235,077- Aesch. Sept. 
715 : aor. ijn$\vva Anth. 6, 67. 7, 243; Plut. Cat. Min. 12 : p. p. 
jjn&Xvpfjiai Galen 4, 374, a;r- Horn. Epigr. 12; Herodas i, 4 
(Bergk), jjyx/SXvrai? Sext. Emp. 230, 24, cm- Plut. M. 785 : aor. 
TmP\i>0r)v Anth. 6, 65; Galen 5, 465; Joseph. J. B. 7, 9, i, dir- 
Plut. Timol. 37: fut. d/i/SXwtfijo-o/xat, OTT- Aesch. Pr. 866 : and 
fut. m. dufiXwdrai, pass. Hippocr. 4, 464 (Lit.) : pres. p. -vvtrai 
Aesch. Sept. 844; -vvta-du Thuc. 2, 87. 

'AfipXuwireo) To be dim-sighted, only pres. and rare in classic 
authors, Hippocr. 2, 128; Xen. Cyn. 5, 27; -u>-na>v Com Fr. 
(Menand.) 4, 329 ; Plut. M. 53 ; Luc. Peregr. 45 : imp. f]^\v- 
umow V. T. 3 Reg. 14, 4 (Alex.). dn3Xuwrrw also is rare in 
classic authors, and only pres. PI. Rep. 508 ; Luc. Tim. 2, Ion. 

-oxro-et Hippocr. 7, 28, -wo-o-ouo-t 7, 8. 8, 270 (Lit.); -wrrrj Luc. 

D. Mar. 5, 2 ; -WTTOI PI. Rep. 516. Hip. Min. 374; -WTT-WJ/ Rep. 
517; Luc. Tim. 27; Plut. M. 974; -urrtiv 979; Luc. Char. 7, 
Ion. -wo-o-etf Hippocr. 6, 294: aor. late, d/i/SXuwo-g Geop. 18, 18, 
seems to belong to d/i|3Xuoa>. 

'Afiei^o) To change, Eur. Or. 1504; Hippocr. 6, 482 ; Arr. An. 

3, 4; -@fiv Hippocr. 3, 280 (Lit.); Arr. Ind. 12, 8 ; -j3a>v II. n, 
547; Pind. N. n, 42 ; Aesch. Ag. 729 ; rare in Attic prose PI. 
Farm. 138. Soph. 224: imp. a/xj3oi> II. 14, 381 (Bekk.), late 
prose >;/*- Diog. L. 4, 53 ; fat. -en// Aesch. Pr. 23, eV- II. 6, 
230; late prose Plut. Marcel. 19 : aor. apti^a Hym. Cer. 
275; Ap. Rh. 3, 280, Dor. a/n- Pind. P. 5, 38, vreS- for ^r- 
Ol. 12, 12, later rj/j-ft^- Opp. Ven. 3, 82 ; late prose Ael. V. H. 
3, 42 ; subj. apffya Ibycus 24 (Bergk) ; apftyas Aesch. Pers. 
69; Soph. Tr. 659; Hippocr. 6,482; late, Plut. Lysand. n; 
(Luc.) Amor. 7, but e'|- Xen. Ages. 2, 2 ; inf. d/m^m Her. 5, 
72: (perf. ?): p. p. late ^ein-rai Galen i, 210; Argum. to Ar. 
Nub. 6 : pip. ap.(inro Nonn. 44, 241, may be syncop. imp. : 
1 aor. rjfjLei^drjv late as pass. Anth. 7, 589. 638. 9, 304 ; D. Sic. 
Fr. p. 142. 13 (Bekk.); Dionys. de Av. i, 21, see below: fut. 



59 



dp.fi(f)8fia-(Tai Hesych. ; Ephr. Syr. vol. 3, p. 337. Mid. apft 
to make a return, answer, Batr. 274; Find. P. 6, 54; Aesch. 
Supp. 195; Her. i, 38. 40. 120; -Qeo-dcu Xen. Mem. 3, n, 12; 
-d/xei/os Od. 3, 148. n, 81 ; Xen. Cyn. 9, 14; late Dem. Phal. 
216; Aristid. 45, 61 : imp. ^tei/So'/^i/ II. i, 121. 4, 50. Od. 10, 
71 &c. a/i)3- II. 3, 171. 24, 200; Find. P. 9, 39; so Her. 
always i, 9. 35. 2, 173. 3, 14 &c. : flit. a/uetyo/Lmi Aesch. Ch. 
965; Eur. Supp. 517; Plut. Cat. Min. 16; App. Hisp. 34; 
Aristid. 49, 380 : aor. ^et^d/M?" II. 23, 542 ; Soph. Ph. 378 ; 
Aristot. Eth. Nic. 9, 2, 5; Alciphr. i, 33 ; Plut. M. 29; Ael. V. 
H. 12, i; Dio Cass. 63, 5, d/m^- II. 4, 403; Her. i, 37. 43. 2, 
I 73- 4> 97- 5> 93> an ^ always (Bekk. Kriig. Bred. Abicht, Stein), 
but rjufify- 4, 97 (Mss. Gaisf. Dind. &c.) ; (Epic subj. -etyfrai may 
have left, Od. 10, 328. II. 9, 409): in same sense, but poet, and 
less freq. aor. pass, riptfy&ipi Babr. 12, 19; Opp. Cyn. i, 19, a/i'<- 
Pind. P. 4, 102, a/i- Theocr. 7, 27, but aTt-rj^i^e^ Xen. An. 2, 5, 
15, perhaps the only instance. Vb. Si-dndirros Sapph. 14 (B.). 
dfjLfirrreot ? In comedy and classic Attic prose, the mid. is 
scarcely ever used, d/tet/So'^ei/oy changing, 'leaving, PI. Apol. 37, 
never in the sense to reply, answer, except \6yois d/m'/3ov Com. 
Fr. (Monost.) 311. Late prose auth. follow, as usual, the poetic 
and Ion. prose usage, dvr-ap.fipop.ai exchange, requite, answer, 
is Dep. mid. and very much confined to poetry, esp. Attic, 
Archil. 65 (Bergk) ; Soph. O. C. 814: imp. dvT-rjueift- Aesch. 
Sept. 1049, Dor. dir-a>i3- Theocr. 24, 72, Ion. unaugm. dvr-a^ 
Her. 9, 79 : fut. dyT-a/ietyo/iai Eur. Tr. 915 ; Ar. Thesm. 722 : 
aor. dvr-T)tJ.ei-(l/ap.T)v, subj. -afjLftycovrai Archil. 74, 7 (B.); imper. 
-dfift^ai Soph. Ph. 230; Eur. Phoen. 286. drr-a^fi^ofiai, again, 
is Dep. mid. and pass, and much confined to Epic, -ei/So/ttvor 
II. 20, 86 : imp. dn-apti^fTo II. 20, 199. Od. 8, 400 ; Theocr. 
8, 8, syncop. -fiirro Anth. (Incert.) 14, 3, 2. 4, 2 : aor. dir-ap.ffyaro 
Callim. Cer. 63 : and once in Attic prose aor. pass. cm-rmttySri 
as mid. Xen. An. 2, 5, 15. We have not met the aorists ex- 
cept in the passages quoted. It is a mistake in our lexicons to 
confine this verb to the pass, aorist. di>r-a7ra/ie//3o/zat, only part. 
-opfvos Tyrt. Fr. i, 4, 6 (B). /xer-a/iei'/Scu very rare in prose, 
Hippocr. 5, 318 : imp. -apeifte Mosch. 2, 52 : aor. Dor. 
irt8-ufi.f$rav Find. Ol. 12, 12 : aor. pass, late -afifi(p6fis Dionys. 
de Av. 2, 4. Mid. -o/^ej/oi Find. N. 10, 55 : aor. -ei\^dp.fvos P. 

3. 96. f 

'A|ieipa>, see a/i/pSo). 

'AfieXyw To milk (Ar. Eq. 326 has been altered), Her. 4, 2; 
Plut. Mor. 98. 956 ; Theocr. 5, 84, Dor. 2 sing. -e'Xyes 5, 85 
(-ytis Ahr. Fritz. Ziegl.). 4, 3 (-yets Ziegl. Ahr.) ; Philostr. Apoll. 



60 'A/xei/jfyoftj ' 

3, 9, 101 ; imper. 3/ieXye Anth. 5,^295; Theocr. n, 75: imp. 

rjptkyov Od. 9, 238. 244. 308, but fip-eXyov Mosch. 3, 83, Iv- Od. 

9, 223: fut. ap.f\ga> Anth. 7, 623 : aor. o>eXa Anth. 9, 645, 
j?/ieXa, - Aesch. Ch. 898; subj. d/^w Her. 4, 2 ; Theocr. 23, 
25 ; Bion i, 48 ; a/ieX^a? Eur. Cycl. 389 ; Anth. 6, 239 ; Theocr. 
I, 143 : p.p. >7/xeXyp.ai Hippocr. 7, 334, e- Eur. Cycl. 209 : pres. 
a/xeXymu Athen. (Ion) 10, 68 ; Aristot. Hist. An. 3, 20, 9. 
21,6; -yo'p.ei>ai II. 4, 434 : imp. ^/ieXyero Aristot. Hist. An. 3, 20, 10, 

ap,eXy- Nonn. 12, 320. Mid. dp-e'Xyo/iai Z0 // OT2//, suckle, Opp. 

Cyn. i, 437, /<? milk for oneself d/zeXyei Ar. Eq. 326 (d/i/pyei 

Kock, Dind.) : imp. d/teXyero Nonn. 26, 103 : fut. 7rpo<r-np?Xeraj, 

Dor. 7roi-a/i- Theocr. 1,26 (Vulg. -eXyerai Ahr. Ziegl. Mein. Fritz.) 

'Afieirji/oa) y# weaken, Epic and only aor. dp.evrjva>cre II. 13, 562. 

Ajiep8u> and dfieipu 70 deprive, both Poet., dp.ep5 Od. 19, 18 ; 

dpeipeiv Find. P. 6, 27 : imp. a/*ep8e II. 13, 340 ; Hes. Th. 698 : 

fat. d/xepa-co Orph. L. 167 ; Nonn. Metaphr. Joan. 16, 22^; inf. Ep. 

-epo-ffievai Q. Sm. 6, 243 : 1 aor. fjpepcra H. Cer. 312, ap- Od. 8, 

64, a/*- Pind. Ol. 12, 16; dpepo-as Simon. C. 115; Eur. Hec. 

1027 (chor.) ; -epo-at D. 16, 53: aor. m. late dpfpaapevos see 

below, Anth. 15, 32. Pass. dp,e'pSo/tat, -eat Od. 21, 290, 
a/*eipop,ai, d;r- Hes. Th. 8oi (Mss. Koechly, dno-p.eip- Goettl.) ; 

Ap. Rh. 3, 785 : aor. (^iep&?i>), subj. dpepdysll. 22, 58 ; rare and 
late in prose, dp-epflwo-i Theophr. H. P. 9, 8, 2 (Mss.U. M. Wimm.), 
where used to stand act. d^eperwo-t; d/zep&iV Orph. L. 73, d^epdfv 
Aretae. p. 191 (Adams.) Mid. aTr-a^iperai deprives, quoted by 
PL Leg. 777 (and from him by Athen. 6, 87) from Od. 17, 322, 
where stands ano-aiwrai : aor. late d/iepo-d/uei/or Anth. 15, 32. 

'Ajj.cuop.ai Dep. To change, excel (d/mj3op,cu), Poet, and only 
fut. dufva-ffrdai Pind. Fr. 300 (Boeckh, 263 Bergk) : and aor. 

-evcrcurdai. Pind. P. I, 45; -ard^fvos Euphor. Fr. p. 140. 

'AjxiXXdopu To strive, Pind. N. 10, 31; Eur. Hipp. 971; 
Andoc. 4, 27 ; PL Lys. 208 : imp. qp,iXXo>/w7i> Eur. H. F. 960 ; 
Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 14 : fut. -fja-ofiai Ar. Pax 950; PL Rep. 349 : 
p. T]n!X\T}fjLcu act. Eur. Hel. 546, Trap- Polyb. 12, n, but Si- 
pass. Luc. Paras. 58 : aor. p. act. jjpXX^i/, subj. dp.iXX70a> Eur. 
H. F. 1255, Dor. -d0S> Hel. 165 (chor.); PL Leg. 968; d^uXXij&w 
Eur. Supp. 195; Thuc. 6, 31, e'- Eur. Hel. 387, but pass. 
a/uXX^&Vra Eur. Fr. 809 (Dind.) quoted Aeschin. i, 152, e'- 
aniX\r)d>i Eur. Cycl. 628 : later in simple, aor. m. ij/uXX^o-dp,^ 
Plut. Arat. 3 ; Luc. Paras. 51 ; Dio Cass. 43, 23 ; Aristid. 13, 
149, but - Eur. Hel. 1471. Fr. 764 (Dind.) Vb. 
Isocr. 7, 73. The act form <!/XXaK is in Hesych. 

for dm-/uy- BacchyL 27, 4 (B.) 
see 



'Afju>tj/u.ove(a 'A/ATT/crw. 6 1 



&j To be unmindful, pass over, common to the best 
Attic poet, and prose (but only pres. imp. fut. and aor.) Aesch. 
Eum. 24; Eur. Heracl. 638; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 268; Thuc. 
5, 18 ; Isocr. 4, 144 ; Isae. 3, 79 ; Lycurg. 20 : imp. J^w^- 
(Dem.) 60, 31 : fut. -770-0) Isocr. 12, 253: aor. r^wj/wJi/rjo-a Dem. 
1 8, 285 ; -jja-as Isocr. 5, 72 ; inf. -ijVm Xen. Conv. 8, i ; Dem. 
7, 19. No mid. nor pass. The form dfinnioveuw seems rather 
doubtful : -/jiovflv has been substituted for -povfveiv Plut. M. 612 : 
for -fiov(v<rai Luc. Hist. 1 8, but still -eiWrfs Diog. L. 5, 72. 
To forget, very rare, and only pres. act. Arat. 847, 
Dor. -aoT-cw Soph. El. 482 (chor.) : and pass, d/n/ijorov/iej/a Thuc. 
i, 20. 

'AjiiTfiXXu, see TToXXa). 

'AfiTrauco, dfa-7r-, see irava. 

'Afi-irefnra), ai/a-ir. 

'A|xireXoupYw 70 prune, plunder, only pres. -ovo-t Aeschin. 3, 
1 66 ; and late Theophr. C. P. 3, 7, 5 ; Plut. Philop. 4 ; -oOin-ey 
Luc. Hist. 39. Pass. d/reXoupyov/*/7 Theophr. C. P. 3, 14, i. 

'AjAirexu To have about, put about, clothe, Simon. Am. 12; 
Aesch. Pers. 848; Soph. O. C. 314, gw- Aesch. Pr. 521, 
late dft4>e'x<u Anth. (Apoll.) 7, 693, rare djimVxw Eur. Hip. 
193. Sup. 165; Aristot. Polit 7, 17, 3; Aretae. 78 (ed. 
Oxon.), nor- Eur. Hel. 853 : imp. (d/Mrxoi/), Epic apirexov 
Od. 6, 225; Ap. Rh. 2, 1104; Opp. H. 5, 512, later a 
Q. Sm. 3, 6. 5, 106; Or. Sib. i, 36, and perhaps 
Eur. Ion 1159: fut. a/i<eo> Eur. Cycl. 344: 2 aor. 
Eur. Ion 1159 (?); Ar. Lys. 1156; PI. Prot. 320. Mid. 
d^nexofjiai to have round oneself, wear, Ar. Eccl. 374 ; Ach. 1024 ; 
Xen. Ven. 6, 17, dfjurla-xofjuu Eur. Hel. 422 ; and now Ar. Av. 
1090 (Dind. 5 ed.) ; Philostr. V. Apoll. 8, and d/^Trto-xi/eo^at Ar. 
Av. 1090 (Vulg. Bergk, Meineke), -io-xvu (Mss. Br. Bekk. 
Dind. 2 ed.) : imp. ^n-xV'? I/ PI- Phaed. 87; Luc. Peregr. 15, 
Epic dufax- Ap. Rh. i, 324 (Well. Merk.), dfjarex- (Holtzlin) 
perhaps rightly, see SfM^xtv 2, 1104 (all Mss.): fut. a(xf>ego(uu 
Com. Fr. (Philet.) 3, 300 : 2 aor. ^TTIO-XO^V Ar. Eccl. 540 (late 
Epic djwrta-x- Orph. Arg. 202), and ^/uTrecrxo^i' Ar. quoted (Bekk. 
Anecd. Meineke, Dind. 5 ed.); Eur. Med. 1159 (Vulg. Pors. 
Kirchh. ^JTIO-X- Elms. Dind. Nauck); Philostr. Ap. 333; subj. 

dpiri(rxr} Eur. I. A. 1439, if SOUnd. For dfjiiria-xovrai, -XVOVVTCU 

Ar. Av. 1090, Br. Bekk. read -<r\o\>vrai as best supported by Mss. 
d/jLiricrxv- however has analogy in vTrto-^i'eoftat. Monk, Kirchhoff, 
Hartung, &c. reject d^iria-xr) Eur. I. A. 1439 ( r 4 J 7) as spurious, 
Dind. and Nauck retain it. 

u, mid. a/iTu'tr^o/iai, see preceding. 



62 'A/xTrAcmWft) *A/iiW. 



To wzz'w, ^rr, Theag. Stob. Flor. i, 68 (Gaisf.), 
Dor. d/x/3X- i, 67 (so i, 68 Meineke) : imp. Dor. d/ujSXdKto-Koj/ 
Phynt. Stob. 74, 61 : (fut. ?): p. (^TrXd^Kas is Hartung's 
emend, for r)[m6\T)Kas Soph. Aj. 922 (978 D.): p. p. fjnTrXdKrjTai 
Aesch. Supp. 916 : 2 aor. fjp.7r\aKov Simon. C. 119; Aesch. Ag. 
1212 ; Soph. Ant. 910; Eur. Ale. 824, rare rJ^Xanov Archil. Fr. 
73 (B.); d/rXdKa) Soph. Ant. 554; dfjm\aK<av Find. Ol. 8, 67; 
Eur. An. 948, d/i/3- Ibyc. 24 (B.) ; d^7rXa/ceIi> Trag. Fr. Incert. 
247 (Wagn.), perhaps wrongly attributed to Eur. by Trine, and 
to Soph, by Brunck. Vb. dv-ap.Tr\aKr)Tos Aesch. Ag. 344 (D.) 
This verb is entirely Poetic, mostly Trag. d/in-Wiv PI. Phaedr. 
242, is a quotation from Ibycus. The pres. is very rare, the 
form dpr- (Stob. i, 68) doubtful, see above. Some to shorten 
the initial vowel, write the part. 2 aor. tnrXaKcoj/ Eur. I. A. 124. 
Ale. 241 (Burn. Pors. Monk, Dind. Nauck). Neither pres. 
dfj.TT\aKea>, nor flit. dfj.Tr\aKr]<r<o given in lexicons, ever occur ; they 
seem to have been assumed on ^TrXd^rat. 

CAfi-nvuu) To recover breath, only in aor. and Epic (for dvanve<a 
PI. Phaed. 112): 2 aor. imper. Spnvve II. 22, 222; late indie. 
aimvvev Q. Sm. 9, 470, and -ve in arsi i, 599. 10, 62 (Vulg.), 
but -fie (Lob. Koechly) : 2 aor. m. syncop. a^nvv-ro for -vero as 
act. II. 22, 475. Od. 24, 349: 1 aor. pass. dp.-rrvvv6r)v as act. 
II. 5, 697 ; Q. Sm. 9, 430 (Struve, Lehrs, Koechl. Lob.), -vo-dqv 
(Vulg.); -wdfjvai Theocr. 25, 263. 

'AJJLU^W To suck, only pres. Xen. An. 4, 5, 27, where late 
editors have nvfa, which see. 

'A/jLurafloj To defend (only in Attic poetry), -d&re Ar. N. 1323; 
-dBfiv Soph. O. C. 1015 (Herm.); Eur. An. 1080 (Mss.). I. A. 
910 (Herm.) Mid. dpwdQov Aesch. Eum. 438 (Herm.); -ddoiro 
Eur. An. 722. Others hold these as aorist forms, and write 
dpvvaQtiv, -aduv (Elm. Dind. Kirchh.) 

'AjiW To ward off, II. n, 588; Aesch. Ag. 102 ; Soph. O. C. 
1128; PI. Phil. 38; -(iv Pind. N. 9, 37; Her. 8, 87; Antiph. 
4, 8, i; Thuc. i, 40, Epic -vepfvai II. 13, 464, -vi^ev 17, 273; 
-o>v Anacr. 114; Antiph. 4, a, 7 ; Thuc. 3, 13; Lycurg. 48: 
imp. fjpvvov Lycurg. 78; (PI.) Epist. 329. Ax. 369, a/u- II. 15, 
731 : fut. Ion. d/ivwo Her. 7, 168. 9, 60, but 3 pi. -vtvcri if correct, 
9, 6, Attic -vS> Ar. Vesp. 383; Thuc. 6, 13; PL Rep. 474; -vtiv 
Lycurg. 76: aor. jj^vva II. 9, 599; Soph. O. C. 429; Eur. 
I. A. 907. Rh. 400; Thuc. 6, 80, Dor. *d/x- Pind. N. i, 50, 

*a/i- II. 17, 615; SUbj. dfjLVvoptv, eV- for -o)jiiei II. 13, 465; opt. 

d/iwat II. 12, 334; inf. d/^wat II. 18, 450; Eur. Or. 556; Thuc. 
7, 34 ; PL Phaedr. 276; dpvvas ? : 2 aor. rmvvuQov, see d/nuj/d&o. 
Mid. dyiuj/o/xai. to repel, 11. 17, 510; Pind. I. 7, 27 ; Aesch. Ag. 



63 

1381; Soph. O. C. 873; Eur. Heracl. 302; Her. 5, 101 ; 
Antiph. 2, a, 6; PL Soph. 246: imp. T)pvv6p.r)v (II. 12, 179) 
Her. 3, 158; Antiph. 4, 8, 6 ; Thuc. i, 137; Xen. Ag. n, 3, 
an- II. 13, 514: fut. d/iwot'pu Ar. Eq. 222; Thuc. i, 144; Dem. 
15, 24, -etyzat Her. 8, 143, -e'o/zat (Abicht) : aor. ^/ntu/a/^ Soph. 
Tr. 278; Antiph. 2, , 10; Lys. 3, 8; Isocr. 15, 2; Dem. 21, 
75; opt. anvvalnrjv Od. 12, 114; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 112; 
inf. -va<rdai (not 0z0 in Horn.) Soph. Fr. 833 (D.); Her. 8, 74 ; 
Thuc. 4, 34; Andoc. 3, 25; Lys. 4, 8; Dem. 19, 82. 21, 76. 
23, 122; dfiwdfievos rare Dem. 21, 71; 2 aor. rj^waGop.^, see 
dfiwddco. Pass, rare, dpvvovrai. Find. P. n, 54; -eV&o PI. 
Leg. 845. Vb. dpwTeos Soph. Ant. 677. Perf. act. pass, 
and aor^pass. occur not. Her. usu. leaves liquid fut. forms in 

eo, eov, Open, ayyeAXe'oi/ra 4, 14, dfjivveovres g, 60, imo/jifVfovcn 4, 3. 

7, 101. 9, 90 &c., suggesting a/uWovo-t as preferable to -yew* 
9, 6, quoted. 

'Afjujacrw To scratch, tear, Aesch. Pers. 161; Her. 3, 108; 
Hippocr. 8, 252 (Lit.); Luc. Luct. 16, -UTTW Aristot. H. A. 
9, 32, 8; Plut. M. 982, Trept- (PI.) Ax. 365: imp. a/mnror II. 
19, 284; Theocr. 13, 71, fjnvrrov D. Hal. 15, i : fut. d/w< II. 
i, 243; late Attic prose (Aeschin.) Epist. 12, 10: aor. a/wa 
Matron, Athen. 4, 135 ; Anth. 7, 218, late ^v^a Nonn. 40, 161. 
47, 188; Long. Past, i, 14; dpvt-ii in tmesi Theocr. 6, 14; 
d/ivas Opp. Hal. 2, 192, KQT- Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 580: aor. 
pass, late a^xdev Anth. n, 382; Athen. 10, 42; Geop. 18, 17: 
fut. p. late, duvxdfjfffTat Aquila, Zach. 12, 3. Mid. a/iivo-o-o^ai 
to tear oneself, Anth. 5, 262; -<r<n/rat Hippocr. 8, 176: aor. 
iifi.v{;upT]v, -a/if i/at Anth. 7> 49 1 j KaT-apv^aTo II. 5> 425 Pres. 

pass. dpvo-artTai Aesch. Pers. 115; subj. -o-o-^rat Plut. M. 522. 
In early Attic prose this verb seems not to occur either simple 
or compd. 

i^w To drink deep, only pres. Plut. M. 650 : and aor. 
-a Eur. Cycl. 566 (Vulg. Dind. 5 ed.), -a (Dind.^ formerly.) 
To embrace, greet warmly, Epic and only pres. 
-afet Opp. Cyn. 2, 306: and imp. dp<payd7raov Od. 14, 381; 
Ap. Rh. 3, 258. 1167. Mid. pres. part. -6/j.evos as act. II. 16, 
192, -opevai H. Cer. 290. 436, late -aferot Plotin. vol. i, 203. 
The collat. form dfi^-ayairdu is also Epic, and used only in pres. 
d^ayana Orac. Diodor. Ex. Vat. p. 1 1 ; part. -S>vres Hes. Op. 
58; late Tryphiod. 138 : and aor. dn^aydirrjire H. Cer. 439. 

CAfjwjxryetpu) To gather about, Epic and only 2 aor. m. 
-ayfpovro intrans. II. 18, 37 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 1527 : and late a 
shortened pres. dptyayepovrcu. Theocr. 17, 94; Opp. Hal. 3, 231. 
4, 130- 



64 



, apa-</>ai-, see (f>aii>a>. 

7& r<2///i? about, Epic and only aor. -apd/S^o-e II. 
21, 408. The collat. form dp4>apa(3i<o is Epic also, and occurs 
only in imp. d/u.<apd/3ifoi> Hes. Sc. 64. 

'Afi<t>a4>d(i> Epic, To feel all round, handle (in act. late and rare 
except part.), -a$aW Orph. L. 522; late Ion. prose -oaxn. 
Aretae. Morb. diut. 2, 4, p. 55 (L. B.); part. Epic -a$o'eoi> Od. 8, 
196; Anth. 9, 365; Ap. Rh. 2, 199, -dwo-a Od. 4, 277 ; Anth. 2, 

109, -dwrras Od. 19, 586: imp. her. d//$a<aaovfe Mosch. 2, 96. 

Mid. as act. -(frdaa-dai II. 22, 373. Od. 8, 215. 19, 475; Orph. L. 

187: imp. dutyatfioavTo Od. 15, 462. 

'AfjL^eXtaaw 70 _/#/</ round (Poet, and late Ion.), pres. late, 
Aretae. Morb. Ac. 2, 4, p. 105 (L. B.) : but aor. -fXlgavres Eur. 
Andr. 425 : and mid. -eXigao-dai Find. N. I, 43, to fold, fasten, 
their jaws, &c. d/i0teXiWo> in pres. seems late, Aretae. 996 : 
but aor. d/-i(ieXiay Hippocr. 8, 340 (Lit.) ; Orph. Fr. 44. 

('A|m4pxop.ai) To come round, Epic and only aor. d^rjXvde Od. 

6, 122. 12, 369. 

'A(i(J>idw To clothe, (Plut. C. Gracch. 2, Ms. C. Blass, -tfr 
Bekk. Sint.) : imp. ^u'off, OTT- Plut. M. 406 : fat. d/^iao-w 
Alciphr. 3, 42; Geop. 3, 13: aor. rjfxfriaaa Anth. 7, 368; 
Themist. 4, 58; dufadaas Polyaen. i, 27: p. ^UOKWJ, o-w 
Clearch. Athen. 6, 70 : p. p. f)p.(j)ida-6ai may be mid. Stob. 
(Perict.) 85, 19. Mid. to clothe oneself, fut. dp.<pid<rofiai, fj.fr- 
Luc. Herm. 86 (Jacobitz, -eVo/i<u Dind. Fritzsche) : aor. ^.<ta- 
<ra/i77i> V. T. Job 29, 14, -lao-aro Apollod. 2, i, 2. 4, io (Bekk.); 
Themist. 16, 204; Pseudo-Callisth. i, 26; -o-d/iew? Joseph. 
Ant. io, i, 3. Jud. B. 7, 5, 4, /ler^t^ido-to Luc. Gall. 19 (Dind. 
-ro> Fritzsche) : and as mid. p. p. fj^iaa-fjifvos, per- D. Sic. 
16, n. This form and its compds. are late: classic dufaewvpi. 

'Ap,<|>idx<> (i<x u ) To scream about, only part. perf. irreg. d/*<i- 

via II. 2, 316. 

To doubt, Isocr. 2, 28; PL Gorg. 466: imp. 
Xen. An. 2, 5, 33 (Vulg. Kriig. Popp. Saupp.), and 
j/- Xen. quoted (Dind. Cobet, Rehd.); PL Soph. 236. (Riv.) 
135: fat. late -jyo- Synes. i, B. : aor. fj^tyvo^cra PL Polit. 291. 
Soph. 228: aor. p. d^iyvorf6fis Xen. Hell. 6, 5, 26. Augments 
before, usu. before and after, prep, and is confined to prose : 
Soph, has once the form a/i</oa> Ant. 376. 

'Ap.<|>iSai<j To blaze, rage around, Epic and only perf. d/^tfie'STje 
II. 6, 329; Ap. Rh. 4, 397: and pip. d/n^tSeSijei Hes. Sc. 62; in 
tmesi II. 12, 35. 

'Afi<|>i&u>6a To roll round, Epic and only pres. pass. -Sived/ievot 
late Aretae. 54, 8 : and p. p. d/^tSeSu^rat II. 23, 562. Od. 8, 405. 



^ 'A/J.(pi SoKevw ' A/n (f>i<r(3riTe(a. 6 5 

'AfjKJ>i8oKeu&> To spy about, watch for, Epic and only pres. 
Orph. Arg. 930 : and imp. -eSoWe Bion 2 (4), 6 ; said to be in 
late prose Heliod. vol. 2, p. 306, where we have not found it. 

'A|i<J>i8<Wa* To whirl round, Epic and only pres. Anth. 9, 668: 
and aor. -eSowjo-e Theocr. 13, 48 (Meineke). 

('Ap.<f>i.8ua)) To put about another, Poet, and late in act. 1 aor. 
dn<f)-e8vtrfv Schol. Ar. Thesm. 1044: but fut. mid. -Si$o-o/u Soph. 
Tr. 605. 

'ApfneVciifu To put about, clothe, PI. Prot. 321 ; Polyaen. 8, 33, 
late -wv<a Plut. Per. 9, and -'<> Plut. C. Gracch. 2, /aera/*<- Mor. 
340 (Vulg. Diibn. -afoo Fritzsche) : fut. a/i</>ie'o-a> Od. 5, 167, 
Attic -ia>, irpos- Ar. Eq. 891, cm- Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 171 : aor. 

^/z<t'e(ra r Xen. Cyr. I, 3, 17; ^(/>u'cr&> Ar. PI. 936; -ecraifu Od. 
l8, 361; -e'vas 15, 369; Plut. Lucull. 19; -eom HippOCF. 7, 

194: p. p. Tjfjityifo-fjiai Hipponax 3; Ar. Eccl. 879; Hippocr. 7, 
456 (Lit.); Lys. 13, 40; PI. Rep. 372 : pip. ^WTO D. Laert. 
6, 5, 7 ; Philostr. 4, 147: aor. late a/i<i-efr&t's Herodn. i, 10, 5. 
Mid. a/ic^ieWu/ifu to clothe oneself, Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 21 : imp. 
t)(ji(f)ifvwTo, per- Heliod. 7, 27 : fut. d/^iecro/iat Xen. Cyr. 4, 3, 20 ; 
PI. Rep. 457: aor. Poet, dja^ifo-d/u??? Od. 23, 142; Aesch. Epigr. 
3, 4 (Bergk) ; -eVrjrai Opp. Hal. 2, 298 ; late prose w<}>- App. 
Civ. 2, 122, //eT- Luc. Gall. 19 (Fritzsche, Dind.); Herodn. 5, 
5, 5. The simple is never used in prose. The p. p. form 
a/i<ieZ/icu seems not to occur: it has probably been assumed 
on eZjwu, (iriflfjuu, Km-aeTfiai. This verb has some peculiarities : 
it augments the preposition only; it drops, in Attic writers, 
the sibilant of the fut. act. though others of seemingly the 
same affection retain it, Karaafieaeis Ar. Lys. 375, e'aj>aeW 
Aesch. Pr. 370: it retains a- in the mid. fut. while it drops 
it in the act. This is for the Uniformists. 

'Afj.4>iayu To sit about, settle on, Epic and only imp. ap(])lavc 
II. 18, 25. 

'Afi4>i0e'< To run about, Epic and only pres. Od. 10, 413; 
Mosch. 2, 107. 

ee KaXuTTTO). 

^w) To cleave asunder. Epic and only aor. part. 

-Keda-cras Od. 14, 12. 

'Apf>iKEip,cu To lie round, Poet, and only pres. Find. Fr. 69 
(Bergk); -eiadai Soph. Ant. 1292 ; -eipevos O. C. 1620. 

('An<J>ifidofi,ai) To rub, wipe, Epic and only aor. -ffjda-arro 
Q. Sm. 9, 428; imperat. -ipdo-aa-de Od. 20, 152. 

'A|A<|HI>OW To doubt, only pres. Soph. Ant. 376. 

'Ajjuj)icr(3TjTew To dispute, Antiph. 3, 8, 3 ; Lys. 4, 10; Isocr. 4, 
20; opt. -oir)v PI. Euthyd. 296, 3 pi. -oltv Menex. 242, rare 

F 



66 

-oiT)<rav Aristot. Polit. 3, 13, i (Bekk.); Ion. -are'w Her. 4, 14 
(Bekk. Dind. Stein). 9, 74 (Bekk. Gaisf. Dind. Stein) augments 
on prep, or double: imp. TJ^IO-^TOVV Andoc. i, 27; Lys. 
i, 29; Isae. n, 5; Dem. 19, 19. 32, 14. 48, 22. 29 (Bekk. 
Dind.), and ^^eo-jS- PI. Menex. 242; Dem. 39, 19. 44, 27 
(Bekk. B. Saupp.): fut. -qo-o> Antiph. 3, i; PI. Politic. 281; 
Isae. 4, 24: aor. w^ur/SijTijo-a Isae. 2, 31. 3, 43. n, 9; Isocr. 
12, 193. 18, 52; Dem. 43, 55 (Bekk. Dind.), and ^0eo-/3- 
Isocr. 13, 4 (Bekk. B. Saupp.); PI. Gorg. 479; Dem. 27, 15. 
33, 21. 43, 20 (Bekk. B. Saupp.): p. T)n<j)io-j3f)Ti)Ka Isae. 7, 21, 
f)p.(f)e<T^fiT7]Ka Dem. 27, 23 (Bekk. B. S. ^to-- Dind.) : aor. 
fjfi(j)ia-^T}Tri8r)v Isae. 8, 2o. 44; PL Polit. 276; Dem. 38, 8 
(Vulg. Bekk. B. S. Dind. wfavp- Ms. S. pr. m.): fut. m. 

dp(JH(rpT]Tr)creTai as pass. PI. Theaet. 171: pres. pt. ap.<pia-^rjrov(j.eva 

Thuc. 7, 1 8. Vb. dfji(f)i(T^r]Tr)Ttov Aristot. Eth. Nic. 3, 7, 5. 
The best Mss. and the best editors differ on the augment of 
this verb: in Isocr. Benseler augments always, we think, 
the prep, only : so Dind. in Demosthenes, Bekk. B. Saupp. 
&c. vary : in Lys. and Isae. Scheibe with the Mss. augments 
prep, only, ^/*$to-/3-, but leans to double aug. ^i$e(7/3-. 

'Araf3i{3db>, see /3t)3afa>. 

'AvaJ3iwcTKO}J.cu, see 

'Arappux&J, see 

'AraYiyyuoxw, -yi^aicw, To know, make known, read, recite, &c. 
(common in this sense), Ar. Eq. 1065; Her. 7, 10; Andoc. i, 
47; Xen. An. 5, 8, 6 : imp. dveylyv- PI. Phaed. 98; Dem. 
18, 259 : with fat. m. di/ayi/wo-o^ai Ar. Eq. ion; Andoc. i, 47; 
Lys. 19, 57; PI. Leg. 755; Dem. 20, 27: fut. act. late, 
dvayvaxTfis Herm. Past. Visio 2, 4 (Dressel) : 1 aor. see below: 
p. -(yvuKa Thuc. 3, 49; Isocr. n, i; Isae. n, 6: p. p. 
-eywaoTiai Isocr. 15, 67; Dinarch. i, 25; Dem. 23, 53. 86; 

LuC. Necy. 20: pip. -eyvcoa-ro Isocr. 12, 233: aor. -eyvtacrd^v 

Eur. Hel. 290; Her. 7, 236; Antiph. 5, 56; PI. Farm. 127; 
Dem. 23, 172: fut. -wo-^ijo-o/iat Lys. 17, 9; Isocr. 15, i; Isae. 

6, 7 : 2 aor. act. -eyvav II. 13, 734; Antiph. 6, 38; Thuc. 

7, 10; Isocr. 15, 93, 3 pi. dveyvov for. -axrav, Pind. I. 2, 23 
(Schn. Ahr. Christ), -<av (Vulg. Bergk), see Pyth. 4, 120 &c. ; 
-ayv> Ar. Nub. 19. Eq. 118; Dem. 18, 267; -yvadi Andoc. 
i, 13; Isae. 2, 13. 10, 10; PI. Phaedr. 262; -&VM Her. 2, 
91; Isocr. 12, 136; PI. Rep. 368; -yvovs Xen. An. i, 6, 4; 
Isae. 8, 34: but in the sense make to know and feel up to a 
desired point, persuade, this verb is almost peculiar to Ion. 
prose : pres. dvayivaa-Keis Her. 7, 10 : 1 aor. -tyvoxra i, 68. 
87. 7, 144 &c.; -oxrai 8, 57; Hippocr. 4, 80 (Lit.); - 



'Ava-yo/xcu 'Avaivo/u.at. 67 

Her. 3, 6 1. 5, 106 : (but 2 aor. dv-eyvcov acknowledged, 2, 91): 
pip. dveyvaa-fjifvot rjcrav had been persuaded, 8, no: aor. -a>a6r]v 
7, 7- 236: in this sense, rare in Attic, pres. pass. dvayivoxTKo/jLtvos 
Antiph. 2, ft, 7, see 8, 7, where in a similar phrase he uses 
irfia-dds. In Ion. and Dor. poetry, this verb occurs in 2 aor. 
only, II. 13, 734. Od. 4, 250 &c.; Find. Ol. n, i &c.; Theocr. 
24, 23; in Trag. once, aor. pass. Eur. quoted; and uncertain 
2 aor. act. Soph. O. R. 1348; more freq. in Comedy, pres. 
2 aor. and fut. m. Ar. Eq. 1065. Ran. 52; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 
3, 112; Ar. Nub. 19. Eq. ion; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 444. 
The 1 aor. dv-eyvwaa occurs in Ion. prose only, and only in the 
sense persuade. It is a mistake to exclude the meaning persuade 
entirelyrfrom Attic, and also a mistake to refuse it to the pres. 
in Ionic. 



see yco. 

uw To proclaim, in classic auth. scarcely used beyond 
the pres. Aeschin. 3, 3: and imp. dv-rjyopevov Aeschin. 3, 122 ; 
(Plut. Lycurg. 26. Timol. 23): fut. -evo-w (Dem.?) 18, 120; 
Plut. Galb. 21 : aor. -rj-yopevva Hippocr. Epist. 9, 402 (Lit.); 
(Dem.?) 18, 54; Polyb. 18, 29, 9; Plut. Mor. 240. Publ. 
10 &c. ; Paus. 6, 13, i; Heliod. 4, 5: (p. -rjyopfvKa) : p. p. 
-j/yo'pfvrai Plut. Demetr. 38. Mar. 45 : aor. -fvdrjv (Xen.) Cyn. 
i, 14; Polyaen. 8, 14; Plut. Mor. 176. 202. C. Gracch. 3. 
C. Marc. 12; Paus. 6, 14, 2: fut. -eJ^o-o/iot Paus. 6, 4, n: 
classic, 2 aor. avfmov Thuc. 2, 2; Aesehin. 3, 122; Dem. 18, 
58, Poet, -ffinov Pind. P. i, 32. 10, 9 : aor. pass, -eppfjdrjv 
Aeschin. 3, 45. 46. 47; Dem. 18, 120; (Plut. Demetr. 9): 

fut. -prj6j]<rerai Aeschin. 3, 147. See dyoptvo). 

, -0pa5<rKW, see Gpuxruo). 

To refuse, II. 9, 116; Aesch. Supp. 801 ; Hippocr. 
8, 282; Isae. 2, 27; Xen. Cyr. 2, i, 31 ; Dem. 36, 31 : imp. 
i}vaiv6[o]v II. 18, 450; H. Hym. 5, 330; Aesch. Ag. 300, dvaw- 
II. 18, 500, late prose avyv- Agath. i, 13. 2, 7: (fut.?): aor. 
Tli^vd^v Hermes. Col. 2, 97 (Schneidw.) ; Arat. 103; Q. Sm. 
5, 176, C7T- II. 7, 185, and dvrjvdn- II. 23, 204; late prose 
Alciphr. 3, 37, but dn-riv- Aristid. I, 5 (Dind.), Dor. dir-avav- 

Pind. N. 5, 33; subj. di/iji^rat II. 9, 5IO; inf. dvqvaadai 7, 93; 

Eur. Med. 237; Ael. Fr. 47; dvyvap.^ Callim. Del. 46, -eva 
Anth. (Arch.) 7, 191, cm- Aesch. Eum. 972. In classic prose, 
the pres. only is used, and rarely, though not so rarely as 

SOme teach, dvalvei Dem. 36, 31, -erm Isae. 2, 27, -ovrat 

Hippocr. 8, 282 (Lit.); opt. -OH/TO Xen. Cyr. 2, i, 31 ; PL 
Phil. 57; -6p.fvos (Dem.) 61, 48; Plut. Lysand. 22; -vfvQai 
Mar. 38; very rare in Corned. Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 678. (Men.) 

F 2 



68 'Ai/at<T//uo<w 

4, 20 1. The pass, we think does not now occur: 
II. and Theocr. quoted, is aor. subj. : pip. dvfjvrjvTo Agath. i, 13 
(Vulg.) is now dvfjvovro (Ms. R. Niebuhr) : and caT-avrjvd(r6r]v 
dual aor. mid. Horn. Epigr. 4, 10, has by oversight been taken 
for aor. pass. 

'Amicrifiow To expend, in Ionic does not augment: imp. 
dv-ai<rifj.av Her. i, 185 : but Att. p. dv-rja-lp.(OKas rare, Xen. Cyr. 
2, 2, 15 (Mss. Dind. Sauppe, Breitb.), Kar-rja-- C. Fr. (Epin.) 

4) 55 : P- P- dv-auriiuavrai Her. 2, 134, but Kar-7/<r- C. Fr. 
(Eubul.) 3, 21 1 ; dv-ai(rifj.o)fj.fvos, irpo- Her. 2, II : pip. dv- 
aun'/iWTO, irpotr- Her. 5, 34: aor. dv-ai<rifji(i>6T) I, 179. 2, 125: 
imp. dv-aunpovTO, 3, 90. 

'Ayaxoifoo), see Koivoat. 

'AfaKpacj, see Kpdfa. 

'AraKUTTTu To pop up, emerge, PI. Phaed. 109 : fut. -Kttyw 
Aristot. H. A. 9, 34, 6 ; Luc. D. Mar. 3, i ; Chrys. 13, 435; 
opt. -KV^OI PI. Euthyd. 302 (Bekk. Stallb. B. O. W. Herm.) : and 
as act. fut. m. -Kfyopai Ar. Av. 146 ; -KV^OITO as v. r. PI. Euthyd. 
quoted (Steph. Heindorf): aor. -e<v^a Ar. Ran. 1068 ; Her. 5, 
91 ; Xen. Oec. n, 5 : p. -Ketnifya. Eur. Cycl. 212 ; Xen. Eq. 7, 
10. In classic auth. the fut. is exceedingly rare. Indeed the 
only instance simple or compd. that we have met is PI. quoted, 
and there Mss. and edit, differ, some offering act. avanvtyoi TO, 
others mid. dvaKfyoiro. And though the weight of authority 
seems to favour the former, yet the fact of the only other classic 
instance of fut. being indisputably the mid. form, seems rather 
to countenance the latter we are surprised that this has not 
been urged. 

'AraXe'yu To pick up, II. n, 755, in tmesi ; Aen. Tact. 38 ; Dio 

CasS. 53, II : imp. dvt\eyov, Epic nXXe-yoo II. 23, 253: fut. -e'o> 

Ar. Av. 591 ; Aen. Tact. 38: aor. rare ai/-e'Xe|a Luc. Gall. 4; 
Dio Cass. 37, 43, Epic oXXea II. 21, 321. Pass, rare and 
doubtful -\fy6fj.evov Xen. An. 2, i, 17. Mid. -Xe'yo/iru gather up 
for oneself, read, Plut. Mor. 582 ; Aen. Tact. 38 : imp. dv-eXeyei-o 
Her. 3, 130: fut. -Xf'^ai Luc. Dem. enc. 27; Galen 2, 880: 
aor. -t\edfjL7)v Callim. Epigr. 23; Anth. 9, 428. 12, 132; D. 
Hal. i, 89; Luc. Pise. 6; Galen 3, 601. The act. is rare, 
never in Trag. nor classic prose : the mid. again is frequent in 
late Attic, rare in Ionic prose, never in classic poetry. 

'AmXiaKw To expend, Eur. I. T. 337; Ar. Thesm. 1131. Fr. 
(Dait.) 15; Antiph. 6, 13; Thuc. 7, 48; PI. Rep. 420; Dor. 
pt. -Xi'o-Koio-a Pind. P. 9, 25, and dv<x\6&> Aesch. Sept. 813 ; Eur. 
Med. 325; Ar. PI. 248; Thuc. 2, 24; Dem. 50, 8: imp. 
Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 16; Isocr. 5, 96; PI. Rep. 552, and 



dvaXovv ThuC. 8, 45, (but ai^Xowro 3, 8l): fat. di/aXa>o-a> Eur. 

Cycl. 308; Thuc. 6, 31 ; PI. Rep. 568 : aor. duaXao-a Soph. Aj. 
1049 (Dind. Nauck) ; Eur. Elec. 681 ; Thuc. 7, 83 ; Lycurg. 46 
(Bekk. Scheibe), a-w- Dem. i, n (Bekk. aw- aw;X- Dind.), and 
avT)\cao-a Soph. Aj. quoted (Mss. Herm. Ellendt) ; Lys. 19, 18; 
Isae. 5, 35 ; Dem. 20, 10. 36, 39. 40, 36, rare and in comp. 
r)vd\a>cra, KO.T- Isocr. 9, 60 : p. di>d\u>ica Thuc. 2, 64 ; Dem. 27, 38. 
38, 25 (Bekk.), and dvfawKa Xen. Cyr. 2, 4, 9; Lys. 26, 3; 
Isocr. 15, 158. 165; Isae. 8, 39; Dem. 3, 28. 27, 56. 40, 51 
(Bekk. Dind.), 27, 38. 38, 25 quoted (Dind). : pip. dj/qXoo/cet Xen. 
Cyr. i, 4, 5; (Dem.) 7, 23, dmX- Thuc. 6, 31 : p. p. di/dXa/xat 
Eur. An. 1154; Hippocr. 2, 360 (K.), e- 7, 574 (Lit. 2, 455 
Erm.) j^Isae. 5, 28. 29 ; D. Hal. 7, 49 (dvrj\- KiessL), and di/?j- 
Xw/im Hippocr. 7, 514. 588 (Lit.); Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 14; PI. Polit. 
289; Dem. 27, 63. 50, 30, rare and in comp. ^dXco/xat, *ar- 
Isocr. 3, 31: pip. di/ijXcoTo PL Polit. 272, di/dXtoro, fear- Hippocr. 
I, 594 (Lit. 2, 30 Erm.) : aor. dva\u)6r)v Eur. An. 455, an- Thuc. 
7, 30, vir- 3, 17, and dwjXw&ji/ Lys. 26, 22 ; Dem. 48, 12. 50, 30, 
aTr-aj/qX- Thuc. 2, 13, rare ^vaX&Ap, icar- Hippocr. 5, 122. 126 

(Lit. Kar-avaX- Aid.) ; di/aX#eis Aesch. Ag. 570 : fat. dva\<a6rjcro- 

[j.ai Eur. Hipp. 506 ; Dem. 22, 19 ; Dio Cass. 52, 28 ; Arr. An. 
7, 17: and late fat. m. di/aXa>aerat as pass. Galen 15, 129 : pres. 
dva\ia-Kfrai Thuc. 8, 4; PI. Rep. 573 : imp. dvrf\i(TKfTo PI. Conv. 
181 ; Dem. 50, 24. 25. Mid. to expend, waste on oneself, 
dva\i<TKf]Tai PI. Gorg. 481 : imp. dc;Xoi5i^-o seems mid. destroyed 
themselves, Thuc. 3, 81 : but fat. -wo-erai is pass, and late, Galen 
15, 129. Vb. dvd\a>Tos PL Theaet. 179, -areos Leg. 847. The 
tragedians and Thuc. seem to have preferred the unaugmented 
forms, yet di^Xoxre seems to be in all the Mss. Soph. Aj. 1049, 
and dvrfkovvro Thuc. 3, 8r, dTrai/j/Xw^ 2, 13 ; Xen. Plato and the 
orators the augmented ; and late writers, though they prefer the 
latter, are far from consistent. Plutarch and Lucian have both 
forms, and Appian has even imp. dvaXurKov Civ. B. 3, 58- 

Hisp. 5, KdT-avaXicrKfv Plut. Philop. 4 (Ms. R. Sint. -avrj\- Ms. U. 

Bekk.) 

The form dj/aXo'co occurs mostly in the older Attic : twice in 
Trag. dmXoi Aesch. Sept. 813, -ois Eur. Med. 325; three or 
four times in Corned. -aX5>v Ar. Eq. 915. Plut. 248, -aXoCi/ Fr. 
15, -dXow ibid.; five or six times in Thuc. 2, 24. 6, 12, twice, 
4, 48 : imp. dvd\ovv 8, 45, -aXoiJro I, 109, but -TJ\OVVTO 3, 8l 
(Bekk. Kriig. Poppo, -TJV always Stahl.) ; twice in Xen. dvaXovv 
Hell. 6, 2, 13, -ov/xei/a Hier. n, i. But though most freq. 
in old Attic, it is not confined to it, dva\ow Com, Fr. (Arar.) 3, 
275, dwzXoCTCK (Philem.) 4, 22 ; Hippocr. 2, 50. 7, 588 (Lit.) 



70 



Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 90; and late Attic prose 

-ovrai Plut. M. 696, -overeat 877 &C. 

'AvaXuu, see \va>. 

'Aca-fAopjidpw To seethe up, only iter. imp. -vpta-Ke Od. 12, 
238. 

'Arai'eow 70 renew, act. late and rare, aor. av-tvia>cra Malal. p. 
141, 217, 225, 245, 267, &c. Mid. classic -eoC/xat (Dem.) 18, 
167 ; -ov<r6ai Thuc. 5, 23 ; Dem. 23, 121 ; -ovfitvot Isocr. Epist. 

7, 13 : fat. -eaxro/iwu Polyb. 23, 7: aor. dv-fveuxid^v Thuc. 5, 46 J 

inf. dvavfuHravGai Thuc. 5, 43 ; Isocr. 4, 43 ; Dem. 57, 32, poet. 

avvfaxratrBai Soph. Tr. 396. 

'AramfiirXT)ju, see Trt'/urXq/M. 

'Arauveu, see d/zTri/uw. 

'AraoxoXomw To impale, Luc. Jud. Vox. 12. Char. 14: fut. 
(-to-w l -io>) : aor. -eo-KoXoTricra Her. i, 128. 3, 159. 4, 43: p.p. 
-f<rK.o\6ni(rpai Luc. Catapl. 6. Peregr. 13 : aor. -fcncoXoniadriv Luc. 
Pr. 10. Jup. Conf. 8 ; Herodn. 5, 2 : fut. p. -lo-ftjaerai Luc. 
Char. 14. Prom. 7: and fut. m. -lov/xat as pass. Her. 3, 132. 4, 
43. This verb occurs only in Ionic and late Attic prose. 

'Aydaaw To rule (ara|), Epic and Trag. II. 21, 86. Od. 4, 
93; Soph. El. 841; dvdwfiv II. 2, 108 ; Aesch. Ag. 415, Epic 
-aa-afpev II. 14, 85 ; Ap. Rh. I, 719 : imp. rjvavcrov II. IO, 33. 
Od. ii, 276; Hes. Fr. 112 ; Eur. Andr. 940, dvacra-- II. i, 252. 
Od. 24, 30; Hes. Th. 1016 ; Eur. I. A. 282. 285 (chor.), Dor. 
av- Pind. Ol. 6, 34, eavao-o- Alcae. 64 (Bergk): fut. dvdg<a II. 
19, 122. Od. 1 8, 115; Hes. Th. 491: rare aor. ava^v Hes. 
Th. 837 : mid. dvdcraopai, -a-afo-dai Callim. Fr. 198 ? : aor. 

dvdaa-6ai Od. 3, 245: pass, dvdo-aovrm Od. 4, I77> Soph. Phil. 
140; Theocr. 17, 92; -ao-d/iei'o? Manetho 4, 607: imp. awao-ero 

Ap. Rh. 4, 266. The only comp. we have seen is <rvv-avda-(Tfu> 
Anth. App. Epigr. 336, 20. 

'Am(rrp<j>&) To turn up, Soph. Ph. 449 ; Dem. 54, 8 : fut. -^&> 
Eur. Bacc. 793 : aor. -eWpe^a Thuc. 4, 43 ; -arptyas Aesch. 
Pers. 333 : perf. -tarpo^a Com. Fr. 4, 549, &c. We notice this 
verb merely to draw attention to what we think a mistake in our 
best lexicons, "pass, with /"a/, mid." The fut. is of the pass. 
form, dvatrrpa(pfi<rfcrdai Isocr. 5, 64 ; mid. -fyeaBai we have not 
seen. 

'Ai/cn-emd To stretch up, Xen. Eq. 10, 4 : fut. -revSt Ar. Lys. 1 29 : 
aor. dv-ereiva Xen. An. 3, 2, 33 ; -rtivas Cyr. 6, i, 3, Dor. -raW? 
Pind. I. 5 (6), 41, reg. in act. : p. p. dvarerauai Xen. Cyr. 7, i, 
4, as mid. see below. Mid. ai/artiVo/nai stretch oneself, one's own, 
threaten, Polyb. 2, 52. 5, 58: aor. -erfivd^v Dem. 19, 153; 
Diod. Sic. 14, 3; Plut. Cleom. 10, Poet. dir- Simon. C. 8 



(Bergk) : with p. drarerajueW as mid. Xen. Cyr. 4, i, 3 : and 
aor. dv-fT<idr]v Polyb. 2, 52. 5, 55. 

'A^arAXw, see re'XXw. 

'AvSai'u To please, Ion. and Poet. Od. 2, 114; Find. P. i, 29; 
Soph. Ant. 504; Eur. Rhes. 137. Or. 1607; Ar. Eq. 553; 
Hippocr. 2, 230 (Lit.) ; Plut. Mor. (Democr.) 82, i; rare and late 
if correct, aSw Plut. Cim. et Lucull. 2 (Steph. Sint. &v8- Reisk. 
ffwad- Cor. Bekk.), da> (Hesych.) : imp. rjv8avov II. i, 24. 15, 
674. Od. 10, 373; Solon 37; Her. 7, 172. 8, 29, er]v8- II. 24, 
25. Od. 3, 143, and eaVS- Her. 9, 5. 19 (Bekk. Dind. Stein, fjv8- 
Dietsch, Abicht) : fat. dSijo-w Her. 5, 39 : p. rare, adr/iea Hippon. 
Fr. 100 (Bergk, ad- Eustath.) : 2 p. Epic ea8a Ap. Rh. i, 867 ; 
(ta8e Theocr. 27, 22, Paley, Fritzs. 2 ed. dS Ziegl. 2 ed.) ; 

e'oSora II. 9, 173. Od. 18, 422 (eaS- Dind.); Ap. Rh. 2, 35. 

4, 1127 ; Callim. Cer. 19 : 2 aor. ?d8ov Her. i, 151. 4, 201. 6, 
1 06; Luc. Calumn. 3 (Vulg. Jacobitz, ^8^o'i> Cobet, Dind.), 
and a8oi> (a) II. 13, 748; Hes. Th. 917; Theogn. 226, Epic 
(i!a8oi> II. 14, 340. Od. 16, 28; Ap. Rh. 2, 501 ; Bion 3, 7 ; 
subj. a8r) H. Hym. i, 75; Her. i, 133; a8oi/u Her. 9, 79, &8oi 
Od. 20, 327 ; Ap. Rh. i, 828 ; a8f"iv II. 3, 173 ; Solon 7 ; Soph. 
Ant. 89 ; Her. 3, 45, aSe> Pind. Ol. 3, i (Boeckh, Bergk) ; 
d8a>v Nem. 8, 38. Mid. avSavopai as act. Anth. 10, 7 : 2 aor. 
late adecrffai Pythag. Epist. 1 2 (Orell.) ; hither some have referred 
aa-fjifvos as a syncopated and softened part, for d86(j^vos, afyiews, 
fop-, which it is perhaps better to assign to fj8a>. tvatiov is 
softened from eFa8ov now edited by Bekker (2 ed.) Buttmann 
says that after the digamma disappeared the genuine Homeric 

forms were, without doubt, Only edi>8ave, avSave, not frjvSave, fji>8ave, 

and the Herodotean fjv8avov, not edv8-, after the analogy of &p<av. 
We are not sure that it is quite fair to infer with Buttm. that 
because the aor. was efaSe, laSe, a8e, the imp. must have been 
fdv8ave, dv8ave. Besides, we think both forms may be correct, 
and may have coexisted the former the older representing its 
appearance at an earlier stage when the digamma was agoing, 
the latter when it had gone. Thus : old form Fav8dva>, imp. with 
digamma softened to e, edv8avov } contr. rjvSavov, with syllabic 

augm. er)v8avov. Compare fe'ATro^at, eVATrei-o, rfKntTO II. 25, 539. 

J 7> 395 & c - (ld reading.) Ffpyo>, pyw, et/jyw, &c. In this 
way without, as we think, violating analogy, may be defended 
eyvdave, fjv8ave, as equally genuine and older than edv8-, dv8-. 
In Her. rjv8ave, tdv8- have equal support, rjv8- 7, 172. 8, 29, 
e'dvS- 9, 5. 19, of which Buttm. and Bredow (Dial. Her. 314) 
maintain the former to be the true Ionic form, Dind.- inclines to 
the latter (Pref. to Her.) 



72 

'AvSpayaGitofAcu Dep. To act the brave, good, man, only pres. 

classic -ifTat Thuc. 2, 63 ; -if(r6ai 3, 40 : aor. dv8payadia-aa-6ai 

late, App. Civ. 5, 101. dyfcpayaOe'a) Polyb. 14, 5, 8: imp. fjv&pa- 
ydduw Pseud. Callisth. 2, 16: has fut. -07jcr<u D. Sic. 23, 21 
(Bekk.), not -dfjaofwi given in lexicons : aor. -r/o-weri Polyb. 6, 39, 
2; -ijo-asPlut. Demosth. 22. Mor. 242 ; Polyb. 3, 71, 10: perf. 

T)v8paya6r/Kcas D. Sic. 14, 53: p. p. -yadrjfu'vos Plut. Fab. 2O. Mor. 
195; -drja-dai Dio CasS. 49, 21. 

'AcSpairoSi^u .71? enslave, pres. rare and late, Alciphr. 3, 40 : 
fat. -to> Xen. Hell. 2, 2, 20 : aor. f)v8pairo8i(Ta Her. i, 151 ; Thuc. 
i, 98: p. p. f]v8pair68iafuu Her. 6, 106. 8, 29; Isocr. 17, 14; 
Arr. An. 2, 15; but part. dv8pcnro8io-p.(vos Her. 6, 119 (Mss. 
Schweigh. Gaisf. Stein, &c.), ^Sptnr- (Bekk. Lhardy, Bred. 
Dind.), as mid. see below : aor. r)i>8pairo8ia-6r)v Lys. 2, 57 ; 
Isocr. 17, 49; Xen. Hell, i, 6, 14; -&/? Her. i, 156; fut. 
dv8pano8ia-6f)<70fjiat Xen. Hell. 2, 2, 14 ; Ar. Ind. 28, ?- D. Sic. 15, 
51 : an'd in Ion. fut. m. as pass. dcSpaTro&eC/jcu Her. 6, 17, e'- 
6, 9, see mid. Mid. ai>8pa7ro8i'b/xat Her. 3, 147 ; Andoc. 3, 21: 
imp. Tjv8p- Her. 5, 27 : fut. -TroSieC/aat, e'- Her. i, 66 (also pass, 
in simple and comp., see above) : aor. fjv8paTro8ia-avTo Her. 3, 59. 
6, 1 8; Thuc. 4, 48; -ia-dp.fvos Her. 4, 203, Dor. -it-dptvos Epimen. 
in D. Laert. i, 113; -ia<rdai Disput. Mor. p. 548 (MuUach.): 

with p. p. in COmp. irpotr- c- r]v8pair6di(rTai Dem. 19, 112. 

This verb seems entirely prosaic. Bekk. Lhardy, Bred. Dind. 
Kriig. augment p. part. ffvSpaTroBia-fifvos Her. 6, 119, even against 
the Mss. on the ground that he uniformly augments the verb in 
every other place, see i, 76. 151. 3, 59. 4, 204. 5, 27. 6, 18. 
101. 106. 8, 29, 4- i, 161. 

'AcSpou To change to a man, late in act. rjvSpaxrav Lycophr. 
943; Anth. 7, 419; Plut. Mor. 490, is reg. in Attic; in Her. 
the pass. aor. is, in Mss. and nearly all editions, with and with- 
out augm. T]v8pvdr)v 4, 155, but dv8pa>6- 3, 3; in Hippocr. f)v8p- i, 
614 (Erm.). 5, 356 (Lit.): and p. T)v8pa>pevos 4, 256, but '- av&p- 
Her. 2, 63 without v. r. Mid. aor. dvftpwvaadai (Hesych.) 

'A^x w To hold up, II. 23, 426; Soph. O. R. 174; Eur. Hip. 
1293 (Mss. Monk, Kirchh. an- Mss. Nauck, Dind. 5 ed.); 
Her. 2, 29; Thuc. i, 141; Epic subj. -fxn ' 1 - Od. 19, in (Bekk.): 
imp. dv-fi\ov Thuc. 7, 48 : fut. dvega rare, perhaps only Archil. 
Fr. 82 (Bergk) ; and late Luc. Hist. Con. 4 ; Orac, Sib. 5, 312 ; 
V. T. Haggai i, 10 ; di>aa-xwa> also rare, Eur. I. A. 732 ; Her. 
5, 106. 7, 14; late Att. prose Plut. Alcib. 30; Parthen. 9, 4 : 
2 aor. dvfcrxov II. 17, 310; Eur. Med. 482 ; Her. 8, 8; Xen. 
Hell, i, 6, 28; PI. Conv. 220, and Epic dve<rxf6ov II. 7, 412. 
Od. 9, 294; dvd<rx<a Soph. El. 636 ; -ffx^v II. 6, 257* -o"x4 MJ/ 2 4 



'Aveuivrai 'Ai/0e'<. 73 

301 ; -(Tx<av 18, 75; Soph. Tr. 204; Eur. Fr. 475 a; Theocr. 
J 8, 57: p. dveo-xrjKa late, Epist. Phal. 105, 2 (Kerch.); Sext. 

Emp. 741 P- P- a*t(rxripBi (?) : aor. avfa-^t6r]v (?). Mid. di/e^o/zai 

to endure, Od. 7, 32; Eur. Tr. 102; Ar. Vesp. 1337; Her. i, 
80 ; Antiph. 4, y, i ; PI. Leg. 708 : imp. with double augm. 
rjvfixofjujv Aesch. Ag. 905 ; Soph. Ph. 411 ; Thuc. 5, 45 ; Lys. 

3, 9 ; Dem. 30, 33. 50, 45 : fut. <Wop<u II. 5, 895. Od. 19, 27; 
Aesch. Pers. 838 ; Soph. El. 1028 ; Eur. Hipp. 354; Com. Fr. 
(Men.) 4, 77; Isocr. 12, 140; PL Rep. 613; Dem. 18, 160; 
Poet, and less freq. dvatrx^a-ofuu Aesch. Sept. 252 ; Ar. Ach. 299, 
syncop. dwxw- II. 5, 104 : 2 aor. with double augm. Tjvfo-xoftqv 
Aesch. Ag. 1274 ; Soph. Tr. 276; Eur. H. F. 1319; Ar. Nub. 
1363; /-Her. 5, 48. 7, 159. 8, 26 ; Thuc. 3, 28; Andoc. 2, 15; 
Lys. 3, 3; PI. Charm. 162; Dem. 19, 24. 96, syncop. rjvax- 
Soph. Ant. 467 (Dind. 5 ed. &v,ecrx- Erf. Herm.), rarer dvevx- II. 

18, 430; Aesch. Ch. 747; Eur. Hipp. 687 (both trimeters); 
Soph. Ant. 467 quoted (Wolf, Dind. in note, 5 ed.) ; Ar. Pax 
347 (chor.); Her. 5, 89. 6, 112. 7, 139 ; Dem. 22, 68 (S. Bekk. 
Dind. Tivecrx- B. Saupp.) ; 'Luc. Astrol. 24, 2 sing, syncop. 
ava-xfo II. 24, 518 ; imper. dvd- tr^eo II. 10, 321, av^xfo 23, 587. 
Vb. dvao-xcros Com. Fr. 2, 577, dveKros II. io, n8; Soph. Ant. 
282, -eos O. C. 883. Her. presents three instances of double 
augm. Tjvevx-, and three of single, dveo-x-, each without v. r., and 
what is rather curious, the instances of the former are all in sing. 
Tjvea-xfTo, of the latter, all in pi. dvea-xovro. That the Attic poets 
do not confine dvfa-xowv " to the chorus," but use it as well as 
fjveax- in trimeters, appears from Aesch. Ch. 747, more espe- 
cially Eur. Hipp. 687, where rjvea-x- could not stand. Horn. Od. 

19, in, has 3 sing. pres. dvexrjo-i for -x, as if from apc'xwu, 
unless it be subj. for -TJO-I, which Bekker, Ameis and La Roche 
edit. The only instance we have met of the pass. v. is dvexeru 
4 Maccab. i, 35 (Apel, Bekk. dvrex- Gaisf.) 

Ap&orrai, see fy/xt, d(f>irifjii. 

'A^oQe sprung, Epic 2 perf. as pres. Od. 17, 270 : as aor. 
II. n, 266. Formed by redupl. probably from root dvedco. 

'A^e'w To flourish (avdos) Hes. Op. 582; Pind. Ol. 13, 23; 
Aesch. Ch.' 1009; Soph. Fr. 705; Hippocr. 2, 676 (Lit), Ion. 
and Dor. 3 pi. dvtievo-i Hes. Op. 227; Theocr. 27, 46; pt. avdwv 
PI. Rep. 475, dvdovo-a Isocr. 5, io, Ion. and Dor. -eCo-a Her. 

4, i; Theocr. 5, 56 : imp. rjvOfi. Eur. Hec. 1210; Xen. Cyr. 
6, 4, i, Lacon. fjvarfi. Ar. Lys. 1257: fut. dvdr'ja-fi Alcae. 83: 
aor. fivdrja-a H. Hym. i, 139; Thuc. i, 19; Dem. 2, io, Dor. 
av6- Pind. P. i, 66. I. 4 (3), 18 (Bergk); dj^am Od. n, 320: 
p. r}vQr)Ka Soph. Tr. 1089 &c. 



74 'AvOpaKoa) ' 

('Ak0paic6u>) To burn to a cinder, blasi, Trag. and confined to 
p. p. T)i>6paK<onevos Aesch. Pr. 372; Eur. Cycl. 612. The comp. 
Kar-avdp- also has no act. but besides p. p. -rjudpaKmufda Eur. 
Cycl. 663 ; -e>fj.fvos Soph. El. 58 : and aor. -T)i>0paKu6T) Eur. I. A. 
1602 : it has fut. m. Kar-avdpaKuxro^ai. as act. Aesch. Fr. 280 (D.) 
dir-avdpaKoo) has aor. act. -Tjv6pdi>a-fv Luc. D. Mort. 20, 4. 

'Aci<xti> To sorrow, Poet. II. 18, 300, dvl- Od. 22, 87, also vex, 
Od. 19, 323, -idfovo-t 4, 598; Opp. Hal. 2, 450; C. S^Sja : 
imp. di/fa^oi/ II. 23, 721, iter. di/raffo-KovAp. Rh. 3, 1138: aor. fjviaa-a 
Anth. (Lucil.) n, 254, overlooked by Lexicogr. (i). See di>td<o. 

Afidofiai, see idofiai. 

'Ayirfo To vex, Soph. Ant. 550; Ar. Plut. 538. Eq. 349; 
Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 7 ; Dem. 17, 17 : imp. f)vla Soph. Aj. 273; 
PI. Gorg. 502 : fut. dviaw Xen. An. 3, 3, 19; Plut. Sol. 12 ; 
Aristid. 45, 46, Ion. -V M Od. 19, 66; Anth. (Plato) 7, 100: 
aor. r)via<ra Andoc. i, 50; Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 33, Ion. -770-0 
Phocyl. 16; dvidaas Soph. Aj. 994; Ar. Pax 764, Ion. -qo-ar 
Anth. 12, 153; Orph. Lith. 645, Dor. aviao-a Theocr. 2, 23: 
p. late rjvidKa Heliod. 7, 22. Pass. dviS>fj.ai to be grieved, Od. 15, 
335 ; Soph. Ph. 906 ; Ar. Lys. 593 ; Com. Fr. 2, 247. 3, 316 ; 
Xen. Mem. 3, 9, 8 ; Lys. 13, 43, Ion. -ifjTai (Hippocr.) Epist. 
9, 384 ; opt. di>iap.r)v Theogn. 668, 3 pi. Ion. dwwaro Her. 4, 
130; -lacr&u 5, 93: imp. tjvivvTo Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 10: as pass, 
fut. mid. dviao-opai Com. Fr. (Aristoph.) 2, 1148; Xen. Mem. 
i, i, 8 ; (Aeschin.) Epist. 8; Luc. D. Meretr. 8, 2, Ion. -ryo-o/iat, 
-r/o-ei Plat. Eleg. 8 (Bergk), Epic -^o-eai Theogn. 991 : p. ^i/t'^at 
Mosch. 4, 3 : aor. t)viddr)v Xen. Hell. 6, 4, 20, Ion. -r\6r\v II. 2, 
291. Od. i, 133; Hippocr. 6, 392 (Lit.); Democr. p. 165 
(Mullach) : fut. late aviaBfafa-Qai Galen 5, 51. Mid. aor. 
dvicKraffOai Galen 3, 489, we think should be fut. -dcrfvdai. (av- 
in pres. da-- in fut. &c. i in Horn, and Trag. t in Corned, 
except -tow Ar. Eq. 349, i in others.) 

'Avit]fU, See d(pir)(u. 

'AytjidcD To draw up, in classic usage perhaps only pres. and 
imp. (later pretty complete with fut. m. as act.), Xen. Eq. 7, 2 ; 
Theophr. H. P. 4, 3, 5 : imp. avi\ui>v Xen. An. 4, 2, 8 : (fut. 
-i7<r?) : fut. m. -TJO-O/LMU Long. P. i, 12 (Seil.) : aor. dvi^cra 
Plut. Phoc. 18; Stob. (Hierocl.) 85, 21: p.p. dvi^ai. Luc. 
Pise. 50: aor. dvt^dr^v D. Laert. i, 116; App. Mithr. 32. 
More usu. mid. dwjuwjMu Aristot. Plant. 2, 6, 9 ; Luc. Alex. 14 ; 
Aretae. 77 (ed. Oxon.) ; Geop. i, 13: imp. dvi^vro Polyaen. 
4, 6, 8 : fut. -rjcnyuu Long. P. i, 12 quoted : aor. -r)(rdp.j)i> Plut. 
Mor - 7735 Luc. V. H. 2, 42; Long. P. i, 12 (Seil.); App. 
Mithr. 7 1 ; Arr. Peripl. 8. 



* A vi o-o'ft) 'Apo/ywpu. 7 5 

70 w0&? equal, seems, in the classic period, to occur 
only in pres. act. awo-ot Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 65 (Dind.) ; -vrw PI. 
Polit. 289 ; -icrovv Aristot. Part. Anim. 3, 4, 19 : and aor. pass. 
dvta-adeis Her. 7, 103. We notice it simply to supply a defect 
in all our Lexicons the aor. mid. dvlvaxraiTo Opp. H. 5, 37. 

'AcoiYkufu To open, Lys. 12, 10 ; Dem. 24, 209 (-VTCH Eur. Ion 
923; -vptvos Ar. Eq. 1326); dyoiyu Find. P. 5,88; Soph. Aj. 344; 
Her. 3, 117; Thuc. 4, 74; avoiye Aesch. Supp. 321 ; (Epic 
dvaoi'yeo); later dfoiyvuci) Dem. Phal. 122; Paus. 8, 41, 4: imp. 
dvftayovll. 16, 22i. 24, 228; Com. Fr. (Amips.) 2, 706; Her. 

1, 187 ; Xen. An. 5, 5, 20, vn- Dem. 32, 27, Epic dvayov II. 14, 
1 68, and rare fjvoiyov Xen. Hell, i, i, 2. 6, 21 ; late, Paus. 4, 26, 
8; Achr Tat. 3, 17 (Vulg. dveay- Kerch.); App. Civ. 2, 138, 
iter. dvaoiyfcricov II. 24, 455, late dvfcpywov App. Annib. 32. Civ. 

4, 81, but -fioyw Mithr. 44 : fut. dvola> Ar. Pax 179 ; Polyaen. 

5, 5, i : aor. dveaga Od. 10, 389 (Bekk. Ameis, La Roche) ; 
Ar. Vesp. 768; Thuc. 2, 2; Lys. i, 14; Dem. 20, 53, rare 
Tjvoi^a Xen. Hell, r, 5, 13 ; late, Apollod. 2, 5, 4 ; Charit. i, 10, 

2, 3, 4, 14; Or. Sib. 3, 500; Pseud.-Callisth. i, 17; Polyaen. 

3, 9, 45 (but di/e'a 5, 5, i), Poet. dv<a Theocr. 14, 15, Ion. 
m/oi^a Her. i, 68. 4, 143. 9, 118 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Stein); 

avoids Soph. O. C. 515; -oiare Aesch. Ch. 877: p. m/ew^a 

Dem. 42, 30; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 133: p.p. dwwy/zai Eur. 
Hipp. 56 ; Hippocr. 5, 284 ; Thuc. 2, 4 ; Lys. i, 24 ; Dem. 24, 
208, Poet, di'aynai Theocr. 14, 47, late rjvoiy^tai Joseph. A p. 2, 9, 
but fit- Hippocr. 5, 436 (Ms. G. Lit. dj/ewy- Erm. i, 689), f)vfa>y~ 
fieVo? D. Sic. 23, 1 6 (Dind.); Heliod. 9, 9 : pip. dveWro Xen. Hell, 5, 
1,14, late rjvoucro, Si- Heliod. 7,15: 1 aor. avta>x6 r i v Eur. Ion 1563; 
di/oi^i? (Dem.) 44, 37 ; -Sfirj PI. Phaed. 59, -Qdtv Thuc. 4, in ; 
-ot^^i/at Her. 2, 128; -dels 4, 14; Antiph. 5, 54; Thuc. 4, 130 ; 
PI. Conv. 216, late f]voi^driv Paus. 2, 35, 4; Pseud.-Callisth. 1,19; 
V. T. Ps. 105, 17, di/coi'x^ Nonn. 7, 317: fut. late dvoi\6r]uoiiai 
V. T. Esai. 60, ii ; Galen 2, 473; Epict. Ench. 33, 13. 
2 aor. late fjvoiyrjv (Luc.) Amor. 14 ; Pseud.-Callisth. i, 19 ; 
Christ. Pat. 996 : 2 fut. awiy^o-o/iai late, V. T. Neh. 7, 3 : 3 fut. 
dvfca^onai Xen. Hell. 5, i, 14 (Mss. Dind. Saupp. Breilb. Cob.); 
Dio Chrys. vol. 2, p. 329 (Dind.): pres. dvoiyerai PL Rep. 405, 

-VVTCU Eur. Ion 923; -yea-Sat Thuc. 4, 104; -vvpevos Ar. Eq. 
1326, -yofJLfvos Thuc. 4, 130: imp. dvfcayovro Thuc. 4, III ; PI. 
Phaed. 59 : 2 p. di/eVya rarely act., dvitaye opened, (Hippocr.) 
Epist. 9, 394 (Lit.); Aristaen. 2, 22 : pip. di/f<uyei Com. Fr. 
(Pher.) 2, 289 (Pors. Meia) ; usu. neuter, stand open, -utyaat 
Hippocr. 7, 558 (Lit.) ; Plut. Mor. 693 ; Luc. Gall. 30 ; D. Mort. 
4, I ; Herodn. 4, 2, 7 ; Polyaen. 2, 28, which earlier Attic writers 



76 *Avop66(D. 

seem to have avoided, and used dvetpypat instead : Dinarchus 
the orator is said, in Cramer's Anecd. i, 52, to have been the 
only exception. Mid. open for oneself, one's own, rare and late, 
-oiyopevos Plut. Mor. 339 (?) : aor. dvoigdpfvai. Aristid. V. 2, 40 
(Jebb.) ; -aadat suggested by Struve for dwigai Q. Sm. 12, 331. 
Vl>. dvoiKTtov Eur. Ion 1387. The less regular forms rjvoiyov, 
rjvoi^a are late, V. T. i Mace, n, 2 ; Paus. 7, 19, 3; Clement. 
Epist. 43, except as nautical terms, open out, gain the open sea, 
in which sense exclusively Xen. uses them. Gaisf., with the 
Mss., edits dv^a Her. i, 68, but avotga 4, 143. 9, 118, Bekk. 
Dind. Bred. Lhardy uniformly ai/oia, as it would seem that 
Her. perhaps never augments 01, dvewyes however i, 187, but 
in an Inscr. Hippocr. augments it, di/e'we 6, 568 (Lit.) For the 
monstrous form dvattgai Q. Sm. 12, 331, has been suggested, 

Or Substituted, dvolt-ai (Pauw), dvairTvgai (Koechly), dvoigao-Qai 

(Struve), called " inusitatum " by Koechly, rather hastily if 
Aristid. 2, 40, be sound. In late Greek, along with the classical 
forms ai/e'<j>e, dvtmy^ai, dvftpxfyv, occur even with triple augm. 
rpftpge V. T. Gen. 8, 6 ; Joseph. Ap. 2, 9 : yveipypai N. T. Rev. 
10, 8 ; Heliodor. 9, 9; Polyaen. 8, 25 (Maasv. dvcny- Woelffl.) : 
f)vea>x&iv Dio Cass. 44, 17 (Bekk. dvtax- Dind.); V. T. Gen. 
7, ii ; N. T. Jo. 9, 10 (Vat. Sinait.) See Galen 4, 160. 
47 8. 

'AfopOou To set upright, Xen. Hell. 4, 8, 12, (never augments 
the prep, in classic writers) : fat. dvopdao-w Isocr. 6, 85 : aor. 
dvatpduxra Eur. Ale. 1138; Isocr. 5, 64; Aristid. 12, 84 (Dind.); 
-daxTov Soph. O. R. 51; -wow Thuc. 6, 88: (p.?): pip. late 
r)vopd<u<eiv Liban. Epist. 959 (Wolf) : p. p. dvu>p6a>iMi V. T. 2 Reg. 
7, 16. i Par. 17, 14. 24; Liban. Decl. p. 800: aor. dixapdtadrjv 
V. T. Ps. 19, 9. Ezek. 16, 7 ; N. T. Luc. 13, 13 (Vulg. Vat.), 
dvopd- (Mss. Lachm. Tisch.) : imp. pass. dvcapOovvro Eunap. Fr. 76 
(L. Dind.) This verb never augments the prep, in classic, scarcely 
even in late Greek. The tendency to double augm. is confined 
to the double comp. fir-avop66a>, which, in classic Greek, always 
augments both verb and prep. imp. eV-^wptfovi/ Isocr. 12, 200: 
aor. fTT-rjvu>p6u>aa (Lys.) 2, 70; Dinarch. i, 96, aw-en- (Dem.) 
10, 34: p. p. (Tr-TjvvpOcoiMu Dem. 18, 311 ; Athen. (Macho) 578: 
aor. indie, late fir-av^pQ^Qrj Apocr. 2 Mace. 5, 20 ; inf. eV- 
avop6a>6rjvai Dem. 9, 76. Mid. imp. eir-r]vo)p6ov^v PI. Theaet. 
143; Plut. Sert. 19; but later tn-ava>pd- Polyaen. 6, 4 
f (Woelffl.), see N.T.Luc. 13, 13, above: aor. fir-T}vo)pda><rdfajv 
Isocr. 4, 165 ; Dem. 56, 43. (Dem.) 7, 18. Vb. (ir-avop6uTfov PI. 
Leg. 809. The Aldine reading Eur. Ale. 1138, is e'-ai/&>/?0coo-ar, 

not f-r)v-. 8iopdua>, aor. Si-apdua-e Isocr. 9, 47, 



'Avrayopeva) 'A*mtaC. 77 

Plut. Alcib. 7 &C., not e8i-a>pd-. Karop66u>, Kar-copdcoa-av ThuC. 6, 
33, not eKOT-capd-. 

\J *J ' * 

'Arrayopeuw To speak against, rare and only pres. -eveiv Ar. 
Ran. 1072 : and Dor. aor. dir-dyopevo-e Find. P. 4, 156 (Vulg. 
Boeckh, Momms. Christ), the rest supplied by dvri\eyu>, dvrepS>, 

-fiprjKa, &C. 

'Arda> To meet, Poet, and Ion. subj. divas H. Merc. 288 ; 

Opt. dvTcarj Soph. Tr. 902: imp. Ion. ijvreov II. 7, 423; Ap. 

Rh. 4, 845, for -aov: fut. di/r^o-w II. 16, 423; Opp. Hal. 3, 71, 
Dor. -da-fa Eur. Tr. 212 (chor.): aor. Tjvr^a-a II. 6, 399. Od. 
4, 327; Eur. Ion 802; Her. i, 114. 2, 119, an-- Thuc. 2, 20, 
Dor. ai/rao-a Soph. Ant. 982 (chor.), VTT- Find. P. 8, 59 ; subj. 

dirrrfo-rjs ,Eur. I. A. 150, Epic -Jj(ro/iej> Od. 1 6, 254; opt. avrfjo-fie 

II. 7, 158; Maneth. i, 24; part, dir-jjo-as Aesch. Supp. 37 ; Soph. 
A)'- 533> -Dor. -"< s Pind. Ol. 10, 42 : p. dw-tjVTTjKa Ar. Lys. 
420; Dem. 18, 15. 125 : p. p. -ijirr/jLiai see foil. Mid. as act. 
avTaffdai (Hesych.) ; usu. in comp. dTr-avra>[j.eva Polyb. 8, 8, 
branded by Luc. Lex. 25, as not Attic: fut. aTr-ai/rijo-opu 
Lys. 34, 8: aor. fjvTrja-avTo Anth. (Rhian.) 12, 121; subj. 

(rvv-avTri<riovTai II. 17, 134: and as mid. p. p. drr-f]VTr)[jiai Dio. 

Hal. 6, 88 : aor. am^v^Qri Polyb. 2, 7, see dnavrdm. Vb. 
dn-av-njTfov PI. Theaet. 210. avv-avr^v Epic 3 dual, imp. Od. 
I 6, 333. din-da uncomp. is rare, never in Comedy nor Attic 
prose. 

d^w To compare ; fut. m. -Katro/mi PI. Men. 80 : aor. 

Ar. Vesp. 1311; SUb. -Ka<ra> PI. Men. 80. 

To do good in turn, Ar. Plut. 1029 (Vulg. W. 
Dind. Mein. dvr eu TTOKF'O) Bergk) ; Xen. An. 5, 5, 21 (Vulg. 
Kriig. Kiihn. Saupp. dvr *v TTOI- L. Dind.); PI. Gorg. 520 
(Bekk. dvr ev TTOI- B. O. Winck.); Dem. 20, 141 (Vulg. Bekk. 
Bait. Saupp. but dvr ev Trotew W. Dind.) : fut. -ijo-co : aor. 

dvreviroir]<Ta>p.ev Dem. 2O, 124 (Bekk. Bait. Saupp. dvr ev TTOt- 

Dind.) : p. avrevirenoi^Kev Dem. 2O, 64 (Bekk. Bait. Saupp. dvr 
(v nfnoirjKfv Dind.) if right, the marvel vanishes. 

'Ai/Tid^u To meet, &c. Soph. Elec. 1009; Eur. Andr. 572, 
VTT- Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 9; subj. -daxri Pind. N. i, 68; Her. 4, 118: 
imper. aj/n'afe, VTT- Aesch. Pers. 834 : imp. dvria^ov Her. i, 166 
(Mss. Vulg. Gaisf. Dind. Stein), f,vT- (Bekk. Lhardy, Bred.), 
compare im-r^vr- 4, 121 (Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Stein); Aesch. 
Pers. 407; Xen. An. 6, 5, 27; Luc. V. H. i, 21. 37 : fut. di/nao-a> 
Od. 22, 28; Theogn. 552. 1308 (see dirtaw), Dor. -aa> Pind. Ol. 
10 (n), 84: aor. T]i>Tiu<ra Her. 4, 80. 9, 6; dvriaa-ov Eur. Supp. 
272; -do-as Emped. 274; Aesch. Ag. 1557; Soph. El. 869; Her. 
3, 45; and late prose, Ecphant. Slob. 48, 64 (-das Mein.), Dor. 



78 'Ai>Tmo> 'Ai/TiXe-yw. 

-d<rais Find. I. 6, 15, -dgais, vir-avrt- P. 8, II J -lacrai N. IO, 2O. 

This verb is Poet, and Ion. prose, late and rare in Attic prose, 

Plut. Dion. 45, but in comp. \m- Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 9. An. 6, 5, 27. 

'AvTiaw To meet, Poet. -d Ap. Rh. 4, 1675, -da Opp. Cyn. 

i, 536, Epic aWib'eo II. 12, 368; Opp. Hal. i, 48; imper. 

-ioa>VT<av II. 23, 643; inf. -idai/ 13, 215; -i6(av 2O, 125. Od. 

i, 25, see below: imp. dvrida Opp. Hal. 2, 334, iter. avridao-Kov 
Ap. Rh. 2, 100: fat. aWtao-a> Od. 22, 28; Theogn. 552 : aor. 

Tjvriao-a Callim. Epigr. 73, VTT-avriaa-a Pind. P. 4, 135; Subj. 
dvTida-rja-iv Ap. Rh. 3, 643, dual. -doijTov II. 12, 356; Opt. -Vfias 

Od. 18, '147 ; Mosch. 2, 150, -<re II. 13, 290, -a-aififv 7, 231 ; 
-do-as i, 67. Mid. as act. rare di/rtdo/u, Ep. opt. -idwro Ap. Rh. 

I, 470; -daaQai 2, 24: imp. dvridaa-Qf II. 24, 62 (Vulg. Dind. 

La R.), fjvri- (Bekk. 2 ed.) (a.) Some take oWidw II. 13, 752. 
Od. i, 25 &c. for fat. lengthened on aVn&> contr. from dvndav, 
for which see aVida>. 

'Airi/SoXe'd) 70 w^/, Ar. Nub. 155; Andoc. i, 149; Lys. 4, 20; 
Isae. 9, 37 : imp. f)VTifi6Xow Ar. Ach. 147 (Bekk. Dind. TjvTffi- 
Cob. Mein.). Fr. 460; Lys. i, 25. 29 (qi>re/3- Cob. Frohb.); 
Dem. 37, 14: fat. -^tr< Od. 21, 306; Lys. 14, 16: aor. 
Tivrfp6\T)cra rare Ar. Fr. 101 (Mss. Dind.), Ep. always aVre/SdA- 

II. n, 809. 13, 210. Od. 24, 87. H. Merc. 143; Hes. Sc. 439; 
Pind. Ol. 13, 30; Ap. Rh. 2, 1121; Orph. Arg. 498 &c. ; 
opt. -rjcrais rare form in Horn. Od. 4, 547. 13, 229 : aor. pass. 
dvrifio\T]6fis Ar. Vesp. 560. dvTifioXria-ev unaugm. II. n, 809 
(Vulg.), and preferred by Buttm. Lexil. p. 122, on the ground 
of its being more in accordance with Homeric analogy, as the 
verb is a fixed compd., with augm. avre/3oX- (Ms. Ven. Wolf, 
Bekk. Dind. La Roche.) 

'AKTiSiKtw To be a defendant, Xen. Mem. 4, 4, 8: imp. ^triStW 
Lys. 6. 12 (fivreS- Cob.), rjvrfb- Dem. 39, 37. 40, 18 (Ms. S. 
Bekk. B. Saupp., rjvnd- Dind.): fut. di/riSi/c^o-a) Isae. n, 9: 
aor. T)vre8ii<T]<Ta (Dem.) 47, 28 (Bekk. B. Saupp.), f)vn8- (Dind.) 

'ArriXeyo) To speak against, Ar. Ran. 1076; Her. 8, 77; 
Andoc. i, 94; Xen. Hell. 3, 2, 18; Isocr. 15, 89; PI. Euthyd. 
285; Dem. 20, 62; inf. -Xtyav Euen. i (Bergk); Her. 8, 77; 
Lys. 8, ii ; Isae. 10, 22: imp. dvreXr/ov Ar. Fr. 407; Her. 
9, 42; Thuc. i, 28; Lys. 8, n. 12, 25; Isocr. 12, 89; Isae. 
6, 24 : fat. -Ae'o> rare, Eur. Hipp. 993 ; Ar. Ran. 998 ; Lys. 
8, 10. ii (Scheibe); Xen. Conv. 2, 12; D. Hal. 10, 40: 
aor. dvreXet-a. rare, and Poet. (?) Dio Cass. 68, 20; -tas Dio. 
Hal. 9, 41 ; inf. -Ae'ai Soph. O. R. 409; Ar. Nub. 1040. Lys. 
806; Dio. Hal. 10, 40: pass. aVriXeyerat Xen. Hell. 6, 5, 37; 
, 2, 30; -tvOai Dem. 27, 15. Vb. dirtXe/crtos Eur. Heracl. 



79 

975. This verb seems not to occur in Epic ; neither pres. nor 
imp. in Trag. ; but freq. in prose and Comedy : fut. and aor. 
rare, and rather Poet. The usual fut. and aor. are: dvrepS> 
Aesch. Ag. 539 ; Eur. Hipp. 402. Med. 364; Ar. Eccl. 249. 
Ach. 702 ; Thuc. i, 73; Andoc. 4, 25; Isocr. 12, 62. 18, 35; 
Aeschin. 2, 183; PL Rep. 580: aor. avreinov Thuc. i, 136. 
4, 22; Lys. 19, 55; Isocr. 12, 215; subj. -fiVi/ Ar. Eccl. 588, 

-dnrjTe Eur. Elec. 361; opt. -eiTTOifjit Soph. El. 377, -etVoi 

Eur. I. A. 1 2 10 (Monk, Kirchh. Nauck, -eptl Elms. Dind.); 
-finelv Aesch. Pr. 51 ; Soph. Ant. 1053; Andoc. 4, 34; Isocr. 

l8, 36; -enron/ Soph. Ant. 1232; Thuc. 8, 69: p. -fiprjKoas 
Soph. Ant. 47 : fut. ai/Teipijo-eTai Soph. Tr. 1184. 1 aor. avnlirav 

late, V. ,T. Jos. 17, 14. We have not seen the indie, dvre'nrov 
either in Trag. or Comedy. 

('Arriow), in use di/rioo/mi Dep. To oppose, Ion. -fvptQa Her. 9, 
26 ; -evfjifvot 7, 139 : imp. TJVTIOVTO Her. i, 76. 4, 3 : with fut. m. 
dvrio3cro[jLai Her. 7, 9. IO2 : but aor. p. rjvnwdrjv as mid. Her. 7, 
9. 10. 8, 100 (Bekk. Dind. Kriig. Stein), dvr- 7, 9 (Gaisf.); 
inf. dvTuodrjvai Aesch. Supp. 389; Her. 8, 100; -u>6eis 5, roo. 

See fv-avTioofjuii.. 

'Amxpf] It is sufficient (xpij), impers. and only 1 aor. dvrtxpw* 
Her. 7, 127. 187. 

"Ayroficu To meet, entreat, Poet. Emped. 14 (Stein); Soph. 
O. C. 250; Eur. Ale. 1098; Ar. Thesm. 977 (chor.); Ap. Rh. 
2, 1123; -eaQai II. 15, 698; -d/xej/o? II, 237; Phld. P. 2, 71 : 
imp. ^JTO'PJV, -reo Callim. Epigr. 31, -TTO II. 22, 203, crvv- IL 
21, 34. Od, 4, 367, but dual avrea-d^v, aw- II. 7, 22. 

("Ayufu) To accomplish, only imp. act. Dor. i pi. avvpes Theocr. 
7, 10 (Vulg. Ahr. Ziegl. avo^es Meineke, Fritzs.). Pass, avvrai 
pres. late, Opp. Hal. 3, 427 (Vulg.); Nic. Alex. 599 (G. and 
Otto Schneid. -erai G. Herm. Meineke) : TJVVTO Od. 5, 243 ; 
Q. Sm. 9, i, awro Theocr. 2, 92, --o (Mein.) (a seems to be 
always in arsi, a Nic. Al. 599, is in thesi.) 

'AVUCJ To accomplish, II. 4, 56 ; Eur. Ph. 453 ; Ar. Ran. 606, 
e- Her. 7, 183, Attic avuru Soph. Ant. 805 (Dind.); Thuc. 2, 76; 
Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 5, |w- Aesch. Ag. 1123: imp. ijvvov Her. 9, 66; 
Dem. 21, 104, and -VTOV Soph. Tr. 319; Eur. Bac. noo (Dind. 
ijv- Elms.); PI. Conv. 217 ; Xen. Cyr. 5,^5, 22. 7, 3, 14 (Dind. 
Saupp. Hertl. -vov Vulg. Popp.), Dor. awov Theocr. 21, 19: 
fut. dvvvu Soph. Aj. 607; Ar. Ran. 649; Artemid. Onir. 1,51, 
and, according to some, dvvco II. 4, 56 quoted, '- n, 365. 
20, 452: aor. fjvixra Od. 24, 71; Aesch. Pers. 7^6; Soph. 
O. C. 454 ; Her. i, 91, Dor. av- Theocr. 7, 6 ; -vo-fitv Od. 
J 5> 2 94; PI- Leg. 650; -wrai Thuc. 2, 97; awo-as Ar. Nub. 



8o 



Ll/ft). 



635 ; Epic, tjvvvo-a Ap. Rh. 4, 413, amxra-a Find. P. 12, II, av- 

Anth. 5, 275; dvixraras H. Merc. 337; Hes. Th. 954; -vo-o-at 
Ap. Rh. i, 603: p. rjvvKa PI. Polit. 264: p. p. ^wrr/xat Polyb. 
3, 44, 8t- Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 28 ; but yvvp-evos if correct, Theod. 
Metoch. 2, p. 22 (MiilL), npo- D. Hal. Rhet. 5, 4: pip. TJMCTTO 
Luc. Herm. 3; Paus. 5, i, 7: aor. r^aQ^v D. Hal. Ant. 3, 6; 
Polyb. 32, 7, 17; Philostr. V. Apoll. 40; Heliod. 4, 6, r- Hes. 
Sc. 311: ftit. dwardrjffoijLcu. Ael. V. H. i, 2i ; Heliod. 3, 19. 

Mid. avvo\uu. as act. Pind. P. 2, 49 ; -vea-dai Bion 7> 6, -\nea6ai 

Xen. An. 7, 7, 24 (D. Sauppe) : imp. tjwTopav Aesch. 'Ag. 1159 

(chor.): butfut. avvvo^ai (o-o-) pass. (?) Od. l6, 373, act. -va-ecrdat 

Xen. An. 7, 7, 24 quoted (Lion, Kiihn.) : aor. fjvva-anrjv Aesch. 
Pr. 700; Soph. Tr. 996; Ar. Plut. 196 (D.); rare in prose, 
PL Phaed. 69 (best Ms. Heind. Bekk. Stallb. Schanz, -vaa^v 
Mss. Herm. Wohlrab); (Hippocr.) Epist. 420 (Lit.); -vo-w/xai 
Aesch. Ch. 858 ; -wratr&u Xen. An. 7, 7, 24 quoted (Valken. 
Kriig. Schenkl); and late, Polyb. 9, 4, e'- Strab. 10, 2, 25, 
unaugm. -avixravro Eur. Bacc. 131 (chor.), Dor. avva-dpav Theocr. 
5, 144. Vb. dwffros Hippocr. 2, 142 (Erm.); Xen. An. i, 8, 

II, but avvros Sext. Emp. 617 (B.), av-r)W(TTOS Od. 1 6, III, 

dv-T)vvTos Soph. El. 166. For ^O-OTO Her. i, 91 (Mss. Schw. 
Gaisf.), Schaefer reads fjwo-f n, and Bekk. Lhardy, Dind. Kriig. 
Stein approve and accept it. Fut. m. ai/iWetr&u Od. 16, 373, is 
not, we think, necessarily pass. It may mean we shall never accom- 
plish this_/br ourselves, gain our object in this, a and v always 
short (Passow) : if so, the following require correction, dvvw 
Nonn. 21, 1 6 (Graef.), where have been suggested dAiW (Wern. 
oXvo) Koch, Meineke, 'do-< Koechly); dvva-ai Tryphiod. 126; 
dvv<rdti.(voi Anth. Pal. 10, 12. The poets use both forms, more 
freq. dvva> ; prose authors, again, prefer ai/urco, Thuc. and Plato 
perhaps always ; so Xen. (Dind.), usu. (Vulg. Popp.). avva>, 
&VVTO) with aspirate, called Attic by Moeris, Herodn. &c., and 
so written by Person Eur. Phoen. 463, Elms. Bac. 1098, and 
by Dind. formerly (4 edit.) uniformly in Sophocles, is not, we 
think, supported by the Mss. nor adopted by the generality 
of scholars: Dind. now always unaspirated dv-, fjv- (5 edit.) 
dvvTT(a D. Laert. i, 2, 16, and v. r. PI. Soph. 261 &c. is a 
vicious form. 

"Ayu Poet. To perform, wait Aesch. Fr. 156 (Dobr. Herm. 
Dind.); avovros Ar. Vesp. 369; Svtiv PI. Crat. 415: imp. rjvov 
Od. 3, 496; Eur. An. 1132. Pass, avopai II. 10, 251 ; Pind. 

01. 8, 8 (best Mss. Boeckh, Bergk); Opp. Hal. 4, 528; ai/^reu 
5, 442; avoiro II. 18, 473; dvt'ifuvos Aesch. Ch. 799; Ap. Rh. 

2, 4945 Opp. Cyn. i, in; Arat. 373 (B); Her. 7, 20, v. r. 



'A^COyft) 'AiOO>. 8 I 

dn/n-: imp. five Her. i, 189. 8, 71 (Gaisf. Dind. Stein, Abicht, 
rjvvtTo Bekk. Kriig.), livero Theocr. 2, 92 (Meineke), perhaps 
needlessly, for uwro (Vulg.) 5 usu. but in arsi, a in thesi once 
in Horn. &VOITO H. 18, 473, dvois Aesch. Fr. 156 (Dobr. Herm. 
Dind.). Ch. 799?; and late &VTJTOI Opp. Hal. 5, 442. 

'Acwyu Poet, and Ion. To order, almost confined to 3 sing. 
-ya II. 6, 439. 19, 102. Od. 5, 139. 357; Hes. Th. 549; Her. 
7, 104, but 2 sing, -yets Q. Sm. 13, 238, 3 dual -wyerov II. 4, 
287, -yere (Bentl. Bekk. 2 ed.), for subj. and opt. see perf. ; 
(imper. oWye Eur. Or. 119; Callim. Fr. 440, -yeVw Od. 2, 195, 
-ytrf 23, 132, may belong to perf.); part, -ytov Lycophr. 572; 
-yfiv Opp. Ven. 3, 194: imp. rjvuyov II. 9, 578. Od. 14, 237; 
Horn. t*. i, 105; Anth. App. Epigr 376; Ap. Rh. 4, 1594, 
<Wy- II. 5, 805. Od. 9, 331, -<aye Her. 3, 8 1, is perhaps perf. : 
fut. dvvgca Od 1 6, 404 : aor. fjvuga Hes. Sc. 479 ; subj. -&>o/*j> 
Ep. for -(ofiev, II. 15, 295 ; inf. dvSi^ai Od. 10, 531 : 2 p. oWya 
as pres. and unaugm. II. 14, 105; Soph. El. 1458; Eur. Cycl. 
340. 701, -yas II. 14, 262; -Aesch. Eum. 902; Soph. Ph. 100, 
-ye Aesch. Pr. 947; Soph. O. R. 96; Her. 3, 81, pi. syncop. 

ai/wy/zei/ H. H. 2, 350; Subj. dvnyrj II. 9, IOI. Od. I, 316; Her. 
7, 104; -yot/u II. 19, 206, -yot Od. 8, 70; Theogn. 999, -yotrc Od. 

Ir > 356; imper. ai/wye Eur. Or. .119; inf. dv<ayffj.fv II. 13, 56 : 
2 pip. qi/wyea as imp. Od. 9, 44. 17, 55, 3 sing. r)va>yei II. 6, 170. 
10, 394; Soph. O. C. 1598; Theocr. 24, 67 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 247, 
and dvatyfi II. 18, 176. Od. 2, 385. The following are Poetic 
syncopated forms : avcoyntv for -o>ya/iej>, H. H. 2, 350, ava>xQ>- 

2 sing.imper.il. 23, 158; Aesch. Ch. 772; Eur. Ale. 1044, 

3 sing, dvta^dca for -wye'rw, II. II, 189, 2 pi. ava>\G f for -coyere, 

Od. 22, 437 ; Eur. Rhes. 987. Imp. ^vwyeoi/ trisyll. II. 7, 394 
(Mss. Vulg. La Roche), has been changed to pip. ^vcayei(v) 
(Spitzn. Bekk. Dind.) 

'A|IOCD To think worthy, Soph. O. R. 944; Her. 4, 115; 
Antiph. 6, 8; Lys. 3, 4 : imp. ^- Soph. O. C. 953; Her. 3, 42; 
Antiph. 6, 34; Andoc. i, 107 : fut. -oxrw Her. 7. 16; Antiph. 
5, 16: aor. ^(Wa Thuc. 2, 64; Isae. 3, 2 : perf. ^uai Isocr. 
1 8, 24: reg. and noticed chiefly because we think our lexicons 
wrong in asserting the mid. to be in Attic prose. We think 
the mid. is nearly confined to Trag. and Ion. prose, d^iovfjuii, 
-ovtrdai Aesch. Ag. 370; Ion. ai%wu Her. 5, 106; d^ifvfievos 
i, 199. 7, 16; dgiovpevos Aristot. Rhet. 2, 10, Ji: but fut. 
dtiaa-erai if correct, as pass. Soph. Ant. 637 (Musgr. Schn. 
Nauck, Dind.): with fut. pass, dgivdrjo-nnai Isocr. 9, 6. 10, 
43; Aristot. Polit. 2, 9, 27; Diod. Sic. Fr. B. 31, n (Bekk.): 
aor. ^icoo-aro Aesch. Eum. 425 : imp. late ijiovro Dio Cass. 

G 



82 'Ao 

42, 35 (Bekk.) Vb. dgtwrfov Stob. 85 21, missed, by Lexi- 
cogr. 

'AoiSmw (doiSfj) Epic=d<ri'&i>, To sing, only pres. -met Od. 10, 
227; pt. -laovo-' 5, 6 1. Aor. doifya-ov if sound, Simon. C. 174 
(Bergk), requires a pres. dotfidco. 

'AoXXia> To bring together, assemble, Epic, Anth. 9, 772 ; -t'fcoi/ 
9, 649: aor. doXXto-o-a Jl. 6, 287; -tWas 6, 270; Ap. Rh. i, 863: 
aor. pass. do\\io-0r)v assembled, II. 19, 54 ; inf. Ep. -la-^/uewu 15, 
588. Pres. pass. doXXi'&wat Callim. Del. 18. (a.) 

'Airayopeuw To forbid, give up, Ar. Ach. 169; Her. 7, 149; 
Antiph. 3, 7, 7 ; (Andoc.) 4, 9 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 13; PL Prot. 
334: imp. dnrjyop- Her. 3, 51. 4, 125; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 14; 
Isae. 2, 28; Dem. 37, 25 : fut. -etlo-w Plut. Mor. 195. Lysand. 
3. Nici. 21, classic dir-(p> Ar. Lys. 165; Thuc. i, 29. 121; 
Xen. M. Eq. 3, 9, Ion. -epo Her. 7, 205 : aor. dnrjyopfvo-a 
classic, but rare, Aristot. Oec. 2, 24, 4; Dem. 40, 44. 55, 4 (Dio 
Cass. 56, 27. 60, 5. 6. 17; Ael. Fr. 298; Plut. Mor. 77; 
Luc. Conv. 19); subj. -ayopeva-rjt Plat. Theaet. 200 (often late 
Plut. Mor. 124. 228. Alex. 42; Strab 12, 3, n; Luc. Merc. 
Con. 26. Herm. 33); usu. dir-flirov Aesch. Sept. 840; Soph. 
Tr. 789; Thuc. 7, 60; PL Rep. 337, &c. : 1 aor. rare in this 
COmp. -ewra, -eiTras Soph. Ant. 405; -etnas Her. 3, 153 (mid. 
not in classic Attic, dTretTrd/irji/ Her. i, 59. 5, 56; Aristot. Eth. 
Nic. 8, 16, 4; Polyb. 33, 10, &c.): p. -rjyopevKa Aristot. Physiog. 

3, 8; Plut. Mor. 1096; Luc. D. Deor. 24, 2. Saturn. 3. (Asin.) 
19; classic dirdpTjKa Eur. Or. 91; Hippocr. 6, 210; Lys. 2, 52; 
Xen. An. 5, i, 2 ; PL Phaed. 99 ; Isocr. Epist. 3, 4 ; Dem. 3, 8: 
pip. -rjyopevKeiD. Cass. 58, 8; Luc. D. Deor. 5, 2 (Fritz.), classic 
-fipfjKeaav Xen. An. 6, 5, 30 : p. p. -ijyopev/im Aristot. Polit. 
7, 17,9; D. Cass. 57, 15; Plut. Sol. 21; Joseph. Ant. 15, 

4, i ; Heliod. 2, 33. 8, 7, classic -elprjuai Her. 6, 61 ; Aeschin. 
3, 48 ; PL Rep. 396 : pip. -j/yopevro Plut. Fab. 4 ; Heliod. 8, 6, 
classic -ipfnjLT)v, -TJVTO Thuc. 5, 48 : aor. -rjyopevdrjv D. Cass. 56, 
25, see Dem. Fr. 38, classic -fpptjdrjv Dem. Fr. 38: fut. dnop- 

prjBqvoyiai Lys. 22, 14. Vb. dnayopevrtov Luc. Herm. 47. 

'AiraXXdo-o-o) To set free, deliver, Aesch. Ag. 1289; Soph. Ant. 
596; Hippocr. 2, 156; Thuc. 8, 86, -drrco PL Gorg. 478: imp. 
aTj-jjXXan-oo Andoc. i, 59 : fut. -a Aesch. Pr. 773 ; Soph. Ant. 
769; Her. 9, 106; Isocr. 5, 52; Isae. n, 31: aor. -rjXXaa 
Ar. Vesp. 1537; Her. i, 16. 5, 63. 8, 68; Thuc. I, 90; Isocr. 
n 5- P- -^XXa^a Xen. Mem. 3, 13, 6; Dem. 18, 65; Liban. 
Or. 15 (p. 235): p. p. -jjXXay/xat Soph. El. 783; Eur. Andr. 
963; Antiph. 2, S, 5; Thuc. i, 122; -/*eW Ar. Pax 1128; Isocr. 

5, 49; Her. i, 60, but dnr-oX- 2, 144. 167 (Bekk. Dind. Stein), 



83 

airr)\- (Dietsch, Abicht): plp.-^XXa^oDem. 34, 31, -^XXaxro Antiph. 
i, 7; Thuc. i, 138: 1 aor. -qXXa^i/ Com. Fr. 2, 794; Hippocr. 

1, 732 (Marc. Erm. -Xdyj; Vulg. Lit. 5, 228); Her. 8, 18, 
but aTT-aX- 2, 152. 5, 65. 6, 40. 45, amjX- (Abicht) ; late Att. 
prose twr-^XX- Diog. Laert. 2, 127; subj. d7r-aX\axdn Soph. O. 

C. 786; Eur. Andr. 424; (PI.) Epist. 7, 335; Opt. -aXXaxdelre 

Ar. Vesp. 484 ; imper. -axfyri Eur. Cycl. 600, -dxQrjrov Ar. 
Plut. 66; -axdfis Soph. Ant. 244 ; Eur. Hip. 1181 ; Ar. Vesp. 
504; Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 794; Her. i, 170; Arr. An. 7, 25; 

Diod. Sic. 2O, 40 ; -axdrjvai Plut. Mar. 35 : 2 aor. dTr-^XXayrji/ 

Aesch. Pr. 750; Eur. Andr. 592; Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 696; 
Hippocr. 5, 206; Thuc. 2, 42; Andoc. i, 68; Lys. i, 17; 
Isocr. 3, 6 ; Xen. An. i, 10, 8 ; PI. Rep. 406 ; Aeschin. i, 40. 
53; Dem. 23, 169, and always in Att. prose; subj. -aXXayoj 
Aesch. Pr. 471; Ar. Eccl. noo; Isae. 2, 30; PI. Theaet. 168; 

-a\\ayetr)v Xen. Cyr. 6, I, 45, -yelfjifv PI. Euth. 7, -yfirjre 

Dem. 3, 33; -aXXdy^t Com. Fr. 3, 462; PI. Gorg. 491; 
-a\\ayeis Aesch. Ag. 336; Soph. Ant. 422; Eur. Ph. 592; 
Ar. Ach. 270; Andoc. i, 66; Isocr. 8, 20; PI. Phaed. 64; 
-yr)vai Com. Fr. (Polyz.) 2, 867; Xen. An. 5, i, 13; Lys. 
12, 45; PI. Gorg. 458; Dem. 19, 314; rare in Ion. Her. 
8, 84: 1 fat. -ax6r]<ToiJLai Eur. Hip. 356; Ar. Av. 940; Dio. Hal. 

7, 13: 2 flit, -ayrjarofiai ThuC. 4, 28; PI. Leg. 642; IsOCr. 

4, 172. 189; Dem. 22, 37; D. Sic. 20, 40; rare in Ion. Her. 

2, 120; Hippocr. 7, 174. 234: 3 fat. aTr-^XXa^et (Hesych.), 
-erat Dem. 20, 28 (Cobet, perhaps needlessly for a7r-aXXaerai 
Mss. Bekk. Dind.). Mid. aTraXXao-o-o/iat depart, Aesch. Eum. 
180; Eur. Med. 729; Phoen. 603; Her. i, 199, -UTTO//<W 
PI. Parm. 156: imp. Ion. dn-aXXacro- Her. i, 82. 3, 25, &c. 
-fjXXarr- PI. Leg. 948 : fat. a7raXXao/u Eur. Hel. 437 ; Ar. 
Ach. 757 (aTT-rjXX- Cob. Dind.); Her. 7, 222; Thuc. 8, 83; 
PI. Euth. 15; Dem. 20, 28: aor. dirr)\\dgai>To Eur. Heracl. 317 
(Mss. Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck, denied by Matth. and Poppo Thuc. 

8, 2, V7r-rj\\- Pflugk, Dind. 5 ed.); opt. -dan-o Plut. Cat. Min. 64 
(Sint. Bekk.); Strab. 15, i, 68, no v. r. ; -dgavdai Parthen. 5 
(Ms. P. Westerm.) ; Aretae. i, 7, see simple aXXa^ei/os Dem. 
55, 32 : in same sense aor. and fat. pass. dTr-^XXdx^" : T- 

rjXXdyrjv : -axdrjtropai '. -ayfjcronat. Vb. aTT-aXXaAcreoi' Lys. 6, 8 ; 

PI. Parm. 163. Of this verb, Attic prose writers use neither 
1 aor. nor 1 fut. pass. Aesch. has 2 aor. pass, only, Soph, and 
Eur. have both first and second, but the first more frequently, 
not however for Person's reason, for Soph. Ant. 422, and Eur. 
Andr. 592, would admit the first. Her. never augments the 
imp. : always the 1 aor. act. : varies in the p. p. and 1 aor. 

G 2 



84 

pass. A desiderative form diraX\aeio occurs in part. -eiovres 
Thuc. 1,^95. 3, 84. ^ 

'Airap.6ipop.at, see d/ie(j3a>. 

'Airarrdw To meet, Eur. Ion 940; Ar. Pax 941: Thuc. 7, 31 ; 
Dem. 24, 193: imp. cmj\vra>v Thuc. 4, 127; Lys. 2, 24, Dor. 
3 sing. aTrdvTT) Bion 4, 7 (Mein. Ziegl.) : fut. m. -ai/r^o-o/wu, -erai 
Aeschin. i, 164, -ovrm Lys. 2, 32. 34, 8; -ijo-eo-^at Thuc. 7, 80; 
Aeschin. i, 174; (Dem.) 42, 14. 60, 20; -qo-ojueiw Thuc. 

4, 77. 7, 2 ; Xen. Hell, i, 6, 3, Dor. -ao-emu Dius, Stob. 
65, 16 : act. -]7<r<B later, unless correct Hippocr. 3, 132 (Erm. 
827 Foes, -<r# Lit. 4, 264); (Aristot.) Rhet. ad Alex. 19, 4 
(Bekk.); Polyb. 4, 26. 17, 7 (Bekk.); Plut. Syll. 20; Dio 
Cass. 42, 41; App. Civ. i, 77. 3, 13; Diod. Sic. 18, 15; 
Aristid. 32, 422 (D.) : aor. aTr-jji/r^o-a Eur. Ph. 1392 ; Thuc. 2, 
20; Lys. i, 22 : p. dir-rji'TTjKa Ar. Lys. 420; Dem. 18, 15. 125: 
pip. -Tij/cei Arr. Anab. 6, 15, 5 : p. p. late dir-rjvrrjfjiai, as act. 
Polyb. 2, 37; Dio. Hal. 6, 88. 8, 47 : with pip. -JJITTJTO Sext. 
Emp. 106, ii : and aor. aTrrjvTrjdrjv as act. Polyb. 2, 7 : so 
pres. as mid. diravTupevai. Polyaen. 7, 45 ; Polyb. 8, 8, branded 
by Luc. (Lex. 25) as not Attic: imp. dir^vrdTo Polyaen. i, 21. 

5, 12. Mid. fut. -rjvopai, see above: aor. late, imper. 
dTrdvTTjvcu V. T. Ruth I, 1 6 ; -Tyo-ao-dai D. Hal. 8, 68 (Vulg.) 
Vb. diravTT)Teov PI. Theaet. 2IO. Fut. act. aTrai/Tijo-co is not 

classic. dnavTTja-atv adopted by Matth. Eur. Supp. 772, from 
a suggestion of Markland for diravrr}<ras, is against the Mss. 
and not required by the sense. With the exception of fut. 
-qo-o/wu, the mid. and pass, are used by late writers only, and by 
them as act. awavrdca Xen. An. 7, 2, 5, has also fut. -ijo-" I 3 * 6 * 
V. T. Esai. 34, 14; Maneth. 4, 554; Jos. Jud. B. 4, n, 2: but 
aor. -T)vn](ru Xen. An. i, 8, 15 : p. -rjvrrjKa Luc. Philop. i : p. p. 
-rivrrjrai see mid.: mid. <rvv-avT<ovrcu (Hes. Th. 877, in some 
edit.); Polyb. 22, 7; Aristaen. i, 12: fut. perhaps late, -ijo-o/wu 
V. T. Deut. 31, 29. Job 5, 14; (formerly II. 17, 134); now 
aor. subj. -fia-cavrai II. 17, 134 : late p. p. -^FT/JTOI as mid. Herodn. 
i, 17 (Vulg.), now avvyvra (Bekk.) At Hes. Th. 877, late 
editors, in accordance with some Mss, have preferred the 
form vvv-dvTatvrai to -uvrai, on the ground that " Epicorum est 

(Twairo^ai, non (rvvavrda)." crvvdvTOfiai is, no doubt, the USUO.I 

form, but if Horn, has the pure (dvrdui) rjvreov II. 7, 423, and 
avropai; (rvvavrdo) Od. 1 6, 333, and a-vvdvrofj.at, we do not see why 
Hes. may not have the comp. (rvvavrdofiai as well as -di 

especially as Hom. has aor. arwavT^a-aivrai II. 17, 134. 

Eur. Sup. 398 : imp. inrqvTav Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 2, Ion. -r}vreov 
Anth. Plan. 101 : fut. -IJCTW Joseph. Jud, B. 2, 15, 3, see mid.: 



a) 'A?ra^)/<r/cftj. 85 

aor. -fjvrrjffa Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 2; -avri]o-as Soph. Ph. 719, Dor. 
-dvrafff Find. P. 8, 59. Pass. ? Mid. -avrdofuu late, Herodn. 
2, 5> 5- 5) 4, 5- 8, i, 4 : fut. -faoficu Joseph. Ant. 6, 6, 2. 9, 6, 3. 
12, 4, 3; Sext. Emp. 644. 

'Airarcxw, 70 deceive, Theogn. 59 ; Thuc. 8, 98, Dor. 3 pi. 
aTrareoi/rt, e'- Pind. Ol. I, 29 : imp. ^Trareov Eur. El. 938 ; (Dem.) 

47, 9, e- Av. Eq. 1224; Aeschin. 2, 123, iter. dndraa-Kov, ?|- 
rare in Attic Ar. Pax 1070 (Hexam.) : fut. -faa) Od. 17, 139 ; 
PI. Phaedr. 262 : aor. ^Tranjo-a Thuc. 5, 9; PI. Rep. 573, Poet. 

aVar- II. 9, 344, Dor. dirdrava Soph. Tr. 500 (chor.) : p. qTrarq/ca 

Soph. Ph. 929 ; Her. 6, 80 ; Aristot. Rhet. i, 15, 25 : p. p. fjird- 
TTJUUI Soph. Ph. 949 ; Eur. Andr. 435 ; Thuc. 5, 46 : aor. tjira- 
r^6r] V Priocyl. 14; Thuc. 5, 85; Isae. 5, 14; PI. Crit. 52 ; Dem. 
44, 19, very complete, and reg. except fut. m. as pass. aVaTijo-o- 
p.ai PI. Phaedr. 262, |- Xen. An. 7, 3, 3 : and f. p. aTraTTj&jo-o/wu 
Aristot. Anal. Pr. 2, 21, 9, - Aeschin. 3, 168; PI. Crat. 436. 
Vb. fg-ana.TT)Tfov PI. Crit. 49. The orators very seldom use 
dtrarS), see (Dem.) 47, 9; Lycurg. 86; Isae. 5, 14; Dem. 44, 
19 ; Hyperid. Fr. 25 (Blass), though they freely use dndnj and 



Tib take away, Poetic, imp. aTrrjvpuv as aor. II. 19, 
89, aTrqvpaj 8, 237, -rjvpa 17, 125; Hes. Th. 423; Aesch. Pers. 
949 (chor.); Eur. An. 1029 (chor.), pi. di^vp^v II. 1,430; and 
late Epic, Ap. Rh. 4, 916 : allied in signif. fut. dTrovpf)<r> II. 22, 
489 (Bekk. Dind. -iWw Vulg. Spitzn. La Roche) : 1 aor. part. 
dnovpas II. i, 356, Dor. -ovpais Pind. P. 4, 149. Mid. aor. 
djrrjvpca Aesch. Pr. 28 trimet. (Vulg. Blomf.), -rjvparo (Od. 4, 646, 
before Wolf); part, dnovpdntvoi. Hes. Sc. 173, not pass, but 
having taken eachyftr himself \hs. life of the other deprived each 
other of life. For aTnjvpaTo Od. 4, 646 (Vulg.), Wolf, Bekker, 
and Dind. adopt the v. r. dnijvpa, and for aTnjv/xa Aesch. Pr. 28 
(Vulg.), Herm. with Ms. M. reads enrjipu, Elms. Dind. and Weil 
(TTrjvpov. Ahrens tries very ingeniously to account for the seem- 
ing anomalous forms of this verb by supposing a digammated 
stem in Fpd(a=Fpva>, epva>. dirovpas, dirovpdp.tvos are thus softened 
from dTro'pas, ano-pdpevos ' and dirrjvpas, -i)vpa, -rjvparo are im- 
properly written for dirtvpas (direFpas), -evpa, -fvparo. There is, 
besides, an interchange of conjugations; dirrjvpav, at least, is 

from -aco, and dnrji-po), -r/vparo from -/it. Compare yap.fa>, fyr]fj.a, 



To deceive, Poet. Od. 1 1 , 217; -i(nca>v, e- Hes. Th. 
537 : fut. d77a0i5o-a) Anth. 12, 26 : 1 aor. oTra^o-a Q. Sm. 3, 502, 
e|- H. Hym. 2, 198 ; Opp. Hal. 3, 94 : 2 aor. fjmxpov Ap. Rh. 
3, 130; Opp. Hal. 3, 483; Anth. 9, 739, irapa- in tmesi Od. 14, 



86 

488, irap-fjira^)- II. 14, 360; Orph. Arg. 707; Theocr. 27, n; 

Subj. dnd(f)a> Anth. Plan. 108, e- Od. 23, 79 ; dncxfxav Opp. Hal. 

3, 444, e- Eur. Ion 704 (chor.) ; Ap. R. 2, 1235; -oOo-a H. 
Hym. 4, 38 : 2 aor. m. opt. dira^olp.^ as act. Od. 23, 216, '*- 
IL 9, 376. 

'AireiKci^w To take a likeness, Isocr. i, n: imp. dn-tiKafrv PI. 
Leg. 857 (Mss. Vulg.), -yKa&v (Mss. B. O. W. &c.) : fut. m. 
-fiKdvofjiai Xen. Mem. 3, n, i : fut. act. -/rao-a> later, Plut. Mor. 
1135: aor. d-rr-eiKaa-a PI. Theaet. 169. Gorg. 493 (B. O. W.), 
-.v/cao-a (Bekk.); PI, Leg. 857 (Bait. O. Winck.); -eindo-m Soph. Fr. 
162; Dem. 21, 143: p. p. dTT-f/Kaoyiai PI. Crat. 420. Leg. 965: 

aor. dTT-eiKacrfais Eur. El. 979 ; PL Rep. 511 ; -affdfjvat PI. Tim. 
48 : fat. -a(r6f)<TOfiai Themist. Or. 2, 33. Vb. dmiKao-Ttov PI. 

Phaedr. 270. The best Mss. and editors differ on the augm. 
of the imp. and aor., but they seem to agree in not augment- 
ing the perf., but see cucafo). In lexicons this verb is handled 
defectively. 

'AireiXe'u (late Epic -Xfuo Musae. 131) To threaten, in Ionic 
varies in augm., II. i, 161 ; Ar. Ach. 328: imp. ^TreiXet II. 

15, 179; Theocr. 25, 75, jjrreiXow Thuc. 8, 92, drrelXfov II. 13, 

220 ; Her. 3, 77, -Xee 4, 81. 6, 37. 75 (Mss. Reitz, Bekk. Kriig. 
Gaisf. Stein), fa-fiX- (Dind. Abicht, Bred.), Epic dual dnei\rfnjv Od. 
n, 313 : fut. -ijo-o) II. 15, 212 : aor. ^Tre/X^o-tv II. i, 388; Her. 
i, 214. 3, 124, fV-TjTr- i, 189. 6, 32 (Mss. Bekk. Gaisf. Kriig. 
Dind. Stein, Abicht) ; Thuc. 8, 84, dneiX- II. 2, 665. Od. 8, 
383 ; Her. 6, 37 (Mss. Gaisf. Stein, Reiz) : p. ^TmXi/Kwj D. Sic. 

1 8, 8, 6 : p. p. djrei\rjfjL(vov Her. 2, 141 : aor. (^TreiXT^j/), dnei\r]- 
6eis Her. i, 24. 8, 109. 9, 34; PI. Leg. 823 : pres. aTmXoii/iat 
Xen. Conv. 4, 31. Mid. late, aor. ^rfiXqo-dpjj' Polyaen. 7, 35, 

2 J a7rX7<rco/Lie0a N. T. Act. 4, 17. 

They scattered, a def. aor. Ar. Ach. 869. (Root 



see 

To be hated, -dvtai Od. 2, 202, -dvet Ar. PI. 910; 
PL Apol. 24; -Odvqrai PL Rep. 567, -eai/rai Aeschin. 3, 172; 
-ddvoiro PL Lys. 207; -fa-0ai Rep. 378; -opfvo? Antiph. 6, n ; 
PL Phaedr. 231 ; Aeschin. 3, 172, and late cmfxOopM Theocr. 
7, 45; Anth. 5, 177; Q. Sm. 5, 465 ; Plut. Marcell. 22; 
Luc. Tox. 51 ; Dio. Hal. 8, 29 : imp. dnrix6av6^r]v Com. Fr. 
(Cratin.) 2, 36; Lys. 20, 8; Xen. An. 7, 7, 10: fut. dirfx^h- 
crofjiai Eur. Ale. 72 ; Her. i, 89 ; Lys. 31, 13 ; PL Phil. 58 : late 
reg. -fxdaveiTai Themist. 26, 322 : p. dirf)x0inat, -0ijfi.fvos Thuc. i, 
75; Xen. An. 7, 6, 34: pip. dirf]x^n a '^ ( Thuc. i, 76 : 2 aor. 
II. 9, 300; Sapph. 41; Ar. Lys. 699 ; Thuc. 2. 63; 



8 7 

Dem. 33, 28 ; -e'xfto/wu II. 4, 53 ; Dem. 3, 21 ; -xQoiwv (Andoc.) 
4, 10 ; -exGeffffai II. 21,83; Eur. Med. 290 (Elms. Dind. Nauck, 
Kirchh. 2 ed.) ; PI. Rep. 343 (Ast), -<fx&o-0ai with accent of 
pres. Eur. quoted (Pors. Kirchh. i ed. &c.) ; II. 21, 83 (Bekk.) ; 
Thuc. i, 136 ; Isae. 3, 73 ; PL Rep. 343 (B. O. W.) ; -C X A$/MI>W 
Od. 1 8, 165 ; Find. N. 10, 83 ; PL Rep. 321. There seems to be 
no good early authority for pres. direxdo/Mi. Of the Tragedians, 
Eur. alone has this verb, and only 2 aor. and, if genuine, fut. 
dn-ex&jo-et Ale. 7 1 (Vulg.), but bracketed by Dind. Nauck, Kirchh. 
as spurious; dnexdofjiai Eur. Hipp. 1260 (Vulg.) has been altered 
to endxdonai from Mss., but the inf. by being often accented on 
the antepenult aTrexdfo-dai, has led to the belief that it is pres. 
II. 21,^83; Thuc. i, 136; Isocr. Epist. 9, 12; Lys. 6, 53; 
Isae. 2, 30. Fr. 4 (Scheibe); PL Rep. 343 (Bekk. Popp. Kriig. 
B. S.), but aTTfx^fcrdai always (Elms. Dind. Ast, Benseler.) 

'Amore'u To disbelieve, Soph. Aj. 940; Her. 3, 122. 4,96; 
Antiph. 3, y, 4 ; Thuc. 2, 35: imp. rjiriarow PL Theaet. 144, 
dirlo-Teov Od. 13, 339 : fut. -f)ar<o Soph. Tr. 1183; Eur. Med. 927 ; 
Ar. Eccl. 775 ; Antiph. 5, 16; PL Rep. 500 : aor. ^n'o-njo-a Her. 
6, 1 08 ; Lys. 31,21; Isocr. 17, 30. Epist. 2, 12 ; dmffrrja-rjs Soph. 
Tr. 1224 ; -rjaeiav Isocr. 12, 73 ; -jjo-ai Aesch. Pr. 640 ; Thuc. i, 

pi ; -(rrrja-as PL Apol. 29 : p. T)iri<rrr]Ka PL Soph. 258, &C., reg. : 

except fat. m. aVio-rijo-o/nai pass. PL Rep. 450 : aor. pass, late, 
dTTUTTTjOds Plut. Dion, et Brut. 5, see below : fat. p. late, dirum}- 
Qri<rofuu Diod. Sic. Fr. Lib. 32, n (Bekk.) ; D. Laert. 9, n, 93. 

Vb. dma-TTjTf'ov Polyb. 4, 41, 8. dmtrreos V. r. Xen. An. 2, 6, 8, 

violates analogy (Poppo). Of the pass, form we have seen 
pres. and imp. only in classic authors, dnurreirai PL Charm. 168 ; 
-O'ITO Rep. 450; -ovpfvos Rep. 502; -eio-tfat Thue. 7,44: imp. 
T)m(rrflTo Thuc. 5, 68. TjTTHTTtjdT) Her. 3, 15, seems better referred 

to fTrurra/MU. 

'AiroStSpdaKu, see 8i8pda-K<o. 

'AiroSiSwfii To give back, Her. 4, 119; Andoc. 3, 39; Isocr. 
21, 3, like simple S/Sw/nt: imp. -eS/Sow Isocr. 10, 36; PL Polit. 
273 : fat. -Scba-aj II. 7, 89; Ar. Av. 480; Her. 4, 9; Thuc. 2, 
72 ; Andoc. 3, 34 ; Lys. 12, 60 : 1 aor. -edoxca II. 4, 478 ; Her. 
3, 136 ; PL Gorg. 506 ; Isocr. 21,16 &c. : 2 aor. (-tdoiv), -edoptv 
PL Leg. 813, -edoaav Isocr. 21, 17 ; Epic subj. -8<<ri Od. 8, 318 ; 
opt. -dolre 22, 61; -8ovvai II. 3, 285; Her. 3, 147; Lycurg. 22, 
Epic 86pevat, arr- in tmesi II. i, 98. Mid. dno8iSofj.ai give away, 
sell, Isae. 6, 33; Lycurg. 23; Xen. An. 7, 2, 3 : imp. -(8i8ovro 
Dem. 23, 205 : fut. -6a>o-o/u Ar. Pax 1259 ; Aeschin. 1,29, irept- 
Od. 23, 78 : 2 aor. dir^o^v Ar. Ach. 542. Av. 17 ; Her. 1,70; 
Thuc. 7, 87 ; Dem. 37, 17 ; subj. -8<avrai Xen. Mem. 3, 7, 6, but 



88 

dual 8wp.f0ov, iTfpi- II. 23, 485 ; 86adai, (K- Find. P. 4, 295 : 
(1 aor. late dn-o-Sto/ca/^en/, having given back, Maneth. 5, 126.) 
Active rare in the sense to sell, dnoSacrfiv seems so used Eur. 
Cycl. 239, dirfdocrav Thuc. 6, 62, where Bekker would prefer 
diredovTo, and aVo'Sor Ar. Ran. 1235 (Mss. Vulg. Bergk, Kock, 
-Sou Mss. Dawes, Dind. Mein.); certain however later, Nicet. 
Chon. p. 574 (Bekk.). The Traged. seem to have confined 
themselves to the act. form of this verb, with the exception of 
one instance, direSoro hazarded, Eur. Or. 652. 

('Airoe'ppu) To sweep off, Epic, only 1 aor. dirocpve II. 6, 348 ; 

SUbj. -oepoy 21, 283; Opt. -fpfffie 21, 329; -tpaov NlC. Th. IIO. 

(o in indie. ; o in subj. and opt. by arsis.) 
u, see dvTjaKta. 

(t) To separate, Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 261 ; PL Tim. 
73 : fu,t. (-tVo)) : aor. -ticpiva PL Leg. 946 : p. (-ccpijica) : -Kfupi^ai 
Her. 2, 36; Thuc. i, 3 ; PL Rep. 407 : aor. -(KpWrjv Archil. 89 ; 
Antiph. 4, 8, 8; Thuc. 4, 72 ; PL Leg. 961, Epic -fKpipdrjv II. 5, 
12 : fut. -Kpi6f]o-op.ai PL Leg. 820. Mid. dnoicpivop. io answer, 
Ar. PL 17; Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 407 ; Antiph. 2, 8, 3. 6, 14; 
Xen. Cyr. 7, 2, 19; PL Rep. 351; Isae. n, 6: imp. d^fxpi- 
v6p.rjv Thuc. 7, 10 ; (Dem.) 7, 20 : fut. -Ivovp-ai Ar. Nub. 1245 ! 
PL Gorg. 447; Dem. 8, 38; rare in Ion. Her. 8, 101 (Gaisf. 
Bekk.). 5,49 (Gaisf.): aor. -eKpIvup^v Eur. Bacc. 1272; Ar. 
Vesp. 1433; Thuc. i, 28; Isocr. 19, 79; PL Gorg. 465: 
p. aTTOKfKpinai act. Xen. An. 2, i, 15 ; PL Prot. 358. Leg. 673; 
pass. Leg. 655. Men. 75 : pip. dirtKeKplro Gorg. 453: aor. dir- 
etcpidrjv Com. Fr. (Pherecr.) 2, 275, if correct; Athen. (Macho) 
I 3> 455 Theocr. 8, 74; (PL) Alcib. (2) 149; Luc. Demon. 26; 
(y. r. Xen. An. 2, i, 22, see below); Polyb. 4, 30. 31. 15, 5. 
25, 6 (Bekk.); Diod. Sic. n, 28: late also in this sense fut. 
diroKpWf)a-oft,ai V. T. Ps. 119, 42; N. T. Matth. 25, 45. Vb. 
diroKpire'ov one must separate, reject, PL Rep. 413; but one must 
answer, Alcib. (i) 114. d-nfKplQrjv in the sense of drreKpIvdp.^ 
answered, seems hot to occur before Machon a Poet of the later 
Comedy, Athen. 8, 41. 13, 39 (unless diroKpi6S> be sound, Com. 
Fr. (Pherecr.) 2, 275); for Alcib. (i. 2) ascribed to Plato, is 
held to be spurious. For an-o- Horn, always, Her. usually, has 

vTTOKpivofWJ. 1, 2. 78. 91. 164, &C., but dnoKpiv- 8, IOI (Bekk. 

Dind. Gaisf.). 5, 49 (Gaisf.), vrroicp- (Bekk. Dind.) dneKpidrj is in 
the best Mss. Xen. An. 2, i, 22, and adopted by Kiihner, but 
rendered doubtful by ditfuplvaro in sect. 23 : dirrjueifpffrj quoted 
by Kiihner is not a parallel, as Pind. has d/otfi'^^ P. 4, 102. 
This verb is rare in poetry : once in Epic, diroicpivSfis II. 5, 1 2, 
and Lyric -npiQtis Archil. 89 (Bergk), rare in Trag. aor. act. 



'A7ro/cy)ouft> 'ATTOAcre/j/w. 89 



s Soph. O. R. 640 (Mss. Vulg. Ell. Dind. 2 ed., dropped 
in 5 ed. Nauck); and mid. direKpiva Eur. I. A. 1354; -icplvmo 
Bac. 1272 ; imper. dvoKpivai I. A. 1133 ; more freq. in Comedy, 
pres. dnoKpivfTf Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 261 : mid. -opfvos Ar. Plut. 
17 ; -eo-&u Ach. 632 : fut -ovfiat Nub. 1245; Com. Fr. (Eup.) 
2, 510. (Men.) 4, 144. 215: dnfKpivdiJiTjv Ar. Vesp. 964. 1433. 
Nub. 1244, &c. : dnoKpiQa, see above. 

'AiroKpouu, see Kpova>. 

'AiroKpuTTTw, see Kpinrrca. 

'AiroKTeifw 71? kill, Od. 22, 167; Aesch. Ag. 1250; Eur. Ph. 
1620 ; Antiph. 4, a, 2 ; PI. Rep. 573 : imp. -tKreivov Eur. Ion 
1300; Thuc. 3, 81 ; Xen. Hist. 2, 3, 21 : fut. -evS> Eur. Ph. 1621; 
Thuc. 4^28; Lys. i, 26, Ion. -KTfv4a> Her. 3, 30: 1 aor. -turewa 
II- 9> 543 ; Eur. Med. 486 ; Ar. Av. 85 ; Her. 8, 38 ; Antiph. 
i, 6. 2, |3, 10; Thuc. i, 30; Lys. 12, 34; Xen. An. i, 2, 20: 
p. -tKTova Lys. 10, 7; Isocr. 12, 66; Dem. 22, 2: pip. -ewci/eu* 
Dem. 19, 148, Ion. -exrovee Her. 5, 67, rare and doubtful 
-fKTovrjKa in classic auth. Xen. Hier. 3, 8 (Vulg.); PI. Ap. 38 
(Vulg. but -fKTova Mss. B V D fee. Stobae. Dind. Bekk. Stallb. 
&c.); Aristot. Soph. El. 33, 3: pip. -eKTovrjKfi Plut. Timol. 16 
(Vulg.), and -eWayKa Aristot. Pol. 7, 2, n; Com. Fr. (Men.) 
4, 173, later -eVruKa Polyb. n, 18, see Krei'wo : 2 aor. dir-fKravov 
Epic only, II. 6, 414. Od. 14, 271 ; Hes. Sc. n ; (Eur.) Rhes. 
978; Anth. n, 228; subj. -Krdvrj Od. 12, 301, syncop. or from 

(KTTJ/JLI) dn-eKTav, dniKTa^ev Od. 23, 121 ; inf. dnoKrdp.evai II. 2O, 

165, abbrev. -d/iev II. 5, 675 : Epic also 2 aor. mid. an-enro. as 
pass, or as we say has got himself killed, 11. 15, 437. 17, 472 ; 
-KrufjLfvos 4, 494. 23, 775 ; Q. Sm. 10, 3. Pass, late, dTroKrei- 
vfo-dai Palaeph. Incred. 7 : p. dir-fKrannevos Apocr. i Mace. 5, 

51 ; -fKrdvBai Polyb. 7, 7 ; 2 MaCC. 4, 36: aor. dn-fKTavdrjv DlO 

Cass. 65, 4. Fr. 43 ; i Mace. 2, 9 ; Dionys. de Av. 1,3; N. T. 
Marc. 8, 31. Rev. 9, 18, &c., for which classic writers use 
TfQvrjKa, Wavov, aTroTfOvrjKa, dneOavov. The pass, form has been 
overlooked by Lexicogr. Collat. forms airoK-ui'j'ufu, -vat PL 
Gorg. 469; Dem. 23, 163, -vfjxv PI. Gorg. 468, -vda-t Xen. An. 
6, 3, 5 ; PI. Gorg. 466; Dem. 23, 142 ; -vds Xen. Hell. 5. 3> 2 > 
PI. Crit. 48; -Wai Lys. 12, 7. 36; Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 32; PL 
Phaed. 58 ; Dem. 23, 74 : imp. dir-tKrivvvvav Xen. An. 6, 5, 28 ; 
(Lys.) 20, 9. diroimmjw, -uoi/o-t Xen. Hell. 4, 4, 2. 7, 4, 26 
(Vulg. Breitb. Saupp. -van Dind. now, Cob.) ; subj. -vvtj PL Rep. 
565 ; -oiot Phaed. 62 : imp. dn-eKrivvvov Xen. Hell. 5, 2, 43 
(Breitb. Saupp., -vvav Dind. Cob.). &KOK.-rivvu late, Anth. (Ni- 
carch.) n, 395 ; v. r. N. T. Matth. 23, 37. Luc. 13, 34 : Pass. 
imp. djr-fKTfi'vovTo V. T. Dan. 2, 13 (Gaisf. Tisch.) 



QO 

'AiroXau'w To enjoy, Ar. Vesp. 701 ; Thuc. i, 70; Isocr. 5, 34; 
Dem. 23, 210; -a>v Lys. 18, 19; Eur. Andr. 543; -ttv H. F. 
1224; Isocr. 15, 105: imp. aTre'Xauoi/ Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 34; Isocr. 
i, 9, aTTijX- (Vulg. Bekk. dnf\- Bens. Blass, L. Dind.) : fut. m. 
dTroXavo-o/iat Ar. Av. 177; Isocr. 15, 305. Epist. 6, 12; Xen. Cyr. 
7, 5, 81 ; PI. Charm. 172 ; Luc. D. Deor. 10, 2; Themist. i, 10: 
fut. act. an-oXavo-a perhaps late (but Hyperid. Fun. Or. Col. 2, 
147, if correct) ; Dio Hal. Ant. 6, 4. 15 ; Luc. Herm. 78 ; Plut. 
Pyr. 13. Mor. 776; Dio Cass. 43, 18. 52, 18; D. Sic. 2, 55; 
Herodn. i, 6, 2 (Bekk.); Themist. 21, 247. 26, 330; Heliod. 
7, 18; Joseph. Ant. 8, n, 2, see below: aor. aTreXavo-a Eur. 

1. T. 526; Ar. Av. 1358; Her. 6, 86; Lys. 28, 6; Isocr. 16, 
37. 19, 21 ; Dem. 48, 28: p. dno\e\avKa Ar. Thesm. 1008; 
Com. Fr. (PI.) 2, 671; Isocr. 15, 195. 19, 23; Aeschin. i, 56 : 

p. p. late, aTToXe'Xavrai Philostr. Apoll. 6, 19, but -XeXauo7*eW 
Plut. Mor. 1089. 1099: aor. mvf\a\>crdr]v late, -avo-^vai Phil, 
vol. I, p. 37, 45. Mid. see below. Vb. aTroXauoro'y Plut. 

Arist. Cat. 4. The augm. with 77 seems late, and is disapproved 
by Herodian : dirr^avov Schol. Aesch. Ag. 559 ; and Alciphr. 
3, 53 (Vulg. but oTTfX- Mein.): dTr^Xauo-a Ael. V. H. 12, 25 
(a?reA- Herch.) ; Eunap. 131, 17; Schol. Aesch. Pr. 28; Dio. 
Hal. r, 6. 2, 55. 76 (Ms. Urb. approved by Kiessl., dn-eX- Vulg.); 
Themist. 6, 76. 13, 167. 172. 16, 212 &c., aTrfX- (Dind. 
always.) The earliest instance we know of fut. act. is 
diroXavo-ofuv Hyperid. Or. Funebr. Col. n, 142 (Bab.) This 
however we think a false reading for -o-o/i0a, both because the 
classic writers invariably use the mid. form, and because the 
identical blunder occurs PI. Charm. 172, where Par. E. alone 
of all the Mss. presents dTroXavo-opev, the rest, and all editions 
aTToXavo-d/te&i. Cobet, strange to say, retains the Ms. reading 
because, says he, " utraque forma usu trita est." Each may be 
irila, but still keep to its own walk. Aor. m. a.irf\av(Ta^rjv Ar. 
Av. 1358 (Br.) is a creation of Reiske's, and silently adopted 
by Brunck for <nre'Xav<ra the reading of the Mss. and all previous 
and subsequent editions; and inf. -\aixrao-0cu, which used to stand 
Themist. Or. 9, 124, has been displaced by fut. -Xavcmr&zt 
(Dind.) ; but still in text subj. aTroAauaco/iai Aristaen. 2, 5 (Pauw, 
-0-o/xat ed. Samb. approved by Pauw, now -<raL^fv Hercher.) 
This verb is never in Epic; in Trag. Eur. only; oft in 
Comedy. 

'AiroXXufu, -va>, see oXXvfii. 

'ATroXoye'o|mi Dep. To make a defence, Ar. Thesm. 188 ; Her. 
7, 161 ; Antiph. 3, 8, 4; Thuc. 3, 62 : imp. dTreXoyelro Antiph. 

2, ft 13; Thuc. 6, 29; Dem. 33, 32, Ion. -e'ero Her. 6, 136 : 



9 1 

fiit. -T)(ronai Ar. Vesp. 949 ; Antiph. r, 7 ; Thuc. 8, 85 ; Lys. 
10, 6; Isocr. 18, 40: aor. direKoy^d^v Xen. An. 5, 6, 3; 
Lys. 22, 3; Dem. 34, 42; -OTJTCH Thuc. 8, 109; -a-a/*'09 8, 68; 
Antiph. 5, 13; -o-aadai Eur. Bac. 41; Antiph. 5, 60; Lys. 
9, 17: p. dTroXfXoy^m act. Antiph. 5, 85; Andoc. i, 33; 
Isocr. 12, 218, and pass. Andoc. i, 70; PL Rep. 607 : pip. 
air(\e\6yr)To act. Dio Cass. 40, 54 : aor. dneXoyrid^v act. Antiph. 
2, y, i (Polyb. 23, 12); -rjQfivat Antiph. 2, S, 3; Com. Fr. 
(Alex.) 3, 388 ; -rfcis Antiph. 3, y, 2. 4, y, i, but pass. (?) 
Xen. Hell, i, 4, 13 : as 3 fut. d7roXeXoy7/W eo-o/wu Andoc. 
i, 72. Vb. aTro\oyr]Teov Antiph. 4, 8, i. After the instances 
quoted of aor. pass, it is rather curious to find Cobet asserting 
" Attici tfmnes dicebant aTreXoyTjo-aro, deterrimus quisque sequi- 
orum forma vitiosa an-eXcy?^ utitur" (Novae Lect. p. 307). 
An older than he has been more merciful, aTroXoyr^i/ai, dvrl TO 

aTToXoyqcracr&u' "AXe^ts 'AjwrfXoupyw (Bekk. Anecd. p. 82). This 

verb is mostly prosaic, never in Epic, once in Trag. 

'AiroXoyi^ofAai To reckon up, recount, Dep. mid. PL Phil. 25 : 
imp. aTreXoy- Xen. Hell. 6, i, 3; Aeschin. 3, 25: fut. -tov/uai 
Dio Cass. Fr. 109 (Bekk.): aor. -eXoyio-dp/i/ PL Soph. 261; 
Dem. 24, 108, Dor. -i^a^v Inscr. vol. 2, p. 24 (Boeckh): 

p. -\f\oyicrfjLfva pass. Xen. Oec. 9, 8, but act. an-oXeXoytoyKU Dio. 

Hal. ad Cn. Pomp, i ; Inscr. vol. i, p. 157 (Boeckh), missed 
by Lexicogr. This verb is almost entirely prosaic ; dTroXoyifeTat 
if correct Ar. Fr. 79 (Vulg. Dind. 2 ed.) is perhaps the only 
exception, but Xoyt'f- (Dind. 5 ed. with Dobree.) The act. 
-\oyifiv Ar. Fr. 185 (D.), and -yifwi> Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 70, 
have been altered to dTroXon-t'^ti', -a>v by Fritzsche, Meineke, and 
now Dind. (5 edit.) 

'Airop,ifin](rKW, see nip.vT)(rKta. 

'Airoi'ooufJiai, see voeto. 

'Airo-iraTeo) To turn aside, Com. Fr. (Crat.) 2, 48 ; Ar. Eccl. 
351; Hippocr. 7, 100: fut. mid. -Trarijcro/wu Ar. Plut. 1184: but 
-TraTTjcrco Hippocr. 7, zoo (Lit. 2, 237 Erm.) ; Galen 7, 790, 

fvano- if correct, Com. Fr. (Polyz.) 2, 869, Trfpnrarfia-eis Com. 

Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 21 ; Xen. Conv. 9, 7, o-ufjurepurar- Com. Fr. 
(Men.) 4, 104: aor. aireirdTri<ra Hippocr. 2, 367 (Kiihn); subj. 

-iraTrjo-O) 7, 114 (Lit.); Ar. Eccl. 354. Vb. dirorraT^Tfov Ar. 

Eccl. 326. In Attic, 7raro and compds. have invariably, we 
think, fut. act. Tranjo-fis Ar. Eq. 166 &c., except aTroTrar/co which, 
in Attic, occurs once only in the fut., but indisputably in the 
mid. form aTroTrarrjcroufvoi Ar. quoted. 

'Airoireipdo) To make trial of, act. rare, (Luc.) Amor. 26 : fut. 
-tio-w Thuc. 6, 90 : aor. -tneipacra. 4, 135. Mid. diraireipdofjiai 



92 'ATTOTTUjOt'^W 'A7TO(TTjO/^)0). 

Ar. Nub. 477; Andoc. i, 105; Thuc. 4, 24: imp. -c 
Her. 3, 119 : fut. -ao-o/ieu Ar. Ran. 648: but aor. p. as mid. 
-ddrjv Isocr. 18, 39; Aristot. H. An. 9, 32, 10, Ion. -f)dr)v 
Her. 2, 73. In classic Greek we think all the compds. take 
aor. pass. See ir(ipda>. 

'AiroTrupi^u (frvp) To roast and eat, Dor. I pi. -Trvp/fo/xe? 
Epicharm. 82 (Ahrens) ; irvpifav Hesych. nvpifa simple seems 
not to occur. 

'Airope'u To be at a loss, Soph. O. R. 485; Her. i, 75. 191; 
Antiph. 2, 8, i ; Thuc. 6, 42 ; Isocr. 7, 9, Dor. i pi. an-opt'op." 
Xen. Hell, i, i, 23: imp. Tjnopovv Her. 3, 78; Lys. 19, 21; 
PL Prot. 321: fut. -770-0) Ar. Eccl. 664; Lys. 7, 23; Isocr. 8. 
139: aor. fjTToprja-a Thuc. i, 63; Isocr. 10, 12; aTropfja-rj Ar. Vesp. 
590; -<me Isocr. 5, 100 : p. ^Trop^a PI. Soph. 244, npo- Aristot. 
Met. 2, i, 3: p. p. TjiToprjfjLai Aristot. Pol. 3, 10, 5; (Luc.) Philop. 
T, fit- PI. Soph. 250, irpo- Aristot. Phys. 4, i, 2 : aor. ^iropri6rjv 
PI. Leg. 799. Mid. and pass, as mid. dn-opeo/iai to doubt, or 
be doubted, &c. Xen. Lac. 13, 7 ; an-op^rat Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 
66; Ion. -eup-ej/os Her. 2, 121, -eop.i>a pass. Hippocr. i, 572 
(Lit.); -ffadat Hippocr. i, 242 (Erm.): imp. rinopov^v Lys. 
3, 10: fut. -rjo-o/xai Aristot. Eth. Mag. 2, 3, 16; Sext. Emp. 
479 : p. TjTToprjpai Eur. I. A. 537 ; pass. Aristot. Nat. Ausc. 
4) 9> 3; Aristid. 26, 328 (Jebb, -p??o-a Mss. Dind.); Sext. 
Emp. 479; r]iropr}fi(vos Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 692, pass. (Luc.) 
Philop. i, 81- PI. Soph. 250: aor. f]jropr]6rjv Hippocr. 4, 212; 
Dem. 27, 53, pass. PI. Leg. 799; Aristot. Eth. Mag. 2, 
6, 45. Pol. 8, 6: fut. p. -r)6f)(rofj.at, (Tw- Sext. Emp. 477 (Bekk.) 
This verb seems not to occur in Epic; rarely in Trag. pres. act. 
in Soph. ; pres. act. and perf. pass, in Eur. : the futures m. 
and p. somehow appear rather late: aor. mid. simple or comp. 
we have not seen. 

'ATroorepeo) To rob, bereave, Aesch. Pr. 777 ; Her. 6, 65; An- 
tiph. 4, ft, 7 ; Thuc. i, 69; PL Leg. 721; Isae. 9, 23: imp. 
airfovep- Antiph. 5, 35. 62; Lys. 15, 5: fut. -fja-at Isae. i, 18. 
8, 43; Dem. 23, 135: perf. -eorep^a Soph. Ph. 1283; Her. 
5, 106; Thuc. 7, 6; Isocr. 14, 35 &c. : fut. mid. -orep^- 
O-O/MU as pass. Eur. H. F. 137; Thuc. 6, 91; Dem. 24, 210. 39, 
n. 40, 10 : and fut. p. -orfp^o-o/im Lys. 12, 70; Dem. i, 22 ; 
Isocr. 7, 34 (Ms. U. Bekk. B. S. -orepijoro/iert Vulg. Bensl. Blass.) 
dno<rTfpfl<T6f Andoc. i, 149, called fut. m. as if from -art'po/iai, 
may be pres. See o-rep>. 

'Airoarpe'tjxu To turn away, Aesch. Ag. 1306; Her. 4, 188 ; 
Dem. 19, 208: fut. -e'^o) II. 10, 355; Soph. O. R. 1154; 
Xen. M. Eq. i, 12; PL Soph. 239: aor. -ecrrpe^-a Aesch. Ag. 



. 93 

850; Eur. Med. 1148; Her. 4, 52; Thuc. 5, 75; Isocr. 16, 

2O, iter. diroa-Tpi^aa-Ke II. 22, 197 ; Epic Subj. -o-Tptyrjvi II. 15, 

62 &c. : p.p. -eorpa/ip-at Her. 7, 1 60; Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 17: 

pip. 3 pi. Ion. -eorpdcparo Her. I, 166. Mid. d7roo-rp<po/zai 

/<? /r oneself away, avoid, Eur. I. T. 80 1 ; .PI. Rep. 515 : fat. 
-(TTptyofMi Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 36; Plut. Mor. 387: aor. -eo-rp<tyw/ro 
late (unless sound Hermes. 83 Mss. Vulg., -erpfyavro Mss. 
Schneidew.) ; V. T. Osea 8, 3 ; 3 Mace. 3, 23 : with p. p. 
-fa-rpafifjMi Euen. 2, 5 (Bergk); Her. 7, 160; Luc. Calumn. 14: 
and aor. -ta-rpacprjv Eur. Supp. 159; Soph. O. C. 1272; Ar. 
Plut. 702; Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 6; Dem. 18, 159: fut. p. late 
-a-Tpafprjo-ofiai Artemid. Onir. i, 79; V. T. Num. 32, 22. Amos 
i, 3. 6. r3, &c. The act. is occasionally intrans. dirooTptyeiv 
Dinarch. 2, 23: aor. -or-pA^a? Xen. Hell. 3, 4, 12, iter. 
dno<rrptyaaKe Od. ii, 597. The aor. m. and fut. p. have been 
missed by Lexicogr. 

ATTOOTuyew, see oruyeo). 

Airoupas, -oupdjiefos, see dnavpdia. 

To be sufficient, seldom personal, in Att. contr. in 17, 

Ar. Av. 1603, 3 pi. dnoxpaxji Her. 5, 31; dnoxp&K Com. 

Fr. (Pher.) 2, 327; (PI.) Ale. (2) 145, -<ra Ar. Fr. 417, Dor. 
and Ion. -\pta>, i pers. in Epicharm. only, Fr. 114 (Ahr. see 
part. airoxpfu>n(vos Her. i, 37): imp. -t'xPf PI. Phaedr. 275, 
-e'xpa Her. i, 66: fat. -xpffa-fi PI. Polit. 279, -xpwova-i Ar. PI. 
484 : aor. dirfxprja- Her. 7, 196; Isocr. 4, 97. Pass, or mid. 
U7roxpao/icu to be contented, Dem. 17, 13, Ion. -eo//at, others -e'w/uai 
Her. I, 37, see I, 34; -xprjvGai Thuc. I, 68: imp. tnrexparo 
Aristot. Oec. 2, 21, 7; Her. i, 102 (Aldin. &c. Gaisf. Bred. 
Stein, Abicht), but direxp^ro (Ms. S. Bekk. Dind.), -f^pe'cro 
(Schaef.), which Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Lhardy have at 8, 14, 
-fxpvvro Thuc. 3, 8 1 (Popp. Goell.); part, dnoxpf^p-fvos Her. 
i, 37 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Stein, Lhardy), -eoptvos (Ms. S. 
Bredow, Dietsch, Abicht) : aor. m. d-!Tfxpw avTO US d up, destroyed, 
killed, only Ar. Fr. 328 (D.); dnoxpfia-aa-de in usual sense, 
Thuc. 6, 1 7 ', -aaBai Luc. Catapl. 2 : p. diroKexp^p-fvoi Aristot. 
Oec. 2, 22. This verb is generally impers., and when pers. 
seldom goes beyond the 3 sing, and pi. dnoxpi Aesch. Ag. 1574 ; 
Isocr. 5, 28; PI. Rep. 380, Ion. dnoxpa Her. 9, 79; inf. -xp^v 
Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 87; Dem. 4, 22; Luc. Hermot. 24; Aristid. 
34, 443 (D.), Ion. - x pav Her. 3, 138. 6, 137 : imp. dn^pr) Isocr. 
5, 72; PI. Phaedr. 275, Ion. -e'xpa Her. i, 66: fut. dTroxpria-fiv 
Her. 8, 130: aor. dnexpqvf Isocr. 12, 79. Pass, or mid. 
imp. aTrexpe'ero Her. 8, 14 (Bekk. Dind. -xparo Dietsch, Stein, 
Abicht, Bred.) 



94 

This compel, is not in Epic, once in Trag., rare in Comedy. 
In Her. Bredow, Abicht, &c. would always contract ae of this 
verb in a : anfxparo, not -TJTO, nor -ft, and change a before o, w, 

into f, -xpdovari, -fovari, -xpdovrai, -%pfovrai, -xpaopevos, -xpfOfj.evos, 
not -eWrat, -ea>p.evos ', Sllbj. -xpdcavrai, -e'wirai. In the Mss. there 

appears an occasional tendency to slide into the contr. of ae in 
T] for a, but whether by Her. or an innocent or learned copyist 
it is difficult to decide. 

"Airru To fasten, kindle, Eur. Or. 1543; Ar. Nub. 768 ; anrnv 
PL Crat. 417, Trpori- II. 24, no ; pt. rare, drrra>v, eg- II. 24, 51 ; 
Eur. Or. 383 : imp. ijirrov Ar. Nub. 57, e|- II. 22, 397, dv- 
Od. 12, 179, irpo<r- PL Rep. 400: fut. ctya> Aesch. Ch. 868; 
Com. Fr. (Anax.) 3, 193, aw- Soph. Aj. 1317; Eur. Bac. 
545; Xen. An. i, 5, 16; dv- Orest. 1137: aor. ?;\^a Simon. 
C. 99; Eur. Hel. 503; Ar. Ran. 505; Thuc. 2, 77, dv- 
Od. 3, 274. VTT- Her. i, 176; a\^a>nfv Aesch. Eum. 307 ; a-^ais, 
<rvv- Eur. Bac. 747; part, afyas Od. 21, 408; inf. a^at Find. 

I. 4, 43 : p. p. r)fj.p.ai Eur. Hel. 107 ; Ar. PL 301 ; Thuc. 
4, 100, - II. 7, 402, dv- Od. 12, 51, Ion. a^- Her. i, 86, 

aw- 2, 121, fir- 8, 105: but pip. e<-ij7TTO II. 6, 241, CW-JJTTTO 

Her. 6, 93. 7, 158: aor. ffy6r\v Thuc. 4, 133, Ion. a<p- Her. 
i, 19, Epic ed$- or ea$- eVi in tmesi II. 13, 543, referred by 
Curtius to firop.ai : fut. late atyOfio-opai, <nv- Nicol. Rhet. n. 14; 
Galen 3, 311, dva- 7, 17 : 2 aor. fjtftrjv, &<$ Aristot. Nat. Ausc. 
8, 4, 8 ; affiuai D. Chrys. 36, p. 93 (Reiske). Mid. am-o^at to 
iouch, &c. Od. 10, 379; Find. N. 8, 14; Soph. O. C. 1550; 
Ar. Eq. 1237 ; Her. 3, 109; Antiph. 6, 40; Thuc. 2, 50; PL 
Theaet. 189 ; a.Trro'i\u)v PL Lys. 208, Dor. anroi^av, e<p- Find. N. 
8, 36: imp. fjTTTOfjiTjv II. 8, 67. n, 85. 20, 468; Thuc. 2. 17; 
Lys. 3, 37, Ion. dm- Her. 3, 137. 6, 70; II. 2, 171 (Vulg. La 
Roche, TITTT- now Bekk.), but still KaOairr- II. 15, 127 (Bekk. La 
R.) : fut. ftyo/wu Od. 19, 344; Soph. O. C. 830; Eur. An. 758; 
Her. i, 198; Lys. i, 36; PL Euthyd. 283: aor. Tj^dn^ II. 5, 
799; Aesch. Ag. 1608; Eur. Med. 370; Thuc. i, 97; PL 
Menex. 244, K.U&- Solon 32, 3, Dor. -dpav, ecp- Eur. Elec. 1225 
(chor.), Ion. atydn- II. 10, 377. 23, 666; Simon. (Am.) i, 18; 
Her. i, 19, *(}>- Find. P. 8, 60 : with p. r/jupu Soph. Tr. 1009 ; 
PL Phaedr. 260; Dem. 21, 155. 51, 5. Vb. anros PL Rep. 
525, anrfos Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 498 ; PL Rep. 377. In Epic, 
the act, especially the simple form, is very rare : Horn. aor. 
only atyas Od. 21, 408 quoted; in comp. irporidnra) for Trpoo-- 

II. 24, 1 10, fgdnratv 24, 51 : imp. t'^Trrei/ 22, 397, dv- Od. 12, 
179: aor. dvtyev 3, 274: p.p. fffinrai II. 2, 15. 32. 69. Od. 
22, 41; dv-Ti<p6u 12, 162: e'^Jpro II. 6, 241. Od. 22, 331: 



'A.TTVG) - 'AjOCtOAta/. 95 



mid. aor. 2 sing. subj. e$d^eai Od. 5, 348. Hes. Theogn. 
Ap. Rh. Bion, Moschus, and Orpheus have not the act.: 
in prose, too, it is rare. Her. augments aor. act. and pip. 
pass., but never, we think, the imp. and aor. mid., nor the 
perf. and aor. pass, simple or compd. 

'ATTOCJ To emit a sound, Find. P. 2, 19 ; Aesch. Pr. 593. Pers. 
124 (chor.); Ar. Eq. 1023 (trimet.), Epic fa- II. 14, 399. Od. 

10, 83; dnvoi Soph. Aj. 887 (chor.); dnvuv Pind. Ol. 5, 19, fa- 
Mosch. 2, 124: imp. fjirvov Od. 9, 399; Ap. Rh. 4, 71, Dor. 
UTTV- Pind. Ol. I, 72 ; Aesch. Sept. 206 chor. (Lachm. Dind. 5 
ed.) ; Anth. (Leon. Tar.) 9, 99 : fut. dnvarca Eur. Bacc. 984 
(chor.); Her. 2, 15 (Aid. Vulg. dn^cr- now): aor. fjirva-a Eur. 
Rhes. 77J5 (trimeter); subj. Tjirvaa Orph. Arg. 6 ; imper. 'airi/a-are 
Eur. Supp. 800. Mid. U7rvecr$a> Inscr. Arcad. 2. (a). Pres. Ar. Eq. 
1023 (trimeter) and fjnvo-a Eur. Rhes. quoted; it is therefore 
a mistake to say " this verb occurs only in the choral odes." 
(a, v in pres. and imp., but facovTes Mosch. 2, 124, dvrjTrv- 98, 
v in fut. and aor.) 

'AirojOew, see o>0eo>. 

'Apdpe'w To ring, rattle, only pres. apa/3 Epich. 9, 2 (Ahr.) ; 
pt. apa/SeCo-m Hes. Sc. 249 : and aor. apu/S/jo-e II. 17, 50. Od. 24, 
525 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 281 ; Theocr. 22, 126. 

'Apciop.cu To pray, Dep. II. 9, 240 ; Aesch. Sept. 633; Soph. 
AJ 509; Ar. Thesm. 350; Plut. Crass, 16, eV- PI. Leg. 684, 
Ion dpfofwi Her. 3, 65; so Pind. P. i, 75 : imp. rjpan^y, -p> Od. 
1 8, 176, -pa.ro II. 10, 277 ; Aesch. Pr. 912 ; Soph. Ant. 428, 
-S>vro Her. 8, 94, KUT- Hipponax n (B.) : fut. dpaa-op.ai perhaps 
late in simple V. T. Num. 23, 8 (Alex.), fir- Dem. 54, 38 (corr. 

5. Wolf, Bekk. Dind.), KO.T- (Dem.) 25, 100, Ion. dprj<rop.ai Od. 2, 
135: aor. m. fipacrd^v Soph. O. R. 1291; Eur. Hipp. 1168; 
Ap. Rh. i, 1176 (unaugm. 'apda-avro Sapph. 51 Bergk); rare in 
prose Andoc. i, 31 ; late, Plut. Pelop. 20, but fir- Isocr. 4, 156, 
KUT- Xen. An. 7, 7, 48 ; Lys. 6, 51 ; Dem. 22, 77, Ion. fiprj^dfjujv 

11. 23, 144; Her. 3, 124; subj. -jjo-o/^ai, for -/tat, II. 9, 172; 
opt. -qo-cuaro Od. i, 164 : p. in comp. eV-^pa/wH Dem. 18, 142, 
but pass. KaT-Tipapevos accursed, Plut. Lucull. 18; V. T. 4 Reg. 
9, 34. N. T. Matth. 25, 41, with double augm. KfKarrjp- Num. 22, 

6. Syr. 3, 16. Deut. 21, 23 (Vulg. Tisch. KfKarapan- Mai): 
aor. late KarripddT]v, -apadfiij V. T. Job 3, 5. 24, 18. The Epic 
inf. dpr]fj.fvai Od. 22, 322, is said by some to be a contraction for 
dpafiievai=dpa.v \ Buttm. is inclined to think it an inf. 2 aor. 
pass, for dprjvai, from obsol. apopai. For fut. rapa<reo-#at Dem. 
*54> 38 (Bekk. Dind.), several Mss. and Edit have aor. -ao-uo-tfat 

(B. S., &C.) Vb. dpdros Soph. Ant. 972, -ijrds II. 17, 37. 



96 

(Initial 5 Epic, 3 Attic, second a before ?.) This verb in the 
simple form seems to occur once only in classic prose. 

'Apapuncu (apw) To fit, Poetic, imp. dpdpurM Od. 14, 23; 
Theocr. 25, 103 : fut. (dpw, Ion. po-w Hesych.) : 1 aor. ^p<ra, 
eV- II. 14, 167, (ruv- Q. Sm. 3, 100, apo-e Od. 21, 45; imper. 

ap<roi> 2, 289, -ere Ap. Rh. 2, 1062 ; ap<ray II. I, 136 : p. p. dpjj- 

pe/iat late in simple, dprjpeufvos accented as pres. Ap. Rh. 3, 833 
(Merk. -e/xeW Ms. G. Well), -d^vos Opp. C. 2, 384 ; Q. Sm. 2, 
265. 3, 632. 4, 149 and always; subj. irpocr-aptjptTai, for -TJTOI, 
Hes. Op. 431: pip. riprjpeivro Ap. Rh. 3, 1398 (Merk.): aor. 

rjpOrjv, 3 pi. apdev, for rjpdr)(rav, II. 1 6, 211 : 2 p. intrans. apdpa 

Find. N. 3, 64; Aesch. Pr. 60; Eur. Or. 1330. Andr. 255; 
-apa>s Find. I. 2, 19 ; Eur. Elec. 948; simple late in prose dpapev 
Luc. Pise. 3. Catapl. 8; -pd>s Plut. Dion. 32 ; but Trpoo-apaptvai 

Xen. Hell. 4, 7, 6, Ion. api;pa Od. 5, 248 (Wolf, apaa-o-e Bekk. 

La R. Dind.); Anth. 6, 163; Opp. Hal. 3, 559, <rw- H. Hym. 
i, 164; subj. dpriprj Od. 5, 361; dprjpas II. 4, 134; Hes. Th. 
608; Emped. 202; Theocr. 25, 113, cV- (Hipp.) Epist. 9, 366 
(Lit.) : pip. dpripeiv II. 10, 265. 16, 139. Od. 17, 4; Ap. Rh. i, 
957, and ^pijp- II. 12, 56; Archil. 94: 2 aor. redupl, rjpapov 
trans, and intrans. II. 23, 712. Od. 4, 777. 5, 95, and apap- II. 
16, 214; Soph. Elec. 147 (chor.) ; -dpy II. 16, 212; -ap<bv Od. 

5, 252 ; apapeii/ Simon. (C.) 41 (Bergk.) Mid. fut. apa-ovrai 

Lycophr. 995 : 1 aor. dpcrd^vos act. Hes. Sc. 320: 2 aor. late 
and pass, (^papop.^), opt. dpapoiaro Ap. Rh. i, 369 ; but early 
if appo/o? be the syncop. part, of unredupl. (^pop^i/) II. 18, 600. 
Od, 5, 234. 254 ; Hes. Th. 639. Op. 407. 632 ; Find. Ol. 8, 
73- N. 3, 58; Hippocr. 3, 420 (Lit.); Theocr. 30, 9, ap/*- 
(Ahr.), rather than, as some say, part, of an unredupl. p. p. 

rjpfj.cn. Vb. TTpoar-aprfOS HippOCr. 2, 678 (Lit.) apupvta 2 p. 

part. Epic, for dpap-, II. 5, 744. 12, 454. Od. 6, 70, but 
dprjpvla Hes. Th. 608. aprjpev trans. Od. 5, 248 (Wolf), has 
been changed on Ms. authority to apacraev (Nitzsch, Bekk. Dind. 
La Roche). 

'Apdo-o-u To strike (p'aWw), Aesch. Pr. 58 ; Callim. Apoll. 3, 

air- Her. 5, 112, KOT- AristOt. Mund. 2, 13, dparrw Luc. Luct. I2J 

Dio. Hal. i, 79 : imp. ffparrov Ar. Eccl. 977, -ao-o-ov Soph. O. R. 

1276, apao-tre Od. 5, 248, iter. dpdvcrea-Kov Find. P. 4, 226: fut. 

dpao) Dor. Theocr. 2, 159, in tmesi o-w. ..dpda> II. 23, 673, e'- 
Ar. Thesm. 704 : aor. rjpaa Anth. 6, 217; Opp. Hal. 3, 558 ; 
Babr. 115, OTT- II. 14, 497 ; Her. 8, 90, 4- Ar. Eq. 641, KOT- 
Hipponax 38 (B.) ; Her. 9, 69; Dem. 23, 165, eV- PI. Prot. 
314, /xja Hes. Sc. 461, %w- in tmesi II. 12, 384, diro- 16, 324,' 

Dor. ap- Theocr. 2, 6 J dpa^re, an-- ThuC. 7, 63 ; -etev, eVc- 



"ApSco ' AjOe<r/c. 9 7 

Simon. Am. 7, 17; dpdar Soph. Ant. 52; Eur. I. T. 1308; 
Lycophr. 15, eV- Her. 4, 128 : p.p. dpjjpa/crai, <rw- Hesych. : aor. 
pass. npdx6r]v, dpaxQev Soph. Ant. 973 (D.) ; Arr. An. 7, 19, 2, 
ffw- Her. 7> i7> Kar ~ wdx^l Thuc. 7 6, a-w-apd\6r) in tmesi 
Od. 5, 426 : pres. dpdo-aovTai Ap. R. 4, 762; -o-o^iei/os 2, 553; 
Her. 6, 44 : imp. ^pdo-a-orro Aesch. Pers. 460. Mid. fat. KOT- 
apdf<r6ai or Karapp- pass. Plut. Caes. 44, missed by Lexicogr. 
This verb in simple does not occur in good Attic prose, and 
Her. has, we think, only pres. pass, dpao-o-op-ewu 6, 44. 

"ApSu To water, Find. Ol. 5, 12; Aesch. Pers. 806; Ar. Lys. 
384; Her. 2, 18; PI. Phaedr. 255; Xen. An. 2, 3, 13, Dor. 
3 pi. -Soj/rt Pind. I. 6, 64 : imp. rjpde PI. Tim. 76, iter. ilp8e<TKe 
Her. 2,^13 : fut. (apo-w) : aor. ^pcra Her. 5, 12; subj. apo-j; 2, 
14 ; apo-a? H. Hym. 9, 3 ; Her. 2, 14. 5, 12. Pass. opSo/zat Her. 
2, 13 ; Com. Fr. (Eubul.) 3, 266; PI. Phaedr. 251 ; -TJTOI ibid. ; 
-oiro Tim. 77 ; -ofj.fvr] Ar. Nub. 282 ; (PL) Locr. 101, -opevov Her. 

1, 193. 7, 109 ; PI. Tim. 78. Crat. 414. Mid. dpdofifvoi drink- 
ing, or pass, watered, H. Hym. 2, 85. This verb, in Attic, seems 
to have only pres. and imp. act. and pres. pass. The collat. 
form dpSeu'u is very rare in classic writers, perhaps only Aesch. 
Pr. 852 ; later Theophr. H. P. 7, 5, 2 ; Diod. Sic. i, 34: fut. 
-cvo-co Ael. H. A. 5, 52 (Schneid. eV- Kerch.); Geop. 3, n ; Or. 
Sib. 12, 120; Nonn. 42, 283 : aor. fjpdevaa Or. Sib. 9, 310; Diod. 
Sic. 2, 48; Geop. 10, 22 : aor. pass. dpdevSy Aesop 166 (Halm) : 
pres. pass. dpSfuerat Theophr. H. P. 4, 4, 3 ; -opeva Aristot. 
H. A. 8, 19, i, -fvoi Polyb. 10, 28. "Vb. dpSeure'oi/ Geop. 9, n. 

'ApeWw To phase, Bias i, i (Bergk) ; Soph. Aj. 584 ; Ar. Ran. 
103 ; Her. i, 89 ; Thuc. i, 128 : imp. rjpta-Kov Soph. Aj. 1243 ; 
Her. 3, 142 ; Thuc. 6, 24; Lys. 12, 50; Isocr. 15, 96 ; Aeschin. 

2, 161 : fut. dpeVo) Dem. 39, 33; (PI. Leg. 702 Vulg.) ; Anth. 
12, 248; Ap. Civ. i, 12, dpfo-afre, <rvv- Ap. Rh. 3, 901: aor. 
Vpeo-a Soph. El. 409; Ar. Eq. 359; Her. 3, 63; Pi. Prot. 361, 

apecrara Ap. Rh. 3, 301 ; ape'cr?; PI. Leg. 8oi ; -aeiev IsOCr. 2, 46; 

dpetrat II. 19, 138; Xen. Mem. 2, 3, 6 : p. late dprjpeica Sext. 
Emp. 852, 29 : aor. p. fjpf'a-d^v active? -delrjv Soph. Ant. 500, 
see below ; late prose rjpecrdtj pass. Joseph. Ant. 12, 9, 6 ; 
dptadfis Paus. Cor. 2, 13, 8; Plotin. i, 8; Geop. 5, 6. This 
aor. can be held active in Soph, quoted, only if apta&Sqv, the 
emendation of Hermann, be taken for -en; the reading of the 
Mss. and Dind. Mid. dpeWo/im to conciliate, Xen. Mem. 4, 3, 
16; Her. i, 8. 9, 79; Plut. Mor. 4. Alex. 53: imp. rjpea-Kovro 
Her. 6, 128: fut. dpeVopai Aesch. Sup. 655, Poet. dpeVo-- II. 4, 
362. Od. 8, 402 : aor. ^peo-dp.^, Poet, dpe'o-- Hes. Sc. 255 ; 
e'^-apeVijTcu (Dem.) 60, 25; dpeo-da-da II. 19, 1 79, dpttra- Od. 8, 

H 



98 'Ajoeraw ' 

396 ; dpt(rdp.fvos Dio. Hal. i, 88 ; Parthen. 6, dpeo-o-- II. 9, 112 ; 
Theogn. 762 ; dpeo-acrdat Jos. Jud. B. i, 16, 7, <?- (Dem.) 60, 
26, which last, however, has no act. form, Epic dpeo-o--, dir- 
II. 19, 183. Vb. dpeord? Her. i, 119. In classic prose the 
mid. is very rare, the pass, scarcely beyond the pres. dpccnco/zat 
Thuc. i, 129; -rjTcu i, 35; -6p.vos Her. 3, 34; Thuc. 2, 68; 
-firdai 5, 4,: rjpeo-Kovro Her. 4, 78. 9, 66; Thuc. 5, 37. 8, 84. 
Perf. p. rjptapai we have never seen, except in lexicons. In 
Her. Gaisf. always augm. this verb, except dpe'o-Kfro 9, 66, though 
TjpecrK- is presented by several Mss. Bekk. Dind. Bred. Stein 
always augment. 

'Aperdw To be fit, to prosper, Epic and only 3 sing, dptra Od. 8, 
329, and pi. dpfraxTi 19, 114. Occas. in very late prose, Philo, 
Procop. &c. 

'Aprjfiei'os oppressed, an Epic def. perf p. II. 18, 435. Od. 6, 2. 
(5.) The derivation is uncertain. Thiersch says it is from root 
fape, whence ftapvs, ape-oj, and bairan, bar (Goth.) to bear, bore, 

and with the Strengthening a (dfaprjpevos, daprjfjievos) aprjp,fvos. 

Others suppose it may be abbreviated from /Se/Sap^ei/os by /3 as 
representing the digamma (feFap^eW, fteftap-, as fpooov, J3p68ov, 
p68-) disappearing, daprjp.fvos, contr. ap^/ieW. We think Homeric 
usage against this. He has jSe/Sap^dres, -jjo'ra Od. 3, 139. 19, 122, 
when he might have used aprjores. Besides, does ft ever represent 
the digamma in Horn. ? 

'ApOfi^u (dp6p.6s) To unite, join, Epic, intrans. and only aor. 
dp8p.f]a-avTf II. 7, 302 : and pass. dp6p.r)6fVTs Ap. Rh. i, 1344. 

'ApiOfie'u To count, Ar. Vesp. 333; Her. 2, 143; Thuc. 3, 20, 
Dor. 3 pi. dpidfiftivTi Theocr. 8, 16: imp. fipidftei Od. 13, 218, but 
Tjpidfjieov trisyll. 10, 204, ffrp- Her. 2, 1 43 : fut. -TJO-W Od. 4, 411 ; 
PI. Theaet. 198: aor. fipid^rjaa Ar. Eq. 570 ; Her. 7, 100, t&p- 
7, 60; dpidfjiTjo-a) Od. 13, 215 ; dpi6p.r)<rai Pind. N. 10, 46 ; Eur. 
Hel. 397; PL Theaet. 146 ; -j^o-ay Soph. Fr. 610 (Grot. '^- Nauck, 
Dind. 5 ed.); PI. Euthyd. 294: p. ripiB^na, dn- (Dem.) 60, 12, 
complete and reg. in act. and pass. : p. p. rare r)pidp.r]p.fvos Eur. 
Hel. 729; Aristot. Nat. Ausc. 4, 14, 5, e'- Her. 7, 185, KO.T- Aristot. 
Topic, i, 6, i, see mid. : aor. -fiffrjv Her. 9, 32 ; Dem. 57, 13 ; 
Epic inf. -r)0f)ij.fi>ai II. 2, 124 : Dor. pres. dpiOpevvrai Theocr. 17, 
27. Mid. dpidp.fop.ai to count to or for oneself, Aristot. Met. 12, 
6, 4. Nat. Ausc. 4, 14, 8 : imp. fipidnovvro Thuc. 3, 20, Ion. 
-eoiro Her. 6, 1 1 1 (Bekk. Dind. dpiQ- Gaisf. Stein) : aor. r/ptfyijj- 
adp.T)v PI. Phaedr. 270; (Luc.) Amor. 50 : but fut. dpt^o-o/xat 
seemingly pass. Eur. Bac. 1318, e- Dio Cass. 79, 4 (B.), <rw- 
Themist. 16, 203; V. T. Exod. 12, 4: with fut. p. -I^O-O/ACU 
Galen 10, 68; V. T. Gen. 32, 12 : perf. rjpLdp.rjp.evos as act. *ar- 



'Apia-raw 'Ap/ce'ft). 99 



Aristot. Topic, i, 2, i, e'- Polyb. 9, 2, i. In Her. Gaisf. always 
augments this verb simple and comp. except dptfyieWo 6, in, 
fad- (Bekk. Dind.) Vb. dpid^ros C. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 102; 
Aristot. Nat. Ausc. 4, 14, 5. 

'Apurrdo) To dine, Xen. Oec. n, 18; inf. -urrav Cyr. 3, 3, 40, 
Ion. -Krnji' Hippocr. 2, 478. 7, 220 (Lit): imp. fjpicrr- Lys. 3, 
n ; fut. -jjo-w Ar. Vesp. 435; Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 35 : aor. fiplamja-a 
Ar. Av. 788; Xen. Cyr. 4, i, 10; Dem. 54, 3; fjpla-njKa Hip- 
pocr. 2, 482 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 39, in Corned, i pi. rjpi<rrap.ev 
syncop. for -^ap-ei/, Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 799. (Ar.) 2, 1154; 
inf. r)pi<rrdvat Com. Fr. (Herm.) 2, 406 : pip. ^pta-rijKfcrai/ Xen. 
Cyr. 3, 2, n, Trpo- Hippocr. i, 305 (Erm.) : p. p. fipicmjTai im- 
pers. AF Ran. 376 (Dind.) Though the Comedians alone use 
the syncopated perf. they don't confine themselves to it, ^pto-rjj- 

KOTO Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 397, -rjKoret (Drom.) 3, 541, -JJKO'TWV 

(Alex.) 3, 435, -TJKOTCIS (Antiph.) 3, 126. (dp- Com. Fr. (Eupol.) 
2, 525, later ap- Anth. n, 387.) 

'ApiCTToiroieojiai To dine, Dem. 23, 165; -ficr&ai Thuc. 4, 30; 
Xen. Cyr. 3, 2, n : imp. ^pto-roTroioiWo Xen. An. 3, 3, i ; Dem. 

50, 47 : fut. dptoroTTotijcro/iat Thuc. 7 ^ 39 aor. dpi(TTOTroiT)crdiJ.fvos 

Thuc. 8, 95 : (perf.) : pip. with double augm. fjpta-ToirfrroirjvTo 
Xen. Hell. 4, 5, 8 (Vulg.), but ^ptaroTroHjiTo (Mss. Schn. Dind. 
Breitb. Saupp.): very rare in pass, sense dpurroTroiovfjLeva Xen. 
Hell. 4, 5, i. 

'Apice'cj To assist, &c. Aesch. Pr. 621; Soph. El. 186; Hip- 
pocr. 3, 544; Antiph. 2, /3, 2 ; Thuc. 6, 84; PI. Theaet. 174; 
dpxcav Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 21, dpKai/, e'- Pind. Ol. 5, 24: imp. 
fjpKfi II. 13, 440; Aesch. Pers. 278; Thuc. 2, 47; Isae. 5, 5 : 
fut. dp/ceo-o) II. 21, 131. Od. 16, 261; Cleob. i, 2 (B.) ; Soph. 
Aj. 1242; Hippocr. 4, 282; Thuc. i, 93; PI. Rep. 466, dp- 
<c<rW&>, fir- Ap. R. 2, 1049: aor. fjpKfa-a II. 2o, 289; Simon. C. 
101 ; Soph. O. R. 1209; Ar. Eccl. 828 (ffpeo-a Seal. Dind. 5 ed.); 
Her. 2, 115; Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 45, drr- Aesch. Pers. 474, Dor. 
&PK- Pind. Ol. 9, 3; Epic inf. dp/ceVo-ew Ap. Rh. 2, 1124: p. p. 
late r)pKf(rrai Stob. (Sthen. Locr.) 48, 63 : aor. r\p<t(rQr]v Plut. 
Pelop. 35; -fvdeis Luc. Salt. 83. Philop. 29 ; Plut. Mor. 114: 
fut. p. dpKfar6r)<TOfj.ai Dio. Hal. 6, 94 ; Stob. (Epict.) 5, 93 ; Dio 
Cass. 43, 18; Diod. Sic. i, 8. 3, n: but pres. pass, classic 
appeal Her. 9, 33, -eio-<9ai Hes. Fr. 181 ; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 
516 ; -flrai (PI.) Ax. 369 (Bekk. Stallb.), -ov^ai Anth. (Incert.) 7, 
157. V~b. dp? Athen. (Chrysip.) 3, 79. Mid. aor. ^eVeo 
Aesch. Eum. 213 (best Ms. Dind. 4 ed. rjpKffffv Weil, ^e o-oi 
Herm. Dind. 5 ed.) dp*fa> unlike some others in w never 
drops s in the fut. 

H 2 



IOO 

'Apn,<5<i> To fit, Find. P. 9, 117 ; Soph. Tr. 731 ; Hippocr. i, 
325(Erm.2,368 Lit.); Aristot.Eth. Nic.4, 5, 17, -do-Sco, r$-Theocr. 
1,53, -oWw Hippocr. 3, 558 (Lit.), Att. -drTw(Andoc.)4,6 ; Isocr. 
2, 34; Aeschin. 2, 96; Dor. pt. -dfoio-a Find. P. 9, 13: imp. 
rjpfjiofrv Eur. Elec. 24; Hippocr. i, 580 (Lit.), Dor. app.- Find. 
N. 8, n, fjppoTTov locr. 7, 44; PI. Soph. 262; Dem. 20, 66 : 
fut. (ipnovu Soph. O. R. 902 ; Ar. Thesm. 263 ; Hippocr. i, 61 
(Erm.); PI. Phaedr. 248: aor. rjpnoo-a II. 17, 210; PL Crat. 
405, Dor. apu- Find. P. 3, 114; Anth. 7, 431, o-vv-dp(j.oa N. 10, 
12 ; -o'o-at/u Soph. Tr. 687 ; pt. -do-as Solon 36, 17 ; Her. 9, 108, 
Dor. -dorms Find. N. 7, 98: p.rjpp-oKa Aristot.Poet. 24, 8; (Luc.) 
Ner. 6: p.p. )?p/xoa>i<u Soph. Ant. 570; Eur. Ph. 116; PI. Lach. 
193, Dor. a/j/zox/wit, -o/crat Stob. (Ecphant.) 48, 64, see mid. : aor. 
rjpnovQrjv PI. Phaed. 93. Tim. 41, Dor. dp/ndx&?" D. Laert. (Philol.) 

8, 85 : fut. appna-6ri<Tonai Soph. O. C. 908. Vb. apfnoa-Tos 

Philem. (C. Fr.) 4, 4, dp^oo-re'os Geop. 20, i, w- PI. Tim. 18. 
Mid. apuogonai to fit for oneself, engage to ivtfe, -dferai Scythin. 
i (Bergk) ; -dfo-Od. 5, 162, -dfou Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 59 ; -ecrdai 
Aretae. de C. A. Morb. i (83), -drro/xat PI. Rep. 349. 591 : fat. 
late appoaonai Galen 10, 971, ped- Synes. Epist. 133 : aor. ap^o- 
gdfjLTjv Dor. Alcm. 71 (B.), |ui>- (PL) Tim. Locr. 99, rjp^orrd^v 
Her. 5, 32 ; d/j/ndo-w/iat Com. Fr. (Heges.) 4, 479. (Mach.) 4, 
497; Luc. Merc. Con. 30; -oo-aadat Harm, i, aw- PL Tim. 53; 
dppoo-dnevos Her. 5, 47, w- PL Polit. 309 : p. p. as mid. Ion. 
apjJL.oa-fj.ai Her. 3, 137 (pass. -o<Tp.fvos 2, 124. 148, (TW- I, 163), 
Att. Tipfiocrfj.- Luc. Icar. 3, ped- Eur. Ale. 1157, n-ept- Ar. Eccl. 
274. Vb. ap/j.o(TT(ov see above. The Tragedians use the 
form -o'fw, Plato and the Orators -or, the Comedians and 
Xen. vary: late editors however lean to -OTTO) in these also. 
In Herodotus, Mss. and edit, augment the aor., never the 
pert 

'Apye'ofwu Dep. To deny, Od. i, 249; Aesch. Eum. 611; 
Soph. Fr. 109; Ar. PI. 893; Her. 4, 68; Antiph. 6, 50; Isae. 
4, 20; Dem. 23, 171; dpvovp.ft>os Thuc. 8, 9, Ionic dpvevfi.- 
Hym. Merc. 390; Her. 2, 181. 6, 13, perhaps better apveop- : 
imp. rjpvovfirjv II. 19, 304; Xen. Hell. 7, 3, 7; Aeschin. 3, 175; 
Dem. 33, 29 : fut. apj^o-opu Aesch. Eum. 463 ; Soph. O. R. 
571 ; Ar. Eccl. 365, an-- PL Gorg. 461 : p. j/pi/^ai Dem. 28, 24 : 

pip. a7r-rjpvrjij.(i>ai Tjcrav Joann. Ped. 8 (West.) : aor. fjpvTjdrjv 

mostly Attic, Lycurg. 30; Dem. 29, 18; Anth. PL 205. 225, 
dn- Soph. Tr. 480; dpvr)6fii]v Dem. 21, 191, -!/ 9, 54 ; Hippocr. 
Epist. 9, 326 (Lit.); -rjdfis Thuc. 6, 60, oV- Eur. Hipp. 1266; 
-Tjdfjvai, Lys. 4, i ; Isocr. 21, 21 ; Dem. 30, 27: and mid. rjpvr/- 
rather Epic and Ionic, Anth. (Incert.) n, 272; Callim. 



"ApVVfJLCLl ' ApOCO. I O I 

Cer. 75 ; Nonn. 4, 36 ; Maneth. 2, 308 ; rare in classic Attic 
Aeschin. 3, 224; Hyperid. Fr. 3, 140; and late, Dio. Hal. 9, 
13 ; Dio Cass. 58, 19 ; Luc. D. Meretr. 7, 4, Poet. dpwjo-- Anth. 

7, 4735 dpvf](Ti) Eur. Ion IO26; PrOCOp. Epist. 58; dpvrjcraifjirjv 

Aeschin. 2, 69, -vfjaaio II. 14, 191, -o-airo Tryphiod. 104; -jjo-atr&u 
II. 14, 212. Od. 21, 345; Orph. Lith. 162 ; Her. 3, i; Hype- 
rid. Fr. 3, 140; Aristot. Top. 8, 7; D. Laert. 2, 12, 5; -rjadp-f- 
voy (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 368 (Lit.); D. Laert. 2, 12, 4; Plut. 
Mor. 233 ; Dio Cass. 46, 30, e- Her. 3, 74 : fut. dpj/T^o-o/zat, 
cm- pass. Soph. Ph. 527 ; and late N. T. Luc. 12, 9, see below : 
pres. upvovfjLfVTjv also seems pass. Plut. Mor. 1072; dn-ap^rm 
Aristot. Anal. Pr. i, 32, 9. Vb. dpvrjrtov Aristot Top. 8,7. 

Thfsi'mpte fiit. p. dpvT)dr)<rofMi we have not met, but dn-apvrjBr](r- 
is pass. Soph, quoted, and N. T. Luc. 12, 9, but act. V. T. 
Esai. 31,7 (Alex.), where however the Vat. has mid. an-api^o-ovi-at 
(Tisch. Gaisf.) In Attic writers, the comp. dn- tg-apveopjn have, 
we think, only aor. pass. -r}Qrjv Soph. Tr. 480; Eur. Hipp. 1266; 
Thuc. 6, 56; PI. Phaedr. 256, e'- PI. Conv. 192. Leg. 949, 
but in Epic, Ionic, and late Attic, they have, contrary to what 
Lexicogr. teach, also aor. mid. dnTjpvrja-dfjLrjv Callim. Del. 100. 
Cer. 75. 106 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 1133 (Well.) ; (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 
328 (Lit.); Dio Cass. 39, 30, Q-apvyadnevos Her. 3, 74; Dio. 
Hal. 10, 4. KaTapvfop.ai seems to occur only in pres. Karapvfl 
Soph. Ant. 442. In Epic poetry and Ionic prose the aor. mid. 
alone is used; in classic Attic, with the exception of one in- 
stance in Eur., two in Aeschines, and one in Hyperid. Fr. 30, i 
(3, 140), the aor. pass. Buttm. and Matth. wrongly confine the 
aor. mid. to poetry. 

"Apyofitu To win, Soph. Tr. 711. Ant. 903; Eur. Ale. 55, 
-urat Soph. Phil. 838 ; Eur. Andr. 696, -vvrai Anth. (Mnas.) 
7, 242 ; Aristot. Polit. 3, 16, 7 ; imper. apwvo Sapph. 75 (B.); 
Poet in Stobae. 2, 8; -vp.fvot II. i, 159. 5, 553. Od. i, 5; Eur. 
Hec. 1073; PI. Leg. 813. 944. Rep. 346; Luc. Philops. i. 
D. Syr. 48; -va-dat PI. Prot. 349: imp. unaugm. dpvvp-rjv II. 22, 
1 60 : frit, (supplied by aipo/xot) dpovpat, 2 aor. ripoprjv. 

'ApcSu To plough, Od. 9, 1 08; Tyrt. 5; Eur. Fr. 672 (D.); 
-ays Hes. Op. 479 (Goettl.), -do>? (Lennep); dpovv Theogn. 582, 
Ar. Plut. 525; Her. 4, 19; Xen. Oec. 16, 10; PL Phaedr. 276: 
fut. dpoo-o) Anth. 9, 729. 740; Geop. 3, 10: later mid. -o'o-opu 
Theodor. Metoch. 76, p. 510 (Mull.): aor. rjpova Soph. O. R. 
1497, irfpi- Plut. Mor. 820, &p- Callim. Cer. 137 ; dpoa-rjs Hes. 
Op. 485; Theophr. H. P. 8, i, 6; dpdo-eui/, wept- Plut. Popl. 16; 

dpo'o-at Pind. N. IO, 26, -oWai Ap. Rh. 3, 497 : p. p. dprjpopat, 

II. 18, 548 ; Her. 4, 97 : pip. dpjjporo Ap. Rh. 3, 1343 : 



IO2 jOTraft). 

aor. rjpodriv Soph. O. R. 1485: pres. pass, dpovrm Dinarch. i, 
24; -ovo-dai Soph. Fr. 298: imp. fjpovro Hesych. Mid. 
dpovffdai Or. Sib. 5, 505 (Friedl.) : fut. apdo-erai Thee d. Metoch. 
76, 510. Epic forms: pres. inf. dpopfifvat, Hes. Op. 22 (Mss. 
Goettl. Lennep. -opfvai and -&>/zei/ai other Mss.) Vb. dv-fiporos 
Od. 9, 123 ; Aesch. Pr. 708. apdaxn 3 pi. pres. for dpovvi, Od. 9, 
108 ; Ap. Rh. i, 796. dpoWeo, doubtful -&>cno, poet. fut. Anth. 7, 
175: aor. -do-ora Ap. Rh. 3, 1053. 

e Apirdw To seize, II. 5, 556; Aesch. Sept. 259; Her. i, 4; 
Xen. Hell. 5, 2, 19; Dem. 53, 17; -d&re Soph. Ant. 311; 
-dtiv Isae. n, 16: imp. TJp-rra&v Her. i, 106 ; Thuc. i, 5: 
fut. dpnaa-o) Xen. Hipp. 4, 17; Anth. (Antiphil.) 7, 175, dv 
Eur. Ion 1303, t-w- 1. A. 535; Luc. D. Deor. 8, Si- App. Lib. 
55; Polyb. 4, 18, unatt. apirdg> II. 22, 310; Babr. 89; late 
prose Apollod. 2, 4, 7 (Bekk.) : more freq. mid. -ao-o/iat 
Xen. Cyr. 7, 2, 5; Ar. Pax 1118. Eccl. 866. Av. 1460, 
w- Lys. 437, <- Nub. 490, Si- PI. Rep. 336, dv- Her. 8, 28. 
9, 59; Plut. Marcell. 6. Aristid. 17, and late dfnr&ptu V. T. 
Osea 5, 14, -Srai Ezek. 18, 7 : aor. rjpTrao-a II. 13, 528; Aesch. 
Ag. 627; Eur. Or. 1634; Thuc. 6, 101 ; Her. 2, 156, Dor. 
a/Mr- Pind. P. 3, 44. 9, 6 ; Bion 2, 10 ; -do-tu Soph. Aj. 2, 
unatt. rjpiTaga II. 12, 305. Od. 15, 174; dpndgas Pind. N. 10, 67; 
Theocr. 17, 48 : p. rjpnaica Ar. Plut. 372 ; PI. Gorg. 481 : p. p. 
fjpna<Tnai Xen. An. i, 2, 27 ; Com. Fr. (Mnesim.) 3, 569, dv- 
Eur. Ph. 1079, late ijpTray/LiaiPaus. 3, 18,7 (Vulg. -ao-pat Schub.); 
-dxQai Strab. 13, i, n: pip. rjfmacrro Eur. Elec. 1041: aor. 

f]fmd(T0r)v PI. Phaedr. 229; -aafair) Her. 7, 191; -aafcis Eur. 

Hec. 513; Her. i, 4; Thuc. 6, 104; -ao-^wu Her. i, i, unatt. 
T]pirdx8r)v, apnaxdfis Her. 2, 90. 8, 115; Anth. 14, 95; Diod. 
Sic. 17, 74 : fut. d/wrao-^o-o/^ai Luc. D. Mer. 9, 4 (Bekk. Jacob.), 
di- Dem. 8, 55. 18, 213: 2 aor. late f)pTrdyr)t> Lycophr. 505; 
Apollod. i, 9, 19; Strab. 10, 4, 21, dv- Plut. Pyr. 7, St- Polyb. 

4, 79 ; Arr. An. 7, 13, i : fut. late apTrayfjarofj.at Joseph. J. Bell. 

5, 10, 3; N. T. i Thess. 4, 17, e- Plut. Agis 19, St- Oth. 3. 
Mid. fut. -ao-o/iai, see above: aor. late in simple, apitaad^evos 
Luc. Tim. 22; Joseph. Ant. 5, 8 (Bekk.); Heliod. 4, 21 ; but 

vcpapirdcrcuo Ar. Eccl. 921; Siapirdcrao-dai, Arr. An. 3, 1 8, IO, dv- 

Dio. Hal. 3, 5 (KiessL); and as if from (apn-^i) a poet. aor. 
apndfj-fvos pass. Anth. ii, 59; Nonn. 40, 357, but act. in 
v(papirafjievrj Anth. 9, 619 : and as mid. p. p. e^-^pirav^evoi Soph. 
O. C. 1016. Vb. apTravTos late, -auras Hes. Op. 320. Lexicogr. 
have missed the aor. mid. Epic, Ionic, and Doric writers use 
both the s and y formations -o-o> -o>, -<ra -a, -cr/^ai -y/u &c. ; 
the Attics invariably the former only, apn-ay/xa, however, 



Q) ' A|OT VVOD. IO3 

Aeschin. 3, 222, for apnaa-na PI. Leg. 906. In the best 
editions of Her. both formations of 1 aor. p. have equal support, 
f)pTrdo-0r]v i, i. 4. 7 1 9* without v. r. -dxdqv 2, go. 7, 169. 8, 
115; but as Her. has fut. -do-o/wu, aor. -aa-a ten or twelve 
times, uniformly without a v. r., and as good Mss. offer -aaG^v 
twice for -d^v of the edit. 2, 90. 7, 169, a doubt naturally 
arises about dpiraxSrjvai 8, 115, though supported by all the 
Mss., and a suspicion, at least, that Her. followed in this verb 
the analogy in use with the Attics. 

'AppoiSew To fear (Att. opp8<>), is peculiar to Ionic, and 
therefore unaugm. dppw8<fa> Her. i, in: imp. dppufeov 5, 35. 

8, 74 : aor - dppwdrjo-a, HUT- 6, 9 : p. dppwfiijKa, HOT- 3, 145. 8j 75 

pip. dppa>8r)Kef, (car- 8, 103. 

'Aprdoj To suspend, reg. fut. -rjo-w Anth (Diod.) 6, 245 : aor. 
fjpTTjo-a Thuc. 4, 100; -jjo-asEur. Hipp. 1222; Thuc. 2, 76; -fjaai 
Eur. Andr. 8 1 1 : p. fjpTrjKa, Trpoo-- Arr. Epict. i, i, 14 (Mull.) : p. p. 
rjpTT)pa.i Eur. Hipp. 857 ; Ar. Pax 1247; Her. 6, 109; Hippocr. 
5, 308 ; Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 32 ; PI. Leg. 631 ; Dem. 9, 39 ; Dio. 
Hal. 2, 71, e|- Thuc. 6, 96, 3 pi. Ion. dprearai Her. i, 125: 
pip. 77/51-777-0 Her. 3, 19 ; Aristot. Fr. 151, see below : aor. -r/^y, 
IT poo-- Maneth. 4, 199. Mid. -do pat to suspend for oneself, Eur. 
Tr. 1012; Ar. Pax 470: fat. intrans. join, f^-aprrja-trai Xen. 
Cyr. 5, 4, 20: aor. late dprfio-avro Orph. Arg. 1101; -jjo-d/ievos 
Conon 35 (Westerm.), but eg-rip-iyo-dadf Eur. Tr. 129; Luc. 
Fug. 14 : and in sense p. p. TJPTTJTCU, e|- Ar. Eccl. 494; Dem. 

9, 49 : pip. T)prr)To Ach. Tat. i, i, 12. See foil. 

'ApTe'ofiai To prepare oneself (aprios), Ion. Her. 7, 143 : imp. 

dprefro 8, 97, -fovro 5, I2O, irap- 8, 76 : p. dv-d.prTjp.ai. 7, 8 j -r)n.evos 

i, 90. 6, 88 : but pip. Trap-qpTqi-o 9, 29, which Lhardy would 
alter to TrapdprTjTo on the ground that in eight places where this 
verb occurs it is never augmented by Her. ; and K.arr\ftT^ivov 
3, 80, he would refer to Karaprdadai, or adopt Stephens' emenda- 
tion -ijpTi<Tp.evov which many approve, and which Wm. Dindorf 
edits. Hippocr. however has KarripTrjTo was composed i, 192 
(Erm.) Lexicogr. have improperly mixed up this verb with dprdv 
to hang, suspend, and have called it the Ion. form. But dprett 
never occurs in act., nor has mid. dpreo/zai ever the meaning 
hang, suspend. Besides, the verb with that meaning dprdop-cu, is 
always augmented in Her. T]prr]p.fvos 5, 31 : TJPTTJTO 3, 19. 9, 68, 
except 3 pi. perf. dpre'arai i, 125. At 6, 109 Mss. and edit, 
vary between fjprrjTai. (F. a. b. c. old edit. Bekk. Lhardy, Dietsch, 
Stein, Abicht), and dpr- (Mss. S. V. Wessel. Schweigh. Dind.). 

'Aprdyu To prepare, Epic, Od. n, 366: imp. rfprvvov II. 
15, 303: fut. dp-rivea Od. i, 277. 2, 196; -fovo-a H. Hym. 



I O4 ' 

2 7> *5* ijpTvva, dprvveias Ap. Rh. 3, 698 ', -was II. 12, 86. 

Od. 14, 469: aor. p. aprvvQrjv II. u, 216, fjpr- (Bekk. 2 ed.): 

mid. dprvvovrai Opp. C. 4, 113: imp. rjprvvfTO II. 2, 55: aor. 

rjprvvavTo Od. 8, 53; Ap. Rh. 2, 67 ; Tryphiod. 50. 

'Apruw 7b prepare, Od. 4, 771; Com. Fr. 4, 460; Democr. 
Fr. 220 (Mullach); Geop. 7, 13; -vovra Aristot. Eth. Nic. 3, 
13, 9; Theophr. Fr. 4, 3, 8; Plut. Mor. 137, e|- Eur. Elec. 
422; Thuc. 2, 17: imp. fjpTvov II. 18, 379; Joseph. B. Jud. 
2, 21, 6, '- Thuc. 2, 3 (u Horn, v Att.) : fut. aprta-a Soph. Fr. 
601 ; Anth. 12, 95; Athen. 4, 47, KUT- Soph. O. C. 71 : aor. 
rjp-rvcra. Lycophr. 163; Her. i, 12; -va-ai Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 
2, 178; Polyb. 15, 25: p. ffprvKa, KUT- Aesch. Eum. 473; 
Eur. Fr. 42 (D.); Poet in Galen 5, 418 (K.) ; Philostr. Ap. 
215: p. p. TJPTVIJMI Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 300. (Eupol.) 2, 564; 
Hippocr. i, 604. 7, 168 (Lit.); Theophr. Odor. 51, '- Eur. 
Hip. 1186; PI. Leg. 625: pip. fg-rjprvro Her. i, 61 : aor. 

fjprvdrjv, -deis Oribas. 4, 2, KaT-apTv8eis Soph. Ant. 478, e'- 

Thuc. 6, 31. Mid. in comp. fg-aprvopai Aesch. Pr. 908; 
Thuc. 2, 13: imp. -rjpTvovro 2, 85: fiit. -vow/rat Eur. Elec. 
647; Thuc. i, 121 : aor. cg-rjpTvaravro 7, 65. In Horn, this 
verb has only pres. and imp. and is rarely used in comp. 
fir-rjprvf Od. 8, 447 : in Att. the simple form has neither 
pres. (excepting Com. Fr. quoted) nor imp. and rarely fut. 
aor. and p. p., but in comp. it is complete and reg. with v 
throughout, eg-apTva> Eur. Elec. 422 : -t5<ro>, KOT- Soph. O. C. 

71 : fjprvKa, KUT- Aesch. Eum. 4735 -f]prv^ai, -rfprvd^v, -vaofjiat, 
-vtrdfjirjv, eg-apTverm Eur. Heracl. 419, but Kar-apr^erai Solon 27, 

u. As a prose form, it seems confined to Ion. and late Attic, 

dprvovres Plut. Mor. 137 : rjpTwrav Her. I, 12 ; -vaai Polyb. 15, 

25, but the comp. e- KO.T- are in good Att. Thuc. 2, 3. 17, &c. ; 
PI. Meno 88. Leg. 625. 808. Critia. 117. Some Grammarians 
and Lexicogr. have maintained that the v is short even in Attic, 
and appeal for proof to dprva-a) in a Fr. of Soph. Athen. 68 (Fr. 
60 1, Dind.). The words are eyia fuiytipos dprva-o) (ro<p>s, wanting 
a foot to complete the verse. But unless we know whether the 
missing foot stood at the beginning or the end, the line proves 
nothing. If it ended the line, v is short, as -vo-a> would form the 
fourth foot ; if it began the line, -vo-a> would form the fifth, and 
therefore may have v long. Neither is Karaprvo-uv p.o\di> O. C. 71, 
decisive, owing to -vtrw occupying the fifth foot. It suggests, 
however, the probability that the defective line ended with dpTv<ra> 
<ro(p>s. The fut. act. a/iTCo-eiy is indisputably long in Anth. 
(Meleag.) 12, 95, and mid. f-a/>ao/i<u Eur. Elec. 647, aor. 
Lycophr. quoted, and p.p. f)prvp.ai Pherecratis, Eupolis 



and Eur. quoted. We may therefore easily dispense with the 
emendation dprvvG* offered, both because it may not be needed, 
and should it be, there may be some demur about admitting into 
trimeters a form exclusively Epic. 

'Apuu To draw water, Anth. Plan. 333, e- Orph. Arg. 
1119, and apt PI. Phaedr. 253 : imp. rjpijov Hes. Sc. 301 : 
fut. (dpva-a) : aor. rfpva-a Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 323 ; dpvvas Ap. 
Rh. 3, 1015; Xen. Cyr. i, 3, 9, air- Her. 4, 2 : (p. rjpvKa: p. p. 
fjpv<rp.ai ?) : aor. rjpvdrjv, aTr-apv6fis Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 405, 
rjpvo-0T]v Hippocr. 7, 524. 526 (Lit.); Plut. Mor. 690. MM. 

dpi/opal to draw for oneself, Ar. Nub. 272 (Mss. Bekk. Mein.); 
Anth. 9, 37 ; Ael. V. H. i, 32. 13, 22 ; Paus. 10, 32, 7 ; Arr. 
An. 7, TI, 8 ; Apollod. i, 7, 4, eV- Hippocr. 8, 566, -vrofjuu 
Ar. Nub. and Aelian quoted (Suid. Br. Dind. Hercher); 
Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 316 ; PI. Ion 534. Leg. 636, and rare Ion. 
apw-o-o/icu Her. 6, 119 (Mss. F. S. Gaisf. Schweig. Dind. Abicht, 
Stein), but dpuo/xai (Matthiae, Bekk. Kriig.): imp. dpvopqv Nonn. 
12, 360. 42, 93, fipv- Themist. 34, 39 : fut. dpiVo/iat Anth. 9, 
230; Luc. D. Mar. 6 (Mss. Fritzs. Jacob.); Procop. Epist. 
134: aor. fipvarufj.r]v Christ. Pat. 1226; Plut. Mor. 516; Ael. 
V. H. 13, 23; Anton. Lib. 19 (dp- Westerm.); dpvcraifjav Eur. 
Hipp. 210 chor. (Dind. Kirchh. 2 ed. -p.rfv Kirchh. i ed. Nauck), 
-vffatTo Aristot. Top. 6, 6, 18 ; imper. Spva-at Anth. PI. 9, 37. 
Epigr. incert. 100; dpva-aa-dat Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 8; apvo-dpevos 
Her. 8, 137; Ael. V. H. i, 32; D. Hal. 2, 69; Luc. Herm. 
59, Poet, dpwff- Hes. Op. 550; Anth. n, 64, active, not, 
as some say, passive. Vb. d-rr-apvorfov Ar. Eq. 921. (dpvopw 
occurs with v, dpvov Anth. 9, 37 ; and later Nonn. 14, 46. 
19, 244. 42, 93, &c., but only in arsi, for dpvovro 12, 360. 

I5> I4-) 

"Apxu To begin, command, II. 2, 805 ; Find. P. 4, 230; Soph. 
El. 522; Her. i, 120; Thuc. 5, 19; Xen. Hel. 3, 5, 10; 
-Xfiv Aesch. Ag. 1424: imp. ypxov II. 3, 447; Soph. O. R. 
591; Her. i, 18, and always except p. p.; Thuc. i, 20; PI. 
Tim. 25, Dor. apx- Pind. Ol. u, 51 ; Aesch. Pers. 856; Eur. 
I. A. 260 (chor.); Ar. Lys. 998 : fut. apgco Od. 4, 667 ; Aesch. 
Pr. 940; Her. I, 120; Thuc. i, 144; Lys. 12, 51 : aor. i?pa 
Od. 14, 230; Aesch. Pers. 353; Ar. Pax 605; Her. i, 14; 
Antiph. 4, /3, 2 ; Andoc. I, 90 ; PI. Polit. 269 : p. r,px a Psephism. 
Plut. Mor. 851 ; Inscr. 2, 828 : p. wypai pass, in the sense 
ruled over we have not seen, see mid. : aor. VPX^?". dpx&ao-t 
Thuc. 2, 8; -x^fivai 6, 18 ; Aristot. Pol. 7, 14, 6; dpxdfis 3, 4, 
14: fut. dpxdq(T p.ai Aristot. Pol. i, 13, 5; Dio Cass. 65, 10: 
and mid. ap|o/*cu sometimes pass. Pind. Ol. 8, 45 ; Aesch. Pers. 



IO6 "Apca 'A<r0/xatVft>. 

589; Her. 3, 83. 7, 159. 162. 9, 122; Lys. 28, 7; PI. Tim. 
34. Rep. 412, &c. Mid. apxofj.ai to begin, H. Hym. 9, 8; 
Find. N. 2, 3 ; Her. 4, 51 ; Thuc. 2, i ; -rjrai Soph. Fr. 715; 
Spxoiro Od. 8, 90: imp. fjpxo^iv II. 9, 93; Her. 5, 28. 30; 
Andoc. 2, 9, dp*- Find. P. 4, 30; Her. 5, 51. 6, 75, /car- 2, 45 
(Mss. Gaisf. Stein, fax- Lhard. Bekk. Kriig. so Dind. except 
KaT-apx- 2, 45) : fut. ap|o/ncu II. 9, 97 ; Eur. I. A. 442 ; Her. 3, 
83; Antiph. 6, 10; Xen. Cyr. 8, 8, 2, Dor. /)ei)^ai Theocr. 7, 
95: aor. T)pd(jir)v Od. 23, 310; Aesch. Pr. 199; Soph. O. C. 
625; Ar. Plut. 968; Her. i, 95; Thuc. 6, 46; Lys. 18, n; 
PL Prot. 338, Dor. d/>- Simon. C. 46 ; Theocr. 6, 5. 8, 32 : p. 
qpypai as mid. PI. Leg. 722. Hipp. Min. 364; qpynevos Hippocr. 
i, 310 (Erm.); PI. Leg. 771, Ion. fyyuai, -ptvos Her. i, 174 (VTT- 

apyfjifva 7, II, pass.?): pip. rfpKTO App. Civ. I, 28 (vTrfipKTO 

Antiph. 5, 58, pass. ?) Vb. (dp/cro's ruled), -eos must be ruled, 
or begun, PI. Tim. 48; Dem. 22, 6. apx^fvai Ep. inf. pres. II. 
20, 154. The collat. dpxcuu to rule, is Epic, and only in pres. 
dpxwoi Ap. Rh. i, 347 ; imper. 3 PX fv II. 2, 345 ; inf. -evtw 5, 
200. 

(*Apw) To fit, see dpaplo-K<o. 

'Aadu To afflict, (a) in act. only part, do-wv Theogn. 593 
(Bekk.), but d<r> pass. (Bergk, Ziegl.). Pass, dyao/iai to be 
grieved, Theogn. 657; Hippocr. 6, 388. 8, 78 (Lit.); Aristot. 
H. A. 7, 4, 6; do-w/xews Theocr. 25, 240, Aeol. da-a/iei/or Alcae. 
Fr. 35 (Bergk): imp. ^o-aro Hippocr. 5, 218: fat. mid. as 
pass, da-fjcrei (Hesych.) : aor. ^o-jj^i/, do-j^s Theogn. 989; 
d(TT)d(ir) Her. 3, 41. This verb is, as Buttmann says, Dep. 
passive : there is no aor. mid. d<r> Theogn. 657 sometimes 
quoted to vouch it, is no proof. The sense does not require 
an aorist, and the form forbids it. 

CACTeXy&o) To behave outrageously, of which we have seen only 

p.p. r)0-f\yr}fj.va Dem. 21, 19: and late, pip. rjo-eXyqro Jos. Ant. 

J 7> 5> 6 (Bekk.). The collat. do-eXyaiyo) is rather more freq. 
subj. -aivr) Dem. 21, 138, -aivrjrf Dio Cass. 56, 5; -aivw Andoc. 
4, 7 ; PI. Leg. 879; Dem. 21, 27 ; -aivtiv PI. Conv. 190; Lys. 
26, 5 : imp. rjatXyaivov Dem. 21, 31. 54, 5; Luc. Bis. ace. 31 : 
fut. -avS Dem. 24, 143: aor. late, da-eXyavm Dio Cass. 52, 31. 
The pres. seems to occur in subj. part, and inf. only. 

'Ao-eiTT&ij To act impiously, only inf. -*iv Soph. Ant. 1350. 

'AaOjjiau'w To pant, Poet. Ionic and late prose, and only pres. 
and imp. dadp^ivfis Opp. Hal. 4, 14, -w Hippocr. 7, 332. 
8, 328 ; Aristot. Probl. n, 60 ; Apocr. Syr. 34, 19 ; -aivmv II. 5, 
585. 10, 376. H. Hym. 2, 181 ; Find. N. 3, 48; Orph. Lith. 
89; Aesch. Eum. 651 (Dind. Weil); Aristot. Respir. 5, 6; 



Plut. Mar. 26 ; Luc. Herm. 5. Rhet. 10 : imp. fjo-dpaivov Luc. D. 
Mer. 5, 4. 

'AajAeye'u To feel glad, only imp. t)<rp.fvi Dinarch. i, 34. 
The collat do-pevifo is scarcely in classic, often in later Attic, 
aarncvi&iifv Luc. Amor. 27, -Lav<Ti Plut. Mor. 101; often pt. 
-ifav Polyb. 3, 97. 4, n, 5 : aor. qo-peWe (Aeschin.) Epist. 5, i. 
Mid. aor. -to-a^fVjj Aesop 45 (Halm). 

"Aafieyos, see dv8ava>. 

'A<nraipu> To palpitate, struggle, Aesch. Pers. 976 ; Opp. Hal. 
2, 287; -aiptav II. 12, 203; Eur. I. A. 1587; Her. i, in; 
Antiph. 2, 8, 5, the only instance in classic Att. prose: imp. 
fj<nraipov II. 13, 571; Eur. Elec. 843; Her. 8, 5. 9, 120; Dio. 
Hal. 7, 2-3, iter. do-iratpevicov Q. Sm. i, 350. n, 104. 

"Aaaw To rush, Find. N. 8, 40 ; Soph. Tr. 396 ; Com. 
Fr. (Eub.) 3, 242, arrw Com. Fr. (Metag.) 2, 753 ; PI. Theaet. 
144 ; Dem. 25, 52, <r- Ar. Nub. 996 : imp. fao-ov Aesch. 
Pr. 676; Eur. Ph. 1382. 1466: fut. afa Eur. Hec. 1106; 
Ar. Nub. 1299 : aor. ?/ga Aesch. Pr. 837 ; Soph. O. C. 890; 
Eur. Elec. 844 ; (Dem.) 47, 53, eiV- Ar. Nub. 543, <- Plut. 733, 
Ion. jfie, 81- Her. 4, 134 ; agas Soph. O. R. 1074 ; Ar. Eq. 485 ; 
Isae. 4, 10. (PI. has dt^eiev Leg. 709, eV-ai|as Theaet. 190.) 
Pass, ao-o-o/xat Soph. O. C. 1 26 1, O.TT- Aristot. Prob. 16, 8, 3. 
See the poet, form d<Wa>. Some defend aa, STTO> without iota 
subscr. arrei Arist. H. An. 9, 37, 12; Plut. Mor. 87; Dio 
Cass. 52, 1 6 (B. an- L. Dind.), c'l-arrovo-t Aristot. Probl. 30, 14, 
6, 81- 2, 31, 2 (B.) This verb is rare in prose. 

'AoTpdirrw To lighten, flash, II. 9, 237; Soph. O. C. 1067; 
PL Phaedr. 254. (Ep.) i, 310; (Xen.) Ven. 6, 15: imp. 

TJo-rparrrov Aesch. Pr. 356; Xen. An. I, 8, 8, iter. darpdirTfO-Kev 

Mosch. 2, 86 : fut. -d\|m Or. Sib. 6, 18; Nonn. 33, 376 : aor. 
rjarpatya Soph. Fr. 507 ; Opp. Cyn. 2, 23 ; Aristot. Anal. Post, 
i, 4, 4. Rhet. 2, 19, 21 ; darpu^ta Ar. Vesp. 626 ; -d^as II. 17, 
595 : pass, late, unless pip. Tjorpairro be correct Xen. Cyr. 6, 4, 
I (old reading, rjcrrpanTf Popp. Dind. Saupp.) : aor. qor/w^Afr 
very late. Mid. late, aor. subj. dorpd^Tat Aristid. 49, 391 
(Vulg. d(TTpd\l/7) Reiske, Dind.), missed by all Lexicogr. 

'AoxfxxXi^oj To make sure, secure, late, unless correct as a con- 
jecture, Aesch. Supp. 146; Polyb. 18, 13: imp. T]<r(pd\iCe Polyb. 
i, 22 ; Theod. Prodr. 2, 201. Mid. -t'fopu as act. Polyb. 
6, 34: fut. -iaofjLcu Diod. Sic. 20, 24 (Vulg. Bekk. -lovfiai L. 
Dind.); Joseph. Ant. 13, 5, n, -toC/xat Jud. B. 2, 21, 4: p.- 
^cr$dXio-/xui act. Polyb. 5, 43, but pass, i, 42. 4, 65. 5, 59; Dio. 
Hal. 7, 44: aor. m. f)a(pd\i(Tdp.r]v Polyb. 2, 65. 4, 65. 5, 72 ; 
Diod. Sic. 14, 12; Geop. 10, 38; Joseph. Ant. 13, 5, 10; 



1 08 'Atr^aXaw ' 

V. T. and Apocr. always; N. T. Matth. 27, 66. Act. 16, 
24: and as mid. aor. pass. f)o-<j)a\lo-6r)v Polyb. 5, 7, 12, 
but if Xt'/*7? (Bekk. Dind.) or Xi'/^w/ (Hultsch) be correct, it 
may be passive, as it seems to be in N. T. Matth. 27, 64 
(Lachm. Tisch.). Pres. do-$aXieoA seems pass. Polyb. 4, 70. 
We have noticed this verb simply because it has been ill-handled 
by most of our Lexicogr. 

'ha-)(a.\a<i> To be distressed, grieved, Poet. -aXda lengthened 
3 sing. II. 2, 293. Od. 19, 159, for -aXa Aesch. Pr. 764, w- 
161. 243 (Blomf. Herm. Weil.), which however may be : fut. 
for (do-xX(i(m, see below), but Ion. -jjo-^ Thales in Diog. Laert. 
I, i, 16, the only instance of the verb in prose. This verb is 
confined to pres. and fut. Horn, has always the lengthened 
forms -Xda Od. quoted, 3 pi. -Xdwo-t II. 24, 403; Ap. Rh. 2, 888 ; 
imper. do-^dXa Archil. 66 ; inf. d<rxaXaz> Eur. I. A. 920, -dav II. 2, 
297; Mosch. 4, 71; part. -6a>v II. 22, 412; Ap. Rh. 4, 108 ; 
Theocr. 25, 236 ; Bion 4 (2), 7 (Schaef. -dwi> Vulg. Mein. 
Ziegl.). The collat. form dcrxdXXw has perhaps only pres. and 
imp. do-xdXXei Eur. Fr. 287 (Dind.), do-^dXXeTe Dio Cass. 56, 6 ; 
subj. -XX.vj Od. 2, 193, -ca/jifv Plut. Mor. 123; opt. -Xou Soph. 
O. R. 937; imper. ao-^aXXf Theogn. 219; -a>v Eur. Or. 785; 
Xen. Eq. 10, 6; often late, Plut. Mor. 465, &c. ; Polyb. n, 
29; -fiv Dem. 21, 125; Polyb. 2, 64: imp. ^aXXe Hes. Fr. 
93, 3 ; Anacreont. 12, 14 (B.); Her. 3, 152. 9, 117 ; late Attic, 
Plut. Luc. 15. 24; Alciphr. 3, 19; Dio Cass. 48, 31. 51, 3; 
Herodn. 5, 5 : fut. do-^oXct Aesch. Pr. 764 (Herwerd. Dind. for 
-aX5), so w 161. 243 (L. Dind.); do-^aXwi', <rvv- 303, see above. 
Indie, pres. scarcely occurs in classic authors. 

'Ao-xoXcw To engage, be engaged, act. rare, Com. Fr. (Phil.) 4, 
66; Aristot. Polit. 8, 3, 5; Luc. Zeux. 7; Himer. 14, i : fut. 
-ijo-w and aor. rja-a very late, Greg. Naz. and Nyss. Mid. and 
pass. do-^oXoC/nat engage oneself, be engaged., Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 
477. (Men.) 4, 315; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 10, 7, 6; Luc. Herm. 
79 : imp. ^o-^oXeiTo Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 503 ; Diod. Sic. 17, 94: 
with fut. m. -qo-o/Luu Marc. Ant. 12, 2; Aristid. 33, 423 (D.) ; 
Aesop 407 (Halm): and as mid. fut. pass, -j^ro/iai Apocr. 
Sirach 39, i: perf. fja-xoXrjuai D. Cass. 71, 10 ; Geop. 10, 2; 
Theod. Prod. 5, 336 : aor. m. f]a-xo\f)(raTo Galen 7, 657: and in 
same sense aor. pass. ^o-xoX/^i', do-xoXi;0's (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 
364 (Lit); Luc. Macrob. 8; Diod. Sic. 4, 32. This verb, we 
think, does not occur in classic prose. The fut. and aor. mid. 
have been ignored by all our lexicons. 

'ArdXXw To skip, dance, Poet. usu. Epic, only pres. -dXXwv 
Hes. Op. 131; make joyous, cherish, Horn. Epigr. 4, 2; Soph. 



1 09 



Aj- 559, Dor. fern. -dXXora Find. Fr. 198 (Bergk) : and imp. 

araXXe II. 13, 27; Mosch. 2, Il6. Pass. (-dXXo/iat) : imp. 

H. Hym. 3, 400 (Vulg. Frank.), a, a in arsi Hes. Op. 



To be injured, Trag. Poet, and only pres. drapta-da 

Soph. Aj. 269, -aivrai Maneth. 5, 97 ; dr^vos, tvrj, -ovs Soph. 

Aj. 384. Ant. 17. 314; Eur. Supp. 182. (en-do-.) 

'ATCKrOdXXw To be insolent, only part. -Xwi> Od. 18, 57, -ovo-a 
19, 88. (a.) 

'Are'fipu Epic, To harm, only pres. Od. 2, 90 ; -fiv 20, 294. 
21, 312, -fpfv (Bekk.). Pass. aTepftopai to be bereft, II. 23, 
445 ; -ci^fvos 23, 834. Od. 9, 42. 549. Mid. -opai to blame, 
subj. dre^qat Ap. Rh. 2, 56 ; -oi/iTji/ 3, 99 ; -opfvos 3, 938 ; 
Q.^Sm. 5, 147. 173. (a.) 

'Areu To be desperate, Epic and Ion. only pres. dr/ if correct, 
Callim. Fr. 471 ; part, drewi/ II. 20, 332 ; Her. 7, 223. (a.) 

'ATIW To disregard, Epic and Trag. Eur. Rhes. 252. 327; 
drifav II. 20, 166; Aesch. Supp. 733; Eur. Ale. 1037. Supp. 
19; drifav Soph. O. C. 1153; Ap. Rh. i, 478, usu. pres. only: 
but late imp. artff Nicet. Eug. 3, 264 : fut. dnVets Aesch. Fr. 
103 (D.), Epic dnW- Ap. Rh. 3, 181 : aor. ana-e Hesych., 
orio-crf Ap. Rh. 2, 9, -<r<rav i, 615; driV?;? Aesch. Eum. 540; inf. 
drto-om Ap. Rh. 4, uoo: pass, late prose dndo/zevos Galen 18, 

642. (a.) 

'ATifid^w, Od. 23, 116; Theogn. 821; Aesch. Supp. 912; 
Soph. Ant. 572; Lys. 31, 30; Isocr. 10, 58; Aeschin. 2, 8: 
imp. rjTifji- Lys. 1 6, 5; Dem. 40, 26, iter. drt/Lwiffo-Ke II. 9, 450, 
is reg. and complete in act. and pass, and used by every class 
of writers, by Horn, chiefly in Odyss. exactly as often as drtfida>, 
but in pres. and imp. only : fut. --< Aesch. Eum. 917 ; Soph. 
El. 1427; PI. Rep. 465: aor. fjr'niaara PI. Euthyd. 292 (II. i, n, 
Mss. Bekk. 2 ed. La R., Ameis, -770-0 Vulg. Spitzn. Dind.); subj. 
drt^do-o) Aesch. Pr. 783 ; Soph. O. C. 49 ; Eur. Heracl. 227 ; 
Ar. Nub. 1121 ; Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 605; Isocr. 2, 14: p. 
T/Tt/xaKa Andoc. 4, 31 ; PI. Polit. 266 : p. p. r}ri>ao7i< Eur. Med. 

2OJ PI. Leg. 762, an- Aesch. Eum. 95: aor. r;Tt/xd<T#77i/, -aa-deis 

Pind. Fr. 100 (B.); Xen. An. i, i, 4; PI. Leg. 931; Aeschin. 
2, 121 : fut. cm/iao-0rjo-on<u Aesch. Ag. io68 (Dind. Herm.); 
Soph. O. R. 1 08 1. Vb. dTifJiaareov PI. Phaedr. 266, -fij 

Hippocr. 3, 530. dTifioco is also reg. and complete in act. and 
pass., but not Epic, freq. in Attic prose, especially the Orators, . 
Aeschin. 3, 232 : fut. -wo-w Aeschin. i. 134; Dem. 21, 183: 
aor. TjTi/iwaa Aesch. Supp. 645 ; Ar. Pax 743 ; Andoc. i, 106 ; 
Lys. 10, 22; Isae. 8, 41; Dem. 19, 257. 37, 24; Hyperid. 



IIO 

Eux. p. 15 (Schn.) : p. ^n'/uwKa Dem. 21, 103: p. p. ^r// 
Eur. Hel. 455; Lys. 25, 24; Dem. 21, 91; (Her. 4, 66: pip. 
^Ti/iwro Her. 7, 231): aor. ^rt^co^i/ Aesch. Ch. 636 ; Andoc. I, 
33; Lys. 6, 25; PI. Rep. 553; (Dem.) 59, 27: fut. dn^d^ofmi 
Aesch. Ag. 1068 (Vulg. Paley), see above; (Lys.) 20, 34; 
Isocr. 5, 64. 16, 49 : 3 fut. rjn/iwo-o/wu Dem. 19, 284, a form 
rare in verbs with the temporal augment: pres. dri/iotWat 
Antiph. 2, 8, 7. This verb is rare in Attic poetry and Ionic 
prose, Aesch. Eur. Ar. and Her. quoted, dri/ideo has in classic 
authors neither mid. nor pass, di-i/ndo) no mid., nor <m^da>, 
unless dr/ia'feo-0at N. T. Rom. i, 24, be mid. 

'Arijidiu To dishonour, Od. 16, 307; Soph. Aj. 1129 (Schol. 
Herm. Dind. emf- Elms. Nauck): imp. dripa Od. 21, 99, -/tow 
23, 28: fut. -jjo-a II. 8, 163; Hes. Op. 185: aor. rfri^va 
IL i, 94. 2, 240; Mosch. 4, 6 (Mein.), Dor. ao-o Find. P. 

9, 80; aTi(j.f]<rg Callim. Dian. 260; dri/i^eme II. 6, 5 22 -*] <jairf 

14, 127; -IJITOS Od. 20, 133. H. Hym. i, 72; Callim. Dian. 
261; -770-01 Od. 14, 57. Except in Epic, rare in poetry, 
Pind. and Soph, quoted : rare also in prose, pres. <m/*<o-i Xen. 
Rep. Ath. i, 14 (v. r. dripovo-i Dind. Saupp.): fut. dn/^o-ei Stob. 
vol. 4. p. 105 (Meineke for m /uaei Dem. 18, 315 Mss. edit.), 
but -r^a-ofjitv Hierocl. p. 44 (N.) is now -a<rofi.tv p. 46 (Mullach) : 
aor. TjriiJirja-av N. T. Marc. 12, 4 (Mss. B. D. Sin. Lachm.); 

aTtfjiT)(TavTes Plut. Mor. 1104: and p. T)Tt[jiT)Ka<Ti Galen I, JO; -TJKOTI 

Plut. Cat. Maj. 15 (Ms. v. but -oxcd Ms. V. Sint. Bekk.). 
Pass, late, -aa-6ai, aor. JJTI/LDJ&JV Galen 5, 43. 44. Vb. drifjajrfov 
Isocr. 15, 175 (-fjLvreov Cobet). (a, t.) 

'AnraXXw To rear, tend, Epic and Lyric, Od. 14, 41 ; Hip- 
ponax 86 (B.) ; Theocr. 15, in; Epic inf. driTaXXt/xej/at Od. 
n, 250; Hes. Th. 480: imp. aTiVaXXov II 14, 202. Od. 19, 
354 ; Pind. N. 3, 58; Ap. Rh. 4, 1739 ; Theocr. 17, 58 ; late 
prose, Themist. 20, 234 (v. r. T)TI'T-): fut. (-aX<a): aor. dn'njXa 

II. 24, 60; Anth. 7, 334; Mosch. 2, 12. Pass. drtraXXowei^j/ 

Od. 15, 174: imp. aTiTaXXei-o H. Merc. 400 (Baum.). Mid. 
aor. drtTTJXaro Opp. Cyn. i, 271, missed by Lexicogr. (a.) 

'ATIU To slight, Poet, and only 3 sing. pres. drift. Theogn. 621., 
and pi. -louort Orph. Lith. 62. Mid. late, aor. drfc-oro Tzetz. 

P. Horn. 702, missed by Lexicogr. (a, t, to--.) 

'ArpeKeu To be sure, very rare, Aretae. Morb. Diut. i, 9 (Vulg. 
now drpf/jiffi): aor. drpeinjo-ao-a Eur. Fr. 317 (Dind.). 

'ATpefie'u To keep quiet, stationary, Hippocr. 6, 102 (Lit.); 
Opp. H. 4, 643 ; subj. -ewo-i Hes. Op. 539 ; -e'oi Hippocr. 
3, 458, late Attic aTp^oZev Plut. Pyr. 12 ; -eW Hippocr. 5, 402; 
-tiv Aristot. Zenon. 3, 9 ; Luc. Herm. 35. Tox. 10 ; Plut. Mor. 



.1^0) Avaivca. Ill 

134. Alcib. 38 ; drpe/ieW Opp. Hal. 2, 90, -SvPlut. Publ. 17 ; Arr. 
An. 7, i, 4: imp. f}Tpffiuw Plut. Aristid. 18 : fat. -ijtrw Plut. 
Pomp. 58; App. Syr. 2: aor. qiyje/iijo-a Her. 7, 8; -7707; Hippocr. 
6, 388; -J/o-ai Plut. Publ. 22; -jjo-as Plut. Alcib. 34. Marcell. 3. 
Pass, or mid. aTpe/ueW&u if correct, Theogn. 47 (Mss. Vulg.), 
see foil. 

'ATpe|uw To keep quiet, Theogn. 303 ; Hippocr. 6, 102. 282 ; 
-{{cov Her. i, 185. 7, 18. 9, 74 ; rare in Attic, Antiph. 2, 8, 9. 
3, j3, 5. 8, 4. 5 ; (PL) Locr. 104; Themist. 26, 317; perhaps 
trans. Alex, ad Gent. p. 46 : imp. Tirpefufcv Hippocr. 5, 402 
(Lit.) : fut. -Ktv Her. 8, 68 : aor. aTpepia-rj (Hippocr.) Epist. 
9, 384; drpffjiivas Hippocr. 6, 374 (Lit.) Mid. fut. -ula-dat 
Theogn.^7 (Bergk), -eW&u (Vulg.). 

ATTU, see curcreo. 

'ATU'U To terrify, Epic and Lyr. Ap. Rh. i, 465 : fut. late, 
-vco Apollinar. Ps. 2, 9 : aor. inf. aai Theocr. I, 56. Pass. 
oTufo/xai Pind. P. i, 13; Ap. Rh. 2, 635. 248 ; -op,evos II. 18, 7. 
21,4. Od. 23, 42; Pind. Ol. 8, 39; Soph. El. 149 (chor.) ; 
Eur. Andr. 131 (chor.). Tr. 808 (chor.): aor. d-n^dds II. 6, 
468; Ap. Rh. i, 1286. (a.) 

'Aruxew To be unfortunate, Antiph. 2, 8, 9; Thuc. I, 32; Com. 
Fr. 3? 593 : imp. ryrv^ow Com. Fr. 3, 522 : fut. -ijo-ety Ar. Nub. 
427 : aor. ^r^tra Antiph. 4, /3, 6 ; Dem. 18, 263; -fjo-at Her. 9, 
in ; Thuc. 2, 62 ; PI. Leg. 807. Phaedr. 230, reg. : p. ^rvx^a 
Com. Fr. (Phil.) 4, 41 ; Himer. 4, 2; rjTvxnKfvai Isocr. 5, 90; 
T)TvxiK<!as Lycurg. 41; Aeschin. 2, too; Dem. 20, 53, &c. : pass, 
rare Tjrvxn^ai Dem. 22, 17 ; Joseph. Ant. 16, 8, 6 : pip. r^rvx^ro 
Dio. Hal. de Isocr. 9: aor. d-rvxnOeis Dem. 18, 212. This 
verb seems not to occur in Epic nor Trag., rarely in Her., 
but often in Comedy and Attic prose. 

Auai^o) To dry, Poet, and Ion. Solon 4, 36 (B.); Her. 2, 
92 ; Hippocr. 6, 544 (Lit.), and avaiva, varies in augm. : imp. 

rjvaivf, Kad- (Luc.) Amor. 12 (D.), Kadavaiv- (Jacobitz) : fut. avavS> 

Soph. El. 819, KUT- Archil. 61 (B.), *a<9- Lycophr. 397, o-w- Eur. 

Cycl. 463: aor. rjvrjva, e'- Her. 4, 173; Subj. eouji/coo-t I, 200; 

avrjvov Nic. Fr. 70, 6; avrfvai Hippocr. 8, 206; -i]V(K 7, 156; 

Her. 2, 77: but aor. pass, avdvdrjv, e'- 4, 151, avdvdrjv, eira(p- 

Ar. Ran. 1089 chor. (Ms. R. Suid. Bekk. enafprjv- Dind. dcpr/v- 
Herm. Mein.) ; avavOrivai Hippocr. 7, 498; avavQds Od. 9, 321; 
Aesch. Ch. 260; Hippocr. 8, 32; Theophr. C. P. 5, 13, 4. 
H. P. 8, 11, 3 : fut. m. as pass. mWov/xci Soph. Ph. 954 : and 
fut. p. late in simple, avavdrjo-ofjiai Lycophr. 1424, but d(f>- 
Ar. Eccl. 146 ; late prose Oribas. 8, 25 : imp. pass. 
Ar. Fr. 514 (Dind.), avaw- Xen. An. 2, 3, 16 (Popp. 



112 Au^aiw AvSaw. 



Kriig. L. Bind. Saupp.) The act. form never occurs in good 
Alt. prose, the pass, very rarely : pres. avaivoiro Xen. Oec. 16, 

14; avaivfo-dai 19, II : imp. avaivero Xen. quoted. For (-rjvijve 

Her. 4, 173, Bredow would read eg-avtjve in conformity with 
fg-avdvdrjv 4, 151 : Abicht again uniformly augments, -TJVTJM, 
-T)vdv0r)i> : Bekk. Bind. Stein -rjv, -av. 

Au8du To speak, late in act. fut. -ao> Lycophr. 892 : aor. 
rjvSaga Lycophr. 360; Anth. 6, 218: aor. p. avSaxfoltra Orph. 
Hym. 27, 9. Mid. (avBdfrnai) perhaps only aor. rjiba^d^v 
Her. 5, 51 ; Opp. Hal. i, 127 ; Bion. Per. 22, av8- Nic. Ther. 
464; -bdgaadai Her. 2, 57. For T)v8ag- Her. 5, 51, Bredow 
would read avdag- as more Herodotean, and so Abicht edits. 
This is difficult to decide. Gaisf. gives here- no variant ; and 
analogy gives us little help, both because verbs with initial av 
are few, and because in the Mss. these few shew both ways : 

avSa, tjvda Her. 2, 57 j f-avdv6r}v 4, 151? fi}vt}Vf 4, 173 > av^dvcro 
5. 9 2 > aVgfn 3, 39. 6, 63, perf. av^Tai I, 58, rfgdvero 5, 92, 
r)vero 3, 39. 6, 63, pip. TJV^TJVTO 5, 7^ > avrofj.6\fov I, 127, avro- 
fW\r)a-f 3, 1 60, T)vrop.6\Tj(re ibid. ev-ave 7, 231, no V. r. 

AuSdw To speak, Poet, and Ion. II. 14, 195. Od. 5, 89; Aesch. 
Sept. 1043; Soph. O. C. 864; Eur. Ph. 568; Ar. Ran. 369 
(Bind.): imp. ijv8<av II. 3, 203; Aesch. Sept. 591 ; Soph. O. R. 
568; Eur. Andr. 619; Her. 2, 57 (Schweigh. Gaisf. Bind. 
Abicht, Stein), a 08- (Bekk. Bred. Lhardy, Kriig.), Epic dual 

av8r)TT)v, npoar- II. II, 136, but always -T)v8a>v Od. 9, 345. II, 56, 

-qvSa II. 4, 24. Od. 14, 79; Hes. Th. 169. Sc. 117. 445: 
fut. avdfau Her. (Orac.) i, 85; Soph. O. R. 846; (Theocr.) 
Epigr. 24 (Mein.), -rrpoir- Soph. Aj. 855, Bor. -do-w Find. Ol. 
i, 7; Anth. 6, 304; Eur. Ion 886 (chor.), - I. T. 181 
(chor.), -ayovvri Anth. Plan. 120: aor. rjv8r]<ra Soph. Tr. 171, 
Bor. avSao-a Pind. I. 6, 42 ; imper. av8d<rov Soph. O. C. 204 
(chor.); Eur. Ph. 124 (trimet. in melicis); part, -ijo-ay II. 10, 

47, Bor. -aa-aif Pind. P. 4, 6l, iter. avftfaao-Ke II. 5, 786 : p. 
qvdrjKa, air- HippOCr. 8, 570 (Lit.) ' LuC. Luct. 24: aor. rjv^Qrjv, 
avfydfis Ap. Rh. I, 624; Soph. Tr. II06, Bor. aiSaQfis Eur. 

Med. 174 (chor.): fut. late avS^a-o/uat Lycophr. 630. Mid. 
avSdop.ai as act. Aesch. Eum. 380; Soph. Ph. 852 ; -<ap.evos Ph. 
130 : imp. TjvftaTo Soph. Aj. 772, Bor. yvbupav, eV- Phil. 395 
(chor.) : fut. (-jo-o/u), Bor. -uao/uat Pind. Ol. 2, 92 : (aor. 
Tjv8a^dfj.rjv Her. 5, 51. 2, 55. 57, belongs to avftdfa, -o/j.at.) An 
Epic pres. pass. auSweoi/rai occurs Opp. Hal. i, 378. 776. 
Matthiae proposed, needlessly we think, to read avfyo-ov for 
avdaa-ov Eur. Ph. 124. Antigone has struck up the "Boric 
strain," and though her utterance here, as elsewhere, takes 



Aveva) - 



pva) - vlOfMU. 113 

shape in a trimeter, she is still in Doric mood, aSScurov occurs 
also in a trimeter ascribed to^ Aeschylus, Fr. 19 (Dind.), but too 
isolated to yield any safe inference. 

This verb is almost exclusively Epic, Lyric, and Tragic. We 
think it occurs once only in prose, Her. 2, 57, and twice in 
comedy, av8<u Ar. Ran. 369, pass. av8<ufivos Com. Fr. (Alex.) 

3, 492, COmp. aTT-avSw Ar. Ran. 369, -auSa Eq. 1072, irpavbav 

Av. 556. In classic Attic prose, we think it is entirely avoided, 
simple and comp. Hippocr. Theophrast. Luc. more freq. Plut. 

USe anav&co, &C. 

Au-epvw To draw back, augments not, and seems confined to 
pres. av-tpvrj Find. Ol. 13, 81 ; -voav II. 8, 325; Anth. 5, 285: 
imp. avtpvov II. 12, 261: and aor. avtpva-a II. i, 459. 2, 422 ; 
-vo-ar Anth. 6, 96. 

Au0a8iofiai To be self-willed, PI. Apol. 34, the only instance 
in classic Greek; Themist. 29, 346 : fat. -to/uu, cm- Philostr. 
Imag. 779 : aor. late, -urdpevos Themist. 34, 64, cma- Plut. Mor. 

250 | -iffacrOai 700. 

AuXe'w To play on the flute (auXos), reg. but unaugm. in Doric, 
Her. i, 141: imp. av\fi Theocr. 6, 43, ijtiXti PL Conv. 215: 

flit. avXrjcra), 3 pi. Dor. -rja-fvpri Theocr. 7> 7 1 : aor - av\T)<rf 

Alcm. 82 (B.), j?/X- Ar. Vesp. 582 ; avX^o-arw Epich. 86 (Ahr.). 
Pass, and mid. auXcirai Eur. I. T. 367; -ovpfvos PL Leg. 791; 
Plut. Mor. 1144: imp. rjiXflro Xen. Conv. 9, 3, -OVVTO Cyr. 

4, 5, 7- 

AuXiofjiai To encamp, usu. Dep. Eur. El. 304 ; Opp. Hal. 3, 
237; Her. 9, 93; -ifoio Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 10; -onevos Od. 14,412; 
Her. 9, 37; Thuc. 7, 4; -ife&n Thuc. 6, 64: imp. r)v\i6fj.T)v 
Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 558 ; Xen. An. 7, 7, 6, Ion. auX- Luc. D. 
Syr. 2 2 (Jacobitz), ;iX- (Dind. now) : fut. (-tov/xat ?) : aor. m. 

qi>\ur4fU]V Thuc. 4, 13. 6, 65. 7 1 - 7> 3 an( ^ always; eV-avXio-a/zei/or 

Her. 9, 15: p. as mid. late rjiXiar^vos, /car- Plut. Mor. 578: pip. 
TjvXia-To Joseph. Jud. B. i, 17, 5, ^Xia^e'vot ri<rav Arr. An. 3, 29: 
aor. p. as mid. TjvXla-drjv Xen. An. 4, i, n. 3, 2. 5, 21 and 
always, KOT- Hipponax 63; Soph. Ph. 30 ; Eur. Rhes. 518, ai-X- 
Anth. 9, 287 ; avXta-deis Her. 8, 9 : fut. late aiiXto-^a-o/iat V. T. 
Ruth, i, 16. Job 29, 19. Ps. 24, 13. Prov. 19, 23. Apocr. 
Sirach 24, 7. Tob. 6, n and always in Sept.; Or. Sib. 3, 789, 
tv- Hesych. Vb. al\urreov Geop. 18, 3. Act. late in simple, 
av\ifav V. T. Jer. 38 (31), 9, but eV-avX/fw Soph. Ph. 33, irap- 
Eur. Ion 493 (chor.) Fut. mid. aXuro/u, -101^01, uniformly 
given to this verb by lexicons, we have never seen simple or 
comp. Thuc. and we think Luc. have always aor mid. ; Xen. 
Polyb. and Arrian aor. pass.; Her. both; so Plutarch, but 

i 



114 

aor. m. oftener ; in Att. poetry aor. pass, only, KO.T- Soph, and Eur. 
quoted. Late as well as classic writers divide on these aorists : 
TjvXio-avro Dio. Hal. 9, 20. 26; Plut. Luc. 24. Cleom. 14. Tib. 
Gr. 16 : aor. p. T}ii\ia6T]v Polyb. 2, 25. 5, 86. 8, 34 and always; 
Plut. Cam. 18; Arr. An. r, 13. Ind. 23, 4. 40, n, so in 
comp. dTT-av\ia-6fjvai Dio. Hal. 8, 87. fv-t]v\ta-dfj.t]i> Her. 9, 15; 
Thuc. 3, 91. 8, 33; Dio. Hal. 17, 4; Plut. Mor. 579. Sert. n. 
Ant. 44 : aor. p. (v-rjvXladrjv Xen. An. 7, 7, 8 (Vulg. Dind. 
Krtig.) firqvXio-avTo Thuc. 3, 5. 4, 134; Luc. V. H. (i), 38. 
(2), 2; Plut. Ant. 44. Syll. 29. KaT-jjvXio-d^ Plut. Themist. 

30. Publ. 22. Tim. 12. Pyr. 27. LyS. 29: Kar-r]v\ia-&rjv 

Xen. An. 7, 5, 15; Eur. Rhes. 518; Soph. Ph. 30; Polyb. 
5, 8 ; Plut. Alex. 24. Themist. 30. 

Au|dfw To augment^ Find. Fr. 130; Aesch. Pers. 756; Her. 
7, 16 ; PL Tim. 41 ; intrans. wax, Aristot. Anal. Post, i, 13, 3, so 
also later; and ava> trans. Horn. Epigr. 13, 3; Theogn. 823; 
Emped. 198; Pind. I. 3, 80; Soph. Tr. 117; Eur. H. F. 672; 
Hippocr. 6, 264 ; Thuc. 6, 40: imp. rjvgavov (Eur.) Fr. 1117, 25 
(D.), r,2ov Com. Fr. (Athen.) 4, 557; Her. 9, 31 ; PI. Rep. 569, 
both rare : fat. avgav> late, see below, classic ai^o-w Thuc. 6, 
18; Xen. Mem. 2, 7, 9 ; PL Rep. 468: aor. rfitnaa Solon Fr. 
ii (B.) ; Xen. Hell. 7, i, 24; Isocr. 5, 120: p. rjv^Ka PL Tim. 
90; Plut. Sert. 25 : p. p. jjtf^uu Eur. Fr. 424 (D.); Hippocr. 
4, 138; PL Rep. 371; Dem. 3, 29. 9, 21, <u>- Her. i, 58 : but 
pip. Tjv&vTo 5, 78 (Vulg. Bekk. Dind. Stein, av- Bred. Dietch, 
Abicht) : aor. rjv^fjdrjv Emped. 61 ; Hippocr. 6, 512 ; Thuc. 6, 
33; PL Criti. 121 ; -ijlcfr Her. 4, 147; Dem. 23, 133: fat. 
avr)6r)<ronai Aristot. Gen. An. i, 18, 17; Dem. 56, 48: and as 
pass. fat. m. au^o-o/^ai Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 12; PL Rep. 497. 
Mid. and pass, avgdvoftat to grow, Emped. 197 ; Eur. Med. 918 ; 
Ar. Av. 1065 ; Her. 5, 91 ; PL Phaed. 96, and av^ofMi 
Mimnerm. 2; Pind. P. 8, 93; Soph. O. R. 173; Ar. Ach. 
226 ; Her. 5, 91 ; PL Rep. 328 : imp. ^avo^rjv Ar. Vesp. 
638; PL Polit. 273, ai- Her. 5, 92, ijuf)^" Hes. Th. 493; 
Eur. Hec. 20; Thuc. i, 99, av- Her. 3, 39. 6, 63: fut. 
avgfjcrofuu PL Rep. 497 : with p. ^l^ai Eur. I. A. 1248; PL 
Rep. 371 ; Dem. 9, 21 : ijv^dqv PL Conv. 210; Dem. 2, 5 &c. 
See a<?(u. Vb. avgrjreov Menand. Rhet. p. 193 (Spengl.) In 
the augmented tenses, Mss. and edit, of Her. vary between 171-^- 
and avg-. The reg. fut. avav> occurs late, and is formed, some 
think, by a false analogy, as v they say is not characteristic, 
V. T. Gen. 17, 6. 20. 48, 4. Lev. 26, 9 : so aor. rjv^va Syntip. 
p. 2 (Eberhard) : aor. p. rjl^vdr] Aesop 71 (Schaef. -j\6i\ Halm 
374.) avw8(is (Halm 28) from a marginal correction by 



At/ft). 115 

Lachmann if correct, the only instance of avvva> we have seen. 
The only instance we have met with of the pure form ai>eo> is 
Tjvgow Dio Cass. Fr. 89, 3 (Bekk.), and ai>errfi Aretae. 42 
(ed. Oxon.), uvgovvrai Plut. Mor. 724, mistakes perhaps for 
rjvgov (so now L. Dind.), -erai, -ovrai. Hes. Mimnerm. Soph. 
Thuc. always avga>, or avgopai, and Find, except avgdvoi Fr. 130 
(Bergk) : Aesch. once avdvu>, and once aigtrat : Eur. al%dva> 

twice, -dvopai once, a.v%a>, -opai often : Her. avgdva>, -dvofj.a.1, and 
aij^ofiai : Xen. av|w often, never -di>a>, but avdvonai, atigopai : PI. 
avdvu>, ava>, -a.vofj.ai, -o/uai '. IsOCr. avdvop.ai, -f-ofiai : Dem. aija> 
3, 26, eir-avgdvo) 3, 33, av^dvopat 18, l6l (lO, 34), rjv^dvfTo 
1 8, 310: Ar. avdvopat, Tjv^avoprjv, av^ofiai' Com. Fr. aija), -dv<a, 



'Aure'u To shout, Poet. Aesch. Ch. 88 1 ; Eur. Ph. 1271 ; Ar. 
Lys. 717; Theocr. 24, 37: imp. durst II. n, 258. 20, 50; Ap. 
Rh. 4, 1702, dvretv Q. Sm. 3, 554, eV-aureoj/ Theocr. 22 (19), 
91, Ion. dv-rew II. 12, 160; Eur. Hipp. 167 (chor.): aor. late 
TjvTTjva Nonn. D. n, 185. 33, 263, eV- Q. Sm. 4, 262, dv- Opp. 

C. 4, 301. (a, v.) 

Auxe'w To boast, Batr. 57 ; Aesch. Pr. 338 ; Eur. Ale. 95 ; 
Thuc. 2, 39; Her. 7, 103; -eovres 2, 1 60 : imp. TjC^ovv Aesch. 
Ag. 506; Eur. Heracl. 931; Luc. Alex. 42 : fut. -faa Eur. Fr. 
851; Anth. (Thall.) 7, 373. (Apoll.) 9, 791; Luc. D. Mort. 
22, 2; Himer. Or. 3, 8: aor. simple late, i\Zyi\aa Anth. 15, 4; 
Apollod. 2, 4, 3, but *ar- Aesch. Pers. 352, e'- Soph. Ph. 869, 
fir- Ar. Av. 628. Mid. aor. alxfaavdai. (Hesych.). This verb 
seems not to proceed beyond the aor. and, in simple, is classic 
in pres. and imp. only. It occurs, rarely in Epic, Lyric, and 
Comic poetry, Batr. 57; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 15; freq. in 
Aesch. and Eur., never (simple) in Sophocles. In classic prose, 
Her. and Thuc. alone and rarely use it. 

Auxfxdw To be squalid, only pt. avxn&vTfs Theophr. H. P. 8, 10, 
4 ; Plut. Mor. 187 ; Luc. Necyom. 4, avxn&fra Luc. Apol. 6. 
Philops. 24, Epic -wouo-a Nonn. 37, 421, and avxM>, - f ' ls Od. 24, 
250 ; Ar. Nub. 920, - Theophr. H. P. 4, 10, 7 ; -ew Ar. N. 442 ; 
PL Rep. 402 ; -5>v Ar. Plut. 84 : aor. avxw<rn PL Phaedr. 251 ; 

-Jjcras Tim. 84. 

Auu To shout, Poet. Aesch. Sept. 186 ; Timoth. 6 (B.) : imp. 
unaugm. avov II. 13, 477. 20, 48 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 566 : fut. trisyll. 
auo-co Eur. Ion 1446: aor. rjvaa H. 18, 217. Od. 24, 530; Ap. 
Rh. i, 383; in tmesi Soph. Tr. 565, Dor. 'dva- Theocr. 13, 58, 
dvT-dij- Find. P. 4, 197 (B.), and unaugm. "adV- II. 14, 147 ; 
Theocr. 8, 28 ; subj. dvo-qs Soph. El. 830 (chor.) ; imper. 
Eur. Supp. 8oo (chor.) ; dvo-as II. 2, 334; Soph. O. R. 

I 2 



1 1 6 At/w 'A.<pd<T<ru). 

1260 (trimet.); marai Od. 9, 65. Diphthong resolved in fut. 
and aor. and v : pres. and imp. never resolved, avco, avov, not 
dva>, for di; Find. I. 5 (6), 25 (Vulg. av edit. Rom.) is now pro- 
perly edited diet (Schol. Boeckh, Herm, Bergk). endvvov occurs 
with v Theocr. 23, 44, but the reading is probably corrupt. 

Mss. offer oir-aa-a-ov, ojravcroi/ &C. Briggs' emendation firSnvo-ov 

Dor. aor. of eV^rato satisfies the sense, and is adopted by Meineke 
and Ziegler ; but does it heal the metre ? The aor. of dwvo) is 
indisputably long Eur. Rhes. 776, and in no instance have we 
found either it or fut. decidedly short. Hermann very in- 
geniously changes r- of the common reading (ndvo-ov into ', 
and preserves the quantity of v by transposing avcrov to the end 
of the line. Thus : for r | dfow \ & (f>i\f, \ KeTo-tu, he edits 
(T | & <t'Af, I Kt'urai aviTov a considerable dislocation. Graefe 
saves the quantity by simply missing out &, . . fV | dv | o-oi/- 
</>i\e, | Kfitrai. We think neither way happy. KOTTVO-OV aor. of 
Kcnrva> suits the metre, and, if it suit the sense, is perhaps as near 
the Mss. reading as other conjectures. Ahrens, we observe, 
reads fnalda-ov. a Horn. 5 Find, dvrdvve P. 4, 197. 

Auu To kindle (av- La R.) Poet, and only pres. act. Od. 5, 
490, AtL avca, d(f)- Ar. Eq. 394 : and mid. as act. avofi.ni Ar. Fr. 
589 (D.) ; and late, Arat. 1035. Usu. eVauw Xen. Mem. 2, 2, 
12 ; Dinarch. 2, 9 : imp. unaugm. tvavov Her. 7, 231 : aor. opt. 
fvava-fi Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 405 (Pors. Meineke) ; inf. evava-ai 
Plut. Phoc. 37 ; Stob. (Nicostr.) 70, 12. Mid. eVmWrat Ael. Fr. 
105; -aveaQai Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 214; Plut. Num. 9: fut. 
(vavaofjifvos Long. Past. 3, 6: aor. tvavcraadai (PI.) Ax. 371; 
-avffdfievos Plut Mor. 279 ; Luc. D. Mar. 2, 2. Tim. 6. Prom. 18. 
d<f)avta is very rare, and seems confined to the pres., occurring 
occasionally as a v. r. for dfava to singe, Ar. Pax 1144. 

'Acjxxyi'i^a) To purify, late in act. and pass. fut. -tw V. T. Lev. 

14, 52. Num. 31, 2O : aor. -fjyvura Paus. 2, 31, II ; inf. -ayvlvai 

V. T. Lev. 14, 49 : aor. p. -ayvurQfi V. T. Num. 19, 12. 20: 

fut. -Hr6f)(reTai 19, 19 : mid. fut. dtyayviovpevos Hippocr. 6, 364 
(MsS. Lit. array- Vulg.) : aor. d^-ayvidrfrat Eur. Ale. 1146; 

-io-ao-Qai V. T. Num. 8, 21. The mid. only is classical. De- 
fectively handled in lexicons. 

'A<j>atp^o>, see aipe<o. 

*A<j)dTcra) To feel, handle, Her. 3, 69; Hippocr. 8, 120; Ap. 
Rh. 2, 710; Musae. 82: imp. o^ao-o-e Ap. Rh. 4, 1522 : fut. 

(-a<r<0) : aor. fj(f)a(Ta Her. 3, 69 ; a<pa<TOV ibid. Mid. a(^do-a-o/it, 

-o/iewj Ap. Rh. 4, 181, and -o-o-oo/xat: hence aor. dt^ao- 0-7707; Hip- 
pocr. 7, 326 (Lit.), but d(f>aa-dfuvos, trap- Hippocr. 2, 720 (Erm. 
with Foes, Lind.) (a.) 



'A4>aua>, see avw. 

'Aijxiw or d<|>- To handle, Ion. and simple only in Epic part. 
&<f)6aiv H. 6, 322 (Bekk.), d/z<-a<- Od. 8, 196, but d$o'a>i> Anth. 
u, 366, V-a$a>z> Aesch. Pr. 849; rare in prose PI. Crat. 404: 
imp. iter. d/*$-a(dao-Ke Mosch. 2, 95 : fu.t. dQrja-w, In- Hippocr. 
8, 352 (Lit.); Alciphr. i, 22 : aor. fj<t )r l a ' a > e>7r - Hecatae. Fr. 360; 

Hippocr. 8, 342. Mid. trans, (d^do/iat), d/i<-a$dao-0ai II. 22, 

373. Od. 8, 215 ; eV-a^w/iiei/os Mosch. 2, 50; Hippocr. 8, 346; 
Luc. D. Mer. 12, 3: imp. d^oWro, d/x<- Od. 15, 462 : aor. r- 
a<f)r]<raTo Anth. 5, 222 ; Nonn. 3, 285; -for) Hippocr. 8, 344; 
-rja-aiTo Hippocr. 8, 122 (Lit.); simple d(j)f}cra<rdai (Hesych.) (a.) 

'A<f>ua, see fua). 

'A<j)tJ7 -iw } see foil. 

J A4>ie'a> To dismiss, -ieis Dem. 24, 122 (Voem. -lets B. Saupp. 
-177? Vulg. Bekk. Dind.), -in Hippocr. 7, 474, Ion. diriei Her. 2, 
96; imperat. d<f)lei Ar. Vesp. 428 : imp. d<i II. n, 702 (-177 
Bekk. always now); Thuc. 4, 122. 8, 41 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 33. 
Hell. 6, 2, 28 ; Dem. 6, 20. 36, 16. 24 (Bekk. *}<- Dind.), Ion. 
an- Her. 4, 157, with double augm. faieiv PI. Euthyd. 293 (-iV 
Bekk.), -iei Hippocr. -5, 228 (Lit); Thuc. 2, 49; PI. Lys. 222. 
Lach. 183; Dem. 6, 20 (Dind.). 18, 218 (Bekk. Dind.), 3 pi. 
fj(f)iovv rare and doubtful Isae. 6, 40, t*<ov Scheibe (later occur 
dffrfto, -fls N. T. Rev. 2, 20, and d<pia> V. T. Eccl. 2, 18: imp. 
fjfac Marc, n, 16, &c.) ; and some appearance of pres. subj. 
difiiTi PI. Parm. 156, -tWt Ar. Lys. 157; opt. d^ioiev Xen. Hell. 
6, 4, 3, -tWe PI. Apol. 29, see d<pajfu. In Dem. Dind. edits 
now T)<pifi 6, 20. 36, 16. 24, and always, we think, in the act. 
form. 

'A<f>iT]fu To let go, Pind. P. 4, 149 ; Eur. Hec. 367 ; Isocr. 9, 

21, -ir]s Eur. Hipp. 1450 ; PL Phil. 50 ; Dem. 24, 122, -irja-i Eur. 
Hec. 1105; Hippocr. i, 630, -t'e/uei/ Ar. Nub. 1426, cm- Her. 

2, 17, dfaao-i Andoc. 3, 1 8 ; subj. -13 PL Rep. 520 (Bekk. Stallb. 
-177 Bait. F. Herm.), -t?)re Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 16 ; imper. d</>i'eTe Od. 

22, 251; dfoelo-cu Od. 7, 126, -wires H. Hym. 2, 56; PL Leg. 
761 : imp. d<f)lr)v, -t'ere Dem. 23, 188 (Bekk. B. S.), -Ua-av 
Thuc. 2, 76. 3, in. 4, 48. 5, 21 ; Eur. Heracl. 821; Xen. 
An. 4, 5, 30. Cyr. 3, 3, 60. Hell. 7, 4, 395 P1 - Re P- 2 7; 
Aeschin. 3, 41 ; Dem. 21, 79 (Bekk.), and r$'a)v PL Euthyd. 
293 (Bekk. -ieiv Vulg.), r)0t Thuc. 2, 49 ; PL Lys. 222, 
-hi (Bekk.); Dem. 18, 218, -iWe Dem. 23, 188 (Dind.). (Epist.) 

3, 26 (Dind.), -ifa-av Xen. Hell. 4, 6, n ; Dem. 21, 79 (Dind.), 
Ion. an- Her. 5, 42. 8, 52: fut. d$ij<ra> II. 2, 263; Soph. O. C. 
857 ; PL Phil. 19, Ion. an- Her. 9, 18. 7, 193 (Dind. Dietsch, 
Abicht, d^>- Bekk. Gaisf. Stein) : 1 aor. d^fjKa only indie. Soph. 



n8 

Ant. 1085, -Kas Soph. Ph. 1349. O. R. 1177 ; Eur. Hipp. 1324 
(ty- Dind.); Ar. Av. 91; PI. Conv. 217; Dem. 50, 7, -r>e 
II. 13, 410; Eur. Ion 47; Antiph. 2, a, 4 ; PI. Leg. 885, 
-T/Ka/iei/ Isae. 5, i, -T)KaTf Aeschin. 3, 85 ; Dinarch. i, 57 ; Dem. 
36, 10. 38, 18. 27, -rfKav Thuc. 7, 19 ; Xen. Hell, i, 2, 18. 7, 2, 
16; Dem. 36, 10, Ion. tMnj/c- Her. 3, 25. 75. 6, 30. 7, 121. 
9, 1 8 &c., Epic d<ptrjKa II. 23, 841 : p. afytiKa Xen. An. 2, 3, 13 ; 
Dem. 56, 26, Dor. dcpeaica (Suid.) : p. p. d$e7pu Soph. Ant. 
1165; Eur. Med. 1002; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 485; PI. Leg. 
635 ; Dem. 38, 8, 3 pi. a^eWrat for -f limit, late, N. T. Luc. 5, 
23. 7, 48 (but dvfavrai Her. 2, 165, Mss. Bekk. Dind. Stein) ; 
imper. d<p-(io-6a> Thuc. 5, 91 ; PI. Leg. 764; dcptia-Qai PI. Leg. 
945 ; Dem. 37, i; -ei/*eW Thuc. 8, 33 ; PL Rep. 395 ; Aeschin. 
3, 126: pip. d<ei7-o PI. Criti. 116; Her. 8, 49 (Vulg.), dn-- 
(Bekk. Dind. Stein) : aor. dfpeidrjv Eur. Ph. 1377 ; Lys. 9, 8 ; 
Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 23; PI. Leg. 781, unaugm. dfy-edrjv (Horn.) 
Batr. 84, double augm. late ^>ei'0iji> Plut. Syll. 28 (Bekk. Sint. 
d(p- Ms. C), Ion. dndO- Her. 6, 112. 7, 122; dfp-fdfjvai Thuc. 
5, 65: fat. d^fdrjaofum PI. Rep. 472; Lys. 12, 15; Dem. 19, 
170; (Xen.) Ven. 7, n : 2 aor. (d^ijv not used in sing, indie.), 
dual d(j)fTT)i> Epic unaugm. II. n, 642, pi. dfa'ipw Isae. 5, 29; 
Dem. 33, 12, d<elre Dem. 3, 5 (Bekk.), dfyeio-av Thuc. 5, 81. 
7, 53; Xen. Hell, i, 5, 19; Dem. 23, 205 (Zfare, afavav), 
irpo-ta-av Od. 4, 681. 16, 328, once augm. napa ' da-av II. 24, 
720, as always in Attic; subj. d<pea> Hipponax 75 (B.), -trj 
II. 16, 590, d<p> PI. Phil. 62; Plut. Mor. 726, -fjs Soph. Aj. 
496 ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 26, -g Soph. O. R. 198 ; Dem. 37, 59, 
Epic -773 II. 17, 63 (La R.), -Sapev Aeschin. i, 73, -wo-t Xen. Cyr. 
i, 2, 8; opt. d(pfii)v II. 3, 317; Eur. Andr. 846; Dem. 53, 8; 
(PI.) Epist. 349, pi. dfairjTf Dem. 19, 71, and d<elre Thuc. 
i, 139, dfytlfv Xen. Cyr. i, 4, n ; afas Aesch. Pr. 315; Ar. Eq. 
1159; dfpeivai Ar. Vesp. 595; Antiph. 2, fi, n; PI. Phil. 62; 
d(f)fis Eur. Ale. 794; Thuc. 8, 87, dn- Her. i, 77. Mid. 
d(pifpai to lei go, Thuc. 2, 60; PI. Lach. 184, Ion. dn- Her. 
3, 101 ; -ioimo Antiph. 2, 8, 5: imp. dfyifro Od. 23, 240: fut. 
d(f)r]<ro(un Eur. Hel. 1629 (earlier etprjtr- II. 23, 82): 2 aor. 
d(f)(ip.T)v Xen. Hier. 7,11; (irp6-a>fuu Plut. Them. 7) ; d^oO Soph. 
O. R. 1521, afaadf Ar. Eccl. 509; d<:'o-0ai Isocr. 6, 83; 
dfontvos PI. Rep. 354 ; Isocr. 9, 78 : as mid. p. p. dfa'io-dcu 

if Sound Dem. 23, 157 ; napt'ivrai 15, 15. Vb. dfareos PI. 

Euth. 15. (i Att, t Ep., but t Od. 7, 126. 22, 251. 23, 240, in 
arsi.) For dvtatvrai Her. 2, 165, Bredow would read dvtlvrai. : 

affirm OCCUrS 2, 65. dfytire 2 &OT. Opt. Thuc. I, 139, Cobet 

would alter to d(pfir)Tf. d(pirav 3 pi. imp. act. is much better 



' A(f)iKveoftai 'A^ei/w. 119 



supported than f)(pleo-av, but ^tWo (Dem.) 25, 47. In classic 
Greek, the imp. act. and pass, alone seem to augment the 
preposition. 

'A<|>iKve'o|jiai To come, Aesch. Ag. 435 (chor.). Pers. 15 (chor.) ; 
Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 132. 133; Ar. Eq. 975. Av. 1418; Thuc. 
7, 33 ; Lys. i, 23, Ion. amnv- Her. 2, 41. 3,82, but d<- Herac- 
lit. 1 8 (Byw.) ; subj. dfaKvy Soph. O. C. 1531 (trimet.): imp. 
dfyiavflro Thuc. 3,33; Lycurg. 21, Ion. aniKveovro Her. 4, 125: 
fut. dtpi^ai II. 18, 270; Find. P. 8, 54; Soph. O. R. 265; PI. 
Leg. 744, 2 sing. Poet. dtpigeai Od. 12, 39 ; Anan. i (B.), Ion. 
cm- Her. 2, 29 : p. a</>iy/*at Od. 6, 297 ; Aesch. Pr. 303 ; Soph. 
O. R. 920; Eur. Tr. 58 ; Ar. Plut. 265; Thuc. 4, 85 ; Isae. 2, 
47 ; Pl.'Thaed. 57, Ion. an-tKT-at Her. i, 193 : pip. afylK.ro Soph. 

O. C. 1590, Ion. 3 pi. diriKaTO Her. 8, 6, and dmynevoi riaav 9, 

n8: 2 aor. dfylKo^v II. 18, 395; Mimnerm. 9, 2; Aesch. Ag. 
504; Soph. O. R. 1005; Eur. Ale. 26; Ar. Lys. 786 (dfyl<- 
Pind. Ol. 9, 67) ; Thuc. 4, 129 ; Lys. 3, 34 ; Isocr. ti, 28. 17, 
46, Ion. OTTIK- Her. 2, 44. 8, 8, 2 sing, mrUev i, 124, 3 pi. 071-1- 
Kfciro Her. i, 15. 169 (Gaisf. Bekk. Kriig. -KOVTO Dind. Dietch, 
Abicht, Stein); rare Dor. imper. afyiufwo Theocr. u, 42 (Junt, 
Schol. K. Ziegl. Fritzsche, -lufv TV Vulg.) (^ I by augm.) Pres. 
and imp. not in Epic, rare in Traged. and, except once, only 
in chor., rare also in Comedy, but freq. in prose : other tenses 
common in all writers. 

'A<f>pa8e'w To be senseless, Epic and only pres. d<f>pa8fova-i Od. 7, 
294 ; part, -tovri II. 9, 32. 

'A^pe'u To foam, cover with foam, Ion. afypecv Ap. Rh. i, 1327, 
3 pi. afypfov dissyll. II. n, 282. 

'A^UO-CTCJ Epic, To draw, pour, -o-o-wi/ II. i, 598 ; Trag. Fr. 
(Ion) Euryt. i ; -o-o-eiv late prose Philostr. Imag. 14 : imp. a0uo-ow 
Callim. Cer. 70 : fut. d<f)va> II. i, 171, Dor. -v|o> Theocr. 7, 65 : 
aor. dcfrvgri Op. Hal. r, 769. Mid. d^vcrcropm to draw for 
oneself, II. 23, 220; Anth. 9, 333. Pass. imp. ^>iWero was 
drawn, Od. 23, 305. (a.) 

3 A4>uu (v) To draw, pres. in comp. only, l^-afyvovres Od. 14, 
95 : fat. d<ixna (o-cr) Anth. 5, 226: aor. fjcfrvo-a Od. 9, 165, Sta- 
in tmesi II. 13, 508. 17, 315, a^vo-o-a Od. 2, 379; Eur. I. A. 
1051 (chor.), ijfyva-a-a, e'|- Opp. Hal. i, 573; imper. -va-a-ov Od. 
2, 349. Mid. pres. in comp. inregcxfivovTai Ap. Rh. 2, 983 : aor. 
r](f)va-dij.r}v Od. 7, 286, and d^va-a-dfjiTjv II. 16, 230; -acra/iei/ot Od. 

4> 359> -/* e/OT 7 Ap. Rh. 4, 669, -/x/av Eur. Med. 836 (chor.) ; 
-va-(ra<rdai Orph. L. 263 ; late prose -vcra^evos Polyaen. 8, 25, 

apvcrdfji- (WoelfB.) (a.) 

'AXCUW and 'AXC'W To be grieved, Epic, only part, dxevuv II. 23, 



I 2 O ' A^e'w ' 



566; Hes. Op. 399, dxeW II. 5, 399; Hes. Sc. 93; Ap. Rh. 3, 
643 ; and late, inf. a^evfiv Q. Sm. 3, 643. (a.) 

'AXO ^0 j^</, Poet, trans, and intrans., Ionic with a (for 
wen) Horn. H. Cer. 479. Pan. 18 (Ilgen, Matth. Buttm.), V'" 
(Mss. Franke, ui Baum.), but Dor. with d Pind. Fr. 53, 20; 
Eur. Supp. 72 (chor.) ; Theocr. 16, 96, d^Oo-i Epigr. 4, 10; 
imper. 5x Theocr. 2, 36 : imp. ax Alcae. 39 (Bergk) ; fut. 
dxT)o-o> Eur. Ph. 1295 chor. (Elms. Dind. Nauck) : aor. axi<ra, 
CHIT- Eur. Med. 428 (chor.), dxfjo-apev Ar. Ran. 210 (chor.), see 
below ; subj. axVfl Mosch. 5, 4 ; d^tme^ Ar. Thesm. 328. Mid. 
axfopat. /b sound, praise, affirm Pind. Fr. 45, 20 (Herm. Hart, d^ei 
TC 53 Bergk) : fat. OX^O-OIMU. H. H. Ven. 252 (Buttm. Lex. p. 181 ; 
Hesych., o-rovaxrjo-ofjLcu Ms. Franke, ord^ia ^eiaerot Mart. Baumeist.) 
In several places of the Tragedians and Ar. Elmsley. Dind. &c. 
would write dxu Aesch. Sept. 868 (chor.); Soph. Tr. 642 (chor. 
also Herm. 1848), dxfio-a> see above, d^cme Ar. Thesm. 328, for 
Vulg. fjx- or "**- The collat. fo e ' w is used in prose as well as 
poetry: TJX" Hes. Th. 42; Soph. Tr. 866; Hippocr. 2, 197. 
225 (Erm.) ; PI. Prot. 329 ; Arist. Probl. n, 9, i ; Luc. Philops. 
33; Plut. Coriol. 38: imp. fJxff Hes. Th. 835, -eW^e Her. 4, 
200 : aor. ^x 1 ? " H. Cer. 38 ; Hippocr. 3, 512 (Erm.), nepi- II. 7, 
267; imper. aw-q^o-crre Eur. Ale. 423. Mid. ^eirat Soph. 

0. C. 1500. 

"AxOojiai To be loaded, hence oppressed in spirit, displeased, II. 
5, 361; Eur. Fr. 23 (D.); Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 442; Her. 3, i. 
80 ; Antiph. 5, 46 ; Aeschin. 3, 252 ; PI. Men. 99 : imp. ^x%"7" 
Od. 15, 457; Hes. Th. 155; Eur. Ale. 815; Her. 9, 98; Thuc. 

1, 92 ; Lys. 8, 4, &xQ- Callim. Cer. 32 : fut. dx&Vo/Mzi Ar. Nub. 
1441 ; (Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, TO Dind. Cob.) ; PI. Rep. 603. Hipp. 
Maj. 292, v. r. dxOfjvopai. (Steph.), not to be confounded with 
fut. pass, of ayo>: p.p. late '7X ( % iat Lycophr. 827, an-- Synes. 
Epist 95 (Herch.), if not rather to be referred to exfto : aor. 
rixOfvdiv Aesch. Pr. 390 ; Her. 2, 103 ; Thuc. 6, 15 ; Isocr. 12, 
17; Aeschin. i, 65: fut. p. as mid. 0x6^6^0-0^01. Andoc. 3, 
21 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 10, (Hertl. Saupp.); PL Gorg. 506, ovv- 
Aeschin. 3, 242. Pres. act. occurs late, ayBiu Aretae. 79 (ed. 
Oxon.) ; -(TJ 60 : imp. fjx& ff if sound, Hermes. Coloph. 2, 39 : 
aor. ax6r)o-as (Hesych.), which gives some countenance to the 
fat. form d^^a-o/xai occasionally found as a v. r. of dx#eVo/icu. 
The fut. pass, seems to be perfectly good Attic, but prosaic : 
no aor. mid. 

'Aj(Xuw (u) To be dark, Epic, pres. in comp. eV- Ap. Rh. 4, 
1480: aor. rjx^vo-o. Od. 12, 406; Anth. 7, 633; Ap. Rh. 3, 
963, act. darkened, Q. Sm. i, 598; Nonn. 4, 368: aor. p. late 



'AttWitf. 121 

TIX^W- 0>i v Q Sm. 2, 550. 8, 446, though d^Xi/W does not 
occur. 

"Ax^Cfioi 7& 3<? troubled, Poet. II. 18, 320; Archil. 89; Find. 
P. 7, 16 ; Mosch. 4, 53 : imp. d^vv^v II. 14, 38. Od. n, 558 ; 
in Att. once only, Soph. Ant. 627 (chor.): aor. rare d^vwdevri 
Anth. 6, 343, missed by Lexicogr. 

"Axemen To be grieved, Epic and only pres. Od. 19, 129. 18, 
256 : and rare aor. rjx& 1 l v ) dx&Wes Trag. Fr. Diog. 4, 2 (Wagn. 
(raxGevres Meineke). (5.) 

"Aw To satiate, Epic inf. ap.ev<u (a) for de'/z- II. 21, 70: fut. aW, 

-eti> II. II, 8l8 : aor. acra, Subj. aVa> II. 1 8, 28i; Opt. aa-aifJ-t 9, 

489; imper. aao-ov Q. Sm. 13, 236 ; inf. aa-at II. 20, 78. Mid. 
ao/xat, 3 r sing. aarat, lengthened from arm, with fut. sig. Hes. 

Sc. 10 1 : fut. aa-Ofuu, acreage II. 24, 717, 3 sing, carat lengthened, 
according to some, from arm (do-erat, dcrat, arai, carat), Others 

make this a present from a similar process : aor. do-d/*^, aaaaOai 

II. 19, 307. Vb. (a-aros) aros II. 6, 203. a/if vat Ep. inf. pres. 

II. 21, 70, is by some referred to (vju). To this verb has been 
assigned fS>p.ev (ew/xev) as a lengthened subj., with change of 
accent, for &nev, cf. oT0/i> II. n, 348, (frdeaai Od. 24, 437. 
Spitzner derives it from a kindred form eda> to satiate oneself. 
It may however be 2 aor. of a form in /u (a^), and its intrans. 
meaning, satiate onself, get a glut of, strengthens this view : it 
would then be 2 aor. subj. i pi. a-w/uei/ contr. &pev, lengthened 
ew/nev, with change of spirit and accent e f o>/*ei/ ; and <V el/ai a ls 
intrans. will rank as its inf. with 5. by arsis. But it may be said 
the argument from the meaning is neutralised by the 1 aor. inf. 
ao-ai being also used intrans. II. u, 574. 15, 317. 21, 168. 23, 
157. In every instance however it is the same construction, 
xpobs ao-at, xpos upfixLi, and the same expression except the last 
ydoto 3<rat, and, more especially, as ao-ai is trans, satiate II. 20, 
78. 5, 289. 24, 211, and the other 1 aor. forms aa-rj, ao-atfu in- 
variably so, there seem some grounds for suspecting that 
may somehow have crept in for avai (a-ei/ai) inf. 2 aor. as 

for yr/pavai. 

("Aw) To blow, and if correct (dew) Epic, only imp. atv Ap. Rh. 
i, 605. 2, 1228, and 8i-d Od. 5, 478. 19, 440 (Vulg. Dind. 
La Roche) not pres. and given in its reg. form Sidrj Od. quoted 
(Thiersch, Bekk. Ameis). (a.) Hes. has pres. form arjcri, Op. 

516, didrjcri 517. 519 &C. See arjiju. 

"Acopro II. 3, 272, see deipto. 

'AWT&J To sleep, Epic and only pres. II. 10, 159 ; Simon. C. 
37, 5 (Bergk, Casaub. Gaisf.), -r Od. 10, 548. 



122 



B. 



Ba8iu> To go, Eur. Ph. 544 ; Ar. PL 84; Hippocr. 6, 106 ; 
Antiph. 5, 24; PI. Soph. 262: imp. e'jSuSifbj/ Horn. H. Merc. 
210; Ar. Nub. 980; PL Farm. 126; Lys. 4, 7, /3dS- H. Merc. 
320: fat. classic /3a6ioi)/iai Ar. Thesm. 617 ; Isae. 9,7; PL 
Conv. 190; Dinarch. i, 49; Dem. 8, 72. 18, 263, late -ro/zai 
Galen 4, 43 : late also fut. act. /SaSi'o-co Sopat. Rhet. p. 371 ; Or. 
Sib. i, 353; Gl. (Ar. Plut. 495), 8ia- Dio Cass. 37, 53 (Bekk. 
Dind.), Pa8ia> Nicol. Soph. 12 (Speng.); Chron. Pasch. p. 286, 
20, fita- (Luc.) Dem. enc. i (Ms. G. Jacob. Dind. -tW Vulg.) : 
aor. f/Sa'Sto-a Hippocr. i, 610. 7, 274 (Lit.); (PL) Eryx. 392; 
Arr. An. 7, 3, 3 ; Dio Cass. 74, i, &a- Thuc. 6, 101 : p. pefidSiKa 
Aristot. Metaph. 8, 6, 9 ; Joseph, c. Ap. 2, 39. Mid. except 
fut. late Sta-padifrtTo Themist. 21, 253 (doubted by Dind.), 
missed by Lexicogr. Vb. /SaSiord? Arr. Ind. 43, 10, Paftia-reov 
Soph. EL 1502 ; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 10, 10, 16, -ea Ar. Ach. 394. 
This verb is confined almost to Comedy and Attic prose. The 
fut. m. form Paftiovpai is by far the prevailing one even in later 
Greek the only form in Septuag. Plutarch, and the genuine 
Lucian. 

Bdo> To speak, utter, Poet. II. 9, 59 ; Pind. Fr. 134 (Bergk) ; 
Aesch. Ch. 882 : imp. eafe II. 16, 207 ; Eur. Rhes. 719 : fut. 

/3aa>, etc- Aesch. Ag. 498 : aor. e/3aa Hesych. (e/x-/3a/3dairey 

Hipponax 53 Schneider, f'uPifi- Schneidewin, Bergk) : p. p. /3- 
flaKTui Od. 8, 408. 

Baiva To go, II. 4, 443 ; Soph. O. C. 217 ; Eur. Hel. 66 1 ; 
Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 318; PL Tim. 62 ; /Sa/in? Theocr. 17, 42 ; 
ftaivoi H. Hym. Merc. 349 ; imper. ^ali/e Aesch. Supp. 832 ; Ar. 
Ach. 198; ftaiveiv Aesch. Ag. 924; PL Leg. 670; -v<*v Simon. 
Am. 18; Aesch. Ch. 73; Thuc. 5, 70, -ouo-a H. Merc. 28, fern. 
Dor. -oto-a Pind. N. 10, 18, rare ftd<a, (/3are Aesch. Supp. 191 
may be 2 aor. but) TrpofiStirrfs Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 88, 'K- Thuc. 
5, 77 : imp. (fimvov II. 5, 364. Od. 15, 145 ; Pind. I. 2, 2. Fr. 
173 (Bergk); Athen. (Matron) 4, 136; late prose Luc. Prom. 
6 ; Arr. Ind. 14, 6; Long. Past. 3, 13; Procop. Epist. 91 (for 
which, in classic Attic, rjav), but Att. in comp. npo-f^atvov Soph. 
Ph. 285, ttV- Eur. H. F. 46, <ar- Ar. Av. 558, av- Her. 7, 205 ; 
Lys. 24, ii ; Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 60 ; PL Apol. 40, an- Thuc. 4, 31; 
Xen. Hell, i, 4, 18, <rw- Ar. Ran. 807; Thuc. 7, 75; PL Leg. 
830, Poet. Palvov Od. 3, 30. 7, 38; Pind. I. 2, 10 ; Athen. 
(Matron) 4, 13, iter. late fialvevKov Or. Sib. i, 37, but per- c- 



1 2 T. 



Her. 7, 41 : fat. /S^o-o/wu poet, in simple II. 2, 339; Eur. Ion 76. 

I. T. 906; except late faaopxvov Themist. 21, 248 (D.), Dor. 
fido-opai Aesch. Supp. 862 (chor.) ; Soph. Ph. 834 (chor.) ; Eur. 
Ion 689 (chor.), dva- Find. P. 2, 62, $dtro\>nai Cleob. Epist. 
(Hercher), -ev/iai Theocr. 2, 8. 4, 26, in Comedy Kara-^o-o/wu 
Ar. Vesp. 979. Pax 725, </*- Com. Fr. 3, 316, in classic prose 
OTTO- Her. 8, 67 ; Thuc. 8, 75 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 5, 13, dva- Isocr. 
12, 154, &a- PI. Rep. 621, Trupa- Isocr. 18, 34, n-po- Xen. Hell. 

6, i, 14, fK- Oec. 9, 8 : fut. act. trans, /3qo-o>, eVi- II. 8, 197, etV- 
Eur. I. T. 742, Dor. Pa<ra>, npo- Pind. Ol. 8, 63, see below: aor. 
(j3r)(Ta Theocr. 25, 213, in tmesi Od. n, 4, Prjo-a II. 16, 810, Dor. 
l/Sao-a Eur. Med. 209 (chor.) fir- Pind. I. i, 39, see below : p. 
/3e/3j;Ka Ilns, 90; Aesch. Ag. 37; Eur. Hel. 1524; Ar. Eccl. 
913 ; Her. 7, 164 ; PI. Tim. 55, Dor. -d<ra Pind. I. 4, 41 ; Aesch. 
Ag. 407 (chor.) ; Soph. Tr. 529 (chor.) ; Eur. Andr. 1026 (chor.), 
ffj.- Pind. P. 10, 12, /3<?/3aa, see below: pip. fpfftiiKfiv II. n, 296, 
gvv- Thuc. 5, 37, /3e/3ijK- II. 6, 495, dva- Her. I, 84. 7, 6, Trapa- 

7, 40 (Bekk. Dind., Trap- r|3- Stein) : p. p. rare /3/3a/zai, dva- Xen. 
Hipp, i, 4. 3, 4, Trapa- Thuc. i, 123, vp- 8, 98, and, probably 
late, /3<f'/3aa7xtu, ?rapa- (Dem.) 17, 12. (Argum. to 22, 160): aor. 
p. rare e/3u#>?f, |ui/- Thuc. 4, 30, Trapa- 3, 67. 4, 23, dv- Xen. Eq. 
3, 4, late ifMtrfrp, nap- Phil. adv. Flacc. 986, and f^dvdrjv, trap- 
Dio Cass. 39, 59. 48, 2, o-w- 41, 53 (old edit.), but Trap- <rw- 
(ftddrjv (Bekk. 1849): pres. paivrjTai, Kara- Xen. Eq. n, 7; 
jSatw'/iiffoy, di- i, i, see below : 2 aor. e/S^ Poet, in simple 

II. 17, 112 ; Hes. Th. 194 ; Soph. O. R. 125 ; Eur. Andr. 401, 
|w- Ar. Nub. 67, dv- Thuc. 4, 115, an- 4, 39; Isocr. 14, 52, 
/car- 4, 149, Poet. #?' II. 13, 297; Hes. Op. 153, Dor. ?/3aj/ 
Pind. Ol. 13, 97 ; Soph. Ph. 1216 (chor.), e/3a Eur. H. F. 429 
(chor.), Dual rare with augm. e/S^i/ II. 6, 40, dir- 21, 298, often 
&T)TTiv 14, 281. Od. 8, 49, and /San/i/ II. 9, 192. 19, 47. Od. 
24, 361, ffirjvav II. 13, 332; Eur. Andr. 683, Dor. ffiao-av Eur. 

Hipp. 761 (chor.), /3acmi>, VTT6p- II. 12, 469, j3av II. 23, 58; 

Theogn. 1136 ; Pind. Ol. 2, 34, ai/ II. 20, 32 ; subj. (Epic /3e'a>, 
/Sijw, /3ei'a>, see below) /Sw Eur. Ale. 864 (chor.), /3<icrt Od. 14, 86, 
dva- Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 22, OTTO- PI. Leg. 878, - ftfj Her. 2, 68; 
Thuc. 7, 14, Dor. i pi. ^a/xfs Theocr. 15, 22; .ftairjv II. 24, 
246; Soph. O. R. 832; Eur. Rhes. 238; Ar. Av. 1396, 
&a- Xen. An. 7, 2, 27, gvu- /SaiV^" Thuc. 4, 61, e>- Xen. An. 
5, 6, 12, sync. /Sat/xei', ^- Eur. Ph. 590, /3alei/, eVi- II. 8, 512, 
8ia- Xen. An. 7, 2, 12; /3>5$i Anth. 6, 231, /i*Ta- Od. 8, 492, 
- Eur. I. T. 1086, dva- Lys. 12, 24 ; Xen. Hell. 3, 2, 13, Dor. 
a<9i Soph. Ph. 1196 (chor.) ; Eur. Supp. 271 (chor.). Ale. 872 
(chor.), /3/;ra>, eV- Eur. Tr. 1049, Dor. /3ara> Soph. Aj. 1414 



124 JBcuW. 





(Lyr.), see below; ffivat. Soph. Tr. 195 ; late prose Dio. Hal. in 
Dem. 26; Philostr. Apoll. 307, classic dva- Lys. 14, 10; PI. 
Rep. 519, cV- Thuc. 3, 80, - Xen. Hell. 7, 4, 3, Epic /Sij/icwu 
Od. 19, 296, eVi- Hes. Sc. 40, Dor. |3a/iei/ Find. P. 4, 39; j3ds 
II. 6, 65 ; Soph. Tr. 927 ; Her. 2, 47. 3, 148, eV- Ar. Lys. 755, 
Vi- PI. Leg. 864, OTTO- Isocr. 9, 30, 8ta- 4, 164, Kara- Pind. N. 
6, 51 ; Thuc. 2, 98, /*- Lys. 2, 30 : 2 p v /3*/3ua, 3 pi. /3e/3aao-i 
II. 2, 134, Trag. contr. /3e/3a<ri Aesch. Pers. 1002 (chor.) ; Eur. 
Tr. 835 (chor.); subj. Peps>in, e>- PI. Phaedr. 252; (jStfiabp; 
/3'a#i?); inf. Epic /3a/xe/ II. 17, 359, /Sf/Sufat Eur. Heracl. 610 
(chor.), OTTO- Her. 5, 86, avfj.- 3, 146 ; /3/3ad>s II. 14, 477 ; Hes. 
Sc. 307, tp.- II. 5, 199, eVe/i- Pind. N. 4, 29, and /3f/3o>s Aesch. 
Eum. 76 ; Soph. Ant. 996 ; Eur. H. F. 965. Bac. 646, /3e/3wo-a 
Od. 20, 14, but )3e/3ai>ia Horn. Epigr. 15, 10, eV- II. 24, 8 1 ; 
never we think in Comedy ; and rare in prose, ^t/Swra Hippocr. 

3, 282, em- ibid. ; fifficarfs PI. Tim. 63, ^e/Sooray, Trpofita- Xen. 

Hell. 7, 2, 3, Pfpsxrav PI. Phaedr. 254 : pip. (efiefiddv), 3 pi. 
Syncop. fSeftaa-av II. 17, 286, /ti- 2, 720. Mid. fut. -^o-o/iat 

see above : aor. Epic ffirja-dnrjv, moved myself, went, -qo-ao H. Hym. 

I, 141, -qo-aro I, 49; Hes. Sc. 338, USU. f^rja-oiJLijv II. 14, 229. 

Od. 13, 75 (always Bekk. Dind. &c.), fao-- II. 3, 262. 8, 389 
(Bekk. Dind.); but ava-^rjara^tvos having made go, led up, Od. 
15, 475, eV-e/Sqo-a Callim. L. Pal. 65, Ion. prose gvn-ptjo-rjTai 
Hippocr. 9, 28 (Mss. DHU. Lit.). Vt>. /Sards Xen. An. 

4, 6, 17, d/t- II. 6, 434, Sia-ftarfos Xen. An. 2, 4, 6. The pass. 
of the simple verb is rare, /Sati/d/wi/ai Her. i, 192, /SutWai Aristot. 
Metaph. 13, 6, 7; -eo-dai Hist. An. 5, 14, 26, usu. in comp. 

(Jaicw, especially in comp., has in some of its tenses a causa- 
tive sense, make to go, or as we say walk a horse, or, familiarly, 
walk one out, down, &c. : pres. rare Kara^aivot Pind. P. 8, 78 : 
fat. rt0i7<r<i> II. 8, 197 ; Epic inf. eVtj3jo-f^ei' Hes. Th. 396, 
eter/Sijo-a) Eur. I. T. 742, Dor. 7rpoao-a> Pind. Ol. 8, 63 : aor. 

/3?}cra II. 1 6, 8lO, Dor. e/3ao-a Eur. Med. 209 (chor.), an-ftaa-f 

Pind. P. 4, 191, eW/Sqo-a II. 8, 129; Hes. Op. 580, Dor. -ao* 
Pind. I. i, 39, e'le/Sijo-a Eur. Hel. 1616, eV- Heracl. 845. Cycl. 
467, tiff- Ale. 1055. Bac. 466 (trimet.); subj. ^o-o/iei/ II. i, 144, 
Dor. /Saa-o/xfr, for -(anfv, Pind. Ol. 6, 24 ; in prose aw'/S^o-a Her. 
i, 80 (Mss. Bekk. Gaisf.), OTT- 5, 63. 6, 107. 8, 95, V- i, 46, 
very rare in Attic, vTrep-^o-ura) Xen. Eq. 7, 2 ; and late eVtjjo-ti> 
Luc. D. Mort. 6, 4 ; but intrans. /ierajSijo-w/iep /<?/ us digress, 
Galen u, 163, &c. : fat. m. eVi^cro/wu Horn. H. Merc. 166: 
aor. avafaaantvoi Od. 15, 475, en- Callim. Pal. 65 &c. never 
2 aor. and perf. except in such phrases as eV/Sas ir68a Eur. 
Heracl. 802. We do not think that fm^rov Od. 23, 52, e/i- 



Ba'XXw. 125 

/3<p/3<ka Find. P. 10, 12, are exceptions. In. this sense however 
it is confined to poetry, and to Ionic and, with perhaps one 
exception, late Attic prose. P&rrjv 3 dual 2 aor. for (^fjrrjv, 

II. I, 327, fiaa-av, imep- 3 pi. II. 12, 469, t&av 2, 302. IO, 525; 

Find. P. 4, 180; Aesch. Pers. 18 (chor.); Soph. Ant. 120 
(chor.), ftav II. 19, 241. 279; subj. jSijw, virtp- firm II. 9, 501, 
t/a- 16, 94, Petco 6, 113, and (j3/o>), fte a 16, 852, /Sew/x^ eVt- Her. 

7, 50 (&>nev, irapa- AT. Av. 461), pi. ftetofiev, Kara- II. IO, 97; 

but Dor. /3a/i Theocr. 15, 22; imper. eia/Sa Eur. Ph. 193, 
eppa Eur. El. 1 13, ri- Ion 167 (chor.) ; Theogn. 847, KOTO- 5 for 
-|3Jj0t, (unless imper. of pres. 6/x/3a<o &c.) Ar. Vesp. 979, /Sare 
Aesch. Supp. 191 (trimet.); so Soph. O. C. 841 (chor.). 1547. 
Fr. 724 (trimet. D.); fifjo-eo, Kara- imper. 1 aor. m. Epic II. 5, 109. 
KarapTjo-frai. Hes. Th. 750, is a real fut. with its own proper 
force, and not a pres. Of this verb in simple, Attic prose 
authors use only pres. fiaiva Thuc. Xen. PI. Dem. (ffiaivov Luc. 
Arr. &c.) : jSqo-o/uat poetic : aor. e^fyo-e Her. i, 80, Vulg. is now 
dveftrjae (Mss. Bekk. Gaisf.) : and p. jS/^e PI. Tim. 55 ; fiepTjK&s 
(Her. 7, 164); Xen. An. 3, 2, 19; PI. Tim. 62, syncop. /3e/3s 
Phaedr. 254; /Sf/S^K/wt Rep. 617. 2 aor. seems to occur very 
rarely, and only in Ionic and late Attic, fids Her. 2, 47. 3, 148, 
but en-fids Ar. Av. 202. 266, em- Thuc. i, 137, - PI. Conv. 
183 ; fUjvat Dio. Hal. in Dem. 26 ; Philostr. Apoll. 307, but 
eVc- Thuc. i, 137; PI. Rep. 614. The imp. fat. and aor. were 
supplied by dire8aivov &c., ef/xi, and r/fiv, see Thuc. 3, 26. 4, 104; 
Andoc. i, 36. 45. 66; Thuc. 2, 36; PI. Phaed. 100 &c. So 
in Comedy, /3au/<a Com. Fr. 2, 494; Ar. Ach. 198 (but KOT-, 

o-vv-epaivov, Kara-, (rvfj.-^fi<TOfj.ai) : $tfir)Ke Com. Fr. 2, 15 (trimet.); 

Ar. Eccl. 913; -T)K<as Eq. 1039: (w-, trap- fftrj, for) f@a in 
Aristoph. is Doric, either uttered by a Laconian, Lys. 106, or 
used allusively to some Tragic or Lyric Poet, Nub. 30. Av. 944; 
|v/i-/3 Ran. 175; jrpo- Pfjs Com. Fr. 2, 60; fiairjv Ar. Av. 
1396, simple but Lyric, napa-, irpo- 0air)v Lys. 236. Eccl. 161 
(trimet.). 

BdXXw To throw, II. 2, 376 ; Find. P. 8, 57 ; Aesch. Ag. 1390; 
Soph. Ant. 1188; Ar. Nub. 401; Her. 8, 128; Xen. An. 

3, 4, 49, Dor. i pi. /3aXXo/ne? Bion 7, 13; -XXwi/ II. n, 723; 
Thuc. 7, 84: imp. e/3aXXoi/ II. 3, 80; Aesch. Ag. 240; Her. 

4, 156; Thuc. 4, 34; PI. Crat. 420, /3aXX- H. 18, 534: fut. 
j3aXeto Ep. and Ion. II. 8, 403 ; Simon. C. 5, 16, OTTO- Her. i, 71, 
Att. jSaXffl Aesch. Ag. 1172; Soph. Ph. 67; Ar. Ach. 283; 
(II. 17, 451, but -e'w Bekk.) ; Luc. Tim. 34, in classic prose, 
comp. dno- Xen. Cyr. 8, 7, 23, Kara- 3, 3, 62 ; PL Euth. 277, 
fa-- Thuc. 2, 99, Sta- Isocr. ii, 49; PL Euthyphr. 3, and only in 



126 BaXXto. 



At. /SaXX^o-Q) Vesp. 222. 1491 : aor. (<r'/3aXX?7cra OCCUrs not, e/SaXa 

very late, /3aXai Malal. 3, p. 60) : p. pffiXrjKa Aesch. Myrm. 
132 (D.); Ar. Ach. 171 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 4, diro- Her. 2, 131, 
e/i- Antiph. 2, ft 2 ; pfft\r)Koi. II. 8, 270, eV- Thuc. 2, 48 : pip. 
@(p\r)Kfi II. 5, 66 1, eV- f(3- Thuc. 3, 96, '- Aeschin. 2, 142 : 

p. p. P(P\r)nai, /SejSXTjrat II. 5, 103, Pefi\T)vTCU Find. N. 1,8, -qarai 
II. II, 657; (3e,8Xj7/*eW II. II, 809 ; Eur. I. T. 49, -rrapa- Thuc. 

7, 2 ; (3eXj7o-0at PI. Phaedr. 264, 8ta- Thuc. 8, 109, Epic 

J3ep6\r)(Tai Ap. Rh. 4, 1318, -qrai 3, 893; ^f^ci\r]fj.fvos II. 9, 9. 

Od. 10, 247; Ap. Rh. i, 262 ; Orph. Arg. 36. 543; Maneth. 
3, 117: pip. cpfp\fifj.r)v, e|- Isocr. 1 8, 17, Si- PI. Phaed. 68, 

jSe/SXijTO Od. 12, 423, 3 pi. Ion. -/SXqaro II. 14, 28, irtpi- Her. 
6, 25, see mid., Epic iSe/SoX^a II. 9, 3 : aor. e'/SX^v Antiph. 
3, /3, 4 ; Thuc. 8, 84, VTT- Eur. Ale. 639 ; /SX^eu? Xen. Cyr. 

8, 3, 31, t'p- Hippocr. 3, 536. 550; frr,0Sn PL Rep. 469, 
/SXij^s, fita- Eur. I. A. 1372 ; /SX^TW, eV PL Leg. 854; /3X;0eiV 
Her. i, 34. 43 ; Antiph. 3, ft 5 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 30, &- Eur. 
Elec. 289; |3\7#ijfai Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 32 : fat. jSX^o-o/wu Xen. 
Hell. 7, 5, n, 8ta- Eur. Hec. 863. Heracl. 422 ; Lys. 26, 15, 
ava- Isocr. ii, 25 : 3 fut. /Se^Xijo-o^at Eur. Or. 271. Bacc. 1314; 
simple late in prose Heliod. 2, 13, but 8m- Dem. 16, 2. Proem. 
p. 1424, 8; pt. pfi\T)o-6fj.evos rare and unclassic Philostr. Ap. 
251 : 2 aor. act. e@u\ov II. 13, 411 ; Pind. Ol. 7, 44; Aesch. 
A g- 357 ; Soph. Ph. 1028 ; Ar. Pax 1274 ; Her. 6, 27 ; Antiph. 

3, ft 3; PL Rep. 408, aX- II. II, 742; HeS. Sc. 384, *a$3aXe 

(KOT-/S-) Hes. Th. 189 ; Pind. Ol. 8, 39, iter. /3aXfo-*<r, irpo- Od. 
5, 331; ftaXyvda 12, 221 ; jSdXour&z II. 15, 571 ; Dor. pt. fem. 

/SaXoto-a TheOCr. 1 6, II, Epic e/SX^ (/3X^t), ^v^Xfirrjv met, 

Od. 21, 15; inf. -rjfjLfvai II. 21, 578 (if not 2 aor. pass, for 
(Pd\r)v). Mid. jSaXXo/xai /o Mrcw oneself, or _/or oneself, cast in 
one's mind, Pind. I. 6, 13; PL Leg. 779, 2 sing. Epic jSaXXecu 
II- 9> 4355 impr. ^aXXeo 4, 39, jSaXXeu Od. 12, 218: imp. 
f y @d\\6p.r)v II. 10, 333; Eur. Fr. 392 (D.). Tr. 1137, dv- Her. 

9, 8; Aeschin. i, 63, trepi- Thuc. i, 8, npo- Xen. An. 6, i, 25 
(Dind.); PL Leg. 756, friXX- Pind. P. 4, 138, iter. /SaXXeWero 
Her. 9, 74: fut. /SaXoD/wu late in simple, Or. Sib. i, 208. 2, 230, 
Trpo- Ar. Ran. 201, rt- Thuc. 6, 40, /*mi- 8, 54, v?rp- PL 
Menex. 247; Dem. 19, 342, Ion. aXe{;/iai, dfifpi- Od. 22, 103, 
-fofuu, vnep- Her. 7, 168, but pass. eK-/3aXoi)^at Epict. Diss. 3, 24: 
2 aor. epa\6pr)v II. 15, 566; Her. i, 84; simple rare in Attic, 
Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 31; PL Leg. 961; Dem. 18, 87; (PL) 
Epist. 326; Dio. Hal. 3, 55, <rw- Soph. O. C. 1151; Lys. 

4, 10 ; Xen. An. 6, 6, 35. Hell. 6, 5, 5, an- Andoc. 3, 29, 
irapa- Ar. Ran. 269, irepi- Eur. H. F. 334, vntp- Soph. Tr. 584 ; 



Ba7TT/ft> - BaTTTW. 127 



Ar. Pax 213, aX- II. n, 29; Find. P. i, 74; pd\t)rai Od. 
n, 428; -Xoto v. r. Pseud. -Phocyl. 185 ; Ion. imper. /3dXeo, dva- 
Pind. N. 7, 77, aXev Theogn. 1050; Her. 8, 68, Epic 
eft\T]fjiT]v pass. II. n, 675, but vn-p\T)To mid. he met, 14, 39; 

Subj. i>n-$\r)Tai. Od. 7, 204, and /3Xqereu, for -ijqrat, Od. 17, 472; 

opt. /3Xi}o II. 13, 288 (Bekk.), -eio (Bind. La Roche); ftX^adat 
II. 4, 115; -T]fj.fvos II. n, 191. Od. 22, 18; Ap. Rh. 2, 1212: 
fu.t. v/i-/3Xi7o-eat (for which some suggest -p\r)fai=r]T)ai) shall 
encounter, II. 20, 335: and as mid. p.p. fp.-^e^Xr)rai put in, 
entered, Dem. 40, 28, 7rept-j3e'/3X?7Tai threw, put about himself, PI. 
Conv. 216, Ion. 3 pi. -/3Xmu Hippocr. 9, 80 (Lit.); -&tp\rifi.evos 
Isocr. 4, 184, Trapa- Thuc. 5, 113, a-vp- Lycurg. 43, >- Dem. 

40, 21 : ,4>lp. irepi-efifp\t;nr)v Xen. Hell. 7, 4, 22, 3 pi. Ion. 

-ejSe/SXTyaro threw themselves round, gained, Her. 6, 25, -taro 
(Stein, Abicht), see 7rfpt/3dXX&>. Vb. fiXijTos Callim. Cer. 101. 
HfTa-@\r)Tfos Hippocr. i, 315 (Erm.), diro- PL Rep. 387. The 
1 aor. p. e&Xt]6r)v does not occur in Epic, very rarely in Attic 
poetry : the fut. act. /3aX in the simple form is late in prose, 
/3aXeiTe Dio Chrys. Or. 34 (415), -ouo-t N. T. Matth. 13, 42 (Vat. 
-XXovat Sin.), and the 1 aor. seems scarcely to exist at all, 
fK-fiaXat Malal. 3, p. 60. ftXeirjs 2 sing. opt. Epicharm. 154, 
may be syncop. for B>\r)6drjs, or 2 aor. pass, fpXrjv, for e^dXrjv. 
For vTrepfta\\efiv Her. 3, 23, cru^aXXed/iei/os i, 68 &c., called 
Ion., Bekk. Dind. Kriig. read -fiaXXfiv, -\\6pevos, but 2 aor. inf. 
/3oXeW 2, III. 3, 12. 35, diro- 3, 41. 8, 65, e>- 4, 125, <nyi- 
2, 10. 3, 32 &c. (Bekk. Gaisf. Dind.), and fxpaXflv 5, 67, e/*- 
9, 13, eV- 6, 84, crv/i- 9, 13 &c. (Bekk. Gaisf. and always Bred. 
Stein, Abicht); so Horn. /SaXe'eiK II. 2, 414. 10, 368 &c. /3aXeti> 

13, 387. 14, 424. fcpXrjai 2 Sing. p. p. for -rjcrai, II. 5, 284, 

dissyll. or rj shortened n, 380, ^e/SXTjarat for -TJVTCU, II. n, 657, 
but, if sound, sing, for -qrai, Hym. i, 20 (Mss. Franke, i/o/xot 
-Tjarai Ilgen, Baum.); 8ia-ftf^adf opt. Andoc. 2, 24. 

Baima>, see /3a7rra>. 

Bd-nru 7i rf$, Od. 9, 392; Ar. Eccl. 216; PI. Tim. 73: 
imp. (Same Ap. Rh. i, 183: fut. fiasco simple late, Lycophr. 
ii2i ; Anth. 11, 408; Or. Sib. 7, 147; V. T. Lev. 4, 17 &c., 
but f/*- Ar. Pax 959 : aor. ?/3a^a Aesch. Ch. ion ; Soph. Tr. 
580; Eur. Or. 707; Her. 2, 47; Hippocr. 5, 234 (Lit.); 
Aristot. de Anim. 3, 12, 9 ; /3ch//- Ar. Ach. 112; -ev Eur. 
H. F. 929 ; /3<tyai PI. Rep. 429; j3<n//-av Eur. Hec. 610; Ar. Fr. 
16, dno- Her. 4, 70 : p. (j3e'j3a<a ?) : p. p. /Sf'/Sa/z/jat Ar. Pax 1176; 
Mosch. i, 29; -a$6ai Aristot. de Color, i, 2; -a/x/wW Her. 
7, 67; (Plut. Mor. 954, ^ra- Luc. Bis. ace. 8): 1 aor. f$a$(h}v 
Anth. 6, 254, diro- Ar. Fr. 366 : 2 aor. f^d^v, /3a^ PI. Rep. 



128 Ba^e'to 

429; /3a$s Tim. 83. Rep. 429; Hippocr. 5, 664 (Lit.), 
Luc. Imag. 16 : fut. /Sa^o-o/^at late, V. T. Lev. n, 32 ; M. 
Ant. 8, 51. Mid. pdirTopai Ar. Eq. 523, //*- Xen. Cyr. 2, 2, 5: 
fut. /Sa^-o/xai Ar. Lys. 51; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 178: aor. 
f^a^dp,T)v Arat. 951; e/*-j3a\//mro Com. Fr. (Arched.) 4, 436; 
/Sa^a/iero? Anth. 9, 326. Aor. act. Eur. Or. quoted, is intrans. 
sank. Vb. fta-m-os Ar. Av. 287 ; PI. Leg. 847. The aor. pass, 
of the collat. /Sanr/fr) seems to be used as aor. mid. intrans. 
fpaTrriffffr) N. T. Luc. n, 38 : t'/SaTmVaro V. T. 4 Reg. 5, 14; 
/3a7m'o-o>wai N. T. Mark 7, 4. 

Bape'o To load, Luc. Soloec. 7 ; App. Hisp. 86 ; Athen. 5, i : 
imp. efidpei Charit. 4, 2, i. 6, i, 6: fut. /Sop^o-w Luc. D. Mort. 
10, 4 : aor. cj3dpr]<ra, en- App. Civ. 5, 107 : p. pfftdprjKa Dio Cass. 
78, 17; Aristid. 26, 329 (Vulg.), Epic P(@apr)<as Od. 19, 122; 
Ap. Rh. 4, 1526; and late prose Aristid. 26, 329 (Ms. L. Dind. 
-rjKOTes old edit.): p.p. ftfftdprjTai Plut. Mor. 895; part. /3e/3a/?- 
/W Theocr. 17, 61 ; Ap. Rh. i, 1256 ; Anth. Plan. 98. 7, 290; 
PI. Conv. 203 ; Aristot. Probl. 30, i, 7 (from Od. 19, 122, where 
stands /Sf/Snpf/dra) ; Hierocl. 66 (Eberh.) : pip. e/3e/3ap/ro Galen 

9, 71, /3f/3a/>- Orph. Arg. 247; Q. Sm. 2, 341: aor. f^ap^v 
Dio. Hal. i, 14; Artemid. Onir. i, 77. Mid. and pass. 

fiapefTai Hippocr. 7, 578, -ovvrai M. Anton. 8, 44; -ovfj.vos Dio 

Cass. 46, 32 : fut. m. as pass, firi-paprjo-oijifvos Dio. Hal. 8, 73. 
missed by Lexicogr. This verb is late, except perf. act. and 
perf. pass. See /Sapui/w. 

BapuOw To be oppressed, Epic, II. 16, 519; Hes. Op. 215; 
-ffoifv Ap. Rh. 2, 47; -6<av 4, 621; Opp. Hal. i, 366; 
Anth. 7, 481 : imp. iter. papvdevKe Ap. Rh. I, 43. Pass. 
Papvdoftai late, Maxim, narapx. 212 : imp. Papvdom-o Q. Sm. 

I 3 , 6. (a.) 

Bapucoi To load, annoy, Pind. P. i, 84; Hippocr. 2, 290. 7, 
218; Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 25; -wwv PI. Phaedr. 247: imp. efidpvvf 

II. II, 584. Od. 5, 321, ftdpvve II. 5, 664: fut. -vvut (Xen.) 

Apol. 9 (Dind.) ; Aristid. 30, 380 (D.) ; Galen 9, 447 : aor. 
(ftdpvva Plut. Mor. 127 ; Galen 9, 148 ; Anth. 9, 270 (?) : p.p. 
pfpdpvfj.u.a.i, fvvrai V. T. Nah. 2, 9 ; -vv6ai Aristot. Physiog. 6, 10 
(Bekk.) ; -vpfvos (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 374 (Lit. -rjpf'vos Hercher) : 
aor. f@apvi>0rjv Hippocr. 5, 674, Poet. 3 pi. fidpwBfv Pind. N. 7, 
43 ; fiapwdfj PL Phaedr. 248, -w0S>a-i Soph. Ph. 890 ; -dds II. 8, 
308; Aesch. Ag. 1463; Soph. O. R. 781 ; Eur. Heracl. 204; 
Hippocr. 8, 32; PI. Phaedr. 248; Plut. Mor. 895; D. Laert. 

10, i, 5 : fut. Papwdi'io-oijiai Soph. Fr. 627 ; Polyb. 5, 94 ; Galen 
1 6, 191. Of the act. form, only pres. and imp. are classic, and 
confined to Epic, Lyric, and Attic prose : the pass, is classical, 



Baovceo Baco. 1 29 

pert excepted, and more generally used, especially pres. 
fiapvvonai II. 19, 165; (Simon. C.) 184 (Bergk); Aesch. Ag. 
189. 836; Soph. Tr. 152. El. 820; Eur. Ale. 42. 385. I. T. 
1228 &c. ; rare in Comedy, Ar. Ach. 220; -VVIJTM Xen. Eq. 
8, 8; -vo>6i/ot Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, no; Thuc. 2, 64; Xen. 
Mem. 2, 2, 5 ; -vvto-6ai Thuc. 5> 7- imp. tfiapvvovTo Thuc. 2, 16. 

8,1. (a.) 

BdaKw Poet. To go, come, the simple in imper. only, /SoVw 
II. 247 144; Aesch. Pers. 662 (chor.), pdo-Kfrt Ar. Thesm. 783 
(chor.), but 8ia-&daKfi. Av. 486 (anapest.) ; inf. Epic em-fiaaKentv 
=j/, cause to go, lead, II. 2, 234 : imp. ejSao-Kt (Hesych.), in 

COmp. irap-fftaa-Ke II. II, 104. 

Baord^oj To carry, Pind. N. 8, 3; Soph. El. 1129 ; Eur. I. A. 
36; Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 448; -afav Od. n, 594; -d&iv Simon. 
C. 168; Soph. Ant. 216; Eur. Ale. 41; Com. Fr. (Herm.) 

2, 395 ; late prose Plut. Mor. 64 : imp. f/3aor- Polyb. 8, 18 : 
flit. /SaeTTao-a) Aesch. Pr. 1019; Soph. Aj. 920; late prose 
Pseud.-Callisth. i, 42; Joseph. Ant. 15, n, 2; Oribas. 10, 37, 
and -aw Pseud.-Callisth. i, 45; Maur. in Strateg. p. 83; Sym. 
Prov. 9, 12 : aor. e/3dcrrao-a Od. 21, 405 ; Aesch. Pr. 889 (chor.); 
Soph. Ph. 1127 (chor.); Ar. Thesm. 437 (chor.); paardaTj 
Soph. Aj. 827 (trimet); -ao-ot Pind. I. 3, 8 ; late prose Alciphr. 

3, 32 ; Plut. Mor. 317 ; Apollod. 3, 4, 3 ; (Luc.) Asin. 16, and 
late e'|3uo-raa Anth. App. Epigr. 324; Pseud.-Callisth. i, 3: 

p. p. late /3e/3aoTacrat, e'/i- (Luc.) Ocyp. 14 : aor. late (fia<rTaxQi)v 

Diog. L. 4, 59 ; Athen. 2, 46 : fut. -a^o-o/iat Pseud.-Callisth. 

1, 42 : 2 aor. late tfacrrayqwu Artemidor. 2, 68, p. 249 : pres. 

/3aoraoi/ra( AristOt. Rhet. 3, 12, 2. Vb. ftaffTaKTos Anth. 12, 52. 

This verb never occurs in good prose, and is classic in the act. 
form only. 

Bare'w To go, only pres. act. TO irardv, ftaTflv MaKf86t>fs Ka\ova-i 

Plut. Mor. 292, /3aT'e, t/i- Nic. Ther. 147; /i-/3areto' 804; 
Anth. 7, 657 : and mid. parevvTai. Dor. Theocr. i, 87 : fut. 

ftaTt)<Tnvrai, e'/x- Lycophr. 642. (a.) 

Bauw To bark, cry, Com. Fr. (Crat.) 2, 17 ; Aesch. Ag. 449 ; 
Ar. Thesm. 173. 895; Heracl. Fr. 10 (Mullach); Luc. Merc. 
Cond. 34, Dor. Pavo-8a> Theocr. 6, 10 : aor. Pavgas, Kara- Anth. 
7, 408. Vb. 8vo--0diJKTos Aesch. Pers. 574. 

(Bdw) To go, occurs in subj. eVt-/3^ Inscr. Heracl. i, 80; 
imper. f^rj Ar. Lys. 1303 (Ahr.) both Dor., /Sarf however in an 
iambic trimet. Aesch. Supp. 191, all which are referred by others 
to 2 aor. of /3aiVo> ; but pres. part. irp<>fiS>vT(s Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 

2, 88 (Bekk. Anec. p. 371), and Dor. fK^vres Thuc. 5, 77, see 



130 

(BSeXupcuopai) To behave abominably, only fat. -tva-erai Dem. 
17, ii. 

BSeXu'acrofAcu, -uTTojjiai To abominate, Dep. pass, in classic au- 
thors, Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 577; Ar. Nub. 1132. Av. 151; 
Hippocr. 7, 56; PL Rep. 605 : imp. e'jSSeXim-fro Ar. Plut. 700 : 
fut. -v^ofjiai Hippocr. 8, 96. 98 (Lit.) : aor. fd8f\vx6ijv act. 
Ar. Lys. 794; ft8f\v X 0fir] Plut. Mor. 753; fi8(\v X 6(is Ar. Vesp. 
792 ; Plut. Alex. 57 : (aor. m. e'/3SfXva/ir;i> late V. T. Lev. 
20, 23; Joseph. J. Bell. 6, 2, 10; Chrys. V. 7, 351.) In late 
Greek occurs the act. (/SStXiWw), fut. -va> V. T. Lev. 20, 25 : 

aor. '/38eXi;a Exod. 5, 21 : p. p. ^SeXuy^iai act. PrOV. 28, 9, 

and pass. Osae. 9, 10; N. T. Rev. 21, 8; Theodr. Prod, 
i> 33. ^)38X- Paroem. (Apostol.) C. 4, 88 : aor. f/SSeX^^i/ 
pass. V. T. Ps. 52, 2 : fut. -vx^o-o^ai Apocr. Sir. 20, 8. Mid. 

/SSeXuo-o-o/iai AmOS 6, 8 : fut -V|O/H Lev. II, II : aor. e/SSeXv^a/Djv 

Amos 5, 10. 

BSe'u To emit an offensive smell, Ar. Plut. 703, &8ds Anth. 1 1, 
415; &8fu>v Ar. Eq. 898; Hierocl. 237, -e'ouo-a Ar. Plut. 693: 
fut. (8a-a>) : aor. /38<-Vf Anth. n, 242, and ?|38evo-a if correct, 
Hierocl. 233. 240. 241 (Eberh.) Pass. /SSfd/xtvos Ar. Eq. 900. 
This verb is, luckily, very limited in its range. Epic, Trag. 
and genteel prose never name it, but Hierocles, and sometimes 
Galen professionally of course. 

Bef3pco9w, See 3t/3/)cocr/ca>. 

Be'ojjLcu / shall live, Epic and only pres. with fut. meaning, 
II. 15, 194, and /Seio/w" 22, 431 (j3i'o/u Hym. 2, 350), frig II. 16, 
852. 24, 131. 

Brjcro-w To cough, Hippocr. 5, 378, Att. -TTO> Com. Fr. (Phi- 
lem.) 4, 42 ; Aristot. Probl. 10, i ; -a>v Ar. Fr. 548 (D.) ; -rrtiv 
Xen. Cyr. 2, 2, 5: imp. e^o-o-e Hippocr. 5, 324, -rre Ar. Eccl. 
56: fut. -|o> Hippocr. 8, 100: aor. e/ifya Hippocr. 5, 190; 
8f)^rj 8, 98 ; /3}ai Her. 6, 107 ; ^^as6, 107 : aor. pass. if/SfcAp^ 
eic- Galen 10, 341. Mid. ^o-o-erat as act. Hippocr. 7, 82 
(Lit.) : fut. /S^o/zai, dno- 8, 98. The mid. we think has been 
missed by Lexicogr. 

Bida> To force, act. rare, Od. 12, 297 : imp. ffiiafav Hippocr. 
5, 96 (Lit.) : aor. tfilaaa Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 833 ; late prose, 
Sopat. Rhet. vol. 8, p. 107 (Walz). Usu. pidtofiat act. II. 22, 
229; Theogn. 547 ; Aesch. Pr. 1010; Soph. Ant. 663; Ar. 
Lys. 226 : Hippocr, 6, 24 ; Her. 9, 41; Antiph. 3, , i; Thuc. 
4, 9; PL Prot. 337, pass. II. n, 589; Aesch. Ag. 1510; Soph. 
Ant. 66; Ar. Thesm. 890 ; Hippocr. 2, 34 (Lit.); Antiph. 4, 8, 
5 ; Thuc. 4, 10 ; Xen. Conv. 2, 26 : imp. ffiiatfurjv act. Ar. Lys. 
396; Xen. An. i, 3, i ; Isae. 3, 62, pass. Thuc. 5, 3, #af- IL 



Bm'co B</3ao. 131 



16, 102: fut. Ptao-ofjiai act. Ar. Plut. 1092; PI. Charm. 176. 
Phaed. 61. Leg. 627 ; Dem. 19, 238, ^tw/zat see below : and 
aor. (0iaa-dfjir]v Com. Fr. (Crob.) 4, 567 ; Antiph. 2, a, 9 ; Thuc. 
3, 55; PI. Rep. 461, /Stao-o-- Opp. C. 3, 157: but fBiavfyv 
always pass. Pind. N. 9, 14 ; Soph. El. 575 ; Ar. Fr. Amph. 91 
(D.); Thuc. 4, 44; Xen. Mem. i, 2, 10; PI. Rep. 413: fut. 
late Piac-di'io-opai Charit. 2, 8 ; -drjvonevos Paus. 6, 5, 9 : and 
perhaps fut. mid. fiiarm as pass. PI. Tim. 63 (?) : p. #f/3i'aoytai 
usu. pass. Hippocr. 2, 54; Xen. Hell. 5, 2, 23, &c. ; (Dem.) 10, 
13, but act. Dem. 19, 206 ; Dio Cass. 46, 45. (i.) Vb. 
Stao-reos Eur. Rhes. 584. The act. is very rare, never in Attic 
prose. In Attic writers /Stdo-o/itu, we fancy, should drop o- as 
well as BiftdtTOfjiai ; but we know of no instance, unless jSiorai 
PI. Tim. 63 be fut. and pass. If so, our Lexicogr. have 
overlooked both form and meaning. 

(Biaw) Epic and Ion. To force, in act. only perf. 0f0ir)Kf II. 
10, 172. 1 6, 22. Usu. Pidofjuu act. Solon 13, 41 ; Theogn. 
503; Simon. C. 76; Pind. N. 8, 34; Aesch. Ag. 385 (chor.) ; 
Her. 3, 80; Hippocr. 8, 328. 560 (Lit.), pass. Her. i, 19; 
Hippocr. 7, 514; Ap. Rh. 4, 1236 : fut. jSiijo-o^ai act. Od. 21, 
348; Emped. 16 (Stein), pass. Hippocr. 8, 280 (Lit.): aor. 
eujo-nro II. n, 558; Her. 4, 43 ; Hippocr. 8, 556, /S/^o-- II. 21, 
451; Mosch. 4, 114; Epic subj. -fatai Theogn. 1307; Dor. 
piuvdijievot Eleg. ap. Paus. 5, 23, 6 : p. /Sf^/wu act. Ap. Rh. 3, 
1249; Opp. Hal. i, 224, pass. Anth. 9, 546; Ap. Rh. 4, 1390: 
aor. (Jirfdqv pass. Her. 7, 83 ; but part. f$tr)<rdev if correct, Hip- 
pocr. 8, 96 (Lit.) Epic forms: /SuWrat Od. n, 503; Opp. 

Hal. 3, 284; Opt. /3iwaTO for /3i<5rro, II. II, 467; fiuoop.fvri 

Mosch. 2, 13 (Mein. Ahr.) : /StoWro Od. 23, 9. 

Bifidlu To make go, Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 830 ; late prose 
Aristot. H. An. 6, 18, 28; Plut. Mor. 303, but Kara- Her. i, 86, 
r- Thuc. 7, 60 : imp. tplfia&v, ait- Her. 8, 76, eV- Thuc. J, 60 : 
fut. /Si/Sa-rw, dia-pfidvovrfs Xen. An. 4, 8, 8. 5, 2, 10 (Popp. 
Kriig. Kiihn. Saupp. &c.) ; -)3t/3ao-i Luc. Hipp. 2 (Dind.) ; Arr. 
Ind. 42, 7, and /3i3<i Soph. O. C. 381, Trpoo-- Ar. Av. 425; PL 
Phaedr. 229, e>- Xen. An. 5, 7, 7, fita- PI. Leg. 900; Dem. 23, 
157; and Xen. An. 4, 8, 8. 5, 2, 10 quoted (Dind. 1857, 
Cobet): aor. efiipao-a Aristot. Hist. An. 6, 18, 28, m>- Her. i, 
86. 3, 75; Xen. Hell. 4, 5, 3 ; Isae. 9, 30, dir- Her. 8, 76 ; PI. 
Gorg. 511, St- Thuc. i, 105 : p. p. late, /Se-S^aorai Sext. Emp. 
252, 2 : aor. rather late, {Jtfiaafais Aristot. H. A. 6, 23, 3 ; Geop. 
1 6, i : fut. late, 8ia^aa-6^a-opai Diod. Sic. 13, 81. Mid. in 
comp. fut 3i/3ao-o/jat, dva- Andoc. i, 148 (Bekk. B. S.) ; Lys. 18. 
24 (B. S. Scheibe) ; Luc. pro Imag. 24 (Dind.), and /3iw/iai, 

K 2 






132 iaaa) 

dm- Com. Fr. (Amips.) 2, 713; Aeschin. 2, 146; Dem. 19, 
310: aor. f$i!3a(Tdp.r)v } an- Her. 9, 32, dv- Thuc. 7> 35 > Lys. 12, 
24; Xen. Hell. 3, 4, 10; Isae. n, 4; PI. Apol. 18. (i.) Vb. 

dva-fiitiavTeov PI. Rep. 467. 

Bipdo-0w To step, Epic and only part. fiifiaaQav II. 13, 809. 
16, 534. (i.) 

Btpdw 7<? $/<?/>, Poet. Hym. Merc. 225; part. Pifiuv Find. Ol. 
14, 17: imp. iter. e'/3t/3aaxf Hym. Ap. 133. (i.) For Ptpawra 
II. 3, 22, /3t/3fflo-a Od. ti, 539 (Mss. Vulg. La Roche), Bekk. 
Dind. Foesi, Ameis read -dura, -ao-a, see foil. 

BI'PTJUI Epic, To go, Dor. -api, 3 pi. /3t'/3ai/n Epigr. Lacon. (Ahr. 
Dor. D. p. 483); part. Pifids II. 13, 371 ; and 3, 22. Od. n, 539 
(Bekk. Dind. &c.), TT/JO- II. 13, 18. Od. 17, 27. (if.) 

Bippuoxo) To eat, Babr. 108, 9, irfpi- Plut. Mor. 1059 (pass. 
-uxTKovrai Hippocr. 6, 212 Lit.): fiit. late /3pco Lycophr. 678 
(some Mss. and edit.): and m. late po>o-o/*at Or. Sib. 7, 157; 
Philostr. p. 129 : aor. late e/3po>a Anth. n, 271, and e&paxra, dv- 
Nic. Ther. 134: p. /3<f/3po>Ka Od. 22, 403; Soph. Tr. 1054; 
Xen. Hier. i, 24 ; jSe/SpwKj? Hippocr. 8, 350 ; -&KOI Her. i, 119; 
/3f/3pa>ca>j II. 22, 94; Ar. Vesp. 462 ; Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 447; 
Hippocr. 6, 268. 7, no (Lit); Aristot. Probl. 5, 7, 2, syncop. 
pffti><as Soph. Ant. 1022: pip. f'fj3/>a>Ki Hippocr. 7, 236 : p. p. 
fiippw/jiai Aesch. Ag. 1097; Hippocr. 5, 192. 6, 12, Sta- PL 
Tim. 83, Kara- Her. 4, 199; PI. Phaed. no: pip. fpippuro 
Hippocr. 5, 156: aor. (fipa>6r)v Artemid. Onir. 5, 49; Apol- 
lod. 3, 4, 4 ; Pp<a8rj Aristot. Probl. 22, I, Kara- Her. 3, 16'; 
PpcaOds Hippocr. 2, 300. 5, 322; Lycophr. 414. 1251; -dijvat 
Artemid. Onir. i, 67, &a- Hippocr. 6, 450 : fut. late [IpaQfiaop. 
Lycophr. 1421; Or. Sib. 7, 119; late prose Sext. Emp. 174, 
18; Geop. 2, 18 : 3 fat. f/3pd>0-o;xat Od. 2, 203: 2 aor. Epic, 
(ftpw Callim. Jup. 49, KUT- Horn. H. i, 127. (t.) Hesych. 
has the unredupl. /Spcoo-Aceoi/, dva-. The opt. Pfppadois II. 4, 35, 
perhaps infers a pres. $($pa6a>. It may however be perf. 
from Theme p&>$&> (/So'pw, voro.) In fact f3pa>6(iv, Kara- actu- 
ally occurs Babr. 67, 18 (2 pt. Lewis.) A desiderat. form 
PpoMTtiovres occurs Callim. Fr. 435. Vb. /3/xoro'? Eur. Sup. mo, 
-fos Luc. Paras. 9. The Attics seem to have used only perf. 
act. and pass. 

u, see jBeopat. 

To live. PIOVO-I Emped. 52 (Stein); Democr. p. 174 
(Mull.); Luc. Pise. 34. Philops. 25. adv. Indoct. 16; /Sioi Com. 
Fr. (Mon.) 65 ; Aristot. H. An. 6, 23, 4. 7, 4, 10, 5ta- PL Leg. 
730; pioi/v Eur. Fr. 240 (Dind.); Com. Fr. (Mon.) 58; &iS>v 
Com. Fr. Mon. 656, -ovvrts Aeschin. i, 5, -tvvres (Phocyl.) 229 : 



B/oV 133 

imp. ffitovv Hippocr. 5, 236 (Lit.): fut. /Stwo-o/wu Eur. Ale. 
784 ; An Eq. 699; Hippocr. 8, 484 ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 34; PI. 
Gorg. 481. Rep. 344; Aristot. Eth. N. 10, 7, 8: Luc. Herm. 
6: later /SKBO-W Com. Fr. (Mon.) 270; App. Civ. 4, 119; Diog. 
Laert. 2, 68 ; Luc. Nav. 26 (Jacob. Bekk. -077 Dind.); and late 
Epic, Maneth. 4, 475, <rvv- Polyb. 32, 10 (Bekk. -cm L. Dind.); 
inf. (ii<a<Tffi.fv Orph. Lith. 624 : 1 aor. rare ciWa Her. i, 163. 

2, 133; Hippocr. 4, 380; Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 669; Xen. 
Oec. 4, 1 8 (Vulg. L. Dind. Saupp. eV-e/S/co Cob.) ; Aristot. H. A. 
5, 14, 15. 7, 4, 20; -ojo-ao-a Hippocr. 5, 356, -wo-owey PI. Phaed. 
113 ; later, Plut. Ant. 86; /3o-ot Plut. Mor. 367, Luc. Macrob. 
8, Sio- Plut. Mor. 660, fyKaTa- 783 : p. /SejSiWo Hippocr. 2, 656; 
Andoc. 4, 39; Lys. 3, 6; Isocr. 15, 27 ; Aeschin. i, 8. 2, 147 : 

pip. e3e/3tB(cei D. CasS. 78, 4, 5 ; p. p. ftedlotrai croi Dem. 22, 77. 
24, 185, TOVTW 22, 78 ; /Sios fffftifoufvos IsOCr. 15, 7, TO /SejSwo/iieVa 

Dem. 22, 23: fut. late 0ia>dr}(r6ncvos Anton. 9, 30: 2 aor. /3iW 
Hippocr. 5, 204 (Lit.) ; Isocr. 9, 71 ; Isae. 3, i ; Dem. 48, 5 ; 
(PI.) Epist. 327, eV- Thuc. 2, 65. 5, 26 ; Isae. 2, 15, dv- Andoc. 

1, 125, retains long vowel fpiuxrav Isocr. 4, 151; PI. Phaedr. 
249 ; Aeschin. i, 146 ; subj. /3iw, 8ia- PI. Rep. 365, /3a PI. Leg. 
872; opt. /Siwj/f PI. Gorg. 512. Tim. 89, dva- Ar. Ran. 177 
(-oiV Cobet, Dind. 5 ed.); (/3t'&) -wrw II. 8, 429 ; piwai II. 10, 
174; Soph. O. R. 1488; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 135; Aeschin. 

3, 174; PI. Gorg. 512, dia- Eur. Fr. incert. 1039 (D.) ; /3iovr 
Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 592; Her. 9, 10; Thuc. 2, 53; PI. Prot. 
351, said to occur in masc. only, but /Siovo-' Anth. App. Epigr. 
262, is, and Sta/SioOo-oi seems to be aor. PI. Leg. 679, neut. 
fiiovv, eVt- Pollux. Mid. /3to'o/aoi to live, gain a livelihood, Her. 

2, 177; Aristot. N. Eth. 10, 10, n: fut. j3io>o-o/ii see above, 
late Epic /Swo-o^oi Ap. Rh. i, 685 : aor. t$iuHra\i.r}v trans, caused 
to live, Od. 8, 468; intrans. lived Anth. App. Epigr. 381; 
Hippocr. 9, 298 (Lit.), see /3i&>o-Ko/wu. jSid/zeo-tfa Horn. H. 
2, 350, implies {Uopai, unless it be for /3eo>r0a which Wolf 
adopts. Ap. Rh. has fut. o>o-eo-0 for PIOHT- i, 685. Vb. 
/3<wro'r Ar. Plut. 197, -tos PL Gorg. 500. In early writers, 
the pres. and imp. are rare : they use fdw. From Aristot. 
onwards pi6a> occurs often, /3ioi)<rt Luc. Pise. 34, /3tol Aristot. 
Eth. Mag. i, 4, 5. H. A. 5, 33, 5. 6, 22, 9; Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 
424 ; Luc. V. A. 26. Philops. 25 ; /StoOi/ Com. Fr. Mon. 58 ; Plut. 
Sert. Eum. 2; Luc. Nigr. 13, o-vfj.- Aristot Eth. N. 9, 3, 4; 
/Stow Com. Fr. Mon. 656 ; Luc. Fugit. 5, so ftiovvrw Aeschin. 
i, 5, (nifiioSvTos Dem. 41, 18. 19. 55, 4, seemingly used aoristically. 
From the examples given above, Kiihner's assertion appears 
to be too strong " that the 1 aor. is found in the participle only, 



I 34 JSltiHTKOfJLai BXctTTTO). 

except /3iW Xen. Oec. 4, 18 :" and W. Dind. is, we think, 
rash in expelling 1 aor. from Xen. If the part, is right in Plato, 
the indie, seems not far wrong in Xen. The lonians used both 
aorists, why might not the Attics, Xen. especially, occasionally 
use the first? 

Biwcncopu To recover life, revive, intrans. Aristot. Meteor, i, 
14, 3, ava- PL Conv. 203 : aor. c/3ta>crdpi}i/ Hippocr. i, 149 ; Anth. 
App. Epigr. 381 ; and late prose Liban. i, 382 : and 2 aor. act. 
av-f$ia>v Andoc. i, 125; PI- Rep- 614. ftivo-Kouai, ava- is also 
trans, restore to life, PL Crit. 48 : with aor. simple eftiwra.^ Od. 
8, 468 ; Hippocr. 9, 298, and comp. av- PI. Phaed. 89. Late 
authors have pres. act. dva-fiiaxrKd res/ores to life, Themist. 8, 
115 (Dind.) : fut. dj>a/3io>cms wilt restore to life Ael. H. A. 2, 29 
(Schneid. -<m Oudend. Kerch.) : aor. <w/3iWe Palaeph. 41, but 
intrans. Aristot. H. A. 7, 10, 3; Theophr. H. P. 4, 14, 12: 
aor. p. -adds Philostr. Apoll. 186. Pres. /3io>o7co> occurs in an 
Epigr. in Joann. Comn. (Notices et Extraits de Mss. vol. 8, p. 
183), dva- Schol. Eur. Ale. i ; Themist. quoted. 

B\af3ofiai To be hurt, only 3 pers. /SXa^erat II. 19, 82 ; Ana- 
creont. 31, 26 (Bergk): for 2 aor. tpKafav. and fut. /SXa/^o-o/wu, 
see /SAdTTTw : a 2 aor. act. late e/SXa/Sep Q. Sm. 5, 509 ; /3Xa/3<ov 
Quint. Sm. n, 5. - 

BXd-nru) To hurt, Od. 21, 294 ; Tyrt. 12, 40; Aesch. Ch. 327; 
Eur. Cycl. 524; Ar. Av. 1642; Her. 2, 113; Antiph. 5, 2; 
Isocr. 12, 223: imp. f$\airrov Hippocr. i, 588; Thuc. 2, 51; 
Xen. An. 4, 8, 3, /SXdTrr- II. 15, 724 (B.) : fut. /3Xd^a> Eur. 
Heracl. 704. 1044 > Hippocr. 2, 336 ; Thuc. 4, 98 : aor. eAai//-o 
II. 23, 782 ; Soph. O. R. 375; Ar. Ran. 1064; Thuc. 3, 40; 
Lys. 9, 14; PL Gorg. 511, X<ty- II. 23, 774; /3Xd^- Aesch. 
Eum. 661 : p. /3<$Xa<a Dem. 19, 180 ; Aristot. Rhet. 3, 16, 4, 
KOTO- Lycurg. 19 (Sauppe, Rhed.), e^Xa^a C. Inscrip. 1570 : 
p. p. /3e'/3Xa^i/xai II. 16, 660 ; Hippocr. 8, 418. 494. 498; Isocr. 

I5 33J PI- Prot - 3 J 4: 1 aor. #X/tyV IJ - 2 3. 3%7- 6, 395 
Antiph. 3, y, 7 ; Thuc. 4, 73. 87; PL Leg. 844. 877; Mosch. 
4, 76, ano- Soph. Aj. 941 : 3 fut. &(fi\dtyonai Hippocr. 2, 256 
(Lit.); Galen 3, 72 : 2 aor. e^Ka^v Hippocr. 5, 418. 460; 
Xen. Hell. 6, 5, 48 ; PL Apol. 38, 3 pi. Ep. f/SXn/S^ II. 23, 461, 
and Xa#f/ 545 ; Pind. N. 7, 18; -Pqvai Thuc. i, 141 ; Ar. Pax 
710; -/3ei'p Aesch. Ag. 120: fut. Aaj3>?o-o/i(u Isocr. i, 25; PI. 
Meno 77; opt. -IJO-OITO Plut. Philop. 3; -ijo-d/zej/os Mor. 23; 
D. Cass. 58, 28 : and fut. m. as pass. /3X<tyo/u<u Thuc. i, 81. 
6, 64 : but aor. as act. /3Xdi/>-a>ro late and rare, Q. Sm. 5, 466 
(Koechl.) missed by Lexicogr. Buttmann unduly confined 
the reduplication in the perf. of verbs beginning with /3X to 



135 

/3Aa7rro). See (SXaordvo), /SAeVw, /SAao-^jj/iea), /SfjSXaa^^ijKe Dem. 

18, 10. 

B\aoT(fu 72> sprout, Aesch. Sept. 594 ; Soph. O. C. 611 ; Ar. 
Av. 1479; Hippocr. 7, 518; Xen. Oec. 19, 2; PI. Rep. 498; 
Dem. 53, 16, at/a- Find. Fr. 182 (Schneid.), rare ^\aarfo> (if 
sound, Aesch. Ch. 589, but) Bion 3, 17 (Ursin. Ahr.) ; Theophr. 
C. P. 5, 4, 5. 2, 17, 4, dva- Emped. 449 (Stein) : imp. ;3Ad<rreov 

Ap. Rh. 4, 1425, efiXaa-rave Themist. 22, 280, iter. /SAao-Tdveo-K* 

Soph. Fr. 491 : fat. /SAaen-^o-o) Trag. Fr. incert. 269 (Wagn.); 
Theophr. H. P. 2, 7, 2 ; Geop. 4, 5, dva- Her. 3, 62 : 1 aor. 
f@\do-TT]<Ta not in early Attic, Emped. 105. 244 (Stein); Hippocr. 
7, 528. 46 ; Aristot. Mirab. 153 (B.); Theophr. H. P. 7, 4, 8; 
Himer. Or. I, 9, 13; Porph. V. Pythag. 44, 8t- Plut. Mor. 
1003: p. /3ej3Ador7<ca Hellanic. Fr. 2; Hippocr. 9, 182 (Lit.); 
Plut. Mor. 684, and e'/SAdor^a Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 561 ; Eur. I. 
A- 595 (chor.) : pip. e'/3/3Aao-rijK Thuc. 3, 26 ; Luc. V. Hist. 
I, 31 : 2 aor. e^Aaoroi/ Pind. N. 8, 7 ; Soph. El. 238 ; Eur. Fr. 
432 (D.); Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 793; Ar. Av. 696, dv- Her. 7, 
156, /SAdor- Pind. Ol. 7, 69 : (late aor. p. jSAaarT^eij Phil. vol. I, p. 
667.) Mid. /3AaoTou/iV7 Soph. Fr. 239 (D.) : fut. late jSAaorija-o/iat 
Alex. Trail, i, 6. /SAaordixo is occasionally trans, make to sprout, 
bring forth, Hippocr. 2, 25 (K.), irapa- Themist. 32, 360 : fut. 
jSAaorijo-w Trag. Fr. incert. 269 (Wagn.) : 1 aor. e/SAdorqo-a Ap. 
Rh. i, 1131, e- Hippocr. 2, 17 (K.): 2 aor. ?/3Aaaro> Eur. 
Fr. 430 (D.) In classic Attic prose, we have seen pres. and 
pip. only. A form in aa> occurs late, /SAaorwj/ra Herm. Past. 

P- 57- 

BAe'iroj To see, Solon n, 8 ; Aesch. Pers. 261; Soph. Tr. 594; 
Ar. Av. 176; Andoc. i, 18; Isocr. 12, 188; PI. Rep. 477; 
-fiv Pind. P. 8, 68; -o>v Simon. Am. 19; Pind. N. 4, 39; 
Antiph. 4, y, i, -oixra Soph. Tr. 313, Dor. -oto-a (Theocr.) 20, 
13 : imp. (pXerrov Batr. 67 ; Aesch. Pr. 447; Soph. O. R. 1470; 
PI. Leg. 743 : fut. /3Atya> perhaps late in simple, Orac. Sib. i, 
353. 8, 207; Aristid. 45, 46; V. T. Esai. 6, 9, dva- Her. 2, in; 
Ach. Tat. 6, 6, d- (Dem.) 25, 98 (Bekk. B. S. Dind.); Plut. 
Pomp. 69, diro- Luc. Merc. Con. 15, see below: and #A<tyo/za 
(Dem.) 25, 98, dva- Eur. H. F. 563, npoa- Eur. I. A. 1192, mo- 
Pl. Crit. 53, OTTO- Luc. Som. 12. Rhet. 17. V. A. 10 : aor. e/3A*^a 
Soph. Fr. 517 (D.); Ar. Ran. 804; Thuc. 5, 98; Isocr. 

12, IO2; /SAityas Aesch. Pers. 802: p. |3e'/3Ae<a, dno- Stob. 
(Antip.) 70, 13: p. p. /3e'/3Ae/ipm Athen. 9, 409: aor. f'pxtydrjv, 
Trpoa-- Plut. Symp. 5, 7, I. Vb. /SAen-rdr Soph. O. R. 1337, -ios 
PI. Leg. 965. In classic authors, the mid. is confined to the 
future; for StapXc^dufvos PI. Phaed. 86 (old edit.) has been 



1 36 

altered to dta/SX^a? (best Mss. Bekk. B. Or. W.), but later occur 
pres. imp. and aor. dTro-p\fTr6(j.evoi Luc. V. H. 2, 47 : imp. dn- 
f/SXeVero Malal. p. 126: aor. nfpi-pXtyairo Longin. 35, 3; drro- 
/SXe^d/nei/os Schol. Od. 12, 247, all missed by Lexicogr. irtpt- 
P\firap.ai Apocr. Sir. 9, 7 : imp. Trepie^XeWo Polyb. 9,17: fat. 
TTfpi/SXe'^o/iai V. T. Job 7, 8 : aor. ntpi-$\*^anevos Plut. Cat. Min. 
37; Charit. i, 4, 9 (D'Orv.); V. T. Exod. 2, 12; Jos. Ant. 17, 

6, 7. ti7ro-j3Xro/iat Niceph. Rhet. 7, 6 : imp. vn-efiXfirovro Luc. 

Conv. 6; App. Syr. 45; Procop. Epist. 152: fat. -ftxtyovrcu 
PI. Crit. 53 : aor. -e/SXe'^aTo Gorg. Rhet. p. 811, all missed, even 
the flit., by most of our Lexicogr. Pass, rare, /3X<rVfTat Or. Sib. 
Fr. i, 9; Plut. Mor. 1053, Trepi- PI. Epigr. 8 (Bergk); subj. 

/3X*7rco/Ltai Luc. Fug. 19. Gall. 23, OTTO- Ar. Eccl. 726; /SXeVotro 

Long. Past. 3, 15 ; $\fir6p.evos Luc. D. Deor. 20, 10; Charit. 8, 
6, dno- Luc. Som. ii ; /SXeVtcrdat, Trepi- Eur. Phoen. 551, dno- 
Luc. Nigr. 13. Fut. act. we think at least doubtful in the 
earlier Attics: Xe\//'o> Eur. Hec. 585, seems subj. aor.: and 
dvTifiXtyfTt (Dem.) 25, 98, is opposed by dmiftXtyeaOf (Mss. 
F. V. Vulg. Dind. Oxf. 1848), which, one would suppose, is 
more likely to be the true reading, as the mid. form Xe'\//-eo-0e 
occurs a few lines before. Dind. however in his last edit. 1855, 
adopts dvri$\fytTe with Bekk. B. S. #X<tyf in some edit, of 
Sappho, Fr. u, 7 (Brunck, Anal, i, 57) is pretty evidently a late 
interpolation. 

B\Tjx<io|ji(u To bleat, Poet. Ar. Vesp. 570 ; -wfievos Pax 535, 
and -fo/jiai, opt. ftXrixolvro Theocr. 16, 92, but -<atno (Briggs, 
Ahr.) : imp. Kar-f/3X^wKro Theoc. 5, 42 : aor. e/SX^o-dp/i' Long. 
Past. 3, 13; p\T)xf]fraivro Anth. 7, 657. /SXifoo/wu seems not 
to occur, for at Theocr. 16, 92, opt. /SX^oIvro, not /SX^oirro, 
is the approved Ms. reading. This verb is rare : in Attic, 
pres. only. 

B\tfjia&> To feel, in act. only pres. Dor. -do-So/**? Ar. Lys. 1 164 
(Br. Dind. -nVro/i Vulg. Bekk. Bergk); ftXtudfav Ar. Av. 530; 
rare in prose Luc. Lex. 12 ; -dfav Philostr. Imag. 429, 95 : and 
imp. e'jSXi'/i- Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 183 : aor. pXipat-ai (Hesych.) : 
pass. aor. f[d>\ip.da-6ri Hippocr. 5, 204 (Lit.). 

BXiCTcru, -TTW To take the honey, Soph. Fr. 856 (D.) ; Ar. Eq. 
794 ; PI. Rep. 564 ; Aristot. H. An. 9, 40, 54 : imp. fjSXm-f 

Hesych: fut. (#Xuro>) : aor. e/3Xtcra Nonn. 5, 257, aTT-e'/SXio-e 

Ar. Av. 498 ; jSXfam PI. Rep. 564 : aor. m. dirffiXioaro formerly 
Anth. 7, 34, has been altered to aTreTrXdo-ero (Jacobs). Pass. 
,6XiTTerat Aristot. H. A. 5, 22, 9. Vb. fK-tf\i<rTf(js Hesych. 

BXv'iw To bubble, Poet, and late prose, Orac. Paus. 5, 7, 3 ; 
Orph. Arg. 601 ; Anth. 7, 27; Max. xarap^. 304; Philostr. 



JBoaw. 137 

Apoll. 95. 132, OTTO- II. 9, 491, dva- Aristot. Mirab, 113, /SXi/n-w 
v. r. (PI. Rep. 564), and /SXtlw Lycophr. 301, dva- Hippocr. 
6, 374 (Lit.), Trepi- Ap. Rh. 4, 788, eVt- 1238 &c. : imp. (&\vov 
Nonn. Par. 2, 28, iter. /SAtW/ce, dva- Ap. Rh. 3, 223, /SXvfeo-nce, 
di>a- Q. Sm. 14, 496 : fat. /3Xvcr< Anth. (incert.) 9, 819; (v. r. 
PI. Rep. 564), (o-a-) Nonn. Par. 7, 38 : aor. e/iAu<ra Ap. Rh. 4, 
1446; Anth. ir, 24; Q. Sm. i, 242, ova- Aristot. Mund. 

6, 32^ Plut. Syl. 6: aor. pass. '/3Xuo-0i; late? Orac. Euseb. 
prep. ev. 5, 15. In pres. and imp. p\vco has v, in fut. and aor. 
v: but e/SXtJaei/? Christ. Pat. 1083, dva-fiXvaai Plut. Syl. 6 (Sint. 
Bekk.). 

BXuYro, /SXuw, see preced. 

BXojoxo) 70 gtf (^XCOOTCO), ydAw), Poet, and late in simple, 8\a>o-Ka>v 
Nic. Ther. 450, Kara- Od. 16, 466; j3X<Boxi>, Trpo- Od. 21, 239, 
diro- Ap. Rh. 3, 1143, Epic /SXaxrKep.*" Od. 19, 25: fut. (late 
/3Xo>o>, Kara- Lycophr. io68 : and 1 aor. e/3X<aa Lycophr. 1327): 
mid. /zoXoi'jiai in Trag. Aesch. Pr. 689; Soph. O. C. 1742; 
(Hippocr. 5, 698, seemingly corrupt) : p. /xt/zjSXco/ca Od. 17, 190; 
Eur. Rh. 629; Callim. Fr. 124, Trap- II. 4, n. 24, 73: 2 aor. 
f/xoXov Pind. Ol. 14, 18; Aesch. Ch. 935. 937; Soph. El. 506. 
1234; Ar. Lys. 984. Av. 404, unaugm. poKov Pind. P. 3, 47, 
fK-fjLo\ev II. ii, 604, irpo- Od. 15, 468 (Hesych. has an aor. 
e/3Xco, u>x fTO }> su bj- p<&> Soph. Ph. 479; Ar. Lys. 743, -\ys 
Mimnerm. 12, 10; Aesch. Pr. 719; Soph. Ph. 1332, -Xg 
II. 24, 781; Aesch. Pers. 529, -Xw/^ei/ 230; ^tdXoi/ Eur. Hel. 
246, /xdXoi Pind. N. 3, 63; Aesch. Ag. 345; Soph. O. C. 70; 
Ar. Thesm. 1146; imper. pdXe Eur. An. 509; Ar. Thesm. 
JI 55> *P- II- J 8, 392; /xoXetv Aesch. Pr. 236; Soph. O. C. 
757 ; Eur. Ale. 107 ; /ioXwc II. n, 173. Od. 3, 44; Aesch. Ag. 
293; Soph. O. R. 35; Eur. Hipp. 661 ; Ar. Ran. 1232; late 
in prose f'/xo'Xere Plut. Cleom. 38 ; except subj. ^dXwo-t Xen. An. 
7> I t 33 > po\6vTfs Plut. Mor. 220. 225; /xoXelv Polyb. 30, 9. 
Late poets have pres. fioXe'co Anth. 12, 93: aor. /toXij<ra$ Tzetz. 
Anteh. 375. The pres. and perf. are Epic, excepting Eur. 
Rhes. quoted : the fut. seems confined to Tragedy : the 2 aor. 
is almost Poetic. 

Bodiw To shout, (a) II. 14, 394 ; Simon. C. 114 ; Aesch. Sept. 
381; Soph. El. 295; Ar. Thesm. 507; Her. 3, 117; Thuc. 

7, 48 ; PI. Phaed. 114 ; opt. -</*i, Vi- Aesch. Supp. 675 (Turn. 
Wellau. now altered), Att. -^v Ar. Thesm. 506 ; PI. Phaed. 
101 ; contr. imper. /3d>, eVt- Aesch. Pers. 1054 (chor.): imp. 
e/So'ojj/ Com. Fr. (Lysipp.) 2, 748 ; Thuc. 6, 28, /3dtoi Hes. Sc. 
243, iter. fiodna-Kfv Ap. Rh. 2, 588 : fut. ^o^o/xai Thuc. 7, 48 ; 
PI. Apol. 30; Dem. 2, 29. 21, 138; Luc. D. Mar. 6, 3, dva- 



1 38 Boaor. 

Eur. I. A. 465; Lycurg. 31, Kara- Ar. Eq. 286, Dor. floa<ropai 
AT. Nub. 1154 (chor.); Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 598; Anth. App. 
Epigr. 200, dva- Ar. Plut. 639 (chor.) : late /3oij<ro> Anth. 7, 32. 
9, 100. Plan. 169; Ap. Rh. 3, 792 ; Or. Sib. 7, in, Kara- Piut. 
Them. 7, Sta- Herodn. 2, 2; V. T. Lev. 25, 10, Dor. -d<ra>? 
see below: aor. e/3dj<ra II. n, 15. Od. 4, 281; Anacr. 100; 
Com. Fr. 3, 371 (chor.), dv- Antiph. 5, 69; Thuc. i, 53; 
Isocr. 12, 264; Xen. Cyr. 7, i, 38, r- Thuc. 5, 65, &c., 'Qdrjv- 
Soph. Tr. 772, 0170- II. 23, 847 (Bekk.); /Soqo-as Luc. Tim. n, 
Dor. ffioacrf in tmes. Eur. Tr. 522 (chor.), dvr- Bion i, 38, 
/Soda-e Pind. P. 6, 36 ; Eur. Andr. 298 (chor.) ; pt. Dor. /Sodo-ais 
Find. Ol. 8, 40; /3oao-at Aision ap. Aristot. Rhet. 3, 10, 7: 
p. late pefiorjKOTfs Philostr. V. Soph. 561 : p'. p. e#oV< Anth. 
7, 138; Aristid. 7, 44 (D.), fiia- (PI.) Epist. 312, oa/i- Anth. 
15, 4: Pip- e'/3eoVo Paus. 6, n, 2, fit- Luc. Peregr. 10: aor. 
&ot'idrjv, 8t- Plut. Sol. n. Timol. 5. Mid. /Sodo/iat rare in 
simple, |3od(r0a> may be mid. Eur. I. A. 438 ; {Boao-dui Hel. 1434; 
/3oa>/iei/o9 shouting, Ar. Vesp. 1228; Aratus 912, &c. eW/Sodrot 
Eur. Med. 168, in classic Attic prose only n- Thuc. 7, 69, 
8m- Dem. 26, 19; (Luc. Fug. 3); em-ftounevos Thuc. 3, 59. 
*>7- 7> 75- 8 9 2 ; l ate Dio. Hal. n, 49; Dio Cass. 39, 38; 
Luc. Tyr. 20. D. Mer. 12, I ; Themist. 6, 77: imp. iir-tfioiavTo 
Dio Cass. 41, 9, -dro Luc. Necyom. 9 : fut. jSoqo-o/ucu, -ao-o/xat 
see above: aor. Poijo-dpfvos Dion, de Avibus 2, 19; /So^o-aro 
Q. Sm. 10, 465 (Ms. A. Vulg. yofjv- Pauw, Lehrs, Koechly); 
fTTi-porjaaadai Plut. Syl. 6; Luc. D. Mar. 2, 4; Dio Cass. 59, 10; 
-o-d/ifKos Ep. Phal. 132 (Herch.); Dio Cass. 39, 29. Vb. 
ftorjrdt, nepi- Thuc. 6, 31, -/3o>ros Euen. Ascal. 8 (Bergk.) Epic 
extended forms, /Soda for /3od, II. 14, 394, ^odwo-i for ^odouot, 
II. 17, 265, &o6a>v for -awv, II. 15, 687. Epic and Ionic contr. 
forms: /Somu, rt- Theocr. 12, 35: ^0-op.ai, im- Od. i, 378. 
2, 143. II. 10, 463 (Vulg. Spitzn. La Roche, VtS&)o-- Aristarch. 
Bekk. and Dind. now], Kara-/3o>o-- Her. 6, 85 : aor. act. e/3o-a 
Hipponax i (B.), dv- Her. i, 10. 3, 14. 155; fiaaov Com. Fr. 
(Cratin.) 2, 229, /Swo-dTw Ar. Pax 1155 (chor.); /Swo-at Her. 
i, 146; /Saxras II. 12, 337; Her. 5, i. 6, 105. 8, 92. iiS, 
a/n/3a><ras i, 8. 3, 38. 7, 1 8 : p. /3f/3a>/LteVa Her. 3, 39 : aor. e^wo-^v 
Her. 6, 131. 8, 124: aor. m. ejSoxraTo Theocr. 17, 60, irpoa-- 
Her. 6, 35, r- 9, 23, &c. Her., we think, has always the 
contracted forms; Horn, has aor. e'/So'jjo-a, rarely /So^o-a, only 
once -wo-a, but always -wo-cycat. /SoSo-w Eur. Ion 1446 (chor.), 
dva- Hel. 1108 (chor.), 5ta- Aesch. Pers. 637 (chor.) sometimes 
quoted as instances of Dor. fut. act. seem rather to be subj. 
aor. /3o^o-aro Q. Sm. 10, 465, has been altered to yoijo-aro on 



Boqfleeo Bo'AojKcu . 139 

perhaps insufficient grounds, " medio non usitato " (Koechly). 
That the mid. is used, simple and compd., the quotations given 
above sufficiently prove. Koechly, on his alleged grounds of 
preference, had perhaps better reasons for quarrelling with aor. 
mid. fi^dtyavTo 5, 466, which, we think, is an unique instance of 
the simple aor. mid. 

BoTjOe'u To assist, Her. I, 62 ; Antiph. 2, y, n ; Isocr. 19, 15 ; 
Ion. imper. /3&>&tTe Anth. (Meleag.) 12, 84, is reg. in Attic: 
imp. (pof)6eov Her. 6, 103. 108. 138, e/3o>0- (Dind.), -r^Qow Thuc. 
7 33 ! Lys. 31,8: fut. -r\<> Andoc. 3, 26 : aor. c/So^tra Her. 7, 
165 (e/3&>0- D.); Lys. 31, 29 ; Dem. 22, 14; -rjaas Aesch. Supp. 
613: p. -?K Thuc. 3, 97; Dem. 15, 3. 10, 18. Pass, rare, 
poTjOflrai Plut. Mor. 687. 720, -OVVTCLI 689; -6(iv6ai Apollod. 
2, 8, i (B.) : p. /Se^oijfyrcu Antiph. i, 31; /fe/Soij^eW (PI.) 
Epist. 347 : aor. late e^o^^f V. T. Esai. 10, 3. 30, 2 : with 
fut. mid. j3oT)0r](TovTai as pass. V. T. Dan. n, 34. Mid. late, 
fut. Por)df)crt>nai see above : aor. jS^&jo-aa-tfai Galen 5, 29, both 
missed by Lexicogr. Vb. fryd^Teov Hippocr. 5, 316; Xerr. 
Hell. 6, 5, 10. Her., according to Mss. and most edit., 
generally uses this verb in the Attic form ftorjdico, (@oT)0(ov, 
ffiotflrjffa, but occasionally in the Ionic, e/3&>&e 9, 23, en- 8', 

I. 14: e@<a6r)<rav 8, 47, in- 8, 45; fiudfjaas 8, 72; irpo-^iadrjffai 

8, 144 (Gaisf. Bekk. Kriig. &c.), Stein always Porjd-; Dind. 
and Abicht again edit, we think, in every case /3&>0e'o>, e'jSw&e, 
e'/Sw^o-a, &c. " because in Ionic orj contract into <>." This 
reason would have been stronger had the verb been exclusively 
or even chiefly Ionic or poetic. On the contrary, it is very 
frequent in Attic, and prosaic, occurring once or twice in 
Tragedy, rarely even in Comedy, never, we think, in good 
Epic. It seems to us therefore as likely that Her. meant to 
use the Attic form, but was occasionally surprised into the 
Ionic. Hippocr. we think never has the contr. form pa>0-, but 
always /Sojjtfwa, see i, 598. 8, 402. 9, 208. 218. 234. 268, 
/So^^o-wi/ (Epist.) 9, 420. In a Cretan Inscr. occurs fut. 
fiorjOrjaiovTi (Bergm.) 

(BoXea)) = Bd\Xa To throw, hit, p.p. /SejSo'Aqpu Ap. Rh. 4, 
1318 : pip. &f&6\r)TO Q. Sm. 7, 726, 3 pi. -TJVTO 2, 585, -quro II. 

9, 3; -T]ft.fi>os II. 9, 9; Ap. Rh. i, 262; Musae. 134: aor. late 
puXrjdeis Or. Sib. 12, 75. In late Epic, the comp. a/3oXo occurs 
in fut. -f)<rofjLv Ap. Rh. 3, 1145: and aor. d/3oXij(rai> 2, 77> 
Callim. Fr. 455. (a.) 

B6Xo/i.cu Poet. (@uv\o[tai, volo) To wish, II. n, 319, )3dXeo-0e 
Od. 1 6, 387 ; Aeol. /SoXXoVi/oy Stob. Flor. (Dius) 65, 16 (Mein.) : 
imp. e/3oAoiTo Od. i, 234, Aeol. e/3oAXo'/xa> Theocr. 28, 15. 



1 40 BoV/cft) 

BOO-KU To feed, Od. n, 365; Archil. 19; Soph. Fr. 518; 
Eur. Phoen. 396; Ar. Eq. 256; Her. i, 44; Thuc. 7, 48: 
imp. e/3oo7ce Eur. Phoen. 405 ; Luc. Pseudol. 25 ; Philostr. i, 5. 
3, in, police II. 15, 548 : fat. /Soov^o-w Od. 17, 559; Ar. Eccl. 
599: aor. late t'/Soenojo-a Geop. 18, 7: aor. p. and fut. see 
below. Mid. and pass. /SOCTKO/XQI to eat, Od. 14, 104; Anacr. 
75; Aesch. Ag. 118. Sept. 244; Ar. Av. 1099; Her. 9, 93 ; 
PI. Rep. 586: imp. efiocnceTo H. Merc. 193; Eur. Bacc. 617; 
Luc. Peregr. 16, /Sooveowo Od. 12, 128, iter. /Soa-KeWov Od. 12, 
355 : fut. Poo-Kronen Scrap, in Plut. Mor. 398 ; Or. Sib. 3, 788, 
Dor. -T)o-ovfj.ai Theocr. 5, 103 : aor. late epofrKrjo-dfirjv, KOT- Long. 
Past. 2, 1 6, eVc- Galen i, 517: with aor. pass. f8oa-Kf)6i]v Babr. 
89, near- Pseud.-Callisth. i, 32; Aesop 131 (Halm); fiotTKTjdfif 
Trag. Fr. (Incert.) 268 (Wagn.); Nic. Then 34; Hierocl. 
128: and fut. S~>a-Krjdfjo-ofj.ai, KOTO- trans. Geop. 2, 39, intrans. 

irepi-fioa-Krid- 2O, 22. Vb. /3o(TKJ?T>s Ar. Av. 1359. pofTKfv 

Dor. inf. pres. Theocr. 4, 2 (Vulg. Meineke, -cu> Ahr. Ziegl. 
Fritzsche). 

BouKoXi<w, Dor. BuKoXiddSw To sing a pastoral song, in act. 
only imp. finvKoMacrftov Bion 5, 5 : fut. -agds (see below). Mid. 
ftovKo\ia(fo Theocr. 9, i, -deu 5, 60. 9, 5 ; Mosch. 3, 122 
(132); -aa-8<afjLfo-6n Theocr. 7, 36 : fut. /3ouoXta^ 5, 44 (Ms. Vat. 
B. Valk. Gaisf. Mein. Ziegl. Ahr. &c. -eir Vulg.) Editors even 
the same vary between -a&> and -ao-8<o, PO>K- and /Sovx- : Ahrens, 
Meineke, Ziegler, and Fritzsche always the latter. 

BouXeuw 71? consul/, counsel, plan, reg. in act. II. 10, 415; 
Aesch. Eum. 700; Antiph. i, 26; Thuc. 8, 58; Epic subj. 

-rjo-da II. 9, 99; Epic. inf. -eve'/z*" Od. 14, 491: imp. e'/3oii\- 

Her. 8, 49 ; Thuc. 5, 63, /3ou\- Od. i, 444 : fut. -eiio-w II. 
2, 379; Ar. Pax 692; Thuc. 8, 72; Epic inf. -evo-e'/iei/ Od. 
5, 179: aor. /3ouXfw<ro Od. 5, 23 ; Aesch. Ag. 1627; Her. 3, 
84, #ov\- II. 9, 458 ; -tvaas Antiph. 4, a, 7 ; PI. Apol. 32 : 

p. @f(iov\evKa Soph. O. R. 7OI ; IsOCr. l6, 43 : p. p. /3f/3oi)Xewrat 

Aesch. Pr. 998; Her. 7, 10. 8, 100; PI. Euth. 274; -ev/xW 
Epin. 982; Her. 4, 125, see mid.: pip. e/3e/3ouX- Her. 5, 92: 
aor. fftovXfvdrjv, -evdrjvat Thuc. i, i2o; -evdfis PI. Rep. 442 : fut. 
late eTn-&ov\(vdTi(TovTcu Dio Cass. 52, 33; Epist. Phal. 122 
(Kerch.) : and fut. m. ftov\(vo-(Tai pass. Aesch. Sept. 198, eVt- 
Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 34. Mid. ^ovXeuo/iat to deliberate, &c. Soph. 
Ant. 772; Her. 7, 13; Antiph. 5, 72; PI. Lach. 185: imp. 
e/3ouX- Her. 3, 84; Thuc. 2, 4; Antiph. i, 17 ; Dem. 48, 28: 
fut. -({xropai Aesch. Ag. 846; Thuc. i, 43; PI. Conv. 174: 
aor. fpovXfvvdwv Soph. O. R. 537 ; Her. i, 73 ; Antiph. 5, 71. 
76; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 17, /SouXevo- II. 2, 114: with p. 



Boi/Ao/ucM. 141 

Soph. El. 947 ; Eur. Med. 893 ; Her. 3, 134, -eva-ai Eur. Supp. 
248 ; Aeschin. 3, 209, -tvrai Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 15, -fvfif0a PI. 
Charm. 176, -ewrai Soph. El. 385; -evadai Aesch. Fr. 258; 
Thuc. 6, 8; Xen. An. 7, 6, 27; Isocr. 19, i; Dem. 8, 3; 
-ev/ieW Thuc. i, 69 ; Dem. 18, 236 : and late aor. e^ov\fv6r] 
Dio. Hal. Excerp. 15, 7 ; and eVt/SovXeutfJji/ai Dio Cass. 59, 
26 (Vulg. but eiripovXtvaat Bekk. Dind.) Vb. &ov\tvriov 
Tinier, 72. 

BouXop.cu (and BoXofiat, which see) To will, wish, II. i, 117; 
Aesch. Pr. 929; Soph. O. C. 363 ; Ar. Nub. 78; Her. 2, 86; 
Antiph. 5, 80 ; PI. Rep. 358, 2 sing, in Att. always /SouXei Soph. 
Ant. 757; Ar. Ran. 3; Thuc. 6, 14, Ion. -Xu Od. 18, 364; 
Her. i, ii. 3, 53. 6, 69 &c. ; subj. /SovXJ? Ar. Eq. 850 ; PI. Rep. 
346, Epic -Xu Hes. Op. 647 (Flach, Koechly), -A;cu (Goetll.), 
Tai Ar. Ran. 381 ; Thuc. 4, 3, Epic -Aerot II. i, 67; opt. 
Od. 17, 187 ; Eur. Hec. 319, -OIVTO Xen. An. 2, 3, 4, Ion. 
Her. i, 3 &c. ; imper. ftovXeo Theogn. 145: imp. 
ofjirjv II. n, 79; Soph. Ph. 1239; Eur. H. F. 1305; Ar. 
Ran. 866 ; Her. i, 165. 2, 120. 6, 66; Antiph. 4, 8, 4 ; Thuc. 
3, 51 ; Xen. An. i, i, i. Hell, i, 7, 7 ; Lys. 3, 21. 13, 7 ; Dem. 
i, 13. 4, 4 &c., 8ov\- II. 23, 682, and ^ov\- Eur. Hel. 752; 
Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 502 ; Isocr. 8, 10 ; Xen. Hell, i, i, 29 
(Saupp. Breitb.). (Apol.) n; Lys. 13, 6. 25, 14; Dem. i, 15. 
9, 61. 18, 101 &c. : fiit. /SovAqo-o/wu Horn. H. 2, 86; Aesch. Pr. 
867 ; Her. i, 127 ; Antiph. 6, 8 ; Thuc. i, 22 : (no mid. aor.): 
p. ^(^ov\rifj.ai Dem. 1 8, 2 : aor. efiov\f)8r)v as mid. Eur. Hipp. 
476 ; Antiph. i, 13; Thuc. i, 34 ; Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 8. 4, 4, 8 
(Dind. Saupp.); PI. Tim. 25; Lys. 14, 9; Isocr. 3, 39. 9, 65 
(Bekk. B. S.) ; Isae. 5, 19; Dem. 19, 29. 23, 107 (Bekk. Dind. 
B. S.), T)&OV\- Xen. Hipp. 3, 5 (D. Saupp.). Hell. 4, 4, 8 (Vulg.); 
Isocr. 5, 12 (Bekk. B. S. Bens.). 9, 65 (Bens.); Dem. 14, 15. 
19, 43. 20, 114. 23, 202 (Bekk. B. S.) ; -rjdtis Soph. O. C. 732 : 

flit, late, Pov\r)6rj(Tonai Aristid. 24, 292 (Vulg. -XVo/iat Ms. 

T. Dind.); Galen 13, 636; 2 p. poet. /3/3ouAa, irpo- prefer, 

II. I, 113 ; Anth. 9, 445. V"b. fiovXrjros PI. Leg. 733, -qreos 

Aristot. Eth. Mag. 2, n, 7. Ion. 3 pi. imp. tfJovKearo, for 
-\ovro, Her. i, 4. 3, 143, e/SovXoiro however is by far the prevail- 
ing form, i, 165. 2, 120. 150. 5, 65. 7, 195. 229 (Schweigh. 
Bekk. Gaisf.) This verb never has double augm. f)3ov\- in 
Horn, and Her. ; rarely in the Tragedians, v. r. Soph. Ph. 
1239, and once or so in Eur.; never in Aristoph., but once in 
Alexid. Com. Fr. 3, 502. In the Orators, Bekk. and B. Saupp. 
vary with the Mss. Benseler, again, %&- always in Isocr., and 
W. Dind. always, we think, e/3- in Dem. (3 edit. 1855). In 



142 BpaSuvo) B^oe/xw. 

Thuc. scarcely a trace is left of double augm. q/3ovX- 2, 2. a, 5. 

6, 79 (Vulg.), e'/3ouX- (Popp. Kriig. and Bekk. now, 1846 Berlin), 
except 6, 79, where, perhaps from inadvertence, he still retains 
T)&-, and in Xen. the best Mss. and edit, differ. dvvapat and 
/wAAw also take, besides the syllabic, the temporal augment 
which see in their place. 

BpdSukw (u) To make slow, delay, Soph. Ph. 1400 (Ellendt)?; 
intrans. to be slow, Aesch. Supp. 730 ; Eur. Heracl. 733 ; Ar. 
Vesp. 230; PL Rep. 528. Polit. 277 : imp. ffipdfcvov D. Hal. 
Ant. 9, 26 ; Luc. H. V. i, 29 ; Ael. V. H. 3, 43 : fut. -vvo> V. 
T. Deut. 7, 10 : aor. (Ppdsvva Dio Chrys. Or. 40 (491); App. 
Civ. i, 69 ; Luc. Char, i ; Dio Cass. 52, 37. 76, 7 ; Herodn. 3, 

7, 4 ; Polyaen. Strat. i, 48 ; ppabvvu, >- 'Luc. Hip. 6 : p. 
/3e/3pa8uKo ? : pip. (ptppaSvKfiv Luc. Symp. 2O. Mid. Ppadvvofjxu 
Aesch. Sept. 623 (Vulg. Herm. Weil, rejected by Dind.) Pass. 
PpaSvvfrat Soph. O. C. 1628. El. 1501. Classic authors seem 
to have used only pres. act. mid. and pass. Neither Soph. Ph. 
1400, nor N. T. 2 Pet. 3, 9, are decisive instances of trans, 
meaning: V. T. Esai. 46, 13, is stronger. 

Bpdci> To boil, shake, Heliod. 5, 16, ppdcr<ra> Anth. 10, i ; Nic. 
Alex. 359, Att. -T PI. Soph. 226; Ar. Fr. 267 (D.): fut. 
/3pa<ra>, ovvfK- Lycophr. 898, V- Orig. Ref. Haeres. 4, 33 
(Miller): aor. (&pa<ra Anth. 6, 222; Nic. Alex. 25; Geop. 7, 
15: p. p. &e&pa<rnai Anth. 7, 288, c- Diod. Sic. 20, 112: aor. 
jppdadrjv Aretae. Morb. Ac. i, 5, dva- Ap. Rh. 2, 566, e'- 
Plut. Pyr. 15; Dio Cass. 48, 48 ; Diod. Sic. 20,76. Mid. 
Ppdwfrai, (K- Hippocr. 7, 1 66 (Lit.), where however some would 
make it pass, by reading 0/>d/a/3of for -ovt, see also an-o/fyao-o-frat 
7, 540. Ermerins reads act. form eVc/Spao-em 2, 313. Vb. 

Ppaarreov Geop. 3, 7- 

(Bpdxw) To resound, Epic and only 2 aor. eiSpa^f II. 5, 863; Ap 
Rh. 2, 573; Callim. Del. 140, dv- II. 19, 13, /Spa^f II. 5, 838. 
16, 468. 566. Od. 21, 49 (Bekk. r/3p- Vulg. Dind.); Hes. Sc. 423. 
Bekk. in his last edition (1858) writes /3pax always after a vowel. 

Bpe'fiGj To roar, Poet, and only pres. II. 4, 425 ; Epich. 9 
(Ahr.); Pind. P. n, 30; Aesch. Sept. 378 (trim.). 84 (chor.) ; 
Soph. Ant 592 (chor.); Hippocr. 7, 180 ; /Spe'ra Eur. Bac. 161 
(chor.); -eiv Aesch. Eum. 979 (chor.) ; Eur. Heracl. 832 (trim.); 
-tpa>v Aesch. Pr. 424; Eur. Phoen. 112. H. F. 962. Tr. 83 (trim.). 
520 (chor.) : and imp. ffipfpov Ap. Rh. 2, 567; Non. i, 231. 
Mid. ^pffwfjiai as act. II. 14, 399 ; Pind. N. n, 7 ; Aesch. Sept. 
350 (chor.) ; Ar. Thesm. 998 (chor.) The Tragedians confine 
the usage of this word very much to chor. : ind. and inf. perhaps 
each once, part, thrice, in trimet. Eur. quoted. 



J$pev6uo/Jiai BjO/^ft). 143 

(u) To swagger, only pros. Ar. Nab. 362. Pax 26. 
Lys. 887; -vofjifvos PI. Conv. 221; Luc. Tim. 54; -eo-ftu Lex. 
24: and late, imp. tfipevSveTo Liban. 15, p. 431. 

Bpe'xw To wet, Com. Fr. (Telecl.) 2, 376; Her. i, 189; Xen. 
An. 3, 2, 22; PI. Phaedr. 229, 8m- Aesch. Fr. 318: imp. 
f$pfXv Philox. 5 (B.), j8p<xe Find. Ol. 7, 34 : fut. late, #pe'o> 
Or. Sib. 5, 377. 508. 10, 200, ova- Oribas. 8, 39, dno- Galen 6, 
591: apr. e#p f a PI. Phaedr. 254; Pptgov Hippocr. 8, 192; 
/3/je'nt Xen. An. 4, 3, 12 ; @peas Com. Fr. (Ax.) 3, 531 ; Aristot. 
Meteor. 2, 3, 36 ; Hippocr. i, 576. 6, 632 (Lit.) : p. p. /3e- 
/3pey/*at Pind. Ol. 6, 55; Com. Fr. (Eubul.) 3, 263; Hippocr. 2, 
484. 8, 236 (Lit.) ; Aristot. Probl. 3, i : aor. f^pex^n v Xen. An. 
i, 4, 17 ; Bp(xdS) Aristot. Gen. An. 3, 2, 6, Kara- Ar. Nub. 267 ; 
Ppexdeis Eur. Elec. 362 ; Aristot. Probl. 21, 6 ; (Dem.) 55, 25; 
-jjiw 55, 24: 2 aor. tBpdxW Anacreont. 31, 26 (Bergk); Hip- 
pocr. 8, 200 (Lit.); Aristot. Probl. 12, 3, 6: fut. late, /Spa^o-erai 
V. T. Esai. 34, 3. Mid. fut Pptgerai, Kara- seemingly pass, 
occurs Hippocr. 2, 798 (Kiihn), for which Littre' reads inf. aor. 
act. Karajlpet-di (Mss. J. C. 6] : aor. late dv-fppeguro Niceph. 
Rhet. 7, u ; '/i-/3pe'aio Nic. Alex. 237. Vb. fipetcrfov late 
Geop. 3, 8. 

Bpidw To make strong, Epic -a Hes. Op. 5. Th. 447 ; 
-UOVTO. be strong, Hes. Op. 5 ; Opp. Hal. 5, 96. t, a always, 
and only pres. 

Bpib> To feel heavy, drowsy, Poet. Aesch. Eum. 280; ^ov II. 
4, 223; Aesch. Ag. 275. Ch. 897 : aor. t$pia Eur. Rhes. 825 
(Vulg. Nauck, see &pi6<*>}; ftpl^ov, dno- Theocr. Epigr. 21 ; dno- 
Pp[avTes Od. 9, 151. 

Bpi'du (t) To be heavy, press, Horn. H. 30, 9 ; Pind. N. 3, 40 ; 
Soph. Aj. 130 ; PI. Phaedr. 247 ; (Hippocr.) Epist. 3, 370 ; Epic 
subj. /Spi'flflo-t Od. 19, 112 (others -drjvi indie.): imp. fipWov 
Od. 9, 219 : fut. Ppi<ra>, -vi^v H. H. Cer. 456 (Ruhnk. 
Frank. Baum. -vo-epev Mss.), fTn-Spitrova-i Q. Sm. 10, 30 : aor. 
e/Spicm II. 12, 346. 17, 512; Eur. Rhes. 825 (Vat. Kirchh. 
Dind. 5 ed.); Plut. Caes. 44. Lys. 12, /3plo-a Anth. ir, 91; 
Ppio-r] Hippocr. 6, 108. 112 (Lit.); Aristot. Probl. 16, 1*1, rt- 
H- 7, 343 ; /Spt'o-etar, eVt- Od. 24, 344 ; Ppio-as U. 17, 233. Od. 6, 
159; Hippocr. 6, 112, Dor. /S/j'aatr, eVi- Pind. P. 3, 106, see 
below : p. fc&pWa II. 16, 384; Pind. Fr. 100; Eur. Elec. 305; 
Hippocr. 8, 280 ; Plut. Mor. 349 ; Heliod. 5, 14, Kara- Hes. Op. 
234: pip. Pffipidti Od. 16, 474, e/Sf/3- Anth. 14, 120. Some- 
times trans, to weigh down, (ipiddv Hes. Op. 466 ; late prose 
Themist. 20, 234; Aretae. Diut. Morb. i, 48 (ed. Oxon.): aor. 
Pind. N. 8, 18; /3piW Od. 6, 159; Aesch. Pers. 346: 



144 

hence pass. Pptdfrai Aesch. Fr. 114 (D.); Eur. Fr. 470 (D.), 
-en/rat Bacchyl. 13, 12 ; -operas II. 8, 307 ; Hes. Sc. 290 ; Aesch. 
Sept. 153; Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 350: aor. fipid^vm Alciphr. 3, 
67 (Wagn.) is uncertain, Kpidijmi (Mss.), npiad^vat (L. Bind.), 
fKptvrjdrjvai (Boisson. Mein.) This verb seems not to occur in 
good Attic prose, except once in Plato. 

BpifAaofjiai To be enraged, (in simple aor. only) Ppifuapevos, 
cp- Aesch. Sept. 461 : imp. late, fv-eppipuvTo N. T. Mark 14, 5 
(Vat. -OVVTO Sin.): fut. late, (p.-j3pinf]<rfTai Sym. Esai. 17, 13: 
aor. Ppip-fjo-aio Ar. Eq. 855, eW^Jpi/xijo-aro Luc. Necy. 20 : aor. 
pass, as mid. ev-tfipi^Or) N. T. Matth. 9, 30 (best Mss. Lach. 
Tisch. -JJO-OTO Vulg.) : collat. imp. (ftpipovro Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 9. 
Hesych. has aor. act. e/i-^pt/ifjo-at. 

Bpip.6ofi.ai To be enraged, only imp. e/3pip,oOro Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 9; 
N. T. Mark 14, 5 (Sin.), see preced. 

Bpofie'w Epic, To buzz, roar, Ap. Rh. 4, 787 ; subj. -Wi IL 
16, 642 ; -emir Anth. 7, 278, -fova-a Orph. Arg. 1187 : imp. fipopeov 
Ap. Rh. 2, 597, iter. ftpop^taKov, rrtpi- Ap. Rh. 4, 17. 

(BpoTooficu) To be stained with gore (jSpdroj), Epic and only 

p. p. /Sf^porw^eVa Od. II, 41; Q. Sm. I, 717. A pt. act. ^poTouo-a 

occurs very late, Nicet. Eug. 5, 205 (Hercher). 

(Bpoxu) To swallow, Poet, and in simple, only aor. /3poe 
Anth. 9, i; with its comp. Kara-fipogtif Od. 4, 222, dva- 12, 240; 
-a<ra Ap. Rh. 4, 826: 1 aor. pass, late, Kara-fipuxdeis Lycophr. 
55: 2 aor. dva-ppoxds Od. ii, 586. Hither, perhaps, rather 
than to dvappvxdofjuii, may be referred as 2 p. dva-fti&poxfv the 
reading of Zenod. and now Bekker, for -@t0pvx fv H r 7> 54> ^ as 
drunk up, viz. 6 x^Pf- 

Bpod^w To teem, revel, Poet. Aesch. Sup. 878 ; -dfav Timoth. 
5 (Bergk); Orph. H. 33, 7. 53, 10; -d&tv Plut. Mor. (Epicur.) 
1098: imp. (3pvaov Dur. Sam. in Schol. Eur. Hec. 915: aor. 
comp. dv-ejBpvagav Ar. Eq. 602 : yet imp. mid. e^pvd^ovro : and 
fut. /3pvac-o/ouu are given by Hesych. (v.) 

Bpu^u To drink, or breiv, seems to have only imp. fftpvfa 
if sound, Archil. 32 (Bergk): aor. /3piiat (Hesych.). 

BpJKw (0) To grind the teeth, bite, Horn. Epigr. 14, 13; Soph. 
Tr. 987 (chor.); Eur. Cycl. 359. 372 (chor.); Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 
2, 43; Ar. Pax 1315, and &pv X a> Anth. 15, 51 ; Hippocr. 8, 32. 
84 (Lit.): imp. tppvue Ar. Lys. 301, and p* e Com. Fr. (Stratt.) 

2, 767, if sound : fut. ;3/>v Hippocr. 8, 16; Lycophr. 545; 
Or. Sib. 8, 350: aor. fiSpv^o Hippocr 5, 252 (Lit.); Anth. 
7, 624, fir- Com. Fr. (Arch.) 2, 725: p. late, unless to be 
referred to ^pv^do/xat, Pe&pvx<*s Opp. Hal. 2, 619; Q. Sm. 

3, 146 : 2 aor. tffpuxt Anth. 9, 252, see below. Pass. 



145 

Soph. Ph. 745: aor. ftpvxQds Anth. 9, 267. Generally Ppvica> 
bite, /Spu^co gnash, yet e/3pi>x e bit, Anth. 9, 252. The change 
to egpvKf is easy, but their radical connection may as easily 
justify an occasional indiscriminate use. This verb is rare in 
Trag., never, we think, in Attic prose. 

Bpuxdojjiai To roar, Soph. Tr. 805; Ar. Ran. 823; Hippocr. 
2, 56 (Erm. Dietz); and late, Ael. H. A. 5, 51; Opp. C. 4, 161: 
imp. efrpvx&vro Theocr. 25 (20), 137 ; Ael. Fr. 340, -firo Aesop 
F. 255 (Halm), @pvx- Soph. Tr. 904 : fat. very late (/Spv^o-o^ai, 
KOTO- Eumath. n, 445): p. /Sf/Spu^a II. 17, 264; Soph. Tr. 
1072; -Ppvxn II. 17, 264 (Bekk.); -Ppvx&s 13, 393; late prose, 
Dio. Hal. 14, 18; Aristid. 15, 233: pip. f&fppvxet Od. 12, 
242 : aor. m. t^pvx^aro Dio Cass. 68, 24, Ppvxrjo- Ap. Rh. 
4,19; Nonn. 38, 357 ; ai/a-jSpv^o-a/xei/oy PI. Phaed. 117: with 
aor. p. as m. /3pux?0? Soph. O. R. 1265. There are some 
traces of a form /Spu^o/wii, subj. -aurac, if correct, Hippocr. 
6, 360 (Lit. gnash, but see above 2, 56 Ermerins); part. 
-ofitvos Q. Sm. 14, 484 ; Luc. D. Mar. i, 4 (Jacobitz), but -wp.i/os 
(Bekk. Bind.) 

Bpu'xw, see (3pvKa>. 

BpiJw To abound, II. 17, 56; Aesch. Ch. 64 (Med.); Eur. 
Bac. 107; (PI.) Ax. 371 ; /Spuj? (Xen.) Ven. 5, 12; -vcov Aesch. 
Ag. 169; Soph. O. C. 16; Ar. Nub. 45; Aristot. Mund. 3, i ; 
Ppveiv Aesch. Ch. 70 : imp. eppvov Epigr. Athen. 2, 39 ; Diog. 
Laert. (Pherecyd.) i, 122: fut. /3puo- Or. Sib. 6, 8; Horn. H. 
5, 456 (Mss. Doederl. Voss, fipta-- Franke, Baum.), see &pidu> : 
aor. eg-a/ji-ppva-ai Aesch. Eum. 912 (925) (Pauw. Herm. -ftpoo-ai 
Ms. Dind. 5 ed. but suggests -/3/aoai vel tale quid, metro 
postulante.) Occasionally trans. Anacreont. 44, 2 (Bergk) ; 
Phil, de Plant. 150; (Luc.) Trag. 117. This verb is scarcely 
in good Attic prose, (w, va--.) 

BpufAcxofjicu To roar, Aristot. H. A. 6, 29, 6: aor. /S/jw/LMjo-a/iej/or 
Ar. Vesp. 618. 

Bua>, see foil. 

Boi/ew To slop up, imp. tfivvaw Ar. Pax 645, takes from /3vo> 
Aristot. H. A. 9, 50, 6. de Plant. 2, 9, 7 (Pvovrai 2, 9, i): fut. fivaa>, 
'TU- Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 119, irpo- Ar. Vesp. 250: aor. /3uo-a 
Luc. Char. 21; irpo-fiwov Ar. Vesp. 249; fiva-as Hippocr. 7, 136 
(Lit.), tm- Ar. PI. 379: p. p. /3f'/3uo>uu, -pevos Od. 4, 134; 
Ar. Thesm. 506 ; Com. Fr. (Heg.) 4, 480; Hippocr. 8, 12; 
Alciphr. 3, 62; Luc. Peregr. 9, <TV\I- Ar. Vesp. mo: pip. 
@e8v(TTo Her. 6, 125, nap-at- Luc. Hist. Con. 22 : aor. e/S^o-^i/, 
Trap- Luc. Deor. Cone. 10, gvpirap- Pise. 12. Mid. in comp. 

8ia-pvveovTai Her. 4, 71, 7rapa-/3verat Anth. II, 2IO: aor. irap- 

L 



1 46 



Luc. D. Mer. 12, i; eVt-^uo-d^ei/oy Tim. 9. Herm. 81. 
Pass. 8ia-ui>erai Her. 2, 96, in accordance with which, Bredow 
and Abicht alter mid. SiafivveovTai to Sia-fivvovrcu ; Bekker, 
Dind. Stein retain -eovrcu. /3u<B pres. is rare, Aristot. H. A. 

9, 50. de Plant. 2, 9, quoted. 0ueo> seems to lack authority, 
since f0vvow has been accepted Ar. Pax 645 (Bekk. Dind.) for 
(&VQVV (old edit.) Vb. pva-ros, napa- Aristot. Top. 8, i, 17; 
Dem. 24, 47. (u in fut. and aor. -jSuerat Anth. (Lucill.) u, 
210, but in arsis.) The form (/3ufa>, -uo-w), pass. &V&TCU is in 
late Ionic, Aretae. Morb. Ac. 2, 2 ; the adv. however fivfrv 
closely, is in Thuc. 4, 8. i)fo /<? ^00/, as the owl, is also late, 
fut. (j3tia>): aor. e/3ua Dio Cass. 56, 29. 72, 24. /Swcri/s Od. 

10, 20. 

, see 



r. 

D, See yr}0fa>. 

7b be proud, exult, Epic and only part. yalav II. i, 405. 
8, 51 : but imp. her. yaieo-Kov (Hesych.) 

rdXrjviaw (yaXqw?) To be calm, only pres. pt. yd^rjviSiv Alciphr. 
i, 12, Poet, -tow Orph. Hym. 54, n; Anth. (Incert.) 9, 
208, -iSxra Alciphr. 3, i, -tdawra Anth. (Rufin.) 5, 35 ; Opp. 
Cyn. i, 115; -Tjviiiv Themist. Or. 15, 195: and iter. imp. 

yd\T)vida(nee Mosch. 2, 115. The COllat. forms yd\r)vidfa, -j/t'fw 

are earlier, but neither in good Attic prose. 

rafie'w (a) To marry, of the man (duco uxorem) -fj.fi Eur. Or. 
19; Ar. Ach. 49 ; Andoc. i, 124; Aeschin. 3, 172, -/xt Her. 
6, 71, -/xovo-t PI. Rep. 613; -ffiv Od. 15, 522, -fiv Aesch. Pr. 
909; Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 17; -ea>v Od. 4, 208, -S>v Aesch. Supp. 
227 : imp. tyapow Ar. Nub. 49, -p.fi Asius i, 2 (Bergk); Isae. 

6, 24 ; Hyperid. 3, 24, 4, -(iff Her. 3, 88 : fut. (ya^eo-w) ya/wr'a> 
II. 9, 388. 391 ; Her. 5, 16, Att. ya/iS Aesch. Pr. 764; Soph. 
O. R. 1500; Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 20; Luc. Tim. 52, late ya^a-ta 
Anth. n, 306; Plut. Mor. 386. 773; Luc. Rhet. 8. D. Mer. 

7, 2 ; Diog. Laert. 3, 78 ; Long. Past. 4, 28 : aor. ey^a II. 
14, 121. Od. 16, 34; Soph. Tr. 460; Ar. Nub. 46; Her. 

3, 88; Isocr. 16, 31; Isae. 8, 7; Aeschin. 3, 172, y^a II. 13, 
433; Hes. Th. 960; yfiw Xen. Cyr. 5, 2, 8 ; y^ueie Hell. 

4, i, 9; yw ov Her. 5, 39; y^s II. n, 227; Eur. Phoen. 7 ; 
Andoc. i, 128; PI. Leg. 774; yw"u Od. 21, 72 ; Her. 5, 92 ; 
Thuc. i, 128; Isae. 2, 18, Dor. (yd^ev Pind. N. 4, 65, yapev 
P. 3, 91 ; Theocr. 8, 93, later iya^a-a gave to wife, Com. Fr. 
(Men.) 4, 298; took to wife, Luc. Luct. 13. D. Deor. 5, 4; 
Diod. Sic. 2, 39: p. ytfjM^Ka Ar. Lys. 595; Her. 6, 43; PI. 



1 aj/ac0. 147 

Leg. 877; Dem. 39, 26: pip. eyey a / i '7 K " Thuc. i, 126 : p. p. 
yfydfj.rjfj.ai. of the woman, Xen. An. 4, 5, 24 ; (Aeschin.) Epist. 
10, 6; Dem. 36, 32: pip. e'yeya/^ro App. Civ. 4, 23: aor. 
late fyafjLrjdrjv Apollod. 2, i, 3 ; Plut. Rom. 2 ; Dio. Hal. n, 34 ; 
Strab. 10, 4, 20; Sext. Emp. 657; N. T. Marc. 10, 12 (Vulg.), 
and ({yafj.(6r)v), yapfdela-a if sound, Theocr. 8, 91 (Vulg. Ziegl. 
Fritzsche, hence ya^ei-jj) : fat. ya^rja-ofMi late, Charit. 5, 9 ; 
Dio Cass. 58, 3 ; Apollod. 2, 4, 7 ; Heliod. 5, 31. Mid. yafieopai 
to marry, of the woman (nubo) Od. 2, 113; Soph. El. 594; Eur. 
Ion 58; Her. 4, 117; PL Leg. 925: fut. ya^tou/xai Eur. Phoen. 
1673. Hel. 833; Ar. Thesm. 900; late prose yap.ovfj.evri Athen. 
12, 42; Epic ya^f o- o-o fj.at provide a wife for, II. 9, 394 (Vulg. 
Dind. La R.), see below: late yafujo-o/zai Plut. Eum. 3. Artax. 
26: aor. eyr)p.dfjLriv Od. 16, 392; Anacr. 86; Eur. Tr. 474; Com. 
Fr. (Ar.) 2, 998; Her. 4, 117; Isae. 5, 5; PL Leg. 926; Dem. 30, 
17; of the man, Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 24. A desiderative 
form yafjr)a-fia> occurs in Alciphr. i, 13, 2. Vb. -ya/^jreW (Eur.) 
Plut. Demetr. 14. Dio. Hal. Rhet. 2, 2; ya^erf married, a wife, 
PL Leg. 841. 

If the anonymous author de Mulieribus &c. has quoted 
exactly, the 1 aor. forms lyd^a-a, fyaprjOriv are as early as Ctesias, 
a contemporary of Xen., see Ctesias, Fr. de Rebus Assyr. i, 5 
(Miiller.) eya/xqo-e of the woman, Trag. Fr. Adesp. 157 (Nauck), 
and (yrjudnriv of the male, Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 24; -dpevos 
Apollod. 3, 12, 6. For ya/^eWerm II. 9, 394, the only instance 
of this form, Bekker adopts, perhaps rightly, ye /mcrorrcu, the 
reading of Aristarchus. ya/iov/wu mid. signifies to give oneself, 
or one's own in marriage: a woman yape'irai, bestows herself; 
a man yapelrai, yvvalicd TIVI bestows a female subject or relation in 
marriage, HyXevs /not yvvaiKa yapeo-a-erai (if correct) will bestow on 
me a wife, one of his subjects II. 9, 394; and if we may suppose 
that the Attics used it in this sense, it would favour the reading 
6vyartp' rjv T eyrjp.aro Eur. Med. 262, whom he gave in marriage, 
against 17 T' e'y^aro who married him. The latter however 
is maintained by some of the ablest scholars, Elms. Matth. 
Hartung, Dind. and, perhaps, Person, though he retained rjv in 
the text, see note 264. If yafiov/H alone is used of a man, it is in 
ridicule, as ya/j.e!rcu exaoros Luc. V. H. i, 22 ; eyij/iaro Anacr. 86 
(Bergk); Antiph. Com. Fr. quoted; see however Q. Sm. i, 728; 
Apollod. 3, 12, 6. 

rdcdcj Epic, To be bright, only part, in this sense, yavowra 
H. H. Cer. 10 ; Opp. Hal. i, 659, -6a>vres II. 13, 265 ; Aretae. 
Diut. Morb. i, 42 (ed. Oxon.), -oWm II. 19, 359, lengthened on 
&c. ; late, to make bright, yavoaxn Aral. Phaen. 190. For 

L 2 



148 Tavow Faw. 

yavq 3 sing. pres. Aesch. Ag. 1392 (Vulg.), Dind. Herm. Paley 
&c. have adopted Person's suggestion ydvei (Mss. yav el.) 

FaKooj To make bright, delight, part, yavovvres Plut. Mor. 74 ; 
inf. yavovv 683 : aor. eydvacra (Hesych.); part, yavuxras Anacreont. 

48, II (Bergk), em- Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 470: p. p. yeyavoyieW 

Anacr. 13 (Bergk); PI. Rep. 411; Themist. 33, 367: aor. 
(yava>0r]v Ar. Ach. 7 ; late prose, Plut. Mor. 370 (a.) 

rd.vufj.ai To rejoice, II. 20, 405; Aesch. Eum. 970 (chor.); 
Eur. Cycl. 504 (chor.); Ar. Vesp. 612; rare in prose PI. 
Phaedr. 234; Luc. Imag. 4; Aretae. 112 (ed. Oxon.), see 
below: imp. tyuvvvro Q. Sm. 5, 652; Aristid. 27, 354 (D.) : 
flit. Epic, yawo-vofjiai II. 14, 504: p. ytyavv^ai Anacreont. 35, 3 
(B.) (a.) This verb is scarcely in classic prose, Xen. Conv. 
8, 30 being a quotation from Homer ; more freq. in late, and 
sometimes with double v, ydvwrai Plut. Mor. 634 ; yavvvpfvos 
Polyaen. i, 18 : tyaw- Heliod. 9, i (Bekk.) &c. A late form is 

yavva-KOfiat Themist. 21, 254: imp. fyaviKTKero 2, 26; Epist. 

Socr. 1 8. 

fdpu'w, see yrjpvat. 

Taopoo) To make proud, in act. late, and only aor. fyavpuo-a 
Dio Cass. 55, 6 (Bekk.) Usu. yavp6op.m, pres. alone classical, -ovrat 
Eur. Elec. 322, -ovvrat Xen. Hier. 2, 15; yapov Eur. Fr. 22 (D.); 
Pseud-Phocyl. 53; -ovfuvos Batr. 266; Eur. Or. 1532. Bac. 
1144; late prose, Pseud.-Callisth. 3, 2: imp. tyavpov^v Babr. 
43, -OVTO Dio Cass. 53, 27 : p. p. late yeyavpcop.fvos Apocr. Sap. 
6, 2 : aor. tyavpudrjv late, Dio Cass. 48, 20, but see below : fut. 

yavpQ)6r)(Top.ai V. T. Num. 23, 24. So fTTi-yavpoca Plut. Mor. 78 : 
fut. -wo-o) Dio Cass. 56, 3 : aor. -(yavpaxra 56, 41. Pass. Vt- 

yavpovpfvoi Plut. Oth. 17 : aor. alone classic, firiyavpudeis Xen. 
Cyr. 2, 4, 30; Plut. Mor. 760. eK-yavpovp.ai, -fievos is dep. and 
confined to pres. part. Eur. I. A. 101. 

(Paw) Poet. To become, 1 p. Dor. (yeydica), inf. yeyaKftv, for 
-Kevai, Pind. Ol. 6, 49 : 2 p. (ye'yaa), 2 pi. yfyaare Batr. 143, fK- 

Hom. Epigr. 16, 3 (Vulg.) see below, yeyaao-t II. 4, 325. Od. 
24, 84; (Hes.) Op. 108 ; Emped. 213 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 366; PI. 
Crat. 410 is quoted from Horn, -yao-i Emped. 24 : pip. 3 dual 

fK-yey&rijv Od. IO, 138; Ap. Rh. I, 56; inf. Ep. yfya^fv Pind. 

01. 9, no, - II. 5, 248. 20, 106 ; part. Epic yeyavs Maneth. 

2, 421, - Ap. Rh. 3, 364, yeyavm 3, 535, - II. 3, 418. Od. 4, 

219 ; Hes. Op. 256, neut. yeyaos ?, ->Tost, -awn Maneth. 6, 246, 

(K- II. 21, 185, yeyaStra II. 9, 456. Od. 4, 144, -vlav Ap. Rh. I, 

719, dual ytyaSrre Theocr. 22, 176, pi. -aS>Tet Theocr. 17, 25; 
Maneth. 6, 694, -avlai Horn. H. 3, 552, - Hes. Th. 76, -omui*?, 
-iixTii, ->ras II. 2, 866; Ibyc. 16, Trag. yeyws Soph. Aj. 472, 



i rvi aw. 149 

-wo-a Eur. Andr. 434; rare in Comedy, Ar. Lys. 641 ; Com. Fr. 

(Antiph.) 3, 96; (Philem.) 4, 30. 47, neut. yyo>j ?, -a>Tor?, -am?, 

-<ra Soph. Aj. 1013, -wo-av Eur. Med. 405, dual, -core Eur. Hel. 
1685, pi. -are? Med. 558 ; Com. Fr. (Mon.) 243, -O>TO>I/ Eur. 

Med. 490, -wtri Elec. 531, -Stras Soph. Fr. 94, 4 (D.) yeya'are 

Batr. 143, C'K- Horn. Epigr. 16, 3, are lengthened, Buttm. says, 
for the metre: Thiersch conjectures yeydavi, and Herm. has, 
from Suid., altered eVyeyaare to ficyeydaa-df, both which Franke 
adopts : ytydaa-df, eKyeydavde (Baum.) perhaps rightly. If so, they 
infer a pres. yeydo^ai, 2 pi. yeydacrde, eVc- Batr. and Epigr. quoted. 

(K-yfydovrai with fut. meaning, Hom. H. 4, 19*7 : ex-yeydai/ro 

Anth. 15, 40, 20. 

rSouirew, see 8ovrre<o. 

reycukeu To shout, -covet Anth. (Incert.) 7, 12 ; Aristot. de An. 
2, 8, 7. Probl. 19, 2 ; -j>/ Solon 42 ; -emo (Xen.) Ven. 6, 24; 
-wi/eli/ II. 12, 337 ; Find. P. 9, 3 ; Aesch. Pr. 787. 820 ; Eur. 
Hipp. 585. Rhes. 270; (PI.) Hipp. Maj. 292 ; also (yyo>i/&>), 
subj. -owe* Soph. O. C. 213; imperat. yeywe Aesch. Pr. 193; 
Soph. Phil. 238 (unless to be referred to p. yeywvd), and yeyw- 
viaKu, -i<TK(tv Aesch. Pr. 627 ; -io-Kav Eur. Elec. 809 ; Thuc. 7, 
76 : imp. eyeywvet II. 22, 34. Od. 21, 368; late prose Plut. Tit. 
Flam. 10, Epic -oWw Od. 17, 161, yfyu>- 9, 47. 12, 370, and 
eyeyutvev as aor. II. 14, 469, eyeywHTKov late prose, Dio Cass. 56, 
14: fut. ye-ycowyo-w Eur. Ion 696; late prose Plut. Mor. 722: 

aor. yfyuvijaai Aesch. Pr. 990 : 2 p. yeyctva, -utve II. 24, 703. Od. 

8, 305, -<ava<ri Aristot. Probl. ii, 25, as pres. -ow Od. 5, 400. 
6, 294; imper. ye'ycove Aesch. Pr. 193; Soph. Ph. 238; Eur. 

Or. I22O; yeycovus II. II, 275. 13, 149. 17, 247; inf. ytyatvepev 
II. 8, 223. II, 6. Vb. yfya>vr]Tf<jv Phld. Ol. 2, 6. 

Some do not admit pres. yeycbi/o), and imp. eyeywov, unaugm. 
ytyatv-, but assign the parts referable to those, viz. subj. yeyoW 

Soph. O. C. 213, imper. yeyuve Aesch. Pr. 193 &C. inf. yeyaJi/<=/ni> 

II. ii, 6, to perf. ye'ywa with pres. as well as perf. sense. 
Of course they maintain ye'yw^j/ II. 14, 469 (Vulg. H. Both.), 
against eyeycavev (Ms. Ven. Wolf, Spitzn. Bekk. Dind.) For 
e'yeycov II. 22, 34. 23, 425. Od. 21, 368, Bekk. now reads 
-aveiv (2 ed. 1859.) yeyoWw, and -Gw'o-KG) alone seem to occur 
in classic prose, and that rarely. 

rii>op,ai, see ysVw. 

TciTfidu To be near, a neighbour, Aristot. Meteor, i, 13, ii ; 
(Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 394; Longin. 37; Plut. Sol. 23; -iav 
Aristot. Rhet. i, 9, 30 ; Luc. Hist. Con. 55 ; -vi&v Ar. Eccl. 
327; Dem. 55, 3, yei-roi'euw Xen. Vect. i, 8, Y eiTO|/ ' u Aesch. 
Supp. 780; PI. Leg. 842, are rare in classic Greek, and scarcely 



1 50 FeXaco 

used beyond the pres. : but imp. (ytirvla Ael. V. H. 13, 12 
(Kerch.), -iW Aesop 84 (Schaef.), -iafav (Halm 75), eycirovtov 
Anth. 7, 283, -ovow PL Polit. 271 : fut. yeirvida-eiv Galen 3, 690: 
aor. subj. -lao-w Ael. H. A. i, 37 ; yeirj/ido-aj Luc. Philopatr. i. 
Mid. yfiTovfvfTai as act. Hippocr. 3, 480, -ovrm, 4, 108 (Lit.) 

reX<{ (a) To laugh, Hes. Th. 40; Theogn. 1113 ; Pind. I. 
i, 68; Aesch. Eum. 560; Soph. Ant. 551 ; Ar. Ran. 43; Her. 
4, 36 ; PL Rep. 457 ; ysXoV Her. i, 99, -\rjv (Hippocr.) Epist. 

9. 338 (Lit.), Epic yeXdw Od. 21, 105 : imp. eye\a>v Ar. Vesp. 
1287 ; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 67 ; Lys. i, 13; Xen. Cyr. 2, 2, 

10. An. 5, 4, 34, Ep. ye\a>av Od. 2O, 347 : flit. yeXao-o/wu PI. Ion 

535. Phaedr. 252; Luc. Hist, n; Plut. Mor. 145, rrpoa- Ar. 
Pax 600, KOTO- Lys. 3, 9; yf\acr6fjLfvof Xen. Conv. i, 16 ; Luc. 
Sacr. 15; -dow&u Luc. D. Mort. 20, 6: late yeXuo-w Anth. 5, 
179. ii, 29; Anacreont. 38, 8 (Bergk); Athen. 14, 2 ; Synes. 

Epist. 156; Galen 10, 98, Kara- 5, 715; Stob. 23, 13, -do-<r<u 

Or. Sib. i, 182 : aor. e'yeXao-a Eur. I. T. 276; Ar. Eq. 696. 
Nub. 820; PL Lys. 207. Euthyd. 273, -ao-aa II. 21, 389; 
Theogn. 9 ; (Theocr.) 20, i. 15 (Mss. Ahr. Fritzsche), Dor. 
-aa (Vulg. Mein. Ziegl. Paley), Poet. ye'Xao-a II. 23, 840 ; Eur. I. 
T. 1274 (chor.). Hel. 1349 (chor.), -ao-o-a II. 2, 270. 15, 101. 
Od. 17, 542 (Bekk.) ; yeXdo-as Od. 2, 301 ; Her. 8, 114, -do-o-ar 

11. n, 378, Dor. -do-aai? Pind. P. 9, 38, Aeol. yeXa/o-aj Sapph. 

2 > 5 : (P- ?) P- P- yfye'Xaorai, Kara- Luc. D. Mort. I, I : pip. 

eyeye'Xaoro, KOT- Luc. Icar. 19 : aor. (y{\ao-0T)v Dem. 2, 19 ; Plut. 
Mor. 47. 123; Ka.Ta-yf\a(rdfis Xen. Mem. 3, 7, 7 ; -dels Thuc. 3, 
83 ; Isocr. 5, 101 ; -Brjvai PL Euth. 3 : fut. yeXao-tfijo-o/icu Diog. 
Laert. (Pittac.) i, 4, 4; (Luc.) Amor. 2, Kara- Luc. Indoct. 28. 
Jup. Trag. 18: pres. yeXw^at Soph. Ant. 838. Vb. yeXaoror 

Od. 8, 307, -e'or late, Clem. Alex. 167. In (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 
336, Liare* gives yfXj?, but yeXar 338. yfXdw Epic, lengthened 

from yeXw, Od. 21, 105 ; SO yeXowwer 2O, 374, and yeXobovres 18, 

in : imp. yeXweav 2o, 347, see yeXotdoo. For the Dor. part. 

yeXfvo-a Theocr. I, 36, -doto-a I, 95. 96, -fvvri I, 89 (Vulg.), are 

now adopted y^XSo-a, -o'too-a, -cum (Mss. Meineke, Ahr.), so 
Ziegler, Fritzsche, except that they retain -doto-a; Aeol. gen. 
yeXaiVa? Sapph. 2, 5 : aor. part. ytXdgas, -ais in some edit, of 
Pind. P. 9, 38, is a mere suggestion of Pauw and Heyne for 
yeXdo-o-atf of the Mss. yeXdWo Anth. 7, 621, and the desiderat. 
yt\acrfia> PL Phaed. 64, are confined to the pres. 

TeXoidu To laugh, Epic for yeXdw, part. yfXouai/rer Od. 2O, 390 

(Vulg. Dind.), -wojres (Bekk. La Roche): imp. yeXotW Od. 20, 347, 
(Bekk. La Roche) : aor. part. yeXoi^o-ao-a Horn. H. Ven. 49. 
To be full, only pres. Soph. O. R. 4; Eur. H. F. 1245; 



Yepaipw. 151 

Ar. PI. 8n ; PI. Apol. 26 ; ytfjuav Aesch. Ag. 613 ; Thuc. 7, 25 : 
and imp. fytpov Isocr. 7, 51 ; PI. Critias 117. 

rmdu To get a beard, scarcely in Attic, Anth. 12, 12; Dio. 

Hal. I, 76, Dor. -ao-8coi> Theocr. II, 9: flit, (-ao-o>) : p. yeyema/ca 

Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 7, but yevfidv Hippocr. 7. 508 (Lit.); Ar. 
Eccl. 145 ; Xen. An. 2, 6, 28 ; PI. Polit. 270; Luc. Cyn. 20 : 
fut. (-do-a>) : aor. -ao-a, Ion. -170-0 Od. 18, 176. 269. Also yecei- 
dcncw, ~-a>j/ Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 5 ; -en/ PI. Conv. 181. 

Te^dw To 3^/, PI. Conv. 206: imp. eyeww PI. Conv. 191 : 
fat. -qo-a> Rep. 546, Dor. -d<ra> Eur. I. A. 1065 (chor.) : aor. 
-rja-a PI. Tim. 92, Dor. -acm Aesch. Supp. 48 (chor.) : p. -;*ca 
PI. Leg. 889, &c. reg. except fut. m. ytw^voufvos pass. Diod. 
Sic. 19, 2 (Bekk.) ; Pseud-Callisth. i, 4 : but aor. as act. 

fyfvvr)<rdfJir]v PI. Tim. 34. Critias II3,&C.: SO pres. yewapfvos PI. 

Leg. 784. Fut. mid. has been missed by Lexicogr. 

rivro He laid hold of, an Epic aor. II. 18, 476, some say for 
eXro, viz. y for the digamma, and v for A, (like fyQev for ^\6ti>, 
Epicharm. 126); also yeWo for ryeWo, (Hes.) Th. 199. 

(r4vu or yeiVw) To beget, not used in act. : aor. mid. eyeivapyv 
II. 15, 526; Hes. Th. 126; Simon. Am. 7, 57; Aesch. Eum. 
736; Soph. O. R. 1020; Eur. Supp. 964, ytiv- II. 5, 800; 
Hes. Th. 185; Aesch. Supp. 581 (chor.); Callim. Ap. 103, 

ytivwvrat, ry- II. 19, 26 (also Ultrans. in late poets, eyetVaro 

Or. Sib. i. 9, yew- Callim. Cer. 58. Del. 260; yfivd<r8a> Or. 
Sib. i, 9) ; rather rare in prose, yfivaptvos, -ij a parent, Her. 
i, 120. 122. 4, 10. 6, 52; Xen. Mem. i, 4, 7. (Apol.) 20; 
Aristot. H. A. 7, 2, 4 ; Ael. H. A. 10, 16; Dio. Hal. 2, 15; 

Luc. Calum. I, f^-eytivaro Tragod. 4. Pass. yetVo/iat Epic to 

be born, yetvofifvos II. 20, 128. 24, 210. Od. 4, 208. 7, 198 
(Vulg. Dind. La Roche); Hes. Th. 82. Op. 821 ; Solon 27, 4; 
Theocr. 17, 75; Luc. Jup. Conf. i (Jacobitz, but yiyvop- Dind. 
now) : imp. yfivoMv Hes. Scut. 88 ; II. 22, 477 (Vulg. Dind. La 
Roche yiyv- Bekk.); Theocr. 25, 124 (Vulg. Fritz, ylv- Ahr. 
Ziegl.) For yfivopevos, imp. yfivopfda II. Od. (Vulg. Dind. La 
Roche), Bekker, edits uniformly yiyvofj.-. ydveai Od. 20, 202, is 
not pres. but subj. aor. for yfivrjcu, and therefore no proof that 
the pres. is used actively. In classic prose, this verb seems 
to occur in aor. part, only ; we have seen no part in comedy. 

Tepaipu To honour, Od. 14, 441 ; Pind. Ol. 3, 2 ; Anth. App. 
Epigr. 282; Ar. Thesm. 961 (chor.); Xen. Oec. 4, 8 ; (Dem.) 
59, 78; Luc. Jup. Conf. n; Dor. inf. -alpev Theocr. 7, 94: 
imp. fytpaipov Eur. Elec. 712; Anth. App. Epigr. 282; Her. 
5, 67 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, i 39, yep- II. 7, 321 : fut. yepapw Anth. App. 
Epigr. 393: 1 aor. lyeprjpa Anth. PI. 4, 183; Orph. Arg. 507, 



152 

Dor. -dpa Find. Ol. 5, 5. N. 5, 8 (but imp. tyepaip- Momms.), 
yeprjpa Epigr. dedic. 892 (Kaibel) ; inf. yfpfjpai. Orph, Arg. 619 : 
(2 aor. tyepapov: and mid. yrpcdpopat, we have never seen) : but 
pass, yfyaipopai Eur. Supp. 553 ; PI. Rep. 468 ; Arr. An. 4, n ; 
Dio. Hal. 2, 31 ; -opcvos Xen. Cyr. 8, 8, 4 ; -evOai Arr. Ind. 8, 
5 ; Dio. Hal. 2, 23. The fut. and aor. seem to be poetic. The 
comp. entyepaipo) is confined to inf. pres. -eiv, and occurs only 
in Xen. Cyr. 8, 6, n. 

feuoi To give a taste of, Plut. Mor. 982 ; yevav PL Leg. 634 : 
fut. yevo-a) Com. Fr. (Anaxip.) 4, 460 : aor. eyevaa Plut. Lycurg. 
et Num. i ; yeva-m Eur. Cycl. 149; yeva-as Com. Fr. (Theop.) 
2, 819. (Eub.) 3, 264; Her. 7, 46; yevcrai Plut. Philop. 14, 
ava- Ar. Nub. 523. Mid. ytvo^m to taste, Pind. I. 5, 20; 
Aesch. Fr. 3 (D.); Soph. Aj. 844 ; Her. 2, 18 ; (Dem.) 50, 26 : 
imp. eyfvo^rjv Soph. Ant. 1005 : fut. ydo-opai II. 20, 258. 21, 61 
(La R.) ; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 13 ; Her. 2, 39; PL Rep. 592 ; 

-<T(a6a<. Od. 17, 413. 21, 98 : aor. eyeucra^v Pind. N. 6, 24 ; 

Aesch. Ag. 1222; Soph. Tr. nor; Ar. Fr. 75 (D.) ; Her. 4, 
147; Xen. An. 3, i, 3; -OT/TUI PL Leg. 844; -o-ato Ale. (i), 

114, -a/arc Her. 2, 47 ; yfv<ra<rdai Od. 2O, l8l J -adpevos Her. I, 

71 ; Thuc. 2, 50 : p. as mid. yeytvucu, -ev/xW Aesch. Fr. 238; 
Eur. Hip. 663 ; PL Leg. 762 ; Dinarch. 2, 3, unaugm. ytvptQa 
Theocr. 14, 51, or rather pres. contr. for yevo^fda: pip. eytyevvro 
Thuc. 2, 70 : aor. yevvfats, Kara- Phot. Vb. yeva-ros AristOt. 

Pol. 8, 5, . 20, a-ytvo-ros Xen. Mem. 2, I, 23, yevo-reos PL Rep. 
537- Some hold yeva-erai II. 21, 6l, -tro/xe^a 2O, 258, subj. for 
-TJTCU, -atptda ; See II. 24, 356, 357, &C. Aor. opt. yeucrai'aro for 

-aivro, Eur. I. A. 423 (trimet.) 

rrjO&o To rejoice, yr\6ti II. 14, 140 (Wolf, Bekk. Spitzn. Dind. 
La R.), Dor. ya&ei Theocr. i, 54, yr)dovo-i Maneth. 5, 295 ; 
imper. yij&iVw Q. Sm. 3, 608. 609 ; part, yrjdovo-rj Aesch. Ch. 772 
(Dind. 5 edit.), Dor. yadevo-ai Theocr. 9, 36, -eCo-i (Ahr.) : imp. 
eytjdeov II. 7, 127. 214; Anth. 2, 164; Q. Sm. 2, 630. 4, 17, 
tyadtov Anth. (Antip. Sid.) 7, 425, yfjdeov Q. Sm. i, 72. 7, 646, 
yfjdci Ap. Rh. i, 436, ir-(yr)0(i if correct, Aesch. Pr. 157 (Vulg.) ; 
Q. Sm. 2, 460. 12, 148. 439: fut. yT)0f)(ra> Horn. Epigr. 14, 21, 

-Tjcrfis Hom. H. 4, 279, -rja-fi II. 8, 378; Q. Sm. 3, 208 ; -fia-fiv 

II. 13, 416 ; Hes. Op. 476 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 442 ; Tryphiod. 246 : 
aor. fyr)0r)<Tf>> Ap. Rh. 3, 925, in Hom. Hes. &c. always y^o-e 
II. 10, 190. 17, 567; Hes. Th. 173; Theogn. 10 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 
1126 ; Q, Sm. i, 84. 5, 321, Dor. yad- Pind. P. 4, 122, y^drj^av 
11.24,321. Od. 15, 165; Opp. Hal. 3, 565 ; Q. Sm. 7, 173; 

Subj. yrjdTjo-r) Anth. 7, 26 ; Opt. yrjdfja-ai II. I, 255, USU. -f)a-fi( II. 

9> 77- r 3 344 ; Opp. Hal. 5, 662; Q. Sm. 6, 17; part, -ij 



Ttjiroveo) Ttjpd<TK<a. 153 

Hes. Sc. 116; Ap. Rh. 4, 1369, ri- Opp. Hal. i, 570. 5, 633: 
2 p. as pres. in poetry and Attic prose, ytyrjda Eur. Hec. 279. 
Cycl. 465. Bac. 1197; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 107; Ar. Pax 
335, -yrjQas Soph. Ph. 102 1 ; Orph. Hym. 2, 8, -yrjde II. 8, 559. 
Od. 6, 106; Q. Sm. 3, 377 ; Eur. Hipp. 631. Or. 66; Ar. Eq. 
1317; PI. Leg. 671. 931. Phaedr. 251, -y^dua-t Joseph. J. Bell. 

1, 33,,,3, but Dor. yeyddfi with termination of pres. Epicharm. 

75 (Ahr. Lorenz), yeyade as perf. Pind. N. 3, 33: pip. fyeyrjOfiv 

if correct, Aesch. Pr. 157 (Elms, emend. Bl. Herm. Dind. 
5 ed.), ytyrjd- II. ii, 683, Dor. yeyddei Epicharm. 75, see perf.; 
ytyrjdvs Soph. O. R. 368. El. 1231; Ap. .Rh. 2, 707; Orph. 
Arg. 260. Hym. 47, 6; PI. Phaedr. 258; Dem. 18, 291. 323; 
Luc. Somn. 14 ; Joseph. J. Bell, i, 33, 7. yrjOa is Epic and 
late, yr)6fi Orph. Hym. 78, 10; -<ov 16, 10. 75, 4, -oCo-a 49, 7, 
&c. whence yiyrjda. Mid. yrjdovrai Sext. Emp. 567 (Bekk.) ; 
-6fievos Anth. 6, 261; Opp. Hal. 2, 262; Q. Sm. 14, 92; 
Theoph. Epist. 29. yrjdev is Poet, except the perf. : the pres. 
occurs in Attic once only, yrjdovo-r) Aesch. Ch. 772 (Pauw, 
Blomf. Franz, Dind. now), yad- (Turn. Pors. Paley) : the aor. is 
Epic and Lyric, yrjdrjaav (e'yrjd- g h) Luc. Philopatr. 23, is a 
quotation from Horn. : perf. yfyrjda oft in poet, and prose, see 
above. There seems to be no doubt that the pres. was in use 
with the Epic and Pastoral poets : its use with the Attic poets 
depends on the soundness of Aesch. Ch. 772. Herm. begs 
the question when he says " the Attics did not use the pres." 
The imp. r-ry^0 Aesch. Pr. 157 (Vulg. Paley, formerly 
Dind.) seems to favour the use of the pres. Elms, however, 
Blomf. Herm. and now Dind. 5 ed. read pip. fytyfjdei, 
not on documentary evidence, but on the Attic usage of 
the perf. Herm. adds " and pip." Of the pip. however, the 
only trace in Attic is their own emendation, and a v. r. in 
Mss. D. E. 

rij-iiwew, Dor. yd-n- To work the ground, only inf. pres. -ovflv 
Eur. Rhes. 75. 

rTjpdo-Kw To grow old, Od. 7, 120 ; Simon. Am. 7, 86 ; Solon 
18 ; Soph. O. R. 872 ; Eur. Supp. 967; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 
4, 209 ; Xen. Vect. i, 4 ; Aristot. P. Anim. 2, 5, 6, <n>v- Her. 
3, 134 ; Isocr. i, 7 ; -<TKT} Com. Fr. 3, 365; PI. Theaet. 181 ; 

yrjpaa-Keiv Xen. Oec. I, 22, Epic -efJifv Od. 4, 2IO; -<TK<OV II. 

2, 663; Aesch. Pr. 981 ; Soph. El. 962; Ar. Lys. 594 ; Her. 

3, 134; PI. Lach. 189, and yi/pdw Com. Fr. (Mon.) 283. (Men.) 

4, 212 ; (Theocr.) 23, 29 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, i, 15 ; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 

5, 10, KO.T- Isae. 2, 22 ; PL Critias 112 ; inf. yrjpdvai (yr^prj^i) see 

below: imp. yijpaovce II. 17, 325, fy'lpa. II. 7, 148. Od. 14, 67, KUT- 



1 54 TtjpOTpo(f)e(i) 

Her. 6, 72 : fat. yrjpuo-w, inf. -aa-ffifv Simon. C. 85, 9 (Bergk), 
-oo-etv PI. Rep. 393, KOTO- Leg. 949 : and yvpao-o/zai Critias Eleg. 7, 5 
(Bergk), ervy- Eur. Fr. Incert. 1044 (D.), Kara- Com. Fr. (Eup.) 
2 > 577 > Ar. Eq. 1308, e'y- Thuc. 6, 18 : aor. ey^pao-a (*ar- Her. 

2, 146; PL Theaet. 202); y^pdo-;; Aristot. Plant, i, 7, i; inf. 
yrjpatrm Soran. Eph. p. 57 (Erm.); Xen. Mem. 3, 12, 8, -dvcu 
(L. Dind. Saupp.); yrjpuaas Her. 7, 114; PI. Leg. 958, but act. 
preserved to old age, fyr)pa<rav Aesch. Sup. 894 ; yrjpdo-'as Anth. 
(Philip. Thess.) 6, 94 : p. yeyijpdKa am old, Soph. O. C. 727 ; 
Eur. Ion 1392; Aristot. Pol. 7, 16, 16, Kara- Isocr. 10, i, 

eyiurra- Dinarch. 2, ,3, irapa- Aeschin. 3, 251: 2 aor. eyqpav, 

according to Buttmann, II. 17, 197; inf. Att. yrjpavai Aesch. 

Ch. 908 ; Soph. O. C. 870, -aval (W. Dind.), KaTa-yT]pdvai late 

prose Athen. 5, 190; part, yrjpds Epic II. 17, 197, but vno- 
yijpdvrmv Ael. H. A. 7, 17 (Schneid., pres. -o>vra>v Herch.), Ep. 
dat. pi. yr)pdvrea-<n Hes. Op. 1 88, which some think the 1 aor. 
part, syncop. for yrjpdvas, yrjpeis, -evros Xenophanes 8. Mid. 
yijpdo-Ko/iai Hes. Fr. 163, late y^pdo/zm Epict. Stob. 9, 58: aor. 
yr)pd(ra(r6ai, tv- Hesych. Pass. aor. vTrfp-yr/padfis late, and 
rare, Pseud-Callisth. i, 25. Lobeck rather inclines to write 
yripdvai with Schol. Aesch. Ch. 908, and Dind., but makes it inf. 
pres. from obsol. yrjprn", with the force of an aor. 

rr)poTpo<f>E(i> To nourish in old age, Isae. I, 39 ; Dem. 24, 
203: fat. -TJOXB PI. Menex. 248: aor. p. e'yqpoTpo^&ji/ Lys. 
13, 45; Lycurg. 144: with fut. m. yr/porpocp^o-o^ai as pass. 
(Dem.) 60, 32, missed by Lexicogr. : pres. pass. y;porp(xpov^/oi 
Isocr. 14, 48. 

l~T]puw (v) To speak out, Poet. Orph. Arg. 1275, Dor. yap- 
Pind. N. 6, 60; inf. yapve^uv N. 3, 32, and -vtv for -fiv, Ol. i, 3. 
P. 5, 72 (Bergk): imp. ydpvov Pind. P. 4, 94: fut. (y^p0o-w) : 
aor. fyfjpva-a Ar. Pax 805 : aor. p. eyijpvdrjv as act. see below. 
Mid. yr)pvofjiai as act. Hes. Op. 260; Aesch. Pr. 78 (in Trag. 
with aor. mid. and pass.), Dor. ydpv- Theocr. 9, 7 : imp. y^pvero 
Horn. H. 3, 426: fat. yrjpva-ofjun Eur. Hipp. 213; Anth. 12, 
137, yapixr- Pind. I. i, 34 : aor. ryijpvo-o) Eur. Elec. 1327 ; 
yrjptfo-aiTo Philet. 15 (Schneid.), Dor. yapvo-- Theocr. i, 136 
( Vulg. Ahr. Ziegl. Fritzsche, 8apr- Scalig. Mein.) ; yrjpCa-aa-dat 
Orph. L. 60; Ap. Rh. 2, 845 : and in act. sense also aor. p. 
fyTjpvdrjv Aesch. Supp. 460. (iJ) Orph. Arg. 434. 1275. Anth. 
7, 201. Aesch. Pr. 78, () Pind. Ol. 13, 50. Hes. Op. 260. 
Horn. H. 3, 426; v<r- always. 

riyyoficu To become, be, II. 2, 468. Od, 2, 320; Aesch. Pers. 
708 ; Soph. O. C. 259 ; Ar. Eq. 180; Antiph. 2, , n; Thuc. 

3. 42; Isocr. 7, 23, and ytVo^at Pind. P. 3, 12; Her. 8, 60; 



F/y VO/ULCII. 155 

Antiph. 3, #, 6; Lycurg. 126, see below: imp. eylyv- II. 13, 86 ; 
Soph. O. C. 272; Antiph. 5, 22; Thuc. 3, 12; Lys. 13, 8; 

PL Meno 89, yiyv- II. 13, 684, eyivero Her. 8, 12 J Antiph. 5, 21, 

-owo Her. i, 67 (Dind. Dietsch, Stein), -earo (Gaisf. Bekk. 
Kriig.) : fut. yevrja-o^ai Aesch. Eum. 66 ; Soph. Ph. 1067 ; Eur. 
Ion 981: Antiph. 2, y, 10; Thuc. 6, 6, Dor. -rjo-oC/Mu Lysis 
Epist. ad Hipp. p. 53 (Orell.) : p. yfyfvrjfj.cn Simon. C. 69 ; 
Aeschr-Ch. 379; Eur. Cycl. 637 ; Ar. Eq. 764; Antiph. 5, 9. 
6, 50; Thuc. 4, 125; PI. Rep. 411, Dor. ytyeva- Pind. Ol. 
6, 53 : pip. eyeyeVijTo Hippocr. 5, 184 ; Thuc. 7, 42 ; Xen. 
Hell. 6, 5, 16; Lys. 13, 5, yeyeV Xen. C^r. 3, 2, 24 (Breitb. 
Saupp.) : aor. eyfvfidrjv (Dor. and Ion.) Epicharm. (Phryn. p. 
108); Archyt. (Gal. p. 674); Hippocr. 5, 356. 462 (Lit.); 
Anth. 5, 63. App. Epigr. 238; usu. late in Attic, Com. Fr. 
(Philem.) 4, 47; Polyb. 2, 67. 5, 22; D. Laert. 9, 7, 7, irup- 
Machon in Athen. 13, 45 ; Dio. Hal. 4, 69 ; but yfvrjGeltra if 
correct, Lys. Fr. 22 (Scheibe) : fut. ytw^o-o/uai rare PI. Farm. 
141 : 1 aor. (eyew/o-a/zTji/), of this the only trace seems to be 
fa . . yfvTjcrrj Eur. Aul. 1172 (Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck), but altered 
to fut. el . . . y(vr]afi (Elms. Dind. Hartung, &c. see yew, yetVw) : 
2 aor. fyevo^v II. 15, 653 ; Pind. I. 4, 14 ; Eur. Ion 926 ; Ar. 
Av. 477 ; Her. 8, 6 ; Antiph. 6, 32 ; Thuc. i, 74 ; Lys. 9, 13 ; 
PI. Conv. 173, Dor. -6^av Aesch. Pers. 934 (chor.), yev- Pind. N. 

6, 22, 2 Sing. Ion. yeveo HeS. Th. 657, yevfv II. 5, 897, 3 pi. fytvearo 

Her. 2, 1 66 (Bekk. Kriig. Dind.), e'yeWro (Dietsch, Abicht, 
Stein), yeV- II. u, 310; Phocyl. 3, i; Ar. Av. 701 (anapaest.), 
iter. yfVf<TKfTo Od. n, 208; ytvoiaro II. 2, 340; Ar. Eq. 662 ; 
imper. yevev Anacr. 2, 9 (B.): 2 p. yeyova II. 19, 122; Aesch. 
Sept. 142; Eur. Ion 864. 1471; Ar. Eq. 218. Thesm. 746; 
Her. i, 5; Antiph. 4, /3, i; Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 13; Lys. 2, 10; 
Isocr. 12, 3; PI. Phil. 26; subj. yfyovy Theogn. 300: pip. 
eytyova Xen. Ag. 2, 28; PI. Charm. 153; Lycurg. 21, Ion. 
-6vtt Her. 2, 2. 8, 27 : Poet, ye'yaa II. 4, 325 : pip. sync, dual 

yfydrrjv, en- Od. IO, 138; Dor. ytyaiea, see (yaw). 

cyfvro Hes. Th. 705 ; Sapph. 16 ; Theogn. 202 ; Pind. P. 3, 
87; Theocr. i, 88; Ap. Rh. 4, 1427, yevro Hes. Th. 199; 
Emped. 207 (Stein) ; Mosch. 3, 29 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 225, 2 aor. m. 
for t'yeVero. The aor. p. tyevridrjv is scarcely, if at. all, used by 
the early Attics, for yevrjOwTts PL Leg. 840 (Ms. V. Steph.) has 
been displaced by yfvvrjdfvrfs ; and e^-(yfvf]0r} Phil. 62 (Steph. 
Bekk.) should perhaps be e^yeV (Heind. Stallb. B. O. W. 
Herm, &c.), though, in candour, we cannot say that its claim 
for reception is inferior to its fut. The fut. pass, yew^ijo-o^tu 
occurs only PL Farm, quoted, and is by some held doubtful : 



156 

Dind. thinks Schleiermacher's suggestion, yeyev^aoftat, is the 
right reading. Horn. Hes. and, we think, Her. never use p. p. 
yeyevrifMi, but 2 p. yeyova : Thuc. again, seerrls not to have used 
yeyova, and Plato to have used it far more frequently than 
yeyevripai : generally, the Attic writers use both forms. The 

Epic forms eicyeydaade Hom. Epigr. 1 6, 3 Suid. Herm. (fKyeydart 

Vulg.), lengthened from eKyeyao-tfe, and fK-yeydowtu which Suhle 
says is fat. for -ytyda-ovrai Hom. H. Ven. 197, if correct, 

imply a pres. m. yeyao/ncu from p. yeyaa : see also (Kyeydavro, 

-OOJ/TO? Anth. 15, 40, 20, see (yaw). Hom. Hes. Find. Thuc. 
Plato, the Tragedians, Aristoph. and generally Xen. use yiyvo- 
pat ; Her. and frequently late writers from Aristot. onwards 
have yivonai; the Orators vary, but the latest edit, of Lys. 
generally, Isocr. and Dem. perhaps always, present yiyv-. Ion. 
opt. yevoiaro II. 2, 340; Her. i. 67. 2, 2 ; so Eur. Fr. 16 
(trimet.) 

TIY^WO-KW To know, II. n, 651; Simon. Am. 7, 114; Aesch. 
Pr. 377; Soph. O.K. 1325; Ar. Thesm. 620; Thuc. 2, 48; 
Antiph. 2, y, 10 (Ms. N. Maetzn. Blass); Andoc. 4, i; PL 
Phaed. 60, and yw- Heraclit. 5 (Byw.); Her. 3, 81; Antiph. 
i, 29. 4, 8, 9; Andoc. 3, n, Dor. 3 pi. yiv<avKovTi Epich. 5 
(Ahr.); Pind. Ol. 6, 97: imp. tyiyv- Thuc. 6, 64; Lys. 12, 
73 (Scheibe) ; Isocr. 21, 21; Isae. 5, 32 (Scheibe), yiyv- 
II. 6, 191, eyiv- Her. 9, 2; Antiph. 5, 33; Andoc. 4, 29; 
Lys. 12, 73; Isae. 5, 32 quoted (Bekk. B. S.) : fut. yvoxro- 
fioi. Find. Ol. 13, 3; Aesch. Supp. 57; Eur. Fr. 61 ; Ar. 
Plut. 1057, 2 sing. Ion. ywoo-eai II. 2, 367; Theocr. 22, 63, 
yvoxTTi II. 2, 365 ; Theocr. 26, 19, Att. -cm Aesch. Ag. 807 ; 
Soph. O. C. 852; PI. Phil. 12, -crfTai &c. II. 8, 17 ; Eur. Bac. 
859 ; Hippocr. 8, 438 ; Antiph. 6, 41 ; Thuc. 3, 37 ; Xen. 
Cyr. 4, 5, 20; Lys. i, 39; Isocr. 8, 81 ; 3 pi. opt. -O-OWTO 
Soph. O. R. 1274 (trimet.): rare if correct yva>a-a>, -<rs Hip- 
pocr. 3, 7 (Vulg. Ku'hn, but mid. yvaxrrj for -cm, Mss. Littr^ 
8, 416); certain late, Isaac Porphyr. 287 (Hinck) : 1 aor. 
eyvava late, yfcocrwcri Pseud-Callisth. 3, 22, and Ion. only in comp. 

dv-eyvaxra I persuaded, Her. I, 68. 87 &C., see dvayiyv- : p. 

eyvaKd Find. P. 4, 287; Aesch. Pr. 51; Soph. O. C. 96; Ar. 
Eq. 871 ; Her. i, 207; Lys. 17, 6; Dem. 3, 10 : pip. eyixaicfiv 
Dem. 19, 154: p.p. fyvoxruat Eur. H. F. 1287; Thuc. 3, 38; 

LyS. I,2J pip. yva>crfJii)v, KOT- Antiph. 5, 7 j a r - tyvaaGriv Eur. 

Elec. 852 ; Her. 4, 42 ; Antiph. 2, y, 2 ; Thuc. 2, 65 ; Isae. 2, 
33; PI. Leg. 656, dva- Her. 4, 154; yvaaQeis Aesch. Supp. 7: 
fut. yvtaffdrjaonai, Ar. Nub. 918 ; Thuc. i, 124; PI. Crat. 440; 
Isocr. 6, 106. 15, 7 : 2 aor. Zyvav II. 13, 72; Hes. Op. 218; 



157 

Pind. Ol. 7, 83; Aesch. Ag. 1106; Soph. Ant. 1004 ; Her. 8, 
92 ; Antiph. 2, /3, 3 ; Thuc. 7, 3 ; Isae. 2, 32, yv5>v II. 4, 357 ; 

Hes. Th. 551, 3 ^ual yvarrjv Od. 21, 36; Subj. yvo>, yvas &C. 

II. i, 411; Od. 22, 373; Ar. Ran. 1210. Pax 544; Antiph. 5, 
46; Lys. 14, 4; opt. yvoirjv II. 5, 85; Soph. Tr. 1118; Ar. 
Vesp. 72; Antiph. 5, 72; Isocr. n, 19 (-&V doubtful), yvoirjpev 
PL Leg. 918, yvolpfv Alcib. (i), 128, |vy- Soph. Ant. 926; 
yvoiT/Tf-Xen. Hell. 6, 3, 13; Isae. 4, 15, yvoirjo-av- Hippocr. i, 
622; Dem. 33, 15. 57, 12, yz/oui/ II. 18, 125; Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 
49; Isae. 5, 31; yvudi Aesch. Sept. 652; Soph. O. C. 1025; 

PI. Prot. 343, yvoyre II. 19, 84; yvStvat Od. 13, 312 J Soph. O.C. 

137 ; Antiph. 2, a, 9 ; Thuc. 2, 40 ; Lys. 16, 7, Epic -oo^vai 
II. 21, 266; yvovs Soph. El. 731; Ar. Thesm. 171; Her. 4, 
136; Thuc. 4, 28; Andoc. r, \2i : 1 aor. m. late yvoxra^Oai 
Maneth. 2, 51 : 2 aor. opt. o-uy-yvoiro Aesch. Supp. 216, the 
only instance we know of the mid. in Attic, except the fut. : 
in Ionic, pres. ovy-yivva-KOfjiai Her. 3, 99. 5, 94 : imp. ow- 

fyiviaa-KfTo 3, 53- 6, 6 1. Vb. yvaxrros Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 4, a- yv- 

Od. 2, 175, yvaxTTfos PI. Rep. 396, Poet. yi/an-os II. 7, 401 ; 
Soph. O. R. 396. Generally speaking, yiyvtoo-Ka> is since Wolf 
the prevailing form in Homer, Pind. (Boeckh, Schneidew. &c.) 
and the older Attics, ylvao-Ku in Pind. nozv however always 
(Bergk, Momms. Christ), and in Ionic and late prose from 
Aristotle downwards, Theocritus &c. The 1 aor. occurs in 
comp. dv-eyvcoa-a persuaded, Her. i, 68 : 2 aor. eyvw 3 pi. for 
-oa-av, Hym. Cer. in ; Pind. P. 9, 79, dv- I. 2, 23, and tyvov P. 
4, 1 20, which Ahrens, Schneidewin, and Mommsen would read 
also in the other passages quoted; Epic subj. yv<ba> Od. 14, 
118; Theocr. 25, 177, -0)175 II. 23, 487, -a>g 24, 688. Od. 
X 7 556, <*- 24, 217, -woxri II. 23, 610, eVt- Od. 18, 30, 

yvti>ofj.(v Od. 1 6, 304, for yva>, -a> } yvSxrt, yvtopev : opt. yvolp,fv for 
-olrjfifv, PI. Ale. (i), 128, yvoifv for -qcrav, II. 18, 125 ; Soph. Ph. 

325; Dem. 41, 14, o-vyyvair] Aesch. Supp. 215 (Turn. Well.) is 
accounted a false form for -oir] (Lob. Dind. Herm. Paley): perf. 
part. p. f'yiHoafifvovs Dem. 18, 228, has been quoted as active, 
but the best Ms. has was not vpas, and this removes the necessity 
at least of taking it actively. 

r\dw, To utter song, sing, poet, and only 2 sing. yXafs Pind. 
Fr. 97 (Bergk, 4 ed.). 

rXauKidoj Epic, To glare, in early authors part, only, -i6a>v II. 
20, 172; Hes. Sc. 430 (Q. Sm. 12, 408, -oWa Maneth. 5, 250); 
but 3 pi. indie. -oWi Opp. Cyn. 3, 70. 71 ; in prose, late and 
only Heliod. y\av*ia>v 7, 10. (t.) 

Poet. To scrape, hollow, Hes. Sc. 432: aor. ryXa^t; 



158 

yXd^cu (Hesych.) ; in comp. Sia-yXftyao-a Od. 4, 438 : and m. 
d7j-eyXa^dp7i> Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 628. (a.) 

rXixojiai (i) To desire, yXi'^ei Ar. Fr. 160 (D.), Ion. ~x eai Her. 
7, 161, -erat Dem. 18, 207, -6p.fda Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 447; 
Her. 3, 72, -oi/rat Dem. 6, n ; -oi^v Isocr. 12, 64; yX/^ow Anth. 
9? 334 5 -x*r0 Dem. 5, 23 ; -optvos Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 47 ; 
Her. 2, 102. 4, 152; Isocr. 6, 109; Dem. 19, 226: imp. 
e'yXixero Dem. 5, 22, -OITO Thuc. 8, 15 : aor. fyKt$dp.r]v Com. Fr. 
(Plat.) 2, 695. This verb seems confined to Comedy and 
Prose. 

rXuKairw To sweeten, late in act. Dio. Hal. C. Verb. 1 2 : fut. 
-uvco Apocr. Sir. 12, 16: aor. eyXvKava Diog. Laert. 8, 70; V.T. 
Psal. 54, 15. Usu. pass. -yXvKaiVopu Soph. Fr. 239; Xen. Oec. 

19, 19: p. yeyXvKacrpai Athen. 9, 384, but dir-eyXtiKaa-p- Athen. 

(Diphil. Siph.) 2, 55 : aor. eyXvKavdrjv Mosch. 3, 112; Hippocr. 
7, 160 (Lit.); Athen. (Callix.) 5, 30: fut. -avdrjo-opai Apocr. Sir. 

49, I. Mid. in COmp. 1 aor. as act. Kar-eyXv/cdi/aro, -fjvaro (Pors.) 

Com. Fr. (Chion.) 2, 6. (v.) 

r\u(f>w (i>) To grave, Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 213; Her. 7, 69; 
PI. Hip. Min. 368: imp, eyX{J<oi> Hippocr. 3, 142; Ar. Nub. 
879 : fut. yXityeo V. T. Exod. 28, 9 : aor. tyXv^a Anth. 9, 818 ; 
Strabo 9, 410, eV- Her. 2, 4, irapa- Hippocr. 3, 530 (Lit): p.p. 
yeyXv/i/jm PI. Conv. 216 (best Mss. Herm. Stallb. now, &c.) ; 
Anth. 9, 752 ; Plut. Mor. 363 ; Athen. (Callix.) 5, 39, e'y- yey- 
Her. 2, 106. 124. 136. 138. 148 ; (PI.) Eyrx. 400, Kara- Hippocr. 
4, 386, 8ia- Ael. V. H. 3, 45; Diod. Sic. i, 66, and eyXvunai 
PI. Conv. quoted (some Mss. Bekk. Ast, B. O. W. &c.), e- PL 
Rep. 616 (no v. r.); Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 562, by preference 
seemingly, for the metre would allow eK-yfy\vp.-, 8i-e'yX- Athen. 

3, 45 : pip. (v-eyey- D. CaSS. 42, 18 : 1 aor. ey\v(f)()r]v, y\v(j)6fv 

Anth. 6, 229, where 2 aor. could not stand ; Theophr. Fr. 2, 5, 
32:2 aor. fy\v<pTjv Anth. App. Epigr. 66 ; Pseud-Callisth. 3, 
22 ; Malal. 2, p. 50, Si- Ael. V. H. 14, 7. Mid. aor. fyXv^a^v 
Theocr. Epigr. 7 ; Plut Syl. 3, <f- Tib. Gr. 17. Vb. y\vm-6 f 
Anth. 6, 64. The form yXwrra, we think, does not now occur: 
KpoTovaa or KTVTTovara is now read for yXwrrovo-a, Eur. Tr. 1306. 
1 aor. pass, has been overlooked by Philologers. 

rcdfjnrrw To bend, Poet -nra Orph. L. 193; Opp. H. 5, 266, 
-TTTOVO-I 5, 574, eVi- II. 9, 5 r 4> yf^umuf Anth. (Agath.) n, 
365, irepi- Od. 9, 80, and yvdnro> (Hesych.): fut. yvd^d Aesch. 
Pr. 995 (yvatyei Dind. Weil); Orph. L. 474; Lycophr. 1247: 
aor. yvd^tv Ap. Rh. 2, 965. 3, 1350; in tmesi II. 23, 731, 

(ir-eyv- 2, 14, dv-eyvafJ^lfav Od. 14, 348 (tyvaptyav II. 24, 274 

Vulg. is now fKa^av); imper. yvdptyov Opp. C. 2, 370 : aor. p. 



Todco Tpd(f)(a. 159 

eyvdp<f)8r) (Hesych.), dv-eyvd^Orj II. 3, 348. 7, 259. 17, 44. Mid. 

rare and late, aor. cm-yvdp^cuo Nic. Alex. 363. Pass, yvap- 
TTTo/xei/oi Nic. Ther. 423 : imp. en-eyvd/jurTOVTo Ap. Rh. 2, 591 : 
aor. dv-(yvdfj.<f)dr) II. 3, 348, S66 above : 2 aor. yvaffivat (yvdnroi) 

Hesych. : the prose form Ka^ir has perf. p. This verb, we 
think, is entirely Poet, chiefly Epic, for yva^dfivai Thuc. 3, 58 
(Duker) has no Ms. authority, and has, very properly, been left 
to withjer. Bekk. Poppo, Goell. Kriig. Dind. have, in accordance 
with the Mss., edited the prose form Ka^Brjvai. 

Todw (a) To btwail, Epic in act. -aet Opp. Hal. 3, 407 ; Mosch. 
3, 88, 3 pi. -aovo-t Ap. Rh. 3, 995, Dor. -dovn Mosch. 3, 24; opt. 
yo6u>fj.ev II. 24, 664 (Papyr. Bekk. Paley, yodoipev Vulg. Dind. 
Ameis, La Roche), -aotre Anth. 5, 237, yodwev Od. 24, 190 

(Bekk. -doiev Vulg.); yoa>v II. 18, 315. Od. 9, 467, yooatv Od. 
19, 119, yoSxra Theogn. 264, yod&xra II. 16, 857; inf. yoav 
Aesch. Pers. 676 (Dind. Weil), Epic yo^fvai II. 14, 502 : imp. 

yotav Od. IO, 567, iter. yoda<T<ev Od. 8, 92, -dacricov Ap. Rh. I, 

293, ydao-KeHom. H. 4, 216 : fat. yorjaofjuii II. 21, 124. 22, 353'. 
late yofja-m Anth. 7, 638; Nonn. 2, 137. 29, 119: 1 aor. eyorja-a 
Anth. 7, 599. 6n: 2 aor. Epic, ydoi> II. 6, 500. Mid. yoao/nat 
as act. Aesch. Pers. 1072; Eur. Tr. 289; AT. Thesm. 1036; 
-doia-de Mosch. 3, 3; yoapxvos Soph. Tr. 937, -opevr) Tr. 51 ; 
Lycophr. 972; in prose, only Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 9 : imp. yodro 
Soph. O. R. 1249 (trimet.) : fut. yo7j<ro/u see act.: aor. yojjo-aro 

Q. Sm. IO, 465 '(Pauw, Koechly, Porjvaro Vulg.) Pass, yodrcu 

Aesch. Ch. 632 : laor. yoq&t's Anth. 7, 371. yofj^fvai Epic inf. 
for yoav : iter. imp. yodaa-Kfv, yoao-K- see above. In prose, only 
Xen. quoted. The Attic poets never use the active, unless 
yodv be correct Aesch. Pers. 676 (Dind. Weil, -yo'ei/ Ms. Med.) : 
of the mid. only pres. and imp. : of the pass, only pres. : the 
early Epics use the active only, with fut. mid. This verb 
seems not to contr. 0/7 into , like j3oao>, &c. 

roufdop,ai To grasp the knees, entreat, unaugm. and proceeds 
not beyond the Epic aor. II. 15, 665. Od. n, 66; imper. 

-afeo II. 22, 345: imp. yovvae'a6r]i> II. II, 130, -diTo Ap. Rh. 
I, 1133: flit. -da-ofjMi II. I, 427 ; Anth. 5, 2. 103: aor. yovvatrd- 
fj.e(T0a Orph. Arg. 621 ; -cio-OTjai Ap. Rh. 4, 747, -ao-o-wi/rai Orph. 

Arg. 946. 

fou^oufjiai, Epic and Lyric, and only pres. and imp. II. 21, 74 ; 
Od. 22, 312; Anacr. i, i. 2, 6; Anth. 7, 476; -ov/uw>s II. 15, 
660; Archil. 75: imp. denied, but yowov^v Od. n, 29, -vow 
Ap. Rh. 2, 1274. 

rpd<|>a> To write, Soph. Fr. 694 (D.); Ar. Ach. 31 ; Her. 7, 
214; Antiph. i, 30; Thuc. i, 22; Isocr. 15, 56: imp. (y 



1 60 Tpa<p<i). 

AT. Ach. 144; PI. Theaet. 143: fut. ypd-^a> Eur. Phoen. 574 ; 
Her. i, 95; PL Phaedr. 276: aor. eypmjra Solon 36, 18; 
Simon. C. 162; Pind. Ol. 3, 30; Eur. I. T. 585; Ar. Lys. 
679; Her. 8, 22; Thuc. i, 97; PL Phaedr. 278, ypm//-< IL 
r 7 599 > P art - ypfyas 6, 169 ; Isocr. 10, 14 ; ypfyai Antiph. 5, 
54 : p. yeypafa Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 90 ; Hippocr. i, 620; Thuc. 
5, 26 ; Isocr. n, i ; PL Theaet. 166, and late yeypdcprjKa. Synes. 
Epist. 134; Archim. 48? v.r. Xen. An. 7, 8, i ; Aristid. 45, 68 

(Vulg. yeypa(pa Ms. L. Dind. Trapaa-vyyfypdcprjKas Dem. 56, 28. 

34, is from -ypa<po>) : pip. eyeypd(pei Dem. 18, 79 (D.) : p. p. 
yeypa/x/itu Pind. Ol. n, 3; Aesch. Supp. 709; Eur. Supp. 433; 
Antiph. 4, 8, 7 ; Thuc. 2, i ; imper. ytypaQdv PL Leg. 745 ; 

late eypap.fj.ai Opp. Cyn. 3, 274: pip. eyeypanro Her. 3, 128; 

Xen. Mem. i, 2, 64 (Dind. Saupp.), yeyp- (Born. Kiihn. &c.), 
3 pi. (ytypufyaTo D. Cass. 56, 32 : laor. fypd<f>0r]v, jrcpi- Archim. 
Con. p. 48, 6 ; Galen 7, 489, fiia- Dionys. 159, /- Anth. 8, 
147 : 2 aor. eypdtprjv Her. 4, 91 ; PL Parm. 128; Dem. 24, n ; 
ypd<py PL Phaedr. 275; ypafais Thuc. i, 133; Isocr. 5, i; PL 

Polit. 295 ; ypafpijvat PL Lys. 209 : fut. ypafpfia-onai Com. Fr. 

(Nicom.) 4, 584; Hippocr. 2, 278 (Lit.); Aristid. 45, 59; Plut. 
Mor. 866, /r-ey- Ar. Eq. 1370, dvr- (Dem.) 25, 73, e'y- 59, 7 : 
and as pass. fut. m. ypd^op.ai Galen i, 36. 231 (Kiihn); and 
v.r. Hippocr. 2, 304. 676. 4, 80 (Lit.) missed by Lexicogr. 
see mid.: 3 fut. yfypd^/ofiai Soph. O.K. 411; Theocr. 18, 47 ; 
Hippocr. 2, 304. 330. 676. 3, 70. 4, 108. 114. 174. 252, ey- 
Ar. Eq. 1371. Mid. ypd^opai write for myself, accuse, Aesch. 
Ch. 450; Soph. Ph. 1325; Ar. Vesp. 576; Dem. 59, 52; 
-ijrai PL Leg. 948, &c. : fut. ypd^opai Aesch. Supp. 991 (Ms. 
M. Well. Hart.); Ar. Pax 107; Dem. 19, 209: aor. eypatydp.^ 
Ar. Vesp. 894. 907 ; Andoc. i, 17; Isae. 3, 30; PL Apol. 26; 
-\^rai Thuc. 8, 67; -\lfdpevos Ar. Nub. 1482; Isae. n, 31 ; got 
painted, Her. 4, 88: p.p. as mid. yeypa^ai. PL Theaet. 210; 
Dinarch. i, 101; Dem. 21, 130. 24, 189; -ap-nevos Xen. Mem. 
4, 8, 4 . The act. also (ypd<pa>) ypdtyai seems so used, Ar. Av. 

1052 J hence pass. ypd(poiro SUP; Nub. 758. Vb. ypairros 

Eur. Fr. 764 (D.), -reos Xen. Eq. 2, i. Of this verb Horn, has 
only 1 aor. act. : no 2 aor. act. or mid. seems to occur : 
whereas 2 aor pass, alone occurs in classic authors, but in 
prose only, ypd<peis Eur. I. A. 35, is 2 sing, indie, act. not 
part. 2 aor. pass, yeypa^d/zei/oy Hippocr. 4, 80, if correct (v. r. 
ypa^o^-), is the only instance of the participle of the redupli- 
cated fut. we ever met in a classic author, except dianfno\e/j.r]- 
vopfvov Thuc. 7, 25 (Vat. Bekk. Krtig. &c.), Stan-oXe/i^o-d/t- (Vulg. 

Goell.) See jroAe/u'a>. 



Tpv o> Aa ivvfjL i . 1 6 1 

oju To grunt, Aesch. Fr. 254 (D.); Ar. Plut. 454; Luc. 
Voc. 10: fat. ypv&is Ar. Eq. 224 (Bekk. Bergk, Mein. but mid. 
-et Elms. Dind.), in a different sense ypvarto, -ei Aristot. Probl. 
4, 2, 5 (B.) : and as active, mid. ypv^o^ai Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 
831 : aor. eypvga PI. Euthyd. 301 ; subj. ypvn Ar. Vesp. 374; 
yp{)ai Isae. 8, 27 ; -va? Ar. Nub. 963, but ypva-avros if correct, 
Teleclid. in Sext. Emp. 751 (B.) Vb. ypvuros Ar. Lys. 656. 
For yptgfis Ar. Eq. 294, Elms, and Dind. read mid. ypvgei, 
probably because ypvgopai occurs in Alcaeus : the act. form 
is certain late, ov ypvgei KVUV V. T. Exod. n, 7; Apocr. Jud. 
n, 19; and the collat. form ypvXi&a has Dor. flit. act. -i^fire 
Ar. Ach. 746. 

A. 

(Aae'w) To teach, learn, see (Sda>). 

AaiSdXXu To deck curiously, Poet. -SaXXouo-i Opp. Cyn. i, 335 ; 
in classic authors the act. occurs in pres. part, and inf. only, 
8ai8d\\a>v II. 18, 479. Od. 23, 200; -aXXv Pind. Ol. 5, 21 : 
p.p. 8e8ai8a\p.fvos Pind. Ol. i, 29. 2, 53 : aor. 8ai8a\0fis N. n, 
1 8. A solitary fut. of a pure form (S<u8oXoa>), ScuSaXcocre^ej' 
occurs Pind. OL i, 105. 

Aaiu Poet. To rend, -a>v II. n, 497 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 415 ; Aesch. 
Supp. 680 (chor.); -teiv Tyrtae. n, 17; Orph. L. 706, Epic 
-i&ufvcu II. 21, 33 : imp. e8d'ie II. 21, 147, Sdife Orph. Fr. 12, 
2 : fut. ato> Aesch. Ag. 207 (chor.); Nonn. 44, 158: aor. 

fdd'iga Ap. Rh. I, IOO2. 2, 7; Opp. C. 4, 280; 8aiat II. 2, 416. 
1 6, 841; Saigas Aesch. Ch. 396 (chor.): p.p. Sfdaiypai, -diKTOi 
Opp. Hal. 5, 578; -iyufvos II. 18, 236. 22, 72, and 8e8aiypevos 

Pind. P. 8, 87 (Herm. Hart. Schneidew.), SeSay^- (Bergk, 
Momms.): pip. 8(8d'iKT<> Nonn. 14, 387: aor. eSa^^ Anth. 
8, 216; 8di x 6 e i s Pind. P. 6, 33; Ap. Rh. 4, 1400; Eur. I. T. 
872 (chor.), and 8aia-6fis Eur. Heracl. 914 (chor. Aid.), but 
8at<rdfis (Elms. Herm. Dind. Kirchh.) referred also to 8at<a burn, 
and 8aivvpi : pres. p. 8di^6^Ltvos II. 14, 20: imp. e'&ufero 15, 629. 
Mid. so seems imp. Stufero began tearing, Hym. Cer. 41, if so, 
missed by Lexicogr. Vb. Mfardl Orph. Arg. 979. 8atg- II. 
7, 247. 18, 27 &c., but 8a- in arsi, II. n, 497. This verb is 
Epic and Lyric : the Tragedians use it in chor. only. 

Acufuju To entertain, imper. 8aivv II. 9, 70 : part, -vvra Od. 
4, 3, (fiaivvo)) : imp. daivv II. 23, 29. Od. 3, 309, and 8alvvfv 
Callim. Cer. 84: fut. 8aia-a> II. 19, 299; Aesch. Eum. 305; 
Eur. LA. 720: aor. eSato-a Eur. Or. 15; Her. i, 162; Smo-as 
Pind. N. i, 72: aor. p. Saurdeis Eur. Heracl. 914 (chor.) 

M 



1 6 2 Aa/o/xai Aa/jow. 



Mid. SaiViJ/xat feast, eat, -va-at Od. 21, 290, -WTOI II. 15, 99; 
Soph. Tr. 1088; Opp. Hal. 2, 244; subj. Satv^ Od. 19, 
328, see below; -vo-da) 21, 319, -vo-dc 21, 89; -wcrdai Her. 
3, 18; -vpevos Hipponax 35; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 95; Her. 
2, too; Opp. Hal. i, 137, and SatVai Athen. (Matron) 4, 
136?: imp. 8aii>vfj.Tjv II. 23, 201. Od. 3, 66; Theocr. 13, 
38; Ar. Pax 1280. 1282 (Hexam.), e'ScuV- Soph. Tr. 771; 
Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 205; Opp. Hal. 1,543; Her. i, 211 
(Bekk. Dind. Bred.), 8aiv- (Gaisf.) : fut. Saivopai. Lycophr. 668 
(8atff- Maneth. 4, 615); Arr. An. 5, 3; Philostr. Ap. 208, /uera- 
Od. 1 8, 48 : aor. f8cuordp.r)v Archil. Fr. 99 (Bergk); Find. P. 10, 
31 ; Soph. Fr. 153 (D.), Sato-- Find. P. 3, 93. N. 9, 24; subj. 
Sai'o-r/ Com. Fr. (Cratin. Min.) 3, 377, Epic dmo-o^at, ^fra- II. 23, 

207; batadfievos Od. l8, 408; -(rarrtfat Soph. El. 543. Vb. 

a-8atTOf Aesch. Ag. 151. Sub}. Saivvtj Od. 19, 328, but Saivvg 

even in thesis 8, 243, for which Ahrens would read Sawvi for 

-vfai j v in opt. SMVVTO, Saivvaro (for -v'tro, -vi'ai/ro.) 8aivv 2 sing. 

imper. for -vdi II. 9, 70, and 3 imp. for e'&uVu, Od. 3, 309, but 
daivv' 2 sing. imp. mid. for e'&uWo-o, -wo, II. 24, 63 : Sau/Cro 
3 sing. pres. opt. mid. for -vlro, 24, 665, daivvar 3 pLfor-i/iiro, 
Od. 18, 248. /ieraSaio-o^ai II. 23, 207, seems subj. for -o-aywu. 
This verb is poetic, occasionally Ionic prose. 

AcuojAcu To divide, tear, Find. P. 3, 81 ; -opevos Od. 17, 332 : 
imp. Sate Od. 15, 140: fut. 8ao-o/ull. 22, 354,a7ro-Sdo-a--i7, 231: 
aor. e'Sao-d^i/ Od. 14, 208 ; Ap. Rh. i, 529, fit- Find. Ol. i, 51 ; 
Her. 8, 121, f'Sdo-o-- Od. 6, 10 ; Hes. Th. 520, &W- II. i, 368; 

HeS. Th. 112; fiatra- Opp. Hal. I, II, iter. fiao-dff/cero II. 9, 
333; 8da-<airrai Od. 1 7, 80 ; -traifif6a 2, 335 J -vaadai II. 18, 

511. 23, 21 ; Eur. Tr. 450; -o-a/i/os Her. 2, 4. 7, 121, 8ao-cr- 
Od. 3, 66 ; Find. Ol. 7, 75 ; rare in Attic, eSo-- Xen. Oec. 

7, 24. 25; fida-OHTai Cyr. 4, 2, 43; fiaaao-^at Plut. Rom. 17, 

dva- Thuc. 5, 4; Plut. Agis 12; 8aa-dfj.fvos Rom. 27: and late 
p. p. Sf'Saorat as mid. Q. Sm. 2, 57. Pass. Sato/xat to be 
divided, figur. in pres. distracted, Od. i, 48, but dva-dmofifvas 
divided, Orac. Her. 4, 159: p. SeSao>iat II. 15, 189 ; Eur. H. F. 
1329; Her. 2, 84; Stob. (Archt.) i, 75 (Mein.), Epic S'&u^a, 
-ai'arai Od. I, 23 (but late df8ao~rai as mid. see above): aor. 

later, fSdffdijv (Hesych.) ; dva-SavQfis Plut. Agis 8 ; Kara-Sao-^wu 

Luc. Demon. 35 (Jacob.) Vb. dvd-davros PI. Leg. 843. To 
this verb, rather than to Saivvfu, some may be inclined to refer 
pres. SaiovTtn divide for oneself, consume, Athen. (Matron) 4, 136. 
The pres. and fut. seem to be poetic. 

Aai'pw To flay, Ar. Nub. 442 (Bekk., Seip- Dind.), see 8eipa, 
Sf'pv. 1 aor. dijpai we have never met in any Greek. 



Act/to Aa/cj/w. 163 

(Acuw) To divide, entertain, see Satw/u. 

Aaia> To kindle, usu. Poet. ScuWi II. 20, 317; SmW Aesch. 
Ch. 864. Ag. 496; but Hippocr. 6, 436 (Lit.); and, in a 
Byzant. decree, Dem. 18, 90: imp. efiaie Horn. H. 2, 266; 
Ap. Rh. 4, 869, Sate II. 9, 211. 18, 206: p. Se'Saa late, 8e8avla 
Nonn. 6, 305 : p. p. SeSau/xat, -/ieVos Simon. (Am.) 30 (Bergk) : 
aor. ftaiadeis Eur. Heracl. 914 (chor.) has been referred hither 
by Elms, and Lobeck, see &ufw : 2 p. 88??a blaze, II. 17, 253. 
20, 18: pip. SeS^eti/ II. 2, 93 ; Hes. Sc. 155, a/t$t- 62. Mid. 
SaLopai to be on fire, Od. 6, 132; Ar. Lys. 1284 (chor.); -6/j.evos 
D*.8, 75; Theocr. 24, 52: imp. e'Sakro Soph. Tr. 765, Sate 

II. 21, 343; Hes. Sc. 165: 2 aor. (eSao'/iJji/), Subj. darjrai II. 2O, 

316. 21, 375. SfSau/ieW Callim. Epigr. 52 (Blomf. Mein.) is 
a conjecture of Bentley's for 8eSay/x-. This verb is almost 
entirely Poetic. 

Ao.Kfdopu To be distressed, Poet, and only pres. 8awdov 
Aesch. Pers. 571 (chor.) .Act. dawdfa to bite, late -dfav Anth. 

7, 504- 

Adic^o) To bile, Hipponax 49, 6 ; Aesch. Sept. 399 ; Soph. 
Ant. 317; Ar. Vesp. 253; Her. 2, 95; Hippocr. 2, 414 
(Lit.); Xen. An. 3, 2, 35; PI. Rep. 474; Dem. 21, 89: 
imp. f&aicvov Ar. PI. 822 : fut. 8?jo/xat Eur. Bac. 351 ; Ar. 
Ach. 325; Hippocr. 7, 336; Xen. Oec. 12, 16 ; (Dem.) 25, 
96 : late, 8r)ga> Schol. Lycophr. 1006 : aor. rare, ffyge Paroem. 
C. n, 82 ; 8fjgov (Luc.) Asin. 9 : p. SeSifoao-i (Hesych.) ; SeSij^wr 
Babr. 77 (Lachm.) : p.p. Se'S^y/xat Ar. Ach. i; -pc'vos Aesch. 
Ch. 843; Eur. Rhes. 596; Xen. Conv. 4, 28; PI. Conv. 217. 
218: aor. f8f)x8 r ) v Soph. Tr. 254; Ar. Ach. 18; Xen. Cyr. 

1, 4, 13; 8 nx8n Aesch. Eum. 638; Hippocr. 7, 342; bnx dfi n 
Eur. Med. 817; dqxQcts Eur. Hipp. 1303; Xen. Oec. 8, i; 
PI. Conv. 217, Dor. da x - Find. Fr. 100, 8 (Bergk) : fut. 8rj X 0fi- 
o-opai Eur. Ale. noo; Hippocr. 2, 578 (K.) ; Stob. (Teles.) 
5, 67 : pres. Sd/cw^ai Theogn. 910 : 2 aor. eSaKrjv late, Aretae. 
60 (Ed. Oxon.): 2 aor. act. eSanov Batr. 181; Simon. C. 167 ; 
Ar. Eq. 1372; Her. 7, 16; (Dem.) 25, 96, 8a/ce II. 5, 493; 
Hes. Th. 567 ; Demodoc. 4 (Bergk), redupl. Se'Sa/ce Anth. 12, 
15; 8dKo> Eur. Phoen. 383, Sa/xfl? Cycl. 314, -KTJ Ar. Thesm. 
530, -KOXTI Luc. Philops. 40; daKoifu Eur. Med. 1345; Ar. Eq. 
1010 (Br. Bekk. Kock); (Dem.) 25, 96 ; Sancwi' Tyrtae. n, 22 ; 
Aesch. Pr. 1009 ; Soph. Tr. 976 ; Ar. Nub. 1369 ; Xen. Mem. 

2, 2, 7; tiaKflv Ar. Vesp. 374. Ach. 376. Aristot. Pt. Anim. 
4, n, n, SaKffiv II. 17, 572. 18, 585: (a late 1 aor. form 
e'SctKa, dvr- (Luc.) Ocyp. 27 (Dind.) : aor. mid. e'Sj^a/xqi/, 8f)gr)Tat 
Hippocr. 2, 542 (Vulg. S^erat Mss. Lind. Lit. Erm.); and late, 

M 2 



1 64 Aa/fjOi/)(eft) 



Herodn. r, 15, 6, but -tadai (Bekk.) Of the pass, we 
hold the aor. not the perf. to be the more freq. Horn, seems 
to have onjy 2 aor. act. : fut. act. and perhaps 1 aor. are late : 
aor. mid. is doubtful. Vb. a-8rjKTos Hes. Op. 420. 

AaKpux To shed tears, in early Epic has only part, -x^v 
II. 9, 14 ; Aesch. Sept. 919 (chor.), -xeWro II. 22, 79 ; Ap. Rh. 
I, 250, Aeol. -oto-a Callim. Cer. 80; but late occur ind. 8aicpvxeo> 
Anth. (Meleag.) 12, 72, -' 7, 600 ; -u> Nonn. 19, 168 : and 
imp. iter. 8aKpvxff<rKf Nonn. Metaphr. 20, n. 

Aaxpu'w (v) To weep, Aesch. Ch. 81 (D.); Soph. El. 152 ; Ar. 
Ach. 690; Her. i, 87. 3, 14; Andoc. 4, 39; Xen. Apol. 27; 
Isocr. 4, 1 68 : imp. eftaKpvov Xen. An. i, 3. 2 : fut. Saxpocro) 
Eur. Elec. 658 ; Alciphr. i, 37 : and late SaKpoo-o/xai Tryph. 404 : 
aor. fftaKpvo-a Simon. (C.) 52 (Bergk); Eur. Bac. 1373 ; Ar. Av. 
540; Her. 7, 45; Lys. 2, 40 ; Xen. Hell. 4, 2, 4. Cyr. 3, i, 7, 

air- Ar. Vesp. 983, Sdicpvva Od. II, 55, '8a*p- Soph. Ph. 360 

(trimet.); subj. -v<ru> Aesch. Ag. 1490; Eur. Tr. 458 ; daxpiiaai 
Eur. Hel. 948 ; Ar. Pax 611 ; PI. Leg. 800; -tia-a? II. 10, 377 ; 
Her. i, 112; PI. Phaed. 116 : p. late 8(8dKpv<a Alciphr. 2, 3: 

p.p. 8e8aK/3u/Liai Epic, -Kpv(rai II. 16, 7> -Kpvvrai 22, 491. Od. 2O, 

204 ; and late prose StSaK/sv/zeW (PI.) Ax. 364 ; Plut. Public. 6. 
C. Gracch. 16; Luc. Icaromen. 13 ; Dio. Hal. 6, 81 ; Paus. i, 
21, 5 ; Aristaen. i, 22, bathed in tears', pres. daKpiierm Eur. Hel. 
1226. Mid. 8aKpvfo-dai as act. Aesch. Sept. 814 (Dind.) : 
fut. late 8aKpva-op.at Tryph. 404, quoted ; v. r. Aesch. Sept. 814 : 
late also aor. Saicpvo-aro Tryph. 431, e'Saxp- Nonn. 15, 381 ; 
unless SciKpvo-aorOcu be correct Aesch. Sept. 796 (Mss. Herm. for 
-vftrQai Mss. 814 Dind. Paley). Vb. d-8dKpi>Tos II. i, 415. 

v except occasionally in late poets, 8aKpva> Christ. Pat. 356. 913, 
-&ts Theod. Prodr. 2, 300, 8dKpve Anth. Pal. 9, 148. 12, 232, 
8aKpva-a> Theod. Prodr. i, 263. 8aKpvaa> called fut. Aesch. Ag. 
1490; Soph. O. C. 1255; Theocr. 2, 64, seems rather subj. 
aor. Of the pass, the pres. SaKpverai Eur. Hel. 1226, and perf. 
8(8aKpvfjMi quoted, are alone in use. The pres. act. is not used 
by the Epics ; 8aiepva>v Batr. 69, is the only instance we know : 

JcXauu is the Epic pres. II. I, 362. 24, 773, ei/3a>, SaKp^ewj/, &C. 

The mid. is Poet, but not in Horn, and in classic authors 
scarcely ventures beyond the pres. Our lexicons, we think, 
have entirely missed it. 

Aafidw (Sajidu) To tame, mostly Poet, -afeis Eur. Ale. 980, 
-af Aesch. Ch. 324; Anacreon 65 (B.); Nic. Ther. 363. Al. 
5; V. T. Dan. 2, 40, Dor. -do-Sei Theocr. 4, 55; 8ap.dfav Xen. 
Mem. 4, 3, 10 (see Hes. Th. 865; Pind. P. n, 24), 8ap.da> in 
pres. is rare, and perhaps late, fiayndcoo-t Q. Sm. 5, 247, seems 



165 

pres. (comp. -6a>vrat 249), see below: imp. e'Sd/iafoi/ Eur. H.F. 
374 (chor.) : fat. Sa/tacrw, -da-et Anth. 6, 329 ; V. T. Dan. 2, 40, 
-do-o-ei II. 22, 176; Ap. Rh. 3, 353. 4, 1654, and (Sa//), 3 sing. 

dapa II. I, 6l, Ep. 8cifj.da 22, 2jl, 3 pi. -otocrt 6, 368, by Some 

called pres.: aor. e'fia/nao-a Find. N. 7, 90, Sd/zao-a II. 16, 543. 
22, 446; Hes. Th. 857; Find. Ol. 10, 30; Soph. Ant. 827 
(chor.), e'Sa/zao-o-a II. 5, 191. 16, 813; Hes. Th. 332 ; Find. P. 
2, 8; TEur. H.F. 381 (chor.), ddfiaa-a-a II. 5, 106. Od. 14, 367; 

Find. P. 8, 80; Sa/wWeo II. 16, 438, -a<rr, Od. 5, 468, -dtrcrr) II. 

5, 138, -d(T(Tofj.ev for -cofjifv, II. 22, 176; 8afjM(rfifi> Theocr. 22, 93; 

Mpcurov II. 9, 496, -aa-ffov 3, 352; da/nd<ras II. 19, 66; Eur. 

Fhoen. 152; Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 672, -do-o-a? Od. 4, 244, Dor. 

-dcr<Tais Find. Ol. 9, 92; daftdo-ai, -d<r<rcu Mosch. 2, 76; Opp. 

Hal. i, 14 (fyi7<rai Hesych.) : p. SeSa/iaKorfy Stob. Flor. vol. 4, 
p. 273 (Mein.), (Se'S/^Ka ?) : p. p. 8f8firj^cu II. 5, 878 ; -/^/xeW II. 
14, 482; Hes. Op. 116; Theogn. 177; Ap. Rh. 4, 1649: pip. 
Sffyirjro Od. 3, 304 ; Ap. Rh. i, 610, 3 pi. -/njaro II. 3, 183, late 
SfSa/jLcuTnai Nic. Al. 29 ; late prose Mythogr. p. 340 (Westerm.) ; 
Plut. Mor. 451 : pip. SeSd^aoro Or. Sib. 5, 5 : aor. f'Sapdffdrjv 
Od. 8, 231, Safjida-d- II. 19, 9; subj. -avdlj Aesch. Sept. 338. 765; 
opt. -flfv Xen. Mem. 4, i, 3 ; dapaadfis II. 22, 55 ; Simon. C. 
151; Find. Ol. 2, 20. P. i, 73; Aesch. Pers. 279; Eur. Phoen. 
563. Supp. ion ; -cnr6f}vai Isocr. 7, 43, KOTO- D. Cass. 50, 10, 
and fSfjLTjfyv Simon. (C.) 89 (Bergk); imper. fi^^rca II. 9, 158; 

8fJLrj6fivai Ap. Rh. 3, 469, -SrjfMfvai Opp. H. 5, l6; Sfjujdeis II. 

4, 99; Hes. Th. 1000; Lycophr. 441, vno- Hes. Th. 327, 
Dor. (efyae-), 3 pi. Snadfv Find. P. 8, 17; Cadets Aesch. Pers. 
906 (chor.); Eur. Tr. 175 (chor.) Ale. 127 (chor.) I. T. 198. 
230 (chor.): 3 fut. SeVVoMf" Horn. H. 2, 365: 2 aor. e'fia/i/jj/ 
II. 13, 812. 20, 94 ; Soph. El. 845 (chor.); Ar. Pax 584 (chor.), 
'Sd/Lir? Aesch. Sept. 608 (trimet.), Sd^ II. 21, 383. Od. 3, 90; 
subj. Epic 8a/j.fiv Od. 18, 54, -fins II. 3, 436, -fas (Bekk.), -fig 
22, 246, -fm (Wolf, Bekk.), -e/ere 7, 72, -jjeT* (Bekk. La R.); 
opt. 8<ifiiV Eur. Med. 647, -tuj II. 12, 403; Hes. Fr. no; 
Soph. Tr. 432, 3 pi. -f> II. 3, 301 ; fia/netV II. 22, 40 ; Hes. Op. 
152; Sapph. 90; Find. Ol. i, 41; Aesch. Pr. 426. 861. Ag. 
1495; Eur. Rhes. 764. Or. 845. I. A. 623; Sa^i/at H. 15, 522. 
Od. 1 8, 156; Hes. Th. 464; Aesch. Ch. 367; Soph. Ph. 200, 
Epic 8anf]fj.fi>ai II. 10, 403; Ap. Rh. 3, 480. Mid. Sa/*db/iat as 
act. Aesch. Supp. 884 (Vulg.); Eur. Fr. 683 (D.); Com. Fr, 
(Anax.) 3, 163. 175 : fut. Epic 8a/xdo-o-6Tat II. (n, 478 may be 

Subj.) 21, 226; Opp. Hal. 4, 373: aor. Sn/xno-ai/ro II. 10, 210; 
Q. Sm. 14, 138, Sa/xao-o-- II. 5, 278, e'Sauda-craTO Od. 9, 516; 
Find. P. 3, 35 ; -a/iao-cu/i^ Od. 4, 637 ; -do-acr&u II. 23, 655 ; 



1 66 

-curadpcvos Od. 9, 454 ; late prose e'Sa/udo-aro Galen 3, 3 ; Greg. 
Nyss. de horn, condit. 7, 3 (Forbes), but Kara-So/iac-d/iei/os Thuc. 

7, 8 1. (Sd/i-.) VI). SapacrTfov Geop. 1 6, I, d-8d/ia<rros II. O,, I5^> 
d-8dfiaro? Aesch. Ch. 54) n-8/iijros II. IO, 293. 

Sd/*fi> Epic 3 pi. 2 aor. p. for eSa^o-civ, II. 8, 344; subj. Baudot 
Od. 1 8, 54, -fierf II. 7, 72 (Vulg. Dind. La Roche), -ijere (Bekk.), 
80/11717? 2 sing. II. 3, 436, -777; 3 sing. 22, 246, for -figs, -pj)', inf. 
dapTjfievm II. io, 403. In classic authors fio/xaw occurs rarely, 
if ever, in pres. act. 8a/na II. i, 61, may be fut. contr. from 

8a/j.d(T(i -dti -a, Epic -da 22, 271, -daxri 6, 368, but Su/xocoa-t 

Q. Sm. 5, 247, 8afj.6a>vrai 5, 249, seem to be pres. Horn, has 
both aorists pass, in the double form cdapdV&pr, e'fyu^i/, 2 
t8dfjir)v: so Find. -da-Orjv twice, Ol. 2, 20. P. i, 73, -a<V once, P. 

8, 17; 2-apriv thrice, Ol. i, 41. P. 3, 9. Fr. 203 (Bergk) : so 
also the Traged. -dtrdr^v Aesch. thrice, Pers. 279. Sept. 338. 
765; Eur. thrice, H. F. 21. Supp. ion. Phoen. 563, (-i)6r)v) 
always in chor. and always in the Dor. from -ddrjv Aesch. 
once, Pers. 906 ; Eur. four times, Ale. 127. Tr. 175. I. T. 198. 
230; 2 f'Bd/jLTjv Aesch. eight, Sept. 608. Pr. 426. 602. 861. Ch. 
367. Ag. 1451. 1495. 1519; Eur. four, Med. 648. .Or. 845. Rh. 
764. I. A. 623; Soph, four times and this form alone, El. 845. 
Tr. 432. Ph. 200. 335. It would thus appear that the 2 aor. 
f8dfj.r)v is rather the prevailing form in Pindar, and more than 
doubly so in the Tragedians. That the form e8^6r}v is not 
Attic, is pretty plain from Eur. I. A. 623 (trimeter), where, 
in the fifth foot, he avoids Spj&t'?, and uses Bape'is. The 2 aor. 
act. fSafjiov, and perf. StB^Ka, are confined, we think, to lexicons. 
In good prose, this verb is very rare : we have seen it in pres. 
act. only, and 1 aor. pass, -da-drjv : perf. 8e8a/xao>ie'i/oi Isocr. 6, 
65 (Steph.) is now w/taXt<r^Voi (Ms. Urb. Bekk. B. Saupp. 
Bens.) 

Aap.aXio> To subdue, only pres. Sa/w\i'bi Pind. P. 5, 129 
(162). Mid. Sa/iaAifo/ie'i/a Eur. Hipp. 231 (chor.) now approved 
for 8a/iab/it-, but pass. 8a/iaXibji/a> Pind. P. ii, 24 (39) now 
rejected for Sa/iafo^eVnv. See dapdfa. 

Aajirau Poet. To subdue, -vas Theogn. 1388, -va Od. n, 221; 
imperat. Sdjuva Sapph. i, 3: imp. tSduva II. 5, 391. 21, 270, 5d/x- 

II. 16, 103, iter. ddpvao-Kf Hom. H. 4, 251. Mid. Sa/xwzouat 

trans, seems not quite certain, for 8afj.ua II. 14, 199, may equally 

well be 2 sing. Of 8d/ixvafiat, -ao-at, -aat COntr. -a, from bdfjLvrjfu, 

which see. 

AdfAvrjfu To subdue, Poet. II. 5, 893. 8, 390 ; Alcae. 92 ; 
Theogn. 173. Mid. Sd/wa^ai as act. 8ap.va II. 14, 199, but 
VJTO- Od. 16,95, -VUTOI Od. 14, 488; HeS. Th. I22J 



167 

Archil. 85 (Berglc); Find. Fr. 207; Aesch. Pr. 164 (chor.): 

imp. 8dp.vaTO II. H, 309, lba.fjLva.TO Q. Sm. I, 243, tear- H. Merc. 

137. Pass. 8dnvap.ai Aesch. Supp. 904 (chor.) ; Opp. Hal. 

23, 387; -dp.evos II. 13, 16; -va<r8ai 8, 244: imp. f8aij.vap.fda 

Orph. Arg. 1092, fia/w- II. n, 309; Q. Sm. 3, 7: for aor. 

866 8ap,da>. 

7b /?</ money, PL Leg. 742 : fat. -fiW Dem. 35, 52, 
unclassic -etw : aor. e'Sumo-a Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 34; Isae. 5, 40; 
Aeschin. i, 100; Dem. 34, 23: p. -TXUOJ. Aristot. Oec. 2, 13; 
Rhet. 2, 23, 23; Dem. 35, 52, complete and reg. in act. and 
pass.: p. 8f8dveia-fj.ai Dem. 36, 5. 49, 53, see below: aor. 

edaveia-drjv 33, 12. 35, 53; Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 28. Mid. 8aveio[uu 
to have lent to oneself, borrow, Dem. 35, 22 : imp. e'Sav- 32, 4 : 
fat. -eiVo/xai Dem. 32, 15 (Dind.), n- 35, 21 : aor. (8avfia-dp.T)v 
Lys. 12, 59; PL Rep. 612; Dem. 34, 23. 35, 52. 48, 44: p. 
as mid. SeSaz/eto-jnai Xen. Hell. 6, 5, 19; Dem. 37, 53. 41, 9, 
Trpoo-- Lys. 19, 26, Trpo- Hyperid. Fr. p. 348 (B. S.) Vb. 
8amcrT/oi Plut. Mor. 408. In very late Greek, along with the 
reg. fat. Sawo-a), occurs the vicious form 8avet5>, -eiovo-t V. T. 
Prov. 22, 7 (Vat. Alex.), -etels Deut. 15, 10. 28, 12 (Vat.), but 
-tets (Alex.), and 15, 6 (Vat.) &c.: so mid. Sai/o/xeu, -eti? 15, 6. 
28, 12 (Vat. -ifi Alex.) 

Acnmvcxw .7<? expend, Thuc. 7, 29; Xen. Cyr. i, 2, ri : imp. 
t'SoTrdi/o)!' Xen. An. i, 3, 3: fut. -jjo-o) Thuc. i, 121, &c. (is 
pretty complete, but, in the classic period, with the irregularity 
of being Dep. pass.): aor. -rja-a Isae. 5, 45: p. SedaTrdvrjKa 
Lycurg. 139: p.p. -rjfuii Her. 2, 125; Lys. 21, 5; Isocr. 

2, 19; Diod. Sic. I, 64: pip. e'SeSajrawjTo, KOT- Her. 5, 34: aor. 

-t)0r)v Xen. Cyr. 2, 4, n : fut. -j^o-o/iai Plut. Mor. 218; Athen. 
4, 66. Mid. as Dep. pass, dairavdopai to expend one's own, Ar. 
Plut. 588 ; Andoc. 4, 32; Lys. 21, 3; PL Rep. 548, Ion 3 pi. 
-eWrai Her. 2, 37 (Gaisf. Bekk. Lhardy, -eovrat Dind. Dietsch, 
Abicht, -aurai Stein) : imp. ^airava>^v Ar. Fr. 476 (D.) ; Lys. 

25, 13: fut. (-ijo-Ojuae) : p. 8ebandvrjfj.ai Isocr. 18, 63; Dem. I, 

27: aor. Sairavridels Isocr. 15, 225; Isae. 5, 43: but late, aor. 
mid. i!kupavi)<rapT)v Eunap. Hist. p. 99 (Bekk.) (8uTrav-.) 

AapSdirTu To tear, is Poetic and confined, in classic authors, 
to pres. -SaTTTei Ar. Ran. 66, -ddirTovai II. II, 479. Od. 14, 92 ; 
Ar. Nub. 711 : imp. late prose e'Sap&aTn-e Luc. Menip. 14: aor. 

(e'8ap8a\^a), SapSa^ Opp. Hal. 4, 628: p. 8eSapSa<pe (Hesych.) 

AapGat'cj To sleep, in simple, only 2 aor. ZSapdov, Poet. Zdpadov 
Od. 20, 143; Coluth. 332. Usu. KaTa-8apddva> Plut. Mor. 1026; 
-dvtiv PL Phaed. 71. 72, tTriKara- Rep. 534, OTTO- Ael. H.A. 3, 

13: p. KaTa8f8ap8r)K<as PL Conv. 219: aor. pass. KaTf8dp6r)v, 3 pi. 



1 68 Aareo,uat Aaa>. 

-tiapdfv, for -drja-av, Ap. Rh. 2, 1227; -8ap6evra Ar. Plut. 300 

(Mss. Bekk. Bergk &c., but -Sap&Wa Pors. Dind.), -Bivrts 

PhiloStr. 2, 36; (LUC.) Philop. 21, Poet. (Kcn-eSpa^), SUbj. 

-Spatfw Od. 5, 471 (Vulg. Wolf), differing only in accent 
from subj. 2 aor. act. -dpa6a> (Bekk. Thiersch, Dind. La Roche) : 

2 aor. act. Kar-e8ap6ov Com. Fr. (Ar.) 2, 1148; (Theocr.) 21, 
39; Thuc. 6, 61 ; Lys. Fr. 54 (Scheibe); PL Apol. 40; Xen. 
Hell. 7, 2, 23; Luc. Merc. Con. 30, Poet. ebpaGov Horn, always, 
Od. 20, 143, Trap- 20, 88, tear- 23, 1 8 ; Theocr. 18, 9, 3 dual 

Ka88pu6fTT)v ((careSp-) Od. 15, 494; SUbj. Kara-Spade* Od. 5, 471, 

-8dp6a>Htv Ar. Thesm. 725, see above; -8dp8oi Xen. Ages. 9, 3 ; 
-8ap6flv PL Conv. 223 ; Ar. Nub. 38. Eccl. 628, vyKara- 623, 

Poet. 8pa6f(iv, irapa- II. 14, 163 ; Kara-8ap6o)V Ar. Plut. 300 

(Pors. Dind.), see above; Plut. Mor. 75. 264, -8ap0oi>o-a Ar. 
Eccl. 37, firucara- Thuc. 4, 133. 8ap6f)(rop.ai we have never 
seen. Late prose authors sometimes present the Poet, form 
KaradpaBav Char. 6, 7, Kara8pa()ei(ra 4, i. W. Dindorf is quite 
decided on discarding the 1 aor. pass, of this verb, except 
in very late authors, such as the Scholiasts &c. (Thesaur. 



Aareo/iai To divide, II. 18, 264 ; Hes. Th. 606 ; Her. 1,216; 
-fwfifda II. 9, 280; fv-8arovfjifvos Aesch. Sept. 578; Soph. Tr. 
791; Eur. H. F. 218; -teaOai Democr. p. 177 (Mull.): imp. 
SarfovTo II. 5, 158. 20, 394; Pind. Ol. 7, 55, and -eiWo II. 23, 
121, only pres. and imp. unless darfavdat Hes. Op. 767, be 
inf. 1 aor.; but as such a form is against analogy, notwith- 
standing aAeWtfai, the reading should probably be pres. 8areVo-0ai 
(Ms. Flor. D.), more especially as a pres. precedes it : for fut. 
8ao-op.ai : aor. e'fiao-a^iji*, see daiofjuii. Pass, in comp. (v- 

dare'ia-Bai Soph. O. R. 205 ; 8ta-8arovfj.fvr}s App. B. C. I, I. 

(Aciw) To teach, learn, Epic 2 aor. tdaov taught, Theocr. 24, 
128 (Vulg.); Ap. Rh. 4, 989, 8de 3, 529, learned, Pind. Fr. 
143 (B.), redupl. Stdae Od. 8, 448. 20, 72; Theocr. quoted 
(Ahr. Mein. Ziegl.) : 2 p. 8e8aa have learned, 8e8dua-i Callim. Ap. 
45; -aas Od. 17, 519; (Hymn. Merc.?) 510; Ap. Rh. 2, 
247, -aS>rt Emped. 120 (Stein); Ap. Rh. i, 52: pip. 8(8dti 
Orph. Arg. 127: 1 p. 8t8drjKa Od. 8, 134. 146; Emped. 85 
(Stein); Orph. Arg. 46; Her. 2, 165; -TJKMS Od. 2, 61 ; Hes. 
Fr. 215 (Marcksch.); Anacreont. 51, 12 (Bergk); late prose 
-t}Kfi>ai. Dio Chrys. 74, 15 (Em per.) : p.p. SeSai^ai as act. 
-Tjptvos Horn. H. 3, 483; Ap. Rh. i, 200; Theocr. 8, 4; 
SeSarjcrdat. Ap. Rh. 2, 1154: 2 aor. fbdr)v as act. II. 3, 208; 
Tyrt. ii, 8; Crates 12 (Bergk); Aesch. Ag. 123 (chor.) ; 
Soph. EL 169 (chor.); Eur. Phoen. 819 (chor.); Hec. 76 



Aea/ucu Aet<5tV<ro/xeu. 169 

(chor.); late Ion. prose Luc. D. Syr. i; subj. Saw II. 2, 299, 
Epic dafuo 16, 423. Od. 9, 280, SaJ/ff Heindorf's conjecture, 
Parmenid. quoted by PI. Soph. 237. 258; opt. &mV Ap. Rh. 2, 
415, -V Q- Sm. n, 494, 3 pi. -euv Ap. Rh. i, 663 ; -rjvai Od. 
4, 493 ; Theogn. 969 (Bergk), Epic -Tjntvat II. 6, 150. Od. 13, 
335 ; Sads H. Hym. 20, 5 ; Find. Ol. 7, 53. 91 ; Solon Fr. 13, 
50 (Bergk); Aesch. Ch. 603, irpo- Od. 4, 396. Mid. (8ao/uai) 
to learn, fut. Sajjo-o/uai, -ijo-fat Od. 3, 187. 19, 325, -qo-trai Orph. 
L. 43, -fja-ovrai. Ap. Rh. 4, 234 : and as mid. p. p. SeSa^ai : 
2 aor. ffiaqj/, see above. Vb. d-Saiji-os Hes. Th. 655. 8aft'a> 
Epic 2 aor. subj. pass, for 8aS>, II. 10, 425 ; inf. darjfifvai II. 21, 
487, see above. From Se'Saa comes a new pres. (8e8ao//m), 
hence inf. SeSana&u Od. 16, 316. This verb is not in Attic 
prose, excepting late, SfdarjKevai Dio Chrys. quoted ; in Attic 
poetry, only in chor.; rare in Ionic prose, Her. and Luc. Syr. 
quoted. 

(Ae'djiai) Epic, To appear, S/aro a defect, imp. Od. 6, 242 
(Wolf, Bekk. Dind. Sdaro yulg.) Pres. in Hesych. 8mu= 



(SeiKfupu) To greet, SfStcrKo/zei/of Od. 15, 150. See 

i, 8e8i(ro-op.ai, -irrofJiai (Siop,ai) To frighten, 8e8i'a/ceai 
Horn. H. Merc. 163, -tYrerai Luc. Bis ace. 7 ; Plut. Mor. 150. 
724; -tTT<a/tai (Dem.) Proem. 43; -iTropfvos PI. Phaedr. 245: 
imp. eSe&o-Kei-o Ar. Lys. 564 : fut. SeS/lo^ai Luc. Saturn. 4. 
Philops. 31 : aor. c'fc&fqpfi' see below; -i^atro Luc. Zeux. 4 ; 
-ajuevoy Dem. 19, 291; Plut. Cat. Min. 43. Also to fear, feel 
timid, SeStWopuH Hippocr. 2, 646 (StfiiW- Lit. 8, 66, StSiW- 2, 
558 Erm.), SeSiVr- Aretae. 83 (Ed. Oxon.) : aor. eeStai>ro 
Polyaen. i, 12. The form 8e8iWyiat is very rare, Stdio-Kfai 
Horn. H. 3, 163 quoted, is an emendation of Pierson and 
Moer. for Tirva/ceai of the Mss., but generally adopted. Maltby 
would discard this form in the sense to frighten, and read 



To fear, a Dor. pres. (or perf with term, of pres.) 
Theocr. 15, 58. 

Ae8oKT]fxeVos watching, a def. p. part. Epic II. 15, 730; Hes. 
Sc. 214. See SOIKW. 

AeSoKeii/ Dor. inf. for -vKfvai Theocr. i, 102. 
Aei // is necessary. See Se'co to want. 
AeiSeyfxai, see SdKvvpi. 

Aei8i(TKop,ai To greet, welcome, Epic -opevos Od. 3, 41 : imp. 
To Od. 18, 121. 20, 197 ; Ap. Rh. i, 558. 

Epic, To frighten, -ivoeat II. 13, 810; imperat. 



1 70 Aei &0. 



4, 184, -la-a-eado) 15, 196; rarely intrans. fear, quail, 
8fi8la-(Tt(T0ai II. 2, 190; see Hippocr. 8, 66, SiSto-o-- (Lit.): imp. 
SetStWfTo trans, frightened, in tmesi II. 12, 52, dreaded Orph. 
Arg. 56: fut. 8S/mu will frighten, Hes. Sc. in ; -te<r&u 
II. 20, 201. 432: aor. 8ei8{t-a<r6ai II. 18, 164; but late prose 
8fi8ia-dp.evos dreaded, Appian C. B. 5, 79 : p. 8ct8ix0i Nic. Alex. 
443 ; 8(i8lx0M Maxim. Karap^. 149. See SeSio-K-, 88iW-. 

Aei8a> To fear, pres. perhaps Epic, and only i pers. sing. 
II. 14, 44. Od. 12, 122; Ap. Rh. 3, 481; Q. Sm. 2, 46; 
8i8<oa-i v. r. Aristot. Pt. Anim. 4, 5, 16 : (imp.?): fut. SeiWat 
Epic II. 20, 130; -(Ttvtiat 15, 299; unless 8W Xen. An. 7, 3, 
26 (Dind.) be correct: late 8Vo> Q. Sm. 4, 36; Or. Sib. 12, 
152 ; Aristid. 46, 168, KOTO- Epist. Phal. 84 : aor. e8fra II. 10, 
240 (Bekk.); Simon. Am. 14, 2 ; Aesch. Sept. 203; Eur. Hec. 
1138; Ar. Lys. 822 ; Her. i, 153 ; Thuc. i, 74 ; Lys. 14, 9; 
Xen. An. 6, 6, 7; Isocr. 9, 57, Epic (88- II. 10, 240. 22, 19 
(Vulg. Dind.) see below, Seio-a II. 8, 138; subj. delays Soph. El. 
1309; Ar. Eccl. 586; Xen. An. 7, 3, 26, -ay II. 24, 116; PI. 
Theaet. 166, -7^-e II. 24, 779; Soph. O. R. 1414, -o-t Isocr. 12, 

133; Opt. 8fi<rais VTTO- Ap. Rh. 3, 435, SeiVete II. 24, 672, -etov 

Thuc. 2, 15 ; imperat. SeiVare Ap. Rh. 4, 1042, VTTO- Od. 2, 66; 
fala-asll. 20, 62 ; Find. P. 4, 112 ; Soph. Ant. 1005; Ar. Vesp. 
109; Her. i, 86. 4, 127; Antiph. i, 27; PI. Apol. 28, Dor. 
-o-at? Pind. N. 5, 34 ; inf. Seio-at, Kara- (Dem.) Proem. 32 : p. 
8e8otKa as pres. Theogn. 39; Ibycus 24 (B.); Aesch. Pers. 751; 
Soph. Tr. 306; Eur. Med. 37; Ar. Eq. 38; Thuc. i, 81 ; 
Andoc. 3, 28; Isocr. 15, 215; Isae. 8. 34, Dor. -KM Theocr. 
15. 58, -KOS Soph. Tr. 457; Ar. Vesp. 628. Thesm. 202; 
Luc. Demon. 35; Philostr. Ap. 203, -K PL Euth. 12; Dem. 
28, 3, pi. rare -oi<a^v Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 230; (Luc.) Charid. 
24, Dor. -a^fs Theocr. i, 16, -are Ar. Eccl. 181 ; Epist. Phal. 
29 (Herch.), -ao-i (Dem.) Epist. 3 ; Paus. 8, 54, 5, Epic 8ti8oiKa 
!! i> 555- 21, 198; Callim. Epigr. 45; subj. rare SeSoiVwo-i 
Hippocr. 4, 1 66 (Lit.); (opt.?): pip. as imp. SeSrHmi> Xen. 
Cyr. i, 3, TO; PL Charm. 175. Rep. 472, -r Ar. Plut. 684; 
Luc. Icar. 3; App. Mithr. 58, - Lys. 12, 50; (Isocr.) 17, 14. 
22, pi. f8f8olKftrav Thuc. 4, 27 ; Xen. An. 3, 5, 18 ; Polyaen. 2, 

1, 6 ; inf. Poet. 8e8oiKfvai Eur. Supp. 548 ; Ar. Plut. 354. Vesp. 
1091 ; and late prose (PL) Ax. 372 ; Polyaen. 8, 28 ; Apollod. 

2, 5, 4; Luc. Ner. 4; Plut. Pyr. 16; T. Grach. 16; 8edoiK<as 
Anacr. 44; Aesch. Eum. 699 (702); Eur. Phoen. 1594. Ion 
624 ; Ar. Pax 607; rare in classic prose Her. i, 107; Hippocr. 
2, 76 ; Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 15, -OIKVUI PL Phaedr. 254 (Ms. D. Bait. 
O. W. 8t8tvla Bekk.) ; often late -MS Plut. Tim. 20. Aem. P. 23. 



Aet'&o. I 7 1 

Pelop. 27. 29. Cat. Maj. 21. Phil. 12 &c. ; Luc. Par. 41 ; Diog. 
Epist. 45, -oucvia Herodn. 5, 7. For 2 p. 8eSa II. 24, 663 ; 
Aesch. Pr. 902 ; Dem. 14, 4, Epic S8- II. 21, 536, see 8ia>. 
In the aorist, Epic writers, at least most of our editions, double 
the 8 after the augment: eddeia-a II. i, 33. 10, 240. 20, 61. 23, 
425 &c. ; Callim. Dian. 51 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 1293, and generally in 

COmp, 7rf/n'Sfi<Ta for TrepuSft- II. II, 508; Trf/nSSei'cra? Ig, 123. 

21, 328. 23, 822. Ap. Rh. 4, 1650, u7ro88e<Vai? Ap. Rh. 3, 435, 

v7To8ftfi<ras II. 12, 413. 18, 199. 22, 282. Od. 9, 377. IO, 296; 

Ap. Rh. 4, 394, but iiTroSei'o-aTe Od. 2, 66. This singularity has 
been attributed to the digamma. But, admitting the digamma, 
we think its operation too confined and freakish to be the true 
cause. It is dormant except in the aorist, and even there 
refuses to awake unless on special occasions, by a very near 
approach or actual contact, and not aiways even then. We 
would rather say that the lengthening of the e is a metrical 
exigency, and, on the analogy of other short vowels similarly 
situated, does not require the doubling of the 8. When the 
vowel is in arsis, there is surely little need ; for why should 
f require two 8s in eSSet|<ret> virev\fpde II. 20, 6 1, and put up 

with one in 8e 8fi\<ravrfs Od. 9, 236. re 8fi\<rt] II. 24, Il6? 

And even in thesis there is no absolute necessity ; for if 
Homer allowed himself to write the gen. of avc^tis, avf^s\iov\ 
II- I5> 554) why might he not, lengthen e, similarly situated, in 

Xa\(\Trr)v f\8fla-arf II. 13, 624, and rot 8' f8\d<rai> Od. IO, 219, 

instead of e'SS-? It appears to us that in the first case the 
stress has been laid on the vowel, and left no trace ; in the 
second, it has been laid on the consonant, and generated its 
like. But by the Poet, or the Editor? Are there metrical 
or rational grounds for the difference ? We are inclined to 
think that Bekker is right in editing e'So-a, TrepiSeio--, {nroSeia-- 
always with single 8 in his last edition (1859). The following 
examples may, by shewing the usage, serve to aid the easier 
comprehension of the case : no doubling of the 8 (= digamma) 

beyond the aor. &>Se y t\8ei8ifj,ev II. 6, 99, Ki\vov yap e\dei- II. 5> 
790, yap KaX' e'|8ei'Si(rai/ 15, 652 (Bekk.), -ov Kal e&eidurav 'J, 1 51, 

TiWe OT'| 8ei8oiK- II. 12, 244, Te/3i|8ei'Sta, II. 10, 93 ; where no 
trace of it appears even in the aor. rS>v 8' apa\ Sturavr\K>v. Od. 
12, 203. 24, 534, vno-\8eia-aTe\ Od. 2, 66 ; where 8 is doubled 
perhaps unnecessarily, e'SSfto-a II. i, 33, &c. &c., see above. The 
instances of 8*i'8a> in pres. beyond the i pers. sing, are rare, 
and by some thought doubtful, 8ei8eTc Anth. Pal. 9, 147, 8et'8o,uej/ 
Dio. Hal. Ant. 6, 32. The correction to Se/Stre, 8St/i<Fi> is easy, 
and in Dio. Hal. has now been made, but the question is as 



172 AeieXmco 

easy, and not unreasonable would later writers feel themselves 
restricted to exactly Homeric usage? 

Perf 8f8oiKa, pip. f8e8oiK(iv seem confined to the indie, usually 
singular, part, and inf. ; subj. SeSoiVeoort, however, Hippocr. 4, 
1 66 (Mss. B. M. N. Lit.): 8e8ia, again, is used throughout, but 
less frequently, in indie, sing. perf. and pip. : of 8i8oiica, good 
prose writers use i and 3 sing, the pi. is Poet. : of e'SeSotWti/ they 
use i and 3 sing, and 3 pi. ; fiefioueobs rarely ; 8f8oiKft>ai perhaps 
never (PI.) Ax. 372. These are partially supplied by (8f8ia), 
8e8infv, 8(8iT(, fieStWi; SfStcos freq. Antiph. 2, 8, i ; Dem. 18, 
263. 23, 126 &c. &c. ; 8(8iivai Hippocr. 1222 (Foes); Thuc. i, 
136; PI. Conv. 198 &c. See dim. Cobet (Nov. Lect. p. 588) 
says " forma So-o/uai a Grammaticis ficta est, neque usquam 
in Graecorum libris legitur," and on this ground objects to L. 
Dindorfs reading SeiW Xen. An. 7, 3, 26, for dfioys (Vulg. 
Kriig. Saupp.) Horn, has this fut. twice indisputably: Cobet 
would, therefore, have taken safer ground if he had denied its 
being a prose form. 

(AeieXidw) To take an afternoon meal, Epic and only aor. part. 

SeteXtijo-a? Od. 17, 599. 

Acitcacctu To shew (the hand\ Poet. pres. late, Arat. 209 : imp. 
iter. 8(iKavaa<TKfi> Theocr. 24, 56. Mid. SeiKavdofMi to welcome, 
imp. 3 pi. Epic deucavouvTo II. 15, 86. Od. 24, 410, e'fiet/c- Ap. 
Rh. I, 884. (a.) 

AeiKkuju To extend the hand, shew, Pind. Fr. 108, 5 ; Soph. O. 
C. 1145; Eur.- Heracl. 1048. Ion 1341 ; Ar. Av. 1080; Her. 2, 
86 (Bekk. Dind.); Isocr. 4, 29; Isae. u, 3; PI. Rep. 514. 
523 ; Xen. Oec. 20, 13, OTTO- Antiph. 5, 59, and S^wvoj Hes. Op. 
451; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 93. 245; Aeschin. 2, 71 ; Dem. 18, 
76. 21, 169. 36, 47 ; Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 7 (Popp. -wri Dind. Saupp.), 
-iiovcri An. 6, 2, 2 (Kriig. Saupp. -vaa-i Dind. Hug), rrpo- Her. 7, 
37 (Bekk. Dind.), eV- Andoc. 2, 14, eVi- Isocr. 4, 4, dwo- Isae. 9, 
31 ; imper. fieucwe Hes. Op. 502 ; PI. Phaedr. 228. 268 (Vulg.) ; 
Dem. 45, 45 (Bekk. Dind.), but ftc/ow PI. Rep. 523, eVt- Ar. Av. 
666 (never -v&), -v Soph. O. C. 1532; Dem. 21, 28; 
SfiKws II. 13, 244; Her. 2, 78; PI. Tim. 50; -vw Xen. Mem. 
i, 3, i ; Dem. 24, 35; 3t/i5i/at Theogn. 771 ; Her. 2, 148; PI. 
Apol. 21 ; Dem. 2, 5, -vttv Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 430 ; Dem. 2, 12. 
24, 48; Luc. Prom, n, em- Xen. Cyr. 8, i, 21 (Dind. Saupp.) : 
imp. fdfiKvw Xen. An. 4, 5, 33. Cyr. 8, 4, 35 ; Dem. 18, 213 ; 
SeiKw Hes. Op. 526, fdtiKwov Her. 4, 150 ; Antiph. 5, 76 ; Aeschin. 
3, 118 ; Dem. 18, 233. 34, 42, eV- Lys. 6, 51, SetW- Pind. P. 4, 
220: fut. 8eiga> Od. 12, 25; Solon 10; Aesch. Eum. 662; 
Soph. Aj. 66; Her. 4, 79 (Bekk.); Thuc. 5, 9, Ion. 8fga> see 



173 

below : aor. ?8e(a Od. 27, 147 ; Find. P. 6, 46 ; Aesch. Pr. 
482; Eur. Cycl. 9; Thuc. 4, 73; Lys. 12, 49; PL Tim. 41, 
8ei- Od. 3, 174; Find. Ol. 13, 75, Ion. eSt|a see below: p. 
8e8dxa Aristot. Top. i, 18, 4; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 517, OTTO- 3, 
503, eVt- (Dem.) 26, 16 : p.p. SeSety^ai Soph. Fr. 379 (D.); 
Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 9 ; PL Leg. 896, Epic Sei'Se-y/xm see mid. : pip. 
e'Se'SfiKTo, an-- Xen. Hell. 3, 2, 13, Ion. -f8(8(KTo Her. 3, 88, Epic 
88r see mid. : aor. e'Se/x^i/, en-- Isocr. 4, 145, QTT- PL Prot. 
359; but 8tix0!J Polit 278; 8etx^" at Antiph. 2, i; -&'? Eur. 
Supp. 1209; PL Legg. 822: 8(ix0Ti<rp<u Isocr. 5, i. 12, 4; 
Dem. 21, 12: late 3 fut. SeSe/^ai Plut. Mor. 416; Galen 

3, 419. 68l. 9, 8l6, but 8f8fiyp.ei>os eorat Antiph. 5, 80, aTTO- 

Xen. An. 7, i, 26. Ion. forms, fut. 8<?a> Her. 4, 179 (Bekk. 
Dind. Dietsch, Abicht), airo- 3, 122. 5, 22 : aor. fSea Her. 2, 30 
(Dietsch, Abicht), an- 5, 22 (Bekk. Dind. Dietsch &c.) : 8e8(yp.ai, 

airo- I, 153: f8e8(KTo, (car- 7, 215: aof. e'Se'^^j/, arr- 6, 104; 
-0'r I, I : sea'/Li7v, drr- I, 170. 7, 46. Mid. SfiWfyat Epic, 

/0 ^0/W <?#/ 0/.y ^tf^ &c., to point, welcome, II. 23, 701. 9, 196, 
eV- Thuc. 4, 126 : imp. eftdicvvTo, air- Her. 3, 82, eV- PL Charm. 
162, eV- Lycurg. 27 : fut. 8'o/xat, eV- II. 19, 83; Eur. Bacc. 47; 
PL Euthyd. 278: aor. Sfi'aro H. Merc. 367, dn-e8(i{~ Xen. An. 
5. 5> 3. e '"- PI- Apol. 32; Dem. 21, 145 ; Saatro, eV- Eur. Ale. 

154: p. SfiSexarat 3 pi. Od. 7, 72, em-SfdeiKrai PL Tim. 47, 

eV- Dem. 18, 10; (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 400 (Lit); D. Sic. 20, 
93, missed by Lexicogr. : pip. SetSe* 3 sing. II. 9, 224, SetSt'^aTo 
3 pi. greeted, II. 4, 4, aTro-SeSfiy/ieVot ^a-ai/ Xen. An. 5, 2, 9. 
Vb. SetKr/ov Xen. Mem. 3, 5, 8. On the forms -v/u, -uw, Mss. 
and editors vary exceedingly: Horn, has only 8ftKvvs; Hes. 
8eiKvva> always, unless Seuci/u Op. 526, be imp. ; Her. 8cu<vvs 
i, 114. 2, 78, and -va>v 3, 79. 3 pi. -vovo-t 3, 119, fVi- 4, 168, 
airo- 5, 45, Trpo- i, 209, and -va-i, OTTO- i, 171. 4, 8. 5, 45 (Bekk. 
Dind. -vouo-i 5, 45 Gaisf. Dietsch, Stein) ; Pind. has Seiicvvtv P. 4, 
200, but dno-8fiKvv[j.tvoi N. 6, 49; so Her. AnnMicMyd 2, 16. 18, a?r- 

eSfiKvvarav 2, 144. 9, 80, and 7rpo-Setcn;et 7, 37, imp. f8fiicvve 

4, 150, <nr- i, 112, fit- 2, 162, but 3 pi. fdeiKwo-av, r- I, 30, 

e8dKvvaTo, fv-cnr- Her. 9, 58. Tragedians and, we think, Aristo- 
phanes always -v/w ; Plato almost always, Xen. varies more, but 
L. Dindorf in his last edition (1857-66) reads nearly always 
the form -v/xt ; the Orators also, in our best editions, vary 
much. 

Educational books say " Forms from verbs in -va> pres. and 
imp. indie, were used by earlier Attic writers only when the v is 
followed by a long vowel or diphthong, as 8fiKvi>fi, but not 
Mss. however and the most stringent editors present 



I 74 Aet/zamo Ae/p&). 



Antiphon 5> 7^i and wpvvov Thuc. 5, 19. 23. 24, 
Lys. 19, 26. 

To fear, Horn. H. 2, 226; Tyrt. n, 3; Aesch. 
Pr. 41 ; Her. 8, 140; PL Rep. 330 ; -aiVot/u Soph. O. C. 492; 
Mosch. 3, 55; -*.> Ar. Vesp. 1042; Her. 3, 35; PI. Leg. 933; 
Plut. Mor. 729 ; -vew Aesch. Pers. 600; PI. Leg. 790 : imp. 
c8tip.atvov Eur. Rhes. 933, iter. 8et/uVeo-Ke Q. Sm. 2, 439 : fut. 
fcifiavfl in some editions of Aesch. Eum. 519, is an emendation 
of Abresch for deiftaivfi (Mss. Vulg. Sei/iarol Franz, 8tl ptvuv 
Dobr. and now Bind.) At Aesch. Eum. quoted, it means 
to frighten, and perhaps Pers. 600 ; PI. Leg. 865 : hence 
pass, dfipaivovro Q. Sm. 2, 499. In good Attic prose, Plato 
only. 

Acifoci), CK- To make dreadful, exaggerate^ Joseph. 17, 5, 5: in 
simple, only 1 aor. part. 8eiv<a<ras Thuc. 8, 74 ; and inf. 8(ivZ>crai 
Plut. Per. 28. 

AemWu To sup, Ar. Eccl. 683 ; Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 37 : imp. 
c8ftm>fe Od. 17, 506; Hippocr. i, 594, -m Andoc. i, 45; PI. 
Conv. 217 : fut. -ijo-to Ar. Pax 1084; Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 35, 3 pi. 
Dor. -acrfvvTi Callim. L. P. 115 (Ernest. Bl.) : and late -qo-o/itu 
Plut. Mor. 225; Diod. Sic. n, 9; Galen 10, 6 : aor. eSetW^o-a 
Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 95; Hippocr. 5, 212; PI. Conv. 203, 
Sew- Od. 14, in ; -f)ff(>)fjLfv Xen. An. 4, 6, 17; -f]o-fiav Od. 
9, 155 ; 8(urvf]o-us 15, 79; Thuc. 3, 112 : p. SfStiTrvrjica Ar. Eccl. 
1 133 ; Hippocr. 5, 222 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 21 : pip. e'SeSewn^KeH' 
Antiph. i, 18: PL Conv. 217, 8f8fm- Od. 17, 359. Syncop. 
forms 8e8ei7rvaiJ.fv Com. Fr. (Eubul.) 3, 248. (Alex.) 3, 429; 
8(8fini>avai Com. Fr. (PL) 2, 663. (Ar.) 2, 1051. 1139 (Antiph.) 

3, 79- (Eub.) 3, 248, for -ijKa/iev, -q/ceWu : p.p. SeSeiTm^eVoj, irapa- 

Com. Fr. (Amph.) 3, 315. See a/H<rraa>. This verb is once only 
in Trag. Seinvelv if sound, Eur. Fr. Incert. 688 (D.) 8enmw to 
entertain, Anth. n, 394; Her. 7, 118; Xen. Mem. i, 3, 7. 
Oec. 2, 5 : has fut. 8enrviS> Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 405 : aor. 
fSeiTTvia-a Her. 7, n8; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 5, Poet, deirrvia-a Matron 
(Athen.) 4, 13 ; part, fanrvivaas Od. 4, 535. u, 411 : p.p. late 
8f8fnri>iafi.fvos Plut. Mor. 92. This verb does not occur in 
Tragic poetry, occasionally in Comic, rare in Epic, only Od. 
quoted : rare also in Attic prose, only Xen. and late Luc. Ep. 
Sat. 22 ; Plut. quoted. 

Aei'pw To flay, a lengthened form of the more Attic 8>o>, 
Sflpovo-t Her. 2, 39, dno- 4, 64 ; imperat. 8cipe Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 
2,224; Ar. Av. 365 (Dind. Bergk); (Luc.) Asin. 6; ddpetv 
Ar. Nub. 442 (Dind. Bergk) : aor. eSeipa, an- Her. 5, 25 ; subj. 
8i'/)a>(7i, OTTO- Her. 4, 61 ; Seipas, dno- 4, 60. 64: pass. imp. 



Ae/co/xcu Aep/co/xcu. 175 

jv Ar. Vesp. 1286: for p.p. and aor. see 8fpa>. In 
Ar. Bekk. reads Salpe, tiaipav. 

AeKOfiai To receive, Aeol. and Ionic prose for fax-, Sapph. i, 
22 (Bergk); Her. 9, 91 ; also Find. Ol. 2, 63. P. i, 98; imper. 
SfKtv Ol. 13, 68 : imp. fieWo Find. I. 8 (7), 68, e'Se*- Her. 3, 135. 
5, 18, -KOVTO 6, 13. 8, 28. 

Aejioj To build, pres. rare, part, fa'pav Horn. H. 3, 87 : imp. 
also rare, 8e'^oj> Od. 23, 192 : fut. (Se/xw?) : aor. e'Sei/m II. 21, 
446 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 469 ; Her. 2, 124, 8/t- Ap. Rh. 3, 37 ; subj. 
fiet'/no/xei/, for -w/xei', II. 7, 337; 8flp.as Eur. Rhes. 232 (chor.); 
Her. 9, 10 : p. (Se'S/w/Ka?) : p.p. Stfyu^ai II. 6, 249 ; Theocr. 17, 
18; Her. 7, 200, Dor. -5/u Theocr. 15, 120: pip. eSe'S/xrjro II. 
13, 683; Her. 7, 176, 6e'8- Od. 14, 6. Mid. /0 build for 
oneself, aor. eSet/nd/iiji' Od. 6, 9 ; Eur. Fr. Dan. 22 ; Her. 4, 78 ; 
late Attic prose (PI.) Ax. 370; Arr. 2, 5, 4 ; (Luc.) Amor. 36; 
Apollod. 2, 7, 2 ; Dio. Hal. i, 55, Sei'/za^' Od. 14, 8, dual fiei/m- 
o-0?;i/ Opp. C. 4, 87. The pres. and imp. are confined to 
Ion. poetry, and are very rare. Sfpovra Horn. H. 3, 188, is an 
emendation of Barnes for vepovra. The verb scarcely occurs in 
Attic poetry, perhaps never in classic Attic prose, it is chiefly 
Ionic and late Attic. Put. 8ffj.S>, p. 8fdp.rjKa, 2 p. fie'Soyna we have 
never seen. A late form of p.p. SeSo^/ieVor, as if from 
occurs Arr. An. 7, 22; Aristid. 43, 555: aor. 
Hesych. : aor. mid. So/^o-aro Lycophr. 48 : redupl. fut. 
ftjjtrerat as act. Or. Sib. 3, 384. 

Aei/SiXXw To glance at, Epic and only part. -XXwi> II. 9, 180; 
Ap. Rh. 3, 281. 

Ae|ioGfxai Dep. To stretch out the right hand, entreat, greet, 
Plut. Mor. 62; -ovfifvos Eur. Rhes. 419; Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 9; 
-ova-Oat Aristot. Mund. i, 6 ; Luc. Alex. 41 : imp. 'Sfioi)ro Ar. 
Plut. 753 ; Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 15, 3 pi. Epic -oWro Horn. H. 6 (5), 
16; Ap. Rh. 2, 756. 3, 258: fut. -wo-o/zat Aesch. Ag. 852; 
Soph. El. 976; Hyperid. Leosth. Col. 13, 13; Dio. Hal. 8, 45; 
Luc. Bis ace. 9; Herodn. 2, 13 : aor. e'Sf^uotra/^i/ Lys. 2, 37; 
Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 53 : but e'Se^tw^i/ pass. PI. Rep. 468. SeSei'co/i<u 
we have not seen. Some assume, perhaps needlessly, a form 

8(idopat for the Epic 3 pi. -OCOVTO. 

AepKidofxai To look, a Poet, form of 8fpKOfiai and only 3 pi. 
pres. -toWrai Hes. Th. 911. 

Ae'pKOfmi, Poet. To see, Dep. pass, and late, mid. II. n, 37 ; 
Emped. 81 ; Find. P. 3, 85; Aesch. Pr. 843; Soph. El. 1116; 
Ar. Thesm. 700 : imp. e'StpieopTjv Soph. El. 899 ; Eur. Elec. 867, 

Trpoa- Od. 2O, 385, iter. 8e/)Ke'<T/ro Od. 5, 158 : fut. late fiepo/*ai 

Androm. Ther. 92 (Galen 6, 37) : aor. m. late tdep^d^v Anth. 



I 76 AejOco Aeuw. 



PL 1 66: aor. pass, efiepx^" act - Aesch. Pr. 546, S/pX^? Soph. 
Aj. 425 (trimet. in chor.); imper. Sepx^re Aesch. Pr. 93; 
fcpxdds Soph. Fr. 719 (D.) : 2 aor. act. (8pa<ov Od. 10, 197 ; 
Eur. Or. 1456 (chor.); Opp. Hal. 2, 538, dv- II. 14, 436, 
Spax- Hes. Sc. 262 ; dpanoi, 8ia- II. 14, 344 ; SpaKelv Aesch. Eum. 
34. Ag. 602; -KUV Eur. H. F. 951, late in comp. (with ter- 
mination of 1 aor.) tur-eSpuKa Orph. Arg. 133 : 2 aor. m. rare, 
(8pax6fj.T)v Anth. 7, 224 : 2 aor. pass. UpAapf, -Kflt Find. P. 2, 20. 
N. 7, 3. Fr. 100 (Bergk) : p. 8(8opica as pres. II. 22, 95 ; Pind. 
Ol. i, 94; Aesch. Sept. 104; Soph. Aj. 360 ; Eur. Andr. 545; 
8e8opK<as Od. 19, 446; Aesch. Ag. 1179 ; Soph. Tr. 747; Eur. 
Phoen. 377; late prose Aristot. Physiog. 3, 7; Plut. Mor. 15; 
Luc. Calumn. 10 ; Stob. (Nicostr.) 70, 12. Vb. in fiovo- 
8fpKTr]s Eur. Cycl. 78. 8epKO[uu and 8t8opica are also used intrans. 
Anth. 7, 21 ; Pind. OL i, 94 &c. 1 aor. p. e8epx0t)v seems 
confined to Trag. ; 2 aor. (ttp&ap>), 8paiteis to Pind. This verb 
does not occur in early prose, occasionally in late, Sep/copai 
(Luc.) D. Syr. 20, especially the perf. 8t8opKa Plut. Mor. 15. 
281; Luc. Calumn. 10. Herm. 20. Hist. Con. 37. Icar. 6; 
Galen i, 5 (K). Late is found a pres. act. form emSepKet, 
Pseud. -Callisth. i, 33, missed by Lexicogr. 

Ae'pw To flay, Com. Fr. (Anax.) 3, 181; PL Euthyd. 285; 
8epa>v Ar. Ran. 619 ; 8epeiv (Luc.) Asin. 6 : imp. efitpoi/ II. 23, 
167, 8epov Od. 8, 61 : fut. 8epS> Ar. Eq. 370 : aor. f8upa II. 2, 
422 ; Dio. Hal. 7, 72, e- Eur. Elec. 824; Hyperid. Fr. 116, 

air- Luc. D. Deor. 16, 2; 8eipas, (K- PL Rep. 6l6 ; Setpm, 'K- 

Xen. An. i, 2, 8: p.p. 8e8apfjuu, ~8dpdai Solon Fr. 33 (Bergk); 
-8apn(vos Ar. Lys. 158, - Her. 7, 70 : 1 aor. e8dp6rjv, 8ap6fis 
Com. Fr. (Nicoch.) 2, 844 : 2 aor. f8aprjv Ael. Epist. n ; Luc. 
Lexiph. 2 ; 8aptis (Menand.) Mon. 422, C'K- Her. 7, 26, OTTO- Xen. 
An. 3, 5, 9: fut. late 8apf)<rofwi N. T. Marc. 13, 9. Luc. 12, 47. 
Mid. late dva-8(poiro Philostr. V. Soph, i, 25, 3, and dva-Sfpevdov, 
a suggestion of Brunck, Ar. Ran. 1106 (Dind.) for -8f'ptrov (Mss., 

dva 8' eptaOov Bergk, Mein.) Vb. 8paros II. 23, 169. dapros 

late, Galen. See 8ftpa>. 

Aeuo) To need, want, Aeol. and Epic for 8ea>, pres. act. not 
used, aor. e'Sei/jjo-a Od. 9, 540, see 8eta. Mid. 8twp.ai as act. 

2 Sing, -fai II. 23, 484, and -rj Od. I, 254, -erai 7, 73, -ovrat Q. 

Sm. i, 459; -OIVTO Callim. Ap, 50, -otWo II. 2, 128; -opevos 3, 
294; Lesb. Tit. 2189, Dor. -o/zei/a Eur. Tr. 276 (chor.): imp. 

e8evfo II. 17, 142, -tvero I, 468. 602. 4, 48, 8ivovro 2, 709: 
fut. 8evr](T(ai Od. 6, 192. 14, 510 ; -Jj0-e<T#at II. 13, 786, eVi- 

Ap. Rh. 3, 717. Some say 8tvo> is softened from the digam- 
mated 8e7w. 



Aevw Ae^o/xai. 177 



To zve/, II. 2, 471 ; Ar. Fr. 267 (D.); rare in prose -a>v 
Hippocr. 6, 298. 420 ; -nv 422. 8, 386 : imp. etitvov Od. 8, 522, 
8eve II. 23, 220, iter. Seveo-Koi' Od. 7, 260: fat. fievcrw Com. Fr. 
(Eub.) 3, 247 : aor. eSeuo-a Soph. Aj. 376 ; Eur. Phoen. 674, 
nor- II. 9, 490 ; rare in prose, ebtva-e PI. Tim. 73 ; 8ev<ras 
Hippocr. 6, 448; SeDo-ai Xen. Oec. 10, n: (p.?): p.p. 
8fdevfiai Eur. Fr. 470 (D.); Hippocr. 6, 422; PI. Leg. 782; 
Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 28 : aor. fSevdrjv Hippocr. 6, 412 ; Theophr. H. 
P. 9, 9, i : pres. Several Od. 6, 44: imp. 8evovro II. 23, 15. 
Mid. Several Od. g, 53 ? : fat. dva-8evo-erai seemingly pass. Galen 
10, 867, missed by Lexicogr. Quint Sm. 4, 511, has 3 pi. 
1 aor. 8eveaav, which Lobeck would alter to 8evfrov, but Koechly 
eSfuo-ai/ (1850). This verb is rare in prose: in good Attic, only 
aor. act. and p. pass. ; in Epic, its walk extends not beyond 
pres. and imp. act., see above; (mid. 8fvfrai Od. 5, 53?), and 
pass. Od. 6, 44 ; Emped. 99 ; -OITO Ap. Rh. 2, 974 ; -op.tvr) Opp. 
Hal. 3, 408 : t'Sewero Ap. Rh. 3, 1138, 8ev- II. 17, 361 ; Ap. Rh. 

if 75, -OVTO II. 9> 57- 23, r 5- 

Ae'xkujiat Poet. To receive, late form for Se^o/iat, Anth. (Antip.) 

9, 553; imper. 8exvv<ro Coluth. 159; Orph. L. 692, -vtrde L. 4 : 
imp. fSe'xvvro Orph. Arg. 566. 

Ae'xofiai To receive, II. 23, 647 ; Aesch. Ag. 1060 ; Soph. Ant. 
1019; Ar. Ach. 199; Thuc. I, 20; PI. Critias 106, Ion. and 
Pind. SCK- Her. 8, 137 ; Pind. P. i, 98, see above : imp. f8ex~ 
Hym. Cer. 437; Soph. O. T. 1391; Thuc. 7/44; Lycurg. 29: 
fat. 8fo(j.ai II. 22, 365 ; Pind. P. 9, 73 ; Aesch. Pr. 860 (Dind. 
Herm. Paley); Soph. O. C. 4; Her. 7, 102; Thuc. 4, 21; PI. 
Phil. 24 ; 8egoiar Soph. O. C. 945 (trimet.) : aor. eSe^d^v II. 18, 
238; Simon. Am. 7, 49; Solon 33; Pind. P. i, 80; Aesch. 
Ag. 1537 ; Soph. Aj. 661 ; Her. i, 70; Antiph. i, 12 ; Lys. 18, 
12; Thuc. 2, 36, 8<- II. 5, 158; Hes. Th. 184; Pind. Ol. 3, 

27; 8eaiaro Soph. O. C. 44: p. SeSey/wu Pind. P. I, IOO J 

Aesch. Eum. 894; Her. 9, 5; Thuc. i, 9, 3 pi. 8e8exarai, dno- 
Her. 2, 43. 65. 77, Se'xarcu see below; imper. 8e'8f|o II. 5, 228, 
8e8fx&e H. Hym. 2, 360; 8f8eyp.evos II. ii, 124; 8f8fx& M PI- 
Phaedr. 256 : aor. as mid. in comp. fSexfyv, S^ei's, \mo- Eur. 
Heracl. 757, but pass. 8exdfis late in simple, Joseph. Ant. 18, 6, 4; 
Malal. p. 3, 2, etV- Dem. 40, 14; Luc. Tox. 30. Merc. Cond. 

10, npoo- Diod. Sic. 4, 26. 5, 58, wo- App. Rom. 3, 2 ; Herodn. 
i, 7, 2 (Bekk.): fat. late dx&7<n>M< pass. V. T. Lev. 19, 7, 
Kara- Dio Cass. 40, 40: 3 fat. SeSe^o/iat act. II. 5) 238 ; Anth. 
5, 9 ; Or. Sib. 3, 351 ; Nonn. 46, 262. This reduplicated fut. 
seems to be Epic, for at Aesch. Pr. 866 (860 D.) now stands Se 
8tfrai (Dind. Herm. Paley), and for 8e8eerai. Ar. Vesp. 1223 

N 



1 78 Ae'-^co Ae'ft*. 

(Mss. R. V. Vulg. Br. Bekk), is now edited, rightly we think, 
8e|eTcu (Bergk, Hirschig, Richter &c.), compare 1225. 1243. 
Pax 144. Av. 1312 &c. &c. In no instance in fact, except the 
one recorded, do the Mss. offer a trace of 8eS<?erai. Dind. 
5 ed. omits it (Vesp. 1223) and with Dobree holds it a gloss. 
See 8eKopai. For SeiSe^arai, 8fl8(KTo, Sei8'^aTo, 8ei8fyfj.evos, re- 
ferred by some to this verb, see Scuantpi. 8e'x<mu Epic 3 pi. 
perf. without augm. for 8cxvrtu, II. 12, 147 ; part. Stypevos wait- 
ing, II. 18, 524: e8eyii7]v pip. was expecting, Od. 9, 513, S/KTO 
Ap. Rh. i, 1242; but f8fypr)v received, Anth. 7, 691, efieKro Od. 
9> 353 (Bekk.); Find. Ol. 2, 49 ; Anth. 7, 25, w-Hes.Th. 513, 
8fKTo II. 15, 88 ; imper. 8o II. 19, 10, 8t^e Ap. Rh. 4, 1554 ; 
inf. Se'x&u II. i, 23 ; Eur. Rhes. 525. Of these Buttmann takes 
fSfynqv received, tdeicro, SeVro, 8e'|o, Se'x&u as syncop. aor., and 
assigns to the perf. and pip. those forms only which signify to 
wait, expect. Vb. 8re'os Luc. Hermot. 74 (Jacob.), OTTO- Xen. 
Oec. 7, 36. 

A&l/u To work, knead, Ion. Her. 4, 64 : fut. (-ijo-co) : aor. 
8^T]<ras Od. 12,48, as if from a pure form in -eo>. Mid. aor. 

8tyr)TUt, fK- (Hesych.). Vb. a-Se^rjjrof Od. 2O, 2. 

Ai> Tb <5/W, Hes. Fr. 94, 3; Her. 4, 72; PI. Crat. 403; 
deoifj.1, Od. 8, 352 ; imper. Seire Eur. Ion 1403 ; SeovTw Od. 12, 
54 (Wolf, 8i8firra>v Aristarch. Bekk. La R.) ; 8flv H. Hym. 7, 12 : 
imp. eS PI. Crat. 403; Dem. 24, 145, 8eov Od. 22, 189; 
Hes. Sc. 291, 6K--I1. 23, 121 : fut. S^o-w II. 21, 454; Ar. Eq. 
367 ; Andoc. 4, 17; Xen. An. 5, 8, 24 ; Dem. 24, 144: aor. 
f8r)(Ta II. 14, 73; Aesch. Eum. 641 ; Ar. Thesm. 1022 ; Her. 
2, 122 ; Thuc. 8, 70, Poet. 8^a-fv II. 21, 30; Hes. Th. 502 ; 
Pind. P. 4, 71 ; imper. S^o-crre Od. 12, 161, 8t]a-dvro)v 12, 50; Dor. 
pt. 8f]crais Pind. P. 4, 234: p. 8t8fKa Dem. 24, 207 ; and late 
(Dem.) Epist. 3 (1477) ; Anth. (Meleag.) 5, 96. 12, 132 ; Plut. 
Tit. 10, and Se'Sij/m Aeschin. 2, 134 (Bekk. B. Saupp. -em 
Franke, Weidner) : pip. e'SeSijjcei Andoc. 4, 17 (Emper. B. Saupp. 
Blass, f'8f8(Kti Franke, e'Se8otc Bekk.): p.p. 8f8e^ai Theogn. 
178; Pind. N. 11,45; Eur. Rhes. 617. Hipp. 160; Hippocr. 4, 
190; 8f8ffievos Antiph. 5, 47 ; Thuc. i, 93 ; Her. 3, 39, eVi- 
Hippocr. 4, 220 (Lit.), v. r. SeSeoyt- see below; imper. Se8eV0o> 
PI. Leg. 880; 8(8ea-0ai H. Cer. 456; Lys. 10, 16 ; Dem. 24, 
103 : pip. e8f8enT)v Her. 9, 37 ; Andoc. i, 48; Lys. 6, 23. 13, 
55; Luc. D. Deor. 21, 2, Se'Sero II. 5, 387, 8c8evro Od. 10, 92, 
f8f8earo Her. i, 66. 5, 77 : aor. c8e8r)v Her. 6, 2 ; Antiph. 5, 17; 
Lys. 13, 34; 8fdS> PI. Meno 98; btQeitv Dem. 24, 121; 8e6eis 
Pind. N. 6, 35; Soph. Aj. 108 ; Eur. Hipp. 1237 ; PI. Leg. 
919; SfBfivai PI. Leg. 954 : fut. Se^o-o/xat Dem. 24, 126. 131. 



Aew. 179 



190. 191, fTTi- Hippocr. 3, 444 (Lit.): 3 fat. SeS^o-o/wu Xen. 
Cyr. 4, 3, 18; PI. Rep. 361 ; Alciphr. 3, 24; Luc. Catapl. 13. 
Tox. 35 (v. r. Se^o-- at both) ; but SeSeVo/wu Aristid. 53 (Jebb, 
8e8fj(T- Dind.). Mid. fieo/zat trans, and Poet, in simple, bind for 
oneself, dva-Seovrai Her. i, 195; imper. wo-Selo-fle Ar. Eccl. 269 ; 
dva-8ovp.tvoi Thuc. i, 6. 50. 2, 90, viro- PL Theaet. 193 : imp. deovro 

11. 1 8, 053, TrepifSovfji- PI. Leg. 830 : fat. Sijo-opu simple, perhaps 
late, Or. Sib. 12, 293, mpi- Ar. Eccl. 122, viro- Luc. Anach. 32, 
Kara- Theocr. 2, 158 (Ahrens, Fritzsche, Ziegl.) for -6vo-o(juu 

(Vulg. -edvva Mein.) : aor. e8r)ffdp,r)v II. IO, 22, dv- Thuc. 2, 92, 

Poet. eK-8fi<ravTo Eur. Hipp. 761 (chor.), iter. fyo-ao-Kero II. 24, 

15; Kara-8r](T<i>VTai Her. 3, IIOJ 8rjo-aifj.r]V II. 8, 26; 8rj<rd<T0a>, 
Kara- Hippocr. 8, 488 ; 8^o-ao-0ai Hes. Op. 542 ; 8T]o-dfj,evos II. 

17, 290; Ap. Rh. 2, 1013; Anth. 5, 255, dv- Pind. N. n, 28, 
dva- Thuc. 7, 74, - Her. 4, 76 : and p. p. vn-o-SeSe^eW may be 
mid. Xen. An. 4, 5, 14, am- Polyb. 16, 6, 10: pip. 8i-f8e8ero 
Luc. D. Mort. 12, 3. Perf. act. 8e8r)Ka is best supported, 
Aeschin. quoted, only one Ms. has 8e'8e*ca. The p. p. Se'Setr/iat, 
v. r. Her. quoted, has very slender support, Cod. Fl. ; and for 

eVifieSeoTieVoff Hippocr. 3, 2IO (Ktihn), the MSS. give -8e8e(jievos 
4, 22O. 268, irpoo-- 302 (Lit.) Vb. 8eros, <rvv- PI. Polit. 279, 

but dv-vn6-8T)Tos PI. Conv. 173 ; (Luc.) Asin. 16, but -8eros Luc. 
Philop. 21, 8ertos, <rvv- Ar. Eccl. 785. At Luc. Tox. 35 occurs 
fat. part. Se&jo-o'/iei/or, with v. r. Se^o--, which we would decidedly 
prefer in an earlier writer ; for we think the part, of the redupli- 
cated fat. against Attic usage. The Attics used invariably, we 
think, the part, of the fat. pass, or the fat. mid. in a pass, sense. 
On this ground we object to Bekker's adoption of dta7re7roAe/w?- 
a-ofjievos Thuc. 7, 25, for 8iairo\fp.ij<r- (Vulg.) 8ea> and com- 
pounds violate the general rule of dissyllable verbs in <?o> by 
contracting other concourses than ee, t, as 8ey, 8fj, avv- PI. Rep. 

462, 8fov, 8ovv Plat. Crat. 419, dva8f<av. ->v Ar. Plut. 589, Ka.T-e8eot>, 
-e8ovv Thuc. 6, 53, dva-8ovvrai PI. Rep. 465, <ruv- Polit. 310, 

7Tfpt-f8oiifjLf6a Leg. 830, aoa-8oujxei/oi Sophron 97 ; Thuc. 2, go, 
8ia- PI. Tim. 73 ; imper. ir(pi8fov, -ov Ar. Eccl. 121, true, but 
Plato has also 8eov Phaed. 99, and Dem. SeW 22, 68, 8eovcn 
Dem. 51, ii, and late writers frequently. 

Aew To need, lack, Alcae. 102 (B.) ; Aesch. Pr. 1006; Lys. 
17, i; Isocr. 3, 34, 8eets, 11,4, 8els PI. Lys. 204; Dem. 37,49, 
8eofjL(v Isocr. 4, 134. 14, 5, Se'ovo-t PI. Meno 92; Isocr. 4, 168. 

12, 16. 14, 17 ; Dem. 24, 142. 53, 27 : imp. e8eov Isocr. 7, 47; 
Xen. Hell. 4, 6, 1 1 : fat. SeTjo-w PI. Rep. 395 : aor. e'S/^o-a Lys. 
3, 7. 30, 8; Isocr. 10, 36, once S^o-a II. 18, 100 (Spitzn, Dind. 
La R.), eSjjo-a (Bekk. now), Epic e'fiewjo-a Od. 9, 540 : p. 8e8eijKa 

N 2 



1 80 Ae'a>. 

PI. Polit. 277. Mid. 8eofjiai, Epic 8ev- to want, entreat, Ar. 
Nub. 429; Her. i, 8; Antiph. i, 3. 5, 5; Thuc. 7, 63; Lys. 
10, 21 ; PI. Phaed. 87, 8e Ar. Thesm. 264; PI. Parm. 126, 

Set Ar. LyStr. 605, Epic 8fvrj Od. I, 254, dfveai II. 23, 484, Setrnt 

Aesch. Supp. 358; Soph. O. R. 1293; Ar. Av. 74; Antiph. 
2, y, 9 ; PI. Rep. 465, 8(6^60 Eur. Rhes. 321 ; Ar. Pax 474; 
Thuc. 6, 80, Siovrai Thuc. i, 81; PI. Theaet. 151 ; 8eV al Crat. 

406 ; deoivro Leg. 72O, Ion. Seoiaro Her. 5, 73 ; de'ea-de 8, 22 ; 

-opevos Pind. N. 7, 13 : imp. e'Seo'/i^i' Ar. Vesp. 850 ; Her. 3, 36 ; 
Andoc. i, 49; Lys. 12, n ; Isocr. 17, 41, edeov Her. 7, 161, 
'8<rtTo Eur. Heracl. 126; Ar. Plut. 980; Thuc. 7,28; Dem. 

29, I. l8, 145, Ion. -e'ero Her. 2, 30, Epic e'SeiWo II. I, 

602, fbeovro Ar. Ach. 536 ; Her. i, 196 ; Antiph. 6, 38 ; Thuc. 
5, 36; Lys. 3, 19 : fut. defjo-ofjuu Ar. Plut. 1160; Her. 8, 142; 
Antiph. i, 21 ; Isocr. 14, 2 ; Isae. 5, 34 ; PI. Rep. 348, Epic 
2 sing. Sfvrjveai. Od. 6, 192; -rj<Trdai II. 13, 786: (aor. m. 
f8fr]a-dfjiT)v, see below) : p. SeSe^at Xen. An. 7, 7, 14; Isae. 8, 
22 : aor. eSfij^v Ar. Plut. 986 ; Her. 4, 84 ; Thuc. i, 27 ; Isocr. 
4, 59 ; PI. Rep. 380; 8d]df, s Soph. O. C. 1170 ; PI. Gorg. 507 ; 
8eri6fir)v Ar. Plut. 977; Xen. Laced, n, 2; Dem. 50, 56; -rjBeis 
Her. 9, 85 : fut. late Sf^o-o/wu Plut. Mor. 213; V. T. Job 9, 
15; Aristid. 45,42 (Dind.) ; Galen i, 417. 13, 898; Aesop 
123 (Tauchn. but pres. 8fo/i- Halm 304). For the Epic forms 
Sfvopai, e8fv(ro, 8evr)a-ofiai, see 8ev<a. 8fo is often used imperson- 
ally, 8d it is necessary, &c. Horn, only once, II. 9, 337 ; Aesch. 
Eum. 826 ; Soph. Ph. 77 ; Antiph. 3, 8, 8 ; Thuc. i, 71 ; 8trj 
Eur. Rhes. 521; Ar. Nub. 493; Thuc. i, 58; PI. Rep. 333, 
but 8g Ar. Ran. 265 (chor. Dind.); C. Fr. (Philet.) 3, 292 ; 8eot 
Thuc. 4, 4; PI. Menex. 236; 8flv PI. Conv. 185; 8w Eur. 
I. A. 567 : imp. ?S Soph. Ph. 292 ; Antiph. 6, 38 ; Thuc. 7, 
8 ; Lys. 3, i ; PI. Crat. 403, Ion. 5ee Her. 3, 45. 7, 9 (Bekk. 
Kriig. Dind. &c.). 8, 6 {Dind. Dietsch, Stein, ?fei Bekk. Kriig.) : 
fut. 8tT)o-(i Eur. Hipp. 941; Her. 6, 88; Thuc. i, 81: eoeVf 
Thuc. 2, 77 ; Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 27 ; Se^ Her. 3, 155 ; Thuc. 6, 
41 ; -<m PI. Leg. 814. 8fiadai, Std/xei/oj/ may be thought to 
have rather an appearance of impersonality at PI. Meno 79 ; 
Her. 4, n. &'<, SCT&U, are sometimes uncontr. Xen. An. 7, 
4> 8. 7, 7, 31 (most Mss. Kriig. Semu, Selvdai i Ms. Dind. Popp. 
Saupp.) ; 8fecrdai Mem. i, 6, 10. 2, i, 30. 8, i, zrpoo-- 4, 8, n ; 

Se'ercu 3, 6, 14, 717300- 3, 6, 13. 14; efit'fTO Hell. 6, I, 1 8 (Mss. 

Buttm. Kiihner, Breitb. &c. 8el-, 8i- Mss. Lob. Popp. L. 
Dind. and now Saupp.) These instances, if correct, would seem 
to shew that Xen. sometimes did not avoid using certain forms 
open which are usually contracted in this verb : Isocr. also has 



a) Aj/Xe'o/xcH . 1 8 1 

the act. form open 8e'f n, 4. The aor. mid. we have never 
met, except fSfrja-aro in the Argum. by Anton. Bongiovan. 
to Liban. Or. 13; and Sajo-acr&u Emperius's unaccountable 
emendation adopted unaccountably by Westermann for fut. 

dtfia-fadai LyS. 27, 14 (for which 8ei)6rjvai Kaiser, SeSe^o-flai 

Cobet.) 

Ar]6(Wi> To linger, only pres. fydvurjo-da Od. 12, 121 ; Srjdvvoav 
II. 6, 519; Ap. Rh. 2.985; Anth. (Maced.) 5, 223 ; -vvew Od. 
17, 278; Ap. Rh. 2, 75 : and imp. r)6vv* II. 6, 503. 

AT] too) 70 waste, Ionic, Opt. 8r]i6a>fj,fv Od. 4, 226; drjtowv II. 1 8, 

195- 23, 176; Ap. Rh. 4, 489; Q. Sm. 7, 554, Attic SyS,, 
drjovre Ar. Lys. 1146, drjovpev Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 18; so Horn, when 
the third syllable is long, part. 8yS>v II. 17, 65; Thuc. 4, 87 : 
imp. Ion. fSijtovv Her. 8, 33. 50 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Stein, &c.), 
so 5, 89 (Mss. Stein), -tevv (Bred. Kriig. Abicht), but e'Sjffw 
(Ms. S. V. Bekk. Gaisf. Dind.), Attic &jwv Thuc. i, 65 ; Xen. 
Cyr. 5, 4, 23, Sjow II. it, 71, iter. fyidavKov Ap. Rh. 2, 142, 
see below: fut. S^wo-co H- 12, 227; Soph. O. C. 1319; Thuc. 
2, 71; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 21 : aor. e'S^tBo-a Thuc. i, 114; subj. 

SyaxTT) II. 16, 650, -ocrti/ 4, 416; Thuc. 2, 13 ; -dxretav Ap. Rh. 

1, 244; part, bgfaras II. 8, 534. 18, 83; Solon 13, 21 ; Xen. 
Hell. 2, 2, 9, Ion. Srflaxras Her. 6, 135. 8, 121 (no v. r. Bekk. 
Gaisf. Dind.): p. late Se^Wa Sopat. Rhet. p, 193 : p. p. SeSg- 
<anfvos Luc. D. Mort. 10, n: aor. Ion. e8r}"ia>6ijv Her. 7, 133 
(Gaisf. Bekk. Dind.); S^ek II. 4, 417; firj^vai Ap. Rh. i, 
8 1. Mid. (87700/104), fut. as pass, d^a-fa-dai Ap. Rh. 2, 117 : 

aor. as act. ebrjaxrd^v Opp. H. 5, 350 ; Subj. SrjaMranrrai Q. Sm. 

5, 374; -wo-ao-^at 5, 567 ; late prose 8rjuxrdfifvos Joseph. Jud. B. 

2, 13, 2 (Bekk.) For imp. pass, difiocavro II. 13, 675, we have 
analogy in dpoWt, for dpova-t from dpoca, but drjidaa-Kov Ap. Rh. 
quoted, points rather to (8r?u0, Srfidio), imp. f8f)1ov Ap. Rh. 3, 
1374, iter. Srjidao-Kov Ap. Rh. 2, 142. See ^vi<a, -idea. Her. 
seems to have used this verb, perhaps always, uncontracted. 
Horn, only in some forms of the pres. act. and imp. pass. : in 
Attic prose, it is confined to Thuc. and Xen. ; in Attic poetry, 
to Soph, and Aristoph., and only once in each. We have 
noticed this verb, not because it is irregular, but because it has 
been ill handled by our Lexicogrs. 

AY]Xe'ofj.cu (Scuw, deleo), Dep. mid. Poet. Ion. and Dor. To 
injure, desfroy, -X^rat Stob. (Archyt.) 1,70; Her. 4, 187; -e'eo-&u 

6, 36; -fvfj.(vos Mimnerm. 7: imp. fdrjXeovro Her. 5, 83 : fut. 
^Xryo-o/Liat H. Merc. 541, -ijo-erai II. 14, io2; Orph. Arg. 352; 
Or. Sib. 3, 645: aor. e'S^o-a^i/ II. i, 156; so Plut. Mor. 874 
(from Her. 9, 63, see imp.), 877X770-- II. 4, 236 ; Epic subj. 



1 82 

treat 23, 428, -rjo-erai Od. 8, 444; -aap.tvos Her. 4, 1 15 ; late, 
Parthen. 29 ; -o-ao-dai Her. 7, 51 ; Theocr. 22, 189 ; late, Agath. 
Pref. p. 12 : p. 8f 817X77^01 as pass. Her. 4, 198. 8, 100, perhaps 
act. Eur. Hipp. 175. Act. fyXe'w formerly Xen. Oec. 10, 3, is 
a false reading, but preserved in the Latin deleo : fat. late S^X^o-o) 
Or. Sib. 7, 44 : and aor. part. 877X170-0^ Or. Sib. 7, 28. Theocr. 
has usu. daXfOfiai, -flrai. 15, 48 (Ziegl. Ahr. Fritz. Mein. Paley), 
doXeiTo 22, 127 (Mein. Paley, 8^X- Ziegl. Ahr. Fritz.), SoXijo-aro 

9 36. 

ATJXofiai Dor. To wish, Heracl. Inscr. i, 98 ; Theocr. 5, 27; 
subj. -tafj-ai Plut. Mor. 219 (Apoph.) ; -o'/nei/o? Tim. Locr. 94; 
Stob. (Hippod.) 43, 94; SrjXeo-tfat Stob. Fl. (Archyt.) i, 70 
(Mein.) : fat. (8ijAiJo-op ?) : aor. d^a-aadai v. r. Stob. (Archyt.) 
quoted. 

At]X6a> To shew, Soph. Aj. 355 ; Ar. Eccl. 7 ; Her. 2, 5 ; 
Antiph. i, 30 ; Thuc. i, 3 : imp. ffyXovv Her. 2, 4 ; Thuc. 4, 
68 : fat. SrjXaVo) Soph. El. 29 ; Ar. Eccl. 3 ; PI. Crit. 108 ; 
Isae. ii, ii : aor. e'SrjXoxra Aesch. Pers. 519; Antiph. i, 30; 
Thuc. 2, 50; Isocr. 15, 5: p. SeS^Xaxca Her. 2, 106 ; Thuc. i, 
9 ; Isocr. 15, 10 : p. p. 8*817X0^01 Her. 5, 36 ; Thuc. 5, i ; 
imper. SeSqXoxr&a Her. 2, 33 : aor. f8r)\d>6r)v Antiph. 5, 70; -adjj 
Her. i, 159 : fat. pass. S^Xw^o-o/nai Ar. Ran. 1303; Thuc. i, 144: 
3 fat. SeSTjXdxro/iat Hippocr. 4, 190 (Lit.): and mid. S^Xucro/wu 
pass. Soph. O. C. 581; but act. late Or. Sib. i, 294. Vb. 
8r)\Q>Tfot> PI. Tim. 48. Herwerden suspects fat. pass. 8t)\o>dr)- 
o-fTQt Thuc. i, 144, and would substitute fat. mid. S^Xwa-erat. 
He had better ascertain if the constitution of the line in 
Aristoph. Ran. quoted will stand the cure. 

AT]fAOKpa.Te'ofj.cu (Kparew) as pass. To have a democratical con- 
stitution, Ar. Eccl. 945 ; Her. 6, 43 ; Thuc. 8, 48 ; Isocr. 20, 
20: imp. e^oKpa-rdadf Isocr. 16, 37; (Dem.) 17, 10 : with 
fat. m. -^o-ojxm Thuc. 8, 48; Lys. 34, 4; Dem. 24, 99; and 
Thuc. 8, 75 (Ms. G. Popp. Kriig. Stahl), but fat. pass, -ydfaofjiai 
(best Mss. A. B. E. F. &c. Bekk.) : p. late 8eS>7/w)/<par?7/z/7 Dio 
Cass. 52, 13. Active form only by the Byzantine writers. 

AT]<XI>, see 87100). 

Airjpidoj (ia) Poet. To contend, part, fypiuv Pind. N. n, 26, 
~6<av Ap. Rh. i, 752 ; Opp. Cyn. 2, 247: imp. iter. fypidao-Kes 
Q. Sm. 5, 443 ; Opp. Cyn. i, 230. Mid. Dep. S^mo/um, dual, 
-daadov II. 12, 421 ; imper. -ad<r6a>v 21, 647; Ap. Rh. 2, 89, 

-oWreu 4, 1729; Opp. Hal. 2, 555. 4, 375; a/^i-S^ioVei/or 

Simon. (Am.) 7, 118; -daadai II. 16, 96 : imp. 8r}pi6a>vro Od. 8, 
78 ; Q. Sm. 4, 255. For fat. and aor. see foil. 

Epic, To contend, act. late, fat. Srjpivo Lycophr. 1306 : 



A>/&> Amtraoj. 183 



aor. (&T]p~<Ta Theocr. 25,82, Sqpio-- Orph. Arg. 420; fijjpt'o-a) 410. 
Mid. 8r)piop.m as act. Find. Ol. 13, 44 : fut. S^pio-o^at Theocr. 
22, 70 : aor. 8rjpi(rdfj.T]v Od. 8, 76 ; Opp. Hal. 2, 627 : and aor. 
pass. drjpivdTjv as mid. II. 16, 756; drjpivdrivai Orph. L. 670; Ap. 

Rh. 2, l6, COmp. I8pvco, I8pvv6r)v. Vb. aS^ii-os II. 17, 42, 

d^rpl-drip- ThuC. 4, 134. 

ATJU Epic, only pres. with fut. meaning, I shall find, dyeis II. 
13, 2*>o ; Anth. 7, 370; Orph. L. 607 ; Dion. Per. 483, Sijo/*ei> 
Od. 4, 544. 16, 44, 8f]fre II. 9, 685, fi^ovo-t Ap. Rh. 4, 591; 
subj. 8f)<0(j.fv 4, 1336 (Vulg. Merk.) ; opt. 8r)oipev 4, 1460, which 
Wellauer reads at 4, 1336 also: imp. etyev Hesych. 

ATJGJ, see Si?ido>. 

AiaiTdu 70 arbitrate, &c. Find. Ol. 9, 66 ; Hippocr. 7, 30. 8, 
236 (Lit.); Dem. 47, 12; Theocr. 12, 34: imp. Sii/raw Dio. 
Hal. 2,75; Galen 6, 332. 10, 678, but in comp. Kar-eSigra 
(Dem.) 49, 19 : fut. 8tmrj?cra> Isae. 2, 30; Dem. 29, 58, rara- 
33, 16 : aor. St^o-a Isae. 2, 31 ; Plut. Pomp. 12; App. Civ. 5, 
20; Strab. 2, 3, 8, but in comp. dn-e&iJT- Isae. 12, 12; Dem. 
40, 17. 30, 31, Kar-eSiriT- Isae. 12, ii ; Dem. 21, 84. 96. 27, 

51. 40, 17, fJ.fT-f8i^r- Luc. D. Mort. 12, 3, late e'Siamyo-a, air- 

Argum. Dem. 40, KO.T- ibid., Dor. SwuYdo-a Pind. P. 9, 68 : p. 8e- 

SiTjrrjKO. Dem. 33, 31 : pip. KaT-e8e8ir]Tr)Kfi 21, 85 (D.), Kara-SeS- 

(Bekk.) : p. p. (SeSt^r^at Thuc. 7> 77> see mid.), OTTO- Dem. 21, 
85. 96, Kara- 55, 31: pip. {8e8irjrT)To e- Thuc. i, 132; Galen 
6, 686. Mid. Stairao/zm to pas s life, Her. i, 120. 5, 16, -eo/iai 
Hippocr. i, 574. 580 (Lit. Erm.) ; -acrdai Soph. O. C. 928 ; 
Andoc. 2, 10; Thuc. 2, 14; -a>nevos Thuc. i, 6 ; PI. Gorg. 
449: imp. 8ir)Ta>iJir)v Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 669; Lys. i, 9. 32, 8; 
Isocr. 18, 49. 21, 2; Isae. 6, 21. 8, 9. 9, 27; PI. Phaed. 61; 
Plut. Dion. 51 ; Dio Cass. 58, i, Ion. 8iaiT<ap.r]v Her. 3, 65, -Sro 
3, 15. 4, 95. 121 ; Hippocr. 6, 514, Sirjrfovro (Luc.) D. Syr. 26 
(Dind. Stair- Bekk. Jacob.) : fut. fitamjo-o/wu Hippocr. 6, 604 ; 
Lys. 16, 4; PI. Rep. 372 : aor. (in a different sense) KaT-e8irjTr}- 
o-dwv (Dem.) 55, 2. 6. 34 ; see 40, 18; Lys. 25, 16 : with p. p. 
8f8tTJTrjfjMi as mid. Thuc. 7, 77, Kara- Dem. 55, 31 : and aor. 
8iT)rf]6r]v Thuc. 7, 87 ; Isae. 6, 15, but e^-efiigT^v Dio Cass. 48, 
39 (Bekk.), Ion. 8iaiTf)0r)v as mid. Her. 2, 112. Vb. Siairr^reov 
Hippocr. i, 649 (K.) fdiairuv, edtamjcra, air- Argum. (Dem.) 40, 
KOT- ibid., e8iai,TovTo for 8itjra>v, 8n'iTr}cra <fec., though given by 
Grammarians and Editors, are scarcely found in Mss. e-eSe8tui- 
TTJTO (Thuc. i, 132 Ms. E). See Antiatt. 91, 1 8. 

This verb seems never to be augmented in Her. In classic 
Attic, 8iairdo), in the simple form, has double augm. in the perf. 
and pip. only, 8e8iflTr)Ku, e'SeSu/T^et, but late Si^rq/xeVof Herodn. 



184 Aiaicovea) AmXe-yto. 

6, 9, 5 (Bekk.) ; Galen 6, 249 ; Oribas. 2, 41; fit^o-^ot Galen 
5, 32 ; even in Lys. Cobet edits e'Siflrw/iijv ! i, 9. 32, 8, for 8^- 
(Mss. edit.) ; in c omp. all the augmented tenses have double augm. 

imp. Kar-fSi^ra : aor. dir-fSi^rrjaa, nor-, per- : ff8ir)Trj6r]v : but late 

ffw-8ir)TaTo Plut. Dion. 17; Themist. 32, 385; Aesop 346 (Halm); 
sometimes, also the classic rule is observed, Stj^o-e 4 Mace. 2, 
17, but e^-eSiflTjjo-e 4, 19. The mid. does not follow a different 
law from the act. 

AiaKo^w (a) 71? minister, Ar. Av. 1323; Com. Fr. (Anax.) 
3, 198; ->v Eur. Ion 396; PI. Leg. 955; -fiv Rep. 466 (Ion. 
dirjKov-, see fut.) : imp. f8iax6vovv Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 828 ; Eur. 
Cycl. 406 (Herm. Dind. Nauck, Kirchh. 2 ed.), BITJKOVOW Eur. 
quoted (Mss. Vulg. Kirchh. i ed.) ; and later, see Luc. Philops. 
35; Himer. Or. 14, 30; N. T. Matth. 4, n : fut. SiaKovrjo-o 
Com. Fr. (Cratet.) 2, 237; PL Gorg. 521, Ion. Siya- Her. 4, 
154 : aor. indie, late St^o'wjo-a Aristid. 46, 198 ; but inf. Siaicovfj- 
<rai Antiph. i, 16 : p. SeSiTjKo'wjKa Com. Fr. (Arched.) 4, 437, 
v. r. 8e8iaK-: p.p. StSiaKowj/iat Dem. 51, 7 (Bekk. Dind.): aor. 
f8idicoi>T]dt)v Dem. 50, 2 : 3 fut. 8eSiaKoi^<rerat Joseph. Ant. 1 8, 8, 

7. Mid. SiaKovovpai as act. Soph. Ph. 287; Ar. Ach. 1017 ; 
PI. Leg. 763 ; Luc. D. Deor. 5, 2 : imp. Sujucoven-o Luc. Philops. 
35; Dio Chrys. Or. 7 (112): fat. -fia-ofjuu Luc. Char. i. D. 
Deor. 4, 4 ; Themist. 9, 124; Aristid. 45, 46 ; Ach. Tat. 2, 
31 : aor. dnjKovrj^afujv Luc. Tyr. 22. Icar. 20; Stob. (Nicostr.) 
74, 65. 8f8tT)K6vT)K(v Arched. Com. Fr. quoted, is Valckenaer's 
emendation for fie 8iijK-, but Ms. P. gives 8e8iatt.6vT)K(v the more 
Attic form. In this verb the Attics preferred the initial augment, 
and a unchanged ; and on this ground Hermann altered SHJKO- 
vovv Eur. Cycl. quoted, to e'fita*- which all but Kirchhoff, we 
think, have adopted. In 2 edit, however, he too now adopts it 
(1868). 

AiaXeyw To pick out, separate, Ar. Lys. 720 ; Xen. Oec. 8, 9 : 
fut. SiaAf'Ico Dem. 20, 91 : aor. &eXea PI. Leg. 735. iaX/yo/u 
Dep. mid. and pass, to discuss, Archil. 80 ; Ar. Eccl. 930 ; Her. 
i, 142 ; PL Apol. 33 ; Isae. 9, 20 : imp. 8Ay- Her. 9, 112 ; 
Antiph. 6, 39; Thuc. 8, 93; Lys. 3, 31; Aeschin. 2, 125; 
Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 234: fut. 8iaXe'oju Isocr. 12, 5. 112. 253; 
Isae. 7, 3; Aeschin. 2, 18 : aor. 8uAeap?i> Epic, pondered, II. 
II, 407. 17, 97. 21, 562. 22, 385; Ar. Fr. 321 (D.); and late 
prose, discussed, Dio Cass. 38, 18. 56, i ; Aristid. 13, 144 (D.); 
Philostr. Ap. 156: p. &fiAey/u Lys. 8, 15; Isocr. 5, 81; PL 
Theaet. 158; pass. Aristot. Topic. 8, n, i : pip. 8teiXe*cro Dem. 
21, 119 ; but seemingly pass. Lys. 9, 5 : aor. SifAex^i/ as mid. 
Her. 3, 51; Xen. Mem. i, 6, i ; Isocr. 19, 37; Isae. 9, 20; 



AiaXvofJLCtt At(5acr/cw. 185 

PI. Parm. 126. Theaet. 142 ; Dem. 18, 252 ; -X^S Isocr. 3, 
8; -Xx#eiV AT. Nub. 425. Plut. 1082; Hippocr. 5 446; PI. 
Apol. 39; -drjvm Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 40; Isocr. 5, 14 ; -dels 12, 38 ; 
Xen. Mem. 4, 4, 5 : and fut. 8idkexdf]o-opai Isocr. 9, 34 ; Dem. 
18, 252; Plut. Mor. 236. 1082: 2 aor. rare StaXcyiJi/cu Aristot. 
Eth. M. i, 29. Top. 7, 5, 2. 8, 3, 6 (Bekk.) ; Seym. Ch. Perieg. 
7 (Mein.) Vb. SiaXe/mfof Isocr. 12, 134; PI. Lys. 211. This 
verb seems not to occur in Trag. : irpodiaXtyofMi is Dep. pass. 
-\fX0fis Isocr. 12, 6; -xdfjvcu 199. 

AiaXuofxcu, see Xvco. 

Aiai/ooGfAai, see votoa. 

Alcurepcuow To take across, unclassic in act. Plut. Sull. 27. 
8ianfpuiovp.ai be conveyed across, pass through, over, Thuc. 8,32: 
has aor. pass. -fn(pai<a6r)v Soph. Aj. 730; Her. 2, 124. 5, 23; 
Luc. Phal. 2, 4 ; Plut. Demetr. 33 : pip. SifrreTrepeuWro Thuc. 3, 
23 : and later aor. mid. -Trfpauno-aa-Gai (PI.) Ax. 370. 

Aiairofcu, with aor. mid. and pass, see Trovea. 
i), see (nrovbdfa. 

To shake in pieces, pres. late, Alciphr. 2, 4 (but 
simple Tivdwm II. 12, 298; Aesch. Pr. 917; Soph. Tr. 512; 
Ar. Ran. 328. 340): aor. Iriva^a II. 20, 57; Sapph. 42, e'- 
Hippocr. 5, 288, a-w- Aristot. Mund. 4, 39, fit- Eur. I. T. 282; 
subj. in tmesi 8ia -rivd^ Od. 5, 363 ; -nvdgai Stob. 85, 21 : p. p. 
late 8iaT(Tii>dx0ai Aesop 305 (Halm, but simple renVaKTai Hip- 
pocr. 6, 112 Ms. A. Lit. : and Epic aor. eYtVax&i/, for -drja-av, II. 
1 6, 348); -x&fis Plut. Cimon 16: fut. m. Smi/aeT<u reflex or 
pass. Eur. Bacc. 588, unnoticed by our Lexicogr. 

AiaxXt'Sdct) (xXi&dw, x^")> To walk or live delicately, luxuriate, 
only perf. -Kf^XiScas Com. Fr. (Archipp.) 2, 728. 

AiSdaKu To teach, Od. i, 384; Aesch. Supp. 1061 ; Soph. El. 
396 ; Ar. Av. 550 ; Her. 9, 31 ; Antiph. 5, 14. 6, 2 ; Lys. 14, 22 ; 
PI. Conv. 185 ; imper. 8i8ao-Kere Thuc. 4, 118 ; inf. -K*IV PI. Rep. 

338, Epic -acrKe'/nei/ai II. 9, 442, -a.CTKfp.fv 23. 308 : imp. e'8iS- 

Simon. C. 148, 6 ; Her. 6, 138 ; Antiph. 6, u ; Thuc. 4, 83 : 
fut. 8t8d<B Aesch. Supp. 519; Eur. Bacch. 287; Her. 7, 16; 
Antiph. 2, , 9 ; Thuc. 5, 9 ; Lys. 9, 3 : aor. f8i'8a&i II. 23, 307 ; 
Eur. Fr. 79 (D.) ; Ar. Nub. 382 ; Her. 3, 48 ; Antiph. 6, 49 ; 
Xen. An. 3, 4, 32; Isocr. 4, 47, &Sa- II. 5, 51 ; Find. N. 3, 
55; -Sa< PI. Euth. 297; -Sd^a Prot. 318; 8i8aov Aesch. 
Eum. 431 ; PI. Euth. 6 ; -8daj Thuc. 2, 93; Poet. (e'StSuo-^o-a), 
opt. 8i8a(TKf)craip.t Horn. H. Cer. 144 ; inf. StSao-KJJa-ai Hes. Op. 64, 
fK-8i8da-Kr}<Te Pind. P. 4, 217 : p. 8e8i8axa Xen. Cyr. i, 3, 18; PI. 
Meno 85 : p.p. 8e8i8ay^at II. ii, 831 ; Her. 2, 69; Lycurg. 13; 
PI. Phaedr. 269; imper. SeStfidx&a Xen. Eq. 6, 9: aor. e'S 



1 86 

Ar. Nub. 637 ; Her. 3, 81 ; Xen. Hell, 5, 4, 44 ; Dem. 20, 166 ; 
8i8a X 0f)s Theogn. 565, -x&ri Aesch. Pr. 10; Ar. Thesm. 538; 
-bax6r)vcu Soph. El. 330; Antiph. 4, /3, 8; -\6fis Solon 13, 51 ; 
Aesch. Eum. 276; Thuc. 8, 75 : fut. late, StSax^o-o/wu Dio. Hal. 
3, 70 ; Sext. Emp. 182, 6, am- Pseud.-Callisth. 2, 43 : as pass, 
fat. mid. 8i8dgofwi Soph. Ant. 726 ; Ar. Nub. 127 &c. Others as 
mid. learn. Mid. 8t8d<7co/iai to educate, learn, PI. Prot. 325 : fut. 
8*8do/xai Soph. Ant. 726 ; Eur. Andr. 739 ; Ar. Nub. 127 ; PI. 
Rep. 421, Poet. 2 sing. -aeai quoted by Xen. Conv. 2, 4. Mem. 
i, 2, 20, from Theogn. 35, where stands /xa&jo-eat : aor. e8i8aa- 
PUJV Soph. Ant. 356 ; Ar. Nub. 783 ; PI. Meno 93 ; Xen. Cyr. 
I, 6, 2, Poet. 2 sing. Si8dao Mosch. 3, 97 ; -Id/ifi/o? Simon. C. 
145; inf. 8i8a|ao-&H Pind. Ol. 8, 59; Xen. Mem. 4, 4, 5. Vb. 
SidaKTos Xen. Mem. 3, 9, i, -reos PI. Euthyd. 273. 

Ai8T](ii To bind, rare in prose, 3 pi. 8t8e'ao-i Xen. An. 5, 8, 24 ; 
imper. 8tSVra>j> Od. 12, 54 (Bekk.): imp. 3 sing. 8i8ij for e'8i- II. 
n, 105. 

Ai8<5w To give, 2 sing. 8i8ols ( : <af Bekk.) II. 9, 164; Her, 8, 
137, di8oia-6a (-a><r0a Bekk.) II. 19, 270, 81801 Od. 17, 350; 
Mimnerm. 2, 16 ; Simon. Am. 7, 54 (81801 Bergk) ; Find. I. 4, 
33; Aesch. Supp. 1010; Her. 2, 48. 3, 119, - 2, 29, 3 pi. 
8i8ocrt II. 19, 265, and always ; Theogn. 446. 591 ; Her. 2, 
30. 89, and generally; Dio Cass. 65, 13: imperat. 8t'8ou (8180*) 
Od. 3, 58; Eur. Or. 642; Her. 3, 140; Xen. Hell. 3, 4, 
26, and Si'Sot Pind. Ol. 7, 89. N. 5, 50 ; inf. StSow Theogn. 
1329, 8t8owai only II. 24, 425 : imp. e'8i'8ovi> Ar. Eq. 678 ; Her. 
6, 86; Andoc. i, 101 ; Dem. 50, 10. 55, 27, Trap- Isocr. 17, 
38, an- Dem. 33, 25, e'8/Sovr Od. 19, 367 (-80)9 Bekk.); Xen. 
An. 5, 8, 4 (2 Mss. Born. Kriig. Dind.), an- Dem. 34, 26. 31, 
e8i'Sov Od. n, 289 (Vulg. Dind. La Roche, -i'So> Bekk.); Hes. 
Th. 563; Theogn. 916; Pind. P. 9, 117; Her. i, 208. 3, 128; 
Thuc. 8, 29 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 17 ; Isocr. 4, 94 ; Isae. n, 2 ; 
Aeschin. i, 102 ; Dem. 19, 166. 335. 50, 23, St'Sou II. 5, 165. 6, 
192. 219 (Vulg. Dind. La Roche, 8i'8w Bekk.), 3 pi. e'8t'8ow 
Hes. Op. 139; Hippocr. 8, 446 (Lit.), an- 5, 126; D. Hal. 
5, 6: fut. StSwo-o) Od. 13,358. 24,314. See 8i'8a>/ut. 8i'8ot 2 sing, 
imperat., though in Pind., Ahrens thinks not Doric (Dor. Dial. 
314.) Bekker, in his last edition of Horn. (1859), writes the 
imp. always with long vowel, e'8i'8a>i>, Si'8a>. 

(AiSpdcTKw) To run off, only in comp. a7ro-8i8pao-/c<a (Ion. -JJOTCW) 
Ar. Lys. 719; Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 40; PI. Men. 97, 8ia- Thuc. 7, 
85, '*- Thuc. 6, 7, late, if at all, dno8pda> (see Phrynichus p. 737): 
imp. dn-tdiSpavKts PL Crit. 53, dn-edpw Apocr. Jud. n, 16 : fut. 
i, dno- PI. Rep. 457 ; Dem. 9, 74 (act. late dnoSpda-ei 



187 

Theod. Grace. Aff. p. 103, 8, Gaisf. avvairoSpdo-ovras Zonaras 
Annal. vol. 2, p. 1 2), Ion. SpTjcro/xcu, OTTO-, &c. see below : 1 aor. 
(eSpao-a), an- in classic authors occurs now only as a v. r. e- 
edpacr formerly Eur. I. T. 193, now e edpas; dno-8pdo-rj Xen. Cyr. 

1, 4, 13, now OTToSpa ; but late dir-fSpao-ev Ael. V. H. 13, 27, -eSpa 

(Kerch.); subj. 0770-8^0077 Theophr. Char. 18 (Foss) ; opt. 8m- 
Spao-eie Heliod. 7, 24 ; diro-8pd<ras Plut. Mor. 873 ; Joseph. Ant. 
3, 2, i (Bekk.): p. 8e8pdKa, 8ta- Ar. Ach. 601, OTTO- PL Theaet. 
203 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, i, 10. An. i, 4, 8 : pip. dno-8fBpaKti 6, 4, 13 
(Vulg. Kriig. Saupp.), oTr-eSeSp- (L. Dind. Hug.) : 2 aor. e8pav, dn- 
Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 279; Ar. Fr. 431 (Dind.), drr-eSpo Com. Fr. 
(Cratin.) 2, 62 ; Xen. An. 6, 6, 5 ; PL Prot. 310, dn-f8pap.ev Ar. Fr. 
431 (Dind.), e'J- Eur. Heracl. 14, drr-tfpavav Thuc. i, 128; Xen. 
Cyr. 5, 2, 36, syncop. dn-eSpav Soph. Aj. 167; Luc. Tox. 33 
(Dind.), Ion. e8p?;j>, dn-- Her. 4, 43 ; subj. -8pS> Ar. Pax 234 ; Xen. 
Cyr. i, 4, 13, -8pa Thuc. 7, 86 ; Xen.. Cyr. i, 4, 13; PL Hipp. 
Maj. 295, -Spwo-i Xen. Cyr. 5, i, 12 ; (Dem.) Epist. 3, 1478 ; opt. 
-bpairjv, OTTO- Theogn. 927 ; Xen. An. 2, 5, 7, -fyxjV Aristot. Oec. 

2, 35 (Bekk.), -Spalripcv Xen. An. 6, 3, 16 ; imper. late -8padi V. 
T. Gen. 27, 43; 8pavai, (Hesych.), OTTO- Thuc. 4, 46; PL Prot. 
317; Isocr. 12, 93, gvvairo- Ar. Ran. 81; -8pos Od. 17, 516; 
Ar. Eccl. 196. Av. 726; Andoc. i, 125. 4, 17 ; Xen. An. 6, 3, 
26; Lys. 6, 27, Sto- Isocr. 18, 49; Her. 8, 75. 9, 58, all in 
comp. Ion. SiSpT/o-Ko) also comp. OTTO- Her. 9, 59, - 3, 4. 9, 88 : 
imp. -f8l8pT)(TKov 2, 182: flit. 8pr)o-ofuit } OTTO- 7? 210, 810- 8, 60 : 
p. 8e8pr)ica, OTTO- Hippocr. 8, 282 (Lit.) : 2 aor. eSp^i/, OTT- Her. 4, 
43. 6, 2. 9, 37 ; inf. -Spipot 3, 45 ; but part, always 8pds, diro- 

3, 148. 9, 118, 8ia- 8, 75, eV 4, 148. Vb. a-Sprja-ros Her. 4, 
142. 

This verb seems to occur only twice in Trag. and only in 
2 aor. Soph, and Eur. quoted. We have never seen 8i8pdarKca 
uncomp. except part. 8i8pda-Kav in Hesych. Of the pure pres. 
form 8i8pda>, OTTO- &c. we know no instance : <rvv-airo8pav 
Herodn. r, 10 (Vulg.) is now -8pavai (Bekk.) The 1 aor. does 
not now occur in classic Greek : dirodpdaao-a Andoc. 1,125 (V u 'g-)> 
ciTroSpaa-a (Bekk.), oTroSpaa-af Lys. 6, 28 (old edit.) was altered by 
Reiske to dn-oSpas, which has been adopted by Bekker and every 
subsequent editor, drroSpda-rj Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 13 (Vulg.), now 
oTroSpa (best Mss. Schneid. Popp. Dind.), ee'8pacr* Eur. I. T. 
194 (Mss. Vulg. Musgr. Seidler), now e e8paj in every edit. 
&c. In recent editions of even late auth. the 2 aor. has often 
been restored, dnoSpoxrao-i Dio Cass. 43, 38 (Vulg.), f/cSpwo-i 
(Bekk. L. Dind.); IS&purev 78, 34 (Vulg.), e'^'Spo (Bekk.), 

da-r) Theophr. Char. 18 (Foss), aTro8pa (Dind.), a7ro8pao-ao-a 



1 88 

Plut. Mor. 767 (Vulg.), dTroSpao-a (Ms. E. Winck. Diibn.) &c. 
see above. Mid. aor. dirobpdaao-dai, if correct, Philon. vol. i, 
P- 55 r > 3 1 ) which should perhaps be altered to fut. -ao-ecr&u 
Galen 9, 272, as 8ta8pd<rao-dai has been to -d<re<r6ai Dio Cass. 
43, 40. We have not seen the 3 pi. syncop. form dn-eSpdv 
in classic prose. 

Ai&up To give, II. 23, 620; Aesch. Pr. 780; Eur. Ion 1286; 
Ar. Pax 424 ; Her. 3, 140; Lys. 4, 5; PL Charm. 163, 8i8a>t 
Soph. Aj. 1354; Eur. Supp. 409; Ar. Pax 1262; PI. Phaed. 
100, fit'Soxrt II. 20, 299 ; Archil. 16 ; Find. P. 5, 65; Soph. O. 
C. 446; Ar. Plut. 278; Antiph. i, 19; Thuc. 2, 101 ; Isae. 
n, 2, 8i8ofjiev II. 2, 228 ; Ar. Eq. 69 ; Isae. 2, 5, 8i8ore Andoc. 
2, 23; Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 13 (5, i, i Dind. Saupp.), StSoWi Ar. 
Vesp. 715 ; Antiph. 5, 34 ; Thuc. i, 42 ; Isocr. 8, 135, StSotJo-t 
scarcely Attic, Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 85 ? ; subj. 8iS, ri- Xen. 
Cyr. i, 4, 12, 8i8<3? Eur. H el. 1257; Ar. Ach. 799; PI. Prot. 
310, 8i8m Theogn. 186 ; Eur. Or. 667 ; Ar. Av. 519 ; PL Leg. 
691, 8i8><Ti Theogn. 45; Soph. Fr. 748; Antiph. i, 23; opt. 
8i8oirjv Lys. 7, 6, -oirjs Soph. O. C. 642, fiera- Theogn. 925, 
8i8olr) Soph. O. C. 777 ; Her. i, 86 ; Isae. 9, 24 ; Lys. 12, 14 ; 
Xen. Vect. 2, 6, -Sw'f; Plut. Lysandr. 9, -oi'ijr* Plut. Alex. 302, 
-oTre Od. u, 359, -ol(i> Aesch. Supp. 703; Andoc. i, 90; Xen. 
An. 3, 2, 7 ; imper. 8i8ov see 8i86a>, 818061 occurs not, Epic 8i8a>8t 
Od. 3, 380, StSorca PI. Leg. 916, 8i8orc Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 47, 
8i86vra>v, diro- PI. Leg. 829, 8t8ovs II. 9, 699 ; Andoc. 2, 23 ; inf. 
8i86vai Her. 6, 62 ; Antiph. 6, 38 ; Thuc. 2, 97, Poet. 8i86pfv 
Pind. N. 7, 97. I. 8, 60: imp. (eft&ter), e'St'Swr Od. 19, 367 
(Bekk. Dind. -ovs Ameis, La Roche) ; Xen. An. 5, 8, 4 (Vulg.), 
but t8i8ovs (Ms. A B. Born. Kriig. Saupp. and Dind. now], 
8i8a> Od. n, 289 (Bekk. 2 ed. -Sou Vulg. Dind. La Roche), 
8i8a> II. 5, 165. 6, 192. 219 (Bekk. -8ov Dind. La Roche), 2 pi. 
e'Si'Sore Com. Fr. (Sophil.) 3, 581, 3 pi. f8i8oo-av Her. 8, 9 ; Thuc. 
7, 87 ; PI. Critias 119, 8i8oaav Od. 17, 367, Epic f8i8ov H. Cer. 
437, 8i8ov 327, 3 pi. f8i8ow not Attic, see 8i86a> : fut. Soxrw II. 14, 
268; Hes. Op. 57; Pind. P. 12, 32; Aesch. Supp. 733; 
Soph. Ant. 315; Eur. I. T. 744; Her. 8, 5; Antiph. 6, 36; 
Thuc. 7, 36; Lys. 10, 3; PI. Phaedr. 236, Dor. Swo-a Theocr. 

5, 96 ; inf. 8<a<reiv Simon. C. 173, Epic biaa-e^evai H. 13, 369, 

8wo-f>ej' 10, 323. 22, 117 (Spitzn. Dind. La R. -eiv Bekk.), 
Epic StStoo-oo Od. 13, 358; inf. 8i8<ao-(iv 24, 314: 1 aor. ZSwuca 
indie, only classic, Od. 9, 361; Solon 5; Soph. Ant. 902; 
Her. i, 124; Antiph. 6, 15. 17; PI. Rep. 612; Lys. 4, 13. 
16, 14 ; Isae. 2, 42 ; Dem. 18, 179. 197. 22, 8, e- Lys. 16, 10, 
II. 4, 43, eSwicas II. 21, 473 ; Hipponax 19 (B.) ; Soph. Tr. 



At&B/if . 1 89 

201 ; Ar. Pax 963 ; Her. 3, 140 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 3, 7 ; Dem. 32, 
16, 8>Kas Od. 4, 647, e8a>K II. n, 243 ; Hes. Th. 914 ; Find. P. 

2, 89; Aesch. Eum. 850; Eur. Cycl. 141; Ar. Eq. 1220; Her. 

3, 160; Antiph. 6, 17 ; Thuc. i, 58; PI. Leg. 679, Poet. Sake 
II. 5, 2 ; Hes. Op. 705 ; Pind. OL i, 63, and '8o>ice Soph. Aj. 
1303, ehaKafjLev Eur. Cycl. 296 ; Xen. An. 3, 2, 5. Hell. 6, 3, 6 ; 
Dem. 20, 139, npov8<aK- Eur. Heracl. 463, Trap- Her. 5, 91 ; Xen. 
Oec. 9, 9. 19, an- Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 479 ; Isae. 5, 28 ; (Dem.) 

.) 



13, 3, r- Dem. 34, 38. 39, /ier- 23, 65, cduKare Com. Fr. (Alex. 
3, 479 ; Antiph. 5, 77 ; Dem. 20, 84. 85. 86. 97. 120. 21, 56. 
57, 6, dn- 21, n, Trap- Xen. An. 7, 7, 10 ; Dem. 28, 8. 51, 8, 
Trpo- 23, 112, eSw/cav II. 13, 303. 22, 379 ; Hes. Op. 92 ; Simon. 
(Am.) 7, 22; Theogn. 1057; Pind. N. n, 39; Com. Fr. 
(Antiph.) 3, 88. (Anon.) 4, 670; Her. i, 89 ; Xen. Mem. i, i, 
9; Dem. 19, 190. 20, 70. 23, 200 (13, 23) ; Hyperid. 4, 14, 3, 
an-- Lys. 19, 7, e- Eur. Heracl. 319, Trap- Med. 629; Ar. Nub. 
969; Xen. Hell. 4, 4, 15; Isocr. 12, 106; Dem. 19, 94. 36, 14. 
51, 8, Trpo- 20, 53, 8a>Kav Hes. Op. 741 ; Pind. P. 4, 115 ; subj. 
late, if correct, dno-8<*Kcoo-i Aesop 78 (Tauchn.) : p. 8e8a>Ka Pind. 
N. 2, 8 ; Aesch. Pr. 446 ; Soph. Ph. 664 ; Ar. Eq. 841 ; Her. 
6, 56 ; Antiph. 6, 12; Lys. 10, 14; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 26; Isae. 
8, 41 ; opt. 8e8a>Koifv, napa- Thuc. 7, 83 : pip. f8e8d>Kfi Xen. Cyr. 

1, 4, 26; Isae. 3, 10; Dem. 3, 14. 37, 12, -*f<-Her. 8, 67 : p.p. 
8f8ofj.cn II. 5, 428 ; Aesch. Supp. 1041 ; Eur. Supp. 757 ; Her. 6, 
57; Xen. Lac. n, 6; PL Lys. 204; 8e8o'o-0o> PI. Tim. 52; 
8f86(rdai Her. 2, 141; -opeW Thuc. i, 26; Isocr. 5, 15: pip. 
e8(8oTo Thuc. 3, 109: aor. f86drjv Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 502 ; Her. 
8, 136; Thuc. 3, 60; PI. Leg. 829; subj. 8o6f, s Com. Fr. 
(Theop.) 2, 804, 8o0fj (Dem.) 12, 14; opt. 8o6dr) in tmesi Od. 

2, 78; Isae. n, 40; SoQrjvai Eur. Fr. 771 (D.) ; Her. 9, 81; 
Xen. An. i, i, 8; 8odds Aesch. Eum. 393; Eur. An. 15; Com. 
Fr. (Mon.) 752 ; Thuc. 5, in : fat. So^a-o/iat Soph. Ph. 774; 
Eur. Phoen. 1650; Isae. 3, 39 ; (Dem.) 44, 63. 64. 59, 76, - 
Isocr. 17, 9 : 2 aor. act. (e8a>v) not in indie, sing. eSo/iev Ar. 
Vesp. 586; Isocr. 17, 19, 86fj.tv II. 17, 443, eSore Andcc. 2, 22; 
Lys. 19, 21 ; Aeschin. 3, 187, e8o<rav Od. 20, 78 ; Hes. Th. 141 ; 
Theogn. 272; Pind. N. 6, 10; Aesch. Ag. 1335; Ar. Vesp. 
717; Her. 6, 108 ; Thuc. 4, 56; Lys. 12, 18; PI. Conv. 220, 
86o-av Od. 7, 242 ; Theogn. 463, Epic (8ov Hes. Th. 30; and 
Dor. (Lacon. Inscr. 1511); subj. 8S> Od. 20, 296; Ar. Eq. 706. 
Pax 851 ; Andoc. i, 113 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 16, 8ms II. 7, 27; 
Ar. Eq. 710. Av. 978; Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 14; Dem. 22, 7, 8$ 
Hes. Op. 354; Ar. Vesp. 583. Ran. 606; Antiph. i, 24; Xen. 
Eq. 10, 16, 8S,p (V II. 23, 537. Od. 8, 389; Eur. Supp. 1231; 



Ar. Pax 730. Thesm. 801 ; PL Leg. 702, S>TC Xen. An. 7, 3, 
17, 8S>ai II. 3,66; Eur. Tr. 1267; Her. 6, 133, see below; 
opt. 8cuV Od. 15, 449; Soph. O. R. 1161; Ar. Pax 1217; 
Her. 9, in ; Lys. 24, i, SotV II. 16, 625. Od. 17, 455 ; Aesch. 
Sept. 260 ; Ar. Nub. 108 ; Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 35, Boirj II. 17, 127 ; 
Aesch. Ch. 889 ; Soph. O. C. 869 ; Ar. Ach. 966; Antiph. i, 
19 ; PL Conv. 196, Soirj^tv Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 2 ; PL Men. 96 
(Vulg.); (Dem.) 10, 71, 8oI/ II. 13, 378; PL Rep. 607, 
SoirjTe Her. 7, 135; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 47 ; PL Phaedr. 279, dno- 
Isae. 7, 41, BoiTt, diro- Od. 22, 61 ; PL Tim. 20, Soi'/jo-ai/ Com. 
Fr. (Damox.) 4, 532, -napa- Xen. An. 2, i, 10 (Mss. Kriig. 
Kiihner, &c.), Soiev II. 23, 650; Aesch. Sept. 418; Com. Fr. 
(Antiph.) 3, 89 ; Xen. An. 4, 8, 7, napa- 2, i, 10 (Mss. Popp. 
Saupp. Dind. now} ; fids II. 5, 118 ; Hes. Op. 453 ; Aesch. Ch. 
140; Soph. Aj. 483; Ar. Nub. 81; Xen. Cyr. 5, i, 29, 86 
II. 1 8, 301 ; Eur. I. T. 735 ; Ar. Vesp. 935 ; Her. i, 155 ; PL 
Leg. 929, Sore II. 6, 476 ; Hes. Th. 104 ; Soph. O. C. 102 ; PL 
Lach. 187, 8oT&>o-ai> Xen. Hier. 8, 4, $6vru>v PL Leg. 753; dovvat 
H. 23, 593; Hes. Fr. 172; Pind. P. 4, 35 ; Soph. Ant. 303; 
Ar. Av. 347; Her. 6, 87; Antiph. i, 12; Thuc. 5, 59, Poet. 
Soncvat. II. 19, 138, So'/xej/ 9, 571; Hes. Op. 354; Theogn. 
919; Pind. N. 8, 20; Ar. Av. 930 (Lyr.). 973 (hexam.) ; 
dovs Od. 15, 369 ; Aesch. Pr. 826 ; Soph. O. C. 855 ; Ar. Vesp. 
52; Her. 3, 140; Thuc. 5, 45. Mid. 8/So^ai in simple 
we have not seen except in tmesi, and not often in comp. 

except with drro, etc, Kepi, pres. ex- 8i8ovrat Her. 2, 47 (-So'areu 

Bekk.): fat. Trepi-Saxropu Od. 23, 78, en- Hippocr. 7, 528 
(Lit.), eVt- Hym. Merc. 383, nepi- II. 10, 463 (Bekk. Dind. 
-jSwo-o/xm Wolf, Spitz. La R.) : 2 aor. e8oj/ro in tmesi, an- . . . 
Her. 2, 39, e-e'8ov Eur. Med. 309, -e'Soro Dem. 41, 26; 
tTri-8a>(jif6a II. 22, 254, i p. dual 7repi-8d>/ie#oj> rare II. 23, 485; 
irfpi-8ov Ar. Ach. 772. Nub. 644; -8do-&u Pind. P. 4, 295; 
PL Leg. 740, TTtpt- Ar. Eq. 791, see dno8i8a>fu. Vb. Sore'os 
Her. 8, in ; PL Phil. 32. For Attic 3 pi. pres. StSoao-t Horn, 
has always St&oCo-t II. 19, 265. Od. 17, 450 &c. j Her. almost 
always, 2, 30. 4, 80, dno- 3, 15, - 4, 49 &c., but eV-StSoWt 
i, 93 (Bekk. Dind. Dietsch, -StSoCo-t Bred. Kriig. Abicht, Stein) ; 
and late, SiSoCo-t Dio Cass. 65, 13, eK-SiSovo-iv Arr. An. 6, 5, 7, 
but irapa-8i86ao-i 5, 25, 6, i pers. pi. rare and late 8i86ap.ev 
Joseph. Ant. n, 5 ; Galen n, 349, napa- 13, 374 ; Sibcotii imper. 
for (di8o6i) Od. 3, 380, Aeol. 8i8oi Pind. OL i, 85. 6, 104 &c. ; 
8t8owai Epic for 8i86vai, or from StSdo>, II. 24, 425 : iter. 2 aor. 
86a-Kov II. 14, 382 ; subj. (8o)o>, 8^5)8^ II. 6, 527. 7, 81. 16, 725, 
for 8c5, also fiwijo-i for 8003, II. i, 324. 12, 275, Scbwo-t for 86io-t, 



191 

II. i, 137. 9, 278; Hes. Th. 222; Ap. Rh. i, 1293, and 8wo-t 
for 8<S, Od. 2, 144, 8uofj.fv for Swjuei/, II. 7, 299 ; inf. 86/jLfvai II. i, 
116, and 8fi/ifi/ 18, 458; also Dor. Thuc. 5, 77, arro- ibid, in a 
Doric treaty; Ar. Lys. 1163, 8ovv Phoen. Coloph. i, 20 
(Schneidw.), /*era- Theogn. 104, for -dovvai. Opt. i pi. Soi/iei/ for 
Soirjuev, II. 13, 378. Od. 16, 386, and Attic, 3 pi. Solev for 
8olr)(rav, II. i, 1 8. 24, 686, also Attic, see above, and almost 
always, but the full form Soirjaav occurs Com. Fr. 4, 532, Trapo- 
Xen. An. 2, i, 10 (Mss. Kriig. Kiihn. -olev L. Dind. Saupp.) In 
late critical editions the form 8<pr)v 8917?, 80117 for SotV &c. is 
scarcely to be met with: pres. SiSwq Plut. Pyrrh. 14. Lysand. 9 
(Sint. -0/17 Bekk.) : 2 aor. 8<or)v Her. 9,111 (Mss. Gaisf. 80/171* Ms. 
S. Bekk. Kriig. Dind.), Saijs Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 35 (old edit., Soirjs 
Popp. Dind. Saupp.), 80)17 Hes. Op. 357 (some Mss. and edit., 80/7; 
Mss. Goettl, 8(017 Schoem.) ; Dem. 28, 17 (Mss. Bekk i edit. 
-80117 2 edit.) ; Luc. Cyn. 1 7 (Jacob. Bekk., 80/17 Dind.), - Plut. 
Mar. 10 (Sint. &c. -80117 Schaef. Bekk.), So^re, OTTO- Themist. 23, 
283. (Lys.) 6, 19; Aristot. Metaph. i, 8, 21, are perhaps the 
only instances in which it has not been changed by all modern 
editors either to subj. or to the common opt. form 80/17, which 
should probably be read at Lysias 6, 19 also in conformity with 
TrapaSo/q in section 21, below. In Hippocr. however 80)17 is still 
read i, 313 (Erm. 2, 318, Lit. v. r. 80/17); and Schanz seems in- 
clined to replace it from the best Mss. in some passages of Plato 
(Phaedo 63.) Dor. inf. pres. 8i8a>v Theocr. 29, 9 (Ahr. Fritzsche, 
Ziegl. 8i8S>v Vulg. Mein. Wordsw.) A late form of 1 aor. is 
e'8wo-a, subj. 80)0-17$ Anth. App. Epigr. 204, rt- Aristaen. i, 5 ; 
opt. 8o>o-ai/u Schol. Aesch. Pr. 292 : and 1 aor. m. (usually 
denied) occurs late txTro-Sw/ca/ie^ Maneth. 5, 126. Ahrens refers 
the aoristic forms in *ca to the second, not to the first aor. 
(Conjug. in /, p. 14.) See 8t86<o. 

Aieipw To pass or draw through, Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 10; Aeschin. 
3, 1 66: fat. (-epS and -epo-w) : aor. Sielpa, -elpat Hippocr. 7? 5 2 
(Lit.) ; -e/pas Luc. Alex. 26 ; Ael. V. H. 4, 28, and 8te'p<ra; subj. 
-e'po-fl? Hippocr. 4, 1 08 (Lit.) ; -epo-as 4, 296 ; inf. 8?po-ai 4, 108 : 
p. 8if1pKa, -oTfs Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 10. 

AtejAcu, see (8/17/11.) 

AIT)[KU Epic and Ion. To seek, (retains ?) Anacr. 4, 2 ; Her. 
7, 103; Theocr. 16, 68, S/fijai Od. n, 100, -^rat Her. 2, 38, 
-r]fj.eda Theogn. 183; Ap. Rh. 4, 396, -ijo-fle Her. 5, 92, -qi/rat 
Aesch. Supp. 821 (chor.); Her. 6, 52; inf. difro-tiai Phocyl. 10 
(B.); Theogn. 180 (Ms. A. Bergk, Ziegl.); Her. 2, 147. 7, 16; 
-rjpevos II. 17, 221 ; Simon. Am. 29; Phocyl. 8 (B.) ; Theocr. 
7, 61; Her. 2, 66. 7, 142. 166 : imp. eS^/xi?" Her. 3, 41; 



1 92 

Athen. (Phoen. Col.) 12, 530; Luc. D. Syr. 22 (Dind.), 8if- 
Callim. Jup. 16 : fut. 8i^o-o/Lw Od. 16, 239 ; Lycophr. 682 : 
aor. fbiCrjo-dfj.rjv Heraclit. 80 (Byw.) ; Ael. Fr. 317; Plotin. 5, 5 
(Kirchh.) Hesych. has aor. act. (Sifraa. 

Aia> To consider, only pres. Her. i, 65 (Orac.) : and imp. 
8ie II. 1 6, 713. Mid. 8io(jiai to seek, Sec. Nonn. Paraph. 8, 
151, -feat Theocr. 25 (20), 37, -erm Opp. Hal. i, 334. 5, 585; 
Nonn. Paraph. 4, 135, -6fif6a Orph. Arg. 940, -ovrcu Callim. 
Epigr. 17 ; subj. 8i&) n, i ; -eo Anth. u, 376 ; Nonn. 16, 154; 
-eadai Hes. Op. 603 ; Callim. Epigr. 1 1 ; -o/wos Orph. Arg. 
1217; Opp. Hal. i, 790 : imp. &t'fcro Musae. 109, fn- Mosch. 
2, 28, 8i'f- Bion ii, 2; Orph. Arg. 210; Nonn. 12, 104, St'feo 
1 6, 195. This verb seems to be entirely poetic. In Her. i, 
94- 95- 3> 4 1 & c - > Democr. Stob. Flor. i, 40; (Luc.) D. Syr. 22, 
where it used to stand, the kindred form Si&pai is found in 
one or more of the best Mss., and is now uniformly adopted by 
the best Editors. 

AIT]K<W<I> Ion. for 8ia/c-. 

Aitjp for 8uTj|u, To send through, dilute, perhaps does not 
occur, for 8itis seems to be part. 2 aor. Com. Fr. (Sotad.) 3, 586; 
Hippocr. 4,162 (Lit.); PI. Tim. 77 : so mid. as act. 2 aor. part. 
8UfjLvos AT. Plut. 720; diea-dai. Hippocr. i, 478 (K.) 

(Awjui) To chase away, only in comp. imp. unaugm. iv- 
8trav II. 1 8, 584. Mid. Sie/wii to speed, flee, Aesch. Pers. 700 
(Herm. Dind. now), -evrat II. 23, 475 ; Nic. Ther. 755 ; ^rt 
Ap. Rh. 2, 330; -fa-dai II. 12, 304. See 8i'o>. 

AIKCIW To judge, determine, II. 8, 431 ; Pind. Ol. 2, 59; Aesch. 
Ag. 1412; Her. 2, 137. 3, 31; Antiph. i, 3; Thuc. 3, 58; 
Isocr. 15, 21 ; Epic inf. 8iKae/iei> II. i, 542 : imp. fdinaCov Her. 
i, 14; PI. Criti. 119, SiVcaf- II. 18, 506: fat. StKao-w II. 23, 579; 
Ar. Eq. 1089. Vesp. 689. 801 ; Antiph. 5, 85; Isocr. 15, 173; 
PI. Phaedr. 260. Rep. 433; Dem. 20, 118. 58, 25, -a<ro-o> 
(Phocyl.) n, Ion. &*&>, inf. -KO.V Her. i, 97, but see mid. : aor. 
ebiKaaa Eur. Or. 164; Her. 3, 14 ; Thuc. 5, 31 ; PI. Leg. 877, 

SiKcura Od. II, 547, -ao-cra II. 23, 574; 8icao-rai Theogn. 543 : 

p. 8(8iKaica Athen. 12, 13 : p.p. 8tdiKa<rfMi Antiph. 5, 87 ; Lys. 
21, 18; PI. Rep. 614; (Dem.) 59, 125: aor. 8iKda8r]i> Thuc. 
i, 28; PI. Rep. 614: fat. 8iKaadT]a6p.fvos Dio. Hal. Ant. 5, 61: 
3 fat. 8f8iKa<TO[jMi Luc. Bis ace. 14. Mid. StKdfo/xai io plead 
one's own case, go to law, &c. Od. n, 545 ; Antiph. 2, /3, 12; 
Thuc. 3, 44. 5, 79 ; Dem. 33, 26 : imp. e'S^aC- Lys. i, 44 ; 
Dem. 21, 26 : fat. Swcacro/xai Ar. Nub. 1141 ; Her. i, 96 ; Dem. 

7 8. 37, 37. 38, l6, em- Andoc. I, 120, late -&>/x<u, eV- Sucarai V. 

T. Lev. 19, 1 8 : aor. tSiKaa-d^v Lys. 12, 4; Isae. 3, 78; Dem. 



eco <i/eu. 193 

33, 26, <TT- Andoc. i, 120, Dor. (8tKadpr)v Inscr. Heracl. 2, 26: 
with p. 8f8ii<aarfjiai Aristot. Rhet. 2, 23, 23 ; Dem. 37, 3 : pip. 
t8f8iKa<rro Dem. 33, 2 7 : and aor. in comp. 8ia-8inaa-6r}vai Diog. 
Laert. i, 4, i ; Dio Cass. 48, 12. The Attics seem never to 
have dropped the o- in the fut. of this verb, the Ionic and late 
writers did. What induced the Attics to spare the a- in Si/cafw, 
and expel it from others in the same category, /3t/3afw &c., we 
leave fbr Uniformists to tell. 

AiKaioXoye'w To plead ones own cause, rare and late in act. 
Luc. Tim. n. Apol. 12. Mid. -ov/iat as act. Lys. Fr. 34 
(Scheibe); Aeschin. 2, 21 : imp. -ovpqv Luc. Alex. 55: fut. 
-j}(TOfiai Polyb. 4, 3, 12 ; Luc. Abd. 7 : aor. -rj<raipjv Luc. Prom. 4; 
-ria-dfjLfvos Joseph. Ant. 14, 3, 3 : and as mid. aor. pass, -rjdijvat 
Polyb. 31, 20, 8, missed by Lexicogr. The pres. mid. alone is 
classical. 

AiKaiow To make right, judge, hence condemn, punish, Pind. Fr. 
146 (Bergk) ; Soph. O. R. 575 ; Her. 3, 142 ; Thuc. i, 140, 
Ion. 3 pi. -eOo-i Her. 2, 47: imp. e'SwccuW Thuc. 4, 122, Ion. 
-Kaifw Her. 3, 79. 6, 15: fut. 8tKat&><ra> Her. 5, 92 (Orac.); 
Thuc. 5, 26 ; Polyb. 3, 31 ; Dio. Hal. Rhet. 8, 3 ; Dio Cass. 
52, 26. Fr. 35, 2. 57, 47 (Bekk.): and mid. -<ao-<vu Thuc. 3, 
40 : aor. f'SixcuWa Her. 3, 36 ; Thuc. 2, 71 : (p. ?) : p.p. late, 
8f8iKaiwp.ai V. T. Gen. 38, 26 : aor. e'Sixaiw&jj/ Dio Cass. 49, 12 ; 
SiKaicafais Aesch. Ag. 393 ; Dio. Hal. 10, i : fut. late -co^o-o/xai 
V. T. Esai. 45, 25. Lexicographers err by giving fut. m. 
-axroftai as the only fut., or by giving it a preference over fut. act. 
Both fut. occur in the same author, and each without v. r. 
8iKatovvrai. Dio Cass. Fr. 17, 14 (Bekk.) seems mid. 

(AIKU) To fling, Poet, and only 2 aor. efii/cov Pind. Ol. 10 (n), 
72, aw- Aesch. Ag. 1410, 8iKov Pind. P. 9, 123; Eur. Phoen. 
641 (chor.); imperat. Sixere Eur. Bac. 600 (chor.), aTro-StW H. 
F. 1204 (chor.); Swcwi/ Aesch. Ch. 99; Eur. Or. 992. 1469. 
Pres. Sueei occurs late Aristaen. 2, i : aor. 8i'e, formerly Anth. 
J 5j 2 7> has been altered to fKifr. 

AiKeuw Poet. To turn round, trans, and intrans. Eur. Phoen. 
792 (chor.); Opp. Hal. 2, 93. 4, 672; -voi II. 4, 541; -ev*>v 
18, 543 ; Ap. Rh. i, 215; Eur. Tr. 200 (chor.). Or. 837 (chor.): 
imp. f8ti>fvov II. 18, 606, iter. 8iv(i>(o-Kov II. 24, 12; Ap. Rh. 4, 
1456 : aor. later, 8ivevcras Ap. Rh. 3, 310; Philo, denied by our 
lexicons. Pass, or mid. StKevo/xew late, Arat. 455 ; Opp. Hal. i, 

376; -evijrai Orph. L. 705; -evf<rdcu Opp. Hal. 3, 60. The 

collat. dlveu is also trans, and intrans. and occasionally in prose, 
Aesch. Sept. 462 ; Hippocr. 6, 494, Aeol. 3 pi. 8it>fvi>n, -, 
Theocr. 15, 82; 8iv>v (Luc.) Asin. 31; Dio. Hal. i, 15: imp. 

o 



cSivfov II. 18, 494; Luc. Salt. 13, 8iv- Od. 9, 384: fut. (-q<ro>) : 
aor. i8ivT]o-a Nic. Alex. 188, Dor. SiVdo-c Eur. Or. 1459 (chor.); 
Theocr. 24, 10; 8i^o-f II. 23, 840; Aesch. Sept. 490, diro- 
Her. 2, 14: p.p. 8(Sivr)Tai (Hesych.), d/i^t- II. 23, 562, eV- 
Hippocr. 5, 274: aor. cSivfjfyv, 8ivf)6- II. 22, 165 (La R. 
ntpi-8iv- Bekk.); 8un)8Sxrt Hym. Merc. 45; Sivrjdeis Od. 22, 85 
(Vulg. Dind.); Eur. Rhes. 353; -drjvai Od. 16, 63, Dor. e'Sn/u<V 
Find. P. 1 1, 38 : and aor. mid. (Sivrjo-avro Nonn. 22, 9 (Koechly) ; 
imper. Trepi-8ivr)<ra(r6e Anth. 7, 485 : fut. -8ivr)(Tonai. Luc. Lex. 2, 
both missed by Lexicogr. : pres. Stmrat, em- Od. 20, 218: 

imp. e8ivf6fj.far6a Od. 9, 153, dual Sivtio-driv II. 17, 680. In 

classic prose, this verb is rare, and never in the act. form : mid. 
Sivfladai PI. Euthyd. 294 : imp. e'Sti/eu-o Xen. An. 6, i, 9 : pass. 
bivovpevos Xen. Conv. 2, 8. 

AiVu (I) Epic, To turn round, thresh, only pres. act. Hes. Op. 
598: and pass. 8tvop.evr]v Callim. Fr. 51. 8ivtpev as inf. pres. 
Hes. quoted, is proved by the Lesbian form 8lvv<a, and by diro- 
8iv(ovri in the Heracl. Inscr. i, 54. 

AIOIKEU To live apart, manage a house, Xen. Vect. 4, 40 ; 
Isocr. 5, 150; PL Men. 91; -utiv Ar. Eccl. 306: imp. 8ttKavv 
Thuc. 8, 21 ; Isocr. 7, 36; Isae. n, 14, o-w-Stm*- 7, 9, see 
below: fut. -TJCTCJ PI. Men. 73: aor. Stw^o-a Isocr. i, 35; Dem. 
20, 33: p. SiwKJjKa PL Tim. 19; Dem. 27, 22, is reg. and, in 
classic authors, always augments after the prep., except that 
p. p. 8twj;jotai Com. Fr, (Antiph.) 3, 106; Dem. 19, 22. 22, 74 
has also double augm. SfSiw/ojrat Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 84 ; 
Machon (Athen.) 8, 26 : pip. bu^iofn, npo- Dem. 23, 14 : aor. 
8iu>Kr)6r) Luc. Necyom. 19 : fut. -K^o-erai Lys. 30, 35. Mid. 
SioiKovfjMi to manage at will, Dem. 44, 28 ; D. Hal. Rhet. 9, 7 
fut. -jj(7o/>iai Dem. 8, 13, but pass. Herodn. 8, 7, 6 : aor. Stw/cij- 
o-aro Aristot. Oec. 2, 24; Dem. 18, 247. 50, n; App. Lyb. 
113: with p.p. &upKT)pai as mid. Dem. 18, 178 (58, 30). In 
very late writers, occur edio'iKow, eftuoKow Malal. 4, p. 69. Unlike 
fitairdw, this verb follows the same law in comp. as in simple. 
This double augm. occurs occasionally even in early Attic : 

dvexopai, r)V(i\6^r]v, ^TVfi^o^v, 8f8ij)Tr]Ka &C. 

Aiopib>, see opifa. 

At4>d(i> To search, examine, only pres. 8i$o Callim. Fr. 32, 

-$ai-e Fr. 165, Ion. 8i$e'&> Anth. 9, 559 J 8i<p>v II. l6, 747, -0w<ra 

Hes. Op. 374. Hesych. has aor. e'l-efii'^ijo-e, tfc+fffrqm. 

Ai\|/dw (a) To thirst, Od. n, 584, Ion. -ea> Archil. Fr. 68 
(Bergk), late Epic St^ww Nonn. Par. 19, 29 ; Tryph. 548, contr. 
with 17, as 8t^d, -fj Pind. N. 3, 6 ; PL Rep. 439, Sn/^o-t PL Phil. 
45, Aeol. fii^cuo-i Alcae. 39, 2 ; &^a?, -g PL Gorg. 517 ; opt. 



At co. 195 

PI. Eryx. 401, but -& Xen. Mem. i, 3, 5. An. 4, 5, 27 ; int. 
tufty Soph. Fr. 701 (D.); Ar. Nub. 441 ; PI. Phil. 35; Her. 2, 
24 ; 8/ri> PI. Gorg. 505, St^eW Archil. 68, 8i^wa>v Anth. (Agath. 
Schol.) n, 57, -i/fcoffa PL Rep. 439, -^fiJo-a Anth. (Incert.) 6, 
21 : imp. fttyq Hippocr. 3, 36. 42 (Mss. Lit. i, 202 Erm. -et -a 
Vulg. Kiihn 3, 469. 472), -^<ov Luc. Hist. Con. 38 : fut. 8n/^o-a> 
Xen. Mem. 2, i, 17 : aor. eStyrjo-a PL Rep. 562 : p. SeSt'^xo 
Hippocr. 9, 80 (Lit.) ; Plut. Pomp. 73. Mid. -ao/uai, subj. 
-<ofj.fda Com. Fr. (Hermipp.) 2, 389. In late writers, this verb 
sometimes contr. with a, as St-^as Anth. (Philip.) PL 4, 137, 8t^5 
(PL) Ax. 366 ; so Hippocr. 2, 365 (Erm. -^5. Lit. 7, 258); V.T. 
Prov. 25, 21 ; 8t^aj/ Galen 5, 837. 16, 302. 

Aiw To fear, flee, run, pres. not used : imp. Epic 8tov II. 22, 
251 (Vulg. Bind. La R.), 8Us (Bekk. 1859), die 5, 566 ; Ap. Rh. 
4, 181 : 2 perf. 8e'8ta Aesch. Pr. 182. 902 (chor.) ; Soph. O. C. 
1467 (chor.); Dem. 14, 4; Luc. Prom. 5, 7. Pise. 9. Navig. 
30. D. Deor. 19, 8e8ias late prose, Plut. Mor. 149 A ; Luc. Jup. 
Conf. 9. Som. 22. Pise. 24. Anach. 35. Luct. 16, 8e'8e classic, 
but rare, Com. Fr. (Amph.) 3, 316. (Menand.) 4, 135 ; Hippocr. 
8, 36 ; Dem. 4, 8 ; Luc. Prom. 13. Jup. Trag. 41, dediapsv Thuc. 
3. 53 ( one Ms.); Isae. 5, 22 (Mss. and most edit., but) syncop. 
8e8tfj.fv Thuc. 3, 53. 56. 57 ; Isae. quoted (Scheibe), 8e8iare Epist. 
Phal. 88 (Vulg.), 8e8a-e Thuc. 4,126; and late, Luc. Pise. 18 ; Arr. 
An. 5, 25; Epist. Phal. quoted (Hercher 141), SeStWt Ar. Eq. 224; 
Isae. 8, 42 ; Isocr. 4, 116. 6, 67; PL Euth. 12; Dem. 14, 31; 
once in Horn. II. 24, 663; subj. rare, and partial (8eS), -iy Xen. 
Athen. i, n, -<o<n Isocr. 4, 156. 5, 70. 14, 36. 18, 43. 21, 8; opt. 
also rare, and partial, 8e8tV, -'; PL Phaedr. 251 ; imper. Poet. 
8e8Wi Ar. Eq. 230. Vesp. 373 ; and late prose, Plut. Caes. 38 ; 
Luc. D. Deor. 5, 5, Bis ace. 8; Philostr. 5, 220 (8e8ieT< Stob. 
79, 52 ?), in late poets 8t8Wi Babr. 75, 2, Epic 8e/8<#t II. 5, 827 ; 
Theogn. 1179, 8d8iff Od. 18, 63, late 8fi8Wi Nic. Alex. 443, 
pi. 8eidiT II. 20, 366; inf. 8e8icvai Hippocr. 5, 414; Thuc. i, 
136; Lys. 7, i ; Isocr. 8, 7. 12, 48. 15, 141; Xen. Athen. i, 
ii ; PL Phaed. 88. Conv. 198. Rep. 386 &c., and always in his 
genuine works; Aeschin. 2, 106 ; Dem. 21, 201; later, Luc. 
Abd. 5. Tim. 2, &c. ; Plut. Arist. 6. Pyr. 19. 29 &c., never in 
Attic poetry; Epic Sf&pfv Od. 9, 274. 10, 381, to be distin- 
guished from 8fl8ip.ev i pi. perf. ; SeSiobs Hippocr. 2, 277 (Erm.) ; 
Antiph. 2, 8, i. 4, 8, n; Thuc. 6, 24. 7, 75. 8, 7; Xen. Hell. 
i, 6, 12 ; PL Euth. 12; Lys. 3, 36. 30, 11 ; Isocr. 8, 138; 
Dem. 18, 263. 23, 129. 175 &c.; later, Aristot. Pol. 7, i, 4; 
Luc. Icar. 22 &c. ; twice in Comedy, Ar. Eccl. 643. Plut. 448, 
never in Trag., 8eSiuta C. Fr. (Eubul.) 3, 271 ; PL Phaedr. 254 

O 2 



1 96 A/co. 



(Bekk.), Epic 8Suaf H. 4, 431. Od. 14, 60. 18, 77; Hes. Sc. 

248; Theogn. 764, S8wa Ap. Rh. 3, 753: pip. e'SeSiW 

Hyperid. Lycophr. p. 25 (Schn.) ; Plut. Pomp. 8 ; Luc. Jup. 
Trag. 43, -fis Dem. 34, 27; Luc. Bis ace. 8, - Dem. 54, 23, 
pi. i pers. late e'SeSi'etfiei/ Themist. 18, 221, e'SeSiWai/ Thuc. 4, 55. 
5, 14 (v. r. 4, 117); Lys. 13, 27; Isocr. 7, 33; Xen. An. 5, 6, 
36 (most Mss. and edit.), e8e8to-ai> (Cob. Stahl, so Isocr. quoted, 
Otto Schneid.) which occurs without v. r. PI. Leg. 685, approved 
by Phryn. Lob. and Poppo : Epic Sei'Sia II. 13, 49 ; Panyas 6, 
12, -ias Od. 18, 80; Anth. 12, 138, -te II. 18, 34. 24, 358, pi. 
c II. 9, 230 : pip. only pi. syncop. fSfidt^fv II. 6, 99, e'8'- 
7, 151, Set'S- 15, 652 (Dind. ?S- Bekk. La R.) Mid. Poet 
intrans. /0 y&zr, Aesch. Pers. 700, if correct (Mss. Dind. 

2 ed.); but trans, frighten, chase, Opp. Ven. i, 426 (Vulg.); 
subj. SKO/HOI Od. 21, 370, diqrai II. 7, 197. 16, 246. 22, 189. 

456, 8ia>vrai II. 17, IIOJ Opt. St'oiro Od. 17, 317; inf. 8ie<rdai 

II. 12, 276. 18, 162. Od. 17, 398; Ap. Rh. 4, 498; Sio'/ie^o? 
Aesch. Eum. 357. 385. Supp. 819 (chor.) For St'ojuai Aesch. 
Pers. 700, Herm. Weil, and Dind. 5 ed. read tiieptu. It thus 
appears that good Attic prose writers use of the perf. indie, act. 
the i and 3 sing, only, but all the persons of the pi. Matth. is 
therefore wrong in excluding Se'Sif, and Lud. Dind. SeStre from 
Attic prose : of the pip. there occur in early Attic prose 2 and 

3 sing, and 3 pi. See Sei'Sa. Set'Ste II. 18, 34. 24, 358, perhaps 
3 sing. imp. as if from (8ei8i&>), for though in form it may be 
3 sing, of Sf/Sta, the time is imp., and we find in later Epic 
e'Se/Stoi/, -i, -ie Q. Sm. io, 450; Nonn. 2, 608 &c. ; even imper. 
8el8ie Q. Sm. 7, 298. 305, and SeSteVw Pimpel. in Stob. Fl. 79, 
52. Syncop. forms of 2 perf. and pip. are generally used, 
8e8ifj.fi> Thuc. 3, 56 (but Se8t'a/*/ Isae. 5, 22 ; v. r. in Ms. Reg. 

Thuc. 3, 53), and Sei'Si/nei/ II. 9, 230, Se'Sir* Thuc. 4, 126 ; SeSienji/ 

PI. Phaedr. 251; fe'dtft Ar. Vesp. 373; Luc. D. Deor. 5, 5. 
D. Mer. 13, 4, and dtidWi II. 14, 342, with elis. Sei'St#' Od. 18, 

63, Set'Stre II. 2O, 366 J inf. dfiBiptv Od. IO, 381 ; SeiSi/ta Ap. Rh. 
3, 753: pip. edfidifjtev II. 6, 99, e'Sei'Sicrai/ 5, 790, e'8'8rai/ PI. Leg. 

685, but eSeStWai/ Thuc. 4, 55. 5, 14 (Mss. Bekk. Popp. Kriig.) ; 
Lys. 13, 27; Isocr. 7, 33; Xen. An. 5, 6, 36 (Kriig. Saupp. 
-Sto-ai/ Dind.); Hell. 4, 4, 16 (Mss. Saupp. Breitb. -Sto-ai/ Schneid. 
&KVOW Dind.), see above. Phrynichus approves decidedly of 
ebeSta-av in several instances however e'SeStWai' is the reading of 
all the Mss. The seemingly anomalous, we say not corrupt, 
form 8e8ieli]v=8e&ioir)v ) derives some countenance from TT(pufiei>= 
irepitoifv, in a Delphic Inscr. 1688 (Boeckh.) Late poets have 
imper. sometimes with I in arsis, dedlfa Babr. 75, 2 (Lachm.), 



A/OHCW. 197 



Nic. Al. 443, which Otto Schneid. edits a'&x& (Ms. TT), 
and would St'St^fli in Babr. See SetSiWo/uu. 

(Ai(oKd0w) To pursue, -a6tw Eur. Fr. 364, 25 ; PL Euth. 15, 
others -addv 2 aor. (Elms. Dind.) : imp. e8io>ica6ov Ar. Vesp , 
1203 ; PI. Gorg. 483, others 2 aor. ; subj. -dda> Ar. Nub. 1482 ; 
late part, -ddovras, others 2 aor. -adovras Clem. Alex., a lengthened 
form of SKOKU, which see. 

AIUKOJ To pursue, II. 22, 8; Archil. 63; Aesch. Ag. 394; 
Soph. El. 738; Ar. Thesm. 1066 ; Her. 4, 22; Antiph. 2, 2; 
Lys. 3, 36; PI. Euthyphr. 3; imper. &We Pind. Fr. 104; -KO>V 
N. 5, 24; Antiph. 5, 89; Thuc. 3, 24; -vneiv II. 21, 601 ; PL 
Phil. 67; Ar. Ach. 235; Ep. -c'pev IL 5, 223, -e^evai. Od. 15, 
278: imp. e'SiWoi/ II. 23, 424; Her. 6, 65; Thuc. 2, 91 ; Dem. 
19, 293, dual SiwKfTov II. 10, 364: fat. 8ui<B Sapph. i, 21 
(Bergk); Pind. Ol. 3, 45; 1-8 (7), 375 Ar - E q- 968. Thesm. 
1224 (Bekk. Bergk); Xen. Aa i, 4,8. Cyr. 6, 3, 13; Dem. 38, 
1 6, OTTO- Ar. Nub. 1296 (Vulg. Bekk. Bergk, see mid.); Thuc. 
6, 102 (best Mss. Popp. -o>as Bekk. Kriig.); later, Plut. Ant. 
48 ; Herodn. 5, 4, 10 ; Diod. Sic. 19, 108 ; Stob. 85, 19 : and 
-o>o/*ai Ar. Eq. 368; Thuc. 7, 85; Xen. Cyr. i, 3, 14. 4, i, 19. 
4,3,18; Pl.Prot. 310. Theaet. 168; and Ar. Eq. 968. Thesm. 
1224, OTTO- Nub. 1296 quoted (Elms. Dind.) ; pass. Dio. Hal. 
Ant. 3, 20 (Kiessl.) : aor. e'8uoa Her. 5, 92. 6, 104; Thuc. 6, 
70; Antiph. 2, 6; Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 13 : p. SeStc^a Hyperid. 
Lye. p. 29 : p. p. late Se&wy/^Voy N. T. Matth. 5, 10 (Vat. &c.), 
Trapa- D. Hal. C. Verb. 20: aor. f8ia>%dr)v Her. 5, 73; Antiph. 
2, 3. 6 ; Babr. 95, 41 ; Paus. 10, 35, 5, KO.T- Thuc. 3, 4. 8, 20, 
r- 3, 69: fut late 8t<0x0wopai Diod. Sic. 19, 95; Polyaen. Str. 
2, 13: and as pass. fut. m. 8tweo-0ai Dio. Hal. Ant. 3, 20: 
pres. StwKerat Thuc. i, 136; Soph. El. 871; Ar. Ach. 700; 
Eur. Ion 1250; -coKofievos II. 22, 168. Mid. 8uoKo/iai as 

act. Aesch. Ch. 289: imp. 8t<BTo II. 21, 602. Od. 18, 8; 
and late prose BtoKopfvos Dio. Hal. Ant. i, 87 (Mss. BIOIK- 
Kiessl.) : fut. 8t&>o/n, see above. Pass. 8ia>Kop.at to be 
urged, pursued, Soph. El. 871, Si&wcerai Thuc. i, 136, -6p.eada 
Eur. Heracl. 50, -fda Ar. Ach. 700; -i/uei/os Od. 13, 162; Ar. 
Ach. 216; Thuc. 2,4; -a>Kf(T0ai Xen. Apol. 21, see above. 
Vb. StuKTOf Soph. Fr. 870 ; Athen. (Chrysip.) i, 8, -eos Her. 9, 
58 ; Ar. Ach. 221 ; PL Tim. 80. In the Tragedians this verb 
is confined to the pres. act. mid. and pass. In Ar. mss. and 
most edit, present both forms of fut. -o>o>, -&>o/u ; Elms, and 
Dind. however uniformly read fut. mid. -&>o/wu Ach. 368, -wet 
969. Thesm. 1224, cmo- Nub. 1296, for -o>? (Bekk. Bergk, 
&c.) The mid. fut. is not confined to classic writers, it is by 



198 AvoTraX/^ft) AoKea>. 

far the prevailing form in the Septuag. Its pass, use by Dio. 
Hal. quoted, has been missed by Lexicogr. 

AyoiraXtw (ScWu), To shake, fling, Epic, imp. e'SvoTrdAife II. 
4, 472: fut. -t'|a> Od. 14, 512. Pass. dvoTra\ifTai Opp. Hal. 
2, 295. 

(Aodu> Hesych.) Epic, only Sodo-o-aro it seemed, a def. 1 aor. m. 

II. 14, 23. 16, 652; SUbj. Sodo-o-erai, for -Tjrai, II. 23,339. 

8od<r<rat opt. aor. act. fo imagined, Ap. Rh. 3, 955 : and Sodo-o-aro 
indie, aor. m. he doubted, 3, 770, seem, in meaning, more allied 

to Soidfw. 

AOCITO Epic, he appeared, a def. imp. mid. Od. 6, 242, as a 

V. r. to Staro, 

Aoid^w To make double, hesitate about, Epic iter. imp. 8oiato-Kov 
Ap. Rh. 3, 819 : aor. e'Soi'ao-a (Hesych.), err- Ap. Rh. 3, 21 : and 
mid. Sotdfoi/To they imagined, Ap. Rh. 4, 576. With this seems 
to be connected aor. act. (fioWo-a), opt. doda-o-ai he imagined, Ap. 
Rh. 3, 955: and aor. m. fiodao-aro he doubted, Ap. Rh. 3, 770, 
see 8odco. 

AOK&I) (SOKW) To seem, think, II. 7, 192 ; Solon 32; Heraclit. 5 
(Byw.); Her. 2, 125, -<> Aesch. Pr. 289; Soph. O. C. 104; 
Ar. Pax 6 r ; Antiph. 4, /3, i. 5, 65, -e' II. 9, 625 ; Simon. Am. 
i, 9, -fl II. 12, 215; Thuc. i, 128 ; subj. 8oKfj Andoc. 3, 41, 
8o<S)cri Antiph. 5,80; opt. SoKeot/u Theogn. 339, -oT/xt Soph. 

0. R. 1470, -Kfoi Her. 8, 19, -KOI Thuc. 2, 100; PL Rep. 
438, -Koipev Thuc. i, 122, and SOKOITJV Antiph. 2, /3, 4; Andoc. 

1, 67; Isocr. 5, 98, -oirj Thuc. 4, u, 3 pi. -Kolrjo-av very rare 
Aeschin. 2, 102, -olfi/ (Weidn. Franke in Note) : imp. e'So'/ceov 
Her. 3, 65, -KOW Horn. H. Ven. 125 ; Antiph. 2, /3, 10; Thuc. 
i, 22 ; Lys. 7, 36, 'doKow Aesch. Pers. 188, efidxee Her. i, 10, 
-Kft Thuc. 2, 8 &c., Dor. i pi. edoKevpfs Theocr. 13, i, SOMOV 
Ap. Rh. 4, 666, iter. late 8oK<rKoi> Anth. 5, 299 : fut. So'o> 
Find. N. 4, 37; Aesch. Ag. 415; Soph. Phil. 1372; Ar. 
Nub. 443 ; Her. 8, 80; Antiph. 3, /3, 2 ; Lys. 8, i; Isocr. 12, 
90; PL Phaedr. 275, Dor. -w, -gelrf Ar. Ach. 741 (So^o-o) 
usu. Poet, see below) : aor. ?Soa H. Hymn. 3, 208 ; Find. 
Ol. 5, 16; Aesch. Pers. 181; Eur. Hipp. 401; Her. 3, 19; 
Antiph. 2, a, 8 ; Thuc. 3, 82; subj. 8o'a> PI. Rep. 509 &c.; 
8otu/u Ar. Eq. 1210; PI. Apol. 34, -at? Phaedr. 275, -ete Rep. 
337, -atfiev Polit. 280, -aiev Xen. Cyr. 2, i, 23, -ai> (Dind. 
Saupp.) : p. (S/So^a?) : pip. eSefio^fo-ai' Dio Cass. 44, 26 (Bekk.): 
p. p. SfSoypm Aesch. Supp. 601 ; Soph. Tr. 719 ; Ar. Vesp. 485 ; 
Her. 8, 100; Thuc. 3, 49; PI. Crito 49; SeSd^w Leg. 799: 
pip. 8e8oKTo Her. 5, 96 (Mss. Vulg. Dind. Stein, S/fioK- Mss. 
Bekk. Gaisf. Abicht). 9, 74 (Mss. Dind. Abicht, Se'So/c- Mss. 



Ao/cea>. 199 

Bekk. Gaisf. Stein); '&'&- PI. Menex. 244; Plut. Caes. 28: aor. 
tSoxOiv, Soxdtls Polyb. 21, 8; Diod. Sic. n, 50. 12, 55, Kara- 
Antiph. 2, /3, 2. Mid., see below. The forms from 8o'a> 
are mostly Poet. fut. So^o-co Aesch. Pr. 386 ; Eur. Heracl. 
261 (trimet.) ; Ar. Nub. 562. Ran. 737 (chor.); Athen. 
(Archest.) i, 52 ; Her. (only once) 4, 74, Dor. -aarS> Theocr. i, 
150 (Med. Vulg. Wordsw.), -770-5 (Mss. Ahr. Mein. Ziegl. Fritz- 
sche) : fdoK^a-a Pind. Ol. 13, 56 ; Stesich. 42 (Bergk), So^o-c 
Od. 20,93; -w a * Eur. Supp. 129; Ar. Ran. 1485 (chor.); 
-drat Aesch. Sept. 1036 (trimet.) ; late prose Joseph. 17, 6, 5 : 
8f8uKTjKe Aesch. Eum. 309 (chor.); late prose -rjKevai Orig. Ref. 
Haer. p. 175 (Miller): (SeSoK^at), -rja-ai Eur. Med. 763 (chor.), 
-ip-at Pind. N. 5, 19 ; Ar. Vesp. 726 (chor.) ; Her. 7, 16"; 
(Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 402 : cSoKrjdrjv Anth. 8, 188 ; So/oj&is Eur. 
Bac. 1390. Ale. 1161. Impers. fiom /'/ seems, Thuc. i, 3 : e'Som 
Antiph. i, 16; Lys. 12, 14: 8d Aesch. Pr. 259: ?8oe Her. 
6, 86; Antiph. I, 17; Thuc. 4, 15: Se'Wai PI. Phaedr. 228; 
Her. 4, 68 : pip. SeSoKTo 9, 74 (Gaisf. Bekk. Stein), e'Se'SoKro 
(Dind. Dietsch); Paus. 9, 13,4. So So/ojcm : tSo'/ojo-e Aesch. 
Sept. 1036 : 8(8oKr)Ke Aesch. Eum. 309 : SeSJ^Tcu Pind. N. 5, 19; 
Her. (once) 7, 16, where some would substitute dedoKrm, but 
Her. seems to have used both forms, see So/ojo-et 4, 74 quoted; 
late prose SeSoK^ei/a Orig. Ref. Haer. 6,21. 10, 6 : SotcrjOeis 
Agath. i, 7. Vb. in dSoKrjTos Pind. N. 7, 31 ; Thuc. 7, 29. 
Horn, never has the short form (80*00), 86<o, and of SOK/CO only 
pres. and once aor. So'wjo-e : Soph, excepted, the Tragedians 
and Aristoph. use both formations, 86ga>, -KIJCRB : I8o|a, -^a-a : 

but SedoKrjKO. only : of (Se'Soy^ai) only Se'SoKrat, 8f 8oyfj.evos, and of 

(SeSoKq/AtH) only 8e8oK;{rat. But Aristoph., we think, never uses 
the long forms in trimeters, Aesch. and Eur. do, at least fut. 
and aor. act. The part. SeSoKrj/wVor is Epic, and never used in 
the sense determined, resolved, but act. watching, wailing, and 
usually referred to fie^o/iai. We have sometimes thought it 
might be referred to SOKC'CO, with the sense (bethought], in earnest 
anxious thought, hence watching; or that it belongs to the mid. 
form 8oKf often think for oneself, bethink oneself in reference to the 
actions or intentions of another, observe, ivatch, &c., in which 
sense SoKevpevoi occurs Orph. Arg. 1359, &>KeWo Opp. C. 4, 
296 ; and that the Epics used SeSo/^eW as its perf. in this 
same mid. sense, II. 15, 730; Hes. Sc. 214, and that other 
writers used indie. (SeSo'^tu), Stdonrja-ai, -jjrai (SeSo^/zeVoy never), 
and SfdoKrai, 8t8oyn*vos as pass, thought out, determined. This is 
more direct than the derivation from Sexo/tai, StKopai, SoKeopai, 
and the meaning appears as legitimate, and not less natural. 



2OO Ao/,aeo 



In late Epic, SoKtvutvos signifies both /<? seem, Opp. Cyn. 4, 109, 
and to watch, Orph. Arg. 1359. 

AoKifidJw To examine, approve, Her. 2, 38 ; Thuc. 6, 53 ; Xen. 
Mem. 2, 6, 6 : imp. edoK- Isocr. 7, 53 : fat. -ao-a> Synes. Epist. 
99 (Kerch.), arro- Xen. Hipp, r, 13, aw- Isocr. 2, 28, but Ion. 
So/u5, aTTo- Her. i, 199, though called Attic, reg. : p. p. SeSoKi- 
/uao-at Lys. 32, 9 ; -ao-pews Xen. Mem. 3, 5, 20 ; Isae. 2, 39 : 
aor. f8oKtfjido-dT)v Andoc. i, 85; Isae. 9, 29 : fut. -ao-drja-ontvos 
Lys. 31, i ; Dem. 40, 34: with mid. 8oKip.avwp.fda choose, Xen. 
Oec. 8, 10 ; 8o/fi/ia<rao-&u from Stob. Flor. (Menand.) 72, a: 
pres. fioKi/zdfjjrtu App. Civ. 2, 124, may be mid. Vb. SOKI- 
fov Lys. 31, 25. 

Aofie'cu, see Se'juo). 

Aoi/eu To j^a/fo?, II. 17, 55 ; Ar. Eccl. 954 (chor.) ; Her. 4, 2 ; 
j>oi Find. P. 4, 219 ; iovtw i, 44, Soi/oCo-a Aesch. Fr. 321 (D.) ; 
Bacchyl. 20 (B.) ; late Attic prose, Luc. Anach. 20 : imp. 
fSovei Ael. N. A. 15, 21 (Kerch.): fut. -170-0) Anacreont. 58 
(Bergk) : aor. e'SoV^o-a Od. 22, 300; late Attic Alciphr. Fr. 
6, 12 (Mein.) Pass. 8oi/eoi/rai Find. P. 10, 39; Opp. Hal. i, 
476, -rai Ar. Av. 1183; late Attic prose, Plut. Mor. 1005; 
-ovpevos Themist. i, 2, -ev/xevos Bion 6, 5; Ap. Rh. 3, 1295 : 
imp. (8ovf(ro Her. 7, i, -tiro Hes. Sc. 237 ; App. Civ. 4, 52, 
Bovfovro Theocr. 7, 135; Ap. Rh. i, 223 : fut. mid. -qo-o/wu as 
pass. Horn. H. 2, 92: p. 8fB6vr)Tai Opp. Hal. 2, 263; -q/uW 
Theocr. 24, 88 : pip. e'SeSdi/jjro Herodn. 7, 5, 8, 8eSo/- Theocr. 
13, 65: aor. Sonets Find. P. 6, 36 (Mss. Schneid. Bergk, 
Ahr.), -adfis (Vulg. Boeckh.) This verb seems doubtful in 
classic prose ; Sovovfievovs Xen. Conv. 2, 8 (Vulg.) is now 
edited, seemingly more correctly, Sivovf*.- (Steph. Dind. MehL 
&c.) ; Sauppe however retains Sovou/i-. 

AouXow To enslave, Aesch. Sept. 254: fut. -WO-CD Soph. Tr. 
257 ; Thuc. 3, 58 &c. reg. : p.p. ScSouAoyuu Her. 8, 101 ; Thuc. 
i, 68. 4, 34; PI. Menex. 240 &c. ; but as mid. Thuc. 6, 82 ; 
D. Sic. 4, 28; Dio. Hal. n, 35, *ara- Eur. I. A. 1269; PI. 
Menex. 240 : pip. Se8owX- Her. i, 169. 7, 108, SeSovX- i, 95 
(Bekk. Dind. e'SeS- Dietsch, Stein) : aor. e'SotAw&ji/ i, 174. 4, 93: 
and full mid. complement -ov/iat Eur. Supp. 493; Thuc. 
4, 92 : fut. -oxro/xai Thuc. 7, 68. 75 ; Lys. 2, 21 : aor. -axrap^v 
Thuc. 5, 29. 6, 84 ; PI. Menex. 239, HOT- Com. Fr. (Philem.) 

4,47- 

Aouireu To sound heavily, mostly Poet. Eur. Ale. 104 (chor.), 
and ySow- : imp. Sourr- Ap. Rh. 2, 1056, eyboimti, fir- Anth. 9, 
662 : fut. SOVTHJO-CO Anth. 9, 427 : aor. edovtrrja-a Xen. An. i, 8, 
18; -ijo-m Arr. Ann. i, 6, 4, Poet. Sovnrjaa II. 5, 42. 17, 50 &c., 



2OI 



and ytioinrrjva, em- in tmesi II. ii, 45 (Bekk.) : 2 aor. late eS 
/car- Anth. 7, 637 : 2 p. St'Sowa Anth. Plan. 94 ; 8f8owra>? fallen, 
II. 23, 679 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 557 ; Orph. Arg. 537. Pass. e'8ou7rTo 
Philostr. Her. 742 : 1 aor. Sown^fyo-ai/ Anth. 9, 283. This verb 
scarcely occurs in prose. Dind. Hug bracket it, Xen. An. 
quoted, as an interpolation, Cobet drops it, Kriig. Kiihner, 
Rhedantz, Sauppe, Skenkl retain it. 

(Aoxfiow) To turn, bend, double up, Epic, act. late, aor. So'^coo-e 
Nonn. 42, 182 (251); but mro-8oxp.<o<ras Od. 9, 372: so mid. 
SOX/ZWO-OTO Nonn. 37, 254 : pass, classic, but only aor. part. 
doxnudfis Horn. H. 3, 146; Hes. Sc. 389; late e'Sox/uafyo-av 
Nonn. 17, 348. 

Apcufu To do, plan, Epic and only pres. Spaiveis II. 10, 96. 

Apap,eic, see rpe^o). 

Apao-Kcitw To run off, only pres. and antiquated, Lys. 10, 17, 
explained by dTroSifydo-Kfiv. 

Apdo-o-w, -TTU, To seize, grasp, act. late Pollux 3, 155. Dep. 
dpda-aofuu Her. 3, 13, Sparr- Themist. I, 15; Phil, de Plant. 
151 : imp. 'SparroiJirjv Ar. Ran. 545 (chor.), e'Sparr- Philostr. 2, 
40, e'Spaoxr- Pseud.-Callisth. 3, 3 : fut. dpdo/i<u Anth. Plan. 4, 275; 
Dionys. de Av. 3, n; V. T. Num. 5, 26: aor. f8pagdp.rjv 
Callim. Dian. 76 ; (Luc.) Asin. 25 ; -guvrat Anth. (Demod.) n, 
238; Spdi-aivro Callim. Dian. 92; -aadai Callim. Epigr. i, 14; 
-dfievos Batr. 156; Theocr. 24, 28; PI. Lys. 209; Plut. Alex. 

74 : p. 8(8paynai, -agai Eur. Tr. 745, -(Herat. Plut. Mor. 1005 ; 

8(8paynfvos II. 13, 393. 16, 486; Soph. Ant. 235 (Vulg. Schol. 
Nauck, iretpapy- Dind.) The pres. imp. aor. part, and perf. 
seem alone to be used by classic authors. 

(Apdw), see StSpdovcw. 

Apdw To do, Aesch. Eum. 162 ; Soph. Ph. 905 ; Ar. Plut. 414. 
Eq. 495 ; Antiph. 2, 8, n ; Thuc. 4, 19 ; PI. Theaet. 151. Rep. 
450 ; opt. 8pu>ni Soph. Ph. 895, and -oV Eur. Or. 779, -a>rjs Soph. 
Ant. 70, 3 sing. 8p<3 PI. Epin. 989, and Spar) Soph. El. 258 ; 
PI. Rep. 378, SpmrjfjLtv Eur. Cycl. 132, bpm^fv Soph. Phil. 1393 ; 
Ion. inf. 8prjv Hippocr. 3, 290: imp. tdpwv Soph. O. R. 591 ; 
Ar. Pax 830; Antiph. 4, 8, 6 ; Thuc. 3, 55 : fut. Bpaa-a Aesch. 
Pr. 744; Eur. Hec. 876; PI. Leg. 752: aor. tdpaa-a Aesch. 
Eum. 723; Soph. Ant. 239; Ar. Vesp. 1002 ; Antiph. 3, /3, 7 ; 
Thuc. 2, 49; PI. Polit. 279, Epic -ijo-a Theogn. 954; fyao-ai 
Solon 37, 3 ; Spdaas Antiph. 2, a, 7 ; Thuc. 3, 38, Spijo-as 
Theogn. 954 : p. 8e8pa Ka Soph. Ant. 536 ; Ar. Av. 325 ; Antiph. 
3, 5, 5; Thuc. 8, 50: p.p. Sf'Spa/iai Ar. Pax 1039; -cyieW 
Eur. H. F. 169. El. 1106; late prose, Heliod. 10, 38 (Bekk.), 
seldom -ao-ftai Thuc. 3, 54 (-a/u some Mss. Herw. Stahl) : aor. 



2O2 AjOe/Uft) 

f8pd<rdr)v, tSpao-dds Thuc. 3, 38. 6, 53 ; and late, Herodn. i, 

13, 5 (Bekk.) Vb. dpaa-Ttos Soph. El. 1019; PI. Leg. 
626. -Spwwo-i, irapa- Epic 3 pi. pres. for -8p)o-i, Od. 15, 324, 
wo- 15, 333 ', opt. 8pd>oip.i for fipw/w (8p'o(/) 15, 317. The 
fat. form Spas (so pronounced by the Scythian) in Ar. 
Thesm. 1003, should probably be read Spdo-' = 8pd<ra>, as 
KoAuo-' for Ko\vo-a>, 1179, but Spao-' (Mein.) Spda-ay aor. part, 
has a, Anth. 8, 192. Desiderat. 8pa<rfia> Ar. Pax 62 ; Soph. 
Aj. 326. 

Ape'fiw, see rpe^w. 

ApEiroi 70 />/#<:, Find. P. i, 49 ; Sp^n? PI. Leg. 844 ; 8peVf, 
OTTO- Hes. Op. 6ti ; Speneiv Eur. LA. 1299; Her. 3, no; Long. 
Past. 2, 4; SpeTrcov Eur. Elec. 778 ; Ar. Ran. 1300, Kara- Her. 8, 
115, later and Poet. SpeVrco: imp. eSpfiroi/ Eur. Ion 889, bpenov 
Horn. H. Cer. 425, and SpeVroi/ Mosch. 2, 69 : fat. (8ptya>) : 
aor. fSpe^a Her. 2, 92 ; PL Tim. 91 ; Spityai, OTTO- Find. P. 9, 
no; pt. 8pe\l/a<rai Hes. Th. 31 (Dind. Schoem. Flach), see 
mid. : aor. p. late f8pf(pdrjv Philostr. Apoll. 334 : 2 aor. act. 
e8panop, 8pajru>v Pind. P. 4, 130. Mid. 8peirofun to pluck for 

myself, Pind. N. 2, 9 ; Bion i, 22; PL Rep. 401, and later 
SpeVrop-ai Anth. io, 41 : imp. 8pen6[j.r)v Horn. H. Cer. 429, Dor. 
f8pfrr6fjiav Anth. 12, 125 : fat. 8pe'^o/xai, OTTO- Anth. 6, 303, Dor. 
8pe-^f(vp.ai, -fvptvos Theocr. 18, 40 (Vulg. Mein. -ou/x- Fritzs. Ahr. 
Ziegl.) : aor. c'Spe^a/xrjv Anth. 7, 414, Sp\^- Orph. Arg. 1003; 
-ao-&u Hes. Th. 31 (Vulg. Goettl.) ; Aesch. Sept. 718 ; Theocr. 
n, 27; -dptvos Od. 12, 357 ; late prose Dio. Hal. Ant. i, 40; 
Stob. (Socr.) 410 (Gaisf.) ; Joseph. Jud. B. 4, 8, 4. Vb. a- 
8ptirros Aesch. Supp. 663. 

Ap^(7oru=Spd(i>, To do, pres. act. and in comp. only, VTTO- 
Spijo-o-GH' Ap. Rh. 3, 274; Coluth. 69. 

Apopxd) To run, Poet, and only iter. imp. Spo/iaaovce Hes. Fr. 
221, 2 (Goettl.): and p. SeSpo/xjjKa Babr. 60 (2 pt. Lewis), Dor. 
8(8p6(jiaKa, inra- Sapph. Fr. 2, io. 

Apu'irrw To tear, Eur. Elec. 150 (chor.) ; late prose, Philostr. 
Apoll. 128; and in comp. 8pv<pa, tnro-Spwpoi II. 23, 187. 24, 21 : 
fat. Spityw, Kara- Anth. 5, 43 : aor. dpfya II. 16, 324 ; Ap. Rh. 
2, 109; subj. 8pv\fs<o, diro- Od. 17, 480; Theocr. 25, 267, late 
prose, KaT-fSpv\lra Niceph. Rhet. i, 4; M. Anton. 6, 20 : p.p. 

SeSpv/xjueW dp.01- Q. Sm. 4, 396 (Koechl.) : pip. SeS,W7rro Q. Sm. 

14, 391 : aor. edpixpfyv Babr. 36, io (Lewis, 2 pt.), 8pixp6r) in 

tmesi Od. 5, 426, 7rpt- II. 23, 395, drr-edpv^dev, for -rjaav, Od. 

5 435) -(Spticpdrja-av Q. Sm. 14, 577. Mid. SpvrrTOfjuu tear 
oneself, Eur. Hec. 655 ; Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 67 : imp. fdpvnrovro 
Hes. Sc. 243; Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 13 : aor. fSpv^dprjv, 8pv^- Nonn. 



co Avvafj.at. 203 

2, 642; 8pv^dfifvos Od. 2, 153 ; late prose, Philostr. Imag. 825. 
Pass. SpvTTToiJLfvos torn, Anth. 7, 2. 

Audu To #$?//, distress (8vrf), only Epic 3 pi. 8voWt Od. 20, 
195 : but p.p. 8e8vT)pevr] (Hesych.) 

AiWpu To be able, II. 3, 236; Hes. Op. 215; Aesch. Eum. 
950; Soph. O. C. 136; Ar. Ran. 42; Her. 8, 29; Antiph. i, 
28. 5, 64; Thuc. 4, 95; PI. Rep. 400; Epic 2 sing. subj. 
8vvrjai II. 6, 229; Hes. Op. 350 (pres. and imp. as tora/icu): 
imp. fdvvdprjv II. 12, 417 ; Hes. Op. 134 ; Ar. Eccl. 316. 343; 
and always Her. i, 26. 2, 29; Antiph. 6, n; Thuc. 2, 52; 
Lys. 12, 85; PI. Prot. 315, 2 sing. e'StW (for e'&Wo-o late, 
Luc. D. Mort. 9, i ; Hippocr. ? Epist. 3, 791 K. fi8vv- Lit. 9, 
344; Erm. 3, 584) Horn. H. 3, 405; Xen. An. i, 6, 7, and 
Tl8vvdfjLijv Hippocr. i, 602, 4, 256. 8, 586 (Lit.) ; Thuc. i, 4 
(Bekk. Popp. Kriig.); Lys. 3, 33; Isocr. 5, 129 ; Dem. 18, in. 
33, 38 (Bekk. B. S.), 2 sing. (^SiWo-o see above) f)8vvo) Com. Fr. 

(Philipp.) 4, 472, ftvvdprjv II. 19, 136. 1 6, 509 : fut. SUMJO-O/LKU II. 

19, 163; Soph. Ph. 742 ; Eur. Elec. 337 ; Her. 8, 57 ; Thuc. 
4, 60; Lys. 12, 45; PL Leg. 691, Dor. -do-o/^at Eur. Med. 862 
(chor.), -aa-ov/jMi Stob. (Hippod.) 43, 93. (Archyt.) 46, 61. (Phint.) 
74, 6 1 : aor. m. poet, especially Epic, fSvvrjadprjv II. 14, 33 ; 
Arat. 375, 8wwjr- II. 5, 621. 13, 510. 14, 423. Od. 17, 303 
(Bekk.); Anth. 7, 148; subj. -rja-avTai if sound, Simon. (Am.) 
i, 17 ; classical prose instances, and most of the late have now 
been corrected, 8vvr)<rri<r6e Dem. 19, 323 (Reiske, now pres. 
-OTJO-& Mss. Bekk. B. S. Dind.); so Proem. 52, 10 ; -yc-curdf 56, 
6 (Taylor, -j?<reo-0ai Mss. Bekk. B. S. Dind.) ; but still -rjvavrat if 
correct, Pseud.-Callisth. 3, 29, -tjvrjTat Aen. Tact. 32 (Vulg. 
-rjvTai Herd. Kerch.): p. 8e8vvijfj.ai Dinarch. 2, 14 ; Dem. 4, 30. 
21, 81 : aor. e'8tw)$7/i> Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 30 (Dind. Saupp. Hertl. 
3 edit. r)8- Popp. Hertl. 2 ed.). An. 3, i, 35 ; Lys. 7, 2 ; Isae. i, 
25; Lycurg. 39; Dem. 21, 80, 'Swfjd- Soph. Aj. 1067, Dor. 
-udrjv Theocr. n, 59, rj8w- Aesch. Pr. 206; Hippocr. i, 480 
(Erm.); Thuc. 4, 33 (Mss. Poppo, Krtig. Classen, Boehme). 7, 25 
(Poppo, Goell. f8vt>- Bekk. Kriig. Dind.) ; Lys. 3, 42 ; Isocr. i, 5. 
4, 102. 5, 129; Xen. Mem. 3, 13, 6. Cyr. 5, 4, 31 (Mss. Vulg. 
Popp. Kiihn. Saupp. t8w- Dind. 4 edit.); Dem. 19, 209. 30, i 
(Bekk. B. S. f8vv- Dind.), and more Ion. edwdcrfyv (not r}8w- 
except v. r. Her. 7, 106 Ms. S. ; and late V. T. 2 Chron. 30, 3 
&c.) II. 23, 465 (Dind. 8w- Wolf, Bekk. La R.). Od. 5, 319 
(Wolf, Dind. 8w- Bekk. La Roche) ; Pind. Ol. i, 56 ; Her. 2, 
19. 140. 7, 106 ; Hippocr. 4, 214 (Lit); in Attic prose only 
Xen. Cyr. i, i, 5. 8, 2, 9. Mem. i, 2, 24. Hell. 7, 3, 3 c. ; 
Soph. O. R. 1212 chor. (most Mss. Ellendt, -a<V Ms. B. Br. 



204 

Herm. Elms. Dind.) ; Eur. Ion 867 chor. (-^v Elms. Dind. 
Nauck) ; subj. 8wjj8a> Dem. 41,2, -dSxn Thuc. i, 88, -aa-6a> Xen. 
Hell. 2, 3, 33. 6, 5, 40 &c: fut. p. as mid. late Sw^o-o/zai 
Dio Cass. 52, 37. 69, 4 (Bekk. but in the latter suggests dvvfa- 
adopted in every case by L. Dind.); Ignat. Patr. Apost. p. 373 
(no v. r.), the only instances we have met except V. T. 3 Reg. 

3, 9 (Vat. 8vvr](T- Alex.) ; and Jer. 5, 22 (Alex, but 8wrja-- Vat.), 
from which the fut. p. form in Dio Cass. (or Xiphilinus) quoted, 
seems to derive some support. Besides, the author is exceed- 
ingly fond of fut. pass, as well as of pip. : 3 fut. fit Suwjoro^at late, 
Sopat. p. 97 (Walz), the only instance. Vb. 8vvar6s Thuc. 2, 
15. dvvaarai 2 sing, indie, pres. II. i, 393. Od. 4, 374 ; Find. P. 

4, 158; Soph. Aj. 1164 (chor.); Ar. Nub. 811. Plut. 574; 
Xen. An. 7, 7, 8. Mem. 2, 8, 6; PI. Rep. 400; Dem. 21, 207, 
and always in classic prose, but in poetry and late prose, some- 
times syncop. 8vvrj Pythag. Aur. Carm. 19 ; Ael. V. H. 13, 32 ; 
Polyb. 7, ii. 24 &c. ; and, if correct, Soph. Phil. 798 (Mss.); 
Eur. Hec. 253. Andr. 239 (but some hold these subj.); Pors. 
however (Eur. Hec. 253) maintained, with the Atticists, 8vva 
to be the more Attic form, compare Soph. Ph. 849, and O. R. 
696 (Nauck), Herm. in his last edit, of Soph. Phil. (1839) 
decidedly inclines to it, Ellendt approves, and Dind. now adopts 
it Soph. Ph. 798; Eur. Hec. 253. Andr. 239 quoted (where 
Paley agrees); so Aesch. uses eVtoTa Eum. 86. 581 (Ion. eV/orij 
Theogn. 1085). 8vva is also Dor. Theocr. 10, 2 ; to which 
some add Soph. Ph. 849 (chor.), see above ; so en-tWa Pind. P. 

3, 80. If Person be right, and perhaps he is, 8vi>a is in Attic 
poet. 2 sing, indie. ; 8vvy subj. Ar. Eq. 491, and, when indica- 
tive, Ionic. dwearai, e8vi>faTO=.8vvavTai, -avro, Her. 4, 30. 9, 70 > 
SvvTjai 2 Sing. Subj. Epic II. 6, 229. foveapfda, -fcavrai Ion. Her. 

4, 97. 7, 163 (Gaisf. Bekk. Kriig. dwtapfda, -uvrai Dind. Dietsch, 
Stein). The Epics never augment with TJ, the Attic poets rarely, 
and only, we think, when compelled by the metre. In Bekker's 
Her. the syllab. augm. is, we think, uniformly e, in Gaisf. fre- 
quently T), 4, no. 185. 9, 70 &c. ; so Stein in the two last. In 
some late critical editions of Attic prose authors, the temporal 
augm. is losing ground : W. Dind. has dropped it entirely in 
Dem., Scheibe in Isae., Franke in Aeschin., and Lud. Dind. is 
dropping it in Xen. (4 edit.), and Stahl in Thuc. Benseler how- 
ever, in accordance with the Mss., edits uniformly rjdvv- in Isocr. 
v, but 8vvapfvoto by arsis, Od. i, 276. n, 414. 

AUKC'U, Iv- for (v8i>va), -towi Her. 3, 98 (Vulg. Gaisf. Bekk. 
Stein), but eVSwwuo-t (Ms. S. Bred. Dind.) 

To go into, set ( = 8von<u of Svw), II. 17, 202; Hes. Sc. 



Al/ftJ. 2O5 

151 ; Hippocr. 2, 42, V- Her. 2, 123, wro- 4, 75; subj. Sui/ao-t 
Hes. Op. 616, rare in Attic Swj? Soph. Ph. 1331 ; dvvovros 
Aesch. Supp. 255; Eur. Phoen. 1117; (Lycophr. 1277; Her. 
3, 114. 9, 14) ; Xen. An. 2, 2, 3. 13. Hell, i, 6, 21 ; (Aeschin. ?) 

1, 12 ; Dem. 15, 22 (Bekk. B. S. dvvros Dind.) ; Swctv Callim. 
Epigr. 26, UTTO- Her. i, 155 : imp. (8vvov II. 3, 339, im- Her. 6, 

2, Poet, dvvovll. n, 268; Orph. Arg. 539: 1 aor. late, f8vva 
Batr. 342. 256 (Draheim) ? 8vvavros Polyb. 9, 15 ; Ap. Hisp. 20 ; 
Ael. V. H. 4, i (Vulg. Svvros Scheff. Herch.) ; Paus. 2, n, 7, 
i<r- Malal. p. 238: p. 8f$vKa II. 9, 239, see 8va>. Mid. tivvopai 
as act. -d/ien>? Callim. Epigr. 19, 6. 21, 2 (Ernesti). For fut. 
bvvonai, p. 8e'8vica, 2 aor. eStu> &c. see 8u<o, to which they properly 
belong. The form 8vva> is rather Ionic. The Tragedians, to be 
sure, have used it in trimeters, and it still occurs twice or thrice 
in Attic prose, but we have never seen it simple or comp. in 
Comedy. 

AuTrru Poet. To dip, subj. -770-1 Antim. Fr. 6 (Bergk 2 ed. 
dropt in 3); Sun-reiv Theocr. n, 60 (Herm. Mein.) ; Svnraiv 
Lycophr. 715; Ap. Rh. i, 1008: aor. tdvtya Lycophr. 164; 

dv^as Ap. Rh. I, 1326. 

Au'pofiai To weep, Tra.g.=o8vp-, Soph. O. R. 1218 (chor.); 
Eur. Hec. 740 (trimet.) ; imperat. dvpeade Aesch. Pr. 271 
(trimet.); -d/zei/or Aesch. Pers. 582 (chor.); Eur. Med. 159 
(chor.) (u.) Vb. Trdv-Svpros Aesch. Pers. 940. 

Auoroxt'w To be unlucky, unhappy, Aesch. Pr. 345 ; Thuc. 6, 
16. 7, 18 : imp. e8vorvxe Her. 8, 105 : ftit. -jo-< Isocr. 19, 41 : 
aor. f8va-Ti>xw a Lys. 12, 98; PI. Menex. 243, '8vor- Soph. O. 
R. 262 (trimet): SeSvoTv^Ka PL Lach. 183; Lys. 14, 41; 
Isocr 6, 85 ; Com. Fr. (Mon.) 4, 431 : aor. p. tfMrnjggtfy^ 
bv(Trvxn6n PL Leg. 877; -Qevra ill successes, Lys. 2, 70. Verbs 
comp. with 8vs augment before it, if they begin with a con- 
sonant, or a long vowel, as 8va-Ko\aivco, f8va-Ko\mvov PL Phil. 26, 

8va-(j)opea>, e8vcr(p6povv Xen. Cyr. 2, 2, 8, 8v<r-xtpaiv<o, f8v(T\fpaivov 

PL Theaet. 169 ; Aeschin. i, 54. 158 : aor. f8va-xfpdva Isocr. 12, 

2O I, Svo-cDTre'co, e8v(ra>Trr}<ra (Luc.) Asin. 38 : f8vcrcairovfjirjv PL 

Phaedr. 242, 8vo--a>i>fa>; e'Svo-wvet Anth. n, 169; but after it, if 
they begin with a short vowel, Sva-aptareut, 8vo--T)pf<TTovv Polyb. 
5, 107, 6 (Bekk. Dind. Hultsch); D. Sic. 18, 62. 

Auw To enter, sink, intrans. in simple only part. 8va>v II. 21, 
232. Od. 5, 272, trans, cause to enter, put on another, in this 
sense the simple pres. is found only once, Svovns Theophr. 
H. P. 5, 4, 8, more freq. in comp. ev-8vova-i Her. 2, 42, Kara- 
Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 37 : imp. 8vev intrans. Bion 9, 6, *-Sve H. 
Ven. 165, trans. eW8ue Xen. Cyr. 6, 4, 3 : fut. 8v<ra> intrans. 



206 

Or. Sib. 3, 420. 5, 121, <W- in tmesi, trans. II. 2, 261; Hes. Sc. 
67 ; Ar. Thesm. 637, Kara- Xen. An. 7, 2, 13 : 1 aor. trans. 
eSvo-a in tmesi Od. 14, 341, irepi-Svo-e II. ii, ioo, simple rare in 
Attic, Com. Fr. (Timocl.) 3, 602 ; Pseud.-Callisth. i, 31, ei>- Ar. 
Thesm. 1044, KUT- Her. 8, 88, air- PI. Charm. 154, n-fpi- Hyperid. 
Fr. 291 ; Sva-ov, a.110- Luc. D. Mort. 10, 8: p. Sedvua II. 5, 811; 
inf. -vKevai PI. Phaed. 116, Dor. -vneiv Theocr. i, 102 (Ahr. 
Ziegl. Fritz.) ; SeSuKws, ev- Her. 7, 89 (rarely causative, an-oSe'Si;** 
Xen. An. 5, 8, 23 ; Dio Cass. 45, 47): pip. f8t8vKtiv ev- Xen. 
An. 5, 4, 13: p.p. Hedvpai, ev- Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 199; 
Anth. PI. 4, 171 ; Hippocr. 6, 658, - Lys. 10, 10 ; Dem. 54, 
35, OTTO- Lys. 10, 10 : aor. e8vdrjv, ano-SvOf) Ar. Ran. 715, c'/c- 
Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 414; Antiph. 2, /3, 5 : fut. 8v6rj<rofuu t TTO- 
Ar. Vesp. 1122; Luc. Herm. 39: 2 aor. act. ebvv as mid. 
efiu II. ii, 63 ; Aesch. Ag. 217 ; Eur. Rhes. 569 ; PI. Tim. 25, 

SOIL 17, 2IO. 2I,Il8, f8vTT]vI\. IO, 254, eSt>/ifi> Soph. Fr. 336 (D.), 

ebvrf Od. 24, 106, -i(raj> II. 18, 145, and e8w II. ii, 263, iter. 
8va-Kfv II. 8, 271, see below : 2 aor. p. rare, ebvrjv in 8i(K-8vfjvat. 
Hippocr. i, 60 1, but this is probably a false reading for SiejcSCwu. 
Mid. Svo/xat to put on oneself, enter, go down, II. 5, 140 ; Simon. 
0.63; Eur. Rhes. 529; Her. 4, 181; Si^rai PL Soph. 235; 
imper. 8vov Ar. Vesp. 148 &c. : imp. f8vero PI. Polit. 269, e- II. 
3, 114, 8v- 15, 345; Emped. 166: fut. 8u<ro/u II. 7, 298. Od. 
12, 383 ; Eur. Elec. 1271, Sucm PI. Leg. 905, Epic Svo-em II. 9, 

231 : aor. eSuo-a^i/, -vo-aro II. 3, 328 (Wolf, -trero Bekk. La 

R.); late Epic Ap. Rh. 4, 865, but dva-avro II. 23, 73 (Bekk. La 
R.); Nic. Alex. 302; Q. Sm. 5, 354. 8, 23, viro- Ar. Vesp. 
1159 (Vulg. Bekk. Richter), c- Her. 5, 106, an- PI. Rep. 612 
(Bekk. Stallb.); Lys. Fr. 75 (Scheibe), and Epic, especially 
Horn. (eSCo-d^i/), edva-ero II. 3, 328. 21, 515 (rare later, Batr. 
302; Ap. Rh. i, 63), 8ur- II. 7, 465 (Bekk. Spitzn. Dind. 
always) ; Suo-maro 18, 376 (-ot'aro Bekk.) ; imper. fivo-eo II. 19, 36. 
Od. 17, 276 (Wolf, Bekk. Dind.); Hes. Sc. 108 ; 8vo-o> TO s Od. 
i, 24 ; Hes. Op. 384. In this sense always 2 aor. e8v, -VTTJV, 

-vre, -iia-av', SUbj. 8va> II. 22, 99, -jjs 9, 604, -17 II, 194 ; PI. Crat. 

413; opt. 8vTj Od. 18, 348. 20, 286, dva- 9, 377 (Sm'j? Thiersch), 
fK-8vpev II. 1 6, 99 (-lu/u- Herm.); imper. 8v8i II. 16, 64, -dir6-8vdi 
Ar. Thesm. 214; Luc. Catapl. 24, 8i>rf II. 18, 140; inf. 8vvai II. 
10, 221 ; Soph. Aj. 1192 ; Eur. Elec. 190, OTTO- PI. Charm. 154, 
Kara- Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 9, Epic dvpevai II. 14, 63 ; Anth. 5, 255, 
8vs, Kara- Hes. Sc. 196; Aesch. Ag. 1 123 ; Her. 8, 8, 8vaa PL 
Tim. 25, 8vvres Soph. Ant. 1217. Vb. ev-8vs Eur. Fr. 258, 
diro-8vTew PI. Rep. 457. In pres. and imp. v in Horn. II. 21, 
2 3 2 - X 5> 345> in Attic, and occasionally in late Epic, Ap. Rh. 



207 

i, 925; Eur. Rhes. 529 ; Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 258. (Phil.) 4, 68, 
and what is remarkable v in perf. eVc-Se'fiv/cas Anth. (Rufin.) 5, 
73, and in 2 aor. subj. 8vrj Hes. Op. 728. May this be 2 
aor. pass. ? If so, it has its proper quantity, and countenances 
the correctness of the inf. 8tfK-8vf)vai quoted above from Hip- 
pocr. Besides, it has analogy in the 2 aor. pass, tfpvrjv, eppvrjv, 

of (pva>, peco. 

viroBvdi Ar. Vesp. 1158, -8va-aar8ai 1159, -vcrdpfvos n68, have 
been altered by a late Editor to wroSoC, vTrobfjo-avdai, -Sijo-d/xej/os, 
most unnecessarily, we think, especially in a comic writer. Ar. 
has said iiro8v6fj.fvos virb ra>v Kfpani8(av Vesp. 205 ' if therefore it 
is correct when applied to creeping under the roof of a house, 
we don't see how it may not legitimately express the moving of 
the foot under the roof of one's shoes. vTroSCo-a SaXda-a^f dpia 
KoXirov Od. 4, 435, does not express going under the bottom of 
the sea, but only the surface, answering to the upper leather of a 
shoe. We are sorry to observe Dindorf giving in to this change : 
it is unworthy of him. {m68vdi ras XOKWIKCIS seems to be ex- 
plained by evdfs Tro'S' 1161. 

Aojpe'w To present, fut. o>pijo-<B (Horn.) Fr. 7, 7 aor. e'Swp^o-a 
Hes. Op. 82 ; Pind. Ol. 6, 78. Commonly Dep. 8a>pfoficu, -oi>p.ai 
Soph. El. 458 ; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 3 ; Xen. An. 7, 3, 26, 
-eeTat Her. 6, 125, -emu Xen. Cyr. 2, i, 17 : imp. e'&opov/ie&z 
(PI.) Ale. (2) 148, -el Plut. Mor. 761, Ion. -tero Her. 3, 130: 
fut. Swpijo-o/iai Pind. Ol. 7, 3 ; Aesch. Pr. 778 ; PI. Phaedr. 256 : 
aor. e8a>pricrdp,T)v Aesch. Pr. 251 ; Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 453; Her. 
5, 37 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 24; PI. Conv. 194; Charit. 8, 8, 10 

(Herch.); Subj. 8a>pr]arrj Xen. An. 7, 3, 2O; Opt. 8a>pr)araiTO II. 
J j 557 > PI- Rep. 394, -fraiaro, ami- Eur. Hel. 159 ; -T)<ra<r6ai PL 

Tim. 47 : p. SeSw/aq/nai act. -jyo-ai Xen. Cyr. 5, 2, 8, -TJTCU PI. Tim. 
46. Leg. 672 ; -T/o-tfai Epist. 2, 314, and pass. -777-01 PI. Polit. 
274 ; -rja-dat Tim. 47 : aor. edapfjdtjv always pass. Soph. Aj. 1029 ; 
Her. 8, 85 ; 8<opr]6(v Isocr. 4, 26 ; PI. Tim. 47 ; -dfjvai Diod. 
Sic. 5, 49. Vb. 8wpr]T6s II. 9, 526 ; Soph. O. R. 384. The 
act. v. is Poet, and confined to Epic, and Pindar : in Horn, the 
aor. mid. alone seems to occur. 

E. 

c Ed<|>0ir) or ea<{>-, see OTTTCO. 

'Edw, eu To let, leave alone, II. 8, 428 ; Aesch. Sept. 378 ; Soph. 
El. 632 ; Ar. Eq. 58 ; Her. 8, 69 ; Thuc. 3, 48 ; Isocr. 12, 227 ; 
PI. Rep. 361; opt. e'a5/M Od. 16, 85, e< 20, 12, Att. e'wTji/ PL 
Gorg. 458, -OHJ Soph. Ph. 444 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 5, 10; Dem. 53, 



208 'E'yyuaX/^w 'E-yyi/aeo. 



10, Epic ia< II. n, 550, augm. with : imp. ei<ai> II. 18, 448 ; 
Thuc. i, 28; Isae. 8, 26,>i/Her. 9, 2, eia Od. 7, 41, ea II. 5, 517; 
Her. i, 17. 2, 18. 19, iter. HT/C- see below : fut. (daw II. 18, 296 ; 
Soph. O. R. 676 ; Eur. Andr. 875 ; Ar. Eccl. 239 ; Her. 6, 55 ; 
Antiph. 5, 90; Thuc. i, 144; Lys. 3, 45: aor. eiao-a II. n, 
323. Od. 10, 166; Find. Ol. 7, 61; Soph. Ant. 698; Thuc. 6, 
41 ; Isocr. 5, 107, Poet, eao-a II. n, 437; Callim. Cer. 62; 
eaaov II. 8, 243 ; Aesch. Pr. 332 ; part, (do-as Her. i, 90 : 
p. (land Dem. 8, 37. 43, 78; Aristot. Metaph. i, 9, 26 : p. p. 
flap-ai Dem. 45, 22 : aor. tlddqv Isocr. 4, 97 ; PI. Tim. 85 ; 
Aristot. Probl. 14, 2 ; (Dem.) 10, 8; Plut. Mor. 227, late fldad- 
Philo : fut. mid. e'ao-o/xm pass. Eur. I. A. 331 ; Thuc. i, 142 : 
pres. tda-Oo) Soph. Tr. 329; eW&u O. C. 368 ; wpevos Eur. I.T. 
1344; Dem. 2, 16. Vb. cWor PI. Rep. 401. Pres. sing. 
cdqs Od. 12, 137, eaa II. 8, 414, lengthened with a, never with o, 

SO inf. caav Od. 8, 509, for eqs, -a, -av\ iter. imp. eaa-Kfs II. 19, 
295, -oxe 2, 832. II, 330. 24, 17, and tuuTKOv II. 5, 802, -aovct 

20, 408. Od. 22, 427, -a<rx II. iii 125, not augmented, but 
from flaw. Forms in -VKOV are scarcely ever augmented, except 
in cases of necessity, see j8t/3acnce H. Apol. 133, but Trap-fjBavKf 

11. n, 104, may be imp. of -ftdo-Kw. (a in pres. and imp. only, 
except in late poets, for in fut. edo-ovo-i Od. 21, 233, ta- is scanned 
by syniz.) Her. never augments this verb. Littrd edits inf. efjv 
Hippocr. 8, 204 with Ms. G, in other places tav 8, 184. 232 ; 
so Her. tav 2, 175. 6, 23, and always. 

'EyyuaXitu To put into the hand, bestow (yvahov), Poet, unaugm. 
II. 2, 436; Pind. I. 8, 43: fut. -iw II. n, 192; Athen. (He- 
gem.) 15, 55 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 55; Orph. L. 169 : aor. f'yyva\ia 
II. n, 753; Hes. Th. 485; Ap. Rh. i, 1181. 2, 180; Orph. 
L. 406. (v a.) 

'Eyyudud To proffer, betroth, Her. 6, 130; -vS>v (Dem.) 59, 13; 
Plut. Aristid. 27 : imp. eWyva Isae. 3, 45. 70 (Bekk. B. S.), 
Tfyyva (Scheibe) ; Dem. 41,6. 16 (Mss. Bekk. B. S.), rjyyva 
(Dind.), always in comp. Kar-rjyy- Dem. 32, 29 (Mss. Bekk. B. S. 
Dind.), nap- Soph. O. C. 94 ; Eur. Supp. 700 ; Xen. An. 4, i, 

17. 7, I, 22 ; Polyb. I,7^: fut. (e'yyvjyao>) : aor. Tjyyvrjcra Eur. 

I. A. 703 ; Dem. 29, 47. 59, 79 (59, 62 Dind.) ; Dio Cass. 54, 
31, KIT- Dem. 32, 30. 33, 10. 59, 40, nap- Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 69. 
An. 7, 3, 46, and awyupra Isae. 3, 36. 52. 79. 9, 29 (f,yyv- 
Scheibe) ; (Dem.) 59, 62 (Bekk. B. S. rjyyv- Dind.); Dio Cass. 
48, 54 (Bekk.); App. Lyb. 10; ey^o-i? Her. 6, 57: p. ^yyv^a 
Dio Cass. 38, 9 ; (Dem.) 59, 53 (corr. V. Dind.), eyyty^K- (Ms. 
S. Bekk. B. S.) ; Isae. 3, 40, rjyyv- (Scheibe, see foil.) : but pip. 
Isae. 3, 58 : p. p. e'yyeyvg/ioi PL Leg. 923 ; Isae. 3, 73 



- Scheibe) ; Dem. 33, 24 (Ms. S. Bekk. B. S.), }yyv- (Dind.), 
as always in comp. ft--iyy- 19? 169 (Bekk. Dind.), 8i-rjyy- Thuc. 
3 7 : Pip- fyyeyvt]pr)v Dem. 33, 29 (Ms. Bekk. B. S., fjyyvrjfj.- 
Dind.), fveyeyvri- Isae. 3, 55 (Bekk. B. S.), qyyv- (Scheibe): 

aor. Tjyyvfj6r]v, e'- LyS. 23, II, KO.T- (Dem.) 59, 49 ; eyyvr)6tis, cg- 
Andoc. I, 44, Mid. eyyvaopai, to engage, Ar. Plut. 1202 ; PI. 
Prot. 336; Dem. 24, 41 ; -aadai Her. 6, 130, Epic -aaoQai Od. 
8, 351-: imp. ^yyv^ijv Xen. An. 7, 4, 13; Lys. 13, 23; PI. 
Phaed. 115 ; (Dem.) 59, 51, fVeyv- Isae. 3, 70. 5, 18. 20, fjyyv- 
(Scheibe) : fut. iyyvijvoiuu. Dem. 24, 46; Plut. Mor. 661, Dor. 
-fio-o/Ltat Pind. Ol. II (10), 16 : aor. fjyyvria-d^Tjv Andoc. i, 44. 73 ; 
Dem. 22, 53. 33, 22. 27. 28. 53, 27 (Ms. S. Bekk. B. S. Dind.), 
di-rjyy- Isocr. 17, 14, and eW-yi^cr- Isae. 3, 55. 5, 4 (rjyyv- 
Scheibe); Dem. 33, 29 (Bekk. B. S.), fjyyv- (Ms. S. Dind.) 
(S.) In Isaeus, Scheibe now augments uniformly with rj, so 
Dindorf in Dem., Bekk. and B. S. vary with the Mss. Com- 
pounds have always 77, Swjyy- Isocr. 17, 14, <'- Lys. 23, n, *car- 
Dem. 32, 30 &c., Trap- Soph. Eur. quoted ; Xen. Hell. 4, 2, 19. 
There is therefore nothing remarkable in the aor. pass, being 
the only past tense that augments uniformly with initial 17, 
fjyyvfiGrjv, seeing it is always a compound. The rather anoma- 
lous forms fveyyvrjcra, eveyyfyvfjfjLrjv, veyyvT)<rafir)v with the unaug- 

mented fyyv^rjv, eyyuj/o-a/^i/ &c. have been wholly or almost 
discarded from late recensions ; e^yyva App. Mithr. 102, 

evrjyyvrj&f ibid. 2, HOW qyyva, f/yyvrja-e (Bekk.), but Still eveyyv- 

Dio. Hal. 3, 13. 4, 4. 28 (Kiessl.) ; Plut. Caes. 14. Cat. Min. 
25. 31 (Sint.), but eveyv- (Bekk.). Artax. 27 (Bekk. Sint.) : 

fvrjyyvjjfifvtj App. Civ. 2, 14: eWyyv^craro Dio. Hal. II, 28. 

This verb occurs in Horn, once only, and in the Epic inf. pres. 

mid. eyyvaao-dai Od 8, 351. 

'Eyeipu To raise, II. 24, 344 ; Hes. Op. 20 ; Eur. Fr. 402 
(Dind.) ; Ar. Plut. 541 ; Her. 4, 119; Thuc. i, 121 ; PI. Crat. 

411; Ep. SUbj. eyeipofjicv for -a>fifv, II. 2, 440; f'yeipe Pind. Ol. 

9, 47; Aesch. Eum. 140; Soph. O. C. 1778: imp. fjyeipoi> Ar. 
PL 740; Isocr. 16, 7; PI. Crito 43, eyeip- II. 15, 594: fut. 
eytpm Plat. Eleg. 28 (Bergk) ; Plut. Mor. 462, <f|- Soph. Tr. 
978 ; Xen. Hell. 6, 4, 36, V- Ar. Av. 84 : aor. fjyfipa II. 17, 
261 ; Aesch. Ag. 299 ; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 208 ; Her. i, 
59 ; PI. Polit. 272 ; Leg. 685, Zyeip- Od. 1 5, 45 ; Hes. Th. 713 ; 

Pind. N. 10, 21 ; Epic SUbj. eyeipo^fv II. 2, 440; eyeipai II. 5, 

510 ; Pind. P. 9, 104 : p. late tyf)yfpKa Philostr. Epist. 16 (348); 
Orig. Ref. Haer. p. 195 (Miller): pip. eyrjyepKfiv Dio Cass. 42, 
48 ; Joseph. Ant. 17, 7, 4 : p. p. eyfjyeppai Thuc. 7, 51 ; Himer. 
5, 7, di- (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 340 (Lit.) : pip. (yfjyepro Luc. Alex 

p 



2IO 

19 ; Polyaen. 4, 18 : aor. r^yepBrjv Polyaen. i. 30, 4, r-?yp0- 
Her. 7, 137, <?- i, 34. 209 (Bekk. Dietsch, Kriig. Stein); Xen. 

Cyr. 8, 7, 2, Epic tyepdev, for ->;o-ai>, II. 23, 287 (ayepd- La R.), 

f-fyep6t)v Her. i, 34. 209 quoted (Gaisf. Dind.) ; eytpdeirj 
Hippocr. i, 483 (Erm.); Xen. Vect. 4, 41 ; -Q^vai Her. 4, 9 ; 
-0e/s Heraclit. 2 (Byw.); PI. Tim. 52: fut. late fycp8r)o-opat 
Babr. 49, 3 : 2 p. lypr^yopa I am awake, Ar. Lys. 306 ; PI. Ion 
532. Prot. 310. Theaet. 158; -ops Aesch. Eum. 685 ; Hippocr. 
5, 310; Antiph. 5, 44; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 7. 7, 5, 20 ; PL Leg. 
823; -opfvai Hippocr. 5, 694; PL Phaed. 71 : pip. fypyyoptiv 
Ar. PL 744. Eccl. 32 (-0/377 Pors. Dind.), -op Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 20, 
eyp- and r/yp- Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 309. Mid. ey et 'pM at to rise, PL 
Rep. 330 ; cydpoiro Hippocr. 5, 384 (Lit.); -opevos Od. 20, 100: 
fut. late lytptlaBai shall be raised, Polyaen. i, 30, 4, egeyepovvrat 
Or. Sib. 12 (14), 243 (Friedl.): 2 aor. fypo^v Epic in simple, 
II. 2, 41. 15, 4. Od. 13, 187 ; Callim. Fr. 206, e|- Theocr. 24, 
21, T)yp6p.rfv, eg- Ar. Ran. 51; Hippocr. 5, 204 (Lit.); subj. 

(ypcop.ai, eyprj Ar. Vesp. 774, -rjrm Hippocr. 8, 324, e'- 6, 634 J 
-wirrat, or- 6, 354; Opt. eypoiro Od. 6, 113; imper. Epic, eypeo 

IL 10, 159. Od. 23, 5; Orph. Arg. 541; Bion i, 4, ey/>eo-0e Eur. 
Rhes. 532. 533 (chor.); Ap. Rh. 2, 884; typta-dai Od. 13, 124 
(Bekk. eyp- Dind. La Roche), f- PL Conv. 223. Rep. 534; eypd- 
ptvos Od. 10, 50; Ap. Rh. 4, 671 ; PL Lys. 204, e'- Conv. 223 : 
2 p. eypfjyopda see below. Vb. eyepros Aristot. Somn. i, 12, dv- 
ty- Gen. An. 5, i, u, eyeprtos Eur. Rhes. 690. For the rather 
Startling 1 aor. eyfiparo, and pip. ftfytpro Hippocr. 3, 647. 545 
(Kiihn), we had happened to record as a conjecture, opt. eyet'potro, 
and 2 aor. f^fjypfro, which we are proud to say are now as- 
certained to be the Mss. readings, 5, 204. 384 (Lit.) ; eydparo 
however occurs late, Or. Sib. 3, 159, and fjyfpro Joseph. Ant. 15, 
II, 5. In Her. the Mss. preponderate in favour of the aug- 
ment ; Bekk. Lhardy, Bred. Kriig. always augment, Gaisf. thrice, 
but fgtyepdt] i, 34. 209, and so, to our surprise, Dind. 

'EyKufiid^o) To praise, Com. Fr. (Axion.) 3, 534; Isocr. 3, 7; 
PL Conv. 199: imp. eW^w/x- Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 3; Aeschin. 3, 86 : 
fut. cyKcaniaan PL Gorg. 518. 519; Isocr. 12, in ; Aeschin. 3, 
241; Hyperid. Leosth. 15, 5: and mid. -ao-o/wu PL Conv. 198. 
Rep. 581 ; Isocr. 5, 17. Epist. 7, i ; Aeschin. i, 133 : aor. tve- 
tuofjiiaaa Isocr. 4, 159 ; PL Lach. 191 ; inf. -ida-ai Conv. 214 : p. 
'yntKconioKa PL Leg. 629. 754 ; Isocr. 7, 71. 15, 61 : p. p. e'yw- 
K6>/itW/Ku PL Conv. 177. Charm. 157. (Minos) 319; Isocr. 12, 

8 1 : aor. eyKco/utaa^ Plut. Mor. 869; -avdeis Her. 5, 5. 
'Eypityopa, see eyet'pw. 
'EypTjyopdw To be awake, Epic and only part, t 



<&>. 211 

waking, Od. 20, 6, late eyp^yopeo.), -yopovai Aristot. Probl. 4, 5; 
-yop>v Themist. 26, 315. 

'EypYJyopOa / am awake, Epic 2 p., of which occur 3 pi. 

'yprjyopOao-i, for eyp/jyopao-t, II. IO, 419; imper. fypyyopde, for 

-opart, 7, 371 ; inf. eyptjyopdai or -opdai io, 67. The rare collat. 
eypo>, see below. 

'Eypi](7aa) 70 <$<? awake, Epic and only pres. Od. 20, 33 ; Opp. 
Hal. 2, 659; late prose -o-o-owi Aretae. Morb. ac. i, 84 (ed. Oxon.); 
-paw II. ii, 551 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 308; -Tjcrvtiv Hipponax 89. 

"Eypo> To rouse, wake, only imper. eypeVw Athen. (Sopat.) 4, 77, 
eypei-e Eur. Rhes. 532 (Dind. 2 ed. ?n-e 5 ed. with Hart.) Mid. 
?ypojiat Eur. Fr. 775, 27 (D.); and late Epic, Opp. Hal. 5, 243, 
av- Q. Sm. 5, 610; Opp. Hal. 2. 204 : imp. eypero Opp. Cyn. 

3, 421. See eyfipa, 

'EyxpifMiTu 70 bring near, mostly Epic and Ion. Her. 3, 85 ; 
Opp. Hal. 2, 336 ; intrans. approach, subj. -i/Jnrnt] Soph. El. 898, 

Poet. fvixpip-n- '. fut. (-^pi/i^co) : aor. Ive-^pifj^ra, subj. eyxpip^U 

Opp. Hal. 2, 71. 522, Poet, fvtxpi^rjo-i Ap. Rh. 4, 1512, -?/r- 2, 
398; eyxpi^as II. 23, 334; Her. 9, 98; Opp. Hal. i, 720. 
fyxp : .pTrTOfj.cu to come near, approach, Eur. Hipp. 218 (chor.) ; Her. 

2, 93, and -I'TITO/HCH : imp. evexpip-^rero 4, 113, eyxpipirr- II. 17, 
413: with fut. mid. Ivixpi^^dai Ap. Rh. 4, 939: aor. y- 
xpfyatvro Themist. 15, 192 : and aor. pass. fyxpip-<pdf]Ta) II. 23, 

33 8 ; eyxptp.<pdeis II. 13, 146. ew^pt/z^- 17, 405; eyxptp.<p6qvai 

Aesch. Supp. 790 (Vulg. -xpip-^&^v Dind. Weil.) This verb is 
rare in Tragedy, never, we think, in Comedy, nor classic Attic 
prose. 

'EScocj To betroth (eSvov), Poet, unaugm. aor. e8va>o-f Theocr. 
22, 147. Mid. -ovfiai to portion, fut. ^axrojuai Eur. Hel. 933 
(Herm. Kirchh. Nauck, Paley) : aor. eSj/wo-aro Q. Sm. 13, 510 
(Koechl.) ; opt. e'eSi/dxrairo Od. 2, 53, later married, eSj/wo-airo 
Anth. 7, 648. The Mss. reading Eur. Hel. 933 is e'8a<ro/u, 
e'Sj/aa-- (Aid. eVeScoao/xat Elms. W. Dind. Fix, Hartung). 

'ESptdw (d) To sit, Poet, net Theocr. 17, 19; Epic part, efyiomv 
Ap. Rh. 3, 170; Orph. Arg. 807 : imp. iter. fSpidao-Kf, ty- Tzetz. 
Horn. 392. Mid. only in the Epic form f8pi6a>vTat Hes. Th. 388 ; 

-idaa-6ai Od. 3, 35: imp. eSpidwvro II. IO, 198. Od. 7j 9^ i Ap. 

Rh ; i, 530. 

("E&u) To seat, see (<>) KaBtgofuu. 

"ESw To eat, usu. Epic in pres. and imp. II. 6, 142. 15, 636. 
Od. 16, 431. 18, 280; Hes. Th. 640; Callim. Dian. 165; 
Anacreont. 14 (9), 25; rare in Attic, Eur. Cycl. 245 (trim.); 
Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 832. (Eub.) 3, 219; rare also in prose, 
Hippocr. i, 580 (Lit.); late Attic, Luc. Rhet. n, Dor. 3 pi. 

P 2 



212 



Theocr. 5, 128 ; sub. ?&< Od. 13, 419. 16, 389 ; opt. ?8oi/u 
II. 13, 322 ; Hes. Th. 525 ; Pseud-Phocyl. 156 ; Callim. Dian. 
89; $<>!/ Od. 10, 379. II. 21, 465; Eur. quoted; Callim. Cer. 
89; Ap. Rh. i, 1289. 4, 265; inf. Epic is always ffyfvai II. 13, 
36. Od. 1 6, 84 : imp. e8ov II. 15, 636. Od. 23, 9, iter. eSeoxoi' II. 
22, 501 : fut. m. eSo/iat II. 18, 271. Od. 9, 369 ; Theocr. 3, 52 ; 
Ar. Nub. 121 ; Com. Fr. (Crat.) 2, 239; PI. Rep. 373. ProL 
334 ; Plut. Mor. 996, KOT- Ar. Eccl. 595. Fr. 528 (D.); Com. 
Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 12. (Timcol.) 3, 600. (Men.) 4, 178, TrpoovcaT- 
(Alex.) 3, 462, later e'SoC/xm, KO.T- Dio. Hal. Ant. i, 55 (Vulg. KO.T- 
idop- Kiessl.), irpo-Kar- Luc. Hes. 7 (-efio/zat Dind.) : p. tSijSoKa 
Ar. Eq. 362 ; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 462. 507, KO.T- Aeschin. i, 42. 
106; opt. fdrjboKolr] Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 179; e'S^So/cws Xen. 
An. 4, 8, 20, KOT- Aeschin. i, 30 : pip. e'S^SoKei Luc. Gall. 4 : 
p.p. e'S^Seo-/iat, KUT- Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 87 ; PI. Phaed. no, 
and 3 sing, e&j&mu Od. 22, 56, tear- Dio. Hal. Ant. i, 55 (Vulg. 
-Setrrat Kiessl.) : aor. ^Seo-^v Hippocr. i, 686 (Vulg.); Aristot. 
Probl. 13, 6, KM- Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 627 : 2 p. (e'8>?8 a ), cSrjSus 
II. r 7> 54 2 > -8vMu Horn. H. 3, 560. Vb. eSecrro's PI. Tim. 72 ; 
Aristot. Pol. 7, 2, 15, -tos PL Crit. 47. Pres. and imp. mostly 
Epic, rare in prose, ttyevai Epic and Lyric inf. pres. for e'Se/zej/at, 
fdfiv, II. 13, 36; Alcm. 100 (B.) Fut. eSov/iat, KO.T- in late edi- 
tions of Athenaeus, Com. Fragm. and Dio. Hal. has given way 

to KaTf8ofjiai. See fa0ia>. 

'EeiSoficu, ee'XSofj.ai, ce\iro|iai, &C. SCC e?8o/iat, IXSo^tat, e\7TCD &C. 

('EepyciOw) To shut out, Epic for flpy- imp. etpyudov II. 5, 147. 
See ffpya>. 

'Eepyyufii, see epywfu. 

'Ee'pyu To ^/ o/, Epic (and Ion.?) for ?pyo>, "pyw, II. 13, 
706. 23, 72 (B.). Od. ir, 503; Hes. Th. 751; Ap. Rh. 3, 
427 ; Her. 8, 98 (old edit. Gaisf., ?/>y Mss. S. P. Wess. 
Bekk. Dind. Stein); subj. eepyrj II. 4, 131; eVpyot 18, 512 
(Bekk. Dind.) ; ftpye Od. 12, 219 : imp. eepyov II. 8, 2 13 : 2 aor. 
tepyadov II. 5, 147, called by some imp. of (ffpydSu): pass. 
(fpyopfvoi II. 13, 525; Ap. Rh. 3, 649? also for (pyu, and 
fipyvv/j.1, to shut in, etpyfi II. 2, 617. 9, 404; Mosch. 4, 48, -us 
Ap. Rh. 3, 427 : imp. eepyov Od. 7, 88; Ap. Rh. 2, 201 : aor. 
fepe, KCIT- H. Merc. 356 : p.p. fepypevos closely compacted, II. 5, 89 ; 
Emped. 322 : Ap. Rh. 2, 550 : pip. Epic, eepxaro (for -;pro= 
(fpynevoi Tja-av) Od. io, 241 : pres. pass. ffpyfTM Ap. Rh. 4, 309 ; 
-ofievos Callim. Fr. 149; Opp. Hal. i, 226. Gaisf. edits eepytt 
Her. 8, 98 ; but tpy>, not pyo> nor ftpya, seems to be the true 
Herodotean form, see 3, 48. 4, 164, an- i, 72. 2, 99, St- 1, 180, 
<- 3> 5 1 * n f P l - 2, 148 &c. (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Stein.) 



("E(I>) To set, seal, act. not used : da-a, ftaofiai, (lardfj.r}v, see eo>. 
Mid. usu. Poet, eb/x<u to seat oneself, sit, Epic 2 sing, ffcai Od. 
10, 378 (Bekk. Dind.), -6nr6a Soph. O. R. 32; subj. efs>/*fo-0a 
Eur. Elec. 109, Dor. eV8d>/x- Theocr. i, 21; imper. eeo II. 6, 
354 ; Theocr. Epigr. 4, 13, Ion. tfeu II. 24, 522; -eo-tfai 18, 247 ; 
-ofifvos II. 14, 437; Soph. Aj. 249 (chor.); Eur. Phoen. 1517 
(chor.).; Ar. Ran. 682 (chor.). Pax 801 (chor.); Her. 4, 85: 
imp. unaugm. efd/wji* as aor. II. i, 48. Od. 3, 389 ; Mimnerm. 
9, 4; Pind. I. 6, 56; Theocr. 2, 113; Aesch. Eum. 3; Soph. 
O. C. 100 ; Eur. Ion 1202 ; Stob. (Phanocl.) 64, 14, see below : 
aor. pass, (rja-drjv), subj. eadSt Soph. O. C. 195 (Herm. Dind. 
4 ed.), see below. Rare in prose, covrai Luc. D. Syr. 31 ; 
imperat. eecr#e Her. 8, 22 : imp. eb>fji Her. 4, 165 (Gaisf. 
Bekk. Dind. Dietsch, if- Stein) ; Joseph. Ant. 18, 6, 6 : for fut. 
eSovpai, eSijo-o/iat &c. see Ka6fopai. For aor. pass. eadSt, Her- 
mann's reading Soph. O. C. quoted, stands rrS (Nauck), ^ 
V&o (old edit. Dind. doubtingly 5 ed. and suggests cXi0a>), 

?i f<r6a> (Br.), 9 0ro> (Reisig, Elms.), T/O-&B, fjadS) (MsS.). Kadea-dca 

(Gloss.) Phryn. Thorn. Mag. and some late editors have 
objected to the aor. as a form of bad mark. Herm. however 
somewhat turns the point of this objection by maintaining that 
it does not, and was not intended to apply to poetic usage, but 
to the more common, more level, and less privileged style of 
writing. We know however of no early example of the simple, 
but there are several late of the comp. KuQfadrjv, see Kadtfapat. 

'EGeXoKctKeu To do evil advisedly, Luc. Somn. 18 : Ion. and un- 
augm. imp. e6e\oKaKfov Her. i, 127. 5, 78. 8, 85 (Mss. Bekk. 
Kriig. Stein, yd- Dind.) : aor. -facts Polyb. 5, 100 ; Luc. Apol. 8. 

'E0e'Xu To wish. II. 7, 364; Solon 4, 28; Simon. C. 88; 
Pind. Ol. n, 9; Aesch. Pr. 1067 (chor.); Soph. El. 132. Ph. 
145 (chor.); Eur. Ion 99 (chor.); Ar. Ran. 613 (trim.) ; Her. 
9, 120; Antiph. i, 15 ; Thuc. 4, 59; PI. Rep. 370, Dor. 2 sing. 
-\T)<rda Theocr. 29, 4, 3 pi. -Xovn Pind. N. 7, 10; Bion 6, 4; 
Epic subj. -Xo>/u II. 9, 397 (Bekk.), -rjo-Oa 8, 471. Od. 12, 49; 
Emped. 28, -rj<ri Theogn. 139, e&'Xqre Her. 4, 133; edfroifu 
9, 45; imper. fde\e II. 2, 247; Dor. pt. e&XoiVas Pind. N. 3, 
83 : imp. ijQeXov Hes. Op. 136 ; Solon 33, 5; Pind. P. 3, I ; 
Aesch. Ch. 701; Soph. Aj. 88; Ar. Ach. 57; Her. i, 16; 
Antiph. 6, 27 ; Thuc. 5, 15 ; Isae. 5, 32 ; II. 14, 120, and e&X- 
6> 336; Theogn. 606; Pind. P. 9, in, iter. e6(\TKov II. 13, 
1 06 ; Her. 6, 12 : fut. e&Xijo-a> II. 1 8, 262 ; Pind. Ol. 7, 20 ; Ar. 
Vesp. 291; Her. i, 32; Antiph. i, 16; Thuc. 6, 33; Xen. 
Hell. 3, 5, 3; PI. Phil. 50: aor. ^eX^o-a Soph. O. R. 1348; 
Com. Fr. (Crito) 4, 538 ; Her. 2, 2 ; Antiph. 6, 24 ; Thuc. 4, 



214 0/o> 0o>. 

57; Lys. 2, 12; Dem. 2, 24, Poet. e&X- II. 18, 396; App. 
Epigr. 223 (Her. 7, 168 Schaf. Galsf. ^- Bekk. Dind. Stein, 
Abicht); e'&Xjjo-i; Aesch. Pr. 178; PI. Phaedr. 257; opt. 
-foais Pind. P. I, 40; PI. Gorg. 449. Lys. 206, but -a-eias 
Polit. 272, -a-tiav Isae. 8, 42; (GeXrjaov PI. Gorg. 449: 
p. T)6e\T)Ka Aeschin. 2. 139; Xen. Cyr. 5, 2, 9; Dem. 47, 
5: pip. T)df\r)Kfi Xen. Hell. 6, 5, 21. See 0eXa>. '&'Aa>p Epic 
subj. pres. for eWAa>, II. i, 549. 9, 397. fdeXm alone is used in 
Horn. Hes. Theogn. and Pind. (Boeckh), but twice 6t\a>v Ol. 2, 
97. P. 10, 5 (Schn. Ahr. Bergk); in Ionic and Attic prose, 
Attic poetry, and in the later Epic and Bucolic writers, it is the 
prevailing form. In tragic trimeters, the pres. is of course 
admissible only under very limited conditions, not so in chor. 
Aesch. Ag. 1569 ; Soph. O. R. 1304 (Elms. Dind.), and comic 
trimeters, Ar. Plut. 375. 467. Lys. 134 &c. In Her. Bredow 
would always write e'&'Xw. Our editors however with the Mss., 
have both e'&'Xw 5, 19. 9, 120 &c. and &'X< i, 59. 3, 65. 7, 10. 
234 &c., but imp. always f/dehov i, 16. 97. 3, 52 &c. e&X- 3, 146. 
8, 80 (Vulg. Gaisf.) is #0eX- (Mss. F. K. Bekk. Dind. Stein), 

fat. e6e\r)<r<a I, 206. 7, IO &C. except 8e 6f\r)<rei I, 109 (Vulg. 

Gaisf. Bekk. 8' e'&A- Dind. Dietsch, Stein), aor. indie, perhaps 

always f)df\T](ra I, 59. 2, 2. 7, 29. 9, 1 8 &C., f'6e\- 7, 107. 164. 

1 68 (Vulg. Gaisf. ^eX- Mss. F. S. Bekk. Dind. Stein); inf. 

e&Xijo-at I, 3. 145. 7, 229. 230 &C., and tfeX^o-at I, 24. 2, 42 

(Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Stein &c.), where (i, 24) Dind reads e&X-, 
but 2, 42 6f\T)o-ai, why, we see not. 

'E0ia> To accustom, Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 10; Isocr. 12, 210, poet. 
eld- Pythag. Aur. C. 9. 35, reg. but augm. with et: fut. fdia-a, 
-iS> Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 53 : aor. eWia-a Dem. 20, 68 ; Luc. Bis ace. 
34: p. (Wind Xen. Hell. 6, i, 15 ; PL Meno 70 : p. p. eidta-pat 
Eur. I. A. 726 ; Ar. Eccl. 265 ; Hippocr. 4, 254 ; Thuc. i, 77 ; 
Andoc. 3, 28; Iscor. 6, 2. 18, 34, 3 pi. fldidarai Hippocr. i, 
307 (oldest Ms. Erm. et'&oyzeW Vi Vulg. Lit. 2, 298) : pip. 
fWia~ro Hippocr. 2, 294 ; Xen. Ages. 1 1, 2 ; Isocr. 21, 1 1 ; (Dem.) 
6 1, 14, T)6iffr- (Ms. S.) : aor. tldivdqv Ar. Vesp. 512 ; PI. Leg. 
68 1 ; edia-dfi Hippocr. i, 305 (Erm.): fut. later fdia-d^a-ovrat 
Dio. Hal. 4, n; Aristid. 42, (518.) Vb. e&oro's Aristot. Eth. 
Nic. i, 10, i, -eos Isocr. 9, 7. fldi&v Plut. Lycurg. 12 (Vulg.) 
quoted by our lexicons as an instance of the act. used intrans. 
is now fidifrvTo (Bekk. Sint.) from Porphyry's rjdi^ovro the only 
case of augm. with r) that we have seen, except rjdta-rat. (Dem.) 
26, 1 8, Tjdicrfuvos 27, 64, and pip. ^toro Dem. 61, 14 quoted 
(Ms. S.) 

"E0w To be accustomed, Epic and only part. e6a>v II. 9, 540. 16, 



i&'. 215 

260: 2 p. floQa am accustomed, II. 5, 766 ; Eur. Supp. 576 ; Ar. 
Pax 730 ; Hippocr. 6, 242 ; Antiph. 6, 13 ; Thuc. 5, 9 ; Isocr. 
5, 4 ; PI. Apol. 17, Ionic ea>6a II. 8, 408 ; Her. i, 133. 2, 91. 4, 
134 : pip. fla>6fiv Xen. An. 7, 8, 4; PI. Conv. 213. Rep. 516, 
-t6ecrav Thuc. 4, 130; Xen. Hell, i, 3, 9, Ion. e'w&a Her. 4, 
127, -0 4, 134. 6, 107, -0ei Horn. H. 3, 305, -udfo-av Her. i, 
73- 3 3 1 ; 0wll. i5 265; Soph. Ph. 938; Eur. Hec. 358; 
Ar. Pax 853 ; Hippocr. 2, 300; Thuc. i, 67 ; PI. Conv. 217, 
Ion. eco0- Her. 3, 27. 31 ; dadevai Ar. Vesp. 94. 

EtjBu To pour, Poet, for \fifta>, ftfifis in tmesi II. 16, n, and 
flfifi 19, 323 ; so opt. tifioi Od. 16, 332 ; and ft(3a>v Od. n, 391 : 
imp. d$ov Od. 4, 153. 16, 219: so mid. et/So/xevor Soph. Ant. 
527 chor. (Tricl. Dind. Xet/3- Ms. L. Nauck). Pass, or mid. 
intrans. elfierai. run, drop, Ap. Rh. 2, 664 ; Opp. Hal. 2, 373 ; 
Bion i, 9, KO.T- II. 15, 37 : imp. e/3eTo Hes. Th. 910, *ar- II. 24, 
794. In every instance the dropping of the X is required for 
the metre, except Ap. Rh. quoted. 

(ElSe'w, etSu, eiSrjfu, tSw) (I.) To see with the bodily eye, pres. 
unused, unless eiSo^es be pres. Theocr. 2, 25 ?: usu. only 2 aor. 
eiSov II. 19, 292 ; Hes. Th. 589; Pind. P. 9, 98 ; Aesch. Ag. 
247; Soph. El. 62; Ar. Pax 1184; Com. Fr. (Crat.) 2, 97; 
Her. i, 68. 2, 148; Thuc. 2, 79; Lys. i, 24; PI. Phil. 65; 
later form tlSa Orph. Arg. 119, usu. Epic i8ov II. i, 262. Od. 12, 
244; Hes. Th. 555; Mimnerm. 14, 2; Pind. P. 5, 84; Her. 2, 
148 (Gaisf. tl8- Bekk. Dind. Stein), iter. iSfOTce II. 3, 217 ; subj. i5a> 
II. 24, 555. Od. 16, 32 ; Soph. Aj. 530; Ar. Nub. 21 ; Her. 4, 
119 ; PI. Rep. 376, Epic tS&>/u II. 18, 63,1^5 in Horn, if correct, 
only Od. 15, 76; Hym. 4, 278 ; Soph. Aj. 6 ; Ar. Ran. 644 ; 
PI. Rep. 445 &c. ; opt. i'8oifu II. 6, 284; Soph. Ph. 1043 ; Ar. 
Eq. 1324 (D); Her. 2, 32; Thuc. 6, 34; PI. Conv. 216; Xen. 
Cyr. i, i, 3; iSe, others tSe II. 17, 179; Aesch. Supp. 349 
(chor.) ; Soph. Tr. 222 (chor.) ; Eur. Or. 1541 (chor.) ; PI. Phaed. 
72, iSere Aesch. Ch. 406 ; Soph. Aj. 501 ; Eur. I. A. 593 ; ISelv 
Od. n, 143 ; Soph. O. R. 824 ; Ar. Nub. 119 ; Her. 2, 32. 3, 
^5- 6, 137 &c. ; PI. Parm. 127, Ifcew II. 23, 463; Her. i, 32, 
ire pi- i, 24 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. ISflv Bred. Stein, Abicht), Aeol. 
iSrjv Sapph. 101 ; I8a>v II. i, 148 ; Soph. El. 975 ; Ar. Ach. 5 ; 
Her. 2, 139 ; Antiph. 2, /3, 6 ; Thuc. 3, 77 ; PI. Phaed. 84 : fut. 
Dor. Idrja-S) (i) Theocr. 3, 37. Mid. as act. 2 aor. flftoniv I saw, 

11. 16, 278; Aesch. Pers. 179; Soph. Ph. 351; Eur. Hel. 122, 
Dor. -fiav Soph. O. R. 1217 (chor.) ; Eur. I. A. 254. 295 (chor.), 
in Attic prose, rare and in comp. Trpoddero Dem. 19, 250 ; Strab. 

12, 8, n, Epic and Lyric Idoprjv II. 24, 484; Hes. Th. 451; 
Dor. ldofj.at> Eur. I. T. 150 (chor.), eV- Aesch. Pr. 427 (chor.); 



2 1 6 Et Sew. 

subj. i8o>/zai II. 6, 365 ; Simon. (C.) 113 (Bergk 3 ed.) ; Ar. Vesp. 
182 (R. V. Vulg. Bekk. Bergk, and now Dind. 5 ed. i8o> Hirsch. 
Meineke), 181701 II. 8, 105, and I8rj 3, 163. 4, 205, td^rai II. 14, 
416. 19, 151 ; Her. 2, 38, 7rpi- Lys. 3, 47, wpo- Com. Fr. (Dion.) 
3, 547, vrpo- Xen. An. 6, i, 8, Ifta>nt6a Od. 10, 44 ; Aesch. Eum. 
142, fir- Ar. Nub. 287 (chor.) see below, 'ifyo-ffe II. 15, 147, 
-covrai Her. i, 191. 2, i2i. 4, 3; I8oifjtr)v II. 3, 453 ; Aesch. Pr. 
896; Soph. Tr. 1004 (chor.); Her. 3, 148, vrr- Dem. 23, 3, 
tSoi'aro Od. i, 162 ; Her. 9, 51 ; I8ov Aesch. Ch. 231 ; Eur. Hec. 
808; as exclamation, lo I I8ov Soph. Ph. 776; Com. Fr. (Ar.) 

2, 1134. (Phryn.) 2, 593; t'SeV&u II. 9, 373; Find. I. 4, 50; 
Aesch. Sept. 420 (chor.); Her. 2, 42. 135. 3, 6. 68; Hippocr. 

3, 256 (Lit.); Plut. Themist. 13; Long. Past, i, 13; Strab. 
14, 2, 19, irpo- Dem. 18, 301. 23, 134; I86(j.fvo? (not in Horn.) 
Her. i, 88. 207. 2, 32. 162, rrpo- know beforehand, Aeschin. i, 
165 (B. Saupp. Franke, Bens.) ; Dem. 19, 233 (Bekk. B. Saupp. 
Dind.); Luc. Tox. 39; Polyb. 27, 13 (Bekk.); Dio Cass. 52, 
10 (Bekk.), VTT- 59, 23 Bekk.), and rare if correct, with augm. 
Trpo-ei86fji(vos Thuc. 4, 64 (Vulg. Bekk. Popp. Kriig. &c., irpo- 
iSo/x- L. Dind. Stahl) ; Polyaen i, 36 (Vulg. npo-t8- Mss. M. P. 
Woelff.); Dio. Hal. i, 65. 7, 42 (Vulg. 7rpo-i8- Kiessl.); and 
Aeschin. i, 165; Dem. 19, 233 (Vulg.) quoted. Compounds 
often belong, in meaning, to No. (II). Also in the mid. sense 
make oneself appear, seem, resemble &c. usu. Poet, tidopai II. 8, 
559; Hes. Certam. p. 316, 10 (Goettl.); Mosch. 2, 155, irpov- 
Aesch. Ch. 178, i&- Theocr. 25, 58; flSopfvos II. 13, 69; 
Aesch. Ag. 771 (chor.) ; Her. 6, 69. 7, 56, eei8- Find. N. 10, 15 ; 
Ap. Rh. 4, 221 : fat. *i(jo//at, -o-oiro (Luc.) Ner. 2 (Kays. Jacob.): 
occasionally 2 aor. et'Sop/v Hes. Fr. 169; Theocr. 13,60 : often 
1 aor. do-dwv II. 20, 81; Hes. Th. 700; Ap. Rh. 2, 582; 
Mosch. 4, 94, eWo-ao II. 9, 645, -o-o) (La R.), -aro 15, 415. Od. 5, 
398; Ap. Rh. 4, 855; Callim. Cer. 44, -do-<V II. 15, 544; opt. 
eio-mro II. 2, 215; (Luc.) Ner. 2 quoted (Dind. &c.); fla-d/j.evos 
II. 13, 45. 20, 224, r- II. 17, 326. 20, 82. Od. 6, 24. ii, 241 ; 
iter. fto-aoTcrro II. 24, 607 (Bekk. lo-dcnc- Dind. La R.) ela-avro 
they imagined, Ap. Rh. I, 718. (II.) To see with the mind's eye, 
know, imp. or 2 aor. elBov Pind. P. 2, 54; Soph. Aj. 1026; 
Dem. 4, 5. 6, 8 ; subj. 18179 Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 156 : fut. eta-opai 
II. i, 548 ; Aesch. Ag. 489 ; Soph. O. R. 1517 ; Ar. Ach. 332 ; 
Hippocr. i, 622 (Lit.); Thuc. 5, 26; Andoc. 2, 22 ; Lys. 14, 
12 ; Isocr. 13, 3. 19, 2; PI. Rep. 354, ettrct Soph. O. C. 1149 ; 
Ar. Vesp. 774; Xen. Cyr. 7, 4, 12, -o-fat II. 21, 292. Od. 2, 40, 
-o-fvde Isae. 10, 8; and more Ion. 8ijo-a) Theogn. 814, -fja-fis 
Od. 7, 327. Horn. H. 3, 466; Her. 7, 234, -jjo-et Hippocr. 7, 



EiSea. 2 1 7 

476. 8, 430, -fia-fTf Horn. H. 2, 306 ; Attic prose, Isocr. i, 44 
(ow i, 16); Aristot. Top. i, 18, 2. Eth. M. i, i, 3. 18; and 
perhaps later, (Aeschin.) Epist. n, 8; Aen. Tact. 31; -tjo-fiv 
II. i, 546, Epic -rjcrffjifv Od. 6, 257 : aor. eiSqcra Hippocr. 2, 
436. 9, 230 (Lit.); Aristot. Probl. 19, 42. Eth. M. i, i, 3. 2, 10, 
6; Theophr. Char. p. i, e'- Hippocr. 5, 352 : p. eiSjjKa used to 
stand Aristot. Top. i, 24, 484 (Sylb.): 2 p. as pres. ol8a II. 5, 
183; Archil. 42; Theogn. 491; Find. Ol. 2, 56; Aesch. Pr. 
504; Soph. O. R. 59; Eur. EL 299; Ar. Nub. 102; Her. i, 
209; Antiph. i, 6. ii ; Thuc. 6, 34 ; Isocr. 6, 60, see below; 
subj. el8S> 11. i, 515; Soph. O. C. 888; Her. 2, 114 (Bekk.); 
Xen. Oec. n, i, et8o Od. 16, 236 (Vulg. Dind. La Roche, 8- 
Bekk.); Her. quoted (Dind. Kriig. Stein), I8e<a II. 14, 235 (Bekk. 
Dind. La R.), elSjjs Theogn. 963, fl8fj Aeschin. 3, 47 &c. -w/iev 
Aesch. Ch. 890; Ar. Ran. 322; PI. Theaet. 169, Epic So/i/ 
II. i, 363. Od. 3, 1 8, -8j)re Thuc. 3, 67; Lys. 17, 8; Isae. n, 
38 ; Dem. 9, 65 (18- Bekk.), Epic elSere II. 8, 18. Od. 9, 17, 
fi8S>o-i PI. Prot. 323; Isae. 3, 15, <nv- Aeschin. 3, 34 &c. ; opt. 
fiSfirjv II. 12,229; Pind.Ol. 13,46; Aesch. Supp. 289; Antiph. 

1, 28; Lys. 23, 10, d&firjs Theogn. 641; Her. i, 206, -defy 
Theogn. 770; Hes. Fr. 177, -80117 Hippocr. i, 624 (Lit. v. r. 
-8firj), fl8etr)(j.fv PI. Lach. 190 A, ei8i/*fj> Rep. 581. Lach. 190 B, 
-firjTe Andoc. 2, 19; PI. Leg. 886; Isae. 8, 40, -8elre Soph. 

0. R. 1046, -t'tfv Her. 9, 42 (v. r. -olev); Xen. Cyr. 2, 2, 21. 8, 

2, ii ; PI. Leg. 719, but -firjvav Her. 3, 61 ; Xen. Hell. 4, 2, 6 ; 
Dem. 34, 8 (Bekk. B. Saupp. Dind.); I<T& Od. ii, 224; Soph. 
Ph. 253; Ar. Nub. 39; Her. 7, 159. 8, 80; PI. Conv. 208, 
WTO II. 15, 36. Od. 16, 302; Soph. Ant. 184; Thuc. i, 122, 
Boeot. ITTU Ar. Ach. 860 ; PI. Phaed. 62, late i8e'r Epist. Phal. 
5 (Lennep, ioro> Hercher) ; et'SeW Aesch. Ch. 690 ; Soph. Ant. 
301 ; Ar. Vesp. 86 ; Her. 3, 21 ; Antiph. i, 6; Thuc. i. 52; 
PI. Rep. 582, Epic iS/xeiwIl. 13, 273 ; Theogn. 221, l&pev II. ii, 
719, tSe>ej/ Pind. N. 7, 25 ; d8us II. 7, 278; Theogn. 193; Her. 
8, 13; Antiph. 5, 65; Thuc. 6, 23, 8uta II. 17, 5 &c. ; Aesch. 
Pr. 441. 1076, but I8vla (i) (only with Tr/xwr-t'Seo-o-i) II. i, 608 &c.: 
2 pip. as imp. jjSftv Theogn. 667 (-817 Ms. A.) ; Eur. Tr. 650 
if sound (#817 Cob. Nauck, Dind. 5 ed.) ; Antiph. 2, /3, 3 ; Lys. 

1, 41 ; Xen. An. 3, i, 20. Cyr. i, 6, 43. Hell. 2, 3, 39; PI. 
Phaed. 60; Aeschin. 2, 20; Dem. 30, 26 (W. Dind.); Lud. 
Dind. would now always, in good Attic, write rj8r) not -i/, see 
Xen. Mem. 4, 2, 24 (1862), #Se Ar. Thesm. 554 (-rjaff Mein. 
Dind. 5 ed.); Anth. 12,132; Antiph. 5, 15; Isae. 3, 41; Dem. 
20, 1 60, -eio-0a Eur. Cycl. 1 08 (Vulg. -T)<r0a Matth. Dind. 5 ed. 
Nauck 3 ed.); PL Euthyd. 277, -Set Soph. Ph. 1010; Antiph. 



2 1 8 Et^ew. 

i, 8 ; Thuc. 7, 44; Isae. 3, 34 ; Eur. Ion 1361, but -civ before 
a vowel 1187 ; so II. 18, 404 (Bekk.) ; Ar. Vesp. 558 ; (Dem. 
50, 44), but $8fi ovStis Thuc. 6, 27, old Attic i pers. #817 Soph. 
Ant. 448. O. R. 433 ; Eur. Hipp. 405 ; Ar. Av. 511 ; PI. Conv. 
199. Rep. 337, Epic and Ion. jjSea II. 14, 71 ; Theogn. 853 ; 
Her. 2, 150, 2 sing. 178175 Soph. Ant. 447, <'- Tr. 988 (Vulg. 
-rfa-da in both now Dind. &c.), -rjvda Od. 19, 93; Eur. Elec. 926 
(Bind.); Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 570; PI. Meno 80. Rep. 337 
(Soph. Ant. 447. Tr. 988 quoted), y8r) II. i, 70 ; Soph. Ph. 1010. 
O. R. 1525 (Dind. 2 ed., gSa 5 ed.), and nfyvl Ar. Ach. 35 
(Elms. -T) Mein. -et Dind.) and before a vowel Vesp. 635 (Richter, 
-fiv Dind. Mein.), Ion pee II. 17, 402 (Vulg. Dind. -817 Bekk.); 
Her. 2, 100. 9, 94 (<rvv- 7, 164. 8, 113), -eer/ before a vowel Od. 
23, 29, but J7*8e' 13, 340, pi. lySet/xev Aeschin. 3, 82 (II<TIJXV 
Franke); Aristot. Anal. Post, i, 31, 2; Ael. V. H. 10, 13, }8etT 
Dem. 55, 9, irpo- Andoc. 2, 21, <nv- Aeschin. 3, 175 (-rja-re 
Cobet, Franke), Ion. iJSe'are, ow- Her. 9, 58, pea-ai/ Theogn. 54 ; 
Her. 7, 175; Thuc. 2, 6; Lys. 12, 76; Isae. 7, 28; Dem. 18, 
286, late y&fta-av Strab. 15, 3, 23; V. T. Gen. 42, 23. Exod. 16, 
15; N. T. Marc, i, 34. Jon. 2, 9 &c. In 3 pi. of pip. t is 
usually dropped, but Si-^pTrdxeterai/ Dem. 29, 29 (Bekk. Dind. 
B. Saupp. 57, 63 Bekk. B. Saupp. -Kfaav Dind.), so irapfVKeva- 
Kfia-av 1 8, 234 (Bekk. B. Saupp. Dind. -caav Voem.) Mid. 
fat. eto-ofiat see above: 1 aor. eio-aro Dio Cass. Fr. 36, 27 (Bekk. 
(Idfirj L. Dind.) : 2 aor. in comp. irpo-ddovro knew beforehand, 
foresaw, Dem. 9, 68 &c. vir- suspected, Eur. Ion 1023, see above, 
No. (I) 8e'o> is not used in pres. indicative; at 11. 14, 235, it 
is subj. 2 aorist, iSe'w (Bekk. La Roche.) Fut. act. eTo-w used 
to stand Appian B. C. 5, 39 now mid. t'o-ovrai (Bekk.) 2 sing. 
ol8as Theogn. 491. 957; Horn. H. 3, 456. 467. Od. i, 337 
(Vulg. Dind. La Roche, fifys Bekk.) ; Hipponax 89 ; Her. 3, 
72; Hippocr. 2, 370; rare in Attic, Eur. Ale. 780; Com. Fr. 
(Philem.) 4, 14 ; Xen. Mem. 4, 6, 6 (Vulg. Kiihn. Breitb. ola-da 
Dind. Saupp.) ; Luc. Catapl. 2 ; Pseud-Callisth. 2, 7, usu. ola-da 
II. i, 85. 7, 358. 15, 93. Od. 15, 20. 23, 60; Theogn. 375; 
Find. P. 3, 80; Aesch. Pers. 479 ; Soph. O. R. 43 ; Eur. Tr. 
293 ; Ar. Vesp. 4 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 28 ; PI. Rep. 472, in Com. 
poetry, ola-das Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 80. (Alex.) 3, 389. (Phil.) 
4, 14. (Men.) 4, 174 ; Eur. Ion 999 (Dind. olaff Nauck, Kirchh.) 
Regular pi. forms rather rare, dual otSaroi/ late, Epist. Socrat. 22, 
oiSafjifv Her. 2, 17. 4, 46. 7, 214 &c. ; Hippocr. i, 622. 5. 196. 
6, 120 (Lit.) ; Antiph. 2, 3 ; Xen. An. 2, 4, 6 (best Mss. Kriig. 
Shenkl, Ivpw Dind. Saupp. Hug); (PI.) Alcib. (2) 141 ; (Dem.) 
21, 82. 121 ; Aristot. Anal. Post. B. 8, 4, Horn, always id^tv H. 



Ei <5ew. 219 

2,486. Od. 17, 78; Hes. Th. 28 &c. ; Her. generally i, 6. 142. 
178. 7, 170 &c., oiSare Ar. Ach. 294 (Dind.); Anth. (Meleag.) 
12, 81; Athen. 4, 53, nar- Eur. Supp. 1044 (Mss. Kirchh. 
Nauck, -ei'Sere Elms. Dind.), oidaa-i Her. 2, 43 ; Xen. Oec. 20, 
14; Athen. i, 45. 8, 68, <rvv- Lys. n, i, for which the Attics 
have from 10-77/11, usually the syncop. forms larov Ar. Plut. 100, 
ur/iei> Soph. Aj. 23 ; Ar. Nub. 693 ; Thuc. i, 13 ; Isocr. 7, 13. 
15, 106 ; PI. Phaedr. 261, tare Tyrt. n, 7; Pind. I. 3, 15; 
Soph. O. R. 66 ; Ar. Pax 337 ; Antiph. 5, 73 ; Thuc. 7, 68 ; 
PI. Rep. 328 ; Aeschin. 2, 14 (II. 2, 485. Od. 7, 211), to-aon 
(II. 6, 151. Od. 14, 89 ; Hes. Op. 814; Theogn. 598; Simon. 
C. 85, n); Soph. Aj. 965; Ar. Eccl. 252; Antiph. i, 29; 
Thuc. 4, 68 ; Lys. 4, 4 ; Isocr. 5, 42 ; Isae. 8, 17; so Horn, 
with i, II. 6, 151, but I II. 9, 36, Dor. to-ai/n Pind. P. 3, 29; 
Theocr. 15, 64: imper. 10-61 Od. 2, 356 ; Theogn. 31 ; Pind. 
Ol. n, ii ; Ar. Ran. 296; Her. 7, 14; PI. Conv. 208,10-6' 
Soph. Ant. 98, taru Pind. Ol. 6, 8; Soph. Tr. 399 ; Xen. Cyr. 
3> 3> 56, "re Aesch. Pers. 211 ; Soph. Tr. 1107 &c. see above : 
in pip. the Poets especially dropped t, as f]8i/j.ev for -/uei/, Soph. 
O. R. 1232 (Elms. Dind.), ^Sere Eur. Bac. 1345, in prose fidfaav 
Her. 8, 78 ; PI. Tim. 72 ; Xen. An. 4, 3, 10. 6, 5, 31 ; Isae. 3, 
63. 7, 28; Dinarch. i, 20 ; Dem. 57, 44; next e, as ytr^fv for 
jyoejuei/, Aesch. Ag. 1099; Eur. Heracl. 658. Hec. 1112; Ar. Fr. 
198 ; in prose, only Antiph. Fr. 7, 3 ; Aeschin. 3, 82 (Franke, 
Cobet), flo-re Soph. Fr. 317 ; in prose Dem. 49, 46 (Dind.), <rw~ 
Aeschin. 3, 175 (Franke, Cobet), ficrav Aesch. Pr. 451 ; Eur. 
Cycl. 231. Rhes. 855, Epic i<ra/ II. 18, 405. Od. 13, 170, dual 

yo-Trjv Ar. Av. 19. Vb. ioreos PI. Conv. 217. 2 Sing. pip. yBrja-da 

Od. 19, 93; Soph. Ant. 447 (Cob. Dind. Nauck); Com. Fr. 
(Eup.) 2, 570; PI. Meno 80. Euth. 15, and #So-#a Eur. Elec. 
926. Cycl. 1 08 (Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck 2 ed. Dind. 4 ed. -rjada 
Lob. Matth. Dind. 5 ed. Nauck 3 ed.); PI. Euthyd. 277, for 
TJ8r) S , JjSfis. In Plato, Schanz with the best Mss. leans to yftfivQa 
against the precept of the old Grammarians dmKcoTepov 8ia TOU 
17, ffirjffda. 3 sing. $8civ before a vowel, Eur. Ion 1187; Ar. 
Pax 1182. Vesp. 558, and f/tV Vesp. 635 (Elms. Richter), even 
before a consonant Ach. 35 (Elms.) to which, we think, most 
scholars demur, -S?/ (Br. Bekk. Mein. -Set Vulg. Bergk, Dind. 
5 ed., -fiv 4 ed.), fiSeev Od. 23, 29 (Bekk. La Roche), and II. 18, 
404 (Vulg. Dind. La Roche, -en> Bekk.) fififys II. 22, 280, rjeidr] 
Od. 9, 206 (Bekk. Dind.), -8 (Eust. La Roche); Ap. Rh. i, 
984, Epic forms of pip. ; but for rjeiSee Her. i, 45 (Schaef. rjd8e 
Gaisf.), Bekker, Dind. Stein read ^See (Steph. Marg.) fideiv rjei- 
dftv, for jjdtvav, Ap. Rh. 2, 65. 4, 1700, compare rjv, for rja-av, Hes. 



22O Ji<t/caa>. 

Th. 321. In Her. Gaisf. always writes pip. with augm. fjdee &c. 
except <rvv-tfae 8, 113 (Mss. S. P. F. -jke Vulg. Bekk'. Bred. 
Dind. Kriig.) ol8as 2 sing. perf. we might have said is rare in 
any class of writers. The only instance of it in Horn, is Od. i, 
337, where however Bekker reads fidrjs. But yet it occurs twice 
in Theogn. 491. 957 ; twice in Hym. Merc. 456. 467 ; once in 
Eur. Ale. 780; Philem. Com. Fr. 4, 14. Strat. 4, 546. Phoeriicid. 
4, 510; twice in Her. 3, 72. 4, 157 (Orac.); Hippocr. 2, 370 
(Lit.) ; and once in Xen. Mem. 4, 6, 6 (Mss. Kiihn. Breitb. &c. 
oia-da Dind. now, Saupp.) It occurs occasionally also later, 
Aristot. Soph. El. 20, 3. 24, 2 ; Babr. 95, 14; Plut. Fab. 17. 
Pomp. 27; Dio. Hal. 16, 4; Himer. 5, 6; Luc. Catapl. 2. 
(Asin.) n ; Alciphr. i, 29. 34. On the form olcrBas scholars 
differ widely : some condemn it as barbarous, Bentley approved 
and Nauck has lately edited it in Eur. Ale. 780 ; so in Ion 999 
(Dind. 5 ed.) Hirschig has altered idupai Ar. Vesp. 182, to iSa> 
vai on the ground that the "mid. is not used in trimeters." 
This does not hold in the indie, opt. and imper. fldoprjv I saw, 
Aesch. Pers. 179, KO.T- Soph. El. 892 (trim.); cla-iSoiro Soph. 
Tr. 151 (trim.); i8oO Aesch. Ch. 231. 247, i'Sco-fle 973. 980; 
Eur. Heracl. 29. Ion 1279 (trimet.) ; and even the subj. t'Sdj 
is used by Aesch. in a trimeter Eum. 142, so Dionys. 
Com. Fr. 3, 547 (Dobr. Mein. rrpoidr) re Mss.), and Ar. himself 
has r-iSo>/ie#a Nub. 289, but in Lyric metre; we therefore 
question the propriety of disturbing, especially in a comic 
author, iSw/wu Vesp. 182, and think that Bergk has done wisely 
in retaining it. Dind. in his 4 edit, made the same alteration, 
without giving his reasons ; but in his 5 edit, he has recalled 
t&o/icu. Buttmann, under 6pda> says " the mid. opaa-Bai, ISeaQat in 
simple, is exclusively poetic." This is true of Attic classic prose, 
but as regards Ionic and late Attic prose, it is a considerable 
mistake ; see the moods of eiSJpji/ above. 

EiKdu To assimilate, Soph. O. R. 404 ; Eur. Tr. 165 ; Ar. 
Ran. 593 ; Her. 7, 49. 9, 17 ; Antiph. 5, 64. 66 ; Thuc. 5, 9, 
Aeol. eiVao-So) Sapph. 104 : imp. finafrv Her. 4, 133 ; Xen. An. 
i, 6, ii ; PI. Polit. 260; Luc. Hist. 14 (Mss. Vulg. Fritzsche, 
&c.), and #Kaf- Eur. Heracl. 677; Ar. Eccl. 385 ; Thuc. 2, 54. 
6, 92 (Bekk. Popp. Kriig.); Luc. quoted (Dind.): fut. Kao-o> 
Aesch. Eum. 49 ; Paus. 10, 28. 31 ; Luc. Hist. Con. 60 : aor. 
eiKao-a Her. 2, 104 ; Antiph. 5, 65; (Xen.) Apol. 15 ; PI. Meno 
80. Conv. 216; Luc. Char. 19 (Dind.); Soph. El. 662 (Mss. 
Vulg. Hart.), but UK- (Br. Dind. Nauck) ; so Aesch. Ch. 632 
Supp. 288 (Herm. Dind.); Eur. Phoen. 420 (Dind. Kirchh.); 
Ar. Vesp. 1308. Eq. 1076. Nub. 350; Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 



Et KaQ<a Ei'/co). 221 



806 ; Luc. Scyth. 9 (D.) ; opt. KcWais Theogn. 127 : p. ei 
rare (Schol. Ar. Vesp. 151) : p.p. tiiuiapai Her. 2, 182. 3, 28 ; 
Xen. An. 5, 3, 12 (All); fluaa^evos 5, 4, 12 (but JJK- Kiihn. 
Breitb. Shenkl); PI. Crat. 439 ; (Dem.) 61, 24 ; Luc. Alex. 18 
(Vulg. Fritzsche &c.), UK- Ar. Av. 807, <?- Aesch. Ag. 1244. 
Sept. 445 (Herm. Dind.) ; Eur. Phoen. 162 (Pors. Dind. Kirchh. 
Nauck 3 ed., tg-tiK Vulg. Nauck 2 ed.); Ar. Eq. 230 ; Luc. Alex. 
1 8 (Dind.) : pip. eej/ca<rro Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 39: aor. fiKaa-drjv 
Thuc. 6, 31; Xen. Hell. 7, 5, 22 : fut. eucao-^o- /* 01 Ar. Ach. 
782. Mid. aor. eiKaa-avQf, dv- C. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 52. Vb. 
fiKaa-ros Soph. Tr. 699, -tos, air- PL Phaedr. 270. The only 
verb that changes et to y for augment. The compounds avrei- 
Kafo, dntiK- have fut. m. -d<ropai PI. Meno 80 ; Xen. Mem. 3, 
n, i: but fut. act. aTr-eiKao-et Plut. Mor. 1135. Her. Xen. 
Plut. and Luc. (except in Dindorf's ed.) seem never to aug- 
ment this verb ; in Thuc. and Plato the Mss. and edit, vary, 
but the leaning of recent editors, Stallb. excepted, is decidedly 
to augment : the same may be said of the Tragedians and 
Aristoph. 

(EtKcxGu) To yield, sub). ciKada> Soph. Ph. 1352. O. R. 650, 

fiKadrj, Trap- PI. Soph. 254 ; fiKadoifu Ap. Rh. 3, 849, VTT- Soph. 

El. 361 ; PI. Apol. 32 ; -dfaiv Soph. El. 396. Ant. 1096 ; -dda>v 
Tr. 1177, Epic -aOecov, VJT- Opp. Hal. 5, 500 : imp. euca6W Ap. 
Rh. i, 505, inro-tiK- Orph. Arg. 709, which Elms. Dind. and others 
take for 2 aor. t*Ka6ov ; subj. ftVca&a ; inf. fluaOfiv ; eiKa6a>v. 

(EIKU) To be like, appear, imp. tine seemed likely, fitting, II. 18, 
520 (hither some refer eiKtv Ar. Av. 1298, was like, rjKfv Dind. 
4 ed.), see perf. : fut. rare, etw Ar. Nub. 1001 : aor. e'a late 
and rare, part. ei'a? Sopat. Rhet. p. 208 (Walz) : p. eot/ca Od. 
22, 348; Aesch. Ch. 926; Soph. Ph. 317; Eur. Hec. 813; 
Ar. Vesp. 1171 ; PL Apol. 21. Tim. 27, eotucas II. 15, 90; Soph. 
El. 516; Eur. Hel. 793 ; Ar. Vesp. 1309; Her. 3, 71; Xen. 
Cyr. i, 4, 9 ; PL Conv. 215, (outf II. 3, 170 ; Simon. Am. 7, 41 ; 
Pind. I. i, 52; Soph. Ph. 911; Ar. Thesm. 382; Her. i, 39 
(Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Lhardy), see below ; Antiph. 2, /3, 4 ; Andoc. 

1, 137 ; PL Soph. 229, loiKafifv PL Lach. 193, eotVare Xen. Hell. 
,3,8; PL Theaet. 183, eot'/cao-t Heraclit. 2 (Bywater); Andoc. 

2, 15; PL Rep. 5, 84, Poet, eoty/ier, ei'ao-i, e'inrov &c. see below, less 
freq. (flxa), eiKas if correct, Alcm. 76 (Ahrens &c. but cuca? 80 
Bergk &c.), fiietv Ar. Av. 1298 (Br. see pip.), 3 pi. ftfro-i Eur. 
Hel. 497. I. A. 848 ; Ar. Nub. 341. 343. Av. 383 ; Com. Fr. 
{PL) 2, 664. (Eub.) 3, 250; rare in prose, PL Polit. 291. 305. 
Soph. 230; subj. e'otVca Xen. Conv. 6, 9; opt. eoiWjut PL Crat. 
409 ; foiKf'vai Ar. Vesp. 1142. Fr. 526 ; PL Parm. 132. Conv. 215. 



222 f 

Rep. 349. 611 ; Xen. An. 5, 8, 10. Cyr. 5, i, 21, Attic Poet. 
Eur. Fr. 167 (D.); Ar. Nub. 185, irpov- Eur. Bac. 1284; Ar. 
Eccl. 1161 ; e'oiKws II. 17, 323; Hes. Op. 235; Soph. Fr. 682 
(D.); Thuc. 7, 71 ; PI. Rep. 549; Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 7, and ei*ca>s 
II. 21, 254; Aesch. Ag. 760; Soph. Aj. 824. Ph. 1373; Eur. 
Cycl. 376; Ar. Av. 697. Vesp. 1321 ; PI. Leg. 647. Tim. 29, 
Ion. OIKO. Her. 4, 82, -are 5, 20. 7, 162, -ao-i 5, 106 ; OIKW 4, 180 ; 
oiKtos 6, 125 : pip. cam? II. 14, 474; Theocr. 7, 14; (Aeschin.) 
Epist. 10, 10 ; Luc. Nigr. 34, 3 pi. twKto-av Thuc. 7, 75; Xen. 
Hell. 7, 5, 22, foiKfo-av Horn, and only II. 13, 102 (Vulg. Dind. 
La Roche, e'owc- Bekk.), also a>Kfiv, Trpoa-- Anth. 6, 353, Attic rJKftv 
Ar. Av. 1298 quoted above (Dawes, Bergk, Dind. 5 ed.) 
Often impers. eouee, it seems, is fitting, II. i, 119; Soph. O. R. 
962 ; Ar. Plut. 76; Thuc. i, 77, OIKC Her. 5, 97 ; neut. p. euco'y 
fitting, reasonable, Soph. Ant. 724 ; Ar. Pax 736; Thuc. i, 10, 
Ion. OIKOS Her. i, 155 : pip. earn Od. 24, 273. Contracted 
indie, forms dual and plural eoiy^v i pi. perf. for eoiicapcv, Soph. 
Aj. 1239 ; Eur. Heracl. 681. Cycl. 99, 3 pi. 6?ao-i for fi*c-(o-)ao-i, 
Eur. Hel. 497; Ar. Nub. 341. 343. Av. 96. 383; Com. Fr. 
(Plat.) 2, 664 ; rare in prose, PL Polit. 305 &c. quoted, TIKTOV 
3 dual Epic for f'oiKarov, Od. 4, 27 : pip. 3 dual eiKTrjv Epic for 
fa>KfiTr]v, II. i, 104. 23, 379 ; Hes. Sc. 390. 

Similar pass, forms: perf. fj'iai, irpoa-- Eur. Ale. 1063, jjforai 
Nic. Ther. 658 : pip. rj'iKro Od. 20, 31 &c., ZIKTO II. 23, 107, see 

eia-Kco. Part, in Hom. e'oucws II. 2, 2O. 5, 87. 17, 323 &C., eiKto? 

only once, 21, 254, but fem. eiKwa II. 4, 78. 8, 305. Od. 7, 20, 
&c., (loiKvla once, II. 1 8, 418; with the Dramatists tlnus, dufvai 
almost always, but eWs'wu Ar. Vesp. 1142. Fr. 526; eWdres 
Soph. Fr. 682. Buttmann says the exclusive Ionic form is o'<ca, 
OIK&S, OIKOS, and so Dind. and Stein uniformly edit in Her., and 
Bredow, p. 195, approves. This accords with the Mss. in the 
case of the part., but the indie, eowce occurs often without v. r. 
i, 39. 4, 31. 99. 132. 6, 64. 7, i8(Gaisf. Bekk. Lhardy, Krug.), 

eoiKas 3, 71, V. r. $Kas but not pointing to yKas. 

EIKW To yield, give way, II. 12, 48; Tyrt. 12, 42 ; Aesch. Pr. 
320; Her. 2, 80; Thuc. i, 84: imp. flicov Her. 8, 3; Thuc. 3, 
ii : fut. !'< Thuc. i, 141, wo- II. 16, 305, in-- Aesch. Ag. 
1362 ; Her. 7, 160 ; Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 45 : aor. df-a II. 24, 718; 
Eur. Heracl. 367. Hel. 80; Her. 9, 63. 106 ; Thuc. 4, 126; 
Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 8; PI. Phaedr. 254, ?ei- Alcm. 31 (Bergk 3 ed.), 

iter. fl^aa-Kf Od. 5, 332; subj. tigg II. 17, 230; opt. ei'e 22, 

321; imper. eioi> Pind. I. i, 6 : 2 aor. according to some, 

e*Ku8ov Ap. Rh. I, 505; Subj. eucd&a Soph. O. R. 650; -GoifJU. 

Ap. Rh. 3, 849; -Qflv Soph. El. 396; -6e>v Tr. 1177, see eludOn. 



E/X/<r<7W. 223 



Vb. tlKTf'ov late, Philo, but wr- PI. Crito 51. elKuvri Dor. 3 pi. 
subj. for etKoxrt, Thuc. 5, 77. V7m'io has fat. -*ia> Aesch. Ag. 
1362 ; Dem. 15, 24, Epic vnofit-a> II. 15, 211 : and inid. vn-e/^o/iat 

II. I, 294. Od. 12, 117, vno-ei- II. 23, 602 : aor. mid. vnfia>p.ai 

Ap. Rh. 4, 408, has been changed, on probable grounds, to 
act. V7ret'|<u \u] (Gerhard, Wellau. Merk.) The Attics use fut. 
act. alone, simple and comp. ; Horn, has both act. and mid. 
but in- comp. only; i II. 17, 230 (Vind. and old edit.) has 
been altered to subj. ei&j (Ven. Eustath. Heyn. Wolf, Bekk. 
Spitzn. Dind.) 

EiXamra^w To feast, Poet. Od. 2, 57. 17, 536; Opp. Hal. i, 
468. 2, 177. 3, 219; 3 pi. Dor. -afrio-i Pind. P. 10, 40; -dfav 
II. 14, 241 : imp. flKcmivaijov Q. Sm. 6, 179. Only pres. 
and imp. 

ElXe'w, elX- To roll, mostly Epic, II. 2, 294 ; Hippocr. 8, 268 
(Ms. e. Lit.), vvv- Her. 4, 67, nepi- Xen. An. 4, 5, 36, and eiX- 
Pl. Crat. 409; Geop. 12, 39; Ion. pt. eiXeiWa Od. n, 573: 
imp. e'iXfov Od. 22, 460, etX II. 8, 215. Od. 12, 210; Ap. Rh. 

2, 571. 4, 181 (Merk.), eWX- II. 18, 447, e'dX see pip. : fut. late, 
tl\T]<Ta> Anth. 12, 208: and aor. eiXqo-a Dioscor. 5, 102, etX- 
V. T. 4 Reg. 2, 8 ; Geop. 10, 14 ; o-umX^o-as Her. 3, 45 : (p.) : 
pip. >X Pind. P. 4, 233 : p p. late, etX^at, -jjpfvos Lycophr. 
1202, but 077- Her. 2, 141, eV- Artemid. Onir. i, 13, >'Xr?rat 
Hesych. : pip. eiX^ro Joseph. Ant. 12, i, 8, Epic eoX^ro Ap. Rh. 

3, 471; Mosch. i, 74 (Ahr.). 2, 74 (Mein.) : aor. ftX^f, KOT- 
Her. i, 190. 3, 146. 8, 27 ; el\T]6eis Hippocr. 7, 278 (Lit.), but 
^~ 7) 59 2 ; Aristot. Mund. 4, 17 ; Arr. An. 6, 9, (wr- Her. i, 24. 
8, 109, av- Thuc. 7, 8 1 : fat. eZXqdiftrwnu, o-w- Sext. Emp. 256, 6. 
Mid. (or pass.) eiXoC/iai Orph. H. 26, 9 ; Theocr. i, 31 ; Geop. 
i, n, ei\- Ap. Rh. 4, 1271 (Merk.), XeWtu (Luc.) Astrol. 29, 
-eCcrai Opp. Hal. i, 148, -ovvrai, av- Aristot H. A. 9, 40, 57 : 
imp. etXel Ap. Rh. 4, 1067 (Merk.), tX- Mosch. 4, 104, 

cl\evvTo II. 21, 8, eiXe'owo Her. 8, 12, -OVVTO, <rvv- Xen. Hell, 7, 2, 8; 

f&fi>IJi(vos Her. 2, 76, etXov/*- Plut. Brut. 47, X- Luc. Icar. 19. 
D. Mort. 27, 9 : aor. flXfja-avro, V- Q. Sm. 14, 294. See eiXw. 
To this verb Buttmann refers eo'Xet as imp. act. for eiXet, Pind. 
P. 4, 233, and eoX^ro pip. pass, for fi'Xi/ro, Ap. Rh. 3, 47 ij 
Mosch. 2, 74 (Mss. Mein. Ziegl.), v. r. m'oXei, atdX;To. 

ElXio-aa) To roll, Aesch. Pr. 1085; Ar. Ran. 1314; Her. 2,38; 
(Luc.) Asin. 37 (Jacob.), Attic -h rare, av- Com. Fr. (Antid.) 
3, 529; PI. Phil. 15 : fat. tXi'a> Eur. Or. 171: aor. ?Xta Theocr. 
22, 8 1 ; inf. -t'at Eur. Tr. 116; -igas Eur. Ph. 1178, -i'no-<u 
Her. 4, 34: p.p. et\iyp.ai Eur. Fr. 385 (D.): pip. etXi'y/^i/, 3 pi. 
Her. 7, 90, /car- 7, 76 : aor. later, Xix% Hesych. ; et 



224 E?XXw EiV. 



Ap. Rh. 3, 655 : 2 aor. late, eiXryJJwu Malal. p. 47, 17. Mid. 
roll oneself, aor. eiXt^a/zevof Her. 2, 95 (Ms. S.), eW(X- (Bekk. 
Lhardy, Bred. Kriig. Stein), eV-eXi- (Mss. Gaisf. Dind.) 
fiXiynai, -/*r;p may belong to eXtWw. This verb is Poet, Ionic, 
and late prose. The aor. form etXiVay, o-wftXivavra Hippocr. 3, 
148 (Kiihn), has been discarded by Littre' on the best Mss. 
authority for the pres. crweiXtWoira 4, 100, and we expect that 
the same Mss. will enable him to discard o-vmAto-tfeVra 2, 438, 
for -etXix&Wa. They have, we now see, enabled him, but for 
(n>v-ftXT)6fvra 7, 180 (Mss. E. H. K. e. Mack.) See eAWo>, 

EiXXw, eiXX- for eiAcB, To roll, AT. Nub. 761, /- Thuc. 2, 76; 
j?, e- Dem. 37, 35 (Bekk.); dv-eiXXerai PI. Conv. 206; etXAo- 
PI. Tim. 40. 76 &c. etXov^- v. r. See Xa>, iAXo>. 

EiXu<t>du> To whirl up, Epic II. 20, 492 : imp. d\6(f)aov 
intrans. Hes. Sc. 275; also etAw^aeo, trans, and only pres. dXvtya 
(Hesych.); Epic p. elXv(f>6a>v II. u, 156; Hes. Th. 692; dXv- 
<f)tovrcu Hesych. 

EiXuu To roll, envelope, gather up, Arat. Phaen. 432 : imp. 
flXvt (Hesych.): fut. eiXco-w II. 21, 319: aor. tlXvva, HOT- Ap. 
Rh. 3, 206: p.p. etXiF/iat II. 5, 186. Od. 14, 479. Horn. H. 3, 
245, KOT- Her. 2, 8 : pip. tiXUro II. 16, 640: aor. (IXvdrjv, -dels 
rather doubtful, Theocr. 25, 246 (Vulg. Wustm. d\T)6eis Mein. 
Ziegl. Ahr. with Vat. E), e'-Xvo-0etV 24, 17 (Vulg. Mein. 
Wordsw. f-ei\Tj6- Ahr. Ziegl. Fritz.), 8i-fi\v(?d- Ap. Rh. 4, 35 ; 
Nonn. 4, 364. Mid. etXco^ai to move oneself by successive con- 
tractions, crawl, etXvofifvos Soph. Ph. 702 : imp. eiAvd/a^i/ Soph. 
Ph. 291. See f\v<o. (u throughout, except in flXvarm for -vvrai, 
Od. 20, 352, flXvofievatv Com. Fr. (Metag.) 2, 753, and late etXitot 
Arat. Phaen. 432, -vtrai Nic. Alex. 18; but eiXvo-a quoted by 
Buttmann from Athen. 7, 293, has, we think, been given up. 
The latest recension presents d\cs (Pors. emend.) 

(EiXw) To roll up, press together, Epic. (etXo^cu II. 8, 215) : aor. 
eXo-a II. II, 413; Ap. Rh. I, 1247; inf. eXaat II. I, 409. 21, 
225, e'eXo-a* 21, 295; eXo-as Od. 7, 250; Callin. i, ii (Bergk), 

Aeol. eX<ratf Pind. Ol. II, 43 : p.p. eeX/H II. 24, 662; ffXfj.evos 

13, 524. 18, 287 : 2 aor. e'aX^j/ II. 13, 408. 20, 278, and 'a\rjv, 

Epic 3 pi. aXev 22, 12 J aXipai l6, 7M> an( l aXi']fj.(vai l8, 76 J 
aXet's 22, 308: pres. e2Xo'/iiei/off II. 5, 203. 8, 215: 1 aor. rfkffa^r)v 

if correct Simon. Am. 17 (Bergk.) eiXca pres. act. seems not to 
occur : 1 aor. iXa, a-w-elXat (Hesych.) : aXev 3 pi. 2 aor. for 

fd\rjcrav, II. 22. 12, See etAe'w. 

EifxapTdi, see fieipa). 

Elju To be, 11. 16, 722; Pind. N. 5, i ; Soph. O. C. 571; 
Ar. Eq. 34; Her. 6, 86; Antiph. i, n. 4, a, 5; PI. Prot. 317 ; 



Et/x/. 225 

Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 45, e? Aesch. Eum. 722; Soph. O. R. 37 1; 
Ar. Ach. 109; Xen. An. 7, 3, 19; PI. Conv. 173, Ion. tls (ds 
Bekk. La R.) II. 21, 150; Archil. 107; Her. 3, 71, e'<m II. 3, 
60; Hes. Th. 301 ; Thuc. 2, 35, 2 dual eWo'i/ II. i, 259; Eur. 

1. T. 497, 3 dual eWdi/ Aesch. Ch. 207; Thuc. 3, 112, ear^v 
Archil. 59 (elptv Riemer); Aesch. Eum. 416; Ar. Ach. 507; 
Thuc. 3, 14; PI. Rep. 378, eoW II. 2, 301 ; Tyrt. n, i ; Soph. 
O. R. 947; Thuc. 2, 74; PI. Tim. 22, da-i II. 4, 7; Theogn. 
163; Soph. O. C. 472; Ar. Nub. 341; Thuc. 2, 49, eaa-i II. 
10, 165; Xenophan. 7, i; Theogn. 623 &c. ; subj. & Aesch. 
Pers. 692 ; Soph. Tr. 1107 ; Thuc. 4, 126; Xen. Cyr. 8, 7, 27, 
Epic fi, see below; opt. eiV II. 15, 82 ; Hes. Op. 271 ; Soph. 
O. R. 77; Ar. Eccl. 67; PI. Prot. 317 &c., eV* Andoc. 2, 6; 
Lys. i, i, efre Od. 21, 195, 3 pi. (tr)<raif Her. 2, 6; Antiph. 2, a, 
10 ; Thuc. i, 9 ; Xen. An. i, i, 5 ; (Dem.) 47, 36, and > II. 

2, 372; Soph. Ph. 550; Ar. Pax 663; Her. i, 170; Thuc. 3, 
44; PI. Rep. 515; imper. io-0t Theogn. 301 ; Aesch. Ag. 512 ; 
Soph. Ant. 71; Eur. Or. 1327; Isocr. 2, 24; PI. Rep. 336, 
Epic eo-o-o Od. 13, 436 &c., eo-T6>o-ai> Her. i, 147 ; Thuc. 8, 18, 
ZO-TUV Od. i, 273; PI. Rep. 502, see below; inf. elvai II. 2, 82 ; 
Soph. O. C. 60; Ar. Vesp. 82; Thuc. 3, 56; PL Phaed. 76, 
Epic eptvai II. ,3, 42, (*[*- 7, 75, see below; &v Horn. H. 19, 32 ; 
Soph. Aj. 767 ; Ar. Ran. 80; Thuc. 4, 30; Isocr. i, 42, Epic 
to>v II. 3, 46 : imp. i pers. r/v II. 2, 96 ; Soph. Tr. 414 ; Ar. Plut. 
29. 695 ; Antiph. 5, 23 ; PI. Rep. 328, and 9 Aesch. Ag. 1637 ; 
Soph. O. C. 973. O. R. 1123 (Bind. Wund. Nauck) ; Eur. Hec. 
13, 284 (Nauck 3 ed.); Ar. Nub. 530 (Dind. 5 ed.). Av. 97. 
1363 (Mein. Dind. 5ed.); PI. Conv. 173. Phaed. 61, 2 pers. ?js 
(PL) Ax. 365, see below, fada Lys. 7, 20, 3 pers. rjv II. 5, 9 ; 
Soph. Tr. 9; Ar. Eq. 250; Thuc. 2, 3. 4, 84, Epic fov II. n, 
762, 3 sing, erjv 2, 219, Ion. <TKOV II. 7, 153, ferae 16, 147; 
Pind. N. 5, 31 ; Aesch. Pers. 656 (chor.); Her. 6, 133, Dor. 
Tjo-K.* Alcm. 72, 3 pi. eo-<cof 4, 129. 9, 40. Mid. imp. fjprjv rare if 
correct, in classic Attic, i sing. Eur. Hel. 931 (Dind. 4 ed. Pflugk, 
Nauck, &p TIV Mss. Herm. Kirchh. Dind. 5 ed.) ; Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 
9 (Vulg. Poppo, rfv Dind. Saupp.) ; Lys. 7, 34 (Vulg. Bekk. V 
Dobr. B. Saupp. et/u Scheibe); but Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 654; 
Epist. Phal. 1 6 ; Luc. D. Mort. 28, 2 (Jacob. Dind.). D. Mar. 2, 
2 (Jacob. ?iv Dind.); Plut. Mor. 174, 180. 222. 225. Solon 28. 
Alex. 14. Pomp. 74, f/peda N. T. Matth. 23, 30 (best Mss. Tisch. 
Lachm.). Act. 27, 37 (Mss. Lachm. Tisch.), and, if correct, 
Epic eioro Od. 20, 1 06 (Wolf, Dind. flaro Bekk. La Roche) : 
fat. o-o^iat II. 6, 409; Ar. Ran. 500; Her. i, 71; Antiph. 5, 
90; Xen. Cyr. 8, 7, 27, Epic eo-o-- II. 4, 267 ; Pind. P. 3, 108, 

Q 



226 

fcrei Soph. Ant. 86; Ar. Eq. 164, e<ru Theogn. 884; Her. 7, 
14, eo-o- II. 18, 95; Hes. Op. 310, syncop. 3 sing, tWai II. 10, 
41; Her. 8, 65; always in Attic, Soph. O. R. 420; Ar. Ach. 
27 ; Antiph. 1,8; Thuc. 3, 46 ; PI. Prot. 318, Epic eo-erat II. i, 
211. Od. 21, 212, eao-- II. 4, 169; Ap. Rh. 2, 261; Aesch. 
Pers. 121 chor. (Vulg. Well. Herm. aa-erai Burn. Dind. Hart.), 
Epic and Dor. eo-oC- and eVo-od/nat, tarafj Theocr. 10, 5 -*" 
II. 2, 393. 13, 317 ; Hes. Op. 503 ; Theocr. 7, 67, dir-r<r- Od. 

19, 302, Dor. prose eVetrai Stob. (Hippod.) 102, 26, eVowrat 

Thuc. 5, 77; opt. eW/ujv Soph. O. R. 793, -om> Tr. 941 ; Her. 
7, 226; Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 52; MIUVOS 2, 3, 3, Epic eW- II. 3, 
460; Hes. Op. 56 ; co-eadcu Hes. Th. 210; Soph. O. C. 390; 
Ar. Vesp. 400; Her. 7, 219; Antiph. 2, a, 7 ; Xen. An. 7, 7, 

52, Epic eo-o-- II. 15, 292; Pind. Ol. 7, 68. Vt>. eoreos, avv- 

Pl. Prot. 313. 

Imp. mid. ^/UJP seems doubtful in classic authors. Of the 
old Grammarians, some rejected, others received it with a 
caution. It occurs in some Mss. and editions of Soph. Tr. 24. 
Aj. 679, where now stand with general approval IJM V ) w"; so 
in Eur. Hel. 931 (Choerobosc. Etym. Mag. Nauck), But altered to 
Sp' rjv from Mss. by Herm. Kirchh. Paley, W. Dind. 5 ed. ; in Xen. 
Cyr. 6, i, 9, L. Dind. Breitb. and Sauppe read rjv, in Lys. 7, 34, 
Dobree, Bait. Saupp. read eV> Westerm. 9 /x^, Scheibe ei/u; 
and for 3 pi. eiaro Od. 20, 106 (Aristarch. Wolf, Dind.) aro 
they sal, is adopted by Bekker, Ameis, La Roche &c. with 
Herodian. In late authors ^W is not unfrequent, Alciphr. 3, 
13. 54; Long. 4, 28; Luc. D. Mort. 28, 2. (Asin.) 15. 46; 
Plut. Solon 28. Alex. 14. 29. Mor. 174. 180. 222. 225; Ach. 
Tat. 4, i. 5, i (Kerch.), Trap- Long. 2, 5, pi. very rare, see N. 
Test, quoted. In Luc. however, Fritzsche and Dind. often 
challenge it. 

The following are some of the more striking dialectic forms 
and usages: 2 sing, tls (e"s Bekk.) for ei, is Ionic II. 21, 150; 
Her. i, 207, epev for icrpev, Soph. EL 21 (Schneid. &c.) is very 
doubtful, more certain Callim. Fr. 294 ; opt. i pi. elpfv for cii^c? 
is not frequent, Eur. Hipp. 349 (trimet.). Ale. 921 (chor.); PL 
Theaet. 147. Rep. 558. Men. 86, not in Horn., tire Od. 21, 195 ; 
and if correct, Soph. Ant. 215 (D.); Eur. Fr. 781, 56 (D.), 
seems not to occur in prose, but flrjaav and dtv often, tlr/a-civ 
Her. i, 2. 2, 6. 102. 3, 119. 4, 46; Antiph. 3, 8, 6 ; Thuc. 
i, 9. 2, 72. 3, 22. 6, 96; PL Gorg. 492; Xen. An. i, r, 5. 
Conv. 5, 5, fej> II. 2, 372 ; Aesch. Supp. 185; Her. i, 63. 170. 
3, 23. 4, 41 ; Thuc. 3, 44; PL Rep. 515; Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 5, 
for fl^jTtjv dual sometimes fir^v PL Tim. 31. Parm. 149 &c.j 



227 

imper. eara>v 3 pi. less frequent than farraxrav, Od. i, 273 ; PI. 
Leg. 759. Rep. 502; Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 10. 8, 6, n (ea-rtaa-av 
Bornem.), rarely ovrw PL Leg. 879, 3 sing. ^ro> Rep. 361, has 
given way to eorca (Mss. C. Schneid.) or *TO> (Neukirch, Bait. 
Or. W.), it occurs however Hippocr. 8, 340 (Lit. rra> C. H. 6, 
I D. J.); and late Aretae. i, 2, p. 79; V. T. Ps. 103, 31. 
N. T. i Cor. 1 6, 22. Imp. i pers. 9 for fa Soph. O. R. 
H23J.JP1. Phaed. 61 &c. is perhaps old Attic, 2 pers. fc for 
riaBa, seems not Attic, Ar. Nub. 1029 (old edit.); Eur. LA. 
339, have been altered, but later owe ?js (PI.) Ax. 365; (Luc.) 
Amor. 3 (Dind. &c.), dual TJVTOV PI. Euthyd. 294 (Bekk. -arrjv 
Bait.), fjvTTjv II. 5, 10 ; Hes. Sc. 50; Eur. Hipp. 387; Ar. Av. 

19. Eq. 983; Isae. 6, 6; PI. Phaedr. 273. Euthyd. 271, rarely 
frov Farm. 143, ttnjv, v. r. TJTTJV, Phil. 41. Soph. 243, but plur. 
almost always ^re II. 16, 557; Aesch. Ag. 542; PI. Euthyd. 
276, Ar. however has ^ore Pax 821. Eccl. 1086 (Dind. Bekk. 
Mein.), Trap- PI. Conv. 176, 3 pi. fy Hes. Th. 321; Poet 
ap. Aeschin. 3, 184; Soph. Tr. 520 (chor.); Ar. Lys. 1260 
(chor.), ev- Eur. Ion 1146 (Xen. An. i, 5, 7. Hell. 3, i, 7. 
7, 5, 17 &c. no proof), 9 Pind. P. 4, 57 ?; rjv always before its 
nom. 

Chiefly Homeric and Ionic forms: 2 sing. eWi II. r, 176, 
and fis 19, 217; Archil. 107; Her. i, 207. 3, 71. 4, 80 &c. 
occasionally ei 3, 140 (Bekk. Dind., tts Stein, Abicht). 142 
(Bekk. Dietsch, fis Dind. Stein, Abicht), i pi. elfuv II. 8, 234; 
Hes. Sc. 351 ; Her. 7, 9. 9, 46, 3 pi. eto-iV II. 20, 183, and eaa-iv 

1, 73; Hes. Th. 95; Xenophanes 7 (B); subj. o Od. 9, 18, 
nap- Her. 4, 98, e?a>, fifT- II. 23, 47, y<riv 19, 202; Hes. Op. 
294, ? S (7i II. 2, 366, /i- 3, 109, fr, 12, 300, y Her. 4, 66, 3 pi. 
am Od. 24, 491, usu. fua-iv II. 9, 140. Od. 23, 119; so Her. 2, 
39. 4, 66 &c. but wo-t 2, 89 (Mss. Bekk. Gaisf. ewo-i Dind. Bred. 
Stein); opt. flijv II. 13, 826, -rjs 9, 57, -qo-da Theogn. 715, also 
fois II. 9, 284, eoi 14, 333, once Her. eWot 7, 6, 2 pi. re Od. 
21, 195; Soph. Ant. 215 (D.), tlfv II. 2, 372; Her. i, 63. 170 
&c. and tlijvav i, 2. 2, 102. 4, 46 &c. both also Attic; imper. 

fff<T for eero-o, Od. I, 302, eo-o Plut. (Apophth. Lac.) 241, eo-rtu 

II. 22, 244; Hes. Op. 306, dual eorwi/ i, 338, pi. Od. i, 273; 
inf. ffjitvai II. 8, 193, ffin- 2, 249; Hes. Th. 610 (Sapph. 136; 
Pind. Ol. i, 32 Bergk), e^fv II. 19, 22 ; Hes. Th. 500, >/*- Sapph. 

2, 2 ; Pind. Ol. 5', 16; Soph. Ant. 623 (chor.), elvai II. 21, 187 ; 
part in Horn. la>v II. 4, 231; Hes. Op. 514; Her. i, 26. 2, 

20, e'oCo-a II. 3, 159, tov II, 637 &C. Imp. r/a II. 5, 808. Od. IO, 

156, fa II. 4, 321 ; Her. 2, 19, apostr. ?' Od. 14, 222, fas Her. i, 
187, ewll. ii, 762 (fi)v i pers. is now dropped). 23, 643, fada 23, 

Q 2 



228 

604; Theogn. 1314 (Dem. 18, 180. 45, 82), t^ada II. 22, 435; 
Hes. Op. 314, 3 pers. fr II. 4, 22 ; Her. 2, 102, e^ II. 12, 10. 24, 
426; Hes. Th. 58; Her. 7, 143 &c. (Gaisf. but never Bekk.), 
r\tv II. 12, 9 ; Hes. Sc. 15, v 1 ?" H- H, 808. Od. 23, 316, 2 pi. fare 
Her. 4, 119. 5, 92 (tcurav, trepi- 9, 31 Gaisf. nepi-qcrav Bekk. 
Matth. Dind. Stein), r\aav II. 3, 15 ; Hes. Th. 142 ; Her. i, 13 &c. 
(Gaisf. Stein, earav Bekk. Dind.), e<rav II. 4, 438 ; Hes. Th. 586 ; 
Find. Ol. 2, 9. N. 9, 14; Her. 7, 219. 9, 16 (Bekk. Dind. 90-- 
Gaisf. Stein), eW<u/ Find. N. 9, 17, iter. fvnov II. 7, 153, nw 
3, 1 80, e<r/H> Her. 9, 40. Imp. mid. rj^v rare, if correct, 
3 pi. flaro Od. 20, 1 06 (Aristarch. Vulg. Dind. elaro Herodn. Bekk. 
Buttm. La R.): fut. ea-opai II. 6, 409, eW- 4, 267, eo-eat 9, 605; Her. 

8, 62, ecrerai II. 14, 480, eW- 4, 164, and ecrrai 4, 14 &C. even 
cWcirot 2, 393. 13, 317, an- Od. 19, 302, which (with ccro-ovpai) 

is elsewhere Doric. t 

Doric forms : i pers. e/i/u' Theocr. 20, 32, rather Aeol. Sapph. 
2, 15, (for Epicharm. 19, and Find. N. 5, i &c. use dpi only), 
2 pers. fo-o-i Epicharm. 130 (4W' 125 Ahr.) ; Find. Ol. 6, 90. 
N. 10, 80; Theocr. 7, 43, 3 pers. eWi Theocr. i, 17; Mosch. 
5, 3 (Vulg. Mein. eWi Mss. A. B. &c. Ahr. Ziegl.), pi. ei> 
Theocr. 15, 73, foes Cant. Lacon. Plut. Lycurg. 21, 16 (Bekk. 
Sint.); Theocr. 14, 29, Find, dpev P. 3, 60; Cant. Lacon. Plut. 
Lycurg. 21, 14, em Epicharm. 27. 92 &c. ; Sophr. 52 ; Find. N. 
i, 24; Theocr. n, 45; Ar. Ach. 902; Thuc. 5, 77; inf. foev 
Heracl. et Cret. Tit 2555. 2558 &c. ; Ar. Ach. 741 (Vulg. 
Dind. 4 ed.); Lacon. Decree Thuc. 5, 77 (some Mss. Ahr.); 
Theocr. 14, 6 (Ziegl. Fritz.), and fl^fv Epicharm. 97; Lacon. 
Tit. 1335; Ar. Ach. 741. 771 Dind. 5 ed.); Arg. Treaty 
Thuc. 5, 77. 79 (Bekk. Kriig.); Theocf. 4, 9 (Ahr. Mein. 
Fritz.), also rjp fs Theocr. 14, 6 (Mein.), but condemned by 
Ahrens as an incorrect form of inf., and displaced by fofv or 
dpfv 7, 129. 8, 73. n, 79. 13, 3, jfricvai, /*- Ar. Ach. 775, but 
Ahrens doubts whether this be Doric. The reading is certainly 
. well supported, but, besides being unusual in Doric, it is made 
rather suspicious by the short form fofv, elptv being twice used 
by the same speaker 741. 771 ; Ahrens suggests elpev, av; Find, 
has ffipfv P. 6, 42; Sapph. 34 (Bergk); so Soph. Ant. 623 
(chor.), etp-fiv Rhod. Inscr. 2905, e/xei/ Cret. 3058; part, lav 
and a>v, fern, ovo-a, tova-a Delph. Inscr. 1705, eolo-a Find. P. 4, 
265; Theocr. 2, 64, fvva 2, 76 (Sapph. 27 Ahr. ea-a-a Bergk), 
irap-evo-as 5, 26, e'aaa Tim. Locr. 96. Ahrens, Meineke, and 
Ziegler formerly condemned the contr. masc. form, evvra 
Theocr. 2, 3, and approved the restitution of ftapwevvra for 
vv evvra (Mss. Reiske), but in their last editions they have 



229 

adopted cvvra. A rare form evres occurs Tab. Heracl. i, 56, 
dat. eirao-o-i 69, 130, gen. jrap-tvTvv Alcm. 57 (Bergk, 64, 3 ed.) 
' not from a noun els,' says Ahrens, ' but probably from ea>v, 
epros &c. after the analogy of KVUV, KVVOS : ' imp. (rjv, faQa 
common), doubtful eiyr Theocr. 19, 8 (Vulg.), 3 sing, fr Theocr. 
2, 90. 92. 124. 5, 10. 7, i, and r\v 2, 78. 4, 49. 20, 37 &c. Bion 
8, 2. 7 (Mein. Ziegl.) ; Mosch. 2, 24. 50 ; so Find. I. i, 26. 
2, 37. Ol. 8, 19 &c. 

Etfu /^v, usu. as fut. shall go, II. 3, 410; Theogn. 1203; 
Aesch. Sept. 672. 700; Soph. Ph. 461; Ar. Pax 232 ; Antiph. 
5, 62 ; Thuc. 2, 36, els Hes. Op. 208, ela-da II. 10, 450. Od. 19, 
69, Attic el Soph. Tr. 83 ; Ar. Av. 990, but Sv-ei H. Cer. 403, 
o-t II. 13, 796; Hes. Th. 972; Soph. O. R. 1458: Ar. Eccl. 
933 ; PI. Rep. 520, irpov- Thuc. 4, 85, l^ev II. 17, 155; Aesch. 
Sept. 1068; Eur. Bac. 841: Ar. Vesp. 1250; Her. 9, 42; 
Thuc. i, 82, Ire i, 40, lafftv II. 16, 160; Ar. Eccl. 615; Xen. 
Cyr. 8, 6, 2 ; PI. Conv. 174, an- Her. 8, 60, en- Thuc. 4, 61 ; 
subj. To) II. 18, 188; Theogn. 912; Soph. Ant. 315; Ar. Ran. 
291 ; PI. Conv. 174, en- Thuc. 4, 85, Igs II. 24, 295 ; Eur. Ion 
1603; Ar. Av. 634, *Tj(r0a II. 10, 67, 117 Od. 8, 395; Thuc. 6, 
79; PL Leg. 909 &c. Epic, tyo-i II. 9, 701; "u>nev Batr. 280; 
Thuc. 6, 18; PI. Rep. 543, Epic to/wi/ II. 10, 126. Od. 23, 83 
and always Horn.; Solon 2, 5, irjre Xen. An. 7, 3, 4, icoo-t II. 12, 
239; Antiph. 5, n; Thuc. 4, 42; opt. ?oi/u Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, I 
(Vulg. Popp. Dind.), eneg- Antiph. I, n, and loirjv Xen. Conv. 
4, 16, &e- Isocr. 5, 98. 6, 42, iot II. 14, 21; PL Rep. 415; 
Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 27, loipev, Trap- Ar. Lys. 151, irpov- 153, louv 
Thuc. 7, 80; PL Rep. 360 &c., Epic 3 sing, lety II. 19, 209, 
and elrj 24, 139; Wi II. 3, 130; Aesch. Pers. 1038; Ar. Eq. 
105; Her. 7, 234. 8, 57; PL Soph. 237, 1 II. 12, 362 ; Soph. 
Ph. 120 ; PL Leg. 764, Ire 797 ; Uvai II. 16, 87 ; Theogn. 352 ; 
Hes. Sc.-4o; (in Trag. ?); Ar. Av. 188; Her. 6, 134; Thuc. 7, 
74; PL Conv. 174; l&v II. 7, 46; Soph. O. C. 618; Ar. Vesp. 
99; Antiph. 2, /3, 3; PL Euth. 273; Isocr. 4, 67: imp. # 
i pers. rare, Luc. Herm. 25, irpoa- Xen. Oec. 6, 15; PL Lys. 
206; Dem. 34, 12, an- 45, 6 &c. fieis, nepi- Aeschin. 3, 164, 
fjeurda, Si- PL Tim. 26, yet II. io, 286. Od. 8, 290; Thuc. 3, 
93 ; Andoc. i, 36 ; PL Phaedr. 228, fare, <?- Andoc. 2, 8, and rja 
PL Apol. 21. Charm. 153; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 10. 12, jfc IL 12, 
371, Epic and Ion. rfia only i and 3 sing, and pi. Od. 4, 433; 
Her. i, in. 4, 82, -ie II. 13, 602. Od. 8, 457 ; Her. i, 119. 2, 
26. 5, 51 &c. -ta-av II. 17, 495. Od. 20, 7; Her. i, 43. 2, 30 
(Bekk.), see below : fut. Epic eio-o/wu II. 14, 8. 24, 462 : aor. 

Epic ela-df^rjv II. 5, 538, etur- 15, 415. 544. Od. 22, 89. Vb. 



230 

tro's Her. (orac.) 7, 140 ; Anth. 7, 480 (Lehrs), fg-iris Hes. Th. 
732, Svo-Trpdo-iror Eur. I. A. 345, M-CO? Thuc. 8, 2 ; PI. Rep. 394, 
iTTjTtos Ar. Nub. 131, Trap- Thuc. i, 72. See ?^a. 

The following are some of the more peculiar forms and usages: 
fls for ei perhaps does not occur in Attic, fieri as 3 pi. in old ed. 
Hes. Sc. 113, and Theogn. 716, has been altered to etVt; Dor.subj. 
eta) Sophr. Fr. 2 (Ahr.) ; the opt. form lofyv seems in this verb very 
much confined to I pers., having 3 ?oi PI. Tim. 78. Phaed. 65. 
Some maintain that in this, and contracted verbs, -ofyv alone 
was used in Attic prose to which we demur ; imper. t for Wi 
in comp. only and poetic, egei &c. Ar. Nub. 633, is perhaps the 
pres. as an imperat. fut., 3 pi. lovrcav Thuc. 4, 118; Xen. An. i, 
4, 8 ; PI. Leg. 956, and i'rwo-ai/ Eur. I. T. 1480; PI. Leg. 765, 
e7re|- 873, fnav- Xen. Ven. 4, 5, rarely *T>V Aesch. Eum. 32 : 
the imp. form jja is perhaps old Attic, PI. Theaet. 180. Rep. 
449; Dem. 45, 17, for 2 pers. jfew PI. has fitio-da, fit- Tim. 26, 
eVf|- Euthyphr. 4, and for 3 pers. $ he has jjeiv Criti. 117. Tim. 
38, and an- even before a consonant 76 ; dual JITTJV PI. Euthyd. 
294 ; pi. rjfJLtv, fire (are more frequent than j?/i, etr6 ), W fv Eur. 
Andr. 1102; Ar. Plut. 659; PI. Rep. 328; Isae. 10, 18, 77/300-- 
Dem. 19, 17. 56, n, 171-6 Xen. An. 7, 7, 6, irpoo-- Eur. Cycl. 40, 
e'- Dem. 23, 209 &c. indeed the full forms seem doubtful, yfipfv 
PI. Phaed. 59 (Ms.E.Steph. etV- Ms. Bodl. Herm.-flp.6i> Mss. Heind. 
Schanz &c.), e|- Aeschin. 2, 97, Trap- 2, 108 (Vulg. -fjpfv Franke), 
rjfire, air- Andoc. i, 66, e'- 2, 8, 6ttr- Aeschin. 3, 140 (Vulg. -rjrc 
Franke &c.), fifo-av Xenophan. 3, 3 (fjia-av Renner), fjvav 
Archil. 8 1 (Mein. Bergk), TT- Od. 19, 445, /*- Ar. Eq. 605, 
fla-- Com. Fr. (Callias) 2, 740 (yo-av Her. 2, 163, Schweig. Gaisf. 
rjurav Bekk. Dind.), but in Mss. and our editions of Attic prose 
authors almost always fevav Thuc. 2, 3. 3, 22. 5, 17 ; Xen. Hell. 
3, 2, 26. An. 6, i, ii. Cyr. 4, 5, 55. Athen. i, 18; PI. Rep. 
600. Lys. 206; Dem. 57, 15. 59, 48, oV- Aeschin. 2, in. 3, 
76; Dem. 19, 154, iTporr- 21, 23, (rvv- 23, 39 &c. all those 
.however and all others, W. and L. Dindorf, Cobet, Voemel, 

Franke, &C. write, Or would write fj<rav, dir-fja-av, 7rpoa--f)crav, <ruv- 

fjarav as the genuine Attic form and say that though nearly 
obliterated by ignorant copyists, this form still occasionally 
shews in the best Mss. Under jtap^a-av, for instance, Dem. i, 8, 
lurks, they allege, napf/a-ov, and so now they edit. If rjav was not 
employed in, it seems to have at least partially followed, the 
inflection of the pluperf. fi((i)<rai> would appear to be its 
legitimate 3 pi., and the mistake, if mistake it be, of retaining t, 
appears as easily made and as great as our moved for mov'd, 
loved for lov'd, and fixed for fix'd, fixt. Judging from appearances 



231 

one would be apt to suppose that the lonians said (tjifo-av) ffio-av, 
Poet, yo-av, the Attics (jyeurai'), rjeaav, Poet, and perhaps occa- 
sionally in prose rj<rai>. 

In Horn. 2 sing, dcrda II. 10, 450. Od. 19, 69; subj. lyvOa 
II. 10, 67, 3 pers. lya-iv 9, 7 OI > ?! ' O f" for -/>, 2, 440 ; opt. 
toi 14, 21, leir) 19, 209, and e7 24, 139. Od. 14, 496; inf. livat 
II. 1 6, 87 &c. tfifvai II. 20, 32 (Dind. La Roche). Od. 2, 298 
(Bind! Kayser, tcwu Bekk.), Od. 8, 287, t/i/*- II. 20, 365 (Bekk.), 
Ifjifv II. 10, 32 &c. ; Pind. Ol. 6, 63 (rare ie/ui> Dor. Stob. 
(Archyt.) i, 71), rare tvtu (i) Strab. (Orac.) 9, 2, 23 (Kram.), e- 
Athen. (Machon) 13, 43: imp. ijia Od. 10, 309; Her. 4, 82 
(Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 1 1 Popp. ya Born. Dind.), and ijiov Luc. D. Syr. 
25, dv- Od. 10, 146, rjif II. 7, 213; Her. 2, 26, r/e II. 12, 371, 
Kai--7/e Hes. Sc. 254 (Ranke, Flach, Rzach, -fie Vulg. Goettl. 
Schoem. Mss. differ), fai II. 13, 247. Od. 8, 290, and often lev as 
aor. II. 2, 872. Od. 16, 41. 155, 3 dual ITOV Hes. Op. 199, "irrjv II. 
i, 347 ; so Hes. quoted (Lehrs, Koechl.), pL fiontv Od. n, 22, 
fjio-av II. 10, 197 ; Her. i, 43; Hippocr. 3, 212 (Soph. Tr. 514 
chor. Br. Erf., i<ra/ Herm. Dind. &c.), ya-av Her. 2, 163 (Schweigh. 
Gaisf. TJKTCLV Bekk. Dind. Stein and always in Her., never yaav 
or yea-av), eV- Od. 19, 445, per- Ar. Eq. 605, V- Com. Fr. 2, 740, 
fo-ai/ II. 3, 8; Hes. Th. 68; Soph. Tr. 514 (chor.); Eur. Bac. 
421 chor. (Dind. 2 ed. Paley, ura 8" Kirchh. Nauck, Dind. 5 
ed.), and rjioi>, av- Od. 10, 446, IK- in tmesi 23, 370. 

In Attic, flfjii has almost always the sense of fut. eXevo-o/itu 
ivill go, Aesch. Pr. 325 ; Thuc. 2, 36, also Her. an-iavi 8, 60, 
even with orrcay, as OTTCBJ eneiffi Thuc. 6, 1 8, (l<r- Xen. An. 7, 3, 34 ; 
so opt. iWi/, an-- Xen. Hell. 5, i, 34 ; also part, lovrts Thuc. 6, 
63, e'- Xen. Hell. 7, 5, 2 ; inf. JeW vn-f- PI. Phaed. 103, but 
the moods are perhaps used oftener as pres. or aor. Even the 
pres. enlaa-iv seems to have a pres. meaning Thuc. 4, 61, o-i 
doubtful in Aesch. Sept. 373 (Herm. Hart, eh POTS. Blomf. Linw. 
&O-T Dind. 5 ed.), more certain in late prose, <rvviao-i Strab. 3, 2, 
2 &c. This Attic usage of pres. for fut. or pres. in a fut. sense, 
is no more marvellous than our own, / go lo-morrow by the 
coach, he comes on Friday week. Horn, uses pres. both as pres. 
and fut., as pres. II. 2, 87. Od. 4, 401, as fut. II. i, 426. Od. 
17, 277. 

(EiTTw) CTTOJ To say, pres. late Epic enova-i Nic. Ther. 508. 738. 
Alex. 429. 490: 2 aor. elirov Od. 6, 223; Aesch. Eum. 638; 
Soph. Ant. 755; Ar. Ach. 579; Her. 8, 26; Antiph. 6, 23; 
Thuc. 3, 71 ; PI. Rep. 331, tints Od. 4, 204 (Wolf. Bekk. Dind. 
see below): Ar. Fr. 476 (D.); PL Euthyph. n. 14. Rep. 338. 
Phaedr. 275 &c.; Dem. 18, 197 (Bekk. Dind. 1 ) ; Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 



232 

1 6 (Popp. Breitb. Hertl. 2 ed. &c. -as Dind. now, Saupp. Hertl. 
3 ed.), eirre II. 4, 22 ; Aesch. Ag. 1 25 ; Ar. Vesp. 44 ; PI. Phaed. 59 
&c. Epic, efinov only indie. II. 10, 445, eer II. i, 552. 4, 25. 

Od. 17, 406, eeiTre II. 15, 185; Find. Ol. 4, 25, eeiTrov, Trpoo-- 

Hes. Th. 749, iter etnea-Kov II. 3, 297; eiTrwIl. 9, 26; Aesch. 
Ch. 88; Soph. O. R. 329; Ar. Eq. 142 ; Her. 2, 105; Antiph. 
5, 5; Andoc. i, 51; PI. Rep. 337, Epic TT&>/ Od. 22, 392, 

-yo-ffa II. 2O, 250. Od. II, 224, -770-1 II. 7, 87; eirroifu Od. 22, 

262 ; Pind. N. 6, 65 (Vulg.); Soph. El. 413; Ar. Eq. 18; PI. 
Rep. 400, -ots II. n, 791; Hes. Op. 721; Aesch. Ch. 847; 
Ar. Thesm. 549; PI. Phil. 23, -ot II. 17, 260; Ar. Av. 180; 
Antiph. 5, 50, -ot/wj/ PI. Rep. 398, -on-e Aeschin. i, 74, -oiev PI. 
Leg. 709; imper. cme II. 10, 384; Pind. P. 4, 100; Aesch. Ag. 
121 ; Soph. Ant. 446; Eur. Hec. 986, and always in Tragedy; 
Ar. Ran. 39; Her. 5, m; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 13, eiVeYo> PI. 
Phaedr. 273. Lach. 194, irpo- Hippocr. 4, 376 (Lit.), dual flnfrov 
PL Protag. 330. Euthyd. 296, and -err^v Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 42; PI. 
Conv. 189, -tTov (Bekk.), pi. etn-erf rare, we know only PI. Prot. 
357, but Epic eo-Trert II. n, 218. 16, 112; Com. Fr. (Herm.) 2, 
407 (hexam.) ; direlv II. 9, 102; Pind. Ol. i, 52; Aesch. Ag. 
367 ; Soph. O. R. 361 ; Ar. Eq. 608 ; Her. i, 61. 2, 91 (Gaisf. 
Bekk.); Thuc. 4, 22, and always in Attic prose, Epic flirtptvai 
II- 7> 375 J Solon 22, flirep*v II. 9, 688, Aeol. fijnjv Alcae. 50; 
Sapph. 28; flirwv II. 7, i ; Soph. O. C. 759; Ar. Plut. 670; 
Her. i, 27 (Bekk. Gaisf. Stein, -at Dind.); Antiph. 5, 75; 
Thuc. 2, 72 ; Isocr. 18, 2; PL Phil. 38, and perhaps always in 
classic Attic prose: 1 aor. fl-na Her. 4, 44. 7, n; Anth. 12, 
130; rare in Attic, Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 383. Philem. 4, 52. 
(Athen.) 4, 558. (Euang.) 4, 572 ; Xen. Mem. 2, 2, 8 ; (Dem.) 
47, 41 ; Polyb. 18, 7 (Bekk.), irpoo-- Eur. Cycl. 101, etnas II. I, 
106. 108 (Heyn. Bekk. Dind. La R. with Aristarch.); Her. 7, 
234; often in Attic, Aesch. Pr. 773. Pers. 798; Soph. Ph. 27. 
Aj. 1127. El. 407; Eur. Phoen. 915; Ar. Pax 131. Ach. 580. 
Ly s - 595; Xen. An. 2, 5, 23 (Kriig. Dind.). Conv. 4, 56. Oec. 
19, 14 ; Aeschin. 3, 163, Poet. eWa Emped. 75 (Stein) ; Pind. N. 
9, 33 ; Theocr. 22, 153 (Mein. Wordsw. Arir.), -iras (not now in 
Horn.); Ap. Rh. 3, 1106 &c. pi. ewra/xei/ rare, Ar. Eccl. 75 (Ms. 
R.Vulg. Bekk.Bergk,-o/iei/ Mss. Dind. Mein.); Aristot. Nat. Ausc. 
3, 2, 3. Top. 8, 10, 6 (v. r. -o/iei/). Eth. N. i, n, 9. 12. 3 (Bekk., 
now -ofjiev 3 edit.), curare rare and late in simple, Dio Cass. 59, 16 ; 
V. T. Gen. 44, 28. Esai. 28, 15, rare in comp. rrpo- Dem. 18, 
80, TT/JOCT- App. Civ. 4, 10, a-w- Aristid. 37 (471), fl-rrav Her. i, 
1 20. 4, 158. 5, i. 1 8. 7, 27 &c. ; rare, if certain, in Attic, Xen. 
Conv. 3, 2 (-ov Born. Dind. Saupp.). Hell. 3, 5, 24. 7, 4, 4, 



Enrw. 233 

-- 4, i, 31 (Breitenb. Saupp. but Dind. now -ov 3 edit.); 
Aristot. Eth. Eud. 7, 13, air- Dio. Hal. n, 41, efnrav Hes. Th. 
24 (Goettl. Flach, v. r. -ov Koechly, Schoem.), late form ewroo-av 
V. T. Ruth 4, 1 1 ; subj. fwrw as above ; opt. rare turaifu, (man 
if correct, Theocr. 15, 25 (Toup. Mein. Ahr. -ts Ziegl. Fritz.), 
tinai Her. 3, 6. 4, 155. 9, 71 &c. (always Dind., diroi always Mss. 
Gaisf. Bekk. Stein), tiirtuv (Dem.) 59, 70 (Bekk. B. Saupp. ewrot 
Dind.), eiirainev PI. Soph. 240, -ot/zev (Steph.), -aiei> (Dem.) 53, 
24 (Bekk. B. Saupp. -ouv Dind.) ; imper. elirov others dirov 
Simon. (C.) 154 (B.) ; Pind. Ol. 6, 92 ; Theocr. 14, n ; Com. 
Fr. (Men.) 4, 297. (Euphr.) 4, 489. (Nicol.) 4, 579 ; Xen. Mem. 
3, 6, 3; PL Men. 71, eiirara> Ar. Pax 660; Lys. 8, 3; Isae. n, 
3; PI. Phil. 60; Xen. Athen. 3, 6; Dem. 20, 113, dual (iirarov 
Ar. Av. 107. Ran. 1379; PI. Euthyd. 294, pi. flnare Od. 3, 427. 
21, 198; Hes. Th. 108; Soph. O. C. 1115; Ar. Ach. 540; 
Thuc. 5, 85; Xen. An. 2, i, 21 ; PI. Lach. 187 ; Aeschin. i, 
70; Dinarch. i, 43, late eiVaroxrai/ V. T. Ps. 39, 17; N. T. Act. 
24, 20; Sext. Empir. 63, 26. 120, 10. 139, 29; Galen i, 133; 
inf. fwrai Ion. Her. i, 57. 3, 63. 4, 134. 6, 61 &c. ; ein-as Her. 

1, 41. 3, 36. 65. 4, 98. 5, 20 &c. ; Hippocr. 6, 170, rare and 
perhaps late in Attic, Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 14 ; Aristot. Top. 

2, 2, 2. 4, 6, 12. 5, 2, 10 &c. ; Theophr. Char. 7 (Foss) ; (Dem.) 
59, 5, avr- 59, 27, Trpoo-- 50, 60 (Bekk. B. Saupp. -a>v Dind.), 
vpo- Com. Fr. (Dionys.) 3, 547, Dor. dnais Pind. Ol. 8, 46. 
Mid. pres. tWo/tuu late, Or. Sib. 2, 4 : 1 aor. (euro/iT??) in tmesi, 
an-6 8' eiTrao Callim. Dian. 174? Ar-6nHt> Her. i, 205, -ap.fffa 9, 7, 

-euro 6, lOO; -eiVrafr&u I, 59 J -eiirdfievos 4, 125. 5, 56; Anth. 

(Alcid.) 5, 233. (P. Sil.) 234; and later Attic prose, dir-fiTraro 
Ael. V. H. 2, 42 ; Plut. Them. 23, -e'nraa-de Luc. D. Mort. 29 ; 
Aristid. 33, 415 (D.); -dfievos (Aeschin.) Epist. 10, 8; Arr. An. 
3 5> 2 > -einavOcu. Aristot. Eth. N. 8, 1 6, 4; App. Civ. 3, n; 
Polyb. 23, 9, 8itn- Aristot. Oec. 2, 30, wvfur- Dio. Hal. Ant. 
5, 48. 51. We however know no instance of this aor. mid. in 
classic Attic, and therefore demur to the soundness of Thorn. 
Magister's doctrine ' antmdiujv /cdXXtoi/ fj dnelirov.' The assertion 
of Matthiae, likewise, 'that the Attics have derived from (ma 
a 1 aor. mid. dnenrdnriv' should have been qualified by later, less 
pure, or some such expression : 2 aor. aTr-dTrecrdai occurs Joseph. 
Ant. 17, 3, i (Bekk.), the only instance we know. 

i pers. (lira is rare in Attic, etn-as freq., but disputed in Horn. 
Wolf, with Schol. Ven. B., adopted dms for -as, II. i, 106. 108, 
and Spitzn. has followed him. Bekk. however, Heyne, Voss, 
and Dind. retain with Aristarch. eliras. Indeed, always in II. and 
Od. Bekk. edits diras, except -es Od. 4, 204 ; Dind., again, has 



234 "EipydQw 



II. 24, 744, and always in Od. except -a? 22, 46 ; La 
Roche fin-ar always except dires II. 24, 744, i pi. flna^tv rare, see 
Ar. &c. quoted above, 3 pi. flnav in Attic, is, if correct, con- 
fined to Xen. Bornemann decidedly approves and edits -ov, 
and so now L. Dind. (3 edit.) ; opt. tiTra^i &c. is very rare in 
Attic, so rare as to appear doubtful, and, if we may credit the 
Mss., never even in Herodotus, see above ; the imperat. forms, 
again, 7rar<a, tiTrarov, etTrare are more used by the Attics than 
the corresponding forms of the 2 aor. ; inf. eiirrai is not in Attic ; 
part, tliras occasionally in later Com. poetry, but scarcely, if 
ever, in classic Attic prose. Kiihner (Xen. Mem. 2, 2, 8) says 
* the Attics avoided i pi. ein-a/iej/, but used freely flirart.' Bekk. 
and Bergk have edited i pers., Ar. quoted above, and Aristot. 
Eth. Nic. i, ii, 12. De An. 2, n, 12, but ("irrare indie, in simple, 
we should be glad to see in any classic writer. It occurs laie 
certainly, V. T. Gen. 44, 28. Jer. 36, 15 ; Dio Cass. 59, 16, see 
above, but in classic Greek twice only, we think, and in comp. 
npo- Dem. 18, 80. As imperative however it is frequent in the 
classical period, tin-are Od. Soph. Thuc. PL quoted above, Ar. 
Lys. 1075, 7T/700-- Pax 581. Ach. 891 ; Eur. Hipp. 1099. Ale. 610. 
Med. 895. Aeol. inf. flnrjv Alcae. 50, digamm. pdTnjv 55 
(Bergk, 45 Ahrens); see eiWa? II. i, 106, Fflnas i, 108 (Bekk.) 
With classical writers, the pres. is supplied by <^i?/*(, Xe'y* &c. 
the other parts by f1pa (p'a>), fpu>, ftpyKa, ttp^nt, tppfjdrjv, Ion. 
dpedtjv, rare eppfdrjv, TTpo- Hippocr. 5, 196 (Littre"), fut. pr)df)<rop.at t 

3 fut. el[>i]CTOfj.ai. 

(EipydOw) To shut out, -ddnv Soph. El. 1271; Eur. Phoen. 
JI75> arr-ftpyddrj Soph. O. C. 862: imp. epyudov II. II, 437, 
ffpy- 5> 147- Mid. as act. flpyddov, KCIT- Aesch. Eum. 566. 
Some hold these to be 2 aor. act. and mid. and accent flpyadflv, 
Kartipyadov (Dind. &c.) A Poet, lengthened form for eipyu>. 

El'pyw To shut in, Theogn. 710 (Mss. but tlpy- Ms. O, Bergk, 
Ziegl.); Antiph. 3, 2. 6, 46 (Bait. Saupp. dpy- Blass); Thuc. 3, 
18 (Mss. P. Bekk. Kriig. dpy- Popp.), Kad- Luc. Amor. 39 ; Dio 
Hal. n, 55, (Ipyvvm, Kad- PL Tim. 45 (-vrat Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 
2, 63), and flpyvva> Andoc. 4, 27: fut. ei/>w Eur. Elec. 1255 ; 
Thuc. 8, 74 (Bekk.) ; Dio. Cass. 39, 33 (Bekk. -car- L. Dind.) : 
aor. (Ipga Eur. Bac. 443; Ar. Ach. 330; Antiph. 3, y, n; 
Thuc. 8, 92 (Bekk.); Dem. (12, 2). 21, 147, Kad- 3, 31. 18, 97, 
avyKaQ- Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 36: p.p. dpynai, -was Ar. Av. 1085; 
Xen. Hell. 5, 2, 31, Kad- 3, 2, 3, avyKaO- Aeschin. i, 182 : pip. 
flpKTo Nic. Damasc. Fr. 8 (L. Dind.), Kad- Anth. Plan. 5, 384 : 
aor. ("ipxdrjv, flpxdfis Lycurg. 112; flpxdf/vai (Dem.) 59, 66. 
Vb. dpKTT] a prison Xen. Mem. 2, i, 5. See 



235 

To shut out, Horn, only II. 23, 72 (cFe'py- Bekk. now); 
Theogn. 1180; Aesch. Ag. 1333 (D.); Find. N. 7, 6 ; Soph. 
Tr. 1257; Xen. Mem. i, 2, 20; Dem. 23, 40; etpyoxrt Thuc. 

I, 62 : imp. flpyov Soph. Ph. 569 ; Thuc. 3, i : fat. eipw Aesch. 
Sept. 503; Soph. Ph. 1406; Hippocr. i, 4 (Erm.); Thuc. i, 
35; Aeschin. 2, 115, '- Ar. Ach. 825, an-- Dem. 20, 5 : aor. 
6ipa Luc. D. Mer. 10, i, drr- Thuc. 4, 37 (Bekk.) ; Arr. An. 3, 
28, 8; flpai Soph. Aj. 753: p.p. fipypai Democr. Stob, 406 
(Gaisf.), COT- Eur. Heracl. 877 : aor. ftpx^v Thuc. 5, 49 (Popp. 
Kriig. &c. fipx" Bekk.); Dio Cass. 46, 48 : fut. m. fipo^at pass, 
or reflex, shut oneself out, get oneself shut out, Xen. An. 6, 6, 16 ; 
Aeschin. 3, 122: see pres. flpyov restrain yourself, keep off, 
Soph. O. C. 836 : some add as 2 aor. act. eipyaBov, tipydQa>, 
tlpyadfiv Soph. El. 1271 ; Eur. Phoen. 1175 : 2 aor. m. as act. 

tlpya66fjir]v, in Kar-etpyadov Aesch. Eum. &66, See fpya>> flpyddco. 

Vb. late, elpKTfov Stob. (Hier.) 39, 36. 

Elpe'w To say, Epic only pres. part. fern, flpeva-at Hes. Th. 38, 
contr. for elpeova-ai : and fut. flpfjaa), if correct, Hippocr. 7, 448 
(Zwing. Lit. elp^<r0o Vulg.) 

Eipop.cu To ask, Epic and Ion. for epopcu, II. i, 553, 2 sing. 

eiptai II. 15, 247. 24, 390; subj. fjpw/zai Od. 8, 549, -rjai I, 188, 

-rp-ai Od. 9, 503; Her. 4, 76, -a>^a Od. 16, 402 ; imper. etpeo 
Od. i, 284 ; flpofjifvos II. 7, 127 ; Her. i, 27 ; -r0ai Od. 19, 95 ; 
Her. 8, 65, eV- I, 19 : imp. dpofjajv Her. 2, 44. 150, 2 sing. ei/>eo 
i, 32, i/?6To II. i, 513. Od. 20, 137; Pind. Ol. 6, 49; Her. i, 

30, -OVTO Od. II, 570: fut. flpr](Top.<H Od. 4, 6l. 7? 237; ftpr/o-d- 

fiej/oy, eV- Her ; i, 67. 4, 1 6 1. 6, 52 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dietsch, Stein), 
and now i, 174 (Bekk. Lhardy, Stein, en-eprjv- Gaisf. Dind.): 
aor. late, if correct, Trpo-ftprjo-dpfvos Galen 15, in. rftped/in/os 
Her. 3, 64 (Schweigh. Gaisf. &c.) is edited eVetpo/n- by Bekk. 
Lhardy, Dind. Kriig. Stein with Mss. S. V. &c. See epopai. 

Elpuo) To draw, Epic and Ion. for epv<o, flpv^fvai Hes. Op. 818 : 
imp. elpvov Mosch. 2, -14. 127, may belong to epvca : fut. flpv<ra> 
Hippocr. 2, 176 (Erm.), 8itipv<ra-- Ap. Rh. i, 687: aor. t'ipvo-a 

II. n, 9; Her. 2, 136. 3, 30, -wro-a II. 18, 165. Od. 8, 85, re- 
tains ei; subj. flpvo-T) Hippocr. 6, 166. 172, -va-axn 7, 16 (Lit.), 
dv-fipvo-o-- Mosch. 4, 116; elpvaov Soph. Tr. 1032 (chor.); 

elpvvai Hippocr. 8, 108, fg- Her. I, 141, 81- 7, 24; elpva-as 4, IO, 

eTr-eipuo-o-- Ap. Rh. 3, 149 (Br. Well, -so- Vulg. Merk.) : p.p. 

eipiJ^at, 3 pi. -Carat II. 14, 75; Hippocr. 5, 522; -vp.tvai II. 13, 

682, and fipva-p-at, KOT- Od. 8, 151, dv- Arr. Ind. 35, 7 : PlP- 

flptip-rfv, -VVTO II. 1 8, 69, -COTO 14, 30. 15, 654, and dv-dpvcrpevai 

rjoav Arr. Ind. 33, 10: aor. flpvvG^v Hippocr. 7, 178; -varBds 8, 
.84 (Lit) Mid. eipvonai to draw to oneself , protect, II. 21, 588; 



236 Efyftj. 

Hippocr. 8, 344. 352 : fat. elpvo-cropai II. 18, 276 : aor. 

lujv, -vtrao II. 21, 230, -vaaro 4, 186, -vuaro H. Merc. 127, flpvcra-- 

22, 306; retains ft, elpvo-o-aiprjv II. 8, 143. Od. 16, 459; pwr- 

fraa-dat II. I, 2 1 6, -vvcurdai Opp. Cyn. I, 51 ; (ipva-apfvos, eV- Her. 

4, 8, av- Arr. Ind. 38 : p. as mid. eip&irai II. i, 239, -carat Od. 
16, 463 : pip. or syncop. aor. eipvro Od. 22, 90. II. 16, 542. 24, 

499, - VVTO I2 > 454> -VOTO 22, 303; etpvvdat Od. 3, 268. 23, 82. 

See epvco. v in pres. fut. and aor. except in arsis, v between 
two long syllables, as elpvovrai Ap. Rh. 4, 279, tlpcoiro 4, 804, 
and in contracted forms and perf. pass, except perhaps one or 
two instances, as flpvarm for -WTM, II. 4, 248. Od. 6, 265. 
flpvpfvai inf. pres. Epic as from ftpv/u, Hes. Opp. 818 quoted. 

flpvarm, -Carai (in arsis) 3 pi. pres. = ftpvvrai ', imper. eipvtro 

(in arsis) Ap. Rh. 4, 372 ; inf. elpva-Ocu; 3 sing. imp. eipvro (in 
arsis), 3 pi. e'lpvvro may be also from elpvpi; but some hold 
these as syncopated forms of pres. (Ipvoftai and imp. -vo^v, 
others as perf. and pip. or syncop. aor. in a mid. sense. See 

tpvu>. 

Etpu To say, Od. ir, 137. 13, 7, -e'o> Hes. Th. 58 (pres. not 
Attic): imp.?: fut. Ion. (pe<a II. 4, 39; Archil. 89 ; Hipponax 
21 ; Find. Ol. 8, 57 ; Her. 2, 38. 4, 118, and always; Hippocr. 
7, 440. 490, -e'ei II. 7, 91. Od. 3, 20, Attic epS> H. Cer. 406 ; 
Mimnerm. 7, 4; Aesch. Eum. 45; Soph. O. C. 8n ; Ar. Ran. 
6 1 ; Antiph. i, 6. 4, /3, 3 ; Thuc. 6, 9 ; Lys. 8, 19 ; Isocr. 15, 
178; PI. Rep. 358, and etp^o-w if correct Hippocr. 7, 448 
(Zwing. Lit. 3, 525, Erm.) : p. etp^a Aesch. Pr. 821 ; Soph. Tr. 
63 ; Ar. Ran. 558 ; Her. I, 155 ; Antiph. 3, 8, 2 ;. Thuc. 6, 87; 
PL Meno 80; Lys. 8, 16; pip. tlpfjKfiv Aeschin. i, 81 ; Dem. 
21, 119. 34, 18; Plut. Mor. 184: p.p. fip^ai II. 4, 363; 
Aesch. Eum. 710; Eur. Or. 1203 ; Ar. Lys. 13 ; Her. 8, 93; 
Antiph. 5, 5; Thuc. i, 22 ; PL Conv. 219, 3 pi. Ion. 'parai 
Her. 7, 81 : pip. ftp?? II. 10, 540 ; Her. 8, 26 ; Thuc. 5, 21 ; 
Lys. 10, 9 : aor. in Attic epprjdriv Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 26; PL Rep. 
504. Phil. 63; Aeschin. 2, 31. 118 (Mss. Bekk. &c.) ; Dem. 23, 
1 6. 1 8, Ion. dpfdrjv Her. 4, 77. 156, and always (Bekk. Gaisf. 
Bred. Dind. Kriig.), rare eppedrjv, irpo- Hippocr. 5, 196 (Lit.), 
eppfdrjo-av PI. Leg. 664 (Mss. tpptf- Bekk. B. O. W. Herm.), but 
in less pure Attic sometimes epptd- Aristot. Categ. 9, 3 ; Plut. 
Quest. Conv. 7, 8, i. 9, 14, 4, epp^- however 4, 5, i. 5, 3, 2, &c.; 
prjdds Od. 18,414; Soph. O. R. 1057; PL Leg. 861 : fut. 
pr)0f](Topai. Thuc. i, 73; PL Rep. 473; Isocr. 8, 73: 3 fut. 
fipriffopai (always Horn. Find. Attic Poets, and Her.) II. 23, 795 ; 
Find. I. 6, 59; Soph. O. R. 365; Eur. Hec. 825; Ar. Plut. 
114, (avr- Soph. Tr. 1184); Her. 4, 16; Hippocr. i, 596. 



EtjOW E lp COTCtO). 237 

(Lit.); Thuc. 6, 34; PL Leg. 918. Rep. 473. Mid. as act. 
fipofjiai pres. late, Nic. Ther. 359 : imp. pero II. i, 513, -ovro 
Od. n, 542 : fut. epovfiai, an- Anth. 12, 1 20. Prea. pass. 

eiperai late, Arat. 172. 261. Vb. prjros Thuc. I, 122, -eos 

Hippocr. 2, 127 (Erm.); PI. Apol. 22. The aor. form flpedrjv, 
fppedrjv has the short vowel e in indicative only; subj. always 
pr)6> Aeschin. i, 31 ; Dem. 20, 87; fydfis Her. i, 91. 6, 86. 8, 
115; 'Soph. El. 668; Thuc. 2, 5 ; pijtffjwu Her. 3, 9; Lys. 2, 
54; Isocr. 12, 192; PI. Crat. 419, see peo>. p^&jo-o/iai is used 
chiefly in inf. and part, but not confined to them, p^o-erat 
Thuc. i, 73; Xen. Hell. 6, 3, 7; PI. Rep. 473. Leg. 957; 
Aristot. Categ. 8, 35. Rhet. i, 12, 2; Luc. Merc. Con. 4, TT/JOO-- 
Pl. Polit. 259. 301. Rep. 479, am- Aeschin. 3, 147, pi. -jjowrat 
Aristot. Top. 5, 4 ; Hyperid. 4, 2, 5 ; Theophr. H. P. i, 2, 4 ; 
Aen. Tact, n, the only instances of pi. we ever met; part. 
-iKToufvos Thuc. 8, 66; Isocr. 5, i. 14. 15. 140; 8, 63; PL 
Phaedr. 259 &c. ; -r)o-f<rdai Isocr. 4, 13. 8, 73. 12, 6. 24. 56. 258. 
!5> 55- 2 4O- Epist. i, 10 ; PL Phaed. 88. Conv. 189. Leg. 809 
&c. ; etpijcro/xai in Attic is confined, we think, to 3 sing, indie. 
Aristides however has flptjo-ovrai gi, 417; and Hippocr. inf. 
flpfja-fcrdai 8, 28 (Lit.); and part, dprja-op-fvos, if correct, 3, 516 
(Lit. v. r. prjdrjffofjLfvos strongly supported). 4, 238 ; Galen 15, 18; 
and late Attic Ael. N. A. 16, 36. We think the earlier Attics 
never used the p. post-fat, in the participle, and therefore demur 
to Bekker's substitution of diairfiro\fp.r}o-6pvov Thuc. 7 25 (Vat.), 

for StaTToAep-r/o-dp.- (Vulg.), see iro\fp.ea>. 

Etpw To knit, join, simple rare, Pind. N. 7, 77, av- Ar. Ach 
1006, Trepi- Her. 2, 96, fit- Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 10; Aeschin. 3, 166, 

crvv- Dem. 18, 308; {-vv-fipcop-fv PL Polit. 267: imp. flpov, a-vv- 

Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 6 : fut. (epo-to, av- if sound, Hesych.) : aor. in 

COmp. efpa, e- Ar. Eq. 378. Vesp. 423, and epo-a; di-epvys 

Hippocr. 4, 108 (Lit.); opt. irap-eiptte Xen. Conv. 6, 2; 8i-elpat 
Hippocr. 7, 52 (Lit.), but -e'po-at 4, 108 (-eipai in marg.); -tipas 
Aesch. Fr. 280 (D.), av- Her. 3, 118, 8t- Ael. V. H. 4, 28 ; Luc. 
Alex. 26, -epaas Hippocr. 4, 296 : p. in comp. fipua, 81- Xen. 
Cyr. 8, 3, 10 : p. p. e?pp.at, eipp,eW Callim. Fr. 140, Epic. tfpp.evos 
Od. 1 8, 296. Horn. H. i, 104, Ion. epp-eW, eV- Her. 4, 190 (Mss. 
Vulg. Bekk. Gaisf. Dind.) which Bredow would write eWipp- 
(with Ms. M. P. K. F. Stein); so Aristot. V-pp.- Plant, i, i, 
15 : Pip- Epic, efpro Od. 15, 460; Ap. Rh. 3, 868. ^etpe imp. 
or aor. II. 10, 499, seems very irregular, unless we assume 

dfipca. See OTJVTjopos. 

Elpwrdw and -cu, Ion. for epwrdw, To ask, flpatras Od. 4, 347. 
17, 138 ; Her. 3, 14; subj. etpwra Theogn. 519 ; etpoorewj/ Her. 



238 Ef(ra 

8, 26: imp. (Ipotra Od. 15, 423 (Bekk. La R.); Her. i, 88, 
-reov 4, 145, -revv i, 158. 3, 140 (Bekk. Bind. Stein, -eov Dietsch, 
Abicht.) fpo>T(6pfvov Her. i, 86 (Vulg. Gaisf.) is rightly edited 
etpa>T- by Bekk. Lhardy, Dind. 

Et<ro a defective aor. See (>). 

'EIOXW To liken, compare, Epic II. 5, 181 ; eta-noi Opp. Cyn. i, 
69; -axfiv Hes. Op. 62: imp. fj'iffKov II. 21, 332. Od. 4, 247, 
(?crKov 9, 321 ; Theocr. 25, 140 : p.p. lyiy/iat in comp. Trpocr^at 
art like, Eur. Ale. 1063: pip. ift'KTo Od. 13, 288. 20, 31, eiVro 
II. 23, 107; Ap. Rh. 2, 39; Mosch. 4, no, referred also to 
f*Ka>, foma : pres. itmefyuvos Nic. Ther. 421 : imp. 
Nonn. 4, 72. 

(Elo-ficuro-w) 70 thrust in the hand, to feel, only mid. (-a 

aor. Ion. eoyzao-a/xei/or HippOCr. 4, 198. 8, 148, Dor. 

Theocr. 17, 37. The Epic aor. eVf^dcro-aTo touched, affected, 

II. 17, 564. 20, 425, seems tO belong to /iaa>, /xao/xat, /lai'o-. 

EicoOa, see fdm. 

J EKpdu=eKpaiV, occurs in this its original form, Thuc. 5, 77 
(Doric treaty). 

'EKKXir]<Tidw To call an assembly, Ax. Thesm. 84; Isocr. 7, 10 
(augments before or after the prep.) : imp. ee/cAr/(n'abj< Xen. 
Hell. 5, 3, 1 6 (Vulg. Breitb. Saupp. f]KK\- Dind. 3 ed.) ; Lys. 
I3 73- ?6, and T)K&T}<T- Dem. 18, 265. 19, 60 (Ms. S. &c. Bekk. 
Dind. B. Saupp.), and, perhaps late, eWAjjo-tafoj/ Herodn. 2, 9, 6 
(Bekk.); in Mss. however, Lys. 12, 73 (Bekk. e^Xijo-- Saupp. 
Scheibe, Westerm. TJKI&TJO-- Frohb.): fut. eKKX^o-tao-w Ar. Eccl. 
161 ; Thuc. 7, 2; Isocr. 8, 2: aor. e'A7crt'a<ra Thuc. 8, 93 
(Bekk. Popp. Kriig. L. Dind.) ; Dem. 21, 193 (Ms. S. Bekk. B. 
Saupp.), r)KK&i]<r- (W. Dind.) The form which doubles the pre- 
position, as fg(KK\T)<ria(ra, though well supported, Thuc. 8, 93, is 
probably a mistake for (gfK\r)<r- which occurs in good Mss. and 
is now adopted by the best editors : it is certain however in 
late Greek, f^fKK^a-Laa-fv Septuag. Num. 20, 10. 3 Reg. 8, i &c. 
The unaugmented imp. eVcKAqo-iafov Lys. 12, 73, quoted, seems 
more than doubtful, since at 13, 73. 76, occurs the augmented 
form egfK\r)<rlaCov (Mss. Bekk. Scheib. Cobet, qwcX- Frohb.) 
Win. Dindorf would, in classic Attic, uniformly augment with TJ, 
r]K.KXri(Tia^Qv, f)KK\r)(riaa-a. This, no doubt, is more in accordance 
with strict rule, and is sometimes favoured by the best Mss. ; 
but were the Attics always observant of law, and free from the 
bias of a false analogy ? cf. eyAcw/itafu. 

'EKKUKX&J To wheel out, act. late, fat. -JJCTW Plut. Mor. 80: 
pass. fKKVK\ovp.fi>os wheeled out, coming forth, Ar. Thesm. 96 : 
aor. tKKVK&TjdrjTi Ar. Ach. 407 : with fut. m. ewcwcAijo-o/^u 409. 



co 'EX ay i/o?. 239 

'EicXy u > see Xe'ya) lay. 
'EKfiaicciJ, see fiaivai. 

'EKTIITTOW To work in relief, Dio. Hal. Rhet. 10, 17; Luc. 
Philops. 38 ; Plut. Mor. 902 : fut. -<o<mp V. T. Exod. 28, 32 : 

aor. -fTvnaxrev Xen. EquCSt. I, I : p. act. ? : p. p. (KTerunoonevos 

PI. Conv. 193 : aor.? Mid. fKTvnovpai PI. Theaet. 206. Leg. 
775; Luc. Jup. Tr. 33: frit, (-wo-o^iat) : with aor. p. as mid. 
Isocr. 13, 1 8, missed by Lexicogr. 
To suffice, Ionic impers. fut. eVc^pijo-et it will suffice, 
Her. 3, 137 : aor. e&xpnvc 8, 70. 

'EXacraou To lessen, make inferior, rare in act. Thuc. 3, 42, 
-rrd&> Isocr. 4, 176.8, 17; Polyb. 26, 3, 4; Plut. Mor. 687: 
fut. -werco : aor. qXarrwo-a Aristot. Poet. 4, 13; Polyb. 16, 21 ; 
inf. eXaTTwo-ai Lys. 13, 9 : p. faaTTtoKa Dio. Hal. C. V. 6 ; Diod. 
Sic. i, 65: p.p. rjKaTTa>n(u Polyb. 17, 4 (Bekk. 18, 4 Dind.) : 
aor. r)\acr(T<adt]v Thuc. i, 77, ^XaTT- (Dem.) 10, 33; Diod. Sic. 13, 
13; -aOeis Antiph. 5, 19 : fut. -atfjjo-opu Thuc. 5, 34, -TT- Dem. 
21, 66 : and fut. m. e'Xao-o-wcro/wu as pass. Her. 6, n ; Thuc. 5, 
104. 105; eXarr- more mid. Aristid. 31, 395 (Dind.) All our 
lexicons, we think, miss the mid. form. 

'EXauvw To drive, II. 12, 62 ; Find. I. 4, 6 ; Aesch. Eum. 421 ; 
Soph. O. R. 28; Ar. Nub. 29; Her. i, 138 (Gaisf.); e'Xaw/?? 
8, 68 ; inf. -veiv i, 79; Thuc. i, 126; Epic inf. fXawepfv II. 23, 
531, Poet, and rare e'Xuto Ap. Rh. 3, 411, eXd Anth. 14, 14, 
e'Xa Find. N. 3, 74; Xa Aesch. Fr. 330; e'XSv Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 
32, Epic -aav II. 5, 366, see below : imp. rj\avvov Horn. H. 3, 
75; Pind. P. 4, 228; Aesch. Eum. 604; Soph. O. R. 1139; 
Ar. Eccl. 39; Her. 2, 102; Thuc. 3, 49; Xen. An. i, 5, 13, 

ft-- II. 10, 499, e\- II. 23, 500 &C., eXavvfo-Kov, an- Her. 7, 119, 

and e\aoi>, -a>v rare and Poet. II. 24, 696. Od. 4, 2, eXaeo Ap. Rh. 

3, 872, augm. f)\ae Opp. H. 5, 494, rjXaov, car -Ar. Lys. IOOI 

(Brurick, Bekk. and formerly Dind.), but see aor. below, iter. 
old reading) Ap. Rh. i, 733. 2, 1071 : fut. 
Xen. An. 7, 7, 55 (Vulg. Popp. Kriig. Kuhn. -Xw Dind. 
Saupp.); Dio. Hal. Ant. 2, 36; Luc. Navig. 33; Geop. 13, 8, 
e'|- Hippocr. 6, 342. 7, 348. 428 (Lit.), avmrpoa- Dio Cass. 46, 
37 (Dind.), eXdo-o-w, Trap- II. 23, 427, w- Od. 18, 39, Epic 
eXaw Ap. Rh. 3, 411 (if not pres.), and eXoo> II. 13, 315. 
Od. 7, 319, Attic f\S> Aesch. Eum. 75; Soph. Aj. 504; Ar. 
Ran. 203; PI. Theag. 129; Her. i, 207 and always (Bekk. 
Dind.) ; but Hippocr. see above : aor. fjXao-a II. 5, 584 ; Hes. 
Th. 291 ; Tyrt. u, 10 ; Pind. N. 10, 70 ; Aesch. Supp. 309 ; 
Eur. Elec. mo; Her. i, 59(Bekk.); Thuc. i, 126; Xen. Cyr. 

4, i, 7, Dor. 3 pi. fXaay, an- Ar. Lys. looi (Enger, Ahrens, and 



240 

now Dind.), ^Xaa-o-a, - II. u, 562, eXao-a 5, 80 ; Hes. Sc. 3*72 ; 

Find. Ol. 10, 71, -ao-o-a II. 18, 564, Dor. I pi. eXdo-a^es Plut. 
Mor. 211, iter. eXdo-ao-nce II. 2, 199; Epic Subj. f\d(T(roiJ.(v, gvv- 
Od. 1 8, 39, eAdoTjo-tfa, irapfg- II. 23, 344 : p. e'XjjXa/ta Luc. V. H. 

i, 42 ; Plut. Mor. 1131, an- Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 10, e- Ar. Nub. 
828 : pip. f\r)\aKfiv, e- Her. 5, 90: p.p. eX^Xa/zai II. 1 6, 518. 
Od. 7, 113; Hes. Th. 726; Tyrt. 12, 26; Aesch. Pers. 871 ; 
Soph. Aj. 275; Her. i, 180. 9, 9, an-- PI. Menex. 238 ; (Dem.) 
61, 49, unattic eX^ ao 'A l(U Hippocr. 8, 290. 426 (Lit.); and late 
Paus. 4, 26, 8 (Schub.), fjKaa-^- Aen. Tact. Excerp. 51 (Herch.): 
pip. T}\T)\dnT)v II. 5, 400; Hes. Sc. 143, e'XijX- II. 4, 135, air- 
Her. 7, 205, e'XqAfSaro, -dSaro Od. 7, 86 (others epJ/peSai-o), late 

T)\d<rfj.T]i>, aw- 2 Mace. 4, 26, see below: aor. r]\ddr]v Aesch. 
Eum. 283 ; Eur. Heracl. 430 ; Apollod. 3, 10. 2, dTr-qX- Her. 3, 
54, - 7t 6 - 4, 145- 5. 42 &c. ; Ap. Rh. 4, 1760 ; Lys. 13, 13 ; 
Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 15; fXaOeis Ar. Eccl. 4; Dio. Hal. u, 33; 
fj\dcr0T]v. fXavdds late Anacreont. 52 (Bergk) ; Anth. (Arch. Byz.) 
7, 278; Diod. Sic. 20, 51 (Vulg. eXa<9- Bekk. Dind.), <rvv- Plut. 
Caes. 1 7 ; Gaisf. however and Stein edit air- ifc-iikacrOrpi Her. 3, 
54. 7, 6 &c. ; fat. e'Xa^o-o/iat, e|- Dio. Hal. 4, 9, an-- de Lys. 32 ; 
Aristid. 16, 244; (Argum. to Lys. 34.) Mid. to drive for 

oneself, fXavvoptvos II. II, 674: fat. late? e'Xda-o/iat, Trap- will 

Pass by, Arr. An. 3, 30, but pass. e'Xdo-ovrat shall be driven away, 
get themselves driven, Or. Sib. i, 395 : aor. ri\acrdfj.r)v II. n, 682 ; 
rare in prose, PI. Gorg. 484 ; Plut. Lucull. 4, e'Xaoxr- Orph. 
Hym. 44, 4. syncop. j/Xo-d/n- Simon. Am. 17 ; Ibyc. 54 (Bergk); 

eXd<rato Od. 2O, 5*> -aiaro II. IO, 537 > -aavdpevos Od. 4, 637, 

fg-fXavdfi- Polyb. 4, 75 ; f\dcra<rQai Plut. Rom. 23, f|- Thuc. 4, 
35- 7> 5> Theocr. 24, 119. We have not seen the mid. in 
Attic poetry. Vb. eXareos Xen. Eq. 2, 7, e'Xaro'v Aristot. 
Meteor. 4, 9, 18. 19, ^-//Xaros IL 12, 295, av- Aristot. Meteor. 

4, 9. J 7- 

e'Xdo) Ap. Rh. 3, 411, pres. and imp. rare and Poet. eXd 
Anth. 14, 14, eX5 Find. N. 3, 74, eXdovo-t Or. Sib. 3, 239 ('- 
Hes. Op. 224?); f\doifv Opp. C. 4, 72; imper. ?Xa Find. I. 5 
(4), 38 ; Eur. Fr. 779 (D.). H. F. 819 ; Anth. 7, 89; in Attic 
prose, only Xen. am- Cyr. 8, 3, 32 ; part. eXdwi/ Hym. Merc. 342 j 
Ap. Rh. 2, 80, CUT- Od. 10, 83, eX&vra H. Merc. 355, Dor. 
eXai/ra, Trap- Theocr. 5, 89, fXdovaa Nonn. Dion. 7, 139 ; Ep. inf. 
e\dav II. 8, 45 &c. Att. eXa/ Com. Fr. (Canth.) 2, 835 ; Attic 
prose, only Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 32 (Mss. Dind. Breitb.) : imp. ?X<ai> 
II. 24, 696 &c. see above: fat. c'Xw Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 20 (Dind. 
Popp. Saupp. -do-w best Mss. Bornem. Breitb.), e'|- Ar. Eq. 365 
(Vulg. -'A Pors. Mein. Dind. 5 ed.), irepi- Eq. 290, e'Xas Eur. Bac. 



'E Ae-y^w. 241 

1334, 3te- Her. 5, 52, AaV r, 77 (Vulg. Schaef. Schweig. 
Gaisf. but subj. -aViy Mss. M. F. a. c. Wessel. Bekk. Dind. Kriig.), 
Xfi Soph. O. R. 418 &c. ; Xen. Eq. 3, 9; Dem. 21, 131, e'Xare 
Ar. Eq. 243, e'Xwo-i Eur. Ale. 951 &c. ; Her. i, 207; Xen. Eq. 

3, 9, Epic e'Xo'oo-i see below; inf. e\av Eur. Med. 70 ; Her. 7, 10 ; 
PI. Theag. 129, Epic e'Xdai> Od. 5, 290; part. e\>v Her. 2, 162 ; 
Xen. An. i, 8, 10. Cyr. 6, 2, 17, '- Eur. Phoen. 607. e'XoWi 
Epic 3 pi. pres. Opp. H. 5, 244; e'Xo'wjres Opp. Hal. 2, 548; 
f\aav pres. inf. Epic for f\av II. 13, 27 : imp. dir-fi\aov used by 
the Dorian Herald Ar. Lys. 1001 (Vulg. Bekk. Dind. 2 ed.), 
both Giese and Ahrens think corrupted from oTr-ijAaac (Dind. 
5 ed.) 3 pi. aor. for arr-^Xao-aj/ the reading in Ms. A., compare 

oppaov, tor opfjirjffov, 1247 : eXo'oxrt 3 pi. fut. for (eXntrouTt, -dotxri) 
e'Aokri II. 13, 315; inf. (Xdav Od. 5, 290?: pass. pres. subj. 

fXdrjrai Opp. Hal. 2, 14 : fXrjXddaro, -e'Saro (Bekk.) pip. Epic for 

f\rjj\avTo, Od. 7, 86 : rjXdo-dqv, if not e'X^AaoTxat, seems late, Paus. 

4, 26, 8, <rw- 2 Mace. 5, 5, see above. In Her. 3, 54. 4, 
I 45- 7> 6 and always, Bekker, Bredow, Dindorf, Kiiiger 
adopt from certain Mss. perhaps rightly, an- l^-rfkdBrjv not -datiqv, 
but Gaisford and Stein follow those Mss. which have the 
forms with s, dn- f^-rjKda-dr^v. It would appear from this and 
many other verbs, that the elision of s in the fut. was by no 
means peculiar to the Attic dialect : drpep-ifa, fut. -ulv Her. 8, 

68, 8iKaw, 8iKav I, 97, dno8oKifj.dca, -i/*a I, 199, StaerKtSay 8, 68, 
-<TK(8dv I, 79) dfviriefiv 8, I35> Karayielv I, 86 &C. &C. 

"EXSojjiai Epic, To desire, II. 5, 481, -Sent Pind. Ol. i, 4, and 
eVXSo/zui II. 14, 276. Od. 15, 66; Hes. Op. 381, only pres.: 
and imp. ASd/x^ Ap. Rh. 4, 546 (Facius, Herm. Merk.), e'f\8- 
Od. 4, 162 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 546 (Vulg.) ; <X8oVei/oy II. 23, 122, A8- 
7, 7. Od. 14, 42. Pass, imper. e'fXfi<?ar#<B II. 16, 494. 

'EXeaipw To pity, mostly Epic, II. 2, 64. 7, 27 ; Mosch. 4, 72; 
Ar. Eq. 793 (hexam.): imp. unaugm. eXeaipov II. 21, 147. Od. 
i, 19; Ap. Rh. 4, 1422, -aipwKov II. 24, 23: aor. unaugm. 

eXerjpa Ap. Rh. 4, 1308. 

'EXeyxu To examine, confute, Od. 21, 424 ; Tyrt. 10, 9 ; Pind. 
Ol. 8, 19; Soph. Ph. 338; Her. 2, 22 ; Antiph. 5, 84; Thuc. 
6,86; PI. Charm. 166 ; imper. 'Xe-yx e Aesch. 01.919: imp. 
TJX- Soph. O. R. 783 ; Ar. Ran. 961; Her. 2, 115; Antiph. 2, 
y, 5 ; PI. Conv. 201 : fut. eAe'ya Ar. Nub. 1043 ; Isocr. 6, 71 ; 
PL Apol. 29, <f- Andoc. 3, 10 : aor. fj\eyga Pind. P. n, 49; 
Eur. Heracl. 404 ; fhey&s II. 9, 522 ; PI. Rep. 539 ; inf. Af'yi<" 
Aesch. Ch. 851 ; Antiph. 6, 9 ; Lys. 7, 42 : (p. e'Ar/Xeyx" ?): p.p. 
e'X)jAey/H Antiph. 2, 8, 10 ; PI. Leg. 805, e'f- Isocr. 10, 4, and, 
if correct, ^Xey/iai, |- Lys. 6, 44 (Ms. S. Bekk. e'leXijXey- Reiske, 

R 



242 *EXeX/ia> ' 



B. Saupp. Scheibe) : pip. e'l-eXijXeyKTo Dem. 32, 27 (Bekk. B. 
Saupp. Bind.): aor. j\eyxdt)v Eur. Hel. 885 (Vulg.); Antiph. 2, 
8, 10 ; PL Gorg. 458 ; Dem. 36, 20, ?- Thuc. 3, 64 : fut. 
fXeyxd^ofjuu Antiph. 2, 8, io ; Isae. 5, 3. 4, 10; Xen. Mem. i, 

7, 2. Vb. fXfyicrfov PI. Leg. 905. For e^tytuu Lys. quoted, 
Reiske has f'leXqXey-, so B. Saupp. Westerm. Scheibe : e^Xty- 
produced from Dem. 20, 131, as another instance, is no proof; 
the perf. there is from 'xXeyw, and in the best edit, is properly 
edited 'eiXey-, and for the pip. form e^XeyKro 32, 27 (Vulg.), 
the approved reading is t^eX^XeyKro (Bekk. B. Saupp. Dind.) 

'E\e\iw To raise the war shout, to shout, Eur. Phoen. 1514 ; 
Xen. An. i, 8, 18: aor. i/XXt|a Xen. An. 5, 2, 14 (L. Dind. 
Saupp.); Dem. Phal. 98, eXeX- Callim. Del. 137. Mid. eXeXi- 
o/u to bewail, -opevT) Eur. Hel. 1 1 1 1 (chor.) ; Ar. Av. 213 (chor.) 
See dXoXaa>. 

'E\eXiu) To turn rapidly, whirl, Epic and Lyric, Find. Ol. 9, 
13 : imp. eXeXtf- Nonn. 2, 525, 7/XX- Hesych. : aor. X<fXta II. 

8, 199. 17, 278. Batr. 286; Ap. Rh. 4, 351 ; Dor. part, -igais 
Pind. N. 9, 19 : pass. eXeXi'x*V H- 22, 448, Epic 3 pi. -\i\dfv 
6, 109. Mid. to whirl, writhe oneself, 1 aor. eXeXi^dpfvos 
II. 2, 316 : 2 aor. Epic, syncop. eXeXt/cro II. n, 39; more as 
pass. 13, 558. 

'EXe<J>aipo|j.cH To deceive, Od. 19, 565 : imp. Xe<at'pero Hes. 
Th. 330 : aor. eXe^j/pd^ti/os II. 23, 338. Hesych. has act. eXe- 

tyaipfiv, dirarav : aor. (\e(f>rjpai, aiTarr/a-ai. 

'EXi^uu To be quiet, Poet, and Ion. Aesch. Pr. 53 ; Ar. Thesm. 
598 ; Dem. (Orac.) 21, 53 ; Her. i, 67 ; Hippocr. 2, 328. 4, 254. 
5, 268 (Lit.); Plut. Mor. 275 ; Philostr. V. Apol. 2, 32 : imp. in 
Epic and Ionic unaugm. fXivvov, f\ti>t- Pind. Fr. 182 (Schneidw.); 
Her. 8, 71 ; Ap. Rh. i, 862, jpuVii- App. Mithr. 43 (Bekk.), but 
iter. (XlvfeaKov Ap. Rh. i, 589 : fut. X^O-CD Pind. N. 5, i. I. 2, 
46 ; Luc. Lex. 2 : aor. e'XiWo-a Callim. Fr. 248 ; -uo-ai/u Aesch, 
Pr. 530 (chor.); -vaov Callim. Cer. 48 ; -vo-ai Theocr. io, 51 ; 
Anth. 5, 237; -co-as Her. 7, 56 ; Ar. An. 3, 15, 8t- Hippocr. 2, 
318 (Lit.) Not used in classic Attic prose. There is no ne- 
cessity for writing (\iw, as i is long ; and none for supposing 
a pres. e'XiMWw, or a fut. eXti/vo-w Pind. quoted, (c in pres. 
v in fut. and aor.) 

EXi(7<rw To roll, Eur. H. F. 868 ; Com. Fr. (Strat.), 2, 787 ; 
Ap. Rh. i, 463 ; Aristot. Part. Anim. 4, 8, 2, 8t-e- Her. 4, 67 
(Vulg. Gaisf. Dind. -X- Bekk. Kriig. Stein), IXirru PI. Epin. 
978 (Theaet. 194), '- Xen. Laced, n, 9; imper. eXio-o-e Eur. 
Tr. 333; eXtWca^ Horn. H. 8, 6; Pind. L 8, 15; Soph. Ant. 
231 ; Epic inf. eXioW/ifi' II. 23, 309 : imp. eXtcro-* Eur. Or. 1432 



'EX/ceeo "EX/co). 243 

(chor.), elX- Callim. Fr. 242 : fut. eXi'o> Eur. Phoen. 711 ; Anth. 
5, 275 : aor. e?Xi|a PL Tim. 73 ; eXi'&u, e- Xen. Cyr. 8, 5, 15 ; 
eXias II. 23, 466; Eur. Phoen. 1622, <'- Xen. Hell. 4, 3, 18. 
Ages. 2, ii : p.p. e?Xiy/zi Hes. Th. 791 (butX-Fr. 201); Eur. 
Fr. 385 (Dind.), ev- PL Conv. 220, dv- (Aeschin.) Epist. 4, 3, 
irepi- Paus. 6, 19, 5, and late eX^Xiy^wu IO, 17, 6: pip. eiXtxro 
Eur. H. F. 927, Ion. eV-eiXwcro Paus. 4, 26, 6 : aor. etXt^^j/ Eur. 

I. T. 444, eXt'x- Anth. 5, 255; fXi X 8fts II. 12, 74; Plut. Mor. 
224, Kept- PL Phaed. 112. 113; e\ixdfj" ai Galen 5, 582, <w- 
Aristot. Metaph. u, 8, 13 : fut. eXi^o-erai, eg- Aristot. Mechan. 
24, 7 : 2 fut. late eXiyjjo-opu V. T. Esai. 34, 4. Mid. eXtWo- 
fu /0 r<?//, /ar oneself, H. Hym. 32, 3, -icrtT6p.evos II. 21, n. 23, 
846 : imp. eXtWero Od. 20, 24 ; Theocr. 24, 30, augm. etX- II. 
12, 49, but XXiW- (Bekk. Dind. from XiWo/nai) : fut. eXlgerai 

II. 17, 728 (La R.) seems to be subj. : aor. e'Xiap?i/, -a^i/os II. 12, 
467. 17, 283, as act. 13, 204; Anth. 5, 275, ev- Hippocr. 8, 
376; Anth. 12, 257; Her. 2, 95 (Vulg. Reitz, Schw. Gaisf. 
&-e(X(- Ms. S. Bekk. Dind. Stein), eDu- Nonn. 43, 65 ; etigcurOeu, 

dfj.<f>- Find. N. I, 43, et'Xi- Nonn. 43, 65; Subj. eXigerai for -qrat, 

see fut. Vb. e'Xticros Soph. Tr. 12. See etXiWa. Horn, has 
only eX/o-o-o), iX- is augm.; the Tragedians eXiWw and elXiWw, Her. 
perhaps eiX- only, which again is exceedingly rare in Attic prose, 

dv-eiXiTTUv PL Phil. 15 (v. r. tb-fX-), dv-fi\igis Polit. 270. 286. 

E\icea) To draw, Epic for eXxw, imp. e\Ktov H. 17, 395: fut. 
e\KT)o-a II. 22, 336: aor. ^X/w/o-a Od. ii, 580, e\K- (La R.) : aor. 

pass. f\KT)6eis II. 22, 62. 

"EXKW To draw, II. 24, 52; Pind. P. i, 52; Soph. Ant. 1233; 
Ar. Pax 470 ; Her. 7, 85 ; PL Rep. 533, later eXucvoo Com. 
Fr. (Philem.) 4, 60, if correct (eX/ce Grot. Mein.); Tzetz. Hist. 6; 
621 ; imper. eX*ce Aesch. Fr. 276, nap- Od. 21, in ; Epic inf. 

eXKepevai H. 10, 353, -Kepev 2, l8l ; HeS. Op. 63!, Aeol. -KT)V 

Sapph. 70: imp. fl\nov Horn. H. Cer. 308; Aesch. Fr. 33; 
Soph. O. C. 927; Ar. Vesp. 793; Her. 7, 36; Thuc. 4, 14; 
Lys. i, 12, Horn. eX*- II. 4, 213. Od. 21, 419 and always: fut. 
eX|o> Aesch. Supp. 909 ; Eur. I. T. 1427 ; Ar. Plut. 955 ; Com. 
Fr. (Alex.) 3, 440; Aristot. Mechan. 18, 2; Dem. 21, 221, true- 
PL Theaet. 181, Kad- Ar. Ran. 1398; Dem. 8, 74. Proem. 
1455, 48, and eXK&ra> Hippocr. 3, 422. 7, 558 (Lit.); rare and 
rather late in Attic, Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 58 ; Christ. Pat. 415 
Geop. 15, 2, Kad- Luc. D. Deor. 21, i, Trap- Apocr. Sir. 29, 5, 
dv- Aesop 4 (Tauchn.), ecp- Theod. Prod, i, 278: aor. eThKvo-a 
Batr. 233; always in Attic, Eur. Phoen. 987; Ar. Nub. 540; 
Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 109; Hippocr. 6, 46; PL Rep. 560; 
Dem. 22, 59, d<p- Aesch. Eum. 184, dv- Thuc. 7, i ; subj. eXxvog 

R 2 



244 

Her. 2, 65; PI. Theaet 175; opt. e%ciWr, Si- Ar. Plut. 1036; 
imper. (\KVVOV PI. Parm. 135; inf. C\KV<TCU Find. N. 7, 103; 
Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 456; Ar. Pax 328; Her. 7, 167, uv- Thuc. 
8, ii ; fXxvaas Eur. Cycl, 417; Her. i, 179; Xen. Hell. 7, i, 
19, ai/- Thuc. 6, 104, unattic and perhaps late efAa Batr. 115, 
irepi- Philostr. Her. p. 735, eX- Anth. 9, 370; Galen. 2, 30; 
subj. eXo> Append. Anacreont. 3, 5 (p. 857 Bergk, 1102, 3 ed.), 
A/7 Oribas. 7, 22; opt. eXe Plotin. 26, 72; imper. eX^art 
Orph. Arg. 260: p. fl\<vKa (v. r. Dem. 22, 59) KaQ- 5, 12 : p.p. 
eiXKuo-peu Eur. Rhes. 576; Hippocr. 8, 484, dv- Thuc. 3, 89, 
Kad- 6, 50, but unaugm. di>-e\Kv(rpevr>s Her. 9, 98 (Mss. Gaisf. 
Bekk. Dind. Kriig. Stein now, Lhardy doubtingly), dvei\K- (Bred. 
Dietsch, Stein 2 ed. Abicht); so Hippocr. ftX;o>i- 8, 484 (Mss. 
C. F. I. Aid. Lit.): pip. I\KJ;OTO Hippocr. 5, 178 (Lit.): aor. 
ftXKva-Srjv Hippocr. 5, 152 (Lit.); eX/cuo-^? Her. i, 140 ; Theophr. 
H. P. 5, 4, 5, '- Ar. Eccl. 689; -vo-tirjvcu Polyb. 15, 33, late 
f1\X0n v Ae l- N. A. 4, 16 ; Diog. Laert. 6, 91 ; Philostr. V. Apoll. 
359; Galen de Semin. i, 6, 192; Plotin. 26, 76: fut. late 
Ax^creff^m Galen 3, 533. 805, and Axua^a-o^at late in simple, 
Lycophr. 358, but vyKu6- Aesch. Sept. 614. Mid. eAo/zat 
to draw my own, or to myself, II. 17, 136 ; Hermesian. 2, 4; 
rare in prose Pherecyd. Fr. 33 (Mull.), '<- Lys. i, 13, irpoo-- PL 
Rep. 439 ; imper. fXnto H. Hym. 7, 26 : imp. eXKo/^i/ II. i, 194. 
Od. 19, 506, f(f>-ti\K- Polyb. 25, 9; Plut. Pomp. 24: fut. late 

s, f(f>- Oribas. 6, 10, vv*</>- Eustath. 3, 4, 4 : aor. 

Anth. 7, 287, e'0- Hippocr. 9, 226; Aristid. 13, 120; 

fjim Ar. Ach. H2o; -va-dfifvos Hippocr. 4, 106 (Lit.), 
-- PL Crat. 407, '$- Plut. Pomp. 79 ; i\Kvaaa-6ai Alex. 51, 
av- Geop. Proem. 4: and more rarely flX^aro Galen 4, 534. 
\Tb. fXicrfov PL Rep. 365, f\KviTT(o<:, <rvv- Xen. Ages. 9, 4. The 
Attics scarcely used the pres. and fut. forms eXxuco, e\Kii(ra>, on 
the other hand, they avoided aor. elXa, and used flXitZcra. In 
old editions of Horn, the imp. of this verb used to have the 
augment, but late editors, in accordance with the precept of 
Aristarchus, have dropped it : in Her. again, all Mss. and 
editors agree in d\Kf 7, 36, dXieov i, 31. 2, 124. 6, 86. 7, 36. 40, 
varying between fiAxfTo 2, 125 (Mss. S. V. R. Aid. Bekk. 
Lhardy, Dind. Kriig. Stein) and !X*c- (Mss. F. Schweig. Gaisf.), 
but perf. ai/-eX(cuo-ju'j/of (all Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. &c.), which Bredow 
would alter to dv-ft\K-, and Dietsch and others adopt. Besides, 
tl\Ke is read Horn. H. Merc. 116, eDuc? Cer. 308; and always 
in Ap. Rh. i, 533. 2, 668. 4, 888 &c. (Merk.) (v). There is no 
sufficient authority for v in fut. and aor. ftXidjvt old reading 
Od. ii, 580, has been altered to eXjojo-e (La Roche), 



^EXTTW. 245 

(Bekk., see Galen 5, 342), cXfcvow Her. 7, 167, to eXiciW, 
IXicva-avTfs Ap. Rh. i, 955, to ocXco-aires from Mss. and the 
Schol., and eA-ncv<r Opp. Hal. 5, 176, e'X/ciJo-at 3, 318, should be 
altered to -uo-o-ei, -vo-o-at. 

'EXXTi^u To j/ttz/fc Greek, Xen. An. 7, 3, 25; PI. Men. 82, 
is, in Mss. and most editions, usu. unaugm. : imp. e'XX^w^e 
Charit. 4, 5, i?XX- (Herch.) ; Dio Chrys. Or. 15 (239), qXX- 
(Dind.) : fut. (-la-a, -tw) : aor. -com Dio Cass. 55, 3 : aor. pass. 
tX\r}vio-6T]v Thuc. 2, 68 (Mss. Bekk. Arn.), rj\\rjv- (Lob. Popp. 
Kriig. L. Dind.) : but p. p. jjXXi^tcmu late Joseph. Ant. i, 6 
(Bekk.) Similar verbs, we think, always augment, 
fjTTiKifav Dem. 58, 37, ?K-8c8piwTB* Her. 8, 73> 
Ar. Av. 1281, (fjirjSifrv Her. 8, 30. 73. 9, 17 : e'/ujSurc 8, 112. 9, 
31. 87, e^iXiWifoi/ Dem. 58, 37. 

'EXma> To hope, Emped. 46 (Stein) ; Aesch. Sept. 589 ; Her. 
8, 60 ; Thuc. 3, 30 ; Andoc. 3, 27 ; Lys. 3, 2 ; PL Rep. 427 : 
imp. 77X71-- Her. 7, 168; Antiph. 2, a, 7 ; Thuc. 4, 43; Isocr. 7, 
22, iter. late en-(\m&<TKov Or. Sib. i, 253: fut. (Xniaa late (in 
Aesch. Ch. 187 e'Xm'o-a) is subj., and -tVti Dem. 19, 332 only a 
v. r.) Galen 10, 656; Dio Cass. 49, 34 (Vulg. eV- Bekk. Dind.), 
-tw V. T. Ps. 43, 7. 55, 4, -ids go, 4, -iei 63, n, an- Diod. Sic. 
19, 50, -iovnfv V. T. Ps. 39, 5, -IOIIO-L Esai. n, 10. 42, 4 &c. &c. ; 
quoted in N. T. Matth. 12, 21. Rom. 15, 12 : aor. ^Xmo-a Aesch. 
Pers. 746 ; Soph. Ph. 1175 ; Her. 8, 24; Thuc. 5, 7 ; Isocr. 5, 
7: p. rjXmKo. Epist. Phal. 144 (Herch.); Zonar. p. 427, npo- 
Com. Fr. (Posid.) 4, 523: pip. ^Xn-tWt Plut. Alcib. 17, -ttrav 
Herodn. 8, 5 : p. p. ^Xn-to-^eVoj Dio. Hal. 5, 40 : aor. f\iri<r6ev 
Soph. O. C. 1105. Mid. eXni^op-evos expecting^ App. Lyb. 
115, missed by Lexicogr. 

The early Greeks, it would appear, were chary in expressing 
confidence in the fut. We never met with f\mS> simple or comp. 
in any of their works. The equivalents are n\r]pa)df)a-(crdai t\ni- 

8os PL Rep. 494, enn\rjo-6nfvcs eX-niSos App. Syr. 7. 

"EXiru Epic, To cause to hope, only 3 sing. OXirei Od. 2, 91. 13, 
380; (Hesych. has eVXn-ot/wi/) : 2 p. as pres. eoXn-a I hope, only 
indie, sing. II. 22, 216. Od. 5, 379. H. Cer. 227; Hes. Op. 
273; Ap. Rh. 2, 147 ; Mosch. 4, 55, -as II. 21, 583, -* Od. 21 
317 : 2 pip. as imp. fa>\irt<.v usu. 3 sing. - Od. 21, 96 ; Ap. 
Rh. 3, 370; Theocr. 25, 115. Mid. ^770/^01 io hope, Epic 
and Ion. 11. 13, 309. 18, 194 ; Pind. N. 6, 27 ; Theocr. 7, 31 ; 
Her. 2, 43. 6, 109, 2 sing. eXireai II. 9, 40; Pind. Fr. 2, 9, Epic 

11. 13, 813; opt. f(\iroiu.r}v 8, 196, eXTT- 21, 605; subj. 

Od. 6, 297; imper. fXnto II. 20, 201; Theogn. 47; 
18, 260; Her. 7, 218, r- Aesch. Ag. 1031 (chor.): 



246 ' 

imp. fj^TTOfjirjv augm. in Horn, only Od. 9, 419 (Wolf, Bekk. 
Dind. La R.) ; Find. P. 4, 243; Anth. 7, 711. 8, 186; Orph. 
Arg. 1363; (Luc.) D. Syr. 22 (Dind.), f\-rr6^v II. 12, 261. 17, 
404. Od. 3, 275, and eeXrr- II. 12, 407. 13, 8 ; Orph. Arg. 536. 
Vb. a-e\nros Archil. 74, i ; Soph. Aj. 648, em- Archil. 74, 5. 
Xjrt( is the Attic form. 

), see fpxf*(u* 

, see ep^o^iat. 

(*EXua>) To roll, Epic and only 2 aor. pass. eKva-drjv was rolled, 
compressed, II. 23, 393; chvardds Od. 9, 433; Archil. Fr. 103 
(Bergk); Ap. Rh. i, 1034; Opp. Hal. 2, 89. See etAvo>. 
), see fiX&>. 
To take, see alpta. 

s Efipipdw, see ftdfa. 

'EjjLf3pip.aop.ai, see /3/n/z-. 

'EjAe'u To vomit, -ffi Hippocr. 7, 10, epovai, /ear- Ar. Fr. 207 
(D.); imper. e/* Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 604; fpeav II. 15, n, 
->v Aesch. Ag. 1599; tpfiv Com. Fr. (Nicoph.) 2, 850; PI. 
Phaedr. 268 : imp. ffpavv Ar. Fr. 130 (D.); Xen. An. 4, 8, 20, 
-( Her. 7, 88 : fut. Attic rare f^S>, W- Com. Fr. (Polyz.) 2, 
868, Ion. eX " Hippocr. 7, 28. 8, 16 (Lit.), '- D. Laert. 6, 2, 
47, o-vie- Geop. 19, 7 : mid. e'/iov^ai Aesch. Eum. 730, and 
Ion. ffifoftai Hippocr. 2, 184. 6, 42 (fpevfTai Galen quotes): 
aor. rjiifva Hippocr. 2, 696. 7, 194 (Lit.); Luc. Herm. u, e'- 

Ar. Ach. 6, e^ecrtra, QTT- II. 14, 437 ; e/xeVo) Plut. Mor. 8oi, 
(- Ar. Ach. 586, inrep- Hippocr. 7, 12; opt. e'-/ie<re Od. 12, 

237. 437; floras Aristot. Probl. 5, 7; inf. e'/iVat Her. i, 133, 
- PI. Rep. 406 ; rare if correct, rjnw 1 * ( '- Hes. Th. 497 (Vulg., 
fg-Tifj.f<T<ra Herm. Goettl. Lennep, Flach), vTrep-jj^o-- Hippocr. 7, 
10. 32 (Lit.), wrong, we think : p. rather late e^M^" 1 Ael. H. A. 
17, 37 ; Luc. Lexiph. 21, e'- Aristid. 26, 322 : but pip. eV^eW 
Hippocr. 5, 232 (Mss. Lit.), late e^f/ne/<ft Diog. Laert. 6, 4, 7: 
p.p. ffjLT)^.t(Tfiai late, Ael. V. H. 13, 22 (Hercher) : aor. lufB^vai 
Galen 7, 219, e'- Oribas. 8, 6; awt^-efuSels 8, 4, but ^6*1? 
Schol. Od. 12, 439 : fut. late /te^o-rrat, e'|- V. T. Job 20, 15. 
Mid. aor. subj. e'^e'oryrai, if correct, Hippocr. 2, 494 (Lit.), see 
below. For the rare aor. form e^-^a-a in Hes. quoted, Passow 
suggested, and Herm. and Goettling adopted the Homeric 
-f]fjLfa-a-a. ft-rjwvc however may also in point of form, be from 
'a/ia&> to cut out, a. suitable sense enough, if that sense suit the 
Myth. Nor is it quite free from suspicion in Hippocrates, for 
though vrrep-(fj.f)(rr), -f/iijcmf, -e/iijo-ai, -e/i^o-a? occur vol. 7> IO - 3- 
32 (Lit.), yet we have inrtp- ^ecr<crt twice without v. r. on p. 12, 

28. 86. IOO, OTT- IIO. 194. 288, ffifadrat twice 60, e'/xc 



. 247 

112 &c. In fact, the rj occurs only in the comp. with \mep, and 
that, as we have seen, not constantly. But as vnep possesses no 
recognised peculiar privilege of lengthening, and as above thirty 
instances of aor. occur in the and and 5th vols. of Littre"'s 
edition without a trace of y in the Mss., we cannot help thinking 
vTTfpij/wjo-a a decided mistake for wre/^/zeo-a, and ought to be 
forthwith expelled. Dindorf, with we think less than his usual 
sifting caution, has allowed iirfpfjfirja-- to pass unchallenged in 
Steph. Thes. At 2, 494 (Lit.) eVeo-qrai subj. aor. mid. has been 
challenged as an 'unauthorised form/ and the fat. e/jeVera* 
proposed as the ' true form.' Ermerins i, 353, reads e/i/ernt with 
Mss. A. C. The subj. however has Ms. support as well as the fat., 
and though not necessary in point of syntax after oKtas pf), is yet 
perfectly legitimate, see Her. 6, 85 (Gaisf. Dind. Bekk.), Thuc. 
i, 73. 4, 66; for im-eXfwo-jjrai which follows in the same con- 
struction, and may be suspiciously rare, we would suggest 
vTroXiio-jjTm as more appropriate, and less objectionable in form. 
See 3, 717 (K). 

'Epirdofi,ai To care about, Epic, II. 16, 50 ; Opp. Hal. I, 231, 
-a{u Od. 16, 422 ; imper. -afo Od. i, 305 : and imp. unaugm. 
efi7rao/zf;i/ Od. 2, 2Oi ; Bion 5? 9- 

'EjnreSocj To establish, has imp. fnj.irf8ow Xen. Cyr. 8, 8, 2 : 
but later aor. eWTj-eScoo-a Dio Cass. 60, 28 (Bekk. Dind.); 
a-ai Themist. 15, 190. 

'EfiiroSi^u To fetter, hinder, Xen. Mem. 4, 3, 9 : imp. 
Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 10 : fut. cprodiu Isocr. Epist. 4, n ; PL Lys. 
210, -i(TG> late Geop. 2, 49, reg. : p.p. efjnrfno8iarfj.evos Aesch. Pr. 
550: fiit. late fUTrodio-OTjvopai Galen 10, 765; Oribas. 7, 23; 
Porphyr. de Abst. i, 17: and as pass. fut. mid. -iroSi 
Stob. (Antip.) 67, 25, both missed by Lexicogr. Mid. 
di'ferai Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 57. 

'EfjnroXdw To traffic, gain by, Soph. Ant. 1037 : imp. 
Ar. Vesp. 444, d?r- Eur. Tr. 973. Ion 1371 : fat. 
Soph. Ant. 1063: aor. eVen-oXijo-a Isae. n, 43 (Dobr. B. Saupp. 
Scheibe), eVerrcbX- (Bekk.), but aTr-^n-oX- Luc. Merc. Con. 24 
(Fritz.); Apollod. 3, 6, 4, air-ip- (Bekk.) ; e/iTroX^o-ar Soph. O. R. 
1025 ; Ar. Pax 563 : p. $p*&iftti Soph. Aj. 978 ; Ar. Pax 
367, dTT-ij/iTT- Luc. Merc. Con. 24 quoted (Dind. Jacob.), but 
^wen-ox??*- Catapl. i (Dind. Jacob.); -TJKVS Aesch. Eum. 631 : 
p. p. wtTTo'Xrjfuu Philostr. 7, 288, ?- Soph. Ant. 1036, air- 
Luc. Merc. Con. 23, Ion. eVwroXt^eW, '^- Her. i, i : aor. 
(rjp.iro\rj6r]v), fp.iro\r)6fis Soph. Tr. 250. Mid. to amass by 
traffic, only e/roXdu>im> Od. 15, 456. The form e/in-oXeo) is 



248 'E/ATTOjOeuo/xcu 'Ej/aiT/oo/xcu 



late, Tzetz. Hist, i, 821 &c. cwr-f/MroXel D. Hal. Ant. 7, 63, 

ajj-f/iTroXetrai Strab. 3, 2, 4. 
'E(jnrop6uojj.ai, see iropeiiofiai. 
'Ep.TrpT)9to, e|nuirpT][U, efnrnrpaw, see irtpirprjiu. 
EfJic^opea), see <popiu>. 
'Ei'-ayicaXiiofiai, see dy/taX-. 
'Evatpw To &'//, Poet. II. 8, 296 ; Eur. Ion 191. 218 (chor.); 

tvaipe II. IO, 481 ; -aipav II. 21, 26 ; Soph. Ph. 946; -eiv II. 2O, 

96, -e/zev 13, 338 : imp. tvaiptv Find. N. 3, 47 ; Eur. Hipp. 
1129 (chor.) ; Q. Sm. i, 395 : 1 aor. rare and late "?/>, KOT- 
Orph. Arg. 669: 2 aor. fjvapov Eur. Andr. 1182 (chor.), KOT- 
Soph. Ant. 871 (chor.); Callim. Apol. 100, and Zvapov Find. N. 
10, 15; Eur. Supp. 821 (hexam.); evapelv, '- Hes. Sc. 329. 

Mid. tvaipo/jiai Epic as act. evatpto Od. 19, 263; -6fj.fvos II. 16, 

92 : aor. Epic eVijpa/uji/ 5, 59. Od. 24, 424; Hes. Th. 316, *ar- 
Od. ii, 519; Opp. Hal. 2, 505; Anth. App. Epigr. 306. 
Pass, evaipnfuu to be destroyed, Soph. O. C. 842 : imp. fjvaip- 
Aesch. Sept. 811; -opevos Orph. L. 229. 551. ('vaipepfv Epic 
inf. pres. act. II. 24, 244. Act. Epic and Trag. Mid. 
Epic. Pass. Trag. and late Epic. We have never seen simple 
or comp. in prose or Com. poetry. This verb seems rather 
allied to ei/epoi than compounded of eW/pw (Buttm.) Hence 
augm. on initial syllable, imp. rjvmpov, 2 aor. with and without 
augm. fjvapov, fvap-, 1 aor. act. and mid. always without, KOT- 
fvript, fvrjparo, Kar-evfip-, in which ; is no augment, but the mere 
lengthened form of the penult, common to all liquid verbs. 

'Evairioo/Acu To oppose, Andoc. 3, i ; PI. Apol. 31 ; Xen. Cyr. 
4, 2, 39; Dem. 16, 24; -ovaBat Thuc. 4, 65; -ovpevos Soph. 
Ph. 643, Ion. -evptvos Her. 7, 49 : imp. rivavnov^v Her. i, 
76 ; Thuc. 6, 89 ; Andoc. 2, 4; Isocr. 19, 14 : fut. eVafrt&xro/MM 
Aesch. Pr. 786; Eur. Ale. 152; Ar. Pax 1049; Hippocr. 6, 2. 
7, 606; Thuc. 4, 85 ; Lys. 13, 17 : p. rjvavTi<i>p.ai. Thuc. 2, 40; 
PI. Apol. 40; Dinarch. i, 61 ; Dem. 18, 293. 19, 205; Ar. Av. 
385 (Br. Bekk. &c.), tvrjvr- (Pors. Dind. Bergk, Mein.) : aor. 
j)vavriu>6i]v Andoc. i, 67 ; Xen. Mem. 4, 8, 5 ; PI. Apol. 
32. 40; -udqvai Her. 7, 10 (4); Thuc. i, 136: later fut. 
p. as mid. fvavriudfjaofiai Dio. Hal. 4, 51; Diod. Sic. 3, 6 
(Vulg. Bekk. -wo-o/wu Dind.); Luc. Navig. 32 (Vulg. Jacobitz), 

tvavria drjaopfvos (Cobet, Dind. tlOZU, FritZSChe). Vb. evavTicariov 

Aristot. Top. 8, 9. Dep. with fut. m. and aor. pass, in the 
classic period, later fut. pass, as mid. : aor. mid. we have not 
seen : and augments almost always prep, ^v-avr- instead of 
simple verb eV-ijir- ; but f]vdvr- is inadmissible, Ar. Av. 385 
quoted metro repugnante. 



249 

*Erapi<> To slay, spoil, Poet. -i'foi II. r, 191 (Bekk. LaRoche, see 
fut.); -ifowll. 21, 224; Hes. Sc. 194; but fg-fvapi&is, II. 16, 850: 
imp. qwipifoi/ Aesch. Ag. 1644, tvdp- II. 16, 731, in anastrophe 
12, 195: fut. evapiga, -j'oi II. i, 191 ? (Wolf, -t'fot Bekk. Bind.), 
-i'ei Or. Sib. 5, 133, e|- II. 20, 339 (Bekk. Dind. La Roche): 
aor. evapi^a II. 22, 323 ; Find. N. 6, 52 (Bergk, Momms.), 
eg-tvap- Hes. Th. 289 ; Ap. Rh. i, 92 ; imper. fn-fvdptgov Soph. 
O. C. 1733 chor. (Elms. Dind. &c. evdpig- Vulg.), later rjvdpiga 
Lycophr. 486, and ^dpio-a Anacr. Epigr. 100 (Bergk): p.p. 

TjvaptcrfjLai, /car- Soph. Aj. 26 : aor. rjvapio-drjv, an- Hipponax 42, 

KOT- Aesch. Ch. 347 (chor.) : pres. -tfo'/xevo? Soph. Tr. 94. 
Mid. late, fut. (vapigfrai trans. Or. Sib. 3, 468 : aor. hapl^aro 
Opp. Cyn. 2, 20; but -iaaadai, oTrXiaaa-dai (Hesych.) Lexicogr. 
have missed the mid. 

'Efao-Ke'w To work in, practise, train, late, aor. -fja-as Plut. 
Alex. 17 ; intrans. Polyb. i, 63 : p.p. ei/f/ovoj/wi Joseph. 3, 7. 5 : 
aor. -r]<rKi]0r) Anth. n, 354: with fut. mid. evaa-Kfja-fai as pass. 
Luc. Auct. Vit. 3, missed by all Lexicogr. 

Ekau'co, see avo). 

'EySidu To stay in the open air, linger. Poet, -act Anth. 5, 270 ; 
Opp. C. 4, 8 1 ; -aovo-a Anth. 5, 292 : and imp. iter. Iv^iaaonov 
Theocr. 22, 46, but trans, keep^feed, in the open air, Theocr. 16, 

38. Mid. evnidovrai Hom. H. 32, 6. (la.) 

'Eyfoid^cD To doubt, Thuc. i, 36; Plut. Sull. 9 : aor. ez/8o/ncra 
App. Mithr. 33 ; Plut. Mor. n ; Luc. Gall, n : and <fi/8otdVyi( 
Dio. Hal. Ant. 7, 59 ; Parthen. 9 : imp. eVeSom^ro Luc. V. 
Hist. 2, 21. Conv. 9 : aor. pass. evfBoidadrjv passively Thuc. i, 
122; late, as act. Parthen. 9, 6 (Herch.) : (v. r. aor. m. 

-d<ra<rdai ibid.) 

('Eyeyica)), see rpe'pa. 

'EveSpeu'w To waylay, lie in ambush, Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 30 : imp. 
fvfjSffvov i, 6, 39 : fut. fvf8ptvrr<a Plut. Ant. 63 : aor. evrfipewa 
Thuc. 4, 67 ; Xen. Hell. 5, i, ro : (p. ?): p.p. tv^pevntvos Luc. 
Calumn. 23 : aor. ev^ptvdrjv Dem. 28, 2 ; -8pfv6rjvai Xen. Mem. 
2,1,5: fut. m. as pass. evtSpeva-oivro shall be caught, get them- 
selves caught, Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 18. Mid. aor. fvedpevo-dpevos 
having placed himself in ambush, Hell. 4, 4, 15: fut. -tixropat 
pass, see above. 

2 p. efTJcoOa To sit, lie on, only in comp. and Epic, 
II. 10, 134. Od. 8, 365, Karfvfjv- H. Cer. 279; Hes. Sc. 
269, irapevr)i>- Ap. Rh. i, 664, all Epic, and used both as pres. 
and past. The early Epics used this verb of space II. 2, 219. 
10, 134. Od. 8, 365 &c., the later of time, lie on, intervene, Ap. 
Rh. 4, 276, but we should not from this feel warranted to infer 



250 

that ' the later Epic writers appear to have misunderstood the 
Homeric acceptation of nty^woSa.' It has been said that ' the 
compound with KOTO, has the same meaning as the other (firevrj- 
vo8a), and seems to have been assumed for the sake of the 
metre.' This is curiously incorrect. We venture to say that, 
on a careful examination, it will be found that the two compounds 
are in every instance purposely used in their distinctive meanings, 
and that as in no instance is Karf^vode demanded on metrical 
grounds it does not appear how it could be ' assumed for the 
sake of the metre/ It is joined with a plural KO/XCU Karevrjvo6(v 
H. Cer. 279. 

'Ece'-n-u To say, Poet. Eur. Elec. 144 (chor.); Ap. Rh. 4, 985, 
-tis Nonn. D. 4, 47. 46, 38, -enet Find. N. 3, 75, -eVouo-i Eur. 

I. A. 177 (chor.); Ap. Rh. i, 26. 2, 905; Nic. Ther. TO, Dor. 
-eVoio-i Find. N. 6, 61; subj. eveiro Com. Fr. (Axion.) 3, 531 
(lyr.) ; opt. ewrotju Od. 17, 561 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 1059, -01 Find. 
01. 8, 82; Ap. Rh. 4, 1388; fv(iriv Eur. Rhes. 14 (chor.); 
evftrav II. n, 643. Od. 24, 414; Hes. Op. 262, and ewetr^ 
Aesch. Ag. 247 ; Soph. El. 1367 ; subj. -eVw Aesch. Supp. 
930; -etrois Soph. Tr. 630; Horn, only imper. and imp. eWen-c 

II. 2, 761. Od. I, I ; Ap. Rh. 4, 2 ; Soph. O. C. 32, pi. tVi/eVere 

Hes. Op. 2 ; part eW^-ow Hes. Op. 262 ; Find. N. 7, 69 ; 
Soph. O. R. 1381, fern. Dor. fwfiroura Find. I. 8, 46 ; ewiTTfiv 
Soph. Tr. 402, rare ewrra>, -TTTWV, Find. P. 4, 20 1 ; Aesch. Ag. 
590, late ei/iWw Orph. Arg. 855, -io-nei Dion. Per. 391, all Poet. : 
imp. evenov Find. N. i, 69, ewf-Kov II. 8, 412. Horn. H. 19, 29; 
Find. Ol. i, 47. N. 10, 79 ; Theocr. 20, 2 (rjvfn- Find, quoted, 
Bergk 3 ed., so irpovty- P. 4, 97. 9, 29) : fut. cvtya> II. 7, 447. 
Od. 2, 137, and eVto-THjo-co Od. 5, 98: 1 aor. late (eW\jm), subj. 
fvfya> (Theocr.) 27, 10. 38, fvfyn Nonn. Metaphr. Joan. 9, 22; 

tvfyai 9, 23. Dion. IO, 2OI. 46, 44: 2 aor. eviairov II. 2, 80. 24, 

388; ei/to-TTQ) ii, 839. Od. 9, 37; o>iWoi/M II. 14, 107. Od. 4, 
317 ; imper. ewWe? II. n, 186. 14, 470. Od. 3, 101. 4, 314, 
and evurne 4, 642; Ap. Rh. 3, i (-es Merk.); Theocr. 25, 34; 
Aesch. Supp. 603; (VHTTrnv Od. 4, 324; Hes. Th. 369 (Eur. 
Supp. 435), Epic -KnrepfvOd. 3,93 (Bekk.),-eti'(Vulg. Dind.LaR.) 
Vb. a-cnrfTos II. n, 704. Soph. Tr. 961. The Tragedians 
(Aesch. Soph, always) use eweVw Aesch. Ag. 247. Ch. 550 &c. ; 
Soph. O. C. 412. Aj. 764 &c. ; Eur. Ale. 1154. Supp. 610 &c. 
never imperfect; ei/eVo) (single v) in anapaests only and lyric 
passages, Eur. Hipp. 572. 580. Elec. 144 &c. never imperfect. 
Brunck would seem, therefore, to have erred in editing Trpoweira> 
for irpovw- in a trimeter, and against the older Mss. Soph. Tr. 
227. eviiTTa say, to be distinguished from win chide. 



251 

, see ?x<i>. 
f Evr\voQa, see evfda. 

c, see cp^ojuat. 

70 consider, Aesch. Eum. 222 ; Hippocr. i, 241. 
278 (Erm.); Antiph. 5, 6; Thuc. i, 120; Lys. 10, 30; -oi^eda 
Simon. Am. 2 : imp. eixdvpovp.^ Thuc. 7, 18 ; Isocr. 15, 6 : 
fut. ev6vfj.fia-ofi.ai Lys. 12, 45 : (no mid. aor.) : p. eWetfu/i^ai Thuc. 
i, 1 20 ; Xen. An. 3, i, 43 ; but pass. Ar. Eccl. 262 ; PI. Crat. 
404 : pip. (i>fTf6vp.r]To Lys. 12, 70, evredvfj.- Joseph. Ant. 14, 
13, 8 : aor. eveQv^Q^v Ar. Ran. 40; Hippocr. 2, 142 (Erm.); 
Thuc. 2, 60; Xen. Hell. 4, 3, 13 ; Lys. 31, 27 ; Dem. 24, 122 : 
fut. p. late ev6vfj.rj6ri<Tofiai. as mid. Epist. Phal. 148 (Herch.) ; 
Epictet. Ench. 21; Pm'lostr. V. Soph. 614; Aristid. 42 (525): 
the pres. part, ev6vp.ovfj.fvos is used passively late, App. Civ. 5, 
133, and, according to some, perf. evrtdvp- Ar. and PI. quoted. 
Vb. lvdvnT)T(ov Epich. 127 ; Andoc. i, 7. This verb is rare in 
poetry: once in Trag. -ovpevriv Aesch. Eum. 222, occasionally in 
Comedy, Ar. quoted, and Nub. 820. Eccl. 138. fvdvfja'iadf, if 
sound, Com. Fr. (Cratin. min.) 3, 374 ; -ov/jifvos (Pher.) 2, 338. 
(Herm.) 2, 399 &c. Act. evdvpeu late, irpo- Aen. Tact. 24, 18: 

aor. ev6vfj.r)(ras 37, 6. 

'Ekiirrw, say, see evfira). 

'Eviirrw Poet. To chide, reproach, ewrroi II. 24, 768; evam II. 
3, 438 ; eviTTTw Pind. P. 4, 201 ; Aesch. Ag. 590, fiWo>, -iWwv 
II. 22, 497. 24, 238 ; Epic inf. -i.a-crefj.ev II. 15, 198 : imp. evicr- 
ITOV, -opd/ Od. 24, 161 (Wolf, Bekk. Dind.), late evimov Nic. 
Ther. 347 : 2 aor. (CMWOTOV v. r. II. 15, 546 &c.) fvfvto-rrov (v. r. 
II. 23, 473 &c.) perhaps rather uncertain even late, Q. Sm. 2, 
430. 4, 302. 5, 237 (Lehrs, fvevnr- Koechly). 10, 26 (Lehrs, and, 
perhaps by mistake, Koechly), also evevlnov II. 15, 546. 16, 626. 
23, 473, and r)vinairov 2, 245. Od. 20, 303. Werneke, Butt- 
mann, Bekker, Spitzner discard from Horn, the forms cvtvurirov, 

tvevinrov. Q. Sm. has fvevunrov often, 2, 430. 5, 237 &C (Vulg. 

Lehrs), Koechly always evevlrrov, except 10, 26, -to-n-e perhaps 
unintentionally; Tryphiod. 419 (Wern.) 

'Eciffiru say, late in pres. Nic. Ther. 522 ; Dion. Per. 391 ; at 
Orph. Arg. 855, it may be subj. aor. See eWn 
'EtaWw, see eV/T 
, see eVe 
, see vof 

li/kiju, Poet, eicud) To clothe another, simple pres. not 
used, see a/x<i- Kara-: fut. Epic eo-tra Od. 16, 79. 17, 550. 557, 
but d;j<i-eo-< 5, 167, Attic irpoaranfaS) Ar. Eq. 891, dna(j.(f)- Com. 
Fr. (Men.) 4, 171 : aor. Zaa (o-ar) II. 5, 905. Od. 4, 253. 14, 320, 



252 'JEvo^Xeeo 'Ei/reXXw. 



and fivva-a, Kara-fiv- II. 23, 135 ; imper. ea-a-ov II. 16, 670 ; eWctt 
(Od. 14, 154); eo-o-as 14, 396, (eo-a in COmp. dju^i-sVmjui Od. l8, 
361 ; dp.<f)i-f<ra(ra 15, 369.) Mid. evvvpat to clothe oneself, -vafdai 

Od. 6, 28. 14, 522 ; ewvpevai Orph. H. 43, 6 : imp. ewvwv, -wo 
Od. 10, 543. Horn. H. 4, 171; Theocr. 24, 138 : fut. eo-o/ia* 
(o-o-), e$- Ap. Rh. i, 691, Ion. eVt-fW- Find. N. n, 16, e^-eo-o- 
Ap. Rh. i, 691 : aor. e<rd^j?i> II. 14, 178, Ion. or without elision 
of prep. eVi-fo-d/i- Xen. Cyr. 6, 4, 6, eo-o-awv II. 14, 350; Find. 
P. 4, 204, eV-fo-o-- Anth. 7, 446, e'0- Ap. Rh. r, 1326, and 

ffaa-dfj.- II. IO, 23: p. flfiai Od. 19, 72, mii II, 191, and ecrfuu, 

fo-aai Od. 24, 250, ea-rai Ion. eW-eorai Her. i, 47 (Orac.) : pip. 

co-prjv, etrcro II. 3, 57. Od. l6, 199, eoro II. 23, 67. Od. 24, 227, 
3 dual fo6i)v II. l8, 517, 3 pi. eturo II. 18, 596, and e'eV/x-, eeoro 

II. 12, 464 (tFTTo Bekk.). Horn. H. 4, 86 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 1225 ; 
d^evcs II. 20, 381. Od. 15, 331 ; Soph. O. C. 1701 (chor.); Eur. 
Tr. 496 (trimet.); Ion. Kara-ei/xeVos Od. 13. 351, eVt-ftfx- II. 7, 

164. Epic and Ion. fivvpi, eV-etWo-^nt Her. 4, 64; (ii>vo>, KOTO- 

fiwov II. 23, 135 (Vulg.), where however Bekker, Dindorf, La 
Roche, after Aristarchus, read Karafiwa-av ; but Kar-dwov Opp. 
Hal. 2, 673. The perf. tlfiai, tlrai, and 3 pi. pip. flaro for flvro, 
alone take the temporal augment. This verb seems to have 
been digammated (Ffo>) Fea-a-a, Ffipai, Fduro (Bekk. 1859), com- 
pare vestio. The simple verb is mostly Epic, twice only, we 
think, in Attic poetry, Soph, and Eur. quoted : the prose form 

is iifJL(pifvvvfji, 

'EcoxX&> To harass, Ar. Eccl. 303 ; Lys. 8, 4 ; Dem. 18, 4 
(B.); PI. Alcib. (i.) 104; -0^X3 Xen. Mem. 3, 8, 2 : imp. rjixa- 
x \(ov Hippocr. 3, 94 (Lit.), -ow Isocr. 5, 53 ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 3, 
56; Aeschin. i, 58; Dem. 48, 19: fut. fVoxX^o-o) Anth. n, 
126; Isocr. 15, 153; Dem. 58, 68; Luc. Tim. 34: fjvax^a-a 
Dem. 19, 206. 43, 20; -fja-eif Isocr. 5, 59: p. ^c&>xX'?* a Dem. 
21, 4 : p.p. t]i>tox^wai, Trap- Dem. 18, 50 : aor. f)v<ox\fjdr)v Hip- 
pocr. 5, 702 (Lit.); Artemid. Onir. 2, 3 ; V. T. i Reg. 30, 13: 
fut. late evox^r)6ri<TovTai Geop. 14, 9 ; -drjcrofj.fi'os Dio. Hal. 10, 3 : 
and fut. m. eVox^o-oyifi/o? as pass. Ap. Civ. i, 36 ; Galen 3, 933 
missed by Lexicogr. This verb is almost confined to prose, 
never in Trag., a few times in Comedy, but pres. only. The 
best Mss. present the forms with double augment, v. r. eV- 
vwx^ovv, ffvox^ovv Alciphr. 3, 53 (Vulg.), T]VU>X- (Ven. Mein.), 
fVoj^'XetTo Aeschin. 3, 34 (Ms. c. d. k. 1.), ^o^X- (Vulg. B. Saupp.), 
jji/w^X- (Mss. Bekk. Franke) &c. The metre requires ewo^Xew 
Theocr. 29 (30), 36, and Hermann, Meineke, Ahrens, Ziegler 
so write it, Ifo^X- Fritzsche. 

To enjoin, Poet, in act. Soph. Fr, 252 : aor. 



253 

Find. Ol. 7, 40. Generally Dep. m. eVTeXXo/ww as act. 
Her. 4, 9. 94 ; PI. Prot. 325 : imp. eWeXX- Her. i, 90. 3, 16 ; 
Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 2, Ion. 2 sing. ei/ereXXfo Her. i, 117 : fut. late 
fvTfXov^ai Schol. II. 24, 117 ; V. T. Esai. 13, n : aor. cm-ftXd/^ir 
Her. i, 156; Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 12; (Luc.) Philoptr. 13; -Xa>/xai 
Luc. D. Mort. i, 2 ; -dpwos Her. r, 117 ; -aaAu 2, 121 ; Xen. 
An. 5, i, 13: p. 6/r'raX/*at usu. pass. -raX/Va Soph. Fr. 411 
(Dind.); Eur. Phoen. 1648 ; Her. 6, 106 ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 3 ; 
act. Polyb. 17, 2 (Bekk. 18 Dind.) : pip. ej/rmiXro pass. Her. 5, 2. 
'ErrpoTTaXioneu To /wr often back, only part, -o'/uecor II. 6, 496. 
n, 547. 21, 492 ; late Epic Ap. Rh. 3, 1222 ; Q. Sm. 12, 583; 
and late prose Plut. Mor. 449. 

'En-uu To prepare (i5), Poet, and unaugra. Theogn. 196; 
imper. ei/rue Anth. 10, 118, eV- II. 8, 374: imp. evrvov\\. 5, 
720 ; Pind. N. 9, 36 ; Mosch. 2, 164, but evrvvu has u Anth. 9, 
624; -ovwi/ Ap. Rh. 3, 737; Orph. Arg. 792; Opp. Hal. 4, 
440 : imp. tvrvvov II. 9, 203. Od. 12, 183 ; Pind. P. 4, 181, iter. 

e Ap. Rh. 3,40: fut.- vvS> Lycophr. 734 : aor. fvrvva, imper. 

Eur. Hipp. 1183 (trimet.) ; -vvaa-a II. 14, 162. Mid. 

i Ap. Rh. 4, 1191 ; Opp. Hal. i, 580, eV- Od. 24, 89 ; 

Mosch. 2, 30 (Mein.) ; -rvvecrde Callim. Ap. 8 ; -rvvn^evos 
Od. 17, 182 : imp. evT-ovovTo II. 24, 124. Od. 16, 2 : aor. evrvvd- 

(JLrjv, Tvvw/jitda Od. 17, I75> Epic 2 Sing, -rvvtai 6, 33 J -rvvain Ap. 

Rh. 3, 510, -euro 3, 293; -aa^at Hes. Op. 632; Ap. Rh. i, 

1189; -dfievos Od. 12, l8; Ap. Rh. I, 396. Pass, evrvvovrai 

Ap. Rh. i, 235. This verb is chiefly Epic, once only in Attic 
poetry, Eur. quoted. 

'Efuimdw To dream, rare in act. Aristot. H. A. 4, 10, 13; 
v. r. Hippocr. i, 594 (Lit.) Mid. -do/iai Hippocr. i, 594 ; 
Plut. Brut. 24. Cat. maj. 23 ; V. T. Deut. 13, 5. Esai. 29, 8 : 
aor. both frmmavqpjpr Gen. 37, 9. Jud. 7, 13 (v. r. ^v-), TJVVTT- 
Jer. 23, 25 (v. r. ei/un--): and ev\mviaa6r)v Gen. 28, 12. 37, 5. 6. 
41, 5. Dan. 2, r, r^wn- 3 : but fut. -ao-^o-o^at Joel 2, 28. 

'E|aKe'aas, see dxeofiai. 

see dv8pair-. 

To deceive, Her. i, 90 ; Hippocr. 6, 496 ; Antiph. 
5, 91 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 5, 13, Dor. 3 pi. -aTrarwwi Pind. Ol. i, 29 : 
imp. -rjnaTav Ar. Eq. 418, iter. -airdraa-Kov Pax 1070 (hexam.) : 
fut. -170-0) II. 9, 371 ; Lys. 4, 14: aor. -jjTrdrqo-a Ar. Eccl. 949 ; Her. 
9, 116 ; PI. Meno 80, -an-ar^o-a II. 22, 299 ; -ijo-a? Andoc. 3, 33; 

-f/erat Od. 13, 277; Andoc. 3, 34: p. -rjndrrjKa Her. 6, 2; PL 

Prot. 342 &c. reg. : except fut. mid. -aTrarr/o-o^at as pass. Xen. 
An. 7, 3, 3 : with fut. p. -an-aT^o-cpu PI. Crat. 436. Gorg. 499. 
Mid. f'lan-arw/iot seems doubtful, -arcu Hippocr. i, 572 (Lit. 



254 

-oTTara Ermerins) ; PL Crat. 439 (2 Mss. Stallb., a-nara Vulg. 
Bekk. B. O. W. Herm.) ; so Aristot. Probl. 29, 6 (Mss. Vulg. 

djrara Bekk.) 

*E|api6|jie(i), see dpid-. 

'E^apke'ofxai. see dpveofjiai. 

'E|eTdw To investigate, Xen. Mem. 2, 2, 13; PI. Prot. 333; 
Aeschin. i, 195; -erd&s Isocr. 5, 29; imper. egerae Soph. Aj. 
586 ; -a&iv Her. 3, 62 ; Isocr. 3, 17 : imp. fgfjra&v Thuc. 2, 7 ; 
Isocr. 15, 141 : fut. e'era<rw Ar. Eccl. 729; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 
151; Xen. Oec. 8, 10; PL Charm. 172. Apol. 29; Dem. 18, 
ii. 21, 21. 154, once only <rer Isocr. 9, 34 : aor. e^rao-a Ar. 
Thesm. 436; Aeschin. i, 160; (PL) Epist. 13, 362 B, Dor. 
-jjTaa Theocr. 14, 28; subj. -da-co Soph. O. C. 211 ; PL Apol. 

24; -do-tu/u Phaedr. 277, -do-ete Dem. 2O, l8; -eraa-ov Dem. 18, 

265 ; -do-at Theogn. 1016 ; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 228 ; Thuc. 7, 
33; -do-ar (Dem.) 1469 : p. e^ra/ca Xen. Mem. 3, 6, 10. n ; PL 
Theaet. 154; Aeschin. i, 92; Dem. 18, 172. (58, 19); Com. 
Fr. (Heges.) 4, 479. (Nicom.) 4, 583 : p.p. -qTaoyim Dem. 20, 
49. 37, 46 : aor. -^rda-driv Dem. 22, 66 ; -aad^vcu Antiph. 5, 37 ; 
-uatieis PL Crat. 436 : fut. -eracrtfqo-o/wu Dem. 2, 20 ; Luc. Jup. 
Tr. 42. Vb. egfraa-Tfov PL Rep. 599. er)Tao-p.(vr) is not act. 
(Dem.) Epist. 5 (1490.) The preposition in this verb is not 
inseparable : pres. eVdbt/o-< Polus (Pythagor.) Stob. Fl. 9, 54 : 
aor. fJTaa-e Anth. 12, 135; fTaoys J, 17 ; V. T. Gen. 12, 17, and 
often pres. fut. aor. act. and pass, and fut. pass. IraaQ^ovrai. 
Apocr. Sap. 6, 7 ; tjrd&To Jambl. Dram. 12; even Plato in his 
Crat. 410, has erdfet, eYdbi>, though he seemingly uses the simple 
merely for an etymological illustration. How squares the elision 
of s with Cobet's and J. Word.'s rule ? 

'E6\T)T(H, |6\T)TO, 566 etXfG). 

'EopTd(i> To keep a festival, Thuc. 3, 3 ; Arr. Cyn. 34 ; -rdfy 
Eur. I. T. 1458, Ion. oprdfa Her. 2, 60: imp. (a>praov Isocr. 
19, 40, Ion. Spra^ov Her. 9, 7 : fut. late eoprao-ca Alciphr. 3, 18; 
Luc. Mer. C. 16 ; Dio Cass. 47, 13 ; (Her.) V. Horn. 29 : aor. 
fatpraaa Dio Cass. 48, 34. 60, 17 (Bekk.); inf. eoprdacu Ar. Ach. 

1079 ; PL Rep. 458 ; oprdaas Her. 7, 206 : p. (e'd>pra*a) : pip. St- 
fcapraKfi Dio CaSS. 47, 2O : aor. p. eaprdadrjit 56, 24, 8t- 51, 21. 
'Eiraivdu To approve, II. 4, 29 ; Aesch. Sept. 596 ; Soph. O. C. 
665; Her. 6, 130; Antiph. 3, d, 8; Thuc. 2, 35; Andoc. 3, 
33; Xen. An. 3, i, 45; Isocr. n, 30 (Lacon. -aww Ar. Lys. 
198, Aeol. -au/7?/u Simonid. C. 5, 19), 3 pi. Dor. -eWt Pind. P. 
5, 107 (Bergk 3 ed.) : imp. fu^vtov II. 4, 380 ; Eur. Or. 902 ; 
Isocr. 12, 264, -vei PL Rep. 582, Ion. VaiW Her. 3, 34. 7, 116 : 
fut. (Traivfva Simon. Am. 7, 29 (Bergk); Aesch. Eum. 836; 



co *J?nravpe<a. 255 

Soph. El. 1044. 1057 ; Eur. Heracl. 300. Andr. 464. Cycl. 549; 
Xen. An. i, 4, 16 (Dind. Krtig. Saupp. -enji-e Popp.). 5, 5, 8 ; 
PI. Conv. 214 (B. O. W. Stallb. -eVo/xai Bekk.); Dem. 20, 143? 
-e'o-oi PL Leg. 719 (B. O. W. Herm. -rat Bekk.); later Aristot. 
Eth. M. i, 32; Plut. Pomp. 71. Caes. 44; Luc. Herm. 42?; 
Lycophr. 1172; Epict. Ench. 54; Demetr. Phal. 295, Poet. 
-770x0 Theogn. 93 (v. r. -IJCTJ?); Pind. P. 10, 69: and in same 
sense mid. -eo-o^ai Eur. Bac. 1 195 (chor.) ; Isocr. 8, 140. 12, 109. 
Epist. 2, 21 ; Xen. Hell. 3, 2, 6 ; PI. Rep. 379. 383. 426. Men. 
236. Leg. 639. 688. Conv. 199; Dem. 2, 31. 19, 45. 21, 73. 
58, 58 ; later Plut. Aristid. 12. Ages. 37. Pomp. 55. Cat. min. 
59 ; Luc. D. Deor. 18. Somn. 7. 9. Prom. 15 &c. ; Aristaen. 2, 2 ; 
Aristid. 42, 518; Demetr. Phal. 292: aor. errgwo-a Soph. Aj. 
536; Ar. Ach. 485; Thuc. i, 86; Isocr. 12, 265; PI. Gorg. 
471, Poet, -ijcijo-a II. 18, 312 ; Theogn. 876; Pind. N. 5, 19; 
but Plut. Mor. 931; Dor. pt. -ati/qo-ms Pind. P. 4, 189: p. 
firrjVfKa Isocr. 12, 261; PI. Polit. 307, -yvrjiea (Suid.) : but p.p. 
fir^vrjfjLai Hippocr. 2, 334 (Lit.); Isocr. 12, 233; Luc. Hist. 5, 
rjTrrjv- (Suid.) : aor. eirgvedriv Thuc. 2, 2 5 ; Isocr. 12, 146; Luc. 
Somn. 8 : fat. eWaife&ja-o/wu Andoc. 2, 13 ; PI. Rep. 474 ; (Dem.) 
60, 15, later -i^o-o/xai Long. Past. 4. 4 (Seil. -e^o-- Kerch.) 

Mid. aor. late firgveararo Ep. Phal. 147 (Kerch.) ; inf. -Tja-atrSat 

Themist. 16, 200 (D.) missed by Lexicogr. Vb. enaivereos 
PI. Rep. 390. In Attic poetry fat. act., with one exception, is 
the form in use ; in Attic prose the fut. mid. prevails. 

'Eira.vopQ6u To set upright, Isocr. 1,3; Lycurg. 7 ; Aeschin. 
i, 3; Dem. 6, 34, always with double augment: imp. eVrji/wp- 
6ow Isocr. 12, 200 : fut. -wo-w Thuc. 7, 77 ; Isocr. 6, 72 : aor. 
(Trr)vd>p6>ara Lys. 2, 70; Dinarch. i, 96, a-w- Dem. 10, 34, late 
eir-av- Eunap. Fr. 23 (L. Dind.) : (p. a.) : p. p. eirr)v<apd<afj.cu Dem. 
1 8, 311 : aor. eiravop6<a6r)vai Dem. 9, 76 (late, single augm. 
fTravapdtodt) 2 Mace. 5, 20) : fut. -op6o)df)aro[Mi Aeschin. 3, 177; 
Dem. 6, 5 : and fut. m. reflex or pass. firavopdao-eTai Isocr. 17, 
15; Dio Cass. 73, i. Mid. -opBovpai. right ones own, PL 
Euth. 9: imp. (Trrjvcopdovfirjv PI. Theaet. 143: fut. -WO-O/LUU PI. Lach. 
200 ; Dem. 15, 34 ; Plut. Them. 16 ; as reflex or pass, see 
Isocr. 17, 15; Dio Cass. 73, i: aor. enrivcopdcaadfiriv Isocr. 4, 

165; Dem. 7, 18. 56, 43. Vb. eWop&are'a PL Leg. 809.. 

This is the only comp. of 6p66a> that doubles the augment. 

See dvopdaat. 

'Eiraupcu and 'EiraupuTKu To enjoy, Epic and Lyric, both rare, 
-pet Hes. Op. 419, -I'O-KOUCTI Theogn. m: 2 aor. Dor. fnavpov 

Pind. P. 3, 36; Subj. enavpa, -ys Od. l8, 107, -rj II. 13, 649; 
II. 15, 316. 23, 340, and fnavptpff II. iS, 302. Od. 



256 'lEtTreiyw 'E7n/3ovAeu&j. 



17, 8 1. Mid. fTravpio-KOfjiai. to reap good or ill, enjoy, in poetry 
and prose, II. 13, 733 ; Hippocr. 7, 488 (Lit.); Democr. p. 166 
(Mull.); Themist. 21, 254, eVaupo/xat ? -avptaQai Ap. Rh. i, 1275 
(Well. Merk. but -ta-dat Ms. G.) : fut. ravpij<ro/u II. 6, 353 : 
1 aor. fTrr)vpapr)v Aristot. Eth. N. 8, 15, n, tnavp- (Hippocr.) 
Epist. 9, 424 (Lit.); -avpacrdai Hippocr. 4, 632 (Lit.): 2 aor. 
(nrjvpoiirjv Eur. Hel. 469, 2 sing. eVijupou Aesch. Pr. 28, Dor. 

f7ravp0 Find. N. 5, 49; subj. eiravp^ai. II. 15, 17, -(ovrai I, 410; 

opt. eiravpoiTo Her. 7, 180 ; Themist. 23, 293; -opfvos Ap. Rh. 
4, 964 ; Anth. 7, 376. 384 ; -eo-dai Eur. I. T. 529 ; Com. Fr. 
(Anon.) 4, 607. Rare in Attic prose eiravpetrffai Andoc. 2, 2 ; 
and late Dio Cass. 52, 12 (Bekk.); Ael. Fr. 86 (Herch.) 

'Eireiyw 70 ^, IL 12, 452; Soph. O. C. 1540; Epic subj. 
firdyerov II. io, 361; imper. eVreiye Od. 15, 445; Eur. Phoen. 
1280 ; Ar. Thesm. 783; rare in prose -y Hippocr. Epist. 9, 
33 6 - 342. 344 (Lit.) ; -yo>j> PI. Leg. 887 ; Luc. Jup. Tr. 41 : imp. 
rjiifiyov Pind. Ol. 8, 47; Soph. Ph. 499, *ar- Thuc. i, 61, Horn. 
always ry- Od. 12, 205: fut. (e7rei&>) : aor. fjiTfiga perhaps 
late (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 380 (Lit.) ; Alciphr. 2, 3 ; Plut. Pomp. 
21, KO.T- Sert. 19. Agis 19. Brut. 8: p.p. jJTreiy/xcu Aristid. 15, 
231; Galen 6, 177; Theod. Prod. 5, 317: aor. fjmixdriv 
as mid. Thuc. i, 80 ; Isocr. 4, 87 ; PI. Leg. 887; eW^s Her. 
8, 68. Mid. eneiyopai to haste, Aesch. Ch. 660 ; Eur. Ion 
1258; Ar. Ach. 1070; Her. 4, 139; Thuc. 3, 2; PI. Rep. 
517; -o>/uii (PI.) Ax. 364; imper. lireiyov Soph. Fr. 690; PL 
Phaed. 116, eTreiytV&a II. 2, 354 ; -opfvos II. 23, 437 ', Pind. P. 
4,34; Her. 6, 112; Antiph. 5, 94; -ecrQat Eur. Ale. 1152; 
PI. Leg. 965: imp. ^Tmyo'/ij;!' Eur. Hipp. 1185; Her. 8, 18; 
Thuc. 4, 4. 5 ; Aeschin. i, 96, fVeiy- II. 5, 622 ; Hes. Sc. 21 ; Her. 
4, 98 (Gaisf. Stein, fjneiy- Bekk. Dind. Dietsch) : fut. eVe^o^at 
Aesch. Pr. 52; Ar. Eccl. 43; Aristot. Prob. 18, 6, 2. Occa- 
sionally as act. urge on, eireiyovrai TTJV TrapacrKevrjv Thuc. 3, 2 &C. ; 
-ofifvoi Od. 2, 97. The act., again, is sometimes used as mid. 
enfiye Soph. El. 1435 ; Ar. Pax 943 &C. ^Tb.enfiKTfov PI. Leg. 
687. KaT-rnfiya> is more frequent in Attic prose, but confined, 
we think, in the classic period, to pres. PL Theaet. 187, and 
imp. act. KaT-f]niyon Thuc. i, 61 : mid. Karen-ayo/ieu Alciphr. 3, 
51^ Polyb. 5, 37, io. 

'ETrenl]i'00e, see (ei/^w.) 

'EiripouXeuoj To plan against, Soph. O. R. 618 ; Her. 3, 122 ; 
Antiph. 2, a, 2 ; PL Rep. 565 : imp. eVe/3ouX- Antiph. 5, 62 ; 
Thuc. 2, 5 : aor. -e/3ovAfi/o-a Antiph. 2, y, 3 : -fwa Isocr. 18, 51 : 
reg. except having fut. mid. -eucro/*ai pass. Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 34. 
6, i, io : with fut. pass, -evfycropai late Dio Cass. 52, 33 ; Epist. 



257 

Phal. 122 (Herch.) : aor. p. -f3ov\fvdr]v Antiph. 4, , 5 ; Andoc. 
i, 117; but -tvdrjvai as act. Dio Cass. 59, 26, which, though 
altered by Bekker and L. Dind. to aor. act. -evo-ai, seems to 
derive some support from the simple form ffiovXrudrjv being used 
actively Dio Hal. Excerp. 15, 7 (15, 6, 7 Kiessl.) On the 
other hand, Dio Cass. uses fir(^ov\ev6r]v passively 55, 18. 56, 40. 
57> J 9- 59> l6 - 22. 27. 66, 16 and always, unless 59, 26 is to 
be excepted. 

'EmSe'pKO), see SepKopat. 

'Em-eWufu, see evvvfjii. 

'EmGujieu 70 desire, Aesch. Ag. 215 ; Hippocr. 2, 24 (Erm.); 
Thuc. 4, 1 08 ; Isae. 3, 8 : imp. fir-e6vfi.fi PI. Conv. 192, -/xee 
Her. 3, 120: fut. -f)o-a> Ar. Eccl. 804 ; Thuc. 4, 117 : aor. eV- 
fdvfjLijfra Her. i, 201; Andoc. 3, 3; Isocr. 15, 19 &c. : act. 
complete and reg. in Attic poetry, Ionic and Attic prose : of 
pass, we think the pres. alone classic PI. Phil. 35 : aor. -rj6eis 
late, Diod. Sic. Fr. 37, (40 Bekk.) : no mid., whereas eV- and 
Trpo-dvfj,- have no act. 

'EmXyu>, see Xe'yeu. 

'ErnXoyi^ofxai To think on, consider, (PI.) Ax. 365 : fat. -lovpai 
(PI.) Ax. 365: aor. in Attic -eXoyio-d/ii;)/ Xen. Hell. 7, 5, 16 
(Vulg. Breitb. Saupp. w- Schneid. Cob. L. Dind.); (Dem.) 44, 
34 : in Ion. -XoyLcr6r)v Her. 7, 177 (though o-uXXoyuraiT-o 2, 148, 
TTpoa-- 5, 54): p. late -XeXdyio-^ai Dio. Hal. 3, 15. Vb. riXo- 

yta-Tf'ov Plut. Mor. 40. 

'EmjieXofiai To care for, Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 3. 8, 8, 8 ; Isocr. 19, 
49 (Bekk. B. Saupp. -ovfiai Scheibe) ; PL Leg. 905 (Bekk. -ovfiai 
B. O. W. Herm.); -\ta6cu. Her. i, 98; Xen. Cyr. 8, i, 13 
(Dind. Saupp.) ; -Xo'^f^os Thuc. 7, 39 ; Xen. Mem. 2, 7, 8 : imp. 
firffteXfTo Her. 2, 174, -Xoiro Thuc. 6, 54 ; Xen. An. 4, 2, 26; 
PL Gorg. 516 ; Lys. 14, 14, and emfAeX^opu Eur. Phoen. 556; 
Ar. Vesp. 154; Lys. 7, 7; Isae. n, 39; PL Prot. 325; -eXotro 
Xen. Hell. 6, i, 9 (Vulg. Saupp. Cob. -eXon-o Dind. 3 ed.) ; 
-Xftff&u Antiph. 6, 12; Thuc. 4, 118. 6, 91; Andoc. 4, i; 
Lys. 19, 18; Isae. 3, 69. 6, 20; Xen. An. 5, 3, i. Hell, i, i, 
22. 6, 2, 4 (Dind. Cob. Saupp.). Cyr. 8, i, 13 (Popp. Saupp.); 

Isocr. 17, 3. 14, 19; -ovp-vos Andoc. 4, I : imp. eVe/iieXeiro Thuc. 

7, 8; Xen. An. i, i, 5. Mem. 2, 9, 4 (-X-o Dind.); Lys. 13, 
32 ; Isae. i, 12 ; Lycurg. 44 : whence fut. eVt^eXTjo-o/xat Her. 5, 
29 ; Thuc. 3, 25 ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 22 ; PI. Rep. 460. 589. Gorg. 
515. Leg. 766 and always ; Lys. 21, 13; Isocr. 19, 35 ; Aeschin. 
i, 10 : (aor. mid. unclassic) : p. p. (Tnp.(/j.f\T][j.ai rare Thuc. 6, 
41 : aor. cW/icXqdqv Lys. 6, 40; Isocr. 4, 38 ; Isae. 3, 7 1 > Dem. 
27, 19; -r)6f)vai Her. 8, 109; Thuc. 4, 2; Lys. 12, 85; -rjdds 

s 



258 

Thuc. 8, 68 : fut. eVi/ieXr^o-o/iai rare, if correct in classic 
authors, Xen. Mem. 2, 7, 8 (Mss. Vulg. Born. -Xjjo-o/jfu Ms. E. 
Bind. Saupp. Kiihn. Breitb.); Aeschin. 3, 27 (Mss. Bekk. -X^o-ojwu 
Mss. Bait. Saupp. Franke); later Plut. Mor. 776; Pseud.-Cal- 
listh. i, 1 8 ; Dio. Hal. i, 67 (Vulg. -\qoronai Mss. A. C. Kiessl.) : 
aor. m. late fVf/ieXTjo-a/^i' (Diod. Sic. 2, 45, now -Xonevrjv Bekk. 
L. Dind.); Galen I, 21 (Kiihn); and late Inscr. Boeckh. vol. 

2, 2802, all act. Vb. fVi/xeX^reos Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 70. The 
Herodotean form is eVi^eXo/icu, -fieXta-Gat Her. i, 98, imp. eW^/- 
Xero 2, 174 twice, -pf\6fj.(vos 2, 2 (Mss. K. F. &c. Schweigh. 
Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. -ov/aevos Mss. S. d. Vulg.) ; Hippocr. has 

both forms, eirineX^rai 3, 476 (Mss. Lit. -eerat Vulg.) ; -ffadai 3, 
492. 9, 256 (Lit. &C.), but -oufvos 3, 522 (Mss. Lit. -eo'/*ei/oy 

Vulg.) In Attic the prevailing form is -eo/xat Xen. Plat. Orators : 
in the Poets it occurs very seldom, but in the pure form eVi/ie- 
\ovfieOa req. by the metre Eur. Phoen. 556 (Vulg. Pors. Herm. 
Kirchh.) which L. Dind. Nauck &c. doubt, and W. Dind. 5 ed. 
rejects, eVt/ieXoC Ar. Vesp. 154 (-<Xou Dind.), both which are 
weak proofs, as their only strength is accent, imp. t-nt\t.<-\fia6* 
Plut. 1117 (-eXeo-tfe Dind.); L. Dind. however in his last edition 
of Xen. has adopted -peXo/u in many instances, and main- 
tains that it ought to be adopted uniformly in Aristoph. also, 
Thuc. and Plato. It certainly is of more frequent occurrence 
than Lobeck in Buttmann seems to allow, unless he mean inf. 
-Hf\e(Tdai, which is very rare, but scarcely so rare as he seems to 
say; Her. i, 98 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 46 (best Mss. Dind. Saupp.) ; 
PI. Ale. (i) 121. 135; Polyb. 5, 47 (2 Mss. Bekk.) ; Euseb. 
Stob. 53, 16; Aristid. i, 12 (Dind.); Themist. i, 17 (Dind.) 
The fut. m. -Xqo-o/wu is on unchallenged documentary evidence 
the earlier form, in fact -X^o-o/xat seems rather doubtful in classic 
Greek. At Xen. Mem. quoted, Dind. Saupp. and Breitb. edit, 
with Ms. E. fut. m. -Xijo-ofievos, and Kuhner approves : in every 
other instance Xen. has mid. Cyr. 5, 4, 22. An. 4, 3, 30, and 
aw-en-ififX^o-- Mem. 2, 8, 3. On the other instance also, Aeschin. 

3, 27, Mss. and editors are divided. 
'Eirireuw, see vfvia. 

), see roeco. 

e'u To swear falsely, Ar. Nub. 402 ; Xen. An. 7, 6, 18 : 
fut. einopKT)cra> II. 19, 188 ; Ar. Lys. 914 ; Aeschin. i, 67; Dem. 
47, 31 ; Aristot. Soph. El. 25, 2 : and rare -fjaopai, Kurtm- Dem. 
54, 40 (Bekk. B. Saupp.): aor. eVieap^o-a Aeschin. i, 115; 
Dem. 31, 9; -170-0? Ar. Ran. 102; Her. 4, 68; Lys. 32, 13; 
-JJcrat Her. 4, 68 ; Xen. An. 2, 4, 7 P- Artfipic$wi Xen. An. 3, i, 
22 ; Lycurg. 76 ; Her. 4, 68 (Ms. F. Bekk. Lhardy, Dind. 



-'ETTftj. 259 

Kriig. Stein, -op^a Schweig. Gaisf.) In the original sense 
simply to swear to, Solon ap. Lys. 10, 17. This verb, we think, 
does not occur in Trag. 

'Emir\T]p6u>, see TrX^pda). 

'Emoxoirew, see O-KOTTC'CO. 

'EmoTapu To know, understand, II. 13, 223. Od. 13, 207; 
Simon. Am. 24; Aesch. Eum. 667; Soph. Aj. 678; Ar. Eq. 
715; Her. 3, 113; Antiph. 5, 67; Thuc. 2, 35; Lys. 9, 2; 
PI. Euthyd. 296, Ion. 3 pi. -rmu Her. 3, 2 : imp. ^Trio-rd/w^ 
Aesch. Pr. 265 ; Soph. O. C. 927 ; Eur. Or. 360 ; Ar. Eq. 462 ; 
Her. 3, 74. 8, 136 (Bekk.), see below; Antiph. 5, 74; Thuc. 6, 
64; Lys. 10, 4; Isocr. 15, 27; PI. Charm. 171, Epic Vior- II. 
5, 60. 17, 671, seldom ^nor- Horn. Fr. i ; Callim. Cer. 112: 
fut. eVio-rijo-o/iai II. 21, 320; Soph. O. C. 290 ; Ar. Vesp. 1174 ; 
PI. Men. 85 ; Aristot. Anal. Post, i, 2, 3 : aor. ^Tnon^j/ PL 
Leg. 687; Xen. Oec. 2, n; Her. 3, 15 (Mss. Gaisf. Dind. Dietsch, 
Stein), eVio-r- (Ms. S. Bekk. Kriig.) Vb. eW^'? PI. Theaet. 
201, -eov late. 2 sing. eVt'o-Tao-m Aesch. Pr. 982 ; Soph. El. 629 ; 
Ar. Eq. 690; PI. Phaedr. 230, sometimes eVi'ora Poet. Pind. P. 
3, 80; Aesch. Eum. 86.' 581, on'or?? Ion. ? Theogn. 1085, and 

eVioTfoi, e- Her. 7, 135; SUbj. -a>/*ai Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 22, -tori; 

PI. Euthyd. 296, Ion. -ew/xat, 3 pi. -eWrai Her. 3, 134; Psephism. 
Dem. 1 8, 91 ; imper. eVioracro Aesch. Pr. 840; Soph. O. R. 848. 
Ant. 305 ; Eur. Ion 650. An. 430 ; Ion. prose, Her. 7, 29, e- 
7, 39 (Mss. Schweigh. Gaisf. Bekk. Bred. Stein &c.). 7, 209 
(Wessel. Bekk. Bred. Stein), -iWao (Mss. Schweigh. Gaisf. and 
always Dind.), in Soph, more freq. eVurn Tr. 182. Ph. 419. 567. 
O. R. 658 &c.; Attic prose Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 32. Hell. 5, 4, 
33: imp. 2 sing. ^Tuorao-o Soph. El. 394. Aj. 1134, e- 
Dem. 19, 250, but ^nor Eur. Here. F. 344; Attic prose, 
PI. Euthyd. 296. Ion 531 ; Xen. Hell. 3, 4, 9, Ion 3 pi. 
fViare'aTO Her. 2, 53. 3, 66. 8, 88 (Bekk. Kriig.), TJTTKTT- 
(Gaisf. Dind. Stein.). This verb in Bekker's and Kruger's 
edition of Her. is with and without, in Gaisford's generally 
with, augment: Dind. and Bredow, we think, invariably aug- 
ment it. Lhardy, a fine and candid scholar, would write sing. 
Tjmo-Tdfjirjv, -aro, but the Ion. 3 pi. uniformly noraTo with- 
out augm., so Bekk. edit. 1845, but still f-marfidTjv 3, 15 (rjmo-T- 
Gaisf. Lhardy, Stein), and with Stein now, imp. eV/oTaro 9, 108 
(fa- Dind. Dietsch, Abicht.) Vb. eWrjjT-ds PI. Theaet. 201. 

'EmTdo-o-cj, see rao-aw. 

'EmTe'XXu, see re'XXa). 

'Em4>paa>, see <f)pda>. 

("Eirw) To sqy, see f"ar<a, eVr<. * 

S 2 



260 



To be after, busy with, Epic, the simple, except in tmesis, 
only in indie. m Od. 12, 209 (La R. Kayser, Ameis, ri Vulg. 
Bekk. Dind.) ; part. pres. firovra II. 6, 321, unless perhaps u, 
483, a/i(- 'ofiuo-ija . . . oral/, generally comp. d/i^ieVw II. 19,392 
(-0eV(a Find. Ol. i, 12), Siro> H. Merc. 67 ; Theogn. 893 ; Her. 
3> 53> *0-ra> H. 16, 724 ; Simon. C. 142, eVeVw Her. 7, 8 (i), ?re- 
puVw &C. : imp. fln-ov, 8ifinofjLev II. II, 76 } irfpt-flTrev Her. 2, 169 ; 
Xen. Mem. 2, 9, 5, Poet. iw see above, a^$- II. 16, 124, fit- 2, 

207, e<- Find. P. 6, 33, iter. en-eo-Koj/, e'<- Od. 12, 330 : fut. e\^<u, 

e<- II. 21, 588, Trtpi- Xen. Cyr. 4, 4, 12 ; Luc. Tim. 12 : aor. p. 
unaugm. -rr(pi-((p6r)(Tav Her. 6, 15. 8, 27 (hither Curtius refers 
fd(p07], ed<f>- II. 13, 543. 14, 419) : 2 aor. act. COTTOV (not to--) eV- 
f<nrov II. 19, 294; Aesch. Pers. 552 (chor.), irepi- Her. 6, 44; 
Subj. ftri-a-TTTjs II. 22, 39, -O-TTI; 2, 3595 Opt. (Trivnoi Od. 2, 250; 
/ifra-oTnai/ II. 17, 190; em-irjrflv 7, 5 2 > "" f P*- Her. 2, 64. Mid. 

eWo/iai /0 <<? after,follow, Od. 15, 262 ; Hes. Th. 268 ; Find. Ol. 
2, 22; Soph. El. 28; Ar. Thesm. 116; Her. i, 188.9, 16; 
Thuc. i, 42 ; PI. Rep. 445; Ion. imper. eWeo II. 18, 387; Her. 
5, 18, fnfv II. 13, 465, later Epic eo-Tro/^ai Horn. H. 29, 12; 
Find. I. 5 (6), 17 (Pauw, Bergk 3 ed. Momms. Christ); Ap. 
Rh. 4, 1607; Dion. Per. 436; Opp. Hal. i, 189. 2, 57. Cyn. 2, 
435 &c. : imp. 7ro/ziji> II. 23, 133 ; Eur. Hipp. 291 ; Ar. Thesm. 
1219; Her. i, 45; Xen. An. 4, i, 6; PI. Phaedr. 234, tVo'pji' 
II. 15, 277 ; Hes. Sc. 277 ; Find. N. 3, 39, and perhaps eW- : 
fut. fyofjiai II. 10, 108 ; Find. Ol. 13, 42 ; Soph. El. 253 ; Eur. 
Hec. 346; Ar. Ach. 1232; Her. 8, 60; Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 28; 
(PI.) Epist. 312, but nfpi- by some held pass. Her. 2, 115. 7, 
149 : 1 aor. see below : 2 aor. tair6\u)v II. n, 472 ; Hes. Th. 
201 ; Simon. C. 147; Find. Ol. 6, 72; Soph. Tr. 563; Eur. 
Tr. 946. Med. 1143; Ar. Vesp. 1087 (Vulg. Richt.) ; Her. 6, 
90 (Bekk. Dind. &c. f'm- Stein) ; PI. Polit. 280, w-Thuc. i, 60. 
7, 57, Epic 2 sing. eo-7ro II. 10, 285, rare and in comp. eWd/ir/i/, 
eVeo-TT- Find. P. 4, 133 ; subj. cnr%iai in tmesi eni Se- Od. 12, 349 
(Bekk. now, 1858, see below), emW?; Soph. El. 967 ; PI. Theaet. 
192; fOTToiwv Od. 19, 579. 21, 77 (O-TTOI- Bekk. now), em- Her. 
i, 32 ; Xen. An. 4, i, 6 ; imper. Epic o-Tmo II. 10, 285, for 
(a~iTfo) (TTTOV, eTriWou PI. Theaet. 169, cnreV#a> II. 12, 350 (Bekk.), 
cTTiairfvBf, (rvv- PL Critias 107; inf. oW(r&u II. 5, 423. Od. 4, 38. 
22, 324 (Bekk. Dind.); Eur. Phoen. 426, em- PI. Phaedr. 248 ; 
CTTro'/zfi'or II. 10, 246. 13, 570 (Bekk.); Find. P. 4, 40, /iera- II. 
13. 5 6 7 "- Her. 3, 31. 7, 180; Thuc. 5, n ; PI. Rep. 611. 
But the subj., opt. &c. uncomp. often retain the aspirated aug- 
ment, 8" ea-fftairat Od. 12, 349 (Wolf, Dind. La Roche), tW^i-at 
Find. Ol. 8, ii ; a/*' eWoi/ijjv Od. 19, 579 &c. (Wolf, Dind. La 



261 

Roche), einroiTo Find. Ol. 9, 83. P. 10, 17; imper. a/** eWe'o-tfw 
II. 12, 350. 363 (Wolf, Spitzn. Dind. La R.); y e<nr6pevos II. 10, 
246 (Wolf, Spitzn. Dind.); Find. I. 4, 36; Mosch. 2, 147; 3^' 
cmrctrffai II. 5, 423 (Wolf, Spitzn.). Od. 4, 38 (Wolf), Dind. 
Bauml. La Roche with Heyne a/za o-ireadcu, so Bekker, who 0zw 
in his 2 edit, of II. and Od. (1858) drops the aspirated vowel 
invariably in subj. opt. imper. part, and inf. ; always in comp. 

firi-tnretrdai PL Phaedr. 248; nfTa-airo/Jifvos II. 13, 567 (Wolf, 

Spitzn. Dind. &c.), firi-mrop- Thuc. 3, 43. 5, 3; PI. Rep. 611, 
not (<p-nr- : 1 aor. e(pf^d(T0a> Theocr. 9, 2 (Call. Vulg. Fritz.), 
(<p-a\lrd<r0<o (Med. Meineke), crvv-a^dtrdu (p. k. Ziegl. Ahr.), but 
later r^aro Hesych., trw-e^ao-flat Anna Comn. p. 61. The 2 aor. 
has given rise to much discussion, especially the introduction 
and retention of the aspirate. There seems to have been two 
forms, e<rn6p.r]v and ecm6p.r}v, formed perhaps thus : eWojuai origi- 
nally o-fTTOjuai (Lat. sequor) : 2 aor. fffciropTjn, elided eoTro/ij/i', 

Subj. orroi/ifu ; opt. crnoip.r)v ' } arreo ' } (rirecrQai J crTrd/xevof, like the act. 
emu Originally o-eVo) : 2 aor. eorirov, ecnrov j subj. crTrw/crTroi^t &C., 
so ?XCB, e^o) (fut. egw), originally <re'xw : 2 aor. fa-txov, e^ov ; subj. 
o-x, (rxoifii &c. f<nroii7)v, again, seems to have arisen from re- 
duplication, arenofiai, aor. eo-eTro/xiji/ redupl. (recreiro^v, e elided 
o-eo-Trd/i-, then with the usual substitution of the spiritus asper 
for o-, eWo/LiTji/, and retained in the moods like other reduplica- 
tions, eWcojzcu, ea"iToifj.rjv, <rjrov, fVTTfcrQaiy ecrir6p.fvos ' compare 
repno), 2 aor. m. erdpTrero, redupl. TfrdpTTfTO 11. 24, 513 ,' subj. 
TfrapTT<afj.e(r6a 23, IOJ rerapTrofjievos Od. I, 310. See also Kevda, 

TTfldd), &C. 

A trace of pres. act. (ecrrrco) ecnrere, perhaps = creTTO), (TCTrere, tr 

transposed, but leaving its aspiration on the 6, occurs in a verse 
of Timon preserved in Diog. Laert. 9, 112 ; and perhaps Horn. 
H. 32, i, where Lobeck defends the old reading eWere against 
c<rxfTf. Pres. m. IWo/xai, if not late, is rare ; for though Wolf 
adopted it from Eustath. Od. 4, 826, the old reading ?px eTat 
is maintained by Bekk. Dind. La Roche, and eo-Troi/r' in some 
editions of Pind. Ol. 13, 42, is an emendation seemingly un- 
necessary of Bothe for the Ms. reading fyovrat defended by 
Bergk, Schneidewin, and Kayser ; Weo-&u however I. 5 (6), 17 
(Pauw, Momms. Christ, Bergk 2, 3 edit., fyovrai Bergk's con- 
jecture I edit., <rire<rdai Mss.) The COmp. Trepuna has pass. 
irfpieironai I am treated, handled, imp. irfpifnroprjv Her. 7> 211 ; 
Xen. Hell. 3, i, 16 : fut. m. nfpifyoiuu. pass.? Her. 2, 115. 7, 
149 : but aor. p. unaugm. TTfpu(f)6r}v Her. 6, 15. In Horn, en-w, 
eWojuai with, and without augm., in Her. Bekk. now always aug- 
ments, Gaisford usually, but OTOI/TO i, 80. 172. 9, 15. 



262 



O, see e^<. 

To love, Dep. (like to-ra/^at) Poet, for cpaw, II. 14, 328; 
Anacr. 46; Find. P. i, 57; Soph. O. C. 511 (chor.); Eur. Ale. 867 
(chor.) ; Ar. Vesp. 751 (chor.) ; Dor. subj. eparat Pind. P. 4, 92 ; 
opt. -at'p,ai>P. ii, 50 : imp. rip&pyv, -aro Hym. Cer. 129 ; Theogn. 
1346; Pind. P. 3, 20; Theocr. 13, 6, Aeol. and Dor. i pers. 
-upav Sapph. 33 (Bergk), Aeol. 2 sing, apao Sapph. 99 (apaa-o 
Ahr.) : p. late fjpavnai, act. Parthen. 2,2: aor. ^pdo-tfiji/ act. Alcm. 
33, 5, (Bergk 3 ed.); Soph. Aj. 967; Eur. Hipp. 1303; Ar. 
Nub. 1076; Her. 3, 31 ; Xen. An. 4, 6, 3; PL Conv. 213, dv- 
rjp- Andoc. i, 127; epavGfjvai. Isocr. 15, 318; epa<r8eis Aesch. 
Pers. 826; Isocr. 12, 193 : fat. epao-^o-o/zai act. Aesch. Eum. 
852; Luc. Luct. 13 : also aor. m. Epic, ^pao-d/x^i/ II. 16, 182, f)pao-cr- 
20, 223 ; Archil. 29, and epao-cr- Hes. Th. 915 ; Pind. P. 2, 27 ; 
-dpevos Bion 9, 8 ; Opp. Hal. 3, 404. Vb. e'pards II. 3, 64 ; 
Ar. Thesm. 993. eparat is Dor. subj. pres. for -qrat, Pind. P. 4, 

92; SO Opt. e'pai/xaV P. II, 50. For indie, e'parat, epdaade, SCC 

epdo). e'pag-at (e'pde(rai) Brunck's reading for epao-o-at Theocr. i, 
78 (Vulg. Wordsw. Ziegl. i ed.) is found in the Palat. Ms., and 
this countenances eparat 2, 149 found also in the margin of 
same Ms., both of which Meineke and Fritzsche adopt : Ziegler 
now reads epao-o-at i, 78, so Ahrens, but rejects the line as 
spurious. Attic Poets use pres. epa^ai in chor. only, but aor. 
-do-Qrjv, and fat. -aa-^^o-o/zat in trimet. 

'Epaoreuu To love, desire, only aor. inf. e'pao-TeCo-at and only 
Aesch. Pr. 893. 

'Epdw (a) To love, desire, Bion 9, 8 ; doubtful Pind. Ol. i, 80. 
but Fr. 104, Ion. epe'a> Archil. 25. 68 (Bergk), ep5> Anacr. 3, i ; 
Ar. Fr. 273 (D); Soph. Ph. 660, epas Soph. Ant. 90; Xen. 
Conv. 8, 3, epa Aesch. Fr. 41 ; Soph. Ant. 220 ; Isocr. 8, 113; 
PI. Phil. 35 ; subj. epSo-t Lys. 3, 39 ; e'pdot Opp. Hal. 3, 48, epoM? 
PL Phaedr. 237; tpav Aeschin. i, 137; epwi> Theogn. 1329: 
imp. fjpnv Eur. Fr. 161 (D) ; Ar. Ach. 146; Her. 9, 108 ; PL 
Lys. 222. Pass, e'pdop-at to be loved, indie, rare avT-tparai Xen. 
Conv. 8, 3 ; opt. ep<So Xen. Hier. n, n ; epw/iei/os PL Rep. 403, 
-fvr] Isocr. 8, 65, o epcb/ieiw, fj fpco/jLfvr] the beloved one, &c. freq. 
Ar. Eq. 737; Xen. Conv. 8, n. Mem. i, 2, 29; PL Conv. 178; 
inf. epaadai Aeschin. i, 137 ; Plut. Brut. 29. Mor. 752, ow- Bion 
9, 8 (Vulg.), o-uv-epaadai (Schaef. Herm.), so Meineke in Text, 
but in note recommends -apeV&u which Ahrens and Ziegler 
adopt : aor. late fpaa-drjvai Luc. Philops. 15 : fut. epao-tfijo-o/xat 
Diog. Laert. 4, 34 ; Luc. Merc. Cond. 7 ; Themist. 26, 330. 
epdo/iat is also Dep., 2 sing. epSo-at Theocr. i, 78, e'parat Sapph. 
13 (Bergk); Theocr. 2, 149; Hippocr. 8, 360: imp. 2 pi. 



263 

for epda-df (rjpdtvdf) II. 1 6, 208 : hither some refer p. 
Par then. 2, 2 : aor. rjpdvdrjv Alcman 33 ; Soph. Aj. 967 ; 
Isocr. 12, 193 &c. : fut. epaa-dfjo-ofMi Aesch. Eum. 852 ; Luc. D. 
Deor. 20, 15 &c. : aor. m. Epic, ^pao-d^i/ &c. II., and WMJO-- Luc. 
D. Syr. 17, all act. see tpapat. Vb. epaoro's PI. Conv. 204. 
In Her. both Mss. and edit, differ in the augment of this verb. 
Schaef. varies, Gaisf. and Bekk. now uniformly augment it. 

'Epdw To pour, only in comp. f-fpda>, -tpq Hippocr. 7, 578 ; 
imper. -tpa Dem. 36, 62 ; -epS>v Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 318; -tpav 
(Crat.) 2, 237 : fut. (-epao-w) : aor. -rjpaa-a, eg-tpua-to Ar. Vesp. 

993 > -fpd<rrjs Hippocr. 7 96 J -eputrare Ar. Ach. 341 J <ruv-fpacrai 

Isocr. 5, 138: aor. pass. (-fpddds Hippocr. 2, 782 (K.). 

'Epyd^ojiai To work, Soph. Ant. 326 ; Ar. Ach. 461 ; Her. 2, 
20; Xen. Hell. 3, 3, 7, rare and late pass. Dio. Hal. 8, 87; 
subj. -dfafiai Horn. H. Cer. 139 ; Hes. Op. 312; opt. -oi^v II. 
2 4> 733 > Antiph. 5, 92 ; -rdai II. 18, 469. Od. 14, 272 ; Antiph. 
5, 91 ; imper. epydfev Hes. Op. 299 ; -d/wi/or Thuc. 2, 72 : imp. 
eipyafd/iTji/ Od. 3, 435 ; Hes. Op. 151 ; Ar. Nub. 880 ; Thuc. 3, 50, 
epya- Od. 24, 210; Her. i, 66. 2, 124 &c. and Vyaf- Hyperid. 
Eux. p. 16 (Schn.); C. Inscr. 162 : fut. e'pydo-o/wu Theogn. 
1116; Soph. Ph. 66; Ar. Plut. 73 ; Her. 8, 79 ; PL Rep. 353, 
Dor. -afov/xai Theocr. 10, 23, and -dgopai Tab. Heracl. i, 64, 
late epy&iMi V. T. Gen. 29, 27. Exod. 20, 9. Job 33, 29. Jer. 
22, 13. Apocr. Syr. 13, 4, and always in Septuag. : aor. elpya- 
trdfjiT)v Aesch. Sept. 845 ; Ar. Eccl. 134 ; Antiph. 5, 57 ; Lys. 2, 
20; PL Rep. 450, Dor. -dpav Pind. I. 2, 46, fpyao-afujv Her. 2, 
JI 5- 3> J 5; Ephes. Inscr. 31, fjpyda-aaTo Ross. Inscr. 3, 298, 

but e- 7pya- C. Inscr. 456; epyda-o-aio Hes. Op. 43, epyaa-aiaro 

Ar. Lys. 42 : p. elpyaa-^at act. Aesch. Fr. 321 (D.); Soph. Ant. 
1228; Ar. Plut. 1113; Antiph. 4, y, i. 5, 65. 6, 43; Thuc. I, 
137; Isae. 6,^20; Dem. 53, 3, Zpyav- Her. 2, 121 (5). 3, 155. 
9, 45, pass. f"pya<T- Aesch. Ag. 354. 1346; Soph. O. R. 1369; 
Eur. Or. 284 ; Ar. Ran. 1023 ; (f'py- Her. 7, 53); Thuc. i, 93 ; 
PL Rep. 381 : pip. dpydo-prjv act. Thuc. 6, 29 ; Dem. 54, 22, 
pass. Dem. 53, 18, epyaoyx- Her. i, 179, 81- 7, 10(3), act. KO.T- 3, 
157 : aor. flpydadrjv always pass. eV- Xen. Mem. i, 4, 5, rare in 
Poet, (rvv- Anth. 9, 807, Ion epydcrfyi/, '- Her. 4,179, KIT- 9, 35; 

Opt. tpyaadeir) PI. Polit. 281, 2 pi. Si-epyaer&tr*: Eur. Heracl. 
174 ; epyaaBtis PL Rep. 353, e'- Isocr. 2, 7; -aa-drjvai, Kar- Her. 

9, 1 08, CITT- Xen. Eq. 10, 5, e'- Isocr. 5, 7 : fut. fpyaa-drja-onai. pass. 
Soph. Tr. 1218, KO.T- Isocr. 5, 131, e'- Epist. 6, 8. The act. 
form epyd&o is not in use, but the desider. epyao-eico Soph. Ph. 
1001. Vb. tpyaareos Aesch. Ch. 298; Eur. Med. 791. This 
verb in Bekker's Her. is, we think, never augmented, in 



264 'Epy 

Gaisford's occasionally : Lhardy and Bredow would never aug- 
ment it. Horn, seems to have used only pres. and imp. : the 
aor. pass, we think almost confined to prose. 

("Spy-) do, see ep8<. 

('EpydiBw) see epyw shut Out. 

"Epypuju To enclose, Ion. pres. in comp. eV-epy- Her. 2, 86, 
KOT- 4, 69 (Bekk.), epyvva> Hesych. : imp. Epic eepyvw Od. 10, 
238 : aor. pe, KOT- Hym. Merc. 356. 

"Epyw To shut in, pres. in comp. irepi-epyei Her. 2, 148 : fut. 
fpt-a>, ty- Tab. Heracl. i, 83, in Attic t-w- Soph. Aj. 593 : aor. 
cpa Her. 3, 136, KO.T- 5, 63 (Bekk. Dind. Abicht, -dpa Stein), 
Epic tpga Od. 14, 411 ; in Attic, (Kad-tpgys PI. Gorg. 461 Mss. 
Herm. Stallb.); part, epgas PI. Polit. 285, gvv- Tim. 34. Rep. 
461, Trepi- Thuc. 5, ii : p. p. fpypai Horn. H. 3, 123, see below : 
aor. epx^W II. 21, 282; fpxGfi Hippocr. 8, 26. 36; tpx^ev 8, 26 
(Lit.); Opp. Hal. i, 718 : (fut. m. ?po/zai Soph. O. R. 890, 
called pass, see epyw.) Vb. see epKrrj Her. 4, 146, nepi-epKros 

C. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 280. epxarai Epic 3 pi. p. pass, for epx^rai, 

II. 16, 481: tpxaro Epic 3 pi. pip. 17, 354, e'epx- Od. io, 241. 
See e'epyw. In Horn, this verb is written with the lenis even 
when signifying to enclose, and without augm. both in Horn, 
and Her. 

"EpY&> To shut out, Ion. for eipya, Her. 8, 98, cm- i, 72. 2, 99, 
Epic oTro-tpy- II. 8, 325. Od. 3, 296 ; fpyav Her. 3, 48 : imp. 
epyov, e- Her. 5, 22 (Bekk. Lhardy, Kriig. Dietsch, eftpy- Gaisf. 
Dind. Stein): aor. ep|a, KQT- Her. 5, 63, nar-eip^a (Mss. S P. Stein, 
see epyco) ; dir-tpgai 2, 124: p.p. epy/iai, aTT-epy/zeVo? Her. I, 154- 
2, 99- 5, 64: to which some assign as 2 aor. IpyaQov II. n, 
437, eVpy- 5, 147 : and mid. epyadop-rjv, KarepyaGov trans. Aesch. 
Eum. 566 (-py- Pors. Dind.) : fut. epgopai. restrain myself, 
refrain, Soph, O. R. 890, not pass. Pres. pass, epyo/xai e'- 

Her. 7, 96; epyfa-dai Her. 5, 57 ; epyopcvos 9, 108 ; II. 17, 571 
(Dind. &c.), (Fepy- (Bekk. 2 edit.): imp. epyero Her. 4, 164. 7, 
197 (Bekk. Gaisf. Dind.) Her. seems not to have used eipyw, 
pya), etpywpi with i, nor the past tenses with augment. 

dntipyovcra, g, 68, Ka.Teipyvv(ri 4, 69, f^iipyov 5, 22, should be air- 

KOT- f'-(py- (Bekk. Lhardy, Bred, and in theory Dind. but '- 
elpy-, Kareip^- Stein). 

"EpSw and IpSw To do, to sacrifice, Poet, and Ion. Callin. i, 21 
(B.); Theogn. 675; Soph. O. C. 851 ; Her. 3, 80; subj. ?p8o> 
Od. 7, 202, epS- Simon. C. 5, 20; Her. i, 119. 2, 121 (Bekk. 
Dind. epS- Stein); epSois Hes. Op. 362; epSot II. io, 503 ; Aesch. 
Ch. 513 ; Ar. Vesp. 1431 ; ?p8e II. 4, 29 ; epSeu/ Od. u, 132 ; 
Aesch. Ag. 933, fp8- Solon 13, 67 ; Her. 8, 143 ; epduv Od. 19, 



/veo 'EjOe'0o>. 265 



92 ; Find. Ol. i, 64, epS- Theogn. 105 : imp. epSov H. n, 707, 
tp8- Solon 35; Her. 9, 103, iter. ep8f<ne* Od. 13, 350 (La R.) ; 
Her. 7, 33, ?p8- II. 9, 540 ; so Ael. Fr. 325, see below : fut. 
(tpy-) epfw Od. n, 80 ; Hes. Op. 327 (Lenn.) ; Ap. Rh. 3, 728 ; 
Aesch. Pers. 1059; Soph. Ph. 1406; Ep. inf. fpep.fv Od. 7, 
294, epf- (La Roche): aor. ep|a Od. 23, 312; Aesch. Sept. 
924. Ag. 1529 (chor. Dind.) ; Her. 5, 65. 7, 8 ; tpggs II. 2, 364 ; 
epat/u Od. 13, 147 ; Aesch. Hum. 467 ; epetv Simon. Am. 7, 
80; epgov II. 4, 37 ; epas II. 5, 650; Aesch. Pers. 786; Soph. 
Ph. 117, ep|- a Poet quoted PI. Euth. 12 ; Schol. Od. 14, 411, 
d7r-ep- Her. 4, 62, Dor. ep&us Pind. Ol. 10, 91 ; inf. epat Theogn. 
178 ; as imper. Od. 5, 342 : 2 p. eopya II. 22, 347 ; Her. 3, 127, 

3 pi. eopyav for -ya<ri Batr. 179 I (Opy<bs II. 9, 320 : 2 pip. e'wpyet 

Od. 4, 693. 14, 289 (eiwpy- Bekk.), Ion. lopyte Her. i, 127. 
Pass. ?p8opu Pind. Ol. 8, 78, />8- Her. 4, 60, ?p8- (Stein). 
See peo>. Vt>. ep*cro's Arr. Ind. 20, n. Iter. imp. IpSeo-Kov II. 
9, 540 (Wolf, Dind.), cpS- Her. 7, 33, ?p8- (Stein). eopyai/ 3 pi. 
2 perf. for eopyda-i, Horn. Batr. 179. This verb seems never to 
be augmented except in pip. and only in Horn. ^p|e Aesch. Ag. 
1529, is aor. of apx&>; Dind. however now reads with Naber ep|e 
aor. of this verb (5 ed. 1868). Attic prose authors never use, 
they occasionally quote this verb, Xen. Mem. i, 3, 3; PL Prot. 
345. Ale. (2) 149. Euth. 12 ; see also Plut. Mor. 729. 

'Epeeifw To ask, Epic and late prose, II. 6, 145; Ap. Rh. 3, 
1099; subj. -flvT] H. Merc. 487 ; Plut. Mor. 288; -eu/ot Od. 23, 
86; f'peeive 23, 365: imp. unaugm. epeeivov Od. 4, 137; Ap. 
Rh. 3, 490; Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 802 (hexam.) MicL as act. 
imp. fptfivfTo Od. 17, 305, e'- II. 10, 81. 

'Epe0i'<u To excite, provoke, Plut. Mor. 822 : Anacreont. 18 
(B.); Theocr. 5, no, -to-Su (Wordsw.) ; subj. -i'o> Od. 19, 45; 
imper. epeUfe II. i, 32 ; inf. -i&iv PL Rep. 393 ; Xen. Ven. 10, 14, 
Epic epfBigpev II. 4, 5 ; -ifav 17, 658 ; Eur. Bac. 148. Rhes. 373 
(chor.); Hippocr. i, 424 (Erm.); Aeschin. 2, 177; (PL) Eryx. 
392 : imp. l]pfdif Soph. Ant. 965 (chor.), c'ped- II. 5, 419; 
Telest. 4 (B.) : fut. -tw Hippocr. 4, 346 (Lit.) ; Polyb. Fr. Lib. 
13, 4, -10-6) Galen i, 385: aor. qpe&o-a Dio. Hal. 3, 72; 
Themist. 23, 285; Synes. Epist. 159, unaugm. tped- Aesch. 
Pr. 181 (chor. Turneb. Elms. Dind. f)p(6- Mss. Vulg. Herm.); 

epedivas Her. 3, 146; and -ia, epfSl^at Anth. 12, 37 " P- fjpediKa 

Aeschin. 2, 37 : p.p. ^pe'&oyxai Eur. Med. 1119; Ar. Vesp. 
1104; Hippocr. 3, 526; D. Hal. de Thuc. 44 ; (Luc.) Amor. 
22 : pip. tjptdia-To App. Civ. 5, 67 : aor. fipfdia-drjv, eptdiadels Her. 
6, 40 ; Dio. Hal. 4, 57. Vb. epe&ore'oi/ PI. Tim. 89. 

To provoke, Epic, Od. 19, 517; Anth. 5, 256; subj. 



266 'E^oet $<a ' 

-cdrjo-i II. i, 519 : imp. fjpedov Theocr. 21, 2i ; Mosch. 3, 85, 
iter. epfdecTKov Ap. Rh. 3, 618. 

'EpciSu To prop, II. 1 6, 108; Aesch. Ag. 1003; Ar. Pax 25; 
Hippocr. 7, 178. 8, 390; Plut. Mar. 23. Mor. 515 : imp. rjpe&ov 
Find. Ol. 9, 32 ; Ar. Ran. 914 ; Philostr. Ap. 231, /38- II. 13, 
131: fut. epeiVo) Callim. Del. 234; Anth. 5, 301; Aristid. 15, 
231: aor. Tjpeure Soph. Ant. 1236; PI. Tim. 91; Plut. 
Mor. 805, Poet. Zp- H. Hym. i, 117; Ap. Rh. i, 1198, in 
tmesi II. 17, 48; subj. epei<ra> Eur. Andr. 845, -077 Soph. Tr. 
964 (D.); Hippocr. 4, 200 (Lit.); Plut. Mor. 368, -O-OHTI 

AristOt. Probl. l8, i; opt. epia-fif Hippocr. 4, 196; fpeia-ov 

Find. P. 10, 51 ; Eur. Elec. 898. Heracl. 603, epetWre Soph. 
O. C. 1113; epela-as II. 22, 97. Od. 8, 473 ; Tyrt. n, 31; Her. 
6, 129; PI. Phaedr. 254; Aristot. Mechan. 14; Plut. Num. 

2. Brut. 52. Eum. 14. Crass. 19; Arr. An. 6, 9, 4, Dor. epeivais, 
dvr- Find. P. 4, 37 : p. ^/jetxa, aw- Hippocr. 6, 372 (Lit.), irpocr- 
Polyb. 5, 60, and eprjpeiKa, -rrpov- Plut. Aemil. Paul. 19: p.p. 
eprjpfio-nai Her. 4, 152; Hippocr. 4, 220. 312 (Lit.); Aristot. 
Mund. 3, i; (PL) T. Locr. 97, 3 pi. fp^pedarai II. 23, 284, but 
fprjpeivrai Ap. Rh. 2, 320, augm. on redupl. rare and late 
T}pf)pfi<rTat Orph. Arg. 1142, and without redupl. (bi-fpeia-^evri Ar. 
Eccl. 150 Br. has been altered) rjpfio-iMi perhaps late (PL) Locr. 
98; Paus. 6, 25, 5; Diod. Sic. 4, 12, unless avv-Tipcurp- be 
sound, Hippocr. 8, 270 (Mss. 6. Lit.), an- Polyb. 3, 66, act. 

3, 109 : pip. with reduplication augm. rjprjpdo-To II. 4, 136; 
Anth. 5, 255; Ap. Rh. 2, 1105, ^pijpetwo 3, 1398, Horn. 

epTjpfdaro Od. 7> 95 (some e'A^Ae'SaTO, -aSaro) : aor. f)pfi<Tdi)v } 
(p(icrdr)v II. 7, 145; epeiadeis II. 22, 225, ow- Eur. I. T. 457; 
fpfKrdrjvcu Plut. Cim. 13 : 3 fut. epripeivfrai Hippocr. 8, 292 (Ms. 

6. Lit.) Mid. epei'So/wu to lean, intrans. II. 14, 38; Aesch. Ag. 
64; Hippocr. 4, 314 (Lit.); trans. Anth. 7, 457 : imp. trans. 
f)p(i86fjLr)v Ar. Nub. 1375 : fut. epeicrofMi, an- Aristot. Probl. 6, 3 ; 
Plut Mor. 775 ; Polyb. 15, 25 : aor. f)pei<rdnr)i> intrans. Hes. Sc. 
362; Plut. Philop. 10. Eum. 7, an- PL Rep. 508, trans. Simon. 
(C.) 172 (Bergk) ; Hippocr. 3, 438. 4, 306, epeur- intrans. II. 5, 
309 ; trans. Anth. 6, 83 : with p. p. eprjpfta-fuu Her. quoted, 
djr-rjpeta-Tai Pclyb. 3, 109 : and aor. intrans. ijptMip, epfia-6- II. 
quoted. Horn, augments the pip. only. The Vulg. reading 
Hippocr. 8, 292, is fvfipiarjrai.. This verb is mostly poetic: in 
good Attic prose PL alone uses it. 

'Epetica) To tear, bruise, Aesch. Pers. 1060; Hippocr. 8, 174; 
PL Crat. 426: imp. fjpfiKov Hes. Sc. 287; Aesch. Ag. 655: 
aor. fjpei^a Ar. Fr. 88 (D.), KQT- Vesp. 649; lpdas Hippocr. 

7, 102. 354 (Lit.), and (from epocu?) rjpi^a, f pit-as, 8, 244 (Lit.) 



267 

v. r. pei-), KOT- 246 : p. p. cpf]piypai Aristot. H. A. 8, 7 ; 
Hippocr. 7, 416 (Lit. ipripurp- some edit.). 8, 506 (no v. r.): 
qpet'x<V Galen 6, 782 ; Oribas. 4, 8, ^/n'x&7 (Hesych.) : pres. 
eptiKo/jifvos II. 13, 441: 2aor. act. ?;pucoi intrans. II. 17, 295; 
trans. Soph. Fr. 164 (D.), 81- Euphor. in Schol. Find. N. 7, 39. 
Mid. in comp. Kar-fptiKtaGf Sapph. 62 (Bergk); -d/ierot Aesch. 
Pers. 538 : imp. Kar-ijpfiKoz/ro Her. 3, 66 : fut. epeierat, a/i<p- 
pass. (Hesych.) : aor. in simple, late eptit-dptvos Porphyr. de 
abst. 2, 6. 

'EpeiTTu To throw down, II. 15, 356; Soph. Ant. 596; late 
prose Paus. 10, 32, 4?: imp. Zptmov II. 12, 258, fjpfur- Her. 
9, 70; Dio. Hal. 9, 56 : fat. (pefyto Soph. O. C. 1373 ; Xen. 
Cyr. 7, 4, i : 1 aor. ^p^a Anth. Ap. Epigr. 214; Plut. Cim. 
16. Mor. 327 ; fpetyn, '- Pind. P. 4, 264; epetyat Her. i, 164 : 

p. p. late fjpfipnai, but fpTjpfiirrai, tear- Plut. Mor. 849. 837, S66 

below : pip. ^ptiirro Plut. Brut. 42 (Coraes, Sint. but fp^pnrro 
Emper. Bekk. see below): and fpfiptppai Arr. Ann. i, 21, 6. 22, 
i: pip. fpTjpnrro 2, 22, 7, KUT- i, 19, 2; Herodn. 8, 2, 4 
(Bekk.), shortened fpfpmro II. 14, 15: aor. Tjpftydqv Arr. An. 
i, 21,4; epfKpdfis Soph. Aj. 309 : 2 aor. fjpmov trans. ? Simonid. 
C. 37, 3 (Bergk); and late Paus. 10, 32, 4, intrans. II. 5, 47; 
Hes. Th. 858. Sc. 421; Opp. Hal. i, 33; Theocr. 13, 50, 

e-rjp- Hippocr. 3, 314, fpttrov II. 5> 68; fpiirrjo-i 17, 5 22 > -"row 

8, 329 : mid. fjpnrondv pass. Anth. 9, 152 : 2 aor. p. rjptirrjv, 
fparevTi Pind. Ol. 2, 43 (best Mss. Boeckh, Bergk) : 2 p. tpriptna, 
KOT- have fallen, II. 14, 55. To this probably belongs laor. m. 
dv-T)pfi\lfap.i)v forced up, carried off, II. 20, 234. Od. i, 241; 
Anth. App. Epigr. 51, 14 (late prose Themist. 37, 332), av- 
epei-^- Ap. Rh. i, 214. Rare in good Attic prose, only Xen. 
quoted. For 2 aor. rfparov with trans, sense Her. 9, 70 (Schw. 
Gaisf. Stein), imp. ffpemov has been restored from Mss.; so 
Paus. 4, 25, i (Schubart); and the intrans. force preserved 
Q. Sm. 13, 452 (Koechly) by changing o\e0pov to -Opos ; fpmovres 
also Paus. 10, 32, 4, seems to admit of been changed to pres. 
epeiV-. fjpeurTo Plut. quoted, is the reading of Coraes for ^petWro, 
tjpiTTfTo of the Mss. The pip. is required, and Sintenis adopts 
it, but expresses a doubt whether f'pijpwn-o suggested by Emper. 
and received by Bekk. should not be preferred. If so, KUT- 
cpr)pei7rrcu, KaT-fp7)pfip.evos Plut. Mor. 849. 837 (Diibn.) should get 
a hint to follow suit. 

'EpcTirw To tear, eat, Poet, and simple late in act. -mv Nonn. 
40, 306: but imp. vrr-eptirre II. 21, 271: mid. only part. 
fpeTrrd/xej/of II. 2, 776. Od. 19, 553. H. Merc. 107; Ar. Eq. 1295 
(chor.); Opp. Hal. i, 96. See eptdxa. 



268 'EjOeVcro) ' Epe<p(t). 



To strike, row, Soph. Ph. 1135; Eur. Ion 161 ; 

Aesch. Pers. 1046. Sept. 855 ; inf. Epic epe<ro-e/iei>at II. 9, 

361 ; late Attic prose -o-o-wi/ Plut. Mor. 1128 ; -o-o-eiv App. Pun. 
9, -CTTO) Anth. 14, 14 ; Ael. H. A. 14, 14; Luc. Char, i : imp. 

epeo-ow Od. 12, 194, rjperr- Long. 3, 21 : flit, (epetrca) : aor. fjpeo-a 

Ap. Rh. I, 1 1 10, fit- Od. 12, 444, 8i-r)pf<T<ra 14, 351 (Bekk.), 

epeo-o-a, ?rpo- II. I, 435. Od. 15, 497. epfo-o-0juez/a>i> Coluth. 209, is 

mid. unless eperdcov there means odrj, as in Anth. 6, 4. Pass. 
epea-a-frai Aesch. Supp. 723 : imp. f}pf(To-fTo Pers. 422. 

'Epeuyopii To cast forth, disgorge, usu. Epic and Ion. Pind. 
P. i, 21. Fr. 107 (Bergk); Hippocr. 7, 104. 180 (Lit.); 
Aristot. Probl. 10, 44; App. Mithr. 103, TT/HXT- II. 15, 621, e- 
Her. i, 202; -6p.evos II. 16, 162: imp. fpevytTo Od. 9, 374, 
rjpevy- Hesych. : fiit. epevgopai Hippocr. 8, 100 : aor. late 
l)ptvi;dpr}v Or. Sib. 4, 8 1 ; Hierocl. 94 (Eberh.), e|- V. T. Ps. 44, 

I : p. fptvyfiai, tirav-epfvyufvos Hippocr. 2, 64 (Vulg. Ktihn), 

where however the pres. 1-navepfvyop.evoy has by far the best Mss. 
support, and is adopted by Littre' 2, 370: pres. pass, or mid. 
intrans. fptvyerai Od. 5, 438; -opevos II. 17, 265 : (1 aor. act. 

in COmp. e-epe{)ai DlO. Hal. 2, 69 Vulg. e-epao-cu 0Z#) : 2 aor. 

fjpvyov II. 20, 403; Aristot. Probl. 10, 44; Nic. Alex, in, may 
belong to the Attic form tpvyyava, which see. This verb has 
the meaning roar in the 2 aor. ijpvyov, and late in the pres. 
i Mace. 3, 4: and fut. Oseae. n, 10. Amos 3, 4. 8. 

'Epeuflu To make red, II. n, 394 ; become red, Hippocr. 7, 132. 
218 (Lit.); Luc. Ner. 7: fut. (fpevo-a> v. r. II. 18, 329): for 

which aor. epevo-at II. 1 8, 329 : 2 aor. p. Opt. fpevdfirfv, vvei-- 

Hippocr. 2, 176 (Lit.) Pres. epf{>dop.ai Sapph. 93 (B.) ; Hip- 
pocr. 6, 390; -6fj.evos Theocr. 17, 127: imp. fipevdero Theocr. 
30, 8 (newly found Ziegl. Fritz.), tpevd- Q. Sm. i, 226. See 

fpv6aiva>. 

'Ep&J>o> To cover, Poet. Pind. I. 3, 72, and -eVro) : imp. fjpefov 
Pind. N. 6, 43 (Herm. Bergk, 4 ed.) ; Ar. Fr. 54, ep- Pind. Ol. 
i, 68, ep7TToj Pind. P. 4, 240; Opp. Cyn. 4, 262 : fut. epe'^w 
Ar. Av. i no: aor. rjpe^a Dem. 19, 265, lpoj<- II. 24, 450. Od. 
23, 193; Pind. Ol. 13, 32 ; in tmesi II. i, 39; imper. epe-^ov 
Soph. O. C. 473: p.p. late rjptwrai Philostr. V. Apoll. i, 25. 
Mid. e'peVrro/ini cover oneself, or for oneself, Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 
72 : fut. ep<tyop.<u Eur. Bac. 323, icar- Ap. Rh. 2, 1073 : aor. 
f]pe-^dp.T)v Ap. Rh. 2, 159; Anth. 9, 363, KOT- Ar. Vesp. 1294. 
Imp. rjpffyov Ar. Fr. 54 (D.), but Pind. epe<j>ov-Q\. i, 68 : aor. 
unaugm. in Horn, and Pind. epe^a II. i, 39. Od. 23, 193 ; Ol. 
X 3> 3 2 - >?pf^a Dem. 19, 265, is the only instance of this verb 
in classic prose. 



'EjO/^iw. 269 

Ou Epic, To tear, torture (tpe/Kw), only pres. part. act. 
tpexduv Od. 5, 83 : and pass. epe^op-eVij Hym. Ap. Pyth. 180 ; 
tossed, II. 23, 317. 

'Epeo> 70 jay, would seem to be used especially in late Epic, 
epi pres. Nic. Ther. 484, epetre Epist. ad Diognet. 2 (Lindn.) ; 
subj. (pea Nic. Ther. 636, eptrja-iv Tzetz. P. H. 750 ; epfoi^v 
Liban. T. i, 63 ; epeW, e- Anth. n, 365 : imp. rfpeov Hippocr. 
5, 88 (Lit.) : pass. (perai Arat. 261.) See elpw. 

'Epe'u To ask, Epic, epeW Anth. 14, IO2, epeova-i, e- Od. 14, 
37 5 ', subj. epeiofjiev for -e<opev, II. I, 62; epoi/ Od. II, 229; 

epeW II. 7, 128: fut. epijo-co late, Sopat. Rhet. vol. 8, p. 38 
(Walz)?: mid. (eptopai) as act. Sifg-fpeto-de II. 10, 432; subj. 

epo/wu Od. 17, 509; epe'oiro, e- 24, 238; inf. epeecrSai 6, 298; 
Hippocr. I, 230: imp. epeovro II. I, 332: fut. eprj(rofj.ai Ar. 
Nub. 1409; -T)<r6fj.evos Pax 105. epeiofjLfv Epic I pi. Subj. for 

-wfjLfv II. quoted; imper. epeto for ep'eo, epoC, II. n, 611. 

'EprjTucj (u) To restrain, Poet, and unaugm. -rueiv II. 2, 75; 
Dor. eparvoi Soph. O. C. 164 (chor.) : imp. tpjjrvov II. 2, 97. 

Od. IO, 442, iter. ep^rveoxe Q. Sm. 12, 370, -etTKOv Ap. Rh. 

1, 1301 : fut. fpT)Taa> Ap. Rh. i, 296; Orph. Lith. 223, KOT- 

Soph. Ph. 1416 : aor. eprirvo-a, -fie II. I, 192, -va-aipev Ap. Rh. 

2, 251; eprjrvffov Eur. Ph. 1260 (trim.); -vvas Panyas. Fr. 4, 
ii ; iter. epqruo-ao-ice II. ii, 567; Theocr. 25, 75: aor. p. 

Aeo\.=z-vdr](Tav, II. 2, 2ii. Mid. as act. imp. 
(\a6v) II. 15, 723. v seems naturally short, long before 
o-, or a syllable long by nature or position, and in the Aeol. 
aorist : Horn, has it always short in epjjrvov, -vf, -verat. This 
verb seems not to occur in prose, and only twice in Attic 
poetry. 

'EpiSaiKu (i) To contend, II. 2, 342 ; Luc. Pise. 6 ; Athen. 
(Demetr. Byz.) 10, 77; imper. fpidaive Od. 21, 310; -8aivep.tv 
Od. i, 79, -Saivfiv Callim. Dian. 262, and epiSfiai^u II. 16, 
260; Theocr. 12, 31: imp. rjptdaivov Babr. 68, ept'S- H. Merc. 
313 (Schneidw. Baum.) : aor. fptSrjva Ap. Rh. i, 89: mid. 
epiSaivo/jLcii as act. -6p.tvos Q. Sm. 5, 105, missed by Lexicogr. : 
but aor. epl8fia-aa-6ai (I perhaps by arsis) II. 23, 792, where the 
form with single 8 is best supported (Wolf, Dind. La Roche, 
epiOjo-- however Bekk. 2 ed. with Schol. Viet.) eptS/^atVo) means 
also to provoke, and is scarcely used beyond the pres. -aivovai 
Theocr. 12, 31, Dor. -aivovri (Ziegl.); -altxao-t II. 16, 260; 

-aivcov Ap. Rh. 3, 94, -aivovcrai Mosch. 2, 69 ; -atveiv Q. Sm. 

4, 551 : imp. iter. eptfywuVeo-Ke Nic. Alex. 407; Q. Sm. 4, 123. 

'Epitu To contend, Od. 18, 38; Pind. N. 8, 22; Ar. Ach. 
1114; Her. 5, 49 ; PI. Prot. 337, Dor. 3 pi. -l&vn. Pind. N. 5, 



2 7O 

39; -i&iTov H. 12, 423 ; -/Cot Thuc. 5, 79; -i'fw Her. 7, 50; 
Isocr. 2, 39; ep/C"" Soph. El. 467 ; Ar. Ran. 1105 ; Dem. 2, 
29, Epic -eleven II. 21, 185, -ep-f" 23, 404, Dor. epio-Seo Theocr. 
i, 24. 7, 41 : imp. jfrufoj/ Dem. 9, n ; Babr. 65, ?p- II. 2, 555, 
iter. fpi&o-Kov Od. 8, 225 ; Crates 4 (B.), Dor. cpurfav Theocr. 
6, 5, i pi. -a-8op.es 5, 67: fut. (pt<ra> late? N. T. Matth. 12, 19, 
air- Nicet. Eug. 4, 354, St- App. Civ. 5, 127, but Dor. ipiga> 
Find. Fr. 189 (Bergk) : aor. qpio-a Hes. Th. 928 ; (Lys.) 2, 42 ; 
Luc. Indoct. 4, fpio-a Find. I. 8 (7), 27 ; -iWn Od. 18, 277; 
fpia-a-eie II. 3, 223; epitrai Her. 4, 152; Ael. Fr. Iio; -i<ras 
Her. 8, 55 ; Xen. Ages, i, 5, Dor. fjpi^a Tab. Heracl. 2, 26 : 
p. jTpiKa Polyb. 3, 91, <rw-7r- Anth. 9, 79 : P- P- fp^pt07a as 
act. Hes. Fr. 219. Mid. cpibftai act. II. 5, 172 ; Find. Ol. i, 
95 ; -opevos I. 5, 4 : imp. epifero Hes. Th. 534, Tjpi&vro Aesop 
274 (Tauchn. tfpi&v Halm 151): fut. pt<r(cr)opu Od. 4, 80, if 
not aor. subj. : aor. (qpra/ji>), Epic subj. eptWrrai for -qrai, Od. 

4, 80 ; 8i-(picrdp.fvos Plut. Cat. maj. 15 : and in sense p. eprjpia-fMi 
Hes. quoted. Vb. epioro? Soph. El. 220. Nicet. Eug. quoted 
has i in fut. avT-epio-eiv 4, 354. fploiT PI. Lys. 207, is called 
pass., but why not act. for -owe ? fpifrvri 3 pi. Dor. for -overt, 
Find. N. 5, 39. ept'o> fut. Nonn. i, 502, has been altered to 
ept'tw by Graefe and Koechly; Eustath., however, Prooem. 
p. ii (Schn.) quotes it from Find, see above. Rare in Attic 
poetry : once in Tragedy, thrice or so in Comedy, and confined 
to pres. : in good prose, it seems not to proceed beyond the 
aor. : the mid. is poetic. 

"Epojiai To ask, 2 sing, epeai Hes. Certam. p. 314 (Goettl.), 
see below, Ion. eipop,<u, which see : fut. fpjjo-M al Soph. O. T. 
1166; Eur. Or. 507; Ar. Nub. 1409; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 
117 ; Xen. Oec. 15, i ; Lys. 8, 8; PL Prot. 355 : 2 aor. T)p6p.T)v 
Anacr. 30 ; Eur. Ion 541 ; Ar. Pax 670 ; Thuc. 3, 113 ; Xen. 
An. 7, 2, 19; Isocr. 12, 20; Lys. 23, 8; PL Leg. 661 ; epw/u 
Od. 8, 133; Soph. Ph. 576; Ar. Nub. 345; Isocr. 12, 182; 
PL Rep. 538; Aeschin. i, 187 ; Ipoi^v Od. i, 135; Antiph. 

5, 65 ; Thuc. i, 90; Isae. 6, 53 ; PL Prot. 354; epoC Soph. El. 
563 ; Eur. Or. 763 ; Ar. Av. 66 ; PL Gorg. 447, Epic epeio 

11. n, 611 ; fpecr6ai Od. 3, 243 ; Eur. Andr. 602 ; Ar. Thesm. 
135 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 15; PL Conv. 199 ; -ofievos Ar. Eq. 574 ; 
Thuc. 4, 40 ; PL Crat. 407 ; Isae. 8, 39. The pres. is very 
rare, and in most cases doubtful, for which e'pwTaw, Epic and 
Ion. (tpofuu, epi> &c. are used. Scheibe reads pres. epeo-&u Lys. 

12, 24, with Ms. X, others aor. tpevdai. 

'Epiru^u To creep, Poet. II. 23, 225 ; Anth. Pal. 7, 22 ; Opp. 
Hal. 4, 295 : imp. late tipirvfav Q. Sm. 13, 93: fut. 



271 

ting- Aristot. Mund. 6, 16 (Bekk.) : aor. eipirvva Ar. Vesp. 272 ; 
Anth. 12, 20; Babr. 118, usu. in comp. <a6- Ar. Ran. 485, irap- 
Eccl. 398, Dor. -va Pempel. Stob. 79, 52. Very rare in prose 
epTTixravres Diog. Laert. 6, 40 ; Aretae. Morb. Diut. 2, 79 (ed. 
Oxon.) ; Trap-fipTTvo-ev Dio Cass. Fr. 63 (Bekk.) ; subj. f<r-fprrv<ra> 
Luc. D. Mort. 3, 2, cpTrvo-j?, Ael. N. A. 2, 5 (Jacobs, Kerch.), e'|- 
Aristot. H. A. 8, 14; e<f>-epinnras Ael. Epist. i. The Attics used 
the aor. only, ffapntaas Theocr. 22, 15 (Vulg.) with v has 
been altered to efapTroia-as (Kiessl. Mein. Ziegl. Fritzsche, -oixras 
Ahr.), e (pepTTva-ai Ar. Plut. 675. The Greeks used the fut. form 
ep^a>, rarely indeed epnvo-u, see Aristot. quoted. 

"Epirw To creep, Poet. II. 17, 447. OfL 18, 131; Find. I. 4, 
40 ; Aesch. Eum. 39 ; Soph. Ant. 618 ; Hippocr. 6, 480. 490; 
Dor. subj. fpTTtofxs Theocr. 15, 42 ; epTroi Horn. Epigr. 15, 6; Pind. 
N. 7, 68 ; epTre Hym. Ven. 156 ; Aesch. Pr. 810 ; Eur. Med. 402, 

fpnero) Ar. LyS. 130; Dor. fem. pt. eprroio-a, e(p- Pind. Fr. 1 08, 

augm. n : imp. elp-rrov Od. 12, 395 ; Pind. Fr. 57 ; Soph. O. C. 
147; Ar. Fr. 18 (D.), -n-epi- Ael. V. H. 13, i : fut. rare fptya>, 
erp- Aesch. Eum. 500, Dor. ep\^S> Theocr. 5, 45, -ovfics 18, 40: 
aor. late tlp-^a Dio Chrys. Ep. p. 622, but yptya, e'- V. T. Ps. 
104, 30 (classic fipTn/aa, see epTrtJfw). Mid. epTroiTtu Aretae. 
33 (ed. Oxon.), missed by Lexicogr. Vb. fpTrerov creeping, 
Ar. Av. 1069. Dor. dat. pi. pt. epTro'iTeo-o-i Pind. Ol. 7, 52. 

"Eppu To go away , perish (erro), Aesch. Ag. 419; Soph. El. 
57 ; Eur. Ion 699 ; Ar. Eq. 527 ; Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 3 ; PI. Phil. 
24 ; eppoi Soph. El. 249; Eur. H. F. 651. Med. 114 (chor.); 
eppe II. 8, 164; Ar. Plut. 604, fppfTo> Soph. Ph. 1200; fppwv 
Od. 4, 367 ; Aesch. Pers. 963 ; PI. Leg. 677 ; eppeiv Aesch. 
Eum. 301 ; PL Leg. 677 : fat. epprja-co Horn. H. 3, 259 ; Ar. 
Lys. 1240. Pax 500: aor. rjopr)<ra Ar. Ran. 1192, eiV- Eq. 4, 
a- Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 517, tV- Alciphr. 3, 55, and, according 
to some, epo-a, {nro- causative forced away, II. 6, 348 &c., see 
aTroeppoj : p. TJpprjKa, eiV- Ar. Thesm. 1075. Imper. often in 
the sense be gone, go to the mischief, eppe II. 8, 164; Soph. O. C. 
1383; Ar. PL 604, eppeVw II. 20, 349; Archil. 6 (B.); Soph. 

Ph. 1 2OO, eppere II. 24, 239; Ap. Rh. 3, 562; SO Opt. eppois 

Eur. Ale. 734 (trim. Musgr. Monk, Dind. 4 ed. eppa>v Dind. 
5 ed. Kirchh.) : and fut. OVK cppjjo-ere Ar. Lys. 1240. Eustath. 
quotes e\\erf=epperf, from Callim., see Fr. 292. Scarcely in 
prose beyond the pres. Xen. Plato quoted : imp. rjppov not found, 
though Elms, suggested irepirjppev for Trepi^pxe-r Ar. Thesm. 504. 
The pres. seems to be used as imp. at least joined with it, 

atreppet KOI Trpoa-epeiSia Niceph. 7, 23. 

(a) To eruct, disgorge, Attic for epevyo^ai, Eur. Cycl. 



272 

523 ; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 43 ; Ion. and late Attic prose, 
Hippocr. 6, 618. 8, 384 (Lit.); Luc. Alex. 39: 2 aor. fjpvyov 
Nic. Alex, in (belched, roared II. 20, 403. 404 ; Theocr. 13, 58), 
tvTjp- Ar. Vesp. 913, K.O.T- 1151 ; cm-tpvyfi Hippocr. 7, 104 (Lit.) ; 

epvyelv AristOt. Probl. IO, 44, air- 33, 5- Mid. epvyydvfrai as 

act. Hippocr. 6, 616 (Lit.), intrans. belch, 6, 538 : fut. fptv^ofiai 
see epevyu. Pass. epvyyavfTcu Hippocr. 6, 536. 6 1 8. The 
sense roar seems confined to the aor. but see epfvyo^ai. A 
pres. epvyda>, -vyav occurs late Geop. 17, 17. 

'EpuOaifto (v) To make red, Poet, and late prose, Sext. Emp. 
441 (Bekk.) : aor. epvdrjva Ap. Rh. i, 791. 4, 474; Orph. Arg. 
230. Pass. (pvdaivofMi grow red, blush, Bion i, 35; Opp. H. 
5, 271: imjp. (pvdaivfTo II. 10, 484. 21, 21 ; Anth. 12, 8, late 
tjpvd- Eustath. Macr. 3, 85. Rare and late in prose epv0au/erat 
Stob. (Arrian) vol. 4, p. 155 (Mein.) 

'EpuOpaii'u To make red, Theophr. H. P. 3, 15, 3; Perict. 
Stob. 85, 19. Pass, epvdpaivonai to redden, blush, Hippocr. 
5, 636 (Lit.) ; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 4 ; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 4, 15 ; Plut. 
Mor. 894 : p. tipvdpavpfVT) Dio Cass. 51, 12. 

'EpuOpidw To become red, to blush, Hippocr. 7, 76 (Lit.); Com. 
Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 152 ; PI. Lys. 204, Epic 3 pi. -toWi Opp. Hal. 
3, 25 ; -t>v PI. Rep. 350 ; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 178, Epic -6<ov 
Musae. 161; -iav Aeschin. i, 105; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 273; 
Luc. V. A. 10 : imp. rjpvdplav Luc. Laps, i; Aristaen. i 13 : 
fut. (-ao-w): aor. fovdpiave PI. Lys. 204. (Riv.) 134; Luc. 
Philops. 29; -acme Dem. 1 8, 128; -do-as PI. Prot. 312; Xen. 

Oec. 8, I ; -ao-ai, an-- Ar. Nub. I2l6 : p. in adv. dn-rjpvdpiaKOTOis 

Com. Fr. (Apollod.) 4, 454. This verb in simple proceeds not 
beyond the aor. and is almost confined to Comedy and Attic 
prose. 

'Epuicai'da) To restrain, 3 pi. -avoaxri Od. I, 199 (Vulg. Dind. 
Ameis, La Roche); -oWa Q. Sm. 12, 205, and (pvnavat both 

Epic, imper. epvKave, KOT- II. 24, 2l8 : imp. eptxave Od. IO, 429, 

KOT- Orph. Arg. 650 (Voss. Schneid. -VKUKOV Vulg.) Bekker, in 
his 2nd edit, of the Od. (1858), has expelled (pvicavoaxri, i, 199, 
from the text and Duntzer approves. If he is right, the pure 
form is deprived of classical support. 

'EpuKu (v) To hold back, impede, usu. Poet, and Ion. II. 10, 
161 ; Hes. Th. 616; Emped. 23; Find. Nem. 4,33 ; Soph. Tr. 
121 ; Eur. H. F. 317; Her. 5, 15 &c. ; in classic Attic prose, 
only Xen. An. 3, i, 25 ; Arist. H. An. 9, 37, u ; Polyb. Fr. 
incert. in (Bekk.); Dio. Hal. 8, 85, air- Xen. Mem. 2, 9, 2. 
Oec. 5, 6; imper. (pvKt II. 18, 126, -erov Find. Ol. 10 (n), 5; 
Epic. inf. fpvKfptv II. 21, 7: imp. epvuov II. 16, 369; Emped 



273 

i77> *w~ Soph. Ph. 423: fut. epvo> II. 21, 62. Od. 8, 317: 
aor. >?pva Aesch. Sept. 1075, air- Xen. An. 5, 8, 25, epvfa II. 3, 
113. Od. 17, 515; Epic subj. -gonev II. 15, 297: 2 aor. 
II. 5, 321, fpvK- 15, 450; opt. ('piJicdKoi 7, 342 ; imper. 
13, 751 ; fpvKoKeeiv 5, 262 (rarely unredupl. and , 
Nic. Alex. 536, but e/>uyot Ms. P. Otto Schneid.), compare 
), 2 aor. r}vincmov. Mid. epvKop.a.1 to hold oneself back, 
intrans. II. 23, 443. Od. 17, 17, dir-epi>Kov Soph. O. C. 169, 
-vKeo Nic. Al. 608, trans, as act. II. 12, 285, which some hold 
passive, but an-fpvKOfiai mid. Theogn. 1207 (Vulg.) has been 
altered from the best Mss. to dir-fpvKopfv. Pass. tpvKOfjtai II. 
12, 285, see above. Od. 4, 466 ; Soph. Ph. 1153 ; fpvKopevoi 
Her. 9, 49. Rare in Attic prose, see above; never in Comedy: 
fut. and 2 aor. Epic. 

'Epu'w (v) To draw, Epic II. 22, 493; Mosch. 2, 83, rarely 
augm. : imp. epvov II. 12, 258, rjp- Hes. Sc. 301, tip- Mosch. 
2, 14. 127, iter. tpvevKf Nonn. 43, 50 : fut. Ion. epva> II. n, 
454- I 5j 35 1 - 22 67 (best Mss. Bekk. Spitzn. Bind.) where 
some take it as pres. for fut., others adopt the full form ('pvaa 
(Barnes, Clarke, Bothe), which occurs Opp. Hal. 5, 375 ; Nonn. 

21, 268, fpixrcra Orph. Lith. 35; Nonn. 23, 298: aor. elpva-a 
Od. 2, 389, II. 16, 863, -vo-o-a 3, 373, Ipvo-a II. 5, 573, Od. 

22, 193, tpvaaa Od. II, 2, 71730- II. I, 308, iter. fpva-aa-Ke, eg- 

10, 490; Subj. epvo-oys II. 5 HO, fpvaji 17, 230, -VCTO-TI 5, IIO, 
pv<T<roiJ.ei> for -<ap.v, II. 14, 76. 17, 635, fpvaaxri Hippocr. 7> J 6 

(Lit.) should perhaps be dpvo-- (v. r. tip-, and tip- six lines 
above, but see aor. pass.), -tWwo-t Od. 17, 479; opt. epv<rai(ju 

11. 8, 21 ; tpixras 5, 836. 23, 21, Dor. -IHTCUS Pind. N. 7, 67, 

Ap. Rh. 3, 913 ; Opp. Hal. i, 265 ; cpv<rai II. 17, 419, 

8, 23 : p. etpvo-rai, KO.T- Od. 8, I5 1 > fipvvdai, KOT- 14, 332, 

see below: aor. tpvcrdfls Hippocr. 5, 234; irap-fipvadij 3, 26 
(Lit.) Mid. epvofjiM to draw to oneself, protect, guard, imp. 
e'piWo II. 6, 403, but fpvovro 17, 277, fjpv- Philostr. Apoll. 4, 
162 : fut. epva-ofjuii, Epic -va-aofjLai II. IO, 44. Od. 21, 125, and 
-nopal, inf. epijfo-dai II. 9, 248. 14, 422 : aor. fpvtravro II. I, 466. 

7, 318; Hes. Fr. 234, but epvaaro Od. 14, 279 (Wolf, Bekk. 
Dind. La R.). II. 20, 450 (Bekk. 2 ed. La R.), epuo-o-- II. 22, 367 
(Wolf, Bekk. Dind. La R.). 20, 450 (Wolf, Dind.). Od. 14, 279 
(Rost, Kiihner); subj. tpv^rai Ap. Rh. i, 1204; opt. fpva-mo II. 5, 

456, 3 pi. epva-alaro 5, 298; epvaratrQai 22, 351, fpv<r<r- 18, 174 J 

epwcrapevos II. i, 190 ; Hes. Sc. 457 ; Pind. N. 9, 23 : p. p. as 
mid. epvrai guards, watches, Ap. Rh. 2, 1208; tpva-dm Od. 5, 
484. 9, 194 &c. ; Mosch. 2, 73 : pip. tptwv, epva-o II. 22, 507, 
?PVTO 4, 138. 23, 819; Hes. Sc. 415; Ap. Rh. 3, 1305; as 

T 



274 ' 

aor. II. 5, 23. 13, 555, Zpvvro Ap. Rh. i, 1083 ; Theocr. 25, 76, 
&?<?/> back, ward off, tpvro II. 5, 538. 17, 518, pvro Hes. Sc. 138, 
but epvro pass, was drawn in, kept, Hes. Th. 304. Vb. 
epvaros Soph. Aj. 730. Those forms which we have ranked as 
perf. and pip. may be, and indeed generally are, referred to the 
pres. and imp. contracted : as pres. fpvrai for epverai, tpva-dai 

for fpvfcrdai '. imp. epvcro for fpvewo, tpvro for epuero &C. Used 

sometimes as aor. ; epvro Hes. quoted, may on this view follow 
the analogy of verbs in pi, e8Ki>vro &c. A rare if not the 
only instance of v in the act. is TOOV epvw drawing, Tzetz. 
Horn. 196. Buttmann has examined with his usual ability the 
meanings and quantity of epvw, fipvu Lexil. p. 303 ; but, after all, 
we are inclined to think that the quantity of v depends more on 
place in the verse than on shades of meaning. For the forms 
with , see eipvw. 

pxaros, epyta) To shut in, Epic, and only imp. pass. 

Od. 14, 15. 

To go, come, II. 13, 256 ; Hes. Th. 751 ; Find. N. 7, 
69 ; Aesch. Supp. 254 ; Soph. Ph. 48 ; Ar. Thesm. 485 ; Her. 

7, 102 ; Antiph. 6, 20 ; Thuc. 6, 36 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 4. Hell. 
3, 2, 6 ; PL Rep. 424; Aeschin. 3, 19; Dem. 17, 10, Epic 
2 sing. pxu II. 10, 385 ; Theogn. 1374, in Attic indie, chiefly; 
subj. rare epx?rai II. 10, 185; Callim. Fr. 67 ; Hippocr. 7, 598 
(Lit.) ; Pausan. 9, 39, 10, ipwvQov Od. 16, 170, epx<Ve#a Hierocl. 
181 (Eberh.), tpx^vrai Himer. Or. 15, 3, e- Hippocr. 8, 508 
(Ms. C. Lit.), Trpoo-- Isocr. Fr. 3, 7 (Bens.), fir- Maneth. 6, 269, 
Si-tpxa/wu N. T. Joh. 4, 15 (Vat.); opt. rare 'px tT , *'- Xen. 
Cyr. 4, i, i ; imper. especially Epic fp\f H. 15, 54, *px fv 2 3> 
893; Theogn. 220 (Ms. A. Bergk, ep^ov Vulg.) ; and late N. T. 
Luc. 7, 8. Rev. 6, 5 &c. epx^dov II. i, 322; Ar. Ach. 1144 
(chor.), tpxf(T0f II. 9, 649 ; and late N. T. Joh. i, 40; epxfo-0<u 
II. 15, 161 ; Aesch. Ag. 917 (trimet.); Hippocr. 8, 546. Epist. 
9, 418; Aristot. Meteor. 3, 3, 5 ; Plut. Philop. 2, an- Hippocr. 

8, 42 (Lit.), wr- Andoc. 4, 21 ; Dem. 23, 8, gw- (PI.) Demod. 
381 ; ('pxofj-fvos II. 3, 22. Od. 21, 39 ; Pind. P. 5, 14 ; Soph. Tr. 
850 (chor.); Thuc. 6, 3 (some Mss. but e'xoV- Bekk. Popp. 
Kriig.); PI. Conv. -174; Aristot. Mirab. 31 ; Plut. Mor. 5 1 8 ; 
Luc. Abdic. 23 ; Hierocl. 6, eV- Aesch. Pr. 98 (chor.); Ar. Nub. 
311 (chor.), Ste- Hippocr. 2, 138, re- Antiph. 2, a, z,im- Xen. 
Rep. Ath. 2, 14 ; PI. Grit. 53, an- Lys. 16, 19 (Mss. Bekk. Trept- 
Emper. Scheibe, Rauch. Westerm.), nap- Od. 16, 357 ; Xen. An. 
2, 4, 25 (Dind.) : imp. TIPXOM" rar e an d usu. late in simple, 
Hippocr. 5, 426. 9, 328 (Lit.); Arat. 102. 118; Babr. 46, 4; 
Luc. Jud. Voc. 4; Alciphr. i, 22 ; Paus. 5, 8, 2 ; Strab. 3, 2, 6; 



275 

Argum. to Isocr. 8 ; often in Sept. Gen. 48, 7. Ezech. 9, 2 ; 
and N. T. Marc, i, 45. Act. 9, 17 &c. (fipxo^da PI. Leg. 685, is 
imp. of apxonai, see Conv. 210. Alcib. (i), 121, and rjpx- or TT//O- 
rjpx- Xen. An. i, 8, 17), &- Pind. Ol. 9, 93, Trcpt- Ar. Thesm. 
504 (TTfpi-ijppfv Elms, -frpex' Hamak. Meineke), fir- Thuc. 4, 120, 
Trpoo-- 4, 121, av- Hippocr. 5, 402, {meg- 5, 414 (Lit.) see below, 
more freq. later e- Aristot. de Plant. 2, 2, 4 (Bekk.), nap- Alciphr. 
Fr. 6, 15 (Mein.), Trpo- Athen. 6, 108, wept- Ael. N. A. 2, n, o-ui/- 
Plut. Lycurg. 12. 31. Eum. 7, eVai/- Cim. 17. Sert. 25; Paus. 7, 
26 ; Apollod. 2, 8, 3 ; D. Laert. 6, 59 : fat. e'Xeuo-o/xai (e\f{>6o> 
obsol.)Il. 13, 753. Od. 1 6, 8; Ap. Rh. 3, 177 ; Ion. prose, Her. 
6, 9. 8, 130; Hippocr. 7, 498. 612. 8, 38. 74 (Lit.), <i- Her. 6, 
1 06. 9, 37, /car- 5, 125; occasionally in Attic poetry, Aesch. Pr. 
854. Supp. 522 ; Soph. O. C. 1206. Tr. 595; not in Comedy; 
scarcely in classic Attic prose Lys. 22, n (Bekk. B. Saupp. 
Scheibe) doubted by Elms. Cobet, Frohberger ; freq. later, Dio. 
Hal. 3, 15. 5, 31. 6, 65. 7, 68 ; App. Civ. i, 89. 5, 123; Pseud- 
Callisth. 2, 14 ; Geop. 14, 3, <r- Plut. Lucull. 16, e- Polyb. 4, 
9, Trpoo-- 21, ii, <car- Arr. An. 6, 12, /*-- Luc. D. Mart. 5, 2. 18, 
2 &c. Nav. 38, Trpo- Aristot. Plant. 2, 6, 5 ; Luc. D. Mort. 6, 4, 
r- Anach. 38, for which the earlier Attics generally use /, 
TJga>, d(pi'op; indeed the only exception in classic Aiiic prose 
is Lysias quoted, and here Elmsley thought it corrupt, as he 
did TrfpiTipxonrjv Ar. Thesm. 504. Elmsley was fine sometimes, 
we think to fastidiousness. His only ground of exception is 
rareness in Attic. But if we may believe the Mss. Lysias some- 
times indulged himself with a rarity. Is it not as easy and 
as safe to suppose that he used a poetic or Ionic word as that 
a transcriber foisted it into the text? And why should Aris- 
tophanes scruple to use, if it so pleased him, the imperfect, 
which Thucydides had used before him ? : 1 aor. rare and late, 
tfKv6a (Hes. Th. 660, is a false reading) Nonn. 37, 424, ir-rj\v8a- 
Anth. 14, 44, ^X0a, air- N. T. Rev. 10, 9 (Mss. Lachm. Tisch.), 

TJ\6ciTe Matth. 25, 36, e|- 26, 55, frdav Act. T2, IO, cur- V. T. 2 

Chron. 29, 17, Trpoo-- N. T. Matth. 9, 28 (Vat.) ; imper. eX0dreo 
V. T. Esth. 5, 4, eXdare Prov. 9, 5, St- Amos 6, 2 : 2 p. eATjXvfla 
Attic, Aesch. Pr. 943; Soph. O. C. 366. Ph. 141; Eur. Phoen. 
286 ; Ar. Nub. 238 ; Her. 8, 68 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 15 ; PI. Prot. 
317. Leg. 900. Rep. 445 ; Lycurg. 33 ; Dem. 38, 3 (but Ar- Od. 
4, 268), Trap- Thuc. 4, 86, i pi. f\r)\v6ap.ev Isocr. 14, 51; PI. 
Leg. 683, syncop. e'X^Xv^ev Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 153 ; Achae. Fr. 
22, f\r)\vT( ibid. (Wagn.), -\\i6aa-i Isocr. 13, 3. 14, 19; subj. eX?j- 
\v6rj, VTT- Hippocr. 2, 266 (Lit.) ; opt. rare fXrjXvGoirjs, npo- Xen. 
Cyr. 2, 4, 17 : pip. e'XijXu&u' Eupol. ap. Ar. Eq. 1306 (t'X- Mein. 

T 2 



276 

Dind. 5 ed.), irpoa- Thuc. 6, 65, Ste- Dem. 21, 84, Ionic 
f\T]\vdff Her. 5, 98. 8, 114, Epic perf. f\f]\ovda, -ovdtas II. 15, 81, 
and ei\T)\ovda 5, 204. 15, 131 ; Theocr. 25, 35, i pi. syncop. 
elXfjXovdpfv II. 9, 49. Od. 3, 81 ; -\ov6<as 19, 28. 20, 360: pip. 
3 sing. ei'XqXou&t II. 4, 520. 5, 44. 17, 350 : 2 aor. rj\v6ov Epic 
and Find. II. i, 152. 10, 28; Hes. Th. 668; Theogn. 711; 
Find. N. 10, 79. P. 3, 99 ; Theocr. 12, i. 22, 183; also Attic 
poet, especially in chor. Soph. Aj. 234; Eur. Or. 813. Phoen. 
823. An. 302. Rhes. 263; Ar. Av. 952 (rare in trimeter, Eur. 
El. 598. Tr. 374. Rhes. 660), syncop. rf\dov II. i, 207. Od. 4, 
82; Hes. Th. 176; Pind. Ol. i, 44. N. 6, 12; Aesch. Eum. 
251 ; Soph. O. R. 447. El. 1235 ; Eur. Or. 1400. Hec. 506 ; 
Ar. Eccl. 381 ; always in prose, Her. 2, 115 ; Antiph. i, 15; 
Thuc. 2, 56. 6, 82; PI. Rep. 329 ; Lys. 12, 53; Isocr. 17, 42; 
subj. e\6c>> II. 22, 113; Soph. O. C. 310 ; Ar. Pax 122 ; Her. i, 
209; PI. Rep. 344, f\0r)vi II. 5, 132 ; Hes. Fr. 80 ; opt. ?X0oiju 
II. 5, 301. Od. n, 501 ; Soph. Tr. 1189; Ar. Eq. 502; Antiph. 
5, 34; Thuc. 6, 37; e'X&'Il. 23, 770; Soph. Ph. 1190; Eur. 
Cycl. 602; Ar. Ach. 673; PI. Charm. 155; eX&o/ II. 14, 8; 
Soph. O. C. 79; Ar. Nub. 89; Her. 2, 121 ; Thuc. 4, 83; PL 
Rep. 572, Dor. dat. pi. eX&Weo-o-t Pind. P. 4, 30; e'X&ii/ II. 7, 
160; Soph. O. R. 307 ; Ar. Av. 28; Her. i, 27. 2, 32 ; Thuc. 

2, 5, Epic f\6efjLfvai II. i, 151, fXdfuev 15, 146, Doric fyBov (not 
in Pind.) Epicharm. 126 (Ahrens); Callim. Lav. Pal. 8. Cer. 27 ; 
Theocr. 2, 118. 16, 9, Lacon. ^\<rov, 1X077 Ar. Lys. 105 ; ?Xo-ot/u 
118; f\ffo>v 1081 ; aor. mid. eXBoi^v rare and late, Batr. 179 
(Mss. fXdoirjv Franke, Baumeist. rpxw' Wolf) : 1 aor. mid. 
dir-fXevaao-dai occurs Charit. i, 3 (D'Orville, but now -eXeva-o-&u 
Lobeck, Hercher), tw-eXevo-ijTat however is still in Hippocr. 2, 
494 (Lit.) for which we would suggest wroXua-qrai. But fat. 
vne-XtvfffTai is perhaps the true reading (Mss. C D, Erm. i, 

353.) Vb. /irr-eXeuoreos LuC. Fugit. 22, irrr-eXOereov Strab. 13, 

3, 6 (Kram.) 

Pres. fpxofMi is common in every class of writers, but for the 
moods tpxafwi, epxoifjiTjv &c., and imp. ^>xo/;i> the Attics usually 
employ 1<a, ioi/u, Wi, uav, levai : imp. r/a. More particularly, ?p- 
xa>fMi rare, ep\fo, (-%ov) -^eu often in Epic, we have not noticed 
in Attic ; epxolprjv rare in Attic, we have not seen or failed to 
note in Epic ; epxo^vos, tpxevOai often in Epic, occasionally in 
Attic : fj\v6ov and syncop. rj\6ov never drop the augment ; the 
former confined to Indie, and almost always to the dactylic 
forms rj\\)6ov, -es, -e ; ^Xv#o/iiei> however is the Mss. reading Hes. 
Th. 660 (Goettl.) not fj\vda^v, which was first introduced into 
the text by Pasor, and adopted by some late editors. ^vBov for 



'Ecr 0e'w. 277 

?jK6ov seems to have been but partially used by the Dorians : 
Find, never has it, and Timocr. Rhod. has eXSelv i, 4 (Ahr.), 
rj\Bf Chilidonism. Puer. Rhod. i. 3 pi. rj\6ocrav for rjkOov is a 
late form, often in Septuag. ; Pseud.-Callisth. 2, 35 : 2 perf. in 
pi. is occasionally syncopated, t\r)\vfiev, -\vre for -vQa^v -vdare, 
Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 153; Trag. Fr. (Achae.) 22. Perf. 
pass. die\T]\va-6ai Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 28 (old edit.) has been dis- 
placed by SirjviKrdai from Ms. Guelf. ; another form however 
fj.TTJ\6ai occurs in Peyron. Papyr. Aegypt. i, p. 34. Fut. 
pass. e\fv6ri(r6fj.fi/a occurs late Paroem. Apostol. Cent. 18, 22. 

For fax*, dv-r]pxfTo, vTreg-TjpxfTo Hippocr. (Lit.) quoted, or 
Epidem. 7, Sect. 35. 45. 59, Ermerins reads j?, dv/jei, {megr/ei, 
' because,' says he, ' the former was not in use when this book 
was written.' We think this a mistake, for Sujpxfo is in Pind. 
Ol. 9, 93, and has never, as far as we know, been called in 
question. In Hippocr. there is no variant for rjpxfro, dvfipxero ; 
for vnegripxeTo, however, occurs vireteiv (Ms. C. for -i]tiv). But 
a question may arise whether this may not have been adopted 
by the Scribe merely because eieu occurs two lines before. 
In Aristoph. Thesm. 504, Bekk. and Dind. retain irfpirjpxfT ', 
Elms, suggested -fci or -fipptv, Hamaker Trepi/rpex' approved by 
Bergk and adopted by Meineke ; nepitppfi. (irepippeu] if suitable, 
seems fully as near the draft. 

'Epu>E(i> To flow, move, also restrain, check, Epic, -o> Od. 12, 
75; imper. -&>ei II. 2, 179: fut. epa>ijaa> II. i, 303. 24, 101 ; 
Theocr. 22, 174; Q. Smyrn. 3, 520: aor. ^pwijo-a II. 23. 433 ; 
Callim. Del. 133; Theocr. 13, 74, but always vn-ep<i>- II. 8, 122. 
314 ; epajjcratre drive back, II. 13, 57 (so fut. e'pa7o-a> Theocr. 22, 
174 : aor. ^pco^cre forsook, 13, 74, quoted). 

'Epwrdw To enquire, Soph. El. 317 ; Antiph. 5, 64 ; Thuc. I, 
5 ; Lys. 12, 12 : imp. ^pwrtoj/ Hippocr. 5, 370 ; Antiph. i, 16 ; 
Thuc. 7, 10 (Vulg. Coll.). 8, 92 ; Lys. i, 25 : fut. -770-0) Hippocr. 
i, 606 ; PI. Rep. 350 ; Isae. n, 4 : aor. ^poWrjo-a Xen. Cyr. 4, 

5, 21 ; -jyo-as Soph. Tr. 403; HippOCr. 5, 3)0: p. fjpurrjKa PI. 

Phil. 18 &c. reg. Epic and Ion. elpumiw Od. 17, 138 ; Her. 3, 
14: imp. flpwra Od. 15, 423 (Bekk. Dind. La Roche); Her. i, 
88, 3 pi. dpuTfov 4, 145, -T(w i, 158 ; without augm. but ^pwra 
Od. quoted (Wolf), and dv-rjparcav Od. 4, 251 (Wolf, Bekk. 
Dind. La Roche), af-po>r- (Ameis, Kayser, Hentze with Eustath.), 
-rjpvTfw Theocr. i, 81. Horn, has always the pres. form with , 
Her. always, except epureoVei/oi/ i, 86 (Vulg. Gaisf.), but 
(Bekk. Lhardy, Dind. Stein). 

CEcrOeu) To cloihe, perhaps only perf. and pip. pass, e 
Her. 3, 129. 6, 112 (faO- Stein), rjaQrjpfvos Eur. Hel. 1539; 



278 'Eo-0/w. 



Ael. V. H. 9, 3; rjo-dqo-dai Ael. H. A. 16, 34 : pi. fjadrjro Ael. 
V. H. 12, 32. 

'EtrOio) 7b eat, II. 23, 182; Hipponax 85; Aesch. Fr. 246 (D.); 
Ar. Pax 1167; Her. 2, 35. 68; PI. Theaet. 166; imper. eV&e 
Od. 14, 80; eo-difiv Simon. Am. 7, 24; Soph. Fr. 596 (D.) ; 
Hippocr. i, 584 (Lit.), Ep. -ufixv Od. 21, 69; eV0i<oi> Her. i, 
133, also a pres. eo-Oo) II. 24, 415 ; Alcm. 33 (B. 3 ed.) ; Aesch. 
Ag. 1597; Com. Poet in Athen. 13, 596; Com. Fr. (Philip.) 4, 

469; eaQetv Od. 5, 197, Ep. -&>mu II. 24, 213. Od. IO, 373 J 

rare and late in prose, Plut. Mor. 101. 829; Aretae. Morb. 
Diut. 2, 77 (ed. Oxon.); V. T. Lev. 17, 10; Apocr. Sir. 20, 16, 
also 28o) II. 5, 341. Od. 14,81; Hes. Th. 640; Com. Fr. 
(Alcae.) 2, 832. (Eub.) 3, 219, Dor. 3 pi. e8ori Theocr. 5, 128; 
in Trag. Eur. edcoi/ Cycl. 245 ; Ion. and late prose, and rare, 
Hippocr. i, 580 (Lit.) ; Luc. Rhet. n : imp. f/<rdi.ov Od. 20, 19 ; 
Hes. Op. 147 ; Timocr. i, 12 (B.); Eur. Cycl. 233 ; Ar. Eq. 
606 ; Hippocr. 5, 222 ; Thuc. 3, 49 ; Xen. Ages. 9, 3, ^aBov Od. 
6, 249. 7, 177; Com. Fr. (Archip.) 2, 721 if sound, f8ov Od. 23, 9, 

iter. edeffKov II. 22, 50! : fut. f8ofj.cn II. l8, 271. 22. 509. Od. 9, 

369; Ar. Nub. 121. Pax 1356; PL Rep. 373. Prot. 334; Luc. 
D. Deor. 4, 3 (e'SoO/xai ? see below), and late tpuyovfiai, if correct, 
V. T. Gen. 3, 2, and (f>dyop.ai, -ea-ai V. T. Gen. 3, 3 ; Esai. i, 
19 ; Or. Sib. 3, 790 ; 2 Mace. 7, 7 ; N. T. Luc. 17, 8 ; as pres. 
Apocr. Sir. 36, 23 : p. e^So/ca Ar. Eq. 362 ; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 
462 ; Xen. An. 4, 8, 20, cm- Ar. Ran. 984, *ar- Aeschin. i, 42 : 
pip. (fySoKeiv Luc. Gall. 4 : p.p. eS^Sea/xat, /car- PI. Phaed. no; 
Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 87, Epic e'Sij&o/xat Od. 22, 56, but KOT- 

eSqSoTai Dio. Hal. I, 55 (Vulg. -eS^Seo-rai Kiessl.) : aor. rj&fordrjv 

Hippocr. i, 686 (K.) ; Aristot. Probl. 13, 6, *ar- Com. Fr. (Plat.) 
2, 627, QTT- 2, 662 : 2 p. Epic, e&jSa, -Sws II. 17, 542, -Suia Horn. 
H. 3, 560 : 2 aor. tfyayov Od. 15, 373 ; Ar. Thesm. 616 ; Xen. 
An. 4, 8, 20, (fxiyes Od. 9, 347, <j>dye in tmesi H. 2, 326 (Bekk.), 
(frdyov Pind. Ol. i, 51; subj. Qdyrj Soph. Fr. 149; Ar. Vesp. 
194 ; Hippocr. 2, 264 (Lit.), -yyvi Od. 8, 477 ; </>dyot/u Ar. Vesp. 
511 ; PI. Phaed. 81 ; imper. <aye Ar. Vesp. 6n ; fyayiiv Eur. 
Cycl. 336; PI. Leg. 831, -ei/ Od. 16, 429; Her. 2, 141 (-elv 
Stein, Abicht); Hippocr. 8, 610 (Lit.), $aye>' Od. 16, 143. 18, 
3; <ay&>i> Od. 4, 33; Simon. C. 169; Aesch. Supp. 226; 
Soph. Fr. 777 (D.); Ar. Eq. 806; PI. Pro.t. 314. Mid. 
ecrdiofiat, as act. Hippocr. 5, 160 (Lit.); Theophr. H. P. i, 6, u, 
and late (pdyopai Apocr. Sir. 36, 23 : fut. fdopai see above : aor. 
late ^Seo-a/i^i', KUT-eSea-rjTai Galen 5> 75 2 - fo-dioncu pass, is rare 
and confined to Epic and late prose, eV&'mzt Od. 4, 318 ; -ieadat 
Theophr. H. P. i, 12, 4; Luc. Cyn. n. Vb. e'fiecrrdy Soph. 



v Eo"7ro/Aaf 'Etmaw. 279 

Ant. 206, -e'oj PL Crit. 47. $ayo seems to have existed, hence 

Opt. <f>ayiois Pseud.-Phocyl. 157 (Vulg. <j)dyots Vat. Mut. Sidyois 

Bergk): fut. QayfafTf Liban. 3, 124, 6. efyiei/ai Epic inf. pres. 
for fbepevai, Od. 14, 42. In late recensions the fut. form c'Sov/tai 
has given way to eSo/xcu, *carSerai Com. Fr. 3, 12. 600 (Athen. 
338. 339), Trpoo-Kare'Sei Com. Fr. 3, 462 (Athen. 516, Dind.), 
KdTfdovvTai still, however, Dio. Hal. i, 55 (Vulg. -bovrat Kiessl.) 
<j>ayovpt6a also (Gen. 3, 2) is rendered doubtful, by the Alex- 
andrian Ms. presenting $ayo/i-, and (f>dyfa-6e occurring in the 
following verse. eo-#o> and eo-0i'o> seem confined to pres. and 
imp. : of (<ay&>) the 2 aor. tyayov alone is classic. 

"E<rjrop,ai To say, late Or. Sib. 2, 4. See imper. of (7ro>) r<a. 

"Ecnrofidi, see T6>. 

'Ecrcroofiai, -OUJACU (fo-awi'), 70 & /<?w, inferior, overcome, Ion. 
unaugm. Her. 3, 106 : imp. eVo-ov/z^ i, 67. 7, 166. 8, 75 : p.p. 

WcB/zat 7, 10; -apfvos *J> 9" aor. ecra-(a6r]v 2, 169. 3, 83; Subj. 
-<TQ>dec0fj.fv 4, 97. See fjcra-da), TJTT-. 

"Eacruo, see credo). 

'EarrJKw, oTrJKa) 7b j/aw^f, pres. rare and late, Posidip. Athen. 
10, 4, o-TT)Kii N. T. Rom. 14, 4; or?^, >- Aretae. Morb. Ac. 2, 121 
(ed. Oxon.) : fut. eWij|a) (Horn.) Epigr. 15, 14 ; Ar. Lys. 634 ; 
PL Conv. 220; Dem. 20, 37, KaO- Thuc. 3, 37, d0- Xen. An. 2, 
4, 5; PL Rep. 587 : and -^o/xai Eur. I. A. 675 (Mss. Vulg. 
Herm. Kirchh. Nauck) ; Com. Fr. (Heges.) 4, 480 ; Xen. Cyr. 
6, 2, 17 (Vulg. Popp. &c., but act. eor^et Dind. now, Saupp.). 
Ven. 10, 9 (Vulg. Dind. but act. -ei Saupp.) Pres. part. 
vvvfVTriKovvtov is the vulgar reading Hippocr. i, 543 (Kiihn), 
but Galen quoting the passage has perf. <rvvfo-TT)Kvi<0v adopted 
by Littr^ 2, 44. At Eur. I. A. 675, Elms, and W. Dind. read 
fut. act. eo-r^fts for mid. eo-n^, or -et of the Mss., and Lud. 
Dind. in his last edition of Xen. reads act. 'or^ for mid. 
eVnj|eTCH, Cyr. 6, 2, 17 ; but retains mid. Ven. 10, 9. There is 
no doubt that the preponderance of authority is in favour of 
eo-r^o) as the earlier and more frequent form : at the same time, 
we think it not unlikely that the other might co-exist. 

'Eorridu Ion. for- To entertain, Eur. Ale. 765 ; PL Conv. 175 ; 
Isae. 3, 80. 8, 20 ; Her. 2, 100 (Bekk. Gaisf.), IO-T- (Dind. Stein) : 
imp. OTW Lys. 19, 27 ; PL Phaedr. 227, Ion. for- Her. 7, 135 
(Bekk.) : fut. eWtao-o) Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 36 ; (Luc.) Dem. 
enc. 26 : aor. eioriao-a Xen. Cyr. i, 3, 10 ; Isae. 8, 18 ; coriacrat 
Ar. Nub. 1212; Antiph. i, 16: p. elor/aica PL Gorg. 518; 
Dem. 2 1, 156: p. p. flffTiunai PL Rep. 354, Ion. la-TiTjuai Her. 5, 20 
(Bekk. Stein) : aor. etorts^i/ PL Phaedr. 247, <rw- Dem. 19, 190. 
Mid. (o-Tidofjiat. intrans. io feast, Xen. Conv. 2, 3; Isae. 9, 21: 



280 ' 

imp. f'um&ija)v Ar. Nub. 1354; Antiph. r, 26; Dem. 19, 128: 
fut. fcmaa-opai, PI. Theaet. 178; Luc. Conv. 2 ; later as pass. 
Aristid. 13, 124 (D.) : and late fut. p. -a^o-o/nat Schol. AT. Ach. 
977 : also late aor. m. ecmdo-acrOai Sext. Emp. 327, 28. In Her. 
Dind. and Bred, write uniformly tor-, Gaisf. never, Bekk. and 
Lhardy write pres. eor-, but augmented tenses tVr-. 

'Eoxardcj, or -6w To be at the extremity, Epic and only part. 
-6a>v II. 10, 206; Theocr. 7, 77, -doxm II. 2, 508. 

'Erd^w, see egerdfa. 

c EToifi<ia> To prepare, Eur. Supp. 454 ; Her. 6, 95 ; Thuc. 6, 
34 : imp. TJT- 6, 88 : fut. -d<ra> 4, 46 ; C. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 83 &c. 
reg. and complete: aor. eroi/nao-dra> II. 19, 197 : p. p. qrot/xooywu 
Thuc. 6, 64. 7, 62 ; and as mid. Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 5 ; Dem. 23, 
209; Diod. Sic. i, 72 (Vulg. Trapeo-KeuaoTi- Bekk. Dind.) : pres. 
mid., -astral Thuc. 6, 17 ; imper. -deo-6e Her. 9, 45 : imp. ijrot^- 

ThuC. 4, 77- 7 3 1 ? "(>/*-, irpo- Her. 7> 22 &0 r - ^roi/iatrd/^i/ 
Xen. Apol. 8, Ion. eroi^aa-avro Od. 13, 184, Trpo-erot/xdo-aro Her. 
8, 24 ; opt. eroi/Luurati/ro Thuc. I, 58, poet. -acraaiaTO II. IO, 57 J > 
-daao-dai Thuc. 6, 22; -<rdfi.fvos Her. 8, 24. 

EuaSe, see dj/8di/a>. 

EuSaifiocEu 70 fo prosperous, Soph. Ant. 506 ; Ar. Eq. 172 ; 
PI. Leg. 636: fut. -f)o-(0 Her. i, 170; Eur. Med. 952 ; Isocr. 15, 
85 ; PI. Rep. 541 : aor. quSai/idwjo-a Xen. Lac. i, 2 (v. r. Thuc. 
8, 24): but p. fi>8aip6vr)Ka Aristot. Met. 8, 6, 8, else reg. 

Eu8oKip.e'u) To be approved, Her. 6, 63 ; Thuc. 2, 37 ; PI. Prot. 
315; Isocr. 9, 36, often without augm. euS-, often with, rjv8- : 
imp. fv8oKip.fi Xen. Hell. 6, i, 2 ; Aeschin. 2, 108, Ion. -//we 
Her. 7, 227, ijv8- PI. Gorg. 515 : fut. -^o-o> Cercid. 5 (B.) ; Isocr. 
i, 21 ; Aeschin. 2, 130: aor. eifioKi'pjo-a Her. 3, 131 ; Isocr. 12, 
78; Lycurg. 82 ; Xen. Cyr. 7, i, 46 (Vulg. Popp. rji/8- Dind. 
MOW 4 ed., Saupp.) ; Dem. 7, 20 (Mss. Bekk. &c. ijvS- Dind.) : 
p. fv8oKinr]Ka Ar. Nub. 1031 (r)v8- Mein. Dind. 5 ed.); PI. Criti. 
1 08, rjv8- Luc. Paras. 32 (Dind.) 

Eu8w To sleep, II. 14, 482 ; Alcm. 60 ; Pind. P. i, 6 ; Aesch. 
Eum. 141 ; Soph. Aj. 291 ; Ar. Lys. 15 ; Her. i, 34 ; Xen. Ven. 
5, ii ; fv8tiv II. 2,61, rare -fpwai Od. 24, 255 ; subj. evbycrQa Od. 
8,445: imp. euSoi/Il. 2, 2; Theocr. 2, 126; Eur. Bac. 683. Rhes. 
763. 779 (Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck 2 ed.) ; Her. 3, 69, r)S8- Eur. 
Bac. Rhes. quoted (Elms. Dind. Paley, 683. 779 Nauck 3 ed.); 
PI. Conv. 203, iter. evSeovce II. 22, 503 : fut. euSiyo-to Aesch. Ag. 
337: aor. Kad-fv8^<rai Hippocr. 2, 451 (K.). Rare in prose, 
Her. i, 209; Xen. quoted; PI. Rep. 571. Leg. 823. Phaedr. 
267 ; Plut. Ant. 36; Luc. D. Syr. 29 : imp. tvdov Her, i, 211 
(Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Abicht, r]v8- Stein). 3, 69 (Bekk. Dind. 



EuXo'yeco. 281 

Abicht, r)v8- Gaisf. Dietsch, Stein); so PI. Conv. 203 quoted. 
Vb. Ka6-fv8r)Tfov PL Phaedr. 259. See KadfvSa. 

EuepyeTeu To do good, Eur. Hel. 1020; Isocr. 12, 228; PI. 
Crat. 428 ; -ereo/ Aesch. Eum. 725; -fru>v Soph. Ph. 670: imp. 
tvrjpyfTow Dio Cass. Fr. 9 (Bekk.) ; v. r. Xen. Ages. 4, 4, and 
fifpy- Xen. Apol. 26. Ages. 4, 4 (Dind. Breitb. Saupp.) : fat. 

fvepyfTfja-u Eur. Hel. 1298; Xen. Cyr. 3, I, 34: aor. evrjpyeTrjo-a 

Ar. Pint. 835 ; Lys. 9, 14 ; Dio. Hal. 2, 18, and evepy- Isocr. 4, 
56 (Bekk. B. Saupp. Bens.); Dinarch. i, 16 : p. fvrjpyerrjKa 
Lycurg. 140; Luc. Abd. 18, and tixpy- PL Rep. 615; Isae. 4, 
31; Dem. 20, 33 (Bekk. (vrjpy- Dind.): pip. evepyer^Kei Xen. 
Ages. 2, 29 (Dind. Breitb. Saupp.) : p. p. tv^yeV^at D. Cass. 
56, 35 ; Luc. Abd. 14, fvepy- Xen. Mem. 2, 2, 3 (ffypy- Dind.); 
Isae. 7, 4 ; PI. Crit. 43 : pip. evepye-njvro Dem. 20, 7 1 (Bekk. 
fvrjpy- Dind.) : aor. (vfpyrrrjdfis PI. Gorg. 250. Vb. fvepyfTT)- 
reov Xen. Mem. 2, i, 28. In Dem. Dind. always edits (typy-, 
Bekk. always tvfpy-, so B. Saupp. 

EuicXet<i>, see K\J]I<O. 

u To separate well, only inf. -ivtlv Xen. Hell. 4, 2, 6. 
see Kri'fw. 

EuXa|3eojjicu .70 /a& car?, beware, Hippocr. 9, 360 (Lit.); 
-owrat Aristot. H. An. 4, 8, 12. Rhet. i, 12, 6. Top. 8, i, 12; 
Plut. Mor. 977; -/3/*at Ar. Lys. 1277; PI. Crat. 399; -/3ob 
Phaed. 101 ; -Xa/3o{) Aesch. Fr. 195; Soph. Tr. 1129; Isocr. i, 
32 ; PI. Rep. 507, -XajSei) Cydias Fr. i (B.) ; -ovptvos Soph. O. R. 
616; Eur. Supp. 325; Ar. Ach. 955; PI. Rep. 372; -pito-dm 
Ar. Lys. 1215; PI. Charm. 155; -ftfcadai Hippocr. 4, 502: 
imp. ev\apuv(j.T)v PL Prot. 315 ; Aeschin. I, 25, and j?vX- Aristot. 
Eth. N. 4, 13, 8 (B.); Eur. Or. 748. 1059 (Br. Pors. Dind. 
Nauck 3 ed. v\- Herm. Kirchh. Nauck 2 ed. with Aid. Mss. V. 
a, &c.) ; Dem. 29, i (Dind. fv\- Bekk.) : fut. ei/Xa^cro/^ai PL Rep. 
410 ; Aeschin. i, 38; Aristot. Eth. N. 4, 13, 8 : with aor. p. 
tl\a$ri6r)v Dem. 28, 4, rjv\- (Dind.) ; so D. Sic. 13, 87 ; -6u>\itv 
PL Phaed. 89 ; -^6^1 Soph. O. R. 47 : and fut. p. as mid. 
-^r}6rja-ofj.ai Aristot. Eth. Mag. i, 30 (-^a-ofiai v. r.) ; Diog. Laert. 
7, 116; Galen 5, 249; Porphr. de Abst. 43. Vb. eXa/3p-w 
Hippocr. 8, 548 ; PL Rep. 424. The fut. pass. -/3r}dr](ropat, 
though scarcely classic, has better support than our lexicons 
allow. In the Septuag. and Apocr. we think it is the only form. 

EuXoye'cj To bless, Eur. Ion 137 ; -\oyeiv Aesch. Ag. 580 ; Isocr. 
ii, 4 ; -y>v Soph. Ph. 1314 : imp. eiiXoytts Eur. Fr. 349 (D.) ; 
Isocr. 12, 206, -yei Ar. Eccl. 454 (Vulg. Bekk. Bergk), j/t>X- (Mein. 
Dind. 5 ed.); and late, Orat. tr. puer. 27 : fut. -V" Eur. Hec. 
465 : aor. (vXoyrjva V. T. Gen. 2, 3. Jos. 14, 13, >?vX- Gen. 24, i; 



282 

Dan. 4, 31 ; inf. euXoyjJo-ai Ar. Eq. 565 : p. late (v\6yr)Ka V. T. 
Gen. 17, 20 : p.p. eiXdyq/iai V. T. Num. 24, 9, i?vA- (Alex.): 
aor. fvXoyrideir) Epist. Phal. 4 : with fat. mid. fv\oyrjaofj.ai as pass. 
Isocr. 9, 5 (Ms. Urb. V. Bekk. B. Saupp. Bens.) : for fiit. ei>Xo- 
yr)0r]<ToiMii Isocr. quoted (Vulg.); and late V. T. Gen. 22, 18. 
Prov. 28, 20, and always: pres. -yovp-tvos Soph. O. C. 720; 
Isocr. 9, 6. Unless rjvXoyei be right, Ar. Eccl. 454 (Mein. Dind. 
now), the augm. seems late : eiXoyqo-a, owe jjuX- (Suid.) The 
aor. m. rjvXoyfia-aro we have seen only as a z>. r. V. T. i Par. 
29, 20. An Alexandrine form of 3 pi. opt. 1 aor. fv\oyTjo-ai<rav 
occurs Tob. 3, 1 1 (Tisch.) ; but imper. -yrjadraa-av (Otto 
Fritzsche). 

Euydw To put io bed, put to sleep, fat. tvvf]<ra> Anth. 10, 12 : aor. 
fvvrio-a Od. 4, 440; Anth. 4, 3, 87; -17077 Opp. Hal. I, 161 ; 
Dor. -do-eif, /car- Soph. Ph. 699 (chor.) ; -770-0? Ap. Rh. 4, 87; 
Nonn. 13, 276 ; p.p. evi^fiai Anth. 7, 397 ; aor. fwfjdrjv Anth. 7, 
78 ; -riOfjvai II. 14, 360. Od. 4, 334, aw- Her. 6, 107 ; -rjdfis II. 
2, 821. Od. 8, 292 ; Soph. Fr. 581 (trimet. Dind.), ow- Her. 6, 
69, and, if sound, cvvtdrjv, gw- Hippocr. 2, 833 (K.). Mid. 
fivdofjtai to sleep, Soph. O. C. 1571 (chor.) to which may, per- 
haps, be assigned p. (formal : and aor. evvr]6rjv. Twice in Trag. 
Soph, quoted, not in Comedy, nor, uncomp., in prose, except 
perhaps fivao-dai Aretae. Morb. Ac. 2, 1 1 7 (ed. Oxon.) euf da> 
Soph. O. R. 961, has rather a wider range, and in some editions 
appears with, and without augm. : fat. ei>vutra> Od. 4, 408 ; -da-eiv 
Xen. Ven. 9, 3 : aor. evvaaa Anth. 7, 25 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 856. 4, 
1060; Eur. Rhes. 762 (Mss. Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck 2 ed.), T^- 
(Dind. Nauck 3 ed.); fvvdoy Aretae. Morb. Ac. 2, 107 (ed. 
Oxon.); (vvaa-ov Soph. Tr. 1042. Pass, and mid. evvdfTat 
Horn. H. 4, 190; Eur. Med. 18; Hippocr. Epist. 9, 396, irap- 
Od. 22, 37 ; -dfancu Luc. D. Syr. 25, -a& Hes. Op. 339 ; -dto-6ai 
Xen. Ven. 12, 2 ; -o/nei/os Luc. Cyn. i : imp. evvdfcro Od. 20, i, 
-OITO 23, 299; Ap. Rh. 2, 497, TJVV- Themist. 26, 316 : p. KQT- 
ewao-Tat Eur. Rhes. 611 (Kirchh. Nauck 2 ed.), -rjvvao-rai (Dind. 
Nauck 3 ed.) : aor. fvvda-drjv Pind. P. 3, 25. Fr. 175 (Bergk), 77^- 
Eur. Ion 17. 1484 (Kirchh. Nauck, Dind.), %VV-TJW- Soph. O. R. 
982 (Elms. Dind. now), but -fvvd<r6i)v (Mss. Herm. Bergk, Nauck 

&C.), Epic 3 pi. KUT-evvaadev II. 3, 448, aw- Pind. P. 4, 254 ; 

tvvaa-dfts Soph. Tr. 1242 ; Xen. Ven. 9, 4: mid. aor. late, ew/aa- 
aavTo, ev- Nic. Fr. 33 (Gottl. Schn. 19 Otto Schn.) 

Eufo|Ae'u To enjoy good laws, act. form only in pres. ewo/touo-a 

PI. Leg. 927, where Ast Suggests evvo^os ovaa. Pass, fiivo- 

povfiai to be well governed, PL Crit. 53. Rep. 605 ; Aeschin. i, 5 : 
p. evvoij.rjij.ei/os Diog. Laert. (Epim.) i, 113: aor. evvouridnv Her. 



283 

I. 66 ; Thuc. i, 18 : with fut. mid. eiivop.fja-op.at as pass. Her. i, 
97 ; PI. Rep. 380. 

E6piaKu To find, Od. 19, 158 (Wolf. Bekk. Bind.) j Find. P. 
u, 52 ; Aesch. Eum. 989 ; Soph. El. 937 ; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 
501 ; Heraclit. 8 (By\v.); Her. i, 5; Antiph. 5, 65 ; Lys. 8, 2 ; 
PI. Ion 538, for augm. see below : imp. evpio-Kov Ar. Ran. 806 ; 
Her. i, 68; Thuc. i, 135 ; Xen. Hell. 5, 3, 23, rfp- PI. Gorg. 
514 (best Mss. Stallb.); Ar. Ran. quoted (Mein. Dind. 5 ed.) : 
fut. fvpfia-o) Horn. H. Merc. 302 ; Theogn. 449 ; Pind. Ol. 13, 
113; Aesch. Pr. 922 ; Soph. O. R. 441 ; Ar. Vesp. not ; Her. 
8, 60 ; Thuc. 3, 30 ; Isae. i, 30 ; PL Leg. 968 : 1 aor. late, 
fvprjva Maneth. 5, 137 ; Schol. Aesch. Pr. 59 : p. fvprjKa Soph. 
O. R. 546 ; Ar. Nub. 764 ; Her. i, 44 ; Isocr. 2, 12 ; PL Lach. 
1 86 : p. p. fvprjfMi Aesch. Pers. 743 ; Soph. Tr. 1075 ; Eur. Bac. 
203; Antiph. 5, 68; Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 21, as mid. see below : 
aor. tvpedrjv Soph. Aj. 1135; Ar. Thesm. 521; Her. 9, 83; 
Antiph. 2, a, 4; Thuc. 6, 31 : fut. efye&jo-o/jai Soph. O. R. 108; 
Eur. I. A. 1105; Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 654; Hippocr. i, 572 
(Lit.); Isocr. 9, 41 ; Aeschin. i, 166, and late fvp^rjar- Porphr. 
Antr. Nymph. 4 ; Geop. 13, 3, if not a mistake for tvpfff- see 
13, 10 : 2 aor. act. evpov II. 10, 34 ; Hes. Sc. 58 ; Pind. Ol. 12, 
8; Soph. O. C. 1126; Ar. Lys. 72 ; Her. 8, 40; Antiph. 2, y, 
2 ; Thuc. 8, 66 ; Epic subj. (vpyo-i II. 12, 302 ; inf. Epic evpe- 

fievai II. 2, 343, Aeol. vprjv Sapph. 56 (B.) Mid. fi/pia-Kop.ai 

to find for oneself, Soph. El. 625 ; Xen. An. 7, i, 31 : imp. 

evpuTK- Pind. P. I, 48 : fut. evpiyo-o/nai Her. 9, 6 ; -T)(r6p.evos 

Aeschin. 3, 134; -rjo-eo-Qcu Lys. 13, 9: p. evprjuai Aeschin. 3, 
162 ; Dem. 23, 185. 55, 31 ; -^W 19, 17; Com. Fr. (Diph.) 
4, 408 : 2 aor. flpo^v II. 16, 472 ; Aesch. Pr. 267 ; Soph. Aj. 
1023 ; Her. 9, 28 ; Thuc. i, 58 (rjvp- Bekk.); Dem. 19, 69 : and 
scarcely Attic evpdp.rjv Hes. Fr. 77 (Goettl. Flach, see below); Opp. 
Hal. i, 508. 3, 363 ; Anth. 15, 7 ; Plut. Pomp. 80 ; Dio. Hal. 
13, ii (-op.- Kiessl.); Dio Cass. 41, 42 (Bekk. -o^v L. Dind.), 
av- Ap. Rh. 4, 1133; Com. Fr. (Tim.) 3, 592 (Mss. -o^v Dind. 
Mein.), with augm. fg-rfpa. (Menand.) 4, 115 (Mein. with Ms. 
A.) but seemingly favouring -era. Vb. evperos Xen. Mem. 4, 

7, 6, fvpertos Thuc. 3, 45, e'- Ar. Nub. 728, evpT/reos, (^-fvprjr- 

now disallowed. At Pind. Fr. inc. 99, n (Bergk); and Dem. 19, 
339 (45 JI ) now occur evpopevov, -onevrj, not -dpevov, -ap.evtj and 
for vpdp.fvos Hes. Fr. quoted, Lehm. Leutsch, Marksch. Schoem. 
read, with Fischer, ei>po>-. If they are right, the form with a is 
rendered doubtful in classic Greek. 

The augment often occurs in editions by Elmsley, W. and 
L. Dindorf, Meineke &c., tfpiarKov Soph. O. R. 68. Ph. 283 



284 

(Elms. Dind.) ; Ar. Ran. 806 (Mein. Dind. 5 ed.) ; Xen. Hell. 
5, 3, 23 (Dind.); and often in late authors, Babr. 22 ; Polyb. 
10, 7 (Bekk. Dind.), pass. rjvpio-Kfro Xen. An. 4, 4, 13 (Dind. 4 
ed.) : rjvpov Thuc. 5, 42 (L. Dind.); Aesch. Pers. 474; Eur. 
Med. 553 (W. Dind. Nauck 3 ed.). Heracl. 957 (Elms. Dind. 
Nauck 3 ed.): T)vpr)Ka 534; Soph. O. R. 546 (Elms. Dind.): 
TjvprjKd Babr. 22 : p. p. ^vp/jrai Aesch. Pers. 743 J Soph. Aj. 
546; Eur. Bac. 203 (Elms. Dind.); ^up^eW Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 14 
(Dind. 4 ed.); Galen 13, 889, it is therefore a mistake to say 
that "the perf. is never written with rjv." aor. yvpedrjv Soph. Aj. 
1135; Ar. Thesm. 521 quoted; Eur. Andr. 219 (Dind.); 
Diod. Sic. 13, 90 : 1 aor. m. rjvpao Anth. 9, 29 : 2 aor. rjvpovro 
Aesch. Pr. 267 (Dind.); Thuc. i, 58 (Bekk. Dind. Classen.) A 
fat. vpS> occurs late Polem. 2, 40 (Orell.), and 1 aor. evpa^v 
Pseud.-Callisth. i, 39, as if from a liquid form evpv, to which 
also may be referred evpa^v Hes. Fr. &c. above ; and late Anth. 
Ap. Ep. 274 ; Paus. 7, n, i. 7, 17, 6. 8, 30, 4; Dio. Hal. 10, 
48; Ael. V. H. 3, 17 &c. In II. Od. and generally in Epic, 
2 aor. act. and mid. fvpov, -6p.r)v are alone used ; f(pfvpia-Ku> 
however Od. 19, 158 (Vulg.) which Wolf, followed by Bekk. 
Dind. La Roche, altered perhaps correctly to W fvpiaKm (ev6' 
fvp- Cod. Harl.) The fut. pass, form evprjdfa- we have said 
is late. 

EoTpemu To make or have ready, Aesch. Ag. 1651 ; Hippocr. 6, 
324, without augm. tv, and with >ju : imp. qurpeV- Himer. Or. 8, 
i: fut. -iS> &c. : p.p. TjvTpfTTKTfievos Eur. I. A. mi; Ar. Plut. 
626 ; Heliod. 10, 9 ; (vrpt-nivQai (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 340 (Lit.), 
but evrpe-ma-Tai as mid. Dem. 18, 175 (Ms. S. Bait. Saupp. and 
Bekk. now), rjvrp- (Dind.) : pip. j/vrptTrto-To Luc. Am. 6 (Dind. 
tvT- Bekk.): mid. pres. euTpeTri'ferot Themist. 2, 31 : imp. 
fVTpfnifrvro Thuc. 4, 123 (all Mss. Bekk. Popp. Kriig. fjvrp- 
Stahl). 2, 1 8 (Ms. G. Popp. Krug.), r^rp- (Vulg. Bekk. Stahl); 
Dio. Hal. Ant. 2, 36 ; Pseud.-Callisth. 2, 19 : aor. riirpfn-ia-aTo 
Nic. Damasc. 48, p. 34 (L. Dind.); fiirpouo-T/rai Dem. 23, 189: 
p. evrpemovai see above : pip. jjurpeVioTo Heliod. 5, 13. Vb. 
(VTpeTrt&reov Hippocr. 6, 344. 

Euruxeo) To be fortunate, Simon. Am. 7, 83; Pind. Ol. 7, 81 ; 
Soph. El. 945 ; Ar. Plut. 629 ; Thuc. 4, 62 ; -xfis Aesch. Sept. 
627 ; -OI'TJS Aesch. Ch. 1063, -ol/xej/ Supp. 1014 ; -Tv^eW Her. i, 
207 ; -TVX&V Anth. 2, 8, 9, sometimes augm. TJV, see below : 
imp. fvrvxovv Soph. Fr. 94 (Vulg. Ellendt) ; Eur. Hec. 18. 
1208. 1228 (Herm. Kirch. Nauck 2 ed.); Thuc. 4, 79 (Bekk. 
Popp.): fut. eirrvxfio-o) Eur. Or. 1212: aor. eim^o-a Her. 7, 
233 ; Eur. Or. 542 (Herm. Kirchh.); Xen. Hell. 3, 5, 12. An. 6, 



285 

3, 6 (Popp. &c.), and late -ra Anth. App. Epigr. 9, 40 ; Dor. 
pt. -rjffais Find. I. 3, i : p. eurt^Ka Isocr. 1 2, 7 ; PI. Hipp. Maj. 
285. Leg. 8n; Dem. 19, 67 (Ms. S. Bekk. B. Saupp.) : pip. 
fvrvxriKfw Dem. 1 8, 1 8 (Ms. S. Bekk. B. Saupp.) : p.p. f\iTi>xw al 
Thuc. 7, 77 : aor. fvrvxnfyv late Herodn. 2, 14. Sometimes 
augm. r)VTi>xovv Aesch. Pers. 506 ; Soph. Fr. 94 (Dind. 5 ed.) ; 
Thuc. 4, 79 (L. Dind. Stahl); Eur! Hec. 18 (Aid. Pors. Dind. 
Paley, Nauck 3 ed.). 301 (Mss. Pors. Dind. Kirchh. Nauck). 
1208. 1^28 (Dind. Pors. Nauck 3 ed.) : ^vTu^o-a Or. 542 (Vulg. 
Pors. Dind. Nauck 3 ed.) ; Xen. An. 6, 3, 6 (Dind. Breitb. 
Shenkl); Diod. Sic. 13, 22 (Bekk. Dind.): p. TjuTu^/ca Xen. 
Cyr. 5, 2, 36 (Dind. 4 edit. Saupp.) : pip. qirvx^eij/ Dem. 
18, 18 (Dind.): p.p. jjw-vxw' Thuc. 7, 77 (Stahl.) On the 
augment. Mss. differ, and of course editors. In Eur. Herm. 
writes -, Dind. and now Nauck TJV- : in Xen. L. Dind. is now 
editing TJV-. 

Eufypa'ivu To cheer, Xen. Men. i, 6, 3 ; Com. Fr. (Arch.) 4, 
436, Dor. 3 pi. -(ppaivoio-i Pind. Fr. 206 ; opt. -<uWj Eur. Ale. 355, 
Epic fv(p- Od. 20, 82 ; imper. cvQpaive Theogn. 1033 ; Aesch. 
Supp. 515 ; Eur. Ale. 788 ; -afrwEof. Ale. 237 : imp. evfypaivov 
PI. Menex. 237, rjvcp- Plut. Mor. 41 : flit. ev(ppavS> Aesch. Ch. 
742; Soph. O. C. 1353; Com. Fr. (Apoll.) 2, 881 ; Luc. 
Somn. i ; Philostr. i, 46, Epic fv(ppav(a> II. 7, 297, (v(j>- 5, 688; 
Theocr. 22, 178: aor. rjvcppdva Simon. (C.) 155, 12 (Bergk 
3 ed.); Eur. Or. 217. 287 (Vulg. Pors. Dind. Kirchh. Nauck); 
Dio Cass. 43, 19 (B.), ei>0- Pind. I. 7, 3 ; Eur. quoted (Herm. 
Witzsch.); Plut. Nic. 21. Oth. 2; -dvaifu Soph. Aj. 469; inf. 
(ixppavai Dem. 21, 202, Ion. ev(ppr)i>a II. 24, IO2 ; Theocr. 12, 
8, Tjv(f>- Opp. Hal. 3, 86 ; Epic fvtpprjvrjs II. 7, 295 ; inf. -TJVCU 
17, 28. Pass. ev(/jatVo/Hu to rejoice, Od. 2, 311 ; Soph. Aj. 
280 ; Xen. Hier. 4, 6: imp. ttypaurijap Com. Fr. (Phil.) 4, 55, 
T]V- Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 15 (Dind.). 2, 2, 5 (Dind. Herd. Saupp.), eu- 
(Popp. i, 4, 15 Hertl. Saupp.): with flit. m. ({xppavovpai Xen. 
Conv. 7, 5, Ion. 2 sing. fv<j>paveai Her. 4, 9, -/eat (Bred. Abicht, 
Stein); -ovp.evos Xen. Cyr. i, 5* 9- and pass. fv<^pav6r]aofjtai 
Ar. Lys. 165 ; Aeschin. 1,191: aor. fixppdvdijv Pind. Ol. p, 62; Ar. 
Ach. 5 (Bekk. Bergk), iju$- (Dind. Mein.) ; tixfrpavdiaai Xen. Cyr. 

i, 5,9- 

Euxeraofjiai To pray, profess, Epic, pres. and imp. only, always 
in the lengthened forms, and unaugm. fv-^raaaQf Orph. Arg. 
291, -owvrai Od. 12, 98 : imp. fvxfTouvTo II. 22, 394 > Ap. Rh. 

I, 231 ; Opt. fi>xeTOcafj.T]v Od. 8, 467, -OWTO II. 12, 391, for -aoifir)v, 
-doiro ; inf. tvxfrdaa-dai II. 17, 19. 

To pray, boast, II. 6, 211. 8, 526; Hes. Th. 441 ; 



286 Eva). 

Find. Ol. 3, 2; Aesch. Ch. 540; Soph. Tr. 1190; Ar. Eccl. 
171 ; PL Phaed. 117, Trpocr- Antiph. 6, 45 ; tfyeo-tfai Her. i, 27 ; 
Thuc. 2, 43 ; PL Tim. 27 ; cvxfyfvos Antiph. 6, 45 : imp. 
evxoMv 11 3, 275; Pind. OL 6, 53; Eur. Elec. 809 (Kirchh. 
Nauck 2 ed. Witzsch.); Ar. Eccl. 141 (Bekk. Bergk); Her. 7, 
54; PL Rep. 393. 394. Menex. 247 ; Xen. An. i, 4, 7 (Popp. 
Kriig.), T]I>X- Timocr. i, 12 (B.); Aesch. Pers. 498 (D.) ; Eur. 
Or. 355 (Kirchh. Nauck, Dind.). Elec. 809 (Dind. Paley, Nauck 
3 ed.) ; Ar. Eccl. 141 (Dind. Mein.) ; Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 466 ; 
Isae. 8, 16; Aeschin. 2, 118; Xen. Cyr. 3, 2, 15. An. i, 4, 7 
(Dind. 4 ed.) ; PL Ale. (2) 141, /ear- Soph. Tr. 764 : fut. evgo/jtai 
Soph. Ph. 1032 ; Ar. Av. 623 ; Lys. 6, 4 ; PL Phaedr. 233, Epic 
2 sing, fjrfvgeai II. n, 431 : aor. 6v|a^/ II. 8, 254 ; Aesch. Ag. 
933 (Blomf.). 963 (Pors. Herm. Blomf.),^- (Dind.); Soph. Ph. 
1019 (Herm.), 77^- (Dind. Nauck) ; Eur. Phoen. 1373 (Herm.), 
rjvg- (Dind. Nauck), euf- Ar. Av. 72 (Bekk.), 7?u|- (Dind. Bergk, 
Mein.), ei- Her. 4, 76 ; PL Phaed. 58 ; Xen. An. 4, 8, 25. Hell. 

4, 4, 12 (Popp. Breitb. Saupp.), rji/g- (Dind.), eir-iyvg- H. Hymn. 
2, 184 ; Epic subj. evgtai Od. 3, 45; opt. fl^ai^v Od. 12, 334, 

eaio IsOCr. 5, 68, -atro Aesch. Ag. 1341 ; evao-6ai Find. P. 3, 

2 ; Her. 8, 64 ; -apevos Thuc. 3, 58 ; PL Phaedr. 279 : p. TJVKTCU 
pass, and impers. PL Phaedr. 279; act. late V. T. Num. 6, 19: 
but pip. r)vyp.T)v act. Soph. Tr. 610, 3 sing. (VKTO (syncop. aor. 
says Buttm.) Horn. Fr. 2, 15 (Franke) : aor. late estiva pass. 
Dio Cass. 48, 32. Vb. evKros Eur. Ion 642; Xen. Mem. i, 

5, 5, -Ttos, -7, -eov Hippocr. i, 85, if sound ; and late, Epict. 
Ench. 77. Moeris held rjv more Attic than ev. Mss. however 
do not bear this out, and editors differ. Elmsley, W. and L. 
Dind. Meineke &c. favour TJU, Lobeck, Herm. Blomf. Popp. 
Bekk. Ellendt &c. ei>. In Horn. Hes. Find. Ap. Rh. and Her. 
never yv, but in later Epic lyfyoj/ro Q. Sm. 6, 183 (Vulg. Koechl.), 
ft>X- (Lehrs). 

Euu To roast, Od. 2, 300; Hes. Op. 705 (Gaisf., but tva> 
Goettl. Lenn. Schoem. Flach) ; and late Luc. Lexiph. 1 1 : aor. 
evo-a Od. 14, 75: p.p. fvfj.ai, rj<j)-fvfi.tvos Aesch. Fr. 321 (D. 5 ed.): 
aor. evdfis, a<$>- (Suid.) This verb is written with the lenis evo> 
by Goettl. and Lennep with some Mss. Hes. quoted, and v. r. 
Od. 2, 300. The simple form is Epic, and in act. goes not 
beyond the aor. : pass, tuo'/xei/oi II. 9, 468. The comp. dfavu is 
almost confined to Comedy, Ar. Eccl. 13. Pax 1144: aor. a<- 
(Simon. Am. 2 4 Bergk) ; Ar. Thesm. 590 (Vulg. Bekk. Bergk), 
(Mein. Dind. 5 ed.) ; -eva-a 236 : p.p. augm. on prep. 
Aesch. quoted : aor. -evdfls (Suid.) We have never 
met with it in prose, though Buttmann says ' in prose usually 



287 

d<p(va>, afavva.' With r, it seems to occur once only, and 
late, efavo-ms Nicand. Athen. 61 (Dind.); Nic. Fr. 79 (Otto 
Schneid. dtp- Fr. 9 Jo. Schneid.) 

Eucjxe'w 70 entertain, feast, Her. 4, 73; Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 42 ; 
-xJJre Eur. Cycl. 346; -x^lv Ar. Vesp. 342: imp. e\iu>x ovv PI- 
Gorg. 522, Ion. -x Her. i, 126 : fut. -JJO-CD Theophr. Char. 7 
(Foss) ; Plut. Mor. 785 : aor. -qo-a, subj. -jjo-w Com. Fr. (Metag.) 
2, 756. vo>xV al /0 eat, feast on, Ar. Plut. 614 ; Her. 5, 8 ; Xen. 
Cyr. 6, i, 10 : imp. evuxovvro Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 7 (Dind.) : fut. 
-Tjo-ofmi Ar. Eccl. 717 ; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 489 ; PL Rep. 372 ; 
Luc. D. Deor. 26, 2 : aor. rare, subj. evaxw u > v ' raL Luc. Cron. n : 
in same sense p.p. fuw^M ' Hippocr. 8, 424 (Lit.); -jy/zeW Ar. 
Lys. 1224. Vesp. 1306 (Vulg. Mein. Dind. 4 ed.), ^x- (Dind. 
5 ed.) : with aor. evo^^i/ Her. i. 31 ; -#V Ar. Eccl. 664 ; PI. 
Leg. 666 : and fut. p. etxox^o-o/zai (C. Inscr. 2336. v. r. Luc. 
D. Deor. 26, 2.) We have seen no trace of augment excepting 
7]va>x- Ar. Lys. Vesp. quoted (Dind. 5 ed.) The aor. mid. seems 
to have escaped the notice of Grammarians and Lexicogr. We 
never met with it except Luc. quoted, who uses it in exactly the 
same sense as Her. uses the aor. pass. Wva-dv re KOI ei/co^fyo-ai/ 
Her. i, 31. OTTO)? dva-coai Ka\ euco^jjcrwiTai without v. r. Luc. Cron. 
ii. To square this with his own notions, Cobet suggests fut. 



see 

To hate, usu. Poet. Od. 3, 215 ; Theogn. 297. 579; 
Aesch. Pr. 975; Soph. EL 1034; Ar. Ran. 1425, 3 pi. Dor. 
-aipovri Theocr. 24, 29: imp. fJx0 ai P v U- J 7 2 7J Eur. Supp. 
879; Anth. 7, 648: fut. -ap>: aor. >?x%>a II. 20, 306 ; Hes. 
Th. 138 ; Aesch. Pers. 772 ; Soph. El. 1363 ; Dio Cass. 56, 38 ; 
Nic. Damasc. 53 (L. Dind.), Dor. -apa Timocr. in Plut. Them. 
21. Pass. ex0atpo[Mi to be hated, Aesch. Ch. 241 ; Soph. Aj. 
458 ; opt. -polaTo Aesch. Supp. 754 : imp. fjx^P fTO Mosch. 
6, 6 : with fut. m. exQapotpai Soph. Ant. 93. Mid. as act. late 
(xdfiparo Nic. Alex. 6 1 8, dn-cxfyp- Q- Sm. 13, 255 (Vulg. Lehrs), 
-rixdrjp- (Mss. Koechly.) Vb. exdaprtos now Soph. Aj. 679 
(Mss. Dind. &c.) Rare in prose, e'x&upovo-i (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 
378 ; Aristot. Eth. Nic. 10, 10, 12 ; Plut. Rom. 17 : imp. rJx^ al P e 
Dio Cass. 57, i : aor. fJx 6r JP a Dio Cass. 56, 38; Nicol. Dam. Fr. 
2 1 (Feder.) Rather a better prose form is exOpaifw Plut. Num. 
5; Ael. H. A. 5, 2; butBabr. 59: imp. ^P aivov Xen. Ages, n, 
5: aor. late rJxSprjve Maxim. Karap^- 67, -dvav i Mace, n, 38. 
Vb. e'xdpavreos late. Both verb and verbal used to occur in old 
editions of the Tragedians, the former at Soph. Ant. 93; Eur. 
Med. 555, the latter Soph. Aj. 679, but have been displaced in 



288 

late recensions by exdaipm, exdaprtos from Mss. See Pors. Eur. 
Med. 559. 

CExOoSoirew) To wrangle with, Epic and only aor. inf. e'xtfoSo- 
Tnjo-ai II. I, 518. 

'ExOe'w, see foil. 

"ExOu To hate, Poet, and only pres. Aesch. Fr. 301 (D.) ; 
Soph. Ph. 510; Eur. Andr. 212; late Epic Callim. Del. 8. Fr. 
1 1 8. Pass. ex0o/jiai Aesch. Ag. 417 ; -opevos Od. 4, 502 ; 

-df<r6cu 756: imp. jfo&ro Od. 14, 366; Eur. Hipp. 1402: p. 
late t)x&lt JL * vos Lycophr. 827. There is some appearance of a 
form Ixftew, imper. ?x&i Theogn. 1032 (Schneidew. Orell.), o^et 
(Bergk, Emper.) : imp. vx&e Hermes. 2, 39 (Schneidew.), ^ ej> 
(Dind.) : p. p. tfx6^ta>ot quoted. See aTr-xddvofj.ui. 

"EXOJ To have (o-e'x<>, fx m )> H- 3> 53 > Pind. Ol. 6, 82 ; Aesch. 
Pr. 470; Soph. O. R. 277; Ar. Ach. 53; Her. i, 71; Antiph. 

6, 36; Thuc.i, 4 i, e'xtKrda Theogn. 1316 ; Sapph. 21 (Bergk), 
Dor. 3 pi. fxovri Pind. P. 5, 82 (Bergk 3 ed.); fxn^ a H- 1 9, 
180, -son Od. 20, 85 ; 3 pi. imper. ex VT(av Her. 3, 155 ; Dor. pt. 
exoio-a Pind. P. 8, 4 ; Epic inf. f\epev II. 13, 2; Theogn. 924; Hes. 
Sc. 369: imp. fixov II. 7, 217; Hes. Sc. 132; Aesch. Ch. 351 ; 
Her. i, 24 ; Antiph. 2, y, 2 ; Thuc. 2, 22 ; PI. Tim. 39, Aeol. 
fa * Sapph. 29 (B.), Epic fx ov H 9> J '> Hes. Th. 466 ; Pind. 
Ol. 9, 61, iter. ex f <* KOV H- 13. 257; Hes. Th. 533 ; Her. 6, 12 : 
fut. e^o> II. 18, 274; Aesch. Sept. 67 ; Soph. O. C. 820 ; Ar. 
Ran. 339 ; Her. 3, 137 ; Antiph. 4, a, 4 ; Thuc. 4, 92 ; Isocr. 
8, 137 ; PL Rep. 476 ; opt. |ot^i Dem. 31, 2 ; (.v Thuc. 3, 
32, Ep. f&iitv II. 5, 473 ; Hes. Th. 394, and o-x'/o-w II. 17, 182 ; 
Pind. Fr. 217; Aesch. Eum. 695 ; Soph. Aj. 684 ; Ar. Ran. 
188; Her. 9, 12 ; Thuc. 7, 62; Xen. An. 3, 5, n, Epic 2 sing. 
<rx^o-fia-6a Horn. H. Cer. 366; opt. o^o-ci Pind. P. 9, 116; Xen. 
Hell, i, i, 35; -crt> Solon 13,66; Dem. 23, 128: 1 aor. 
(orxrjo-a (Inscr. ; Or. Sib. &c.), see below : p. eo-xixa PI. Leg. 765 ; 
Dem. 1 8, 99 ; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 154, /zer- Her. 3, 80, and 
Epic (O^WKO, for ofcto^a) (Tvv-oxaKa>s Horn, once, II. 2, 218 : p. p. 
eo-^jy/iat late in simple, Paus. 4, 21 ; Aq. Esai. 62, 4, an-- Dem. 
49, 65, KOT- Luc. D. Mort. 19, i, and (Sy/int): pip. fir-a>x aTO Il- 
ia, 340: aor. (<TXfdr)i> Ion. and (late?) Attic, Arr. Ind. 37. An. 
5, 7, (ruv- Hippocr. 2, 509 (K. 2, 378 Erm.), eV- Callisth. Stob. 

7, 65, TTtpi- Luc. Peregr. 36 ; trxfdeis (Eur. ?) Dan. 6, ar- 27, 
eV- Plut. Philop. 6, Kara- Solon 2i ; a-xf&n vai Arr. An. 6, n, 2 ; 
Pseud.-Callisih. i, 6, ?rept- Paus. 4, 25, 3, <rui/- Athen. 12, 72: 
fut. late ax(0f)<TfTai Galen 4, 221, eV- Plut. Mor. 980, Kara- Luc. 
Herm. 47, a-w- Diog. Laert. 10, 117, eVt- Sext. Emp. 41, 16, 
jrept- 451, 16: and mid. efcyu as pass. Eur. Or. 516 (Mss. Aid. 
Nauck 2 ed. &c.), eVf|- (2 Mss. Pors. Dind. Kirchh. Nauck 



289 

3 ed.); Aesch. Supp. 169; so PL Crito 52 ; Dem. 51, n, miv- 
Epist. 3, 36 (B.) : and o-^jjo-o/xai II. 17, 639 ? : 2 aor. act. eV^oi/ 
II. 17, 7; Find. Ol. 2, 9; Aesch. Pers. 785; Soph. Ant. 225; 
Ar. Ran. 1035; Her. 3, 79; Thuc. i, 112 ; Andoc. i, 3; Isocr. 
21, 16; PL Phil. 59; subj. axS> H- 2I > 39 >' Aesch. Fr. 280 
(D.) ; Her. 4, 30 ; PL Leg. 958, in comp. am- Soph. El. 636, 
TrapcKTx PL Leg. 919 ; a-xoirjv Isocr. i, 45 ; PL Apol. 34, eVt- 
II. 14, 23.1, 3 pi. o-^oiec Thuc. 6, 33, less freq. a-xolrjaav Hyperid. 

Eux. p. 14, 25 (Schn.), and 0-xolfJ.i, fiera- Soph. O. C. 1484, napa- 

Eur. Hipp, mi, Kara- Thuc. 6, n, eVi- PL Phaedr. 257; tr\fs 
Soph. EL 1013; Eur. Hipp. 1354, VTTO- PL Gorg. 497, occa- 
sionally <rxe in comp. 7rupa<rxe Eur. Hec. 842 (Mss. Aid. Herm.), 
irapdcrxfs (Pors. Dind. Kirchh.), see below ; a-x^v Od. 4, 70 ; 
Soph. El. 551 ; Her. 4, 203 ; Antiph. 5, 67 ; Thuc. 5, 2, Dor. 
cr^oto-a, Kara- Pind. N. io, 6; tr^fii/ II. 16, 520; Pind. P. 3, 89; 
Soph. O. R. 1461 ; Thuc. 4, n; PL Leg. 648, Epic a-x^fv II. 
8, 254, Poet f'o-xfdov II. 12, 184 ; Tyrt. 12, 22 ; Pmd. OL 9, 88 ; 
Eur. Phoen. 408; Theocr. 22, 96, a-xedov Od. io, 95; Pind. 

Fr. 65, /faerie for Kara-ax- II. II, 702; o^e'dta Ar. LyS. 425, 

once in Doric prose Kara-o-^e^ Epim. in Diog. Laert. i, 113; 
axedoini Pind. I. 4, 54 ; Aesch. Eum. 857 ; Eur. Rhes. 602 ; 

(rxeOe, -era Od. 8, 537 ; (TXfdflv Aesch. Pr. 1 6, Kara- Soph. Ant. 
I2OO, Trapa- Ar. Eq. 320, Epic <rxe&efiv II. 23, 466, o-xe&V 6 " 

Pind. OL i, 71 ; o-xtdw Pind. P. 6, 19; Aesch. Ch. 832 (chor.). 
Others hold this form evxeQov for imp. of a pres. o-^e'^w not used 
in indie. ; subj. o-xe'&o &c., and accent the inf. <rx<6ei.v, part. orx- 
6o)i>. We hesitate to affirm that the " Homeric inf. o-xfQetw is 
necessarily aorist, and could only be produced from a-xffaw" see 

fidxoiro II. 5, 362. l6, 713, iM\eoiro I, 272. 344; opao Od. 7, 
342, opo-co II, 3, 250 &c. Mid. e^o/nat / hold oneself, hold by, 
be near &c. II. 17, 559; Aesch. Sept. 97; Soph. O. C. 424; 
Ar. Pax 479 ; Her. 5, 49; PL Conv. 218 : imp. (lx"M v Pind. P. 
4, 244 ; Eur. I. T. 1355 ; Her. 8, 11 ; Antiph. 5, 76 ; Thuc. i, 
49, ex- Od. 5, 429, Trpovx- Od. 3, 8, iter. irap-txeo-KfTo formerly 
Od. 14, 521, is now edited irapeKfa-K- from irapdKfifj.ai (Wolf, 
Bekk. Dind. La Roche) : fut. e^ai II. 9, 102 ; Soph. O. R. 89? ; 
Eur. Hec. 398 ; Ar. Plut. 101 ; Thuc. 8, 3 ; PL Rep. 621, irap- 
Antiph. 5, 30 ; pass. Eur. Dem. see above : and o-x^op-ai II. 9, 
235; Her. (Orac.) 7, 220; Ar. Av. 1335; rare in Trag. dva- 
a-xwei Aesch. Sept. 252, e'^ara- Soph. Ph. 1355; in prosi o-^- 
a-ofiai Plut. Crass. 25 ; Pseud.-Callisth. i, 6, irapa- Antiph. 5, 24 ; 
Lys. 9, 8 ; Hippocr. 6, 504 (Lit), mro- Dem. 33, 28 : and in 
sense p. eo-x^ai, Trap- Xen. An. 7, 6, n; Isae. 4, 18. 31; 
Aeschin. 2, 181 ; Dem. 27, 49. 36, 35. 40, 54. 57, 29, Dor, 

u 



290 

trap- fitrx- Incr. Rhod. Del. Olb. (Ahr. Dor. Dial. p. 341. 574) : 
2 aor. fvxoMv II. 3,84. Od. 17, 238 (o^o- Bekk.); Soph. O. R. 
1387 (Dind. Nauck). Ant. 467 (Vulg. rjwx- Dind. Nauck &c.); 
Her. 6, 85. 7, 169; late Attic prose Plut. Arist. 15. 17. Caes. 
32, classic in comp. d/a, tjv-fo-x- Aesch. Ag. 1274; Ar. Eq. 412; 
Thuc. 3, 28; PI. Charm. 162, 077- Thuc. i, 20; Isocr. 16, 13, 
Trap- Eur. Fr. 882 (D.); Thuc. 7, 58; PI. Phil. 59; Lys. 7, 23. 
9, 9 (Ar. Thesm. 147) &c. en- Thuc. 7, 33 (Bekk. Goell.); subj. 
(rx&vTai Od. 13, 151, aVo -<TX- Aesch. Supp. 756; Ar. Lys. 771, 

7rapa<rxG>//ai PI. Leg. 642 ; o-xot/ijji/ II. 2, 98, irapa- Eur. Andr. 55, 
dva- PI. Rep. 367 ; axeo II. 21, 379, er^oi), di/a-cr^ou Eur. Ion 947, 
-<rxe<r6ov PI. Euthyd. 278, a-xea-df II. 22, 416, di/d-o^- Ar. Ach. 

296; axfo-dai Od. 4, 422; Hes. Fr. no; Eur. Rhes. 174, dno- 
Pl. Leg. 872, napa- Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 22; Isae. 2, 38; o^o^ei/os 
II. 12, 298, Trapa- Thuc. 2, 41, eW PI. Conv. 216 ; sometimes 
pass, O-XTO II. 17, 696. Od. 4, 705 ; Her. i, 31 ; Dio Cass. 50, 
31, eV- Her. 7, 128 ; PI. Lach. 183, ax H- 2I 345; ^x ^ 
Od. n, 279, Kara- Pind. P. i, 10; rare in Attic, PI. Phaedr. 244 ; 
occasionally doubtful Kar-eo-^eTo Eur. Hipp. 27 (Mss. most edit. 
KOTfix- Elms. Monk, Dind. Nauck 3 ed.), <rw- Heracl. 634 
(Vulg. avvfix- Elms. Dind. Nauck); PL Soph. 250 (v. r. o-w<?x-). 
Theaet. 165; also fo-x(d6p.rjv, npo- Theocr. 25, 254 (Meineke, 
Wordsw. Ahr.). Vb. ro's late Diog. Laert. 3, 105, but av-fxr- 
II. II, 610, -eos Ar. Ach. 259, a-a-xtros, da-crx- ^- I ^) 549- 5> ^92, 
dva-vxfTos Thuc. 2, 21, dv-a~x- Od. 2, 63, eVtcr^ereoj PI. Phaedr. 

272, OTTO- Hippocr. i, 323 (Erm.). In some editions of Her. 
?X is occasionally unaugm. ex ov X J IO2 - 5> 73- ^> 95- 7' 61 &c. 
irapexovro 2, 148 (Schweigh. Schaef. &c.) : Gaisf. Lhardy, Bredow, 
and now Bekk., we think, uniformly augment it, e?x ov > ^x ovro & c - 
For firta-xovTo Thuc. 7, 33 (Bekk.), Poppo reads eWo-x " T0/ , on 
the ground that Thuc. never uses the mid. form. It is little 
used by any writer, probably because the act. assumed a mid. 
sense. He uses however the mid. of other compounds, dwe- 
VXOVTO i, 20 &c. 7rapecr^d/ie5a i, 74. 2, 41 &c. A rare pres. form 
(XfivQa occurs Sapph. 21 ; Theogn. 1316 (Bekk., so Bergk, but 
prefers e^fo-^a, exoiaQa Ms. A.); subj. fxn^ - II- J 9 I 
1 aor. e(rxw a occurs on the Marmor. Farn. ; and subj. 
(or -fivGa fut.) Horn. H. Cer. 5, 366 (Ilgen, Matth.); 
Or. Sib. 9, 91 (Friedl.); Nonn. 17, 177 (Koechl.). eo-^a a late 
form of 1 aor.=!'a-xoi' is found in Inscr. Aor. pass. eVxe'^V was 
scarcely used by the early Attics. eV-ei'x Her. i, 118 (Mss. 
Gaisf. Bekk.), evf1x f (Steph. Dind. Stein) : 2 aor. eVicT^e'"" H er - 1 > 
32 (Gaisf.), -vxtiv (Bekk. Stein), Epic vx^efivlX. 23, 466, o-xe^V 6 " 
Pind. P. 4, 75, inf. for a-x^f*', <rx* = <*X*s> though analogical, 



291 

seems to occur once only, Orac. in Schol. Eur. Phoen. 638, and 
doubtful even there, for the Schol. Ar. Eq. 1256, quoting the 
passage, reads axeiv. It occurs however occasionally in comp. 
ndpaa-xf Eur. Hec. 842 (Mss. Herm. Pflugk.). Brunck held it 
barbarous, and substituted napda-xfs, which Person adopted, 
granting at the same time that Trapao-^e is agreeable to analogy, 
but of rare occurrence ; PI. Prot. 348 Trapao-^c (2 Mss.), -axes 
(Mss. Bekk. &c.); Xen. Conv. 8, 4 (2 Mss., -e^ Mss. Born. 

Saupp. Dind.); Karaoke Eur. H. F. I2IO (Mss.), Karao-Xfde 

(Elmsley's conjecture, Matth. Dind. Kirchh. &c.) ; ^eTao-^e Or. 
1337 (some Mss.), -o^e? (Mss. Pors. Herm. Dind. &c.) f"x 0(Tav 
Anth. 5, 209, <rx<>(rav Scymn. 695, seem to be Alexandrine 
forms of 3 pi. imp. and 2 aor. 

'Ei|udop.cu To play with pebbles, amuse oneself, Epic -tocovTai Ap. 
Rh. i, 459, e<p- Od. 19, 331; imper. tylddvdav Od. 17, 530; 
-iaacr$cu Od. 21, 429 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 950 : imp. unaugm. tytoavro 
Callim. Cer. 39; Ap. Rh. 2, 811, ?$- Od. 19, 370: aor. eSJaa- 
adfjLTjv, d<p- Soph. Fr. 142. An act. form e'^teco or -6a> occurs 
Aesch. Fr. 49 (D.) tyiovo-a; but Lobeck (Rhemat. p. 154), re- 
stored l^iovaa approved by Dind. 5 ed. In Callim. Meineke 
edits ty-. 

"E\J/w To boil, cook (fyfo> rare and often doubtful, especially in 
Attic), Ar. Eccl. 845 ; Her. 3, 100; e^ot Pind. Ol, i, 83; ty&w 
PL Euthyd. 285 ; tytiv Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 6 : imp. rj^ov Ar. Ran. 
505. Fr. 507. 548; Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 831, e\J/ee Her. i, 48 
(Bekk. Gaisf. Lhardy), tye (Bred.), ^e (Dind. Stein) : fat. eS/^o-w 
Com. Fr. (Nicoch.) 2, 846. (Men.) 4, 145; Hippocr. 2, 246 
(Lit.) : and ty^o-opm see below : aor. fj^va Com. Fr. (Strat.) 2, 
775; Ar. Fr. 109. 355 (Dind.); Hippocr. i, 578 (Lit.); Luc. 
Gall. 14, tyrja-a Her. i, 119 (Bekk. Gaisf. Lhardy, Bred.), rj^- 
(Ms. K. Dind. Stein, Dietsch) ; subj. ty^U p l- Euthyd. 301; 
fyrjaov Hippocr. 2, 522 ; -fja-ai (PI.) Eryx. 405 (also r^a, o-vvfj-^as, 
if sound, Com. Fr. (Timocl.) 3, 606, see below) : p. late f^<a, 
with the tern's, Philo vol. 2, p. 245 : p.p. rj^pai, -rjo-dat Hippocr. 
2, 254 (Lit. ty- Vulg.); fi^fievos Diod. Sic. 2, 9 (Bekk. Dind.); 
Aristot. Prob. 5, 36 (L. Dind. ety- Mss. Bekk.) ; so Hippocr. 
f^rjp.- 8, 192 (Lit. fy- Erm. 2, 628), avr-e^- Her. i, 188 (Bekk. 
Gaisf. Dind. Stein, OTT-JJ^- Abicht), d0- Plut. Conv. 692 : aor. 
fj^drjv V. T. i Reg. 2, 13 ; subj. e'l^flj Her. 4, 61 ; Aristot. Probl. 
21, ii ; Plut. Mor. 690; tyrjddrj, d<^>- Athen. (Aristot.) 10, 34; 
tyrjOrjvai, w- Hippocr. i, '6 1 6 (Lit.) ; tyr)6fis Theophr. H. P. 3, 9, 
2; Luc. V. Auct. 6 ; Galen 13, 399, <!<- Athen. 10, 34, late 9$6p, 
((pdevres Dioscor. Parab. i, 148 : fat. tyijdfio-opai Galen 13, 398. 
893: tyopfvos Pind. N. 4, 82; Aristot. Pt. Anim. 2, 7, 16. Mid. 

u 2 



29 2 

fyopai AeSCh. Fr. 321 (D.); -e<r0at Eur. Cycl. 404 : fut. 

PI. Rep. 37 2 : ftor. T^HJOOTO Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 680, which Meineke 
would alter to e^o-- from ^aco. Vb. tydos Eur. Cycl. 246. O/^TOS 
Xen. An. 2, 3, 14. f^reov, eV- Aretae. Morb. Ac. i, 84 (ed. 
Oxon.). The classical authority for e^ew depends almost entirely 
on the accent. ty> Ephipp. Com. Fr. 3, 338 (Ms. C.), fyv (Mein.), 
eS^oCo-i Aristot. Mirab. c. 22, Kad- Xen. Eq. 9, 6, e^ouo-i, KaQty- 
(Bekk. Dind.), but tyovon Theophr. H. P. 4, 8, 12. 7, 4, n 
(Schneid. Wimmer) ; Geop. 5, 47 ; tyy PI. Hipp. Maj. 290, e^ 
(Bekk. &c.) ; imper. etyee Hippocr. 2,518 (Mss. Lit.), ?\^e, so 
Ms. A, pointing to fye which actually occurs without v. r. 7, 158. 
160. 8, 174, e'^eVo) 8, 182; PI. Euthyd. 285; tyelv 301 (Mss. 
Heind. Stallb. fyw Bekk. B. O. W. &c.) ; so Hippocr. tyeiv 7, 
86. 196. 254. 8, 82. 92 &c. but tyeiv 2, 32. 8, 174 (Lit.) ; e^wi/ 

7, 48. 266. 276 &c. (Lit.): imp. fyee Her. i, 48, r/^e (Dind.), 

tyopevos Hippocr. 7, 276 (Lit.), tyeladai Geop. 2, 35, Kad- (Luc.) 

Asin. 25 (Jacob.), -etyevdm (Dind.) who would expel the pure 
form tyfo> entirely from the early writers, e'^aa, if correct, is 
perhaps late, fy>i>Tfs Diod. Sic. i, 84, fyovrts (Bekk. Dind. from 
Euseb.) ; but tyfjv Hippocr. 8, 366 (Lit.) v. r. tyclv; fycodtyfiMV 
2, 806 (K.), -tyovra (Dind.). For aor. crvvtyus Com. Fr. 3, 606, 
quoted, Meineke, partly from Dindorf s conjecture, partly from 
his own, reads eV afo-> jj^es imp. of the simple, adding that the 
aor. form tyns is ' quite unused.' We know no other instance 
(f^ravTfs Xen. An. 2, i, 6 Vulg. has been altered), but it is 
countenanced so far by the analogical pass. aor. (fjtpdrjv), tydevrts 
quoted from Dioscor. etyo> seems to have been also pro- 
nounced f\|c&>, as our heat is by some pronounced 'eat. 

(*Ea>) To de, see et/. 

(*Eo>) To clothe, see ewvfu. 

("Eu) To send, see tew, t^/u. 

("Ecu) To seat, set, in act. the aor. only, mostly Poet, not in 
Attic prose (fut. dv-eVw see below) : efo-a II. 4, 392. 6, 189. Od. 

8, 472 ; Hes. Th. 174 ; Soph. O. C. 713 (chor.); Her. 3, 61 
(Kad-el&ev Eur. Phoen. 1 1 88 trimet. is now Kad-la-ev Dind. Kirchh. 

&C.), eo-o-a, Kad- Pind. P. 5, 42 (Bockh, Momms.) ; opt. av-evaifu 

II. 14, 209; imper. tlvov Od. 7, 163; inf. ro-ai in tmesi Pind. 
P. 4, 273, ('$- Od. 13, 274 ; part, ea-as Od. IO, 361. 14, 280, av- 
II. 13, 657, flaas, VTT- Her. 3, 126. 6, 103. Mid. to seat one- 
self, set for oneself, erect, fut. cro/wu Ap. Rh. 2, 807 ; late prose 
Athen. (Demetr.) 4, 21; eWecr&u, '<- II. 9, 455 : aor. fa-a-dfjLrjv 
Pind. P. 4, 204, e^-eVo-- Od. 14, 295 (Bekk. now, with Rhian), 
Kad-fo-ar- Anacr. in (B.) ; Pind. P. 5, 42 quoted (Hart. Bergk), 
W- II. 10, 23. Od. 14, 529, eWem- A.p. Rh. 4, 188; imper. 



Zaw. 293 



fcrcrai, e<p- Od. 15, 277 > cwaufvos, e(f>- 1 6, 443, and eto-a/iiji* Anth. 

(Anyt.) 7, 208 ; Theogn. 12 ; Callim. lov. 67. Del. 309 ; Theocr. 
17, 123; rare in Attic, Eur. I. T. 946 (eyKaQ- Hipp. 31, -Kad-ia- 
Dind. 5 ed. Nauck) ; prose, Long. Past. 4, 39 (Seil.) ; Themist. 
4, 54 (D.), late Epic <?o-- Q. Sm. 2, 203 ; classic etVa^o/os Her. 
i, 66; Thuc. 3, 58 (Ms. Pal. Popp. Goell. L. Dind. eWa/x- Mss. 
Bekk. Classen, eo-a/i- Mss. approved by Kriig.); so Plut. tio-dp.- 
Thes. 17. Pyr. i (Bekk. Sint.); o-ao-<9ai Themist. i, 8. Hither 
may be referred as p. p. rj/icu as pres. am set, sit ; see V at - The 
fat. dv-fo-ei Od. 1 8, 265, is usually considered a shortened form 
of dvfja-ft, fat. of avirjiu. This we think doubtful : Duntzer reads 
opt. dvea-ai ; La Roche suggests dvej. 
y, see aw A? satiate. 



z. 

To be greatly excited, Epic and only aor. 
Hes. Th. 928. 

Zdot To live, Soph. O. R. 410 ; Eur. Or. 386, contracts ae into 
17, Qi$ Aesch. Eum. 603 ; Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 697 ; Andoc. i, 99, 
ff, Soph. Ant. 457 ; Ar. Lys. 306 ; Heraclit. 25 (Byw.) ; PL 
Tim. 77 ; Xen. Cyr. 7, 3, 3, /*' Simon. Amorg. i, 4 ; Soph. 
Ant. 214; Thuc. 3, 38, ?re Ar. Av. 161 ; PL Leg. 771, Co-t 
Her. 2, 92. 4, 23. io3(Gaisf. Stein, fwouo-t Bekk. Dind. Abicht) ; 
Xen. Mem. 2, i, 10; subj. Soph. El. 822 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 5, 
26, ft/re PL Conv. 192; opt. fwijv Eur. Or. 1147; Ar. Nub. 
1255; Xen. Conv. 4, 14, Qrjs Soph. El. 1090, -?/ PL Rep. 344, 
<5/xei/ Soph. O. C. 799, &fv PL Menex. 248; imper. ft Soph. 
Ant. 1169; Eur. I. T. 699. Fr. 823 (Dind.), and fl}& Anth. 
(Incert.) 10, 43. (Agath.) u, 57 ; Com. Fr. (Mon.) 191 ; Pseud.- 
Callisth. i, 8, tfru PL Leg. 952 ; inf. ffiv Soph. O. C. 798 ; Ar. 
Plut 552 ; Her. 5, 6; Thuc. 2, 43 ; PL Conv. 192 ; Isocr. 15, 
147 ; Dem. 57, 31 ; Horn, only part. (>v II. i, 88 ; Soph. Ant. 
210 ; Ar. Av. 754 ; Her. 2, 162 (Gaisf. Stein, &a>v Bekk. Dind.) ; 
Antiph. i, 23; PL Phaed. 105 : imp. earn/, -uv Soph. El. 323 ; 
Eur. Ale. 295. 651 (Dind. Nauck) ; Ar. Ran. 1072; Luc. D. 
Mort. 27, 9, and (from i}/u) e'^i/ only in i pers. sing. Dem. 24, 
7, 2 sing, e^s (contr. from efaes) Aesch. Ch. 360 ; Soph. Fr. 603 
(D.); Andoc. i, 99; Dem. 18, 263. 21, 134, ?& (?*) Aesch. 
Ch. 360 ; Soph. Aj. 1060 ; Ar. Pax 652 ; PL Rep. 406 ; Isae. 
7, 14; Aeschin. i, 102; Dem. 52, 15, pi. e'o>/uei/ (PL) Epist. 347, 



294 Zevw/ui Zev 

etfre Xen. Cyr. 7, 2, 26, efwi> Ar. Vesp. 709; PI. Leg. 679: 
fut. fijo-a Epich. 149; Ar. Plut. 263. Fr. 498 (D.) ; Com. Fr. 
(Men.) 4, 345; PI. Rep. 465. 591 ; Luc. Alex. 34, 8ia- PL Leg. 
792 : and mid. jo-o/*ai Hippocr. 7, 536 (Lit.); (Dem.) 25, 82 ; 
Aristot. Pol. 7, 6, 7; Plut. Mor. 1082; Luc. Paras. 12 ; D. 
Laert. 6, 2, 44; Anth. (Antiph.) 7, 175: aor. e^o-a Hippocr. 
2, 112 (Lit.); Anth. (Meleag.) 7, 470; Plut. Mor. 785; Luc. 
Alex. 59 ; Dio Cass. 56, 3 : p. e^a Aristot. Metaph. 8, 6, 8 
(Bekk.); Plut. Mor. 1082 ; Polyb. 12, 25 h; Dio. Hal. Ant. 5, 
68. For aor. and perf. the Attics commonly use eftiuv, j3e/3uo/ca. 
efrv Eur. Ale. 295. 651, has been altered from the best Mss. to 
t&v. Fut. r)<ra> seems to have been the Attic form, though 
mid. j<ro/iai is earlier than some suppose. In the Septuag. the 
mid. is almost the constant form, in the N. T. the act., we 
think, rather prevails. The Epics, Ion. and Dor. use the collat. 
form. o>o> and oo> ; see the words. 

Zlcwju To boil, late for eo>, only pres. act. feW/iev Oribas. 
5, 17 ; and part. pass. ewty*ei>oi> Alex. Aph. probl. i, 104. 



To join, Aesch. Pers. 191, vno- PL Polit. 309, 3 pi. 

-vdin Eur. EL 1323 (chor.); imper. {cvyvvre Eur. Rhes. 
v 33 ; -vvs Her. i, 206. 4, 89; -VVM 4, 83, o-u-f- 189, /m-a- Xen. Cyr. 
6, 3, 21, see below, and l/euyvSa Her. i, 205; Polyb. 5, 52; 
Anth. 12, 206 ; subj. frvyvvrj, Kara- Pind. P. 2, n : imp. tfcvyvvv, 

-varav Her. 7, 33. 36, {evy- II. 24, 783, and ffvynov II. 19, 393, 

f&vyvve Her. 4, 89, r- 7, 36, dv- Xen. Cyr. 8, 5, i. 28 (Vulg. 
Popp. Saupp. &c. dv-e&iryw Dind. 4 edit.) : fut. feu|<a Pind. I. 
i, 6; Aesch. Ag. 1640; Eur. Rhes. 772, imo- Od. 15, 81, if 
sound: aor. e&vga Od. 3, 478; Pind. P. 10, 65; Aesch. Pr. 
462 ; Soph. Fr. 517 ; Eur. Ion 10; Ar. Pax 128; Her. 4, 87 ; 
Thuc. i, 29 ; Isocr. 4, 89; PL Tim. 22, &vge II. 24, 690; Hes. 
Fr. 93 ; Dor. f. pt. fev|aio-a Pind. P. 4, 215 : perf. late e^eu^a, eV- 
Philostr. V. Apoll. 2, 14, 64: p.p. ef7/u Eur. Fr. 598 (D.); 
Luc. Nav. 33, eV- Aesch. Pr. 108 (D.), avy<ar- Soph. Aj. 123, 
Trpocr- Eur. Ale. 482 ; Aristot. Mechan. 5, 10, vno- Anth. (Alph. 
Mit.) 9, 526 ; ffcvyptvos II. 18, 276 ; Eur. Elec. 317; Her. 7, 
34; Xen. An. 2, 4, 13; IfcvxQai Eur. Hel. 1654: pip. efeuKro 
Her. 4, 85 : 1 aor. f&i/xdrjv Eur. Ion 949, KUT- Soph. Ant. 947, 
&vx- 955 (chor.) ; -x&k Aesch. Ag. 842 ; Eur. Elec. 99 ; in 
tmesi Pind. Ol. 3, 6; -xdyvcu Her. 7, 6; rare in Attic prose, PL 
Polit. 302 ; Arr. An. 5, 7. 5, 8, 8ta- Aristot. H. A. 7, 6, i. Pol. 6, 
4, 20 ; Alciphr. i, 39, GTT- Babr. 37, eVi- Ap. Rh. i, 686 : fut. late, 
fita-fevx&jfferat Galen 9, 938 : 2 aor. ({vyrjv Eur. Supp. 822. I. A. 
907 &c. ; PL Rep. 508 ; C v y'f Pind. N. 7, 6 ; Aesch. Ch. 795, 



Zew Zt]/mi6(o. 295 



PL Rep. 546, &a- Aeschin. 2, 179 ; fwyj^ai Soph. O. R. 826. 
Mid. fei/yw/xcu trans, join for oneself, to oneself, marry, Eur. Ale. 
428; perhaps also -va-6ai Od. 23, 245-. imp. ^vyvv^v II. 24, 
281. Od. 3, 492 : fut. fvgofj,ai Eur. Supp. 1229. Hec. 469: aor. 
f(vgdfjii)i> Ion 901. Tr. 671 ; (vgup.tvos Horn. H. 32, 9 ; Theogn. 
952; Her. 3, 102; Luc. Hist. Con. 8; Heliod. 10, 29(6.) 
The mid. in the simple form seems not to occur in good Attic 
prose, but Sia&vyvvcrSm PI. Leg. 784, <rvvffvgaTo Xen. Cyr. 6, 
i, 51. Epic pres. inf. forms, ^fvyvv^fvai II. 3, 260, frvyvvpev 15, 
120, and -yp-ev 1 6, 145, v by ictus, therefore -v^v is perhaps 
unnecessary : it is so read however by Wolf, Bekk. Dind. La 
Roche. Vb. ffuKTos Plut. Mor. 280. Buttmann, strange to 
say, gives e&ynv as the only pass. aor. Eur. uses fryelo-a of 
choice Fr. 4 (Dind.), dTr-fvyr)v Med. 1017 ; so Aesch. Ch. 677, 
where feux&Zo-a, dir-(fvx8i v might stand a proof that the doc- 
trine regarding the Tragedians " loving strong and rough forms 
of aorist " has been stated too strongly. 

Zew To boil, Poet. f' trans, and intrans. II. 21, 362 ; Aesch. 
Sept. 708 ; Her. 4, 181 ; PL Phaedr. 251 ; feiW Ap. Rh. i, 734 ; 
Callim. Dian. 60 ; Dor. f. pt. ffoto-a Pind. Ol. i, 48, late &wvpi 

(-Vfievos DioSCOr. 2, 77) : imp. efei Soph. O. C. 434, efee II. 21, 

365 ; Hes. Th. 695, e'/ Ap. Rh. 4, 955 : fut. ro>, eai/a- 
Aesch. Pr. 370 : aor. e&o-a Her. i, 59 ; Anth. 7, 385, e- Aesch. 
Sept. 709, eV- Eur. Cycl. 392 ; Her. 7, 13, feWa II. 18, 349; 
Anth. 7, 208 ; ri; Hippocr. 7, 354 ; feWie PL Tim. 70 ; inf. 
feVat Com. Fr. (Anax.) 4, 463 ; ras Eur. Cycl. 343 ; PL Tim. 
85* p.p. teapot, OTT- Hippocr. 5, 324 (Lit), later fe<rp.ai, - 
Geop. 10, 54, e'-ee<r/x- (Niclas, perhaps rightly) : aor. late 
(o-6r)v Aretae. 93 (ed. Oxon.); Geop. 13, i ; Dioscor. 2, 102, 
<ro- i, 3 ; Galen 10, 572,butdfa^^'ff 13, 976 perhaps an error. 
Vb. feoro'y App. Hisp. 85. 

Zirjfuou To injure, Eur. Ion 441 ; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 41 ; 
Thuc. 3, 43 ; Xen. Laced. 4, 6 ; fjy/uow Ar. Ach. 717 ; Her. 7, 
35; Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 27 : imp. efij/*- Her. 3, 27 ; Lycurg. 65 : 
fut. rare ^/LKWO-CU Lys. i, 48; Dem. 56, 4; Plut. Camill. 39; 
Dio Chrys. Or. 34 (414): aor. e'&pWa Eur. Or. 578; Her. 9, 
77 ; Antiph. 5, 47 ; Thuc. 2, 65; Lys. 9, n ; Isocr. 10, 7 : p. 
ffrpiaKa Dem. 21, 49 : p. p. ej^/nuoo-tfe Dem. 22, 51 ; i^ijfua^uvos 
Isocr. 4, 116 ; Aristot. Rhet. i, 12, n : pip. e'^tVro Dem. 31, 
ii : aor. e^i^v Andoc. i, 134 ; PL Leg. 855 ; Lys. 9, 13 ; 
Isocr. 15, 1 60 : fut. ^iw&jo-o/mt Xen. Mem. 3, 9, 12 ; Lys. (6, 
15). 8, 18. 29, 4; Isae. i, 23. 10, 16 ; Dem. 23, 80; (PL) 
Hipparch. 226 : and as often fut. mid. ^laxrofjiai pass. Her. 7, 
39; Thuc. 3, 40 twice; Andoc. i, 72 ; Isocr. 18, 37; Dem. i, 



296 Z/yre'ft) Zeow. 

27. 52, ii ; (PI.) Hipparch. 227; Dio. Hal. 10, 49; Luc. Her- 
mot. 61; Xen. Mem. quoted (Dind.) 

ZTJTC'W To seek, Batr. 25; Soph. O. R. 450; Her. i, 32; 
Antiph. 5, 13. 6, 47; PI. Charm. 165; imper. ^m Aesch. Pr. 
776, Dor. fdT-w Epich. 127 (Ahr.); Bion 2, 5; Theocr. 21, 66: 
imp. eft-row Thuc. 6, 61 ; Lys. 8, 9, -eov Her. i, 43, 71-- II. 14, 
258, only here in Horn. ; H. Merc. 22 : fat. -jjo-w Antiph. 2, 8, 
ii ; Thuc. 3, 67; PI. Phaed. 107: aor. e'^r^o-a Her. 3, 137; 
Antiph. 5, 68 ; Thuc. 3, 39 ; Isocr. 16, 14 : p. e&TrjKa Dinarch. 
2, 19 &c. : reg. except fut. m. f^o-o/wu as pass, late, Sext. 
Em p. 604 (Bekk.) ; Galen i, 649, but act. eVt^Tiyo-- 9, 847 : 
with fut. p. -ridfjvofiai Luc. Char. 23 ; Sext. Emp. 292 (B.) : and 
aor. m. ^rrja-a^evos, ava- Long. Past. Prol. 2, all missed by, we 
think, all Lexicogr. Vb. f^i-eos PI. Rep. 401. The form 

in -tva> is poetic, Dor. farevet Alcm. 33 (B.); Ion. Crjrevrjs Hes. 

Op. 398 ; -fva>v H. Apol. 215; -fixiv H. Merc. 392. 

Z<5w To live, Poet, for faa>, and rare, 6ftv Simon. (A.) i, 17 
(Bergk): imp. 6ev Anth. 13, 21. Gaisf. reads 6tiv Her. 7, 46 
(Ms. R), Bekk. Dind. Stein C<W (Mss. M. P. K.) See Pors. Eur. 
Hec. 1090 (1108). 

Zuwufju To gird, irapa-fawvvra PI. Rep. 553> an< ^ favvvat 
Hippocr. 8, 144 (Lit.): imp. efwwvey N. T. Joh. 21, 18 : fut. 
ftt>o-G> late, V. T. Exod. 29, 9. N. T. Joh. 21, 18 : aor. f&jo-a Hes. 
Th. 573, efooo-a Ap. Rh. i, 368; V. T. Ezec. 16, 10; imper. 
o-v-fao-ov Ar. Thesm. 255; fwo-ar Od. 18, 76; Hippocr. 4, 122: 
p. efwKa late, Anth. 9, 778 ; Paus. 8, 40, 81- Dio. Hal. 2, 5, vn- 
Galen 9, 402 : p.p. eftooyxai Hippocr. 4, 134, en- Her. 2, 85, St- 
Thuc. i, 6 (-C<M- Stahl), irepi- Ar. Av. 1148; Com. Fr. 
(Anax.) 3, 183, rare efw/i<u, irepi- Athen. 14, 622: pip. efworo 
Plut. Ant. 4, but as mid. vir-efao-pfvoi rj<rav Her. 7, 69 : aor. 
f&aQilv late, Nonn. Par. 5, 3, Si- Theophr. Fr. 6, i, 22, an-o- 
Herodn. 2, 13, 12. 8, 8, 2. Mid. fww/fyzai gird oneself, Od. 
24, 89: imp. fawvfirjv II. 10, 78, f&wvo-o Nonn. Par. 21, 18, 
iter. favvvvKfTo II. 5, 857 : fut. late fwo-o/wu Theon. Rhet. 12, 
51 : aor. fwo-d^ji/ II. 14, 181. Od. 18, 67 ; Hes. Op. 345, e'o>o-- 
Coluth. 207 ; Heliod. 8, 9, KT- Eur. Bac. 698, u-f- Ar. Thesm. 
656, tru-f- Lys. 536 (Dind. but u-f- Mein. Dind. 5 ed.), irtpi- Pax 
687; Polyb. 30, 13 : as mid. vir-efao-pevos Her. 7> 69 quoted. 
Vb. fooords Plut. Alex. 32. &VWVTCLI Od. 24, 89, seems sub- 
junctive. This verb is common in Epic, rare in prose, never, 
we think, in Trag. except Kar-e&a-avTo Eur. Bac. quoted, never 
in Comedy, except occasionally in comp. 

Zww To live, Epic and Ion. for (dv, (in Attic Poet, rare, never 
in trimet.) II. 18, 61. Od. 24, 263; Pind. Ol. 2, 25. I. 3, 5 ; 



'H/3a 'H'yeo/xai. 297 



Soph. El. 157 (chor.). O. C. 1213 (chor.). Fr. 520 chor. (D. 5 
ed.) ; Ar. Av. 609 (anapaest.) ; Bion i, 53 ; Anth. App. Epigr. 
278 ; Her. 2, 36. 3, 22. 4, 22 ; Hippocr. 6, 482. 506. 8, 70 
(Lit.) ; subj. O>G> Od. 3, 354 ; &>ot/ Theogn. 1121, &>otrLuc. D. 
Mort. 6, 5; fo>i> II. 18, 91 ; Soph. O. C. 1212 (chor.); Her. i, 
31. 7, 46 ; Luc. D. Syr. 6, Epic -epevai Od. 7, 149, -e^fv 24, 436 : 
imp. faev Od. 22, 245 ; Hes. Op. 112 ; Her. 4, 112, fd>oi> Hes. 
Scut. 86, iter. faeaicov Hes. Op. 90 ; Bion i, 30 : fut. late fao-u, 
Inava- Dial. Herm. de Astrol. i, 10, 42 : aor. efcoo-a, en- Her. i, 
120 (Mss. S. M. K. Gaisf. Kriig. Dietsch, Stein, (ir-t&ve Mss. 
F. a. Aid. Bekk. Dind.): p. ?o>Ka in Inscr. 3684. See faa. 
a>co never occurs in classic Attic prose, and never in trimeter, 
in Attic poetry : in Her. Bekk. Bred, and Dind. decidedly prefer 
it, Gaisf. and Stein follow the Mss. 



H. 

'HjSdw To be at, or near, the age of puberty, be vigorous, Anacr. 
18; Aesch. Ag. 584; Eur. Bac. 190; Hippocr. 7, 450; Thuc. 
3> 36, TJpdaKu Eur. Ale. 1085; Hippocr. i, 415 (Erm.); Xen. 
An. 4, 6, i ; subj. qjSa Eur. Or. 697, -600-1 Aeschin. 3, 122 ?; 
opt. j;/3w/u II. 7, 133; rifi&v II. 12, 382. Od. 23, 187; Aesch. 
Ch. 879 ; Ar. Ran. 1055 ; PI. Leg. 763 ; Aeschin. 2, 142 : imp. 
ilfiuiv Eur. H. F. 436 ; Ar. Vesp. 357 : fut. Dor. fiftdo-a) Anth. 
(Incert.) 7, 482, but 0-^ijo-a) Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 12 : aor. rj^a-a 
Eur. Ale. 654 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 7, 6 ; Isae. 8, 31 (B. Saupp.) ; subj. 

V/Sqo-j? Od. I, 41; PI. Leg. 928, -uo-i Apol. 41; Opt. -ijo-eia? 

Simon. C.? 183 (Bergk), -o-e Hes. Op. 132, -a-aifj. Isae. i, 10; 
-rjo-as II. 5, 550; Eur. Heracl. 740; Isae. 10, 12 ; Aeschin. i, 
13 ; (Dem.) 46, 20 ; f)&Tj<rai (Dem.) 46, 24 : p. 17/3^x0, Trap- Thuc. 

2, 44, -T)Ku>s Her. 3, 53; Luc. Lexiph. 13 : pip. Trap-rj^rjKee Her. 

3, 53. ij/3o>ot/u (-cow/ii Diintzer) Epic opt. pres. lengthened on 

r)3<aii.i (-dot/it) II. 7, 157. Hj 670; ^/3coovra 9, 446, -coorres 24, 604, 
-cocoo-a Od. 5, 69. 

'Hycfiokeuu To lead, command, II. 13, 53; Xen. Ages, i, 3: 
imp. riyenovfvov II. 2, 645; Ar. Pax 1093; Her. 7, 99, Dor. 
uyffM- Theocr. u, 27 : fut. -euo-w Od. 6, 261 : aor. fjyfuovfvaa PI. 
Conv. 197, Dor. aye/a- Pind. Ol. 9, 3 : pass, -eveadai Thuc. 3, 6 1, 
is reg. but not very complete, not in Trag., rare in Comedy, 
and, we think, without mid. The collat. f/yepoveat seems con- 
fined to pres. and used by Plato only, -ovelv Tim. 70; -ovovv 41. 

'Hye'opu To lead, think, Od. 23, 134; Soph. Ant. 1167; Ar. 



298 

PI. 27 ; Her. 2, 93 ; Antiph. 6, 8 ; Thuc. 2, 44, Dor. ay- Alcm. 
93 (B.); Eur. Phoen. 120 (chor.); riyevpevos Her. 2, 93 ; Hip- 
pocr. i, 612; Dor. imper. 'dyeo Anth. 12, 119, i>0- Theocr. 2, 
101 : imp. T)y(6nr]v II. 5, 211, -ov^v Aesch. Pers. 400; Antiph. 

2, /3, 9 ; Thuc. 3, i ; Lys. i, 37 ; PI. Phaedr. 244, Ion. -fv^v 
H. Cer. 181 ; Her. 2, 115, Dor. fyflro Pind. P. 10, 45 ; Theocr. 
u, ii : pass.? fj-yeoufvos Her. 3, 14 (Bekk.): fut. fiyfirropai II. 14, 
374; Soph. El. 1038; Ar. Pax 917; Thuc. 4, 20; Lys. 12,35; 
Xen. Cyr. 2, i, 13; PL Rep. 530: aor. ^y^o-a^v II. 12, 251 ; 
Aesch. Ch. 905 ; Ar. Nub. 1474 (Bekk. Bergk) ; Her. i, 95 ; 
Antiph. 6, 35 ; Thuc. i, 39 ; Lys. 3, i ; PL Leg. 635, Dor. 
dyrja--, eis- Epich. 66 (Ahr.) : p. fjyr]p.ai, usu. act. and as pres. Eur. 
Phoen. 550; Her. i, 126. 2, 40. 72. 115; PL Tim. 19. Leg. 837. 
Hip. Min. 374 &c. Ion. 3 pi. -earai Her. i, 136, Dor. &y- Pind. 
P. 4, 248; pass. Dem. 43, 66 (Dor. Orac.), Si-qy- Antiph. i, 31, 
air- Her. i, 207. 5, 62. 9, 26 : pip. rjyrjvro act. Himer. Or. 13, 5 : 
T)yt]6tjv simple if sound, rare and late, Polyaen. 2, 31, 4 (Murs. 
<pr}6- Woelffl.), but pass, vrf/n- PL Leg. 770, a<- Agath. 4, 30: 
fut. late Tjyrjdrja-tTai pass. Orig. Ref. Haeres. p. 3 (Miller). 
Vb. WTOS, irtpi- C. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 84, rjyrjTfov Xen. Hell. 4, 
7, 2. In Attic the perf. is rare, especially in poetry : in classic 
Greek we have not seen the simple aor. pass., the comp. only 
once. Some take fjyeopfvov Her. 3, 14, quoted, as act. leading, 
going first ; others read dyeofievov (Mss. R. c.), rjyeofi- (Mss. 
M. V. S. &c.) Ion. for ayo/*- (Dind. Abicht). Both ijyeo/x- and 
fjyfvp- occur in Her. and Hippocr. 

'Hyep^Oojiat To be collected (dyeipw), Epic and only 3 pi. -ovrai 
II. 3, 231 ; Horn. H. i, 147 ; Or. Sib. 3, 166 : and imp. qyept- 
Qovro II. 23, 233. Od. 18, 41 ; Hes. Sc. 184; Orph. Arg. 114; 

Mosch. 2, 122 ; Subj. -cavrat Opp. Hal. 3, 360; inf. -eQeadai II. 

10, 127 (Wolf, Bekk. Dind. La R. -eW&u Vulg. as from ^yepe'o^m). 
'HSovu (0) To make sweet, Hippocr. 7, 78 (Lit.) ; Xen. Conv. 
4. 8 ; Aristot. Meteor. 2, 3, 38, Dor. dS- Epich. 82 (Ahr.): aor. 
tjdvva, -VVTJS Luc. Hist. Con. 10; -vvai PL Theaet. 175; fjdvvas 
Hippocr. 8, 300 ; Com. Fr. (Diph.) 4, 385 : p. p. fjBva-fjLai, -vcr/ieW 
PL Rep. 607; Aristot. Polit. 8, 5, 25. Probl. 20, 23, miv- Plut. 
Mor. 66 1 : aor. ifivvdr]v, -wBels Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 49, and 
Tjbwdrjv, vnfp- Galen 4, 588. Vb. ^vvreov Corn. Fr. (Alex.) 

3. 47. 

"H8cj To please, Com. Fr. (Mon.) 38 ; (PL) Ax. 366 ; Sext. 
Emp. 7, 442, in act. rare, and perhaps rather late, except : imp. 
^Se Anacr. Fr. 148 (Vulg. Bergk 2 ed.): fut. fjaa> Liban. T. 4, 
473 : aor. rjo-a Anacr. quoted (Mss. A. C. Bergk 3 ed.); Com. 
Fr. (Ephipp.) 3, 326?; Ael. H. A. 10, 48. Mid. 



-"H/cw. 299 

please oneself, delight in, Simon. Am. 7, 90; Aesch. Eum. 312 ; 
Soph. Tr. 374; Ar. Pax 291 ; Her. 2, 68; Thuc. i, 120; Xen. 
Cyr. 6, 2, i ; Lys. 21, 16 : imp. fj8fro Soph. Aj. 272; Xen. 
Cyr. 5, 4, 39 : p. (qoy"") perhaps in aoyzei/os with change of 
aspirate and accent for (^oyxeW) II. 14, 108 ; Find. Ol. 13, 74 ; 
Soph. Tr. 18; Her. 8, 14. 106; Thuc. 3, 66, see below: aor. 
TJvGrjv as mid. Soph. Ph. 715; Ar. Ach. 13; Her. i, 56. 69; 
Thuc, i, 129; Lys. 2, 26; PI. Phaed. 97: fut. ^a^o-o/iat as 
mid. Soph. O. R. 453 ; Eur. Elec. 415; Hippocr. 6, 650; Xen. 
Cyr. 2, i, 13 ; Isocr. 8, 5 ; PI. Phaedr. 233, crw- Xen. An. 7, 
7, 42; Isocr. 5, 131 : aor. mid. fja-aro rare and Epic, Od. 9, 
353- rftovr a pleasures, (PI.) Ax. 366. rjarai Sopat. Athen. 8, 26, 
has been referred to this verb, as p.p., but the passage seems 
to require it to be referred to /iat sit. 

'Hcpe'6ojjiai To be raised, elated, to flaunt (aeipa), Poet, and only 
pres. -oirat II. 2, 448. 21, 12; Ap. Rh. 3, 638; Opp. Hal. i, 
435 : and imp. rjepedovTo Ap. Rh. 2, 1082. 3, 368. 

"HKW To come, am come, II. 5, 478 (Wolf, Spitzn. Dind.) ; Hip- 
ponax 13 (B.); Aesch. Pr. 284 ; Soph. O. C. 732 ; Ar. Ach. 37; 
Her. 3, 156. 7, 157 (i, 65 Orac.); Antiph. 2, /3, 2 ; Thuc. i, 137; 
Andoc. i, 4 ; Lys. 12, 14 ; Isocr. 4, 3 ; Isae. 4, 24 ; subj. JJKCO 
Soph. Tr. 985, -Kfl Her. 7, 8 ; PI. Rep. 540 &c. ; {JKOIHI PI. Conv. 
174, rJKoi Soph. Aj. 186; Her. 3, 156; PI. Leg. 952, -ote/ 
Her. 7, 203; Thuc. 6, 63; imper. *ce Soph. Aj. 1116; Ar. Pax 
275 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 25, JJK<=T<D Eur. Rhes. 337 &c. : imp. fyov 
came, had come, Aesch. Pr. 661; Soph. O. C. 738 ; Ar. Nub. 
1383; Her. i, 83 ; Antiph. 2, y, 2 ; Thuc. i, 91 ; Lys. i, n ; 
Isocr. 14, 3: fut. J?|<B Sapph. 109 (B.); Aesch. Ch. 561 ; Soph. 
O. R. 1158 ; Eur. Andr. 738 ; Ar. Eq. 497 ; Her. 2, 29 ; Thuc. 
3, 4; Isocr. 14, 43; PI. Crit. 53, Dor. r/o> Theocr. 15, 144; 
rjgoi Her. i, 127 ; Thuc. 4, no; fjt-ew Antiph. 2, y, 6 : aor. rjga 
late, Paus. 2, n, 5 ; Galen 10, 609 : pf. late rJKa Philostr. 115; 
Scymn. 62 (Mein.); V. T. Gen. 47, 4, Dor. i pi. fJKa/j.fs Plut. 
Mor. 225; fjK<as Theod. Prodr. Catomyom. 39 (Herch.); fiKfvai 
Nicet. Eug. 6, 97 : pip. fjKfo-av Joseph. Ant. 19, i, 14. Mid. 
rJKijrm occurs Aretae. p. 92 (Adams) : imp. ifKo^v Musgrave's 
conjecture for T]y6p,r)v Eur. Fr. 206 (Dind.) is not received : fut. 
jjgerai Marc. Ant. 2, 4 ; Or. Sib. 12, 199, the only instances we 
ever met. Imper. fa rare Soph. Aj. 1116; Ar. Pax 275. 845. 
Lys. 924; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 25, ijKe'rw Eur. Rhes. 337. The subj. 
opt. and imperf. seem to be used aoristically. For this verb 
the old Poets generally use ?. In Pind. vco never occurs ; in 
Hes. twice, Th. 669. Sc. 343 ; in Horn, twice, II. 5, 478. Od. 13, 
325 (Wolf, Heyne, Dind. Ameis.) In both places however 



300 ' 

Bekk now (2 ed.) and La Roche write in conformity with 
II. 1 8, 406. Od. 15, 329. Kuhner and Jelf seem to have fore- 
seen and predicted this, for though TJKO> stands II. 5, 478. Od. 
J 3> 3 2 5, m all Mss. and, as far as \ve know, stood in all edi- 
tions till 1858, they pronounced it several years previously post- 
Homeric. So too thought Choerob. and Eustath., but Buttmann 
held it to be a dialectic variety of ucw, and Homeric Lobeck so 
far approves. 

'HXaku To wander, act foolishly, Poet, and only pres. act. 
T)\alvom 3 pi. Dor. for -overt Theocr. 7, 23 (Junt. Mein. Ahr. 
Ziegl. Fritzsche), see mid. ; -aiva>v Callim. Dian. 251. Mid. 
T)\aivovrai Theocr. 7, 23 (Vulg. Wordsw.) The Tragedians use 

aXaivo). 

'HXdoxw To wander, flee, only pres. -da-Kovai II. 2, 470 ; Emped. 
388 (Stein) ; part, -ovo-ai II. 13, 104, and yXacrKafa pres. - 
Od. 9, 457 (r)\v(TK- Bekk. Nauck); part, -dfwi/ II. 18, 281 : and 
imp. rjXda-Ka&s Horn. H. i, 142. Both Epic. 

'HXid^w To sit in the court 'HXiata, in act. only fiit. -dr, if 
correct, Ar. Lys. 380 (Mss. Bekk. Bergk, but mid. -dei Buttm. 
Dind.). Mid. i?Xtdto/u Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 605 ; Aristot. H. 
A- 9> 5 7 > -a&rai (Dem.) 24, 50 : fiit. -uo-o/icu, -&m Ar. Vesp. 
772, Dor. -ago. Lys. 380, see act.: aor. f]\ida-aa-6ai Ar. Eq. 798. 

*Hpu To sit, simple mostly Poet. II. 18, 104. Od. 14, 41, qo-m II. 
15, 2 45 ; Aesch. Eum. 440, ycn-ai II. 19, 345 ; Aesch. Sept. 513 ; 
Eur. Ale. 604 ; Her. 9, 57, in comp. T?rat, xad-ip-ai Ar. Lys. 597 ; 
PI. Apol. 35, foeda II. 15, 740, r,ffdf Od. 2, 240; Com, Fr. 
(Cratin.) 2, 95 (hexam.), V Tat Eur. Bac. 38 ; Callim. Fr. 122 ; 
Ap. Rh. 2, 1086, Epic eidrat II. io, ioo; (Luc.) D. Syr. 31, Ion. 
edrai II. 3, 134, KO.T- Her. i, 199; subj. and opt. in comp. Kad-; 
imper. 0- H- 3> 46. Od. 20, 262, ijtrOco, Kad- Aesch. Pr. 916, 
/>& Ap. Rh. 4, 856; inf. /<r&u II. 13, 253; Aesch. Ag. 862 ; 
fofvos II. 5, 356; Hes. Op. 501 ; Pind. N. io, 62 ; Aesch. Ag. 
183 ; Eur. Andr. 699; Theocr. i, 48, Dor. a^- v. r. Pind. Ol. 
io, 33 : imp. or pip. ^v II. 6, 336. Od. u, 49 ; Soph. Tr. 24, 
rja-o Eur. Rhes. 846, ijoro II. 23, 451 ; Hes. Sc. 214 ; Soph. Aj. 
311 ; Eur. Supp. 664, Kad- II. i, 569; Eur. Bac. 1102 ; Ar. Ran. 
778 ; PI. Euthyd. 271, KCT- Her. i, 46, and JJTO in comp. Kad-fjTo 
Dem. 1 8, 169, Vticatf-Tjro Ar. Ran. 1046, and eVcd^To Ar. Av. 
510; Thuc. 5, 6 ; Xen. Hell. 5, 2, 29, ifce&z Od. 3, 263, fj^ea-da 
Eur. I. A. 88, r)vro II. 3, 153, Epic (Id 7, 61; Hes. Th. 622, 
Ion. eiSro 7, 414, KUT- Her. 8, 73, dual 170-^1' II. 8, 445, 6170-- Orph. 

Arg. 818. See ea>, and Kadrjuai. Ka6f]aro II. II, 76 (Vulg.) is 

now Kadtiaro (Wolf, Bekk. Spitzn. Dind.) foai in simple is Epic 
and Trag., once or twice in Ionic prose, orai Her. and 



t 'H(7<7aO>. 3OI 

Luc. quoted : in Comedy and Attic prose, the comp. *'%itu is 
the form in use. 

'Hfxi / say, as fa/Mi (inquam), Trot, rjpl, nal Ar. Ran. 37, fja-i 
Com. Fr. (Herm.) 2, 382 ; Sapph. 48 (Schneid. tja-i Bergk 97), 
rjTi Alcm. 139 (Bergk) : imp. r/v, % colloquially, as rjv 8' ey&> said 
I, PL Rep. 328, rj S'os,rj, said he, she, 327. Conv. 205, also rj 8' 6? 
6 T\ai>Ka>v PI. Rep. 327, rj p"AfivKos Theocr. 22, 75, the Epics 
generally rj alone, as ^ he said, II. I, 219, rarely in Horn, with 
nominative rj pa yvvr] II. 6, 390. 22, 77. Od. 3, 337. 22, 292. It 
is scarcely used beyond the i sing. pres. and i and 3 sing. imp. 
In Attic TJV 8' e'yo> &c. is generally in the middle or end of a 
sentence ; Luc. however sometimes begins with it, 9 8' 8s, o-t'ya, 

Philop. 22, rji> 8' e'yw, oXt'yot 23. 
y, See a/iTrXaKio-Kco. 

(v, late v) To bow, sink, Poet, -vet II. 2, 148, -v, eV- Opp. 
H. i, 228, -vova-i Nic. Al. 453, Kor-r]^\jov<n Ap. Rh. 3, 1400: fut. 
rjp.V(rov(ri act. Orac. Paus. 10, 9, 5 (Vulg. Schub. v. r. Xjjo-ovo-i 
Herm.) : aor. ffavaa II. 8, 308 ; Ap. Rh; 2, 582 ; rare in Attic 
Soph. Fr. 742 (D.); late v Anth. 7, 88. 9, 262, KO.T- 9, 309 ; opt. 
fjnvvde II. 2, 373 ; part, -co-ao-a Opp. Hal. 2, 307 : p. in comp. 
v7r-fHvr)nvKe II. 22, 491, formed by Attic reduplication, e'/x-ij/u'Ke, 
with v inserted, lfi.vrni.vKf. 

('Hiraofiai) To mend, patch, only inf. aor. ^n;(rao-0ai Ar. Fr. 28 
(D.) ; Galen 5, 812 : and p. part. f)rrrnj,evos pass, patched, late 
prose Aristid. 46, 307 (Dind.) 

'Hindu To assuage, sooth (fjmos), not used in simple except by 
Schol. and Old Lexicogr., but imp. pass. Kar-rimocovTo II. 5, 417. 

'HiTuw, see a7rva). 

'Ha0Tjp,ei'os, clothed, Eur. Hel. 1539, Ion. eV^/n- Her. 3, 129. 
See eV$6co. 

'Haacta) and TJTT- To conquer, act. late, fut. ^TTTJOTCO, opt. -rja-otre 
Theod. Prodr. 5, 174: aor. Tymjo-a Polyb. i, 75; Heracl. 
Incred. 16 (West); Pseud.-Callisth. i, 38. 3, 25; Joseph. 

Ant. 12, 7, I : p. TJTTT/KO Diod. Sic. 15, 87. Pass. r]a-a-dop.ai 

to be inferior, conquered, Soph. Fr. 674 (D.) ; Thuc. 3, 57, 
fjTTdofj.ai PI. Phil. 12, Ion. eVcrdo/xni Her. 3, 106, see below; subj. 
rjTTaa-de Ar. Plut. 482 ; r)TTa<r6ai. Eq. 1230 ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 32 ; 
Isae. u, 21, fi<T<r- Eur. Rhes. 497; Thuc. 4, 64; lyrrw^ei/o? 
Andoc. 3, 26 ; PI. Prot. 352 ; Isocr. 9, 44, f/a-a-- Aesch. Sept. 
516 ; Eur. Supp. 705 : imp. ^O-O-WZTO Eur. Supp. 683 ; Thuc. i, 
49, fjrr- Xen. Hell. 5, 2, 5 : with fut. mid. lymjo-o/wu as pass. 
Xen. An. 2, 3, 23; Lys. 28, 9: more freq. fut. p. 170-0^^170-0^01 
Eur. Hipp. 727. 976, rjTT- Lys. 20, 32 ; Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 42. 44 : 
p.p. j?o-o-7/xcu Soph. Aj. 1242; Eur. Ale. 697. Fr. 283 (Dind.); 



302 

Thuc. 6, 91, ffrr- Ar. Nub. 1102; Andoc. 3, 19; PI. Euthyd. 
300 : pip. TJTTTJTO Dem. 19, 160. 24, 15 : aor. f)(rcrr)dr)v Eur. 
Andr. 917; Thuc. 7, 25, ^TT- Ar. Av. 70; Lys. 17, 5; Isocr. 
8, 100 ; PL Menex. 243; Dem. 20, 146. Vb. fiaa-r/reov 
Soph. Ant. 678, TJTT- Ar. Lys. 450. Thuc. and, in late recen- 
sions, the Tragedians always have 7j<r<rdo^at, Ar., the Orators, 
and Plato r\rr-, so Xen. (Popp. Dind.), but qo-o-i^eW (Xen.) 
Apol. 19 (Bornem. Dind. Saupp.) Ion. eWov/wu not augmented, 
imp. to-o-ovvTO Her. 7, 166. 8, 75 : p. eWtarai 7, IO ; -(opevos 7, 9 
8, 130: aor. eVo-o)#/7 2, 169. 3, 45. 4, 162. 5, 102. 

c Hauxdo> To be at rest, Thuc. 6, 38 ; in tragic poet, imper. 
f)o-vxa& Aesch. Pr. 344; Eur. H. F. 98, -d&re Or. 1350; -dfav 
Soph. O. R. 620 ; Eur. Ion 60 1 ; PI. Parm. 162 ; -d&iv Eur. Bac. 
790; Thuc. i, 120: imp. ijo-vx- Thuc. 2, 81 : fat. -ao-a> Thuc. 
i, 142. 143. 2, 84: and mid. -ao-opai Luc. Gall, i : aor. rjirvxao-a 
Thuc. 8, 24 ; Anth. 5, 167 ; subj. -daaxri Hippocr. 4, 326 ; but 
trans, having put to rest, furvxda-as PL Rep. 572. The mid. 
form we have seen only in Luc. quoted, the pass. ]j 
only in V. T. Job 37, 16. 

'HCW, see a- 



0. 

To sit, Epic (Attic ddaaco) Qadva-fit Hom. H. 3, 468, 
-ao-o- Ap. Rh. 3, 659 ; Coluth. 343 ; inf. 0aao-emv Ap. Rh. 4, 
1274, Epic -aao-ffjifv Od. 3, 336; Horn. H. 3, 172 ; -aao-o-wi/ Ap. 

Rh. 2, IO26: imp. ddaara-ov II. 9, 194. 15, 124. 

Qdeofiat Dor. for dye- To gaze at, Poet. Find. P. 8, 45 : imp. 
Bdfiro Theocr. 22, 200 (Vulg. Mein. Wordsw. dyd- D. Junt. 
Ahr. Ziegl. Fritzsche): aor. imper. edrjaai Anth. App. Epigr. 213 ; 
-o-a/uei/ai Find. P. 9, 62 (Bergk, Momms.) Vb. 6ar)r6s Pind. 

01. 6, 2. 

0dK6a) To sit (GOKOS), Soph. Aj. 325. O. R. 20 ; Eur. Heracl. 
239; imper. GUKCI Soph. Aj. 1173; 6aicS>v Aesch. Pr. 313; Soph. 
Tr. 23: imp. e#uK Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 146, Qdnovv unaugm. 
Eur. Hec. 1153 (Mss. Pors. Dind. 2 ed. Kirchh. i ed. GUKOVS 
Herm. Nauck, Paley, Dind. 5 ed. Kirchh. 2 ed.) Dor.? and 
Ion. 6<K.ea>, pres. only, QaxeiTe Sophr. 4 1 (Ahr.) ; 6a>Kfwv Her. 

2, 173- 

dXe'Ow To flourish, abound, lengthened from tfaXXw, and Poet. 
6a\f6ft Ap. Rh. 2, 843, -ouo-t Emped. 249; Q. Sm. u, 96 
(Koechly); -6010-1 Ibyc. i, 6; -t6o>i> Od. 6, 63, -on-es II. 9, 467. 
23, 32 ; causat. /<*& to grow, QaXeOowi Theocr. 25, 16 : imp. 



GaXe'eo Qavarda). 303 



iter. 0a\fdf<rKfs Anth. n, 374, -etfemee Mosch. 2, 67 (Mss. Ziegl. 
Meineke now). 

aXe'o) (a, 0aXeo> is Dor.) To flourish, Ion. and late Epic, 0a\eei 
Nonn. 16, 78, -eova-i Q. Sm. u, 96 (Vulg.) ; #aXeWa Hippocr. 
6, 654 (Lit. v. r. GdXiQovra) : imp, iter. 6a\feo-Ke Mosch. 2, 67 
(Ms. F. Mein. i ed. 0aXe'&o-/ce Mss. Herm. ZiegL Mein. 2 ed.) 
0aXa> Dor. See under tfaXXw. 

dXXw To bloom, flourish, Hes. Op. 236 ; Horn. H. Cer. 402 ; 
Archil. 100; Find. Ol. 9, 16; Aesch. Supp. 858 (chor.); Soph. 
O. C. 700 (chor.); Eur. Ion 1436 (trimet.) ; Ar. Thesm. 1000 
(chor.); Hippocr. 6, 248 ; Xen. Mem. 2, i, 33; PI. Conv. 203. 
Leg. 945; Dor. f. pt. -XXoio-a Find. P. 7, 19; also causative 
produce, Aesch. Pers. 616: imp. Wa\\ov causative made grow, 
Find. Ol. 3, 23; grew, Anth. 12, 256, and (0aXXo) etfdXXeoi* 
if correct, see Plut. Mor. no: fut. late 6a\\f}o-u will produce, 
Alex. Act. in Parthen. 14, 9, where Passow 6rj\r)<ra> from tfi/X/eo: 
1 aor. late cW^Xa Ael. H. A. 2, 25. 9, 2 r. V. H. 5, 3, 4 : 2 aor. 
rare and doubtful, 6a\ov Horn. H. 19, 33 (Xdtfe Ruhnk. *eXe Lo- 
beck), but late prose dj>-fda\ov V. T. Ps. 27, 7. Sap. 4, 4 ; N. T. 
Phil. 4, 10 : 2 p. WftjXa as pres. Hes. Op. 227 ; Soph. Ph. 259 ; 
Luc. H. V. 2, 13; Dio. Hal. in Dem. 40, Dor. TtddXa Pind. Fr. 
106, 5 (Bergk); subj. rt6r]\7j Epigr. PI. Phaedr. 264; Hippocr. 
6, 654 (Lit.); Tfdrjkvs Od. 12, 103; Hippocr. i, 626. 632 (Lit.), 
Dor. -dXws Pind. P. n, 53, Tf6rf\v1a Paus. 5, 13, 4, Epic -aXvla 
II. 9, 208; Hes. Th. 902 ; Simon. (C.) 102 ; n0ip&ai PI. Crat. 
414 ; Arr. Ind. 40 : pip. redf]\fiv as imp. Od. 5, 69, tred- Philostr. 
Apoll. 311 : fut. flaXqcro/iat, dva- Anth. 7, 281 (may be from 6a\ea>, 
late Epic Q. Sm. n, 96). 8rj\fa>, Dor. ^dX- is reg. : imp. edfjXeov 
Anth. App. Epigr. 207, 6fi\eov Od. 5, 73, Dor. e^5X- Plut. Mor. 
no (Passow) for e&iXX-, see above : fut. ^Xjjo-a, dva- II. i, 236 : 
aor. edrj\rja-a, Dor. Bahrjcra Pind. N. 4, 88 ; 6rj\ri<ras Anth. 9, 363 : 
p. p. Tfdr)\rmfvos Hippocr. 2,11 (Kiihn, but re^Xi/ pcv Lit.), see 
above. 

aXmtJu To be warm, is Epic and confined to pt. 6c&iri6a>v Od. 
19, 319, -o'cai/n Arat. 1073. 

dXirw To warm, flatter, Ap. Rh. 4, 1542 ; Alciphr. 2, 2, 47 ; 
-TTCOI/ Od. 21, 179: fut. fldXrJ/'to denied, but Alciphr. 2, 4, 74 > 
Septuag. Job 39, 14; v. r. Nic. Alex. 411 : aor. eda\^a Soph. 
Tr. 1082 reg. and complete. 6d\neai Ion. and Dor. 2 sing. 
pass. Theocr. 5, 31. No mid. we think, except GdX^oficu. as 
pass, or mid. intrans. Alciphr. 3, 42, 17. 

GajJipcucco, See 6aviJ.alv(o. 

ai/arou To put to death, Xen. Hel. 2, 3, 15 : fut. -wora> 
Aesch. Pr. 1053 ; Her. i, 113 : aor. edavdrwa-a Antiph. 3, y, n ; 



304 Qdvu) QOLTTW. 

PI. Leg. 8*72: p. late rfdavartoKtvai Theod. Prodr. Catomyom. 

300 (Kerch.): p.p. Teflm/arco/ie'i/os Polyb. 24, 4, 14: SLOT. p. 

edavarwdr} Hippocr. 3, 504 ; Xen. An. 2, 6, 4 ; PL Leg. 865 : 
fat. 6ava.Ta>6r]<Tonai late, V. T. Lev. 27, 29 &c. : reg. except, fut. 
mid. Bavaraa-oiTo pass. Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 31, missed, we think, by 
Lexicogr. 

(dvw) see 6vi](rKa>. 

dojicu (a) To gaze at, admire, Dor. subj. 60.^60. Sophr. 42 ; 
imper. 6deo Anth. Plan. 4, 306, BavSe (Megar.) Ar. Ach. 770: 
fut. Bda-oftai, and -ov/tat, dacTflo-Oe if correct, Callim. Cer. 3 (-o-avde 

Mein.) ; $ao-o/ifu TheOCr. 15, 23: aor. fdaa-dfirfv, opt. fya-aiaT 

Od. 18, 191 ; imper. Sao-ai Epich. 78; Sophr. 44; Theocr. 10, 

41. 15, 65. Epigr. 1 6, I ; inf. dda-ao-Gai Theocr. 2, 72 ; daadpevoi 

Tab. Heracl. i, 70. This verb is poetic, and almost peculiar to 
the Doric dialect. Attic Gfdopai, Ion. drjeofiai, which see. 

To suckle, see ($aa>). 

To bury, Aesch. Ch. 440 ; Eur. Ale. 834 ; Her. 2, 41 ; 
Thuc. 2, 34 ; Isae. 8, 22 ; Aeschin. 3, 244 ; subj. Ban II. 21, 
323; PI. Phaed. H5; Gcnrroi Od. 3, 285 &C. : imp. Wairrov 
Soph. Ant. 402; Her. 9, 85; Thuc. 3, 109, 6dnr- II. 23, 630; 
Hes. Sc. 472: fut. 6d^(o Aesch. Sept. 1052; Soph. Ant. 72; 
Her. i, 119; dd^ot Isae. 2, 10; 6d^a>v 8, 21; dd-^eiv 2, 25: 
aor. eda-^a Eur. Hel. 1166; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 164; Her. i, 
113. 117; Thuc. 5, ii ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 6, 5; Isae. 2, 37; Dem. 
18, 208, 6dfy- II. 24, 612; inf. &n//-ai Aesch. Ch. 433 : p.p. 

reftz/ipu, -a\^ai? Aesch. Ch. 366 (Mss. Vulg.), -danrai Hom. 

Epigr. 3, 6; Isae. 6, 64; Xen. Hel. 2. 4, 19, 3 pi. Ion. 
Tfdd(j>aTai Her. 6, 103 (Bekk. Gaisf. Dind. Stein), rera^- (Ms. C. 
Bred. Dietsch, Classen); retfa/i/ieW Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 33; PI. 
Crat. 400 ; Te6d<t>6a> Luc. D. Mar. 9, i ; Te8d<j)6ai Aesch. Ch. 
366 (Ahr. Dind. Herm.); Lycurg. 113, re-rdfy- Plut. Mor. 265. 
296 (Diibn.) : pip. erfdairro Od. n, 52; Her. i, 113: 1 aor. 
Ion. and rare f6d<pdr)v Simon. C. 168 (Bergk); dcxfrdrjvai Her. 
2, 81; 6a(p6fis 7, 228: more freq. 2 aor. erdtprjv Her. 3, 10. 9, 
85; Thuc. 5, 74 ; ra$w Ar. Av. 396; ra$etV Eur. Tr. 731; 
Xen. An. 5, 7, 20; ra^vat Eur. Phoen. 776; Ar. Eccl. 592; 
Her. 3, 55; Lycurg. 115; rafais Aesch. Sept. 1021 ; Eur. Supp. 
545; Thuc. 3, 58 : fut. ra^o-ojuat Eur. Ale. 56. 632. Tr. 446. 
1193; Lys. 13, 45 : 3 fut. re&tyopu Soph. Aj. 577. 1141 ; Eur. 
I. T. 1464; Luc. D. Mar. 9, i. Vb. Qairreov Soph. Aj. 1140. 
Perf. rerafpa, given in lexicons, we have never seen. 

(diru or T(i<|xi>) 0TJTTO) Hesych. To astonish, chiefly Epic and 
Ion. p. Tf6a(j>a, if correct, Com. Fr. (Crobyl.) 4, 566, Casaubon's 
emendation for r^at^e (Mss. Tfdvfa Mein.) : 2 p. T^TTO am 



astonished, Od. 6, 168 ; Her. 2, 156; Luc. Pise. 34; Himer. Or. 
7, 5 ; Themist. 4, 49 a . 6, 80 ; T(6r)nu>s II. 21, 29 ; Emped. 81 ; Ap. 
Rh. 3, 215 ; Ael. V. H. 14, 47 (rer^e Hesych.): pip. eYf^Tmi/ 
Ael. Fr. 116 ; Luc. Peregr. 39. Scyth. 9, Epic eYe&jTrea Od. 6, 166 : 
2 aor. era<j)ov Aesch. Pers. iooo(chor.); Callim. Dian. 103, rd0- 
Pind. P. 4, 95 ; ra^&wll. 23, 101. Od. 16, 12. 2 aor. Poet. : 1 perf. 
doubtful : 2 perf. Epic and Ion. but not in classic Attic prose, 
occasionally in late, Plut. Mor. 65; Luc. quoted; Philostr. 870; 
Dio Cass. 59, 27 : eYe&jTreo-aj/ Ael. H. A. 10, 48; App. Civ. 4, 14. 

apowu, see 6pacrvva>. 

daaw To sit, in Attic Poet, for dadarva, perhaps only pres. 
Eur. Or. 85, -ets Andr. 117 ; Ar. Thesm. 889, - Soph. O. R. 
161, -oven Eur. Ion 415; 6d<r<ra>v Bac. 622, -ojraHerc. F. 1214; 
6d<rveiv 715. Hesych. has aor. mid. f6da-craro. 

0aupiu> To wonder, admire, Od. 4, 655; Pind. Fr. 99, 10; 
Aesch. Ag. 1199; Ar. Eq. 211; Antiph. i, 5; Thuc. 6, 36; 
Lys. 2, 77, Ion. &Bv/*aw Her. i, 155. 8, 8, #/*- in some edit.: 
imp. t0avfjia(ov Eur. Elec. 84; Thuc. i, 51 ; PL Conv. 206, davfj.- 
II. 10, 12 ; Ar. Pax 1291 (hexam.), Ion. f6o>vp.- Her. i, 68. 6, r 
&c. e'tfovi- some edit., iter. Qavud&o-Kov Od. 19, 229 ; Theocr. 25, 
1 86: fut. &zujuacra> doubtful in classic Attic, Xen. Cyr. 5, 2, 12 

(Vulg. -dbuo-t MsS. Popp. Dind. Saupp.), -do-ere Hell. 5, I, 14 

(-dcrane Dind. Breitb. Saupp.), -d<rov<n Dinarch. 2, 15 (Maetzn. 
-dfovo-i Mss. Bekk. B. Saupp.) ; but Bavftdcrei Hippocr. 7, 530 
(Lit.), -ao-ere Galen 3, 77 ; and late Attic, Plut. Mor. 823; Ael. 
V. H. 8, n (Kerch.) ; Himer. Or. 2, 3 ; (Luc.) Dem. enc. 43; 
Marc. Aur. 6, 25. 7, 26; Epist. Phal. 147 (Kerch.); Dio 
Chrys. Or. 21 (273); Themist. 7, 98. 8, 120; Geop. 10, 89: 
fut. m. Oavfjida-ofjLai Aesch. Pr. 476; Eur. I. T. 1318. Ale. 157 ; 
PL Parm. 129. Euth. 15 ; Xen. M. Eq. 9, 8 ; and late Plut. Cat. 
min. 59; Luc. D. Mort. 21, 2 ; Aristid. 43, 548; Philostr. Ap. 
3, 66 ; V. T. Lev. 26, 32. Job 13, 10 and always, Epic -do-o-o/tat 
II. 1 8, 467: aor. fdaviMacra Aesch. Sept. 771 ; Soph. Fr. 319; 
Eur. Elec. 516 ; Ar. Eq. 999; Thuc. r, 138; Isocr. 4, i ; Xen. 
Mem. i, i, i ; PL Apol. 17, d-n-- Od. 6, 49, *Qa>v\>.- or I6a>p- Her. 8, 
37, Poet. Qavfj.- Horn. H. Merc. 414; Philox. 3, 23 (B.) : p. redav- 
paKa Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 475 ; Xen. Mem. i, 4, 2 ; Dem. 8, 4. 

24, 159- P-P- Tfdavp.aa-fJ,ai. Polyb. 4, 82: aor. e6avfj,do-6r)v Xen. 

Ven. i, 5; (Dem). 61, 43; ^au^ao-^ Thuc. 6, 12; -delpfv Isocr. 
15. 219 : fut. 6avp.ao-6fi(rofj.at. Thuc. 2, 41. 7, 56; Isocr. 6, 105; 
Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 690; late as mid. N. T. Rev. 17, 8 (Mss. 
Lach. Tisch. -daovrm Mss. Vulg. Sin.) Vb. 0av/iaoTo'y Horn. H. 
Cer. 10, -eo'f Eur. Hel. 85 ; Athen. n, 508, Gavparos Horn. H. 
Merc. 80; Hes. Sc. 165; now Pind. P. 10, 30. Mid. late, 

x 



306 Gav/uamo eao/xar. 



Ael. V. H. 12, 30; Galen i, 55 (Ktihn) : fat. -a 
classic, see above : aor. fdavnacrd^v Aesop 92 (Halm) ; Schol. 
Soph. O. R. 287 ; subj. davpavapfQa Proclus in PL Farm. (Vulg. 
-w.fji.f6a Cousin, p. 959) ; opt. -ao-awo Nicol. Rhet. 4 (Walz) ; 
Galen 6, 517 ; Joseph. Jud. B. 3, 5, i : and, if correct, aor. p. 
tdavfida0Tjv N. T. Rev. 13, 3 (Lach. edavpao-ev Vulg. Sin. Tisch.): 
so fut. 6avfjLaadrjcrovTcu, 17, 8, others -da-ovrai, see above. The mid. 
has been overlooked by all our lexicons. The Ionic form is 

Variously 6a>Vfida>, 6a>vfi-, 6a>ft-, imp. e6a>v/juiov, f6a>v/j.aov, f6a>fj.-. 

Gaisf. varies, Bekk. 6a>vp.-, f&atvp-, Dind. leans to da>/j.-, fQ<*>n-. 
Tischendorf (Rev. 17, 8) reads fut. p. davfiao-dtjcrovTcu as mid. 
shall wonder, but retains aor. tdavpaaev (13, 3) in preference to 
fdavfidcrdr], on the ground that the uncials which form their end- 
ings are easily confused. Hesychius however explains dyavdfis 

by 6avfjuicr6fis and eddpftrjarev by f6avfj.dcrdr)V (fdavpcurfv Schmidt), 

which, if correct, favours the reading fdavpdcrdr) (Mss. A. C. Lach. 
Tregell.) against fdavpaotv. 

OaufAcuyu To admire, Poet. imp. davpaivov H. Ven. 84 (Vulg. 
Baum. edrf- Ms. A. Herm.); Find. Ol. 3, 32 (Boeckh, 6dfi@- 
Bergk, Momms.) : fut. Epic -ai//o> Od. 8, 108. Pass, davpai- 
VOVTCU Callicrat. Stob. Flor. 85, 17. 

(0du) To suckle, Epic, of act. only aor. inf. drja-ai Hesych. 
Mid. 0dofj.m to milk, contr. in 9, inf. dfjadai Od. 4, 88 : aor. fdrj- 
ad/jiTjv sucfced, Callim. Jov. 48 (Bl.), #170-- II. 24, 58 ; Hym. Cer 
236 ; Opp. Hal. i, 66 1 ; but Hym. Apoll. 123, suckled. 

Gcdofiai To behold, Soph. Tr. 1079 ; Ar. Eccl. 270 (Dind. 
2 ed.) ; Her. 3, 32; Antiph. 3, y, 7 ; Thuc. 5, 113, pass, late, 
Schol. Aesch. Sept. 50 : imp. fdearo Thuc. 5, 7, Ion. -ijro Hip- 
pocr. 7, 490, -aa-de Ar. Eccl. quoted (Dind. 5 ed. Bergk, Mein.), 
-Cairo PI. Charm. 154 : fut. -ao-o/nat Eur. Hipp. 66 1 ; Com. Fr. 
(Plat.) 2, 679; PI. Rep. 467. 545; Dem. 18, 144, Ion. -^o-o/zai 
Her. 1,8. 9, 25 (Bekk. Gaisf. Stein, 6^0-- Dind. Abicht) : aor. 
fdfdffdfj-Tjv Eur. H. F. 1131 ; Isocr. 4, 44 ; PI. Conv. 221 ; Dem. 
5, 7, (K- Soph. O. R. 1253, Ion. efcrja-- Her. 7, 128 : p. Tf6fa.fj.cu 
Ar. Nub. 370 ; Xen. Mem. 2, i, 31 ; PI. Polit. 264 : pip. eYf- 
6fovro Dem. 21, 2 : aor. pass, edeudrjv late and passively, Pseud.- 
Callisth. 2, 42. 3, 26 ; N. T. Marc. 16, n ; -ad^vai Schol. Aesch. 
Pers. 26 ; Apoll. Tyan. Epist. 49 ; part. dfaSev Schol. Aesch. 
Sept. 372 ; but in Thuc. 3, 38, is now read SpavStv (best Mss. 
Bekk. Popp. Kriig. Dind.). Vb. Bearos Soph. Aj. 915, -fov 
PL Tim. 48. See Gae'opai, 6rjfOfj.cn. The act. form 6fda> is very 
late, imper. 6ta, which Dindorf would alter to mid. dtaa-m, 
Themist. 3, 44. n, 146, but Hesych. has Ota, o-Kwret : and 
Babr. aor. pt. Qffaacra 23, 8 (Lewis, 2 pt.) 



307 

To smite, Poet. Aesch. Sept. 382 ; Opp. H. 5, 401 ; 
subj. Qtivr) Od. 1 8, 63, -too-t Ap. Rh. 2, 81 ; imper. 0eli/f Aesch. 
Pr. 56; Eur. Rhes. 676, 0eiWe Or. 1302; inf. Epic deivefievai 
Od. 22, 443 ; 6eiva>v II. 17, 430; Eur. Rhes. 784; Theocr. 22, 
1 08 : imp. fdeivov Aesch. Pers. 418 ; Eur. H. F. 949 : fut. 6evS> 
Ar. Ach. 564 : 1 aor. edeiva II. 21, 491, delve II. 16, 339 ; Gfivas 
20, 481 : 2 aor. (edwov), subj. 0xa Ar. Lys. 821, -rjs Eur. Rhes. 
687 ; 6fve Ar. Av. 54; dtvflv Eur. Heracl. 271 ; 0euc Pind. Ol. 
7, 28 (Buttm. Bergk, Hart.); Ar. Eq. 640. Pass. detverai 

Aesch. Pers. 303; -opevos II. 10, 484; Eur. I. A. 220: imp. 
fddvovTo Aesch. Sept. 959. Indie. 2 aor. seems not to occur. 
In Attic, the pres. form diva is not found : fa'vei pres. Aesch. 
Sept. 382, is now edited ddvei from Mss. ; inf. 0/veiv Eur. Heracl. 
271, is now favfiv 2 aor. ; &Ve Ar. Av. 54, is imper. 2 aor. not 
pres. ; and part. 6eva>v Eur. Cycl. 7, is now 6eva>v, but in Theocr. 
22, 66, pres. 6lvw is still supported by Mss. Vulg. Ahr. Mem., 
aor. 6eva>v (Kreussler, Fritz, and now Ziegl.). 

Ayw To stroke, charm, mostly Poet. II. 24, 343. Od. 5, 47 ; 
Sapph. 70; Pind. P. i, 12; Eur. Hipp. 1274; Ael. N. A. 10, 
14 ; Luc. Salt. 85 ; 6e\yois Theogn. 981 ; Aesch. Supp. 1056 ; 
6e\ya>v PI. Conv. 197 : imp. edeXyov II. 21, 276 ; Soph. Tr. 710 ; 
late prose, Philostr. Apoll. 34, 6e\y- II. 12, 255. 21, 604 (Bekk.), 
iter. ee\yTKe Od. 3, 264: fut. 0e\ga> (Od.) 16, 298; Aesch. Pr. 
J 74> -*> Theocr. Epigr. 5, 3: aor. e&Aa II. 15, 322 ; Gorgias 
Hel. Enc. 10 (Blass), &'Aa Pind. N. 4, 3 ; 0/Ae< Soph. Tr. 
355 ; &'Aas II. 13, 435 ; Aesch. Supp. 571 : aor. pass. eWA^j/ 
Od. 10, 326, 3 pi. Epic edt\x6fv 18, 212 ; 6e\ x dfjs Eur. I. A. 
142; late prose -dfirj Philostr. 290 ; -Qfjvai Themist. 34, 60: 
fut. tfeAx&jo-o/icu Luc. Salt. 85. Vb. a-6f\KToy Lycophr. 1335. 
In classic prose, this verb occurs only in PL and Gorg. 
quoted. 

0e\u=0eXoj To wish, Solon 27, 12; Phocyl. 12; Simon. 
A. 7, 13 (Bergk); Aesch. Pr. 308. 343; Soph. Aj. 106 ; Ar. 
Eq. 713 ; Her. 7, 8 ; Antiph. 3, 8, 3; Xen. An. 3, 2, 16. Hell. 
3, 4, 5 (Dind. Saupp.) ; PI. Phaed. 77 ; subj. &'Ao>, Epic -o>/ 
Mosch. 2, 156, -\j)s Ar. Av. 929, -\rj Nub. 801. Plut. 347; 
Hippocr. 2, 332 (Erm.) ; Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 21; Dinarch. 2, 3, 
-Ar/Te PI. Phaed. 115, -Awo-t Ar. Plut. 405; Antiph. i, 20; Thuc. 
5 35- 7 l8 J x en. Cyr. 7, i, 9 ; Aeschin. 3, 57 ; opt. &'Aotju 
Aesch. Supp. 787, -Aots PL Rep. 581, -Aoi Pind. Ol. 8, 85 (Bergk, 
Momms.); Aesch. Pr. 667; Ar. Ran. 533; Xen. An. 4, 4, 5, 
-otjuifi/ Thuc. 6, 34 &c. ; imper. &'Ae Eur. Fr. 174 ; Com. Fr. 3, 
151 ; Isocr. i, 24; OfXfiv Soph. Ant. 669; Eur. Fr. 464 ; Her. 
J > 59- 3> M5 a ft er a- vowel, i, 164 after a cons. (Mss. Bekk. 

X 2 



308 

Dind. Stein, &X- Bred. Abicht) : imp. 0e\ev Mosch. 2, no, 
never e&X-, for Zde\e Her. 3, 146, Wekov 8, 80 (Vulg.) have been 
altered to fjd- of e&A (Mss. F. K. S. Bekk. Dind. Stein, Abicht) : 
fut. 6e\T)<ra> Ar. Ach. 318?; Her. i, 109 (Bekk. Gaisf. e&X- 
Bred. Dind. Stein) ; Antiph. 5, 95 ; Xen. Mem. i, 4, 18 (Dind. 
Saupp.). 2, 8, 2 (Breitb, Kiihner) ; Lys. 20, 32 : aor. (e&Xijo-a 
if correct Charit. 3, 7, elsewhere he has always ^&'X-), subj. 
tffAijo-g Aesch. Pr. 1028; Xen. Cyr. 2, 4, 19 ; Dem. 53, 8 (Bekk.), 
-fjcrrjTe Dio. Hal. 4, 47 ; (Dem.) Proem. 1425, 10 (Bekk. '&X- 
B. Saupp.); &Xqo-ai/u Soph. O. C. 1133, -r6 Luc. Salt. 19 
(Jacob.); tfeAijow Aesch. Pr. 783; 6e\r)o-as Isae. 8, n (Mss. 
Bekk. Scheib. '<9eX- Bait); Plut. Mor. 149 ; Herodn. 7, n, 3; 
Luc. Tyr. 13 (ede\- Dind. now); faXfja-ai Her. i, 24; Thuc. 5, 
72 (Bekk. Popp. Kriig. e'&'X- L. Dind.); Luc. Tyr. 14; Merc. 
Con. 10 (tdf\- Dind. now) : p. late redfXrjKa Mosch. Trad. yvv. 
P. 14, 19; Sext. Emp. 682 (Bekk.); Orig. Ref. Haeres. 4, 15 
(Miller) : pip. eYe&AjjKeo-ai/ Dio Cass. 44, 26, but ^eXi?*- (Bekk. 
L. Dind.), see 37, 23. 46, 47. 50. 79, 2. Vb. dfXijros late 

V. T. Mai. 3, 12. Epic subj. &Xo>/u Mosch. 2, 156, Dor. part. 
QeXoiva Theocr. n, 26. The indie, imp. is very rare, 0eX 
Mosch. 2, no, Gi\ov Ap. Rh. 2, 960; the indie, aor. seems not 
to occur, at least we never could find sure instances of it, rj6f\ov, 
T)6e\T)o-a belong to eWAco. TedeXrjKas Aeschin. 2, 139, has now 
given place to f]6(\T)Kus, but is found late, see above. 0eXo> is 
not used by Horn, unless STTI deXoiev be correct Od. 15, 317 
(Bekk. 2 ed. La Roche), and ifyXeiSj; 6e\- II. i, 277 (La Roche), 
Hes. Theogn. nor Find, according to Boeckh, but occasionally 
by later Epic and Bucolic writers, Hym. Apol. Del. 46. Cer. 
160 (Baum. e'&X- Franke) ; Ap. Rh. 2, 960; Theocr. 8, 7. 25, 
53- 23, 45; Bion 18, i &c. The Tragedians, again, use it 
alone in Iambic trimeters, while Lyric writers, and the Trage- 
dians in lyric passages use 6e\a> and e'&'Xw interchangeably, 
Soph. El. 132; Eur. Ion 99. 1246 &c. ; Sapph. i, 17. 24; 
Anacr. 24, 2. 92, i (Bergk); Find, always e'&'Xw (Boeckh, e'&X- 
and 6f\- Bergk). Her. has both, tfe'Xta 3, 65. 7, 234 &c. eWXeo 
9, 1 20. 5, 19 &c., but imp. always f)de\ov i, 16. 97 &c. (Bekk. 
Gaisf.), ?&X- 8, 80 (Vulg. Gaisf.), j6e\- (Mss. F. S. Bekk. Dind.): 
fut. t6e\fi(T<0 i, 206. 7, 10 &c. except 8e SeX^a-ei. i, 109 (Vulg. 
Gaisf. Bekk.), 8' '0eX- (Dind. Stein) : aor. indie, perhaps always 

r)6e\T)<ra. I, 59. 2, 2 &C. &X- 7, 107. 164. l68 (Vulg. Gaisf. 

^0X- Mss. F. S. Bekk. Dind.); inf. e&Xrjo-at r, 3. 145. 7, 229. 
230 &c. and tfeAr}o-ai i, 24. 2, 42 (Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Stein &c.), 
where (i, 24) Dind. reads f&X- but (2, 42) ^eX^o-m, why we 
see not. Bredow would always read c'&Xu in Her. In Attic 



Qepaireva) Qepi^a). 309 

prose 0(\a> is not frequent, and pretty much confined to the 
pres. &'Xa> Antiph. 3, 8, 3, OeXeis Xen. Hell. 3, 4, 5 &c. ; subj. 
6e\a> Thuc. 5, 35 ; PI. Phaed. 115 &c. ; opt. 6f\oifjn Thuc. 2, 51. 
6, 34 ; imper. 6e\e Isocr. I, 24 ; 0e\a>v Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 29 ; 
6f\fiv PI. Rep. 391 : imp. never e&X- always rjdf\-: occasionally 
fut. &A)jcra> Xen. &c. and aor. in the oblique moods 0eXijcr&> &c. 
see above. In most cases after a vowel, perhaps always in 
Plato, except TOVS fcXovras Rep. 426 ; in Thuc. always, except 
d(Ka$ &'Xaxri 7, 18 (Bekk. Popp. Kriig. Stahl, 0eX- L. Dind.); in 
Xen. usually after a vowel, but roivw 6e\.s Hell. 3, 4, 5 ; TOV 
6e\ovra Cyr. 4, 5, 29 (Dind.); in the Orators almost always after 
a vowel, but /xei/ deXovn Andoc. 4, 7; Lys. 19, 15; &v 6e\rj Lys. 
1,6; nearly always in Dem. now, we think, except d(6s 6e\n 
25, 2 (Bekk. B. Saupp. Dind.) ; eWAw is far more frequent, and 
is used after both vowels and consonants. 

Qepaireuci) To serve, court, heal, Soph. Fr. 724 ; Eur. Bac. 81 ; 
Her. i, 193 : PL Gorg. 513 ; imper. -eve Pind. I. 8, 8, -eYo> Hip- 
pocr. 7, 176, -fvfre Ar. Vesp. 1054; -eveiv Hes. Op. 135; Soph. 
Ph. 149; Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 36 &c. : imp. tBepa-n- Thuc. 6, 89; 
Isocr. 4, in, dfpdir- Od. 13, 265 : fut. -eva-a Eur. Phoen. 1686 ; 
Ar. Eq. 799; Hippocr. i, 604. 6, 20 (Lit.); Thuc. 2, 51 ; Lys. 
24, 6 ; Isocr. 19, 29 ; Dem. 23, 126 : and as act. mid. Ofpairtv- 
a-ofiai Poet. Horn. H. 2,212, but usu. pass, see below: aor. 
edfpdiTfva-a Ar. Thesm. 172; Thuc. i, 137; Isocr. 19, n, 6ep- 

Pind. N. 8, 26 : p. TfQepdirevica Thuc. 4, 67: p. p. Tftiepdirevnai 

PI. Epist. i, 309. Leg. 763 ; Xen. Cyr. 7, 2, 15 : aor. f6ep<mtv- 
fyv Hippocr. 4, 374 (Lit.) ; PI. Charm. 157, -fva-drjv Hippocr. n. 
T. 5: fut. -e\>6r}(TO[i.ai late, Dioscor. 3, 119; Galen 10, 617; 
Geop. 2, 47, %w- Philostr. Ap. 270: and fut. m. -Trevo-o/wu 
pass. (PI.) Alcib. (i), 135; -Treverotro Antiph. 4, jS, 4; Galen 10, 
752; v. r. Xen. Cyr. 5,4, 17 (-Trewon-o Popp. Dind. Saupp.) 
Mid, as act. Qcpanevov Apocr. Sir. 18, 19 : 6fpan(va-op.ai Horn. H. 
quoted : aor. late fdepairfva-aro V. T. 2 Reg. 19, 24, but edepd- 
Trevere (Vat. Gaisf. Tischend.) ; subj. -evo^roi Nicostr. Stob. 74, 
65, dtpairfva-ai (Halm, Mein.) ; inf. -tvo-avdai Galen n, 295; 
-evtrdfjxvos II, 341, missed by our Lexicogr. Vb. Qepanevros 
PI. Prot. 325, -fov Xen. Mem. 2, i, 28. 

6epioj To perform the work of the hot season (depos), cut, mow, 
Aesch. Supp. 636; Eur. Supp. 717; Ar. Av. 1697; PI. Phaedr. 
260 ; Theophr. H. P. 8, 2, 9; to summer, pass the summer, -i&iv 
Xen. An. 3, 5, 15, Dor. inf. 0epi8-fieii> Ar. Ach. 947 (Vulg. Bergk, 
-i88fv Br. Elms. Bekk. Dind.) : imp. e6epiov Ar. Av. 506 ; 
Pseud.-Callisth. 2,16: fat. -ra> Eustath. 5, 17 (Herch.), -iw 
Aristot. H. An. 8, 19, 2 ; App. Lib. 100, (and -i') : aor. 



3IO QepfJLOo 0e'w. 



Soph. Aj. 239, Gorg. Fr. 7, 3 (Bait. Saupp.), syncop. 

edpia-a Aesch. Ag. 536, (in-- Archil. 138 ; Sllbj. Qpio-aycri Opp. Hal. 

3, 398, depig- late, see fK-0tpiga> Anacreont. 9, 7 (Bergk) ; Bfpiaas 
Soph. Aj. 239 ; Her. 4, 42 ; -t'o-ai Xen. Oec. 5, 9 : p. p. rtde- 
pta-fjifvos Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 8 : aor. fSfpivfyv, 6epur6fi Soph. Fr. 

587 (D.). Mid. aor. depiffao-dcu Ar. Plut. 515 j but dn-fdpiard- 

tirjv Anth. Pal. 5, 237. 

e'ppj To warm, Epic, in act. only imper. depp-fre Od. 8, 426; 
Ar. Ran. 1339 (hexam.). Pass, depper subj. for -rjrai Opp. 
Hal. 3, 522 : imp. dipfuro II. 18, 348. Od. 8, 437 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 
226. The collat. form deppaiva is more complete, and takes r) 
in aor. IQep^va Fur. Ale. 758 ; Bfpwvys Ar. Ran. 844, -\ir\v^ II. 
14, 7, but in less classic authors -\tava Aristot. Gen. An. i, 21, 
II, 8ia- Probl. 4, 32, e'- 4, 14 : p. re&'p/xayKe, ex- Plut. Mor. 48 

&c. 

Ge'pw To warm, Poet. act. rare, late, and only pres. part, d/pcav 
Nic. Ther. 687 : and imp. dtpov Ap. Rh. 4, 1312. Pass, and 
mid. 6fpop.ai de warmed, warm oneself, mostly Poet. Anth. Pal. 
5, 6 ; deprjrai II. 6, 331 ; Bepov Ar. Plut. 953 ; -fo-dat Od. 19, 64 : 
fut. mid. depa-ofiai Od. 19, 507: 2 aor. pass, (fdeprjv), subj. 6fpfa 
Od. 17, 23. In prose only pres. Qeprfrcu. PI. Phil. 46; -r&u 
Luc. Lex. 2 ; -d/in/os Aristot. Pt. Anim. i, 5, 6 (B.) ; Archel. Plut. 
Mor. 954, late Gfptio^voy Nic. Alex. 567 : imp. late, etfe/jo'/^i/ 
Alciphr. i, 23 ; Philostr. V. Apoll. 2, 18. 4, 155. 

eWaaOai To /ray, entreat, a. Poet. def. aor. mid. only 3 pi. 
&Wawo Find. N. 5, 10 ; and part, deo-o-dfjifvos Hes. Fr. 9 ; Archil. 
1 1 (Bergk). Hesych. has pres. #eWeo-&u ; -opfvos. Vb. diro- 
6f<rros Od. 17, 296 ? 

0ew To run, 6eets II. 17, 75, ^f Ar. Vesp. 854, 6eei II. 22, 
192, Gel PI. Apol. 39, GtofjLfv Od. 8, 247; Ar. Eccl. 109, Bfire 
Ar. Lys. 550, deovo-i II. 17, 727; Ar. Pax 839; Xen. Ven. 5, 
14, Epic fata II. 10, 437; subj. 64<a II. 10, 63, 6^1 and 6tiy 
Epic for dey, II. 22, 23. 6, 507, &Wi PI. Rep. 613; 6f<>ip.ev II. 
19, 415, deoire Ar. Eq. 1161 ; dtuv II. n, 617; Her. 8, 140, 
6tiv Ar. Plut. 259, Epic Qdfiv II. 10, 437 quoted; Qeuv II. 8, 331, 
Beovrfs Ar. Eq. 856 ; PI. Rep. 417 : imp. edtov, Wfev II. i, 483 ; 
Her. i, 43, eQfi Od. 12, 407 ; Thuc. 5, 10; PI. Charm. 153, &V 
II. 20, 275; Hes. Sc. 224, Wfov Her. i, 82; Thuc. 4, 67, tieov 

II. 22, l6l, iter. deeo-Kov II. 2O, 229 : fut. mid. 6evcrop,ai } inro- 

Pind. P. 2, 84, Epic 2 sing, devatai II. 23, 623, &vo- Ar. Eq. 485, 
-a-ovrai Av. 205, OTW- Od. 2o, 245, /nera- Xen. Ven. 6, 22 ; &vo-o'- 

/tew)5 Luc. Hist. Con. 8, dim- Her. 5, 22, dno- 8, 56; dfvafo-dai 

II. ii, 701 : late &vcna Lycophr. 1119. Aor. &c. supplied by 
t^at. to), eo, eou not contr., but e always in Attic, except in 



0eoy>eco Oqeo/zctt. 311 

some of the later writers, who occasionally leave tf of this verb 
open, edee Plut. Marc. 20 ; Herodn. 5, 6, 7, but nap-tdei 5, 6, 8, 
(6eei> Diod. Sic. 16, 94 (Vulg.), but #(Bekk.), Kar-fdeev Heliod. 
2, 1 2 (Bekk.) This verb is rare in Tragedy : in simple, only 
Eur. Ion 1217, in comp. \nrep- Eur. Andr. 195. Fr. 232 (D.) ; 
and Aesch. Eum. 562 : more frequent in Comedy : in simple 
eighteen or nineteen times in Aristoph. : in Attic prose, four or 
five times in Thuc., twelve or fourteen in Xen., and eighteen 
or nineteen in Plato's genuine works. In lexicons the usage is 
considerably understated. 

ewpe'w To gaze, be a spectator &c. Her. 8, 26; PI. Rep. 467 : 
imp. fdtupow Thuc. 3, 104; Isocr. 7, 46; Isae. 8, 16: fut. 
-jjo-to Aesch. Pr. 302 ; Xen. An. 5, 3, 7 : aor. -wpr/o-a, -jjo-cu/iev 
PL Rep. 372 ; Isocr. 8, 74; -rfa-aipfv 3, 17; -170-05 Her. 4, 76; 
PL Leg. 952: p. Tf0fu>pr)Ka Ar. Vesp. 1188; Isocr. 12, 21; 
Aeschin. i, 65. 92 : reg. except late fut. mid. 6e(opt]<rcTai as 
pass. Sext. Emp. 614, 30 (Bekk.); -qo-ofieVij Ael. V. H. 7, 10 : 
with fut. p. 6ea)pr]6f)(TtTai Sext. Emp. 348, 23 (Bekk.); Plotin. 
12, 13, both missed by Lexicogrs. Vb. dfwprjrfuv PL 
Leg. 815. 

rjyu To ivhet, II. 13, 475; Soph. Fr. 762 (D.), Dor. day- ; 
6f)ya>v II. ii, 416; Aesch. Ag. 1262 ; Eur. Phoen. 1380; Ar. 
Ran. 815, Dor. 6&y- Lys. 1256 (chor.); dqyeiv Eur. Or. 1036; 
rare in prose, Xen. Cyr. 2, i, n. 13, 20. Mem. 3, 3, 7 : fut. 
6^ca Eur. Cycl. 242: aor. e#na Philostr. Apoll. 333; 6r)as 
Eur. Or. 51, Dor. Q^ais Pind. Ol. i r, 20 : (p. act. : aor. pass. ?) : 
p.p. Tfdrjyuat. Aesch. Pr. 311 ; Soph. Aj. 584 ; Xen. Cyr. i, 6, 
41 ; Luc. Tim. 19. Mid. sharpen ones own weapon, aor. 
6r)gdo-6w II. 2, 382 ; drjgdpfvos Phanocl. i, 8 (Schn.); late prose, 
Philostr. Imag. 13, 24. Pres. pass. Oriyevdai Xen. Cyr. i, 2, 
10. He is the only classic prose author who uses the verb. 
Vb. BTJICTOS Aesch. Sept. 944. 

OTJEOJXCU To gaze, Ion. 6r]oio II. 24, 418 ; Qqevpfvos Her. 7, 146 ; 
Ap. Rh. 4, 300 ; Theocr. 22, 36, Dor. OdeofMt. Pind. P. 8, 45 : 

imp. {dr)evfj.f(r8a Od. 9, 2 1 8, edrjelro Her. 4, 85. 7, 44, f6r]fvvTO 

Her. 3, 136, &?TO Od. 7, 133; Theocr. 25, 108, -evvro II. 10, 
524. Od. 17, 64; Mosch. 2, 49 : fut. ^o-o/wu Hes. Op. 482 ; 
Opp. Hal. 3, 304, -Tjvfai Her. i, 8 (Dind. Abicht, ^170-- Bekk. 
Stein &c.) : aor. drjijad^v II. 22, 370. Od. 10, 180, ffrmv- Od. 8, 
17 (Bekk. 2 ed.); Her. 3, 23. 24 (Schweigh. Dietsch &c.), but 
derjo-ofiai, fdfTjadprjv uniformly in Her. we think (Bekk. Lhardy, 
with most Mss.), see tfeao/iat. Her. seems, if we may trust the 
Mss., to have used two forms, Btdo^ai, Grjeopai, both of which 
occur in pres. part. Bevpfvos 6, 67. 7, 208, drjev^vos 7, 44. 146. 



312 G^Xeo) Qnpaa. 

8, 88, but imp. always eftjerro I, 68. 7, 56 &c., the fut., again, 

always Berjao^at I, 8. 9, 25, and aor. f6fT](raTO 7, 128, -OJ/TO 6, I2O, 
6eT)<TdpVot I, 59. 3, 25 &C., fcrjo-avdai I, 8. 9. 6, I2O. 8, 24 &C. 

(Bekk. Lhardy, Dind.), so usually Gaisf. but occasionally ^o-- 
i, n, e'0/?r?o- 4, 87, Dietsch and Abicht again 0ij- throughout, 

6rjeop.cu, GTJIJO--, (drjrja--. Vb. GrjrjTOS HeS. Th. 3!. 

0K]X&>, see 0aXX&>. 

TjXuccj 70 7a&? tender, Anth. 10, 4; Plut. Mor. 999 : aor. 
fdrjXvva Eur. Fr. 362, 29 (D.), e- Strab. 5, 4, 13: p. Tf6r)\vica 
Aristot. Stob. vol. 4, p. 279 (rectius -vyica Mein.) : varies in p. p. 

T#ijAvayxat HippOCr. 2, 60 (Mss. Lit. I, 269 Erm. Kararf 6- Vulg.), 

fK-Tcdi)\v(rn- 6, 202 ; Galen 10, 354, re^Xv^ai, en- Polyb. 37, 2 
(Bekk. Dind.) ; eWe^Xw^ai 32, 2 (Bekk. Dind.), -vfuti, f<- Diod. 
Sic. Fr. Lib. 30, 21 (Bekk. -vp.fi- Dind. 30, 17); Luc. D. Deor. 
5, 3 (Mss. Vulg. -vp.p.ai Reitz, Bekk. Dind., so Kara- Pise. 31), 
-6f)\vTai Dio Cass. 50, 27 (Vulg. -vvrai Bekk. Dind.): aor. 
fdr)\vv(h)v Soph. Aj. 651 ; Synes. Epist. 146, eVc- Dio. Hal. 14, 12. 
Mid. put on fine airs, coquet, 6rj\vv(To Bion 2, 18; (Theocr.) 20, 
14. Rare in Attic, Eur. Fr. quoted, and pres. pass. fyXwo'^fvos 
Xen. Oec. 4, 2, the only instance in classic Attic prose. 

i^ira), see ddrrca. 

T]pau To hunt, Aesch. Ag. 1 194 ; Eur. I. A. 960 ; Xen. Mem. 

3, n, 6 ; opt. -par) Cyr. i, 4, 16 : imp. fdr)pa>v Soph. Ph. 958 ; 
Xen. Cyr. i, 4, n : fut. aor. &c. in Attic retain a, 6r)pd<ra> Soph. 
Ph. 958; Eur. I. T. 1426; Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 16. An 4, 5, 24. 
Mem. 3, n, 7; Luc. Dips. 2, for fut. m. see mid.: aor. 
(dfjpaa-a, Grjpdaeifv Xen. Cyr. i, 4, io ; 6r)pa<rai Aesch. Pers. 233 ; 
Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 16; 6r)pd<ras Eur. Bac. 1215 : p. rf6f]pa.Ka Xen. 
Cyr. 2, 4, 16: aor. Grjpadfls Aesch. Pr. 1072; -drjvai D. Laert. 

9, II, 4: fut. drjpadfja-ofiai late, Geop. 12, 9. Mid. drjpdofiat 

prop, hunt for oneself, Aesch. Pr. 109 ; Ar. Eq. 864 ; in prose, 
Her. 2, 77; Isocr. 10, 59 ; Xen. Ven. n, 2; (Dem.) 61, 21 : 
imp. f'drjp-, 8r)punc<r6a in tmesi Soph. Ant. 433 (trimet.): fut. 
drjpdaofjLai Eur. Bac. 228. I. T. 1324 ; Luc. Necyom. 21 (Fritzs. 
Jacob.): aor. c^pao-d/xTji/ Soph. Ph. 1007; Eur. Hipp. 919; 
fyprjo-ato Athen. (Numen.) 7, 119, -TJVCUTO Orph. Arg. 644. 

Vb. OrjpaTfos Soph. Ph. Il6, -aros Polyb. IO, 47. So Qriptvn Od. 

19, 465; Hipponax 22(6.); Eur. Hipp. 956; Her. 4, 183; 
Antiph. 6, 18 ; Andoc. i, 9 ; PI. Gorg. 490; Poet. inf. 6rjpevfp.fv 
Pind. N. n, 47: fut. %^0-co Aesch. Pr. 858 (Herm. Weil) ; 
PI. Theaet. 166 : aor. tdriptvaa PI. Euthyd. 290, 6fjptv- Pind. P. 

4, 90; -eva-as Her. i, 2oo : p. redfipevKa PI. Theaet. 200: p. p. 
rare Tfdfjpfvfiai Com. Fr. (Lysipp.) 2, 746 : aor. fOrjpevdrjv Aesch. 
Ch. 493; Her. 3, 102; PI. Soph. 222. Mid. fypevopai Eur. 



313 

Fr. 187 (D.) ; Com. Fr. (Anaxil.) 3, 348 ; PI. Gorg. 464 : flit. 
6r]pev(ro(iai PI. Soph. 222; but pass. Themist. 22, 271 : aor. 
fdrjpfvffdnrjv PL Euthyd. 290. Theaet. 197. Vb. drjpfvros Aristot. 
Polit. 7, 2, 15, tirjpfvTeov Polyb. i, 35, 8. dripeva is more fre- 
quent in Attic prose than %>ao>. Hipponax quoted seems to 
have shortened the diphthong -ev. 6r]pt,6a> to make wild, infu- 
riate, is very late in act., in pass, rare, and in classic authors 
pres. part, only, 6rjpioi>p.evos PI. Leg. 935 ; -ovvdai Com. Fr. (Eub.) 
3, 254 : p. late rediipuaptvos Dioscor. 3, n ; Apocr. 2 Mace. 5, 
ii : aor. drjpiadijvat Theophr. Char, n (19.) 

Giyydi'cj To touch, Aesch. Ag. 432 ; Soph. O. C. 330 ; Hip- 
pocr. 6, 90; -dvcov Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 254; late Attic prose 
Aristot. Part An. 4, 10, 13. Gen. An. i, 6, 3 ; Luc. Bis Ace. i ; 
Sext. Emp. 443 (Bekk.), and late 6tya>, 6Lyti Chr. Pat. 1109; 
Dor. part. Qlyoiaa Pind. P. 8, 24 (Schneid. Momms.) seems pres. 
but tiiyoicra 2 aor. (Buttm. Bergk) : imp. IQiyyave Pseud. -Callisth. 

2, 36: fat. 6ia> Herodian IT. /*. A. 22, 19 (Lehrs); Theognost. 
140, irpovdi&is Eur. Heracl. 652 (Mss. Matth. Kirchh.) : but 
mid. wpoa-dit-ei Eur. quoted (Elms. Dind. Nauck, Kirchh. 2 ed. 
&c.), because of &'erat Hipp. 1086, see below : aor. p. late IBi^v 
Sext. Emp. 435 &c. (Bekk.) : 2 aor. act. effiyov Aesch. Ch. 949; 
Soph. Ant. 546 ; Eur. Ale. 108 ; late Attic prose Plut. Mor. 
339. 665. 959. T. Gr. i7.Pelop. 28; Athen. 12, 72, Poet. Qiyov 
Pind. I. i, 18; Theocr. i, 59; subj. 6iya> Eur. Ion 560, -ys 
Alcm. 38; Mosch. i, 29; Xen. Cyr. i, 3, 5 ; Hippocr. 6, 300, 
-?/ Soph. Tr. 715; Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 30 (Jacobs, Mein.) ; 
Aristot. H. An. 6, 14, 6; Theophr. C. P. 4, 13, 3; 6iyoifj.i Eur. Ale. 
345, diyois Hippocr. 8, 88 ; diyelv Soph. O. C. 1133 ; Hippocr. 

3, 272. 7, 386 ; Aristot. Metaph. i, 7, 7 ; Plut. Alcib. 23, Biyfp.fi> 
Pind. N. 4, 35, Lacon. o-tyfjv Ar. Lys. 1004 ; 6iy<av Soph. O. R. 
760; Xen. Cyr. 5, i, 16 ; Hippocr. 5, 184, Dor. f. Btyoicra Pind. 
P. 8, 24, see above : and 2 aor. mid. late dlyoiro Themist. 4, 50. 
Vb. a-6iKTos Soph. O. C. 39. In classic Attic prose, this verb 
occurs rarely, and in 2 aor. only, Qiygs, -<av Xen. quoted : pres. 
Qiyydvo) Hippocr. 6, 90. 8, 350 ; and late, Aristot. Part. An. 4, 
10, 13 &c. ; Plut. Mor. 35. Rom. 21 ; Luc. Bis Ace. i. Pass. 
6iyyav6p.evos Aristot. H. A. i, 1 6, 5. firidiyydva) is confined to 
late prose, Theophr. Odor. 3, n ; Plut. T. Gr. 19, so aw-diyy- 
Themist. Or. 20, 235, irpoadiyydva) seems to be entirely poetic : 
fat. Trpoadigfis Eur. quoted, corrected by Elmsley to mid. -QL^ei 
from no Ms. authority, but because mid. Qi&rai occurs Eur. 
Hipp. 1086. This to be sure gives an air of probability to the 
emendation, but it is somewhat weakened by rfdi^erai (Ms. A.) 
adopted by Kirchhoff in i ed. though Qi^ca. in 2. Hesych. has 



314 GXaco Qvrj<TKW. 



Of the pres. 6iya>, Oiyei Chr. Pat. quoted is the only 
decided instance we ever met. 

Xdu To bruise, break^ices. rare and late, 0\S>a-a Galen 4, 83; 
6\av 4, 113, indie. &a-0Xo>o-i Ael. N. A. 4, 21 : imp. e<9Xa Babr. 
125, avyKaT- Athen. (Mach.) 8, 41 : fut. 6\acra> Galen 4, 24, eV- 
Hippocr. 7, 276 (Lit.): aor. etfXacra Od. 18, 97; Hes. Sc. 140, 
Epic 6Xd<ra-a II. 5, 307 : p. Tt6\aKores late (if genuine) Herm. 
Past. p. 77, but vvv-Tt6\aKfv Theod. Prodr. Catomyom. 374 : p. p. 
redXacr^ai Theocr. 22, 45 (Mss. Vulg. Mein. Ahr. Ziegl. -ay/u 
Vat. A. Br. Valck.) ; Dioscor. 5, 44, <nv- Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 
510 : aor. fd\d<r6r)v Hippocr. 6, 406 (Lit.); Aristot. Meteor. 4, 
9, 12 ; Dio Cass. 57, 22 (21), aw- Aristot. Probl. i, 38 : fut. 
late 6\a(r6r)ff6fjifvos Galen 3, 851. 4, 61. Vb. 6\aa-r6s Ar. Fr. 
345- P-P- cQXavpfvos without redupl. occurs Athen. 15, 57. 

\t|3u (T) To press, Ar. Pax 1239; Aristot. Probl. 24, 13; 
Plut. Mor. 141; GXipatv Dem. 18, 260 ; Luc. Nigr. 13: fut. 
6\fyu> Or. Sib. 3, 182; Eustath. 5, 14 (Herch.), dno- Eur. Cycl. 
237 (Vulg. Herm. Kirchh. Nauck, dnd\tya> Ruhnk. Dind. Nauck 
3 ed.) : aor. e0uf a PI. Tim. 60 ; Callim. Del. 35, 0\fyc Opp. 
C. 4, 331; fafyas Orph. Lith. 746: p. re'0Ai0a Polyb. 18, 7: 
p.p. TfffhifjL(uu Aristot. Probl. 20, 23; Anth. 7, 472: aor. (d\i(f>6r)v 
PI. Tim. 91, <nv- ibid. : 2 aor. cdXtprjv Aristot. Probl. 20, 23; 
Dioscor. 3, 7; Geop. 6, 16, - Hippocr. 2, 113 (Lind. Mack. 
eK(j)\ipfj Kiihn, Lit.) ; and late PluL Cleom. 28 (Bekk. Sint.) : 
fut. late ^XtjSijo-o/iai Soran. Ephes. p. 41 (Ermerins) ; Herm. Past. 
p. 71 ; Eustath. 3, 4 (Herch.) Mid. to press, rub oneself, fut. 
ffkfyofuu Od. 17, 221. Buttmann mistakes in giving e0Xi/3i?v as 
the only pass. aor. eSXtyfyv is classic : Aristot. has both forms 
QXifiels, d\i4>6!j Probl. 20, 23. Schneider reads with Ms. Vat. 
TrXeupj/tn BXifiei Opp. Cyn. 2, 281 : he might have preserved 
I by reading ir\tvpals with Ms. Ven. The simple verb is not in 
Tragedy, unless ^Xt/So^eVqs \>z genuine, Soph. Fr. Amph. i, i (Br.) 
Dind. rejects it. 

crjffKU) To be dying, die, Od. 12, 22; Simon. Am. i, 17; 
Aesch. Fr. 299; Soph. O. C. 611 ; Com. Fr. (Philem.) 4, 47; 
Hippocr. 5, 134 (Lit.); -Antiph. 5, 48; Aristot. H. An. 9, 40, 
24 ; -O-/KOI PI. Phaed. 72 ; -eVa PI. Leg. 946 ; -a>v Thuc. 2, 53. 
54; -eiv Hippocr. 5, 134, Dor. Qvdancu Pind. Ol. 2, 19 ; Aesch. 
Sept. 748 (chor.); Theocr. i, 135, late if correct re^ovco), irpo- 
Aretae. 70, 5 : imp. WV^^KOV Soph. Tr. 708 ; Hippocr. 2, 630. 
640. 642. 646. 5, 336 ; Thuc. 2, 48. 51, OvtjvKov II. i, 383 ; Hes. 
Op. 116: fut. (dava>, OTTO- Ephr. Syr. vol. 3, p. 241, ajro-dv^at 
Aesop 152, p. 92 Cor.) davovfjuu Simon. C. 85, 9 (Bergk) ; 
Soph. Ant. 462 ; Eur. Tr. 1056 ; Hippocr. 8, 70. 98. 356 (Mss 



315 

Lit.), in Comedy and Attic prose OTTO- Ar. Eq. 68 ; Andoc. i, 
33 ; PL Gorg. 481 ; Xen. Cyr. 7, i, 19 ; -davolvro 7, 5, 34, Epic 
BaveofMi, -efa-6ai II. 4, 12 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 626 ', Theocr. 22, 18, Ion. 

prose OTTO- 2 sing, diro-tiaveai Her. 4, 163, -teat (Stein), -fovrat 4, 

95 ; -ef<T0ai Hippocr. 7, 218 (Lit.); but -fvpcvos if correct, Her. 
7, 134, see dp.vva: dv^ofmi only Anth. 9, 354 ; and Polyaen. Str. 
5, 2, 22 : also rtdi>f]i-a> once in .Trag. Aesch. Ag. 1279 ; Ar. Ach. 
590. Nub. 1436. Vesp. 654 ; PL Gorg. 469 ; -ow Ar. Ach. 
325 : and perhaps late T(di>r]op.ai unless genuine Lys. Fr. 112 
(B. Saupp.) ; v. r. Ar. Ach. Nub. Vesp. ; PL Gorg. quoted ; 
Luc. Pise. 10. Char. 8 ; Ael. H. A. 2, 46. V. H. 12, 29; Diog. 
Laert. 5, 20 ; Ach. Tat. 4, i ; Plut. Mor. 1082, Dor. -aov/u 
219: 1 aor. late (eVe'^|a), -dv^avra Niceph. RheL 7, i, and 

(eQvrjga), SUbj. 6vra> AeSOp 134 (Tauchn., but fat. m. Tfdvrj^ofMi 

Halm 334): p. Tf6vT)Ka II. 18, 12; Aesch. Ch. 893; Soph. El. 
1152; Ar. Thesm. 885; Her. i, 124; Antiph. 3, y, 10; Thuc. 
2, 6 ; PL Apol. 41 ; Xen. An. 2, 5, 38 ; Lys. 13, 84, Dor. i pi. 
TfQv&Kanfs Theocr. 2, 5, 3 pi. -aKovn Plut. Lycurg. 20 ; -aws 
Find. N. 7, 32 : pip. fredv^Keiv Antiph. 4, ;3, 3. 5, 70; Lys. 19, 
48, Aeol. TfdvuKTjv Sapph. 2, 15, 3 pi. -rjKrav Thuc. 7, 85 ; Andoc. 
i, 52, which occur also in the syncop. forms, 3 dual riOvurov 

Xen. An. 4, I, 19, pi. redva^v PL Gorg. 492, redvaa-i II. 22, 52 J 

Simon. C. 96 ; Aesch. Sept. 805 ; Soph. Aj. 99 ; Com. Fr. 

(Antiph.) 3, 29 ; Thuc. 3, 113; LyS. 13, 38. 89 : pip. eredvaa-av 

Antiph. 5, 70 ; Andoc. i, 59 ; Xen. Hell. 6, 4, 16, OTT- Od. 12, 
393; opt. re 6vairjv II. 18,98; Theogn. 343 ; Mimnerm. i; Xen. 
Hell. 4, 3, 10. 7, i, 32; Luc. Enc. 46; Alciphr. i, 21, -vditv 
Xen. Ages. 7, 5 (but subj. T(6vf)Ka> Thuc. 8, 74); TtGvadi II. 22, 
365, -a 15, 496; PL Leg. 933; Dem. 9, 44; inf. Teft/^AceW 
Soph. Aj. 479; Com. Fr. (Ant.) 3, 66; Lys. 13, 94, sync. 
Ttdvavai Simon. Am. 3 ; Ar. Ran. 1012 ; Com. Fr. (PL) 2, 640 ; 
Her. i, 31 ; Antiph. 5, 29 ; Thuc. 8, 92 ; Lys. 10, 28 ; Isocr. 
10, 27. 53. 18, 53; Dinarch. i, 40; PL Phaed. 67, and reQvavai 
Mimnerm. Fr. 2, 10 (Vulg. Bergk 2 ed., -dpevai 3 ed.); Aesch. 
Ag. 539 (-dvai Herm. Weil, Dind. 5 ed.) ; Chr. Pat. 698 (but 
Ael. V. H. 3, 2, 3. 12, 3. 57, should perhaps be -avat, and so 
now Hercher edits), Epic TtBvu^v II. 15, 497, rfdvapevai II. 24, 
225; Tyrt. 10, i; Mimnerm. 2, 10 (Bergk sed.); Te&^Kco? 
Theogn. 1230; Aesch. Ag. 869 ; Soph. Phil. 435 ; Antiph. i, 3; 
Andoc. 4, 38 ; Thuc. 3, 98, Dor. -aws Pind. N. 7, 32, TtBvrjKwa 
Od. 4, 734 (Mss. Wolf, La R. Ameis, Diintz. Bekk. now, Horn. 
Blatt. p. 228); Hippon. 29 (Bergk); Eur. Or. 109; Plut. Ant. 
85, Epic re^vla Od. quoted (Mss. Thiersch, Dind. La R. Bekk. 
in ed.), redvrjKos PL Phaed. 7 1 ; Aesch. 2, 34, syncop. TfQvews 



3 I 6 6l>l]<TKO). 

Theogn. 1192; Ar. Av. 476; Her. 9, 120; Thuc. 3, 109; 
Andoc. i, 119 ; PI. Leg. 874, TedveSxra Lys. 31, 22 ; Dem. 40, 
27, neut. (renews?) Ttdveos Her. i, 112 ; Hippocr. 5, 212. 7, 350 
(Lit.); Aristot. de gen. An. i, 23, gen. Tf6vfS>ros Od. 19, 331 ; 
Ar. Ran. 1028; Her. 5, 68; Antiph. i, 4; Thuc. 5, 13 ; Lys. 

1, 14 ; Isocr. 19, 3, neut. PL Tim. 85 (-eoros masc. Anth. App. 
Epigr. 14 ; Q. Sm. 7, 65 Vulg. *aoVop Koechly), -com Antiph. 

I, 4, -euro Aesch. Ch. 682, -ecora? PI. Leg. 909, ra -eura Phaed. 

72, Horn. usu. Tedvriws II. 17, 161 ; Simon. C. 129, -?coros II. 6, 
71 ; Hes. Sc. 454, and -r]6ros II. 17, 435. Od. 24, 56, Dor. -adros 
Pind. N. 10, 74, fern. Tfdvrjvtrjs, Kara- Od. n, 141, redveiws is not 
favoured in II. and Od. either by Wolf, Spitzn. or Bekk. Heyne, 
again, adopted it, and Buttm. allowed gen. -etwroy. It is more 
readily admitted in later Poets, Theocr. 25, 273 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 
461 ; Q. Sm. 5, 502 ; Tryphiod. 178 ; Orph. Lith. 52:2 aor. 
fddvov Poet. Ionic and late Attic prose, i pers. rare -avov Anth. 
7> 33 6 - 349- i4> 32. Epic Bdvov Od. n, 412; Anth. 7, 167, 
eBavfs Aesch. Sept. 961 ; Soph. Ant. 1268, Bdvts II. 22, 486, 
Wave II. 21, 610; Soph. O. C. 1706; Hippocr. 3, 116. 118. 5, 
208. 214, and often (Lit.) ; Boeot. Inscr. 63 (Keil); Joseph. 17, 
5, 7 ; in tmesi Her. 6, 114. 8, 89, Gave II. 2, 642 ; Pind. P. u, 
31, Wavov Simon. C. 97 ; Ar. Thesm. 865; Hippocr. 5, 240 ; 
Plut. Pelop. i ; Pseud.-Callisth. 2, 32, Qdvov Od. n, 389 ; Pind. 
P. n, 31 ; Aesch. Pers. 490 (trimet.), in classic Attic prose dn- 
fdavov, -a &c. Antiph. 3, i. 5, 21. 26 ; Thuc. i, 134 ; PI. Apol. 
32 ; subj. 0di>m IL n, 455 ; Eur. Tr. 904, 6dvr\ Aesch. Ag. 1318, 
OTTO- PI. Gorg. 524, ddvrjs Soph. Ant. 546, Bdvyo-t II. 19, 228 &c. 

pi. Qdvatifv Od. 12, 156, Dor. -cofjLfS Mosch. 3, IO5, 6dva><ri II. 7, 

410; Aesch. Sept. 735; App. Civ. i, 43; Qdvoipi Soph. O. C. 
1306, dno- Xen. Hell. 7, 3, 9, Bdvois Hes. Op. 378 ; Soph. El. 
583 ; Eur. Med. 715, -ot Od. 15, 359 ; Soph. Aj. 533 ; Polyb. 
9, 40, Bdvoifv Od. 22, 472, dno- PI. Men. 91 ; imper. rare, Gave 

II. 21, 106 ; Epist. Socrat. 14; davtlv Horn, once II. 7, 52 ; Hes. 
Op. 175. 687; Pind. Ol. i, 82; Aesch. Ag. 550; Soph. Ant. 
72; Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 697. (Philem.) 4, 63 ; Hippocr. 5, 670. 
8, 30; Plut. Sert. cum Eum. 2 ; Dio Cass. 63, 28 ; App. Civ. 

2, 47; Anton. Lib. 19, Qaveeiv II. 22, 426. Od. i, 59. 4, 562. 5, 

308 (dno- Her. I, 85), BavfUfv Pind. P. 4, 72, Aeol. 6dvrjv, KOT- 

Alcae. 30; Bavav II. 23, 223. Od. 24, 93; Soph. Ph. 624; Ar. 
Ach. 893 ; Luc. D. Mort. 5, 2 ; Diog. Laert. 4, 21 ; Apollod. 3, 
5, 5; Strab. 11,8,6; Sext. Emp. 445, OTTO- Thuc. 3, 109, ev- 
Lys. 16, 15, Aeol. and Dor. Bavoiva Theocr. 4, 38, KOT- Sapph. 
68, dno- Pind. Ol. 2, 25, Dor. dat. pi. &wWfo-o-i Pind. Ol. 8, 77. 
It is said that renews is never syncopated redvus ; but Herodian's 



Gj/jjcncw. 317 



expression " redvews Stspij/wwas" proves that Tfdv&s was in use ; 
indeed it actually occurs in the lately discovered Fab. of Babrius, 
TfOviixras 45, 9 ; in an Epigram edited by Welcker, see Her- 
mann's Opusc. 4, 313 ; (Luc.) Trag. 9 (Mss. Dind.) ; Eur. Supp. 
273 hexamet. (Heath, Nauck), and Dind. with a "recte for- 
tasse" rather approves, but edits with Reiske rtdveus. In earlier 
writers the fut. m. redv^ofuu has, since the days of R. Dawes, 
been rather yielding to the act. form Tf6vr)a>. At PI. Gorg. 469, 
3 sing. re6vr)gfi. is supported by, if not all, the best Mss. and 
Tf6vr)gofj.fv Aesch. Ag. 1279, TfQvrigav Ar. Ach. 325, by both Mss. 
and metre, rtdv^ti, again, 2 sing. mid. has all, or the best 
Mss. support, Ar. Ach. 590. Vesp. 654. Nub. 1436, and is so 
edited by JBrunck, Bekk. Richter &c., but act. rtdv^eis by Dawes, 
Elms. Dind. and even Bergk, who, to his credit we say it, is 
usually rather conservative. Did both forms co-exist, and . were 
they so indifferent that Ar. could use either, as it might suit his 
fancy or convenience, or is mid. rfOvfeti a clerical blunder, in- 
voluntary or intentional, for rtBvii^eis, since Ar. has elsewhere 
certainly used the act. and was nowhere under any constraint 
to use the mid. ? One would gather from Luc. Soloec. 7, that 

Tedvrjt-o) was considered high Attic, amKi^ovros 8e TWOS KOI redv^fi 

(lirovTos fn\ TOV rplrov . See Elmsley's note Ar. Ach. 590. 
In late authors redv^o^ai is the more frequent form, (Eur.) 
Epist. 4, 41 (D.); Plut. Mor. 865. 866; Luc. Tyrannic. 6. D. 
Mort. 6, 2. 4. 7, i ; Aristaen. 2, i; Geop. 13, 3; Aesop 386 
(Halm.) Bekker, in his Ar. Ach. 565. Vesp. 654, has the form 
redvricrfi, which is so far countenanced by the act. Tedvrjo-tw Dio 
Cass. 51, 13, (Vulg. Bekk.), unless this be a vicious form of 
Tfdvrjgfiv (L. Dind.) which occurs in part. Tedvrjguv 58, 6. 78, 32 

(Bekk.): Odvtrai for -etrat, late Or. Sib. 12, 91, Kara- IO, 36. 

Vb. d^ros Aesch. Pr. 800, BavfTeov, drro- Aristbt. Eth. Nic. 3, i, 
8 (Bekk.) 

In early Attic prose and Ion. of Her. the fat. and 2 aor. 

Seem tO OCCUr Only in COmp. aito6avoiip.ai, airtBavov, eV-, Kara-, irpo-, 

a-w- &c. : the perf. and pip., again, with every class of writers, 
are almost uniformly in simple, redvrjKa, IreGv^Kfiv. There are a 
few exceptions, though more than Buttmann and others are 
inclined to allow, Kararedi^Ka II. 15, 664, <rov- Ar. Ran. 868. 

869 ; opt. Kararfdvatri Od. 4, 224; aTroTfdvr]>Tos II. 22, 432, Kara- 

16, 565. 23, 331. Od. 22, 448 : pip. dirfTedvaarav Od. 12, 393 ; in 
prose TTpoTfdvdvai Thuc. 2, 52 ; furedvfutTa PI. Leg. 959, the only 
instances we know in good Attic, yet sufficient to prove Cobet's 
assertion " quae forma numquam componitur" to be too strong : 
more frequently in Hippocr. and later Attic, eW^Ke Hippocr. 3, 



318 Goa^co Qoivaw. 

252, <rV- 8, 482 (Lit.), OTTO- Plut. Mor. 178. 518 ; Ael. H. A. 4, 
1 8. 2, 23 ; Dio. Hal. 4, 4 ; Charit. 4, 3 ; Trpore&^Kws Luc. Paras. 
50, -vews Paus. 2, 18, 6 : pip. irpo^Ttdv^Kfiv Dio Cass. 51, 12. 52, 
17; Luc. Tox. 60, <rw- D. Mort. 27, 3. The i pers. tOavov is 
of course rare, because the conditions are rare in which a man 
can tell the fact of his own death. Indeed, it must be told 
either by a Ghost, as &s Gdvov " thus died I," says Agamemnon 
in the Shades Od. n, 412 ; compare eWi Qavov Simon. C. 122 
(Bergk) ; tyay Wavov Anth. 14, 32, Ta$x\s Wavov 7, 336; or 
prophetically, as irpovQavov Eur. Heracl. 590 ; or figuratively, as 

dnedavov I8a>v Ar. Ach. 15; Or hypothetically, as av dntQavov, el fit) 

PI. Apol. 32 ; Dem. 18, 209: i pers. Wavov in simple we have 
not seen in Attic. The Tragedians scarcely ever use OTTC^O-KM, 
Eur. only once Fr. 582 (Aristoph. often pres. fut. and aor.), 
nor fK&vri<rKa>, Soph, only Tr. 568, and Karadv^a-KO) only in aor. 
and fut. and always in the syncopated forms KarQave, indie, rare, 
Aesch. Ag. 1553; Ap. Rh. 3, 796; Callim. Epigr. 21; subj. 

Karddvca Eur. Or. 777, -dvrjs 308; -dvoi Eur. Ale. 143; -avfiv 

Aesch. Ag. 1364; Soph. Tr. 16; Eur. Ion 628; Ko.r6avu>v 
Aesch. Ag. 873; Soph. Ant. 515; Eur. Hipp. 810: fut. Karda- 
vovfiat Eur. H. F. 210. Or. 1061 ; (Ar. once aor. KarQaveiv Ran. 
1477); vTTfp6vt)<TKa> only Eur. Andr. 499 &c. : and aor. -Qaviiv 
Ale. 155 ; -ava>v Phoen. 1090 ; (rvvdrijaKto more freq. Aesch. Ag. 
819; (Soph.) Ph. 1443; Eur. Supp. 1007. Or. 1075: fut. 
-davovfjiai Aesch. Ch. 979. Ag. 1139 aor - -*6 avov Soph. Tr. 720. 
O. C. 1690 (Herm.); Eur. Med. 1210. Supp. 769: to which 
we add p. a-vv-Tedvr}Kf from Ar. Ran. 868. 869 : and pip. a-vv- 
(Te0vf]Kfi from Luc. D. Mort. 27, 3, because the lexicons confine 
this verb to Trag. Buttmann is rather mistaken in saying that 
" the feminine form redveSxra does not occur in prose, but that 
6ava>v, ot davovrfs as adjective occurs often." For Te6vfa>aa see 
Lys. 31, 22; Dem. 40, 27 quoted; and Theophr. Ign. 60; 
Aristid. 27, 351 ; Charit. i, 5. 9. 14. 3, 3 (D'Orv.) ; 6av<bv, ol 6av6v- 
ns in simple, we have never seen in good Attic prose nor in Her., 
ot dirodavovres is frequent Thuc. 2, 34 ; PI. Rep. 468 &c., 6aa>v, ol 
6av6vres in Poet. Od. 17, 115; Com. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 269. 270. 
Qo&lu To move rapidly, hurry, Attic Poet. (6o6s) trans, and 
intrans. Eur. Bac. 65. Tr. 307 ; hither some refer 6od(ere Soph. 
O. R. 2 ; and Ood&v Aesch. Supp. 595 : imp. f66aov Eur. H. F. 
383: fut. Qodvo-o), if correct, Emped. 18 (48), -a&> (Mein., but 
-dfa Herm. Bekk. Stein). 

lfa To feast upon, only imp. f0otvaf Xen. Ages. 8, 7. 

To entertain, feast, Poet. Eur. Ion 982 : imp. e0oi'/a>v 
feasted on, Hes. Sc. 212 : aor. edoivrjcra Her. i, 129 (2 Mss Bekk. 



6dpvv/u.t Qpavti). 319 

Gaisf. Dind. Stein, fdoivta-a others) : p. p. as mid. Tedoivapai Eur. 
Cycl. 377 : so aor. tfoti/^fji/ai Od. 4, 36. Mid. Ooivdopai Eur. 
Fr. 790. Ale. 542 ; Com. Fr.(Cratin.)2, 107 : imp. fdoiva.ro Athen. 
12, 23: fut. 6otva<rop.ai Eur. Elec. 836. Cycl. 550, but -Vo/nat 
Stob. Eel. Ph. i, 41, 958; Or. Sib. 2, 158 (Mss. 6prjv- Friedl.), 
(K- Aesch. Pr. 1025 : aor. effowfio-avro Nonn. 5, 331, 6oiv- Anth. 
9, 244; Or. Sib. 2, 236: in sense p. re6oLvdiJ.ai Eur. Cycl. 377 
(Dind. Nauck, Reiske's emendation for ye doivarai) : and aor. 
6oivr]()fjpai. Od. 4, 36 quoted. 

(OpfUfU, opu) See tfp&XTKO). 

Gpaveuw To stretch on a Bpavos, to tan, only fut. mid. and in 

pass. Sense, Bpaveva-erai Ar. Eq. 369. 

pdaaw To disturb, Find. I. 7, 39 ; Soph. Fr. 187 (D.), -TTO> 
PI. Theaet. 187 : imp. edparrov Synes. Epist. 4: aor. Wpaa PL 
Parm. 130; inf. 6paai Aesch. Pr. 628; Eur. Fr. 603: and, 
according to some, p. rerpij^a as pres. intrans. to be tumultuous, 
II. 7, 346; Anth. 7, 283: pip. TtTptxfiv as imp. II. 2, 95: aor. 
pass. eGpdxfyv Soph. Fr. 812 (D.) : Dor. fut. m. 0pa|elr<u Hesych. 
Subj. aor. Qpdgrjs has the signification break, Anth. Plan. 255. 
Perf. reTprjxa may as well be referred to rapdao-u>. 

pacruVu (u) To make bold, in act. rare, and only pres. Aesch. 
Ag. 222; -ovTfs Thuc. i, 142: aor. pass. Qpao-wdfjvai Aesch. 
Supp. 772 : in same sense aor. mid. edpaa^vavro rare, Isocr. 5, 
23 ; Dio Cass. 56, 13 ; Arr. An. 4, 4, 2 ; -d^evos Isocr. 4, 12; 
Luc. Apol. 6 ; -avBai Dio Cass. 78, 17 ; Aristid. 8, 50: pres. 
dpaa-vvofiai am bold, behave boldly, freq. Thuc. 5, 104; Eur. Or. 
607; Ar. Ach. 330; -vvryrai Aeschin. 3, 23; -vvov Eur. Hec. 
1183; -vvfodai Aesch. Ag. n 88; Soph. Ph. 1387 ; -6/j.evos PI. 
Leg. 879 : imp. tOpao-- Himer. Or. 2, 10. The defects of this 
verb are supplied by the Ionic and old Attic 6ap<rvva> Od. 3, 
361 ; Tyrt. 12, 19 ; Archil. 55 ; Her. 2, 141 ; intrans. Soph. El. 
916, later Attic 0app- Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 18 &c. : imp. edapa-- Thuc. 
6, 72, ddpa-vvov Od. 9, 377, iter. Gapo-vvfo-Kf II. 4, 233 : fat. -vv3> 
Eur. Ale. 318 : aor. 6dpawa II. 10, 190. (Od.) 13, 323; imper. 
6dp<rwov II. 1 6, 242 ; -vvat Thuc. 2, 88. Supplied also by the 

intrans. dapa-eo), -ppea>. 

pau'w To bruise, Simon. C. 57; Aesch. Pers. 196; PL Crat. 
426 : imp. edpavov Aesch. Pers. 416, iter. dpavevKov Orph. Lith. 
140: fut. 6pav(ra> Ar. Av. 466 ; 6pav<rot Pind. Ol. 6, 97 : aor. 

edpavva Soph. El. 745; Eur. H. F. 780, Kara- PL Polit. 265: 

p. p. Tfdpava-fjLai Theophr. de Sens. 2, n, a-w- Xen. Ages. 2, 14, 
and redpaviwi, irapa- PL Leg. 757 (Mss. Bekk. B. O. W. Herm. 
-ova-pal Vulg. Stallb.) : pip. eTfdpavirro Plut. Caes. 1 9 : aor 
Soph. Ant. 476; Eur. Supp. 691; Strab. 15, 3, 7 



320 

OTTO- Ar. Nub. 997, Kara- PL Tim. 56 : fut. late 

Galen 10, 624. Vb. 6pavo~r6s Aristot. Part. An. 2, 6, 3 ; (PI.) 
Locr. 99, 17/11- Eur. H. F. 1096. Rare in classic prose, Qpaveiv 
PI. quoted, 8pavovrai PI. Phaedr. 248 ; -opevos Her. i, 174. 
(Xen.) Ven. 6, i ; -ovras Plut. Mor. 77 ; dpavaai Alcib. 23. 

peopii To utter, wail, Trag. Poet, and only pres. -e 
Aesch. Sept. 78 chor, (Herm.) -eo/xat (Dind.); 6pf6p.ei>os Ch. 970 
(chor.), -en) Eur. Med. 51. 

(Qpe^w) see rpecpca. 

(pe'xw) see rpfxco. 

pK]yeu To mourn, freq. in Trag. poet., in Comedy and good 
prose, confined, we think, to pres. act. Hes. Fr. 132 ; Aesch. 
Pers. 686 ; Soph. El. 94; Eur. Med. 1409 ; Ar. Av. 211 ; Plut. 
Mor. 78; -wTPl. Tim. 47; -civ Isocr. 8, 128; -5>v Ar. Nub. 
1260; PI. Apol. 38 ; Isocr. 14, 47: imp. Bpfjveov Od. 24, 61. 
II. 24, 722 dissyl. (V. Bekk. La Roche), I6pi t v- (Wolf, Bind.); 
Dio Cass. 65, 5 ; Plut. Mor. 113, -vevv Theocr. 7, 74 : fat. -rja-a 
Aesch. Ag. 1541 ; Soph. Aj. 631 : aor. tdpfivrja-a Pseud. -Callisth. 
2, 23, 6pT)vr)<Tfv Mosch. 3, 39; 6pr)vfjcrai Eur. Tr. in: p.p. 
Tfdpf)VT)Tai Soph. Ph. 1401 (Dind. Nauck); Luc. Catapl. 20. 
Mid. dpijvdadai Aesch. Pr. 43, Trcpt- Plut. Ant. 56 : and fut. 
Qprjvfjo-ovTai. Or. Sib. 2, 158 (Friedl.), missed by Lexicogr. Vb. 

BprjVTjreov Philostr. 410. 

6pic>>, see dfplfa. 

po&o To utter, Poet, especially Trag. Aesch. Ag. 1137 ; Soph. 
Tr. 1232; Eur. Hipp. 213 ; rare in Comedy, -oelv Ar. Ran. 
1276: fat. (-T)<TO>): aor. rare fdporjva Soph. Aj. 947 (chor.) 
Mid. as act. Qpoovpevos Aesch. Eum. 510. Pass, in late 
poetry and prose, dpoelade N. T. Matth. 24, 6 : aor. f0pot)6r)v 
Pseud.-Callisth. 3, 4; V. T. Cant. 5, 4; Nicet. Eugen. 2, 107. 
Rare in other poets, Gpotl Anth. Plan. 4, 228 ; Luc. Tragod. 
50; Qpoflv Lycophr. 1373; Qporjdfis Theod. Prodr. 2, 296. On 
the contrary, the comp. 8iadpofa> is prosaic, Siadpoovvrav Xen. 
Hell, i, 6, 4 ; ~6poiiv Dio Cass. 56, 46 : imp. 8te6p6ei Thuc. 8, 
91 : fat. -t)o-<a : aor. dt-edporjara Thuc. 6, 46. Pass, late -oelrai 
Dio Cass. 53, 19 : imp. -fdpotlro 61, 8. 

pu\Xia> or -oXiu To make a discordant note, jar, crush 
(dpv\\- or -cXor), Poet. Horn. H. 3, 488 : aor. late GpvXlgas 
Lycophr. 487 : aor. pass. 6pv\i^6r] II. 23, 396, which some refer 
to a form -iWo>. 

PU'TTTO) To break down, spoil, Theocr. 17, 80; -TI> PI. Crat. 
426 ; -TOOV Leg. 778, Dor. -oto-a Locr. 103: imp. efynwre Aesch. 
Ag. 1595 ; fut. late 0ptya> Greg. Naz. p. 134: aor. fdpvtya, - 
Hippocr. 2, 713 (K.): p,p. Ttdpv^ai Hippocr. 6, 548 (Lit.); 



w. 321 

Luc. Charid. 4, OTTO- PL Rep. 495, Sta- Xen. Mem. i, 2, 25 : 
1 aor. (6pv(pdr)v Aristot. Probl. u, 6 (Bekk.). De Anim. 2, 8, 5, 
VTT- Anth. 5, 294 : fut. 0pv<0i?o-o/*ai Arr. 4, 19, 2 : 2 aor. Aptyp, 
8ta-Tpv(p(v II. 3, 363, late edpvftrjv Theod. Prod. 4, 327, o-vv- 325. 
Mid. 6pvTTTOfi.ai. put on airs &c. PL Leg. 777 ; Plut. Mor. 9, 8m- 
Aesch. Pr. 891 : imp. tdpimrfro PL Phaedr. 228 : fut. dpfyoncu 
Ar. Eq. 1163; Luc. Lap. 4. Vb. fv-6pvnros Dem. 18, 260. 
The simple form seems not to occur in Tragedy, unless Soph. 
Fr. 708, be genuine. Dind. now has, we think, dropped it : 
Hartung retains it. 

Opworicw To leap, Poet. Aesch. Ch. 846 ; Soph. Tr. 58 ; 
Theocr. 7, 25; Orph. Fr. 8, 18; Opp. Hal. 2, 135, - II. 
IO > 95> <""*- Her. 3, 64. 7, 18; subj. dpma-Kaxn II. 13, 589; 
dpva-Ktov 15, 470. 21, 126, OTTO- Her. 3, 129: imp. fdpavKov 
Hippocr. 9, 90, e- Aesch. Pers. 457, Epic BpSxruov II. 15, 314 : 
fut. dopovfuu, imtp- Aesch. Supp. 874, Epic -eopai II. 8, 179: 
1 aor. late Hdpuga, dva- 6pa>t-a><Ti Opp. Hal. 3, 293 : 2 aor. 66pov 
II. 23, 509; Hes. Sc. 321, av-6- Ap. Rh. 3, 556, Mope Opp. 
Cyn. i, 520, ('K- 8' fdopev II. 7, 182, dm 8e. ..?#- Eur. Or. 1416, 
imep- Solon Fr. 4, 29 (B.), di/- Apollod. i, 3, 6 ; dopaxri Od. 22, 
303 ; 0o/>e, e- Soph. O. C. 234 ; 6op<bv II. 10, 528 ; Find. P. 4, 
36, OTTO- Her. i, 80 ; dopelv Opp. Hal. 3, 35, dva- Xen. Lac. 2, 
3, Ion. 6ope'(iv, vnep- II. 12, 53; Her. 6, 134 (Bekk.) : and per- 
haps 2 p. Tfdopa, Tfdopvirjs Canter's emendation of Antim. Fr. 
70 (Diibn.) for TC Qovpirjs. 6pu><rKu> seems trans. Aesch. Eum. 
660, see also Fr. 13 (D.) Collat. form dopvvofuii, subj. -VWTCU 
Her. 3, 109, act. form in comp. late ava-dopvvowi Dio Cass. 63, 
28 (L. Dind.), and late 0d/w>/uu Nic. Ther. 130 : tBopwro 
Hesych. ; Euseb. Pr. Ev. p. 680, wrongly ascribed to Sophocl. 

uiw To rush, Epic subj. 6vtco<n Horn. H. Merc. 560 : imp. 
(Ovifv Hesych. &c. See 6va> to rage. 

C/judiGj To burn incense,fumigate, Pind. Fr. 99, 4 (Bergk); Her. 
3, 112; late Attic prose, -tav Luc. Prom. 19: imp. '0v/W 
Athen. 7, 34 : aor. etfv/iidem Hippocr. 7, 44 (Lit. 2, 205 Erm.); 
Philostr. 318, Ion. -rjara Her. 6, 97; -rja-as Hipponax 92 (B.): 
reg. but aor. pass. 6vfj.ia6eis Dioscor. i, 82, and 6vp.iacr0fis, vrro- 
i, 22'. fut. dvfjiiadfjveTai Dioscor. i, 83, eVc- Marc. Ant. 6, 4 : 
and fut. m. Bv^afrcu pass.? Hippocr. 8, 272: pres. pass, 
tfv/uarat AristOt. Meteor. 4, 9, 28, Ion. flu/uujrat Her. 4, 75, -arat 

(Dietsch, Abicht) ; 6vpicap.fvav PI. Tim. 66, the only part in 
classic Attic. Mid. pres. imper. Bvpi^aQv Hippocr. 7, 342. 
8, 318 : fut. BvfjLifia-fTat Hippocr. 8, 272 (Lit.) see above: aor. 
6vnu)<rafj.evT) Hippocr. 7, 322. 8, 322, two- 8, 276. Lexicons 
miss the mid. 



322 



ow To enrage, rare in act. and only aor. unless 0vfj.S>t>Ta 
(-OWTO) V. T. i Esdr. i, 52 (Gaisf.) be correct, which Fritzsche 
doubts, and recommends, perhaps rightly, dv^devra offered by 
several Mss. : aor. edvpaxra, -Sxrai Eur. Supp. 581 (Vulg. Dind. 
-ovtrSai Musgr. Kirchh. Nauck) ; V. T. Hosea 12, 14. Mid. 
and pass, with no difference of meaning, 6vp.ovii.ai be enraged, 
rage, Eur. I. T. 1478; Ar. Ran. 1006; PL Leg. 865; -oi^v 
Soph. El. 1278 ; PI. Rep. 465 ; subj. -omu Xen. Eq. i, 10; -p>u- 
fievov Antiph. 2, y, 3 ; Thuc. 7,68 : fut. m. Poet. 6vfj.oja-op.ai Aesch. 
Ag. 1069 : and aor. (eflv/zcoo-d/^K), part. Dor. ^u/icoo-a/^eW Eur. Hel. 
1343 (chor.) : in same sense p.p. Te<%to-0ai Aesch. Fr. 369 
(D.) ; Eur. Fr. 1063 (Dind. 5 ed.); Her. 3, 52; Xen. An. 2, 

5, 13 : and aor. e6vfj.a>6r)v Her. 7, 39. 238, 6vfj.a>dr) Batr. 241 
(Franke); -<n>6fis Soph. Fr. 514; Eur. Phoen. 461; Her. 5, 33; 
PI. Leg. 931 ; Plut. Mor. 10 (often in V. T. cdvn<a6r) v - r - Gen. 

6, 7, -aiOrjs 2 Reg. 19, 42, -&>#;; Deut. 9, 8. Lev. 10, 16 &c. ; N. 
T. Matth. 2, 1 6): fut. late 6vfui>6^a-ofj.ai V. T. Job 21, 4. Esai. 

13, 13 &c. Lexicons overlook the mid. aor. 
Quvld), Quvu, see Ova to rage. 

Ou6ci> (0uos) To make fragrant, only p. pt. pass. Tedvcofj.evos II. 

14, 172 ; Hym. Horn. 2, 6 ; Callim. Lav. Pal. 61. 

0uo) To sacrifice, (u) Simon. Am. 20 ; Eur. I. T. 38 ; Com. 
Fr. (Pher.) 2, 261 ; Her. 6, 38 ; Thuc. i, 126 ; subj. Dor. 3 pi. 
6va>vri Theocr. 4, 21 ; opt. Qvouv Her. 2, 45 ; dve Soph. El. 632, 
6vtTG> Theogn. 1146 ; 6va>v Od. 15, 260; Horn. H. Apol. 313 ; 
Soph. O. C. 1159; Her. 7, 191 ; Antiph. i, 18. 6, 45; Isocr. 
i, 13, Dor. Bvoia-a Pind. P. 3, 33 ; Bveiv Eur. Elec. 1141 ; Her. 

8, 55 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 5, 26; Isocr. i, 13 : imp. Wvov Pind. Ol. 
10, 57, eQvov Aesch. Eum. 692 ; Her. 6, 67. 7, 191 ; Antiph. i, 
17; Thuc. 5, 50, 6ve Od. 15, 222, 0iW*e Hipponax 37 : fut. 
6va-a> Eur. Elec. 1141 ; Ar. Av. 894 ; Her. 2, 45 ; PI. Leg. 909, 
Dor. 6v<ru> Theocr. 2, 33: aor. eGvcra Od. 9, 231; Aesch. Ag. 1417; 
Soph. EL 576 ; Ar. Plut. 1180; Her. 6, 81 ; Thuc. 2, 71, <9C<re 
Od. 14, 446 ; -a-atev Aeschin. 3, in (-eifv Franke), -e Lycurg. 
99; 6v<rai II. 9, 219; Qva-as Antiph. i, 1 6 : p. redwa Ar. Lys. 
1062 ; C. Fr. 3, 560 ; Isocr. 7, 10 ; PL Rep. 328 : p. p. Te'tffyiai, 
-vvdat Ar. Av. 1034; -vfifvos Aesch. Eum. 341 ; Xen. Hell. 3, 
5, 5^ pip- fredvTo, see mid.: aor. ervdrjv Aesch. Ch. 242 ; Her. 
i, 216 ; Com. Fr. 4, 55; Aristot. Poet. 16, 6 ; (Dem.) Prooem. 
54 : fut. Tv6f)(roiJ.ai Diod. Sic. 16, 91 ; Luc. D. Deor. 4, 2 : and 
seemingly pass. fut. m. dv<rofj,at Her. 7, 197. Mid. 6vo^ai to 
sacrifice for oneself, take the auspices &c. Aesch. Ag. 137 ; Her. 

9, 10 ; Thuc. 5, 54 ; Xen. An. 5, 6, 27 : imp. Idv- Her. 7, 167 ; 
Xen. An. 5, 6, 28 : fut. 0wro/u Eur. Heracl. 340, as pass, see 



Quo) Q<apq<T(r<0. 323 



above; Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 40; irpo-6va-6p.tvos Ar. Thesm. 38: aor. 
ffavaprpi PL Leg. 642 ; 0u<ra/*ej/os Thuc. 4, 92 ; Isocr. 12, 92, - 
Eur. Fr. 904 (Dind.) ; -acr&u Her. 6, 91 : with p. re'flfyiat Xen. 
Hell. 5, i, 18 : pip. t-riBino Antiph. i, 17 ; Xen. Hell. 3, i, 23. 
Vb. Qvriov PL Rep. 365. v of the pres. and imp., though 
generally long, 0< Eur. H. F. 936 ; Ar. Plut. 1138, 6ve Od. 15, 
222, is sometimes short, Bvovra Od. 15, 260, t6\>t Pind. OL 10, 
57, 6vsff<e Hippon. 36 (Bergk), 6vtw Eur. Elec. 1141, the only 
instance in Tragedy, if ov TI Ota Eur. Cycl. 334 (Herm. Dind. 
5 ed.) be right for oSrtvi 6vu> (Vulg. Dind. 2 ed. Nauck, Kirchh.) ; 
6\i(a Ar. Ach. 792; Com. Fr. (Strat.) 4, 545, and late Poets, 
Theocr. 4, 21. In Theod. Prodr. 3, 96. 7, 421, the perf. 
rediJKa, T(6vKOTi is long ', so TedUfjLevos 3, 83. 6vu> and mid. di/opai 
seem sometimes to differ little, Xen. An. 7, 6, 44. 3, 2, 9, 
but generally dvca expresses rather the mere act, di/opai the 
object also. 

uo) (0iWu) Ouyu (u) To rage, rush, Epic, 6vei II. i, 342, -ouo-t 
Hes. Th. 874, 6vvei Pind. P. 10, 54, -vovcrt Opp. Hal. 3, 63 ; 
imper. Gvve IL 5, 250; tfuveoy II. 10, 524; Opp. Hal. 2, 564, 
6i>uv II. 21, 234 ; Aesch. Ag. 1235 : imp. Zdvov Ap. Rh. 3, 755, 
a- Callim. Cer. 30, 6vav II. 16, 699. Od. n, 420; Hes. Th. 
131, ZQvvov (Simon.C.?) 179 (Bergk), dvvov 11.2,446. 5, 87 ; Orph. 
Arg. 633; Opp. Hal. 2, 677, tdvvfov Hes. Sc. 210. 286: aor. 
rare edvva Anth. 13, 18 ; Callim. Fr. 82, tm- Od. 16, 297, Wvva 
Anth. 6, 217 ? : 2 aor. m. syncop. Qvpevos Athen. (Pratin.) 14, 
617. Hither has been referred a fut. napQixrti with v, Anth. 
12, 32. We believe the reading corrupt, and venture to sug- 
gest Trapdfd pres. of TrapaOfv. The form 6vta> occurs in pres. 
subj. only, 8vi<a<ri Horn. H. 3, 560, 6vlri<ri Nic. Ther. 129 (Otto 
Schneid.), and imp. efaitv trisyll. Ap. Rh. 3, 755 quoted 
(Merk.) 

, see 

To arm, Poetic, and Ion. prose, -T/o-o-aw Opp. Hal. 2, 
678: fut. (-Tji-v): aor. Bmprjga II. 1 6, 155; Anth. 9, 140; subj. 
-T)t-op.ev for -o>/zi/, II. 2, 72 ; inf. -}at 2, n ; Hippocr. 4, 130; 
-ijiar Opp. Hal. 2, 512: p. TfdtopTjKOTa Ruf. Fr. p. 208. More 
freq. mid. to arm oneself, 6a>pr)(r<rovTai Hes. Th. 431, -wrai 
(Goettl. Lenn. Schoem.); -OITO II. 10, 78; trans. Opp. Cyn. i, 
202 ; imper. 6<*>pr\a<j*o II. 19, 36 ; Anth. Plan. 94 ; inf. -eo-^ai II. 
18, 167: imp. fBcoprjcro-ovTo Od. 23, 369, ^wpijtrcr- II. 8, 54 ; Ar. 
Pax 1286 (hexam.), 3 dual -pi]vvev6ov II. 13, 301: fut. 6a>- 
P^ofjuai. II. 7, ioi ; Theogn. 413 ; Ar. Ach. 1135; Hippocr. 2, 
229 : aor. later f6o>prj^dfj.r]v, 6<apr)g- Opp. Hal. 3, 563 ; unless 
be Epic subj. II. 8, 376 ; as act. Oopqgaio Nic. Alex. 

Y 2 



324 OuxrOai 'Iao/A<u. 

225 : with aor. pass, as mid. 6<api]x&w av H- 3> 34 > Q- Sm. 9, 

125; Subj. -T)x6S><ri Hippocr. 2, 375; 6<opr)x6fjvai II. I, 226; 

-rixQfVTfs 18, 277, Dor. -axdfis Find. Fr. 50 (Bergk). This verb 
has also the meaning /0 drink, get drunk. The Attic form is 
6<opaKifa Aristot. H. A. 6, 18, 3 : aor. e'&opanao-e Xen. Cyr. 6, i, 
29: p. p. Tf6a>paiu(Tfi.evos Thuc. 2, ioo ; Com. Fr. (Ephipp.) 3, 
332. Mid. -lop.ai arm oneself, imp. edrnpani^ero Xen. An. 2, 2, 
14: aor. e6a>pa.Ki<ravTo Pseud.-Callisth. 2, 1 6. 

oiaOai, To feast, revel, Dor. Aesch. Fr. 44 (D.), dayrai, 6S>vrat 
Hesych.: fat. 6a>a-o\>nt6a Epicharm. 167: aor. Buo-avdai Hesych.: 
p. Tfdaxrai Phot. : aor. Gcodrjvai Hesych. 

wujxdu, some 0(o(i,- Ion. for 



I. 



To warm, Poet. Od. 15, 379; Alcm. 36 (Bergk 3 ed.); 
Pind. P. 2, 90 ; Theocr. 7, 29 : imp. laivov Hym. Cer. 435, iter. 
laivea-Kov Q. Sm. 7, 340 : aor. "vqva Od. 8, 426; Ir/vrj II. 24, 119 ; 
opt. irjvfifv Q. Sm. 10, 327, Dor. tui/aiez> Pind. Ol. 7, 43 : aor. 

pass. Iav6r)v II. 23, 600. Od. 4, 549,' tai/fli} 22, 59; lavGfis Pind. 

Ol. 2, 13 : pres. ?atVo/u Od. 19, 537, -erm 6, 156 ; Theogn. 
531 : imp. faiWo Od. 10, 359, uuV- 12, 175: subj. tatVjjTai 
Hippocr. 8, 146, missed by Lexicogr. laivatv is not now re- 
ceived Polyaen. i, i. I Od. 8, 426 &c., I by augm. 10, 359, by 
zV/j 22, 59 ; Anth. 12, 95 &c. Q. Sm. quoted; Opp. Hal. 3, 
617. 

laKx^w, see lax-. 

(i) To send, Poet. Od. 13, 142 ; Aesch. Ch. 45 (chor.); 
ZaXXots Theogn. 573 > loXXo^v Od. 10, 376: imp. taXXoi/ II. 9, 91 ; 
Hes. Th. 269 ; Aesch. Pr. 659 : fat. 2aX< in eV-taXw Ar. Nub. 
1299 : aor. fyXa II. 15, 19, Dor. taXa Sophr. 32 (Ahr.); t^Xw 
Od. 2, 316; inf. 07X01 21, 241. t sometimes by augm. f-rr-ir)\tv 
Od. 22, 49. This verb seems to have been without, and with 
the aspirate, see passages quoted, and drr-iaXX^ Lacon. inf. 
Thuc. 5, 77, fir-irj\fv Od. 22, 49, but foXXw Eustath. 1403, 13, 
t(f)-ia\fis Ar. Vesp. 1348 (Bergk), -ovptv Pax 432, '$taXfts, -ovpev 
(Eustath.), ^)taX- (Dind. Mein. Richter). 

'Idojiai To heal, Eur. Fr. 294 (D.), larai Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 
240, 7>at Hippocr. i, 459 (Erm.), Ion. 3 pi. teiWai, av- Her. 7, 
236; subj. larai PL Charm. 164; opt. itpwv Soph. Tr. 1210, 
{'WTO PI. Charm. 164; imper. 13> Aesch. Fr. 417 (D.); Her. 3, 



'la vu) 'Ia}ee>. 325 

53, ld(T0a> Ar. Av. 584 ; lao-dai Find. P. 3, 46 ; Soph. Fr. 98. 
501 (D.) ; Thuc. 5,65; Hippocr. 6, 316, but Ion. -rja-Oai 6, 
386; latfifvos Eur. Or. 650; Her. 3, 134; PI. Rep. 346: imp. 
Idro II. 12, 2, -rjro Luc. D. Syr. 2o, ->vro Her. 3, 132: fut. 
iao-o/xat Eur. H. F. 1107 ; Ar. Plut. 1087 ; PL Gorg. 447 ; Isocr. 

6, 101, Ion. Irjv- Od. 9, 525 ; Archil. 13; (Luc.) D. Syr. 20, e- 
Hippocr. 6, 150 (Lit.): aor. la.ffap.rjv Eur. Fr. 1057 (Dind.); PI. 
Phaed. 89 ; Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 25, Ion. irjtr- II. 5, 904; Hippocr. 

7, 174 (Lit), e- Her. 3, 134. 132: p. p. late tapai act. V. T. 
4 Reg. 2, 21, pass. N. T. Mar. 5, 29: aor. Iddrjv always pass. 
Andoc. 2, 9 ; PI. Leg. 758 ; Anth. 6, 330, Ion. -rjdijv Hippocr. 
7, 172. 8, 24 (Lit.) : and fut. la6r}(rofMi (Luc.) Asin. 14; Geop. 
12, 25; Galen 10, 377: and late fut. m. Ido-erai as pass. Aristid. 
47, 317. Vb. IrjTfos Hippocr. 6, 92 (Lit.), laros PL Leg. 862. 
t always long in Horn., varies in Attic and late Poets. An act. 
form (Idea) occurs late, fut. Id, Wo-ouo-a Nicet. Eug. 3, 148: aor. 
Ida-afifv Galen 10, 352, missed by all Lexicogr. Her. has dvievv- 
TOI 7, 236, 3 pi. pres. as from Ion. dvUopai, but there is no need 
to ascribe to it a future meaning. The form however seems 
doubtful, at least it accords not with the forms of similar verbs 
as used by Her. With him verbs that have a vowel before the 
termination aa> follow in their inflection the common form, see 

dviav, alndcrdai, jStacr&n, ftodv, (dv, deacr6ai, dv/Jiidv, ld<rdai &C. aln- 
covrai 4, 94, Puafjifvos I, 19, /3oa><rt 3, II*], dv-ef36<ov 3, 14, <av 7, 

18. 143, Icovro 3, 132 &c. &c. In accordance therefore with 
analogy, the correct Herodotean form would seem to be dviavrai, 

not -fvvrat. See dxeopai. 

'lauG> To rest, sleeping or awake, Poet. II. 14, 213; Hym. 
Ven. 177 ; Eur. Rhes. 740 (chor.); taw; Nic. Ther. 125 ; lavois 
90; lavajv II. 18, 259; Eur. Phoen. 1538 (chor.); Theocr. 3, 
49 ; lavtiv Soph. Aj. 1204 (chor.) ; Theocr. 17, 133 ; II. 19, 71, 
-ffjifv (Bekk.) : imp. tavov II. 9, 325. Od. 22, 464, iter. lavTKov 
9, 184 : fut. late lav<ra> Lycophr. 101. 430: aor. "avo-a Hym. 
Cer. 264 ; lavo-rjs Hym. Merc. 288 ; Luc. Merc. Con. n ; inf. 
lava-ai Od. ii, 261 ; Q. Sm. i, 670 ; lava-as late prose, Themist. 
26, 312. (i always.) Used by the Tragedians only in pres. and 
only in chor. 

'laxe'u To shout, Poet. Horn. H. 27, 7; Aesch. Sept. 868 
(Herm. a*- Dind.) ; Eur. H. F. 349 (Kirchh. Nauck, law Dind.), 
Ion. 3 pi. laxtvon Callim. Del. 146, and lanx* Eur. Heracl. 783. 
Hel. 1486. Or. 965 (Dind. ta^- Nauck) : fut. la^era Eur - Phoen. 
1523 (Pars. Herm. Klotz, Nauck). 1295 (Pors. Herm.), IOK^- 
(Klotz, dxrjv- Dind. Nauck) : aor. ld<xw a Eur. Heracl. 752 
(Dind.). Or. 826 (Dind. Pors. Herm.), Idxrjva (Kirchh. Nauck), 



which occurs Horn. H. 5, 20. 28, n; Ar. Ran. 217 chor. 
(Bekk. Bergk, Mein. Dind. 2 ed. o^o- 5 ed.) : aor. pass, laxri&^s ? 
Eur. Hel. 1147, Hermann's emendation, and adopted by Paley 
for laxn 0-17 (Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck, Dind. doubtingly 5 ed.). t, 5 
usu. if not always.) In Attic poetry this verb is always in chor. 
Mss. and editors (Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck &c.) generally have ta^ew; 
but as a is usually short, Pors. Seidl. Herm. Dind. &c. write 
laicxfto when the second syllable requires to be long. In the 
Tragedians and Aristophanes, Elmsley and Dindorf would often 

read a^ew, -770-0), -rja-n for laxeco &C. d^eti/ Aesch. Sept. 868, d^jjcrw 

Eur. Phoen. 1295. H. F. 1026, a\ria-eiev Ar. Thesm. 328, all in 
chor. A collateral form laxxafa occurs in Ion. and late writers, 
-Xafcvcri Her. 8, 65 ; -xdfav Orph. Lith. 46 : aor. -xdcras Long. 
3, n, but TT(iaKx- Aesch. Sept. 635. See foil. 

Mdxw To shout, Poet. H. Hym. 27, 7 (Herm. Franke, -* 
Baum.) ; Eur. Elec. 707 chor. (Dind.); \<L\v>v II. 14, 421. Od. 

10, 323 : imp. MXOV II. 1 8, 29 ; Hes. Th. 69 ; Eur. Elec. quoted 
(Elms. Nauck). Or. 1465 chor. (Vulg. Kirchh. Nauck, Dind. 
2 ed. avr-iaxov 5 ed.) ; Anth. 6, 217, nepi- Hes. Th. 678, iter. 

Idxfo-Kov Hes. Sc. 232: p. iax a m COmp. afji^iaxvla II. 2, 316. 

a, tunaugm. Od. 4, 454. II. 4, 506, t augm. II. 18, 29. 20, 62. 

21, IO. 

MSiw To sweat (tSoy), Ar. Ran. 237. Pax 85, at/- PI. Tim. 74 
(Ii) : but imp. *lblov Od. 20, 204: aor. idlya Aristot. H. A. 3, 19, 
8, e|- tfiib-f Ar. Av. 791. 

'iSpou (i) To sweat, -ovpev Aristot. Probl. 2, 36 (-wjuev v. r.). 
2, 42 ; but -<j)?7 Hippocr. 2, 34 (Lit.); ISpovvri Xen. An. i, 8, i 
(most Mss. Vulg. Popp. Kriig. Dind. -oV Saupp. Schenkl, 
Rehdantz). Cyr. i, 4, 28 (best Mss. Vulg. Popp. Dind. -a>im 
Saupp. Hertl. 3 ed.). Hell. 4, 5, 7 (most Mss. and edit.), -vn 
(best Ms. Breitb. Dind. Saupp.) : fat. t8paxr II. 2, 388 : aor. 
t&poxra II. 4, 27; Hippocr. 5, 150; Xen. Cyr. 8, i, 38: p. 
Idpviea Luc. Merc. cond. 26: p.p. tSpaxrm Luc. Herm. 2. In 
Epic and Ionic it contracts in a> instead of ou, ot, tSpwo-at II. 1 1 , 
598, but -a>ov<r (Bekk.) ; opt. l^pwrj Hippocr. 2, 34 (Lit.) ; and 
lengthens o into , 8povo-t Opp. Hal. 2, 450 ; iSpaovo-a &c. II. 

11, 119, iSpuovras Od. 4, 39; Ar. Pax 1283 (hexam. so vnvu>- 
ovras II. 24, 344). Strong traces of this occur even in Attic, 
see Xen. above, and v. r. Aristot. quoted, and Theophr. Fr. 9, 7. 
ii. 36 &c. see ptyda. An Ion. pres. form l^paco however would 
seem to have existed, idpaxi Luc. D. Syr. 10, -w^ Hippocr. quoted, 
-ueiv Luc. D. Syr. 1 7. 

MSpu'w To place, erect, Plut. Mor. 474 ; ifyvg PI. Tim. 66 : 
imper. l&pvf II. 2, 191 : imp. idpvov Ap. Rh. 4, 1550, <a6- Od. 



'Ifipva). 327 

20, 257 : fat. JSpt5<ra> Nic. Damasc. 52, p. 39 (L. Dind.), /ca#- Eur. 
Bac. 1339: aor. i8pv<ra II. 15, 142. Od. 3, 37; Her. 4, 124, 
Boeot. fl8p- Epigr. dedic. 895 (Kaibel) ; -vans Aesch. Eum. 862 ; 
imper. ISpvo-ov Eur. Ion 1573; -wai Ale. 841 ; -vcras Bac. 1070; 
Thuc. 4, 104: p. iSjOVKa, KaQ- Aristot. de part. An. 3,4,6; 
Joseph. Jud. B. 2, 17, 3 : p. p. iftpvpat Eur. Hipp. 639 ; Theocr. 
17, 2i ; Her. i, 69 ; Thuc. 2, 15 ; PI. Rep. 429, Ion. 3 pi. 
i8piiarn^ Iv- Her. 2, 156 ; -vvQai Aesch. Pers. 231 ; Soph. Tr. 
68; Her. 2, 169; Thuc. 8, 40; -v/W Aesch. Supp. 4 1 3 ; Her. 

1, 75; Isocr. 12, 92, but -voyxeW, eV- (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 396 
(Lit.) : pip. iSpwro Her. i, 50 ; Aristot. Mund. 6, 9, -wzro Her. 

2, 182, and v" l8pviJifvos AT. Plut. 1192 : aor. ISpvdrjv Ar. Fr. 245 
(D.) ; Thuc. 3, 72; Hippocr. 5, 150 (Lit). 3, 146 (five Mss. 
-vvd- Vulg. Lit.) ; subj. -v6fa><riv Hippocr. 8, 314 (Mss. C. 6. Lit. 
-w0S>- Vulg.) ; -vQeis Her. 2, 118 (all). 4, 203 (most). I, 172 
(Bekk. Dind. Stein, -w6- Gaisf. Dietsch) ; Thuc. i, 131 ; (PI.) 
Ax. 365, Kad- Ar. Av. 45 ; ISpvdtjvai Her. 2, 44 (Gaisf. Bekk. 
Dind. Bred. -w8- Aid. &c.); Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 10 (Born. Dind. 
-wd- Popp.), -\i<r6i)v Diog. Laert. 4, i, 3, and -VV&TJV mostly Epic, 
and late, II. 3, 78. 7, 56; Ap. Rh. 3, 1269. 4, 532. 723 (Well. 
Merk. -v6- most Mss.) ; Hippocr. 3, 144. 146. 556 (Lit.); Plut. 
Marcel. 25 &c. (Bekk. Sint.), d<p- Anth. Plan. 260, v- 10, 9, see 
below : fat. I8pw6jja-onai Dio. Hal. Comp. verb. 6, I8pvd- Plotin. 
9, 6, ev-i8pvd- Dio Cass. 52, 35, Kad- Joseph. Ant. 13, 3, 2. 
Mid. idpvopai erect for oneself &c. PI. Prot. 322 : imp. -WTO Eur. 
Ion 1134: fut. I8pvo-opai Eur. Heracl. 397; Ar. Plut. 1198; 
Aristid. 13, in (D.): aor. tS/jvo-d^" Anacr. 104 ; Simon. C. 
140; Eur. H. F. 49; Ar. Thesm. 109; Anth. Pal. (incert.) 6, 
145; Her. 5, 82. 6, 105; Thuc. 6, 3; PI. Tim. 38; late Epic 
Ap. Rh. i, 959. 4, 1691 ; Orph. Lith. 129; imper. tS/auo-m Eur. 
I. T. 1453 : p. tdpUpai as mid. Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 127 ; Her. 2, 
42; PL Conv. 195, Kad- Eur. Cycl. 318. Vb. idpvreov Ar. 
Pax 923. In pres. and imp. il in Attic, Eur. Heracl. 786. Ion 
1134, v in Epic, except Callim. Fr. 220 (Bl.) : late poets shorten 
even the aor. eVtS/wo-oro Anth. 7, 109, but i8pvare Nonn. D. 4, 22, 
has been altered to tdpve (Herm. Graef. Koechly), and to t8pvv 
Maneth. 3, 80 (Axt, Rigl. Koechly). 

The aor. form I8pvv6r)v is not free from suspicion, for gener- 
ally the best Mss. offer idpvfyv. -vv6r^v is retained in Horn, by 
Wolf, Bekk. Dind. La Roche ; in Ap. Rh. by Well. Merk. ; in 
Theocr. by Mein. Ahrens, Wordsw. ; occasionally in Her. by 
Gaisf., never by Bekk. Kriig. Dind. ; in classic Attic there is 
now scarcely an instance of -vvBrjv ; Poppo (with Bekk. Kriig. 
Dind. Donalds.) is decidedly against it in Thuc., and we doubt 



328 *IJ Ifja. 

if he would re-edit it in Xen. Cyr. 8, 4, 10 : ISpvvdrj however 
Hippocr. 3, 144. 146 (Lit); Dio. Hal. 9, 47 (Vulg. -v0- 
Kiessl.) ; -wdeirj Hippocr. 4, 118; -vpdSxriv 8, 314 (Vulg. -u&Wc 
Lit.); -vvGffvai 3, 556 (Lit.); -wdels Hippocr. i, 75 (Erm.); 
Aristot. Poet. 17, 6 (Bekk.); Plut. Rom. i &c. see above. 

("I8u) see eiSto. 

"lepu To hasten (mid. of Irjfu send), Od. 22, 304 ; Xen. Cyr. 
4, i, 17 ; imper. tea-de II. 12, 274 ; tr&u Her. 6, 134 ; Xen. An. 
5> 7> 2 5 > icptvos Soph. Tr. 514 ; Xen. Cyr. 3, 2, 10, eV- Od. 22, 
470 : imp. iffiriv Soph. O. R. 1242 ; Ar. Eq. 625 ; Xen. An. i, 
8, 26. (i Epic, t Attic.) Some write tepai (mid. of tt/u go) : 
imp. Iffujv. 

'lew 70 send, pres. partially in comp. dv-u'is II. 5, 880, /*e#- 6, 
523 (Wolf, Spitzn. Dind. -117? Bekk. 2 ed.), -et 10, 121, but &- 
t Hippocr. 5, 492 (Lit.), e|- Her. 6, 20, *a#- Plut. Ant. 77, 
3 pi. <rvv-iov<ri N. T. Matth. 13, 13 ; subj. and opt. in compds. ; 
imper. ifi Pind. Ol. 9, n, Trap- P. i, 86; Eur. Elec. 592 (in 
tmesi II. 21, 338), Kad- Ar. Av. 387, dv- PL Crat. 420; inf. 0- 
te> Theogn. 565 : imp. uiv, irpo- Od. 9, 88. 12, 9 (Vulg. Dind. 
La Roche, -V Bekk. 2 ed.), ?s Ar. Vesp. 355, t II. i, 479 
(Wolf, Dind. &c. Irj Bekk. 2 ed.) ; Hes. Fr. 4, ai>-/ II. 15, 24. 
Od. 8, 359 (-// Bekk.); Her. 4, 152, rjv-ift Hippocr. 5, 414 
(Lit.), Kad-lft Plut. Ant. 77, 3 pi. tow, fi^-iow Isae. 6, 40 (Vulg. 
fiw Hirschig, Scheibe), iter. teo-xe, dv- Hes. Th. 157, Trpo- Q. Sm. 
13, 8. The forms !?, lei are sometimes accented ??, ie, and 
referred to 1o>, see Od. 4, 372 ; Her. 2, 70. See tij/it. 

M^dfo 7b Jifo/, //ar^, also intrans. sit, II. 10, 92 (i$" Sapph. 
2, 3) ; Hippocr. 6, 164 (Lit.); Thuc. 2, 76, n-poo-- Simon. Am. 
7, 84 ; Aesch. Pr. 276. Sept. 696, /ca0-Eum. 29 ; C. Fr. (Pher.) 
2, 360. (Menand.) 4, 328 ; Isocr. i, 52 : imp. l&vov II. 23, 258. 
Od. 24, 209, dp.<t>- II. 18, 25, v<f>- Eur. Phoen. 1382. Buttmann 
and others therefore err in saying " later writers, from Aristot. 
onwards, have also a pres. iava>, Kadidva>." 

"lw To seal, establish (Dor. to-8-), II. 24, 553 ; Aesch. Eum. 
18 ; intrans. sit, II. 13, 281 ; Aesch. Ag. 982 ; Eur. Hec. 1 150 ; 
Ar. Ran. 199 ; Com. Fr. (Epicr.) 3, 366 ; rare in prose Her. i, 
198; Hippocr. 3, 470. 6, 570; PL Tim. 53, Dor. to-Set, '$- 
Theocr. 5, 97 ; subj. tfo Hippocr. 6, 238 (Lit.) ; tbi Aesch. 
Supp. 685 ; imper. 1& Od. 24, 394 ; Theogn. 34 ; Eur. Hec. 
147. Ion 1258; tfav Soph. Ant. 1000; Ar. Eq. 403; Her. 5, 
25, ifouo-a Eur. Hel. 296, Dor. -oto-a Pind. Ol. 10 (n), 38 ; t^w 
Eur. Ion 1314 ; Her. 6, 57 : imp. with augm. Ifrv II. 2, 53. 18, 
522 (Bekk.) ; Eur. Ale. 946 (but imperat. te), iter I&<TKOV Od. 3, 
409 : late fut. i^o-w, u0- Cyrill. Alex. T. 5, p. 412, but see 



"It] fit. 329 

Kad-ifo : aor. late t&o-a Dio Cass. 50, 2. 58, g. 59, 25 (Bekk.) ; 
Philostr. V. Apoll. 2, n; Heliod. 9, 4, o-ui/- Plut. Mor. 665; 
Strab. 16, 2, 26 &c. : p. I&K&S, ev- Galen 2, 691 ; Oribas. 7, 23, 
40, a~vv- Galen 4, 191. 10, 472; Philostr. Imag. 844. Mid. 
tfo/iat to sit, indie, rare, iff at Find. Fr. 123, tferat Mosch. 3, 62 
(Mein. e- Ahr. Ziegl.); subj. -rjrai Her. i, 199; Hippocr. 4, 
128. 162, eV- II. 13, 285, Ifrvrai Maneth. 2, 367; opt. -oto 
Her. 7, 15, -otro Od. 22, 335; imper. tfou Aesch. Eum. 80; 
Eur. Andr. 1266, Ion. tfeu II. 7, 115, fff'o-0a> PI. Leg. 855, -fade 
Aesch. Supp. 224 ; inf. i&adai Her, 5, 18. 7, 16. 120; Hippocr. 
4, 82. 294. 352. 8, 334 ; Xen. Ven. 9, 14; part. tfd/uei>oy Ar. Av. 
742 (chor.) ; Her. i, 199. 3, 65. 122. 9, 41 ; rare in Attic -tvg 
PI. Tim. 25, Dor. -era Mosch. 3, 58 (Mein. e- Ahr. Ziegl.) : 
imp. i6pr]v Eur. Fr. incert. 853 (D.), tfeo Callim. Jov. 81 (ef- 
Mein.), -era Her. 3, 140. 7, 44, -6^6a 9, 26, -OJ/TO II. 3, 326. 19, 
50; Her. 4, 146. 5, 18. 7, 140. 8, 67. 71. See Kadifa. In the 
trans, sense to seat, ?< seems never to occur in prose, and once 
only in Attic poetry, Aesch. Eum. 18, occasionally with an ace. 
sit on, Qpovov Aesch. Ag. 982 ; sit at, /Soo^oV Eur. Ion 1314. 
This verb is chiefly Poet, and Ion. : in Attic prose, Plato thrice, 
Xen. once : classic, only pres. and imp. 

"liqfu To send, ujs Soph. El. 596, 1170-4 II. 3, 12. Od. n, 239 ; 
Xenophan. i, 7 ; Aesch. Pr. 8 1 2 ; Soph. Ant. 1211; Eur. Hipp. 
533 ; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 179 ; Ar. Nub. 397 ; Xen. An. i, 5, 

12, Dor. irjTi, e(p- Pind. I. 2. 9, 3 pi. Itla-i II. 3, 152, dv- Her. 2, 
36, <f- 2, 87, eV- 4, 30, Attic tao-i PL Phaedr. 259 ; Xen. Ven. 

13, 16, av- Thuc. 6, 86, ped- PI. Tim. 81, a<- Xen. Ven. 5, 14, 
Ion. cm- Her. 2, 41 (Mss. Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Dietsch, cm-itivi 
Bred. Abicht, Stein, also 194 Mss. M. F. &c. Bekk. Dind. 
Dietsch.); subj. i>, p.(6- PL Phil. 62, ifj, irpo- H. Ven. 152, e'0- 
Pl. Rep. 388, Epic ifjvi Theogn. 94, ped- II. 13, 234; opt. 
Idijs, av- Od. 2, 185 ; imper. irpo- iei Od. 24, 519, dv- Plat. Crat. 
420, but vv-te Theogn. 1240, ure, ev- II. 12, 441, w- Archil. 
50; if is Solon 36, 10 ; Thuc. 3, 112 : imp. (<V) sing, doubtful 
(but Kpo-irjv Od. 9, 88. 12, 9, ;?, Trpo- Od. 24, 333 (Bekk. -Uiv,-ieis 
La R.), Irj II. i, 479 Bekk. 2 ed.), ^t> Pl.Euthyd. 293 (Mss. C. 
Bekk. approved by Schneid. Bait.). Lys. 222 (Bekk.) see below, 
3 pi. ito-av Hes. Sc. 278 ; Eur. Bac. 1099, syncop. lev II. 12, 33 ; 
Pind. I. i, 25, in sing, the form tuv is better supported, ^(pinv 
PL Euthyd. 293 quoted, 3 sing, let II. i, 479 (see tew); Eur. 
Med. 1187; Xen. Conv. 2, 22, tyiei PL Lys. 222. Lach. 183, 
iter. teo-Ke, dv- Hes. Th. 157: fut. rj<ra> II. 17, 515; Aesch. 
Pers. 944; Soph. Aj. 630; Ar. Ran. 823, d(p- PL Conv. 175, 
dv- Rep. 498, Dor. f)aS>, rja-flre Ar. Ach. 747, and perhaps (CO-CD), 



330 

av-tffa> Epic Od. 1 8, 265 : 1 aor. r/Ka indie, only, II. 5, 125 ; Eur. 

Rhes. 927, e>}Ka, irpo- II. 8, 297, av-r]Kasl\. 21, 396, Trap- PL Euth. 

301, r)<e II. 13, 204 ; Hes. Th. 669 ; Aesch. Pr. 154 ; Soph. Tr. 
567 ; Eur. Med. 1176; PL Rep. 336, i and 2 pi. rare ev-rjicap. 
Od. 12, 401, d<p- Isae. 5, i, ped- App. Mithr. 62, <rvv- Aristid. 8, 
47, vv-fiKaTf AT. Ach. 101, d(f>- Dinarch. i, 57 ; Aeschin. 3, 85; 
Dem. 36, 10. 38, 1 8. 27, often 3d rj^av Xen. An. 4, 5, 18, irpo- 
Pind. Ol. i, 65, eV- Her. 7, 176, dtp- Thuc. 7, 19, Trap- 4, 38, 
Ka0- Eur. Ion 1200; PL Tim. 77 &c., Epic 7*a in tmesi II. 

1, 48, d(p-er)Ka &c. 21, 115, dv- Hes. Th. 495 (to which some add 

Epic (ffa) avfo-av II. 21, 537' 7ra P" f^ov 24, 7 2 5 Opt. dvf(raiyu 

II. 14, 209, see Zu> sea/): p. ewca in comp. Trap- Soph. Fr. 305 
(D.); Eur. Hel. 1059 > Dem. 8, 34, d<p- Xen. An. 2, 3, 13, dv- 
Dem. 56, 25: p.p. tlpai in comp. d<p-n-ai Soph. Ant. 1165; 
Isocr. 17, ii &c., dv- Aesch. Sept 413 ; Eur. Phoen. 947 ; Her. 

2, 65; PL Leg. 637, eVp- denied, but Luc. Sat. 5. Tox. 37 ; d<p- 
fia-dat Thuc. 5, gi ', irap-tiptvos Aesch. Pr. 819, naff- Ar. Nub. 
538 ; PL Criti. 118, dv- Thuc. i, 6 : pip. ^v, Trap-tiro Soph. EL 
545, KaQ- Thuc. 4, 103, d<p- PL Critias 117, Ion. dTr- Her. 8, 49, 
<p- Luc. Sat. 5 : aor. fidrjv, Trap- II. 23, 868, d<p- Eur. Phoen. 
1376, Ion. dir- Her. 7, 122; subj. dv-edrj PL Polit. 270 &c. ; 
Trap-tdrivM Dem. 21 105 : fat. e^o-op-ai in comp. di/-Thuc. 8, 63 : 
2 aor. act. fa in comp. d<p- &c. not in sing., dual Kad-trov 
H. Hym. 2, 309, d<f>-fTr)v II. n, 642, pi. icdd-fufv Od. 9, 7 2 > but 

Ar. Vesp. 574; Thuc. i, 76, dVetre Soph. O. R. 1405, 
Eur. Bac. 695, d^- Thuc. 7, 53, dv- PL Conv. 179, 
Epic ta-av, irpo- Od. 8, 399, dv- II. 21, 537 ; subj. a>, /ze0- Soph. 
Ph. 8 1 6, Kad- C. Fr. 2, 622, Epic flS>, ty- II. i, 567, $, dv- PL 
Rep. 411, Epic dv-m II. 2, 34, II. 15^ 359, /icd-u/uv 10, 449 ; 
opt. <V II. 3, 221 (Mss. La R. Ameis, tei Mss. Vulg. Irj Bekk.), 
t<p- II. 1 8, 124, eV- Her. 3, 113 ; , Trpo- II. 16, 38, a-w- Pind. Fr. 
81, d^>- Ar. Eq. 1159; ?u Ar. Ran. 133, KOT- Her. 7, 35, dv- PL 
Conv. 179, e/iei in the dialects, /w0- II. i, 283. 15, 138, a-w- Pind. 
P. 3, 80, ffitvai, eg- Od. n, 531 ; tts, ty- 11. i, 434, see depict. 
Mid. ItfjMi to hasten, desire, Od. 2, 327 ; Her. 2, 70; PL Phaedr. 
241 ; ifitvos Od. i, 6 ; Mimnerm. 16; (W0at, e^>- Antiph. 5, 79: 
imp. lffir)v Ar. Eq. 625; Themist. 23, 298, tcro (I) II. 8, 301 ; 

Soph. O. R. 1242; Her. 9, 78, -t^firda Soph. Ant. 432, tevro 
Hes. Sc. 251 : fat. ija-eywu in comp. '<p- II. 23, 82, rrpo- Thuc. 6, 
34; Lycurg. 126 ; Dem. i, 12. 22, 37, eav- Eur. Andr. 718, 
Ion. and pass, perfjo-f 0-601 Her. 5, 35 : 1 aor. in comp. irpooyKd- 
fjirjv rare, and only indie.? Eur. Elec. 622; Luc. Bis Ace. 

2O, Trpo-jjKO) Dem. 32, 15, -r)Ka<rde ig, 78. 84, -77*01-0 Plut. Publ. 5, 

-- Dio Cass. 59, 23 ; Plut. Mor. 153, -avro Aristid. 37 (474); 



'I&W. 331 

for irpor)K<infvos Aeschin. 3, 130 (v.r, Bekk. Ed. Hal. 1815), 
Trpoa-K.rr]<Tdfitvof is the approved reading (Vulg. Bekk. Berol. 
1823. B. Saupp. Franke): 2 aor. fl^v in comp. ty-el Soph. 
Ph. 619, dv- Eur. Elec. 826, d<p- Xen. Hier. 7, n, Trpo- Dem. 
30, 14, Epic and Ion. ffujv, eWo in tmesi II. 9, 92. Od. 17, 
99, ow-ero 4, 76 (B.) ; subj. 2>/xtu, a-vv- II. 15, 381, Trpo- 
Thuc. i, 71; Dem. 16, 25. 21, 213; Plut. Them. 7; opt. 
ci^v, Trap- Soph. O. C. 1666, d<p- Ar. Av. 627, and ol^v, npo- 
Thuc. i, 120; PL Gorg. 520; Dem. 21, 212. 18, 254, 7rpo- 
(Bekk.); ov, d(p- Soph. O. R. 1521, Ion. e-eo Her. 5, 39; eo-0ai, 
Trpocr- Ar. Vesp. 742 ; Dem. 9, 51, Trpo- PI. Gorg. 520, tier- Xen. 
Hell, i, 3, 19; ep-fvos, Trpo- Thue. 6, 78; Xen. An. 7, 7, 47; 
Isocr. 4, 164 : p. p. as mid. irpo-timai Lys. 21, 12 ; Dem. 51, 
5, Trap- 15, 15, but KaG-ixp-ftpfda 3, 8, we think 2 aor.; Trpo- 
tiUfvos Dem. 19, 1 6 1, Ka6-v<p- Plut. Cic. 8: pip. Kad-wfy-fivro 
if not 2 aor. Polyb. 3, 60 ; and TrpoeipeW ^ Dem. 36, 6. See 
d<pli]ni. Vb. TOS, ereor, oi>- Hyperid. Fr. 76 ; PI. Conv. 217. 
uiv i sing, imp.^i^v, irpo-iew Od. 9, 88. io, ioo. 12, 9 (-iV* 
Bekk.), T)(p-ieiv PI. Euth. 293 (-/jjv Bekk.), Itv 3 pi. Epic for 

lea-av, II. 12, 33; Pind. I. I, 25. eo>, e;;?, erj, dfp-erj II. 1 6, 590, 

and flea, efpeia II. i, 567, ped- 3, 414, subj. 2 aor. Epic for w, fjs 
&c., and 3 sing. 1777, dv-rjij for ovr; 2, 34 ; inf. Epic If^fvai, peB- II. 
13, 114, ifpfv Hes. Op. 596, (j.e6- II. 4, 351. eWrat Dor. 3 pi. 
p. p. for elWai, dv-eavrai Her. 2, 165 (Ms. F. Bekk. Dind. Stein), 
d<p- N. T. Luc. 5, 23; dveoHrdai Tab. Heracl. 2, 105. 1oip.i opt. 
pres. act. d<p-ioire PL Apol. 29, d$-ioifv Xen. Hell. 6, 4, 3 : and 
2 aor. m. ot^v, Trpo-oivro Thuc. i, 120; Xen. An. i, 9, io. 
Some refer fut. ecra>, aV-eo-co, aor. av-ecrav, opt. dv-ecraifu to eo>, e^o>, 

di/-e't<B. i pers. 1rjp.i in simple we have not seen, but acp-t'^i PL 
Euth. 9, Trap- Thuc. 6, 23; PL Conv. 214, ^6- Soph. Ph. 
8 1 8, Ion. fj-er- Her. i, 40 &c. ujs rarely Soph. El. 566, tijo-i 
is frequent. 

According to rule, t in Epic, t in Attic. It is often long, 
however, in Horn, by ictus ; as i II. 3, 221, teTo-ai Od. 12, 192, 

te'pev Hes. Op. 59^> lipfvat II. 22, 206, peQ-lfiJitv 4, 351, ev-iere 

12, 441, pt6-icT( 13, n 6, iffifvos Od. io, 529 &c. and short in 
Attic t??frt Aesch. Sept. 310 (chor.), telo-a Eur. Hel. 188 (chor.), 
teVa Aesch. Sept. 493, ids Eur. I. T. 298, telo-a Hec. 338. 
I. A. 1101, the four last in trimeters, iela-av Eur. Supp. 281 
(dactyl). See also Com. Fr. (Anon.) 4, 652, w-V<> Soph. EL 
131 (dactyl); Ar. Av. 946 ; Com. Fr. (Strat.) 4, 545; but not 
"Ar. Plut. 75." 

'lOuVu (v) To guide straight, Poet. II. 23, 317; Eur. Phoen. 
179 (chor.); late prose Himer. Or. 17, 3, but KOT- Her. 2, 96; 



332 * I Qv 



v<a 



Epic Subj. -ofjtfv for -cop- II. 8, IIO. II, 528, -fTf for -rjrf, Od. 12, 

82; lOvvoiIL 24, 178; Aesch. Fr. 205 (D.); Eur. Hipp. 1227 
(trimet.) ; imper. idvve Hes. Op. 9 ; Wvva>v Eur. Or. 1016 (chor.) ; 
late prose Ael. H. A. 13, 14; Plut. Mor. 984, Wvvova-av going 
straight, Anth. 6, 328; -vvciv Ap. Rh. 2, 897 : imp. Wvvov Od. 

9, 78, iter. Wvvea-Kf Q. Sm. II, 101, -CO-KOV 2, 463 : fut. Wvvov pxv 

(Hesych.) : aor. Wvva Od. 23, 197; Himer. 31, 4, e- Hippocr. 
4, 182; Wvvgs Theocr. 5, 71 (Vulg. Mein.); -veias Opp. Hal. i, 
77; inf. Wvwu, KOT- Hippocr. 4, 292 (Lit.) : p.p. I6vp.fj.evos Dion. 
Per. 341, mr-iOvvrai Hippocr. 3, 438, e- 426 (Lit.) : aor. 
Idvvfyv II. 16, 475, e'- Hippocr. 4, 182. 184 (Mss. Lit.) Mid. 
Wvvopai as act. -opevos II. 6, 3c imp. Wwero Od. 5, 270. 22, 8 ; 
Hes. Sc. 324, -VVOVTO Ap. Rh. 2, 168: aor. late Wvvaadai Q. Sm. 
14, 500. (r, r once Anth. Plan. 4, 74.) Never in Comedy, nor 
classic Attic prose, occasionally in late Attic, once or twice in 
Her. in pass. lOvverai i, 194, -to-dai 2, 177. Dind. in his last 
edition of Aeschylus, writes, with Ms. M., ijvdvvtv Pers. 411. 773 
for Wwfv (Herm. Blomf.) In Eur. also, Theocr. &c. editors 
divide on IBvv- ei>6-. 

'I0u'u (u) To rush straight, Epic and Ion. II. n, 552; Pind. 
Fr. 219 (B.); -va>v Her. 7, 8: aor. *6v<ra II. 15, 693; Her. 4, 
122; subj. Idvar) II. 12, 48 ; opt. Wvaeie Od. n, 591; Her. 3, 
39; inf. Wva-at Ap. Rh. 3, 1060; Her. 4, 134. v of the pres. 
is always short, therefore eniBvova-i II. 18, 175, fVitfeei H. Merc. 
475, must, some suppose, either be written eiriQvvovo-i, firidvvd, or 
derived from eVi-&5a> rush, and I by arsis, idvovo-i still Opp. Hal. 
2, 131. Cyn. 4, 68, IBvtt 3, 500. 512 (Schneider, IBw- Mss.). 

'kdru (d) To come, Epic and Trag. II. 18, 385. Od. 22, 231 ; 
Solon 13, 21 ; Aesch. Ag. 1337; Soph. Ant. 224. El. 1102; 
IKO.VOIS Theocr. 22, 60, -dvoi II. 18, 465. Od. 19, 49 ; inf. tKavnv 
Orph. Hym. 85, Epic tKaveptv Od. 4, 139, -eptvai Opp. C. 4, 
387 ; IKCLVUV Pind. Ol. 3, 43 : imp. IKUVOV U. 4, 210. Od. 19, 432 ; 
Hes. Th. 697; Theocr. 25, 211; Bion 4, 8. Mid. as act. 
iKavofiai Epic II. 10, 118. Od. 23, 108; Ap. Rh. 4, 85 : imp. 
late IKCLVOVTO Anth. 15, 40, 38, the only instance we have seen 
and seemingly with 3. t Epic and Trag., in imp. I, I by 
augm. II. 6, 370; Od. 23, 93; Hes. Th. 681 &c. Never in 
Comedy or prose, and only pres. in Trag. 

'Ifcereuu To come to as a iKtYj/j, supplicate, in poetry and prose, 
Pind. Fr. 84, 7 ; Soph. O. R. 41 ; Eur. Or. 255 ; Ar. Thesm. 
1002 ; Her. 6, 68 ; Andoc. i, 149; Isae. 6, 57; Isocr. 14, 56; 
PI. Phaed. 114; Dem. 57, i : imp. iKfrevov Od. n, 530; Hip- 
ponax 37 ; Com. Fr. (Strat.) 4, 546 (Pors.); Her. i, n ; Thuc. 
6, 19; Andoc. i, 20; Xen. Cyr. 7, 4, 7; Lys. i, 25. 29; Isocr. 



'Iicveopat. 333 

14, 54: fiit. rare -eww Eur. I. A. 462; Isocr. 7, 69. 14, i; 
Lycurg. 143: aor. iWrtvo-a II. 16, 574. Od. 17, 573; Hes. Sc. 
13; Eur. Med. 338. Heracl. 844; Thuc. 2, 47; Xen. Cyr. 4, 
6, 9 ; PI. Apol. 34 ; subj. -euo-o Eur. Or. 797, for -even??, Scyth. 
iWfCo-t Ar. Thesm. 1002 ; -f do-as PL Leg. 730 ; -eva-ai Eur. I. A. 
462 (Mss.) now fat. -fva-tiv : (p ?) : pass, late, aor. luerevdeis 
Joseph. Ant. 6, 2 (Bekk.) Mid. t/cerevo/iat rare, Ar. Eccl. 915 
chor. (Vulg. Bekk. Dind. -oprv Herm. Mein.) Vb. tKerevrfos 
Luc. Merc. Cond. 38. (t, but t by augm. though never in 
Horn.) This verb is noticed for no irregularity, but because the 
mid. is missed by some, the pass, by all the lexicons. Besides, 
it has been treated too much as Poet, or Poet, and Ion. Horn, 
has only imp. and aor. indie. 

'iKce'oficu To come, come as a suppliant, implore, Solon 4, 24 ; 
Simon. C. 38 ; Aesch. Ch. 376 ; Soph. Aj. 588 ; Ar. Eccl. 958. 
966 (chor.); Her. 2, 36. 6, 57; Pittac. Diog. Laert. i, 4, 10; 
rare in Attic prose Thuc. i, 99 ; Aristot. Polit. 7, 14, 5 (Bekk.) ; 
iKixiififvai Od. 9, 128: imp. rare iKveiro Soph. O. C. 970; late 
prose Dio Cass. Fr. 25, 5 (Bekk.), but <i<- Thuc. 3, 33 ; Lycurg. 
21, Ion. iKvtvufada Od. 24, 339 : fut. io/xat Poet, and Ion. II. 6, 
367. Od. 19, 20; Simon. Am. i, 10; Aesch. Supp. 159; Soph. 
Aj. 1365; Eur. Ion 1037, tfu Hes. Op. 477; rare in prose, 
if correct, Her. 2, 29 (Ms. R. V. b. d. Aid. Sch weigh. Bekk. 
Kriig. rjgds Mss. M. K. S. a. c. Gaisf. Dind. Stein &c.), an--i|eai 
2, 29 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. Stein), a^-i^erai PI. Leg. 744; '$- 

if<r6ai IsOCr. Epist. 4, Ii; afy-i^opsvos PI. Prot. 311, KaQ- Plut. 

Caes. 39, Dor. igovp.ai Anth. (Glauc.) 9, 341 : p. fy^ai Soph. Tr. 
229, a$- Thuc. 4, 85, (<p- Dem. 25, 101 ; iypevos Soph. Ph. 494 : 
pip. r/a-o Hes. Th. 481; Anth. (Simonid. ?) 6, 217 ; Orph. 1187, or 
2 aor. syncop. ? : 2 aor. iKoftrjv II. 14, 260 ; Emped. 171 ; Aesch. 
Sept. 980; Soph. O. R. 318; Eur. Med. 484, Dor. -o>u> Pind. 
P. 4, 105; Aesch. Sept. 241 (chor.), io II. 9, 56, ?u Od. 13, 
4 ; Simon. C. 119; subj. IKCO/ICU II. 5, 360 ; Pind. Ol. 6, 24, uaj 

Soph. Aj. 556, Epic twjai II. 6, 143; Hes. Op. 468, -TJTUI II. 6, 

69; Soph. O. R. 76; Eur. Elec. 956; PL Phaedr. 276, dual 

iKrjvdov Hom. H. 2, 323, pi. -o>/*e0a Od. 6, 296, -rja-df II. 2O, 24, 

-WITCH II. 1 8, 213 ; lKoifj.T}v II. 9, 363 ; Soph. El. 315; Eur. Ion 
1411, Dor. -olpav Eur. Bac. 403 (chor.); Theocr. 3, 13, -oto Od. 
: 9 367; Theogn. 927, -on-o II. 13, 711; Soph. O. C. 308, 
-oinfda II. 9, 141 ; Eur. Supp. 619, -oia-de Od. IT, in ; Ar. Lys. 
1037; Theocr. 24, 9 (Mein.), -OIVTO Ap. Rh. 2, 1174 (Well.), 
Ion. -oi'aro II. 1 8, 544; imper. wceo Pind. N. 3, 3, IKOV or -ov 
Anacr. i, 4 (Bergk, if KOV 3 ed.); Soph. O. C. 741, CKT&> Od. 
i5> 447> fa<r6e II. 22, 417 ; weeV&u II. 9, 22 ; Aesch. Sept. 286; 



334 "I 



/Ctt). 



Soph. Ant. 165; Ar. Eccl. 959. 968 (chor.); iKopevos Find. Ol. 

1, 10 ; Eur. Elec. 1157. Supp. 370, not in Horn., unless iKfievos 
II. i, 479 &c. be for lK6ft.fvos ; rare in prose ucero Her. i, 216, 
-OVTO Thuc. 5, 40 (most Mss. Bekk. Popp.), but d<- 2, 48. 4, 
45; PL Prot. 318; iK^roi Hippocr. 6, 348; PI. Phaedr. 276; 
Luc. D. Syr. 29 ; Procop. Pers. p. 21, 247 &c. ; iW/wji/ Luc. 
Salt. 5, -oij-o D. Deor. 6, 4 ; IKO^VOS Pittac. Diog. Laert. i , 4, 
jo. (t naturally, sometimes Z in aor. by augm. fcce'cr^ II. 14, 
283, but fc- i, 328. 9, 185, ikero II. u, 88; Hes. Th. 554, i/c- 
II. 13, 837 ; Hes. Th. 685.) The sense entreat, which it seems 
to bear in pres. and fut. only, is confined almost to the Tra- 
gedians, iKvovfuu Aesch. Pers. 216; Soph. O. C. 275; Eur. 
Supp. 130; but Ar. Eccl. 958 (chor.): fut. io/u rare, Aesch. 
Supp. 159: aor. IKOHTJV went to as a suppliant, II. 14, 260. 22, 
122. Od. 9, 267 &c. The usual prose form is a$-iKi/e'o/*ui, a<- 
i'o^a(, d<f)-lyfj.ai, dfji-iKOfjiTjv, except in the sense to be suitable, 

fitting &C. iKvefTai Her. 2, 36 ; lKVfi>fj.evos 6, 84, -ovpevos Thuc. I, 

99 ; Plut. Mor. 6 ; in the sense come, see passages quoted 
under 2 aor., from which it would appear that Buttmann is 
rather strong in limiting the 2 aor. to poetry. ty-iKveofwi less 
freq. Isocr. 4, 187; PI. Phil. 46. Tim. 51 : fut. -igtaOcu Isocr. 
Epist. 4, 1 1 : e<f)-iKoiJiT)v Isocr. 4, 113, Ion. r- Her. 7, 9 ; ty-Uoi. 
Isocr. 9, 49 ; -iKeaBat Xen. Cyr. i, i, 5 ; Isocr. 10, 13. 12, 227; 
PI. Rep. 506. Hipp. M. 292, Ion. en-tic- Her. 7, 35 : e'^-iKrcu 
Dem. 25, 101 ; and Kad-ucvovpai scarcely at all in early prose, 
Luc. D. Mar. 14, 3. D. Deor. 8, i : Kad-igerai Plut. Caes. 39 : 
Kad-iKonrjv (PI.) Ax. 369 ; Luc. Salt. 64. Bis Ace. 21 &c. 

"lieu (I) To come, mostly Epic, i/cw Od. 17, 444, i*c II. 18, 292. 
Od. 13, 248; Pind. Ol. 4, n; Ar. Lys. 87 ; Epic subj. IKOJ/ZI II. 9, 

414, -KD 8, 509; UCM 17, 399 ; ueeiv Od. 13, 325 ; uuov Pind. P. 

2, 36; Aesch. Fr. 5 (D.), Dor. eucw Epicharm. i9(Ahrens): 
imp. IKOV II. i, 317 ; Pind. P. 4, 126 : fut. toi in the Megar. 
Dial. Ar. Ach. 74 2 : mid. tcytai, see 'ncvfopai : 1 aor. fa, iare 
Anth. 8, 170; Q. Sm. 12, 461 (Vulg. but lov Spitzn. Lehrs, 
Koechl.) : 2 aor. lov II. 5, 773, les Horn. H. 2, 45 (Mss. 
Franke, Baum. Igas Vulg.), Igev 11. 2, 667 ; Hes. Sc. 32. Fr. 82 ; 
Opp. Hal. 3, 392 : 2 aor. m. i*.6p]v, see fwe'o^tu. Pres. mid. 
late iKerai (I) Or. Sib. 9, 179, but LKOVTOI (i) 3, 802. IKOVTEL 

with i Pind. P. 2, 36, has been altered in various ways by 
Boeckh, Bothe, Schneid. &c. ; Momms. retains it, so Bergk 
with some doubt. <xw is not a prose form. dtpiKtt Hippocr. i, 
348 (Vulg. Kiihn) is, we suspect, a false reading for d^Kci or 
dvrjK- (i edit.) This has been partially confirmed by Littre", 
vol. 6, 32 (1849.) He reads e'c^/cet, and gives the variants so, 



'I\d<rKO/mai *IXXw. 335 

a^Kfi (A, Gal.) e$i?Koi (H y.) e$/m (Zwing. in marg., Mack.), 
Ermerins adopts a^et 2, p. 79. At 3, 238, Littre' retains 
afyineiv (-rjKftv Mss. M. N.). 3, 242. 5, 224 (no v. r.) IKCI Aristid. 
49, 375, is a quotation from II. 8, 192. 

'iXdoxopai To propitiate, II. 6, 380 ; Find. Ol. 7, 9 ; Ap. Rh. 

1, 1 139 ; Her. 5, 47 ; Luc. Gall. 22 ; -vK.6fj.evos Her. 4, 7 ; -o-Kfo-Oat 
Isocr. 10, 66 ; Xen. Oec. 5, 20 (Epic 1X00^(11 II. 2, 550 ; -devdai 
Ap. Rh. 4, 479, iXajiai Horn. H. 21, 5; -ao-o Plut. Sol. (Orac.) 
9, and Attic IXeofiai Aesch. Supp. 118. 128 (chor.), IXeooucu in 
prose PI. Leg. 804; Luc. Salt. 17) : imp. (Xacnco/uqp II. i, 472; 
Her. i, 50; Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 22 : fut. tXao-o//ai PI. Phaed. 95 ; 
Anth. App. Epigr. 47 ; late pass. V. T. 4 Reg. 5, 18, Epic 
-do-o-o/xot Od. 3, 419 ; Orac. Paus. 8, 42, 4, later -tigopat Ap. Rh. 

2, 808 : aor. tXao-a/n^i/ Luc. de Sacr. 12; Paus. 2, 7, 7, e^-iXao-d- 
Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 102; Xen. Cyr. 7, 2, 19, Epic -ao-o-- ; subj. 
(Xtzo-o-;ai Ap. Rh. 3, 1037, shortened -eat II. i, 147, -afrvOe Or. 
Sib. i, 167; iXao-d/wvos Her. i, 67. 8, 112, d$- PL Leg. 873, 

Epic iXacro-- II. I, IOO ; tXdao-&u Ap. Rh. I, 1093, and (iXeoo/wu) 

tXeaxraTo late, Dio Cass. 59, 27 ; -wcroyiai Pseudo-Callisth. i, 6 ; 
-axrauQm Dio Cass. 78, 34 (Bekk. -vo-eadai Bind.) ; e- Pseudo- 
Callisth. i, 46; -vdpfvos, 2, 40 : aor. p. i\dcr6r)v late in simple, N. T. 

Luc. 1 8, 13; but ft--iha.<r6ev PL Leg. 862 : fat. late tXao-^ijo-erai 

V. T. 4 Reg. 5, 18 (Alex.) t, sometimes I II. i, 100. 147; 
Theocr. Epigr. 13 &c. t in t'Xdo/wu and tXa/zai, but iXaa-o by 
ictus Plut. Sol. (Orac.) 9, fXao-&u Orph. Arg. 947 (Vulg.), I per- 
haps in tXeo/nat Aesch. Supp. quoted, and tXflardai Orph. Arg. 
quoted (Herm.) An act. fut. form e'-tXao-or>o-i occurs late Or. 
Sib. 7, 30, and a pres. tXeow Theod. Prodr. Catomyom. 203 
(Hercher), aor. jXeuxrrjTf Ael. Fr. 47, 16 (Hercher), missed by 

our LexiCOgr. Vb. JXaoro'?, dv- Plut. Mor. 170, iXaoreoi/, e'- 

Synes. Epist. 44 (Hercher) missed by Lexicogr. 

*lXir]fu 7b be propitious, Epic, of pres. only imper. tX^^t Od. 3, 
380; Horn. H. 20, 8 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 693, and iXatft Simon. C. 49; 
Callim. Dem. 139; Theocr. 15, 143; Ap. Rh. 4, 1014 ; Luc. 
Epigr. 22, iXare Ap. Rh. 4, 984; Maneth. 6, 754: perf. subj. 
IX?}KW Od. 21, 365 ; opt. iXijKoi/u Horn. H. i, 165; Ap. Rh. 2,708; 
Coluth. 2, 50 ; Anth. 5, 73 ; late prose Alciphr. 3, 68 ; Heliod. 
9, 25. 10, 1 6. (?.) 

"IXX&>, for etXu or eiXXu To roll, press, tXXe Ar. Nub. 762 (Ms. 
M. Br. eZXXe Dind.); 'XX WJ / Nic. Ther. 478, e'- Xen. Yen. 6, 15, aV- 
iXXei Lys. 10, 17 ; subj. e'lt'XXco Dem. 37, 35 (Dind. -eiXXa Bekk.) : 
aor. iXa, W-iXa? Eur. Fr. 544 (D.) : mid. IXafjifvos, Trept- Ar. Ran. 
1066 (Cob. Dind. 7rfpt-X- Phot.) Pass. iXXo'jueyos Soph. Ant. 
340 (chor.) e'TT-iXXifc Od. 18, n. 



336 e l//a<r(reo 



ru To lash, strike (ifuis) : fat. -ao-co : aor. t/xa<ra H. II, 
280. Od. 6, 316 ; Epic subj. -cnra> II. 15, 17, -do-c7# II. 2, 782 ; 
-do-o-as Hes. Th. 857. Pass, tp-aa-o-o'fiei/os Anth. 7, 696 : imp. 
lfj.da-0-fTo Nonn. 42, 491. (i.) 

'ifieipu (Aeol. <Vppa> Sapph. i, 27) 70 desire, (t) Od. 10, 431 ; 
Solon 13, 7; Soph. Fr. 689 (D.) ; Eur. Fr. 660 (Bind.); Ar. 
Nub. 435; Theocr. 22, 145; -pao-i Opp. Hal. 3, 647, -pot 3, 
48; -p<av Od. 10, 555; Hes. Th. 177; Soph. O. R. 59; rare 
in prose PI. Crat. 418 ; (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 428; Alciphr. i, 
22; -peu> Aesch. Ag. 940: imp. i/ipoi> Aesch. Pers. 233. 
Mid. t/ift'po/icu as act. Od. i, 59 ; Soph. O. R. 386 ; Eur. I. A. 
486; Hippocr. 7, 558 (Lit.); Epic subj. -ei'perat Od. i, 41 ; 
-oficvos 5, 209: imp. t/xet'peTO Her. 3, 123, -ovro 6, 1 20: with 
aor. mid. i/neipa^!/, opt. -euro II. 14, 163 : and aor. pass, t/iep&ji/ 
as mid. Her. 7, 44; -epQds Ap. Rh. 3, 117. Vb. Ififpros II. 
2, 751 ; Pind. P. 9, 75. Act. almost always poetic, mid. and 
pass, form in poetry and Ionic prose. 

'lySdXXo/icu To appear (eiSor, ctSdXt/ioy), H. Ven. 178, -erat II. 
23, 460; Ar. Vesp. 188; PI. Theaet. 189 ; Aristot. Mund. 6, 
3 : imp. tVSoXXero II. 17, 213: aor. pass, late, iv8a\6ji Maxim. 
KaTopx. 163; Iv8a\6eis Lycophr. 961. 

'bew or -dw To void, purge, (Hesych. Phot.) : fut. m. tj/jjo-ercu 
Hippocr. 8, 112. 258 (Lit.) : but pass. ? 6, 318 (wrongly TJVTJO-- 
tlvTjo- 2, 676. 132 Kiihn) : aor. Ivda-aro Hesych., Ion. IVTJO-- a7re- 
Hesych. Pass, ivuvrcu Hippocr. 6, 318 (Lit.) ; -uptvos 6, 326 : 
fut. m. as pass, see above : aor. Ivrjdeis Hesych. 

'ITTOW To press, crush, only pres. act. iTrovfifv C. Fr. (Cratin.) 
2, 71 ; Hesych.: and part. pass, lirovfievos Aesch. Pr. 365; Ar. 
Eq. 924. Poetic, for at Dem. 1441, now stands Yyp-eW (Bekk. 
B. Saupp. Dind.) (I) 

c l-mroTpo<j>eu To maintain horses, Dioscor. 4, 15; -o<pS>v Hy- 
perid. 3, 29, 6 ; Plut. Mor. 52 ; -ofalv Xen. Ages, i, 23. M. Eq. 
i, ii ; Isocr. 16, 33 : fut. -^o-cu : aor. wrTrorpotpqo-a Paus. 3, 8, i : 
p. 'nrnoTfTp6(f>r]Ka Lycurg. 139, but tTTTTOTpocp^Ka Diog. Laert. 8, 51, 
Kad-iinroTp6<j)r)Ka Isae. 5, 43. Pres. and perf. alone classic. 

"limfjjii To fly, pres. in comp. late, if correct, duTrrdvros Apocr. 
Sap. 5, n, v. r. Stemr- : 2 aor. ejrrrjv Batr. 210 (Franke), e- Hes. 
Op. 98, fit- Emped. 65 (Stein), r- Luc. V. H. i, 28, Dor. tWav, 
Trpoo-- Aesch. Pr. 555 (chor.), dv- Soph. Ant. 1307 (chor.); Eur. 
Med. 439 (chor.) ; subj. irrfj, Kara- Luc. Prom. 4 ; irraaiv Anth. 
5, 152, dfji- Eur. Ion 796 (chor.), 8ta- Luc. Luct. 3; wri^t, diio- 
Philostr. Epist. it (48 Boiss.); irrrjvai Anth. Plan. 108, OTTO- 
Anth. 5, 212, ri- Arr. An. 2, 3, 3, dva- Alciphr. 2, i, 5 (Mein.), 
irrds, dva- Aesch. Supp. 782? (m- Anth. II, 407, diro- 12, 105, 



337 
- Ael. H. A. 17, 37, as fvTrjv: 1 aor. in comp. and late irept- 

Or. Sib. I, 245. Mid. wrra/iai (as lora/im) Opp. Hal. 

2, 536 ; Babr. 65, 4 ; Luc. Soloec. 7 ; Pseud.-Callisth. i, 10, 
<p- Mosch. I, 1 6, Trept- AristOt. H. A. 5, 9, 2 : imp. 'nrrawv 
Plut. Timol. 26; Or. Sib. 3, 163. 7, 70, d<- Eur. I. A. 1608 if 
genuine, a-vfj.-nap- Luc. D. Deor. 20, 6 ; wrape vos (Mosch.) 3, 
43, Kad- Luc. D. Deor. 20, 5 : fut. irrf)o-opat Anth. 5, 9. 12, 18 ; 
Or. Sib. 8, 342, - Ar. Vesp. 208, em- Her. 7, 15, dm- Aeschin. 

3, 209 ; PI. Leg. 905 ; Luc. Tim. 40 : 1 aor. late, dno-Trrfia-avrai 
Aristaen. i, 3, for which we would suggest fut. -owrai ; Hercher 
has -TTTvvrai : 2 aor. eWd/iiiji/ II. 13, 592 ; Eur. Hel. 18, Trap- Simon. 
Am. 13, i, eV- Her. 9, 100. 101, fit- Ar. Vesp. 1086 (R. V. Vulg. 
Bekk. Richter), Dor. eVrd/xaj/, dv- Soph. Aj. 693 (chor. Dind. 

Nauck), enraro II. 13, 592, irrdro 23, 880, inrep- 22, 275 ; (irTuuat), 
nriyrai II. 15, 170, irpov- Xen. Mem. 3, II, 5, TTTrjvdf, dva- Her. 4, 

132, TTTcomu, dva- Ar. Lys. 774 (hexam.) ; Trrdo-ftu, 8ia- Eur. Med. 
i, dno- Her. 7, 13; 7rrd^ei/oy II. 22, 362 ; Find. Fr. 99. 4 ; Eur. 
Bac. 90. Ion 460 (chor.), vnep- Alcm. 28, on- Alcae. 39 ; Xen. 
Cyr. 2, 4, 19 (Popp. Hertlein 2 ed. Trrd/x- 3 ed.), dva- Her. 2, 55, 
dun-rap- Eur. Andr. 1219 (chor.), dn-o- Hes. Th. 284; PI. Conv. 
183. Rep. 469. en-niv and pres. iTrra^at in simple are late and 
rare, unless emr; be genuine, Batr. 210, (^fir-n] (Baum.) In comp. 
the former is poetic and late prose, the latter scarcely Attic, Eur. 
I. A. 1608, being held supposititious. Hirschig, Meineke, W. 
Dind. 5 ed. read with Brunck SUnr* Ar. Vesp. 1086 ; L. Dind. 
Hertl. 3 ed. Sauppe eViTrrd/iej/os Xen. Cyr. 2, 4, 19, quoted. 

, see (ftSe'w.) 

(later form ic-^/zt) To know, Dor. Epicharm. 98,1 (Ahr.) ; 
Pind. P. 4, 248 ; Theocr. 5, 119, to-as 14, 34, 10-77? (Vulg.), to-art 
Inscr. Brutt. 5773 ; Theocr. 15, 146, la-a/iev Pind. N. 7, 14, 
to-are Diog. Laert. (Periand.) i, 99, to-aim Epich. 26; Theocr. 
15, 64 ; subj. Itrdvri Inscr. Cret. 3053 ; (inf. to-d/zej/); part, tow, 
and Lesb. ivais, if sound, Anth. (Nossis) 7, 718, dat. taravn Pind. 
P. 3, 29: imp. 3 pi. lardv II. 18, 405. Od. 4, 772, seems not Dor. 
but ~Epic=fj8(o-av. The form 10^9 &c. Theocr. 14, 34, has 
yielded to to-ai? or la-as from Mss. t, but I Theocr. 25, 27. 

, see el8f<o and 'itrafu. 

To make like, take for, Poet.=eTo-Ko>, only pres. to-Kw 
Simon. C. 130 (Bergk) ; to-Kovres II. 16, 41, "umova-a Od. 4, 279 : 
and imp. tcnce Od. 22, 31 &c. See etb-Kco. Later in the sense 
speak, say, "VKWV Lycophr. 574 : imp. ?<TK> Ap. Rh. 2, 240. 4, 
92, -KOV 4, 1718 ; Theocr. 22, 167; to which some refer Od. 

19, 203. 22, 31. 

To place, simple late Orph Arg. 904 ; Athen. 3, 83 ; 
z 



338 

N. T. Rom. 3,31, e<- Polyb. 5, 35. 11,2 (Bekk.) ; but classic 
in comp. if Kad-iardveiv be correct Isae. 2, 29 (Vulg. Bekk.) ; 
Lys. 25, 3. 26, 15. 28, 7 (Vulg. Bekk.), where however Bait 
Saupp. and Scheibe have substituted Kadurrdvai: imp. 1<rravov, 
t<f>- Plut. Mor. 233, <rv" Polyb. 4, 82, fit- App. Hisp. 36, ca0- 
Diod. Sic. 15, 33. tyiaravfiv (Dem.) 26, 22 (Vulg.) is now 
fTmrfp-iTfiv (Bekk. Dind. Bait. Saupp.) 

'lordo> To place, rare, la-ra Her. 4, 103 ; Themist. 23, 292, 
lOTwo-t Ctes. Frag. Pers. 6 ; Apocr. i Mace. 8, i ; subj. loras Ar. 
Fr. 445 (D.) ; imper. tore, Kad- II. 9, 202, and tori; 21, 313 ; iarav 
PI. Crat. 437 ; Themist. 20, 234; /0 stop, staunch, Dioscor. 4, 
43 : imp. terra Her. 2, 106 ; Aesop 340 (Halm), KOT- Her. 6, 43, 
di>- Luc. Muse. enc. 7, o-ui/- Polyb. 3, 43, Kad- Polyaen. 5, 33, 4 
(Murs. KadfjKfv Woelff.) The Mss. and editors of Her. present 
both forms, rra4, 103, and torjjo-t 2, 95, vn- 5, l6, torao-i 3, 24 
(-Scrt c. Aid.), imp. IOTO 2, 106, KOT- 6, 43, and tor?? 6, 61 (Bekk. 
Kriig.), <iv- i, 196, (v- 2, 102 (Gaisf. Bekk.). Bredow thinks 
i(m)<Ti, lo-TT) the genuine Herodotean form, Dind. torfi, terra, and 
compds. 

"lorrjfu 71) make stand, place, raise, Aesch. Ch. 885 ; Soph. 
El. 27; Ar. Av. 527; PL Crat. 437, Kad- Thuc. i, 68, 3 pL 
torao-i II. 13, 336; Her. 2, 65, nad- Thuc. 8, 28 ; Xen. Cyr. 4, 
5, 28; PL Rep. 410, Dor. -TUVTI, e'|- (PL) Tim. Locr. 100, see 

below; torw PL Rep. 361. Theaet. 157; (larair^v), Kad-KTTaifMfv 

Xen. Vect. 2, 7; imper. tcn-are Aeschin. 3, 156, see below; icrrai/at 
Lys. lo, 1 8 ; Xen. Mem. 2, 9, 7, Dor. imdptv, TrapaKad- Stob. 
(Diotog.) 43, 95 ; toras Xen. Cyr. 8, 2, 21 : imp. to-rrjv Ar. Vesp. 
40; Her. 6, 61 (Bekk. Kriig. tora Stein), av- II. 24, 515; Her. i, 
196, lorao-av II. 18, 346; Thuc. 5, 74. 6, 70, Epic iter. 3 sing. 
to-Taoxe Od. 19, 574 : fat. arijcra) Soph. O. C. 1342; Eur. Andr. 
665 ; Xen. Cyr. 6, 3, 25; -f]a-fiv Od. n, 314 ; Her. 4, 76, Dor. 
o-raorw Theocr. 5, 54, ai- Soph. El. 138 chor. (and intrans. 
'OT^ shall stand, Horn. Epigr. 15, 14 ; Eur. I. A. 675 (Elms. 
Dind.); Ar. Lys. 634; Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 17 (Dind. 4 ed. Saupp.); 
PL Conv. 220; Dem. 20, 37, Kad- Thuc. 3, 37. 102, d<^>- Xen. 
An. 2,4, 5; PL Rep. 587 : and 'OT^OJU Eur. I. A. 675 (Vulg. 
Kirchh. Nauck); Xen. Cyr. 6, 2, 17 (Popp. Hertl.). Ven. 10, 9 ; 
Com. Fr. (Hegesipp.) 4, 480 (from ioTfjKo or pf. eo-njKa, see 
eVrjjKw) : aor. eanjcra II. i, 448 ; Soph. O. C. 1303 ; Her. 2, 121 ; 
Thuc. 2, 22; Lys. 2,25; PL Phaed. 118, crrr/aa II. 4, 298. Od. 
4, 582, Dor. earao-a (Anacr. 104); Pind. P. 3, 53, an- Aesch. 

Ch. 416 (chor.), oracra Pind. P. 9, II 8, Epic 3 pi. eerrao-ai/ for 

-rja-av, II. 12, 56. Od. 3, 182 (late 2 sing. (crra<ras Anth. 9, 714, 
708): p. eo-T^Ko Is/and, II. 3, 231; Archil. 21; Aesch. 



339 

Ag. 1379; Soph. Aj. 815; Eur. Cycl. 68 1 ; Ar. Pax 1178; Her. 
2, 26 ; Thuc. 5, 10 ; Isocr. 4, 180, Dor. -aica Aesch. Sept. 956 
(chor.) ; Soph. Aj. 200 (chor.); Anth. (Anyte) 9, 314, trap- Find. 
P. 8, 71, 3 pi. tffranavri Theocr. 15, 82, late ^oroKa/Liei/ Apoll. Tyan. 
Epist. 62 ; fcrrrjKri Od. 22, 469, gw- PI. Tim. 78; -TJKOI, Ka6- Leg. 

759 ; f<TTT)K<as PI. Meno 93, KOT- Her. 6, 140, aw- 8, 79, eemjKtna 

2, 126; PI. Leg. 802, -(TTTJKOS PI. Soph. 249 : pip. IvrijKfiv stood, 
-TIKI), df PL Prot. 335, 3 pers. -^et II. 4, 329. 12, 446, and 
always; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 219 ; Hippocr. i, 520 (Erm.), av- 
Ar. PI. 738, gw- Thuc. I, 15. 4, 96, Trepi- 6, 61, irpo- 8, 75 
(Bekk. Popp. Kriig.), Ion. carqra Her. 7, 152, nar- i, 81. 3, 90, 
o-vv- 4, 132, an-- 5, 37 &c. and dor- Hes. Sc. 269; Ap. Rh. 4, 
1681; Asius i, 4(6.); especially Attic Eur. H. F. 925; Ar. 
Av. 513 (Bekk. Dind. Bergk); Thuc. i, 89; Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 9; 
PI. Conv. 220; Dem. 19, 320. 37, 14, *a6- Antiph. 6, 13, -nepi- 
Thuc. 5, 73, avd- Dem. 9, 62, &- 18, 18 &c. (syncopated forms 
of dual and pi. tarrarov, earafjifv &c. see below), also fa-TUKa trans. 
Inscr. Ther. 2448, i, 27, <a6- Hyperid. Eux. 38 (Linder, Bab.); 
Diod. Sic. Fr. Lib. 32, u (Dind. Bekk.), nepi- (PI.) Ax. 370, 
crw- Anth. u, 139, fif6- Longin. 16, 2, f(p- Polyb. 10, 21. 32, 9 
(Bekk.): pip. eoroVcei, ($- Polyb. 10, 20 (Bekk.), na.6- Athen. 15, 
697; Joseph. Vit. 17. (Dio. Hal. in Dem. 54, quotes p. naQe- 
(Traitev from Dem. 9, 117, and Reiske has adopted it; the Mss., 
however, have aor. -r}<rev which is taken by all other editors) : 

p. p. rare, cora/MU, St-torapfvos PL Tim. 8 1, Kad- Polyb. IO, 4; 
Kad-earrdcrdai 4, 84 ; 3 pi. Ion. jcareoWarat Her. I, 196 (Schweigh. 

Gaisf.), but p. act. Karecrrfaai (Bekk. Bred. Dind. Kriig.) which 
occurs i, 200. 2, 84. 4, 63 (Gaisf. Bekk. &c. -orao-i Stein) : aor. 
eWa<V Od. 17, 463 ; Sapph. 53 (B.); Find. P. 4, 84 ; Aesch. 
Pers. 206 ; Soph. O. R. 1463 ; Xen. Hell. 3, i, 9. 5, 2, 43, 
KOT- Antiph. 6, n ; Lys. 13, 35, 3 pi. crrddfv for -Gtja-av Find. 
N. 10, 66, fvrad- Simon. C. 137; en-a&o Aesch. Ch. 20; Isocr. 

9, 74; <rrddr)Tt PI. Phaedr. 236, -rjre Aesch. Sept. 33; oratfe/f 

Find. Ol. 9, 31 ; Soph. Aj. 1171 ; Eur. H. F. 529 ; Her. 3, 130; 
Thuc. 6, 55 ; Isocr. 5, 148, Kara- Archil. 66 (B. 3 ed.) ; Hippocr. 

5, 308 ; Lys. 24, 9, <rvv- PL Leg. 685 : fut. ora&jo-o/iat Andoc. 

3, 34 ; Aeschin. 3, 103 ; Lycophr. 444 : 2 aor. tarrjv I stood, II. 

6, 43. Od. 10,310; Solon 5; Aesch. Sept. 1016; Soph. Aj. 
950; Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 298; PL Polit. 270, eny H. n, 744, 
dual (TTT)TT)v i, 332, av- 305, Sto- 6, Dor. foray Find. N. i, 19, 
HIT- Aesch. Supp. 538 (chor.), Trap- Eur. H. F. 439, 2 sing, terras 
Anth. 7, 161, eWd Find. Ol. 9, 71. N. i, 55, Epic 3 pi. tarav II. 
J > 535 even in trimet. Eur. Phoen. 1246, av- 824 (chor.) KOT- 
Pind. P. 4, 135, and arav II. 9, 193 ; Find I. 8, 58, iter. 

Z 2 



340 

II. i8, 160; <rrw Eur. Ale. 864; Ar. Ach. 176; PI. Farm. 130, 

crn; PI. Apol. 28, dva- Od. l8, 334, awpev Thuc. I, 33; ormV 

Od. i, 256 ; Soph. Tr. 656 ; Eur. Elec. 403 ; PI. Leg. 895, 3 
pi. oraifv, irtpi- Od. 2O, 50, irapa- Od. 8, 2l8; PI. Gorg. 452, 
very rare ormVrav II. 17, 733 ; OTJJ& II. 23, 97; Theogn. 1366; 
Soph. Tr. 1076; Ar. Vesp. 1150, Aeol. and Dor. <rradi Sapph. 
29; Theocr. 23, 38, yuera- Soph. O. C. 163 (chor.), Poet. ora, 
aTj-o'-ora C. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 182 ; arrival II. 21, 266 ; Soph. Ph. 
277; Thuc. 5, 102, di/-OT>jnMU II. IO, 55; (rrds II. l6, 231; 
Eur. Elec. 840; Ar. Nub. 771; PL Phaedr. 247, see below. 

Mid. lardfuu to Stand, II. 13, 271, urracrai, trap- IO, 279, icrraTai 

Aesch. Sept. 564 ; Soph. Ph. 893 ; Ar. Eccl. 737 ; Her. 8, 68 ; 
Thuc. i, 53 ; PI. Ion 535, and trans, set up for oneself, Her. 7, 9; 
Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 14. Cyr. 8, 6, 18 ; imper. tarao-o intrans. II. 17, 
179; Hes. Sc. 449, dv- Eur. Hec. 499; Ar. Vesp. 998 &c. ; 

Attic prose fgav- Isocr. I, 32, Trap- I, 37, Poet, larao, -nap- II. 

ID, 291 (Aristarch. Bekk. Faesi), tor<a Soph. Ph. 893; Aj. 
775; Ar. Eccl. 737, dv- Aesch. Eum. 133. 141: imp. i<rraro 
stood, II. 20, 68; Her. i, 196, torairo placed, Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 
15: fut. <TTT)<TOIJ.CU intrans. II. 20,90; Emped. 50; Eur. Hel. 
1072 ; Ar. Lys. 232 ; (Dem.) 10, 10, Dor. order- Pind. N. 5, 16 ; 
Theocr. i, 112 ; Soph. Ph. 833 (chor.); Eur. I. A. 762 (chor.); 

onjo-o/iej/os Xen. Cyr. I, 4, 23, vv- PI. Tim. 54, Kara- pass. ? 

Lys. 7, 41 ; Isocr. 7, 34 ; Dem. i, 22 ; so Xen. An. i, 3, 8, or 
reflex, settle down, right themselves ; trans. Eur. Andr. 763; Ar. 
Thesm. 697 ; Her. 3, 84. 7, 236 ; PL Rep. 484, Kara- Thuc. 6, 
83 : aor. forrjadfiTjv perhaps always trans, in classic auth. Her. 2, 
35 ; Xen. Hell. 4, 2, 23 ; PL Rep. 554, crnjo-- II. i, 480. Od. 2, 
431 ; Simon. C. 133 (Bergk), Aeol. and Dor. eVrao-- Alcae. 37 ; 
Theocr. 7, 150 ; onjo-w/iot Horn. H. i, 150 ; arrrja-alfjirjv Ar. PL 453 ; 
-qa-aadai II. 6, 528 ; Xen. Ages, ii, 7 ; -d>fi/os II. 18, 533. Od. 2, 
94 ; Xen. Hell. 2, 4, 7 ; irfpi-frrrjo-avro stood round, Od. 12, 356. 
II. 2, 410 (Vulg.) has been altered by Bekker to Trepiorrjo-dv re, 
which Dind. Ameis, La R. adopt, and luwarjjo-a/ie'i/w intrans. Luc. 
Philops. 1 8, has also been altered to fut. -qo-o^eW from Ms. A 
(Jacobitz, Bekk. Dind.); but or^o-airo intrans. Opp. C. 4, 128: 
2 aor. l<rrdp.r]v we have never met, except perhaps eararo, eW^ro 
(Hesych.). 

Epic inf. pres. tora/*ewu, Trap- Od. 7, 341, but dnuTTdptvai Her. 

1, 76 (Mss. Wessl. Gaisf.) has been altered rightly, we think, to 
djn.<rrdvai by Bekk. Dind. Lhardy, with Ms. a. c. s., see dvam/jL- 
TrXdvai 2, 129, without v. r. 3 pi. pres. in Her. is usu. t'orao-i 

2, 65. 5, 1 6 &c. but iore'atn, dv- 5, 7 1 (Gaisf. Bekk. Dind. 
Bred. Dietsch, Abicht, Stein) ; lorao-av 3 pi. 1 aor. for 



341 

seems confined to Epic, II. 12, 56. Od. 3, 182. It once stood 
in trimeter, Eur. Heracl. 937 (932), where now stands Ivravav 
(Elms. Dind. Kirchh. Paley &c.) which has displaced fvrao-av at 
II. 2, 525 also (Mss. Spitzn. Bekk. Dind.), and Od. 18, 307 &c. 
(Bekk. Dind.) This shortening seems to have some analogy to 
(irpea-f for -rjire (if correct) Hes. Th. 856, but it must be care- 
fully distinguished from pip. fa-raa-av, see II. 2, 777. 12, 55. Od. 
7, 89 ; Hes. Sc. 191. 

The pip. occurs sometimes terminating in 17, dp-for^i; with 
v. r. -fjKfiv PI. Prot. 335. The augmented pip. efor- is rejected 
in Horn, by Spitzn. Bekk. &c. with Aristarchus, and also in Her. 
It occurs, however, in Hes. and late Epic, Ap. Rh. Quint. Sm. 
and in Attic, ton; imper. pres. act. for SWa^i, II. 21, 313; 
Archil. 43; Eur. Supp. 1230, Kad- Ar. Eccl. 743, and tora, Kad- 
II. 9, 202, Trpocr- Machon in Athen. 6, 243 ; lo-rea impcr. mid. 
for io-rao-0, Soph. Aj. 775. Ph. 893; Ar. Eccl. 737. Syncop. 
forms of p. and pip. : dual fcrrdrov II. 23, 284, d0- PL Parm. 
161, pi. fa-rap. Od. u, 466; Soph. O. C. 1017; Eur. Heracl. 
145. I. A. 86 1 ; PI. Gorg. 468, eorare Ar. Pax 383, irpo- Her. 

5, 49 (Bekk. -tartare Vulg.), d<-eorare II. 4, 340 ; Dem. 8, 37, 

but e<TTr]Te II. 4, 243. 246, unless wrongly accented for eo-r^re 
2 aor. (La Roche, Diintzer), rra<ri II. 12, 64; Hes. Th. 769; 
Mimnerm. 12, 10; Eur. Phoen. 1079 ; PI. Rep. 436 ; Her. i, 

14. 51 &C. and eoreaert, tear- I, 2OO. 2, 84, av- 3, 62, pip. dual 
co-raTTjv (PI.) Epist. 7, 349, pi. earavav II. 12, 55 J Soph. El. 723 J 

Her. 4, 79; Thuc. 4, 56; Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 10; PI. Criti. 116; 

Subj. only the forms in to, TTG>, eo-raytei> PI. Gorg. 468, eorwo-t 

Dem. 20, 64, ty- Eur. Bac. 319 ; opt. Poet. eVrcuV, d<p- Od. 
23, 101. 169; fo-radt 22, 489; Ar. Av. 206, terra. Tyrt. ii, 

28 ; Soph. EL 50, ea-rarov II. 23, 443, ecrrare 2O, 354 J inf. eerracat 

Soph. Ant. 640; Antiph. 3, y, 10. 8, 7; PI. Parm. 132 ; Hip- 
pocr. 3, 324 (Lit.); Her. i, 17 (Ms. m. Suid. Bekk. Dind. 
Bred.), so npo- i, 69, avv- i, 214, without v. r. but Gaisf. eord- 
pevai i, 17. 9, 27. 28 (Mss. S. B. V.) the Epic form II. 10, 480. 
13, 56, and eVrd/iev 4, 342. Od. 21, 261, Trap- Hes. Th. 439, 
the full form e<m?Kewu in simple seems late, Ael. V. H. 3, 18; 
Plotin. 24, 4 (Kirchh.), but a^-fa-rriKevai Aristot. Audib. 20; 
Dem. 19, 143. 51, 7; Paus. i, 7, 2 &c., Ka6- Hippocr. 8, 498, 
81- D. Hal. C. Verb. 20; eVro>r Aesch. Pers. 686; Soph. Aj. 87, 
-wo-a Ar. Eccl. 64, -os PI. Soph. 249. Parm. 146. 156. Theaet. 
183 (best Mss. Bekk. Bait. Or. W.), -is (Vulg. Stallb.), K a6- 
Thuc. 3, 9, ntpi- 4, 10 (v. r. -ws), Trap- Ar. Eq. 564, gen. -Srot 

Soph. O. R. 565; Antiph. 3, y, IO, Ion. ecreo)? Her. 2, 38, -tS><ra 

5, 92, -eo's Hippocr. 4, 298 (Lit.), Epic eo-njws Hes. Th. 519, 



242 

-via Ap. Rh. 4, 163, in Horn, and Find, only rruoro? II. 19, 79, 

-aora 13, 261; Hes. Sc. 6 1 J Find. N. 5, 2, -adre II. 20, 245, 
-aor 13, 293, -aorwv 1 8, 246, but Bekk. HOW earecoTn, -ewre II. 

13, 261. 20, 245 (2 ed.) <rrfd>p.fv i pi. 2 aor. subj. Ion. for 

OTtopev, II. II, 348, e'|ara- Her. 4, 115, Epic (TTfiofifv II. 15, 297, 
Trept-areiWi II. 17, 95, oVo-art'coo-i Her. 3, 15, 2 sing, arifo? II. 
i?> 3> o^TO 5> 598, <""*- Find. P. 4, 155 (Herm. Boeckh), -airj 
(Ahr. Bergk) for ori}?, 0-777 ; 3 dual Trap-or^erov Od. 18, 183; 
imper. ora for <rrr\6i, Poet, and in comp. aVdora late, N. T. Act. 
12, 7. Ephes. 5, 14, avcrra Theocr. 24, 36, irapdvTo. Com. Fr. 
(Menand.) 4, 105, shortened ava II. 6, 331. 9, 247. Od. 18, 13 ; 
Soph. Aj. 194 (chor.) ; Eur. Ale. 277. Tr. 98 (chor.) unless this 
be preposition so used. Epic inf. arj^fwu II. 17, 167. Od. 5, 
414, Dor. ara.jj.fv Find. P. 4, 2. toWarai, an- Ion. 3 pi. pres. for 
-ravrai Her. 2, 113 : imp. torearo, firav- 4, 80, 3 pi. perf. evrearat, 
KOT- for Kadearavrai, Her. I, 196 (Schweigh. Gaisf. but KarfoWacri 

pert act. Bekk. Dind. with Ms. F.) For eorafyv aor. pass. 
Callim. L. Pal. 83, Buttm. suggested eWa/oj; Mein. edits eora 
6r\v, but Otto Schneider preserves the quantity by reading 

f<rradr). Vb. ararfov PI. Rep. 503. 

'loTidu, see eor-. 

'lorope'w To enquire, Aesch. Eum. 455 ; Soph. Tr. 418 ; Aristot. 
Mirab. Ausc. 37 ; -oi> Her. i, 56. 2, 19: imp. I<rr6pfov i, 122. 
3, 77, is reg. but never in good Attic prose, freq. in Attic poetry, 
and in Ionic and late Attic prose, pass, rare -ovpevos Soph. Tr. 
415 ; -<7&u Her. i, 24, not mid. as some call it : perf. IOTO/J^TO* 
Aristot. Mund. 4, 25 ; -rjpeva Her. 2, 44 : aor. i<rropr)d(is Strab. 3, 
2, 13, no mid. 

'loXavu, -acdu Epic To check, only pres. -am II. 14, 387, -da? 
Od. 15, 346, -avaa II. 17, 572, -oWt 5, 89 ; to-^ave Od. 19, 42 ; -oew 

II. 23, 300; Opp. Hal. i, 287 : and imp. to-x 5 " 6 Hym. H. 7, 13, 
la-xavfTrjv II. 17, 747, iter. la-xavdaaKov II. 15, 723 : and mid. 
UTXavonvTot Od. 7> l6l : i<Txav6a>vro II. 12, 38; Ap. Rh. 2, 864. 

The pure form seems not to contract. rxdW Theophr. C. 
PI. 4, 13, 6, seems a mistake for la-xvaivei. 

'Itrxyaiioj To make lean, dry, Hippocr. 427, 14 (Foes); -aiVfl 
Aesch. Pr. 380; -aivtiv Hippocr. 3, 468 (Lit.); PI. Gorg. 521, 
Dor. 3 pi. laxvaivovri, KOT- Callim. Epigr. 48 : flit, lax^vm, crvv- 
Eur. I. A. 694 : aor. urxvava Aesch. Eum. 267 ; Ar. Ran. 941, 
irpo- Aristot. Prob. 3, 23, Ion. fcxvrjva Her. 3, 24; Hippocr. 3, 
316 (Lit.): p.p. lvx vT 1V* vov > Kar ~ Luc. Philopat. 20: aor. pass. 
la-xvdvdrjv Hippocr. 5, 662. 676 (Lit.); Aristot. De Coelo 2, 12, 
ii ; Geop. 17, i. Mid. fut. la-xvavovfMi, *ar- consume away, 
Aesch. Pr. 269. Vb. laxvavreov, aw- Aristot. Prob. I, 50. 



"Iw. 343 

see vm<rxvfopai. 

To contend, maintain, Dep. mid. Antiph. 5, 76 ; 
Isae. i, 18; Thuc. 3, 44: imp. itr^up- 7, 49: fat. lo-xvpiovp.at 
Lys. 6, 35; Isocr. 17, 24: aor. l<rxvpi<ra^v Thuc. 5, 26; PL 
Gorg. 489. Ivxvpi&nevos seemingly passive, Xen. Cyr. 6, 4, 18. 

Vb. laxvpt-arrtov PI. Rep. 533. 

Maxuw (u)..70 fo strong, Pind. Fr. 39; Aesch. Eum. 621; 
Hippocr. 2, 38 ; Antiph. 5, 93 ; Thuc. 2, 87 ; Xen. Mem. 3, 
12, 4 : imp. to-^uov Ar. Vesp. 357 ; Thuc. i, 18 ; Dem. 18, 18 : 
fut. to-^co-o) Batr. 279; Aesch. Pr. 510; Xen. Athen. i, 14; 
Aeschin. i, 5: aor. icr^ " Soph. Aj. 502; Thuc. i, 3; Isae. 
n, 18 : p. "urxvKa Trag. Fr. (Aristo) i, 12; Aeschin. i, 165: 
aor. p. late Ivxvdeis, KO.T- Diod. Sic. 15, 87. 20, 24. v in Attic, 
lo-xveis Soph. Aj. 1409; Com. Fr. (Pherecr.) 2, 359, in Pind. 
and late Poets v sometimes, to-x^" Pind. Fr. 39, to-x^e Anth. 

5, 167, -iJere 5, 212; Itrxvcrei Theod. Prod, i, 265. 2 3 291; 

8, 433 ; Nicet. Eug. 5, 39. 45. 

To hold, restrain, have, II. 5, 90 ; Pind. P. 1 1, 29 ; Soph. 
Ph. 1094; Ar. Pax 949; Her. i, 62. 5, 41 ; Thuc. 3, 58; PI. 
Rep. 366; subj. to-^w II. 20, 139; PI. Phil. 37; opt. lo^ 01 /* 1 
PI. Leg. 729; imper. ur^e Theogn. 365; Aesch. Ch. 1052; 
Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 46; Eur. H. F. 624 ; io-x" H. 9, 352 ; 
Soph. Ant. 66; Her. 3, in; PI. Phaed. 102, Epic la-xf^fvai 
Od. 20, 330, lo-xffifv II. 15, 456 (Bekk.). 17, 501 ; t<rx<*>v Od. n, 
82 ; Soph. O. C. 950; Her. 3, 77 ; Thuc. 7, 35 : imp. "<rxov 
II. 15, 618, Zo-x-(B.); Eur. Rhes. 687; Her. i, 42. Mid. 
and pass. IVxo/iat restrain oneself, stay, remain, Theogn. 384 ; 
Hippocr. 4, 216; Epic subj. to-x", *ar- II. 2, 233; ta-xoiro 
Hippocr. 2, 336 (Lit.) ; To-^eo II. 2, 247 ; Bion i, 97 ; lcrxP- fVOS 
(pass. Isocr. 19, n, er^o'/i- Bens.), irpo- act. Her. 3, 137 ; to^fo-flat 
Od. 18, 347 : imp. I<TXW H- 21, 366 ; Xen. An. 6, 3, 9, irpo- 
Her. i, 141: p.p. late l<rxnn al i vvv ~ Nicet. Ann. 7, p. 119. 
Supplemented by fx<- The perf. tcr^a Schol. II. 5, 798, is 
not certain. 

"lu To send, a form of t?//w, in simple only 3 sing, tft Ap. Rh. 
4, 634 (Mss. Wellau. Merk.); in comp. subj. irpo-ijj Hym. Ven. 
152, d(j)-irj Xen. Cyr. 8, i, 6 (-fir) Dind. 4 ed. Sauppe, see Popp.), 
-tco<ri Ar. Lys. 157; opt. d^-tWe PI. Apol. 29, -iouv Xen. Hell. 

6, 4, 3; imper. te Timoth. 13, 4 (B.), gvvie Theogn. 1240 
(Bergk), -[ere Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 123; Ar. Pax 603: imp. 
vv-iov II. i, 273 (Vulg. -ttv for -ita-av, Spitzn. Bekk. Dind. Ameis, 
La R. with Aristarch.) : p.p. Ion. (^ei-u>= /*#-) /^f/xfTi/xei/o? Her. 
6, i &c. The subj. d(pio>, -icDp.fv, opt. acpioifjn &c. Goettling p. 

22, would accent dqbtw, -iufjifv, d(j)ioip.i &C. See tea). 



744 "KdBSaXe Kafla/pw. 

JTT^ ' ' r 



K. 



= Kar-//3aXf, II. 8, 249; Ap. Rh. 4, 188. 
To /a^ loud, late Anth. (Agath.) 6, 74; Athen. 

10, 52, classic Kaxfj Soph. Aj. 199 chor. (Dind.); Ar. Eccl. 
849 (trimet.); also later Anacreont. 31, 29 (Bergk.); Luc. D. 
Men 6, 3. (Amor.) 23 (Dind.) : fut. (*ayxao-o>), Kaxaa-o, Dor. 
KaxagS) Theocr. 5, 142: aor. eKdyxao-a Anth. (Paul. Sil.) 5, 230, 
av- PI. Rep. 337 ; Luc. Pseudol. 7 (Jacobitz), e- Xen. Conv. i, 
1 6 (Vulg. Saupp. Mehler, -e^ao-a Dind. always) ; Kayxdo-as 
Babr. 99, ava- PI. Euthyd. 300. 

KayxaXdu Epic, To rejoice, -da Opp. Cyn. I, 507, 3 pi. -daxrt 

11. 3, 43; Opp. H. 5, 236; Maneth. 5, 32; part. -S>v Lycophr. 
109, Epic -oW II. 10, 565 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 124, -dwo-a Od. 23, 59 : 

imp. iter. Kay^aXaao-Kt Ap. Rh. 4, 996, -O-KOP Q. Sm. 8, 12. 

(Kdw) Poet. Tfr excel, act. not in use. Pass, as act. pres. 
and imp. late, Kafd/xei/or excelling, Nicet. Annal. p. 141 : ftcdgovro 

p. I2O: perf. (*cacr/u) K(Ka(T(Tai Od. 19, 82, KfKaarai II. 2O, 35; 

Emped. 347; Anth. 3, 18; Eur. Elec. 616 (trimet.); Kficdo-Sat 
II. 24, 546 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 1007 ; KeKaayxeW II. 4, 339 ; Hes. Th. 
929; Ap. Rh. 4, 1585; Theocr. 7, 44 (Ms. M. Mein. Fritzs.); 
Aesch. Eum. 766 (trimet.) ; Ar. Eq. 685 (chor.), Dor. KexaS/zeW 
Pind. Ol. i, 27 : pip. eW/caoro II. 2, 530. Od. 19, 395; Ap. Rh. 

2, 867, KfKcurro II. 14, 124. Od. 7, 157, KeKd(T[ieda Od. 24, 509. 

This word is poetic, for Plato, Rep. 334, rather quotes than uses 
it, see Od. 19, 305. See Katwfjuu, x<*>' 

KaGaipw To purify, Hippocr. 8, 54 (Lit.); PI. Soph. 227; 
Aeschin. 2, 158 ; Dem. 54, 39 ; subj. -a>pfv PI. Rep. 399, -wo-t 
Polit. 293; -alptiv Od. 22, 439; Hipponax 4; PI. Crat. 396; 
Xen. Oec. 20, n; (Lys.) 6, 53; -nipwi/ Aesch. Ch. 74; Soph. 
Tr. 1061; PI. Crat. 405. Tim. 72. Soph. 227: imp. eVca&upoi/, 
KOKad- Ar. Vesp. 118, '- II. 2, 153, K<J#- Od. 22, 453 : fut. 
Ka6apS> Xen. Oec. 18, 6 ; PI. Leg. 735 (Stallb.): aor. e'/ca^pa II. 
16, 228; Theocr. 5, 119; Her. i, 41. 44; Hippocr. 8, 106 
(Lit.); Thuc. 3, 104; Xen. An. 5, 7, 35 (Ms. Vat. Popp. Kriig. 
Dind. Sauppe), Kdd- II. 14, 171; -jjp?? PI. Rep. 567 ; -rjpfitv Leg. 
735 &c. ; (Luc.) Menip. 7 ; Plut. Pomp. 26. Brut. 39; Arr. An. 
2, 4, 8, irfpi- Theophr. H. P. 9, 7, 4, and eKaGapa Hippocr. 2, 
418; Antiph. 6, 37; Xen. Oec. 18, 8 (Dind. Breitb. Kerst, 
Sauppe); Anab. 5, 7, 35 quoted (Vulg.); so PI. Leg. 735 
(Bekk. B. O. Winck. see fut.); Theophr. Ch. 16; Plut. Mor. 
134 ; Diod. Sic. 4, 31, V Dinarch. 2, 5; Dio. Hal. Rhet. n, 



345 



9 ; Luc. V. A. 8. Fugit. 23, 7re/>- Theophr. H. P. 4, 13, 5, QT 
Plut. Mor. 510, Sia- Apollod. 3, 6, 7: (p. KocdQapKa late, Schol. 
Ar. Pax 753): p.p. KtKadapfiai Hippocr. 7, 322 ; PI. Phaed. 69, 
<- Xen. Conv. i, 4: 1 aor. ficaddpdrjv Hippocr. 5, 204; Thuc. 
3, 104; -ap6f) Hippocr. 7, 322; PI. Tim. 72; -defy Hippocr. 7, 
386 ; -apdfis Her. i, 43. 4, 71 ; PI. Leg. 831 ; -apdfjvai Dem. 23, 
72: fut. -apdfaonai late, Galen 7, 222; Oribas. 7, 26 : 2 aor. 
fKciSapyv, drroKadaprj Arr. Ven. 27, i, -ap#J7 (L. Dind.) Mid. 
Kadulpofiai to clean oneself, Aesch. Fr. 42 (D.) : fut. Kadapovpat 
Hippocr. 7, 54 ; PI. Crat. 396, pass, if correct, Hippocr. 7, 24. 
330. 8, 338 (Lit. Lind. 2, 740 Erm. icadaip- Vulg.), diro- Xen. Cyr. 
2, 2, 27: aor. eKadrjpdfirjv Hippocr. 2, 644. 5, 232 ; Philostr. Ap. 7, 
32; KadfjprjTcu PI. Leg. 88 1 ; -ripda6u> 868; -fipao-dai Aesch. Fr. 
376 (D.); PI. Phaedr. 243; -^pdpevos PI. Leg. 865, Dor. 

Ka6apd[jifvos, dno- (PI.) Locr. 104. Vb. Kadapreov Hippocr. 2, 129. 

In the best editions the aor. has nearly always 17 in Ionic (but 
KuQapai Hippocr. 2, 418 Lit), and usually in Attic, varying 
there, and in late Greek, between 17 and a. Some, however, are 
inclined to write it always with 17 in classic Attic, as KaGtjpat 
Antiph. 6, 37 (Saupp.), eWa&jpare Dinarch. 2, 5 (Saupp.), 
KaBriprjs Xen. Oec. 18, 8 (Schneid.) quoted above. An act. 2 aor. 
seems not to occur Kaffdpy so called by Stallb. PI. Leg. 735, is 
assuredly not a decisive case and the 2 aor. pass, only once, 
diro-Ka0apjj, if sound, Arr. quoted ; the 1 aor. pass. Kadapdfjvui is 
used by him An. 2, 4, u (Kriig.) Moeris, p. 101, says (Ka6r)pa 

'ArriKcas, (Kadapa Aeyoucrii' "E\\r]Vfs. 

KaOe'^ojiai To sit down, be sitting, Com. Fr. (Aristoph.) 2, 1145, 
in tmesi K.O.T Sp efeat Od. 10, 378, Kad(6p.eda Eur. Heracl. 33? 

-ovrai LyS. 13, 37 ; (PI.) Ax. 361 ; KaOf^rjrai Thuc. 6, 49, -(bfjifada 

Od. i, 372, -Tjo-fle Thuc. 7, 77 ; Kadfgo-du Hippocr. 7, 348 (Lit.) ; 
-to-dai 8, 392 (Lit.); Andoc. i, 38; -opcvos Thuc. r, 24: imp. 
eKa6f6p.r)v Xen. An. i, 5, 9. Cyr. 5, 3, 25; Aeschin. i, 120. 
123; often as aor. Thuc. 2, 18. 4, no; Andoc. i, 44; PI. 
Euthyd. 272, Poet, /ra&fo/^ II. i, 536. 8, 51 &c. ; Aesch. Eum, 
6; Soph. Tr. 918; Ar. Lys. 1139 : fut. (act. late, Ka6f8flv will 
set, put down, Synes. Prov. 2, 123, whence) mid. KadtBovnai Ar. 
Ran. 200. Eccl. 617. Av. 727; Andoc. i, in; PI. Theaet. 
146; Dem. 5, 15. 9, 75, late Ka&fijjo-o/im Diog. Laert. 2, 72 : 
aor. late, (Ka6f<r6r)v Paus. 3, 22; Long. Past. 2, 38 (Seil.) ; 
Charit. 3, 2; Anth. n, 392; Luc. Soloec. n, rejects it: fut. 
, Trpo- Aeschin. 3, 167 (Vulg.) rather doubtful, 
ft (Lobeck, Bekk. B. Saupp. Franke). Vb. na6t- 

Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 360. The Doric form is Kadfo-Sop- 
Mosch. 3, 46 (Mein. KaGf(;- Ahr. Ziegl.) Buttmann holds prea. 



346 



suspicious, especially in early writers, and would sub- 
stitute Kadifrpai. fKadftfwv he maintains to be, in Attic at all 
events, a pure aorist, not an imperfect. Instances in early 
authors, we grant, are rare ; at the same time we think his re- 
marks rather stringent. Od. 10, 378; Ar. in Com. Fr. 2, 1145; 
Lys. 13, 37; Hippocr. 8, 392 &c., to say nothing of Eur. quoted, 
are decided cases of pres., and, in point of form, derive support 
from the equally decided cases of imperfect, Xen. An. i, 5, 9 ; 
Cyr. 5, 3, 25; (Dio. Hal. 3, 62 ; Pseudo-Callisth. 2, 16.) Late 
instances are not unfrequent, Kadfrj, -erai, -OI/TCU Plut. Mor. 45. 
774; (Luc.) Asin. 20; Paus. 5, n, i. 

Ka0eu'8u To sleep, Od. 8, 313 ; Anacr. 88 ; Aesch. Ag. 1357 ; 
Eur. Phoen. 634 ; Ar. Nub. 732 ; Her. 2, 95 ; Antiph. 2, 8, 8 ; 
Thuc. 4, 113; PI. Crit. 43: imp. Attic (KddtvSov Hippccr. 5, 
252 ; Xen. Oec. 7, n; Lys. i, 13. 23, and /ta^CSoi/ Com. Fr. 
(Ar.) 2, 1059 (Mein.); PI. Conv. 217. 219. 220, Epic Kadiv8ov 
II. I, 6n ; Theocr. 20, 39, na6- (Ziegl. Fritz.); Ar. Av. 495 
(anapaest, -r)v8ov Mein. Dind. 5 ed.) : fut. Ka&uSijo-w Xen. Cyr. 
6, 2, 30; -TJO-OKV Hell. 5, i, 20; -yaw Ar. Eccl. 419; Lys. i, 
10 ; -rjo-fiv Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 189 : aor. subj. Kadtvbfiffrj (Luc.) 
Asin. 6; -i/o-cu Hippocr. 7, 198 (Lit.); -rjo-as Themist. 19, 229 : 

p. late, Ka6tv$r}Kevai Epiphan. I, p. 418. Vb. KadevSrjTeov PL 

Phaedr. 259. The Tragedians seem to have used only 
the pres. of this comp. The Mss. and editors of Herodotus 
present KadevSti 2, 95, K$u8ov<rt 4, 25, not xareu- which one 
would expect, and Bredow would write and so, we now ob- 
serve, Dietsch, Stein, and Abicht have lately edited. 

(KaO&o) To put, place down, only 1 aor. act. and mid., and 
mostly Epic, Kadeio-e II. 5, 36. 1 8, 389, Kd6t(To-av Pind. P. 5, 42 ; 
subj. Kadeo-wo-i Poet, quoted Thuc. 3, 104 : mid. Ka&Waro Anacr. 
Epigr. in (Bergk), -ea-a-avro Pind. P. 5, 42 (Vulg. Bergk) is in 
Boeckh's edition -eo-o-ai/ as above (Ms. Gu. Herm. Kays.), aO- 
tiffaTo Musgrave's conjecture Eur. Hipp. 31 (Br. Monk) for 
f'yKadfl<r- (Mss. A. C. Dind. 2 ed. Kirchh. &c.) and (yKa6i<r- (M. 
V. P. Aid. Dind. 5 ed.) Cobet calls Kadeo-axnv barbarum for 
-eaviv, and says " Syuva Kaddvai recte dicitur" (V. L. p. 447, 
2 ed.) We venture to doubt if he is right in either assertion. 

Kd6t)fiai To sit, Theogn. 1281 ; Archil. 87; Ar. Nub. 255; 
PI. Phaed. 98; (Dem.) Epist. 2 (1472), Kd6ij<rai Xen. Cyr. 3, i, 
6 ; Luc. Salt. 2, Ion. Kdrijcrai Her. 3, 134, Kddrjrai Ar. Lys. 597 ; 
PI. Apol. 35; Dem. 9, 70, KadfaeQa Ar. Thesm. 886 ; Dem. 2, 23. 
u, 17, Kddr]a-6e Ar. Nub. 1201 ; Dem. 2, 24. 8, 53. 10, i &c. 
Ar. Fr. 722 (D.); PI. Rep, 555; Dem. 47, 12, Ion. 
Her. 2, 86; subj. /ca#w/iai Eur. Hel. 1084, -ijrai Ar. Eq. 



347 



754, -w/xf^a Dem. 4, 44 (10, 3), -Swat (Dem.) 59, 67 ; opt. 
p.r)v PL Theag. 130, -on-o Ar. Ran. 919, -JJTO (Dobr.), -oip 
Lys. 149 (Br. Enger, Dind. 5 ed.), -r,i*6a (Ms. R. Bekk. Dind. 
ed. 1830, Bergk); imper. Kadrja-o II. 2, 191; Eur. I. A. 627; Comic 
Kadav Com. Fr. (Ar.) 2, 1190. (Anax.) 3, 167. (Alex.) 3, 487. 
(Men.) 4, 317 ; and late prose V. T. Ps. 109, i. N. T. Jac. 2, 

3 &C., Kadrjcrdco Aesch. Pr. 916, -rjardf Supp. 365; inf. Kadfjffdat 

Pind. Fr. 58; Soph. O. C. 1158; Eur. Heracl. 55; Thuc. 4, 
124; ira%i'or II. 14, 5; Aesch. Eum. 519; Soph. Fr. 380 
(D.); Ar. Pax 266; Thuc. 2, 20, Ion. /can^i- Her. 8, 73 : imp. 
(Ka6r]p]v Ar. EccL 152; Aeschin. 2, 89; Dem. 48, 31, e/cd^ro 
Horn. H. 7, 14 ; Ar. Av. 510 ; Thuc. 5, 6; Xen. Cyr. 7, 3, 14 ; 
Aeschin. i, 40, (KaBr^tda Dio Cass. 72, 21, -^o-tfe Ar. Ach. 638, 

-6r)i>TO Thuc. 3, 97; Lys. 13, 37; PL Prot. 315, Ion. eVai-earo 

Her. 3, 144. 8, 73 (Bekk. Gaisf. Dind.), and often always in 
Tragedy augmented after the preposition Kad^ijv (PL) Riv. 
132, KaQfjTo Dem. 18, 169. 217. 21, 206 (Ms. F. Bekk. Dind. 
fKdd- Vulg. B. Saupp.), and KO^O-TO II. i, 569; Eur. Bac. 1102. 
Phoen. 1466; Isae. 6, 19; PL Rep. 328; Her. i, (45) 46. 3, 
83 (Mss. Gaisf. but Ion. Ktmjoro Bekk. Dind. Lhardy, Stein), 
KadrjpeQa Soph. Ant. 411 ; Dem. 19, 155. 166, Ka6rj<r6e Ar. Ach. 
543 ; Dem. 25, 21, Kadfjiro Ar. Eccl. 302; Thuc. 5, 58 (Bekk. 
Popp. <ad- Kriig.); Dem. 18, 30, Epic KaOeia. II. n, 76, Ion. 
Kartaro Her. 9, 90 (Mss. Bekk. Gaisf. Dind. Bred.) : fat. Kadf)- 
a-o/zat, -rjvfcrOe Eur. Fr. 952 (Dind. 5 ed. Nauck), which, if the 
Fragment be genuine, and the reading correct, is a solitary 
instance of the fut. in classic Greek. We have sometimes 
thought the reading should be pres. naQrjaff, or, if the fut. must 
be retained, ndfjo-eo-ff, or, perhaps better, KaTaoTTjo-to-ff, see Dem. 
i, 22. 59, 7. In late Greek, however, this fut. form occurs 
often, KaGfifffa-de V. T. Lev. 8, 35. i Reg. 5, 7 &c. and N. T. 
Luc. 22, 30 (Mss. A. Q. Sin. Tisch. Ka6l<recr6f Bf Lachm.) : the 
Attics used KaGi^a-opMi PL Phaedr. 229. icadrj z sing, for nadrjaai, 
perhaps rather late Hyperid. Fr. 136 (Bekk. An. 100); Com. 
Fr. (Anon.) 4, 676. Kdtirjvde is pres., Kadrjvde imperf. Horn. 
and the Tragedians never augment this verb before the pre- 
position, Aristoph. and prose authors augment either before or 
after. The simple 5/iai is mostly poetic ; xa%iat is the prose 
form, and most assuredly not confined, as some teach, to " the 
3 pers. Kddrjrai. only." 

Ka0iu To set, also to sit, Od. 2, 69; Soph. O. C. 21 ; Eur. 
H. F. 48 ; Ar. Vesp. 940; Thuc. 3, 75 ; Lys. 13, 24, Ion. Karifa 
Her. i, 181 : imp. enddi&v Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 6 ; Dinarch. 2, 13, 
and Ka6lov II. 3, 426. 8, 436. Od. 16, 408, and always (Bekk. 



348 

Dind. La R.), Kadt-, citd8i{- (Vulg. Wolf) : fut. K a0t<ra> Com. Fr. 
(Apoll.) 4, 451 (Xen. An. 2, i, 4, some Mss. Ktihner); Plut. 
Mor. 234, Ion. nor- Her. 4, 190, Attic Ka&S Xen. An. 2, i, 4 
quoted; Dem. 24, 25. 39, n, napa- Hippocr. 7, 608, Dor. 
Ka6if-> Bion 4, 1 6 (late Kadttfo-oa, see foil.): aor. exa^to-a Xen. 
Cyr. 6, i, 23; Com. Fr. (Men.) 4, 102, naQto-a II. 19, 280, and 
Attic Ka0r<ra Eur. Phoen. 1188; AT. Ran. 911 (Bekk. Dind.); 
Thuc. 6, 66. 7, 82 ; -lay Dem. 21, 223, Ion. Karla-a Her. i, 88. 
4, 79 (Bekk. Kriig. Lhardy), Kcrno-a (Gaisf. Dind.), but 4, 79 
-Icra (Dind. -ela-a Valck. Gaisf., in both Stein), late Iradtfipra, 
subj. Kaditfo-T) Dio Cass. 37, 27 (B.); -770-05 54, 30; Dor. -i^y 
Theocr. i, 51 ; Epic part. Ka6ia<ras II. 9, 488, Dor. Kadlgas 
Theocr. i, 12 : p. late, KexadiKa Diod. Sic. 17, 115 ; Epict. Diss. 
2, 6, 23 ; Aesop 100 (Halm), but avy- Aristot. Physiog. 3, 2 : 
aor. pass, late Kaffifrdfis Dio Cass. 63, 5. Mid. Ka6i^op.ai to 
sit, Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 7; subj. -i&rai Hippocr. 7, 100; PI. Leg. 
719 ; -ifaipqv Ar. Eq. 750, -ibn-o PI. Rep. 516; Kadi&v Ar. Eq. 
785; -i&a-dai Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 231; Thuc. i, 136 (Bekk. 
Popp. -ee<r0ai Kriig. Class.) ; -t(6ufvos PI. Prot. 317: imp. (Ka6i- 
Ar. Vesp. 824, inr-tK- Xen. Hell. 7, 2, 5, in tmesi *aS 8e I^TO 
II. 19, 50 : fut Kadifto-ofjuu PI. Phaedr. 229, rapa- Lys. 207, 
irpoarKad- Aeschin. 3, 167, late Kadio-opai Plut. Mor. 583 ; N. T. 
Luc. 22, 30 (Lachm.), -iovpai V. T. Ps. 131, 12: aor. trans. 
Kadi(Tdfi.r)v (rcr) Callim. Dian. 233 (L. -<r- Blomf. Mein.), Katiio-o-- 
Ap. Rh. 4, 278, Kadta-aro Eur. Hipp. 31 (Nauck 3 ed., ey- Dind. 
5 ed. -tla-aro Nauck 2 ed. Kirchh.), eneKaOia-avro Thuc. 4, 130 
(Bekk. Popp.) which Poppo in note would write IniKad- but 
prefers eViKatfiWairo, which Kriiger approves, TrapfKadio-aTo Dem. 

33, 14; irapuKa6ia-dp.fvos Lycurg. 241 (o-u/wrapa- Dem. 28, 1 5), but 

intrans. Xen. Cyr. 5, 5, 7. In late recensions of Demosthenes 
no such fut. act. form as KadeSelre, for Ka&ftre, occurs, see 24, 
25. 39, ii : Ka&Selre is very late, see Kadefrpat. In late recen- 
sions of Homer and Herodotus, and usually in Attic, this verb 
has not the syllabic augment. The Tragedians seem not to 
use the mid. form, unless Kadicraro Eur. Hipp. 31 (Nauck 3 ed. 
f'yicad- Dind. 5 ed.) be correct. 

Kaifuficu Poet. To excel, be adorned, imp. tKalvvro Od. 3, 282 ; 
Hes. Sc. 4; Ap. Rh. i, 138 ; Mosch. 2, 92, cm- Od. 8, 127. 

219; Ap. Rh. 2, 783* P- (KU&I'-CU) KeKaa-pai, -a<nrat Od. 19, 82, 

-ao-7-at II. 20, 35; Eur. Elec. 616 (trimet.), -fifda Od. 24, 509; 

KfKaaQat II. 24, 546; Ap. Rh. 3, 1007; KfKaa-fJ.fvos II. 4, 3395 

Hes. Th. 929; Ap. Rh. 2, 816; Aesch. Eum. 766 (trimet.); 
Ar. Eq. 685 (chor.), and Dor. KiKaS^evos Pind. Ol. i, 27 : pip. 

fKfKcurro II. 1 6, 808. Od. 9, 509; Ap. Rh. I, 153, Kt'/caoro II. 14, 



Kamo Ka/w. 349 

124. Od. 7, 1 5 7. See (icafa). KfKao-dat PI. Rep. 334, is an ac- 
commodation of Od. 19, 395. 

Kaiku 70 &7/, Poet. Eur. Phoen. 44 ; subj. Katvu Callim. Dian. 
12 ; Kaiverm Soph. El. 820; Kaivtiv Aesch. Ch. 886; Kaivcov Aesch. 
Ag. 1562 ; Soph. O. C. 994 ; Timocr. i, 9 (Ahr.) ; rare in prose 
Xen. Cyr. 4, 2, 24 : fat. KO.VO> Eur. H. F. 1075 : as fut. perf. 
Kara-KfKovoTfs eaeade Xen. 7* 6, 36 : 2 aor. enavov Aesch. Ch. 930 ; 
Soph. Ant. 1319; Eur. I. T. 1252; navoi Aesch. Sept. 630; 
Kavuv Eur. H. F. 865 ; Kami/ Theocr. 24, 91 (Mein. Ziegl. Ahr.), 

-rfv (Vulg. Fritz.): 2 p. KWa Soph. Fr. 896 (D.), Kara-KfKovoTcs 

Xen. An. 7, 6, 36 (Dind. 4 ed. Saupp. Rhed.), KaraKficavoTes 
(Mss. A. B. Kiihner, xaraxaraWe; Vulg. Popp. Kriig.) Pass. 
Kaivfrai Aesch. Sept. 347; -opevos Eur. Cycl. 360 (Mss. Vulg. 
*Xti>- now) : imp. eKaivopriv I. T. 27. This verb, we think, does 
not occur in Epic, Comic, or Lyric, except Timocr. quoted : 
frequent in Tragedy : once only in prose. The prose form is 
usually Kara-Kaivu) pres. imp. 2 aor. and perhaps 2 perf., but, 
in the classic period, confined to Xen. Arrian also uses this 
verb KaruKaivovo-i Ind. ii, 10; -aiva>v An. 5, 24, 3; and Plut. 
-aivtiv Mor. 240: imp. -CKCUVOV Arr. An. 5, 17, 6 : aor. -tKavtv 
An. 5, 18, 7 (Kriig.); -Kavow Ind. 7, 3 (Kerch.); -aveiv Ven. 25 
(Saupp.) Defectively handled in lexicons. 

Kaioj To burn, fire, II. 9, 77; Hes. Th. 557; Theogn. 1145; 
Aesch. Ag. 286 (Herm.); Soph. Fr. 480 (Dind. 2 ed. *<*< El- 
lendt, vat'co Dind. 5 ed.) ; Eur. Cycl. 659 (Herm. Kirchh. Nauck, 
*caw Dind. 5 ed.) ; Her. 2, 39. 62 ; Hippocr. 6, 544, Kara- Thuc. 

8, 39 (Bekk. Popp. Kriig.) ; SO /cato'/iej/or 2, 52, irfpi-Kaiovrai 

Andoc. 2, 2, KSCU Ar. Fr. 403 ; PI. Tim. 58 ; see also Ar. Lys. 
8 ; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 452 (not contr. KOJ); Epic inf. Kaif^ev II. 
14, 397 : imp. enaiov Od. 9, 553 ; Eur. Bac. 758 (Elms. Kirchh. 
fKdov Dind. 5 ed.); Xen. An. i, 6, i (Popp. Kriig. Saupp. exaov 
Dind. Cob.), Kalov II. 21, 343, enaov Com. Fr. (Phoen.) 4, 511 ; 
Xen. Hell. 5, 4, 41 &c., see also Thuc. 2, 49 (Bekk. Kriig. ai- 
Popp.) : fut. Kava-co Xen. Cyr. 5, 4, 21 ; Luc. Peregr. 5 ; Plut. 
Thes. 8; Anth. 9, 15, eVt- Com. Fr. (Plat.) 2, 68 1, Kara- Ar. 
Lys. 1218; Sopat. Athen. 4, 160: and /ouio-o^at rare, Ar. Plut. 
1054, pass, or reflex Ka.vaovfj.evos Galen 10, 656 ; N. T. 2 Pet. 
3, 10. 12 : aor. enavaa Ar. Pax 1088 (hexam.) ; in tmesi Her. 
8, 33; Isae. 4, 19; Xen. Cyr. 3, 3, 33, av- Eur. Cycl. 383 
(trimet), /car- Thuc. 7, 25; Kava-as 7, 80; icavo-ai PI. Gorg. 456, 
Attic Poet, (e/cea) part. Kt'as Aesch. Ag. 849 ; Soph. El. 757 
(Herm. Dind.), - Eur. Rhes. 97 (trimet.); Ar. Pax 1132 (chor.), 
but dno- Hippocr. 7, 422, Epic t^a II. i, 40. 24, 34. Od. 19, 
366 &c. (Bekk. Spitzn. Dind. La Roche, a and -jja Wolf, 



350 

Buttm.) ; Hippocr. 5, 216 (Lit.) if correct, the only prose in- 
stance we have seen, in tmesi tcrjev II. 21, 349, late Epic Kelav 
Ap. Rh. i, 588; subj. Kfanev, Epic -<>/*> II. 7, 377. 396 ; opt. 
icrjat II. 21, 336, -aitv 24, 38, a rare form in Horn.; imper. KTJOV 

Od. 21, 176; inf. KJjat Od. 15, 97, /wn-a-KJJat II, 46, and KdKKrjai 

ii, 74; KrjavTfs Od. 9, 231, see below: p. in comp. neKavxa, 
Kara- Xen. Hell. 6, 5, 37, Trpoo-- Com Fr. (Alex.) 3, 439 : p. p. 
Kav/iai Eur. Cycl. 457 ; Hippocr. 6, 330. 442; Thuc. 4, 34, 
Kara- Andoc. i, io8; Xen. Cyr. 7, 5, 23, - Hippocr. 2, 54. 6, 
192, but KfKava-rai if correct, 7, 242 (Lit.): pip. (KfKavro Eratosth. 
i, 23 (Hiller) ; Dio Cass. 47, 18, d?r- Luc. Tox. 61 : 1 aor. 
fKavdrjv Hippocr. 5, 146. 208; Artemid. Onir. 4, 43; -dels Find. 
N. 10, 35; PL Tim. 68, KOT- Thuc. 3, 74; Her. i, 19. 4, 69. 
6, 101, v. r. -a-8r)v : fut. Kav6f}<rofj.ai Hippocr. 7, 422; Luc. Pe- 
regr. 8, Kara- Ar. Nub. 1505; Xen. An. 7, 4, 15, - PI. Rep. 
361 : 2 aor. unatt. a>ji> Od. 12, 13, in tmesi II. 9, 212 ; Hip- 
pocr. 5, 214, Kar- Her. 2, 180. 4, 79, 8t- Hippocr. 6, 330 (Lit.); 
Plut. Oth. 6 ; Epic inf. Kafjpevat II. 23, 210, nafjvai Pseud.-Callisth. 
3, 30, KOTO- Her. 2, 107 ; Kafvra Plut. Mor. 283, icm-a- Her. i, 51 ; 
Plut. Pyrrh. 3 : fut. late xaijo-o/uat Or. Sib. 3, 507 ; Apocr. Syr. 

28, 23, Kara- N. T. I Cor. 3, 15, but (TvyKara- Xanth. Fr. p. 41 

(Mtiller) : pres. Kalerai II. 20, 491 ; -opfvos 21, 361 ; Hes. Th. 
694: imp. Kaito Od. 24, 67, Kaifro Hes. Th. 861 ; II. 10, 12, 
-OVTO i, 52, see below. Mid. kindle for oneself, aor. eVcavcra/ir?!/, 
ova- Her. I, 2O2. 8, 19, Epic Krjavro II. 9, 88; -dpevot 9, 234. 

Fut mid. Kavo-opai seems not to occur in early prose except as 
a v. r. fK-Kawofjievos Hippocr. 6, 302, and once only in poetry, 
Ar. quoted. See po$e'o>. Vb. xauoros Eur. Cycl. 633, KQVT- 
(Kirchh. Nauck, Bind. 5 ed.), nvpi-Kavros PI. Tim. 85, 8ta-/cavrov 
Geop. 17, 25. 

It would appear that the Mss. of Horn, agree in giving 
aor. tiaia, fKrjf, opt. Krjai, Kqaiev with T) without v. r. but vary 
between rj and in inf. Kfjai, Kflai, imper. KTJOV, subj. K^o/iev, 
Keiopfv, aor. m. KTJUVTO, Kflavro &c. Bekk. Spitzn. Dind. write 
TI, uniformly, with the approval of Matthiae and Lobeck, and 
for KaTaKfifp.fv, -T)(p.ev II. 7, 408, Spitzner, Bekker and Dindorf 
give KaraKaip.fv with Eustathius. KriavTfs (Mss.), Kfiavres (Tricl.) 
used to stand Soph. El. quoted, but Br. and Herm. changed 
it rightly to /W, see passages quoted from other Attic Poets. 
It is a mistake to say that " in the passive voice the 1 aor. is 
the only tense in use by the Attics : " pres. pass. *do/*ai Ar. Lys. 
8, xaerai Ar. Vesp. 1372 : imp. eWero Thuc. 2, 49 ; Xen. Hell. 
6, 4, 36; Kaiofitvos Thuc. 2, 52; PI. Phaedr. 115 &c. &c. and 
perf. KeKavpevos Eur. Cycl. 457 ; Com. Fr. (PL) 2, 679 ; Thuc. 



KaXe'oj. 351 

4, 34. icalta is Epic. Ionic, Doric, Lyric, and generally at least 
Trag. and Thuc. <aa> is the prevailing, in some editions the 
only, form in Aristophanes, Isocrates, and Plato, varying more 
in Xenophon. L. Dindorf however in his last edition of Xen. 
seems to give icaa> uniformly: so W. Dind. in the Tragedians 
(5 ed.) In late authors Kaia> is the more frequent form. 

KaXe'u To call, II. 4, 204 ; Find. P. n, 8 ; Aesch. Eum. 287 ; 
Soph. Aj. 72 ; Ar. Av. 849 ; Her. i, 131 ; Antiph. 5, 35 ; Thuc. 
6, 4, Dor. i pi. KaXeoyn" Epich. 51 (Ahr.), 3 pi. *aXeWt Find. N. 
9, 41 ; opt. KaXe'oi Her. i, n, -oir\ Xen. Hell. 2, i, 13; Epic inf. 

Kd\r)ftfvai II. IO, 125; pt. KaXfvvTfs Od. IO, 255: imp. eicaXet II. 

22, 294; Find. P. 4, 195, -Xee Her. i, 120, -\ow PI. Leg. 700, 
Poet. Ka\eov II. 10, 197, dissyll. Od. 8. 550, '/cdXet? Soph. O. R. 
432, iter. Ka\eea-Kov II. 9, 562 ; Hes. Th. 207 : fat. KaAeW Xen. 
Cyr. 2, 3, 22 (Mss. Born. Breitb. -X< Dind. Sauppe) ; Aeschin. 
i, 67. 3, 202, if not subj. see below; Aristot. Eth. N. 2, 7, 10, 
o-vy- Her. 3, 74, y- Dem. (17, 19) 19, 133. 23, 123, irapa- 8, 14 
(18, 164. 165 Psephism), Horn. KaXe'w II. 3, 383, Attic usually 
/caXw Ar. Ach. 968. Nub. 1001 ; Xen. Conv. i, 15; PI. Charm. 
155, ey- Isocr. 17, 56; Dem. 55, 17: aor. exaXeo-o Find. Ol. i, 
37; Eur. Hel. 348. H. F. 1179; Her. 6, 67; PL Rep. 477, 
Epic fKoXfo-a-a Od. 17, 379 (Wolf, Dind.) ; Find. Ol. 6, 58, KaXea- 
o-a II. 1 6, 693, late Kd\r)o-a Pseudo-Callisth. 3, 35 (but e^o-a 
Nicand. Fr. 22, - Musae. 10, perhaps better referred to KXe'< 
or KXr}o>); subj. KaXro> Soph. Ph. 1452 ; opt. -e'o-cu/ PI. Conv. 
174; part. KaXe'o-ay II. i, 402 &c. ; Her. 2, 107 ; PL Charm. 155 : 
p. KeK\T]Ka Theogn. 1229; Ar. PL 260; Com. Fr. (Alex.) 3, 
467 ; PL Rep. 580 : p. p. K<=KX>7/xai II. 10, 259 ; Find. Ol. 7, 76 ; 
Aesch. Eum. 417 ; Eur. Hipp. 2; Her. i, 98 ; Thuc. 2, 37 ; PL 
Phaedr. 258 (and KaXeo7u late if correct Suid. sub v. 

Opt. KeK\fjo Soph. Ph. 119, KfK\yfi.f6a Ar. LyS. 253 : pip. eK 

Her. i, 119; Luc. Gall. 9, Ate/cX^r' Soph. Fr. 624 (opt. 
Cob. Dind. 5 ed.), Ion. 3 pi. -rjaro II. 10, 195 : aor. f<\r]Qr)v Soph. 
O. R. 1359; Ar. Thesm. 862 ; Her. i, 173 ; Hippocr. i. 318 
(Erm.) ; Antiph. 1,23; Thuc. 6,2; KXrjdeis Archil. 78 (and 
VcaXe'<T&7i/, Trpotr- Hippocr. 3, 614 Kuhn, 5, 330 Lit., if the read- 
ing be sound, which Littre" denies, and gives from Mss. irpoo- 
fo-KoXrudrj) : fut. K\r)df)<rona<, PL Leg. 68 1 ; Luc. Alex. 45 (v. r. 
Aesch. Pr. 840. Eur. Tr. 13), avri- Xen. Conv. i, 15, r- Paus. 

5, 21 : usu. 3 fut. K(K\i'](TOfjiai II. 3, 138; Archil. 24 (Bergk); 
Callim. Del. 269 ; always in Trag. Aesch. Pr. 840 ; Soph. O. R. 
522 &c. ; Eur. Ion 594 &c. ; and Comedy, Ar. Vesp. 151. Av. 
761 ; Com. Fr. (Anax.) 3, 191, Trpoo-- Ar. Nub. 1277 ; 

PL Tim. 42 ; -^crea&u 88 : and fut. m. KoXoC/xat as pass. 



352 

Soph. El. 971. Mid. Ka\ovpai summon to or for oneself, to a 
court or meeting, Aesch. Ch. 201 ; Ar. Av. 1046 ; PL Leg. 914, 
on- Thuc. 3, 59 ; Ion. pt. KaXev/zfi/os, 777)0- H. Merc. 241 : imp. 

eVcaXeiro, e- Od. 24, I, -eovro, eV- Her. 7, 189, -OVVTO Thuc. 4, 48 : 

fat. Ka\f<Topuu simple uncontr. late (era) Nonn. 2, 235, eVi-KaXe'o-o- 
pai rare, Lycurg. 17. 143, eVc- Aeschin. i, 174 (Bekk. B. Saupp. 
Franke); Themist. 9, 125; Geop. 13, 15, usu. contr. KaXoC/nat 
Ar. Eccl. 864. Nub. 1221; Xen. Conv. 5, 2, but pass. Soph. 

El. 971; Eur. Or. 1140: aor. eKoXco-a/i^v, KaXeVai/ro II. I, 270; 
Find. Ol. 8, 32 ; subj. KaXeWercu for -Tjrat, Trpo- II. 7, 39 ; *aXe- 

a-dfj.fvos Xen. An. 3, 3, i ; PL Leg. 937 ; KaXeVao-tfat Her. 7, 189 ; 
TT-(KaXfo-dfjLT)v Thuc. i, 102, 717300-- Isae. 6, 31; Dem. 34, 13, 

Epic eicaXeov- II. 3, 1 6 1, KaXe'ffo-- 15, 143, KaXeo-- I, 270: and 

late p.p. dvaKfK\ripu V. T. Exod. 31, 2, Trpoo-- 3, 18. Joel 2, 32. 
N. T. Act. 13, 2, cVi- 25, 12 : pip. ('MOIJTO, e|- Polyb. 4, 57. 
Vb. KAqro'? Od. 17, 386, -eof PL Crat. 393. Inf. Epic KaX^j/at 
II. 10, 125, iter. imp. KaXefovcoi/ 9, 562, KaXeo-/coj> Ap. Rh. 4, 1514, 

pass. KoXfa-Kero II. 15, 338, KK\T)aTai. 3 pi. p. pass. Epic for 

-qvrai, Ap. Rh. i, 1128, Ion. K(K\faTat Her. 2, 164, but a late 
and corrupt form for KfK\r]rai (Hippocr.) Epist. 3, 836 (K.), 
3 pi. pip. KfK\fiaro II. 10, 195. Fut. KoXroi> simple is rare. 

At Aeschin. i, 67. 3, 202 (B. Saupp.) it may be subj. Franke 
and Weidner now however read in the former passage *caXo>, 
and in the latter, they and Bekker KoXe'o-i;, some Mss. and editors 
KaXecrti, -fo-oi. For eKKaXfo-eo-dai also, Aeschin. i, 174, Weidner, 
and now Franke (2 edit.) read -Kt&flaBai ; and we are inclined 
to think that Scheibe, in accordance with the strong current 
of Attic usage, will on the first opportunity alter 
Lycurg. quoted, to eVtcaXtrat. Dind. however retains e 
-eVouo-t, irapa-KoXfa-fiv Dem. quoted. 

Kd\T]fu To call, Aeol.=(caX(a, Sapph. i, 16 (Ahr.). The col- 
lateral form KaXiofiai seems to occur only in comp., and only 
in pres. and imp. indie. irpoKaXi&Tai, Opp. Hal. 2, 325. 329; 
imper. TrpoKaXi&o Od. 18, 20 : imp. irpoica\i(To II. 3, 19. 5, 807. 
Od. 8, 228. 

KaXicSeoficu To roll about, spend ones time, -Sdrai Aristot. H. 
An. 9, 7, 2 ; -ovpfvns Xen. An. 5, 2, 31 ; Isocr. 15, 30 ; Dem. 
19, 199, ty- Xen. Conv. 8, 32 (Vulg. Saupp.); -(io-dai Arr. Ven. 
1 8, 2 : imp. VcaXtv8'ero Her. 3, 52, -elro Xen. Cyr. i, 4, 5, -OVVTO 
Thuc. 2, 52 : fat. m. -170-0/^01? : aor. pass, late Ka\iv8r)6eis Synes. 
Epist. 32 (Kerch.). This verb occurs in prose only, see Kv\iv8a>. 
Thuc. and Dem. have Ka\iv8- not KV\-, likewise Her. but <ara- 

KvXia-dr) (-KV\io>) 5, 1 6, Isocr. USU. KoAtJ/8-, but KV\- 5, 8 1 (Ms. U. 

Bekk. B. Saupp.), and Xen. /cvXu/6-, but /toXtvS- An. 5, 2, 31, 



353 

S- Cyr. i, 4, g, PI. always KuX/8-, with z>. r. KO\- Theaet. 
172. Phaed. 81 (Steph.). 

KdXuTTTw To hide, II. 17, 243; Hipponax 52; Aesch. Pr. 
220; Soph. Ant. 1254; rare in prose, Xen. Eq. 12,5; -reiv 
Lycurg. 89 : imp. KaXvimv II. 24, 20, e*aX- Sapph. 19, irepi- 
Xen. Cyr. 7, 3, 14 : fut. Ka\tya> II. 21,321; Aesch. Sept. 1040; 
Soph. Aj. 916 ; Com. Fr. (Phil.) 4, 67 : aor. exaXv^a II. 20, 444 ; 
Simon. C. 168; Aesch. Pers. 646; Eur. Supp. 766; Her. 2, 
47, Trepi- PI. Tim. 34, *dX- II. 23, 693 ; Hes. Op. 156, '*aX- Eur. 
Bac. 12 -, -v^ II. 12, 281 ; -fyatpi Pind. N. 8, 38 : (perf. late 

diro-KKa\v<j)a Origen vol. 3, p. 561) : p. p. KeKaXvupai, -vpnevos II. 

16, 360; Pind. Ol. 5, 16; Xen. Cyr. 5, i, 4, ry- Andoc. i, 17, 

eTn-KeKciXwrrai PI. Crat. 395 : pip. KfKaXvirro II. 21, 549? fV-fK(K- 

Pl. Phaed. 118 : aor. aXv0#77i>, *aXu$0- Anth. 14, 53; -v$6eis 
Od. 4, 402; 'vtydjjvM Eur. Supp. 531 : fut. KaXix^o-o/zai late in 
simple, Paus. 8, u, 6; Aristid. 13, 130 (D.); Galen 3, 695, 

Sta- Dem. II, 13: 3 fut. (xeKaXv^o/itat ?). Mid. (taXv7rrojLiat 

rozw oneself, one's own, Ar. Nub. 740 : fut. KaXv-^o/xai, e'y- Ael. 
H. A. 7, 12, o-iiy- Aristid. 45, 59: aor. fKa\v^dfj.r]v Horn. H. 
Ven. 183; Anth. App. Epigr. 127, KaXvfy- II. 14, 184; -aptvos 
II. 3, 141. Od. 8, 92; Hes. Op. 198; Tyrt. n, 24; rare in 
prose, Hippocr. 8, 322 (Mss. Lit.); and very late, Orig. Ref. 
Haer. p. 299 (Miller), but Kara- Her. 6, 67, eV- Aeschin. 2,111 ; 
PI. Phaed. 117; Isocr. 17, 18; Luc. D. Deor. 17, i. Vb. 
KoXvKTos Ar. Thesm. 890. avy-Ka\vnTfos Aesch. Pr. 523 ; Geop. 
1 6, 9. The simple form in act. is rare in prose, poetic in mid.; 
the comp. frequent in prose, a/i^txaXwra) however is Poet, chiefly 
Epic. 

K(p.vci> To labour, be weary, sick, II. 19, 170 ; Eur. Andr. 816 ; 
Ar. Nub. 707 ; Hippocr. 6, 510 ; Xen. An. 3, 4, 47 ; subj. -v<o 
PI. Rep. 489 ; Kdp.ve Pind. P. i, 90 ; -v<*v Her. i, 197 ; Thuc. 2, 
51; Isae. 8, 8; -veiv Aesch. Eum. 908; Thuc. 2, 41: imp. 
eKafiv- II. 16, 106; Eur. Hel. 771; Her. i, 118; Andoc. i, 64; 
Dem. 50, 60, '- Thuc. 2, 51, napv- II. 5, 797 : fut. KafiS> doubt- 
ful (Hesych. has Kajuo>, fpyao-o/mt, and Kapel Soph. Tr. 1215, may 
be 3 sing., usu. called 2 sing, of mid.) Kapovpai, -el, -emu II. 2, 
389 ; Aesch. Eum. 88 1 ; PL Leg. 921, uncontr. -eW&u Ap. Rh. 
3, 580: p. intrans. KeK^Ka II. 6, 262; (PI.) Eryx. 392, Dor. -ana 
Theocr. i, 17 (Mein. Ahr.) : pip. eVcfK/^Kftmc Thuc. 3, 98; part. 
KfK^rjK<as Soph. Fr. 268 (D.); Aesch. Supp. 158; Thuc. 6, 34; 

PI. Leg. 927, Epic K(K[j.r)<as II. 23, 232, -wn 6, 26l, -oJra Od. 13, 
282, ~r]6ra Ap. Rh. 3, 234, pi. -rjStres 3, 1341 &C. and KeK^oras 
II. ii, 802, -T]5> T as Thuc. 3, 59 (Vulg. Bekk. Kriig. Stahl), -rjKoras 
(2 Mss. Popp. Dind.) approved by Buttm. and Kriig. : 2 aor. 

A a 



354 

fKapov II. 4, 244 ; Ar. Ach. 860; Her. 3, 16 ; Xen. Hell. 3, 3, i. 
5, 3, 19; Herodn. 3, 6, 3, icd/^ II. 8, 195. Od. 23, 189; 
Find. P. i, 78 ; subj. */*, -39, -17 II. i, 168 ; Com. Fr. (Eup.) 

2, 428 ; Her. 3, 99 ; Xen. Conv. 8, 18 ; PL Gorg. 470, Epic 
-r)<ri II. 17, 658. Od. 14, 65, redupl. Kf/cd/xa II. i, 1 68. 7, 5. 17, 
658 (Vulg. Wolf, Spitzn. &c.), *e /cd^a) (Bekk. Dind. La Roche 
with Aristarch., thus doing entirely away with the reduplicated 
form); opt. *cd/ioi/ II. 8, 22 ; Pind. Ol. 8, 29; Eur. Bac. 187 ; 
Ar. Lys. 541 ; PI. Rep. 408 ; Kapdv Aesch. Ag. 482, -u/ Ap. 
Rh. i, 19; Kapvv II. 23, 72; Pind. Ol. 2,8; Aesch. Sept. 210; 
Soph. El. 532; Eur. H. F. 259; Andoc. i, 120: 2 aor. mid. 
Epic fKa^o^v spend toil on, gain by, Od. 9, 130 ; Ap. Rh. 2, 718, 
Kap- II. 18, 341 ; Ap.'Rh. 4, 1321. Vb. dno-K^Ttov PI. Rep. 

445- 

Kdfjnrru To bend, Ar. Thesm. 53 ; Xen. Eq. i, 6 ; -TOW Aesch. 
Pr. 32 ; Soph. El. 744 ; Ar. Ach. 96 ; Her. 7, 58 ; Xen. Cyr. 7, 
i, 6; -Tfiv Eur. Fr. 45 (D.); Xen. Eq. 7, 15 : imp. fKa^-rov 
Eur. Bac. 1069 ; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 217; Plut. Mor. 496; 
.D. LaerL 6, 48: fut. KO^CO, -eiv II. 7, 118. 19, 72 (Epic -t\uv 
Bekk.) ; Soph. O. C. 91 (Mss. Elms. Dind. &c. -TCIV Mss. Reis. 
Herm.), uy-Kd/r\J/- Hippocr. 3, 424, dvu- Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 
6 ; Aristot. Meteor. 4, 9, 8, Kara- ibid. : aor. exa^a Od. 5, 453 ; 
Pind. P. 2, 51 ; Soph. O. C. 85; Com. Fr. (Cratet.) 2, 248, *ar- 
Eur. Tr. 1252 ; PI. Tim. 36, <rw- Phaed. 60; subj, -^co Eur. 
Hec. 1079, -\//77 II. 4, 486; opt. Kantyaifu Eur. Hipp. 87, -ete Aesch. 
Pr. 396 ; Ar. Nub. 970; --^oi> Soph. O. C. 19 ; inf. Ka^ai Eur. 
Supp. 748 ; Xen. Conv. 4, 6 ; Ka^as Ar. Nub. 178 ; Her. 4, 

43: (p. KfKantya ?) : p.p. KeKanpai, -fj.\^at, -fjnrrai Aristot. Probl. 

15, 2 ; Nicol. Rhet. 12, 3 ; inf. Ka/Lu&n Hippocr. 4, 280 (Lit.) ; 
KeKapufvos Aristot. Metaph. 4, 6, n. 14, Vt- Hippocr. i, 91 (K.), 
crvy- Xen. Eq. 7, 2 : aor. e'/cd/^&jv PI. Menex. 244 ; inf. -0^vai 
Thuc. 3, 58; -<j>6ds Aesch. Pr. 513 ; PI. Leg. 945: fut. late 
KafM(f)6f)(TOfMi Aristid. 13, 140; Dio Chrys. 77, 33; Galen 3, 147. 
4, 387, VTTO- Geop. 12, 19. Mid. *cd/x7rrofiat bend oneself &C. 
KdfiwTd Eur. I. T. 815 (Mss. Vulg. but act. Kd^nrfis Blomf. Herm. 
Monk, Dind. Kirchh.): but aor. late itdpfaTcu Epist. Barn. p. 135 
(Tisch.) Vb. KCIHTTTOS PI. Tim. 44. See yvdp-irru. 

Kamxit" To sound, ring, Epic and only imp. jcai/dxife II. 1 2, 
36; Hes. Sc. 373; Q. Sm. 8, 55. (aa) The collat. Kavaxe'u is 
Epic and Comic, -ova-t Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 2, 119; ->v 2, 162: 
fut. (-TJCTCO) : aor. jcaj/d^j/o-e Od. 19, 469 ; Ap. Rh. 4, 907 ; Q. Sm. 

3, 315. 

Kairuo) (go) 71? breathe, Epic and only aor, eVcdrruo-o-a in tmesi 
II. 22, 467, Kan-- Q. Sm. 6, 523. 



K.apKalpia 

Kapicaipu To quake, Epic and only imp. Kaptcaipe II. 20, 157. 

Kapirou (Kapiros) To produce fruit, eVcapTraxra Aesch. Pei'S. 281; 
and late V. T. Deut. 26, 14. Lev. 2, n. Mid. /0 reap fruit, 
-oC/itu Thuc. 2, 38; Isae. 10, 19; Dem. 22, 67. 51, 13: imp. 
-ovfjqv Eur. Andr. 935; Her. 2, 168 ; PL Critia 118: fut. 
-wo-p/zai Aesch. Pr. 851 ; Isocr. 4, 166 : aor. -axra/i^v PL Conv. 
187; Isae. 5, 35; Dem. 6, 21: with p. p. as mid. ntKapnufjicu. 
Xen. Cyr. 8, 7, 6 ; Dem. 27, 47. 29, 34. 

Kaprdfw 70 strengthen, Epic for Kparvva>, usually confined to 
aor. mid. fKaprivavro II. ii, 215. 12, 415; Theocr. 22, 80; 
Ap. Rh. i, 510; once in prose D. Laert. (Thrasibul.) i, 7, 9. 
Act. rare, pres. -vveiv Find. Ol. 13, 95 : rare also aor. and late, 
xaprvvas Stob. (Phanocl.) 64, 14; Ap. Rh. 2, 332; Opp. Hal. 

2, 328. 

KarafJpoxw, see /Spo^a). 

Ka.TaYAa>TTia> To kiss wantonly, speak against, imp. xareyXwT- 
Ar. Ach. 380 : (fat. -ur<a, -ta>) : p. p. KareyXwrrwr^eVos without 

redupl. Ar. Thesm. 131. 

Kardyvufu To break, Thuc. 4, n; PL Phaedr. 265 (Soph. 
Fr. 147 (D.); Ar. Pax 703), and Karayvva Hippocr. 7, 530; 
Xen. Oec. 6, 5; Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 254 : fut. Kardco Com. Fr. 
(Eup.) 2, 559 : aor. *careaa II. 13, 257 ; Ar. Vesp. 1435 ; Thuc. 

3, 89 ; Xen. An. 4, 2, 20; PL Crat. 389, Ion. Karfjga Hippocr. 
5, 224 (Lit.); subj. Kardgrj Ar. Ach. 932 ; PL Phaed. 86, v. r. 

-ea^rj ; imper. Karagov Ar. Fr. 488 ; inf. Kardgai Eur. Supp. 508 J 

Com. Fr. (Phryn.) 2, 603 ; part. Kardgas Lys. 3, 42 (Dobr. Cobet, 
Scheibe), but Karedgas (Mss. Bekk. B. Saupp.) ; Luc. Alex. 14: 

p. late KaredyTjKe if COITCCt, Cinnam. p. 190 : p. p. late Karfayfjuu 

Luc. Tim. 10 ; Paus. 8, 46, 5 ; Artemid. Onir. 5, 32 : 1 aor. 
late Kartdx&nv V. T. Jer. 31, 25 ; -ax&i'r Dio Chrys. 11, 339 ; but 
-axOrjvai Aristot. Part. An. i, i, 16 : 2 aor. KaTtayijv Ar. Vesp. 
1428; Andoc. i, 61 ; Lys. 3, 14; subj. Karayrj PL Crat. 389; 
Hippocr. 4, 158 (Lit.), and if correct -eayfj 4, 172. 220, -(rjyfj 3, 

428 (Lit. I, 500 Erm.); Opt. Karayeir; Ar. Ach. 943, -eayei'j; Hip- 
pOCr. 4, 128 (Ms. H. Lit. -ayeir) Vulg. Erm.); part, narayeis 

Lys. 3, 40; Anth. Plan. 187; Hippocr. 4, 148. 154, sometimes 

KciTfayfis 4, 154. 172. 282. 346, and -erjyeis 4, 324 (Lit. *caray- 

always Ermerins) : 2 p. Kartdya am broken, Ar. Ach. 1180, Ion. 
Koreijya Hippocr.' 3, 428. 506, rare /canjya if correct, Hippocr. 

3, 75 (Kiihn) ; part, -rjyus Phoen. Coloph. 6, 3, 4 (Schneidw.), 
-fayws Ar. Plut. 546; PL Gorg. 524, Ion. -ej^yw? Her. 7, 224; 
Hippocr. 4, 130. 200. 278. 282 (Mss. Lit., but -eayvla 3, 426. 

4, 158); -eayevai PL Gorg. 469. In 2 aor. a usu. in Epic, Anth. 
PL 187; II. 17, 607. 3, 367, but a in arsis, II. n, 559; and 

A a a 



356 Kara^oi/Xoco Kara j/a At'ovcw. 

Attic, An Ach. 944. Fr. 502 (D.) : long in 2 perf. aywfu had 
been digammated, hence aor. KarFagas, KaFFdg- (so Kamrfvov &c.) 
softened icavdgais 2 sing. opt. aor. for Kardgats Hes. Op. 668. 693. 
This verb both in Mss. and edit, has often those forms aug- 
mented which usually have no augment : narea^avres Lys. 3, 42 
(all the Mss.); Ael. H. A. 10, 10, K<n-d|- (Kerch.); -tayeis Hip- 
pocr. quoted ; Lys. 3, 40 (some Mss.) ; and late, even fut. 
KaTfdgti N.T. Matth. 12, 20 : Kar(dyvvp,ai Hippocr. 3, 244 (Kiihn), 
nardyv- Lit. 4, 278 rightly (with Chart.), wrongly however KUT- 
Tiyvvrat, 3, 556 (Mss. Lit.), and -rjyvvpevos 3, 506. 556, but 
Kardywrai 3, 556. 558, an- 3, 558 ; and a still more curious 

form Karedyoivro Polyaen. 8, 7> 2, KOTfdyv- (Woelffl. Kardyv- Ms. P.) 

For f^eayeia-a Ap. Rh. 4, 1 686, Merkel reads fdy- with Guelph. 

KaraSouXow To enslave, act. reg. but rare, Thuc. 3, 70; Plut. 
Mor. 828 : fut. -euo-o) V. T. Jer. 15, 14 : aor. -eSouXwo-a Isocr. 9, 
21 ; -XSo-at Her. 6, 109 : p. -Xwxa C. Fr. (Menand.) 4, 169 : p. p. 
KaTa8e8ov\a>fjLai PI. Conv. 219 ; Isocr. 4, 169 ; but mid. Eur. I. A. 
1269 ; PI. Rep. 351 : so aor. -coa-a/^p Lys. 12, 39; Isocr. 4, 67; 
PI. Menex. 245 : fut. -axro/wu Lys. 34, 2. 8 : pres. -8ov\ovp.at 
Her. 7, 51 ; Thuc. 3, 63 ; PI. Gorg. 483 ; Isocr. 5, 53; Dem. 
18, 72. f 

Karacivucc, see evwp.1. 

KaTaaivb>, see ddva>. 

Kara6nfiaKO) To die, is entirely Poet., -6vf)<rKei Orph. Lith. 407; 
-6vf]<TKdov II. 22, 355 ; -6vf](TKeiv Emped. 47 (Stein) : fat. (always 
syncop.) Kardavovnai Eur. Med. 1386. H. F. 210 : aor. (always 
syncop.) Kardave II. 21, 107 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 796; Callim. Epigr. 21; 
Bion i, 31 ; Mosch. 3, 34 ; in Attic Aesch. Ag. 1553 (chor.) ; subj. 
KarBdvat Eur. Or. 777; narddvoi Ale. 143; -Bavfiv Aesch. Ag. 1364; 
Soph. Ant. 555; Eur. Andr. 1069; Ar. Ran. 1477 ; -Qavvv Epi- 
charm. 146 ; Aesch. Ag. 873; Soph. Ant. 515; Eur. Or. 581 : 

p. KaTaTeOvrfica II. 15, 664; part. Epic -TfdvT)a>s II. 22, 164. Od. 

n, 84. We have never seen this verb in prose. The Attic 
Poets use fut. and aor. only : the Epics pres. and pert 

KaraiTidojiai, see am-. 

KaraiSe'w, see aifieo/xat. 

KaraKaifa), see wuVw. 

KaraKTCivu, see KTfLvta. 

KaraXea), see aXe'w. 

KaraXeiTra), see XfiW. 

KaraXuct), see Xvca. 

KaracaXia-KO) To expend, imp. KaT-avd\i<TKov Isocr. I, 1 8, in 
some tenses augments occasionally the initial vowel of oVoX- as 
if a simple: aor. KaT-ijvdXua-a Isocr. 9, 60: aor. pass. K 



357 

fyv Hippocr. 9, 178. 180 (Lit.) : p.p. Kar-qr/aXaymi Isocr. 3, 31. 
See ai/aX/axa. 

), see v//i&>. 
), see vfva>. 

Kara^oew, see voea. 

Kcrrapdofiai, see apa-. 

KarappuSeu), see appealed). 

KaTaoTpe<f>a), see orpttfxo. 

KaTa<f>poye'<o 70 despise, Her. 4, 134; Xen. Mem. 3, 12, 3; 
Isocr. 13, 8 ; PI. Conv. 216 &c. ; -vtlv Thuc. 6, 34; -aw 2, n : 
imp. Kar-e<pp- Xen. Hell. 4, 5, 12 ; Dem. 41,2: fiit. -faco Isocr. 
u, 27: aor. -e(pp6vT)<ra Lys. 9, 17; PL Lach. 200; Aeschin. i, 
114 ; -rjo-as Thuc. 6, ii : p. -ne(pp6vr]Ka Andoc. 4, 16; Lys. 12, 
84; Isocr. 5, 100. 12, 261 : p.p. irefppdvrjfjiai Dem. 10, 6; -q/^owf 
Isocr. 5, 137: aor. -e(ppovf)6r)v Isocr. 6, 108; PL Euthyd. 273: 
fut. p. -TjOrjvofjMi Isocr. 6, 95; Aeschin. i, 176: and fut. m. as 

pass, -(ppovfja-onat. PL Hipp. Maj. 28l. Vb. -(ppovrjreov Athen. 

14, 20; Aristid. 45, 69. In Ion. this verb often means simply 
to direct the mind to, without the accessory notion of despising, 
Her. i, 59. 66 &c. ; Hippocr. 6, 390 (Lit.). 

Karaxpdu To be sufficient, serve for, Ion. and impers. in act. 
Karaxpa Her. I, 164 : imp. nare^pa Her. 7> 7 
4, 118. 

ej, see 
e, see ( 

Kanrjmcxa), see ^T 
), see 

b // </(9Z; straight, erect, Eur. Hel. 1067 ; Thuc. 
7, 47 &c. is reg. and introduced here simply because we think 
the mid. form has been missed by all our Lexicons : fut. Karop- 
6u>crtT(u may be pass. Hippocr. 3, 446 (Lit.) : aor. -op#axnprat 

4,156; -(ccra/jifvos 3,436. 482; -axracr&H 3,474: pres. -opdovadai 

4, 1 88, seems mid. see 8, 144. 

Karruo), and -ao-u'w (u) To stitch, patch, PL Euthyd. 294; 
Athen. (Nicand.) 9, 9 : fut. -ixreiv Alciphr. 3, 58 : p. p. late 

KiKaTTvpeva Clem. Alex. 998, 43, ey-KfKarrimu Com. Fr. (Alex.) 

3, 423. Mid. Karrvofjiai. as act. Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 356 : imp. 

Trap-fKarrveTO Ar. Plut. 663. 
Kaud|ai, see Karayvvfju. 

Kauxdo/iai To exult, -5/iat Theocr. 5, 77 (Ahr.), Ion. -/o/tat 
(Vulg. Fritz. ZiegL), - X a Lycurg. Fr. 14, late -acrai N. T. Rom. 
2, 17. i Cor. 4, 7 ; -avdai Pind. Ol. 9, 38 ; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 
2, 7 2 i -npfvos (Phil.) 4, 40: imp. enavx^^v, *- Eur. Bacc. 31, 
eV- Aristot. de Plant, prol. 7 : fut. Kavx>?</u> 2 sing. Ion. - 



358 Ka^)eo> KeF/zcu 



Her. 7, 39, -^o-rrai Com. Fr. (Eplcr.) 3, 369, -fafvOe Pseud.- 
Callisth. 2, 20: aor. eVau^r/o-aTo Athen. 14, 23; Aristot. Pol. 5, 
10, 16; -rja-aa-dat Com. Fr. (Eup.) 2, 473; Aristot. Polit. 5, 10, 
16 ; (Aeschin.) Epist. 4, 5 ; Dio. Hal. 8, 30; subj. Kavx^o-rj Babr. 
96 : p. late ntKavx^ai N. T. 2 Cor. 7, 14. Scarcely in good Attic 
prose. The form Kavxao-ai, though late, may represent early usage. 
(Ka<f>e'(i> or icdiru) To pant, Epic part. 2 perf. Kdca(j)r)<as II. 5, 698 ; 
Anth. 9, 653; Opp. Hal. 3, 113. Hesych. has KeVo/^e, rdfaper. 

Kax^S w > see ifa-yxaC'"- 

KaxXd^w and KayxX-? To dask, swell, Aesch. Sept 115 (chor.) ; 
late prose, Arr. An. 6, 4, 4 ; Diod. Sic. 3, 44 ; inf. -d&iv Arr. 
An. 5, 20; part, -dfwi/ Theocr. 6, 12, fem. Dor. -a(bio-a/ Pind. 
Ol. 7, 2 : imp. fKax^afrv late, Philostr. 1 1 6, iter Kaxhd&crKfv, e?n- 
Ap. Rh. 4, 944 : aor. eVaxXatre, ov- Opp. Cyn. i, 275. Only 
pres. and imp. in simple, and only in Poet, and late prose. 

Kdu, see Kaia>. 

Kedtu To split (KO, mco), chiefly Epic, fut. Kedo-aco Orph. Arg. 
852 : aor. Ktaa-a Od. 14, 418. 2O, l6l, Keaarcr- II. 16, 347, eWao-cr- 
Od. 5, 132. 7, 250; Kedo-ai/w Od. 12, 388 ; inf. neda-a-ai 15, 322; 

Ap. Rh. 4, 392 ; Callim. Fr. 289 ; Keda-as Nic. Ther. 644, -do-a-as 

'JOg (<ceSa(T(r- OttO Schneid.) ; Ap. Rh. 3, 378: p.p. KfKeaa-fJ.evos 
Od. 18, 309: aor. neda-drj II. 16, 412, fKfdff- Ap. Rh. 2, 104 

(Merkel). 

KeSdmifu 71? scatter (xeSaw, -aC w )> Epic = o-<ceS- (part. pass. 
Kfdawvpfvos Anth. 5, 276) : aor. eWSao-o-a II. 17, 285 ; Opp. Hal. 

1, 412 ; Ap. Rh. 3, 1360. 2, 1189, Kedaava (Well.) ; inf. KeSdo-o-at 

2, 50 : pip. pass. KfKfdao-To Ap. Rh. 2, 1112: aor. KeSda-Br) Orph. 
Arg. 559, 3 pi. Epic fW$ao-0i> II. 15, 657 (Wolf, Bekk. Dind.) ; 
Ap. Rh. 2, 135 (Merk.), Ke8ao-0- (Vulg.) ; KtSavdds II. 15, 328. 
Kfdoavrai or <7Kf8- 3 pi. pres. pass. Epic for KeSwj/rai (Kedaowat) 
Ap. Rh. 4, 500, KeSarai Hesych. A COllat. form Ace8a/o/zai, -at'g 

occurs Nic. Alex. 458 ; -optvos Ap. Rh. 2, 626. 

Keifiai To lie, Od. 19, 516. Horn. Epigr. 3; Simon. C. 169; 
Pind. N. 7,35. Fr. 222; Soph. Tr. 985; Eur. Hec. 28, Ion. (iV al )> 
Kftoradl. 19, 319; Aesch. Ch. 7 24; Soph. 0. 0.1510; Eur. Fr. 908, 
Epic Kflai, Kara- Horn. H. Merc. 254, n-ai II. 6, 47 ; Hes. Th. 795 ; 
Aesch. Pers. 325 ; Eur. Med. 24 ; Ar. Ach. 584 ; Antiph. 5, 9 ; 
Thuc. r, 36; Her. i, 9 (Gaisf. Bekk. Keerai Dind. Stein), and Ion. 
Kterai. Her. 4, 62 ; Hippocr. 2, 54 (Lit.), 3 dual ncladov Eur. Phoen. 
1698, Kfififda Simon. C. 92 ; Soph. O. C. 248 ; Eur. Phoen. 1639 ; 
Thuc. 5, 108, Kflffde rare, 7rp6-K(ta-0e Eur. Tr. 1179, Keurai Aesch. 
Supp. 242; Antiph. 5, 14. 6, 2; Thuc. 2, 102; PI. Menex. 
242, Ion. Keiarai Mimnerm. II, 6 (Bergk); Ap. Rh. 4, 481, 
KOTO- II. 24, 527, ice'arai II. u, 659; Archil. 170; Hippocr. i, 



Keii/ow Ke/jOW. 359 

248 (Erm.), ava- Her. i, 14, 8ia- i, 105, n- 6, 58 &c. and 
Keovrai II. 22, 510. Od. 16, 232; Hippocr. 2, 22. 24 (Lit.); 
subj. rare ((ceco^at, -/), KeV ai Xen. Oec. 8, 19 ; Lycurg. 113 ; PI. 
Soph. 257, Kara- Hippocr. 7, 206, 0-1.7- Aristot. Metaph. 8, 10, 4, 
contr. Krjrai only in Epic II. 19, 32. and now 24, 554. Od. 2, 
102. 19, 147 (Wolf, Bekk. Spitzn. Dind. La R. Ktlrai Mss. 
Vulg. Buttm. and defended by Ahrens as an Epic subj. contr. 

for Kfifrai), 8ia-K.er](r6f Isocr. 15, 259, irpocr-KecovTai Hippocr. 3, 

438, Kara- Luc. V. Auct. 15 ; opt. Kfolwv, -OITO Her. 1,67; Isae. 
6, 32; PI. Rep. 477, Kara- Hippocr. 4, 122, - Dem. 21, 103, 

Trpoa-KeotVTO Thuc, 4, 33 ; imper. Kfla-o II. 21, 122, K(i<rda> Od. 1$, 

128 ; Soph. El. 362 ; Her. 2, 171 ; PI. Leg. 926 ; KeZa&u II. 8, 
126; Eur. Hipp. 926; Her. 4, 22; Antiph. 5, 14; PI. Rep. 
534, but Kffa-dai Her. 2, 2 ; Hippocr. 2, 24. 118 (Lit.); nd^vos 

11. 14, 10; Soph. Ant. 1174; Ar. Ran. 761; Her. 9, 100; 
Antiph. 5, 96 ; Thuc. 7, 85 : imp. eW/x^ &c. II. 15, 388 ; Aesch. 
Ch. 964 ; Soph. El. 1 134 ; Her. 7, 208 ; Thuc. 7, 4 ; PI. Euthyd. 
303, Keiprjv Od. 10, 54, Dor. nd^av Theocr. 2, 86, - Anth. 

12, 140, Kfla-o Od. 24, 40, cetro II. IO, 77 ; Pind. P. 9,83, emro 

II. 7, 156 ; Hes. Sc. 172 ; Thuc. 7, 4 ; PL Rep. 425, -eero Her. 

1, 196, 3 dual -i<r6i)v Lys. 13, 37, pi. exetvro Thuc. 2, 52, Kflvro 

II. 21, 426, Ion. fKfaro Her. i, 167, K/OTO II. 13, 763; Hes. Sc. 
241, Epic fKfiaro Ap. Rh. 4, 1295, KeiWo II. ii, 162 ; Hes. Sc. 
175, 3 sing. iter. Kea-Kero Od. 21, 41, augm. TrapfKe'o-K- Od. 14, 
521: fut. fcei'o-o/wu II. 18, 121. Od. 22, 319; Aesch. Ch. 895; 
Soph. El. 245; Ar. Nub. 126; PI. Rep. 451, Dor. Keto-eC/Luu 
Theocr. 3, 53, 2 sing. Ion. uticrtai II. 18, 338, -a-ovrai 22, 71 : 
aor. (fKfLa-a^v), subj. xeunjrai if correct, Hippocr. 3, 438 (Bosq. 

Lit. Kfia-frai Vulg.) 2 sing. pres. Ktlai, KaraKfiai for -eicrai, Horn. 

H. 3, 254, but doubtful. The forms nelrm, SiaKeinai, &c. occur 
sometimes as subj. for Ker/rai, Sta-Kew/xai &c. In late recen- 
sions however most of them have been altered to the usual 
form ; diVe/u PI. Phaed. 84, may be indicative, see Thuc. 3, 
53 &c. and for Smieeio-tfe Isocr. 15, 259 (Vulg.), Bekker, B.Saupp., 
and Benseler edit 8iaKerja-6e. neurai, ava-, eVi-, Trapa- &c. 3 sing, 
occurs in the older editions of (Luc.) D. Syr. 6, 8. 27. 29 &c. 
but is certainly a false reading for erai, see Jacobitz and Dind. 
Even in Her. some of the Mss. occasionally offer Kearai sing, as 

4, 62 (M. P.), Kftrai (F. K. A.), avaKfarai 3, 31 (b. C. d. Gaisf.), 

(M. F. a. Bekk. Dind. Dietsch). 

, see Kevoco. 

To shear (Aeol. Keppca), II. n, 560 ; Com. Fr. (Cratin.) 

2, 38 ; Her. 4, 191 ; Theophr. C. P. 3, 23, 3, Dor. 3 pi. Kfipovri 
Bion i, 22 (Mein.) ; imper. <fiperf Od. 2, 143 ; Kfipcw II. 21, 204 ; 



360 Ke/ ft> KeX a Seco. 

Her. 9, 24 ; rare in Attic prose Thuc. i, 64; ce/pi PI. Rep. 
470: imp. fKfipov Od. ii, 578; Soph. Aj. 55; Her. 6, 75. 99. 
7, 131 : fut. KfpS> PL Rep. 471 ; Babr. 51, Epic xepew II. 23, 146, 
and K/PO-OJ, -01 Mosch. 2, 32 (Vulg. d/x/pyoi #0z# Mein. Herm. 
Ahr.): aor. tueipa Eur. Tr. 1173, KOT- Od. 23, 356, drr- Anacr. 
49 ; imper. Kfipart Pseud.-Callisth. 2, 39 ; Kfipas Soph. Tr. 1196; 
Eur. Hel. 1124; Her. 5, 63; Kflpai Find. P. 9, 37, Epic e/cepo-a 
Ap. Rh. 2, 826, in tmesi II. 13, 546, /ce'po-e Hes. Sc. 419, in 
tmesi II. 10, 456 ; -077 Q. Sm. n, 214; -aete Aesch. Supp. 665 
(chor.) ; Kepa-as II. 24, 450 : p.- Kfnapua, n-ept- Luc, Conv. 32 : 
pip. fKfKapKti, ait- Tox. 51 : p. p. K(Kapp.ai The.ocr. 14, 46; Luc. 
Epigr. 34 (Jacob.), KfKapo-ai in tmesi Eur. Hec. 910; -pevos 
Archil. 36 (Bergk) ; Eur. Or. 458 ; Com. Fr. (Pher.) 2, 300 ; 
Ar. Ach. 849; Xen. Hell, i, 7, 8; KmapQai Her. 2, 36. 3, 8: 
pip. fKfKapp,r)i> Luc. Lex. 5 : 1 aor. eWpdV> Kfpdeis Poet. Pind. P. 
4, 82, Kapd- (Ms. C.) : 2 aor. luapriv, dp(p- Anth. 9, 56 ; subj. in 
simple Kapfi Her. 4, 127 ; napeis Plut. Lys. i ; Kapfjvai Luc. Soloec. 
6. Mid. KeipofMi to cut one's own hair, Eur. Phoen. 322 ; Her. 
3, 8. 4, 175 : -opevos II. 23, 136 : imp. Kclpovro Od. 24, 46 : fut. 
KfpovfMi Eur. Tr. 1183; Callim. Apoll. 14, OTTO- PI. Phaed. 89: 
aor. (KeipdfiTjv Aesch. Ch. 189 ; Eur. Elec. 546 ; Aeschin. 3, 211, 
Kfip- Mosch. 3, 90 (Herm. Mein.), dn-tKdp- II. 23, 141 ; Her. 6, 
21 ; Isae. 4, 7; neipaiTo Aesch. Ch. 172; imper. Kdpaa-de Eur. 

H. F. 1390; KfipavOai II. 23, 46; -dp,fi>os Bion I, 8 1, Epic knep- 

<rdft.T)v, fKfpo-o) Callim. Fr. 311 : -<rap.evos Aesch. Pers. 952 (chor.) 
Vt>. Kapros late Geop. 2, 6, 32. airo-Kapreov Com. Fr. (Eup.) 
2 > 573- Neither of the aorists pass, seems to be of Attic 
usage. 

Keiw To wish to lie down, res/, Od. 19, 340; ntlovai Arat. 
1009; Subj. Keiopev for -aip-ev, Kara- Od. 1 8, 419; imper. KeiWe, 
Kara- 7, 188 ; and KW in part. Keav Od. 7, 342, Kfiovres II. 14, 

340, -ovara Od. 23, 292 ; inf. Kfi.fp.fv Od. 8, 315. A desiderative 
to Kflptu lie ; and to be distinguished from /< to split, which 
has only pt. KO>I> Od. 14, 425. 

KcKaS^o-w, KeKaSor, see X"C 0) ' 

KcKXojxai To order, Poet, and late in pres. Ap. Rh. i, 716. 
2, 693; Orph. Lith. 177 ; Opp. Hal. 3, 311 : imp. or 2 aor. 
(K.eKb.op.T)v Hes. Sc. 341, and KfK\6p.rjv II. 16, 657 : Ap. Rh. 4, 230 ; 
Pind. I. 6, 53 called; Dor. opt. KfK\olpav Aesch. Supp. 591 
(chor.); /cexXo'^cvoy Soph. O. R. 159 (chor.); but pass. Maneth. 

2, 251. 3, 319. Hesych. has act. *ce/Xet, /eeXewet. See Kf\op,at. 

KeXdSe'o) To shout, sing, Poet. Sapph. 4 (Vulg.) ; Pratin. i, 3 
(Bergk); Com. Fr. (Theop.) 2, 808; Eur. I. T. 1093 (chor.), 
(Luc.) Philop. 3, Dor. -aSWt Pind. P. 2, 15; 



KeX apv^co - KeXei;w. 

Stesich. 33 (B.); -aSaf Eur. Tr. 121 (chor.) ; Find. Ol. i, 9, 
and KeXadca, -dS Sapph. quoted (Ahr. Bergk) ; part. Ke\d8a>v II. 
21, 16; Ap. Rh. i, 501; Ar. Nub. 284 (chor.): imp. eKeXdSouv 
Eur. Phoen. 1102 (trimet.) ; late prose Charit. 6, 2, 4, Kf\d8- 
Eur. Elec. 716 (chor.): fut. KeXaSjja-o) Terpand. Fr. 5 (Bergk); 
Find. Ol. 2, 3 ; Eur. H. F. 694 (chor.) : and mid. KeXaSijo-o/wu 
Find. Ol. 10 (u), 79 : aor. KeXdS^o-a II. 23, 869 ; Find. N. 4, 16 ; 
Aesch. Cho. 610 (chor.); Eur. Hel. 371 (chor.); Theocr. 22, 
99, in tmesi II. 8, 542 ; subj. -170^ Eur. Ion 93 (chor.); Theocr. 
1 8, 57 ; KeXaSfJo-ai Find. P. i, 58. This verb is almost always 
Epic and Lyric. 

Ke\apu'w To flow with a noise, gurgle, Epic II. 21, 261 : imp. 
Kt\dpve II. ii, 813. Od. 5, 323; Theocr. 7, 137: fut. mid. 
Kf\apvgop.ai Or. Sib. 3, 440, -va-ofjLai Hesych. : aor. Kf\apve Find. 
Fr. i82 d (Schneid.). Occasionally in late prose (Luc.) Philoptr. 
3 : imp. eX- (Hippocr.) Epist. 9, 350 (Lit.). 

KeXeimdw To cheer on, a frequentative from Kf\eva>, and only 
pres. part. Epic KeXevrid<ai> for -TMV II. 13, 125. 

KeXeuw To order, II. 4, 286; Find. N. 4, 80; Aesch. Eum. 
674; Soph. O. R. 226; Ar. Av. 561; Her. 7, 102; Antiph. i, 
21 ; Thuc. i, 129; Epic subj. Kf\fvop.fv II. 23, 659 : imp. eWX- 

11. 4, 380; Ar. Ran. 34; Her. 7, 88; Antiph. i, 10 ; Thuc. i, 
126; Andoc. i, 22; Lys. 12, 12 ; PI. Conv. 220, *eX- II. 23, 
767, 'K\- Ar. Vesp. 501 : fut. /ceXevo-w II. 4, 322 ; Ar. Eccl. 261 ; 
Thuc. 3, 44 ; Epic inf. KeXeuo-e/ieixu Od. 4, 274, called aor. by 
Fasi: aor. eWXevo-a II. 5, 823; Find. Ol. 6, 32 ; Soph. Ph. 544; 
Ar. Eq. 1047; Her. 8, 90; Antiph. 6, 15; Thuc. 2, 67; Lys. 

12, 10 ; Xen. An. i, 5, 8, X- Find. Ol. 6, 70; II. 20, 4 (see 

fat.) ; -fverai Aesch. Eum. 6l8; KfXevo-ov Od. 7, 163 : p. KeXeu*ca 

Lys. i, 34 ; Luc. Demon. 44 : p. p. KeKe'Xevo>iat Xen. Cyr. 8, 3, 
14; Luc. D. Deor. 20, 8. Sacr. n : pip. eVceKeXevoro D. Cass. 

78, 4, 3, Trapa-KfKeXevoTO Her. 8, 93 (Bekk. Gaisf. Trap-(K(KfX- 

Dind. Abicht, Stein, with S. V.) : aor. eKeXever&p Soph. O. C. 
738 ; Eur. I. T. 937. Heracl. 501 ; Her. 7, 9; Thuc. 7, 70; 
Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 21. Oec. 17, 2 ; Dio. Hal. i, 48 ; 4 Mace. 9, 
n, dvr- Thuc. i, 139, but fKfXfvOrjv if correct, Dio. Hal. i, 84 
(Vulg. -o-drjv Kiessl.) ; 4 Mace, quoted (Gaisf.) : fut. late KeXeu- 
a-drja-ofievos Dio Cass. 68, 9. Mid. rare in simple, KeXeiio/Mu, 

aor. fKe\ev<rdfJLijv Hippocr. 7> 49 (Lit.) fiia/ceXeiio^ai is Dep. 

Her. i, 42; Dem. 17, 12 : imp. St-fxeX- Thuc. 8, 97: with fut. 
-fva-ofjLai Her. i, 36 : and aor. -(ice\fvardp.r)v 9, 5, and, in the 
classic period, irapaKf\- ; e'yKeXeuw again, is classic, and -euo/Mu 
late ; but wiKfXfva* and mid. -w/nai are both classic. Vb. 
Thuc. 6, 13. dia-KeXfva-Tfov PI. Leg. 361. The 



362 KeXXw Kevow. 

perf. and aor. pass, seem, at least in classic Greek, to have 
always a-. In fact, we have seen -ei>6rjv only twice, never <t- 
KfXtvfjuii, though the noun /ceXev/xa, n-apa-KeXeu^ia have, in some 
authors, as good support as KeXetxr/ua &c. We therefore doubt 
the statement of Lobeck " KfteXevpai et KeXeuoyii parem fere 
auctoritatem habent." 

KeXXu To bring, or come, to land as a ship, Poet, and only 
flit. Kf'Xo-o) Aesch. Supp. 330 ; Opp. Hal. 3, 221, eVt- Ap. Rh. 
2, 352. 382: and aor. eXo-a Od. 12, 5; Soph. Tr. 04 ; Eur. 
Rhes. 898; Opp. HaL 2, 632; late prose Dio. Hal. 14, 3, etV- 
Ar. Thesm. 877 ; subj. KeXo-w Eur. Hec. 1057 ; inf. *e'Xcrat Od. 

10, 511 ; Aesch. Supp. 16; Eur. Hipp. 140; jceXo-a? Od. 9, 149; 
Aesch. Pr. 184 ; Eur. Elec. 139. Prose authors use oKe'XXw. 

KeXofiai To order, usu. Poet. II. 15, 138 ; Simon. C. 37, 15; 
Find. P. 4, 159; Aesch. Ag. 1119; Eur. Hipp. 1283, Epic 

2 sing. KeXeai II. 24, 434; Ke\oi(J.r)v II. 9, 517; imper. KeXecr&o 
Od. 3, 425, -eo-6e II. 9, 171 ; -ea-dat Od. IO, 299 : imp. 

11. i, 386; Anth. 14, 34, 2 sing. eXfv Theocr. 3, n, 

II. 15, 119, Dor. Kfvro Alcm. 141 (Bergk), neXovro Hes. Th. 33 ; 
Pind. Fr. 2, but Xo/xeo-0a is pass. Or. Sib. 8, 500 : fat. K(\Tja-ofjiM 
Od. 10, 296 : 1 aor. en^va^v Epicharm. Fr. 48, /ceX^o-- Pind. 
Ol. 13, 80. I. 6, 37 : 2 aor. redupl. *eKXero (for xe/ceX-) II. 16, 
421, augm. cWxX- II. ii, 285; Hes. Sc. 341; Orph. Arg. 360 ; 
KfK\o!fj.nv Aesch. Supp. 591 (chor.) ; Ke/cXo/ievos Hes. Th. 686; 
Ap. Rh. i, 311 (pass. Maneth. 2, 251); Soph. O. R. 159 (chor.), 
ova- H. Hym. 19, 5, Dor. /cXo/i>a, eVi- Aesch. Supp. 41 (chor.), 
the only instances, we think, of aor. in Trag. *e'Xu 2 sing. 
trisyll. II. i, 74. Od. 5, 98 &c. but dissyl. II. 24, 434. Od. 4, 
812. 10, 337 (Wolf, Bekk. Dind.) where used to stand X>7. 
Subj. Ace'Xw/xai, and part. Kf\6nevos we have not seen. The 2 aor. 
seems confined to indie, and part This verb, though mostly 
poetic, especially Epic, occurs occasionally in, perhaps, Doric 
prose, Pittac. Diog. Laert. i, 4, 10; Plut. Mor. (Ages.) 211; 
Luc. V. A. (Heracl.) 14. Hesych. has aor. act. eW 



, Ion. fceiy- To empty, Eur. Med. 959 ; Hippocr. 6, 572 ; 
PI. Conv. 197 : fut. /cevcoo-w Eur. Ion 447, Ion. Ktiv- Nic. Ther. 

56: aor. eKfvaxra Eur. Rhes. 914; opt. Kfivacrfias Nic. Alex. 

140, Kcvwaai Aesch. Supp. 660; -oxras Pers. 718 ; PI. Rep. 560; 
inf. -wo-at Hippocr. 6, 568 : p. -w*a App. Civ. 5, 67 : p. p. '- 
vnvrai Hippocr. 6, 378 j -up*vos Her. 4, 123 (Mss. Bekk. Gaisf. 
Stein), KfKdvvn- (Dind. Bred. Dietsch) : aor. -adrjv Thuc. 2, 51 : 
fut. p. late Kfvudfio-fTai Aretae. 89 (ed. Oxon.); Galen 4, 709, 
c- i, 195: and fut. mid. as pass. Ketvwo-o^at Emped. Fr. in 



Kei/rew Kepdwv/Jii. 36 



(Stein), eV Galen 3, 533, but act. 3, 341. Dind. and Bred. 
write p. p. KeKfiv- because adj. neivos, not <ev6s, neveos, is the 
Herodotean form. 

Kerre'o) To prick, goad, Find. P. i, 28 ; Soph. Ant. 1030 ; Ar. 
Vesp. 1113 ; PI. Gorg. 456 : imp. tWr- Eur. Bac. 631 : fut. 
-170-6) Soph. Aj. 1245: aor. fKevrrjo-a Hippocr. 5, 234 (Lit.); 
Aristot. Hist. An. 5, 31, 2, Dor. nevrda-e (Theocr.) 19, i; Epic 
inf. KtWtu (KTO>) II. 23, 337: p.p. KfKfVTTipai Hippocr. 3, 380 
(K.) : aor. eKei/r^y Aristot. de Spiritu 5, 7 ; Theophr. H. P. 
9, 15, 3 : fut. Kfi>Tr]8fi<TOfjMi, a~vy- Her. 6, 29 : pres. Kevrov^vos 
Thuc. 4, 47. Vb. Kfcrros II. 14, 214. dia-KfvTr]Tfov Geop. 

17, 19. 

Ke'ojjiai, see Keifiat. 

Kepcuu To attack (xeipw), II. 16, 752 ; Her. i, 159; late Attic 
prose Ael. N. A. 6, 41 ; Parthen. 21 ; Epic inf. -igpev Od. 8, 
516 : imp. eKfpd'iov Her. 8, 91 ; Arr. An. 5, 17, 3, *ep- II. 5, 
557; Pind. P. 9, 21 ; Theocr. 25, 202: fut. (-iV<o), late -i'w 
Or. Sib. 3, 466: aor. eVcepato-a Her. 2, 115, and late Kepd'iga 
Nonn. 23, 21. Pass. Krpaifop.cu, -6p.fvos II. 24, 245; rare in 
Attic Eur. Ale. 886 (chor.) ; Themist. 4, 57 : imp. eccepcuf- Her. 
8, 86. 

Kepdi'i'ofu 7o mix, PL Tim. 41. Leg. 949 ; Com. Fr. (Apoll.)* 
4, 442, and -amta Com. Fr. (Alcae.) 2, 829. (Theoph.) 3, 627 ; 
Aristot. Meteor. 3, 2, 5; Hyperid. Fr. 72 (Blass) ; Plut. Mor. 
451 ; Heliod. 10, 29, 'y- Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 248; subj. -wvu>, 
-vcofjtfv PL Phil. 6 1 : imp. eKtpdvvvv Luc. H. V. i, 7, av- Ar. Ran. 
511 : fut. late Kpaaa> Themist. 27, 340, /cepS Hesych. : aor. 

eKepaa-a Hippocr. I, 578 (Lit.), ev- PL Crat. 427, Poet. Kepaora Eur. 

Bac. 127 (chor.), Epic Ktpaa-a-a Od. 5, 93, Wp- Orph. Arg. 254 ; 
subj. K(pd<T<ra> Anacreont. 2, 4, Kepda-r) Com. Fr. (Antiph.) 3, 46 ; 
PI. Soph. 262; -o-eie Xenophanes 4 (B.); Kepaa-ov Ar. Eccl. 
1123 ; Ktpdaras Od. 10, 362; Com. Fr. (Ephipp.) 3, 329; Thuc. 
6, 32 ; PL Phaedr. 265; inf. Ktpda-ai Com. Fr. (Eub.) 3, 245; 
Mosch. 3, 113 ; (Dem.) 21, 53 (Orac.), Ion. eKprja-a rare in simple, 

Hippocr. 7, 254 (Lit.) ; eiri-Kprjcrcu Od. 7, 164: p. late, 
Niceph. Rhet. 3, I ; Eustath. 7, 3 (Herch.) : p. p. 

ai late, Opp. C. 3, 462; Anacreont. 16, 13 (Bergk); 
Aristot. Fr. 508; Dio. Hal. Comp. Verb. 24; Luc. D. Meretr. 
4, 4; Polyaen. 8, 23, i, classic KKpapxu Pind. P. 10, 41 ; Aesch. 
Pr. 116 ; Eur. Cycl. 557 ; Ar. Eq. 1 187 ; PL Rep. 397 ; Aristot. 
Polit. 5, 8, 2 ; Dem. 24, 214, Ion. -T^CU Hippocr. i, 600 ; -rj^vos 
2, 270 (Lit.); Her. 3, 106 : pip. fKfKpap^v Sapph. 51 (Bergk) ; 
PL Polit. 272 (hither some refer Epic KfKpdavrai Od. 4, 616. 15, 
116 : pip. KeiepdavTo 4, 132, others to KpaiVtu): aor. 



364 Keoaw 

Xen. An. g, 4, 29 ; PL Phil. 47. Tim. 85, ow- Leg. 889, and 
tKpddrjv Thuc. 6, 5 ; Eur. Ion 1016; PL Phaed. 86, aw- Soph. 
Tr. 66 1 ; PL Tim. 68, Ion. -^v Hippocr. i, 616 (Lit.), a-w- 
Her. 4, 152 : fut. Kpa^o-o/xai (PL) Ep. 7, 326, <y- Eur. Ion 
406. Mid. fut. late Kepda-opai, Kara- Eustath. 4, 25 (Kerch.) : 
aor. fKepaadp.r)v (PL) Locr. 95, o-w- Her. 7, 151 ; PL Tim. 80, 

Epic Kepaaa-- Od. l8, 423, fKfp- Nonn. 4, 237; Kepdo-ato Nic. 

Ther. 601 ; -ao-ao-^ot Luc. Imag. 7; -ao-a/xei/os Luc. Hermot. 59 

(as act.), ey- Her. 5, 124, PL Politic. 268, Kepaa-a-dp-fvos Od. 7, 
179; Ap. Rh. 4, 1128. Vb. a-Kprjros II. 2, 341, Kpareov, 

trvy- PL Phil. 63. ntpavwTfov late Max. Tyr. 5, 4, 71. See 
foil. 

Kepdu, -aiu To mix, Epic Kepooxn Aral. 780; Anth. 14, 133; 
imper. xtpd Athen. (Com. Poet.) 2, 29, nepaie II. 9, 203 ; part. 
Kep5>v Od. 24, 364, -6a>v Athen. (Antim.) u, 33: imp. Kfpav 
Ap. Rh. i, 1185: for fut., aor. &c. see Kepdvwfjit. Mid. <fpd- 
o/Liat to mix for oneself, subj. KfpStvrai II. 4, 260 (Bekh. 2 ed. 
Ameis, Kepuvrai Vulg. Dind. Spitzn. La Roche, as from Kfpapai, 

SO bvvafuUy subj. 8u>a>iTat) ; imper. Kepda&df, for Kepaade, Od. 3, 

332 : imp. KfpSivTo Od. 15, 500, and Kepouvro 8, 470. Pass. 
K.fpai6fj.fvos Nic. Alex. 178. 511. As baryton Kepapai does not 
exist, and as Horn, has forms from the pure Kfpdofj.at, Kepavrai 
not Kfpatvr- is perhaps the correct form. 

KepSairu To gain, Ar. Av. 1591; Hippocr. 2, 405 (Erm.); 
Lys. 13, 84; PL Rep. 343 ; -aivrj PL Leg. 846 ; -aiVoi/z/ Thuc. 
5, 93 ; imper. KepSaiWre Soph. Ant. 1037 ; -alveiv Soph. Tr. 231 ; 
Ar. Plut. 520; Thuc. 3, 84; Isocr. 17, 36; -aivuv i, 33: imp. 
(Kep8- Eur. Supp. 708 ; Lys. 7, 32, an-- Andoc. i, 134 : fut. 
Attic KtpSavS) Aesch. Ag. 1301; Soph. O. R. 889; Eur. Or. 
789; Ar. Nub. 259; Lys. 8, 20; PL Rep. 607, Ion. Kep8avea> 
Her. i, 35. 8, 60; and KepBfjarta Anth. (Menecr. Smyrn.) 9,390; 
Trag. Fr. (Mosch.) 14 (Wagn.); Niceph. Rhet. 3, 3 : and mid, 
KepSfjffofuii Her. 3, 72 ; Joseph. Ant. 19, i, 18 : aor. eWpSui/a 
Pind. I. 5 (4), 27 ; and Attic, Soph. Fr. 499 ; Andoc. i, 134 ; 
Xen. Cyr. 2, 2, 12; Dem. 9, 29. 32, 25, Ion. eWpS^va Horn. 
Epigr. 14, 6; Her. 8, 5, and e/c/pSijo-a Her. 4, 152 ; Plut. Mor. 
311; Ach. Tat. 5, 6; Galen i, 14; Joseph. Ant. 10, 3, i, dno- 
Herodn. 6, 5 : p. KenepS^Ka late in simple, Orig. Ref. Haer. 9, 29, 
but irpoa- Dem. 56, 30, later Kftcepdaica Aristid. 29, 366 (D.); 
Ach. Tat. 5, 25; Epist. Phal. ^i (Herch.), and /cf^'pSay/ca Ael. 
Epist. 14 ; Dio Cass. 53, 5, OTTO- 43, 18 (Bekk. L. Dind.); Phot. 
Cod. 224. 388 : p. p. KfKep8t]fjifvos Joseph. Ant. 18, 6, 5 : aor. 
s Philodem. 22 : fut. Kep^Qfaovrai N. T. i Petr. 3, i 
Vulg.). The Attics followed the liquid formation of this 



365 

verb, fat. -avS>, aor. -ava, except in perf. Trpotr-KCKepS^Kao-i Dem. 

5 6 > 30- 

Keu9o To hide, Poet, trans, and intrans. Od. 24, 474; Simon. 
C. 119 ; Aesch. Pr. 571 ; Soph. O. R. 1229 ; Eur. Supp. 295, 
Kf\j6avo> see below; subj. Kevdy II. 9, 313; Kevde II. 1 6, 19. 18, 
74 : imp. (Ktvdev Od. 23, 30 ; Horn. H. 5, 452, nevdev Od. 19, 
212 (Dind. Faesi, Nauck, tKfvdev Bekk. La R.) : fut. Kfv<ra> Od. 

3, 187; Ap. Rh. 4, 1105, ri- Aesch. Ag. 800: fKevaa, eTTi-Kfvo-fls 

Od. 15, 263: 2 p. as pres. KtKevBa II. 22, 118. Od. 3, 18; 
Simon. C. 97. in (Bergk); Aesch. Ch. 687 ; Soph. El. 1120 ; 
Eur. I. A. 112: pip. as imp. fKfKfvduv Od. 9, 348, KtKfvd- Hes. 
Th. 505 : p. p. (KfKtvrai Hesych.) ; but KeKevdpevrj Antim. Fr. 3 
(Diibn.): 2 aor. (eicvdov), Epic nvdov Od. 3, 16; Eratosth. i, 4 
(Hiller) ; subj. redupl. KfKvdu Od. 6, 303. Pass. Ktiidfrat Ap. 
Rh. 4, 534, or mid. intrans. Opp. C. 3, 173. 179; subj. Kevdufuu 
II. 23, 244; Ktvdonevos Tryphiod. 76; Maneth. 3, 127: imp. 
tKfvd- Nonn. 2, 304. This verb is Epic and Tragic ; never, 
we think, in Comedy or prose. A collat. form K.evQdva> occurs in 
imp. fKfvdavov II. 3, 453, for which Diintzer suggests eicevdov av. 
The pres. and perf. are used intrans. or passively of the dead 
t only, lie hid, buried, Soph. O. R. 968 ; Aesch. Sept. 588 &c. 
KficevBei as pres. once stood in an Epigram of Simon. Anth. 7, 
300 (106 Schneid. 126 Bergk), but nobody now thinks of 
founding on it a pres. KeKtvda, since the true reading Kf<ev6f 
suggested by Stephanus in Thesaur. is found in the Cod. PaL 

Ke'w, see (cei'w. 

KV]8u> (-e'u) To vex, Epic in act. II. 17, 550 ; Callim. Dian. 
231 : imp. eKTjfte II. 5, 404, iter. Kfj8rKov Od. 23, 9: fut. KJJ&JO-W 

II. 24, 240 : aor. (e'K^S/yo-a), aTTO-KrjSrjaas II. 23, 413 (but d-Krj8f<ra 

14, 427, see mid.): 2 p. KfKrjSa intrans. I sorrow, Tyrt. 12, 28 
(Bergk). Mid. KijSo/uu to sorrow, II. n, 665 ; Soph. El. 1327 ; 
Ar. Eq. 1342 ; Her. i, 209; Thuc. 6, 84; Isocr. 4, 175; PL 
Crito 53; subj. -ayuu Her. 3, 40; PI. Gorg. 480; -oi^v Od. 3, 
223; PI. Rep. 412; KT)8ov Isocr. 2, 21, Dor. <a8ev Callim. Min. 
140; Kr)8(v6ai Od. 19, 161; Thuc. 6, 14; PL Conv. 210; Dem. 
8, 27; -ofj-fvos II. 7, no; Soph. Aj. 203; Ar. Nub. 1410; Her. 
6, 6 1 ; Lys. 13, 15; Isocr. 8, 39, Dor. aSo/i- Pind. Ol. 6, 47: 
imp. fKijSonrjv Her. 9, 45; PL Theaet. 143 ; Isocr. 7, 32, 1078- 
II. i, 56, iter. Kr)8eaKfTo Od. 22, 358 : fut. (K^SIJO-O/WU, an-o- Suid.), 
redupl. Epic KeKdSfja-ofuii II. 8, 353 : aor. (e'^Secrd/x^j'), imper. KIJ- 
8fffai Aesch. Sept. 136 (chor.) like dw}8o-a II. 14, 427 quoted. 
Put. KfKa8r)(ra>, 2 aor. KfKa8cov are referred to xC w - For H^OVTOL 
Her. i, 209 (Gaisf. Bred. Dind. Stein) occurs /c^Sf'arat (Bekk. 
Lhardy, Kriig.) The act. is exclusively Epic, for K^eo-ut Aesch. 



366 

Sept. 136, is imper. aor. mid. not inf. act. as our lexicons make 
it by writing KijBearai, but the mid. in pres. and imp. is used by 
every class of writers. The collat. /c^Seua seems confined to 
Tragedy and, perhaps, rather late prose, Aristot. Polit. 5, 7, 10. 
Fr. 83 ; KT)&(vcrfii> Plut. Aristid. cum Cat. 6, aor. K^Seutmep (Dem.) 

59, 8l, KT)8ev<rai Ael. Fr. 48, Kf/^fievp-Vo? Joseph. 14, 7, 4, eicTjSfvfh) 

Plut. Alex. 56, -tvdfis Demad. 179, 9, -fvdrjvai Pseudo-Callisth. 

1, 14. No mid. 

KTJKI'W To gush forth, Poet. Find. Fr. 185 (Bergk now), dva- II. 

,13, 705 : imp. fKTjKiLf Ap. Rh. I, 542 (Mss.), av- II. 7, 262, KTJKIOV 

Od. 5, 455 ; Ap. Rh. r, 542 (Well. Merk.), but Attic KTJK'IOV 
Soph. Ph. 784 chor. (Dind.) Pass. KriKiopfvav Soph. Ph. 697 
(chor.) i Epic, t Attic. The comp. ai/a^ua is also Poet. II. 13, 
705, imp. dvfKrjKiov II. 7, 262 : once however in prose, dvaKrjKiu 
PI. Phaedr. 251, and in late Epic with trans, force, Ap. Rh. 4, 
600, imp. Tryphiod. 322. di/oxi/cuca is a suggestion of Schneider 
(Find. Fr. quoted). 

KTjpuao-w, -TTW To proclaim, Aesch. Cho. 1026; Eur. Her. 864; 
Her. 2, 134, -VTTW Ar. Ach. 623 ; Xen. Lac. 12, 6, Dor. Kapvcro-- 

Anth. 7> 431 j xripvffa-e Soph. El. 606 ; -vaa-fiv II. 2, 51 ' -v<r<ra>v 

2, 438 : imp. eKTipvo-o-ov II. 2, 444 ; Thuc. i, 27, -vrrov Andoc. 
i, 112; Xen. Cyr. 4, 5, 42 ; Aeschin. 3, 154 : fut. -v&> Ar. Eccl. 
684 ; Xen. An. 6, 6, 9, Dor. Kapvga> Eur.Ion 911 (chor.), -u|w Ar. 
Ach. 748: aor. (nrjpv^a Her. i, 194; Thuc. 4, 37; Xen. Cyr. 
4, 2, 32, Dor. ticdp- Find. Ol. 5, 8, icdp- I. 3, 12 ; inf. Kijpvgai 
Soph. Aj. 1240; Thuc. 4, 68,